List of foreign-born United States politicians

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This is a list of United States politicians who were born outside the present-day United States, its territories (the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa), and its outlying possessions. This list does not include politicians from the Philippines (such as Resident Commissioners of the Philippines), which was held under various forms of government as an American territory from 1898 to 1946 before becoming a sovereign country.

United States citizenship is required to serve in Congress, as President or Vice President, and in most state offices. The President and the Vice President must additionally be a 'natural-born citizen'. Foreign-born politicians may gain U.S. citizenship by means of birth (if one or both of their parents were citizens who met the requirements to transmit citizenship at birth), derivation (if they acquired citizenship from their parents after birth but before the age of 18), or naturalization (if they acquired citizenship by fulfilling the requirements of the naturalization process as established in the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952).

Incumbents[edit]

Members of Congress[edit]

Senators[edit]

Senator Country/Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Serving Since Position(s) Held
Michael Bennet  India Birth Democratic 2009 U.S. Senator from Colorado; previously Superintendent of Denver Public Schools
Ted Cruz  Canada Birth Republican 2013 U.S. Senator from Texas; previously Solicitor General of Texas
Tammy Duckworth  Thailand Birth Democratic 2017 U.S. Senator from Illinois; previously U.S. Representative from Illinois, Assistant Secretary of Veterans Affairs for Public and Intergovernmental Affairs, and Director of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs
Mazie Hirono  Japan Naturalization Democratic 2013 U.S. Senator from Hawaii; previously U.S. Representative from Hawaii and Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii
Chris Van Hollen  Pakistan Birth Democratic 2017 U.S. Senator from Maryland; previously U.S. Representative from Maryland, Maryland State Senator, and Maryland State Delegate

Representatives[edit]

Representative Country/Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Position(s) Held
Don Beyer  Trieste Birth Democratic Lieutenant Governor of Virginia, U.S. Ambassador to Switzerland and Liechtenstein, and U.S. Representative from Virginia
Salud Carbajal  Mexico Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from California
Sean Casten  Ireland Birth Democratic U.S. Representative from Illinois
Andrew Clyde  Canada Birth Republican U.S. Representative from Georgia
Dan Crenshaw  Scotland Birth Republican U.S. Representative from Texas
Sharice Davids  West Germany Birth Democratic U.S. Representative from Kansas
Diana DeGette  Japan Birth Democratic U.S. Representative from Colorado
Adriano Espaillat  Dominican Republic Naturalization Democratic Member of New York State Assembly and New York State Senate and U.S. Representative from New York
Jesús "Chuy" García  Mexico Naturalization Democratic Member of Illinois Senate and U.S. Representative from Illinois
Carlos A. Giménez  Cuba Naturalization Republican U.S. Representative from Florida
Jim Himes  Peru Birth Democratic U.S. Representative from Connecticut
Pramila Jayapal  India Naturalization Democratic Washington State Senate and U.S. Representative from Washington
Young Kim  South Korea Naturalization Republican U.S. Representative from California
Raja Krishnamoorthi  India Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from Illinois
Ted Lieu  Taiwan Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from California
Tom Malinowski  Poland Derivation Democratic U.S. Representative from New Jersey
Sean Patrick Maloney  Canada Birth Democratic White House Staff Secretary under Bill Clinton, and U.S. Representative from New York
Don McEachin  West Germany Birth Democratic U.S. Representative from Virginia
Stephanie Murphy  Vietnam Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from Florida
Ilhan Omar  Somalia Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from Minnesota
David Rouzer  West Germany Birth Republican U.S. Representative from North Carolina
Raul Ruiz  Mexico Derivation Democratic U.S. Representative from California
Albio Sires  Cuba Derivation Democratic Mayor of West New York, New Jersey, and U.S. Representative from New Jersey
Victoria Spartz  Soviet Union Naturalization Republican U.S. Representative from Indiana
Michelle Steel  South Korea Naturalization Republican U.S. Representative from California
Marilyn Strickland  South Korea Birth Democratic U.S. Representative from Washington
Norma J. Torres  Guatemala Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from California
Susan Wild  West Germany Birth Democratic U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania

Cabinet members[edit]

Cabinet Member Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Positions Held
Jennifer Granholm  Canada Naturalization Democratic United States Secretary of Energy
Alejandro Mayorkas  Cuba Naturalization Democratic United States Secretary of Homeland Security

Governors[edit]

Governor Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Serving Since Position(s) Held
Kate Brown  Spain Birth Democratic 2015 Oregon Secretary of State and Governor of Oregon

Statewide officials[edit]

Official Country/Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Position(s) Held
Richard Corcoran  Canada Unknown Republican Education Commissioner of Florida
John F. King  Mexico Unknown Republican Insurance Commissioner of Georgia
Karl Racine  Haiti Unknown Democratic Attorney General of the District of Columbia
Tregenza Roach  Saint Kitts and Nevis Unknown Democratic Lieutenant Governor of the United States Virgin Islands

Mayors[edit]

Mayor Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Serving Since Position(s) Held
Robert Garcia  Peru Naturalization Democratic 2014 Mayor of Long Beach, California
Carlos Hernández  Cuba Naturalization Republican 2011 Mayor of Hialeah, Florida
Glenn Jacobs  Spain Birth Republican 2018 Mayor of Knox County, Tennessee
Wilmot Collins  Liberia Naturalization Independent,
later Democratic
2018 Mayor of Helena, Montana

State legislators[edit]

Legislator Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Serving Since Position(s) Held
Alex Andrade  Cayman Islands Birth Republican 2018 Florida State Representative
Colleen Burton  West Germany Birth Republican 2014 Florida State Representative
Al Jacquet  Netherlands Antilles Naturalization Democratic 2016 Florida State Representative
Dotie Joseph  Haiti Naturalization Democratic 2018 Florida State Representative
Janne Myrdal  Norway Naturalization Republican 2017 North Dakota State Senator
Manka Dhingra  India Unknown Democratic 2017 Washington State Senator
Grace Diaz  Dominican Republic Naturalization Democratic 2005 Rhode Island State Representative
Robert Phillips  England Unknown Democratic 2011 Rhode Island State Representative
Walter Blackman  Portugal Birth Republican 2019 Arizona State Representative
Nathan Biah  Liberia Naturalization Democratic 2021 Rhode Island State Representative
Rosanna Gabaldón  Bermuda Birth Democratic 2021 Arizona State Senator
Scott Kawasaki  Japan Birth Democratic 2019 Alaska State Senator
Donna McLeod  Jamaica Unknown Democratic 2019 Georgia House of Representative
Ramon Perez  Dominican Republic Naturalization Democratic 2021 Rhode Island State Representative
Susan Rubio  Mexico Naturalization Democratic 2018 California State Senator
Annette Taddeo  Colombia Naturalization Democratic 2017 Florida State Senator
Jackie Toledo  Peru Naturalization Republican 2016 Florida State Representative
Marcia Ranglin-Vassell  Jamaica Naturalization Democratic 2017 Rhode Island State Representative
Ardian Zika  Yugoslavia Naturalization Republican 2018 Florida State Representative

Others[edit]

Name Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Positions Held
Joe Carollo  Cuba Naturalization Republican Miami City Commissioner
Jorge Labarga  Cuba Naturalization Independent Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Florida
Jean Monestime  Haiti Naturalization Democratic Miami-Dade County Commissioner
Xavier Suarez  Cuba Naturalization Independent Miami-Dade County Commissioner
Helena Moreno  Mexico Unknown Democratic President of the New Orleans City Council
Yumi Hogan  South Korea Naturalization Republican First Lady of Maryland
Raj Bhakta  India Unknown Republican Candidate for Congress in Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district
Claston Bernard  Jamaica Unknown Republican Candidate for Congress in Louisiana's 2nd district

Former[edit]

Members of Congress[edit]

Senators[edit]

Senator Country/Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Position(s) Held
David H. Armstrong  Nova Scotia Derivation Democratic U.S. Senator from Missouri
Edward Dickinson Baker  England Derivation Whig, later Republican U.S. Senator from Oregon; previously U.S. Representative from Illinois, Illinois State Senator, and Illinois State Representative
Judah P. Benjamin  Danish West Indies Unknown Whig, later Democratic U.S. Senator from Louisiana
Rudy Boschwitz  Weimar Republic Naturalization Republican U.S. Senator from Minnesota; later United States Ambassador to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights
George W. Campbell  Scotland Naturalization Democratic-Republican U.S. Senator from Tennessee; previously Secretary of the Treasury and U.S. Representative from Tennessee; later Minister to Russia
James J. Davis  Wales Naturalization Republican U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania; previously Secretary of Labor
Albert Gallatin  Geneva Naturalization Democratic-Republican U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania; later U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania, Secretary of the Treasury, Minister to France, and Minister to the United Kingdom
S. I. Hayakawa  Canada Derivation Republican U.S. Senator from California
Magnus Johnson  Sweden Naturalization Farmer-Labor U.S. Senator from Minnesota; previously U.S. Representative from Minnesota, Minnesota State Senator, and Minnesota State Representative
Samuel Johnston  Scotland Unknown Federalist U.S. Senator from North Carolina; previously Governor of North Carolina
John P. Jones  England Derivation Republican; Silver U.S. Senator from Nevada
Octaviano Ambrosio Larrazolo  Mexico Derivation Republican U.S. Senator from New Mexico; previously Governor of New Mexico
Stephen Mallory  Trinidad Birth Democratic U.S. Senator from Florida; later Confederate States Secretary of the Navy
Lee Mantle  England Derivation Republican,
then Silver Republican
U.S. Senator from Montana; previously Mayor of Butte, Montana and Speaker of the Montana Territory House of Representatives
Mel Martínez  Cuba Naturalization Republican U.S. Senator from Florida; previously United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and Mayor of Orange County, Florida
Knute Nelson  Norway Naturalization Republican U.S. Senator from Minnesota; previously Governor of Minnesota, U.S. Representative from Minnesota, Minnesota State Senator, and Wisconsin State Assemblyman
Thomas M. Patterson  Ireland Derivation Democratic U.S. Senator from Colorado; previously U.S. Representative from Colorado and Delegate from the Colorado Territory
John McCain  Panama Canal Zone Birth Republican U.S. Senator from Arizona; previously U.S. Representative from Arizona
William Paterson  Ireland Derivation Federalist U.S. Senator from New Jersey; previously New Jersey Attorney General; later Governor of New Jersey and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
Alexander Porter  Ireland Derivation National Republican,
later Whig
U.S. Senator from Louisiana; previously Associate Justice of the Louisiana Supreme Court and Louisiana State Representative
Carl Schurz  Prussia Derivation Republican U.S. Senator from Missouri; previously United States Minister to Spain; later United States Secretary of the Interior
James Shields  Ireland Derivation Democratic U.S. Senator from Missouri, Minnesota and Illinois; previously Illinois State Representative
George Sutherland  England Unknown Liberal, later Republican U.S. Senator from Utah; previously U.S. Representative from Utah; later Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
Robert F. Wagner  Prussia Unknown Democratic U.S. Senator from New York; previously Lieutenant Governor of New York, New York State Senator, and New York State Assemblyman
Patrick Walsh  Ireland Unknown Democratic U.S. Senator from Georgia; previously Georgia State Representative; later Mayor of Augusta, Georgia
Lowell Weicker  France Birth Republican, later
A Connecticut Party
U.S. Senator from Connecticut; previously U.S. Representative from Connecticut, Connecticut State Representative, and Selectman of Greenwich, Connecticut; later Governor of Connecticut

Representatives[edit]

Representative Country/Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Position(s) Held
Henry M. Arens  Prussia Derivation Farmer-Labor U.S. Representative from Minnesota; previously Minnesota State Senator and Minnesota State Representative; later Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota
Chester G. Atkins   Switzerland Birth Democratic U.S. Representative from Massachusetts; previously Massachusetts State Senator and Massachusetts State Representative
Ron Barber  England Birth Democratic U.S. Representative from Arizona
William Bernard Barry  Ireland Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from New York
Carlos Bee  Mexico Birth Democratic U.S. Representative from Texas, previously Texas State Senator
Victor L. Berger  Austria-Hungary Naturalization Socialist U.S. Representative from Wisconsin
John Bernard  France Derivation Farmer-Labor U.S. Representative from Minnesota
Charles Gustav Binderup  Denmark Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from Nebraska
Haldor Boen  Norway Derivation Populist U.S. Representative from Minnesota
John W. Brown  Scotland Derivation Jacksonian U.S. Representative from New York; later Associate Justice of the New York Supreme Court
Aedanus Burke  Ireland Derivation Anti-Administration U.S. Representative from South Carolina; previously South Carolina State Representative; later Chief Justice of the South Carolina Supreme Court
Thomas Burnside  Ireland Derivation Democratic-Republican U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania; previously Pennsylvania State Senator
Joseph Henry Burrows  England Derivation Greenback U.S. Representative from Missouri
Joseph Cao  South Vietnam Naturalization Republican U.S. Representative from Louisiana
John Michael Clancy  Ireland Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from New York; previously New York State Assemblyman
William Bourke Cockran  Ireland Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from New York
James Cooney  Ireland Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from Missouri
William Crawford  Scotland Naturalization Democratic-Republican U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania
Thomas Cusack  Ireland Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from Illinois
Geoff Davis  Canada Birth Republican U.S. Representative from Kentucky
Robert T. Davis  Ireland Unknown Republican U.S. Representative from Massachusetts; previously Mayor of Fall River, Massachusetts
Benjamin Dean  England Derivation Democratic U.S. Representative from Massachusetts; previously Massachusetts State Senator
Steven Derounian  Bulgaria Unknown Republican U.S. Representative from New York; later Associate Justice of the New York Supreme Court
Lincoln Díaz-Balart  Cuba Naturalization Republican U.S. Representative from Florida; previously Florida State Senator and Florida State Representative
Samuel Dickstein  Russia Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from New York; previously New York State Assemblyman; later Associate Justice of the New York State Supreme Court
Michael Donohoe  Ireland Derivation Democratic U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania
Mervyn Dymally  Trinidad and Tobago Derivation Democratic U.S. Representative from California; previously Lieutenant Governor of California and California State Senator; later California State Assemblyman
John Ewing  Ireland Derivation National Republican,
then Whig
U.S. Representative from Indiana
Jacob Falconer  Canada Derivation Progressive U.S. Representative from Washington; previously Washington State Senator and Washington State Representative
Michael F. Farley  Ireland Derivation Democratic U.S. Representative from New York
John F. Finerty  Ireland Derivation Independent Democratic U.S. Representative from Illinois
Gustavus A. Finkelnburg  Prussia Derivation Republican, then
Liberal Republican
U.S. Representative from Missouri; later Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri
Nicholas Ford  Ireland Derivation Greenback U.S. Representative from Missouri; previously Missouri State Representative
Elizabeth Furse  Kenya Derivation Democratic U.S. Representative from Oregon
Bernard J. Gehrmann  Prussia Derivation Progressive U.S. Representative from Wisconsin; previously Wisconsin State Assemblyman; later Wisconsin State Senator
James McMahon Graham  Ireland Derivation Democratic U.S. Representative from Illinois; previously Illinois State Representative
John Greig  Scotland Naturalization Whig U.S. Representative from New York
James Gunn  Ireland Derivation Populist U.S. Representative from Idaho; previously Idaho State Senator
Michael Hahn  Bavaria Derivation Republican,
then Unionist
U.S. Representative from Louisiana; previously Louisiana State Representative; later Governor of Louisiana
Kittel Halvorson  Norway Derivation Populist U.S. Representative from Minnesota; previously Minnesota State Representative
John Hardy  Scotland Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from New York; previously New York City Alderman and New York State Assemblyman
Alexander Harper  Ireland Naturalization Whig U.S. Representative from Ohio; previously Ohio State Representative
Richard A. Harrison  England Derivation Unionist U.S. Representative from Ohio; previously Ohio State Senator and Ohio State Representative
Nils P. Haugen  Norway Unknown Republican U.S. Representative from Wisconsin; previously Wisconsin State Assemblyman
Samuel Henderson  England Naturalization Federalist U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania
Pete Hoekstra  Netherlands Derivation Republican U.S. Representative from Michigan; later United States Ambassador to the Netherlands
William Hogan  England Derivation Jacksonian U.S. Representative from New York
Einar Hoidale  Norway Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from Minnesota
Pehr G. Holmes  Sweden Unknown Republican U.S. Representative from Massachusetts; previously Massachusetts Executive Councilor and Mayor of Worcester, Massachusetts
Denis M. Hurley  Ireland Derivation Republican U.S. Representative from New York
Jacob Johnson  Denmark Unknown Republican U.S. Representative from Utah
John Johnson  Ireland Derivation Independent Democratic U.S. Representative from Ohio
Niels Juul  Denmark Derivation Republican U.S. Representative from Illinois
Ruben Kihuen  Mexico Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from Nevada; previously Nevada State Senator and Nevada State Assemblyman
Jay Kim  Japanese Korea Naturalization Republican U.S. Representative from California; previously Mayor of Diamond Bar, California
Harold Knutson  Norway Naturalization Republican U.S. Representative from Minnesota (House Majority Whip)
Ernie Konnyu  Hungary Derivation Republican U.S. Representative from California; previously California State Assemblyman
John Hans Krebs  Weimar Republic Derivation Democratic U.S. Representative from California
Tom Lantos  Hungary Birth Democratic U.S. Representative from California
John Lind  Sweden Birth Democratic U.S. Representative from Minnesota; later Governor of Minnesota
Charles August Lindbergh  Sweden Naturalization Republican U.S. Representative from Minnesota
Meyer London  Russian Poland Naturalization Socialist U.S. Representative from New York
John Baptiste Charles Lucas  France Naturalization Democratic-Republican U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania
Blair McClenachan  Ireland Derivation Democratic-Republican U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania; previously Pennsylvania State Representative
William McCreery  Ireland Naturalization Democratic-Republican U.S. Representative from Maryland; later Maryland State Senator
Lawrence E. McGann  Ireland Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from Illinois
John J. McGrath  Ireland Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from California
Joseph McLaughlin  Ireland Derivation Republican U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania
Frank Joseph McNulty  Ireland Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from New Jersey
M. Alfred Michaelson  Norway Unknown Republican U.S. Representative from Illinois; previously Chicago City Councilman
William Milnes Jr.  England Derivation Conservative U.S. Representative from Virginia; previously Virginia State Delegate
Leopold Morse  Bavaria Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from Massachusetts
William Moxley  Ireland Unknown Republican U.S. Representative from Illinois
Debbie Mucarsel-Powell  Ecuador Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from Florida
James O'Brien  Ireland Unknown Independent Democratic U.S. Representative from New York; previously New York State Senator and Sheriff of New York County
Daniel O'Reilly  Ireland Naturalization Independent Democratic U.S. Representative from New York; previously Mayor of Brooklyn, New York
George F. O'Shaunessy  Ireland Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from Rhode Island
Joseph Pulitzer  Hungary Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from New York; previously Missouri State Representative
John Quinn  Ireland Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from New York; previously New York State Assemblyman
John Richards  Wales Naturalization Democratic-Republican U.S. Representative from New York; previously New York State Assemblyman
Ciro Rodriguez  Mexico Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from Texas; previously Texas State Representative
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen  Cuba Derivation Republican U.S. Representative from Florida; previously Florida State Senator and Florida State Representative
William Russell  Ireland Naturalization Jacksonian, then Whig U.S. Representative from Ohio; previously Ohio State Senator and Ohio State Representative
Robert Rutherford  Scotland Derivation Anti-Administration, then
Democratic-Republican
U.S. Representative from Virginia; previously Virginia State Senator
Peter Sailly  France Naturalization Democratic-Republican U.S. Representative from New York; previously New York State Assemblyman
Dalip Singh Saund  British Raj Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from California
James Shields  Ireland Naturalization Jacksonian U.S. Representative from Ohio; previously Ohio State Representative
Jerry Simpson  Prince Edward Island Derivation Populist U.S. Representative from Kansas
Charles Slade  England Derivation Jacksonian U.S. Representative from Illinois; previously Illinois State Representative
Alexander Smyth  Ireland Derivation Democratic-Republican U.S. Representative from Virginia; previously Virginia State Delegate
Karl Stefan  Bohemia Derivation Republican U.S. Representative from Nebraska
Isidor Straus  Bavaria Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from New York
John K. Tener  Ireland Unknown Republican U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania; later Governor of Pennsylvania
John Thomson  Ireland Derivation Jacksonian U.S. Representative from Ohio; previously Ohio State Senator and Ohio State Representative
Charles W. Upham  Canada Unknown Whig U.S. Representative from Massachusetts; previously Mayor of Salem, Massachusetts and Massachusetts State Representative and Massachusetts State Senator
Benjamin Walker  England N/A Federalist U.S. Representative from New York
Michael Walsh  Ireland Derivation Democratic U.S. Representative from New York; previously New York State Assemblyman
Knud Wefald  Norway Naturalization Farmer-Labor U.S. Representative from Minnesota; previously Minnesota State Representative
Theodore S. Weiss  Hungary Derivation Democratic U.S. Representative from New York; previously New York City Councilman
Campbell P. White  Ireland Naturalization Jacksonian U.S. Representative from New York
James Wilson  Scotland Naturalization Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa; later Secretary of Agriculture
William Bauchop Wilson  Scotland Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania; later Secretary of Labor
Chase G. Woodhouse  Canada Birth Democratic U.S. Representative from Connecticut; previously Secretary of the State of Connecticut
Charles W. Woodman  Denmark Derivation Republican U.S. Representative from Illinois
David Wu  Taiwan Unknown Democratic U.S. Representative from Oregon

Delegates[edit]

Delegate Country/Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Position(s) Held
John Thomas Caine  Isle of Man Naturalization Democratic Delegate from Utah Territory; later Utah State Senator
John G. Campbell  Scotland Derivation Democratic Delegate from Arizona Territory; previously Arizona Territorial Councilman and Yavapai County Commissioner
George Q. Cannon  England Naturalization Republican Delegate from Utah Territory; later First Counselor in the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Daniel Clark  Ireland Naturalization Independent Delegate from Orleans Territory
Charles P. Clever  Prussia Naturalization Independent Delegate from New Mexico Territory; previously Attorney General of New Mexico and Adjutant General of New Mexico
Mary Elizabeth Pruett Farrington  Japan Birth Republican Delegate from Hawaii Territory; later Director of the Office of Territories
David Archibald Harvey  Nova Scotia Derivation Republican Delegate from Oklahoma Territory
Santiago Iglesias  Spain Naturalization Coalitionist Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico; previously Puerto Rico Territorial Senator
Julien de Lallande Poydras  France Naturalization Independent Delegate from Orleans Territory; later Louisiana State Senator
Bernard Shandon Rodey  Ireland Naturalization Republican Delegate from New Mexico Territory; later Judge of the U.S. District Court for the District of Puerto Rico
Gabriel Richard  France Naturalization Independent Delegate from Michigan Territory
Daniel Sutherland  Nova Scotia Derivation Republican Delegate from Alaska Territory; previously Alaska Territorial Senator

Cabinet members[edit]

Cabinet Member Country/Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Position(s) Held
Madeleine Albright  Czechoslovakia Naturalization Democratic Secretary of State; previously Ambassador to the United Nations
W. Michael Blumenthal  Weimar Republic Naturalization Democratic Secretary of the Treasury
Zbigniew Brzezinski  Poland Naturalization Democratic National Security Advisor
Anthony J. Celebrezze  Italy Naturalization Democratic Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare; previously Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio; later Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
Elaine Chao  Taiwan Naturalization Republican Secretary of Transportation; previously Secretary of Labor
Jacob Dolson Cox  Lower Canada Birth Republican Secretary of the Interior; previously Governor of Ohio and Ohio State Senator; later U.S. Representative from Ohio
Alexander J. Dallas  Jamaica Naturalization Democratic-Republican Secretary of the Treasury; concurrently acting Secretary of State and acting Secretary of War; previously Reporter of Decisions of the Supreme Court
John M. Deutch  Belgium Derivation Democratic Director of Central Intelligence; previously Deputy Secretary of Defense and Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology
William J. Duane  Ireland Naturalization Democratic Secretary of the Treasury
Henry D. Gilpin  England Naturalization Democratic Attorney General
Carlos Gutierrez  Cuba Naturalization Republican Secretary of Commerce
Alexander Hamilton  British Leeward Islands Naturalization Federalist Secretary of the Treasury; previously Senior Officer of the U.S. Army and Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation from New York
Sally Jewell  England Naturalization Democratic Secretary of the Interior
Henry Kissinger  Weimar Republic Naturalization Republican Secretary of State; previously National Security Advisor
Franklin Knight Lane  Prince Edward Island Naturalization Democratic Secretary of the Interior; previously Interstate Commerce Commissioner and City Attorney of San Francisco
James McHenry  Ireland Naturalization Federalist Secretary of War
Mark Meadows  France Birth Republican White House Chief of Staff; previously U.S. Representative from North Carolina
Vivek Murthy  England Unknown Democratic Surgeon General
John Negroponte  England Naturalization Republican Director of National Intelligence; previously Ambassador to Iraq, Ambassador to the United Nations, Ambassador to the Philippines, Ambassador to Mexico, Deputy National Security Advisor, Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, and Ambassador to Honduras; later Deputy Secretary of State
Samantha Power  Ireland Naturalization Democratic Ambassador to the United Nations
George W. Romney  Mexico Birth Republican Secretary of Housing and Urban Development; previously Governor of Michigan
Oscar Straus  Bavaria Naturalization Republican Secretary of Commerce and Labor; later Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire
John H. Sununu  Cuba Derivation Republican White House Chief of Staff; previously Governor of New Hampshire
Robert Wilkie  West Germany Birth Republican Secretary of Veterans Affairs

Governors[edit]

Governor Country/Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Position(s) Held
Moses Alexander  Bavaria Naturalization Democratic Governor of Idaho; previously Mayor of Boise, Idaho
Roger Allin  England Naturalization Republican Governor of North Dakota; previously Lieutenant Governor of North Dakota
John Peter Altgeld  Nassau Derivation Democratic Governor of Illinois; previously Justice of the Superior Court of Cook County
Sigurd Anderson  Norway Derivation Republican Governor of South Dakota; previously Attorney General of South Dakota
John Hugo Aronson  Sweden Derivation Republican Governor of Montana; previously Montana State Senator and Montana State Representative
Simon Bamberger  Hesse Naturalization Democratic Governor of Utah; previously Utah State Senator
Frank Bell  Upper Canada Naturalization Republican Governor of Nevada; previously Lieutenant Governor of Nevada
James E. Boyd  Ireland Unknown Democratic Governor of Nebraska; previously Mayor of Omaha, Nebraska and Nebraska State Representative
Thomas Burke  Ireland Derivation Independent Governor of North Carolina
Raúl Héctor Castro  Mexico Derivation Democratic Governor of Arizona; previously Ambassador to Bolivia and Ambassador to El Salvador; later Ambassador to Argentina
Frank Henry Cooney  Canada Derivation Democratic Governor of Montana; previously Lieutenant Governor of Montana
John Christopher Cutler  England Unknown Republican Governor of Utah
James O. Davidson  Norway Derivation Republican Governor of Wisconsin; previously Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin, Treasurer of Wisconsin, and Wisconsin State Assemblyman
William Richardson Davie  England Unknown Federalist Governor of North Carolina
D. W. Davis  Wales Unknown Republican Governor of Idaho
John N. Dempsey  Ireland Unknown Democratic Governor of Connecticut; previously Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut, Connecticut State Representative, and Mayor of Putnam, Connecticut
Pierre Derbigny  France Unknown National Republican Governor of Louisiana; previously Secretary of State of Louisiana and Justice of the Louisiana Supreme Court
John G. Downey  Ireland Naturalization Democratic Governor of California; previously Lieutenant Governor of California and California State Assemblyman
Adolph Olson Eberhart  Sweden Derivation Republican Governor of Minnesota; previously Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota and Minnesota State Senator
Jennifer Granholm  Canada Naturalization Democratic Governor of Michigan; previously Attorney General of Michigan
Frederic T. Greenhalge  England Derivation Republican Governor of Massachusetts; previously U.S. Representative from Massachusetts, Massachusetts State Representative, and Mayor of Lowell, Massachusetts
Julius P. Heil  Germany Unknown Republican Governor of Wisconsin
Joseph B. Johnson  Sweden Naturalization Republican Governor of Vermont; previously Lieutenant Governor of Vermont, Vermont State Senator, and Vermont State Representative
Madeleine Kunin   Switzerland Unknown Democratic Governor of Vermont; previously Lieutenant Governor of Vermont and Vermont State Representative; later Deputy Secretary of Education, Ambassador to Switzerland, and Ambassador to Lichtenstein
Ragnvald Nestos  Norway Derivation Republican Governor of North Dakota, previously North Dakota State Representative
A. W. Norblad  Sweden Unknown Republican Governor of Oregon; previously Oregon State Senator (President)
Hjalmar Petersen  Denmark Naturalization Farmer-Labor Governor of Minnesota; previously Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota and Minnesota State Representative
Aram J. Pothier  Lower Canada Derivation Republican Governor of Rhode Island; previously Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island, Mayor of Woonsocket, Rhode Island, and Rhode Island State Representative
Edward Salomon  Prussia Derivation Republican Governor of Wisconsin; previously Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin
Edward S. Salomon  Denmark Unknown Independent Governor of Washington Territory
Arnold Schwarzenegger  Austria Naturalization Republican Governor of California; previously Chairman of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports
Samuel H. Shapiro  Russia Unknown Democratic Governor of Illinois; previously Lieutenant Governor of Illinois and Illinois State Representative
William E. Smith  Scotland Unknown Republican Governor of Wisconsin; previously Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin, Treasurer of Wisconsin, Wisconsin State Assemblyman (Speaker), and Wisconsin State Senator
Stan Stephens  Canada Naturalization Republican Governor of Montana; previously Montana State Senator (President)
John Swainson  Canada Unknown Democratic Governor of Michigan; previously Lieutenant Governor of Michigan and Michigan State Senator

Statewide officials[edit]

Governor Country/Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Position(s) Held
Leo T. McCarthy  New Zealand Unknown Democratic Lieutenant Governor of California; previously California State Assemblyman (Speaker) and San Francisco Supervisor

Mayors[edit]

Mayor Country of Birth Citizenship by Party Position(s) Held
Harvinder "Harry" Anand  India Unknown Unknown Mayor of Laurel Hollow, New York
James G. Barry  Ireland Derivation Democratic Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri
Abraham Beame  England Unknown Democratic Mayor of New York City, New York
Luigi Boria  Venezuela Naturalization Republican Mayor of Doral, Florida
John T. Browne  Ireland Unknown N/A Mayor of Houston, Texas
Isabella Cannon  Scotland Unknown Democratic Mayor of Raleigh, North Carolina
Anthony J. Celebrezze  Italy Naturalization Democratic Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio
Josaphat Celestin  Haiti Naturalization Republican Mayor of North Miami, Florida
Anton Cermak  Austria-Hungary Unknown Democratic Mayor of Chicago, Illinois
Patrick Collins  Ireland Derivation Democratic U.S. Representative from Massachusetts, and Mayor of Boston
James J. Couzens  Canada Unknown Republican Mayor of Detroit, Michigan
Richard Croker  Ireland Naturalization Democratic Mayor of New York City, New York
Jimmy Delshad  Iran Naturalization Democratic Mayor of Beverly Hills, California
Philippe Derose  Haiti Naturalization N/A Mayor of El Portal, Florida
Thomas Fallon  Ireland Naturalization N/A Mayor of San Jose, California
Joseph Gales Sr.  England Unknown Whig Intendant of Police of Raleigh, North Carolina
Kashmir Gill  India Unknown Unknown Mayor of Yuba City, California
Charles P. Gillen  Ireland Derivation Democratic Mayor of Newark, New Jersey
Thomas F. Gilroy  Ireland Unknown Democratic Mayor of New York City, New York
Philip Giordano  Venezuela Naturalization Republican Mayor of Waterbury, Connecticut
Patrick Gleason  Ireland Naturalization Democratic Mayor of Long Island City, New York
William R. Grace  Ireland Naturalization N/A Mayor of New York City, New York
Vincent R. Impellitteri  Italy Unknown Democratic Mayor of New York City, New York
Alexander Lewis  Upper Canada Unknown Democratic Mayor of Detroit
George Maguire  Ireland Unknown Democratic Mayor of St. Louis
P.H. McCarthy  Ireland Derivation Republican Mayor of San Francisco, California
Frank McCoppin  Ireland Naturalization N/A Mayor of San Francisco, California
Joseph Medill  Canada Unknown Republican Mayor of Chicago, Illinois
Hugh Moffat  Scotland Naturalization Republican Mayor of Detroit, Michigan
Robert M. Moore  Ireland Naturalization N/A Mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio
Michael N. Nolan  Ireland Naturalization Democratic U.S. Representative, Mayor of Albany, New York
Christopher D. O'Brien  Ireland Unknown N/A Mayor of St. Paul, Minnesota
Hugh O'Brien  Ireland Unknown Democratic Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts
John Patton  Ireland Naturalization Democratic Mayor of Detroit, Michigan
Tomás Pedro Regalado  Cuba Derivation Republican Mayor of Miami, Florida
William Richert  Germany Unknown Republican Acting Mayor of Detroit, Michigan
Jerry Springer  England Unknown Democratic Mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio

State legislators[edit]

Name Country/Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Position(s) Held
Juan C. Zapata  Colombia Unknown Republican Florida State Representative
Dave Farnsworth  Mexico Birth Republican Arizona State Senator
Ling Ling Chang  Taiwan Naturalization Republican California State Senator
Nimi McConigley  India Unknown Republican Wyoming House of Representative
Upendra J. Chivukula  India Unknown Democratic Member of the New Jersey General Assembly
Swati Dandekar  India Unknown Democratic Member of the Iowa General Assembly
Donna McLeod  Jamaica Unknown Democratic Georgia House of Representative
John Moorlach  Netherlands Naturalization Republican California State Senator
Christy Smith  West Germany Birth Democratic California State Assemblywoman

Others[edit]

Name Country/Place of Birth Citizenship by Party Position(s) Held
Louisa Adams  England Unknown Democratic-Republican First Lady of the United States
Melania Trump  Yugoslavia Naturalization Republican First Lady of the United States
Francesca Braggiotti  Italy Unknown Republican First Lady of Connecticut
David Brewer  Ottoman Empire Birth Republican Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
Columba Bush  Mexico Naturalization Republican First Lady of Florida
Vicky Cayetano  Philippines Unknown Democrat First Lady of Hawaii
Dagmar Braun Celeste  Austria Unknown Democrat First Lady of Ohio
William Q. Dallmeyer  Kingdom of Hanover Unknown Republican State Treasurer of Missouri and Missouri State Representative
Esther de Berdt  England Unknown Unknown First Lady of Pennsylvania
Felix Frankfurter  Austria-Hungary Unknown Independent Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
James Iredell  England Unknown Federalist Attorney General of North Carolina and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
Yumi Hogan  South Korea Unknown Republican First Lady of Maryland
Supriya Jolly Jindal  India Unknown Republican First Lady of Louisiana
Zalmay Khalilzad  Afghanistan Naturalization Republican United States Ambassador to the United Nations
Dina Matos  Portugal Unknown Democrat First Lady of New Jersey
Michael Margaret Stewart  France Unknown Democrat First Lady of Alaska
George Meade  Spain Unknown Unknown Commander of the Army of the Potomac
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben  Prussia Unknown Independent Inspector general of the army
Helen Thorpe  England Unknown Democrat First Lady of Colorado
James Wilson  Scotland Unknown Federalist Associate Justice of the Supreme Court

Totals[edit]

Totals by country[edit]

Modern country Number of

politicians

 Ireland 68
 England 28
 Germany 24
 Canada 22
 Scotland 15
 Cuba 12
 Norway 12
 Mexico 10
 France 9
 Sweden 8
 Denmark 6
 Haiti 5
 India 5
 South Korea 5
 Hungary 4
 Italy 4
 Austria 3
 Czech Republic 3
 Japan 3
 Peru 3
 Poland 3
 Taiwan 3
 Wales 3
 Colombia 2
 Dominican Republic 2
 Jamaica 2
 Lithuania 2
 Portugal 2
 Spain 2
  Switzerland 2
 Trinidad and Tobago 2
 Venezuela 2
 Vietnam 2
 Afghanistan 1
 Belgium 1
 Bulgaria 1
 Cayman Islands 1
 Ecuador 1
 Estonia 1
 Guatemala 1
 Iran 1
 Isle of Man 1
 Kenya 1
 Kosovo 1
 Netherlands 1
 New Zealand 1
 Pakistan 1
 Panama 1
 Philippines 1
 Romania 1
 Sint Maarten 1
 Slovenia 1
 Somalia 1
 St. Kitts and Nevis 1
 Thailand 1
 Turkey 1
 Ukraine 1
 U.S. Virgin Islands 1

See also[edit]