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X11 color names

In computing, on the X Window System, X11 color names are represented in a simple text file, which maps certain strings to RGB color values. It was traditionally shipped with every X11 installation, hence the name, is located in <X11root>/lib/X11/rgb.txt. The web colors list differs for certain color names. Color names are not standardized by the X11 protocol; the list does not show continuity either in selected color values or in color names, some color triplets have multiple names. Despite this, graphic designers and others got used to them, making it impossible to introduce a different list. In earlier releases of X11, server implementors were encouraged to modify the RGB values in the reference color database to account for gamma correction; as of X. Org Release 7.4 rgb.txt is no longer included in the roll up release, the list is built directly into the server. The optional module xorg/app/rgb contains the stand-alone rgb.txt file. The list first shipped with X10 release 3 on 7 June 1986, having been checked into RCS by Jim Gettys in 1985.

The same list was in X11R1 on 18 September 1987. The full list as is available today shipped with X11R4 on 29 January 1989, with substantial additions by Paul Ravelling, John C. Thomas and Jim Fulton; the project was running DEC VT240 terminals at the time. In some applications multipart names are written with spaces, in others joined together in camel case, they are matched insensitive of case and the X Server source code contains spaced aliases for most entries. The first versions of Mosaic and Netscape Navigator used the X11 colors as the basis for the web colors list, as both were X applications; the W3C specifications SVG and CSS level 3 module Color adopted the X11 list with some changes. The present W3C list is a superset of the 16 “VGA colors” defined in HTML 3.2 and CSS level 1. Most unusual of the color clashes between X11 and W3C is the case of "Gray" and its variants. In HTML, "Gray" is reserved for the 128 triplet . However, in X11, "gray" was assigned to the 190 triplet , close to W3C "Silver" at 192 , had "Light Gray" at 211 and "Dark Gray" at 169 counterparts.

As a result, the combined CSS 3.0 color list that prevails on the web today produces "Dark Gray" as a lighter tone than plain "Gray" , because "Dark Gray" was descended from X11 – for it did not exist in HTML nor CSS level 1 – while "Gray" was descended from HTML. In the current draft for CSS 4.0, dark gray continues to be a lighter shade than gray. Some browsers such as Netscape Navigator insisted on an "a" in any "Gray" except for "Light Grey". Recent X releases support the W3C definitions. In X11, the original definitions have been preserved, but for every conflicting name pair, "Web" and additional "X11" prefixes have been added to ease disambiguation after the merger; the "X11" prefix is an alias for the non-prefixed version, i.e. "X11 Gray" = "Gray" ≠ "Web Gray". The W3C defined a color, equal to X11's "Green", but called it "Lime". In X11, this is called "Lime", as no such name existed before, it aliases to "Green", i.e. "Lime" = "Green" = "X11 Green" ≠ "Web Green". The following chart presents the standardized X11 color names from the X.org source code.

The list of names accepted by browsers following W3C standards differs as explained above. The table does not show numbered brightness variants as described below. Actual rgb.txt files and other color databases or palettes may differ since they are editable by vendors and users. The table shows component values in several notations of the RGB color space, i.e. RGB, HSL and HSV, conversions are done assuming sRGB color space; the complete rgb.txt defines 101 shades from'Gray0' up to'Gray100' in addition to'Gray' and its variants listed above. The shades are defined by the formula GrayN:= round resulting in e.g.'Gray96' , which happens to be the same as'White Smoke'. Similarly'Dim Gray' is the same as'Gray41' . On the other hand,'Gray' lies between'Gray74' and'Gray75' ; these shades are not included in W3C specifications, although drafts for level 4 of the CSS Color module include a similar function gray. They are still with no space before the digit. For 78 colors, rgb.txt offers four variants "color1", "color2", "color3", "color4", with "color1" sometimes corresponding to "color", so e.g. "Snow1" is the same as "Snow".

Unlike base colors, e.g. cadet blue and CadetBlue, these are only coded without spaces, e.g. CadetBlue3; these variations are neither adopted by W3C standards. Whether or not a certain color has such variants. If "color1" is not the same as "color", the base color is darker; that means its brightness in HSB color notation is less than 100%. The four variants have rounded brightness values of 93 %, 80 % and 55 %, respectively, their hue and saturation are the same except for rounding. In some cases they differ from the base color, which may indicate that these variants were specified with

Lyons (architecture firm)

Lyons is an Australian architecture firm based in Melbourne. Established in 1996 by brothers Corbett Lyon and Carey Lyon, they were soon joined by third brother Cameron, Neil Appleton and Adrian Stanic, are all now directors. Lyons is known for large commercial and institutional buildings such as the RMIT Swanston Academic Building, the Australian Institute of Architects, 41 Exhibition St, the John Curtin School of Medical Research in Canberra, the Central Institute of TAFE in Perth, the Queensland Children's Hospital in Brisbane, the School of Medicine and Menzies Research Institute in Hobart and the School of Medicine and Research in Sydney; the Lyons brothers are third generation Melbourne architects, grandsons of concrete pioneer and hotel designer Leslie M Perrott Snr, whose firm became Perrott Lyon Mathieson. Their father was Ron Lyon, a director of the Perrott firm in the 1960s-90s, who married architectural delineator Marietta Perrott, daughter of Leslie M Perrott Snr. Les Perrott Jnr worked in the firm, becoming director in the 1960s-80s, their uncle Eric Lyons was an architect.

New Queensland Children's Hospital, Brisbane, BHP Billiton Global Headquarters, Melbourne John Curtin School of Medical Research, Canberra Central Institute of TAFE, Perth Menzies Research Institute, Hobart Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart UWS School of Medicine, Sydney Melbourne Brain Centre, Melbourne Lyon Housemuseum, Melbourne Kangan Institute, Automotive Centre of Excellence, Melbourne Headly Bull Centre, Australian National University, Canberra New School of Law at University of NSW, Sydney Victoria University Online Training Centre, St Albans Marine and Freshwater Research Institute, Queenscliff School of Medicine, Hobart Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne RMIT Swanston Academic Building, Melbourne Australian Institute of Architects, 41 Exhibition St, Melbourne Clark, Justine: More:The Architecture of Lyons 1996-2011, Thames&Hudson, ISBN 9780500500286 Official website

Turkish military forces in Northern Cyprus

The Turkish military forces in Northern Cyprus Cyprus Turkish Peace Force Command is the Turkish garrison on Cyprus. In 1974 Turkish troops invaded Cyprus following a Greek Cypriot coup d'état which wanted to force union with Greece, occupying the northern third of the island; the invasion force, which consisted of about 40,000 soldiers and 200 tanks, subsequently was reduced to a garrison of 17,000 troops. It outnumbers the Greek military contingent on the island, supplemented by the Greek Cypriot National Guard consisting of 12,000 active and 75,000 reserves. Air reinforcement of the Turkish troops can be effected, within hours. Turkey maintained the Cyprus Turkish Regiment in the northern part of the Republic of Cyprus. On 16 August 1960, the brigade was organized as follows: Günyeli Group 2nd Infantry Company 3rd Infantry Company Heavy Weapons Company Ortaköy Group 1st Infantry Company 4th Infantry Company Regimental HQ Company In July 1974, Turkey landed forces on the northern part of Cyprus after the military coup of July 15, 1974.

Turkish forces involved in operations were as follows: An airborne brigade A commando brigade A Special Strike Force Landing Brigade The 39th Infantry Division The 28th Infantry Division It has been on Cyprus since the Turkish invasion of 1974, consisted of the following Turkish Army units: Cyprus Turkish Peace Force Command 28th Infantry Division - headquartered at Asha to the northeast of Nicosia, the 39th Infantry Division - headquartered at Camlibel within the district of Girne. 14th Armoured Brigade - in Asha with M48 Patton & M60 Patton tanks. A Special Force Regiment An Artillery Regiment Naval unitsThe corps reserve was at Kythrea to the northeast of Nicosia. 28th Mechanized Infantry Division - may only be at brigade strength 39th Mechanized Infantry Division - may only be at brigade strength 14th Armoured Brigade 49th Special Force Regiment 41st Commando Regiment 109th Field Artillery Regiment 190th Marines Battalion Communications Battalion Central Command Military Police Battalion Logistics Support Group The original force of 40,000 troops was reduced with Turkish authorities claiming that the Turkish force in Cyprus had been reduced to 17,500 in the 1990s.

However, according to the UN Secretary-General “It is estimated that in recent years there have been in the northern part of the island a little under 30,000 armed forces of the Republic of Turkey making it one of the most militarized areas in the world in terms of numbers of troops and numbers of civilian population. Moreover there have been indications that the total numbers of Turkish forces on the island may have increased” S994/680 7.6.1994.par.28. Turkish forces in Cyprus are part of the Turkish Aegean Army, headquartered at Izmir in Turkey. However, the commander of the Turkish troops reports directly to the Turkish General Staff in the capital, Ankara; the force is responsible for all security and is not directly involved in political matters of northern Cyprus. Since 16 August 1974, the Turkish Army has retained control of the northern 40% of Cyprus. M48A5T1 and M48A5T2 - 287 M48A5C - 9 M60A1 M60A3 Leopard 2A4 limited numbers FNSS Pars - 300 FNSS ACV-15 - 126 Nurol Ejder - 126 ACV-300 M113A1 - 361 AIFV - 90 Nurol Ejder - 190 Otokar Akrep - 67 Otokar Cobra - 32 CJ3B Engerek - 150+ M-110A2 - 12 M44T - 24 M52T - 36 T-155 Fırtına T-122 Sakarya - 16 T-107 - 70 MGM-140 ATACMS - 12 M115 - 12 M59 - 12 M114A2 - 36 M101A1 - 36 Panter howitzer - 36 Boran Kornet-E - 60 TOW - 48 MILAN - 300 M72 LAW 500+ RPG-7 M40 recoilless rifle - 170 M825 M40 carrier M30 - 142 HY-12 - 171 MKEK 81 mm - 279 Oerlikon GAI - 48 Oerlikon GDF - 65 Atılgan PMADS- 400 Rheinmetall Air Defence Zıpkın PMADS AS532 Cougar - 30 Military of Northern Cyprus This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/.

Cyprus Mail, November 19, 1998 Phileleftheros, November 18, 1998 Cyprus News Agency, October 8, 1998 Cyprus News Agency, November 21, 1997 Cyprus News Agency, October 27, 1997 The Military Balance 1996/97, The International Institute for Strategic Studies, London. 2004 - 2005 Defence Bible "Cyprus, 1974", by T. Cooper and N. Tselepidis, published October 28, 2003 for ACIG.org. 2007 letter from Cypriot Government to UN, giving details of Turkish forces in Cyprus The Cyprus Conflict A website with a selection of details, reports and personal accounts on the Cyprus dispute Chronology - Cyprus Issue Aspects of the Cyprus Problem from The Republic of Cyprus Press and Information Office Association Of Turkish Cypriots Abroad, A non-party-political organization with the aim of partitioning Cyprus

Um Min-ji

Um Min-ji is a South Korean curler. She plays third on Team Gim Un-chi, the South Korean National Women's Curling Team. Um competed at the 2014 Winter Olympics for South Korea, she teamed with Lee Seul-bee, Shin Mi-sung and Gim Un-chi in the women's tournament. She began the tournament as the alternate, but played lead in five of the team's last six games, as the South Korean team went 3-6 to finish in a tie for 8th, she curled 85%, 6th out of the 10 leads. That year, Um made her World Curling Championships at the 2014 World Women's Curling Championship; the team would have great success, tied for fourth. The team would win the tiebreaker 7-5 over Sweden's Margaretha Sigfridsson to qualify for the playoffs. After winning the 3 vs. 4 page playoff game 9-5 over Russia's Anna Sidorova, the team would lose the semi-final 7-2 to Switzerland's Binia Feltscher and lost the bronze medal game 7-6 to the Russians, settling for fourth place. The following season, the team finished runner-up at the 2015 Pacific-Asia Curling Championships to Japan's Satsuki Fujisawa.

The team played in the 2016 World Women's Curling Championship but would not be as successful as in 2014. They missed the playoffs with a 5-6 record. Kim Ji-sun would leave the team the following season, they would have a slow few seasons, failing to win the Korean National Championships and being replaced as the national team by Kim Eun-jung in 2017 and 2018 and Kim Min-ji in 2019. But in summer 2019, Team Gim would win the title after stealing two in the tenth end of the final against Kim Min-ji. To start their tour season, her team had a quarterfinal finish at the 2019 Cameron's Brewing Oakville Fall Classic, they followed this by missing the playoffs at the 2019 Stu Sells Oakville Tankard, a semifinal finish at the 2019 AMJ Campbell Shorty Jenkins Classic and winning the 2019 KW Fall Classic posting a perfect 7-0 record en route to capturing the title. They missed the playoffs at their next two events, the 2019 Curlers Corner Autumn Gold Curling Classic and the 2019 Canad Inns Women's Classic.

At the 2019 Pacific-Asia Curling Championships, Team Gim had a disappointing finish. After going 6-1 in the round robin, they lost the semi-final to China's Han Yu; this performance meant they didn't qualify Korea for the 2020 World Championship through the Pacific region and would have to play in the World Qualification Event for their spot in the World's. Next Team Gim competed in the 2019 Boundary Ford Curling Classic where they lost in the final to Kim Min-ji. Two weeks they played in the Jim Sullivan Curling Classic in Saint John, New Brunswick, the same city where the team had success in 2014 at the World's, it was another successful run for the rink as they went 7-0 through the tournament to capture the title. The Gim rink went undefeated at the World Qualification Event, going 7-0 in the round robin and defeating Italy in the 1 vs. 2 playoff game to qualify South Korea for the World Championship. Sungshin Women's University Seoul Hyundai Senior High School Seoul Shingu Middle School Um Min-ji on the World Curling Federation database Um Min-ji on the World Curling Tour database Um Min-ji on the CurlingZone database

Get Outdoors Georgia

Get Outdoors Georgia, or "GO" Georgia, is an initiative created by the Parks and Historic Sites Division of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources to promote family-friendly, nature-based and health-focused activities throughout the state. It addresses the growing epidemic of obesity. and its effect on the health of Georgia citizens. Georgians' sedentary lifestyles and disconnection from nature are resulting in alarming health declines and a diminishing conservation ethic. Get Outdoors Georgia encourages citizens to take advantage of the state's diverse natural resources to get fit, lead healthier lives, bond with their families and curb the obesity epidemic; the GO Georgia initiative evolved out of the state's five-year recreation research and planning effort, the 2008 – 2013 Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan. The plan identifies health and livability of Georgia communities as a primary priority. Get Outdoors Georgia launched in July 2014 when Georgia Governor Sonny Perdue announced the GO Georgia program at a press conference at Skidaway Island State Park in Savannah and declared by proclamation that June is "Georgia Great Outdoors Month."

He noted that every Georgia resident lives within an hour's drive of one of the 63 Georgia state parks or historic sites. Activities such as biking and paddling clubs. In addition, a fun-loving gopher mascot2 encourages people to "go for" a walk, a hike or a day in the park; the program's website was designed as a primary tool to encourage Georgians to participate in the Get Outdoors Georgia program by allowing them to search by activities that appeal to them. This functionality, which incorporates Google Maps, works in tandem with landing pages that target activity clusters with specific passions, such as camping, mountain biking, family vacation ideas and more; the result is increasing the likelihood that a visit to the site will lead to a visit to the park and to a positive impact on health. In 2000, the Office of the Surgeon General reported that obesity costs the nation 117 billion dollars a year. 61 % of adults in the United States were obese. 300,000 deaths each year in the United States are attributed to obesity.

The State of Georgia ranks 14th in adult 12th in the number of overweight children. Separate surveys conducted in January 2007 and 2008 as part of Georgia's Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan identified both problems and opportunities. Over 1.8 million Georgians are overweight. This costs Georgia $2.1 billion in medical costs each year. Children are most at risk, with structured lives, fewer opportunities to play outdoors and less physical activity; as outdoor recreation opportunities shrink, the waistlines of Georgia's children continue to expand. Georgians overwhelmingly support public outdoor recreation in the state of Georgia with 88% indicating that they think public funds should be spent on creating outdoor recreation opportunities in Georgia. Childhood Obesity List of Georgia State Parks Sonny Perdue Get Outdoors Georgia Georgia State Parks “How we grew so big” “The obesity warriors” Georgia Department of Natural Resources Georgia Tourism Environmental Education in Georgia

Hydrophilus palpalis

Hydrophilus palpalis is a species of water scavenger beetles belonging to the Hydrophilinae subfamily. Some authors have included this species in a distinct genus, but most of them consider Diboloceus just a subgenus of Hydrophilus; this large species has an oval and moderately convex body. The basic color of the body is black. Antennae are 9-segmented. Prosternum is well divided into two lobes. Elytra show ten fine striae. Hind femora are glabrous; these beetles are adapted for aquatic life. The first-stage larvae and the adults are excellent swimmers. Adults are vegetarian while the larvae are carnivorous and have a preference for molluscs; this species can be found in South America in aquatic habitat in rice cultivations. Marcia Maria Dosciatti de Oliveira - Hydrophilus palpalis Brullé, 1838 – Ciclo vital y datos biogeográficos sobre las otras especies del subgênero Márcia M. D. de Oliveira. Zool. vol.94 no.4 Porto Alegre Dec. 2004