Ananda Majumdar | University of Alberta - Academia.edu
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  • 1. General Member Coordinator at Lets Talk Science, University of Alberta. 2. Student Panel, Cambridge University Pre... moreedit
Cuba was the prime center of the focus in 1966 due to its mega event organized by over five hundred representatives from three continents; Asia, Africa, and Latin America for a drive to raise voice against imperialism and neocolonialism.... more
Cuba was the prime center of the focus in 1966 due to its mega event organized by over five hundred representatives from three continents; Asia, Africa, and Latin America for a drive to raise voice against imperialism and neocolonialism. The movement was called tri-continental movement under the realm of the Soviet Union's program, called peaceful coexistence with the West Bloc. It was a moment when the Vietnam war was a hot issue and Che Guevara on the other side was showing his armed rebellion against the imperialism in Bolivia and his ideology was spreading worldwide as a suggestion to create many Vietnams against the devil forces. Global leaders were confused about whether forceful movement or a nonviolent struggle over oppression? During the Havana conference, the role of the Soviet Union on communism and anti-imperialism was in question and it had been concerned by the leaders of the delegate countries. The ideology of anti-imperialism was a core issue by the third world leaders and developing Eastern European Left, while it was almost abandoned by Stalin. After Stalin’s death, the Twentieth Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union decided to hold the ideology of anti-imperialism and support all developing countries under a Soviet shadow. The objective of the paper is to explore the Soviet role against imperialism and to spread Soviet Bloc globally. The purpose and the outcome of the paper are to understanding the Soviet Union and its follower countries, groups. The methodology of the paper is a documentary analysis. The importance of the paper is to understand those Soviet ideologies that helped to keep a balance in the world and some knowledge to explore myths for the current global crisis. The feature question is how the Soviet Union managed to create a Communist Bloc for a global balance?
Human Ecology is a way for the establishment of a better society that has a promising path for human development. The idea was discovered by the Oxford school of imperial ecology in the 1930s and 1940s. Imperial ecology is a term of... more
Human Ecology is a way for the establishment of a better society that has a promising path for human development. The idea was discovered by the Oxford school of imperial ecology in the 1930s and 1940s. Imperial ecology is a term of colonization through the spread of European plants, diseases to its colonies worldwide and by the killing of native people through unfamiliar European diseases. The settlement of South America (Mexico, Peru) was built by the Europeans (Spaniards) through their brutalities of imperial ecology and administration. However, the Oxford school of imperial ecology and famous environmentalists such as General Smuts expressed this term in another way which is for development. They have expressed that imperial ecology in the name of human ecology suggested filth of hominoid ethics and political existence which inspires methodological interventionism and management of hominoid(human) abilities. The objective and outcome of the paper are to discover imperial ecology as a way of human science through which various creations can be done through capabilities, imagination, future, will force, pleasure and pain. The methodological process has been completed through a qualitative approach such as an online biopic, textual analysis. The feature question is how does the term imperial ecology can be transformed into human ecology for the flourishes of the community? The future aspiration of this paper is to enlarge for better research and development.
There are four goals on earth according to Hinduism; aim for Dharma (righteous livelihood), Artha (wealth through profession), Karma (human and sexual love) and Moksha (spiritual salvation) for the human being. Those holistic views are... more
There are four goals on earth according to Hinduism; aim for Dharma (righteous
livelihood), Artha (wealth through profession), Karma (human and sexual love) and Moksha (spiritual salvation) for the human being. Those holistic views are reflected by arts and images in Indian temples, epics etc. The reflections of arts and images can be seen through the sculpture of walls of those temples that says spirituality through moksha which is the way to receive the blessing of the Supreme Lord according to the Veda, the Puran, Shrimad Bhagwat Gita, Ramayana, Mahabharata. Hinduism is not based on a single founder, nor a single prophet; it is a combination of ancient Sanskrit literature of the Aryans (Indus Civilization), the Vedas that praised the Lords of non-human abstracts or natural elements and on the other side Indigenous Indians who were devotees of Mother Goddess. Pluralism in Hinduism is its main character through various forms of the Lords such as Shri Rama, Shri Vishnu, Sri Shiva (Power) and Shri Brahma (Fire). Those deities are portrayed with multiple arms which is the reflection of their supreme universal image as the Lords of all. Multiple arms of Gods and Goddess are images of their cosmic acts against the evil forces of the universe which shows their supernatural power and abilities to perform various feats at the same time. The artistic production of multiple arms is God’s unlimited power and their presence everywhere for the betterment of the human being and to defeat evil forces such as multiple-headed demons. Portrayed of Lord Shiva & triple heads are a reflection of the main character (central face), fierce and blissful aspects by other faces. The niches of the temple of Lord Vishnu may portray his incarnation, while the temple of Lord Shiva may portray his combative feats, and the other great Goddess may portray their battles with superhuman demons etc. the exterior of temples is also decorated by figural sculpture. The walls
are portrayed by images of women Goddess, loving couples (Mithunas), animals as Lord’s
vehicle etc. The concept of this paper is to discuss the artistic culture of the Hindu Dharma
through its Lords and temples. The outcome is to discover a tradition where art and culture have been prioritized as religious norms, values, and thought. The methodologies are books, journals. The feature question is how can art be a religious messenger for attraction to others about Hindu tradition?
We are all musical minds, an applied project. The entire project was with Edmonton Mennonite Centre for Newcomers, a non-profit organization, who is taking care of migrant’s people to Canada from all over the world, from toddlers to... more
We are all musical minds, an applied project. The entire project was with Edmonton
Mennonite Centre for Newcomers, a non-profit organization, who is taking care of migrant’s
people to Canada from all over the world, from toddlers to senior people through various
activities such as literacy, language training computer training, kids’ development at the daycare
centre, religious activities through church etc. I was working on my project with two days’ care,
and I was teaching to those immigrant kids ages from toddlers to 5 years old, who were all Pre-K
level. My aim was to build musical skills in them, let them understand sound, (sounds from
inside water through a straw) feeling about sound, images of music, and their hands-on activities
by making musical crafts. The objective of the paper is to explain music as a therapeutic
objective for the reduction of depression. The outcome of the research paper was a recognition
that music is a powerful message for the community of all scenarios. The methodology has been
done through my field research and documentary analysis. The question is how does music set
up for its flourishes for the reduction of depression?
The Aryan civilization began around 1500 BC. The Aryans were thought to have come from Europe; however, it is not known for sure. The Aryan people had a polytheistic religion. 5000 years old country. Ashoka, also known as Ashoka the... more
The Aryan civilization began around 1500 BC. The Aryans were thought to have
come from Europe; however, it is not known for sure. The Aryan people had a polytheistic
religion. 5000 years old country. Ashoka, also known as Ashoka the Great, was an Indian
emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all the Indian subcontinent from c. 268 to 232
BCE. Rama or Ram, also known as Ramachandra, is a major deity. Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din
Muhammad Akbar, popularly known as Akbar the Great, and as Akbar I, was the third Mughal
emperor, who reigned from 1556 to 1605. Lakshmi-bai, the Rani of Jhansi, was the queen of the
princely state of Jhansi in North India currently present in Jhansi district in Uttar Pradesh, India.
She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and became a symbol of
resistance to the British Raj for Indian nationalists. Indian culture and heritage which is five
thousand (5000) years old Aryan Civilization, one of the greatest cultures and heritage in the
world. Through this paper students will know about India and her mysterious stories which will
help to explore incredible India. Culture is always an important narrative of every society that
glimpses academically through social sciences. The study of social science therefore can be
explored through cultural studies. The paper has described India's culture and heritage through
various aspects of her History, Personnel, Geography, Biodiversity, Climate, Economy,
Language, Religion, Other Demographics etc. The outcome of the paper has demonstrated
India’s culture and heritage and a clear verification has been set-up. Methodology has been
organized through documentary analysis. The feature question is how can India be explained
through her civilization?
Racism in religion was a big part of the primitive period. Christianity in the medieval period shows the dominance of racism or prejudice which has been realized by the Jewish enslavement over the African slave trade or Hebrews' fight... more
Racism in religion was a big part of the primitive period. Christianity in the medieval
period shows the dominance of racism or prejudice which has been realized by the Jewish
enslavement over the African slave trade or Hebrews' fight from slavery in ancient Egypt. Those
tales have been developed in Christian Theology. The incidents of the past play in the creation of
modern days bigotry as well. Therefore, the past has a connection with the present through its
racial nature over religions, communities, and minorities. The controversy of racism has helped
to analyze its images from the past to the present scenario. The medieval spiritual dialogues have
helped to structured racial ideologies which have their inborn nature and weaknesses. Racial
ideas have been detected through the figurative clarification of various Christian characters like
Cain, Ishmael, Ham who represent the enslavement of Jews to the Christians. The objective and
the outcome of the paper is to discover the contribution of primitive ideas of the race over the
creation of modern days race and identities. The methodology has been grasped through
qualitative analysis such as through e-book, journal documentation. The feature question is what
is the role of religion to explore the concept of racism from its ancient nature to the current
scenario? How is the primitive age interrelated with the present in the context of racial and
religious identities?
The northeast state of Tripura has colourful glimpses through her indigenous population. The solidarity among their groups makes them stronger and believers in each other. As one of their supporting rituals from the parent's side, the... more
The northeast state of Tripura has colourful glimpses through her indigenous population. The solidarity among their groups makes them stronger and believers in each other. As one of their supporting rituals from the parent's side, the father gives his daughter land as a gift and because of the heritage, the daughter can not protest it. The community of Bengali migrants from East Bengal to Tripura changed everything. Because of their superiority, Bengalis are expanding their network all over Tripura. While the tribe's communities are reducing and turned into a minority. The terrorism problem in Tripura is a reason for inequality between ruler Bengalis and common tribes. The uncertainty of women's lives in Tripura especially among tribes brings them together for a political forum to raise their voices. After the 73rd amendment act. In 1992 the state of Tripura takes initiatives for the participation of women in politics and thus to open a way for their empowerment.  The objective of the paper is to explore the indigenous community and their political participation, facilities by the government through various public reforms. The outcome of the paper is to know the situation from the past to the present and understanding the socio-economic and political status of the tribe's women and the community. The methodology has been taking through documentary analysis. The feature question is, how do tribes' women return the status they deserved in the past? How are they dealing with themselves in their political journey?
Bangladesh shares a 168 km of land border with Myanmar. The illegal migration of the Rohingya community to Bangladesh from Myanmar makes the relations tense since 1970. The refugees of Rohingya's in Bangladesh have no intention of going... more
Bangladesh shares a 168 km of land border with Myanmar. The illegal migration of the Rohingya community to Bangladesh from Myanmar makes the relations tense since 1970. The refugees of Rohingya's in Bangladesh have no intention of going back to Myanmar because of socio-economic exploitation in their original country by the government of Myanmar. The Rohingya issue has significant influences on Bangladesh and Myanmar discussions on the concern of region-wide construction projects such as the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC). Those projects are important for both in the context of economic and infrastructural development. Bangladesh is seeking a definitive solution to the Rohingya migration crisis. The arrival of Rohingya in Teknaf and Cox's Bazar in Bangladesh caused social disturbances and economic burdens for the government. The region is one of the poor areas of Bangladesh. The dissatisfaction of local people grows up due to refugees in an insufficiently secured environment. The forestation of Cox's Bazar has been poorly destroyed by the Rohingya for the requirements of their daily livelihood. According to the Office of the Refugee Relief and Repatriation Commissioner (RRRC), Rohingya’s have been created problems like illicit arms, drug trafficking in Bandarban and Cox's Bazar and many more illegal activities. Terrorism has been pointed as one of the big perspectives throughout the sub-continent through Rohingya immigration to Bangladesh and India. The paper aims to create concern in South Asia and find out a solution to migration issues in the region. The objective of the paper is to discuss the issues of the Rohingya community of Myanmar who are now refugees in Bangladesh. The paper aims to create concern in South Asia and find out a solution to migration issues in the region. The outcome of the paper is to realize a community that has lost everything from their homeland and has been forced to leave the country because of their ethnic status. The methodology has been completed by documentary analysis. The feature question is what are those actions had been taken from the global power to resolve this problem of forced migration?
Expansion of Medieval Europe started from the eighteen and nineteen centuries when the Carolingian conquest of the pagan Saxons and Avars in Central Europe. The story of Spaniards to the new world in the early centuries was a European... more
Expansion of Medieval Europe started from the eighteen and nineteen centuries when the Carolingian conquest of the pagan Saxons and Avars in Central Europe. The story of Spaniards to the new world in the early centuries was a European exploration of the world. The British migration to the New World was not that significant during the earlier period. Dutch settlement through forced migration in Cape Town was another exploration of European settlement. The objective of the article is to know migratory settlement throughout the world from inside the European continent to Outside Europe. The outcome has shaped the colonial picture of European in America, Asia, and Africa. The methodological process has been done through online resources such as e-books, online news articles as a documentary analysis of the qualitative approach. The feature question of the article is what were the reasons for the establishment of a settlement by the Europeans worldwide?
In the 1820s, the idea of national-wide schooling was first introduced as an aspiration of Sultan Mahmud, who progenies a decree to introduce a set of educational reforms. This remarkable declaration of educational advancement was... more
In the 1820s, the idea of national-wide schooling was first introduced as an aspiration of
Sultan Mahmud, who progenies a decree to introduce a set of educational reforms. This
remarkable declaration of educational advancement was launched for the boys in Istanbul
only. In the following decades, educational modernization had been spread state-wise through
which the recognition of women in educational advancement had been accepted as well.
Resulting the feminist movement of that time was blunt in front of this progression activities
by the monarch. The modern school system under the rule of 1869 defined school system into
three levels which was primary, secondary, and high school level. In the 1850s the first school
was opened for girls reproduced by number, grade, and system in the last quarter of the
nineteenth century. It was a renaissance for women's education in that time when demand for
girl's education was high and the ban on co-education under the regulation of 1869 was
ignored. Because of the increasing promotion of girl's education and schooling system, boy's
school was utilized at different times during the day for both girls and boy's utilization. The
objective of the paper is to discuss women's education during the Ottoman Doctrine. The
outcome of the paper is to clear about the promotion of gender and education as one of the
priorities of Ottoman Dynasties. The methodology of the paperwork is through documentary
analysis. The feature question is how did gender education spark during the Ottoman Empire?
What is the ambition behind the change?
ANNOTATION The purpose of this essay is to exploring and understanding of early education, its importance, sources for the development of children’s from their early age in the classroom, highly traiatonining environment for educator’s,... more
ANNOTATION
The purpose of this essay is to exploring and understanding of early education, its importance,
sources for the development of children’s from their early age in the classroom, highly traiatonining
environment for educator’s, teachers, adults, directors, children’s as well for the creation of meaningful
and positive early learning, a talk for learning. The paper has given priorities on linguistic and cultural
educational development among children in the classroom. Teachers’, parents and family member’s
communication for the better understand of each other’s’ and thus the children as well. The early
childhood educational program needs to be flexible, children oriented, multiple children opportunities,
bilingual nature, respect of home language, attitude, culture, norms, values and ethics. The educational
program through language and literacy is philological concept; that can increase and appreciate through
world of knowledge, word and vocabulary access, development among teachers, early educators, and
children. The paper is a message about love of word, learning and literature. Education, training,
development, learning are ongoing for all teacher’s and educator’s on the basis of executive function,
emotion regulation, emotion modeling, emotion management, relational and interpersonal, talk for
learning. It is a nature of good curriculum to maintain a good and successful classroom and for the
implication of plan and curriculum of studies that can be rigorous and regulated and can be understood
by the children’s, and teachers through their teachers’ training program. It is therefore a mandatory for
all educators to gain some skills like self-regulation and talk for learning and teach children’s on the
basis of their learning or training for their practical development such as in a diversified classroom where
monolingual and bilingual children presents and teachers’ manages them, in this situation teacher
education training on LSP(Special Language program) and LGP(General Language Program) are
effective and demandable in the society and in the world for gaining knowledge of bilingualism, and
education and to share glimpses of Philological concepts such as love of word, learning languages and
literacy. The outcome of the paper is to exploration of teachers’ training program through learning of
early childhood pedagogy and the importance of literature and thus to create an image of linguistic,
artistic Philology, a philology that can be earned by the collection of words and vocabulary for art and
language development and add to the early education program as a curriculum for child development.
The question is; how does Philology integrate into education and its teachers’ instructional program? It
is through learning and teaching and development for wellbeing. The development for wellbeing is
through early childhood education. Once teachers’ are highly trained through literacy, they will teach
their children in such a way in the classroom they learned from their curriculum. It is through the passion
of learning and develop children. The future activities are to continuation of writing papers related to the
concept of knowledge and literature and to share among communities for child development. It will also
be an initiative among communities to share the concept of philology through words and vocabulary and
to tell them how Philology exists in it and what Philology is.
Archaeology helps us to learn about the general drift that has a connection with the past, which also helps to connect the past with today’s world. The subject of the nature of society and humanity has various stories from its ancient... more
Archaeology helps us to learn about the general drift that has a connection with the past, which also helps to connect the past with today’s world. The subject of the nature of society and humanity has various stories from its ancient scenario to the present and provides knowledge through various narratives, such as the study of heritage and museums, an archeological perspective. It provides the success and the failure of human stories which is reliable through scholars, students like us on this perspective when the subject of world archeology is a medium of education that focuses several educational(pedagogy) plans that merge with many thematic approaches, combined with many narratives or themes such as  “urbanization”, “trade” (Lerner and Effland, 2012) “political power” etc.  This combined nature of the educational method helps educators (Lerner and Effland, 2012 ) and students to learn about the past and the present, which have connections to each other. It is an education about world heritage which is tied to many components, issues, are a challenge for today's world scenario. The purpose and objective of the paper are to instruct a college about world heritage and museums as pedagogy and thus helps to create a curriculum on heritage and museum studies. The methodological process has been done through online resources such as e-books, online news articles as a documentary analysis of the qualitative approach. The outcome of the paper helped to understand a relation between the past and present scenarios of world heritage which is a combined discussion of the world of nature and humanity. It has been recognized as a contribution to the curriculum development of that college as well. The feature question is how heritage and museum studies can be more illustrated among students, educators and within the world of education through which they can realize easily the connection between the past and present archeological scenario?
Migrant and displaced children are the most vulnerable inhabitants in the world. Approximately 33 million children worldwide were residing outside of their country of birth for various reasons such as through forcible displacement,... more
Migrant and displaced children are the most vulnerable inhabitants in the world. Approximately 33 million children worldwide were residing outside of their country of birth for various reasons such as through forcible displacement, temporary migration etc. in 2019. Approximately 31million children were living in other places through forcible displacement from their country. Violence and other disaster were reasons for this forceful movement. Those children were refugees (13 million estimated), asylum seekers (1 million estimated) and runaway communities (17 million estimated) who were displaced forcefully in their own country from their original place to other places. An estimated 3.7 million children worldwide are living in refugee camps and the current COVID-19 scenario makes their lives most vulnerable. In the low and middle-income countries children are living in slums, overcrowded camps, such as Rohingya children camps in Bangladesh, Somalia, Ethiopia etc. They have the problem of access to health services. According to the UNICEF countries like Somalia, Ethiopia, an estimated 4 in 10 children have no proper facilities to wash themselves. UNICEF launched a poll for the information of the overall disaster scenario in the context of pandemics. The responders were between 14-24 years were telling that they did not see a doctor when required. They are either immigrants or refugee children who have no protective sources. The objective of the paper is to be understanding the scenarios of the vulnerable community such as children in this pandemic's scenario worldwide. The outcome and the result of the paper are gaining a clear knowledge about the migrant section of the society worldwide along with their children. The methodology has been performed through documentary analysis and the qualitative approach (word art). The feature question is what are alternative sources to protect migrant children worldwide?
Neoliberalism a globalized ideology, a return to an economic philosophy that grew out thinking of John Locke and Adam Smith. As neoliberalism thinking expanded during the second half of the 20th century, globalization of the world... more
Neoliberalism a globalized ideology, a return to an economic philosophy that grew out thinking of John Locke
and Adam Smith. As neoliberalism thinking expanded during the second half of the 20th century, globalization
of the world economy resulted. Central to the philosophy of neoliberalism is free trade and globalism. Student
mobility from India to Canada for the pursuit of higher studies is a form of neoliberal globalization, which
makes Canada a multicultural open country for all. Indian and Canadian policies on international education
and students' factors are facilitating the success of overseas studies and the experiences at the University of
Alberta. As a term of globalization, Global Citizenship entitles international students as institutional citizens.
Migration is a process of the historical way of colonial, post-colonial, and neo-colonial ideologies, that exists
with the present form of globalized and neoliberal ideologies. The consequences of globalization and the
exploration of Bengali identity are other important milestones. In 2009 there was a Bengali book fair in New
York, the U.S. in the name (theme) globalization and Bengali. From the perspective of the neoliberal
globalization, the purpose and outcome of this essay are to explore and understand the social and educational
phenomenon of student's migration from India to Canada, and the world, and its impact on higher education,
the paper also discusses the exploration Bengali identity as a result of globalization. The methodology has
been taken through documentary analysis and the qualitative approach. The feature question is What
knowledge is of most worth and how far can we be sure that the knowledge acquired by students in the north
applies to the context to which they may return in the south? What are the prospects of Bengalis in the world
and how Bangla can be a recognized global language?
The expression of music and art is the most profound for the human longings and emotions, which has measured the depths of human interpretation of experience through the spiritual and physical world. The art and music in the West are... more
The expression of music and art is the most profound for the human longings and emotions, which has measured the depths of human interpretation of experience through the spiritual and physical world. The art and music in the West are styles and decorative design, and a progression of western thoughts from pre-modern to post-modern period. It is a yearning desire through beautiful image and eternality. The significance of art and music during the movement of theological, political, and philosophical way, which was known as Protestant Reformation in Europe, is great. Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669) in art and Johan Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) in music are two great names in the history of Western fine arts. The exploration of genii like Sebastian and Rembrandt was the result of the Reformation in theology, thoughts, and practice. Music and art existed within the realm of the church from the beginning of the idea of reformation in Western Europe. Music and art were campaigned, financed, and encouraged as a pedagogical approach by the church as a daughter of church institution. During the reformation Catholics answered to the Protestant movement through art and music as their aristocratic weapon or as Counter-Reformation; that has been rooted in the inviolable tradition of Catholicism. Art and music were language, symbols, spirit, and thoughts of the people as a flock that would direct people into morality and salvation by value, myth, sermons, drama and by all other arts and to protect them from Protestantism. According to Hans Rookmaaker, art was described by portraying a world of superhumans, muscular within an environment fitting for such begins as Counter-Reformation. The artistic movement with the Reformation and Counter-Reformation between Protestant and Catholic community was a symbol of Renaissance that had represented the rebirth of classical sources and a resurgence of humanism. According to Paul Henry Lang, the art form of the Renaissance was aristocratic, learned, while the Reformation was concerned with divine connection with God through direct access with the Lord. Rookmaaker described that the Dutch artists painted the world and life realistically without glorifying the creature. The objective of the article is to know the story of reformation by the Protestants and its counter by the Catholic community. The outcome of the article is to realize the crisis of early modern Europe through reformation and its reflection in European society. The methodology has been done by documentary analysis which is books, websites, and academic journals.
My message to the group of spectators especially explicitly is to certainly investigate Venus by unquestionably conducting genuinely more research. On account of this point Indian Space Research association (ISRO) certainly is going to... more
My message to the group of spectators especially explicitly is to certainly investigate Venus by unquestionably conducting genuinely more research. On account of this point Indian Space Research association (ISRO) certainly is going to truly dispatch rocket GSLV MK-3 of every 2023 to learn about Sun-Venus collaboration, innovation showing, science experiments, investigation of the planet and especially asteroids for logical accomplishment, explicitly explore about the job of the sun powered breeze and sun based radiation entirely play in the warming of the planet and so forth. As a cosmic marvel, at that point the conditions generally makes it totally not the same as kind of different planets, which by large demonstrates that my message to the group of spectators especially in every way that really matters is to basically investigate Venus by unquestionably more research and in view of this point Indian Space Research association (ISRO) in every way that really matters is going to actually fundamentally dispatch rocket GSLV MK-3 of every 2023 to learn about Sun-Venus connection, innovation show, science tests, investigation of the planet and especially space rock for logical accomplishment, as well as explore about the function of the sun based breeze and sun powered radiation in reality and how it plays in warming the planet. This is truly very significant, since the planet is warming up at very high speeds, thus creating lots of barriers for both those who live in countries that are already used to hot weather, and those that do not. Compose and research substantially more for the interest of the average man about Venus in an unobtrusive manner, indicating how as a galactic marvel, it is important to research and investigate at that point what conditions explicitly makes it totally not quite the same as other planets and space bodies. Venus may have the right conditions for the future inhabiting of thee planet by men, thus fundamentally it demonstrates that my message to the group of spectators especially in every practical sense is to investigate Venus by certainly conducting more research of the subject, in order to assure future human survival and continuation.
Hyper individualism is an act to live a life highly individual way without regarding others. Cultures and values are different in every landmass and it is comprehensible during the trip in Africa or Asia that how they live life through... more
Hyper individualism is an act to live a life highly individual way without regarding others. Cultures and values are different in every landmass and it is comprehensible during the trip in Africa or Asia that how they live life through their core values, perhaps to live jointly (joint family) for the need of each other. It is also understanding about different underlying values  through a long residence in those continents. Then we can differ between traditional culture, which is mostly togetherness, respect, honour, giving time for others, desired happiness for  the wellbeing of the community, or the family pleasure. On the other side, hyper culture, a  form of highly individualism, a privatized life, which is a part of modernization to keep  individuals alone from others. It has been said that privacy protection is important in a  cosmopolitan structured society, therefore individualism is necessary. But the truth is different. Hyper-individualism hurts others and making people lonely from others. The  objective of the paper is to know the differences of cultures such as individualism vs  collectivist culture and their narratives. The outcome is to gain a clear understanding of the
weakness of hyper-acculturation. Documentary analysis through a qualitative approach is the methodology of the paper. The question is, is there any possibility to create a cultural crossbedding in Europe and North America where collectivism and individualism go together?
COVID-19 has fundamentally distorted global human mobility. Due to the important health and economic implications of this pandemic, the situation could be residual after the pandemic and thus new normal world could be designed. The new... more
COVID-19 has fundamentally distorted global human mobility. Due to the important health and  economic implications of this pandemic, the situation could be residual after the pandemic and thus  new normal world could be designed. The new normal policies have a long-term impact on migrant  workers and travelers. COVID-19 has been compared with the Spanish Flu in 1918. Global  migration during the wake of World War 1st was different than the current pandemic in 2020. The present scenario is likely to have lasting migration implications long after people, the economy bounces back and the health system. Human mobility has various forms such as short-term migration for economic betterment, long-term migration for permanent settlement in a highly developed country etc. Airplanes, trains, are also forms of mobility that was more accessible over  the past century. The role of media currently is another form of human mobility through which the  desire and ability to move accelerated to some points that it has pervaded even the remotest spread  of the globe. The global economy is another form through which people decide to migrate. The  choice is either individual for innovation such as economic migration, or migration for poor  circumstances decided by the family. Global migration from India to Australia, China to Canada is  an integral part of globalization. Globalization opens the neoliberal economy, the open border in the name of border diplomacy and makes migration easier than before. The scenarios are now changing  than before the pandemic. Unprecedented travel and mobility limits now have short- and long-term consequences. The objective and the outcome of the paper is to find out-migration scenarios during  the humanistic devastation. The methodology of the paper writing is through documentary analysis.  The feature question is how does COVID-19 impact immigrants and refugees worldwide?
Promotion of Indian art, culture and religion under an educational model is a concern for the fostering of Indian youths and people. National Educational Policy (NEP-2020) has taken necessary steps for the socio-academic development of... more
Promotion of Indian art, culture and religion under an educational model is a concern for the fostering of Indian youths and people. National Educational Policy (NEP-2020) has taken necessary steps for the socio-academic development of Indian students and youth. Fostering arts, culture and religion is one of the priorities of the Government of India. Through the initiative it has been aimed that students will develop a strong sense of their own culture, languages, arts and traditions, that will boost the self-regard of the people of India, and benefit the society as a whole. For the promotion of the arts, culture and religions necessary steps have been taken by hiring craftsperson, writers, and experts who are experts of the areas of India's vast civilization that has flourished by various cultural activities and spiritualities. 1 Because of the sense of secularism, belongingness to each other and multilingual images, cultural teaching and learning will be implemented and instructed in classes and schools through multiple languages along with its previous style of language instructions such as Hindi and English. Therefore, it will be an opportunity for teachers who are experts in other languages and the subject matter on Indian traditional culture and religion. The objective of the paper is to know and gain knowledge about the religion, Hindu tradition, cultural heritage and sculptures of India and its curriculum as a lesson under India's national educational policy (NEP) 2020. The outcome of the results of the paper is to gain a brief knowledge about India's religious spiritualities within its cultural and artistic phenomenon. The form of documentary analysis is the methodology of the paper. The feature questions are how does the promotion of Indian culture, religion and art exist in Indian educational policy? What are opportunities and challenges?
The northeast state of Tripura has colorful glimpses through her indigenous population. The tribal community of Tripura and the tribe’s women are the original inhabitants, who are living freely, without any disturbance between men and... more
The northeast state of Tripura has colorful glimpses through her indigenous population. The  tribal community of Tripura and the tribe’s women are the original inhabitants, who are living  freely, without any disturbance between men and women. It is their tradition to stay equally in  a truthful manner. An estimated 80% tribal population speaks in the Kak-Borak language.  Like other tribes of India and Africa, the tribe’s communities of Tripura such as Riang, Kukis, Lushais are still living in their traditional residence, located in the hill part of Tripura. They
are harvesting their traditional product from there. They are an easy-going group for each  other with unity and solidarity. The solidarity among their groups makes them stronger and  believers in each other. As one of their supporting rituals from the parent's side, the father
gives his daughter land as a gift and because of the heritage, the daughter can not protest it. The community of Bengali migrants from East Bengal to Tripura changed everything. Because of their superiority, Bengalis are expanding their network all over Tripura. While the
tribe's communities are reducing and turned into a minority. The terrorism problem in Tripura  is a reason for inequality between ruler Bengalis and common tribes. The objective of the  paper is to explore the indigenous community. The outcome of the paper is to know the
situation from the past to the present and understanding the socio-economic status of the tribe's women and the community. The methodology has been taking through documentary  analysis. The feature question is, how do tribes' women return their status they deserved in the past?
Promotion of Indian art, culture and religion under an educational model is a concern for the fostering of Indian youths and people. National Educational Policy (NEP-2020) has taken necessary steps for the socio-academic development of... more
Promotion of Indian art, culture and religion under an educational model is a concern for the fostering of Indian youths and people. National Educational Policy (NEP-2020) has taken necessary steps for the socio-academic development of Indian students and youth. Fostering arts, culture and religion is one of the priorities of the Government of India. Through the initiative it has been aimed that students will develop a strong sense of their own culture, languages, arts and traditions, that will boost the self-regard of the people of India, and benefit the society as a whole. For the promotion of the arts, culture and religions necessary steps have been taken by hiring craftsperson, writers, and experts who are experts of the areas of India's vast civilization that has flourished by various cultural activities and spiritualities. 1 Because of the sense of secularism, belongingness to each other and multilingual images, cultural teaching and learning will be implemented and instructed in classes and schools through multiple languages along with its previous style of language instructions such as Hindi and English. Therefore, it will be an opportunity for teachers who are experts in other languages and the subject matter on Indian traditional culture and religion. The objective of the paper is to know and gain knowledge about the religion, Hindu tradition, cultural heritage and sculptures of India and its curriculum as a lesson under India's national educational policy (NEP) 2020. The outcome of the results of the paper is to gain a brief knowledge about India's religious spiritualities within its cultural and artistic phenomenon. The form of documentary analysis is the methodology of the paper. The feature questions are how does the promotion of Indian culture, religion and art exist in Indian educational policy? What are opportunities and challenges?
Gender is an important term in migration. This term has been used for the relocation of women outside and inside of their country for their betterment of life, rights. The objective of the unit article is to know the gender in migration... more
Gender is an important term in migration. This term has been used for the relocation of women outside and inside of their country for their betterment of life, rights. The objective of the unit article is to know the gender in migration especially about women migration outside and inside of their country. It is some knowledge about how women spend their life aboard. How do they face various problems and become vulnerable? The outcome of the unit is a complete research on gender issues in migration and discover protection policies to maintain a standard of migrants regardless of status. The unit has been written through various websites academic articles and articles from international organizations such as the United Nations newsletter etc. It is therefore a documentary analysis based on a qualitative approach. Gender in-migration has advantages and disadvantages. It has expanded the mobility of human beings by adding women relocation and thus provides women with some power to become independent and challenge traditional society. It has provided an opportunity for social and economic and skilled development through exchanges, migrated, emigrated, and immigrated. This is how flexibility and collaboration have been built in a neoliberal world. Talented migration creates brain drain in original countries, and a gap to invest in demographic structures such as education, health care sectors. It creates a gap of intellectuality that affects a country's development. The feature question is how does feminization of migration buildup and why?
The year 1989 was crucial for Central-Eastern-Southern-Northern European regions due to socio-economic-political changes. It was a result of the fall of communism led by the U.S.S.R. After 1989 the transformation from a centrally planned... more
The year 1989 was crucial for Central-Eastern-Southern-Northern European regions due to socio-economic-political changes. It was a result of the fall of communism led by the U.S.S.R. After 1989 the transformation from a centrally planned economy to a decentralized market economy was significant in a very short period (1989-1998). The creation of entirely new economic actors and the building of new economic institutions were to ensure the freedom of economic activity, dignity, importance of individual economy access of economy through European Union, and the world economy within the regions and among citizens of all ages. Economic transformation was a part of the democratization in post-Communist Europe and was an important step in the success of market economy consisted in the rejection of the old economy under Communism, recognized as centrally planned command economy. It was a call for system change and for better economic life based on actors like individual households’ improvement, economic freedom and prosperity, dignity and the access of human rights. The rejection of the communist planned economy before 1989 was significant in Southern Europe in 1998. Estimated 40 percentages of Romanian, Bulgarian, Croatians citizens (democrats’) denied the old economic system and welcomed open economy through its micro-individualistic features. In Central Europe estimated 43 percentages of Pols community showed their dis-likeness on Polish Planned Economy and welcomed market economy for a life based on free, freedom and solvency. Support and acceptance by the people were continuously increasing during its transformation period since 1989 to 1998. The aim of this article is to discuss about the creation of market economy and its acceptance in the regions of Central-Eastern-Southern-Northern- Europe since 1989 to current as a new economic model. Aim of the article is to gaining knowledge about the regional economy and its pros and cons. The outcome of the article successfully describes about market economy, and its amalgamation of EU for broader European identity. The question is; how did citizen of post-Communist Europe accept imported economic system like market-oriented economy? In the future this article will be enlarged by describing its’ actors among communities for broader economic sense.
The term VUCA (volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous) emerged in the media in 1987 by the Army War College. The impact of the Coronavirus in the workplace was conducted among 350 Human Resource leaders in the United States to... more
The term VUCA (volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous) emerged in the media in 1987 by the Army War College. The impact of the Coronavirus in the workplace was conducted among 350 Human Resource leaders in the United States to explore the situation. According to them, companies are dealing with the situation by mandating and encouraging employees to work from home. Working from home is now a new normal for employees due to the spread of the virus. Companies are taking initiatives for largest work from home by providing training on how to successfully work from home. Objective of the article is to explore impacts and influences of pandemic over workforce and the HR leaders about decisions. Outcome of the article is to understand about the market and employment in the situation and post- Covid-19 situation. Feature question is how do we work, and where do we work, are going to change?
1 "The labour rights of migrant workers globally, especially of those in essential sectors, must be guaranteed and measures are taken to protect their health," said Can Unver who chairs the UN Committee on Migrant Workers, and Felipe... more
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"The labour rights of migrant workers globally, especially of those in essential sectors, must be guaranteed and measures are taken to protect their health," said Can Unver who chairs the UN Committee on Migrant Workers, and Felipe González Morales, the UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants." In 17 guidelines to global governance, experts urge to protect the rights of migrants including access to their territories and rescue operations for those who are distress at sea and the international borders. An international body such as UNHCR urges countries for the integration of all migrant workers under a national COVID-19 prevention and response plan including providing the facilities all social services. The objective of the paper is to discuss the conditions of migrant communities abroad (undocumented, documented workers, refugees, and minorities). The methodology has been done by a documentary analysis. The outcome of the paper is to know about the rights of international workers and their protection lawfully. The feature question of the paper is how do the migrant workers protect them from uncertain situations?
Roman Ideal of Republic explained the meaning in this way where Cicero excluded black people (race in society), poor people, but in the modern republic we all are included, which guaranteed the republic for all (a shared moral values).... more
Roman Ideal of Republic explained the meaning in this way where Cicero excluded black people (race in society), poor people, but in the modern republic we all are included, which guaranteed the republic for all (a shared moral values). The purpose of the topic is to understanding globalization and the proper implementation of its ethics from the Roman Republic to the 20 th century's democracy, violence, human rights etc. based on the theories like consequential and non-consequential. It is an educational philosophy by learning democracy and its openness, its current violent atmosphere, and learning through the artistic politics for a new setup of philosophic education in the school curriculum. Methodologies have been constructed by academic journals and books. The outcome of the essay helps to find out the problems of ethics in the present scenario and its connection from the era of Cicero, Socrates, Plato, Bentham, Aristotle, and Immanuel Kant. The feature question is do ethical terms implement from the beginning of the republic to the current globalism? If not, how can it be implemented?
2 "The labour rights of migrant workers globally, especially of those in essential sectors, must be guaranteed and measures are taken to protect their health," said Can Ünver who chairs the UN Committee on Migrant Workers, and Felipe... more
2 "The labour rights of migrant workers globally, especially of those in essential sectors, must be guaranteed and measures are taken to protect their health," said Can Ünver who chairs the UN Committee on Migrant Workers, and Felipe González Morales, the UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants." In 17 guidelines to global governance, experts urge to protect the rights of migrants including access to their territories and rescue operations for those who are distress at sea and the international borders. An international body such as UNHCR urges countries for the integration of all migrant workers under a national COVID-19 prevention and response plan including providing the facilities all social services. The objective of the paper is to discuss the conditions of migrant communities abroad (undocumented, documented workers, refugees, and minorities). The methodology has been done by a documentary analysis. The outcome of the paper is to know about the rights of international workers and their protection lawfully. The feature question of the paper is how do the migrant workers protect them from uncertain situations?
India represents itself as a multi-aligned actor to strive for a polycentric order including its alliance with Western-liberal world order which basically reflects pluralism in its social-economic-cultural sectors. The discourses and... more
India represents itself as a multi-aligned actor to strive for a polycentric order including its alliance with Western-liberal world order which basically reflects pluralism in its social-economic-cultural sectors. The discourses and world order can be characterized by international unity in diversity, state sovereignty, enlighten self-interest, non-violence, and non-discrimination. It is a shape to realize India as a pluralist actor who can engage with all major power to setup a policy of multi-alignment. It is a strategic autonomy instead of non-alignment which modifies its meaning by linking it to liberalization of economy in 1991. The discourse seeks to establish a direct link between India's collective identity and world order through its social logic of international unity in diversity. It is the direction of polycentrism as the foundational and necessary condition of world order. It is a holism that increases coexistence , cooperation among countries and plurality among communities worldwide that creates global interdependence and multiple stakeholders in different cultures and political systems. India's secular identity and practices of cultural ethos in the changing world order makes India as the center of multipolar world that reflects its discourses of exceptionalism. Discourses of India's post-cold war foreign policy brings the sunshine to accommodate humanity universally.
The Treaty of Trianon was signed after the World war 1st had ended with Hungary on June 4th, 1920 [i]. According to the treaty; "the Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Hungary accepts the responsibility of Hungary and her allies... more
The Treaty of Trianon was signed after the World war 1st had ended with Hungary on June 4th, 1920 [i]. According to the treaty; "the Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Hungary accepts the responsibility of Hungary and her allies for causing the loss and damage to which the Allied and the Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Austria-Hungary and her allies." The treaty divided Hungary and Austria as a separate nation from each other as its legal recognition through two separate treaties, Trianon is for Hungarian peace and the Treaty of St. Germain is for Austria. The Treaty of Trianon was the symbol of Hungarian losses through which it lost an estimated 75 percentages of its territory. The objective of the paper is about socioeconomic-global analysis of the treaty in post-1920 Hungary. The outcome is to know its impact and mistreatment on Hungarian civilization that weakened Hungarian ethnical identity. Books and academic journals are informational sources as a methodological process of the paper. The feature question is how did the treaty impact on Hungarian diaspora? The future activity is to expand the paper as an academic analysis and to spread among the new generation through further academic research.
Eco-museums are for, by and about the people in their environment. One of the best-characterized examples of eco-museum is community involvement; which does not just preserve artifacts but protect and creates its physical environment in... more
Eco-museums are for, by and about the people in their environment. One of the best-characterized examples of eco-museum is community involvement; which does not just preserve artifacts but protect and creates its physical environment in the form of the landscape as well. They occupy a definable region delineated by residents, where people work together to adapt to a changing world through mindful development processes that reflect their communities, their landscapes, and their ways of life. In China, there are various government-led eco-museums projects that play in contemporary Chinese society as a strategy to preserve cultural heritage and also stimulate economic development in ethnic minority regions. This is an approach for reconfiguring people's relationship with their cultural heritage through culture, memory, meaning, values. According to De Varine 'eco' in eco-museums refers to the well- adjusted relationship between a society and its environment and equally, it defines 'house' or 'living space'. It is not just an institution that facilitates involvement in the decision-making process but also places of daily life and this spread the concept of involvement essential. Eco may refer to both community and ecology through which it integrates different approaches to heritage to communities and ecology. It is more engaged with the local communities than travelers through services. According to Corsane et al; evaluating the authenticity of an eco-museums can be justified by the level of its community engagement and democracy. The focus on community involvement means that eco-museums also includes heritage in strategies of sustainable community development along with its preserving heritage in the form of artifacts. Community interaction or attachment with its territory is called a sense of place and it is generated by involvement that exists in all human habits. Eco-museums thus include the question of heritage into the involvement along with the preservation of outstanding places. A community oriented or palatial understanding of the landscape is an important element of eco-museums that involves cultural and historical landscape and thus creates a sense of place and enhances local pride, place identity. The purpose of the paper is to understand the role of eco-museums in the area of the identity of a place, largely based on local participation and aiming to enhance the welfare and development of local communities. The methodology to write the paper has been taken by the description of sources reading, gathering in-depth insights on topics, focuses on exploring ideas, summarizing and interpreting and mainly expresses in words (qualitative approach). The outcome of the paper has justified the importance of local communities who are sustainably attached through values and beliefs and their traditional norms by the roots of nature. Therefore the paper has justified that eco-museums encourage sustainable community development based on in situ conservation and interpretation. The feature question is; what are the outcomes of the community development by its interpretation? And in which position eco-museums stands in the context of its overall development along with its ecological connectivity.
Women in India from the medieval period to the present has seen inequality in Indian society. The intersectionality is in full swing while the ancient Indian Vedic period mentioned women the divine mother. The rule of the Muslim dynasty... more
Women in India from the medieval period to the present has seen inequality in Indian society. The intersectionality is in full swing while the ancient Indian Vedic period mentioned women the divine mother. The rule of the Muslim dynasty was one of the contributors to change Indian society and to look at women as slaves or personal objectives. The Hindu prejudice such as sahamaran, sati, purdah (veil) destroyed the section of women and thus created rules for them to become quiet, and to accept their path as a fate of life. While in ancient India, in Indus civilization, Vedic India the status of women was a mother of everyone. It is about a form of masculinity, a society where women are under control by her intimate partner, by her husband. The social reformation process since independence is a great impact on India's diaspora but is contradictory as well due to continuous practices of abuse. Dowry death, domestic violence (beating by husband, partner, family members etc.), child marriage, societal violence (isolation from society, untouchability, recognition as unlucky, witches etc.), female foeticide, and female infanticide, forced eviction and exclusion, sexual harassment at the workplace etc. The objective of the paper is to find out their struggle from the midlevel to the present government action to re-establish their rights legitimately. The outcome of the paper is to get success to know women's history of struggle not only in India but as universally. The feature question of the paper is, how the meaning of women properly understandable through society? The future activity of this paper is to share communities for ensuring that women are not objecting but institute, nations that depend on future citizens and they come from the womb of women. Therefore, inelegancy must be eliminated. It is therefore an effort through this paper to understand women and their entity in Indian diaspora included global society. The feature question is, is there any possibility of a permanent solution to the women challenges in India?
The Concept of Environmental Sustainability is the maintenance of natural capital and is connected to both social and economic sustainability. Human needs and ecosystems are connected by meeting human needs without compromising the health... more
The Concept of Environmental Sustainability is the maintenance of natural capital and is connected to both social and economic sustainability. Human needs and ecosystems are connected by meeting human needs without compromising the health of the ecosystem, called Ecological Sustainability. The time has come to implement a goal on more climate-resilient, sustainable, and build on lessons learned from the policies of the Global New Green Deal. From an economic sustainability standpoint, economic activity should not burden future generations inappropriately. The allocation of the economists will be on environmental assets as a part of the value of natural and manmade capital, and the preservation of those assets will become a function of overall financial analysis. Economic sustainability should also analyze to minimize the social costs of meeting the standard for protecting environmental assets instead of determining those standards should be. The economically sustainable goal of responsible consumption, such as online working or locally sourced production is important for the broader discussion of the circular economy. The objective of the article is to focus on and implementing sustainable goals of areas that are affected. The outcome of the article is to an analysis of the solution of sources of sustainability in the areas that are affected. The methodology of the analysis is through a qualitative approach by reading articles. Feature question is, are those goals enough for human consciousness to implement socio-economic-demographic images in the postCOVID-19 world?
Socially, Politically, Economically, Environmentally, the world and its order for continuation are expecting to be changed after the post-COVID-19. Their role of internationalism will, of course, affect the post-COVID-19 era follow by... more
Socially, Politically, Economically, Environmentally, the world and its order for continuation are expecting to be changed after the post-COVID-19. Their role of internationalism will, of course, affect the post-COVID-19 era follow by others to know how to control the pandemic situation and how to govern generally. Unicorn start-ups will be an endangered species in the United States and China especially and then the rest of the world. Left-wing politics will be extreme in 2021. In the United States, Bernie Sanders failed in the election in 2020, while in the United Kingdom Jeremy Corbyn lost in the election in 2019 as a left-wing leader. They will now rise, and the movement will have grown. Inflation returned after Donald Trump's worries about losing his re-election. The new Federal Reserve head of the United States is a supporter of the Trump administration and believe in modern monetary theory. The campaign of rebuild U.S. infrastructure by the Trump administration has raised his re-win as the President. The objective is to understand the post-crisis world order in different areas. The outcome of the research is to the aware community about its initiates to escape for any pandemics. The methodology was to selects journals, newspapers for drafts and from there to write the final draft of this article. The feature question is what will be the image of global order in the post-COVID-19 scenario? The future imitative of the article is to its discussion within the community, seminar through its experimental and writing expansion as real research.
A political change had observed instead of political development (nation-building, membership of the political parties, constitutional practices, emergence of strong civil society-lack of political development). Poland, Hungary, the Czech... more
A political change had observed instead of political development (nation-building, membership of the political parties, constitutional practices, emergence of strong civil society-lack of political development). Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic had consolidated democracy (more than 60 percentages of democrats' people). The article aims to know about the social, economic and political changes in post-Communist European countries (1989-1998 and further) and to share with others for knowledge and education. The outcome of the article has been achieved by the exploration of various indexes that helped for a liberal society and economy based on freedom, dignity and human rights in the regions. Feature question is, how neo-liberalism worked in the regions? More articles will be written in the future.
Ethnomusicology, formerly known as Comparative Musicology (Ethnomusicology Newsletter in 1953) is a theoretical subject which is the combination of archiving, research, teaching & learning, presentation, outreaching, interviewing,... more
Ethnomusicology, formerly known as Comparative Musicology (Ethnomusicology Newsletter in 1953) is a theoretical subject which is the combination of archiving, research, teaching & learning, presentation, outreaching, interviewing, gathering data, observation, documenting musical tradition, for the development of human being, global development, community sustainability, peace and harmony, social integrity, justice, health and education. It is music like other music through singing, dancing, playing instruments, drama, poetry (Ramayana, a great Indian epic written by a great monk and poet Tulsi Das, it reflexes nationalism, music folklore, ethnology (Giving Voice to Hope for Liberia, a refugee camp in Ghana's village is the combination of nationalism, folklore and ethnology, international folk music council, a UNESCO affiliated organization created for international cooperation manifested in the creation of the United Nations). The paper aims to explore Ethnomusicology as an independent subject from the subject of Musicology and to know traditional music from around the world through its participatory research activities within the community and in the
classroom. The outcome is to establish and understanding its glimpses to the society, its complexity through social, economic, cultural bonds in every ethnic and traditional community such as discover of Pigmy Community through the reading of Rain Forest. The question is how does Ethnomusicology work as a medication for the deprived community from the ancient world to the present world? The future activities are to expand its various roots by writing and researching especially to know about the music of lost communities from humanity such as Maya civilization.
Political and Economic transformation of post-Communist Europe had identified as phenomenally successful in Central and Eastern Europe, but the discussion is not only Central and Eastern Europe, it has been divided into four different... more
Political and Economic transformation of post-Communist Europe had identified as phenomenally successful in Central and Eastern Europe, but the discussion is not only Central and Eastern Europe, it has been divided into four different regions for the observation after 1989. The first region is Central Europe with Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia and Slovakia. The Second region in Southern Europe with Romania, Croatia, Bulgaria, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (current Serbia and Montenegro). The third region is Northern Europe with Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia (also called the Baltics region of Europe). The fourth region is Eastern Europe with the Russian Federation, the Ukraine, and Belarus. Economic transformation was highly developed in Central and Eastern Europe, and Southern Europe as
well. A political change had observed instead of political development (nation-building, membership of the political parties, constitutional practices, emergence of strong civil society, lack of political development). Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic had consolidated
democracy (more than 60 percentages of democrats' people). The article aims to know about the social, economic and political changes in post-Communist European countries (1989-1998 and further) and to share with others for knowledge and education. The outcome of the article has been achieved by the exploration of various indexes that helped for a liberal society and economy based on freedom, dignity and human rights in the regions. Feature question is, how neo-liberalism worked in the regions? More articles will be written in the future.
According to Finance Minister of Alberta, Travis Toes, new collective bargaining negotiations 2020 is continuing Alberta's fiscal restraint and discipline, increasing wages of teachers is now a dream than reality, there is no increase of... more
According to Finance Minister of Alberta, Travis Toes, new collective bargaining negotiations 2020 is continuing Alberta's fiscal restraint and discipline, increasing wages of teachers is now a dream than reality, there is no increase of teachers wages. According to the minister, it is for the long term betterment of Albertans for its financial crisis, it is for better sustainable and better life quality in the long run for Albertans. The teachers union is not happy on that critical and typical reason that why wages is not increasing, so they challenge the court on their delaying purposes and thus favouring government. The president of Alberta Teachers Association is not happy by saying that bill c9 is not respecting the negotiated agreement between ATA and the government, government is passing initiatives by legislature to break the agreement between that had been done in the past for the increasing of teacher's salary, and thus disrespect collective bargaining. The salary was increased in 2012 but after that there is no improvement of salary for teachers. Teachers have done their part to promote Alberta's economy during re-session, but there is no re-session now and by telling poor economy is not reasonable at this moment. Arbitrator Davis Jones wrote that no change of wage rates is justified in the third year of collective agreement and by thus arbitration hearing favours government. From ATA to labour relations board of Alberta are not really happy because of typical reason, and according to them Finance Minister should be honest by saying truth, because whatever the reason has been declared, is not really a reason for the obstacle of wages increasing.
The purpose of the paper is to find various play through which children can be developed from the beginning of their life. The outcome of the paper shows various play with examples and make a content that children's are most important for... more
The purpose of the paper is to find various play through which children can be developed from the beginning of their life. The outcome of the paper shows various play with examples and make a content that children's are most important for future strategy in everything because they are the future leader of every nation, therefore their appropriate development in mentally and physically, and spiritually is important for the wellbeing to a human being. Therefore a strategy has created through various ideas and examples through this paper to follow the way for child development; this is the outcome. The question is; how can children be safer environmentally and thus playing freely and decide independently? The future activity is to precise more about child knowledge in developing countries and more development of motherhood for their child development.
Biological weapon had been used by Assyrians to poisoned their enemy in 6th century B.C., in 1346 Mongol warriors of the Golden Horde died of plague and their bodies were thrown over the walls of Crimean city Kaffa, resulting in the... more
Biological weapon had been used by Assyrians to poisoned their enemy in 6th century B.C., in 1346 Mongol warriors of the Golden Horde died of plague and their bodies were thrown over the walls of Crimean city Kaffa, resulting in the killing of estimated 25 million Europeans, The British Army used small pox against native Americans during the siege of Fort Pitt in 1763, resulting in the killing of estimated one hundred native Americans in Ohio country in 1764, during the world war 1 imperial German government used anthrax and glanders and became encourage to produce biological weapon because of its advancement through bacteriology and germ theory in 1900, as germ warfare, is produced by bio-logical toxins or infectious agents like bacteria, viruses, fungi(living organisms) and perhaps lethal or non-lethal etc. who are universally recognized as dead but reproduces by making of biological weapons to kill humans, animals, plants or to devastates entire universe, effects of biological war is similar to nuclear war, it can wipeout an entire community or an en-tire civilization from the universe, attack by insects over enemies is called entomological warfare, entomological weapon is recognized as biological weapon, biological weapon, chemical weapon and nuclear weapon are different kinds but they are not conventional warfare, the war is for universal devastation, biological weapon uses for strategic advantage over enemy either by threat or deployment, also known as area denial weapon, it can be deployed, stockpiled, or developed by individual, terrorist or a nation state over their enemy. As a student and a researcher of the area in international development and international affairs, I always would like to explore areas which can be useful for the knowledge and information and can be a message to the world for its security, I am interested to pursue my PhD in the areas of international development and writing articles is a part of my preparedness for my higher studies.
Germany is one of the most developed nation-states in the world order. It is celebrating its 30 years of the fall of the Berlin Wall from 4th to 10th November 2019. Germany is ready to welcome people from all over the world to participate... more
Germany is one of the most developed nation-states in the world order. It is celebrating its 30 years of the fall of the Berlin Wall from 4th to 10th November 2019. Germany is ready to welcome people from all over the world to participate in this mega event. However, economic and social conditions between the East and West is still different. The objective of the paper is to share its upcoming celebration on the fall of the Berlin Wall which is really a global event and discuss its domestic inequality since its reunification (1989) to at present. The outcome of the paper is to understand Germany's pros and cons socially, economically, politically and its reasons behind and also to gain knowledge about Germany through its in-depth discussion in the context of the great Berlin Wall. The outcome of the research exists on community sharing and thus learning about Germany among the new generation. The feature question of this research paper is; Germany is one of the G8, the most industrialized country in the world, why a part of Germany is underdeveloped compared to its other part even its extreme status in the world order from its history to the present?
The purpose of this essay is to explore and understand a meaningful module of primary education that can be prosperous for the entire human being worldwide. The analysis of its pros and cons, which has been discussed here and thus, has... more
The purpose of this essay is to explore and understand a meaningful module of primary education that can be prosperous for the entire human being worldwide. The analysis of its pros and cons, which has been discussed here and thus, has tried to focus on a true module of education, and its modern attitude that can be set up on the base of gender and community's equality, equity, communal peace, and by forgetting differences among people. From adult education, child education, women education to newly curriculum skills development of both children and teachers, development of pedagogy skills, it depends based on primary educational role and teacher training. It builds a true global village by the establishment of meaningful primary education for the wellbeing of humankind. An initiative of Primary Education in Developing Countries is a series of articles under International development. It is also the purpose of focusing on child development from their beginning through primary education and teacher's development through appropriate training, such as teacher's professional development, workshops etc. The outcome of the article is aware of human development through education through training and development. The methodology of this article is through books, academic journals, making drafts, then its final draft through the understanding of sources. Feature question is; what do we finally achieve from our efforts for the launching of a flexible and successful primary educational module worldwide for children, women and adults?
Culturally and ethnically diverse Central Asia is a region of the Eurasian zone where five countries are located. Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan were independent countries after the fall of the Soviet empire... more
Culturally and ethnically diverse Central Asia is a region of the Eurasian zone where five countries are located. Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan were independent countries after the fall of the Soviet empire in the world order. They were neither a strong social, political, economic country nor had a clear vision for individual and regional development. The perception of power was the main concept during the transformation of countries' electoral systems to run those countries politically, socially, economically. The perception of power was for individual gain by the creation of elites group in countries' political foundation. The conflict between central and regional leaders created confusion to establish a vision for future development. It shows that they were not interested to create a new nation on the basis of the democratic system and open economy. The conflict expanded surrounding the regions through the feature of the authoritarian political system and imperfect legal institution
Riverine country in South Asia Bangladesh has seen various incidents from the British Bengal to East Pakistan and after being an independent country in Bangladesh. Its social, economic, cultural changes affected its people from the... more
Riverine country in South Asia Bangladesh has seen various incidents from the British Bengal to East Pakistan and after being an independent country in Bangladesh. Its social, economic, cultural changes affected its people from the beginning, people of East Bengal were an innocent, poor peasants Muslim Bengali majority. Because of its economic and educational disadvantage, the British have exploited through land reforms, feudal system. It was similar exploitation from West Pakistan. People of East Pakistan finally started a revolution for freedom from the exploiters and through a bloody war in 1971, East Pakistan became an independent country. Bangladesh after independence has seen poverty, unemployment, social classifications, communalism between majority Muslims and minority Hindus, it has seen a civilian and military government with impractical policies, which provided nothing but tensions and grief. However, Bangladesh finally manages its status in the world as a future economic power by the establishment of democracy, by the implementation of various policies, such as a vision of a developed country by 2030. Its academic exchanges through various institutions like the American Institute of Bangladesh Studies (AIBS) at the University of Wisconsin helps its acceptability worldwide and recognizes its linguistic features, such as literature of Tagore and Kaji Nazrul Islam. It is an ethnographic article, which will send a message to the rest of the about Bangladesh, its social, economic, political structure, people, and its ambition to be an economic powerhouse in the 21st century, it is a message from a Bengali nation who established Bengali language as an international language to the UN. This article has completed through the reading of various books, academic articles and journals, and the research will be continuing through discussions, publications and collaboration with academic institutes.
The word Holocaust comes from Greek 'holos' and 'kaustos'; meaning completely consumed by fire. In General term it is a complete destruction of large group of people according to poet Milton in 1671.Eastern Europe had seen various ups and... more
The word Holocaust comes from Greek 'holos' and 'kaustos'; meaning completely consumed by fire. In General term it is a complete destruction of large group of people according to poet Milton in 1671.Eastern Europe had seen various ups and down due to nations conflicts in the region, and the role of Nazism due to their expansion and colonial ambition in that region. Objective of the paper is to discuss about the genocidal history of Ukrainian Jews in western central and eastern Ukraine for the knowledge and information about Holodomor and the holocaust movie to our current generation. Methodological process of this academic paper is through book, and related journals of holocaust, books have given prioritized and an analysis has been developed. The feature question is; how did holocaust become a part of Ukrainian history and identity? Answer has provided through the analysis.
Karma means any action. Kar means organs of action and ma means producing or creating. Karma, Reincarnation are the major concepts of Hinduism where human’s pain and suffering exists based on their karmic life in the past and at present,... more
Karma means any action. Kar means organs of action and ma means producing or creating. Karma, Reincarnation are the major concepts of Hinduism where human’s pain and suffering exists based on their karmic life in the past and at present, it is not created by the Lord himself or herself but by the human being. Release from all kinds of sin is achievable through the path of devotion, in which a devotee will submit himself or herself to the will of the Lord, through devotional practices, such as prayer, chanting, kirtana etc. aims to become attached with the God or the Supreme Lord, Sri Rama, Sri Vishnu and attain spiritual liberation, freedom, the path of ethical action, in which an individual chooses to perform work without attachment to its effects or its outcomes for individual gain. Self should be attached with the Lord instead of materialistic world. Hindu traditions hold that all things are manifestations of the Supreme Lord, so nothing is good or bad, but the Lord Sri Rama, Lord Vishnu, Lord Krishna. Sri Krishna encompasses everything, including pain and suffering, is given by the Supreme Decider for the experiment of the human being, a unique creation of the universe. Suffering can be positive if it leads to progress on a spiritual path such as through chanting, ashram life (temple life), yoga, be sanyashi (worshiper) it is an integral part of life, the purpose of religious practice. Various schools of Hinduism such as ancient ashram life is to resolve human suffering that arises from samsara(family) from the bound of relatives, from this dramatic world, the world where human comes for acting, when it is over, they return to their destination; they are coming to the world and to returning is the cycle of birth, re-birth and death in a general sense. The Bhagavad-Gita identifies the instability of mind as the chief cause of suffering, mental instability is desire, which arises out of the repeated contact of the senses with their sense objects. For moksha, devotion to the Supreme Lord is the ultimatum of human being according to Hinduism. The message of this article to other communities, religions is to aware and knowledge about Hinduism and its path to reduce human grief through religious way. It is an academic article based on various academic books, religious books, online information's as its methodology. The value of the message is religious practices and to learn about religious philosophical thoughts and thus gain mokhsha (comeout from sinful life). The feature question of the research is, what are those ways that human can reach to the Lord and can achieve mokhsa? I am writing another academic work on Life After Death, where I will research on human soul after death and it's definition by Hindu mythology which is related to this article and as my future and further activities.
Romans knew the seven brightest objects in the sky. Venus, as the brightest planet in the night sky was named after Roman goddess of love and beauty. It is similar to earth in size and mass but different in atmosphere that is too thick to... more
Romans knew the seven brightest objects in the sky. Venus, as the brightest planet in the night sky was named after Roman goddess of love and beauty. It is similar to earth in size and mass but different in atmosphere that is too thick to see its surface from the space. Materials, such as 96% of carbon-dioxide and rest of nitrogen, 465-degree temperature, surface pressure 90 times that of earth, makes Venus the hottest planet in the solar system. My message to the audience is to explore Venus by more research and because of this aim Indian Space Research organization (ISRO) is going to launch rocket GSLV MK- 3 in 2023 to study about Sun-Venus interaction, technology demonstration, biology experiments, exploration of the planet and asteroid for scientific achievement, investigate about the role of solar wind and solar radiation play in heating the planet etc. It is an academic research based on academic references finally comes to a feature question; is it possible to land on the surface of Venus? If not, then what circumstances makes it completely different than other planets? As an astronomical miracle. I’ll write and research more for the concern of common people about Venus
"We are all musical mind” is an ethnographic community project for child development. The Child Development through music because of my subject theme, Ethnomusicology 365. It is a hands-on field research work where I was working with... more
"We are all musical mind” is an ethnographic community project for child development. The Child Development through music because of my subject theme, Ethnomusicology 365. It is a hands-on field research work where I was working with newcomer’s kindergarten kids belonging to different cultures and backgrounds. I met with the manager of Edmonton Mennonite Centre for New Comers and day care supervisors for their suggestion if they had any. I made my weekly programming based on child centric music, rhythm, crafts that is belong to ethnographical background through Canadian music, World music, African Rhythm etc. It was a nice and warm amalgamation between children and adult which taught me the strength of communication and networking, child minded, confident on making child programming based on scenario such as age and group, teaching, and to know about social and economic issues of adults through friendly personal conversation, though it was not official interviews. I was able to find the answer of my research question through its outcome; “How could it possible to create an environment where music can perform a lead role for child development and possibilities to reduce stress, trauma, anxiety from their parents as well due to a different social-cultural-economic society, an environment of intersectionality?” A limited hour’s community research work, was very successful due to its overall responds by the community. As its future work, I create my personal blog on music and I’ll participate various intercultural conferences for the development of musical approach within community.
Bilingualism in the United States is an important topic because of extensive immigration from around the world, children from immigrant families especially from Mexico are admitting to early learning school setting every year and the... more
Bilingualism in the United States is an important topic because of extensive immigration from around the world, children from immigrant families especially from Mexico are admitting to early learning school setting every year and the percentage of the immigrant children whose fast language is not English is increasing yearly, as a result because of
their initial development in early education US education board has taken various initiatives such as bilingual educational curriculum in early learning centre, learning of bilingualism, extensive literature education through skill based learning and knowledge based learning, content learning, language learning, teacher’s professional development,
extensive diverse environmental training, children’s fair and extensive careful assessment etc. US board of education has setup an age based learning and it has been taken after extensive scientific experiment through neuroscience, bilingual approach has been taken for the academic achievement of those children whose first language is not English and who can equally make a higher academic achievement with monolingual children, initiative of community-school, school-parents partnership has been built for the continuation of bilingual development through literature study, and to read, write, speak fluently from the beginning of their age, which can finally make them a master of more
than one language, learning has been introduced to the children of 3 to 8 years old who starts their education from prekindergarten until grade 3 (PreK-3rd), this six years continuous learning on English, math, neuroscience, language developments, common curriculum, conceptual development, reading development brings advancement into them.
Globalization, Neo-liberalization, Post-modernism are approaches that makes the world one, it has increased cultural exchanges, academic exchanges, trade and business exchanges and is useful for all developing countries on the globe, if... more
Globalization, Neo-liberalization, Post-modernism are approaches that makes the world one, it has increased cultural exchanges, academic exchanges, trade and business exchanges and is useful for all developing countries on the globe, if those are its advantages, people migration through illegally is its disadvantages, there was no global terms of legal or illegal immigration at the beginning of 19th century,
due to changes of world order, population growth, regional conflicts, war, civil war, poverty, people start to moving from one to another country, population growth in developing countries is one of the most important reasons that forced people leave their land and to migrate illegally or legally, though legal immigration has processes for their further innovation, development but illegal immigration is a curse for developed countries, countries that are industrially developed like United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, people from developing world are forcing to leave due to war, civil war, community clashes, and to taking shelter as a refugees but at the end most of them are not returning after normalization of their own conflicts, people are moving without documents, in the United Europe, European Union policies are trying to control immigration from non- member countries such as immigrants from Morocco and other North Africans countries are migrating illegally to Spain for a better life and to came out from miserable life from their own countries but the Spain Government declares to deport people from non- members countries who are living illegally in Spanish land, England declares to controlling access of all Romanian and Bulgarian to the UK who are benefitting as EU member country, upon acceptance of all East European countries as the member of EU, approximately 427,000 East Europeans, mostly from Poland have registered for employment in Britain, though Western Europe are more inclined to hire Eastern European than Asian and Africans, but yet Britain decided to came out from EU because of illegal immigration to Britain from Eastern Europe which negatively affected their economy and job security of original British citizens’, so what is the solution for the worst crisis of illegal immigration and refugees accommodation world-wide? Is it forcing them to back their own countries? Is it taking initiatives through both North and South countries for the solution of the problem? Or is it solving really? A continual discussion of alternative solutions world-wide has to be discovered for the reduction of the problem of refugees and immigration world-wide, communication between developing and the developed countries have to be strength for the resolution of faster population growth in developing countries, assistance by the developed countries in war conflicted regions has to be increased, universal birth control education need to be formed, I tried to discussed the problems, reasons, and its solution as one of my focused areas in international development, it is something that I would like pursue my study in the near future as a continuing student, I hope I will be succeed.
Ms. Marvel Kamala Khan is a new name in Marvel comics, a name that represents minor communities of America, it is not the first time by a minor representation, there are various Muslim minority hero or heroine comes into focus in American... more
Ms. Marvel Kamala Khan is a new name in Marvel comics, a name that represents minor communities of America, it is not the first time by a minor representation, there are various Muslim minority hero or heroine comes into focus in American society but they are not that popular or centre of the focus, Ms. Marvel Kamala Khan episode of Marvel comics is the most popular among US people, though they do not want any more diversity but because of its realism and authenticity, this episode receives 2015 Hugo award. The achievement credits her role as the superhero that she does for various reasons such as escape US society beyond the class, religion, identity, race from evil human and inhuman, a role model for the young generation, teenage, generation why (who always raises their voice for change, for new things), represents on behalf of the minorities in front of US political leadership, an image of innovation, change among kids, teenage and even elders. Kamala's character is an example of feminism, diversity, stereotype, enthusiasm, boldness, promise and ground base. Her super heroism is the combination of empowerment, fantasy, and assimilation. Therefore, I choose to write on her as my final project. I am not a teenage but as a generation X, I am also motivated through her activities that she performed, taking all kind of social-political-stereotypical–religious challenges from her friends, family, and outsiders as well.

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Education is a subject and a practice that teaches the ability to communicate. It is a fundamental skill for human development. As communication, most information is done by writing. The lack of writing skills means missing a lot of... more
Education is a subject and a practice that teaches the ability to communicate. It is a fundamental skill for human development. As communication, most information is done by writing. The lack of writing skills means missing a lot of information. It is a base to become literate. It is a communication and a form that improves and refines the speech of individuals, such as educate and elaborate the right of women and express it to the audience. Writing as a form of Education, make women more mature to understand the realities of their surroundings, such as gender disparity. This is how sophistication enters the life of educated or literate women through the communication of writing. Therefore, it is a tool to think critically about the surrounding of societal problems such as women's deprivation, and therefore encourage women to grasp, organize and integrate prior knowledge with a new concept. It is a volume of expression that helps women to focus their appeal to civil society. There are various examples of written communication that focuses on gender parity, such as American activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton's book, History of Women Suffrage. As an educational practice writing empowers women to know their rights and limits socially, economically, and politically. This is how they educate, empower to protect them by the raise of their voice and uphold rights. Education liberates the mind, breaks down barriers, allows privileged choices, allow for mobilizing, allows for foster independence, helps to choose a career, education makes women a contributor to society. The purpose and the outcome of the paper are to focus on writing as one of the educational learning communications that help to educate, innovate, and empower women. The paper is a documentary analysis as its methodological process. The feature question is, how writing as an educational tool helps to educate enough for the realization of gender parity and makes women strong and reasonable against the inequalities? Is education a narrative for women's empowerment?
Culturally and ethnically diverse Central Asia is a region of the Eurasian zone where five countries are located. Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan were independent countries after the fall of the Soviet empire... more
Culturally and ethnically diverse Central Asia is a region of the Eurasian zone where five countries are located. Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan were independent countries after the fall of the Soviet empire in the world order. They were neither a strong social, political, economic country nor had a clear vision for individual and regional development. The perception of power was the main concept during the transformation of countries' electoral systems to run those countries politically, socially, economically. The perception of power was for individual gain by the creation of elites group in countries' political foundation. The conflict between central and regional leaders created confusion to establish a vision for future development. It shows that they were not interested to create a new nation on the basis of the democratic system and open economy. The conflict expanded surrounding the regions through the feature of the authoritarian political system and imperfect legal institution