Welcome to San Francisco, and get ready to leave your heart in this golden city exploding with diversity, culture, and history. The magic of San Francisco lies in the massive and colorful Spanish era murals in the Mission District, the military bases in the Presidio district that now house singles and families, and the streets and cafes where Allen Ginsberg and his fellow Beats roamed. With heart-stopping views of the Pacific Ocean and the Golden Gate, San Francisco offers an urban experience encircled by nature – you cannot escape the natural beauty that surrounds this city by the bay.
Some distinctive treasures include Alcatraz Federal Prison Island, cable cars (the only National Historic Monument that can move), the Ferry Building, Coit Tower, the Palace of Fine Arts and of course Alamo Square, home of the famous Painted Ladies, filmed for the opening montage of the popular 90's sitcom "Full House".
Mark Twain wasn't kidding when he said the "coldest winter he ever spent was a summer in San Francisco." With its proximity to the water, this city can be chilly. While it can be hard to escape the fog in the summer, its an essential part of the city's beauty and mystique. The weather is ridiculously glorious in the fall, particularly in September and October. One thing to keep in mind is that it is significantly less balmy west of Divisadero Street, so there is a difference between living on the western and eastern sides of the city. The warmest patch of the city is the Mission; prepare yourself for the fog in the Sunset.
San Francisco is a fairly easy city to navigate. While there are myriad methods of transportation in this city, the "in" way to get around is by bike. Parking in San Francisco can be a pain, so many people will get around using the BART underground train system or the MUNI bus. The Caltrain (located at 4th and King St.) is a quick and easy way to commute to Silicon Valley, but if you're going to have a car it is a good idea to rent in southeast of the city so that you can access the freeway easily. The ferry is an excellent option if you want to explore other parts of the Bay Area.