U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Michigan
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QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.


Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 9,986,857
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 9,986,857
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 9,884,116
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 1.0%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 10,077,331
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 9,883,640
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
Persons under 18 years, percent
Persons 65 years and over, percent
Female persons, percent
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
Asian alone, percent(a)
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
Two or More Races, percent
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2015-2019 549,526
Foreign born persons, percent, 2015-2019 6.9%
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 4,629,611
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2015-2019 71.2%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2015-2019 $154,900
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2015-2019 $1,298
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2015-2019 $490
Median gross rent, 2015-2019 $871
Building permits, 2020 19,7351
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2015-2019 3,935,041
Persons per household, 2015-2019 2.47
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2015-2019 86.2%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2015-2019 9.7%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2015-2019 89.6%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2015-2019 81.5%
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 90.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 29.1%
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2015-2019 10.2%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 61.5%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 57.1%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 17,962,356
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 63,018,786
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 238,892,383
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 119,302,046
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $12,071
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2015-2019 24.6
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $57,144
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $31,713
Persons in poverty, percent
Total employer establishments, 2019 222,226
Total employment, 2019 3,978,872
Total annual payroll, 2019 ($1,000) 203,510,092
Total employment, percent change, 2018-2019 0.8%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 730,700
All firms, 2012 834,087
Men-owned firms, 2012 446,128
Women-owned firms, 2012 306,986
Minority-owned firms, 2012 158,946
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 657,237
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 71,861
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 733,517
Population per square mile, 2010 174.8
Land area in square miles, 2010 56,538.90
FIPS Code 26
Value Notes
  • 1Includes data not distributed by county.

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes
  • (a)Includes persons reporting only one race
  • (c)Economic Census - Puerto Rico data are not comparable to U.S. Economic Census data
  • (b)Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories
Value Flags
  • -Either no or too few sample observations were available to compute an estimate, or a ratio of medians cannot be calculated because one or both of the median estimates falls in the lowest or upper interval of an open ended distribution.
  • FFewer than 25 firms
  • DSuppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
  • NData for this geographic area cannot be displayed because the number of sample cases is too small.
  • FNFootnote on this item in place of data
  • XNot applicable
  • SSuppressed; does not meet publication standards
  • NANot available
  • ZValue greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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