Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!
Constitutional monarchy, system of government in which a monarch (see monarchy) shares power with a constitutionally organized government. The monarch may be the de facto head of state or a purely ceremonial leader. The constitution allocates the rest of the government’s power to the legislature and judiciary. Britain became a constitutional monarchy under the Whigs. Other constitutional monarchies include Belgium, Cambodia, Jordan, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, and Thailand.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:
monarchy: Monarchy in the modern eraThese became the “constitutional monarchies,” the leading contemporary examples of which are the United Kingdom, Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. In these states, a legacy of political bargaining has existed, witnessing the monarch’s gradual transfer of authority to various societal groups. Although…
Monarchy, political system based upon the undivided sovereignty or rule of a single person. The term applies to states in which supreme authority is vested in the monarch, an individual ruler who functions as the head of state and who achieves his or her position through heredity. Most monarchies allow…
head of state…Queen Elizabeth II, a modern constitutional monarch, performs an important but mainly symbolic function in the British political system. She opens each new session of Parliament, dissolves it before a general election, and represents the country abroad. The president of France, in contrast, possesses significant powers, such as making treaties…