Eintracht Frankfurt

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Eintracht Frankfurt
Eintracht Frankfurt Logo.svg
Full nameEintracht Frankfurt e.V.
Nickname(s)SGE (Sportgemeinde Eintracht),
Die Adler (The Eagles),
Launische Diva (Moody Diva)
Founded8 March 1899; 121 years ago (1899-03-08)
GroundDeutsche Bank Park
ChairmanPeter Fischer (club)
Fredi Bobic (plc)
Oliver Frankenbach (plc)
Axel Hellmann (plc)
ManagerAdi Hütter
2019–20Bundesliga, 9th of 18
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Eintracht Frankfurt e.V. (German pronunciation: [ˈʔaɪntʁaxt ˈfʁaŋkfʊʁt]) is a German professional sports club based in Frankfurt, Hesse, that is best known for its football club, currently playing in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system. The club was founded in 1899 and have won one German championship, five DFB-Pokals, one UEFA Cup and once finished as runner-up in the European Cup. The team was one of the founding members of the Bundesliga at its inception[1] and has spent a total of 51 seasons in the top division, thus making them the seventh longest participating club in the highest tier of the league.

The club's first matches from 1899 to 1906 were played on the former Hundswiese field, whose present day location would be near Hessischer Rundfunk. Following new regulations that pitches needed to be surrounded by a fence for the purpose of official games, the team established a new pitch by the Eschersheimer Landstraße called Victoriaplatz in 1906, for which they purchased stands at a price of 350 marks in 1908. From 1912 the team moved to a new ground at Roseggerstraße in Dornbusch with more facilities, before relocating to the former Riederwaldstadion in 1920 following the fusion of Frankfurter FV and Frankfurter Turngemeinde von 1861.[2] Since 1925 their stadium has been the Waldstadion, which was renamed Deutsche Bank Park for sponsorship reasons.[3]

Eintracht Frankfurt have enjoyed some success in the Bundesliga, having either won or drawn more than three-quarters of their games as well as having finished the majority of their seasons placed in the top half of the table,[4] but also having the highest number of losses in the league (657).[5] With an average attendance of 47,942 since 2013[6] the team also boasts one of the highest attendance ratings in the world and the eighth highest out of the 36 Bundesliga and 2. Bundesliga teams. The player with the highest number of appearances (602) in the Bundesliga, Charly Körbel,[7] spent his entire senior career as a defender for Eintracht Frankfurt. The club's primary rival is local club Kickers Offenbach, although due to spending most of their history in different divisions, the two have only played two league matches within the last 40 years.[8]


Club origins[edit]

The first team of Frankfurter Fußball-Club Victoria in 1899

The origins of the side go back to a pair of football clubs founded in 1899: Frankfurter Fußball-Club Viktoria von 1899 – regarded as the "original" football side in the club's history – and Frankfurter Fußball-Club Kickers von 1899. Both clubs were founding members of the new Nordkreis-Liga in 1909. These two teams merged in May 1911 to become Frankfurter Fußball Verein (Kickers-Viktoria), an instant success, taking three league titles from 1912 to 1914 in the Nordkreis-Liga and qualifying for the Southern German championship in each of those seasons. In turn, Frankfurter FV joined the gymnastics club Frankfurter Turngemeinde von 1861 to form TuS Eintracht Frankfurt von 1861 in 1920. (The German word Eintracht means 'harmony, concord,' and Eintracht X is the equivalent of X United in English in the names of sports teams.[9])

Pre-Bundesliga history[edit]

At the time, sports in Germany was dominated by nationalistic gymnastics organizations, and under pressure from that sport's governing authority, the gymnasts and footballers went their separate ways again in 1927, as Turngemeinde Eintracht Frankfurt von 1861 and Sportgemeinde Eintracht Frankfurt (FFV) von 1899.

Historical chart of Eintracht Frankfurt league performance after WWII

Through the late 1920s and into the 1930s, Eintracht won a handful of local and regional championships, first in the Kreisliga Nordmain, then in the Bezirksliga Main and Bezirksliga Main-Hessen. After being eliminated from the national level playoffs after quarterfinal losses in 1930 and 1931, they won their way to the final in 1932 where they were beaten 0–2 by Bayern Munich, who claimed their first ever German championship. In 1933, German football was re-organized into sixteen Gauligen under the Third Reich and the club played first division football in the Gauliga Südwest, consistently finishing in the upper half of the table and winning their division in 1938.

Eintracht picked up where they left off after World War II, playing as a solid side in the first division Oberliga Süd and capturing division titles in 1953 and 1959. Their biggest success came on the heels of that second divisional title as they went on to a 5–3 victory over local rivals Kickers Offenbach to take the 1959 German national title and followed up immediately with an outstanding run in the 1960 European Cup. Eintracht lost 3–7 to Real Madrid in an exciting final that was widely regarded as one of the best football matches ever played,[10] which included a hat-trick by Alfredo Di Stéfano and four goals by Ferenc Puskás.

Founding member of the Bundesliga[edit]

The side continued to play good football and earned themselves a place as one of the original 16 teams selected to play in the Bundesliga, Germany's new professional football league, formed in 1963. Eintracht played Bundesliga football for 33 seasons, finishing in the top half of the table for the majority of them. Their best Bundesliga performances were five third-place finishes: they ended just two points back of champion VfB Stuttgart in 1991–92.

The team also narrowly avoided relegation on several occasions. In 1984, they defeated MSV Duisburg 6–1 on aggregate, and in 1989 they beat 1. FC Saarbrücken 4–1 on aggregate, in two-game playoffs. Eintracht finally slipped and were relegated to 2. Bundesliga for the 1996–97 season. At the time that they were sent down alongside 1. FC Kaiserslautern, these teams were two of only four sides that had been in the Bundesliga since the league's inaugural season.

It looked as though they would be out again in 1998–99, but they pulled through by beating defending champions Kaiserslautern 5–1, while 1. FC Nürnberg unexpectedly lost at home to give Eintracht the break they needed to stay up. The following year, in another struggle to avoid relegation, the club was "fined" two points by the German Football Association (DFB) for financial misdeeds, but pulled through with a win by a late goal over SSV Ulm on the last day of the season. The club was plagued by financial difficulties again in 2004 before once more being relegated.

Between 1997 and 2005, Eintracht bounced regularly between the top two divisions.

The 2010–11 season ended with the club's fourth Bundesliga relegation. After setting a new record for most points in the first half of the season, the club struggled after the winter break, going seven games without scoring a goal. Despite winning the next game, Frankfurt sacked coach Michael Skibbe, replacing him with Christoph Daum.[11] The change in coaches did little to improve Eintracht's fortunes. Frankfurt achieved only three draws from the last seven games of the season and were relegated on the 34th matchday.[12]

One year later, Eintracht defeated Alemannia Aachen 3–0 on the 32nd match day of the 2011–12 season, thus qualifying for the Bundesliga.[13]

In 2018–19, Eintracht had the 21st highest attendance in Europe, ahead of such prominent clubs as Olympique Lyonnais, Paris Saint-Germain and Valencia CF.

Success outside the Bundesliga[edit]

Eintracht Frankfurt before the Europa League match at FC Salzburg on February 28 2020

The club has enjoyed considerable success in competition outside the Bundesliga. Eintracht famously lost the European Cup final to Real Madrid on 18 May 1960 at Hampden Park 7–3 in front of 127,621 spectators. In the match, Alfredo Di Stéfano scored three and Ferenc Puskás scored the other four in Madrid's victory.

In 1967, Eintracht won the Intertoto Cup after beating Inter Bratislava in the final.

Eintracht won the DFB-Pokal in 1974, 1975, 1981, 1988 and in 2018, and took the UEFA Cup over another German team, Borussia Mönchengladbach, in 1980. Also, Eintracht were the losing finalists in the 2005–06 DFB-Pokal. Their opponents in the final, that year's Bundesliga champions Bayern Munich, previously qualified to participate in the Champions League. As a result, Eintracht, received the DFB-Pokal's winner's place in the UEFA Cup, where they advanced to the group stage. In 2017 DFB-Pokal, they were defeated in the final match by Borussia Dortmund and made it the next year again into the final, which they won 3–1 against Bayern Munich. In 2018–19 UEFA Europa League, Eintracht reached the semi-finals of the competition, only losing on penalties to the eventual champions, Chelsea.[14]

Besides playing friendlies against famous clubs from all of the world, Eintracht also played friendly matches against national teams from the following countries: Argentina, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Colombia, Czechoslovakia, Egypt, France, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, South Korea, Tunisia and Vietnam.[citation needed]

Colours, crest and nicknames[edit]

Eintracht's crest is based on the city coat of arms.

The club crest derives from the coat of arms of the city of Frankfurt, which itself is a reference to the one-headed imperial eagle of the 13th century.[15]

The crest has evolved slowly over time, showing little significant change until 1980, when a stylized eagle in black and white was chosen to represent the team.[16] In Eintracht's centennial year of 1999, the club decided to re-adopt a more traditional eagle crest. Since 2005, Eintracht has had a living mascot, a golden eagle named Attila from the nearby Hanau Zoo,[17] who has currently been present at over 200 different games.[18]

Centennial kit in 1999–2000

The official club colours of red, black, and white have their origins in the colours of the founding clubs Frankfurter FC Viktoria and Frankfurter FC Kickers, which sported red and white and black and white respectively. Red and white are the colours of the city coat of arms, and black and white the colours of Prussia.[19] When the clubs merged, officials decided to adopt the colours of both sides. Since local rival Kickers Offenbach sport the colours red and white, Eintracht avoids playing in such a kit, preferring to play in black and red, or in black and white.

Eintracht's eagle (Adler) over the years: the logo of Frankfurter FV 1911, the red eagle of TuS Eintracht Frankfurt 1920, Sportgemeinde Eintracht Frankfurt 1967, and the predominantly black crest in use ca. 1980–1999 before today's more traditional style logo was adopted.

The club is nicknamed "Die Adler" ("The Eagles"), which derives from their crest. A nickname still popular among supporters is SGE, taken from the club's old official name Sportgemeinde Eintracht (Frankfurt), which roughly translates into English as "Sports Community United."

The nickname Launische Diva ("Moody Diva") was heard most often in the early 1990s when the club would comfortably defeat top teams only to surprisingly lose to lesser clubs.[20][21][22] This nickname was also held to refer to what was regarded as the financially dubious work of some club chairmen, including for example, the failure to record the transfer fee of Hungarian star player Lajos Détári on club books. The reign of Heribert Bruchhagen (2003–2016) left these underhand practises to the past.[citation needed]

Since June 2016 the executive board consists of Axel Hellmann (head of marketing and fan relations), former Germany international striker Fredi Bobic (head of sports) and Oliver Frankenbach (head of finances).[23]





League results[edit]

Recent seasons[edit]

Bundesliga2. BundesligaBundesliga2. BundesligaBundesliga2. BundesligaBundesliga2. BLBundesliga

All time[edit]

Green denotes the highest level of football in Germany; yellow the second highest.


Current squad[edit]

As of 15 October 2020[26]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Germany GER Kevin Trapp
2 DF France FRA Evan N'Dicka
3 MF Austria AUT Stefan Ilsanker
7 MF Australia AUS Ajdin Hrustić
8 MF Switzerland  SUI Djibril Sow
9 FW Netherlands NED Bas Dost
10 MF Serbia SRB Filip Kostić
11 MF Switzerland  SUI Steven Zuber
13 DF Austria AUT Martin Hinteregger
15 MF Japan JPN Daichi Kamada
17 MF Germany GER Sebastian Rode
18 DF France FRA Almamy Touré
19 DF Argentina ARG David Abraham (captain)
20 MF Japan JPN Makoto Hasebe (vice-captain)
21 FW Germany GER Ragnar Ache
22 DF United States USA Timothy Chandler
No. Pos. Nation Player
23 GK Germany GER Markus Schubert (on loan from Schalke 04)
24 DF Germany GER Danny da Costa
25 DF Germany GER Erik Durm
27 MF Morocco MAR Aymen Barkok
28 MF Germany GER Dominik Kohr
30 DF Netherlands NED Jetro Willems
31 DF Germany GER Fynn Otto
32 MF Germany GER Amin Younes (on loan from Napoli)
33 FW Portugal POR André Silva
34 FW Angola ANG Jabez Makanda
35 DF Brazil BRA Tuta
36 MF Austria AUT Lukas Fahrnberger
38 DF Germany GER Yannick Brugger
40 GK Germany GER Elias Bördner
41 DF Germany GER Felix Irorere
42 MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Marijan Ćavar

Players out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK Denmark DEN Frederik Rønnow (at Schalke 04 until 30 June 2021)
MF Germany GER Nils Stendera (at Lokomotive Leipzig until 30 June 2021)
MF Uruguay URU Rodrigo Zalazar (at FC St. Pauli until 30 June 2021)
No. Pos. Nation Player
FW Serbia SRB Dejan Joveljić (at Wolfsberger AC until 30 June 2021)
FW Portugal POR Gonçalo Paciência (at Schalke 04 until 30 June 2021)

Medalist players at major international tournaments[edit]

World Cup[edit]


World Cup 1954Germany

World Cup 1974Germany

World Cup 1990Germany

World Cup 2014Germany


World Cup 1954Hungary

World Cup 1966Germany

World Cup 1982Germany

World Cup 1986Germany

World Cup 2002Germany

World Cup 2018Croatia

Third place[edit]

World Cup 1934Germany

World Cup 1970Germany

World Cup 1982Poland

World Cup 2006Germany

World Cup 2010Germany

World Cup 2014Netherlands

Continental tournaments[edit]

UEFA Euro/European Nations' Cup[edit]

UEFA Euro 1972Germany

UEFA Euro 1980Germany

UEFA Euro 1996Germany


European Nations' Cup 1960Yugoslavia

UEFA Euro 1976Germany

UEFA Euro 1992Germany

UEFA Euro 1996Czech Republic

Africa Cup of Nations[edit]

1994 Africa Cup of NationsNigeria


1992 Africa Cup of NationsGhana

Summer Olympics[edit]


Summer Olympics 1952Hungary

Summer Olympics 1960Yugoslavia

Summer Olympics 1996Nigeria

Summer Olympics 2000Cameroon

Summer Olympics 2012Mexico


Summer Olympics 1924Switzerland

Summer Olympics 1952Yugoslavia

Summer Olympics 1992Poland

Summer Olympics 2016Germany


Summer Olympics 1988West Germany

Kit history[edit]

  • Current sport brand: Nike.
  • Home kit: Black shirt with horizontal red lines, black shorts and black socks.
  • Away kit: White shirt with details on red, white shorts and white socks.
  • 3° kit:Yellow or red shirt, yellow or red shorts and yellow or red socks.


Season Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor Shirt sponsor
1974–75 Adidas Remington €100,000
1975–76 Adidas / Admiral
1976–77 Admiral / Adidas
1977–78 Samson €125,000
1978–79 Adidas / Erima Minolta €250,000
1979–80 €275,000
1980–81 €300,000
1981–82 Infotec €375,000
1982–83 Adidas
1983–84 €250,000
1984–85 Portas €300,000
1986–87 Hoechst €325,000
1987–88 Puma
1988–89 €350,000
1990–91 €350,000 – €500,000
1991–92 Samsung €1,000,000
1993–94 Tetra Pak
1995–96 €1,250,000
1996–97 Mitsubishi Motors €650,000
1998–99 VIAG Interkom €3,000,000
2000–01 Puma / Fila Genion
2001–02 Fila Fraport €1,500,000
2003–04 Jako €2,500,000
2004–05 €2,000,000
2005–06 €2,500,000
2006–07 €4,000,000
2007–08 €4,500,000
2008–09 €5,000,000
2011–12 €3,000,000
2012–13 Krombacher €5,500,000
2013–14 Alfa Romeo €6,000,000
2014–15 Nike
2016–17 Krombacher €5,500,000
2017–18 Indeed.com €6,600,000
2020–21 €7,500,000

Current club staff[edit]

Manager Austria Adolf Hütter
Assistant managers Austria Christian Peintinger
Germany Armin Reutershahn
Goalkeeping coach Germany Jan Zimmermann
Physiotherapists Germany Maik Liesbrock
Medical staff Japan Koichi Kurokawa
Osteopath Germany Thorsten Ammann
Fitness coaches Germany Markus Murrer
Germany Martin Spohrer
Germany Andreas Beck
Austria Andreas Biritz
Equipment managers Italy Franco Lionti
Germany Susanne Ramseier
Ukraine Igor Simonov
Team doctors Germany Dr. Florian Pfab
Germany Christian Haser
Academy manager Germany Charly Körbel
Head Scout Equatorial Guinea Ben Manga

Club presidents[edit]

Managers/head coaches[edit]

Manager Paul Oßwald (right) led Eintracht Frankfurt to the German championship in 1959 and the European Cup final in 1960.


Charly Körbel has the most appearances in Eintracht Frankfurt and Bundesliga history

Recent top scorers[edit]

Season Player's name Nationality Goals
2015–16 Alexander Meier  Germany 12
2016–17 Marco Fabián  Mexico 7
2017–18 Sébastien Haller  France 9
2018–19 Luka Jović  Serbia 17
2019–20 André Silva  Portugal 12

Stadium information[edit]

The ground was inaugurated as Waldstadion ("Forest Stadium") in 1925 with the German championship final match between FSV Frankfurt vs. 1. FC Nürnberg. The facility was renovated for the FIFA World Cup 2006 in Germany. For Bundesliga fixtures the maximum capacity is 51,500 as on the East Stand next to the visitor's terrace some spaces are held free for security purposes.

Though the media usually refer to the ground by the official name, Deutsche Bank Park, Eintracht faithful typically use the original name, Waldstadion.

Reserve team[edit]

Eintracht Frankfurt U23 was the reserve team of Eintracht Frankfurt. The team played as U23 (Under 23) to emphasize the character of the team as a link between the youth academy and professional team and competed until 2013–14 in the regular league system in the fourth tier, the Regionalliga Süd, until the club board decided to dissolve the team.

Rivalries and friendships[edit]

The club's main rival is from across the Main river, the side Kickers Offenbach. The clubs played the 1959 German championship final, which Eintracht won.

Eintracht also maintain rivalries with 1. FSV Mainz 05, 1. FC Kaiserslautern and Darmstadt 98, known as the "Hesse derby".[27]

The club's original rival was Frankfurt city-rival FSV Frankfurt. In both clubs early years there used to be a fierce rivalry but after World War II Eintracht proved as the stronger club and the ways parted and the rivalry deteriorated due to lack of contact. Nowadays, the fan relations tend to be friendly.[28] The 2011–12 season saw Eintracht play FSV in a league match for the first time in almost 50 years. The last league game between the two had been played on 27 January 1962, then in the Oberliga Süd. For the first of the two matches, FSV's home game on 21 August 2011, the decision was made to move to Eintracht's stadium as FSV's Bornheimer Hang only holds less than 11,000 spectators.[29] Eintracht won 0–4. The second match on 18 February 2012 ended in another victory for Eintracht, a 6–1 rout.

A friendship between two Eintracht fan clubs and supporters of English club Oldham Athletic has lasted for over 30 years after fans from each club met at an international football tournament. Small sections of each club's support will pay a visit to the other's ground at least once a season.[30]

Other sections within the club[edit]

Indoor court of Eintracht's tennis section in Seckbach

The sports club Eintracht Frankfurt e.V. is made up of nineteen sections:

  1. Gymnastics (since 22 January 1861)
  2. Football (since 8 March 1899)
  3. Athletics (since 1899)
  4. Field hockey (since 1906 as "1.Frankfurter Hockeyclub )
  5. Boxing (since 1919)
  6. Tennis (since spring 1920)
  7. Handball (since 1921)
  8. Rugby (since summer 1923 – see Eintracht Frankfurt Rugby)
  9. Table tennis (since November 1924)
  10. Basketball (since 4 June 1954)
  11. Ice stock sport (since 9 December 1959)
  12. Volleyball (since July 1961)
  13. Football supporter's section (since 11 December 2000)
  14. Ice hockey (1959–91 and again since 1 July 2002)
  15. Darts (since 1 July 2006)
  16. Triathlon (since January 2008)
  17. Ultimate (since 2015)
  18. Table football (since July 2016)
  19. Esports (since June 2019)
Betty Heidler while being honoured in Osaka.

The most famous athlete of Eintracht Frankfurt is Betty Heidler, the hammer thrower world champion of 2007. Other Eintracht athletes include the 2008 Olympians Andrea Bunjes, Ariane Friedrich, Kamghe Gaba and Kathrin Klaas.

The club's rugby union section twice reached the final of the German rugby union championship, in 1940 and 1965.[31]

Within the football section, the sports club directly manages only the youth system and the reserve team. The professional footballers are managed as a separate limited corporation, Eintracht Frankfurt Fußball-AG, which is a subsidiary of the parent club.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Die Gründungsmitglieder der Bundesliga". kicker. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  2. ^ "120 Jahre Eintracht Frankfurt: Wie alles begann". Eintracht Frankfurt. 8 March 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Commerzbank-Arena To Become Deutsche Bank Park". The Stadium Business. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Eintracht Frankfurt | Statistik". Bundesliga. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Die ewige Tabelle der Bundesliga". Fussballdaten. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  6. ^ "50 Football Clubs With the Highest Average Attendance Since 2013". 90min. 1 May 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Germany – All-Time Most Matches Played in Bundesliga". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Eine historische Fußball-Feindschaft". Frankfurter Rundschau (in German). Retrieved 31 July 2009.
  9. ^ Harper Collins German Dictionary: German-English/English-German (Harpercollins, 1991; ISBN 0061002437), p. 203.
  10. ^ "The great European Cup final of 1960 remembered". BBC. 19 May 2010.
  11. ^ "Eintracht turn to Daum after Skibbe sacking". UEFA. 22 March 2011.
  12. ^ "Dortmund condemn Eintracht to the drop". UEFA. 14 May 2011.
  13. ^ FR-Online, Eintracht Frankfurt ist zurück in der 1. Liga. Retrieved 2 May 2012
  14. ^ "Chelsea 1–1 Eintracht Frankfurt (2–2 agg, 4–3 pens): Europa League semi-final – as it happened". The Guardian. 9 May 2019.
  15. ^ "The Heraldic Council of the Holy Roman Empire". Holy Roman Empire Association. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  16. ^ "Wappen". Eintracht Archive. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  17. ^ "Attila grüßt vom Videowürfel". SPIEGEL Sport. 26 July 2005. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  18. ^ "Attila". Eintracht Frankfurt. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  19. ^ "Rot – Schwarz – Weiß". Eintracht Archiv. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  20. ^ "Die launische Diva vom Main". FIFA. 9 May 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  21. ^ "Wie die Eintracht zur launischen Diva wurde". SPIEGEL Sport. 17 February 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  22. ^ "Die 'launische Diva' ist Geschichte". Extra Tipp. 28 February 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  23. ^ "Vorstand". Eintracht Frankfurt (in German). 2 February 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  24. ^ a b c d e f "Germany – Eintracht Frankfurt – Results, fixtures, squad, statistics, photos, videos and news". Soccerway. Perform Group. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  25. ^ eintracht.de Erfolge / Rekorde (http://www.eintracht.de/verein/historie/erfolge-rekorde/.
  26. ^ "Spielerkader" [Player squad]. eintracht.de (in German). Eintracht Frankfurt Fußball AG. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  27. ^ Germany, SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg. "Hessenderby: Darmstädter Polizei errichtet Sperrzone für Eintracht-Fans – SPIEGEL ONLINE – Sport". Der Spiegel.
  28. ^ Germany, 11 Freunde. "Wann ist ein Derby ein Derby?". 11 Freunde.
  29. ^ Das Frankfurter Derby elektrisiert (in German) www.kicker.de, published: 21 August 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011
  30. ^ "Two Teams – One Spirit". eintracht.de. 12 December 2012.
  31. ^ Die Deutschen Meister der Männer Archived 25 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine DRV website – German rugby union finals. Retrieved 29 December 2008

External links[edit]