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Geography & Travel

Planet Earth contains some extraordinarily diverse environments, some of which are easily habitable and some not so much. In different areas of Earth, one might find sweltering deserts, dense tropical rainforests, or bone-chilling tundras. Each biome and habitat comes with its own selection of flora and fauna, and it may include physical features such as canyons, volcanoes, rivers, or caves. Human beings have built homes in many different environments, settling the area and organizing it into units such as cities, states, regions, and countries, each with its own points of interest. Shifting trends in human migration have resulted in a human geography that is profoundly different from that of centuries ago.
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Featured content, October 21, 2021

6 Buildings You'll Want to Visit in the Netherlands
Know before you go.
List / Geography & Travel
Colorful mulitcolord illuminated gallery tunnel rainbow passage under NAI building, Netherlands Architecture Institute near Museum Park, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Where Is “Old Zealand”?
Pretty much as far away from New Zealand as you can get while staying on Earth.
Demystified / Geography & Travel
New Zealand. Political/Physical map. Includes locator.
Why New York Is Called "The Big Apple" and How 8 Other Famous Cities Got Their Nicknames
What’s so apple-y about New York, anyway?
#WTFact / Geography & Travel
Sydney Opera House, Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.
What Is Known (and Not Known) About the Bermuda Triangle
People have been trying to solve the “mystery” of the Bermuda Triangle for years. Here’s what we know (and don’t know) about...
Companion / Geography & Travel
Big Sur. Pacific Ocean. Waves. Beach. Point Sur on the Pacific coastline near Big Sur, California.
Dravidian languages
Dravidian languages, family of some 70 languages spoken primarily in South Asia. The Dravidian languages are spoken by more...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Dravidian languages: distribution
Glacial landform
Glacial landform, any product of flowing ice and meltwater. Such landforms are being produced today in glaciated areas, such...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
esker: Nunavut
mountain
mountain, landform that rises prominently above its surroundings, generally exhibiting steep slopes, a relatively confined...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Mount Sir Donald
Lake
Lake, any relatively large body of slowly moving or standing water that occupies an inland basin of appreciable size. Definitions...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Lake Ann in North Cascades National Park, Washington

Geography & Travel Quizzes

Arabian Camel (Camelus dromedarius) in the Sahara Desert sand dunes. (pack animal; sand; Morocco; Africa; African desert; mammal; dromedary; drought)
Exploring Deserts: Fact or Fiction?
Is it true that deserts do not grow? Is The Gobi Desert the largest desert in the world? Sift through the sand (and these...
Earth's horizon and airglow viewed from the Space Shuttle Columbia.
Earth’s Features: Fact or Fiction
Are both the highest and lowest points on Earth in Asia? From continents to southern poles, test the highs and lows of your...
Planet Earth section illustration on white background.
Exploring Earth: Fact or Fiction?
Are there places on Earth that have never been surveyed? Is the sunniest place on Earth at the Equator? Test your knowledge...
Coral Reef, Red Sea
Oceans Across the World: Fact or Fiction?
Is a reef a feature of the ocean? Does the Atlantic Ocean have the world’s deepest water? Sort out the facts and see how...
Hyderabad capital of Telangana state, south-central India. (Indian city; city skyline)
India: Fact or Fiction?
You may know that India is east of Pakistan, but does most of the country lie south of the Equator? From the national flag...
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Victoria Terminus) railway station at night,  Mumbai, India. (historic, British, architecture, Bombay, victorian)
Journey to India: Fact or Fiction?
What is India’s highest peak? Is the Bay of Bengal on its east coast or west? From Punjab to Gandhi, sort out the facts in...
Indian currency (India, money, rupees, rupee, Mahatma Gandhi)
Destination India: Fact or Fiction?
Is the shilling India’s unit of currency? Is Delhi the largest city in India? From Sikkim to literacy rates, test your knowledge...
Atolls surrounded by reefs in the Maldives. (coral reefs; endangered area; ocean habitat; sea habitat; coral reef; island; island)
Islands of the World: Fact or Fiction?
You may be familiar with the islands of the Caribbean, but how much do you know about the island of Corsica? Travel beyond...
Small island in the Caribbean (tropics, beach, palm trees).
Island Discoveries: Fact or Fiction?
From Greenland and Alcatraz to Micronesia and the Republic of the Maldives, discover islands across the globe with this quiz.
A train passes through the central Ural Mountains in Russia.
Exploring Asia: Fact or Fiction?
Do all the former Soviet Central Asian countries share a common border? Was Ho Chi Minh City once called Saigon? Sort out...
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Geography & Travel Subcategories

Riyadh Cities & Towns
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Ukraine Countries of the World
Although there isn’t universal agreement on the question of what qualifies as a “country,” it is generally accepted that in order to be a country, a state must be a sovereign unit that has a permanent population, defined territorial boundaries, a government, and the ability to enter into agreements with other states. Even when these conditions are met, however, internationally recognized independence is not a given, and a territorial entity that declares itself to be an independent country is not always recognized as such by the rest of the world.
Articles
Roman Forum Historical Places
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument Highways & Trails
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Distribution of North American Plateau Indians Human Geography
Since 1945 human geography has contained five main divisions. The first four—economic, social, cultural, and political—reflect both the main areas of contemporary life and the social science disciplines with which geographers interact (i.e., economics, sociology, anthropology, and political science and international relations, respectively); the fifth is historical geography.
Articles
Some of the pictorial signs used at the 1984 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles, Calif. Languages
Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. The functions of language include communication, the expression of identity, play, imaginative expression, and emotional release.
Articles
Mount St. Helens volcano Physical Geography of Land
Earth’s geographic history has been one marked by significant overall change, with ice ages, continental drift, and other major disruptions ultimately shaping Earth's land into the landscape of mountain ranges, deserts, islands, and volcanoes that we see today.
Articles
Arctic Ocean Physical Geography of Water
Whether it's Lake Michigan, the Gulf of Panama, or the River Thames, bodies of water of all shapes and sizes can be found around the globe, and they play a critical role for human beings, who use such bodies of water as a source of drinking water, a means of transporting both goods and people themselves, or a place to engage in water sports, among a plethora of other possible uses. Additionally, many bodies of water provide striking scenes of natural beauty and house important marine ecosystems. Satiate your thirst for knowledge about Earth's oceans, lakes, seas, rivers, waterfalls, bays, and more.
Articles
Hiker in Sequoia National Park in the Sierra Nevada, east-central California. Nature Reserves & National Parks
Nature reserves are areas set aside for the purpose of preserving and protecting plants and animals, particularly endangered species. National parks may effectively serve a similar purpose by shielding threatened species from hunters, but these parks can also be created for the purpose of public recreation, affording its visitors a chance to be immersed in a protected natural environment. Many national parks have been created in the last 100 years, including Yellowstone National Park, the oldest and probably the best-known national park in the United States.
Articles
flag of Queensland States & Other Subdivisions
Every nation has its own subdivisions to demarcate smaller political units within its territory. Counties, districts, oblasts, polis, nomos, unitary authorities, boroughs, and cities are all examples (among many others) of how land can be organized.
Articles
Northern Africa. Political/Physical map: regional, elevation. Geographic Regions
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Big Ben Tourist Attractions
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles