阅读理解。 Each nation has many good people who help to take care of others. For example, some high school and college students in the United States often spend-九年级英语-魔方格
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阅读理解。
     Each nation has many good people who help to take care of others. For example, some high school and
college students in the United States often spend many hours as volunteers in hospitals, orphanages or homes
for the aged. They read books to the people in these places, or they just visit them and play games with them
or listen to their problems.
     Other young volunteers go and work in the homes of people who are sick or old. They paint, clean up, or
repair their houses, do their shopping or mow their lawns. For boys who no longer have fathers there is an
organization called Big Brothers. College students and other men take these boys to baseball games or on
fishing trips and help them to get to know things that boys usually learn from their fathers.
     Each city has a number of clubs where boys and girls can go to play games or learn crafts (手艺). Some
of these clubs show movies or organize short trips to the mountains, the beaches, museums or other places
of interest. Most of these clubs use a lot of high school and college students as volunteers because they are
young enough to remember the problems of younger boys and girls. Volunteers believe that some of the
happiest people in the world are those who help to bring happiness to others.
1. Where can you often find volunteers in the United States?
[     ]
A. At a bus stop.
B. In a park.
C. In a hospital.
D. In a shop.
2. How do volunteers usually help those who are sick or old?
[     ]
A. They mow their lawns, do their shopping and clean up their houses.
B. They cook, sew or wash their clothes.
C. They tell them stories and sing and dance for them.
D. They clean, wash and repair their cars.
3. What is Big Brothers?
[     ]
A. It's the name of a club.
B. It's a home for children who have no brothers.
C. It's the name of a film.
D. It's an organization for boys who no longer have fathers.
4. Why do most of the boys' and girls' clubs use many high school and college students as volunteers?
[     ]
A. Because they have a lot of free time.
B. Because they can remember the problems of younger boys and girls.
C. Because they know how to do the work.
D. Because they like the work.
5. What do volunteers believe?
[     ]
A. In order to make others happy, they have got to be unhappy.
B. The happiest people in the world are those who make themselves happy.
C. The happiest people in the world are those who are young and healthy.
D. Bringing happiness to others makes them the happiest people in the world.
题型:阅读理解难度:偏难来源:0115 期中题
答案
1.C  2.A  3.D  4.B  5.D
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  • 社会现象类阅读:
    这类文章通过写人记事来揭示文章的主题,显示其社会意义,一般采用顺序或倒叙来叙述。
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  • 描述社会现象英语:
    安居工程 housing project for low-income families
    安居小区 a neighborhood for low-income families
    保障妇女就业权利to guarantee women’s right to employment
    补发拖欠的离退休人员统筹项目内的养老金 All back pension entitlements have been paid for the retired covered by the overall government plan.
    裁定保险赔偿 adjudication of benefits
    城镇居民最低生活保障 guarantee of subsistence allowances for urban residents
    城镇社会保障体系the social security system in urban areas
    城镇职工基本医疗保险制度the basic medical insurance system for urban employees
    大力推行个人助学信贷 Personal loans to finance education should be vigorously promoted.
    待业人员 job seekers
    待遇优厚的工作 a well-paid job
    单亲家庭 single parent family
    定向培训 training for specific posts
    独生子女 the only child
    对保障方案进行精算评估 Security programs should undergo actuarial review.
    对口扶贫 provide poverty alleviation aid to the designated sister regions
    福利分房 buy a benefit-oriented apartment from the organization one works with
    岗位培训 on-job training
    个人自愿计划 voluntary private plans
    工伤保险制度the on-job injury insurance system
    工资收入分配制度the wage and income distribution system
    关系国计民生的大事 matters vital to national well-being and the people’s livelihood
    关心和支持残疾人事业 Programs to help the physically and mentally challenged deserve our care and support.
    关心老龄人 care for senior citizens.
    国企下岗职工基本生活保障 guarantee of basic cost of living allowances for workers laid off from state-owned enterprises
    过温饱生活 live a life at a subsistent level
    合理调整就业结构to rationally readjust the employment structure
    后勤服务社会化 make logistic services independent in their operation
    基本养老金basic pensions
    计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning
    加快住房分配货币化进程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation
    加强计划生育工作 further improve family planning
    加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion
    家庭美德 family virtues
    建立集体合同制度to establish a group contract system
    建立市场导向的就业机制to establish a market-oriented employment mechanism
    建立新型的劳动关系to establish a new type of labor relations
    教育程度 educational status; education received

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