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|City of Sacramento|
Location within Sacramento County
|Incorporated||February 27, 1850|
|Named for||Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist|
|• Type||City Council|
|• Body||Sacramento City Council|
|• Mayor||Darrell Steinberg (D)|
|• City Council|
|• City||100.11 sq mi (259.27 km2)|
|• Land||97.92 sq mi (253.62 km2)|
|• Water||2.18 sq mi (5.65 km2) 2.19%|
|Elevation||30 ft (9 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||1st in Sacramento County|
6th in California
35th in the United States
|• Density||5,057.33/sq mi (1,952.65/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1659564, 2411751|
|Primary Airport||Sacramento International Airport|
Sacramento is the capital of the U.S. state of California. The governor and legislature of California are in Sacramento. About 400,000 people live in Sacramento. About 1,700,000 live in and around Sacramento.
Sacramento was started in 1848 by John Sutter. It was a very important place during the California Gold Rush. The Gold Rush was the time after gold was found in California. Many people came to California to find gold. They did this to make money. During the Gold Rush, Sacramento was where the railroad ended. It was also where the Pony Express stopped.
Sacramento is near where the American River meets the Sacramento River. This was important when Sacramento was founded. It meant that ships could bring things to Sacramento from the Pacific Ocean. Sacramento was a railroad town. This made Sacramento a port town. This made it a very important place for business.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original on February 21, 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20130221091414/http://www.calafco.org/docs/Cities_by_incorp_date.doc. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "City Hall". City of Sacramento. http://portal.cityofsacramento.org/City-Hall. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- "City Hall". City of Sacramento. http://portal.cityofsacramento.org/City-Hall. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- "Mayor & Council". City of Sacramento. http://portal.cityofsacramento.org/Mayor-Council. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. https://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/2016_Gazetteer/2016_gaz_place_06.txt. Retrieved Jun 28, 2017.
- "Sacramento". United States Geological Survey. https://geonames.usgs.gov/apex/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:1659564.
- "American Fact Finder – Results". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/P1/400C100US77068. Retrieved April 17, 2015.
- "American Fact Finder – Results". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2014/PEPANNRES/310M200US40900. Retrieved April 6, 2015.
- "American Fact Finder – Results". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2014/PEPANNRES/330M200US472. Retrieved April 6, 2015.