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Sacramento, California




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City of Sacramento
Flag of Sacramento, California
Flag
Official seal of Sacramento, California
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Motto(s): 
Location within Sacramento County
Location within Sacramento County
Coordinates: 38°33′20″N 121°28′08″W / 38.55556°N 121.46889°W / 38.55556; -121.46889Coordinates: 38°33′20″N 121°28′08″W / 38.55556°N 121.46889°W / 38.55556; -121.46889
Country United States
State California
CountyFlag of Sacramento County, California.png Sacramento
RegionSacramento Valley
CSASacramento-Roseville
MSASacramento–Roseville–Arden-Arcade
IncorporatedFebruary 27, 1850[1]
Chartered1920[2]
Named forSacrament of the Holy Eucharist
Government
 • TypeCity Council[3]
 • BodySacramento City Council
 • MayorDarrell Steinberg (D)[4]
 • City Council[4]
Area
 • City100.11 sq mi (259.27 km2)
 • Land97.92 sq mi (253.62 km2)
 • Water2.18 sq mi (5.65 km2)  2.19%
Elevation30 ft (9 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • City466,488
 • Estimate 
(2017)
501,901
 • Rank1st in Sacramento County
6th in California
35th in the United States
 • Density5,057.33/sq mi (1,952.65/km2)
 • Urban1,723,634
 • Metro2,149,127
 • CSA2,414,783
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
942xx, 958xx
FIPS code06-64000
GNIS feature IDs1659564, 2411751
Primary AirportSacramento International Airport
SMF (Major/International)
InterstatesI-5 (CA).svg I-80 (CA).svg Business Loop 80 (CA).svg I-305 (CA).svg
U.S. RoutesUS 50 (1961 cutout).svg
State RoutesCalifornia 16.svg California 51.svg California 99.svg California 160.svg California 244.svg California 275.svg
Light RailAdd→{{rail-interchange}}
Commuter RailAmtrak logo.svg
Add→{{rail-interchange}} (planned)
Add→{{rail-interchange}} (planned)
Websitecityofsacramento.org

Sacramento is the capital of the U.S. state of California. The governor and legislature of California are in Sacramento. About 400,000 people live in Sacramento. About 1,700,000 live in and around Sacramento.

Sacramento comes from Spanish and Portuguese for holy rite. A sacrament is a religious act that gives people divine grace (being liked or favored by God.)

Sacramento was started in 1848 by John Sutter. It was a very important place during the California Gold Rush. The Gold Rush was the time after gold was found in California. Many people came to California to find gold. They did this to make money. During the Gold Rush, Sacramento was where the railroad ended. It was also where the Pony Express stopped.

Sacramento is near where the American River meets the Sacramento River. This was important when Sacramento was founded. It meant that ships could bring things to Sacramento from the Pacific Ocean. Sacramento was a railroad town. This made Sacramento a port town. This made it a very important place for business.

References

The Sacramento River and the buildings in the background.
Old Town Sacramento

Template:Sacramento County, California