The World Health Organization

Videographic on the World health organization. A team of international experts will present details Tuesday of their findings from a mission to China, which concluded Covid-19 probably passed to humans from a bat via an intermediary animal, all but ruling out a laboratory leak. VIDEOGRAPHIC

Video Transcript


- The World Health Organization, or the WHO, is the United Nations global health agency. Its mission is to promote health worldwide. It was founded in April, 1948, and is made up of 194 member states. It's based in Geneva. Decisions are taken by the World Health assembly, or WHA, which meets once a year, by an executive body which advises the WHA, and by the director general, appointed by the WHA.

About one quarter of the WHO's budget comes from country and NGO membership fees. The rest comes from voluntary contributions by donors and member states. The WHO's budget for 2018-19 was $5.6 billion. The main contributors were the United States, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Gavi, the vaccine alliance which works to improve access to vaccines for children in poor countries, Britain and Germany.

Ending smallpox and malaria and other tropical diseases. It's been successful in tackling polio and AIDS. However, the WHO was forced into major reforms after criticism that it seriously underestimated the scale of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa between 2013 and 2016.