By Jane Lanhee Lee and Hyunjoo Jin
SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - General Motors' autonomous driving unit Cruise has developed its own chips for self-driving cars to be deployed by 2025, as they aim to bring down costs and scale up volume, executives said Tuesday.
Cruise is taking a page out of Tesla's playbook, switching from Nvidia Corp's products to customized chips to power their vehicles.
"Two years ago, we were paying a lot of money for a GPU from a famous vendor," Carl Jenkins, head of Cruise hardware, told Reuters in an apparent reference to Nvidia, a leading maker of graphics processing units, or GPUs.
"There is no negotiation because we're tiny volume. We couldn't negotiate at all. So that's why I said, okay, then we have to take control of our own destiny," he said during a tour of the Cruise R&D workshop in San Francisco.
Cruise executives this week for the first time have given details about its custom chips that will power its Origin vehicle with no pedals or steering wheel.
Jenkins said in-house chip development required investments, but this would be recouped by scaling up production of cars which use multiple chips. He declined to say how much the company was investing on the project.
Cruise CEO Kyle Vogt said on Monday the custom chips would help the Origin "hit that sweet spot from a cost perspective" in 2025 and personal ownership of autonomous vehicles would be viable from then on. That follows comments by GM CEO Mary Barra earlier this year that they would develop a "personal autonomous vehicle" by mid-decade.
Cruise had developed four in-house chips so far - a computing chip called Horta, the main brains of the car, Dune which processes data from the sensors, a chip for the radar, and one that it would announce later, Jenkins said.
The sensors and computing chips would also reduce power consumption, helping to increase driving range.
Gaurav Gupta, a chip analyst at Gartner, said automakers were increasingly trying to design chips and systems in-house to have greater control over product development and supply chains.
"Will they be successful or not is a different question as it isn’t easy," he said.
Ann Gui, Cruise's silicon lead, said the Horta chip was based on an ARM processor as that was what was available when chip development started two years ago.
"But we are closely looking at RISC-V because they're open source and it has a lot of benefits," she said. ARM and RISC-V are rival instruction set architectures, a base for building chips that defines what kind of software can run on the chips.
Gui said the carmaker was working with an unidentified chip maker in Asia to produce its custom chips at scale.
(Reporting by Jane Lee and Hyunjoo Jin; Editing by Stephen Coates)