Lyndhurst (mansion)

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Jay Gould Estate (Lyndhurst)
Lyndhurst (mansion).jpg
The front facade of Lyndhurst
LocationTarrytown, New York, U.S.
Nearest cityWhite Plains, New York, U.S.
Coordinates41°03′14.3″N 73°52′02.2″W / 41.053972°N 73.867278°W / 41.053972; -73.867278Coordinates: 41°03′14.3″N 73°52′02.2″W / 41.053972°N 73.867278°W / 41.053972; -73.867278
Area67 acres (27 ha)
ArchitectAlexander Jackson Davis
Architectural styleGothic Revival
NRHP reference No.66000582
Significant dates
Added to NRHPNovember 13, 1966[1]
Designated NHLNovember 13, 1966[2]

Lyndhurst, also known as the Jay Gould estate, is a Gothic Revival country house that sits in its own 67-acre (27 ha) park beside the Hudson River in Tarrytown, New York, about a half mile south of the Tappan Zee Bridge on US 9. The house was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1966.[3][4]


Designed in 1838 by Alexander Jackson Davis, the house was owned in succession by New York City mayor William Paulding, Jr., merchant George Merritt, and railroad tycoon Jay Gould.

Paulding named his house "Knoll", although critics quickly dubbed it "Paulding's Folly" because of its unusual design that includes fanciful turrets and asymmetrical outline. Its limestone exterior was quarried at Sing Sing in present-day Ossining, New York.

Merritt, the house's second owner, engaged Davis as his architect, and in 1864–1865 doubled the size of the house, renaming it "Lyndenhurst" after the estate's linden trees. Davis' new north wing included an imposing four-story tower, a new porte-cochere (the old one was reworked as a glass-walled vestibule), a new dining room, two bedrooms and servants' quarters.

Gould purchased the property in 1880 to use as a country house, shortened its name to "Lyndhurst" and occupied it until his death in 1892. In 1961, Gould's daughter Anna Gould donated it to the National Trust for Historic Preservation. The house is now open to the public.


Architectural detail of Lyndhurst

Unlike later mansions along the Hudson River, Lyndhurst's rooms are few and of a more modest scale, and strongly Gothic in character. Hallways are narrow, windows small and sharply arched, and ceilings are fantastically peaked, vaulted, and ornamented. The effect is at once gloomy, somber, and highly romantic; the large, double-height art gallery provides a contrast of light and space.

The house sits within a landscape park, designed in the English naturalistic style by Ferdinand Mangold, whom Merritt hired. Mangold drained the surrounding swamps, created lawns, planted specimen trees, and built a conservatory. The park is an outstanding example of 19th-century landscape design with a curving entrance drive that reveals "surprise" views of rolling lawns accented with shrubs and specimen trees. The 390-foot-long (120 m) onion-domed, iron-framed, glass conservatory, when built, was one of the largest privately owned greenhouses in the United States.[5]

In popular culture[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  2. ^ "Lyndhurst". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on March 22, 2009. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  3. ^ "Jay Gould Estate (Lyndhurst)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on March 22, 2009. Retrieved September 15, 2007.
  4. ^ Richard Greenwood (May 30, 1975), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Jay Gould Estate, Lyndhurst, National Park Service and Accompanying photos, exterior, 1975 and undated. (3.32 MB)
  5. ^ Great Houses of the Hudson River, Michael Middleton Dwyer, editor, Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, 2001.
  6. ^ "Lyndhurst Earning Keep as a Film Site". The New York Times. November 30, 1997. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  7. ^ "Lyndhurst Closed Friday For Documentary Filming". Tarrytown-Sleepy Hollow Patch. July 2, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  8. ^ "Hollywood Snow Falls on Lyndhurst". Rye Patch. January 29, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  9. ^ "Hound of the Baskervilles, Lord Gordon Gordon, Escape from Colditz". Castle Secrets & Legends. Travel Channel. February 9, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2014.

Further reading[edit]

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