View of Rome from Myrtle Hill Cemetery
|Incorporated||December 20, 1834|
|Named for||Rome, Italy|
|• Manager||Sammy Rich|
|• City||32.44 sq mi (84.03 km2)|
|• Land||31.68 sq mi (82.04 km2)|
|• Water||0.77 sq mi (1.99 km2)|
|Elevation||614 ft (187 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,159.15/sq mi (447.54/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
30149, 30161, 30165
|Area code(s)||706 and 762|
|GNIS feature ID||0356504|
Rome is the largest city in and the county seat of Floyd County, Georgia, United States. Located in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, it is the principal city of the Rome, Georgia, metropolitan statistical area, which encompasses all of Floyd County. At the 2010 census, the city had a population of 36,303. It is the largest city in Northwest Georgia and the 22nd-largest city in the state.
Rome was founded in 1834, after Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, and the federal government committed to removing the Cherokee and other Native Americans from the Southeast. It developed on former indigenous territory at the confluence of the Etowah and the Oostanaula rivers, which together form the Coosa River. Because of its strategic advantages, this area was long occupied by the historic Creek. Later the Cherokee people expanded into this area from their traditional homelands to the east and northeast. National leaders such as Major Ridge and John Ross resided here before Indian Removal in 1838.
The city has developed on seven hills with the rivers running between them, a feature that inspired the early European-American settlers to name it for Rome, the longtime capital of Italy that was also built on seven hills. The American Rome developed in the antebellum period as a market and trading city due to its advantageous location on the rivers. It shipped the rich regional cotton commodity crop downriver to markets on the Gulf Coast and export overseas.
In the late 1920s, a United States company built a rayon plant in a joint project with an Italian company. This project and the American city of Rome were honored by Italy in 1929, when its duce Benito Mussolini sent a replica of the statue of Romulus and Remus nursing from a mother wolf, a symbol of the founding myth of the original Rome.
It is the second-largest city, after Gadsden, Alabama, near the center of the triangular area defined by the Interstate highways between Atlanta, Birmingham, and Chattanooga. It has developed as a regional center for the fields of medical care and education. In addition to its public-school system, it has several private schools. Higher-level institutions include private Berry College and Shorter University, and the public Georgia Northwestern Technical College and Georgia Highlands College.
Rome is located at the confluence of the Etowah and the Oostanaula rivers, which form the Coosa River. This gave the city access to the waterways, the major transportation routes of the era. Because of this water feature, Rome developed as a regional trade center, based originally on King Cotton. As cotton plantations were developed in the area, Rome was an increasingly important market town, shipping the commodity downriver to other markets. It was designated as the county seat of Floyd County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.6 square miles (81.9 km2), of which 30.9 square miles (80.1 km2) are land and 0.73 square miles (1.9 km2), or 2.29%, are covered by water.
The seven hills that inspired the name of Rome are known as Blossom, Jackson, Lumpkin, Mount Aventine, Myrtle, Old Shorter, and Neely Hills (the latter is also known as Tower or Clock Tower Hill). Some of the hills have been partially graded since Rome was founded.
Native American era
Archeologists have found evidence that successive cultures of indigenous peoples occupied this area for thousands of years prior to European encounter. This included the period of South Appalachian Mississippian culture, which developed in the region about 1000CE and lasted to about 1500-1600. They were among cultures that built major earthwork mounds as part of the public expression of their religious and political systems. These people are believed to have died off from disease brought by exposure to the Spaniards in the late 16th century. The Cherokee migrated into the Southeast and established themselves in the early 17th century.
Some debate exists over whether Hernando de Soto was the first Spanish conquistador to encounter Native Americans in this area, but he is known by his chroniclers to have passed through the region in 1540 with his expedition across the interior of the Southeast. In 1560, Tristán de Luna sent a detachment of 140 soldiers and two Dominican friars north along de Soto's route. They established relations with the Coosa chiefdom, as they recorded assisting the Coosa in a raid against the rebellious province of Napochín, in what is now known as Tennessee. Exposed to new Eurasian infectious diseases, the Coosa and other indigenous peoples suffered high mortality rates, as they lacked immunity. Within 20 years the Coosa chiefdom was abandoned.
The Muscogee, known in colonial times as the Creek, emerged in this area, and are one of the major Muscogee-speaking tribes. They are believed to have been descendants of the people who occupied this territory during the Mississippian culture. They occupied a broad territory before being pushed out by Cherokee migrating from southeastern Tennessee after warfare with European-American settlers.
The Abihka tribe of Creek in the area of Rome later became part of the Upper Creek people. They merged with other Creek tribes to become the Ulibahali, who later migrated westward into Alabama in the general region of Gadsden. By the mid-18th century, the Iroquoian-speaking Cherokee had moved into this area and occupied it. They had moved down from areas of Tennessee, under pressure from settlement by European Americans migrating across the Appalachians from eastern territories.
A Cherokee village named Etowah (Cherokee: ᎡᏙᏩ, romanized: Etowa), which means "Head of Coosa", was settled in this area during the late 18th century, in the period of the Cherokee–American wars (1776–94) during and after the American Revolutionary War. Several Cherokee national leaders settled here and developed their own cotton plantations, including chiefs Major Ridge and John Ross. Some of the Cherokee planters and others among the Southeast tribes bought enslaved African Americans to use as laborers on such plantations.
In the 20th century, Ridge's home here was preserved as Chieftain's House. It has been adapted by the state for use as the Chieftains Museum. It is used to interpret the history of the Cherokee in this area, especially Major Ridge.
In the 18th century, a high demand in Europe for American deerskins had led to a brisk trade between Native hunters and White traders. A few White traders and some settlers (primarily from the British colonies of Georgia and Carolina) were accepted by the Head of Coosa Cherokee. These were later joined by missionaries, and more settlers. After the American War of Independence, most new settlers came from the area of Georgia east of the Proclamation Line of 1763.
In 1793, in response to a Cherokee raid into Tennessee, John Sevier, the Governor of Tennessee, led a retaliatory raid against the Cherokee in the vicinity of Myrtle Hill, in what was known as the Battle of Hightower.
In 1802, the United States and Georgia executed the Compact of 1802, in which Georgia sold its claimed western lands (a claim dating to its colonial charter) to the United States. In return, the federal government agreed to ignore Cherokee land titles and remove all Cherokee from Georgia. The commitment to evict the Cherokee was not immediately enforced, and Chiefs John Ross and Major Ridge led efforts to stop their removal, including several federal lawsuits.
During the 1813 Creek Civil War, most Cherokee took the side of the Upper Creek Indians, who were more assimilated and willing to deal with European Americans, against the Red Stick or Lower Creek. As they had lived more isolated from the Whites, they had maintained strong, conservative cultural traditions. Before the Cherokee moved to Head of Coosa, Chief Ridge commanded a company of warriors as a unit of the Tennessee militia, with Chief Ross as adjutant. This Cherokee unit was under the overall command of United States Major Andrew Jackson, and supported the Upper Creek. They were the part of the Creek who had adopted more European-American customs and were more aligned with American settlers. The Creek War played out within the US-British conflict of the War of 1812.
In 1829, European Americans discovered gold near Dahlonega, Georgia, starting the first gold rush in the United States. Congressional passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which fulfilled the Compact of 1802, was related to that gold discovery and the desire of Whites to settle the land, as well as President Andrew Jackson's commitment to removal of Native Americans to enable development by the whites.
Even before removal began, in 1831, Georgia's General Assembly passed legislation that claimed all Cherokee land in Northwest Georgia. This entire territory was called Cherokee County; the following year, the Assembly organized the territory as the nine counties that still exist in the 21st century.
City founding period
Rome was founded in 1834 as European Americans increasingly settled in Georgia. Founders were Col. Daniel R. Mitchell, Col. Zacharia Hargrove, Maj. Philip Hemphill, Col. William Smith, and John Lumpkin (nephew of Governor Lumpkin); most were veterans of the War of 1812. They held a drawing at Alhambra to determine the name of the new city, with Col. Mitchell submitting the name of Rome because of the area's hills and rivers. Mitchell's submission was drawn, and the Georgia Legislature chartered Rome as an official city in 1835. The county seat was subsequently moved east from the village of Livingston to Rome.
With the entire area still occupied primarily by Cherokee, the city developed to serve the agrarian needs of the new cotton-based economy. Invention of the cotton gin in the late 18th century made processing of short-staple cotton profitable. This was the type of cotton that best thrived in the upland areas, in contrast to that grown on the Sea Islands and in the Low Country.
Much of upland Georgia was developed as what became known as the Black Belt, named for the fertile soil. Planters brought or purchased many enslaved African Americans as workers for the labor-intensive crop. The leading Cherokee participated in the cultivation of cotton as a commodity crop, which soon replaced deerskin trading as a source of wealth in the region. The first steamboat navigated the Coosa River to Rome in 1836, reducing the time-to-market for the cotton trade and speeding travel between Rome and New Orleans on the Gulf Coast, the major port for export of cotton.
By 1838, the Cherokee had run out of legal options in resisting removal. They were the last of the major Southeast tribes to be forcibly moved to the Indian Territory (in modern-day Oklahoma) on the Trail of Tears. After the removal of the Cherokee, their homes and businesses were taken over by Whites, with much of the property distributed through a land lottery.
The Rome economy continued to grow. In 1849, an 18-mile (29 km) rail spur to the Western and Atlantic Railroad in Kingston was completed, significantly improving transportation to the east. This route was later followed in the 20th-century construction of Georgia Highway 293. By 1860 the population had reached 4,010 in the city, and 15,195 in the county.
Civil war period
Rome's iron works were an important manufacturing center during the Civil War, supplying many cannons and other armaments to the Confederate effort. In April 1863, the city was defended by Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest against Union Colonel Abel Streight's "lightning mule" raid from the area east of modern-day Cedar Bluff, Alabama. General Forrest tricked Colonel Streight into surrendering just a few miles shy of Rome. Realizing their vulnerability, Rome's city council had allocated $3,000 to build three fortifications. Although these became operational by October 1863, efforts to strengthen the forts continued as the war progressed. These forts were named after Romans who had been killed in action: Fort Attaway was on the western bank of the Oostanaula River, Fort Norton was on the eastern bank of the Oostanaula, and Fort Stovall was on the southern bank of the Etowah River. The Confederates later built at least one other fort on the northern side of the Coosa River.
In May 1864, Union General Jefferson C. Davis, under the command of Major General William Tecumseh Sherman, attacked and captured Rome when the outflanked Confederate defenders retreated under command of Major General Samuel Gibbs French. Union General William Vandever was stationed in Rome and is shown with his staff in a photograph taken there. Due to Rome's forts and iron works, which included the manufacture of cannons, Rome was a significant target during Sherman's march through Georgia to take and destroy Confederate resources. Davis' forces occupied Rome for several months, making repairs to use the damaged forts and briefly quartering General Sherman. Foreshadowing Sherman's Special Field Orders, No. 120, Union forces destroyed Rome's forts, iron works, the rail line to Kingston, and any other materiel that could be useful to the South's war effort as they withdrew from Rome to participate in the Atlanta Campaign.
Reconstruction era and 19th century
In 1871, Rome constructed a water tank on Neely Hill, which overlooks the downtown district. This later was adapted as a clock tower visible from many points in the city. It has served as the town's iconic landmark ever since, and is featured in the city's crest and local business logos. As a result, Neely Hill is also referred to as Tower or Clock Tower Hill.
During Reconstruction, the state legislature authorized public schools in 1868 for the first time, and designated some funding to support them. The city established its first public schools. Schools were racially segregated and tended to have short sessions, because of limited funding. In addition, many families depended on their children to work in agriculture and other basic survival work. Freedmen had been granted the franchise and tended to join the Republican Party of President Abraham Lincoln, who had freed them. The abolition of slavery required new labor arrangements to arrange for paid labor.
Due to its riverside location, Rome has occasionally suffered serious flooding. The flood of 1886 inundated the city to such depth that a steamboat traveled down Broad Street. In 1891, upon recommendation of the United States Army Corps of Engineers, the Georgia State Legislature amended Rome's charter to create a commission to oversee the construction of river levees to protect the town against future floods. In the late 1890s, additional flood control measures were instituted, including raising the height of Broad Street by about 15 feet (4.6 m). As a result, the original entrances and ground-level floors of many of Rome's historic buildings became covered over and had to serve as basements.
In the early 20th century, the Georgia Assembly approved a charter for the city to establish a commission-manager form of government, a reform idea to add a management professional to the team.
In 1928, the American Chatillon Company began construction of a rayon plant in Rome; it was a joint business effort with the Italian Chatillon Corporation. Italian premier Benito Mussolini sent a block of marble from the ancient Roman Forum, inscribed "From Old Rome to New Rome", to be used as the cornerstone of the new rayon plant. After the rayon plant was completed in 1929, Mussolini honored the American Rome with a bronze replica of the sculpture of Romulus and Remus nursing from the Capitoline Wolf. The statue was placed in front of City Hall on a base of white marble from Tate, Georgia, with a brass plaque inscribed:
This statue of the Capitoline Wolf, as a forecast of prosperity and glory, has been sent from Ancient Rome to New Rome during the consulship of Benito Mussolini in the year 1929.
In 1940, anti-Italian sentiment due to World War II became so strong that the Rome city commission moved the statue into storage to prevent vandalism. They replaced it with an American flag. In 1952, the city restored the statue to its former location in front of City Hall.
In Rome, the effect of the Great Depression was significantly less severe than in other, larger cities across the United States. Since Rome was an agricultural town, food could be grown in surrounding areas. Rome's textile mill continued operating, providing steady jobs for whites as a buffer against the economic hardships of the Great Depression.
The Great Depression was preceded by the "Cotton Bust" across the South. This reached Rome in the mid-1920s, and caused many farmers to move away, sell their land, or convert to other agricultural crops, such as corn. Farm workers were displaced, and many African Americans left the area in the Great Migration, seeking work in cities, including those in the North and Midwest. Cotton crops were being destroyed by the boll weevil, a tiny insect that reached Georgia in 1915 (invading from Louisiana). The boll weevil destroyed many fields of cotton and suppressed Rome's economy.
Many families struggled through hard financial times. Jobs were scarce, and prices of food and basic commodities went up. The federal "postal employees took a fifteen per cent cut in pay, and volunteered a further ten per cent reduction in work time to save the jobs of substitute employees who otherwise would have been thrown out of work." Among fundraising activities for the poor, wealthier residents bought tickets to a show put on by local performers; the fares were paid to grocers, who made boxes of food to sell at a discount price to needy families.
In a private "works project" to provide employment to men out of work, S.H. Smith, Sr. decided to replace the Armstrong Hotel. After demolishing it, he employed many people to help build the towering Greystone Hotel at the corner of Broad and East Second streets. The Rome News-Tribune reported on November 30, 1933, an increase in local building permits for a total of $95,800; of this amount, $85,000 were invested by S.H. Smith, Sr., in the construction of the Greystone Hotel. He added the Greystone Apartments in 1936.
The city of Rome commission-manager form of government was adopted in 1918. The city's charter as approved by the legislature authorized a nine-member City Commission and a five-member Board of Education, to be elected concurrently, on an at-large basis by a plurality of the vote. The city was divided into nine wards, with one city commissioner from each ward to be chosen in the citywide election. There was no residency requirement for Board of Education candidates.
In 1966, after the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (VRA) was passed, the city amended its charter with approval by the state legislature, reducing the number of wards from nine to three, with commission members to be elected by at-large voting to numbered positions, three for each ward, with three wards in total. Candidates were required to win by majority vote, with run-off elections between the top two candidates for each seat if no majority emerged after the first round of voting.
At the same time, the board of education was increased to six members elected from three wards, with two numbered positions to be elected at-large from the city for each ward, A majority vote was required to win, with runoff procedures to apply to the top two candidates if no majority was achieved. A residency requirement was added for the board members.
This entire proposal was subject to review under the VRA. The city challenged the attorney general's authority to reject the annexation and electoral systems for each, as plaintiffs believed the reduction in seats and requirement for majority ranking to win would dilute the voting power of the African-American minority. In 1970, the city had a population of 30,759, with an ethnic composition of 76.6% White and 23.4% Black. Under the state constitution and previous practices making voter registration difficult, African Americans had been essentially disenfranchised since the turn of the 20th century.
In City of Rome v. United States, 446 U.S. 156 (1980), the US Supreme Court ruled on the city's argument that the attorney general had acted incorrectly in failing to approve the city's changes to its election system and its annexations. (The city did not seek pre-clearance of its charter changes to its election system in 1966, nor did it get approval of its 60 annexations from November 1, 1964, to February 10, 1975, which were both required under the law.)
The court upheld the constitutionality of the act, including the prohibition of unintentional discrimination to mitigate the potential that a jurisdiction may engage in intentional discrimination. Because of these findings, the court affirmed the lower court ruling.
In the 2000 census, White Americans made up 63.12% of the population, African Americans made up 27.66% of the city's population, and other minorities comprised the remainder. A total of 10.36% of residents identified as Hispanics of any race. The nine-member commission elects a mayor and vice mayor from among its members for specific terms. In addition, the commission hires a city manager for daily operations.
Commission members are elected at-large from three wards of the city; each ward has three seats on the commission. All voters vote for candidates for each position; and candidates may be elected by plurality voting. Members are elected for four-year staggered terms, with commissioners from wards 1 and 3 elected at the same time, and commissioners from ward 2 two years later.
Arts and culture
- Martha Berry Museum, a museum honoring Martha Berry, the founder of Berry College
- Rome Area History Museum
- Chieftains Museum (Major Ridge Home), a museum of Cherokee history, honoring chief Major Ridge and other leaders
- Clock Tower, a clock tower museum
- Rome Symphony Orchestra, oldest symphony orchestra in the Southern United States
|Dr. Robert Battey House||1850||725 East 2nd Ave.||1982|
|Berry Schools||North of Rome on U.S. Hwy 27||1978|
|Between the Rivers Historic District||Roughly bounded by the Etowah and Oostanaula rivers, 7th Ave., and West 4th St.||1983|
|Chieftains||1792||501 Riverside Parkway.||1971|
|Double-Cola Bottling Company||419 East Second Ave.||2006|
|East Rome Historic District||Roughly bounded by Walnut Ave., McCall Blvd., East 8th and 10th Sts.||1985|
|Etowah Indian Mounds||North bank of Etowah River||1966|
|Floyd County Courthouse||5th Ave. and Tribune St.||1980|
|Jackson Hill Historic District||Jackson Hill, between GA Hwy 53 and the Oostanaula River||1997|
|Joseph Ford House||Address Restricted||1980|
|Lower Avenue A Historic District||Avenue A between North 5th St. and Turner-McCall Blvd.||1983|
|Main High School||41 Washington Dr.||2002|
|Mayo's Bar Lock and Dam||On the Coosa River, 8 miles SW of Rome||1989|
|Mt. Aventine Historic District||Address restricted||1983|
|Myrtle Hill Cemetery||1857||Bounded by S. Broad, and Myrtle Sts., Pennington, and Branham Aves.||1983|
|Oakdene Place||Roughly bounded by the Etowah River, Queen, and East 6th Sts.||1983|
|Rome Clock Tower||1871||Corner of East 2nd Street and East 5th Avenue||1980|
|South Broad Street Historic District||South Broad St. and Etowah Terrace||1983|
|Sullivan—Hillyer House||309 East 2nd Ave.||2002|
|Thankful Baptist Church||935 Spiderwebb Dr.||1985|
|U.S. Post Office and Courthouse||West 4th Ave. and East 1st St.||1975|
|Upper Avenue A Historic District||Roughly bounded by Oostanaula River, Turner-McCall Blvd., Avenue B and W. 11th St.||1983|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
At the 2000 census, 34,980 people, 13,320 households and 8,431 families were residing in the city. The population density was 1,190.5 per square mile (459.7/km2). The 14,508 housing units averaged 493.7 per square mile (190.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 63.12% White, 27.66% African American, 1.42% Asian, 0.39% Native American, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 5.61% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.35% of the population.
Of the 13,320 households, 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were not families. About 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47, and the average family size was 3.07.
The age distribution was 24.2% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.
The median household income was $30,930, and the median family income was $37,775. Males had a median income of $30,179 versus $22,421 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,327. About 15.3% of families and 20.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under the age of 18 and 16.3% of those 65 and older.
The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen climate classification, Rome has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.
|Climate data for Rome, Georgia|
|Average high °C (°F)||12
|Average low °C (°F)||−1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||120
Rome has long had the strength of economic diversity, with an economy founded in manufacturing, education, healthcare, technology, tourism, and other industries. In 1954, General Electric established a factory to build medium transformers. In the 1960s, Rome contributed to the American effort in the Vietnam War when the Rome Plow Company produced Rome plows, large armored vehicles used by the U.S. military to clear jungles. In the latter part of the 20th century, many carpet mills prospered in the areas surrounding Rome.
Rome is also well known in the region for its medical facilities, particularly Floyd Medical Center, Redmond Regional Medical Center, and Harbin Clinic. Partnering with these facilities for physician development and medical education is the Northwest Georgia Clinical Campus of the Medical College of Georgia, which is part of Georgia Health Sciences University.
National companies that are part of Rome's technology industry include Brugg Cable and Telecom, Suzuki Manufacturing of America, automobile parts makers Neaton Rome and F&P Georgia, Peach State Labs, and the North American headquarters of Pirelli Tire. Other major companies in Rome include State Mutual Insurance Company.
Since 2003, Rome has been the home of the Rome Braves, a class A (or "low A") affiliate of the Atlanta Braves. The Rome Braves compete in the South Atlantic League. According to numbers released in 2010, sports tourism is a major industry in Rome and Floyd County. In 2010, sport events netted over $10 million to the local economy, as reported by the Greater Rome Convention and Visitors Bureau. Of these, tennis tournaments accounted for over $6 million to the Rome economy in 2010.
Rome City School District
The Rome City School District holds grades preschool to grade 12, operating eight elementary schools, Rome Middle School, and Rome High School. The district has 323 full-time teachers and more than 5,395 students.
Rome has several private schools:
- Darlington School is a coeducational, college-preparatory day and boarding school established in 1905. It offers classes ranging from prekindergarten to grade 12, divided into lower, middle, and upper schools.
- Unity Christian School is a private, Christian school established in 1998. It offers classes ranging from prekindergarten to grade 12 with two classes per grade level.
- Berry College Elementary and Middle School offers an intimate atmosphere and the resources and expertise of a liberal-arts college faculty.
- Providence Preparatory Academy offers kindergarten through the grade 11, as of 2015, and plans to complete adding grades to the 12th year.
- St. Mary's Catholic School, established in 1945, offers prekindergarten through eighth grade, with two classes per grade level.
Floyd County School District
The Floyd County School District, for families outside the city limits, holds grades preschool to grade 12, consisting of 11 elementary schools, four middle schools, and four high schools. The district has 645 full-time teachers and over 10,272 students.
High schools include
Rome is home to four colleges:
|Berry College||Private||Liberal arts||Founded in 1902 by Martha Berry|
|Georgia Northwestern Technical College||Public||Technical college||Formerly "Coosa Valley Technical College," founded in 1962|
|Georgia Highlands College||Public||State college||Formerly Floyd Junior College|
|Shorter University||Private||Liberal arts||Formerly Shorter College, which was founded in 1873|
Pedestrians and cycling
- Downtown River Trail
- Heritage Trail System
- Kingfisher Trail
- Oostanaula Levee Trail
- Silver Creek Trail
- Thornwood Trail
- Feature films
|1910||King Cotton||Silent documentary.|
|1979||The Double McGuffin||Filming took place at Berry College and Darlington School.|
|1986||The Mosquito Coast||The film features scenes from Rome and Cartersville, Georgia, representing a fictional city in Massachusetts. Visible from Rome are the historic Floyd County Courthouse and Oostanaula River.|
|1991||Dutch||The comedy features several scenes shot at Berry College and elsewhere in Rome.|
|2000||Remember the Titans||The film was shot partly on the Berry College campus.|
|2001||The Substitute 4: Failure Is Not an Option||The Direct-to-video film was shot in different locations around Georgia, including Rome.|
|2002||Sweet Home Alabama||The romantic comedy was filmed partially on the Berry College campus, prominently featuring the former Martha Berry residence, the Oak Hill Berry Museum. Scenes were also shot at the Coosa Country Club.|
|2004-05||Sugar Creek Gang (series)||All five films based on the children's book series of the same name were filmed in Rome.|
|2005||The Derby Stallion|||
|2006||Dark Remains||The horror movie was filmed almost entirely at the Floyd County Prison.|
|Big Red: The Ghost of Floyd County Prison||This documentary was filmed alongside the production of Dark Remains. It chronicles a ghost story from the Floyd County Prison.|
|2008||Dance of the Dead||An independent zombie comedy filmed at various locations in Rome and North Georgia, including the old Coosa Middle School, Myrtle Hill Cemetery, Shorter College, and the Claremount House.|
|Golgotha||Scenes for the film were shot at Berry College.|
|Theater of the Mind||A documentary about the history of the Golden Age of Radio, it shot scenes in Rome.|
|Di passaggio||Documentary film which shot scenes on the Berry College Campus.|
|2012||Revenge of the Sandman||Low-budget horror film that was shot partly in Rome.|
|All Hallows Evil: Lord of the Harvest||Low-budget horror film that was shot partly in Rome.|
|2013||Identity Thief||Select "street scenes" were filmed in Rome.|
|Butch Walker: Out of Focus||Documentary film about the life of Butch Walker.|
|2014||Need for Speed||Scenes for the film were shot at Myrtle Hill Cemetery and in rural Floyd County near Cave Spring, Georgia.|
|Blind Tiger: The Legend of Bell Tree Smith|||
|2015||Ivide||Scenes for the film were shot at Rome Cinemas on March 6, 2015.|
- Short films
- The Bread Squeezer (2006)
- Capitalism Rocks! (2006)
- Apparition Point (2007)
- Death Waits (2009)
- The Other Half (2009)
- Der Gries (2010)
- Storage (2011), filmed at Berry College
- Next of Kin (2012)
- The Design (2014)
- Other uses in film
- Lady and the Tramp (1955), the Victorian house seen in the movie is a drawing of the Claremont House in Rome, a Gothic Revival located on 906 East 2nd Avenue and was built in 1882.
- Lady and the Tramp II: Scamp's Adventure (2001), a direct-to-video sequel that still features the Claremont House like in the first film.
|1984||The Baron and the Kid||N/A||Starring Johnny Cash, the television film was shot in both Rome and Cedartown, Georgia.|
|1991||Perfect Harmony||A television film, it features several scenes shot at Berry College.|
|1993||Class of '61||A television film.|
|2005||Rezoned||1.05 "Louisville Bookstore, Georgia Pants Factory, Key West Hotel, Idaho High School"||Episode features the former Rome Manufacturing Company & Coosa Pants Factory in downtown Rome, now a family home.|
|2009||16 and Pregnant||1.05: "Whitney"|
|2012||Finding Your Roots||1.07: "Samuel L. Jackson, Condoleezza Rice, and Ruth Simmons"||Stock footage of Rome's historic downtown is used in the opening scenes of the episode.|
|abt 2012-13||You Live in What?||unclear||Episode features the same factory, and now home, featured in the 2005 episode of Rezoned.|
|2013||The Following||1.01: "Pilot"|||
|Beyond Scared Straight||3.13: "Floyd County Jail, GA"|||
|4.02: "Floyd County, GA: Deputy Lyle Returns"|||
|5.02: "Floyd County, GA: Snitches Get Stitches"|||
|House Hunters||78.08: "Nurse Makes Fresh Start on a Tiny Budget in Small Town Georgia"|||
|The Haves and the Have Nots||N/A||Filming for the production has taken place in Rome throughout the series.|
|2014||If Loving You Is Wrong|
|2015||Kingmakers||A television film and possible ABC series pilot, the film was produced by Loucas George and directed by James Strong. Filming started in March at Berry College and around Rome's historic downtown.|
- My Mother/Agent (2010)
|WGPB||97.7 FM||NPR||Public Radio|
|WQTU||102.3 FM||Q102||Hot AC|
|WSRM||93.5 FM||South 93.5||Country|
|WROM||103.1 FM||Radio M||Top 40|
|WUKV||95.7 FM||K-Love||Contemporary Christian|
|WRBF||104.9 FM||104.9 The Rebel||"Classic Rock, Southern style"|
Rome has been sister cities with Carrick on Shannon, Ireland since 1967.
- Arn Anderson (birth name Martin Lunde)(born 1958), professional wrestler
- Bill Arp (birth name Charles H. Smith) (1826–1903), Rome mayor and 19th-century writer
- Jamie Barton (born 1981), opera singer
- Charlie Culberson (born 1989), Major League Baseball player
- Ashley Diamond (born 1978), prison and LGBTQ rights activist
- Kris Durham (born 1988), American football player
- Charles Fahy (1892–1979), U.S. Solicitor General and Navy Cross
- Betty Fountain, All-American Girls Professional Baseball League player
- Benn Fraker (born 1989), canoeist
- Mike Glenn (born 1955), NBA
- Marjorie Taylor Greene (born 1974), Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
- Betty Hester (1923–1998), literary correspondent
- Ken Irvin (born 1972), professional football player
- Albert E. Jarrell (born 1901) Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy
- Randy Johnson (born 1953), football player
- Chris Jones (born 1989), punter, National Football League, (Dallas Cowboys, 2011–present)
- Larry Kinnebrew (born 1960), professional football player
- John H. Lumpkin (1812–1860), co-founder of Rome, Superior Court judge, and member of the U.S. House of Representatives
- Homer V. M. Miller (1814–1896), U.S. senator, senior Confederate medical officer
- George Stephen Morrison (1919–2008), admiral; father of singer Jim Morrison
- Will Muschamp (born 1971), college football head coach
- Willard Nixon (1928–2000), Major League Baseball player
- John Pemberton (1831–1888), inventor of Coca-Cola
- Ma Rainey (1886–1939), blues singer
- Dan Reeves (born 1944), American football player and head coach
- Major Ridge (c. 1771 – 1839), Cherokee chief and co-signer of the Treaty of New Echota
- John Ross (1790–1866), principal chief of the United Cherokee Nation
- John H. Towers (1885–1955), U.S. Navy admiral and pioneer Navy aviator
- Butch Walker (born 1969), rock and roll musician
- Nina B. Ward (1885–1944), artist who helped found the Kalamazoo Institute of Arts
- Stand Watie (1806–1871), Cherokee leader and Confederate general
- Ernest West (1867–1914), Georgia Tech's first football coach
- Calder Willingham (1922–1995), screenwriter and novelist
- Ellen L. A. Wilson (1860–1914), First Lady of the United States (1913–14) and first wife of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson
Historic Clock Tower on Neely Hill
- Chiaha Harvest Fair
- List of municipalities in Georgia
- Noble Brothers Foundry
- Open Door Children's Home
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Floyd County, Georgia
- Saint Mary's Catholic Church (Rome, Georgia)
References and notes
- "City Manager's Office". RomeFloyd.com. Governments of Floyd County and City of Rome, GA. 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
- "Rome City Commission". RomeFloyd.com. Governments of Floyd County and City of Rome, GA. 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Rome city, Georgia". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- Pullen, George (July 1, 2009). "Rome". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council and the University of Georgia Press. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Wilson, CC. The Seven Hills of Rome. RomeGeorgia.com. February 23, 2002. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
- Denmon, Shirley. The Enchanted Land Eighth Hill. (2012). pp. 5. ISBN 9781452089553
- "North Georgia and Alabama". De Soto's Trail thru the Southeast. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Taylor, Samuel. "Tristan de Luna". Our Georgia History. Golden Ink. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Worth, John E. (October 17, 2003). "Spanish Exploration". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council and the University of Georgia Press. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Waselkov, Gregory A., and Marvin T. Smith. "Upper Creek Archaeology", in McEwan, Bonnie G., ed. Indians of the Greater Southeast: Historical Archaeology and Ethnohistory (Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 2000) p. 244-245
- Ethridge, Robbie Franklyn, Creek Country: The Creek Indians and Their World (Chapel Hill, North Carolina: UNC Press) p. 27
- Gerogia, Rome. "Rome". roadsidegeorgia.com. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
- Britannica, Encyclopedia. "Rome, Georgia, United States". www.britannica.com. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
- "Rome City Commission Archives" (PDF). March 3, 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2008.
- "Cherokee County Historical Maps". Georgia Info. Digital Library of Georgia. 2001. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- "Original Cherokee County Divided". Georgia Info. Digital Library of Georgia. May 28, 2001. Archived from the original on January 18, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- "Floyd County". Calhoun Times. September 1, 2004. p. 75. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- Hart, Brett (July 1999). "Founders of Rome - Guide to Rome Georgia | RomeGeorgia.com". RomeGeorgia.com. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- McElwee, Bobby. "Rome, Georgia". Roadside Georgia. Golden Ink. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Willett, Robert L. (2011). "The Lightning Mule Brigade – Attack on Rome, Georgia". About North Georgia. Golden Ink. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- RomeGeorgia.com: Article on the history of Rome's forts. Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "Fort Norton, Rome, Georgia". Roadside Georgia. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Charles A. Dana and J. H. Wilson, The Life of Ulysses S. Grant, Gurdon Bill & Company, 1868, p. 275
- Eicher & Eicher, Civil War High Commands, p. 542.
- "Noble Brothers Foundry". Sons of Confederate Veterans Camp 469. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Slay, David (2006). "Playing a Sinking Piano: The Struggle for Position in Occupied Rome, Georgia". Georgia Historical Quarterly. 90 (4): 483–504. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
- "Welcome". Fort Attaway Preservation Society. Fort Attaway Preservation Society, Inc. 2009. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Acts Passed by the General Assembly of Georgia, Volume II. Atlanta, Georgia: Geo. W. Harrison, State Printer (Franklin Publishing House) 1892: Creating Levee Commission for Rome, Etc. No. 625 (pp. 585–590).
- "Between the Rivers Historic District". Guide to Rome Georgia. RomeGeorgia.com. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- "Romulus and Remus Statue". Georgia Info. Digital Library of Georgia. 2010. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- "Great Depression". New Georgia Encyclopedia. November 8, 2007. Retrieved September 14, 2010.
- "Boll Weevil". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
- Battey, George Magruder, 1887–1965 – A History of Rome and Floyd County, State of Georgia .. (Volume 1) Page 412
- Battey, Page 409
- Battey, pp. 412 and 415
- "City of Rome Organization" Archived April 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Rome/Floyd County website
- "History RSO". History. romesymphony.org. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
- National Register of Historic Places National Park Service
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Rome, Georgia Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- "Rome, Georgia". Weatherbase.com. 2013. Retrieved on September 28, 2013.
- "Rome, Georgia", New Georgia Encyclopedia
- "Brugg Cable & Telecom". bruggcables.com. Archived from the original on December 19, 2016. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- "Suzuki Motor of America, Inc". Suzuki Motor of America, Inc. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- "Home – Neaton Auto Products Manufacturing, Inc". neaton.com. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
- "Peach State Labs, LLC". peachstatelabs.com. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- "Pirelli Tire Manufacturing". Archived from the original on May 17, 2007. Retrieved May 12, 2007.
- Taylor, Charlie. "Kerry Group to build $125m facility in US as FDI from Ireland jumps". The Irish Times. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
- "Rome tourism officials say visitors brought $9 million to area in 2010" Archived July 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Rome News-Tribune
- "Georgia's Rome – Office of Tourism". Georgia's Rome Office of Tourism. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
- "Visitor Info: Football National Championship". naia.org. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- PIFL welcomes Georgia Fire Archived February 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Professional Indoor Football League website
- "Schools in Rome city". Georgia Department of Education. Retrieved March 8, 2011.[permanent dead link]
- "Free District Report for Rome City". School-Stats.com. 2005. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- "Schools in Floyd County". Georgia Department of Education. Retrieved March 8, 2011.[permanent dead link]
- "Free District Report for Floyd County". School-Stats.com. 2005. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- "King Cotton". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Filming in Georgia's Rome". romegeorgia.org. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "The Substitute: Failure Is Not an Option". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Drak Remains – The Prison". darkremains.com. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Movie wants to film in Rome if school board grants use of the old Coosa Middle School". Rome News-Tribune. OME, ga. March 3, 2007.
- "Dance of the Dead movie filmed in Rome to be released on DVD". Rome News-Tribune. Rome, GA. August 21, 2008.
- "Golgotha (2009) – Filming Locations". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Lonely Love (2009) – Filming Locations". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Theater of the Mind (2009) – Filming Locations". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Lynch Mob (2009) – Filming Locations". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Di passaggio (2009) – Filming Locations". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Revenge of the Sandman (2012) – Filming Locations". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "All Hallows Evil: Lord of the Harvest (2012) – Filming Locations". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Identity Thief (2013) – Filming Locations". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Need for Speed (2014) – Filming Locations". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Blind Tiger: The Legend of Bell Tree Smith (2014)". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- Stewart, Jeremy (March 7, 2015). "Cast, crew of 'Ivide' shoot scenes at movie theater: Film moves to Rome for a day". Rome News-Tribune. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- "The Bread Squeezer (2006) – Filming Locations". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Capitalism Rocks! (2006) – Filming Locations". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Apparition Point (2007)". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Death Waits (2009)". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "The Other Half (2009) – Filming Locations". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Der Gries (2010)". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Storage (2011)". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Next of Kin (2012)". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "The Design (2014)". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "The Baron and the Kid (1984)". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Episode Detail: Louisville Bookstore, Georgia Pants Factory, Key West Hotel, Idaho High School – Rezoned". TV Guide. November 6, 2005. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Full Episode: Samuel L. Jackson, Condoleezza Rice and Ruth Simmons". PBS. April 29, 2012. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Former Pants Factory". HGTV. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "The Following": Season 1, Episode 1 "Pilot". IMDb. January 21, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Beyond Scared Straight Episode Guide: Season 3". A&E. August 20, 2012. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Beyond Scared Straight Episode Guide: Season 4". A&E. May 30, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Beyond Scared Straight: Season 5, Episode 2". A&E. October 9, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Nurse Makes Fresh Start on a Tiny Budget in Small Town Georgia (includes correct episode number)". HGTV. September 23, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "House Hunters Episode Guide (includes airdate)". TV Guide. September 23, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Nurse Makes Fresh Start on a Tiny Budget in Small Town Georgia (includes full episode description)". HGTV Canada. September 23, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- Walker, Doug (February 28, 2015). "TV movie "Kingmakers" to be filmed in Rome next month". Rome News-Tribune. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- "My Mother/Agent (2010– )". IMDb. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- Arp, Bill (1884). Bill Arp's Scrap Book: Humor and Philosophy. J.P. Harrison & Company.
- "Kris Durham". National Football League.
- Fahy, Charles (1937). Goal of National Labor Relations Act.
- Betty Fountain Profile. All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Official Website.
- "Benn FRAKER – Olympic Canoe Slalom | United States of America". International Olympic Committee. June 21, 2016.
- "Racing to a Different Drummer | Canoe & Kayak Magazine". Canoe & Kayak Magazine. May 7, 2013.
- "Mike Glenn Stats | Basketball-Reference.com". Basketball-Reference.com.
- "Marjorie Greene | marjorietaylorgreene.com/". marjorietaylorgreene.com.
- "O'CONNOR, FLANNERY. Letters to Betty Hester,1955–1964". Emory University Library.
- "Ken Irvin Stats | Pro-Football-Reference.com". Pro-Football-Reference.com.
- "Larry Kinnebrew Stats | Pro-Football-Reference.com". Pro-Football-Reference.com.
- Hicks, Paul DeForest (February 2012). Joseph Henry Lumpkin: Georgia's First Chief Justice. University of Georgia Press. ISBN 9780820340999.
- "MILLER, Homer Virgil Milton – Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Archived from the original on September 1, 1999. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
- Grimes, William (December 8, 2008). "George S. Morrison, 89; Navy Commander and Father of Rock Singer". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
- "Ma Rainey | American singer". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
- "Ellen Wilson Biography :: National First Ladies' Library". firstladies.org. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
- Roger Aycock, All Roads to Rome, Georgia: W. H. Wolfe Associates, 1981. Amazon.com
- George Magruder Battey Jr., A History of Rome and Floyd County, Georgia 1540–1922, Georgia: Cherokee Publishing Company, 2000. Amazon.com
- Morrell Johnson Darko, The Rivers Meet: A History of African-Americans in Rome, Georgia, Darko, 2003. Amazon.com
- Jerry R. Desmond, Georgia's Rome: A Brief History, Charleston: The History Press, 2008. Amazon.com
- Sesquicentennial Committee of the City of Rome, Rome and Floyd County: An Illustrated History, The Delmar Co 1986.Amazon.com
- Strong, Robert Hale (1961). Halsey, Ashley (ed.). A Yankee Private's Civil War. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company. pp. 45–46. LCCN 61-10744. OCLC 1058411.
- Orlena M. Warner, When in Rome ... , Georgia: Steven Warner, 1972. A collection of poems. Amazon.com
- General information
- Chieftains Museum/Major Ridge Home
- Federal Occupation of Rome at Digital Library of Georgia
- Geographic data related to Rome, Georgia at OpenStreetMap
- Greater Rome Convention & Visitors Bureau
- Rome, Georgia at City-Data.com
- Rome, Georgia at New Georgia Encyclopedia
- Rome Area Council for the Arts
- Rome Area History Museum
- Rome – Floyd Chamber of Commerce
- Rome – Floyd County Library at Sara Hightower Regional Library System