Phoenix serves as the state capital for Arizona and is America’s highest-populated capital city.
Nicknames for Phoenix are Valley of the Sun and The Valley. Monikers for Arizona range from The Grand Canyon State and The Copper State to The Valentine State. The latter nickname is because Arizona became a U.S. state on February 14, 1914–Valentine’s Day.
Phoenix’s Musical Instrument Museum boasts the world’s largest collection of musical instruments.
The Phoenix Zoo is America’s biggest private and non-profit zoo and is committed to re-introducing endangered species back into the wild. The Phoenix Botanical Gardens features the world’s largest ensemble of flowers and plants.
Phoenix’s city park system includes South Mountain Park, the biggest municipal park anywhere covering about 25.9 square miles (67 square kilometers).
Phoenix is the largest American city in a its hot desert climate and is the world’s sunniest major city averaging some 3,872 hours of sunshine yearly. Citizens in Phoenix enjoy short, mild winters while experiencing extremely hot and long summers. Phoenix endures an average 18 days annually with temperatures above 110 degrees Fahrenheit (43 degrees Celsius).
Research website numbeo ranks Phoenix in the top 43% compared to the 250 cities evaluated on its overall quality of life index at June 2020. Phoenix scored well on index factors such as purchasing power (strongest 8%), property price to income ratio (lowest 11%) and traffic commute time (fastest 36%). On the negative side, Phoenix rates relatively poorly for climate (worst 10%), safety (bottom 29%), pollution (worst 40%) and cost of living (highest 42%).
Guinness World Records points to Phoenix as being the site of the greatest distance run on any surface within 12 hours: 101.8 miles (163.8 kilometers) by American Zach Bitter on December 14, 2013.
Another Phoenix-related world record pertains to Phoenician Scott Flansburg who was recognized as the fastest human calculator by correctly adding a randomly selected two-digit number (which was 38) to itself 36 times within 15 seconds without using a calculator.
Phoenix serves as headquarters for six large corporations recognized as belonging to the Forbes Global 2000 world’s biggest companies. These large businesses include Petsmart, waste manager Republic Services, mining firm Freeport McMoRan, electronics distributor Avnet, electricity utility Pinnacle West and private education provider Apollo Group.
From an international trade perspective, Arizona shipped US$24.669 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2019. Its most valuable exports include civilian aircraft including engines and other parts (10.9%), copper ores and concentrates (6.9%), electronic integrated circuits (3.6%), circuit processors and controllers (3.4%), bombs, grenades, missiles and similar weapons (3.2%), larger helicopters (2.6%), modems (2.4%), electrical apparatus parts (2%), non-photosensitive semiconductor devices (1.6%), and electrical plugs and sockets (1.3%) according to United States Census Bureau data.
The non-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale metropolitan area was 4.1% in 2019 same as one year earlier.
Capital Facts for Phoenix, United States: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Chase Field, Mystery Castle, Maryvale Baseball Stadium, Orpheum Theater, Phoenix Civic Plaza Convention Center, Talking Sticks Resort Arena, The Rosson House Museum and the Wrigley Mansion
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Phoenix, United States.
- Stevie Nicks, rock singer (born May 26, 1948)
- Jordin Sparks, pop singer (born Dec. 22, 1989)
- Andre Ethier, professional MLB baseball all-star (born Apr. 10, 1982)
- Markus Wheaton, professional NFL football player (born Feb. 7, 1991)
- Judy Kaye, Tony Award-winning singer & actress (born Oct. 11, 1948)
- Brandon Frazier, national pair-skating champion (born Nov. 19, 1992)
- Lynda Carter (aka Wonder Woman), actress (born Jul. 24, 1951)
- Gary Figueroa, Olympic water polo silver medalist (born Sep. 28, 1956)
- Dwayne Evans, Olympic sprint bronze medalist (born Oct. 13, 1958)
- Judge Da Boss, rapper (born May 3, 1985)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches of published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Phoenix resident: Phoenician
Population: 1,703,080 (Phoenix) at September 20, 2020
Density: 3,289 people per square mile (1,270 per square kilometer)
Population: 7,378,490 (Arizona) at September 20, 2020
Density: 65 people per square mile (25 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$255.2 billion in 2018 (Phoenix Statistical Metropolitan Area)
GDP per person: $59,428
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a current basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Phoenix: U.S. dollars
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data).
Dilemma X, U.S. Census Bureau metropolitan population estimates July 1, 2016.
Forbes Global 2000, The World’s Biggest Public Companies.
Guinness World Records, Farthest 12 hours ultra distance track (men).
Guinness World Records, Fastest human calculator.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Total Real Gross Domestic Product for Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ (MSA).
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Unemployment Rate in Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ (MSA).
Numbeo, Quality of Life Index by City.
Official Government Website, City of Phoenix official website.
United States Census Bureau, Foreign Trade: State by 6-Digit HS Code and Top Countries.
United States Census Bureau, State Population Totals Tables: 2010-2016.
United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics: Seasonally Adjusted Metropolitan Area Estimates.
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross Domestic Product by Metropolitan Area, 2015.
Wikimedia Commons, Phoenix city flag.
Wikipedia, Phoenix, Arizona.
Wikipedia, Phoenix metropolitan area.
World Population Review, Phoenix, Arizona Population.
Phoenicians celebrate Independence Day as a national holiday each July 4.
Phoenix’s land area occupies 517.86 square miles (1,341.26 square kilometers). The state capital’s population was 1.7 million Phoenicians at September 20, 2020.
At the state level, Arizona covers a land area measuring 113,990 square miles (295,234 square kilometers) home to a population of 7.4 million dwellers.
Phoenix’s population density is more concentrated averaging 3,289 residents per square mile (1,270 per square kilometer).
Zooming out to Arizona’s land boundaries, population density dilutes to an average 65 inhabitants per square mile (25 per square kilometer).