Free Peru

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Free Peru
Perú Libre
AbbreviationPL
Secretary-GeneralVladimir Cerrón
Founded2007; 14 years ago (2007)
Registered15 January 2016
HeadquartersHuancayo, Junín
Breña, Lima
Membership (2020)5,204
Ideology
Political positionLeft-wing[7] to far-left[8]
Regional affiliationForo de São Paulo[9]
ColorsRed
Slogan"No more poor in a rich country!"
(Spanish: «¡No más pobres en un país rico!»)[10]
Congress
37 / 130
Governorships
1 / 25
Regional Councillors
9 / 274
Province Mayorships
5 / 196
District Mayorships
29 / 1,874
Website
perulibre.pe

Free Peru, officially the Free Peru National Political Party (Spanish: Partido Político Nacional Perú Libre), is a socialist political party in Peru. Founded in 2007 as the Free Peru Political Regional Movement, the party was officially constituted as a national organization in February 2012 by the name of Libertarian Peru. It was registered as a political party in January 2016 and adopted its current name in January 2019.[11]

History[edit]

The party was founded in 2007 by former Governor of Junín, Vladimir Cerrón Rojas. Cerrón is currently serving a four-year and five-month prison sentence after being found responsible for crimes of incompatible negotiation and for taking advantage of his regional position to the detriment of the Peruvian State during the management of sanitation work in La Oroya, from 2011 to 2014. The Superior Court of Junín issued the sentence on 5 August 2019.[12] Cerrón had been elected in 2018 for a second non-consecutive term as governor, but his tenure was cut short due to the sentence. Still, he formally leads the party in his position of Secretary-General. In 2016, Cerrón ran as a candidate for the presidency of the republic for the Libertarian Peru party for that year's general elections. As such, he registered his candidacy on January 11, 2016 but he withdrew from the race two months later due to little support in his candidacy and also to prevent the party from losing it's electoral registration.[13] In the 2018 regional and municipal elections, Cerrón took the businessman, journalist and radio host Ricardo Belmont as a candidate for the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima, obtaining 3.89% of the votes validly cast in Lima.[14][15]

At the legislative elections held on 26 January 2020, the party won 3.4% of the popular vote, but no seats in the Congress of the Republic as the party failed to reach the electoral threshold.[16][17] Months before the election, the party was in talks with the Together for Peru coalition and New Peru in order to run allied in the parliamentary election. However, due to Cerrón's criminal profile and many prominent New Peru members quitting their party as the union materialized, the alliance fell through and the parties ran separately in the election, in which neither achieved representation.[18][19] Their presidential nominee, Pedro Castillo, unexpectedly took the lead in the first round of the 2021 Peruvian presidential election after seeing a surprise surge in support starting around one month before the election. After his victory in the first electoral round, Castillo asked to dialogue with other Peruvian political forces in order to achieve political agreement,[20] however, he ruled out making a roadmap as Ollanta Humala did, thus maintaining ideological discourse.[21]

Ideology[edit]

The party describes itself as being "a left-wing socialist organization" that embraces Marxism and Mariáteguism.[1] It values democracy, decentralization, internationalism, sovereignty, humanism and anti-imperialism.[1] Following his success in the first round of presidential elections in 2021, Pedro Castillo has said that he opposes communism, distanced himself from far-leftists in the party and said that he would lead the party instead of Cerrón.[22][23]

Domestic[edit]

In domestic affairs, Free Peru is opposed to neoliberalism and states that their party seeks "to rescue the minimized, almost imperceptible and dying State from the subjugation of market dictatorship".[1] Free Peru says that when Peru adopted neoliberalism and markets were deregulated, foreign companies assumed control of the economy, exploitation of labor increased, inequality grew and the country was led "to a neocolony condition".[1]

Initially, the nationalization of mines, gas, oil, hydroelectricity and telecommunications in order to fund social programs was a goal of Free Peru.[3] However, in an attempt to appease foreign business interests, presidential candidate has promised that his government would not nationalize industry within Peru, but at the same time he reafirmed his party's position of defending the distribution of wealth.[24]

Cerrón has expressed that Free Peru is opposed to Fujimorism.[3] While initially supportive of decriminalizing abortion, the party later came out in support of existing restrictions.[1]

International[edit]

Internationally, Cerrón has emphasized the party "defends revolutionary processes in the world, especially in Latin America: Cuba, Nicaragua, Ecuador, Venezuela and Bolivia".[3] Free Peru has shared praise for some of the policies of Fidel Castro and Hugo Chávez for their foreign policy and regional solidarity.[25] The party also opposes the Lima Group.[3]

Pedro Castillo, during his candidacy for the 2021 presidential elections, defended the government of Nicolás Maduro in Venezuela, describing it as "a democratic government".[26][27] He would later retrace his statements, stating "There is no Chavismo here", saying of President Maduro "if there is something he has to say concerning Peru, that he first fix his internal problems".[28][29] The party has also described the Venezuelan refugee crisis as a human trafficking issue,[30] with Castillo saying that Venezuelans were in Peru "to commit crimes".[31]

Election results[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Year Candidate Party Votes Percentage Outcome
2016 Vladimir Cerrón Vladimir Cerrón.JPG Libertarian Peru Ticket withdrawn N/A
2021 Pedro Castillo Pedro Castillo en La Encerrona (cropped).png Free Peru 1st round:
2,724,752
1st round:
18.92
1st round:
1st
2nd round:
8,835,970
2nd round:
50.13
1st round:
1st

Elections to the Congress of the Republic[edit]

Year Votes % Seats Increase/Decrease Position
2020 502,898 3.4%
0 / 130
Steady N/A
2021 1,724,354 13.4%
37 / 130
Increase 37 Minority

Regional and municipal elections[edit]

Year Regional governors Provincial mayors District mayors
Outcome Outcome Outcome
2010
1 / 25
0 / 196
24 / 1,639
2014
0 / 25
0 / 195
12 / 1,647
2018
1 / 25
5 / 196
29 / 1,678

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Ideario y Programo" (PDF). Perú Libre. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  2. ^ "FIDEL ALMA DE LA NACIÓN LATINOAMERICANA". Perú Libre (in Spanish). 1 July 2020. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e Cerrón Rojas, Vladimir Roy. "DIFERENCIAS ENTRE PERÚ LIBRE, NUEVO PERÚ Y FRENTE AMPLIO". Perú Libre (in Spanish). Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  4. ^ Redacción (1 April 2021). "Pedro Castillo de Perú Libre, el outsider en estas elecciones, fue el virtual ganador en el Debate Presidencial %". Aeronoticias.com.pe (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  5. ^ Redacción (30 March 2021). "Julián Palacin: Perú Libre defiende una Constitución Federal %". Aeronoticias.com.pe (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Vladimir Cerrón cambia de discurso y ahora dice que sí acepta enfoque de género en currícula escolar". Radio Cutivalù (in Spanish). 10 December 2019.
  7. ^ "Peru election: Pedro Castillo to face Keiko Fujimori in run-off". BBC. 13 April 2021. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  8. ^ "Castillo, de extrema izquierda, gana fuerza en las presidenciales de Perú". EFE (in Spanish). 8 April 2021. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  9. ^ "Foro de São Paulo Partidos". forodesaopaulo.org.
  10. ^ Arribas I., Guillermo (1 June 2021). "«No más pobres en un país rico»". Enfoque Derecho (in Spanish). Pontifical Catholic University of Peru. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  11. ^ Aquino, Marco (10 June 2021). "Peru's Castillo Closes In On Victory In Presidential Election". Reuters. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  12. ^ "Junín: Vladimir Cerrón fue condenado a 4 años y 8 meses". TV Perú Noticias.
  13. ^ "Vladimir Cerrón desiste de participar en elecciones presidenciales". Agencia Peruana de Noticias (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Ricardo Belmont dice que aceptará los resultados electorales". Agencia Peruana de Noticias (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  15. ^ "ONPE publica resultados de Lima al 100%". ONPE (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  16. ^ "11 partidos pasarán la valla, al 99.09 % del conteo de ONPE". Agencia Peruana de Noticias.
  17. ^ PERÚ, Diario Oficial El Peruano. "Boca de urna: Estas serían las nuevas bancadas del Congreso". elperuano.pe.
  18. ^ PERÚ, Diario La República. "Marisa Glave e Indira Huilca renuncian a Nuevo Perú tras alianza de Verónica Mendoza". larepublica.pe.
  19. ^ PERÚ, RPP Noticias. "Richard Arce renuncia a Nuevo Perú ante una eventual alianza política con Perú Libre". rpp.pe.
  20. ^ Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Candidato más votado en Perú ofrece dialogar con otros partidos | DW | 14.04.2021". DW.COM (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  21. ^ GESTIÓN, NOTICIAS (14 April 2021). "Pedro Castillo descartó la posibilidad de una hoja de ruta para la segunda vuelta nndc | PERU". Gestión (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  22. ^ "Pedro Castillo arremete contra Nicolás Maduro: "que primero arregle sus problemas internos y que se lleve a sus compatriotas que vinieron a delinquir"". Diario Expreso. 22 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  23. ^ "'No Chavismo here': Peru socialist candidate Castillo seeks to calm jittery markets". Reuters. 22 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  24. ^ "'No Chavismo here': Peru socialist candidate Castillo seeks to calm jittery markets". Reuters. 22 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  25. ^ "Peru Stocks Tumble as Presidential Vote Spooks Investors". Bloomberg.com. 11 April 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  26. ^ "Pedro Castillo, el maestro con el que se identifica el otro Perú". France 24. 12 April 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  27. ^ "Pedro Castillo califica de "democrático" el Gobierno de Nicolás Maduro". Exitosa Noticias (in Spanish). 11 April 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  28. ^ "'No Chavismo here': Peru socialist candidate Castillo seeks to calm jittery markets". Reuters. 22 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  29. ^ "Candidato peruano marca distancia de gobierno de Venezuela". Associated Press. 22 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  30. ^ Puente, Javier (14 April 2021). "Who is Peru's Frontrunner Pedro Castillo?". North American Congress on Latin America. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  31. ^ "Candidato peruano marca distancia de gobierno de Venezuela". Associated Press. 22 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.

External links[edit]