List of Lamiales of South Africa

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The Lamiales are an order in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants. It includes about 23,810[1] species, 1,059 genera, and is divided into about 24 families. Well-known or economically important members of this order include lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, the ash tree, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, and a number of table herbs such as mint, basil, and rosemary.

The anthophytes are a grouping of plant taxa bearing flower-like reproductive structures. They were formerly thought to be a clade comprising plants bearing flower-like structures. The group contained the angiosperms - the extant flowering plants, such as roses and grasses - as well as the Gnetales and the extinct Bennettitales.[2]

23,420 species of vascular plant have been recorded in South Africa, making it the sixth most species-rich country in the world and the most species-rich country on the African continent. Of these, 153 species are considered to be threatened.[3] Nine biomes have been described in South Africa: Fynbos, Succulent Karoo, desert, Nama Karoo, grassland, savanna, Albany thickets, the Indian Ocean coastal belt, and forests.[4]

The 2018 South African National Biodiversity Institute's National Biodiversity Assessment plant checklist lists 35,130 taxa in the phyla Anthocerotophyta (hornworts (6)), Anthophyta (flowering plants (33534)), Bryophyta (mosses (685)), Cycadophyta (cycads (42)), Lycopodiophyta (Lycophytes(45)), Marchantiophyta (liverworts (376)), Pinophyta (conifers (33)), and Pteridophyta (cryptogams (408)).[5]

16 families are represented in the literature. Listed taxa include species, subspecies, varieties, and forms as recorded, some of which have subsequently been allocated to other taxa as synonyms, in which cases the accepted taxon is appended to the listing. Multiple entries under alternative names reflect taxonomic revision over time.

Acanthaceae[edit]

Family: Acanthaceae,[5] 66 genera have been recorded. Not all are necessarily currently accepted.

Bignoniaceae[edit]

Family: Bignoniaceae,[5]

Rhigozum[edit]

Genus Rhigozum:[5]

Spathodea[edit]

Genus Spathodea:[5]

Tanaecium[edit]

Genus Tanaecium:[5]

Tecoma[edit]

Genus Tecoma:[5]

  • Tecoma africana (Lam.) G.Don, accepted as Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
  • Tecoma capensis (Thunb.) Lindl. accepted as Tecomaria capensis (Thunb.) Spach, indigenous
  • Tecoma fulva (Cav.) D.Don subsp. garrocha (Hieron.) J.R.I.Wood, not indigenous, cultivated, naturalised
  • Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth, not indigenous, naturalised, invasive
    • Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth var. stans, not indigenous, cultivated, naturalised, invasive
    • Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth var. velutina DC. not indigenous, cultivated, naturalised

Tecomaria[edit]

Genus Tecomaria:[5]

Gesneriaceae[edit]

Family: Gesneriaceae,[5]

Streptocarpus[edit]

Genus Streptocarpus:[5]

Lamiaceae[edit]

Family: Lamiaceae,[5] 49 genera have been recorded. Not all are necessarily currently accepted.

Lentibulariaceae[edit]

Family: Lentibulariaceae,[5]

Genlisea[edit]

Genus Genlisea:[5]

Utricularia[edit]

Genus Utricularia:[5]

Linderniaceae[edit]

Family: Linderniaceae,[5]

Bonnaya[edit]

Genus Bonnaya:[5]

Craterostigma[edit]

Genus Craterostigma:[5]

Crepidorhopalon[edit]

Genus Crepidorhopalon:[5]

Ilysanthes[edit]

Genus Ilysanthes:[5]

Lindernia[edit]

Genus Lindernia:[5]

Linderniella[edit]

Genus Linderniella:[5]

Nortenia[edit]

Genus Nortenia:[5]

Stemodiopsis[edit]

Genus Stemodiopsis:[5]

Torenia[edit]

Genus Torenia:[5]

Martyniaceae[edit]

Family: Martyniaceae,[5]

Ibicella[edit]

Genus Ibicella:[5]

Proboscidea[edit]

Genus Proboscidea:[5]

Oleaceae[edit]

Family: Oleaceae,[5]

Chionanthus[edit]

Genus Chionanthus:[5]

  • Chionanthus battiscombei (Hutch.) Stearn, indigenous
  • Chionanthus foveolatus (E.Mey.) Stearn, indigenous
    • Chionanthus foveolatus (E.Mey.) Stearn subsp. foveolatus, indigenous
    • Chionanthus foveolatus (E.Mey.) Stearn subsp. major (I.Verd.) Stearn, indigenous
    • Chionanthus foveolatus (E.Mey.) Stearn subsp. tomentellus (I.Verd.) Stearn, endemic
  • Chionanthus peglerae (C.H.Wright) Stearn, endemic

Enaimon[edit]

Genus Enaimon:[5]

Faulia[edit]

Genus Faulia:[5]

Fraxinus[edit]

Genus Fraxinus:[5]

Jasminum[edit]

Genus Jasminum:[5]

Leuranthus[edit]

Genus Leuranthus:[5]

Linociera[edit]

Genus Linociera:[5]

Menodora[edit]

Genus Menodora:[5]

Olea[edit]

Genus Olea:[5]

Schrebera[edit]

Genus Schrebera:[5]

Steganthus[edit]

Genus Steganthus:[5]

Orobanchaceae[edit]

Family: Orobanchaceae,[5]

Alectra[edit]

Genus Alectra:[5]

Bartsia[edit]

Genus Bartsia:[5]

Buchnera[edit]

Genus Buchnera:[5]

Buttonia[edit]

Genus Buttonia:[5]

Cycnium[edit]

Genus Cycnium:[5]

Gerardia[edit]

Genus Gerardia:[5]

Gerardiina[edit]

Genus Gerardiina:[5]

Glossostylis[edit]

Genus Glossostylis:[5]

Graderia[edit]

Genus Graderia:[5]

Haematobanche[edit]

Genus Haematobanche:[5]

Harveya[edit]

Genus Harveya:[5]

Hyobanche[edit]

Genus Hyobanche:[5]

Melasma[edit]

Genus Melasma:[5]

  • Melasma scabrum P.J.Bergius, indigenous
    • Melasma scabrum P.J.Bergius var. ovatum (E.Mey. ex Benth.) Hiern, endemic
    • Melasma scabrum P.J.Bergius var. scabrum, indigenous

Orobanche[edit]

Genus Orobanche:[5]

Rhamphicarpa[edit]

Genus Rhamphicarpa:[5]

Sopubia[edit]

Genus Sopubia:[5]

  • Sopubia cana Harv. indigenous
    • Sopubia cana Harv. var. cana, indigenous
    • Sopubia cana Harv. var. glabrescens Diels, indigenous
  • Sopubia karaguensis Oliv. indigenous
    • Sopubia karaguensis Oliv. var. karaguensis, indigenous
  • Sopubia mannii Skan, indigenous
    • Sopubia mannii Skan var. tenuifolia (Engl. & Gilg) Hepper, indigenous
  • Sopubia simplex (Hochst.) Hochst. indigenous

Striga[edit]

Genus Striga:[5]

Paulowniaceae[edit]

Family: Paulowniaceae,[5]

Pedaliaceae[edit]

Family: Pedaliaceae,[5]

Ceratotheca[edit]

Genus Ceratotheca:[5]

Dicerocaryum[edit]

Genus Dicerocaryum:[5]

Harpagophytum[edit]

Genus Harpagophytum:[5]

  • Harpagophytum procumbens (Burch.) DC. ex Meisn. subsp. procumbens, indigenous
    • Harpagophytum procumbens (Burch.) DC. ex Meisn. subsp. transvaalense Ihlenf. & H.E.K.Hartmann, indigenous
    • Harpagophytum procumbens Burch. ex Meisn. indigenous
  • Harpagophytum zeyheri Decne. indigenous
    • Harpagophytum zeyheri Decne. subsp. schijffii Ihlenf. & H.E.K.Hartmann, indigenous
    • Harpagophytum zeyheri Decne. subsp. zeyheri, indigenous

Holubia[edit]

Genus Holubia:[5]

Pterodiscus[edit]

Genus Pterodiscus:[5]

Rogeria[edit]

Genus Rogeria:[5]

Sesamothamnus[edit]

Genus Sesamothamnus:[5]

Sesamum[edit]

Genus Sesamum:[5]

Phrymaciae[edit]

Family Phrymaceae:[5]

Genus Mimulus:[5]

Plantaginaceae[edit]

Family: Plantaginaceae,[5]

Antirrhinum[edit]

Genus Antirrhinum:[5]

Bacopa[edit]

Genus Bacopa:[5]

Callitriche[edit]

Genus Callitriche:[5]

Cymbalaria[edit]

Genus Cymbalaria:[5]

  • Cymbalaria muralis G.Gaertn. B.Mey. & Scherb. not indigenous, naturalised, invasive
    • Cymbalaria muralis G.Gaertn. B.Mey. & Scherb. subsp. muralis, not indigenous, naturalised, invasive

Dopatrium[edit]

Genus Dopatrium:[5]

Erinus[edit]

Genus Erinus:[5]

Kickxia[edit]

Genus Kickxia:[5]

  • Kickxia elatine (L.) Dumort. subsp. elatine, not indigenous, naturalised
  • Kickxia spuria (L.) Dumort. not indigenous, naturalised
    • Kickxia spuria (L.) Dumort. subsp. spuria, not indigenous, naturalised

Limnophila[edit]

Genus Limnophila:[5]

Linaria[edit]

Genus Linaria:[5]

Misopates[edit]

Genus Misopates:[5]

Plantago[edit]

Genus Plantago:[5]

Scoparia[edit]

Genus Scoparia:[5]

Veronica[edit]

Genus Veronica:[5]

Scrophulariaceae[edit]

Family: Scrophulariaceae,[5]

Stilbaceae[edit]

Family: Stilbaceae,[5]

Anastrabe[edit]

Genus Anastrabe:[5]

Bowkeria[edit]

Genus Bowkeria:[5]

Campylostachys[edit]

Genus Campylostachys:[5]

Charadrophila[edit]

Genus Charadrophila:[5]

Eurylobium[edit]

Genus Eurylobium:[5]

Euthystachys[edit]

Genus Euthystachys:[5]

Halleria[edit]

Genus Halleria:[5]

Ixianthes[edit]

Genus Ixianthes:[5]

Kogelbergia[edit]

Genus Kogelbergia:[5]

Nuxia[edit]

Genus Nuxia:[5]

Retzia[edit]

Genus Retzia:[5]

Stilbe[edit]

Genus Stilbe:[5]

Thesmophora[edit]

Genus Thesmophora:[5]

Xeroplana[edit]

Genus Xeroplana:[5]

Verbenaceae[edit]

Family: Verbenaceae,[5]

Aloysia[edit]

Genus Aloysia:[5]

Bouchea[edit]

Genus Bouchea:[5]

Chascanum[edit]

Genus Chascanum:[5]

Duranta[edit]

Genus Duranta:[5]

Lantana[edit]

Genus Lantana:[5]

Lippia[edit]

Genus Lippia:[5]

Phyla[edit]

Genus Phyla:[5]

  • Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene var. nodiflora, not indigenous, naturalised
    • Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene var. rosea (D.Don) Moldenke, not indigenous, naturalised

Plexipus[edit]

Genus Plexipus:[5]

Priva[edit]

Genus Priva:[5]

Stachytarpheta[edit]

Genus Stachytarpheta:[5]

Verbena[edit]

Genus Verbena:[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
  2. ^ Doyle, J. A.; Donoghue, M. J. (1986). "Seed plant phylogeny and the origin of the angiosperms - an experimental cladistic approach". Botanical Review. 52 (4): 321–431. doi:10.1007/bf02861082. S2CID 44844947.
  3. ^ Butler, Rhett A. (1 July 2019). "Total number of plant species by country". Mongabay. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  4. ^ "Vegetation of South Africa". PlantZAfrica.com. SA National Biodiversity Institute. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp "species_checklist_20180710.csv". South African National Biodiversity Institute. Retrieved 27 September 2020.