|A version of the iOS operating system|
Screenshot of iOS 13 in dark mode
|Source model||Closed, with open-source components|
|Initial release||September 19, 2019|
|Latest release||13.7 (17H35) (September 1, 2020 )|
|Kernel type||Hybrid (XNU)|
|Default user interface||Cocoa Touch (multi-touch, GUI)|
|License||Proprietary software with open-source components|
|Preceded by||iOS 12|
|Succeeded by||iOS 14|
|Official website||iOS 13 at the Wayback Machine (archived September 11, 2020)|
|Third-party application support|
|Articles in the series|
|iPadOS 13 (iPadOS version derived from iOS 13)|
iOS 13 is the thirteenth major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc. for their iPhone, iPod Touch, and HomePod lines. The successor to iOS 12 on those devices, it was announced at the company's Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) on June 3, 2019 and released on September 19, 2019. It was succeeded by iOS 14, released on September 16, 2020.
Introduction and initial release
The first beta was made available to registered developers after the keynote. The second beta was released to registered developers on June 18, 2019, and the first public beta was released on June 24, 2019. The initial release of iOS 13 was version 13.0, which was released to the public on September 19, 2019.
|13.0||17A577||September 19, 2019||Initial release only on iPhones|
|13.1||17A844||September 24, 2019||Initial release for iPod Touch and HomePod|
|13.1.1||17A854||September 27, 2019||Bug fixes|
|September 30, 2019||Bug fixes|
|13.1.3||17A878||October 15, 2019||Bug fixes|
|13.2||17B84||October 28, 2019||Bug fixes|
|13.2.1||17B90||October 30, 2019||HomePod only|
|13.2.2||17B102||November 7, 2019||Bug fixes, including for an issue that terminated background applications earlier than expected|
|13.2.3||17B111||November 18, 2019||Bug fixes|
|13.3||17C54||December 10, 2019||Introduces communication limits for Screen Time and bug fixes|
|13.3.1||17D50||January 28, 2020||Bug fixes|
|13.4||17E255||March 24, 2020||Introduces iCloud Drive Folder Sharing and bug fixes|
|17E8255||April 15, 2020[b]||Initial release on the iPhone SE (2nd generation)|
|13.4.1||17E262||April 7, 2020||Bug fixes|
|17E8258||April 23, 2020||iPhone SE (2nd generation) only|
|13.5||17F75||May 20, 2020||Introduces Exposure Notification API support for contact tracing and bug fixes|
|13.5.1||17F80||June 1, 2020||Bug fixes and patch for unc0ver jailbreak|
|13.6||17G68||July 15, 2020||Introduces Apple News+ Audio features and bug fixes|
|13.6.1||17G80||August 12, 2020||Bug fixes|
|13.7||17H35||September 1, 2020||Improvements to Exposure Notification API, adding support for notifications without requiring an application[c]|
Legend: Past Current Beta
- iPhone X, iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max only
- A different build of iOS 13.4 (17E8255) was shipped only with the iPhone SE (2nd generation), thus making the theoretical release date the same as the SE (2nd) itself. This build is also unavailable for download.
- It is still necessary to have an authorized application to report positivity to COVID-19.
iOS 13 changes the handling of location data. When an app requests access to location, the user chooses whether to grant access whenever they are using the app, never, or only once. The user will receive similar prompts for background location access, and when an app requests access to Bluetooth or Wi-Fi (which may also be used for non-consensual location tracking).
In August 2019, it was reported that beginning in April 2020, the PushKit API for VoIP would be restricted to internet telephone usage, closing a "loophole" that had been used by other apps for background data collection.
A system-wide dark mode allows users to enable a light-on-dark color scheme for the entire iOS and iPadOS user interface, all native applications, and supported third-party apps. It can be manually turned on or set to automatically switch between light and dark modes based on the time of day.
The volume indicator was redesigned, replacing the larger, centered overlay with a slimmer bar shown vertically near the volume keys in portrait orientation, or at the top in landscape. The bar can also be manipulated directly.
Siri uses a software-generated voice called "Neural TTS", intended to sound more natural than previous versions that use clips of human voices. Siri also became more functional and new sound control is available. The Siri Shortcuts app is installed by default. Siri also uses HomePod to learn and recognize voices of different people. It is also possible for Siri to automatically read incoming messages aloud on AirPods.
The QuickType virtual keyboard features QuickPath, allowing the user to swipe their finger across the keyboard to complete words and phrases. This functionality was previously exclusively available via third-party keyboard applications such as SwiftKey, Adaptxt, Gboard, or Swype. Emoji stickers have been included on the emoji keyboard and can be used wherever regular emoji can be.
iOS 13 and iPadOS 13 add a new system-wide gesture interface for cut, copy, paste, undo, and redo. A three-finger swipe left or up will undo; three fingers right or down will redo. A single three-finger pinch will copy, a second three-finger pinch will cut, and a three-finger spread pastes. A three-finger single tap will bring up a shortcut menu with all five options.
The blue text cursor can be moved around text fields by pressing and holding to pick it up and move it. Many new options for text selection have also been added: double-tapping a word will select it, triple-tapping selects a sentence, and quadruple-tapping a paragraph selects it.
Sign in with Apple
A new single sign-on service known as "Sign in with Apple" is integrated with iOS 13, and allows users to create accounts for third-party services with a minimal amount of personal information. Users may optionally generate a disposable email address for each account, improving privacy and anonymity, and reducing the amount of information that can be associated with a single email address.
All iOS applications that support third-party social login are required to implement Sign in with Apple, The iOS human interface guidelines also state that Sign in with Apple should be given prominence above any other login provider in application interfaces.
iOS 13 contains several performance improvements. Face ID unlocks the iPhone X, XS / XS Max, and XR up to 30% faster than on iOS 12. A new file format makes app downloads as much as 50% smaller, app updates as much as 60% smaller, and app launches up to twice as fast.
Battery lifespan extender
Keeping the battery percentage more centered instead of complete charges and discharges reduces strain onto the battery. This reduces the battery aging of the lithium-ion battery and extends its lifespan.
iOS 13 introduced a new Core Haptics framework. Prior to iOS 13, apps could only provide the default haptic patterns. Core Haptics gives developers more fine-grained control over the iPhone's Taptic Engine, including synchronized audio, allowing apps to provide customized haptic and audio feedback. This feature is only available on iPhone 8 or newer. It is also not supported on the iPod Touch due to the lack of a haptic motor in those devices.
iOS 13 introduced the ability to connect to external USB drives. Although primarily designed for thumb drives and hard drives, a wide variety of USB disk devices will work, thanks to the iOS's support of the SCSI subclass of USB Mass Storage. Native SCSI disk devices will work as well, when used with a SCSI to USB adapter.
Exposure Notification API
On 20 May 2020, Apple released iOS 13.5, which includes the Exposure Notification API that provides access to the Apple / Google privacy-preserving contact tracing system that Apple have developed jointly with Google. This is provided to support digital contact tracing which came to light during the COVID-19 pandemic.
A new multi-select gesture is available in supported applications such as Files and Mail. Multiple items, such as files or emails, can be quickly selected by dragging two fingers over the desired items.
Messages and Memoji
User profiles can be created and Memoji can be used as an iMessage profile picture. All iOS devices with an A9 processor or newer can create custom Memoji. Memoji and Animoji can be used as a sticker in iMessage and other apps; they are also available as regular emoji for use anywhere the emoji keyboard is available. There are a variety of new customization options for Memoji.
Redesigned and rebuilt from the ground up with new features such as the ability to suggest when a reminder should be delivered to the user, and the ability to tag contacts so that references to reminders can be surfaced elsewhere, such as in Messages.
The Photos app includes a redesigned UI and uses machine learning to auto-hide "clutter" images such as screenshots and documents.
Photos has a redesigned interface showing users photos they took in the past year, month, week and day. This brings all photos to one page and shows users photos based on what their device suggests for them.
There were a number of issues following the release of iOS 13, some relating to battery drain, call-dropping, and ringtones not functioning properly, resulting in frequent software updates and patches. Despite the frequency of bug fix releases, the updates have introduced new issues.
Other issues included incorrect artwork for user's playlists. Users reported the artwork is repeated for some playlists or uses a different picture.
iOS 13 requires 2 GB of RAM. It ended support for all iPhones and iPod touches using the Apple A7 and A8 SoC, as they shipped with 1 GB of RAM. Devices unable to support iOS 13 include the iPhone 5S, iPhone 6 / 6 Plus, and the sixth-generation iPod Touch.
- Juli Clover (September 1, 2020). "iOS 13.7 Now Available With Support for Exposure Notifications Express". MacRumors. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
- "iOS 13.7 (17H35) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. September 1, 2020. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
- Gartenberg, Chaim (June 3, 2019). "Apple iOS 13: the biggest new features coming to the iPhone". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
- Apple Special Event. June 3, 2019. Apple Inc. June 3, 2019. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
- "Apple previews iOS 13" (Press release). Apple Inc. June 3, 2019. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
- Clover, Juli (June 3, 2019). "First Betas of iOS 13 and iPadOS Now Available for Registered Developers With Dark Mode, New Find My App, Performance Optimizations and More". MacRumors. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
- "iOS 13 Release Notes | Apple Developer Documentation". developer.apple.com.
- Clover, Juli (September 19, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS 13 With System-Wide Dark Mode, Privacy Updates, Revamped Photos App, Find My App, New Maps Features and More". MacRumors. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
- Clover, Juli (September 24, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS 13.1 With Share ETA, Expanded Audio Sharing, Shortcuts Automations and More". MacRumors. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
- Clover, Juli (September 27, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.1.1 With Siri and Battery Drain Fix, Keyboard Vulnerability Update and More". MacRumors. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
- Clover, Juli (September 30, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS 13.1.2 and iPadOS 13.1.2 with Fixes for Camera, iCloud Backup, HomePod Shortcut, and Flashlight Bugs". MacRumors. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- Clover, Juli (October 15, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS 13.1.3 With Bug Fixes for Phone, Mail, Health, and More". MacRumors. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- Clover, Juli (October 28, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.2 With New Emoji, Deep Fusion for iPhone 11, Siri Privacy Options, and More". MacRumors. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- Clover, Juli (October 30, 2019). "Apple Releases Updated 13.2.1 Software for HomePod After 13.2 Update Bricked Some Devices". MacRumors. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- Miller, Chance (November 7, 2019). "iOS 13.2.2 now available with fix for background app performance, more". 9to5mac. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- Miller, Chance (November 18, 2019). "Apple releases iOS 13.2.3 with more background app improvements, Mail fixes, more". 9to5Mac. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
- Juli Clover (December 10, 2019). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.3 With Communication Limits for Screen Time, Safari Physical Security Key Support, and More". MacRumors. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
- Juli Clover (January 28, 2020). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.3.1 With Toggle for Turning Off U1 Chip in Latest iPhones". MacRumors. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
- "iOS and iPadOS 13.4 is now available with iPad trackpad and mouse support, iCloud folder sharing, and more". Macworld. March 24, 2020. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
- "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.4.1 With Fix for FaceTime Bug". Macworld. April 7, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
- "Apple Releases iOS 13.4.1 for iPhone SE Ahead of Launch". MacRumors. April 23, 2020. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
- Juli Clover (May 20, 2020). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.5 With Exposure Notification API, Face ID Mask Updates, Group FaceTime Changes and More". MacRumors. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
- "About the Security Content of iOS 13.5.1 and iPadOS 13.5.1". June 1, 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
- Juli Clover (July 15, 2020). "Apple Releases iOS 13.6 With Car Key, Toggle to Turn Off Automatic Update Downloads, Audio Apple News+ Stories and More". MacRumors. Retrieved July 15, 2020.
- Juli Clover (August 12, 2020). "Apple Releases iOS and iPadOS 13.6.1 With Fix for Storage Issue and Green Tinted Displays". MacRumors. Retrieved August 12, 2020.
- Juli Clover (September 1, 2020). "iOS 13.7 Now Available With Support for Exposure Notifications Express". MacRumors. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
- Cipriani, Jason. "Keep your location secret with iOS 13's new privacy features". CNET. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
- Welch, Chris (September 19, 2019). "Here's why so many apps are asking to use Bluetooth on iOS 13". The Verge. Retrieved September 26, 2019.
- Lakshmanan, Ravie (August 7, 2019). "Apple will limit VoIP background data collection from WhatsApp, Snapchat et al in iOS 13". The Next Web. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
- Washenko, Anna (August 6, 2019). "iOS 13 privacy feature will force total overhaul for Facebook apps". Ars Technica. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
- Hardwick, Tim (June 3, 2019). "Apple Unveils iOS 13 Featuring Dark Mode, Swipe Keyboard, Performance Improvements, and More". MacRumors. Retrieved August 10, 2019.
- Cipriani, Jason. "This new trick fixes an annoying iPhone quirk". CNET. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
- Gartenberg, Chaim (June 3, 2019). "Siri is getting a new voice in iOS 13". The Verge. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
- "iOS 13". Apple Inc. Retrieved October 25, 2019.
- "iOS 13: How to use the QuickPath swipe keyboard". Macworld. August 15, 2019. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
- Broussard, Mitchel (June 3, 2019). "Apple Updating Messages in iOS 13 With User Profiles and Memoji Stickers". MacRumors. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
- Potuck, Michael (June 12, 2019). "iOS 13: How to use the new gestures for cut, copy, paste, and undo on iPhone and iPad". 9 to 5 Mac. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
- Chan, Christine (June 27, 2019). "How to use text editing gestures on iPhone in iOS 13". iMore. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- Perez, Sarah. "Answers to your burning questions about how 'Sign In with Apple' works". TechCrunch. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
- Brandom, Russell (June 3, 2019). "Apple announces new sign-in tool to compete with Facebook and Google". The Verge. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
- Cimpanu, Catalin. "WWDC 2019: 'Sign in with Apple' will be mandatory for all apps using third-party login systems". ZDNet. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
- "Apple asks developers to place its login button above Google, Facebook". Reuters. June 5, 2019. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
- Samsung's Battery Life Extender software (2009)
- Hendrickson, Josh (September 18, 2019). "How iOS 13 Will Save Your iPhone's Battery (by Not Fully Charging It)". How-To Geek.
- "Core Haptics | Apple Developer Documentation". developer.apple.com. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- "Introducing Core Haptics - WWDC 2019 - Videos". Apple Developer. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- David Nield (October 17, 2019). "The Complete Guide to Using External Storage on iOS and iPadOS". Gizmodo.
- navabar. "SCSI devices to iPhone". YouTube.
- Miller, Chance (May 20, 2020). "Apple releases iOS 13.5, here are the new features". 9to5Mac. Retrieved May 20, 2020.
- Zastrow, Mark (May 19, 2020). "Coronavirus contact-tracing apps: can they slow the spread of COVID-19?". Nature. doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01514-2. PMID 32433633. S2CID 218765305. Archived from the original on May 19, 2020. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
- Morse, Jack (June 3, 2019). "Apple gives iOS for iPad a fancy new name, and some updates". Mashable. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
- Siegal, Jacob (June 4, 2019). "Better late than never: PS4 and Xbox One controller support in iOS 13 is a game-changer". BGR. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
- Hollister, Sean (June 3, 2019). "Remember sharing earbuds with a friend? Apple's AirPods audio sharing means less earwax". The Verge. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
- Broussard, Mitchel (June 3, 2019). "iOS 13 Gaining Revamped Reminders App and Enhanced Apple Maps". MacRumors. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
- Villas-Boas, Antonio. "Apple just announced some major new features coming to the iPhone's Camera and Photos apps — here's everything that's new". Business Insider. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
- "iOS 13 makes it easier to browse, view and edit photos and videos". Engadget. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
- Kelly, Gordon (October 13, 2019). "Apple iOS 13.1.2 Upgrade Causes Dropped Calls, Report iPhone Users". Forbes.
- Gartenberg, Chaim (October 8, 2019). "iOS 13 has gotten better, but there's still a long way to go". The Verge.
- Lumb, David (October 11, 2019). "iOS 13 problems: how to fix issues in iOS 13.1.2". TechRadar.
- Goodbody, Will (October 16, 2019). "iPhone users complaining about iOS 13.1.2 issues". Morning Ireland (Radio). Dublin. RTÉ Radio 1.
- "Playlist Art on iPhone after IOS 13". Apple Communities. Retrieved October 20, 2019.