Nepali | Name | Hindu-Arabic | Name |
---|---|---|---|

० | सुन्ना (sun·nä) | 0 | zero |

१ | एक (ek) | 1 | one |

२ | दुई (d̪ui) | 2 | two |

३ | तिन (t̪in) | 3 | three |

४ | चार (chär) | 4 | four |

५ | पाँच (pä̃ch) | 5 | five |

६ | छ (chʰa) | 6 | six |

७ | सात (sät̪) | 7 | seven |

८ | आठ (äʈʰ) | 8 | eight |

९ | नौ (nau) | 9 | nine |

१० | दस (d̪as) | 10 | ten |

Nepali | Name | Hindu-Arabic | Name |
---|---|---|---|

११ | एघार (egʰära) | 11 | eleven |

१२ | बाह्र (bära) | 12 | twelve |

१३ | तेह्र (t̪era) | 13 | thirteen |

१४ | चौध (chaud̪ʰa) | 14 | fourteen |

१५ | पन्ध्र (pan·d̪ra, pan·d̪ʰra) | 15 | fifteen |

१६ | सोह्र (sora) | 16 | sixteen |

१७ | सत्र (sat̪·ra) | 17 | seventeen |

१८ | अठार (aʈʰära) | 18 | eighteen |

१९ | उन्नाइस (un·nä·is) | 19 | nineteen |

२० | बिस (bis) | 20 | twenty |

Nepali | Name | Hindu-Arabic | Name |
---|---|---|---|

२१ | एक्काइस (ek·kä·is) | 21 | twenty-one |

२२ | बाइस (bä·is) | 22 | twenty-two |

२३ | तेइस (t̪e·is) | 23 | twenty-three |

२४ | चौबिस (chau·bis) | 24 | twenty-four |

२५ | पच्चिस (pach·chis) | 25 | twenty-five |

२६ | छब्बिस (chʰab·bis) | 26 | twenty-six |

२७ | सत्ताइस (sat̪·t̪ä·is) | 27 | twenty-seven |

२८ | अट्ठाइस (aʈ·ʈʰä·is) | 28 | twenty-eight |

२९ | उनन्तिस (u·nan·t̪is) | 29 | twenty-nine |

३० | तिस (t̪is) | 30 | thirty |

1st (first) | पहिलो (pa·hi·lo) |

2nd (second) | दोस्रो (ḍo·sro) |

3rd (third) | तेस्रो (ṭe·sro) |

4th (fourth) | चौथो (chau·ṭho) |

6th (sixth) | छैटौँ (chhai·tauñ) |

9th (ninth) | नवौँ (na·wauñ) |

They are

If their corresponding cardinal

The negative

Some customary units are still widely used in Nepal. The 1968 Act standardized some of such units. Some of the widely used customary units and their equivalence to the metric system, as specified in the Act, include Dharni (2.3934096 kilograms), Pathi (4.54596 liters) and Tola.

Tola is a customary unit widely used in weighing precious metals and gemstones. The name Tola originated from the measure roughly the average mass of a coin. The 1968 Act lists three types of Tolas and the one with the name Kampani Tola (equaling 0.0116638 kilograms) matches the Tola standardized in India, where the Indian Standards of Weights and Measurement Act, 1956 had standardized 1 Tola as 3/8 tray ounce, which is the same conversion factor specified for the Kampani Tola in Nepal's 1968 Act.

Besides the unofficial use of these customary units, some customary units are still used officially in Nepal to measure the area of land. Bigaha and Ropani are officially used to measure land areas; and are the most widely used units among the general public compared to their metric counterparts.

Official documentation on these land measurement units is hard to obtain, but according to a document available on the Nepal Law Commission website[1], the customary units to measure the land area are as follows:

In the Hilly region: 1 Ropani = 16 Aana, 1 Aana = 4 Paisa, 1 Paisa = 4 Daam.

In the Terai region: 1 Bigaha = 20 Kattha, 1 Kattha = 20 Dhur, 1 Dhur = 4 Kanwa.

The document mentions that, using these customary units, the area is

The document further outlines the relations between the units used in the two regions, and their conversion factors to the standard systems as follows:

1 Bigaha = 13 Ropani, 4 Aana

1 Ropani = 5,476 square feet (74 X 74 square feet)

1 Bigaha = 72,900 square feet (270 X 270 square feet)

References:

[1] "Jaggako Chhetrafal Lekhne Purano Tarika" [Old system of writing land area]. lawcommission.gov.np. Nepal Law Commission, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2016.

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