List of districts of Germany

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The sixteen constituent states of Germany are divided into a total of 401 administrative Kreis or Landkreis; these consist of 294 rural districts[1] (German: Landkreise or Kreise – the latter in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein only), and 107 urban districts (Kreisfreie Städte or, in Baden-Württemberg only, Stadtkreise – cities that constitute districts in their own right).[2][3]


District Form State Capital
Aachen Rural[4] North Rhine-Westphalia Aachen
Aachen Urban[5] North Rhine-Westphalia
Ahrweiler Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler
Aichach-Friedberg Rural Bavaria Aichach
Alb-Donau-Kreis Rural Baden-Württemberg Ulm[6]
Altenburger Land Rural Thuringia Altenburg
Altenkirchen Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Altenkirchen
Altmarkkreis Salzwedel Rural Saxony-Anhalt Salzwedel
Altötting Rural Bavaria Altötting
Alzey-Worms Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Alzey
Amberg Urban Bavaria
Amberg-Sulzbach Rural Bavaria Amberg[6]
Ammerland Rural Lower Saxony Westerstede
Anhalt-Bitterfeld Rural Saxony-Anhalt Köthen (Anhalt)
Ansbach Rural Bavaria Ansbach[6]
Ansbach Urban Bavaria
Aschaffenburg Rural Bavaria Aschaffenburg[6]
Aschaffenburg Urban Bavaria
Augsburg Rural Bavaria Augsburg[6]
Augsburg Urban Bavaria
Aurich Rural Lower Saxony Aurich
Bad Dürkheim Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Bad Dürkheim
Bad Kissingen Rural Bavaria Bad Kissingen
Bad Kreuznach Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Bad Kreuznach
Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Rural Bavaria Bad Tölz
Baden-Baden Urban Baden-Württemberg
Bamberg Rural Bavaria Bamberg[6]
Bamberg Urban Bavaria
Barnim Rural Brandenburg Eberswalde
Bautzen Rural Saxony Bautzen
Bayreuth Rural Bavaria Bayreuth[6]
Bayreuth Urban Bavaria
Berchtesgadener Land Rural Bavaria Bad Reichenhall
Bergstraße Rural Hesse Heppenheim
Berlin Urban[7] Berlin
Bernkastel-Wittlich Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Wittlich
Biberach Rural Baden-Württemberg Biberach
Bielefeld Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Birkenfeld Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Birkenfeld
Böblingen Rural Baden-Württemberg Böblingen
Bochum Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Bodenseekreis Rural Baden-Württemberg Friedrichshafen
Bonn Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Börde Rural Saxony-Anhalt Haldensleben
Borken Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Borken
Bottrop Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Brandenburg an der Havel Urban Brandenburg
Braunschweig Urban Lower Saxony
Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Rural Baden-Württemberg Freiburg[6]
Bremen Urban[8] Bremen (state)
Bremerhaven Urban[8] Bremen (state)
Burgenlandkreis Rural Saxony-Anhalt Naumburg
Calw Rural Baden-Württemberg Calw
Celle Rural Lower Saxony Celle
Cham Rural Bavaria Cham
Chemnitz Urban Saxony
Cleves (Kleve) Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Cleves (Kleve)
Cloppenburg Rural Lower Saxony Cloppenburg
Coburg Rural Bavaria Coburg[6]
Coburg Urban Bavaria
Cochem-Zell Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Cochem
Coesfeld Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Coesfeld
Cologne (Köln) Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Cottbus Urban Brandenburg
Cuxhaven Rural Lower Saxony Cuxhaven
Dachau Rural Bavaria Dachau
Dahme-Spreewald Rural Brandenburg Lübben
Darmstadt Urban Hesse
Darmstadt-Dieburg Rural Hesse Darmstadt[6]
Deggendorf Rural Bavaria Deggendorf
Delmenhorst Urban Lower Saxony
Dessau-Roßlau Urban Saxony-Anhalt
Diepholz Rural Lower Saxony Diepholz
Dillingen Rural Bavaria Dillingen
Dingolfing-Landau Rural Bavaria Dingolfing
Dithmarschen Rural Schleswig-Holstein Heide
Donau-Ries Rural Bavaria Donauwörth
Donnersbergkreis Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Kirchheimbolanden
Dortmund Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Dresden Urban Saxony
Duisburg Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Düren Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Düren
Düsseldorf Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Ebersberg Rural Bavaria Ebersberg
Eichsfeld Rural Thuringia Heilbad Heiligenstadt
Eichstätt Rural Bavaria Eichstätt
Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Bitburg
Elbe-Elster Rural Brandenburg Herzberg
Emden Urban Lower Saxony
Emmendingen Rural Baden-Württemberg Emmendingen
Emsland Rural Lower Saxony Meppen
Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Schwelm
Enzkreis Rural Baden-Württemberg Pforzheim[6]
Erding Rural Bavaria Erding
Erfurt Urban Thuringia
Erlangen Urban Bavaria
Erlangen-Höchstadt Rural Bavaria Erlangen[6]
Erzgebirgskreis Rural Saxony Annaberg-Buchholz
Essen Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Esslingen Rural Baden-Württemberg Esslingen am Neckar
Euskirchen Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Euskirchen
Flensburg Urban Schleswig-Holstein
Forchheim Rural Bavaria Forchheim
Frankenthal Urban Rhineland-Palatinate
Frankfurt am Main Urban Hesse
Frankfurt an der Oder Urban Brandenburg
Freiburg im Breisgau Urban Baden-Württemberg
Freising Rural Bavaria Freising
Freudenstadt Rural Baden-Württemberg Freudenstadt
Freyung-Grafenau Rural Bavaria Freyung
Friesland Rural Lower Saxony Jever
Fulda Rural Hesse Fulda
Fürstenfeldbruck Rural Bavaria Fürstenfeldbruck
Fürth Rural Bavaria Zirndorf
Fürth Urban Bavaria
Garmisch-Partenkirchen Rural Bavaria Garmisch-Partenkirchen
Gelsenkirchen Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Gera Urban Thuringia
Germersheim Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Germersheim
Gießen Rural Hesse Gießen
Gifhorn Rural Lower Saxony Gifhorn
Göppingen Rural Baden-Württemberg Göppingen
Görlitz Rural Saxony Görlitz
Goslar Rural Lower Saxony Goslar
Gotha Rural Thuringia Gotha
Göttingen Rural Lower Saxony Göttingen
Göttingen Urban[5] Lower Saxony
Grafschaft Bentheim Rural Lower Saxony Nordhorn
Greiz Rural Thuringia Greiz
Groß-Gerau Rural Hesse Groß-Gerau
Günzburg Rural Bavaria Günzburg
Gütersloh Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Gütersloh
Hagen Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Halle Urban Saxony-Anhalt
Hamburg Urban[7] Hamburg
Hameln-Pyrmont (Hameln-Pyrmont) Rural Lower Saxony Hamelin (Hameln)
Hamm Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Hanover (Hannover) Rural[4] Lower Saxony Hanover (Hannover)
Hanover Urban[5] Lower Saxony
Harburg Rural Lower Saxony Winsen
Harz Rural Saxony-Anhalt Halberstadt
Haßberge Rural Bavaria Haßfurt
Havelland Rural Brandenburg Rathenow
Heidekreis Rural Lower Saxony Bad Fallingbostel
Heidelberg Urban Baden-Württemberg
Heidenheim Rural Baden-Württemberg Heidenheim
Heilbronn Rural Baden-Württemberg Heilbronn[6]
Heilbronn Urban Baden-Württemberg
Heinsberg Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Heinsberg
Helmstedt Rural Lower Saxony Helmstedt
Herford Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Herford
Herne Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Hersfeld-Rotenburg Rural Hesse Bad Hersfeld
Herzogtum Lauenburg Rural Schleswig-Holstein Ratzeburg
Hildburghausen Rural Thuringia Hildburghausen
Hildesheim Rural Lower Saxony Hildesheim
Hochsauerlandkreis Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Meschede
Hochtaunuskreis Rural Hesse Bad Homburg
Hof Rural Bavaria Hof[6]
Hof Urban Bavaria
Hohenlohe Rural Baden-Württemberg Künzelsau
Holzminden Rural Lower Saxony Holzminden
Höxter Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Höxter
Ilm-Kreis Rural Thuringia Arnstadt
Ingolstadt Urban Bavaria
Jena Urban Thuringia
Jerichower Land Rural Saxony-Anhalt Burg
Kaiserslautern Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Kaiserslautern[6]
Kaiserslautern Urban Rhineland-Palatinate
Karlsruhe Rural Baden-Württemberg Karlsruhe[6]
Karlsruhe Urban Baden-Württemberg
Kassel Rural Hesse Kassel[6]
Kassel Urban Hesse
Kaufbeuren Urban Bavaria
Kelheim Rural Bavaria Kelheim
Kempten Urban Bavaria
Kiel Urban Schleswig-Holstein
Kitzingen Rural Bavaria Kitzingen
Koblenz Urban Rhineland-Palatinate
Konstanz Rural Baden-Württemberg Konstanz
Krefeld Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Kronach Rural Bavaria Kronach
Kulmbach Rural Bavaria Kulmbach
Kusel Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Kusel
Kyffhäuserkreis Rural Thuringia Sondershausen
Lahn-Dill-Kreis Rural Hesse Wetzlar
Landau Urban Rhineland-Palatinate
Landsberg Rural Bavaria Landsberg
Landshut Rural Bavaria Landshut[6]
Landshut Urban Bavaria
Leer Rural Lower Saxony Leer
Leipzig Rural Saxony Borna
Leipzig Urban Saxony
Leverkusen Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Lichtenfels Rural Bavaria Lichtenfels
Limburg-Weilburg Rural Hesse Limburg
Lindau Rural Bavaria Lindau
Lippe Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Detmold
Lörrach Rural Baden-Württemberg Lörrach
Lübeck Urban Schleswig-Holstein
Lüchow-Dannenberg Rural Lower Saxony Lüchow
Ludwigsburg Rural Baden-Württemberg Ludwigsburg
Ludwigshafen Urban Rhineland-Palatinate
Ludwigslust-Parchim Rural Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Parchim
Lüneburg Rural Lower Saxony Lüneburg
Magdeburg Urban Saxony-Anhalt
Main-Kinzig-Kreis Rural Hesse Gelnhausen
Main-Spessart Rural Bavaria Karlstadt am Main
Main-Tauber-Kreis Rural Baden-Württemberg Tauberbischofsheim
Main-Taunus-Kreis Rural Hesse Hofheim
Mainz Urban Rhineland-Palatinate
Mainz-Bingen Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Ingelheim
Mannheim Urban Baden-Württemberg
Mansfeld-Südharz Rural Saxony-Anhalt Sangerhausen
Marburg-Biedenkopf Rural Hesse Marburg
Märkischer Kreis Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Lüdenscheid
Märkisch-Oderland Rural Brandenburg Seelow
Mayen-Koblenz Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Koblenz[6]
Mecklenburgische Seenplatte Rural Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Neubrandenburg
Meißen Rural Saxony Meißen
Memmingen Urban Bavaria
Merzig-Wadern Rural Saarland Merzig
Mettmann Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Mettmann
Miesbach Rural Bavaria Miesbach
Miltenberg Rural Bavaria Miltenberg
Minden-Lübbecke Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Minden
Mittelsachsen Rural Saxony Freiberg
Mönchengladbach Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Mühldorf Rural Bavaria Mühldorf
Mülheim an der Ruhr Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Munich (München) Rural Bavaria Munich[6] (München)
Munich Urban Bavaria
Münster Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis Rural Baden-Württemberg Mosbach
Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Rural Bavaria Neuburg
Neumarkt Rural Bavaria Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz
Neumünster Urban Schleswig-Holstein
Neunkirchen Rural Saarland Ottweiler
Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim Rural Bavaria Neustadt (Aisch)
Neustadt an der Weinstraße Urban Rhineland-Palatinate
Neustadt an der Waldnaab Rural Bavaria Neustadt an der Waldnaab
Neu-Ulm Rural Bavaria Neu-Ulm
Neuwied Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Neuwied
Nienburg Rural Lower Saxony Nienburg
Nordfriesland Rural Schleswig-Holstein Husum
Nordhausen Rural Thuringia Nordhausen
Nordsachsen Rural Saxony Torgau
Nordwestmecklenburg Rural Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Wismar
Northeim Rural Lower Saxony Northeim
Nuremberg (Nürnberg) Urban Bavaria
Nürnberger Land Rural Bavaria Lauf an der Pegnitz
Oberallgäu Rural Bavaria Sonthofen
Oberbergischer Kreis Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Gummersbach
Oberhausen Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Oberhavel Rural Brandenburg Oranienburg
Oberspreewald-Lausitz Rural Brandenburg Senftenberg
Odenwaldkreis Rural Hesse Erbach
Oder-Spree Rural Brandenburg Beeskow
Offenbach Rural Hesse Dietzenbach
Offenbach am Main Urban Hesse
Oldenburg Rural Lower Saxony Wildeshausen
Oldenburg Urban Lower Saxony
Olpe Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Olpe
Ortenaukreis Rural Baden-Württemberg Offenburg
Osnabrück Rural Lower Saxony Osnabrück[6]
Osnabrück Urban Lower Saxony
Ostalbkreis Rural Baden-Württemberg Aalen
Ostallgäu Rural Bavaria Marktoberdorf
Osterholz Rural Lower Saxony Osterholz-Scharmbeck
Ostholstein Rural Schleswig-Holstein Eutin
Ostprignitz-Ruppin Rural Brandenburg Neuruppin
Paderborn Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Paderborn
Passau Rural Bavaria Passau[6]
Passau Urban Bavaria
Peine Rural Lower Saxony Peine
Pfaffenhofen Rural Bavaria Pfaffenhofen a.d.Ilm
Pforzheim Urban Baden-Württemberg
Pinneberg Rural Schleswig-Holstein Pinneberg
Pirmasens Urban Rhineland-Palatinate
Plön Rural Schleswig-Holstein Plön
Potsdam Urban Brandenburg
Potsdam-Mittelmark Rural Brandenburg Bad Belzig
Prignitz Rural Brandenburg Perleberg
Rastatt Rural Baden-Württemberg Rastatt
Ravensburg Rural Baden-Württemberg Ravensburg
Recklinghausen Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Recklinghausen
Regen Rural Bavaria Regen
Regensburg Rural Bavaria Regensburg[6]
Regensburg Urban Bavaria
Rems-Murr-Kreis Rural Baden-Württemberg Waiblingen
Remscheid Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Rendsburg-Eckernförde Rural Schleswig-Holstein Rendsburg
Reutlingen Rural Baden-Württemberg Reutlingen
Rhein-Erft-Kreis Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Bergheim
Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis Rural Hesse Bad Schwalbach
Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Simmern
Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Bergisch Gladbach
Rhein-Kreis Neuss Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Neuss
Rhein-Lahn-Kreis Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Bad Ems
Rhein-Neckar-Kreis Rural Baden-Württemberg Heidelberg[6]
Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Ludwigshafen[6]
Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Siegburg
Rhön-Grabfeld Rural Bavaria Bad Neustadt
Rosenheim Rural Bavaria Rosenheim[6]
Rosenheim Urban Bavaria
Rostock Rural Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Güstrow
Rostock Urban Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Rotenburg Rural Lower Saxony Rotenburg
Roth Rural Bavaria Roth bei Nürnberg
Rottal-Inn Rural Bavaria Pfarrkirchen
Rottweil Rural Baden-Württemberg Rottweil
Saale-Holzland-Kreis Rural Thuringia Eisenberg
Saalekreis Rural Saxony-Anhalt Merseburg
Saale-Orla-Kreis Rural Thuringia Schleiz
Saalfeld-Rudolstadt Rural Thuringia Saalfeld
Saarbrücken Rural[4] Saarland Saarbrücken
Saarlouis Rural Saarland Saarlouis
Saarpfalz Rural Saarland Homburg
Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge Rural Saxony Pirna
Salzgitter Urban Lower Saxony
Salzlandkreis Rural Saxony-Anhalt Bernburg
Sankt Wendel Rural Saarland Sankt Wendel
Schaumburg Rural Lower Saxony Stadthagen
Schleswig-Flensburg Rural Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig
Schmalkalden-Meiningen Rural Thuringia Meiningen
Schwabach Urban Bavaria
Schwäbisch Hall Rural Baden-Württemberg Schwäbisch Hall
Schwalm-Eder-Kreis Rural Hesse Homberg
Schwandorf Rural Bavaria Schwandorf
Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Rural Baden-Württemberg Villingen-Schwenningen
Schweinfurt Rural Bavaria Schweinfurt[6]
Schweinfurt Urban Bavaria
Schwerin Urban Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Segeberg Rural Schleswig-Holstein Bad Segeberg
Siegen-Wittgenstein Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Siegen
Sigmaringen Rural Baden-Württemberg Sigmaringen
Soest Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Soest
Solingen Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Sömmerda Rural Thuringia Sömmerda
Sonneberg Rural Thuringia Sonneberg
Speyer Urban Rhineland-Palatinate
Spree-Neiße Rural Brandenburg Forst
Stade Rural Lower Saxony Stade
Starnberg Rural Bavaria Starnberg
Steinburg Rural Schleswig-Holstein Itzehoe
Steinfurt Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Steinfurt
Stendal Rural Saxony-Anhalt Stendal
Stormarn Rural Schleswig-Holstein Bad Oldesloe
Straubing Urban Bavaria
Straubing-Bogen Rural Bavaria Straubing[6]
Stuttgart Urban Baden-Württemberg
Südliche Weinstraße Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Landau[6]
Südwestpfalz Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Pirmasens[6]
Suhl Urban Thuringia
Teltow-Fläming Rural Brandenburg Luckenwalde
Tirschenreuth Rural Bavaria Tirschenreuth
Traunstein Rural Bavaria Traunstein
Trier Urban Rhineland-Palatinate
Trier-Saarburg Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Trier[6]
Tübingen Rural Baden-Württemberg Tübingen
Tuttlingen Rural Baden-Württemberg Tuttlingen
Uckermark Rural Brandenburg Prenzlau
Uelzen Rural Lower Saxony Uelzen
Ulm Urban Baden-Württemberg
Unna Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Unna
Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis Rural Thuringia Mühlhausen
Unterallgäu Rural Bavaria Mindelheim
Vechta Rural Lower Saxony Vechta
Verden Rural Lower Saxony Verden
Viersen Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Viersen
Vogelsbergkreis Rural Hesse Lauterbach
Vogtlandkreis Rural Saxony Plauen
Vorpommern-Greifswald Rural Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Greifswald
Vorpommern-Rügen Rural Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Stralsund
Vulkaneifel Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Daun
Waldeck-Frankenberg Rural Hesse Korbach
Waldshut Rural Baden-Württemberg Waldshut-Tiengen
Warendorf Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Warendorf
Wartburgkreis Rural Thuringia Eisenach
Weiden in der Oberpfalz Urban Bavaria
Weilheim-Schongau Rural Bavaria Weilheim
Weimar Urban Thuringia
Weimarer Land Rural Thuringia Apolda
Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Rural Bavaria Weißenburg
Werra-Meißner-Kreis Rural Hesse Eschwege
Wesel Rural North Rhine-Westphalia Wesel
Wesermarsch Rural Lower Saxony Brake
Westerwaldkreis Rural Rhineland-Palatinate Montabaur
Wetteraukreis Rural Hesse Friedberg
Wiesbaden Urban Hesse
Wilhelmshaven Urban Lower Saxony
Wittenberg Rural Saxony-Anhalt Wittenberg
Wittmund Rural Lower Saxony Wittmund
Wolfenbüttel Rural Lower Saxony Wolfenbüttel
Wolfsburg Urban Lower Saxony
Worms Urban Rhineland-Palatinate
Wunsiedel Rural Bavaria Wunsiedel
Wuppertal Urban North Rhine-Westphalia
Würzburg Rural Bavaria Würzburg[6]
Würzburg Urban Bavaria
Zollernalbkreis Rural Baden-Württemberg Balingen
Zweibrücken Urban Rhineland-Palatinate
Zwickau Rural Saxony Zwickau


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Country Compendium, A companion to the English Style Guide" (PDF). Directorate-General for Translation of the European Commission. May 2014. pp. 47–48. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-04-01.
  2. ^ "Verwaltungsgliederung in Deutschland am 30.06.2017 — Gebietsstand: 30.06.2017 (2. Quartal)" (XLS) (in German). Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland. July 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  3. ^ "Kreisfreie Städte und Landkreise nach Fläche und Bevölkerung auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011 und Bevölkerungsdichte — Gebietsstand: 31.12.2015" (XLS) (in German). Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland. July 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  4. ^ a b c The districts of Aachen, Hanover and Saarbrücken have a different statute, as a Kommunalverband besonderer Art.
  5. ^ a b c Although not formally an urban district, Aachen, Göttingen and Hanover have certain rights of urban districts, and consequently are listed twice.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Seat of the rural district's administration, but not part of the district (being an urban district itself). Urban district and adjacent rural district often share the name of the central city.
  7. ^ a b As constituent states of Germany, Berlin and Hamburg also function as separate urban districts.
  8. ^ a b The cities Bremen and Bremerhaven are two separate urban districts, together they form the "city-state" Bremen.