Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!
Fukuoka, city and port, capital of Fukuoka ken (prefecture), northern Kyushu, Japan. It is located on the southern coast of Hakata Bay, about 40 miles (65 km) southwest of Kitakyūshū, and incorporates the former city of Hakata.
Hakata Bay was the site of a storm—what the Japanese called a kamikaze (“divine wind”)—in 1281 that scattered and sank a large fleet of invading Mongols and thus saved Japan from foreign occupation.
An ancient port, Fukuoka is now a regional commercial, industrial, administrative, and cultural centre. The city contains an active fishing port and has extensive rail and road connections with Kitakyūshū and with cities along the western side of Kyushu, including a branch of the Shinkansen (bullet train). Fukuoka is the seat of Kyushu University (1911). Hakata ningyo (“dolls”), elaborately costumed ceramic figurines found in most Japanese homes, are made in the city. Pop. (2010) 1,463,743; (2015) 1,538,681.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:
Fukuoka, ken(prefecture), northern Kyushu, Japan. Fukuoka faces the Tsushima Strait (Eastern Channel) to the west, the Inland Sea to the northwest, the Shimonoseki Strait to the north, and the Ariake Sea to the south. Rivers draining seaward have built up extensive plains. The western coast of Fukuoka is heavily…
Kyushu, southernmost and third largest of the four main islands of Japan. It is bordered by the East China Sea to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east. Its name refers to the nine ancient provinces ( kuni) into which the island was once divided.…
Japan, island country lying off the east coast of Asia. It consists of a great string of islands in a northeast-southwest arc that stretches for approximately 1,500 miles (2,400 km) through the western North Pacific Ocean. Nearly the entire land area is taken up by the country’s four main islands;…