|Part of the Politics series|
|Basic forms of government|
A federal parliamentary republic refers to a federation of states with a republican form of government that is, more or less, dependent upon the confidence of parliaments at both the national and sub-national levels. It is a combination of the government republic and the parliamentary republic.
Such republics usually possess a bicameral legislature at the federal level out of necessity, so as to allow for a set, often equal number of representatives of the sub-national entities to sit in the upper house; however, the government, headed by a head of government, will be depending upon the lower house of parliament for its stability or legitimacy.
|Federation||Style||Formerly||Head of state elected by||Head of state||Head of government||Established||Head of government elected by|
|Austria||Republic of Austria|| One-party state |
(as part of Nazi Germany)
|States of Austria||President of Austria||Chancellor of Austria||1945||Direct, by second-round system|
|Ethiopia||Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia||One-party state||Regions of Ethiopia||President of Ethiopia||Prime Minister of Ethiopia||1991||Parliament, by two-thirds majority|
|Germany||Federal Republic of Germany||One-party state||States of Germany||President of Germany||Chancellor of Germany||1949||Federal Assembly (parliament and state delegates), by absolute majority|
|India||Republic of India|| Constitutional monarchy |
(as the Dominion of India)
|States of India||President of India||Prime Minister of India||1950||Electoral College, parliament and state legislators, by single transferable vote|
|Iraq||Republic of Iraq||One-party state||Regions of Iraq||President of Iraq||Prime Minister||2005||Parliament, by two-thirds majority|
|Micronesia||Federated States of Micronesia|| UN Trust Territory (part of|
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)
|Subdivisions of Micronesia||1986||Parliament, by majority|
|Nepal||Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal||Constitutional monarchy||Subdivisions of Nepal||President of Nepal||Prime Minister of Nepal||2015||Parliament and state legislators|
|Pakistan||Islamic Republic of Pakistan||Semi-presidential republic||Subdivisions of Pakistan||President of Pakistan||Prime Minister of Pakistan||2010||Electoral College, by two-thirds majority|
|Somalia||Federal Republic of Somalia||One-party state||Subdivisions of Somalia||President of Somalia||Prime Minister of Somalia||2012||Parliament|
|Switzerland||Swiss Confederation||Confederation||Cantons of Switzerland||1848||Federal Assembly (parliament and canton delegates), by absolute majority|
The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, autonomous region, or other government who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.
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