Edward - Somerset/Seymour’s rise to power Flashcards | Quizlet

Edward - Somerset/Seymour’s rise to power

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Profile of Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, Duke of Somerset
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Profile of Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, Duke of Somerset
-Born in c.1500 to Sir John Seymor, Edward Seymour gained royal favour when his sister Jane married Henry VIII in 1536. He was created Viscount Beauchamp in 1536, Earl of Hertfort in October 1537 and Warden of the Scottish Marches in 1537.

-Seymor's favour continued until the death of Henry VIII. In the years leading to Henry's death, the Reformist faction at court (to which Seymour belonged) was on the rise, particularly after Stephen Gardiner was denied access to the King in 1546, and the fall of Norfolk in 1547

-Hertford was fiercely ambitious, and enjoyed the support of Sir Anthony Denny (holder of the Dry Stamp), Sir William Paget (principal secretary to Henry), as well as being uncle to the young King Edward.
Rise to power... 30 Dec 1546
His last Will was revised to remove some conservatives from Edward's Regency Council such as Stephen Gardiner and the Duke of Norfolk. Some historians suspect the reformists pressured him into this (see Suzannah Lipscomb article).
January 1547
Henry lay dying in his bedchamber. Sir William Paget and Edward Seymour hold secret discussions in the corridor outside his room, plotting that they would be the first and second most important people in the kingdom after Henry died.
28 Jan 1547
Henry V111 died

Seymour locked Henry VIII's Will in a box and kept the key wit him. He also kept HVIII's death a secret. He and Sir Anthony Browne (member of the Regency Council) rode to Hertford Castle to gain possession of the new King.
29 January 1547
Seymour and Browne moved Edward to see Elizabeth at Enfield. 9-year-old Edward was told that his father was dead, and he was now the King.
30 Jan 1547
Seymour sent the key to the Will to Paget saying that they should be cautious and only show 'as much as were necessary' to people. He believed that only the council should see the Will in its entirety.
31 January 1547
-The Regency Council met for the first time.
- They all (except 3 who were absent - Wotton, Edward Wotton and Bromley) agreed to nominate Edward Seymour as the head of the Regency Council. -They renamed themselves the 'Privy Council' with Edward Seymour at its head.
1 February 1547
-It was announced to the nobles and higher clergy that HVIII had died and that Seymour was Lord Protector and head of the Council 'for better conduct of business'.
-The Council instructed Edward VI of this, to which he agreed, and later that day he was proclaimed King of England.
Next two weeks
-Paget, who had been a close friend to HVIII, would often make speeches to the Council informing them of what he believed to have been HVIII's wishes before he died. This included making Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset.