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2007 Flag of Orkney.svg
Total population
21,349 currently resident population of Orkney
Regions with significant populations
Mainland, Orkney17,162[1]
South Ronaldsay909[1]
Insular Scots, Scottish English; historically Norn and Pictish
Related ethnic groups
Shetlanders, Scots, Britons, Ulster Scots, Falkland Islanders, Norwegians, Faroese, Icelanders and Anglo-Metis

Orcadians are the indigenous inhabitants of the Orkney islands of Scotland.[2] Historically, they are descended from the Picts,[3][a] Norse,[5] and Scots.

Well-known Orcadians[edit]

People associated with Orkney[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ritchie notes the presence of an Orcadian ruler at the court of a Pictish high king at Inverness in 565 AD.[4]
  2. ^ Robert Frost's ancestors were Scotch-English. His mother was a Scottish emigrant who appears in most records as Isabelle Moody (Moodie); her family was from Orkney.


  1. ^ a b c National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland's Inhabited Islands" (PDF). Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland Release 1C (Part Two) (PDF) (Report). SG/2013/126. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  2. ^ "The Orcadians – The people of Orkney". Orkneyjar. Retrieved 19 September 2009.
  3. ^ Thomson, William P.L. (2008). The New History of Orkney. Edinburgh: Birlinn. pp. 4–6. ISBN 978-1-84158-696-0.
  4. ^ Ritchie, Anna (2003). "The Picts". In Omand, Donald (ed.). The Orkney Book. Edinburgh: Birlinn. p. 39. ISBN 1-84158-254-9.
  5. ^ "Genetic study reveals 30% of white British DNA has German ancestry". The Guardian.
  6. ^ McNeill, F. Marian. The Silver Bough: A four volume study of the national and local festivals of Scotland (Paperback ed.). Glasgow, UK: William MacLellan. ISBN 0-86241-231-5.
  7. ^ "Centenary of a radical kirk minister". The Orcadian. Archived from the original on 8 January 2009. Retrieved 4 October 2008.
  8. ^ Robert Frosts Poems. St. Martens Paperbacks.[full citation needed]