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A History of Cheam School

Cheam School was founded in 1645 making it the oldest private school in the country.  It was located in a house known as Whitehall in Cheam, Surrey.


Cheam was always at heart a religious foundation, with the teaching and principles of Christianity playing a central part in the school’s life and until 1890 every Headmaster was a Church of England clergyman. 

In 1665 the Great Plague brought an influx of boys from London boosting numbers.  By 1719 a new, larger school house was required and so Tabor Court was built on Cheam High Street where the school remained for 215 years.

By 1752 Cheam was at a low ebb, having fallen to 15 boys. There was a reorganisation of the school, which led to approximately 80 boys attending with a waiting list. Cheam had acquired a nationwide reputation as a preparatory school for Eton, Harrow and Winchester and as a school which prepared directly for universities.  

Archives show some interesting entries on bills for drink including port, claret, burgundy, and sherry, presumably prescribed by sympathetic doctors.  Entries also included repair to hot water bottles and convalescence trips to Worthing, Hastings and Eastbourne.

In 1856 numbers had again fallen, with accompanying lack of funds, and consequently Cheam converted to a preparatory school.  It provided first class preparatory education and prospered, and in 1864 reached 100 pupils.

With London expanding a by-pass was built alongside the school, removing a considerable part of the school’s frontage. As a result, in 1934 the decision was taken to move to Headley, buying Beenham Court for £18,000. This was originally a Georgian farmhouse but was largely re-built in 1882 and again in 1912.  48 boys started at Beenham in the autumn term.  Just before the school moved, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh was a pupil and King Charles III, later attended the school.

The establishment of the Cheam School Educational Trust took place in August 1958.  Between 1972 and 1985 the school increased by more than half and a succession of building projects were undertaken to enable another 50 or so boys to be accommodated comfortably and taught effectively.  1985 saw the renaming of Divisions to Aldrich, Beck, Gilpin and Tabor, all former Headmasters from different centuries of the school’s history.  The dormitories were also renamed and changes made to the uniform.

By 1990 there was a general decline in numbers so September 1992 saw admittance of the first day boys.  In September 1994 Hawtreys School merged with Cheam bringing 47 boys and 6 staff and various memorabilia.  The school became known as Cheam Hawtreys.  Improvements to the buildings and grounds continued and Prince Philip laid the foundation stone of the new science block in 1996.

1997 was the first year when girls were admitted and flexi boarding became an option.  Since there was no other school in the area that provided co-education from 4 to 13 and offered day, boarding and flexi boarding options this was a niche market.  It was decided that Inhurst House, a local Pre-Prep, would join Cheam Hawtreys starting in September 1998 and completing in April 1999.  This provided a ready source of Pre-Prep children.

Cheam now had well over 200 children and a new Nursery.  Innovations continued and at the start of 2000 it was felt that the time was right for the name to revert to the original name of Cheam School.  A new coat of arms was drawn up incorporating three books representing Cheam, Hawtreys and Inhurst House and a new motto was created, ‘Omnia Caritate’ meaning in all things be charitable.  This year also saw the first Head Girl to serve alongside the Head Boy. 

In November 2007 the school’s museum, known as the Mallinson Room, was opened displaying photographs, artefacts and other memorabilia from Cheam’s long history.

Over the past 20 years, continued improvements have seen the building of Taylor Block (a teaching block) in 2001, a new Sports Hall in 2003 and the Duke of Edinburgh building, which houses the Pre-Prep and also the Art and Design and Technology departments in 2011 and a new kitchen servery in 2014.

Numbers have continued to increase and Cheam School is thriving with over 350 children now on the pupil roll.

Cheam School
Headley, Newbury
Berkshire, RG19 8LD


School Office
01635 268242

School Registrar
01635 267822

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