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Peter Lim

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Peter Lim
Recent photo of Peter Lim
Lim in 2016
Born (1953-05-21) 21 May 1953 (age 69)
EducationUniversity of Western Australia
  • Businessman
  • investor[1]
Known forOwner of Valencia CF
Teo Geok Fong
(m. 1990⁠–⁠2002)

Cherie Lim
(m. 2003)
Children2 (including Kim Lim)

Peter Lim (born 21 May 1953) is a Singaporean business magnate who was a stockbroker, and is now a private investor who has invested in sectors ranging from palm oil to medicine.[2][3] In 2019, Forbes ranked him as the 10th richest person in Singapore with a net worth of US$2.5 billion.[4] He is a shareholder of English club Salford City and the owner of Spanish La Liga club Valencia CF since 2014.[5][6][7][8]

In 2010, Lim won the biggest libel payout in Singapore's history in the Raffles Town Club saga.[9][10]

Early life[edit]

The son of a fishmonger,[11] Lim and his seven siblings grew up in a two-bedroom government flat in the Bukit Ho Swee public housing estate.[11] Lim completed his secondary school education at the Raffles Institution.[11] After National Service, he went to Perth to study at the University of Western Australia.[12] To fund his university education, Lim worked part-time doing odd jobs as a taxi driver, cook and waiter.[12]

It was while working at Australian fast-food chain Red Rooster that he learnt how business was done.[citation needed] Lim studied how they started, how they grew, and how they scaled up.[13]

He graduated with a degree in accounting and finance and first worked as an accountant and did some tax consultancy before going into stocks.[11]

Early career[edit]

In the early 1990s, Lim invested about US$10 million in a start-up palm-oil company, Wilmar.[14] In 2010, Lim cashed out at the peak of commodity prices and sold his Wilmar shares for US$1.5 billion.[citation needed]

Known as the "Remisier King" due to his success in stocks, Lim explains that while there was an element of luck, it was also because he created a role for himself as a "one man merchant bank" in the M&A space in Indonesia in the late 80s.[citation needed]

Lim quit the brokerage business in 1996 and became a private investor. He was able to escape the 1998 Asian Financial Crisis as he had liquidated most of his stocks and was holding cash.[citation needed]

Sports investment[edit]

In the sports sector, Lim owns a controlling stake (83%) in Spanish La Liga club Valencia CF,[15] a 40% stake in Salford City F.C (with former Manchester United players Ryan Giggs, Gary Neville, Phil Neville, Paul Scholes, Nicky Butt and David Beckham holding the other 60%),[16] stakes in British supercar maker McLaren Automotive[17] and Hotel Football next to Old Trafford stadium[18] in Manchester. Since becoming majority shareholder of Valencia CF in 2014, the club has qualified for the UEFA Champions League only 3 times, but also won the Copa del Rey in 2019. After six years of ownership, the club consistently underperformed and achieved some of the poorest results in its modern history.[19][20] Separately, Salford City achieved 4 promotions in 5 seasons to reach League Two in 2019.[21] Salford City also won the delayed 2020 Papa John's Trophy after beating Portsmouth 4–2 on penalties.[22]

In May 2014, Lim was designated by the Fundación Valencia CF as the buyer of 70.4% of the shares owned by the club's foundation. After months of negotiations between Lim and Bankia (the main creditor of the club), an agreement was reached in August 2014.[23] Nuno Espírito Santo was hired as head manager on 2 July 2014, which was one of the conditions Lim had insisted on when buying the club.[24][25] This raised eyebrows in the media because of Nuno's close relationship with the football agent Jorge Mendes, whose first-ever client was Nuno.[26][27] Lim and Mendes are also close friends and business partners.[28] Regardless, Nuno's first season was a successful one. Notable signings included Álvaro Negredo, André Gomes and Enzo Pérez, who had just won the LPFP Primeira Liga Player of the Year in the Portuguese Primeira Liga.[29][30][31] Valencia finished the 2014–15 season in fourth place for Champions League qualification with 77 points, just one point ahead of Sevilla after a dramatic final week, defeating Granada 4–0.[24][32]

Valencia had a poor start to the 2015–16 season, winning 5 out of 13 matches and failing to progress from the Champions League group stages. The fans were also increasingly concerned about the growing influence of Jorge Mendes in the club's activities.[33] On 29 November, Nuno resigned as manager and former Manchester United defender Gary Neville was hired as his replacement on 2 December.[34][35] Valencia went winless for nine matches before earning their first win under Neville in a 2–1 victory at home against Espanyol.[36] On 30 March 2016, Neville was sacked after recording the lowest win percentage in La Liga history for a Valencia manager with minimum of five matches, winning just 3 out of 16 matches. He was replaced by Pako Ayestarán, who was brought in by Neville as the assistant coach just one month prior.[37][38] Valencia finished the season in 12th position, even despite having the 4th biggest budget in the competition.[39]

In the summer of 2016, André Gomes and Paco Alcácer were both sold to Barcelona and Shkodran Mustafi was sold to Arsenal, while Ezequiel Garay and former Manchester United player Nani were brought in.[40][41][42][43][44] Pako Ayestarán was sacked on 21 September 2016 after four-straight defeats at the beginning of the 2016–17 season.[45] Former Italy national team head coach Cesare Prandelli was hired as his replacement on 28 September.[46] However, he resigned after just three months on 30 December, claiming the club had made him false transfer promises.[47] Days later, on 7 January 2017, Valencia sporting director Jesús García Pitarch also resigned, saying he felt like he was being used as a shield for criticism by the club and that he could not defend something he no longer believed in.[48][49] Voro was named caretaker manager for the fifth time until the end of season, with Valencia in 17th position and in danger of relegation.[50] However, results improved under Voro and he steered Valencia clear off relegation, ultimately finishing the season in 12th place.[51] On 27 March, Mateu Alemany was named the new director general of Valencia.[52]

The club also announced club president Lay Hoon Chan had submitted her resignation and that she would be replaced by Anil Murthy.[53] After rumours arose of Lim's attempts at selling the club, Murthy assured the fans and local media that Valencia was a long-term project for both him and Lim, and they would not consider selling the club.[54][55] For the following season, former Villarreal coach Marcelino was named the new manager on 12 May.[56]

After a successful first season under Marcelino, the club secured 4th position and a return to the Champions League. Valencia also reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Europa League. On 25 May 2019, Valencia won the Copa del Rey for the first time since 2008, upsetting FC Barcelona in the final.[57] However, both Marcelino and sporting director Mateu Alemany, were fired on 11 September 2019 after falling out with Lim.[58] The manager was replaced by Albert Celades, who was eventually sacked after a run of poor results despite earlier qualifying for the UEFA Champions League knockout stages, while new sports director César Sanchez resigned that same season,[58] making six different managers and another six sports directors by 2020.[59]

For season 2020–21, manager Javi Gracia was hired. He was put in charge of a team of young prospects and lower profile players after failing to sign any player during summer transfer season,[60] while the club was selling key players such as captain Dani Parejo, who left for free to regional rivals Villarreal.[61] Ferran Torres was sold to Manchester City for half his market value, as he refused to renew his contract and attempted to leave for free.[5] Overall, Valencia sold players worth 85 million dollars in order to rebalance the club's books.[6] These arrangements allowed the club to continue paying salaries to the players, which failed to do at the beginning of the season.[62] During the winter season, the club reinforced the team with three loan signings, Italian striker Patrick Cutrone, Uruguayan midfielder Christian Oliva, and central defender Ferro.[63] After six seasons under Peter Lim's ownership, Valencia CF began to pay the banks, which it was financially unable to do previously.[64] The club thus far has accumulated loses of 323 million euros in the club.[5] His management resulting in player sell-offs and lack of inward transfers has been criticised by Valencia's fans,[6][7][65] players such as Geoffrey Kondogbia,[66] and managers and directors such as Cesare Prandelli,[67] Javier Subirats,[68] and Javi Gracia.[69]

In October 2021, Peter Lim co-founded ZujuGP with his son. ZujuGP is envisioned as a digital platform to digitize the live game experience for fans by providing entertainment, networking and e-commerce options. It will also build an ecosystem of services for teams to recruit players, club personnel, train and mentor aspiring players powered by its open source, AI-driven platform.[70]

ZujuGP is endorsed by Manchester United star Cristiano Ronaldo who is a long time friend and partner of Peter Lim.[70]


In June 2010 the Singapore Olympic Foundation (SOF) set up the SOF-Peter Lim Scholarship with a S$10 million donation from Lim. The gift is the single largest donation in Singapore from an individual towards sports development.[71] The recipients are typically students who come from financially challenged backgrounds and have demonstrated a potential to excel in their respective sports.[72] In 2019, Lim further pledged to continue supporting young local athletes for another 10 years from 2021 to 2030 by donating another S$10 million to the SOF-Peter Lim Scholarship.[73] Since the inception of the scholarship, 2642 student-athletes have received scholarships amounting to $7.2 million.[73]

Lim further committed a separate $20 million to start a new community project focused on helping children from less privileged backgrounds, with the aim of helping them reach their potential.[73]

In 2014, Lim also endowed Nanyang Technological University with S$3 million to fund a professorship in peace studies at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies to protect and promote harmony in Singapore.[74]


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  28. ^ "Lim y Mendes participan en un fondo que compra y vende jugadores". 19 January 2014.
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  39. ^ "Humiliated in 2016, title contenders in 2017?". BBC Sport. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  40. ^ "Andre Gomes: Barcelona agree deal to sign Valencia midfielder". BBC Sport. 21 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
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  42. ^ "VCF official statement | Ezequiel Garay". Valencia CF. 31 August 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
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  58. ^ a b "Lim's fortune rescued Valencia, but his missteps and assertion of authority is tearing them apart". ESPN. 10 July 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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  64. ^ "Football: 'A bankrupt club is not a better club,' says Valencia owner Peter Lim". CNA. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  65. ^ Lowe, Sid (8 February 2021). "Marcelino reunion reminds Valencia players and fans of happier times". the Guardian. Retrieved 9 February 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  66. ^ "Am Mestalla brennen schon Kerzen: Wie Peter Lim den FC Valencia ruiniert |". Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  67. ^ "Ex-Valencia Boss Slams Club Over Broken Promises & Hits Out at 'Monotonous' Spanish Football Tactics". 4 January 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
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  69. ^ "Meriton repite los mismos 'pecados' con Bordalás". (in Spanish). 1 August 2021. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  70. ^ a b Jonathan Burgos (18 October 2021). "Singapore Billionaire Peter Lim Launches Digital Platform, Endorsed By Soccer Star Cristiano Ronaldo". Forbes. Retrieved 27 March 2022.
  71. ^ hermesauto (1 June 2018). "Almost $800,000 doled out in this year's SOF-Peter Lim Scholarship for 269 student-athletes". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 19 August 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  72. ^ "Lim commits further $10 million to support Singapore Olympic Foundation". 6 July 2019. Archived from the original on 19 August 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  73. ^ a b c hermesauto (3 July 2019). "Billionaire Peter Lim donates another $10 million to Singapore Olympic Foundation for scholarship". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 4 July 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  74. ^ "Peter Lim donates S$3m to NTU for peace studies professorship". TODAYonline. 10 June 2014. Archived from the original on 19 August 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.

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