The Captivating Blarney Castle: Where Irish Myths and History Combine - ConnollyCove

The Captivating Blarney Castle: Where Irish Myths and History Combine

Blarney Castle- Ireland

Updated On: May 19, 2024 by   Ciaran ConnollyCiaran Connolly

Located near County Cork, the captivating medieval Blarney Castle was built over six hundred years ago. This Irish castle is filled with endless myths and legends that would attract anyone to see it up close and personal and uncover its incredible stories.

The castle is most famous for being the home of the Blarney Stone. Irish folklore says the stone brings luck to those who kiss it.

But there is so much more to this remarkable castle than meets the eye. Blarney Castle and Gardens is filled with an alluring history and a rich culture, making it one of the most visited castles and attractions in Ireland.

Keep reading to learn more about this medieval Irish castle and why you should add it to your Irish bucket list.

History of Blarney Castle

Blarney Castle by drone | IRELAND 🇨🇮

The Blarney Castle visitors see today is actually the third castle to be built on its location. The current structure dates to the 15th century, but the castle’s actual history dates back 500 years.

The first Blarney Castle was built in the 10th century and consisted of a wooden structure. A few centuries later, it was replaced with a stone fortification, which was popular at the time.

In 1314, the famous Gaelic Irish ruler and King of Munster, Cormac McCarthy, gave Robert the Bruce of Scotland 5,000 soldiers to help fight against England in the Battle of Bannockburn. The soldiers managed to defeat King Edward II’s English side heroically. In return for his kindness, Bruce presents McCarthy with a gift, the ‘Stone of Destiny’.  This stone would later be known as the ‘Blarney Stone’, which McCarthy placed in his castle battlement.

A century later, new King Dermot McCarthy demolished the stone structure and replaced it with a much larger ‘Blarney Castle’. The Blarney stone was kept safe and was moved into the new structure. Blarney Castle was beautifully built on the edge of a cliff, surrounded by the stunning Irish landscape, but the new structure was also very captivating in its own right.

There was much rivalry around Blarney Castle. The McCarthy clan had to fight off many powerful Irish clans, such as the Desmond Clan, to keep possessing the castle.

British Takeover of Blarney Castle

Blarney Castle
Blarney Castle

In 1586, Queen Elizabeth the 1st sent the Earl of Leicester to Ireland to take over Blarney Castle and the surrounding land from the McCarthys. However, the Irish clan found a way to delay the negotiations, which frustrated the Queen. So the McCarthy family could keep hold of Blarney Castle until they reached the Confederate War.

Not long after the war, Oliver Cromwell, the general of Lord Broghill, seized many properties in Ireland, including Blarney Castle. 1658, after Oliver Cromwell’s death, the McCarthy family took back the castle, which was rightfully theirs.

New Ownership

In the few centuries after this, ownership of Blarney Castle changed many times. The Hollow Sword Blade Company from London obtained the land when the McCarthy clan disappeared. Then, in 1703, the lord chief Justice of Ireland bought over the castle land from the English company. However, he feared that the powerful McCarthy clan would return, so he sold the property to Sir James Jeffreys, the governor of Cork City.

James Jeffery and his family transformed the land into an estate village with 90 houses, a tiny church and three mud cabins.

The Jefferey family married into another well-known Irish family, the Colthrust family, and even today, the castle belongs to their descendants.

From the late 1800s to today, the castle has become a popular destination and many hope to kiss the Blarney Stone. Past visitors to Blarney Castle included Winston Churchill and President Willam H. Taft.

Gardens and Grounds: A Natural Wonderland

Beyond the castle walls, Blarney Castle’s expansive gardens and grounds offer a serene contrast to the imposing stone fortress. The 60 acres of parkland are meticulously maintained and feature a variety of themed gardens, each with its unique charm.

The Poison Garden, for instance, contains a collection of toxic plants from around the world, including deadly nightshade, mandrake, and wolfsbane. Each plant is carefully labelled with information about its history and uses, offering a fascinating, if somewhat macabre, insight into the darker side of botany.

The Rock Close is another enchanting area of the grounds. This mystical garden is filled with ancient yew trees, druidic stones, and a babbling brook, creating an otherworldly atmosphere. Legend has it that the Rock Close was a sacred place for the druids, and visitors can explore features such as the Wishing Steps, the Witch’s Kitchen, and the Fairy Glade. Each of these sites is imbued with folklore and adds to the magical allure of Blarney Castle.

Kiss the Blarney Stone

For a remarkable 200 years, people all around the globe have been making their way to Blarney castle to climb the steps up to kiss the Blarney stone and hopefully be given the gift of Eloquence (so Irish legends tell us).

Although its powers may be questionable, and its stories create much debate, one thing is sure: You’ll only ever know if you visit the castle and see the mysterious Blarney Stone. Check out here to learn more about the fascinating stories surrounding the Blarney Stone.

The Blarney Stone’s Global Influence

The legend of the Blarney Stone has transcended Irish borders, becoming a global phenomenon. It has inspired replicas and imitations worldwide, from a Blarney Stone in Texas to another in Toronto. While these replicas lack the original’s historical authenticity, they speak to the legend’s universal appeal and the desire for the gift of eloquence.

The Blarney Stone has also been referenced in popular culture, appearing in films, television shows, and literature. Its association with persuasive speech and charm has made it a symbol of wit and eloquence, recognised far beyond the shores of Ireland.

Historical and Cultural Significance

Blarney Castle
Blarney Castle

Blarney Castle’s significance extends beyond its architectural beauty and mythical stone. It has witnessed centuries of Irish history, from medieval battles to political machinations. Thanks to the legend of the Blarney Stone, the castle’s name has become synonymous with persuasive eloquence and flattery.

In the 16th century, during Queen Elizabeth I’s reign, the term “blarney” came into common usage. The queen, frustrated by the endless eloquent but evasive promises of the castle’s owner, Cormac Teige McCarthy, famously declared that his words were all “blarney.” This gave rise to the term as a synonym for beguiling and flattering speech.

Blarney Castle has also inspired numerous literary and artistic works. The Romantic poets of the 18th and 19th centuries were particularly captivated by its ruins and the surrounding landscape. The castle’s evocative presence has been immortalised in poetry, paintings, and songs, cementing its place in Irish cultural heritage.

Modern-Day Blarney Castle

Today, Blarney Castle is one of Ireland’s most popular tourist attractions, drawing visitors from around the globe. The site is managed with great care to preserve its historical integrity while accommodating the needs of modern tourism. The castle’s owners, the Colthurst family, have been instrumental in maintaining and restoring the castle and its gardens.

Visitors can explore the castle at their own pace, with informative plaques and guided tours providing insights into its history and legends. The experience is both educational and entertaining, allowing guests to immerse themselves in the rich tapestry of Irish culture.

In addition to the castle and gardens, the Blarney Castle estate includes a range of amenities to enhance the visitor experience. The nearby Blarney Woollen Mills offers a delightful selection of traditional Irish crafts, clothing, and souvenirs. The mill, originally established in 1823, has been transformed into a shopping and dining destination, providing a perfect complement to a day spent exploring the castle and its grounds.

More Attractions at Blarney Castle

Although the Blarney Stone may be the most popular attraction at the castle, there is so much more to discover and enjoy on a visit to this famous castle.

It is home to the beautiful Blarney Castle Gardens, which offer diverse surroundings, from tranquil to mystical, all in one place. Make your way to the top of Blarney Castle and be in awe of the magnificent landscape on display, including 60 acres of beautiful parkland of gardens, avenues, and waterways.


Blarney Castle is more than just a historic building; it is a living embodiment of Ireland’s rich cultural heritage. From its origins as a medieval stronghold to its present status as a beloved tourist destination, the castle has stood the test of time. Its legends, particularly the tale of the Blarney Stone, continue to captivate the imaginations of people around the world.

The castle’s architectural splendour, enchanting gardens and the stories woven into its stones make Blarney Castle a must-visit destination for anyone interested in Irish history and mythology. As you walk through its ancient halls, kiss the Blarney Stone, and explore the verdant grounds, you become part of a narrative that spans centuries, connecting you to the heart of Ireland.

In every stone, every garden path, and every whispered legend, Blarney Castle invites you to discover the magic of Ireland, where history and myth are forever intertwined. Whether you leave with the gift of eloquence or simply a deeper appreciation for Ireland’s past, a visit to Blarney Castle is an experience that will stay with you long after you have left its storied walls.

Have you ever visited Blarney Castle? What did you enjoy most about your visit, and did you get to kiss the magical Blarney Stone? We’d love to know about your experience in the comments below!

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