Boris Mikhailovich Oshurkov ( 1887 - 1927 ) - heating engineer, specialist in steam turbines, internal combustion engines and industrial installations. Initiator and leader of diesel locomotive construction. Author of numerous projects of power plants plan GOELRO. Professor.
|Boris M. Oshurkov|
|Date of Birth||1887|
|Date of death||1927|
|Scientific field||Heat engineering|
|Place of work||Moscow Higher Technical School|
|Alma mater||Imperial Moscow Technical School|
Oshurkov Boris Mikhailovich was born in Moscow in 1887. After graduating from secondary school in 1907, he entered the Imperial Moscow Technical School (IMTU) in the mechanical department with a degree in Internal Combustion Engines. The head of the graduation project at Oshurkov was V. I. Grinevetsky , who drew attention to his talent and later repeatedly attracted to scientific work. In 1915, B. M. Oshurkov together with E. N. Tikhomirov in the estate of V. I. Grinevetsky carried out his graduation project - a diesel locomotive according to the scheme of I. I. Grinevetsky .
After graduating from college Oshurkov worked as an engineer at a machine-building plant. During the First World War, he went to work at one of the defense enterprises, where he took part in the design of military facilities.
After the death in 1919 of V.I. Grinevetsky, Boris Mikhailovich returned to Moscow and received an offer from the Directorate of the Moscow Higher Technical School (MVTU) to lecture on a number of disciplines.
This was the beginning of a great, fruitful pedagogical work of B. M. Oshurkov, in which his bright talent of a lecturer and teacher appeared. Boris Mikhailovich was also a great master of illustrating his lectures with original diagrams and drawings.
The list of scientific and technical disciplines Boris Mikhailovich worked on - thermodynamics, steam engines, steam turbines, internal combustion engines, diesel locomotives, resistance of materials, machine parts, descriptive geometry.
Boris Mikhailovich took a large part in the organization of the All-Union Thermal Engineering Institute (VTI) named after. professors V.I. Grinevetsky and K.V. Kirsha . Soon he was elected deputy director of the institute, and then a member of the editorial board of the journal Izvestia of the Thermal Engineering Institute. At the same time he was a member of the editorial board of the journal "Bulletin of Engineers".
On the initiative of B. M. Oshurkov, a diesel department was created at the VTI, which proceeded to the construction of a diesel locomotive according to the Haeckel system . Boris Mikhailovich as a gifted engineer and designer participated in the construction of this diesel locomotive, the successful run of which was carried out from Leningrad to Moscow on January 16, 1925. A solemn meeting of the first diesel locomotive built in the USSR was organized in Moscow.
In recent years, Boris Mikhailovich Oshurkov conducted a great public work as a deputy of the Moscow City Council . He was a charming, sensitive person, enjoyed unlimited trust and respect from his colleagues, students and all who had to deal with him.
Boris Mikhailovich Oshurkov died of heart failure on June 10, 1927 in the prime of his talent.
Boris Mikhailovich Oshurkov wrote remarkable textbooks, among them the “ Course of Technical Thermodynamics ” (the first edition of this textbook was published in 1923, and the third in 1931), “The course of heat engines ” (1924), etc. In 1924, B. M. Oshurkov published an article " Uncompressed diesel engines ." This article was intended not only to students, but also to engineers and technicians specializing in internal combustion engines, it was one of the first articles in Russian on this topic. It also describes the features of the Grinevetsky engine.