Banqiao District

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Banqiao

板橋區

Banciao, Panchiao
Banqiao District
New Taipei Banqiao Skyline 2014.jpg
Banqiao District in New Taipei City
Banqiao District in New Taipei City
Coordinates: 25°00′40″N 121°26′45″E / 25.01111°N 121.44583°E / 25.01111; 121.44583Coordinates: 25°00′40″N 121°26′45″E / 25.01111°N 121.44583°E / 25.01111; 121.44583
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
Special municipalityNew Taipei City
Established1846
Area
 • Total23.1368 km2 (8.9332 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2016)[1]
 • Total554,008
 • Density24,000/km2 (62,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
ZIP code
220
Area code(s)02
WebsiteBanqiao.NTPC.gov.tw (in Chinese)
Banqiao District office

Banqiao District (Chinese: 板橋區; pinyin: Bǎnqiáo Qū) is a district and the seat of New Taipei, Taiwan. It has the third-highest population density in Taiwan, with over 24,000 people per km2. Until the creation of New Taipei City, Banqiao (then transliterated as Banciao or Panch'iao) was an incorporated county-controlled city and the former seat of Taipei County.

Name origin[edit]

The district's old name was Pang-kio (Chinese: 枋橋; pinyin: Fāngqiáo; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Pang-kiô; literally: 'timbered bridge'), which dates back to the Qing Dynasty during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor (1735 - 1796 AD). A wooden bridge, locally called Pang-kio-thau (枋橋頭), was built for pedestrians to cross a brook located in the west of today's Banqiao. The spellings Pankyu, Pankio, and Pankyo can be found in English-language works of the early 20th century.[2][3]

In 1920, the Japanese government modified the name to Itahashi (板橋, "planked bridge").[4] The same characters are still used today, but are read Bǎnqiáo in Mandarin. However, in Taiwanese Hokkien, the old name Pang-kiô is still the norm.

History[edit]

Banqiao District
Traditional Chinese板橋

In the early 20th century, Pankyo (Pankyu) was a walled city and said to be owned by a landlord who had lived there "in feudal style", surrounded by armed retainers.[2]

From 1920 to 1945, during Japanese rule, the area was administrated as Itahashi Town (板橋街), Kaizan District, Taihoku Prefecture.

Banqiao was upgraded from an urban township to a county-controlled city as Panch'iao or Banciao City of Taipei County on 1 July 1972. The city became Banqiao District on 25 December 2010 as .

Geography[edit]

Map including Banqiao (labeled as Pan-ch’iao-chieh (Itabashigai) 板橋街) (1950)

Banqiao is located in western part of the Taipei Basin of northern Taiwan, in the subtropical climate zone. Banqiao is surrounded by Taipei to the east, Sanchong to the north, Xinzhuang to the northwest, Shulin to the southwest, Tucheng to the south, and Zhonghe to the southeast. Banqiao is also bordered by two rivers, Xindian River to the northeast and Dahan River to the northwest.

Economy[edit]

Skyline of downtown Banqiao District at night

Agriculture sector thrived in Banqiao in the 1950s. In the 1960s, manufacturing sector started to appear in the region and in the 1970s industries and commerce have developed. In the 1980 and '90s, finance and commerce grew in the area.[5]

Education[edit]

Banqiao is home to several universities, including the National Taiwan University of Arts. The National Banqiao High School is considered one of the top high schools in New Taipei City.[citation needed]

Universities and colleges[edit]

High schools[edit]

  • Banqiao Senior High School
  • New Taipei Municipal Haishan High School (新北市立海山高級中學)
  • National Overseas Chinese High School(國立華僑高級中學)
  • Kuang Jen Catholic High School (天主教光仁高級中學)

Tourist attractions[edit]

The Lin Family Mansion and Garden is a traditional garden in the district

Sports facilities[edit]

Banqiao has several sports facilities (including Banqiao Stadium), and the annual New Taipei City sports game is hosted in the city.

Transportation[edit]

Banqiao station is served by high-speed rail, conventional rail, metro, and bus lines
Banqiao bus station

Banqiao is well served by multiple public transportation services. Banqiao station is served by THSR bullet trains and conventional rail TRA trains. Four metro stations are located in Banqiao on the Bannan line. All rails through Banqiao have been located underground since 1997. The future metro Circular line will also run through the district. Bus lines connect Banqiao with downtown Taipei and nearby cities.

Provincial Highway No. 3 and Provincial Highway No. 64 run through the district.

Sister cities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Notable natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 表 2-2. 都市計畫區面積及人口-按都市計畫區別分 (PDF). 中華民國內政部營建署全球資訊網 Construction and Planning Agency Ministry of the Interior,R.O.C (in Chinese). 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2019. 2板橋 Panchiao 13.60 570 000
  2. ^ a b Chamberlain, B.; Mason, W.B. (1903). A Handbook for Travellers in Japan (7th ed.). London: J. Murray. p. 551. OL 25302448M. Pankyo (Pankyu)
  3. ^ Davidson, James W. (1903). The Island of Formosa, Past and Present : history, people, resources, and commercial prospects : tea, camphor, sugar, gold, coal, sulphur, economical plants, and other productions. London and New York: Macmillan. Index p.28. OCLC 1887893. OL 6931635M. Pankyu. See Pankio
  4. ^ 細說板橋. Banqiao District Office. Archived from the original on 2011-08-08. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-29. Retrieved 2014-03-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)