|Birth name||Alexandre Michel Gérard Desplat|
|Born||23 August 1961|
|Occupation(s)||Composer, orchestrator, conductor|
|Instruments||Piano, trumpet, flute|
Alexandre Michel Gérard Desplat (French: [alɛksɑ̃dʁ dɛspla]; born 23 August 1961) is a French film composer and conductor. He has won two Academy Awards, for his musical scores to the films The Grand Budapest Hotel and The Shape of Water, and has received nine additional Academy Award nominations, ten César nominations (winning three), ten BAFTA nominations (winning three), eleven Golden Globe Award nominations (winning two), and ten Grammy nominations (winning two).
Desplat has composed scores for a wide range of films, including low-budget independent productions and large-scale blockbusters, such as The Queen, The Golden Compass, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, The Twilight Saga: New Moon, Fantastic Mr. Fox, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 & Part 2, Little Women, The King's Speech, The Danish Girl, The Imitation Game, Moonrise Kingdom, Argo, Rise of the Guardians, Zero Dark Thirty, The Midnight Sky, Godzilla, Unbroken, The Secret Life of Pets, and Isle of Dogs.
Alexandre Desplat was born in Paris. His father, Jacques Desplat, was a Frenchman originally from Sarlat-la-Canéda. His mother, Katie Ladopoulou, is a Greek poet originally from Athens. Desplat's parents had met in the United States while they were both students at the University of California, Berkeley. They married in San Francisco and returned to France, settling in Paris. Alexandre has two older sisters, Marie-Christine (also known as Kiki), and Rosalinda.
Desplat began playing the piano at the age of five. He later picked up the trumpet, before switching to flute at nine. Desplat's musical interests were wide, ranging from French composers as Maurice Ravel and Claude Debussy, to jazz and world music. He developed an early appreciation for film music, courtesy of the movie soundtracks his parents brought back from the United States. He began collecting Bernard Herrmann's Hitchcock soundtracks as a teen, and eventually decided to pursue a career as a film composer after hearing John Williams's Star Wars score in 1977. Other early sources of Desplat's inspiration include the music of Maurice Jarre, Nino Rota and Georges Delerue.
Desplat studied at the Conservatoire de Paris under Claude Ballif. During this period, he also took a summer course under Iannis Xenakis. Desplat also studied under Jack Hayes in Los Angeles. After leaving the Conservatoire, the then 20-year-old Desplat joined a theatrical troupe, where he wrote and played music.
Desplat has worked on many films since the 1980s, and his big Hollywood break came in 2003 with the soundtrack for the film Girl with a Pearl Earring, a drama set in 17th-century Delft and exploring a fictional muse of Vermeer.
Desplat has composed extensively for French cinema, Hollywood, and incidental music for over 100 films, including Lapse of Memory (1992), Family Express (1992), Regarde Les Hommes Tomber (1994), Les Péchés Mortels (1995), César-nominated Un Héros Très Discret (1996), Une Minute de Silence (1998), Sweet Revenge (1998), Le Château des Singes (1999), Reines d'un Jour (2001), the César-nominated Sur mes lèvres (2002), Rire et Châtiment (2003), Syriana (2005), the César-winner The Beat That My Heart Skipped (2005), The Queen (2006), Fantastic Mr. Fox (2009), Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 (2010), The Ghost Writer (2010), Daniel Auteuil's remake of La Fille du Puisatier (2011), Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 (2011), and The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014).
Desplat has composed individual songs that have been sung in films by such artists as Akhenaton, Kate Beckinsale, Charlotte Gainsbourg, Valérie Lemercier, Miosotis, and Catherine Ringer. He has also written music for the theatre, including pieces performed at the Comédie Française. Desplat has conducted performances of his music played by the London Symphony Orchestra, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, and the Munich Symphony Orchestra. Desplat has also given Master Classes at La Sorbonne in Paris and the Royal College of Music in London.
In 2007, he composed the scores for Philip Pullman's Golden Compass; Zach Helm's directorial debut Mr. Magorium's Wonder Emporium with American composer Aaron Zigman; and the Ang Lee movie Lust, Caution. Prior to these break-out works, he contributed scores for The Luzhin Defence, Girl with a Pearl Earring, Syriana, Birth, Hostage, Casanova, The Nest.
For The Painted Veil, he won the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score, Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Music, and the 2006 World Soundtrack Award. He won the 2007 BMI Film Music Award, 2007 World Soundtrack Award, 2007 European Film Award, and received his first Academy Award nomination for Best Original Score for The Queen. He also won the Silver Berlin Bear at the Berlin Film Festival for Best Film Music in The Beat that My Heart Skipped. In 2008, Desplat received his second Oscar nomination for David Fincher's Curious Case of Benjamin Button. Desplat received his third Oscar nomination and a BAFTA nomination for Fantastic Mr. Fox in 2010, both of which were won by Michael Giacchino for Up.
Desplat has composed music for Largo Winch, based on the Belgian comic; Afterwards a French-Canadian psychological thriller film directed by Gilles Bourdos in English; Anne Fontaine's Coco avant Chanel, based on the life of designer Coco Chanel; Robert Guédiguian's L'Armée du Crime; Cheri, reuniting him with director Stephen Frears, whom he collaborated with on The Queen; Un Prophète reuniting with director Jacques Audiard; Julie & Julia directed by Nora Ephron; Fantastic Mr. Fox, directed by Wes Anderson and based on the novel by Roald Dahl; New Moon, directed by Chris Weitz; Roman Polanski's Ghost Writer; Tamara Drewe; The Special Relationship; and The King's Speech which earned Desplat his fourth Oscar nomination.
In early 2011, Desplat began to write the music to Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2. He reunited with director David Yates, who offered Desplat the opportunity to score the second part after his work on the Part 1 soundtrack in 2010 "enchanted everyone in the control room". Desplat's soundtrack sequel to the 2008 film Largo Winch was released in 2011 and was well received. Desplat's 2011 projects included The Tree of Life, directed by Terrence Malick (which he actually recorded in early 2010), A Better Life, La Fille du Puisatier, Roman Polanski's Carnage, George Clooney's Ides of March, and the logo for the French film company StudioCanal.
Desplat started 2012 with Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close, the Florent Emilio Siri-directed biopic Cloclo, and DreamWorks Animation's Rise of the Guardians. His other scores of 2013 included Rust and Bone, Zero Dark Thirty, and Argo, the latter of which earned him Oscar, Golden Globe and BAFTA nominations.
In June 2013, Desplat's first Concerto for Flute & Orchestra premiered in France with flautist Jean Ferrandis and the Orchestre National des Pays de la Loire conducted by John Axelrod. His Trois Etudes for piano originally written for pianist Lang Lang had its U.S. premiere in October 2013 played by pianist Gloria Cheng. He received a sixth Oscar nomination for his score to Philomena, which marked his fourth collaboration with director Stephen Frears.
On 23 June 2014, it was announced that Desplat would head the jury at the 71st Venice International Film Festival. He wrote five major scores during 2014, with The Grand Budapest Hotel winning him his first Academy Award. His score for The Imitation Game was also nominated, and his win therefore marked the first time a composer had won against another of their own scores since John Williams won for Star Wars (beating Close Encounters of the Third Kind) in 1978, and only the seventh time overall (Alfred Newman, Bernard Herrmann, Max Steiner, Miklos Rozsa and Johnny Green are the only other composers to achieve this).
On 16 March 2015, It was announced that Desplat would be composing the first anthology film of the new Disney STAR WARS films, called Rogue One. In September 2016, he stepped down due to reshoots of the film, and was then replaced by Michael Giacchino.
In 2018, he won his second Academy Award for The Shape of Water and premiered a new work for solo flute played by Emmanuel Pahud.
- Sous les pieds des femmes (1997) [France (original title)]
- A Monkey's Tale (1999) [Le Château des singes – France (original title)]
- Empty Days (1999) [Rien à faire – France (original title)]
- Une autre femme [France (original title)]
- Tous les chagrins se ressemblent (2002) [France (original title)]
- Paroles d'étoiles (2002) [France (original title)]
- Rire et châtiment [France (original title)]
- Les baisers des autres (2003) [France (original title)]
- Le pacte du silence (2003) [France (original title)]
- Virus au paradis (2003) [France (original title)]
- Eager Bodies (2003) [Les corps impatients – France (original title)]
- Les beaux jours (2003) [France (original title)]
- A Sight for Sore Eyes (2003) [Inquiétudes – France (original title)]
- Le pays des enfants perdus (2004) [France (original title)]
- L'enquête Corse (2004) [France (original title)]
- Tu vas rire, mais je te quitte (2005) [France (original title)]
- The Beat That My Heart Skipped (2005) [De battre mon coeur s'est arrêté – France (original title)]
- Une aventure (2005)
- Lies & Alibis (2006) [The Alibi – Netherlands (original title)]
- The Valet (2006) [La doublure – France (original title)]
- Quand j'étais chanteur (2006) [France (original title)]
- L'Ennemi Intime (2007) – France (original title)
- Lust, Caution (2007) [Se, jie – China/USA/Taiwan (original title)]
- Michou d'Auber (2007) [France (original title)]
- Ségo et Sarko sont dans un bateau... (2007) [France (original title)]
- Largo Winch (2008)
- Coco Before Chanel (2009) [Coco avant Chanel – France (original title)]
- A Prophet (2009) [Un prophète – France (original title)]
- The Army of Crime (2009) [L'armée du crime – France (original title)]
- La Fille du Puisatier (2011) – France (original title)
- Largo Winch 2 (2011)
- Cloclo (2012)
- Reality (2012)
- Renoir (2012)
- Rust and Bone (2012) [De rouille et d'os – France (original title)]
- Venus in Fur (2013) [La Vénus à la fourrure – France (original)]
- Marius (2013)
- Fanny (2013)
- Suite Francaise (2015) – Bruno's Piano Piece
- Don't Tell Me the Boy Was Mad (2015)
- Les Habitants (2016)
- The Odyssey (2016)
- Heal the Living (2016)
- 12 jours (2017)
- Based on a True Story (2017) [D'après une histoire vraie – France (original)]
- An Officer and a Spy (2019)
- Adults in the Room (2019)
- Officer of the Ordre national du Mérite (2016)
- Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters (2016)
- Chevalier of the Legion of Honour (2011)
- "Artists & ARTURIA #41 Alexandre Desplat using MatrixBrute on the Valerian Soundtrack". Arturia. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
- "Alexandre Desplat". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- Burlingame, Jon (7 January 2007). "Thinking in Colors and Textures, Then Writing in Music". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- "Jacques DESPLAT : Décès (06 janvier 2011)". Sud Ouest (in French). 6 January 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
- Delmotte, Natacha (2 April 2015). "Katie Ladopoulou-Desplat, mère comblée". La Nouvelle République du Centre-Ouest. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- Buckley, Cara (12 February 2015). "Composer Knows His Competition Quite Well: Himself". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- "Biography". Alexandredesplat.net. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- Romano, Andrew (11 February 2014). "Meet Alexandre Desplat, Hollywood's Master Composer". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- Tsioulcas, Anastasia (18 July 2011). "Alexandre Desplat: Creating Color For Harry Potter". WBUR-FM. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- Burlingame, Jon (5 November 2014). "Billion Dollar Composer: Alexandre Desplat Has Ears of World's Top Auteurs". Variety. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- "How Alexandre Desplat creates a film score in three weeks – BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- "Scoring for the screen: Composers and film directors work in harmony | Film Journal International". Filmjournal.com. Archived from the original on 9 June 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- "Interview with Alexandre Desplat :: Film Music Magazine". Filmmusicmag.com. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- Herrera, Monica; Lipshutz, Jason; Mapes, Jillian (25 January 2011). "Reznor, Rahman, Zimmer & More React to Their Oscar Nominations". Billboard. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- [dead link]
- Dargis, Manohla (23 June 2011). "'A Better Life,' Directed by Chris Weitz – Review". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- "Venice Names Alexandre Desplat To Head Fest Competition Jury". Deadline.com. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 2015-04-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Alexandre Desplate Says He'll Be Working on 'Star Wars' Stand-alone Movie". 16 March 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- "'Star Wars: Rogue One' Replaces Its Composter (Exclusive)". 15 September 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
- Dargis, Manohla (19 November 2009). "For Kristen Stewart, Abstinence Makes the Heart ... You Know". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- "Godzilla". Legendary.com. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Alexandre Desplat Takes Over Scoring Duties on 'The Imitation Game' - Film Music Reporter". Filmmusicreporter.com.
- "Alexandre Desplat to Score 'The Secret Life of Pets'". filmmusicreporter.com. 3 December 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- "Alexandre Desplat to Return for 'The Secret Life of Pets 2' - Film Music Reporter". filmmusicreporter.com.
- "Alexandre Desplat Scoring George Clooney's 'The Midnight Sky'". Film Music Reporter. 26 May 2020.
- "Alexandre Desplat to Reteam with Guillermo del Toro on Netflix Animated Movie 'Pinocchio'". Film Music Reporter. 8 January 2020.
- Décret du 14 novembre 2016 portant promotion et nomination
- Arrêté du 10 février 2016 portant nomination et promotion dans l'ordre des Arts et des Lettres
- Décret du 13 juillet 2011 portant promotion et nomination
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