Page semi-protected

COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Mexico by percentage of increase or decrease of new cases by state.svg
Map of the outbreak in Mexico by increase or decrease of confirmed new infections per week (as of August 11; week 31)
COVID-19 Outbreak Active Cases in Mexico.svg
COVID-19 Outbreak Active Cases in Mexico per 100,000 inhabitants.svg
Confirmed active cases (as of August 10)
COVID-19 Outbreak Deaths in Mexico.svg
COVID-19 Outbreak Recoveries in Mexico.svg
Number of confirmed deaths and recoveries by state
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China[1]
Index caseMexico City and Los Mochis[2]
Arrival dateFebruary 28, 2020
(9 months)
Confirmed cases1,090,675
Active cases28,342
Suspected cases364,340
Recovered803,581 ← (estimated)[3]
Fatality rate9.62%[4]
Government website
Suspected cases have not been confirmed by laboratory tests as being due to this strain, although some other strains may have been ruled out.

The COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached Mexico in February 2020. However, the National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT) reported two cases of COVID-19 in mid-January 2020 in the states of Nayarit and Tabasco, one case per state.[5] As of November 27, there had been 1,090,675 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Mexico and 104,873 reported deaths,[6][7] although the Secretariat of Health, through the "Programa Centinela" (Spanish for "Sentinel Program") estimated in mid July 2020 that there were more than 2,875,734 cases in Mexico, because they were considering the total number of cases confirmed as a statistical sample.[8]


On January 12, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) on December 31, 2019.[9][10]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[11][12] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[13][11]


COVID-19 cases in Mexico  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases

Feb Feb Mar Mar Apr Apr May May Jun Jun Jul Jul Aug Aug Sep Sep Oct Oct Nov Nov Last 15 days Last 15 days

# of cases
# of deaths
2020-02-28 3(n.a.)
2020-02-29 4(+33%)
2020-03-01 5(+25%)
2020-03-06 6(+20%)
2020-03-07 7(+17%)
2020-03-11 11(+57%)
2020-03-12 15(+36%)
118(+33%) 1(n.a.)
164(+39%) 1(=)
203(+24%) 2(+100%)
251(+24%) 2(=)
316(+26%) 2(=)
367(+16%) 4(+100%)
405(+10%) 5(+25%)
475(+17%) 6(+20%)
585(+23%) 8(+33%)
717(+23%) 12(+50%)
848(+18%) 16(+33%)
993(+17%) 20(+25%)
1,094(+10%) 28(+40%)
1,215(+11%) 29(+3.6%)
1,378(+13%) 37(+28%)
1,510(+9.6%) 50(+35%)
1,688(+12%) 60(+20%)
1,890(+12%) 79(+32%)
2,143(+13%) 94(+19%)
2,439(+14%) 125(+33%)
2,785(+14%) 141(+13%)
3,181(+14%) 174(+23%)
3,441(+8.2%) 194(+11%)
3,844(+12%) 233(+20%)
4,219(+9.8%) 273(+17%)
4,661(+10%) 296(+8.4%)
5,014(+7.6%) 332(+12%)
5,399(+7.7%) 406(+22%)
5,847(+8.3%) 449(+11%)
6,297(+7.7%) 486(+8.2%)
6,875(+9.2%) 546(+12%)
7,497(+9%) 650(+19%)
8,261(+10%) 686(+5.5%)
8,772(+6.2%) 712(+3.8%)
9,501(+8.3%) 857(+20%)
10,544(+11%) 970(+13%)
11,633(+10%) 1,069(+10%)
12,872(+11%) 1,221(+14%)
13,842(+7.5%) 1,305(+6.9%)
14,677(+6%) 1,351(+3.5%)
15,529(+5.8%) 1,434(+6.1%)
16,752(+7.9%) 1,569(+9.4%)
17,799(+6.2%) 1,732(+10%)
19,224(+8%) 1,859(+7.3%)
20,739(+7.9%) 1,972(+6.1%)
22,088(+6.5%) 2,061(+4.5%)
23,471(+6.3%) 2,154(+4.5%)
24,905(+6.1%) 2,271(+5.4%)
26,025(+4.5%) 2,507(+10%)
27,634(+6.2%) 2,704(+7.9%)
29,616(+7.2%) 2,961(+9.5%)
31,522(+6.4%) 3,160(+6.7%)
33,460(+6.1%) 3,353(+6.1%)
35,022(+4.7%) 3,465(+3.3%)
36,327(+3.7%) 3,573(+3.1%)
38,324(+5.5%) 3,926(+9.9%)
40,186(+4.9%) 4,220(+7.5%)
42,595(+6%) 4,477(+6.1%)
45,032(+5.7%) 4,767(+6.5%)
47,144(+4.7%) 5,045(+5.8%)
49,219(+4.4%) 5,177(+2.6%)
51,633(+4.9%) 5,332(+3%)
54,346(+5.3%) 5,666(+6.3%)
56,594(+4.1%) 6,090(+7.5%)
59,567(+5.3%) 6,510(+6.9%)
62,527(+5%) 6,989(+7.4%)
65,856(+5.3%) 7,179(+2.7%)
68,620(+4.2%) 7,394(+3%)
71,105(+3.6%) 7,633(+3.2%)
74,560(+4.9%) 8,134(+6.6%)
78,023(+4.6%) 8,597(+5.7%)
81,400(+4.3%) 9,044(+5.2%)
84,627(+4%) 9,415(+4.1%)
87,512(+3.4%) 9,779(+3.9%)
90,664(+3.6%) 9,930(+1.5%)
93,435(+3.1%) 10,167(+2.4%)
97,326(+4.2%) 10,637(+4.6%)
101,238(+4%) 11,729(+10%)
105,680(+4.4%) 12,545(+7%)
110,026(+4.1%) 13,170(+5%)
113,619(+3.3%) 13,511(+2.6%)
117,103(+3.1%) 13,699(+1.4%)
120,102(+2.6%) 14,053(+2.6%)
124,301(+3.5%) 14,649(+4.2%)
129,184(+3.9%) 15,357(+4.8%)
133,974(+3.7%) 15,944(+3.8%)
139,196(+3.9%) 16,448(+3.2%)
142,690(+2.5%) 16,872(+2.6%)
146,837(+2.9%) 17,141(+1.6%)
150,264(+2.3%) 17,580(+2.6%)
154,863(+3.1%) 18,310(+4.2%)
159,793(+3.2%) 19,080(+4.2%)
165,455(+3.5%) 19,747(+3.5%)
170,485(+3%) 20,394(+3.3%)
175,202(+2.8%) 20,781(+1.9%)
180,545(+3%) 21,825(+5%)
185,122(+2.5%) 22,584(+3.5%)
191,410(+3.4%) 23,377(+3.5%)
196,847(+2.8%) 24,324(+4.1%)
202,951(+3.1%) 25,060(+3%)
208,392(+2.7%) 25,779(+2.9%)
212,802(+2.1%) 26,381(+2.3%)
216,852(+1.9%) 26,648(+1%)
220,657(+1.8%) 27,121(+1.8%)
226,089(+2.5%) 27,769(+2.4%)
231,770(+2.5%) 28,510(+2.7%)
238,511(+2.9%) 29,189(+2.4%)
245,251(+2.8%) 29,843(+2.2%)
252,165(+2.8%) 30,366(+1.8%)
256,848(+1.9%) 30,639(+0.9%)
261,750(+1.9%) 31,119(+1.6%)
268,008(+2.4%) 32,014(+2.9%)
275,003(+2.6%) 32,796(+2.4%)
282,283(+2.6%) 33,526(+2.2%)
289,174(+2.4%) 34,191(+2%)
295,268(+2.1%) 34,730(+1.6%)
299,750(+1.5%) 35,006(+0.79%)
304,435(+1.6%) 35,491(+1.4%)
311,486(+2.3%) 36,327(+2.4%)
317,635(+2%) 36,906(+1.6%)
324,041(+2%) 37,574(+1.8%)
331,298(+2.2%) 38,310(+2%)
338,913(+2.3%) 38,888(+1.5%)
344,224(+1.6%) 39,184(+0.76%)
349,396(+1.5%) 39,485(+0.77%)
356,255(+2%) 40,400(+2.3%)
362,274(+1.7%) 41,190(+2%)
370,712(+2.3%) 41,908(+1.7%)
378,285(+2%) 42,645(+1.8%)
385,036(+1.8%) 43,374(+1.7%)
390,516(+1.4%) 43,680(+0.71%)
395,489(+1.3%) 44,022(+0.78%)
402,697(+1.8%) 44,876(+1.9%)
408,449(+1.4%) 45,361(+1.1%)
416,179(+1.9%) 46,000(+1.4%)
424,637(+2%) 46,688(+1.5%)
434,193(+2.3%) 47,472(+1.7%)
439,046(+1.1%) 47,746(+0.58%)
443,813(+1.1%) 48,012(+0.56%)
449,961(+1.4%) 48,869(+1.8%)
456,100(+1.4%) 49,698(+1.7%)
462,690(+1.4%) 50,517(+1.6%)
469,407(+1.5%) 51,311(+1.6%)
475,902(+1.4%) 52,006(+1.4%)
480,278(+0.92%) 52,298(+0.56%)
485,836(+1.2%) 53,003(+1.3%)
492,522(+1.4%) 53,929(+1.7%)
498,380(+1.2%) 54,666(+1.4%)
505,751(+1.5%) 55,293(+1.1%)
511,369(+1.1%) 55,908(+1.1%)
517,714(+1.2%) 56,543(+1.1%)
522,162(+0.86%) 56,757(+0.38%)
525,733(+0.68%) 57,023(+0.47%)
531,239(+1%) 57,774(+1.3%)
537,031(+1.1%) 58,481(+1.2%)
543,806(+1.3%) 59,106(+1.1%)
549,734(+1.1%) 59,610(+0.85%)
556,216(+1.2%) 60,254(+1.1%)
560,164(+0.71%) 60,480(+0.38%)
563,705(+0.63%) 60,800(+0.53%)
568,621(+0.87%) 61,450(+1.1%)
573,888(+0.93%) 62,076(+1%)
579,914(+1.1%) 62,594(+0.83%)
585,738(+1%) 63,146(+0.88%)
591,712(+1%) 63,819(+1.1%)
595,841(+0.7%) 64,158(+0.53%)
599,560(+0.62%) 64,414(+0.4%)
606,036(+1.1%) 65,241(+1.3%)
610,957(+0.81%) 65,816(+0.88%)
616,894(+0.97%) 66,329(+0.78%)
623,090(+1%) 66,851(+0.79%)
629,409(+1%) 67,326(+0.71%)
634,023(+0.73%) 67,558(+0.34%)
637,509(+0.55%) 67,781(+0.33%)
642,860(+0.84%) 68,484(+1%)
647,507(+0.72%) 69,095(+0.89%)
652,364(+0.75%) 69,649(+0.8%)
658,299(+0.91%) 70,183(+0.77%)
663,973(+0.86%) 70,604(+0.6%)
668,381(+0.66%) 70,821(+0.31%)
671,716(+0.5%) 71,049(+0.32%)
676,487(+0.71%) 71,678(+0.89%)
680,931(+0.66%) 71,978(+0.42%)
684,113(+0.47%) 72,179(+0.28%)
688,954(+0.71%) 72,803(+0.86%)
694,121(+0.75%) 73,258(+0.62%)
697,663(+0.51%) 73,493(+0.32%)
700,580(+0.42%) 73,697(+0.28%)
705,263(+0.67%) 74,348(+0.88%)
710,049(+0.68%) 74,949(+0.81%)
715,457(+0.76%) 75,439(+0.65%)
720,858(+0.75%) 75,844(+0.54%)
726,431(+0.77%) 76,243(+0.53%)
730,317(+0.53%) 76,430(+0.25%)
733,717(+0.47%) 76,603(+0.23%)
738,163(+0.61%) 77,163(+0.73%)
743,216(+0.68%) 77,646(+0.63%)
748,315(+0.69%) 78,078(+0.56%)
753,090(+0.64%) 78,492(+0.53%)
757,953(+0.65%) 78,880(+0.49%)
761,665(+0.49%) 79,088(+0.26%)
789,780(+3.7%) 81,877(+3.5%)
794,608(+0.61%) 82,348(+0.58%)
799,188(+0.58%) 82,726(+0.46%)
804,488(+0.66%) 83,096(+0.45%)
809,751(+0.65%) 83,507(+0.49%)
814,328(+0.57%) 83,642(+0.16%)
817,503(+0.39%) 83,781(+0.17%)
821,045(+0.43%) 83,945(+0.2%)
825,340(+0.52%) 84,420(+0.57%)
829,396(+0.49%) 84,898(+0.57%)
834,910(+0.66%) 85,285(+0.46%)
841,661(+0.81%) 85,704(+0.49%)
847,108(+0.65%) 86,059(+0.41%)
851,227(+0.49%) 86,167(+0.13%)
854,926(+0.43%) 86,338(+0.2%)
860,714(+0.68%) 86,893(+0.64%)
867,559(+0.8%) 87,415(+0.6%)
874,171(+0.76%) 87,894(+0.55%)
880,775(+0.76%) 88,312(+0.48%)
886,800(+0.68%) 88,743(+0.49%)
891,160(+0.49%) 88,924(+0.2%)
895,326(+0.47%) 89,171(+0.28%)
901,268(+0.66%) 89,814(+0.72%)
906,863(+0.62%) 90,309(+0.55%)
912,811(+0.66%) 90,773(+0.51%)
918,811(+0.66%) 91,289(+0.57%)
924,962(+0.67%) 91,753(+0.51%)
929,392(+0.48%) 91,895(+0.15%)
933,155(+0.4%) 92,100(+0.22%)
938,405(+0.56%) 92,593(+0.54%)
943,630(+0.56%) 93,228(+0.69%)
949,197(+0.59%) 93,772(+0.58%)
955,128(+0.62%) 94,323(+0.59%)
961,938(+0.71%) 94,808(+0.51%)
967,825(+0.61%) 95,027(+0.23%)
972,785(+0.51%) 95,225(+0.21%)
978,531(+0.59%) 95,842(+0.65%)
986,177(+0.78%) 96,430(+0.61%)
991,835(+0.57%) 97,056(+0.65%)
997,393(+0.56%) 97,624(+0.59%)
1,003,253(+0.59%) 98,259(+0.65%)
1,006,522(+0.33%) 98,542(+0.29%)
1,009,396(+0.29%) 98,861(+0.32%)
1,011,153(+0.17%) 99,026(+0.17%)
1,015,071(+0.39%) 99,528(+0.51%)
1,019,543(+0.44%) 100,104(+0.58%)
1,025,969(+0.63%) 100,823(+0.72%)
1,032,688(+0.65%) 101,373(+0.55%)
1,041,875(+0.89%) 101,676(+0.3%)
1,049,358(+0.72%) 101,926(+0.25%)
1,060,152(+1%) 102,739(+0.8%)
1,070,487(+0.97%) 103,597(+0.84%)
1,078,594(+0.76%) 104,242(+0.62%)
1,090,675(+1.1%) 104,873(+0.61%)
Source: Secretariat of Health (2020)[14]

January 2020

On January 22, 2020, the Secretariat of Health issued a statement saying that the novel coronavirus COVID-19 did not present a danger to Mexico. 441 cases had been confirmed in China, Thailand, South Korea, and the United States, and a travel advisory was issued on January 9.[15]

On January 30, 2020, before the declaration of a pandemic by the World Health Organization the Government of Mexico designed a Preparation and Response Plan that was made by the National Committee for Health Safety, a working group led by Secretariat of Health composed by different health entities aiming to act upon the imminent arrival of the pandemic. This group carried out a series of alert measures, rehabilitation and updating of epidemiological regulations based on the International Health Regulations, being the first Latam country that deployed a mathematical model of infectious disease.[16]

February–March 2020

On February 28, Mexico confirmed its first three cases. A 35-year-old man and a 59-year-old man in Mexico City and a 41-year-old man in the northern state of Sinaloa tested positive and were held in isolation at a hospital and a hotel, respectively. They had travelled to Bergamo, Italy, for a week in mid-February.[17][18][2][19] On February 29, a fourth case was detected and confirmed in the city of Torreón, in the state of Coahuila, from a 20-year-old woman who traveled to Italy.[20]

On March 1, a fifth case was announced in Chiapas in a student who had just returned from Italy.[21] On March 6, a sixth case was confirmed in the State of Mexico in a 71-year-old man who had returned from Italy on February 21.[22]

On March 7, a seventh case was also confirmed in Mexico City in a 46-year-old male who had previously had contact with another confirmed case in the United States.[23]

On March 10, an eighth case was reported in Puebla, a 47-year-old German man who had returned from a business trip to Italy.[24] On the same date, 40 members of a dance company in Puebla, returning from a tour in Italy, were quarantined.[25] The Mexican Stock Exchange fell to a record low on March 10 due to fears of the coronavirus and because of falling oil prices. The Bank of Mexico (Banxico) stepped in to prop up the value of the peso, which fell 14% to 22.929 per US dollar.[26]

On March 11, a ninth case was confirmed in the city of Monterrey, Nuevo León. A 57-year-old man, who had recently come back from a trip all across Europe, was placed under quarantine. The man, who has remained anonymous, came back from his trip a week before and had contact with eight other people who have also been placed under quarantine in their houses. The man has been confirmed to reside in the city of San Pedro Garza García.[27]

On March 12, Mexico announced it had a total of 15 confirmed cases, with new cases in Puebla and Durango.[28] A day later, senator Samuel García Sepúlveda [es] accused the federal government of hiding the true number of confirmed cases.[29]

On March 14, Fernando Petersen, the secretary of health of the state of Jalisco, confirmed the first two cases of COVID-19 were detected in Hospital Civil de Guadalajara.[30] Two new cases were confirmed in Nuevo León, and the Secretariat of Public Education (SEP) announced that all sporting and civic events in schools would be canceled.[31] The same day, the Secretariat of Education announced that Easter break, originally planned from April 6 to 17, would be extended from March 20 to April 20 as a preventive measure.[32]

On March 17, 11 new cases were confirmed, raising the national total to 93, with Campeche being the only state with no confirmed cases.[33] Mexico's limited response, including allowing a large concert and the women's soccer championship, as well as a lack of testing, have been criticized. Critics note that president López Obrador does not practice social distancing but continues to greet large crowds, and the borders have not been closed. Of particular concern is the health of thousands of migrants in temporary camps along the border with the United States. The former national commissioner for influenza in Mexico during the 2009 flu pandemic, Alejandro Macías, said the problem is compounded by the fact that Mexico lacks sufficient intensive care unit beds, medical care workers and ventilators.[34]

On March 18, 25 more cases were confirmed raising the total to 118 cases and 314 suspected cases.[35][36] Authorities in Jalisco are concerned about a group of 400 people who recently returned from Vail, Colorado; 40 people have symptoms of COVID-19.[37][38] The same day, the MexiOn March 17, 11 new cases were confirmed, raising the national total to 93, with Campeche being the only state with no confirmed cases.[33]

On March 22, bars, nightclubs, movie theaters, and museums were closed in Mexico City.[39] Governor Enrique Alfaro Ramírez of Jalisco announced that beginning Thursday, March 26, Jalisco and seven other states in the Bajío and western Mexico will block flights from areas such as California that have a high rate of coronavirus. He also said that they will purchase 25,000 testing kits.[40]

On March 30, the total number of cases of COVID-19 surpassed one thousand with 1,094 confirmed cases and 28 reported deaths in the country. In the evening, a national health emergency was declared by Secretary Marcelo Ebrard; all sectors in the country are urged to stop most of their activities.[41]

April–May 2020

On April 10, the total confirmed deaths surpassed two hundred with 233 deaths and 3,844 cases confirmed by Mexican authorities.[42] The government of Baja California closed a plant belonging to the multinational giant Smiths Group after the firm refused to sell ventilators to the Mexican government.[43] On the same day, Mexican consulates in the United States announced the deaths of 181 Mexican nationals due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

On April 13, the number of COVID-19 infections in the country passed 5,000; there were 332 deaths.[44] The Mexican Navy announced it would open ten voluntary self-isolation units to shelter 4,000 COVID-19 victims in Mexico City, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas and Veracruz.[45] Sonora became the first state in the country to declare a curfew.[46]

The number of coronavirus cases surges past 10,000 to 10,544 with 970 deaths on April 21.[47] The death toll surpassed the 1,000 figure on April 23.[48] Tijuana expects its hospitals to run out of space over the weekend.[49]

On May 1, Mexico surpassed 20,000 infections of COVID-19.[50] Mexicanos contra la corrupción (Mexicans against corruption) alleged that Léon Manuel Bartlett, son of Manuel Bartlett the head of the Comisión Federal de Electricidad (CFE), fraudulently tried to sell overpriced ventilators to the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) in Hidalgo.[51] On May 2, Mexico surpassed 2,000 deaths due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[52] At least forty Mexican and Guatemalan farm workers in Canada contracted coronavirus, that according to the United Food and Commercial Workers.[53]

An article published on The New York Times on May 8 assured that both the federal government and the state government of Mexico City ignored the wave of coronavirus deaths in the capital city. The article criticized the way that President Andrés Manuel López Obrador has been handling the pandemic citing the lack of testing done and the fact that the government has been hiding the real number of COVID-19 cases and deaths. It was also mentioned that despite the fact that Undersecretary Hugo López-Gatell has been saying that "We [Mexico] have flattened the curve" and that only 5% of those infected will show symptoms, and only 5% of those patients with symptoms will go to the hospital, experts say that "their model is wrong" and that "there's a very good consensus on that".[54]

More than 100 health workers (doctors, nurses, orderlies, etc.) are among the 3,573 dead from the virus on May 12.[55]

Between May 9 and May 15, 13,000 new cases were confirmed. The totals were 42,595 cases, 10,057 active cases, and 4,477 deaths on May 15.[56]

On May 22, the number of new cases and deaths reported in 24-hours reached a record high of 2,973 and 420 respectively.[57]

June–July 2020

On June 2, the number of new cases of infection increased by 4.2% (3,891) compared to the day before. Women made up 57% of the 97,326 confirmed cases in the country at the time.[58]

51.2% of all infections (94,958 cases) occurred in the so-called "new normal" from May 18 to June 23 as the period after the country’s general quarantine was lifted and states began to resume their economic and social activities in stages. Deaths also grew by 56% (12,654 cases) in these 22 days of "new normal."[59]

On July 1, Mexico became the seventh country with the most amount of COVID-19 deaths surpassing Spain. The same day, Mexico reported 231,770 confirmed cases of COVID-19, with this Mexico became the tenth country with the most infected people with the virus in the world.[60] On July 4, Mexico moved to sixth place in the number of deaths by COVID-19, surpassing France.[61]

On July 8, department stores reopened in Mexico City, but customers were limited to only one hour of shopping, they must wear a face mask, and may not use dressing rooms nor try products such as cosmetics or perfumes.[62]

On July 11, Mexico surpassed the United Kingdom and became the eighth country with the greatest number of confirmed cases in the world.[63] The same day, the ashes of 245 Mexicans that died of COVID-19 in the United States arrived in Mexico City and were given to their respective family.[64] On the same day’s daily press conference of Undersecretary Hugo López-Gatell, the Undersecretary said that the Secretariat of Health was putting on hold the presentation of next week’s "traffic light" due to the inconsistencies found on the data that certain states were reporting.[65] Yucatán and Quintana Roo, states that were pointed out by López-Gatell for their inconsistencies and delayed reporting, said that they were fully complying with what they were asked to report.[66] On July 12, Mexico became the country with the fourth greatest number of deaths in the world with 35,006, surpassing Italy.[67]

On July 13, 304,435 cases and 35,491 deaths were reported. Undersecretary Hugo López-Gatell, said that there has been a decrease in new cases in the Valley of Mexico as Guanajuato moves into second place with 2,530 active cases. Nuevo León reports an occupancy rate of 82% in hospitals.[68]

On July 22, the Assistant Director of the Pan American Health Organization, Jarbas Barbosa, announced that Mexico was the 38th country to send a letter of intent to buy a COVID-19 vaccine when one is available. Secretary Marcelo Ebrard said there was evidence that a vaccine might be available during 2020, and that the goal is an even distribution of 2 billion doses among the other 77 countries.[69] On July 23, President López Obrador confirmed that he had relatives infected by COVID-19 and even that some have died because of the virus.[70]

On July 30, Undersecretary Hugo López-Gatell threatened governors who deliberately change the traffic light status of their respective states with criminal sanctions. On that matter, Maricela Lecuona González, lawyer of the Secretariat of Health, said that:

When the government of a federal entity ceases to comply with the result of the weekly assessment and omits to call for measures relating to the respective level of risk by the federal health authority, and accordingly instructs its population to take measures related to a lower risk level, after the investigation of the competent authority that so resolves, it is clear that the public servants who take such determination may be civil, administrative and/or criminally liable for that decision.

Several governors rejected the proposal.[71] The French pharmacutical company Sanofi-Pasteur announced it will soon begin testing a COVID-19 vaccine in Mexico.[72]

On July 31, Mexico moved into third place in the number of fatalities, behind the United States and Brazil, with 46,688 deaths.[73] Mexico occupied sixth place globally in the total number of confirmed cases, with 424,637.[74]

August–December 2020

On August 3, Patricia Ruiz Anchondo, the Mexico City Social Prosecutor, announced that over 3,000 complaints had been filed regarding parties in apartment buildings that violated the official COVID-19 sanitary guidelines. Most of them were in the boroughs of Benito Juárez, Cuauhtémoc, and Iztapalapa.[75]

On August 4, the Secretariat of Health reported that 4,732 people who spoke an indigenous language have been infected with COVID-19 and, of those infected, 798 have died.[76]

Mexico passed the mark of 50,000 deaths on August 6.[77] The United States Department of State classifies travel to Mexico as "high risk."[78]

On August 13, the Carlos Slim Foundation announced they were going to finance the effort of Mexico, Argentina, the University of Oxford and AstraZeneca to produce and distribute the production and distribution of the vaccine against COVID-19 that’s being developed by the last two. The distribution of the vaccine will begin during the first semester of 2021 and it will be available through Latin America, with the exception of Brazil.[79] The number of confirmed cases passed 500,000.[80]

On August 16, José Luis Alomía, director of Epidemiology of the Secretariat of Health, announced that for the third week in a row, the total number of newly confirmed cases in a week saw a decline and, for the first time, the number of recovered cases in a week surpassed the number of newly confirmed cases.[81]

On August 18, a group of German virologists arrived to share their knowledge and expertise with the Mexican government.[82]

On August 25, Secretary of Foreign Affairs Marcelo Ebrard announced that Mexico would be participating in clinical trials for the development of a COVID-19 vaccine by the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Malattie Infettive "Lazzaro Spallanzani" (National Institute for Infectious Diseases "Lazzaro Spallanzani"). Additionally, he informed that 2,000 Mexicans will be participating in stage 3 trials of the Gam-COVID-Vac vaccine (trade name Sputnik V) that was developed by Russia.[83]

Over 25 million cases are reported in 188 countries and territories on August 30.[84] Six million of those cases are in the United States,[85] and 595,841 are in Mexico.[86]

On September 3, President AMLO said that the government had a savings exchange of up to MXN $100 billion for vaccines, and he asked the different political parties to donate half of their budgets to help pay for the pandemic. Deputy Mario Delgado (National Regeneration Movement) said that it is an "ethical imperative", he argued that families in Mexico shouldn't be allowed to be in a difficult situation while political parties keep getting more resources.[87] INEGI reported that the July unemployment rate had fallen to 5.4%, for a total workfoce of 52.6 million (72.2% men and 39.2% women). 10.8 million workers earn between two and five times the minimum wage, 27.3 million people are engaged in the "informal sector". The greatest increases in employment have been in the commercial sector, while construction, resaurants, transportation, and lodging have fallen behind.[88]

The Catholic Church in Mexico reported on September 4 a total of 77 priests, seven permanent deacons, and four other religious people have died of COVID-19.[89]

On September 6, Rappi said home blood tests for COVID-19 will be available with a fourteen-hour wait for an appointment and a ten-minite wait for results.[90] A large party in which few guests wore facemasks or practiced social distancing, was held in defiance of health regulations at Viñedos Hacienda De Letras in Aguascalientes. The state had 489 deaths and 7,601 confirmed cases as of September 6.[91]

On September 7, researchers at the UNAM reported the development of a saliva-based test that is quicker, easier, and more economical than existing tests. Results of the study have been published in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology.[92]

The Consejo Nacional para Prevenir la Discriminación (National Council to Prevent Discrimination, Conapred) reports that it has had 426 COVID-19-related complaints in five months, mostly the obligation to work while at personal risk.[93] On September 8, Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard (SRE) reported that 17,393 Mexicans who were stranded in differnet countries, mostly in Latin American and Europe, have been repatriated.[94] The SRE also announced that 2,325 Mexicans have died of the virus in the United States, six in Canada, three in Spain, and one each in Colombia, France, and Guatemala.[95]

On September 9, Coahuila passed 1,500 deaths; 13,367 people have been released from hospitals.[96] Arturo Herrera Gutiérrez (SHCP) reports that 440,000 industrial jobs have returned after closings earlier this year.[97] Reuters reports that Landsteiner Scientific pharmacies will receive 32 million doses of the Russian-made vaccine in November.[98] Switzerland removes Mexico from the list of countries with a high rate of infection.[99] Six former Health Secretaries release a report critical of the government's response to the virus, saying that increased testing and mapping of cases could lead to containing infections in six to eight weeks.[100] Pemex became the company with the most COVID-19 deaths in the world, with 313. The state-owned oil company also reported 8,166 cases, of which 78.3% have recuperated. The numbers do not include retired workers or families of workers, whose 583 cases have resulted in 413 deaths.[101]

On September 10, Hugo López-Gatell thanked the former health secetaries for their report on the government's response to the pandemic, but questioned the timing and possible political motives, noting that the report had been produced with input from the Citizens' Movement. He also noted the irony of Dr. José Narro's criticism of a lack of infrastructure.[102]

Mexico passed the mark of 70,000 deaths on September 11.[103]

On September 12, each of the 951 public hospitals that receives COVID-19 patients was given 1,500 cachitos (one-twetieth of a lottery ticket) for the September 15 raffle of the presidential airplane. Each cachito has a value of MXN $500; if a hospital wins, the MXN $20 million (US $1 million) is to be applied to hospital infrastructure, equipment, or medical supplies.[104] The Party of the Democratic Revolution called for an investigation.[105]

On September 15, hospitals in Fresnillo, Durango (ISSSTE); Tepic, Nayarit (IMSS); and Charo, Michoacán (IMSS) each won MXN $20 million in the raffle of the presidential plane.[106]

Federal Deputy Miguel Acundo González (Social Encounter Party) died from COVID-19 on September 16. Thirty-one deputies have tested positive for COVID-19, but most have been asystematic or have had mild cases.[107]

The SRE announced on September 17 that the partial closure of the border with the United States would extend until October 21.[108]

British medical journal The Lancet publishes an article that states the high level of COVID-19 deaths among Mexican health workers is related to poor working conditions. Mexico has reported 1,320 deaths in the sector, compared to 1,077 in the United States, 649 in the United Kingdom, and 634 in Brazil.[109]

It was announced on September 24 that the government has spent MXN $59.2 billion on the coronavirus, $35 billion of which was by the federal government and the rest by the states. The greatest expenses were in March as the government bought equipment and supplies and began hiring more personnel.[110]

Joel Molina Ramírez, a senator (Morena Party (Mexico).png MRN) from Tlaxcala, died on October 24.[111]

On November 13 (Week 44) Mexico reported a total of 991,835 cases and 97,056 total deaths, including 626 deaths in 24-hours, which represents a 2% increase since Week 43 but a 46% decrease since Week 28. 39% of the people tested for COVID-19 result positive. More than 3,000 active cases were reported in CDMX, Nuevo León, State of México, and Guanajuato. Mexico City may have to return to a state of maximum alert (traffic light red).[112]

Arturo Herrera Gutiérrez, Secretary of Finance and Public Credit (SHCP), says that a vaccine is necessary for an economic recovery, and that Mexico will have financial resources to pay for ten million doses per month. Dr. Hugo López-Gatell says the preliminary results from Pfizer and BioNTech are promising, but warns that Mexico does not have the infrastructure to store the vaccine at the needed -70°C.[113]

Mexico passed 1,000,000 confirmed cases on November 15.[114]

A total of over 100,000 COVID-19 deaths was reported on November 19.[115]

On November 20, a judge in Chihuahua ruled that Elektra department stores and Banco Azteca, both owned by billionaire Ricardo Salinas Pliego, are not essential industries and must comply with the restrictions put in place by the state Department of Health.[116]

A record 10,000 new cases in a single day were recorded on November 24 and 25 after a 5% decrease was reported from Week 45 to Week 46. Mexico City and some states expressed concern about saturation of hospitals. Besides the capital, Guanajuato, Nuevo León, State of México, Querétaro, Coahuila, Durango, Jalisco, and Zacatecas each have more than 1,000 active cases. Chiapas and Campeche continue with green traffic lights.[117]


SALUD reported Mexico totals

As of November 8
State Cumulative cases Active cases Deaths Recoveries
961,938 28,354 94,808 710,940
 Mexico City 168,444 4,261 11,958 135,891
 State of Mexico 100,653 1,558 14,281 61,125
 Nuevo León 56,610 2,937 4,078 42,533
 Guanajuato 51,625 3,546 3,546 41,308
 Sonora 39,159 494 3,187 32,028
 Veracruz 37,775 423 5,072 24,359
 Puebla 36,591 735 4,848 24,810
 Jalisco 36,104 1,631 4,290 24,001
 Coahuila 35,884 1,791 2,585 28,595
 Tabasco 34,986 559 2,993 26,751
 Tamaulipas 32,983 484 2,747 26,919
 San Luis Potosí 30,090 691 2,166 24,686
 Michoacán 25,938 500 2,108 20,502
 Baja California 23,856 414 3,986 15,928
 Guerrero 22,561 276 2,308 17,302
 Sinaloa 22,471 319 3,702 14,571
 Yucatán 22,101 648 1,867 16,966
 Oaxaca 22,034 605 1,753 17,053
 Chihuahua 20,884 446 2,337 15,048
 Hidalgo 16,516 654 2,392 10,321
 Durango 16,126 1,876 909 12,253
 Querétaro 15,498 1,572 1,212 10,620
 Quintana Roo 13,771 240 1,858 9,590
 Baja California Sur 13,024 510 620 11,093
 Zacatecas 12,268 1,188 1,039 8,650
 Aguascalientes 10,418 528 875 7,330
 Tlaxcala 8,650 153 1,244 5,948
 Chiapas 7,590 26 1,168 4,948
 Morelos 7,120 180 1,231 3,900
 Nayarit 6,845 115 878 4,488
 Colima 6,797 181 714 4,903
 Campeche 6,566 53 856 4,520

Secretaría de Salud (2020).[118]
Geological and Atmospheric Research Institute[119]

Statistics per 100,000 inhabitants

As of August 30
State Cumulative cases[a] Active cases[a] Deaths[b] Population[c]
498.5 24.2 53.7 119,530,753
 Tabasco 1,177.3 41.0 106.9 2,395,272
 Mexico City 1,097.2 53.2 117.8 8,918,653
 Baja California Sur 1,062.9 107.3 49.3 712,029
 Sonora 750.1 15.8 92.7 2,850,330
 Coahuila 728.1 53.4 46.3 2,954,915
 Tamaulipas 706.5 18.9 52.0 3,441,698
 Yucatán 699.9 58.7 62.2 2,097,175
 Quintana Roo 685.6 39.2 92.4 1,501,562
 San Luis Potosí 660.0 37.2 42.6 2,717,820
 Campeche 618.6 17.2 83.2 899,931
 Nuevo León 560.1 43.5 43.5 5,119,504
 Sinaloa 539.9 15.5 92.8 2,966,321
 Guanajuato 533.9 37.1 34.6 5,853,677
 Colima 515.7 67.9 60.2 711,235
 Baja California 507.9 14.7 94.4 3,315,766
 Tlaxcala 497.1 20.1 70.6 1,272,847
 Puebla 434.3 16.8 56.6 6,168,883
 Aguascalientes 424.2 23.8 30.9 1,312,544
 Nayarit 422.8 31.2 49.0 1,181,050
 State of Mexico 416.9 10.9 49.4 16,187,608
 Guerrero 416.3 15.4 46.8 3,533,251
 Durango 363.5 36.0 24.8 1,754,754
 Hidalgo 357.6 24.5 55.6 2,858,359
 Veracruz 347.2 10.1 45.0 8,112,505
 Oaxaca 344.0 12.9 31.2 3,967,889
 Zacatecas 332.8 40.3 30.3 1,579,209
 Michoacán 326.3 18.1 25.0 4,584,471
 Querétaro 307.3 28.8 35.3 2,038,372
 Morelos 273.4 12.3 50.6 1,903,811
 Jalisco 256.6 20.1 30.7 7,844,830
 Chihuahua 216.4 3.5 31.5 3,556,574
 Chiapas 119.9 1.2 19.2 5,217,908

Secretariat of Health (2020).[118]
Geological and Atmospheric Research Institute[119]
National Institute of Statistics and Geography[120]

Curves of infection and deaths

On April 20, the Secretariat of Health started to report active cases at the daily press conference.[121]

New cases and deaths per day

Graphs based on daily reports from the Mexican Secretariat of Health on confirmed cases of COVID-19.[14]

Chart of deaths by date of death

On June 3 Hugo López-Gatell Ramírez at a daily press conference on COVID-19 explained that daily announced deaths were tested positive for COVID-19 on that day but it does not imply all deaths occurred on this same day. There is a lag, for several causes, between the date of occurrence of the death and the day of positive COVID-19 test result is received.[122]

Chart of hospitalized cases

Number and categorization of hospitalized cases presented by the Secretariat of Health at the daily press conference.[123] After April 20 the Secretariat of Health stopped reporting this type of classification of hospitalized cases. This chart is left here for historical purposes.

Charts of COVID-19 progression by top states



Hospital bed occupancy rates by state

General hospital beds

Occupancy rate of general hospital beds as presented by the Secretariat of Health at the daily press conference.[124]

Beds with ventilators

Occupancy rate of beds with ventilators as presented by the Secretariat of Health at the daily press conference.[124]


Phases of contingency

According to the Secretariat of Health, there are three phases before the disease (COVID-19) can be considered as an epidemic in the country:[125]

Phase Time period Description
Start End
Viral Import February 28, 2020 March 23, 2020[126]
  • People with the virus caught the disease outside Mexico and there are no cases of local transmission.
  • A limited number of people are infected with the virus.
  • There are no restrictions on greetings between people.
  • Public events remain permitted in all settings.
Community Transmission March 24, 2020[126] April 20, 2020
  • Community transmission: cases are reported between people who have not had contact with foreigners.
  • The number of confirmed cases has increased rapidly.
  • Large public events are no longer permitted.
  • Classes are suspended and people are encouraged to work from home.
Epidemic April 21, 2020[127] TBA
  • Widespread transmission: thousands of cases would have been reported in multiple locations across the country.
  • Schools and workplaces with active outbreaks would be shuttered.
  • Implementation of stricter health protocols would occur.
  • A general quarantine of the population may become necessary.

Recovery phases

On May 13, 2020, the Secretary of Economy Graciela Márquez Colín announced the "Plan for the return to the new normality" (Plan para el regreso a la nueva normalidad in Spanish). The purpose of the plan is to progressively resume productive, social and educational activities that were halted during the phases of contingency in order to reopen the economy:[128]

Phase Time period
Start End
Phase 1 May 18, 2020
  • Reopening of the 269 "hope municipalities" (municipios de la esperanza in Spanish). The "hope municipalities" are municipalities that have zero confirmed cases of COVID-19 and don’t neighbor a municipality with confirmed cases.
Phase 2 May 18, 2020 May 31, 2020
  • Preparations are being made for the reopening of the country.
  • The manufacturing of transportation equipment, mining, and construction industries are considered essential activities.
Phase 3 June 1, 2020
  • A "traffic light" coding system is implemented for the gradual reopening of the country. Consisting of four colors (green, yellow, orange, and red) that represent the severity of the pandemic in each state, the "traffic light" will be updated weekly and each color indicates which activities are safe to resume.

Traffic light color system

The "traffic light" color system will be implemented for the gradual reopening of the country starting June 1, 2020. It will consist of four colors (green, yellow, orange, and red) that represent the severity of the pandemic in each state. The "traffic light" will be updated weekly and each color will indicate which activities are safe to resume.[128]

Color Health alert
COVID-19 Outbreak in Mexico (traffic light).svg
The "traffic light" status of each state as of September 14, 2020.
Green Low
  • Classes may resume.
  • Every aspect of the everyday life will return to normal.
Yellow Medium
  • Non-essential activities may resume at a normal rate without any kind of restriction.
  • Public gatherings will only have minor restrictions.
  • Restaurants, churches, movie theaters, and museums may reopen.
Orange High
  • Non-essential activities and public gatherings may resume but at a small scale.
  • Vulnerable workers, such as pregnant women, older adults and people with a compromised immune system, may return to work but should be given maximum protection.
Red Maximum
  • Only the essential activities will operate.
Traffic light color by state each week
State Week
0[d] 1[e] 2[f] 3[g] 4[h] 5[i] 6[j] 7[k] 8[l] 9[m] 10[n]
 Baja California
 Baja California Sur
 Mexico City
 Nuevo León
 Quintana Roo
 San Luis Potosí
 State of Mexico
  Red status
  Orange status
  Yellow status
  Green status



The INEGI says the unemployment rate increased from 3.6% in January 2020 to 3.7% in February 2020. The informal sector increased to 56.3% in February compared to 56.0% in February 2019.[131]

The Mexican Stock Exchange fell to a record low on March 10 due to fears of the coronavirus and because of falling oil prices. The Bank of Mexico (Banxico) stepped in to prop up the value of the peso, which fell 14% to 22.929 per US dollar.[26] World markets are seeing falls similar to those of 1987.[132] Moody's Investors Service predicted that the economy will contract 5.2% during the first trimester of the year and 3.7% by the end of the year.[133] Banxico announced on April 1 that foreign investors have withdrawn MXN $150 billion (US $6.3 billion) from Mexico, mostly in Certificados de la Tesorería (Treasury Certificates, Cetes) since February 27 when the first COVID-19 case in Mexico was diagnosed. The problem is compounded by the low oil price, only US $10.37 per barrel, a 20.29% drop since the beginning of the 2020 Russia–Saudi Arabia oil price war.[134]

Some financial analysts say there has been too little, too late. Carlos Serrano of BBVA México predicts a 4.5% economic contraction in 2020, while analysts at Capital Economics in London argue that the government has to do more to support the economy. They forecast a 6% contraction this year. HR Ratings, Latin America's first credit rating agency, said that the performance of the economy this year will depend on the government's response to the COVID-19 crisis.[135] Inflation slowed to 2.08% during the first half of April, the lowest figure in four years.[136]

In May, BBVA predicted that 58.4% of the Mexican population would live below the poverty line by the end of 2020, an increase of 12 million people. Extreme poverty is expected to grow by 12.3 million people, 26.6% of the population. The bank predicts GDP will fall by 12%.[137] Citibanamex predicts a 7.6% decline in GDP.[138] The economy contracted 17.1% and the GDP fell 18.7% during the second trimester of 2020. This was slightly less than predicted, but it far surpassed the previous record of 8.6% in 1995.[139]

The Mexican Association of Insurance Institutions (AMIS) reported in September that they have paid out US $288 million in claims, making the pandemic the thirteenth most expensive disaster in history.[140]


Beer products were limited to three per customer during COVID-19 pandemic shortly after beer brewing was suspended in Mexico.

Automobile production and sales

The association of car dealers, ADMA, predicts a decrease in sales in Mexico between 16% and 25% this year.[141] J.D. Power estimated a 20% decrease, 264,000 vehicles, in Mexico and a 15% drop across the world.[142] The Employers Confederation of the Mexican Republic (COPARMEX) criticized the government on March 29 for not suspending the payment of taxes, saying the government does not care about unemployment. Fernando Treviño Núñez, president of the organization, explained that businesses cannot afford to pay salaries for more than three months without receiving income.[143] Gasoline and diesel fuel importers have not noted a decrease in demand since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, and they fear that health precautions could cause fuel delays at ports of entry. Watco Companies said that cargo on the Houston Ship Channel for delivery to San Luis Potosí increased 25% in March compared to January. Mexico imports 65% of its gasoline.[144]

Beer, wine, and spirits

On March 24, Grupo Modelo, makers of Corona beer, promised to donate 300,000 bottles of antibacterial gel to the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS).[145] The Canacintra (National Chamber of the Processing Industry) announced on April 2 they were suspending all beer production in the country, as breweries are not an essential industry and there was sufficient supply in the country for a month.[146] Tequila producers plan to stay open.[147]

Education industry

Alfredo Villar, president of the 6,000-member National Association of Private Schools, says that many schools will have to close for the 2020-2021 school year. The 3,500-member National Confederation of Private Schools (CNEP) says most of their members have reported drops in enrollment from 30% to 60%. The group's president, María de Jesús Zamarripa, said, "With fewer than five children in each group, many schools will be forced to cut personnel."[148] 48,000 private schools served 5 million pupils in 2019-2020, 15% of the total student population.[148]

University enrollment for 2020-2021 is expected to fall between 12% and 15%. Approximately 66% of the 4.1 million students enrolled in institutions of higher education attend public schools. Of the 1/3 in private schools, 20% attend schools of high resitige and 13% attend small specialized schools. It is these schools that are particularly vulnerable to closing because of a drop in enrollment.[149]


Gasoline sales fell 70% between April 10 and 18, threatening the financial future of gas stations. Meanwhile, the port of Veracruz is saturated and tankers are stranded off the coast due to low prices.[150]Airbnb offers free accommodations for health care workers.[151]

Film and entertainment

On May 27, film director Alfonso Cuarón plead employers to continue to pay the wages of more than 2.3 million housekeepers that have been left without wages because of the outbreak stating that "It is our responsibility as employers to pay their wages in this time of uncertainty".[152]

Health industry

IMSS reported that Mexico lost 1,113,677 formal jobs from March to June: 130,593 during March, 555,247 in April, 304,526 in May, and 83,311 in June. Considering that new jobs were created in January and February 2020, the balance was a loss of 921,583 jobs for the first six months of the year.[153]


As of April 22, Grupo Salinas with its 70,000 employees, continues to operate as if the pandemic were nonexistent. Even after the rest of the country entered Phase 3 in late April, its stores remain open, social distancing is not enforced, and employees do not use face masks.[154] The United States pressed Mexico in late April to reopen factories that are key to the U.S. supply chain, including those with military contracts, as employees staged walkouts and expressed fear of contracting COVID-19. Lear Corporation acknowledges there have been coronavirus-related deaths among its 24,000 employees in Ciudad Juárez, but will not say how many.[155]

The Unión de Retailers de México ("Union of Retailers of Mexico, URM") said that between 1,500 and 2,500 businesses in shopping centers, between 9.3% and 18% of the 14,000 stores in Mexico City, were forced to close in April 2020 because they could not pay their rent.[156]

The Asociación Nacional de Tiendas de Autoservicios y Departamentales (National Association of Self-service and Department Stores, ANTAD), reported a 60% decline in sales of clothing and footwear between March and June 2020. Clothing manufacturers lost 45,000 employees in the same period.[157]

Sex workers

According to the Brigada Callejera de Apoyo a la Mujer Elisa Martínez, (Elisa Martínez Street Brigade in Support of Women), the number of sex workers on the streets of Mexico City increased from 7,500 in April to 10,000 in August. Among the reasons given are the closure of bars and hotels. Street workers are vulnerable to gang violence and extorsion as well as societal hostility. Workers report they have to work harder but their incomes have fallen.[158]


The Consejo Nacional Empresarial Turístico (National Tourism Business Council, CNET) sent two letters in March to Alfonso Romo, Chief of Staff to the President, outlining the importance of tourism to the economy and asking for government support for the sector. Tourism provides 4 million jobs in Mexico, and 93% of the companies have ten or fewer employees. COVID-19 has forced the closure of 4,000 hotels (52,400 rooms) and 2,000 restaurants, while the airline industry has lost MXN $30 billion (US $1.3 billion).[159] Tourism accounts for 10% of Gross domestic product (GDP) in the world.[160]

The Secretary of Tourism (SECUTUR) announced that the number of foreign tourists who arrived by air between January and July 2020 was 57.5% (5.7 million tourists) less than during the same time period of 2019. The Cancún International Airport reported a 59% decline and the number of tourists at the Mexico City International Airport fell by 62.4%.[161]


General Motors (GM) announced that by late April 2020 its Toluca plant would start producing 1.5 million surgical face masks per month for use in hospitals in the states of Mexico, San Luis Potosí, Coahuila, Guanajuato, and Mexico City.[162]

A team of medical experts and veterinarians led by Pedro Guillermo Mar Hernadez of Hermosillo Technological Center (CTH) and Pedro Ortega Romero of Sonora State University (UES) developed a ventilator that can be used by six COVID-19 patients at a time.[163]

Panic buying

Panic buying of toilet paper at a Soriana supermarket in Ensenada, Baja California

Panic buying in mid-March caused shortages in Mexico of hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin, which U.S. President Donald Trump, with no backing from the scientific or medical communities, said is helpful in preventing COVID-19. The Comisión Federal para la Protección de Riesgos Sanitarios (Federal Commission for the Protection of Health Risks, Cofepris) put controls on the sale of both products. Hidroxicloroquina is used in the treatment of malaria, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. Plaquenil tablets are produced in Mexico by the French company Sanofi; the raw material comes from Hungary. Shortages of medicine for these diseases were expected soon.[164]

In mid-March, retailers in the border city of Tijuana experienced shortages of water and toilet paper as Americans from southern California began crossing the border to panic-buy these items. Purchase limits were placed on several item categories following the first wave of panic buying by foreigners.[165]


Authorities are concerned about supermarket robberies. A gang of 70 people robbed a grocery store in Tecámac, State of Mexico, on March 23, and a gang of 30 looted a supermarket in the city of Oaxaca on March 24. Calls for supermarket looting, warning of food shortages, are making the rounds of social media.[166] Four such social media groups in Tijuana were broken up in Baja California on March 29.[167] The number of murders has not decreased due to the coronavirus pandemic, and drug cartels are fighting each other in Guerrero and Michoacan.[168]

On April 14, José Luis Calderón, vice president of the Mexican Association of Private Security Companies (AMESP), commenting on the increase of crime, told El Informador,[169]

Taking advantage of the COVID-19 crisis, there have been opportunistic people who have sought to loot and have tried to carry out robberies... We know that cell phones, household appliances, liquor, cigarettes and merchandise that are not essential items have been stolen.

Travel restrictions are making it more difficult for Mexican drug cartels to operate, because chemicals from China, which are the raw materials for synthesizing illegal drugs, cannot be imported. As a result, the price of illegal methamphetamine has increased from 2,500 pesos (€95/$102) to 15,000 pesos per pound. Cartels are also struggling to smuggle drugs across the border to the United States, where many customers live, because border crossings have been shut down. The reduction in international air travel has made it easier for authorities to track planes used for transporting illegal drugs.[168]

In May, three different families, relatives of victims of COVID-19, were attacked in Cuajimalpa, Mexico City.[170]

Government response

Mandatory mask laws

Mask mandates per Mexican state

Most states have implemented face mask mandates in some form or another. In the majority of states, this means wearing a face mask at all times outside of someones residence (both inside and outside), while other states have only required someone to wear a mask inside businesses or on public transit.[171]


January to March

  • January 9, 2020 – A travel advisory for people traveling to or from China was issued.[15]
  • January 22 – The Secretariat of Health issued a statement saying that the novel coronavirus COVID-19 did not present a danger to Mexico.[15]
  • January 30 – The Government of Mexico designed a Preparation and Response Plan that was made by the National Committee for Health Safety, a working group led by Secretariat of Health composed by different health entities aiming to act upon the imminent arrival of the pandemic. This group carried out a series of alert measures, rehabilitation and updating of epidemiological regulations based on the International Health Regulations.[16]
  • March 5 – The National Governors' Conference (Conago) met to discuss the coronavirus outbreak. The directors of INSABI, IMSS and ISSSTE also participated.[172]
  • March 6 – Hugo López-Gatell Ramírez led the first daily press conference on COVID-19.[173]
  • March 10 – As the stock market and the price of oil fell, "Banxico" stepped in to prop up the value of the peso, which had fallen 14%.[26]
  • March 13 – The National Autonomous University of Mexico suspended in-person classes. Authorities canceled or postponed major tourist events in Guadalajara and Merida.[174]
On March 14, 2020, sport events such as female football matches were open to the public. At Estadio Olímpico Universitario, authorities were pouring hand sanitizer at the entrance.
  • March 14
    • The SEP announced that all sporting and civic events in schools would be canceled[31] and that Easter break, originally planned from April 6 to 17, would be extended from March 20 to April 20.[32] On March 31 the school closings were extended through April 30.[175]
    • The SCHP announced it was taking measures to prevent a 0.5% fall in GDP.[176]
    • The "Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León" (UANL) suspended classes for its more than 206,000 students starting on March 17.[177]
  • March 15 – Mexico City mayor Claudia Sheinbaum declared that Mexico City expected to spend an extra MXN $100 million to prevent the spread of COVID-19.[178]
  • March 18 – Authorities announced that they were looking for hundreds of citizens who might be carriers of the coronavirus, especially in the states of Puebla, Jalisco, Aguascalientes and Guerrero. The Autonomous University of Guerrero (UAGRO) in Chilpancingo closed after a female student tested positive for the virus.[179]
  • March 22
    • Bars, nightclubs, movie theaters and museums were closed in Mexico City.[39]
    • Governor Alfaro Ramírez announces that Jalisco and seven other states would block flights from areas such as that had a high rate of coronavirus. He also said that they would purchase 25,000 testing kits.[40]
    • Governor Jaime Rodríguez Calderón of Nuevo León said he will not rule out the use of force to get people to stay at home.[180]
  • March 23
    • The WHO announced that Mexico had entered into the community contact phase of infection.[181]
    • The National Campaign of Healthy Distancing, a national program of non-pharmaceutical measures based on social distancing, began.[182] A media campaign led by "Susana Distancia", who is a fictional female superhero aiming to promote social distancing, was launched.[183] "Susana Distancia" is a wordplay on 'su sana distancia', meaning "his/her healthy distance".[184]
    • Access to supermarkets, drugstores and convenience stores in Coahuila was limited to one person per family, and the temperature of that person was taken before entering.[185]
  • March 24 – President López Obrador announced that Mexico had entered Phase 2 of the coronavirus pandemic, in effect until April 30. Gatherings of more than 100 people were prohibited, and both the Mexican Army and the Mexican Navy would participate.[186]
  • March 25
    • President López Obrador ordered the Mexican Air Force to rescue Mexicans trapped in Argentina.[187]
    • Office of the Federal Prosecutor for the Consumer (Profeco) closed two businesses in Tijuana, Baja California, for price-gouging.[188]
    • In Mexico City, Claudia Sheinbaum announced financial support for families and micro industries affected by the pandemic, and she suspended automobile smog checks through April 19. She closed movie theaters, bars, nightclubs, gyms and other entertainment centers.[189]
    • The government announced that it would continue receiving cruise ships "for humanitarian reasons", but that passengers would be individually "fumigated" before being taken directly to airports to be returned to their home countries. The protocol will apply to the MS Europa, currently docked in Puerto Vallarta.[190]
  • March 26
    • President López Obrador addressed the Group of Twenty regarding medical supplies and trade and tariffs.[191] The federal government announced it would suspend most sectors' activities from March 26 to April 19.[192]
    • The Secretary of Health estimated that Phase 3 of the pandemic, when the number of cases reaches its peak, will be about April 19.[193]
    • Authorities in Chihuahua announced that it would start to quarantine migrants who were returned to the Ciudad Juárez border crossing.[194]
    • The Comisión Federal para la Protección de Riesgos Sanitarios (Federal Commission for the Protection of Health Risks, Cofepris) put controls on the sale of hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin, used in the treatment of malaria, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, but not shown to be effective against COVID-19. Nonetheless, panic buying of these medicines is likely to soon lead to a shortage.[164]
  • March 27
  • March 28
    • Hugo López-Gatell Ramírez, Deputy Secretary of Health, said that with 16 deaths and 848 cases of infection, this is the last opportunity to prevent accelerated growth of COVID-19. He called on the population to act responsibly to prevent its spread.[199] Milenio reported that López-Gatell said there is a legal basis for the use of force to enforce stay-at-home orders during the COVID-19 pandemic.[200]
    • Health officials, accompanied by a representative of the military and Foreign Secretary Marcelo Ebrard made a video urging the populace to stay home. President López Obrador did not appear in that video, but he made a separate one with the same message.[201]
Government offices in Cuauhtémoc borough sanitized on March 30.
  • March 30 – A national health emergency was declared in Mexico and stricter measures aimed at containing the spread of the virus were introduced.[41]

April and May

  • April 1
    • Beaches throughout the country are closed.[202]
    • INEGI asked everyone who has not taken part of the 2020 census to contact them via their webpage or by calling them before April 15.[203]
    • The Governor of Nuevo León ordered a halt to production and distribution of beer in the state, beginning April 3.[204]
  • April 3
    • President López Obrador issued a decree to abolish 100 public trusts related to science and culture; the Finance Ministry (SHCP) will receive the money directly.[205] The move is expected to save MXN $250 billion (US $10 billion), which can be spent to strengthen the economy, pay for social programs and pay off the debt.[206]
    • Claudia Sheinbaum promised to donate two months of her salary (a total of MXN $156,728) to the struggle against COVID-19 and invited other officials to do so also.[207]
  • April 5
    • President López Obrador presented his plan to reactivate the economy without increasing fuel prices or taxes. He said he would increase oil production and that he had support from the private sector.[208]
    • A health official in Oaxaca was fired after spitting on doctors, nurses, and patients at the Hospital Regional del ISSSTE "Presidente Juárez" because the service was slow.[209]
  • April 7 – Governor Diego Sinhué Rodríguez Vallejo of Guanajuato announced he would donate his salary (MXN $153,000) during the contingency.[210]
  • April 8 – Cuauhtémoc Blanco Bravo of Morelos announced that he would donate his salary to support families who do not have incomes during the crisis.[211] Thirty confirmed cases and five deaths have been reported in the state.[212]
  • April 10 – José Ignacio Precaido Santos of the General Health Council announced that at least 146 private hospitals will make beds available to treat COVID-19 patients on a non-profit basis.[213]
  • April 11 – The Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) announced it would not forgive payments because of the pandemic. They reiterated their commitment to invest MXN $8 billion during the presidency of Lopez Obrador and emphasised the need to pay their 90,000 employees.[214]
  • April 12 – The government established the "National Contingency Center" (Spanish: Centro de Contingencias Nacional, CNC) to fight COVID-19. It will be led by the military and will have scientists and health technicians advising about steps to combat the pandemic.[215]
  • April 13 – The Mexican Navy announced it would open ten voluntary self-isolation units to shelter 4,000 COVID-19 victims in Mexico City, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas and Veracruz.[45]
  • April 16
    • The government announced on April 16 that it will restrict transportation between areas of the country that are infected with COVID-19 (mostly large cities) and areas that are not infected, without specifying what areas are included or how it will be enforced.[216]
    • President López Obrador also said that based upon current projections, the 979 municipalities that have not had reported cases of coronavirus will be able to reopen schools and workplaces on May 17; the date is June 1 for the 463 municipalities that have. The elderly and other vulnerable groups will still be requested to stay home, and physical distancing should remain in place until May 30. It is expected that the pandemic will end in the metropolitan area on June 25.[217]
  • April 17 – AMLO pledges MXN $60 billion (US $2.5 billion) to help small businesses in May.[218]
  • April 18 – The Health Ministry says that unclaimed bodies of the deceased related to COVID-19 should not be cremated or buried in common graves, but should be photographed, fingerprinted and buried in marked graves. In cases of suspected or confirmed cases of coronavirus, the bodies cannot be exhumed for at least 180 days after the date of death.[219]
  • April 21
    • The government announced that Mexico had entered Phase 3 of its contingency plan.[127]
    • The Secretariat of the Civil Service (SFP) announced that the deadline for public servants to declare their assets was extended from May 1 to July 31.[220]
  • May 4 – Plan DN III of Sedena and Plan Marina of SEMAR begin.[221]
  • May 13
  • May 20 – Mexico City mayor presented the "Gradual Plan towards the New Normality in Mexico City" after the health emergency and estimated that the city will be at a red light at least until June 15, although the situation may change to orange at that time.[225]
  • May 29
    • Thirty-one entities were classified as ″Maximum Risk;″ Zacatecas was the only exception.[226]
    • The SEP set August 10 as the new tentative date for reopening schools across the country.[227]

June and July

  • June 5
    • As the school year ends, the SEP announces that grades and certification will be available online. The summer program will begin on June 8 and enrollment for the 2020-2021 school year will be August 6 and 7 and the new school year will begin on August 10.[228]
    • The Secretariat of Culture publishes guidelines for the reopening of cultural spaces, such as archaeological zones, museums, and theaters.[229]
  • June 10 – Mayor Claudia Sheinbaum said that Mexico City will begin wide testing for the COVID-19 virus with plans to reach 100,000 tests in July. Testing will be paired with an intensive information campaign and an attempt at contact tracing.[230]
  • June 11 – Governor Francisco Domínguez Servién of Queretaro announces that the state will reopen non-essential services on June 17.[231]
  • June 12 – The State Health Committee in Baja California Sur announced that non-essential businesses will reopen on June 14.[232]
  • June 25 – The governor of Jalisco announces partial reopening of theaters, parks, and athletic facilities beginning June 29.[233]
  • July 9 – Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) said it will reopen its 1,411 day care centers (Spanish: guarderías) on July 20 in order to train employees about health safety procedures. No children will return until later. Of the interviewed parents, about 48% of them said that their children were going to return to day care when the "traffic light" is green and 12% said they wanted their children to return in August.[234]
  • July 11
    • Undersecretary Hugo López-Gatell said that the Secretariat of Health was putting on hold the presentation of next week’s "traffic light" due to the inconsistencies found on the data that certain states were reporting.[65] Yucatán and Quintana Roo, states that were pointed out by López-Gatell for their inconsistencies and delayed reporting, said that they were fully complying with what they were asked to report.[66]
    • Tlaltetela, Veracruz, announced a curfew from 10:00 pm to 6:00 am.[235]
  • July 12
    • The government of Mexico City revealed the list of 34 neighborhoods with the most infections, 20% of the total. San José Zacatepec, Xochimilco, has an index of 1,084.4/100,000 inhabitants; followed by San Salvador Cuauhtenco, Milpa Alta (767.4/100,000); and Colonia Aldana, Azcapotzalco (388.6/100,000). Updates will be provided every Sunday.[236]
    • The municipalities of Felipe Carrillo Puerto, José María Morelos, Bacalar, and Othón P. Blanco in Quintana Roo announced that they will be returning to red status on the "traffic light" until July 19.[237]
  • July 13
  • July 15 – Claudia Sheinbaum announces a plan to combat the virus in 34 neighborhoods that have returned to a red status on the "traffic light". The plans include sanitizing public spaces, the set up of temporary health centers, and provide food and economic support. The 34 neighborhoods are spread over 12 of the 16 boroughs and include three in Álvaro Obregón, one in Azcapotzalco, four in Coyoacán, two in Cuauhtémoc, one in Iztapalapa, six in Magdalena Contreras, two in Miguel Hidalgo, three in Milpa Alta, two in Tláhuac, four in Tlalpan, one in Venustiano Carranza, and six in Xochimilco.[240]
  • July 23 – The CDMX issued a new schedule for access to the Historical Center that included closing of streets to vehicular traffic.[241]
  • July 30 – President López Obrador announced that non-essential federal employees will return to work on October 1, 2020 and assured that measures will be implemented to guarantee the public health.[242]

August and September

  • August 3 – The SEP announces that classes will resume on August 24, mostly online. Families without internet will have access through radio or television.[243][244]
  • August 10 - According to a report in the New York Times, Mexicans are avoiding hospitals for fear of Covid 19.[245]
  • August 13 – President López Obrador decrees a thirty day period of mourning for victims of the pandemic, from August 13 to September 11. This is in addition to the minute of silence offered during the President's daily press conferences.[246]
  • August 14 – The SEP releases its 2020-2021 calendar with 190 days of classes.[247]
  • September 10 – INAH reopens the Teotihuacan archaeological site at 30% capacity.[248]
  • September 17
  • September 18 – INAH plans to reopen the Chichén Itzá archaeological site on September 22 with a maximum capacity of 30% (3,000 people).[251] The date coincides with the September equinox.[252]

Cancellations, suspensions, and closings

Archaeological sites

Teotihuacán, Xochicalco, El Tepozteco closed March 21–22. Chichén Itzá closed indefinitely starting March 21.[253] Archaeological sites were reopened at partial capacity in mid-to-late September.

Educational institutions
Basic educationThe SEP announced on March 14 that all sporting and civic events in schools would be cancelled[31] and that Easter break would be from March 20 to April 20.[32] Remote learning (on-line, television, radio) for the 2020-2021 school year began in August.
Higher education: The UNAM and Tec de Monterrey, switched to virtual classes on March 13.[174] Autonomous University of the State of Morelos (UAEM) suspended classes on March 16.[254] Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon (UANL) suspended classes from March 17 to April 20.[177] Autonomous University of Guerrero (UAGRO) and Technical Institute of Guerrero (Chilpancingo) closed March 18.[179] Colleges and universities across the country began a combination of on-line and in-person classes in September.

OCESA cancelled all its events until April 19.[255]

Fairs: Authorities announced on March 14 they were considering the cancellation of the Festival Internacional de Cine de Guadalajara. In Mérida, the Tianguis Turístico was postponed to September.[174]
Musical: Chicago suspended until April 17[255]
Concerts: The Magic Numbers, Los Tigres del Norte, Red Orange County [sic], Mercury Rev, María León, Sasha Sloan[255] and Ricky Martin[256]
Conference: Michelle Obama[255]
Other: Bars, nightclubs, movie theaters, and museums were closed in Mexico City on March 22.[39]

President López Obrador suspended non-essential activities from March 26 to April 19. The health and energy sectors, the oil industry, and public services such as water supply, waste management and public safety continued to function.[192]


Ford Motor Company, Honda and Audi closed their manufacturing plants in Mexico on March 18.[257] Hundreds of hotel employees in Cancún were fired.[258] Alsea (Starbucks, VIPS, Domino's Pizza, Burger King, Italianni's, Chili's, California Pizza Kitchen, P. F. Chang's China Bistro and The Cheesecake Factory) offered its employees unpaid leave.[259] PROFECO closed two businesses in Tijuana Baja California, for price-gouging on March 25.[188] Cinépolis and Cinemex announced that they will temporarily close all of their theaters starting March 25.[260][261]

Ports of entry
Air: Governor Alfaro Ramírez of Jalisco announced that beginning Thursday, March 26, eight states in the Bajío and western Mexico would block flights from areas that had a high rate of coronavirus. The restrictions would apply at the Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Guadalajara International Airport and the Licenciado Gustavo Díaz Ordaz International Airport in Puerto Vallarta.[40]
Land: The United States Department of State announced on March 20 there would be restrictions on travel across the Mexico–United States border. The restrictions would not apply to cargo.[262] On March 26, protesters in Sonora insisted that the government limit border crossings with the United States.[263] The state of Chihuahua announced that it would start to quarantine migrants who are returned to the Ciudad Juárez border crossing.[194] Citizens of Nogales, Sonora, blocked border crossing from Nogales, Arizona, in order to prevent the entrance of individuals with the virus infection and to prevent shortages of food, bottled water, toilet paper and cleaning supplies in local stores.[264]
Sea: The government announced on March 25 it would continue receiving cruise ships but that passengers would be individually "fumigated" before being taken directly to airports to be returned to their home countries.[190]

Jalisco Open (tennis tournament) and CONCACAF Champions League (soccer) cancelled March 13.[174]

Formula One's Mexican Grand Prix, which has scheduled on 1 November, has cancelled on 24 July due to travel restrictions in the Americas and the host circuit has turned into COVID-19 emergency hospital.[265][266]

Religious events

On March 17, the Passion Play of Iztapalapa in Mexico City moved to an undisclosed location indoors and televised on April 10.[267]

San Luis Potosí suspended wakes and funerals on March 29.[268]

Curfew established

Mayor Juanita Romero (PAN) of Nacozari de García, Sonora, declared a curfew in effect until April 20.[269]

Greater Mexico City transportation
Mexico City Metro:[270]
Line 1: Juanacatlán.
Line 2: Allende, Panteones, Popotla.
Line 4: Talismán, Bondojito, Canal del Norte, Fray Servando.
Line 5: Aragón, Eduardo Molina, Hangares, Misterios, Valle Gómez.
Line 6: Norte 45, Tezozómoc.
Line 7: Constituyentes, Refinería, San Antonio.
Line 8: Aculco, Cerro de la Estrella, La Viga, Obrera.
Line 9: Ciudad Deportiva, Lázaro Cárdenas, Mixiuhca, Velódromo.
Line 12: Eje Central, San Andrés Tomatlán, Tlaltenco.
Line A: Agrícola Oriental, Canal de San Juan, Peñón Viejo.
Line B: Olímpica, Deportivo Oceanía, Romero Rubio, Tepito.
Mexico City Metrobús:[270]
Line 1: San Simón, Buenavista II, El Chopo, Campeche, Nápoles, Ciudad de los Deportes, Francia, Olivo, Ciudad Universitaria, Centro Cultural Universitario
Line 2: Nicolás Bravo, Del Moral, CCH Oriente, Río Tecolutla, Álamos, Dr. Vértiz, Escandón, Antonio Maceo
Line 3: Poniente 146, Poniente 134, Héroe de Nacozari, La Raza, Ricardo Flores Magón, Buenavista III, Obrero Mundial
Line 5: Preparatoria 3, Río Guadalupe, Victoria, Río Santa Coleta, Archivo General de la Nación
Line 6: Ampliación Providencia, 482, 416 Oriente, Francisco Morazán
Line 7: Hospital Infantil La Villa, Necaxa, Clave, Glorieta Violeta, París, La Diana, Antropología
Xochimilco Light Rail:[270] Las Torres, Xotepingo, Tepepan, Francisco Goitia
Hoy No Circula: Obligatory for all vehicles.[271]

On March 31, Mexico's post suspended international mail service outside the United States and Canada due to cancellation of international passenger airline flights. On September 24, Mexico's post stated that it was able to dispatch mail to a growing number of destinations as flights return to normal, albeit with reduced capacity.[272]

Misinformation and criticism

Mexico's federal government was perceived as slow to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic as of late March 2020, and it was met with criticism from certain sectors of society and the media.[273] Through April 1, the government only performed 10,000 tests, compared to 200,000 that had been completed in New York state. Therefore, official statistics are likely to greatly underestimate the actual number of cases.[274] The New York Times reported on May 8 that the federal government is underreporting deaths in Mexico City; the federal government reports 700 deaths in the city while local officials have detected over 2,500.[54]

President Andrés Manuel López Obrador has continued to hold rallies, be tactile with crowds, and downplay the threat of coronavirus to health and the economy.[273][275]

Miguel Barbosa Huerta, the governor of Puebla, claimed that only the wealthy were at risk of COVID-19, since the poor are immune. There is no evidence that wealth affects a person's vulnerability to the virus.[276][277]

Rumors about a curfew sparked the barricading of streets in San Felipe del Progreso, State of Mexico, on May 8.[278] A rumor spread via WhatsApp that authorities were spreading gas contaminated with COVID-19 provoked vandalism of police cars in San Mateo Capulhuac, Otzolotepec, on May 9.[279]

See also


  1. ^ a b Calculated by dividing the number of cases by the total population of the state and multiplying the result by 100,000.
  2. ^ Calculated by dividing the number of deaths by the total population of the state and multiplying the result by 100,000.
  3. ^ In 2015.
  4. ^ May 13–31
  5. ^ June 1–7
  6. ^ June 8–14
  7. ^ June 15–21
  8. ^ June 22–28
  9. ^ June 29-July 5
  10. ^ July 6–12
  11. ^ No traffic light presented during week 7
  12. ^ July 20-August 2
  13. ^ August 3–16
  14. ^ August 17–30


  1. ^ "Confirman siete casos de coronavirus en México". (in Spanish). March 7, 2020. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  2. ^ a b @GobiernoMX (February 28, 2020). "La @SSalud_mx confirmó dos casos de coronavirus en México, el primero en la capital y el segundo en Sinaloa. Se trata de pacientes de bajo riesgo que están siendo atendidos. Invitamos a la población a seguir informada y tomar medidas de prevención" [The @SSalud_mx confirmed two cases of coronavirus in Mexico, the first in the capital and the second in Sinaloa. These are low-risk patients who are being treated. We invite the population to stay informed and take preventive measures] (Tweet) (in Spanish). Retrieved February 28, 2020 – via Twitter.
  3. ^ "Covid-19 México" (in Spanish). November 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "Mortality Analyses". Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  5. ^ "Covid-19 CONACYT" (in Spanish). April 21, 2020.
  6. ^ Government of Mexico (May 26, 2020). "Información General". Gobierno de México (in Spanish).
  7. ^ Redacción (October 5, 2020). "Muertes por COVID-19 se disparan a 81,877 y los casos a 789,780 tras cambio en metodología". El Financiero (in Spanish).
  8. ^ "COVID-19 Seguimiento México". IIGEA (in Spanish). Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  9. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on January 30, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  10. ^ Reynolds, Matt (March 4, 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on March 5, 2020. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  11. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on March 19, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  12. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on March 3, 2020. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  13. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". Archived from the original on March 12, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  14. ^ a b "Comunicado diario" (in Spanish). Secretaría de Salud, Gobierno de México.
  15. ^ a b c "El Nuevo Virus Coronavirus No Representa Un Peligro Para México" [The New Coronavirus Does Not Represent a Danger for Mexico]. Reporte de Indigo (in Spanish). January 22, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  16. ^ a b "México está preparado para enfrentar coronavirus (2019-nCoV) (Mexico is prepared to face coronavirus)". (in Spanish). Secretariat of Health. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  17. ^ "Mexico Confirms Its First 2 Coronavirus Cases". KCAL-TV. February 28, 2020. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
  18. ^ "Mexico confirms first coronavirus cases in two men returned from Italy". Thompson Reuters Foundation. Reuters. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
  19. ^ "Van 3 casos confirmados de coronavirus en México". El Financiero (in Spanish). Retrieved February 29, 2020.
  20. ^ "Coronavirus en México: lo último del nuevo caso en Torreón". Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  21. ^ "Confirman caso de coronavirus en Chiapas". ABC Noticias (in Spanish). March 1, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  22. ^ "La Secretaría de Salud confirma el sexto caso de coronavirus en México". ADNPolítico. March 7, 2020. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  23. ^ "Se eleva a 7 el número de casos confirmados de coronavirus en México". Retrieved March 9, 2020.
  24. ^ "Puebla reporta primer caso positivo de coronavirus". El Financiero. Cuartoscuro. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  25. ^ Arellano García, Cesar (March 10, 2020). "Supervisarán salud de ballet folklórico que vuelve de Italia". La Jornada. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  26. ^ a b c Mexico's stock market hits record low over coronavirus crisis and collapsing oil prices (in English) El Universal (English), March 10, 2020
  27. ^ "Confirman el primer caso de coronavirus en Nuevo León". Telediario Monterrey (in Spanish). March 11, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  28. ^ "Ya son 15 casos de coronavirus en México; hay 82 sospechosos". Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  29. ^ "Gobierno de México Esconde cifras reales de Coronavirus, acusa Samuel García". (in Spanish). Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  30. ^ "Confirman primeros dos casos de coronavirus en Jalisco". El Informador: Noticias de Jalisco, México, Deportes & Entretenimiento (in Spanish). Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  31. ^ a b c "SEP cancela eventos deportivos y cívicos en escuelas por coronavirus" [SEP cancels sporting and civic events in schools due to coronavirus]. El Universal (in Spanish). March 14, 2020.
  32. ^ a b c Huizache, Dolores. "SEP anuncia que vacaciones de Semana Santa se adelantan por coronavirus". AM Mexico. Editorial Martinica S.A. de C.V. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  33. ^ a b "Secretaría de Salud reporta 93 casos de coronavirus en México; hay 206 sospechosos". Retrieved March 18, 2020.
  34. ^ Jihan Abdalla (March 17, 2020). "Mexico's government under pressure over coronavirus response" Al Jazeera; Rafael Bernal (March 18, 2020). "Mexico under international criticism for coronavirus response", The Hill.
  35. ^ "Coronavirus en México: Hay 118 casos confirmados de COVID-19". El Heraldo de México (in Spanish). March 18, 2020.
  36. ^ "Confirman 118 casos de coronavirus en México; hay 314 sospechosos". Milenio (in Spanish). March 18, 2020.
  37. ^ Coronavirus en México, noticias de última hora Milenio, March 18, 2020
  38. ^ "Some of Mexico's Wealthiest Residents Went to Colorado to Ski and Brought Home Coronavirus". Los Angeles Times. March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  39. ^ a b c Mexico City closes museums, bars, nightclubs, and movie theaters in a bid to halt coronavirus spread (in English) El Universal, March 23, 2020
  40. ^ a b c Carolina Solís (March 23, 2020). "Jalisco will block flights and buy 25 thousand tests of COVID-19", Debate (in Spanish).
  41. ^ a b Redacción (March 30, 2020). "México, en Emergencia Sanitaria; Supera Los Mil Casos de Coronavirus". El Universal (in Spanish).
  42. ^ Redacción (April 10, 2020). "México Supera Los 200 Muertos Por Covid-19; Llega a 3 Mil 844 Contagios". El Universal (in Spanish).
  43. ^ "Mexico closes US owned plant for refusal to sell ventilators". Associated Press. April 10, 2020.
  44. ^ "México supera los 5 mil casos de covid-19, llega 332 muertos". El Universal (in Spanish). April 13, 2020.
  45. ^ a b "Mexico will open 10 voluntary isolation centers amid the COVID-19 pandemic". El Universal. April 13, 2020.
  46. ^ "Coronavirus in Mexico: Sonora is the first state to decree mandatory confinement with sanctions". Infobae.
  47. ^ "Coronavirus en México: son 970 muertes y 10,544 casos confirmados". Infobae (in Spanish).
  48. ^ "1,000 new coronavirus cases in one day pushes total to more than 10,000". Mexico News Daily. April 23, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  49. ^ "Coronavirus pushes Tijuana hospitals toward saturation point". Mexico News Daily. April 23, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  50. ^ "1 de Mayo. Suman mil 972 muertes por Covid-19 en México, con 20,739 casos". El Universal (in Spanish). May 1, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  51. ^ Mota, J. I. (May 2, 2020). "Una investigación revela que el hijo de un funcionario mexicano vendió al Gobierno ventiladores para la covid-19 a sobreprecio". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  52. ^ "Coronavirus en México: suman 2,061 muertos y 22,088 casos confirmados". infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  53. ^ "Detectan a trabajadores agrícolas mexicanos con COVID-19 en Canadá". El Informador :: Noticias de Jalisco, México, Deportes & Entretenimiento (in Spanish). Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  54. ^ a b Ahmed, Azam (May 8, 2020). "Hidden Toll: Mexico Ignores Wave of Coronavirus Deaths in Capital". The New York Times.
  55. ^ "El coronavirus ha cobrado la vida de más de 100 médicos, enfermeras, camilleros..." Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  56. ^ "Gráficas del coronavirus en México: 13,000 nuevos contagios a una semana del pico máximo". Infobae. May 15, 2020.
  57. ^ ""Va de acuerdo a lo proyectado": con 420 muertos y casi 3,000 contagios en un día, López Obrador aseguró que no hay desbordamiento del coronavirus". infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved May 22, 2020.
  58. ^ "En el segundo día la nueva normalidad, México llegó a nuevo máximo de contagios de COVID-19". infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved June 3, 2020.
  59. ^ News, •Vallarta Daily (June 23, 2020). "Over half of all COVID-19 infections and deaths in Mexico have occurred since national quarantine was lifted". Puerto Vallarta News. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  60. ^ "México supera a España en número de muertes por coronavirus: estas son las cifras". CNN. July 2, 2020. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  61. ^ Staff, Forbes (July 5, 2020). "COVID-19: México supera los 250 mil contagios y 30 mil fallecidos • Forbes México". Forbes México (in Spanish). Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  62. ^ "Semáforo COVID-19 CDMX: este 8 de julio regresan los centros comerciales y tiendas departamentales con tiempo limitado". infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved July 8, 2020.
  63. ^ "Coronavirus 11 de julio. México rebasa a Reino Unido con más de 295 mil casos de Covid-19". El Universal (in Spanish). July 11, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  64. ^ Embargo, Redacción / Sin (July 11, 2020). "México recibe los restos de 245 connacionales que murieron a causa del coronavirus en EU". SinEmbargo MX (in Spanish).
  65. ^ a b "López-Gatell usó cubrebocas por primera vez durante conferencia diaria". infobae (in Spanish). July 11, 2020.
  66. ^ a b "Quintana Roo y Yucatán rechazan tener rezagos en información sanitaria de COVID-19 como acusó López-Gatell". infobae (in Spanish). July 11, 2020.
  67. ^ "México supera a Italia con 35,000 muertes por covid-19". Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  68. ^ "Mapa del coronavirus en México 14 de julio: desciende en Valle de México, pero Nuevo León se acerca al límite de ocupación hospitalaria". infobae (in Spanish). July 14, 2020.
  69. ^ "México, en lista de espera para recibir vacuna contra coronavirus". El Informador (in Spanish). July 22, 2020.
  70. ^ Redacción (July 23, 2020). "'Tengo familia enferma por Covid-19': López Obrador". Excélsior (in Spanish).
  71. ^ "AMAGAN CON SANCIONES PENALES A MANDATARIOS". El Universal (in Spanish). July 30, 2020.
  72. ^ "Sanofi-Pasteur probará en México su vacuna contra el coronavirus: esto es lo que se sabe". MARCA Claro México (in Spanish). July 31, 2020. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  73. ^ "México se coloca como el tercer país con más muertes por COVID-19 al superar a Reino Unido". El Financiero (in Spanish). Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  74. ^ "Coronavirus México 31 de julio; resumen de las últimas noticias, contagios y muertes". MARCA Claro México (in Spanish). July 31, 2020. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  75. ^ "Prosoc de CdMx reporta 3 mil quejas por fiestas durante pandemia". Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  76. ^ "Coronavirus. Casos en México por estado, mapa al 4 de agosto". Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  77. ^ "Coronavirus 6 de agosto. México alcanza 50 mil muertes por Covid; hay 462 mil casos". El Universal (in Spanish). August 6, 2020. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  78. ^ Staff, Forbes (August 6, 2020). "EU pone a México en riesgo máximo de Covid-19 en alerta para viajes". Forbes México (in Spanish). Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  79. ^ DEL POZO, MELISSA. "Se asocian México, Argentina y Oxford por vacuna anticovid". Milenio. Retrieved August 13, 2020.
  80. ^ "México supera el medio millón de contagios de coronavirus". Reuters. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  81. ^ "Mapa del coronavirus en México 17 de agosto: el país registra la tercera semana con descenso en contagios totales". infobae (in Spanish). August 17, 2020.
  82. ^ "Delegación de virólogas alemanas llega a México para apoyar en la emergencia sanitaria". 24 Horas. August 18, 2020.
  83. ^ "México participará en estudios clínicos de vacuna italiana contra Covid-19". El Sol de México. August 25, 2020.
  84. ^ "La Jornada - La pandemia deja más de 25.2 millones de casos en el mundo". La Jornada. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  85. ^ "Coronavirus. Estados Unidos supera los 6 millones de casos de covid-19". Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  86. ^ "Coronavirus en México | Las noticias más relevantes de los estados este lunes 31 de agosto". El Heraldo de México (in Spanish). August 31, 2020. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  87. ^ Arista, Lidia. "AMLO pide a los partidos dar el 50% de su presupuesto para la vacuna anticovid". EXP. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  88. ^ "Optimismo económico: Se reactivan 1.5 millones de empleos en el país". Dinero en Imagen. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  89. ^ "Suman 88 religiosos fallecidos a causa del Covid-19". Excelsior. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  90. ^ "Curva del coronavirus en México, hoy 6 de septiembre: ¿Cuántos casos y muertes hay?". AS. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  91. ^ "Retan al covid y arman fiestón en hacienda de Aguascalientes". (in Spanish). Excelsior. September 7, 2020. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  92. ^ "Expertos de la UNAM crean un método económico y seguro para detectar SARS-CoV-2 con saliva". Sin Embargo. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  93. ^ Xantomila, Jessica. "Registró Conapred 426 quejas relacionadas con Covid-19". La Jornada. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  94. ^ Domínguez, Pedro. "SRE ha repatriado a 17 mil 393 mexicanos por coronavirus, dice Ebrard". Milenio. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  95. ^ "Son 2 mil 325 mexicanos fallecidos por Covid-19 en EU". La Jornada. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  96. ^ López, Luis Alberto. "Coahuila rebasa las mil 500 muertes por covid-19". Milenio. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  97. ^ "Se han recuperado 440 mil empleos en sector industrial, pese a crisis por covid-19". Milenio. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  98. ^ Steve, Oscar. "Rusia enviará 32 millones de su vacuna para COVID a México: comenzarán a llegar en noviembre". Xataka Mexico. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  99. ^ "Suiza retira a México de lista de países en riesgo por covid-19". Milenio. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  100. ^ "Seis ex secretarios de Salud y su contrapropuesta a la estrategia COVID-19 de López Obrador". infobae (in Spanish). September 9, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  101. ^ "Pemex es la empresa con más muertes por coronavirus en todo el mundo". Telediario. Multimedios Digital. September 13, 2020. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  102. ^ ""Fórmulas mágicas": así fue como López-Gatell describió el plan de ex secretarios de salud para contener la epidemia". infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  103. ^ "México rebasó las 70,000 muertes por COVID-19". infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved September 11, 2020.
  104. ^ Miranda, Fanny. "Hospitales públicos reciben cachitos de lotería para sorteo de avión presidencial". (in Spanish) (Sep 12, 2020). Milenio. Retrieved September 12, 2020.
  105. ^ Damián, Fernando (September 13, 2020). "PRD pide a ASF investigar desvío del Insabi a "cachitos" para la rifa del avión". Milenio. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  106. ^ "Conoce a algunos de los ganadores de la rifa del avión presidencial". UNO TV. September 15, 2020. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  107. ^ Damián, Fernando (September 16, 2020). "Diputado del PES muere por coronavirus; 31 legisladores se han contagiado". Milenio. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  108. ^ "Cierre parcial de frontera con EU se extiende otro mes ante crisis por covid-19: SRE". Milenio. September 17, 2020. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  109. ^ Sin Embargo, Redacción (September 18, 2020). "La precariedad con la que labora el personal de salud en México lo hizo presa fácil de COVID: Lancet". SinEmbargo MX (in Spanish). Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  110. ^ "Pandemia cuesta 60 mil mdp a México; compra de insumos y contrataciones". Excelsior. September 24, 2020. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  111. ^ Flores Becerril, Andrea; Avendaño, José Carlos (October 24, 2020). "Fallece senador de Morena Joel Molina Ramírez por Covid-19" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  112. ^ "Mapa del coronavirus en México 13 de noviembre: con 1,819 casos en un día, CDMX a punto de regresar a rojo de alerta máxima". infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved November 13, 2020.
  113. ^ "Pronosticaron vacunar contra COVID-19 a 10 millones de mexicanos cada mes". infobae (in Spanish). November 13, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
  114. ^ Choi, Joseph (November 15, 2020). "Mexico surpasses grim milestone: 1 million coronavirus cases". TheHill. Retrieved November 15, 2020.
  115. ^ "Mexico is fourth country to top over 100,000 Covid deaths". NBC News. AP. November 20, 2020. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  116. ^ "Salinas Pliego perdió un round en su batalla contra Corral: juez ordenó a sus empresas someterse a medidas sanitarias en Chihuahua". infobae (in Spanish). November 20, 2020. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  117. ^ "Mapa del coronavirus en México 26 de noviembre: con más de 10,000 contagios por segundo día consecutivo, alertan por saturación hospitalaria". infobae (in Spanish). Infobae. Retrieved November 26, 2020.
  118. ^ a b "Prensa | Archivo | Secretaría de Salud | Gobierno". Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  119. ^ a b "COVID-19 Seguimiento – IIGEA". Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  120. ^ "Número de habitantes. Cuéntame de México". April 2, 2005. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
  121. ^ #ConferenciaDePrensa: #Coronavirus #COVID19 #QuédateEnCasa; 29 de abril de 2020 (in Spanish). April 29, 2020 – via YouTube.
  122. ^ #ConferenciaDePrensa: #COVID19 3 de junio de 2020 #GraciasPorCuidarnos. Retrieved June 16, 2020 – via YouTube.
  123. ^ #ConferenciaDePrensa: #Coronavirus #COVID19 #QuédateEnCasa; 19 de abril de 2020 (in Spanish). April 19, 2020 – via YouTube.
  124. ^ a b Secretaría de Salud (August 11, 2020). Conferencia de Prensa #COVID19 - 11 de agosto de 2020 #GraciasPorCuidarnos [#COVID19 Press Conference - August 11, 2020 #ThanksForTakingCare]. Mexico City: Secretaría de Salud – via YouTube.
  125. ^ Teresa Moreno (March 14, 2020). "Mexico's covid-19 contingency plan: three key phases to fight the coronavirus outbreak". El Universal.
  126. ^ a b Newsroom & Agencies (March 24, 2020). "Covid-19: mexico has entered the second phase of its contingency plan". El Universal.
  127. ^ a b "Mexico enters Phase 3 of its contingency plan to fight COVID-19". El Universal (in English). April 21, 2020. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  128. ^ a b Jihan Abdalla (May 13, 2020). "Mexico announces 'new normality' in plan to reopen economy". Al Jazeera.
  129. ^ Alberto Morales; Pedro Villa y Caña; Perla Miranda (May 13, 2020). "Regreso a la "nueva normalidad" constará de estas tres fases". El Universal.
  130. ^ Redacción (May 13, 2020). "ESTE ES EL SEMÁFORO DEL REGRESO A LA "NUEVA NORMALIDAD"". El Universal.
  131. ^ "Unemployment increases in Mexico". Azteca Noticias (in Spanish). March 26, 2020.
  132. ^ Colegio De Contadores Públicos De México (March 18, 2020). "Historical! COVID-19 causes the biggest crisis in global financial markets". Dinero en Imagen (in Spanish).
  133. ^ "Mexico's economy will drop 3.7% due to coronavirus: Moody's". Infobae (in Spanish). March 25, 2020.
  134. ^ "Coronavirus in Mexico: foreigners withdraw 150 mmdp from the country for COVID-19". Infoabe Mexico (in Spanish). April 1, 2020.
  135. ^ "While WHO praises virus response, financial analysts say it's too slow". Mexico News Daily. March 26, 2020.
  136. ^ "Mexico inflation slows more than expected to over four-year low". Reuters. April 23, 2020. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  137. ^ Staff, Forbes (May 22, 2020). "Al final del año, 12 millones de mexicanos serán pobres: BBVA • Forbes México". Forbes México (in Spanish). Retrieved May 22, 2020.
  138. ^ Staff, Forbes (May 21, 2020). "Para 2020, encuesta Citibanamex estima caída del PIB en 7.6% • Forbes México". Forbes México (in Spanish). Retrieved May 22, 2020.
  139. ^ "PIB se derrumbó 18.7%, el peor desplome en la historia de la economía mexicana". (in Spanish). Forbes Mexico. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  140. ^ Ensástigue, Miguel Ángel. "Covid-19 cuesta a mexicanos hasta 20 millones de pesos". 24 Horas. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  141. ^ José Yuste (March 25, 2020). "Despair of industries", Dinero en Imagen (in English).
  142. ^ "Car sales in Mexico will fall 20% due to coronavirus: JD Power". Forbes Mexico (in Spanish). April 1, 2020.
  143. ^ Angélica Tenahua (March 29, 2020). "Sin rumbo, el gobierno federal ante la pandemia: Coparmex". Milenio (in Spanish).
  144. ^ Fears Grow Among Gasoline Importers Due to Demand Drop (in English) By Amy Stillman & Jeffrey Bair, Bloomberg/Inforbae, March 26, 2020
  145. ^ "Grupo Modelo donará 300 mil botellas de gel antibacterial al IMSS para combatir al COVID-19". Sin Embargo (in Spanish). March 24, 2020.
  146. ^ "Beer will not be produced for a month; Not an essential activity: Canacintra". El Universal (in Spanish). April 2, 2020.
  147. ^ "Mexican tequila makers, unlike brewers, plan to keep up production, exports". Reuters, April 4, 2020.
  148. ^ a b Sifuentes, Emma. "Las clases virtuales inician, pero muchas escuelas privadas están en riesgo de cerrar". Business Insider. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  149. ^ Román, José Antonio. "Deserción escolar en universidades podría aumentar entre 12 y 15%: experta". La Jornada. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  150. ^ "Gasoline sales tank putting stations at risk, delaying ships in Veracruz". Mexico News Daily. April 22, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  151. ^ "Airbnb hosts to offer free accommodation to frontline healthcare workers". Mexico News Daily. April 22, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020. (pay site)
  152. ^ "Roma director Cuarón makes plea for housekeepers". BBC News. May 27, 2020.
  153. ^ "México perdió 1 millón 113 mil empleos en los primeros 4 meses de epidemia". Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  154. ^ Reina, Elena (April 21, 2020). "El negocio a cualquier precio: en las oficinas del Grupo Salinas en plena pandemia" [Business at any price: at the Salinas Group offices in the middle of a pandemic]. El País (in Spanish). Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  155. ^ "US pressures Mexico to reopen plants amid worker walkouts". Associated Press. April 21, 2020. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  156. ^ "Hasta 2,500 negocios en plazas comerciales cerrarán definitivamente por coronavirus". infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  157. ^ Rodríguez, Ivet. "#EfectoCOVID-19: El día en que los mexicanos dejaron de comprar ropa". (in Spanish). EXP. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
  158. ^ "Pandemia orilla a que más trabajadoras sexuales sean hostigadas". La Jornada. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  159. ^ Carlos Velazquez (March 26, 2020). "The CNET asks for support while their companies save jobs", Dinero en Imagen (in English).
  160. ^ Maricarmen Cortes (March 26, 2020). "Tourism: 10% of world GDP at risk", Dinero en Imagen (in English).
  161. ^ "Llegada de turistas extranjeros a México cae 57.5% por pandemia". Forbes Mexico. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  162. ^ "General Motors to start producing face masks for Mexico's fight against COVID-19". El Universal (in English). Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  163. ^ "Multi-patient ventilator designed in Mexico for COVID-19 patients is approved". El Universal. April 23, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  164. ^ a b José Yuste (March 26, 2020). "Compras de pánico escasean la hidroxicloroquina", Dinero en Imagen (in English).
  165. ^ Salvador Rivera (March 17, 2020). "Americans flood into Mexico in search of toilet paper, food and water", Border Report (in English).
  166. ^ 30 people break into and loot Oaxaca supermarket Mexico News Daily, March 25, 2020 Mexico police investigate store robberies as virus spreads AP, March 25, 2020
  167. ^ Frustran saqueos a tiendas en Tijuana". Excelsior, March 29, 2020
  168. ^ a b Weiss, Sandra (April 4, 2020). "How the coronavirus lockdown is hitting Mexico's drug cartels". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  169. ^ "Mexican businesses shield themselves against the rise in robberies during contingency". El Informador (Mexico) (in Spanish). April 14, 2020.
  170. ^ "Atacan a familiares de contagiados por COVID-19 en CDMX". El Informador :: Noticias de Jalisco, México, Deportes & Entretenimiento (in Spanish). Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  171. ^ "Wearing a face mask mandatory in 24 states; over 7,000 new cases Friday". Mexico News Daily. July 18, 2020. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  172. ^ Miriam Estrada (March 5, 2020). "Governors analyze the situation of Coronavirus". El Sol de Cuernavaca (in Spanish). Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  173. ^ Conferencia de prensa. Informe diario sobre coronavirus COVID-19 en México. Secretaría de Salud. Retrieved March 27, 2020 – via YouTube.
  174. ^ a b c d "Suspenden actividades masivas por coronavirus" [Massive Suspension of Activities Due to Coronavirus]. (in Spanish). March 13, 2020.
  175. ^ "Positive cases of COVID-19 in Mexico amount to 1,215". Informador (in Spanish). March 31, 2020.
  176. ^ "Por Covid-19, Hacienda tiene plan contracíclico" [Because of coronavirus, Treasury has a countercyclical package ready to boost economy]. El Universal. March 14, 2020. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  177. ^ a b Garza, Aracely (March 14, 2020). "Universidad Autónoma de NL suspende clases por Covid-19" [Autonomous University of NL suspends classes because of Covid-19]. Excélsior (in Spanish).
  178. ^ Maleny Navarro (March 15, 2020). "Expenditure of 100 extra mp to prevent coronavirus in CDMX". El Sol de México (in Spanish).
  179. ^ a b David Carrizales (March 19, 2020). "Mexican authorities are tracking hundreds of possible Covid 19 carriers". El Universal (in English).
  180. ^ Arecely Garza (March 22, 2020). "'El Bronco' no descarta usar fuerza pública para que se cumpla aislamiento". Excélsior (in Spanish). Reuters. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  181. ^ "México, en Fase 2 de pandemia por Coronavirus: OMS". Forbes México (in Spanish). March 23, 2020.
  182. ^ L., Angélica Enciso (March 23, 2020). "Comienza la Jornada Nacional de Sana Distancia". La Jornada (in Spanish). Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  183. ^ Martyr, Kate (March 21, 2020). "Mexican superhero Susana Distancia swoops in to promote social distancing". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  184. ^ "Google Translate". Retrieved July 12, 2020.
  185. ^ Notimex (March 23, 2020). "Solo una persona por familia podrá acceder a supermercados en Coahuila". MVS Noticias (in Spanish).
  186. ^ "México inicia fase 2 por coronavirus; toma estas medidas". UNO TV (in Spanish). March 24, 2020.
  187. ^ "López Obrador ordenó a la Fuerza Aérea una misión de rescate de mexicanos y argentinos varados por coronavirus". Infobae (in Spanish). March 25, 2020.
  188. ^ a b "Clausura Profeco dos comercios por subir precios de productos básicos". Hiptex (in Spanish). March 25, 2020.
  189. ^ "Créditos para micronegocios y 500 pesos para niños: las acciones de CDMX para apoyar a la población durante emergencia por coronavirus". Infobae (in Spanish). March 25, 2020.
  190. ^ a b "Mexico will receive cruise ships, but fumigate passengers". Associated Press. March 25, 2020.
  191. ^ "Pide AMLO en G-20 que ONU controle comercio de medicamentos de COVID-19". TV Azteca (in Spanish). March 26, 2020.
  192. ^ a b Rueda, Rivelino (March 26, 2020). "A partir de hoy para gobierno actividades". El Financiero (in Spanish). Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  193. ^ "Escenarios del coronavirus en México: la fase 3 llegará el 19 de abril". Infobae (in Spanish). March 26, 2020.
  194. ^ a b "Mexican border city to quarantine returning migrants". Associated Press. March 26, 2020.
  195. ^ "En gira por Nayarit, AMLO aplica 'sana distancia' recomendada por coronavirus". Expansión Política (in Spanish). March 27, 2020.
  196. ^ "Gobierno compra 5,000 ventiladores a China para enfrentar coronavirus". Expansión Politica (in Spanish). March 27, 2020.
  197. ^ Redacción ADN40 (March 27, 2020). "Multa de hasta 3 millones a quien suba el precio de la canasta básica". ADN40 (in Spanish).
  198. ^ Carolina Gómez Mena (March 27, 2020). "Sader delimita acciones para garantizar abasto de alimentos". La Jornada (in Spanish).
  199. ^ "Última oportunidad de evitar crecimiento acelerado de COVID-19: López-Gatell; van 16 muertes y 848 contagiados". Arestegui Noticias (in Spanish).
  200. ^ Fanny Miranda (March 28, 2020). "Última oportunidad para permanecer en casa: López Gatell". Milenio (in Spanish).
  201. ^ Wendy Fry (March 28, 2020). "In Tijuana video address, Mexico's president toughens coronavirus stance" (in English) The San Diego Union-Tribune.
  202. ^ "Anuncia Salud cierre de playas ante emergencia por COVID-19". Informador (in Spanish). Notimex. April 1, 2020.
  203. ^ "Inegi pide a ciudadanos censarse por internet antes del 15 de abril". Milenio (in Spanish). April 1, 2020.
  204. ^ "NL government anticipates high production and distribution of alcoholic beverages throughout the country". Forbes Mexico (in Spanish). April 1, 2020.
  205. ^ Carlos Lara (April 3, 2020). "AMLO issues decree for the extinction of public trusts". El Sol de México (in Spanish).
  206. ^ Sarahi Uribe (April 3, 2020). "With extinction of trusts 250 thousand mp will be saved: AMLO". El Sol de México (in Spanish).
  207. ^ Israel Zamarrón (April 4, 2020). "Sheinbaum donará dos meses de su salario para enfrentar Covid-19". El Sol de México (in Spanish).
  208. ^ Uriel Salmeron (April 5, 2020). "AMLO presenta sus medidas para reactivar economía ante el COVID-19" [AMLO presents his measures to revive the economy effected by COVID-19]. Mexico AS (in Spanish).
  209. ^ Official with COVID-19 who spit on doctors fired Excelsior, April 7, 2020
  210. ^ Guanajuato Governor to donate $ 153,000 salary to COVID-19 La Jornada, April 7, 2020
  211. ^ "Donará Cuauhtémoc Blanco su salario para entregar despensas ante contingencia sanitaria". La Unión de Morelos (in Spanish). April 8, 2020.
  212. ^ "Son ya 5 muertes por coronavirus en Morelos y 30 casos confirmados". Diario de Morelos (in Spanish). April 8, 2020.
  213. ^ Mexican government will use private hospitals to treat COVID-19 patients El Universal (in English), April 8, 2020
  214. ^ "CFE no condonará pagos de energía eléctrica por coronavirus". Televisa Noticias (in Spanish). April 11, 2020.
  215. ^ "Mexico creates the National Contingency Center to fight the COVID-19 pandemic". El Universal. April 12, 2020.
  216. ^ "Mexico to restrict mobility to areas less affected by virus". AP. Associated Press. April 16, 2020.
  217. ^ "COVID-19: Mexicans will return to work and school between May 17 and June 1". El Universal. April 16, 2020. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  218. ^ "Under pressure, Mexico's president to inject $2.5 billion into economy". Reuters. April 17, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  219. ^ "Ante Covid-19, no habrá necropsias, velorios ni traslados" [Before covid-19, there will be no necropsies, wakes or transfers]. El Universal (in Spanish). April 18, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  220. ^ "Por COVID-19, SFP ampliará plazo para declaración patrimonial" [By COVID-19, SFP will extend the deadline for asset declaration]. El Informador :: Noticias de Jalisco, México, Deportes & Entretenimiento (in Spanish). Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  221. ^ "Hoy inicia aplicación del Plan DN-III y Plan Marina por Covid-19". El Universal (in Spanish). May 4, 2020. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  222. ^ "Gobierno anuncia tres fases y un semáforo para el regreso a actividades". Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  223. ^ "Estos son los estados que no regresarán a clases el 1 de junio en México". Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  224. ^ "Regreso a clases, sólo con semáforo en verde: SEP". Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  225. ^ "Claudia Sheinbaum presentó el plan hacia una nueva normalidad en CDMX: prioriza la salud". infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved May 20, 2020.
  226. ^ "Mapa del coronavirus 29 de mayo: México entrará a la Nueva Normalidad con 30 estados en rojo "riesgo máximo"". infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  227. ^ "La SEP presentó el calendario tentativo y los lineamientos para el regreso a clases: iniciaría el 10 de agosto". infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  228. ^ Colín, Julio. "La SEP entregará certificados y calificaciones de educación básica por internet". La Unión (in Spanish). Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  229. ^ "Así funcionará la reapertura de espacios Culturales y Museos en México ante el Covid-19". La Unión (in Spanish). Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  230. ^ News, A. B. C. "Mexico City to increase virus testing in break from feds". ABC News. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
  231. ^ "Querétaro anuncia reapertura económica para 17 de junio". Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  232. ^ "BCS anuncia reapertura de actividades no esenciales el lunes". Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  233. ^ "Alistan reapertura de cines, teatros, parques, albercas y canchas deportivas". El Informador :: Noticias de Jalisco, México, Deportes & Entretenimiento (in Spanish). Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  234. ^ "IMSS aplaza reapertura de guarderías hasta el próximo 20 de julio". El Universal (in Spanish). July 8, 2020. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  235. ^ "Imponen toque de queda en Tlaltetela, Veracruz, para evitar contagios por Covid-19". El Universal. July 11, 2020.
  236. ^ Selma Navarrete (July 12, 2020). "El Gobierno de la CDMX revela las colonias con más casos activos de COVID-19". Expansión Política.
  237. ^ "El sur de Quintana Roo regresa a semáforo rojo: estas son las actividades que se podrán y no se podrán hacer". infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  238. ^ "A partir del 13 de julio en la CDMX se podrán tramitar divorcios en línea; Aquí te decimos cómo". 24 horas (in Spanish). July 12, 2020.
  239. ^ "SEP anuncia disponibilidad en línea de certificados y boletas". 24 horas. July 13, 2020.
  240. ^ "Colonias CDMX que pasan a semáforo rojo tomarán estas medidas". Uno TV (in Spanish). July 15, 2020. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  241. ^ "Ajustan horarios a negocios del Centro Histórico". Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  242. ^ "Trabajadores del estado regresan a sus oficinas el 1 de octubre". Excélsior (in Spanish). July 30, 2020. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  243. ^ "Mexico's school year to begin with instruction on television". AP NEWS. August 3, 2020. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  244. ^ "La solución de México a la crisis educativa por el covid-19: llevar la escuela a la televisión". CNN En Español. August 24, 2020. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  245. ^ [1] "I'd rather stay home and die" 10 August 2020] accessed 12 August 2020.
  246. ^ "AMLO decreta 30 días de duelo nacional por las personas muertas por COVID-19" (in Spanish). Expansión Política. August 15, 2020.
  247. ^ "Así queda el calendario escolar 2020-2021 de la SEP; habrá vacaciones". Milenio Digital. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  248. ^ "Reabren Teotihuacán tras cierre por emergencia sanitaria". Telediario Multimedios Diital. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  249. ^ Romo, Alejandro (September 17, 2020). "Se reanudarán cirugías de trasplantes en el Hospital Hidalgo la próxima semana". NW Aguascalientes. Newsweek en Español. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  250. ^ Morón, Alejandra (September 21, 2020). "El Papalote Museo del Niño reabre sus puertas". Caras. Retrieved September 22, 2020.
  251. ^ "Chichén Itzá reabrirá sus puertas el próximo 22 de septiembre". 24 Horas. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  252. ^ Rice, Doyle. "Here comes the first day of fall! The autumnal equinox is Tuesday". USA TODAY. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  253. ^ "Cerrarán las zonas arqueológicas de Xochicalco y Tepoztlán". La Union de Morelos (in Spanish). March 20, 2020.
  254. ^ David Monroy (March 16, 2020). "UAEM suspends classes due to coronavirus". Milenio (in Spanish).
  255. ^ a b c d "Ocesa suspende todos sus eventos hasta el 19 de abril por el coronavirus" [Ocesa suspends all its events until April 19 due to the coronavirus]. El Universal (in Spanish). March 16, 2020. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
  256. ^ "Ricky Martin cancels all his concerts in Mexico due to coronavirus". El Universal (in Spanish). March 13, 2020.
  257. ^ "Empresas automotrices suspenden producción en México". El Informador (in Spanish). March 18, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  258. ^ Angel Balán (March 18, 2020). "Coronavirus Cancún: Comenzaron los despidos en los hoteles". La Verdad (in Spanish).
  259. ^ "Starbucks y VIPs ofrecen a empleados dejar de trabajar un mes sin goce de sueldo, por COVID-19". El Diario de Morelos (in Spanish). March 20, 2020.
  260. ^ "Cinépolis regresará el dinero de boletos programados". El Universal (in Spanish). March 24, 2020. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  261. ^ "Cinemex cierra todas sus salas en México por coronavirus". Milenio (in Spanish). March 25, 2020. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  262. ^ Ted Johnson (March 20, 2020). "President Donald Trump Goes Off On NBC News Reporter, Comcast During Coronavirus Press Briefing". Deadline.
  263. ^ "Coronavirus: Mexicans demand crackdown on Americans crossing the border". Yahoo! News. BBC. March 26, 2020.
  264. ^ Isaias Alvarado (March 26, 2020). "Mexicanos bloquean frontera para que no entren a su país estadounidenses contagiados por el COVID-19". Univision Noticias (in Spanish).
  265. ^ Media, P. A. (July 24, 2020). "F1 cancels American GPs due to high coronavirus infection rates". the Guardian. Retrieved November 2, 2020.
  266. ^ hverick (May 8, 2020). "Autodromo Hermanos Rodríguez set to serve as temporary Covid-19 hospital". The Checkered Flag. Retrieved November 2, 2020.
  267. ^ "Suspenden Viacrucis de Iztapalapa; actos a puerta cerrada y vía tv" [Way of the Cross of Iztapalapa suspended; acts behind closed doors and via tv]. La Jornada (in Spanish). March 17, 2020. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
  268. ^ Redacción El Universal (March 28, 2020). "Suspenden funerales por COVID-19 en San Luis Potosí". El Universal (in Spanish).
  269. ^ Milton Martinez (March 20, 2020). "Alcaldesa de Nacozari ordena toque de queda, facultad exclusiva del presidente", Proceso (in Spanish).
  270. ^ a b c "Estas son las estaciones de Metro, Metrobús y Tren ligero que cierran por Fase 3". El Sol de México (in Spanish). Organización Editorial Mexicana. April 22, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  271. ^ "¿Cómo aplicará el Hoy No Circula obligatorio por Covid-19?". El Sol de México. Organización Editorial Mexicana. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  272. ^ "International service disruptions: Mexico". USPS. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
  273. ^ a b "Mexico: Mexicans Need Accurate COVID-19 Information". Human Rights Watch. March 26, 2020.
  274. ^ "Experts decry Mexico coronavirus policy delay". America Magazine. AP. April 1, 2020. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  275. ^ "AMLO Goes off the Rails". Slate. April 2, 2020.
  276. ^ "Mexican governor prompts outrage with claim poor are immune to coronavirus". The Guardian. March 26, 2020.
  277. ^ Rivers, Matt; Gallón, Natalie. "Mexican governor claims poor people are 'immune' from coronavirus". CNN. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  278. ^ "Por noticia falsa, pobladores ponen barricadas en San Felipe del Progreso e Ixtlahuaca". El Universal (in Spanish). May 8, 2020. Retrieved May 9, 2020.
  279. ^ "Nuevo audio falso sobre Covid-19 provoca ira de habitantes del Estado de México". El Universal (in Spanish). May 9, 2020. Retrieved May 9, 2020.