2020s

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Scanning electron microscope image of SARS-CoV-2 (center, yellow), the virus that causes COVID-19, which became a pandemic in the year 2020.

The 2020s (pronounced "twenty-twenties", shortened to "the '20s"[1][2]) is the decade in the Gregorian calendar which began on 1 January 2020 and will end on 31 December 2029. It is commonly referred to as "the current decade", but this is not universally agreed.[3]

As the decade began, the COVID-19 pandemic spread to over 200 countries and territories, causing severe global economic disruption and widespread supply shortages, plus the postponement or cancellation of sporting, religious, political and cultural events, as many countries implemented mandatory lockdowns on public movement.

Many conflicts that began in the previous decade continued into the 2020s, such as the Syrian Civil War, the Second Libyan Civil War, the War in Donbass, the Iraqi insurgency, the Yemeni Civil War, the Mali War, the Tigray conflict in the Horn of Africa, the South Sudanese Civil War, and the crisis in Venezuela. Persecutions and genocides that have continued into the 2020s include the Rohingya persecution in Myanmar and the Uyghur genocide in the Chinese region of Xinjiang. Conflicts that began before the previous decade have also continued, such as the War in Afghanistan, the greater Iraqi conflict, the Somali Civil War, the Oromo conflict, the Kashmir insurgency, the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, the Turkish-Kurdish conflict, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The killing of George Floyd led to many protests and riots in 2020, in the United States and internationally.

Politics and conflicts[edit]

Conflicts and peace[edit]

The prominent wars of the decade include:

International wars[edit]

Name Start date End date Description
Israeli–Palestinian conflict 14 May 1948 Ongoing The conflict between Jewish and Arab communities in Israel and the West Bank has been ongoing since 1948.[4] After Israel occupied the West Bank, it began making settlements there, which has been an obstacle to the peace process.[5] Tensions remained high as Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip, launched rockets and cross-border raids into Israeli territory, to which Israel responded with military force.[6]
Kurdish-Turkish conflict 27 November 1978 Ongoing Numerous Kurdish groups, including the Kurdistan Workers' Party (the PKK) have fought for an independent Kurdistan incorporating parts of Turkey. In 2016, Turkey has occupied parts of Northern Syria and in 2019, invaded Kurdish-held areas of Northern Syria. In 2020, Turkey launched an insurgency in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict February 1988 November 2020 The region of Karabakh has been disputed over the Republic of Artsakh, which is recognized by the Armenian government. A ceasefire was held in 1994. In July 2020, a series of border skirmishes left at least 15 dead.
War on terror 11 September 2001
  • 7 October 2001
  • 20 March 2003
Ongoing Motivated by the September 11 attacks, the United States and other governments started a large scale effort to eliminate terrorism.[7] With support from NATO, the United States invaded Taliban-controlled Afghanistan and overthrew the government, however remained in the country to stabilize the situation.[8] Two years later, on the pretext that the government of Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction,[9] the United States and a coalition of partners invaded Iraq and overthrew Hussein's regime,[10] after which the U.S. occupied the country, officially leaving in 2011.[11] However, insurgencies remained active in both countries, long after the invasions.[12]
Russian military intervention in Ukraine 20 February 2014 Ongoing After the fall of Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych, Russian soldiers took control of strategic positions in the Ukrainian territory of Crimea and subsequently annexed the region after a controversial referendum.[13] In the months that followed, demonstrations in Donbass escalated into an armed conflict between the government of Ukraine and Russia-backed separatist forces.
Military intervention against ISIL 13 June 2014 Ongoing In late-2013, a terrorist organisation called the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant began making rapid advances and territorial gains in Iraq and Syria. It captured Mosul in June[14] and made Raqqa its capital.[15] Various international coalitions were formed to help fight the militants.[16][17] By December 2017, ISIL had lost much of its former territory.
Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen 26 March 2015 Ongoing During the Yemeni Civil War, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and other countries part of a coalition invaded parts of Yemen in order to depose the Houthi-controlled government.
Turkish occupation of northern Syria 24 August 2016 Ongoing During the Syrian Civil War, Turkey invaded parts of northern Syria in order to combat the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Syrian Democratic Forces, and the PKK.

Civil wars[edit]

Name Start date End date Description
Colombian conflict 27 May 1964 Ongoing Fighting between the Colombian government, left-wing guerrillas, and various paramilitary factions had been ongoing since 1964. However, at the start of the decade, only two major groups remained, FARC and ELN.[18] Since 2012, both groups have been in peace talks with the government, with FARC and the government signing a ceasefire in 2016.[19]
War in Darfur 26 February 2003 Ongoing
Insurgency in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 16 March 2004 Ongoing Since 2004, Pakistan has been fighting an insurgency by various armed militant groups in the country.[20] The violence has killed almost 57,000 people since,[21] with over 3 million more affected.[22] By 2014, however, casualties from terrorist and militant attacks had dropped by around 40%.[23]
Insurgency in Paraguay 27 August 2005 Ongoing Since 2005, Paraguay has been fighting an insurgency by various armed militant groups in the country, including the Paraguayan People's Army, the Armed Peasant Association and the Army of Marshal López. At least 82 people have died in the conflict.
Mexican drug war 11 December 2006 Ongoing Following a rise in criminal violence as a result of drug trafficking in the country, Mexican President Felipe Calderón declared a war on drugs in December 2006.[24] Since the start of the war, the death toll from drug violence had sharply increased.[25] Arrests of key cartel leaders led to increasing violence as cartels fought for control of trafficking routes into the United States.[26][27][28]
War in Somalia 31 January 2009 Ongoing In 2009, Al-Shabaab, an Islamist militant group, began waging an insurgency against the newly formed Transitional Federal Government. In 2011, the federal government captured Mogadishu[29] and subsequently retook several towns across the country.[30] Since then, the government has attempted to clean out the remaining Al-Shabaab strongholds with help from AMISOM soldiers.[31]
Boko Haram insurgency 26 July 2009 Ongoing The Boko Haram insurgency began when the jihadist rebel group started an armed rebellion against the government of Nigeria.[32] In 2015, the group pledged alliance to ISIL.[33] It has since been called the world's deadliest terrorist group.[34][35]
Syrian civil war 15 March 2011 Ongoing Protests erupted in Syria against President Bashar al-Assad's rule, with police and the army sent in to crack down on protesters.[36][37] They later morphed into war after army officers defected to the opposition, forming the Free Syrian Army (FSA).[38] The war allowed for Islamic extremist groups like Al-Nusra Front and ISIL to temporarily take control of vast amounts of territory.
Mali War 16 January 2012 Ongoing In January 2012, a rebellion by Tuaregs in Northern Mali began. After Malian president Amadou Toumani Touré was ousted in a coup d'état, Tuaregs captured Northern Mali,[39] and declared it to be the independent state of Azawad.[40] However, shortly afterward, various Islamists groups took over Northern Mali from the Tuaregs and imposed sharia law on the region.[41]
South Sudanese Civil War 15 December 2013 22 February 2020
Second Libyan Civil War 16 May 2014 Ongoing Following the factional violence that engulfed Libya after the fall of Muammar al-Gaddafi, a second civil war broke out among rival factions seeking control of the territory and oil of Libya. The conflict at the beginning was mostly between the House of Representatives (HoR) government that was controversially elected in 2014, also known as the "Tobruk government"; and the rival General National Congress (GNC) government, also called the "National Salvation Government", based in the capital Tripoli, established after Operation Odyssey Dawn and the failed military coup.
Yemeni Civil War 19 March 2015 Ongoing Preceded by a decade-long Houthi insurgency,[42] the Yemeni Civil War began between two factions: the then-incumbent Yemeni government, led by Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, and the Houthi militia, along with their supporters and allies. Both claim to constitute the Yemeni government.[43]
Philippine drug war 30 June 2016 Ongoing Following a rise in criminal violence as a result of drug trafficking in the country, the Philippines has been engaged in a drug war since Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte was inaugurated on 30 June 2016. It has caused 3,000 deaths.[44]
Anglophone Crisis 9 September 2017 Ongoing As a result of the ongoing sociopolitical issue in Cameroon known as the Anglophone problem, separatists in the Northwest and Southwest Regions of Cameroon declared the independence of Ambazonia and initiated a conflict against the Cameroonian government.[45] 3,000 people have been killed and 500,000 people have been displaced.[46]
Islamist insurgency in Mozambique 5 October 2017 Ongoing Since early-October 2017, Islamist militant groups, namely the group Ansar al-Sunna and the Islamic State[47] have been attempting to create an Islamic state in northern Mozambique. Over 200 have been killed as of May 2019.[48]
Iraqi insurgency 9 December 2017 Ongoing A part of the larger Iraqi conflict that has been waged since 2003, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant has been engaged in an insurgency against the Iraqi government and CJTF-OIR since the loss of territorial control in the Iraqi Civil War in 2017.
Catatumbo campaign January 2018 Ongoing Despite the Colombian peace process, a military conflict between various militia groups has existed in Colombia's Catatumbo region since January 2018. The war is being fought between the Popular Liberation Army, the National Liberation Army, Frente 33, and the Colombian military. Roughly 145,000 people have been affected by the war.[49]

Revolutions and major protests[edit]

Large-scale political revolutions and otherwise major protests of the decade include, but are not limited to:

Name Start date End date Description
Rojava conflict 19 July 2012 Ongoing Since the beginning of the Syrian Civil War in 2011, ethnic Kurds, Assyrians, and Arabs in Northern Syria have been protesting against the Syrian government. The main cause of the protests was state-sponsored discrimination against ethnic minorities. Although originally starting as protests against the government, the protests quickly turned into an armed conflict after the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) captured the cities of Kobanî, Amuda, and Efrîn between 19 July and 20 July 2012, facing relatively little resistance from the Syrian government.[50] Much of Northern Syria was occupied by the YPG between July and August 2012, with little resistance encountered due to Syria's involvement in the Battle of Aleppo. Led politically by the Democratic Union Party (PYD), the territories declared autonomy in January 2014 and Rojava was formed, officially known as the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria.
2018–2020 Arab protests 1 January 2018 Ongoing Popularly known as the New Arab Spring, a series of anti-government protests began in 2018 and quickly spread throughout the Arab League countries. The protests were launched in response to authoritarianism, political corruption, human rights violations, high unemployment and inflation, and other causes.[51][52]
Yellow vests movement 17 November 2018 Ongoing Massive protests began in mid-November in response to a number of changes instituted by the French government, namely the institution of a fuel tax, and other factors such as the high cost of living in France. Their stated goals are an increase in the minimum wage and the resignation of French President Emmanuel Macron, among others.[53][54] The yellow vest became a symbol of the movement due to its ubiquity, visibility, and accessibility.[55]
2019–20 Hong Kong protests 9 June 2019 Ongoing Protests began in June 2019 in response to the government of Hong Kong's vote on a bill that would allow criminals to be extradited to mainland China; the bill was retracted on 23 October 2019, but demonstrations continued due to misconduct by the Hong Kong Police Force. Multiple goals have been repeated by the protesters, namely the creation of an inquiry into police misconduct, a retraction of the characterization of the protests as "riots", the release of arrested protesters, and universal suffrage in Hong Kong.[56][57] In May 2020 the protests again expanded to oppose the National Anthem Bill and National People's Congress Decision on Hong Kong national security legislation.[58][59]
2019–20 Chilean protests 14 October 2019 Ongoing A series of protests and demonstrations began in Chile in October 2019 in response to an increase in public transport fares, a rise in the cost of living, income equality, and privatization, with end goals of healthcare, educational, and pension reforms, an increase in the minimum wage, and the resignation of Chilean President Sebastián Piñera.
Citizenship Amendment Act protests in India 4 December 2019 Ongoing Protests are taking place across India and overseas against and in support of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA), which was enacted into law on 12 December 2019 to give citizenship to religiously prosecuted minority communities of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian of the Islamic republics of Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh, who have entered India on or before 31 December 2014. Protests are also taking place against proposals to enact a nationwide National Register of Citizens (NRC). The protests began in Assam, Delhi, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, and Tripura on 4 December 2019. In a few days, the protests spread across India, though the concerns of the protesters vary.
2020 Belarusian protests 25 May 2020 Ongoing Protests in Belarus are against the government of Aleksander Lukashenko, who has ruled the country since 1994. Opposition candidate Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, who has claimed she received 60-70 of votes, created the Coordination Council. There have been over 450 cases of the detainment of anti-government protesters.[60]
George Floyd protests 26 May 2020 Ongoing Protests in Minneapolis began after an unarmed African American man named George Floyd was subdued by police; an officer knelt on his neck for several minutes, and Floyd died shortly thereafter. The incident was captured on cellphone video that circulated widely on the internet, which sparked outrage across the United States and other parts of the world. The protests in Minneapolis quickly turned into riots; arson and looting occurred for several days in Chicago, Atlanta, Boston, Denver, Detroit, and dozens of other US cities. There were also many peaceful protests demanding an end to systemic racism and police brutality.
Shaheen Bagh protests led by women largely from the Indian Muslim community of Shaheen Bagh, Delhi in India, An Anti-Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) protest.

Terrorist attacks[edit]

Note: To be included, entries must be notable (have a stand-alone article) and described by a consensus of reliable sources as "terrorism". They also must have 100 or more fatalities reported.

Prominent political events[edit]

This table of events is listed by the region and by chronological order. The prominent political events include, but are not limited to:

Africa[edit]

Americas[edit]

Event Country Date Description References

Impeachment trial of Donald Trump

United States 24 September 2019 – 5 February 2020 Under Article I, Section 3, Clause 6 of the U.S. Constitution. Donald John Trump was impeached for abuse of power and obstruction of Congress on 18 December 2019. The United States Senate trial began on 16 January 2020 and ended on 5 February 2020, concluding with an acquittal on both charges. [61]
2020 Presidential Election United States 3 November 2020 The 59th Presidential Election was held on November 3, 2020. Democrat former vice-president Joe Biden has been projected as the winner over Republican incumbent President Donald Trump.[62] Trump has yet to concede, and he has filed lawsuits challenging the results in several states,[63][64] though most of the legal challenges have been either dismissed or dropped, with judges citing lack of evidence to suggest voter fraud occurred.[65][66] Joe Biden's inauguration is set for January 20, 2021.[67]

Asia[edit]

Event Country Date Description Reference
2019–2020 Persian Gulf crisis Iran United States 5 May 2019 The Persian Gulf region saw tensions between the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran escalate in mid-2019. The crisis saw oil tankers in the Strait of Hormuz sabotaged and seized, drone shootdowns, and efforts by the U.S. and United Kingdom to pursue military patrols to protect shipping in the gulf, known as the International Maritime Security Construct. On 31 December 2019 tensions reached a breaking point as Iranian-backed Shiite militia stormed into the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq, leading to the targeted killing of Iranian General Qasem Soleimani in a U.S. drone strike on 3 January 2020. [68]

[69] [70]

2020 China–India skirmishes China India 5 May 2020 Since 5 May 2020, Chinese and Indian troops have engaged in aggressive melee, face-offs and skirmishes at locations along the Sino-Indian border, including near the disputed Pangong Lake in Ladakh and the Tibet Autonomous Region, and near the border between Sikkim and the Tibet Autonomous Region. Additional clashes also took place at locations in eastern Ladakh along the Line of Actual Control (LAC). [71]
2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war Armenia Azerbaijan 27 September 2020 Starting on 27 September fierce clashes erupted along the line of contact between the armed forces of Azerbaijan and Joint Artsakh and Armenian forces. Both sides neglected ceasefire demands from France, Russia and the US and continued fighting with claims from both sides that they are prepared to fight a longwar to grapple control over the long contested Nagorno-Karabakh region. On 9 November a Russian-brokered peace treaty was signed by both sides.[72][73] [74]

Europe[edit]

Event Country Date Description References
Brexit United Kingdom 31 January 2020 The United Kingdom and Gibraltar formally withdrew from the European Union at 11PM (GMT). [75]

World leaders[edit]

2020

Assassinations and attempts[edit]

Prominent assassinations, targeted killings, and assassination attempts include:

Date Description
3 January 2020 Qasem Soleimani, a high-ranking Iranian official, was killed in a United States airstrike near Baghdad International Airport.[76]
27 November 2020 Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, a senior official in the nuclear program in Iran, was killed by explosive trucks that ambushed him near Tehran.[77]

Disasters[edit]

Non-natural disasters[edit]

General[edit]

Event Date Country Description
Lebanon 2020 Beirut Explosions 4 August 2020 Beirut, Lebanon Massive explosion occurred in the port of Beirut. Reportedly, the blasts were so loud that they were even claimed to be heard in Cyprus, which is 240 km from the place of explosions.[78] The windows of major buildings in a radius of 6 miles were shattered and roads were filled with debris. According to initial findings, it was estimated that a warehouse with 2,750 tonnes of ammonium nitrate exploded, which was confiscated by the Lebanese government from the abandoned ship MV Rhosus and then stored in the port without proper safety measures for six years.[79] There had been confirmed 220 deaths, more than 110 people were missing and at least more than 7,000 were reported injured.[80] Beirut governor Marwan Abboud estimated that up to 300,000 people were left homeless by the explosions and there was a US$10–15 billion in property damage.

Natural disasters[edit]

Earthquakes and tsunamis[edit]

Note: This table is a chronological list of earthquakes reported with 7.5Mw  or greater or that have reported at least 100 fatalities.

Event Date Country Description
Jamaica 2020 Caribbean earthquake 28 January 2020 Caribbean Sea A 7.7Mw  struck in the Caribbean Sea between Jamaica and Cuba at 14:10 local time on 28 January 2020. The earthquake was also felt in the United States, Mexico, Honduras, Dominican Republic, and the Cayman Islands. This was the strongest earthquake reported in 2020. No damages were reported. A small (12.2 cm) tsunami was reported in the Cayman Islands.[81][82]
Croatia 2020 Zagreb earthquake 22 March 2020 Croatia A 5.5 magnitude earthquake struck Croatia's capital city Zagreb at 06:24 local time on 22 March 2020. The earthquake was followed with numerous aftershocks, the strongest of which with a magnitude of 5.0. The earthquake caused significant material damage in Zagreb (mostly in the historic city center) and in Krapina-Zagorje County. Two deaths and twenty-six injuries were reported. It was the strongest earthquake in Zagreb since 1880.
Kuril Islands earthquake 24 March 2020 Kuril Islands, Russia (offshore) A 7.5Mw  offshore earthquake struck at midnight on 24–25 March near the Kuril Islands, Russia. A tsunami alert was triggered and the 400 people were evacuated in the Severo-Kurilsky District due to half-meter high waves. No damages were reported.[83]

Tropical cyclones[edit]

Event Date Country Description
Cyclone Amphan 16–21 May 2020 Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka 118 people were killed and millions made homeless in the strongest storm in two decades. Damage is estimated at US$13.2 billion.[84]

Volcanic eruptions[edit]

Event Date Country Description
2020 Taal Volcano eruption 12 January 202019 January 2020 Philippines On 12 January the Taal Volcano in the Philippines erupted at VEI 4 intensity, bringing intense ashfall to the surrounding areas and killing at least 3 people.[citation needed]

Droughts, heat waves, and wildfires[edit]

Event Date Country Description
2019–20 Australian bushfire season June 2019May 2020 Australia Bushfires in Australia continued into 2020, having started in September 2019.[85]
2020 Western U.S. Wildfires March 2020 – Ongoing United States Record-breaking wildfires began in several Western American states.
2020 Argentine wildfires July 2020 – Ongoing Argentina Sudden wildfires started in Córdoba and extended into several Northern provinces.

Other natural events[edit]

In 2020, a huge swarm of desert locusts threatened to engulf massive portions of the Middle East, Africa and Asia.[86][87] In tandem with the COVID-19 pandemic, this posed major hazards to billions of people who might be affected. Although experts had thought the insects would die out during the dry season in December 2019, unseasonal rains caused the incursion to reach unanticipated and hazardous levels.[88][89][90][91]

Economics[edit]

Trade[edit]

The World Trade Organization says that trade growth has stagnated and that the number of trade restrictions is increasing as the decade begins. The sectors most affected by import restrictions are mineral and fuel oils (17.7%), machinery and mechanical appliances (13%), electrical machinery and parts (11.7%), and precious metals (6%).[92] On the other hand, regional trade agreements are increasing.[93]

The Brexit withdrawal agreement went into effect at the end of January 2020.[94] Mexico and the United States have signed the USMCA agreement, and Canada has signed it as of March 2020.[95][96]

Stock markets[edit]

Since mid- to late February 2020, global stocks have been declining as a consequence of the ongoing coronavirus pandemic and other factors, such as the Russia-Saudi Arabia oil price war, with Wall Street heavily hit in particular.[97] This was in particular seen on the day of 24 February, when global stocks went into free-fall due to concerns over the coronavirus pandemic. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell over 1,000 points, or 3.5%, the S&P 500 fell 3.3%, and the NASDAQ-100 fell 3.7%. Global markets were similarly affected, with the FTSE 100 closing 3.3% lower, and Italy's FTSE MIB falling 6% lower.[98] Stocks continued to decline severely that week, amounting to over 3,500 points in losses in the Dow.[97] Although stocks recovered the following week, late into the week of 2 March, most stocks began to decline, although East Asian markets remained relatively stable.[99][100][101]

On Sunday, 8 March 2020, Saudi Arabia unexpectedly announced that they would be imposing discounts on oil prices, essentially initiating a price war with Russia, who had rejected a plan by OPEC to cut production in response to the coronavirus pandemic. In reaction to the announcement, the DJIA futures market plunged over 1,300 points, suspending trade for that day.[102] This drop would have established the next day, 9 March, as the largest daily change in the index's history. On Monday, 9 March 2020, markets crashed in the worst trading day since 2008. All three Wall Street indices experienced their largest daily changes in history up to that point, with the Dow Jones falling 1800 points at the opening bell, exceeding the predicted 1300 points,[103] and the DJIA closed out at an over 2000 point. or 7.8% loss.[104] Markets worldwide experienced similar crashes; the S&P 500 fell 7.6%, the NASDAQ Composite fell over 7.3%,[105] the FTSE 100 fell 7.7%,[106] and the FTSE MIB in Italy, the hardest hit index, fell 11.2%, the largest in its history up to that point.

Although stocks rebounded the day after Black Monday,[107] on Wednesday, 11 March, stocks continued to decline over coronavirus fears, and the fall resulted in the Dow Jones Industrial Average entering a bear market (a 20% drop from the most recent peak) for the first time in 11 years, and ending the bull market.[108] The same day, after trading had ended, U.S. President Donald Trump gave an address announcing a 30-day travel ban on the Schengen Area due to the coronavirus pandemic, with an initial exclusion of Ireland and the United Kingdom, although the two countries were eventually included.[109] On Thursday, 12 March, the day after the announcement, markets again crashed, with the Dow Jones plummeting 1800 points at the opening, and closing out at over 2300 points lost, or a 10% loss.[110] 12 March, known as Black Thursday, came to be the largest crash on Wall Street since 1987.[111]

Cybersecurity and hacking[edit]

Event Date Description
2020 Twitter bitcoin scam 15 July 2020 Multiple high-profile Twitter accounts, each with millions of followers, were compromised in a cyberattack to promote a bitcoin scam.[112]

Health[edit]

Pandemics[edit]

Event Date Infections and deaths Description
COVID-19 pandemic December 2019 – present 60 million+ confirmed cases and 1.4 million+ deaths with more than 230 countries and territories reported by 25 November 2020.[113]
HIV/AIDS 1981 – present 37.9 million people living with HIV (end of 2018), 24.5 million people accessing antiretroviral therapy (end of June 2019), 32.0 million deaths from AIDS-related illnesses since the start of the epidemic (end 2018)[114]

Science and technology[edit]

Space[edit]

Communications and electronics[edit]

Software and electronic platforms[edit]

Society[edit]

Population[edit]

  • The population of Egypt reached 100 million in February 2020.[118]

Race[edit]

The killing of George Floyd has led to many protest and riots across the United States and internationally. The stated goal of the protest has been to end police brutality and racial inequality.

Gender[edit]

24.3% of all national parliamentarians were women as of February 2019. 11 women were serving as Head of State and 12 as Head of Government in June 2019. 20.7% of government ministers were women as of January 2019.[119] Katerina Sakellaropoulou became the first female president of Greece in January 2020.[120]

There are wide regional variations in the average percentages of women parliamentarians. As of February 2019, these were: Nordic countries, 42.5%; Americas, 30.6%; Europe excluding Nordic countries, 27.2; sub-Saharan Africa, 23.9; Asia, 19.8%; Arab States, 19%; and the Pacific, 16.3%. Rwanda has the highest number of women parliamentarians worldwide, 61.3% of seats in the lower house. About 26% of elected local parliamentarians are women.[119]

Environmentalism[edit]

The 2019–20 Australian bushfire season devastated the environment of Australia.

LGBT rights[edit]

  • A law allowing third gender option on driver licenses took effect in New Hampshire.[121]
  • Switzerland banned discrimination on the basis of sexuality based on a referendum, putting into effect a law previously introduced in 2018, that was subsequently blocked by the government that requested a referendum to be held on the matter first.[122]
  • In Northern Ireland, the first same-sex marriage, after legislation to allow this took effect in January 2020.[123][124]
  • In Costa Rica, same-sex marriage and joint adoption by same-sex couples became legal on 26 May 2020.
  • In the United States, the Supreme Court ruled that job discrimination against workers for their sexual orientation or gender identity is illegal.
  • The Trump Administration passed a law on 12 June 2020 removing protections against discrimination from LGBTQ people in terms of health care and health insurance in the United States.[125]

Culture[edit]

Fashion[edit]

Fashion trends of 2020 were largely inspired by the 2000s.[126][127][128]

Film[edit]

Television

The 2020s started off with the primary streaming services being Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hulu and Disney+. Cable television and Satellite television were continuing to fall out of popularity, and were no longer as prevalent as they were once in the 2010s and decades prior.

Music[edit]

Many popular songs in 2020 are influenced by musical stylings of the late 20th century, including new wave, synth-pop, dance-pop, house, reggae, disco, techno, jazz and funk.

Video games[edit]

The decade began with the PlayStation 4, Xbox One and Nintendo Switch being the main video game consoles. PC gaming and mobile gaming have also remained very popular.

The 9th generation of consoles began in 2020 with the release of the Xbox Series X and PlayStation 5.


Architecture[edit]

Sports[edit]

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Media related to 2020s at Wikimedia Commons