2019 United States elections
|← 2018 2019 2020 → |
|Election day||November 5|
|Seats contested||3 mid-term vacancies|
|Net seat change||0|
|Map of the 2019 House special elections Democratic hold Republican hold|
Democratic gain Republican gain
2020 Special election held in
|Net seat change||Democratic +1|
|Map of the 2019 gubernatorial races|
Democratic gain Republican hold
The 2019 United States elections were held, in large part, on Tuesday, November 5, 2019. This off-year election included gubernatorial elections in Kentucky, Louisiana, and Mississippi; regularly-scheduled state legislative elections in Louisiana, Mississippi, Virginia, and New Jersey; and special elections for seats in various state legislatures. Numerous citizen initiatives, mayoral races, and a variety of other local elections also occurred. Three special elections to the United States House of Representatives also took place in 2019 as a result of vacancies.
Democrats regained the governorship of Kentucky and held the office in Louisiana, despite strong campaign efforts by President Donald Trump for the Republican candidates. Democrats also took control of the state legislature in Virginia. Republicans held the governor's mansion in Mississippi and expanded their control of the Louisiana state legislature and gained seats in the New Jersey state legislature. A major theme in the election results was a suburban revolt against Trump and the Republican Party in general, as these areas swung heavily towards Democratic candidates in local, state, and federal elections.
Federal special elections
Three special elections were held in 2019 to fill vacancies during the 116th U.S. Congress:
- Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district: Republican Tom Marino resigned on January 23, 2019, to take a private sector job. The district has a partisan index of R+17. Republican state Rep. Fred Keller defeated Democrat Marc Friedenberg in the May 21 election, keeping the seat in Republican hands.
- North Carolina's 3rd congressional district: Republican Walter B. Jones Jr. died on February 10, 2019. The district has a partisan index of R+12. Republican state Rep. Greg Murphy was elected, defeating Democrat Allen M. Thomas and Libertarian Tim Harris.
- North Carolina's 9th congressional district: Due to allegations of election fraud, the results for the 9th congressional district were not certified for the 2018 election, leaving the seat vacant once the 116th Congress began (the seat was previously held by Republican Robert Pittenger, who lost his party's nomination in 2018). On February 21, 2019, the North Carolina State Board of Elections voted unanimously to hold a new election. The district has a partisan index of R+8. Republican state Sen. Dan Bishop was narrowly elected, defeating Democrat Dan McCready, Libertarian Jeff Scott, and Green Loran Allen Smith.
Additional vacancies occurred in Wisconsin's 7th Congressional district following the resignation of Republican Sean Duffy in September 2019; New York's 27th Congressional district following the October 2019 resignation of Republican Chris Collins ahead of his pleading guilty to insider trading; California's 25th Congressional district following the resignation of Democrat Katie Hill in November 2019; and Maryland's 7th Congressional district following the death of Democrat Elijah Cummings on October 17, 2019. Georgia Republican Sen. Johnny Isakson announced in August 2019 that he would resign on December 31, 2019, due to deteriorating health. Special elections to fill the seats are scheduled to occur in 2020.
Also during 2019, changes in partisan balance in the House of Representatives happened as the result of members of Congress switching their party affiliation. On July 4, 2019, Rep. Justin Amash declared he would leave the Republican Party but continue to serve in Congress as an independent, turning an evenly split Michigan delegation in a Democratic majority delegation. Following a week of speculation, on December 19, the day after voting against the impeachment of Donald Trump, Rep. Jeff Van Drew of New Jersey officially left the Democratic Party to become a Republican.
Three states held gubernatorial elections in 2019:
- Kentucky: In the May 21 primaries, one-term incumbent Republican Matt Bevin faced a strong challenge from three opponents in the Republican primary but managed to win with 52.4%; Democratic Attorney General Andy Beshear also faced a strong competition from two other challengers in the Democratic primary but managed to win with 37.9%. In the November 5 general election, Andy Beshear defeated Matt Bevin by just 0.4 percent of the vote; however, the Associated Press declared the race too close to call, and Bevin refused to concede on election night, requesting a recanvass. The recanvass showed little change in the vote totals, and Bevin conceded the election on November 14.
- Louisiana: One-term Democrat John Bel Edwards defeated Eddie Rispone in a run-off election, securing a second term. In the state's October blanket primary, Edwards faced Republicans U.S. Rep. Ralph Abraham and businessman Eddie Rispone, along with three minor candidates. While Edwards received 46.6% of the vote, he did not win a majority and therefore faced a Saturday, November 16 runoff election against Rispone, who received 27.4% of the vote. The runoff election was held on November 16. Despite Republican Donald Trump winning the state by 20 points in 2016, John Bel Edwards was able to narrowly win re-election with 51.3% of the vote against Eddie Rispone's 48.7%.
- Mississippi: Two-term Republican Phil Bryant was term-limited in 2019 and therefore ineligible to seek re-election. In the August 6 primary elections, Attorney General Jim Hood won the Democratic primary, and on August 27, Lt. Gov. Tate Reeves defeated Mississippi Supreme Court Chief Justice Bill Waller Jr. to win the Republican nomination. Though the Associated Press described Hood as the "best-funded Democratic nominee for Mississippi governor since 2003," Reeves won the Mississippi gubernatorial race by a comfortable 51.9% to 46.8% margin.
In addition, in Puerto Rico, Gov. Ricardo Rosselló resigned as part of the territory's 2019 leadership crisis. He was eventually replaced by Wanda Vázquez Garced. Rosselló and Vázquez are both members of the New Progressive Party, but nationally Rosselló is affiliated with the Democratic Party while Vázquez is affiliated with the Republican Party.
Legislative elections were held for both houses of the Louisiana Legislature, the Mississippi Legislature, and the Virginia General Assembly, as well as the lower house of the New Jersey Legislature. Republicans expanded their control of the Mississippi Legislature, while Democrats kept control of the New Jersey Legislature, despite Republicans picking up a handful of seats. Democrats gained majorities of both houses of the Virginia General Assembly, giving them control of the legislature for the first time in 20 years. In Louisiana, Republicans expanded their control of the Louisiana Legislature, gaining a supermajority in the state Senate and falling two seats shy of a supermajority in the Louisiana House.
Special elections were also held during the year to fill state legislative seats vacated due to retirement, death, resignation, election to another office, or other reasons. During 2019, special elections were set or run for 77 vacated seats — 39 held by Democrats and 38 held by Republicans. Of the 74 special elections held by year-end, five seats flipped from Democratic to Republican, two flipped from Republican to Democratic, and one flipped from Republican to Independent. None of these changes impacted partisan control of the state legislature.
Three states held supreme court elections in 2019.
- Kentucky held a special election for the Kentucky Supreme Court to fill a vacancy caused by the retirement of Chief Justice Bill Cunningham, for a term to expire in 2022. Judge Christopher S. Nickell defeated state senator Whitney Westerfield in the November general election.
- Louisiana held a special election for the Louisiana Supreme Court to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of Justice Greg G. Guidry, for a term to expire in 2029. Attorney William J. Crain defeated Hans J. Liljeberg in the November general election.
- In Wisconsin, incumbent Wisconsin Supreme Court Justice Shirley Abrahamson did not seek re-election to a 5th ten-year term. In the April general election, Republican-backed Judge Brian Hagedorn defeated Democrat-backed Judge Lisa Neubauer by a small margin.
State trifectas and redistricting
In the 2019 elections, Republicans successfully defended their trifecta (unified control of the governorship and the state legislature) in Mississippi, while Democrats defended their trifecta in New Jersey and prevented Republicans from gaining a trifecta in Louisiana. Republicans lost their trifecta in Kentucky, while Democrats gained a trifecta in Virginia. These state elections will impact the redistricting that will follow the 2020 United States Census, as many states task governors and state legislators with drawing new boundaries for state legislative and Congressional districts.
24 binding ballot measures were voted on in seven states.
- In Pennsylvania, voters were to consider a constitutional amendment to adopt Marsy's Law protections for crime victims. Just days before the election, however, an injunction was issued blocking the commonwealth from tallying votes on the amendment. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania affirmed the injunction on the eve of the election.
- In Texas, voters approved nine of ten proposed amendments to the Lone Star State's constitution, most notably Proposition 4, intended to ban a state income tax. Texas is one of only nine U.S. states without a state income tax.
- In Washington state, voters narrowly approved Referendum 88, a veto referendum to overturn Initiative 1000, which allowed for affirmative action policies in the areas of public education, employment, and contracting. Voters also approved Initiative 976, limiting motor vehicle registration fees used for infrastructure and transit projects; passage of the bill is expected to decrease funding for transportation projects in the state by $4 billion by 2025.
- In the U.S. Virgin Islands, a ballot initiative to change how seats in the Legislature of the Virgin Islands are apportioned was defeated due to low voter turnout. A majority of voters approved of the reapportionment plan during the March 30, 2019, special election; however, only about 9 percent of registered voters participated in the election, and a majority of all registered voters was required for the initiative to pass.
Although most mayorships and other local offices are non-partisan, when looking at party identification of the officeholders, registered Democrats gained three mayorships during 2019 (Phoenix, Arizona; Raleigh, North Carolina; and Wichita, Kansas) and Republicans picked up one (Aurora, Colorado). Following the November elections, registered Democrats hold 62 mayorships (+2) in the 100 largest cities in the United States, registered Republicans hold 29 (+1), and independents hold 4 (−3). The remaining 5 are nonpartisan or undetermined.
Incumbent mayors won re-election in major cities during 2019, including Arlington, Texas (Jeff Williams); Cary, North Carolina (Harold Weinbrecht); Charlotte, North Carolina (Vi Lyles); Charleston, South Carolina (John Tecklenburg); Colorado Springs, Colorado (John Suthers); Denver (Michael Hancock); Duluth, Minnesota (Emily Larson); Durham, North Carolina (Steve Schewel); Evansville, Indiana (Lloyd Winnecke); Fairbanks, Alaska (Jim Matherly); Fort Collins, Colorado (Wade Troxell); Fort Wayne, Indiana (Tom Henry); Fort Worth, Texas (Betsy Price); Gainesville, Florida (Lauren Poe); Grand Rapids, Michigan (Rosalynn Bliss); Hartford, Connecticut (Luke Bronin); Houston (Sylvester Turner); Indianapolis, Indiana (Joe Hogsett); Jacksonville, Florida (Lenny Curry); Las Vegas, Nevada (Carolyn Goodman); Manchester, New Hampshire (Joyce Craig); Memphis, Tennessee (Jim Strickland); Orlando, Florida (Buddy Dyer); Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Jim Kenney); Rapid City, South Dakota (Steve Allender); San Antonio, Texas (Ron Nirenberg); and Springfield, Massachusetts (Domenic Sarno) and Worcester, Massachusetts (Joseph Petty).
San Francisco, California incumbent mayor London Breed, who won a special election to become mayor following the death of mayor Ed Lee, was elected to her first full term. After the Yonkers, New York, City Council extended mayoral term limits from two terms to three in late 2018, incumbent Mike Spano went on to win a third term.
In Alabama, which was the location of many pivotal moments in the American civil rights movement, several cities elected their first African American mayor in 2019. In the capital city of Montgomery, Probate Judge Steven Reed was elected mayor in a run-off, and in Talladega Timothy Ragland defeated incumbent mayor Jerry Cooper in a run-off. Also, voters in Eastpointe, Michigan, elected council member Monique Owens mayor, making her the city's first African American mayor.
Two large cities elected their first out LGBT+ mayors in 2019. In Chicago, Lori Lightfoot was elected as the city's first female African American mayor and first lesbian mayor in what was only the second-ever mayoral runoff election in the city's history. In Tampa, Florida, Jane Castor also won a run-off election to become the first gay woman to lead a major Florida city.
In Tucson, Arizona, Democrat Regina Romero was elected the city's first female and first Latina mayor. In Boise, Idaho, City Council President Lauren McLean defeated incumbent Dave Bieter to become the first woman elected as mayor in the city and winner of the city's first-ever mayoral run-off election. Similarly, in Belton, South Carolina, Tiffany Ownbey defeated incumbent Wendell Page, making her the first woman to be elected mayor of the city. In Salt Lake City, Utah, Councilwoman Erin Mendenhall became the city's third female mayor after defeating state senator Luz Escamilla; it was the first time two women had faced each other in a mayoral runoff in the city.
Incumbents defeated for re-election
In Flint, Michigan, state representative Sheldon Neeley defeated incumbent Karen Weaver, who was seeking a second term. In Madison, Wisconsin, Satya Rhodes-Conway defeated longtime incumbent mayor Paul Soglin, and in Nashville, Tennessee, city councilman John Cooper defeated incumbent David Briley. In Portland, Maine, former school board chair Kate Snyder unseated incumbent Ethan Strimling, and in Wichita, Kansas, state Rep. Brandon Whipple defeated incumbent Jeff Longwell. In Brownsville, Texas, Trey Mendez won a run-off election to replace incumbent mayor Tony Martinez, who came in third in the primary election.
Open mayoral seats
Open mayoral seats were won in Aurora, Colorado (Mike Coffman); Dallas, Texas (Eric Johnson); Green Bay, Wisconsin (Eric Genrich); Kansas City, Missouri (Quinton Lucas); Knoxville, Tennessee (Indya Kincannon); Lafayette, Louisiana (Josh Guillory); Lincoln, Nebraska (Leirion Gaylor Baird); Newark, Delaware (Jerry Clifton); Raleigh, North Carolina (Mary-Ann Baldwin); and West Palm Beach, Florida (Keith James). In South Bend, Indiana, Democrat James Mueller defeated Republican Sean Haas to replace incumbent Pete Buttigieg, who declined to run for a third term in favor of a presidential campaign. In Garland, Texas, Scott LeMay was unopposed in seeking an open mayoral seat.
- Special mayoral election in Allentown, Pennsylvania, interim mayor Ray O'Connell was elected to finish the remaining two years of former Mayor Ed Pawlowski, who resigned in 2018 after being convicted for corruption.
- Special Election Runoff in Phoenix, Arizona, city council member Kate Gallego was elected mayor in the March runoff election following the 2018 resignation of Mayor Greg Stanton; Gallego had come in first in the November 2018 special election, but failed to win an outright majority.
- Special mayoral election in Port Richey, Florida, attorney Scott Tremblay was elected mayor to replace Vice Mayor Terrence Rowe who was arrested on conspiracy charges 20 days after being elevated to mayor following the arrest of Mayor Dale Massad for practicing medicine without a license.
- Special mayoral election in Scranton, Pennsylvania, won by Independent Paige Cognetti following the resignation of Mayor Bill Courtright, who pleaded guilty to federal corruption charges; Cognetti is the first female mayor of the city.
Nationwide, 90 city council members and 45 mayors or vice-mayors were subject to recall efforts, along with 44 school board members and 51 other city, county, or state officials. In total, 87 of these efforts made it to the ballot and slightly more than half were successful in recalling the official; an additional 16 officials resigned before a recall election could be held. Mayors were successfully recalled in Wickenburg, Arizona; Brighton, Colorado; Bovill and Dalton Gardens, Idaho; Albion, Michigan; York, Nebraska; Metolius, Oregon; and Rio Bravo, Texas. Mayors in Elk River, Kooskia, and Sugar City, Idaho, and in Arnegard and Tower City, North Dakota, were retained in office. In Huntington, Oregon, voters recalled Mayor Richard Cummings who'd survived a 2018 recall attempt when he served on the city council.
In Fall River, Massachusetts, voters successfully recalled Mayor Jasiel Correia and re-elected him in the same election. Correia faced recall after being charged with wire fraud and filing false tax returns in 2018. Five candidates, including Correia, qualified to run in the event of a successful recall, and a plurality of voters voted for Correia. In September, Correia was charged with extorting cannabis dispensaries looking to do business in the city; the city council vote to remove him from office, but Correia rejected their authority to do so. Correia stood for re-election to a third term, coming in second during the September 17 preliminary election. On October 15, 2019, Correia suspended his campaign, and, ultimately, came in third, behind write-in votes with school board member Paul Coogan winning the election.
Other local elections
- Democrats took control of Columbus, Indiana, hometown of Vice President Mike Pence, winning a majority of seats on the city council for the first time since 1981.
- In Hamilton County, Indiana, Democrats ended decades-long single-party Republican control of city councils in Carmel and Fishers.
- In Monroe County, New York, Adam Bello became the first Democrat elected county executive in nearly 30 years.
- In Pennsylvania's Delaware Valley, Democrats gained a majority on the Bucks County Board of Commissioners for the first time since 1983, gained a majority on the Delaware County Council for the first time since the Civil War, and gained a majority on the Chester County Board of Commissioners for the first time in the party's history. However, in Armstrong, Greene, Washington, and Westmoreland counties in southwestern Pennsylvania, Republicans gained control of the county Boards of Commissioners. In Luzerne County, Republicans secured a majority on the county's governing board for the first time since 1989.
- In Polk County, Iowa, although most local and municipal races are nonpartisan, candidates running on progressive platforms won 13 city county and school board seats previously held by more conservative officials. Among the winners were Suresh Reddy, the first Indian American, and Scott Syroka, the first Latino, elected to the Johnston, Iowa, city council, as well as Lonnette Dafney and Deshara Bohanna, the first African American members of the West Des Moines and Ankeny school boards, respectively.
- In Seattle, an attempt backed by e-commerce giant Amazon to install a more business-friendly city council failed.
- In Virginia, Democrats won five of eight seats to flip control of the Prince William County Board of County Supervisors, which has had a Republican majority for more than 20 years. Also, in Loudoun County, Democrats won three seats on the county's Board of Supervisors, giving them a majority for the first time since 2012.
- In Denver, voters narrowly approved a citizen-initiated ordinance to effectively decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms for personal use and possession by adults. The city's voters also defeated an initiative to overturn Denver's ban on urban camping. In the June runoff election, voters passed an ordinance barring city officials from spending tax money on future Olympic bids without first seeking voter approval. In the November general election, Denver voters approved the establishment of a Department of Transportation & Infrastructure for the city.
- Voters in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, voted to incorporate part of the parish as a new city, St. George. The incorporation effort began in 2013 as an effort to create a new public school district separate from East Baton Rouge Parish Public Schools.
- In a non-binding referendum, two-thirds of Georgetown University students voted to establish a semesterly fee to fund reparations for descendants of 272 enslaved people sold to pay the school's debts in 1838.
- Jersey City, New Jersey, voters approved strict regulations on short-term rentals, in a major blow to Airbnb and other short-term rental companies.
- Kansas City, Missouri, voters overturned a 2018 city council decision to rename The Paseo after Martin Luther King Jr., restoring the parkway's prior name.
- New York City's Charter Revision Commission placed five questions on the 2019 ballot for voters to decide, including a proposal to adopt ranked choice voting for city elections. Ranked-choice voting was approved by 73.5% of voters, and the four other revisions all passed as well.
- Voters in Oklahoma City approved a charter amendment allowing city council members to work for the state or federal government. The bill allows state or federal employees, such as school teachers or park rangers, to serve on the city council.
- Parma, Ohio, voters upheld the city's ban on pit bull-type dogs by 14 votes.
- Phoenix, Arizona, voters rejected ballot initiatives to halt expansion of the Valley Metro Rail light rail system and to cap city spending to help pay down pension debt.
- In San Francisco, a ballot initiative backed by electronic cigarette manufacturer Juul to overturn the city's ban on e-cigarettes and flavored tobacco products failed overwhelmingly.
- San Juan County, Utah, voters rejected Proposition 10, which would have looked to change the structure of the county government; the proposition was characterized by opponents as an effort to undermine the county's first elected Navajo-majority county commission.
- Voters in Tucson, Arizona, narrowly rejected becoming a sanctuary city, which would have limited municipal cooperation with federal immigration law enforcement.
Several notable Native American tribal governments held elections for tribal leadership in 2019.
Incumbents Tribal Chairman Don Gentry of the Klamath Tribes and Tribal Council Chief Beverly Kiohawiton Cook of the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe were both re-elected to a third term. Seminole Tribe of Florida Tribal Council Chairman Marcellus Osceola Jr. was re-elected to a second term. Larry Romanelli was elected to a fourth term as ogema of the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians. Catawba Nation Chair Bill Harris, Comanche Nation Tribal Chairman William Nelson Sr., Fort Peck Tribes Chairman Floyd Azure, Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho Tribal Executive Committee Chairman Shannon Wheeler, Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Tribal Chair Richard Peterson, Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head Tribal Chairperson Cheryl Andrews-Maltais, and Yankton Sioux Tribe Tribal Chairman Robert Flying Hawk were also all re-elected. Richard Sneed won re-election to his first full-term as principal chief of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians; Sneed had been elevated to principal chief in 2017 following the impeachment of then Principal Chief Patrick Lambert. Mescalero Apache Tribe Tribal President Robert "Gabe" Aguilar, who was elevated to president when Tribal President Arthur "Butch" Blaze resigned for health reasons in October, was also re-elected to his first full term.
Choctaw Nation incumbent Chief Gary Batton was unopposed in seeking a second term, and Chickasaw Nation Gov. Bill Anoatubby was unopposed in seeking a ninth consecutive four-year term. Dr. John Creel was unopposed in the election for chief of the Edisto Natchez-Kusso Tribe.
Former Cherokee Nation Secretary of State Chuck Hoskin Jr. was elected principal chief in a contentious election. David Hill was elected principal chief of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation in an extended election process that included a rerun of the primary election due to questions about how absentee ballots were handled. Also in elections for open seats, Teri Gobin was elected chairwoman of the Tulalip Tribes and Reginald Atkinson was elected mayor of the Metlakatla Indian Community.
Ned Norris Jr. was elected chairman of the Tohono O'odham Nation, a position he previously held for two terms, defeating incumbent Chairman Edward Manuel. Cyrus Ben defeated incumbent Tribal Chief Phyliss J. Anderson to lead the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians. Byron Nelson Jr. was elected tribal chairman of the Hoopa Valley Tribe, defeating incumbent Ryan Jackson. Manuel Heart, who previously served multiple terms as Ute Mountain Ute Tribe tribal chairman, defeated incumbent Harold Cuthair. Jimmy Whiteshirt defeated incumbent Bruce Pratt in a runoff election to become president of the Pawnee Nation.
Special and recall elections
A special election triggered by the resignation of Jicarilla Apache Nation President Levi Pesata in February was won by Legislative Council member Darrell Paiz in a runoff, and Rynalea Whiteman Pena was elected president of the Northern Cheyenne Tribal Council in a special election following the resignation of prior president L. Jace Killsback. Beth Drost was elected as the first female Tribal Chair of the Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa in a special election following the death of long-time Tribal Chair Norman Deschampe. Michael Fairbanks was elected Tribal Chairman of the White Earth Nation in Minnesota in a special election following the death of prior chairman Terry Tibbetts.
Northern Arapaho Tribe voters rejected an effort to recall Chairman Lee Spoonhunter. Similarly, the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians voted to retain Regina Gasco-Bentley as tribal chairperson in a recall effort.
Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal Council Chair Cedric Cromwell faced a September 15 recall election over questions about his management of tribal funds; however, the election was called off on September 12 due to questions about the recall petition process.
- The Hoopa Valley Tribe in California narrowly rejected an effort to open tribal land to cannabis cultivation.
- Spirit Lake Tribe voters in North Dakota approved alcohol sales at the Spirit Lake Casino & Resort, overturning a decades-old ban on alcohol sales on the reservation.
- Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone voters rejected a ballot petition to replace a blood quantum requirement for tribal membership with a direct lineal descent system.
- The Keweenaw Bay Indian Community in December approved a resolution in favor of establishing term limits for tribal council members.
Speaker of the U.S. House election
Republican Congressman Paul Ryan, the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives during the 115th United States Congress, declined to seek re-election in 2018. After Democrats gained a majority in the House of Representatives in the 2018 elections, House Minority Leader and former Speaker Nancy Pelosi sought election to a new term as Speaker of the House. She won election with 220 votes, all of which came from members of the Democratic Party. Most Republican members of the House voted for Kevin McCarthy, who, through a separate election, succeeded Pelosi as House Minority Leader. The remaining votes for Speaker went to several different individuals, including Republican Congressman Jim Jordan and Democratic Congresswoman Cheri Bustos.
Party leadership elections
Several state Democratic and Republican parties also selected new leaders for their organizations during 2019 at party conventions or through other closed processes.
- Rusty Hicks was elected chair of the California Democratic Party.
- Nikema Williams was elected chair of the Democratic Party of Georgia.
- Christopher J. England was elected chair of the Alabama Democratic Party.
- Randy Seiler was elected chair of the South Dakota Democratic Party.
- Ben Wikler was elected chair of the Democratic Party of Wisconsin.
- Yvette Lewis was elected chair of the Maryland Democratic Party.
- Jeff Merchant was elected chair of the Utah Democratic Party.
- Alicia Andrews was elected chair of the Oklahoma Democratic Party.
- David Shafer was elected chair of the Georgia Republican Party.
- Raúl Labrador was elected chair of the Idaho Republican Party.
- Laura Cox was elected chair of the Michigan Republican Party.
- Michael Whatley was elected chair of the North Carolina Republican Party.
Two Republicans were charged with electoral fraud in Marion County, Ohio. The GOP candidate for Marion city auditor, Robert Landon, and Marion County Republican Party official John Matthews were charged with distributing phony sample ballots, a misdemeanor.
Without providing any evidence, Republican incumbent Matt Bevin said there were "significant irregularities" in the vote count process for Kentucky governor. He refused to concede and asked for a recanvass, which took place on November 14. Democrat Andy Beshear won by only 5,000 votes, and some feared Bevin was trying to steal the election. However, the recanvass did not change the election outcome, and Bevin subsequently conceded.
Tables of partisan control results
The following tables show the partisan results of the congressional, gubernatorial, and state legislative election races, as well as party switchers, in 2019. Only the affected congressional districts and states in 2019 are shown. Governorships/legislatures in these affected states that are not up for election in 2019 are already filled in for the "after 2019 elections" section. Bold indicates a change in control.
|Subdivision and PVI||Before 2019 elections||After 2019 elections|
|Seat||PVI||Incumbent||State delegation||Winner||State delegation|
|California 25th||Even||Dem||Dem 46–7||Election in 2020|
|Maryland 7th||D+26||Dem||Dem 7–1||Election in 2020|
|New York 27th||R+11||Rep||Dem 21–6||Election in 2020|
|North Carolina 3rd||R+12||Rep||Rep 9–3[a]||Rep||Rep 10–3|
|North Carolina 9th||R+8||Vacant[a]||Rep|
|Pennsylvania 12th||R+17||Rep||Split 9–9||Rep||Split 9–9|
|Wisconsin 7th||R+8||Rep||Rep 5–3||Election in 2020|
|Subdivision and PVI||Change from||Change to|
|Seat||PVI||Previous||State delegation||Current||State delegation|
|Michigan 3rd||R+6||Rep||Split 7–7||Ind||Dem 7–6–1|
|New Jersey 2nd||R+1||Dem||Dem 11–1||Rep||Dem 10–2|
|Before 2019 elections||After 2019 elections|
|State||Governor||State leg.||Governor||State leg.|
- The seat for North Carolina's 9th congressional district is counted as vacant due to the voided 2018 election. It was previously held by a Republican.
- Lerer, Lisa (November 6, 2019). "On Politics: What the 2019 Elections Mean for 2020". The New York Times. New York City, New York. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- Klein, Rick; Karson, Kendall (November 6, 2019). "Suburban revolt boosts Democrats on Election Day in the age of Trump: ANALYSIS". ABC News. New York City, New York. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
- Cioffi, Chris (January 17, 2019). "Rep Marino (R-PA) announces his plan to resign from Congress". MSN/Roll Call.
- "Pennsylvania's 12th Congressional District - Ballotpedia". Ballotpedia. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
- Bowman, Bridget (May 14, 2019). "The Pennsylvania special election you haven't heard about". Roll Call. Washington, D.C. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- Sonmez, Felicia (May 21, 2019). "Pennsylvania voters choose Republican state lawmaker to fill open House seat". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
- Bolton, Alexander (February 10, 2019). "Rep. Walter Jones, GOP rebel and Iraq War critic, dies at age 76". The Hill. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
- "North Carolina's 3rd Congressional District - Ballotpedia". Ballotpedia. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
- Seitz-Wald, Alex; Caldwell, Leigh Ann (September 10, 2019). "Republican Dan Bishop wins narrow victory in North Carolina special election". NBC News. New York City, New York. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
- Caldwell, Leigh Ann. "New election ordered in North Carolina House district after possible illegal activities". NBC News. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
- "North Carolina's 9th Congressional District - Ballotpedia". Ballotpedia. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- Brufke, Juliegrace (August 26, 2019). "GOP Rep. Sean Duffy resigning from Congress". The Hill. Washington, D.C. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
- Merle, Renae; DeBonis, Mike (September 30, 2019). "Republican Rep. Chris Collins resigns House seat ahead of guilty plea to insider-trading charges". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- O'Keefe, Ed; Kaplan, Rebecca (October 28, 2019). "Katie Hill, California congresswoman, resigns amid allegations of affairs with staff". CBS News. New York City, New York. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
- Barker, Jeff (October 17, 2019). "U.S. Rep. Elijah Cummings, longtime advocate for Baltimore and civil rights and key figure in Trump impeachment inquiry, dies at 68". Baltimore Sun. Baltimore, Maryland. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
- Rogers, Alex; Bradner, Eric; Collins, Kaitlan; Mattingly, Phil (August 28, 2019). "Georgia Republican Sen. Johnny Isakson to resign at end of year". CNN. Atlanta, Georgia. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
- Welna, David (July 4, 2019). "Declaring His Independence, Rep. Amash Leaves The GOP". NPR. Washington, D.C. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- Costa, Robert (December 19, 2019). "Trump welcomes Rep. Van Drew, an impeachment foe, to the GOP". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved December 19, 2019.
- Wilson, Reid (May 21, 2019). "Trump-backed Kentucky governor narrowly survives primary". The Hill. Washington, D.C. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
- Bailey, Phillip M. (November 5, 2019). "Democrat Andy Beshear declares victory over Matt Bevin in governor's race. Bevin doesn't concede". Louisville Courier Journal. Louisville, Kentucky. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- Desrochers, Daniel (November 14, 2019). "Matt Bevin concedes Kentucky governor race. 'We're going to have a change.'". Lexington Herald Leader. Lexington, Kentucky. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- Pathé, Simone (December 6, 2018). "Louisiana's Ralph Abraham Running for Governor". Roll Call. Washington, D.C. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- Wilson, Reid (October 12, 2019). "Louisiana's Democratic governor forced into runoff". The Hill. Washington, D.C. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- Strauss, Daniel. "Democratic Gov. John Bel Edwards wins reelection in Louisiana". POLITICO. Retrieved 2019-11-17.
- "Mississippi election results: Roundup of winners, runoffs". Clarion Ledger. Jackson, Mississippi. August 7, 2019. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
- Ramseth, Luke; Bologna, Giacomo (August 27, 2019). "Tate Reeves wins Mississippi GOP governor runoff, advances to general against Jim Hood". Clarion Ledger. Jackson, Mississippi. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
- "Democrat Concedes Mississippi Governor's Race". New York Times. Associated Press. November 5, 2019. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- Pender, Geoff (November 7, 2019). "Mississippi election: Republicans sweep statewide seats, gain in Senate, push in House". Clarion Ledger. Jackson, Mississippi. Retrieved December 8, 2019.
- Pugliese, Nicholas (November 6, 2019). "Bucking national trend, Republicans make gains in New Jersey election". WHYY-FM. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Retrieved December 8, 2019.
- "Virginia Democrats take control of state legislature for first time in over two decades". NBC News. New York City, New York. Associated Press. November 5, 2019. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
- Ballard, Mark (November 17, 2019). "'It's unprecedented': This fresh-faced Louisiana Legislature is more conservative than ever". The Advocate. Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Retrieved November 19, 2019.
- "State legislative special elections, 2019". Ballotpedia. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
- "Trifecta vulnerability in the 2019 elections". Ballotpedia. November 19, 2019. Retrieved November 19, 2019.
- "2019 ballot measures". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
- Meyer, Katie (June 20, 2019). "Marsy's Law passes in Pa., now heads to voter referendum". WHYY-FM. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
- Ceisler, Ellen (October 30, 2019). "League of Women Voters v. Boockvar" (PDF). Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- Scolforo, Mark (October 30, 2019). "Judge says state can't tally victims' rights amendment votes". AP News. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- "League of Women Voters v. Boockvar Appeal" (PDF). November 4, 2019. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- Reed Ward, Paula (November 4, 2019). "Pa. Supreme Court backs ruling to not count Marsy's Law votes". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
- Schwartz, Matt (November 5, 2019). "Voters OK parks funding, ban on income tax as all but one constitutional amendments pass". The Houston Chronicle. Houston, Texas. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Camden, Jim (July 25, 2019). "Referendum would stop recently approved initiative that allowed some affirmative action plans in Washington". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
- O'Sullivan, Joseph (November 12, 2019). "With nearly all ballots counted, voters reject Washington's affirmative-action measure". The Seattle Times. Seattle, Washington. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
- Camden, Jim (November 10, 2019). "Agencies, lawmakers scramble to fill $4 billion pothole from I-976". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
- Knight, April (March 30, 2019). "Reapportionment Initiative Fails to Come Close to Required Turnout". The Virgin Islands Source. St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
- "Partisanship in United States municipal elections (2019)". ballotpedia.org. Ballotpedia. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- Hanna, Bill (May 4, 2019). "Arlington Mayor Jeff Williams wins big over three challengers; Roxanne Thalman loses". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Fort Worth, Texas. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- Brown, Trent (October 8, 2019). "Cary mayor re-elected, new council member elected, according to unofficial results". The News & Observer. Raleigh, North Carolina. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
- Kuznitz, Alison (November 5, 2019). "Mayor Vi Lyles wins a second term; council incumbents re-elected". The Charlotte Observer. Charlotte, North Carolina. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Beese, Wilson (November 19, 2019). "Tecklenburg wins reelection in Charleston mayoral race after Seekings concedes". WCIV-TV ABC News 4. Charleston, South Carolina. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
- Harrison, Scott (April 2, 2019). "Colorado Springs voters hand Mayor John Suthers landslide re-election victory Tuesday". KRDO. Colorado Springs, Colorado. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
- Bouchard, Jay (June 4, 2019). "Denver Runoff Results: Hancock Hangs On, City Council Shakes It Up". 5280. Denver, Colorado. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
- Passi, Peter (November 5, 2019). "Larson wins second term as Duluth's mayor". Duluth News Tribune. Duluth, Minnesota. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Brown, Joel (November 6, 2019). "Election Day results: Durham, Chapel Hill mayors re-elected; affordable housing bond approved". WTVD-TV. Durham, North Carolina. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Morris, Tyrone (November 5, 2019). "Lloyd Winnecke Wins Re-Election as Evansville Mayor". WEVV-TV 44News. Evansville, Indiana. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Upshaw, Cheryl (October 1, 2019). "Matherly heading to re-election as Fairbanks city mayor". Daily News-Miner. Fairbanks, Alaska. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
- Coltrain, Nick (April 2, 2019). "Wade Troxell wins third term as Fort Collins mayor in City Council election". Coloradan. Denver, Colorado. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- "Tom Henry wins Fort Wayne Mayor's race with ease". WPTA-TV. Fort Wayne, Indiana. November 5, 2019. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- Svitek, Patrick (May 4, 2019). "Dallas, San Antonio mayoral races set for runoffs as Fort Worth mayor wins re-election". The Texas Tribune. Austin, Texas. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- Berkowitz, Jacob. "Mayor Lauren Poe, Commissioner Adrian Hayes-Santos Celebrate Re-Election". WUFT. Gainesville, Florida. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
- Hicks, Justin P. (November 5, 2019). "Grand Rapids Mayor Rosalynn Bliss wins re-election in landslide". MLive. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
- Lurye, Rebecca; Fawcett, Eliza (November 5, 2019). "Hartford Mayor Luke Bronin elected to second term, along with five council incumbents". Hartford Courant. Hartford, Connecticut. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- Scherer, Jasper; Downen, Robert (December 15, 2019). "Turner Coasts to Second Term". Houston Chronicle. Houston, Texas. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
- Martin, Ryan; Hays, Holly V.; Sikich, Chris (November 5, 2019). "'We're not done building yet': Joe Hogsett wins second term as Indianapolis mayor". Indianapolis Star. Indianapolis, Indiana. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- Bauerlein, David (March 19, 2019). "Jacksonville Mayor Lenny Curry wins re-election outright". The Florida Times-Union. Jacksonville, Florida. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
- Wilson, Miranda (April 2, 2019). "Carolyn Goodman wins her third and final term as Las Vegas mayor". Las Vegas Sun. Las Vegas, Nevada. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- Feely, Paul (November 5, 2019). "Craig tops Sullivan for second term as mayor in Manchester". New Hampshire Union Leader. Manchester, New Hampshire. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
- Hardiman, Samuel (October 3, 2019). "Memphis Mayor Jim Strickland wins reelection with message of unity and optimism". Memphis Commercial Appeal. Memphis, Tennessee. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- Hume, Jerry (November 5, 2019). "UPDATES: Dyer Stays Orlando Mayor, Sladek Wins Oviedo Race". Spectrum News 13. Orlando, Florida. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
- Kopp, John (November 5, 2019). "Jim Kenney wins re-election bid as Philadelphia mayor". Philly Voice. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- Guerry, Matthew (June 4, 2019). "Allender re-elected to third term as mayor". Rapid City Journal. Rapid City, South Dakora. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
- Svitek, Patrick (June 8, 2019). "In San Antonio and Dallas, Ron Nirenberg and Eric Johnson win mayoral runoffs". The Texas Tribune. Austin, Texas. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
- "Results 2019: Contested Mayoral Races In 6 Western Mass. Cities". New England Public Radio. November 5, 2019. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
- Kotsopoulos, Nick (November 5, 2019). "Petty wins historic fifth term as Worcester mayor". Telegram & Gazette. Worcester, Massachusetts. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Har, Janie. "San Francisco mayor claims election victory". SFGate. San Francisco, California. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- "Yonkers extends term limits from 8 to 12 years". News 12 Westchester. Yonkers, New York. October 30, 2018. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
- Lungariello, Mark; Cusaac-Smith, Tiffany (November 5, 2019). "Election 2019: Yonkers Mayor Mike Spano wins third term in landslide". Rockland/Westchester Journal News. While Plains, New York. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Rouan, Rick; Bush, Bill (February 6, 2019). "Mayor Ginther unopposed; city school board chief, longtime member won't run again". The Columbus Dispatch. Columbus, Ohio. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
- Nicol, Ryan (September 7, 2019). "Dan Gelber reelected as Miami Beach Mayor without opposition". Florida Politics. ST. Petersburg, Florida. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- Pokin, Steve (April 3, 2019). "Pokin Around: Mayor spent about $14,000 on campaign even though he was unopposed; why?". Springfield News-Leader. Springfield, Missouri. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
- MacNeil, Sara (October 8, 2019). "Montgomery's Steven Reed makes history as city's first African American mayor". Montgomery Advertiser. Montgomery, Alabama. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
- Hayes, Dixon (October 8, 2019). "Talladega elects its first black mayor in close runoff". WBRC-TV. Birmingham, Alabama. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
- Massey, Patreice A. (November 6, 2019). "Monique Owens makes history…Again! Becomes First Black Mayor of Eastpointe". Michigan Chronicle. Detroit, Michigan. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
- Ruthhard, Bill (April 3, 2019). "Lori Lightfoot elected Chicago mayor, making her the first African-American woman to lead the city". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- Ruthhard, Bill (February 27, 2019). "Chicago poised to elect first African-American female mayor after Lori Lightfoot, Toni Preckwinkle advance". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- Frago, Charlie (April 23, 2019). "Jane Castor wins big in Tampa mayor's race". Tampa Bay Times. Tampa Bay, Florida. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- Manchester, Julia (November 5, 2019). "Tucson elects first Latina mayor". The Hill. Washington, D.C. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Harding, Hayley (December 3, 2019). "McLean Defeats Bieter Overwhelmingly in Boise Mayoral Race". Idaho Statesman. Boise, Idaho. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
- "Bieter, McLean to face off in first-ever Boise mayoral runoff election". KTVB-TV. Boise, Idaho. November 6, 2019. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Day, Don (December 4, 2019). "Madam Mayor: Lauren McLean first woman elected mayor of Boise". BoiseDev.com. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
- "S Carolina City Elects Female Mayor for the 1st Time". U.S. News & World Report. Washington, D.C. Associated Press. November 8, 2019. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
- Roberts, Alyssa (November 6, 2019). "Erin Mendenhall elected next mayor of Salt Lake City". KUTV-TV. Salt Lake City, Utah. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- Stevens, Taylor (August 16, 2019). "Luz Escamilla moves into the No. 2 spot in Salt Lake City mayor's race, Dabakis concedes". The Salt Lake Tribune. Salt Lake City, Utah. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
- Zakalik, Lauren (May 7, 2019). "Haltom City elects Vietnamese-American mayor, a first for Tarrant County". WFAA-TV 8 ABC. Dallas, Texas. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
- "Sheldon Neeley sworn in as 94th mayor of Flint". WJRT-TV ABC12. Flint, MIchigan. November 11, 2019. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- Brockman, Jon (April 2, 2019). "Rhodes-Conway triumphs in Madison's mayoral election". The Daily Cardinal. Madison, Wisconsin. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- Jeong, Yihyun (September 12, 2019). "John Cooper wins Nashville mayoral race, defeats incumbent Mayor David Briley in landslide". The Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
- Billings, Randy (November 5, 2019). "Kate Snyder wins heated race for Portland mayor, unseating incumbent Ethan Strimling". Portland Press Herald. Portland, Maine. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
- Seminoff, Kirk (November 5, 2019). "Whipple surprises Longwell, ending mayor's decade-plus on City Council". Wichita Business Journal. Wichita, Kansasa. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
- Clark, Steve (May 4, 2019). "Martinez era ends: Mendez bound for runoff with Cabler". The Brownsville Herald. Brownsville, Texas. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
- Clark, Steve (June 22, 2019). "New Mayor: Mendez defeats Cabler to lead city". The Brownsville Herald. Brownsville, Texas. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
- "Election Day 2019: Mike Coffman Victorious In Aurora Mayor's Race". KCNC-TV CBS4 Denver. Denver, Colorado. November 6, 2019. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- BeMiller, Hailey (April 2, 2019). "Eric Genrich defeats Patrick Buckley to become Green Bay's first new mayor in 16 years". Green Bay Press Gazette. Green Bay, Wisconsin. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- Kite, Allison; Marso, Andy; Vockrodt, Steve; Rice, Glenn (June 18, 2019). "Quinton Lucas scores decisive win over Jolie Justus in Kansas City mayor's race". The Kansas City Star. Kansas Ciy, Missouri. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
- Lail, Jack (November 5, 2019). "Indya Kincannon wins Knoxville mayoral election". WATE-TV. Knoxville, Tennessee. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- Capps, Andrew (November 16, 2019). "Election 2019: Josh Guillory wins Lafayette mayor-president race, defeats Carlee Alm-LaBar". Lafayette Daily Advertiser. Lafayette, Louisiana. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
- Johnson, Riley (May 7, 2019). "Democrat Leirion Gaylor Baird elected Lincoln's new mayor". Lincoln Journal-Star. Lincoln, Nebraska. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
- Shannon, Josh; Schultz, Brooke (April 10, 2019). "Clifton elected mayor of Newark in landslide victory". Newark Post. Newark, Delaware. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- Johnson, Anna; Doran, Will (October 11, 2019). "Mary-Ann Baldwin is Raleigh's next mayor after Francis decides against runoff". The News & Observer. Raleigh, North Carolina. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
- Parker, Terri (March 15, 2019). "Keith James declared winner in West Palm Beach mayoral race". WPBF TV. West Palm Beach, Florida. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
- Parrott, Jeff (May 8, 2019). "James Mueller rolls to victory in South Bend mayoral primary". South Bend Tribune. South Bend, Indiana. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
- Everett, Kim (March 27, 2019). "Scott LeMay looks forward to serving as Garland's mayor". Garland Texan. Garland, Texas. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- Wagaman, Andrew (May 21, 2019). "Ray O'Connell cruises to victory in Allentown mayoral Democratic primary". The Morning Call. Allentown, Pennsylvania. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
- Wagaman, Andrew; Wojcik, Sarah M.; Merlin, Michelle (November 6, 2019). "Allentown delivers Ray O'Connell two more years in mayor's office". The Morning Call. Allentown, Pennsylvania. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
- Boehm, Jessica (March 14, 2019). "Kate Gallego is the next mayor of Phoenix. Now what?". Arizona Republic. Phoenix, Arizona. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
- Boehm, Jessica (December 4, 2018). "Kate Gallego led by 19 points in the Phoenix mayor's race. Why is there a runoff?". Arizona Republic. Phoenix, Arizona. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
- Lanning, Jason (June 18, 2019). "Voters Choose Tremblay for Port Richey Mayor in Special Election". Spectrum Bay News 9. St. Petersburg, Florida. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
- Trombly, Justin (March 14, 2019). "Port Richey ex-mayor, acting mayor conspired in jailhouse call, agents say". Tampa Bay Times. Tampa Bay, Florida. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
- Lange, Stacy (July 9, 2019). "Choosing a New Mayor in Scranton". WNEP-TV ABC 16. Moosic, Pennsylvania. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
- Cole, Devan (November 6, 2019). "First woman is elected mayor of Scranton, as an independent after sparring with Democratic machine". CNNpolitics. Washington, D.C. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Spivak, Joshua. "The Year in Recalls -- 87 Recalls; 37 removals, 34 survive, 16 resignations; 342 recall efforts". The Recall Elections Blog. Retrieved January 4, 2020.
- "Ballotpedia's 2019 Recall Analysis". Ballotpedia. Retrieved January 3, 2020.
- "Political recall efforts 2019". Ballotpedia. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
- Thompson, Leslie (November 7, 2019). "Secretary of State's office says profanity in recall ballots OK". The Argus Observer. Ontario, Oregon. Retrieved January 4, 2020.
- Fortin, Jacey (March 13, 2019). "Mayor of Fall River Is Ousted and Re-elected at the Same Time". The New York Times. New York City, New York. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
- McDonald, Danny; Wu, Sarah (September 10, 2019). "Fall River council votes to relieve embattled mayor of his duties". The Boston Globe. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
- Goode, Jo C. (September 11, 2019). "Not backing down: Mayor Correia back at work after City Council vote to remove him from office". The Herald News. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
- "Embattled Fall River Mayor Jasiel Correia takes leave of absence, suspends campaign". WCVB-TV. Boston, Massachusetts. October 15, 2019. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- Goode, Jo C. (November 10, 2019). "Fall River election results won't be certified until Friday deadline". Herald News. Fall River, Massachusetts. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- Da Silva, Chantal (November 6, 2019). "Democrats Take Control of Mike Pence's Hometown for First Time in Nearly Four Decades". Newsweek.
- Lanage, Kaitlin; Tuohy, John; Contreras, Natalia E. (November 5, 2019). "Indiana elections 2019: Democrats win upset victories in historic Hamilton County election". Indianapolis Star. Indianapolis, Indiana. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
- Mahoney, Bill (November 6, 2019). "Democrats flip Monroe County, but New York's blue wave ebbs slightly". Politico. Washington, D.C. Retrieved January 7, 2020.
- Bond, Michaelle; Vella, Vinny (November 6, 2019). "Democrats win across the Philadelphia region as Republicans are fading even on friendly turf". Philly.com.
- McElwee, Charles F. (November 12, 2019). "A Battle of Voting Margins". City Journal. New York City, New York. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- Buffer, Michael P. (November 7, 2019). "Voting Republican again preferred choice in county". The Citizens' Voice. Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
- Rynard, Pat (November 6, 2019). "Democrats Flip Local Suburban Seats Across Polk County". Iowa Starting Line. West Des Moines, Iowa. Retrieved January 7, 2020.
- Johnson, Gene (November 6, 2019). "Amazon's spending in Seattle Council races doesn't deliver". KOMO(AM). Seattle, Washington. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Olivo, Antonio; Tan, Rebecca (November 5, 2019). "Prince William board flips Democratic; Wheeler to succeed Stewart as board chair". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved January 7, 2020.
- Olivo, Antonio; Sullivan, Patricia (November 5, 2019). "Loudoun elections: Democrat Randall wins second term as county appears to move left". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved January 7, 2020.
- Murray, Jon (May 8, 2019). "Denver first in U.S. to decriminalize psychedelic mushrooms". The Denver Post. Denver, Colorado. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
- Aguilar, John (May 8, 2019). "Denver Initiative 300: Effort to end camping ban fails by a wide margin". The Denver Post. Denver, Colorado. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
- Carey, Christopher (November 18, 2019). "Denver votes to create city's first transport department". Cities Today. London. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
- Vincent, Mykal; Foster, Kevin (October 12, 2019). "City of St. George Incorporates". WAFB-TV. Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- Nicholson, Lara (October 2, 2019). "The incorporation of St. George: What you need to know before Election Day". The Advocate. Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Jonnalagadda, Deepika (April 12, 2019). "Students Endorse Reconciliation Fee in GU272 Referendum". The Hoya. Georgetown, D.C. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
- Varnham O'Regan, Syvia (November 7, 2019). "Airbnb lost by a landslide in Jersey City. What went wrong?". The Real Deal. New York City, New York. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
- "Kansas City votes to remove Martin Luther King's name from historic street". NBC News. Associated Press. November 6, 2019. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Pereira, Ivan (April 23, 2019). "Ranked Choice Voting proposed by City Charter Commission". am New York. New York, New York. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
- Corbett, Jessica (November 6, 2019). "'Huge Win for Democracy': Nationwide Celebrations as NYC Residents Approve Ranked-Choice Voting Ballot Measure". Common Dreams. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- "2019 New York General Election Results". New York Times. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- Felder, Ben (July 9, 2019). "OKC Voters Approve Both Proposals". The Oklahoman. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
- Savage, Tres (July 9, 2019). "There's an election today in Oklahoma City". NonDoc. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
- Steer, Jen (May 30, 2019). "Parma's pit bull ban upheld after recount". WJW-TV Fox 8. Cleveland, Ohio. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
- Miller, Bailey; Snow, Anita (August 27, 2019). "Phoenix voters rejecting anti-rail initiative by wide margin". Fox 10 Phoenix. Phoenix, Arizona. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
- Ho, Catherine (August 7, 2019). "Juul-backed ballot measure may repeal SF's flavored e-cigarette ban". San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco, California. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
- Toren, Michael (August 9, 2019). "Juul fails in effort to change ballot language". 48hîlls. San Francisco, California. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
- Ho, Catherine (November 5, 2019). "Repeal of SF e-cigarette ban, once backed by Juul, is overwhelmingly rejected by voters". San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco, California. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Podmore, Zak (November 8, 2019). "San Juan County voters defeat ballot measure to study change in government". The Salt Lake Tribune. Salt Lake City, Utah. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
- Ferguson, Joe (July 15, 2019). "Tucson 'sanctuary city' initiative certified to be on November ballot". Arizona Daily Star. Tucson, Arizona. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
- Dillemuth, Holly (April 21, 2019). "Gentry re-elected to third term as Klamath Tribes chairman". Herald and News. Klamath Falls, Oregon. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
- "2019 Tribal Election Unofficial Results". Akwesasne, New York: Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe Election Board. June 1, 2019. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
- Gross, Samantha J.; Mahoney, Emily L. (May 14, 2019). "Seminole Tribe stops $350 million annual casino payments to state". Miami Herald. Miami, Florida. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
- "Little River Band of Ottawa Indians Regular Election" (PDF). Little River Currents. Manistee, Michigan. June 2019. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
- Harris, Amanda (August 26, 2019). "'We've got to let the past go': Catawba Indian Nation Chief talks about the future". The Herald. Rock Hill, South Carolina. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- Rains, Scott (January 13, 2019). "Comanche Voters Retain Chairman, Select New Administrator, Attorney". The Lawton Constitution. Lawton, Oklahoma. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
- Mabie, Nora (October 28, 2019). "Fort Peck's new and incumbent tribal leaders sworn in". Great Falls Tribune. Great Falls, Montana. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
- Holm, Tom (May 5, 2019). "Incumbents keep their seats at Nez Perce General Council". The Lewiston Tribune. Lewiston, Idaho. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
- Jensen, Michelle (July 5, 2019). "Red Cliff selects new tribal officials". Ashland Daily Press. Ashland, Wisconsin. Retrieved July 7, 2019.
- "Tribal election could go to recount". Martha's Vineyard Times. Vineyard Haven, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts. November 20, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
- Dockendorf, Randy (September 11, 2019). "Yankton Sioux Tribe Election Results Are Announced". Yankton Daily Press & Dakotan. Yankton, South Dakota. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
- McKie, Scott (September 6, 2019). "Incumbents dominate EBCI tribal election". One Feather. Cherokee, North Carolina. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
- "McCoy Once More a Candidate for Principal Chief". Smokey Mountain News. Waynesville, North Carolina. May 1, 2019. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
- Stallings, Dianne L. (October 4, 2019). "Mescalero President Arthur "Butch" Blazer resigns". Ruidoso News. Ruidoso, New Mexico. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
- Stallings, Dianne L. (November 6, 2019). "Gabe Aguilar elected president of Mescalero Apache Tribe". Ruidoso News. Ruidoso, New Mexico. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
- "Public Notice - Prospective Candidates Filing for Elective Office" (PDF). Choctaw Nation Election Board. April 24, 2019. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
- "Chickasaw Nation governor, son elected to 4-year term". KXII-TV News 12. Sherman, Texas. June 7, 2019. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
- Porter, Mikaela (December 24, 2019). "Edisto Natchez-Kusso Tribe elects new chief who is focused on federal recognition status". The Post and Courier. Charleston, South Carolina. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
- Rowley, D. Sean (June 2, 2019). "Hoskin wins Cherokee Nation principal chief race". Cherokee Phoenix. Tahlequah, Oklahoma. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
- Krehbiel-Burton, Lenzy (December 15, 2019). "With all precincts reporting, David Hill well ahead in race for Muscogee (Creek) Nation chief". Tulsa World. Tulsa, Oklahoma. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
- Underwood, Ginny (October 4, 2019). "Back to the Ballot Box for Muscogee Creek Nation After 'Invalidated' Election". Indian Country Today. Phoenix, Arizona. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
- Stevick, Eric (March 20, 2019). "New Tulalip tribal leader is following in her dad's footsteps". Daily Herald. Everett, Washington. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- Stone, Eric (November 6, 2019). "Reginald Atkinson wins Metlakatla mayor's race". KRBD-FM. Ketchikan, Alaska. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "2019 Tohono O'odham Nation General Election Results". Tohono O'odham Nation Election Office. May 27, 2019. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Smith, Dylan (May 29, 2019). "Tohono O'odham election flips tribal control, again: Ned Norris is back". Tucson Sentinel. Tucson, Arizona. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- Downard, Whitley (July 3, 2019). "Cyrus Ben Wins Tribal Chief Seat in Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians Runoff Election". The Meridian Start. Meridian, Mississippi. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
- Sims, Hank (June 27, 2019). "Hoopa Valley Tribe Elects New Chair, Rejects Broad Cannabis Cultivation Ordinance". Lost Coast Outpost. Ferndale, California. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
- Mimiaga, Jim (October 11, 2019). "Ute Mountain Utes elect Heart with strong support". The Journal. Cortez, Colorado. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
- "Pawnee Nation Run-Off Election Unofficial Results". Pawnee Nation Election Commission. June 29, 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
- McKosato, Harlan (April 12, 2019). "Jicarilla Apache Nation hosting special election for new president after resignation". Indian Country Today. Washington, D.C. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
- "Unofficial Election Results". Retrieved May 20, 2019.
- Lutey, Tom (January 11, 2019). "Whiteman Pena wins Northern Cheyenne presidency". Billings Gazette. Billings, Montana. Retrieved June 17, 2019.
- Silence, Rhonda (July 2, 2019). "A conversation with new Grand Portage Tribal Council Chair Beth Drost". WTIP(FM). Grand Marais, Minnesota. Retrieved July 7, 2019.
- Bowe, Nathan (August 7, 2019). "Fairbanks sweeps to victory in White Earth tribal chairman race". Detroit Lakes Tribute. Detroit Lakes, Minnesota. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
- Aadland, Chris (August 12, 2019). "Northern Arapaho reject resolutions calling for recall election of tribal chairman, firing of law firm". Casper Star-Tribune. Casper, Wyoming. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
- Fellows, Jillian (January 29, 2019). "Tribal chair retained in recall election". News-Review. Petoskey, Michigan. Retrieved January 4, 2020.
- Stening, Tanner (May 26, 2019). "Effort to recall tribal chairman Cedric Cromwell moves ahead". Cape Cod Times. Hyannis, Massachusetts. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- Legere, Christine (September 14, 2019). "Injunction to be filed to force Mashpee Wampanoag tribal recall election". The Cape Cod Times. Hyannis, Massachusetts. Retrieved September 16, 2019.
- Chase, Ken (May 8, 2019). "Spirit Lake Tribe votes to allow alcohol sales at casino". Inforum. Fargo, North Dakota. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
- Harding, Adella (July 1, 2019). "Te-Moak voters say 'no' to descendancy change". Elko Daily Free Press. Elko, Nevada. Retrieved July 7, 2019.
- "KBIC offers transparency on tribal council term limits". WLUC-TV6. Negaunee, Michigan. October 28, 2020. Retrieved November 1, 2020.
- Linsdey, McPherson (January 3, 2019). "Pelosi elected speaker with 15 Democratic defections". Roll Call.
- Badash, David (November 5, 2019). "Two Republicans Charged With Election Fraud in Ohio". The New Civil Rights Movement. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- "Matt Bevin claims "significant irregularities" as grounds for recanvass request". CBS News. November 6, 2019. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- Johnson, Jake (November 7, 2019). "Sanders Condemns Kentucky GOP for Threatening to Overturn Gubernatorial Election". Truthout. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- Shepard, Steven (November 14, 2019). "Matt Bevin concedes Kentucky governor's race". Politico. Washington, D.C. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- "PVI Map and District List". The Cook Report. Retrieved January 7, 2020.
- "2018 State & Legislative Partisan Composition" (PDF). NCSL. Retrieved November 7, 2018.