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Ming Yiu Leung
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德國製《Puerto Rico》圖版遊戲於二零零二年面世,同年由Rio Grande Games出版美國英文版。在網站www.boardgamegeek.com連續五年成為最受歡迎遊戲,現時(二零一二年三月)是第三位。《Puerto Rico》是可供三至五人玩的資源管理類型圖版遊戲,雖然有官方提供給兩人玩的遊戲規則,不過《Puerto Rico》還是越多人玩越好玩的。遊戲題材環繞管理開發波多黎各小島,以建設房屋和出口產品賺取最多分數而獲勝。

就《Puerto Rico》而言,資源管理類型遊戲是指遊戲過程中遊戲者會獲得粟米、槐藍、甘蔗、咖啡豆或煙葉這些資源,之後便可利用那些資源去製造染料、白糖、咖啡和煙草產品,再透過出口從而獲取分數,另一方面,遊戲者可以在市場變賣資源來換取金錢,之後用金錢興建不同類型的房屋,可以是工廠、小市場、大學、碼頭、辦事處等等,每類房屋都有特定功能,例如碼頭可以在載貨上船時獲得1個獎勵分數棋子,小市場於賣貨交易時可多得1個金錢棋子等等,於遊戲完結時得到總分最高便是優勝。

遊戲開始時每位遊戲者都有一塊波多黎各遊戲地圖,按遊戲人數取得2至4個金錢棋子,一個農園棋子(粟米或槐藍),選出一位遊戲者得到政府牌,抽出比遊戲人數多一枚的農園棋子以正面分別放在桌上,其餘的農園棋子以背面疊起,以遊戲人數決定使用分數棋子數目,三人玩取等於75分的分數棋子,四人玩取100分,五人玩取全部分數棋子,即122分。角色牌的數目一定是遊戲人數多3張,即五人玩時使用8張,遊戲者少1人時減少1張勘探者牌,遊戲者少2人時減少2張勘探者牌。

遊戲以回合形式進行,每回合分成三個步驟,順序分別是:
1)取角色牌並進行行動。持有政府牌的先選,所有人按順時鐘方向進行該行動,以取牌者優先進行,所有人都完成之後,輪到坐在持有政府牌左手邊的人選角色牌並進行行動,如此類推,直到所有人都選了一次角色牌。
2)持政府牌的取三枚金錢棋子,分別放在該回合沒有被選的三張角色牌上放上一枚。
3)持政府牌的把政府牌交給坐在左手邊的人。

遊戲按上述步驟,一個接一個回合一直下去直到下列其中一項事情發生為止。

1)行鎮長角色牌的行動時,沒有足夠的新移民載滿移民船;
2)在進行建設者角色牌的行動時,至少有一位遊戲者已經使用了第十二格城市空間(遊戲開始時分派的那塊波多黎各遊戲地圖上共有十二格城市空間);
3)在進行船長者角色牌的行動時,最後一枚分數棋子被取去。

接著是計算各人的分數,每個分數棋子相等1分或5分,而每所房屋都有個別分數印在左上角,放置了新移民棋子的大型房屋將會獲得獎分,最後得到總分最高便優勝。

遊戲重點在於每回合中選擇哪一張角色牌來進行,因為選擇角色牌的那位遊戲者在進行該角色牌的行動時將會有優勢,例如選擇建設者角色牌,在進行興建房屋時,選建設者角色牌的遊戲者可以用正常少一枚金錢棋子的代價來完成行動。

遊戲中一共有7種角色牌,分別是:

開拓者
選該角色的可以取得一枚正面放置的農園棋子或取一枚礦場棋子放置在自己的遊戲地圖空格上,其他人按順時鐘方向取一枚正面放置的農園棋子放置在自己的遊戲地圖空格上,之後移走沒被取走的農園棋子,重新抽出比遊戲者人數多一枚的農園棋子並以正面放置。

鎮長
選鎮長的先從供應處取一個新移民棋子放置在自己的遊戲地圖空置的圓圈上,接著由選鎮長的開始再按順時鐘方向輪流從移民船上逐一取一個新移民棋子,直到船上所有新移民棋子都被取走為止,之後從供應處取新移民棋子放置在移民船上。

建設者
選牌的可以用正常少一枚金錢棋子來交換一張房屋牌並放置在自己遊戲地圖上還沒有使用的空格上(地圖一共有十二個空格),其他人按順時鐘方向決定進不進行交換,每人每回合只有一次交換機會。有新移民棋子在上的礦場棋子可以減低金錢棋子交換房屋牌的代價。

工匠
選角色的先從供應處取得一枚產品棋子,必須先擁有能生產該種產品的工場房屋牌,否則不能取,假若供應處已沒有該種產品棋子,亦不能取得。之後亦按順時鐘方向輪流取一枚(條件如上),最後選角色的可再取一枚(即一共兩枚)。

商家
選角色的可優先把一枚產品棋子放在貿易處以換取金錢棋子,而且可格外多取一枚金錢棋子,接著按順時鐘方向輪流進行,條件是每次貿易處只可放置還沒有出現的產品棋子種類,例如已經有煙草便不能再放煙草,而且貿易處可放置產品棋子的空間有限(一般可放四枚產品),用完即止。每種產品棋子可換取到的金錢棋子數目都不一樣的。

船長
由選角色的開始,各人必須輪流把產品棋子上載到貨船上,能上載幾多就須上載幾多,直至船滿,每般船每回合只能載一種產品棋子,每上載一枚產品棋子便可取得一枚分數棋子,選角色的可格外多取一枚分數棋子。當所有貨船都被載滿,各人便只能在地圖上保留一枚產品棋子,其餘的都必須交回供應處,有貨倉房屋牌的可保留特定的產品棋子。

勘探者
選角色的可得一枚金錢棋子,其他人甚麼也沒有。

還有要記得每回合沒有被選擇的角色牌都會有一枚金錢棋子放置在上,而且是可以累積的,選該角色牌的便可以一次過取得在上面所有的金錢棋子。

興建房屋是其中一種致勝手段,而且各特殊房屋都能給與擁有者特殊優勢,不過房屋供應有限,各種特殊房屋一般只有一所,誰先興建便可說是獨家擁有,所以爭奪房屋亦是遊戲重要的一環。之不過出口產品是可以直接得分,策略好,還可以使其他對手屯積的產品一次過清理掉(進行船長行動時除非有擁有貨倉,否則上不了船的同類產品都要退回供應處)。除了上述兩種策略外,《Puerto Rico》還有很多致勝方法,就是因為沒有一種必勝途徑,或必須依循的玩法,成為最受歡迎遊戲是實至名歸的。

遊戲規則設計優良亦是《Puerto Rico》出色的地方,平衡度處理得宜,變化的遊戲行動先後次序,亦帶起一片跟風熱潮,筆者認為《Agricola》亦有參考《Puerto Rico》的,兩者都是現在最受歡迎遊戲之一。

《Puerto Rico》的附加配件不多,第一套是一些新房屋棋子,第二套要連其他東西一併購入的《Treasure Chest》內(當中包括第一套附件),同樣有新的房屋棋子,並增加了特殊的新移民棋子(紅色棋子)。

《Puerto Rico》如此受歡迎,取決於簡單的規則,容易理解的概念,公平的多人遊戲設計,和打麻雀比較,就是沒有了太依賴隨機性,但同樣因為各參與者選擇的行動而不斷使遊戲進程產生變化,互動性高,絕對適合當作聚會遊戲。

寫於二零一零年六月七日
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Albert Jones
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cat5brother wrote:
German system of "Puerto Rico" Board game available in 2002, the same year the US English version published by Rio Grande Games. In five consecutive years as the most popular website www.boardgamegeek.com game now (March 2012) is third. "Puerto Rico" is available for three to five people to play the type of resource management Board game, although the official rules of the game to play the two, but "Puerto Rico" or the more people play the more fun. Management game theme surround the island of Puerto Rico to develop, to build houses and export products to earn the most points and win.

On "Puerto Rico", the resource management refers to the type of game the players after the game will be corn, indigo, sugar cane, coffee or tobacco of these resources, you can use those resources to the manufacture of dyes, sugar, coffee and tobacco products, and then in order to gain points through exports, on the other hand, the player can be sold in the market resources in exchange for money, and then use the money to build different types of houses, factories can be a small market, universities, docks, offices and so on, each class housing has a specific function, such as loading docks can get on board when a piece bonus points, a small market at the time of the transaction may be more sellers get a piece of money, etc., to get the highest score is the winner at the end of the game .

When the game starts each player has a piece of Puerto Rico game map, get 2-4 pieces of money according to the number of games, a farm pawn (corn or indigo), elect a player to get government licenses, taking the number one more than the game The farm gold pieces were placed on the table in front of the rest of the farm to the back of the folded pieces to decide the number of fractional numbers game pieces, playing fetch three equal pieces score 75 points, four play fetch 100 points, five people Take all the pieces play points, namely 122 points. Role card number must be more than 3 The number of games that use 8 when five people playing cards when prospectors reduce a player less a person, reducing two prospectors card when the player at least 2 people.

In the form of game rounds, each round is divided into three steps, the order are:
1) Take the role of licensing and operations. Government license holders before the election, according to a clockwise direction for all of the actions to take priority dealer, after everyone finished, turn sitting in the left-hand person to hold the role of government licensing and licensing action, so and so on, until everyone had a role in the election card.
2) license holders government money to take three pieces, put 一枚 were placed on the round has not been selected three role cards.
3) holding the government to government license plates to the left hand side of the person sitting.

Game above steps, one by one round to go until one of the following has happened so far.

1) line cards mayor role actions, not enough new immigrants immigrant ship laden;
2) performing the role of brand builders action when at least one player has used the twelfth grid urban space (Twelve grid on a piece of urban space game map dispatched Puerto game starts);
3) during the captain's role in licensing action, the last one was taken away scores piece.

Then everyone is to calculate scores, and each piece is equal to a fraction or 5 points, and each house has its individual scores printed in the upper left corner, put a piece of a large house new immigrants will receive bonus points, and finally get out of Highest winning it.

Each game focuses on the role of a turn to choose which card to make, because the choice of role players who cards will have an advantage when performing that role card action, such as choosing the role of brand builders, during the construction of houses, the choose brand builders role player can use a small piece of money 一枚 normal cost to complete action.

Game cards, a total of seven kinds of roles are:

Pioneer
This role can be selected to achieve a positive place 一枚 farm pawn or piece Take a mine placed on your game map spaces, others take a clockwise direction Farm 一枚 front piece placed placed in its own game map space on, after the removal of the farm has not been removed pieces, re-extract more than the game 一枚 the number of farms in the front piece and place.

Mayor
Elected mayor of supply at the start of a new immigrant to take place on their own piece of the game map vacant circle, followed by the start of the election of the mayor then taken one by one clockwise rotation from immigrant ship a new immigrant piece until all on board new immigrants until the pieces are removed, after which new immigrants take the boat from the pieces placed in the immigration office supplies.

Builders
Option cards can be used normally 一枚 less money in exchange for a pawn house card has not been used and placed in their own space on the game map (a map, a total of twelve spaces), and others into a clockwise direction is determined not to exchange, each person only once per round switch. There are new immigrants pawn pawn in the mines on the piece can reduce the cost of money exchange house brand.

Artisan
Role election made a start with the supply of goods at a pawn, you must be able to produce the kinds of products have workshops house brand, or can not take, if the supply of this product have not been at a pawn, they can not get. After also by taking a turn clockwise (conditions as above), and finally chose to take a role of renewable (ie a total of two).

Business
Role-election priority to trade imposed on a product pawn pawn in exchange for money, but money can be extremely large to take a piece, followed by a clockwise direction, alternating condition that can only be placed at each trade has not yet appeared in the product pawn species, such as tobacco can not recapture has tobacco, and trade can be placed at a pawn limited product space (generally put four products), run lasts. Each product can return to the number of pieces of money is not the same piece.

Captain
The role of the election from the beginning, everyone must take turns to upload product pawn on cargo ships that can be uploaded, how many, how many would have to be uploaded until the boat is full, each boat can only upload a product like pieces each round, each piece can upload 一枚 Products achieved a score pawn role can choose to take one more extra points pawn. When all carriers are loaded, everyone can only remain on the map 一枚 product piece, and the rest must be returned to the supply department, there are warehouses house brand products can retain specific pieces.

Prospector
Role-election money can get a piece, nothing else.

Also to remember every round has not been selected, there will be a role cards placed on the piece of money, and is cumulative, choose the character card will be able to get a one-off pieces on top of all the money.

Housing is one of the means of success, and each house can give the owner a special special advantage, but a limited supply of housing, special housing is generally only one, the first to be built can be said to be exclusive, so the competition for housing is also a game an important part. However, exports of goods can score directly, the policy is good, you can also make other competitors stocking the product once cleared away (When the captain has a warehouse operation unless otherwise similar products on the ship can not be returned to the suppliers). In addition to these two strategies outside, "Puerto Rico" There are a lot of winning way is because there is no way to win, or must follow the play, become the most popular game is deserved for.

Rules of the game design is also excellent "Puerto Rico" excellent place to balance handled properly, change the order of the game action, also brought up a suit craze, I believe that "Agricola" also makes reference to "Puerto Rico", and both is now one of the most popular games.

"Puerto Rico" few additional accessories, the first set is the number of new housing pieces, together with the second set of other things to be even purchased "Treasure Chest" inside (including the first set of accessories), also has a new house pieces and adds a special piece of new immigrants (red pawn).

"Puerto Rico" is so popular, depending on simple rules, easy to understand the concept of fair multiplayer game design, and mahjong comparison, that is not too dependent on the randomness, but also because each participant selected action constantly produce changes to make the game process, highly interactive, and is suitable as a party game.

Written on June 7, 2010

Above is the review, put through google translate. I particularly loved the translation of "government license holders" as the role selector, and "role of licensing and operations" as the governor. Probably the only time on BGG that the game will be compared to Mahjong.
 
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