Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Clint Eastwood|
|Produced by||Robert Daley|
|Written by||Jo Heims|
|Music by||Michel Legrand|
|Edited by||Ferris Webster|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
Breezy is a 1973 American romantic drama film directed by Clint Eastwood, produced by Robert Daley, and written by Jo Heims. The film stars William Holden and Kay Lenz, with Roger C. Carmel, Marj Dusay, and Joan Hotchkis in supporting roles. It is the third film directed by Eastwood.
Distributed by Universal Pictures, Breezy was theatrically released in Los Angeles on November 16, 1973 and in New York City on November 18, 1973. The film earned 3 nominations at the 31st Golden Globe Awards, including Most Promising Newcomer – Female for Lenz.
The first scene begins with a young couple awakening in bed, after a one-night stand. An older teen, Edith Alice “Breezy” Breezerman (Kay Lenz) hops out of bed, gets dressed, and steps into the daylight. Breezy lost her parents years before in an auto accident, and lives as a homeless free-spirited hippie in California.
That same morning, Frank Harmon (William Holden) is bidding farewell to his overnight guest, a very beautiful blonde that openly shows interest in him. He is only humoring her as she leaves, and the audience gets the first sense of how detached he is emotionally. Middle-aged, divorced and wealthy from his work in real estate, Frank lacks for nothing material. His beautiful post-modern home is the setting for much of the movie.
After escaping a bad hitchhiked ride with an unstable stranger, Breezy loiters near Frank's home, and runs to him as he leaves for work. She invites herself into his car and happily insists that he give her a ride to her destination. Again, we see the never-smiling Frank who is now annoyed by the insistence of this young and loquacious girl. Carefree and true to her name, Breezy steals the show with both her charm and her lack of self-awareness.
The next scenes develop their friendship, showing Frank's jaded personality as he becomes slowly more loving toward Breezy. He takes a fatherly approach and gives her room/board, but never acts on sexual opportunities. In a separate side story, he is conflicted about love lost: his ex-wife named Betty Tobin (Marj Dusay).
There is no formal backstory, but Betty refers to Frank "never being late with your checks," implying alimony payments. Betty gently explains she is marrying a man she very much loves, and Frank pensively accepts this news.
There are discussions at their business lunch of how she has made certain life realizations, with an unsaid declaration that Frank is stunted emotionally. As Betty puts it, he is “lost”. They part as friends, clearly showing that they have mutual respect.
Frank and Breezy's relationship continues to strengthen platonically, and he protects her from trouble. He introduces her to the finer things in life, while Breezy stays true to her humility and charm. On a side note, Frank's friend and workout buddy Bob Henderson (Roger C. Carmel) is grappling with his own mid-life crisis. He is not able to end his devoid marriage, which could be perceived as proof that a constrained life is no life at all. Frank takes this into consideration, while still growing closer to Breezy. They consummate their relationship at his home, which is now the protective fortress that allows them to freely express their relationship.
Some of the conflicts in this plot are that Breezy maintains friendships with her own peers who are starkly opposite of Frank; they are hippies and carefree, “unwashed” as referenced by Frank. Frank's friends are established and successful, and while they never seem to question his relationship with her, the imploring question of guilt is rampant in Frank's mind. He cannot abide that he, in his fifties, is in a relationship with a teenager.
These conflicts eventually break him, after a sobering discussion with Bob in a sauna. Bob reveals that there is no way he himself could embark on such a relationship, as he might feel like a “child molester”. He has no intention of being insulting, and is in fact admiring Frank, but Frank's facial expressions convey his own self-loathing. All of his shared joys with Breezy, such as their adopted stray dog and “us against the world” mentality, do not stop them from parting ways. Frank simply cannot cope with the age issue.
Time goes on, and the final dramatic twist involves a death. It is this experience that brings Frank to an epiphany: life is short, and his own projected insecurities are his true enemies. He and Breezy are reunited and they begin their new life together.
- William Holden as Frank Harmon
- Kay Lenz as Edith Alice 'Breezy' Breezerman
- Roger C. Carmel as Bob Henderson
- Marj Dusay as Betty Tobin
- Joan Hotchkis as Paula Harmon
- Lynn Borden as Harmon's Overnight Date
- Shelley Morrison as Nancy Henderson
- Eugene Peterson as Charlie
- Richard Bull as Doctor
- Clint Eastwood as Man in Crowd on Pier (uncredited cameo)
Jo Heims wrote the script about a love blossoming between a middle-aged man and a teenage girl. Heims had originally intended Eastwood to play the starring role of the realtor Frank Harmon, a bitter divorced man who falls in love with the young Breezy. Although Eastwood confessed to "understanding the Frank Harmon character" he believed he was too young at that stage to play Harmon. That part would go to William Holden, 12 years Eastwood's senior, and Eastwood then decided to direct the picture. Eastwood initially wanted to cast Jo Ann Harris, whom he had worked with in The Beguiled. After much auditioning, the role of Breezy went to a young dark-haired actress named Kay Lenz. According to friends of Clint, he became infatuated with Lenz during this period.
Filming for Breezy began in November 1972 in Los Angeles and finished five weeks later. With Bruce Surtees, Eastwood's regular cinematographer, occupied elsewhere, Frank Stanley was brought in to shoot the picture, the first of four films he would shoot for Malpaso. The film was shot very quickly and efficiently and in the end went $1 million under budget and finished three days before schedule.
Howard Thompson of The New York Times wrote, "A cloyingly naive resolution mars 'Breezy,' which opened yesterday, an otherwise engrossing drama of an aging man's infatuation with a tender-hearted 17-year-old girl derelict." Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film 3 stars out of 4 and wrote, "Screenwriter Jo Heims has fashioned a formula May–September love affair into a surprisingly tender and frequently witty romance in which an older man is realistically transformed by a much younger woman ... 'Breezy' frequently threatens to collapse into a stereotypical characterization, but Holden's refreshing honesty invariably revitalizes the action. In the title role, newcomer Kay Lenz is sincere, often believable, and rarely maudlin." Arthur D. Murphy of Variety called it "an okay contemporary drama" with "perhaps too much ironic, wry or broad humor for solid impact." Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times wrote of Eastwood that Breezy was "a deeply felt, fully realized film that is entirely his own. It's an offbeat love story told with rare delicacy and perception that affords William Holden his most fully dimensioned role in years and introduces a smashing newcomer named Kay Lenz."
The film opened at the Columbia II theater in New York City on November 18, 1973 and performed badly, grossing only $16,099 in four weeks and 5 days. Early unfavorable reviews and the poor performance caused the studio to shelve the film. It then underwent some minor re-editing and was test released in Utah in 39 theaters on July 3, 1974 on a four wall distribution basis for two weeks. The results were positive, so Universal expanded the four wall distribution policy to the Portland and Seattle areas. During 1974, Variety tracked it grossing $140,289 in 20-24 key cities in the United States and Canada, placing it 301 on the list of their films tracked for the year, which with its gross from New York in 1973, gives it a gross of at least $156,388. Eastwood thought Universal had decided the film was going to fail long before it was released. He said "the public stayed away from it because it wasn't promoted enough, and it was sold in an uninteresting fashion". Some critics, including Eastwood's biographer Richard Schickel, believed that the sexual content of the film and love scenes were too soft to be memorable for such a potentially scandalous relationship between Harmon and Breezy, commenting that, "it is not a sexy movie. Once again, Eastwood was too polite in his eroticism." However, Schickel added that Breezy managed to recoup its low budget.
Home media release
Breezy did not reach home video until 1998. Universal Pictures released the film to DVD in 2004 with a running time of 106 minutes (NTSC). A Blu-ray was released in 2014 by the British branch of Universal, which was issuing all their Clint Eastwood catalogue on HD. The film is in widescreen and Dolby Digital 2.0 Mono. In the US, it was released on Blu-ray from Kino Lorber in August 2020.
In popular culture
Excerpts from the film are used on the music track "Breezy" (sometimes titled "My Name's Breezy") by French house/alternative group Make the Girl Dance, featured on their 2011 album Everything is Gonna be OK in the End.
Lenz and Breezy figure into the storyline of Philip K. Dick's novel VALIS, where the narrator Phil mentions he had a crush on her after the movie and tried approaching Lenz, only for her agent to stop him.
- "Breezy (1973)". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
- McGilligan (1999), p.229
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- Thompson, Howard (November 19, 1973). "Breezy Breezes In". The New York Times. 53.
- Siskel, Gene (March 27, 1974). "Breezy". Chicago Tribune. Section 2, p. 8.
- Murphy, Arthur D. (November 7, 1973). "Film Reviews: Breezy". Variety. p. 19.
- Thomas, Kevin (November 11, 1973). "50-Plus Loves Sweet 17 in Clint's 'Breezy'". Los Angeles Times. Calendar, p. 24.
- "U Revives N.Y. Flop, 'Breezy'; For Four-Wall Test In Utah". Variety. May 29, 1974. p. 4.
- "Northwest Areas Get 2d 'Breezy' Four-Wall Dating". Daily Variety. July 31, 1974. p. 3.
- Silverman, Syd (May 7, 1975). "Variety Chart Summary For 1974". Variety. pp. 133–5.
- McGilligan, Patrick (Summer–Fall 1976). "Interview with Clint Eastwood". Focus on Film (25): 12–20.
- McGilligan (1999), p.231
- Clint Eastwood - The Blu-ray Collection
- "Make The Girl Dance: My Name's Breezy/South". Pretty Much Amazing. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Dick, Philip K. VALIS. p. 179
- Hughes, Howard (2009). Aim for the Heart. London: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84511-902-7.
- McGilligan, Patrick (1999). Clint: The Life and Legend. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-638354-8.