James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
Jones in 2013
|Born||January 17, 1931|
Arkabutla, Mississippi, U.S.
|Alma mater||University of Michigan School of Music, Theatre & Dance|
|Parent(s)||Robert Earl Jones|
James Earl Jones (born January 17, 1931) is an American actor whose career spans more than seven decades. He has been described as "one of America's most distinguished and versatile" actors for his performances in film, theater and television, and "one of the greatest actors in American history". Jones has been said to possess "one of the best-known voices in show business, a stirring basso profondo that has lent gravel and gravitas" to his projects, including live-action acting, voice acting, and commercial voice-overs. Jones has a stutter which was more pronounced in his youth. In his episode of Biography, he said it was helped by poetry, public speaking and acting. A pre-med major in college, he served in the United States Army during the Korean War before pursuing a career in acting. Since his Broadway debut in 1957, he has performed in several Shakespeare plays including Othello, Hamlet, Coriolanus and King Lear.
Jones made his screen debut in Stanley Kubrick's 1964 film Dr. Strangelove. After working steadily in the theater, Jones won his first Tony Award in 1968 for his role in The Great White Hope. He starred in the 1970 film adaptation of The Great White Hope, which earned him Academy Award and Golden Globe nominations. Jones starred with Diahann Carroll in the acclaimed 1974 romantic comedy-drama film Claudine, for which he received a Golden Globe nomination. He won his second Tony Award in 1987 for his role in August Wilson's Fences. He became well known as the voice of Darth Vader in the original Star Wars film trilogy, released between 1977 and 1983. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, Jones appeared in a number of successful films, including Conan the Barbarian (1982), Matewan (1987), Coming to America (1988), Field of Dreams (1989), The Hunt for Red October (1990), The Sandlot (1993) and The Lion King (1994). During the 21st century, Jones has steadily continued working in the theater. He starred alongside Angela Lansbury in Gore Vidal's The Best Man (2012), and in an Australian tour of Driving Miss Daisy (2013). He also appeared in You Can't Take it With You (2014) with Annaleigh Ashford and in The Gin Game (2015–16) alongside Cicely Tyson. He reprised several of his popular film roles in the Star Wars prequel Rogue One (2016), the remake of The Lion King (2019) and the (upcoming) sequel Coming 2 America (2021).
Over career spanning six decades, has won three Tony Awards (out of five nominations), two Primetime Emmy Awards and a Grammy Award. He was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame in 1985. Jones was presented with the National Medal of the Arts by President George H.W. Bush in 1992. He received the Kennedy Center Honor in 2002. Jones was invited by President Barack Obama to perform Shakespeare at the White House Evening for Poetry in 2009. That same year he also received the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award. He received an Honorary Academy Award on November 12, 2011. Jones received an Honorary Doctor of Arts degree from Harvard University on May 25, 2017. He was honored with a Special Tony Award for Lifetime Achievement in the Theatre in 2017.
Early life and education
James Earl Jones was born in Arkabutla, Mississippi, on January 17, 1931, to Ruth (née Connolly) Jones (1911–1986), a teacher and maid, and Robert Earl Jones (1910–2006), a boxer, butler and chauffeur. His father left the family shortly after James Earl's birth and later became a stage and screen actor in New York and Hollywood. Jones and his father did not get to know each other until the 1950s, when they reconciled. He has said in interviews that his parents were both of mixed African-American, Irish and Native American ancestry.
From the age of five, Jones was raised by his maternal grandparents, John Henry and Maggie Williams, on their farm in Jackson, Michigan; they had moved from Mississippi in the Great Migration. Jones found the transition to living with his grandparents in Michigan traumatic and developed a stutter so severe that he refused to speak. When his family moved to the more rural Brethren, Michigan, a teacher helped him overcome his stutter. He remained functionally mute for eight years until he entered high school.
He credits his English teacher, Donald Crouch, who discovered he had a gift for writing poetry, with helping him end his silence. Crouch urged him to challenge his reluctance to speak. "I was a stutterer. I couldn't talk. So my first year of school was my first mute year, and then those mute years continued until I got to high school."
Jones was educated at the Browning School for boys in his high school years and graduated as vice president of his class from Dickson Rural Agricultural School (now Brethren High School) in Brethren, Michigan. He attended the University of Michigan, where he was initially a pre-med major. He joined the Reserve Officer Training Corps and excelled. He felt comfortable within the structure of the military environment and enjoyed the camaraderie of his fellow cadets in the Pershing Rifles Drill Team and Scabbard and Blade Honor Society. During the course of his studies, Jones discovered he was not cut out to be a doctor.
Instead, he focused on drama at the University of Michigan School of Music, Theatre & Dance with the thought of doing something he enjoyed, before, he assumed, he would have to go off to fight in the Korean War. After four years of college, Jones graduated from the university in 1955.
With the war intensifying in Korea, Jones expected to be deployed as soon as he received his commission as a second lieutenant. As he waited for his orders, he worked as a part-time stage crew hand at the Ramsdell Theatre in Manistee, Michigan, where he had earlier performed. Jones was commissioned in mid-1953, after the Korean War's end, and reported to Fort Benning to attend the Infantry Officers Basic Course. He attended Ranger School and received his Ranger Tab. Jones was assigned to Headquarter and Headquarters Company, 38th Regimental Combat Team. He was initially to report to Fort Leonard Wood, but his unit was instead sent to establish a cold weather training command at the former Camp Hale near Leadville, Colorado. His battalion became a training unit in the rugged terrain of the Rocky Mountains. Jones was promoted to first lieutenant prior to his discharge.
He moved to New York, where he studied at the American Theatre Wing. He worked as a janitor to support himself.
|James Earl Jones talks with Studs Terkel on WFMT; 1968/02, 49:25, Studs Terkel Radio Archive|
Jones began his acting career at the Ramsdell Theatre in Manistee, Michigan. In 1953, he was a stage carpenter. During the 1955–57 seasons, he was an actor and stage manager. He performed his first portrayal of Shakespeare's Othello in this theater in 1955. His early career also included an appearance in the ABC radio anthology series Theatre-Five. In 1958, he made his Broadway debut as Edward the butler in Dore Schary's Sunrise at Campobello.
During this early to mid 1960s Jones acted in various works of William Shakespeare becoming one of the best known Shakespeareian actors of the time. He tackled roles such as Othello and King Lear, Oberon in A Midsummer Night's Dream, Abhorson in Measure for Measure, and Claudius in Hamlet.
Also during this time, Jones made his film debut in Stanley Kubrick's Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964) as the young Lt. Lothar Zogg, the B-52 bombardier. Jones would later play a surgeon and Haitian rebel leader in The Comedians, alongside Richard Burton, Elizabeth Taylor and Alec Guinness.
In December 1967, Jones starred alongside Jane Alexander in Howard Sackler's play The Great White Hope at the Arena Stage in Washington D.C. Jones took the role of the talented but troubled boxer, Jack Johnson. The play was a huge success where it moved to Broadway on October 3, 1968. The play was well received, winning the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. Jones himself won the 1969 Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play, and the Drama Desk Award for his performance.
In 1969, Jones participated in making test films for the children's education series Sesame Street; these shorts, combined with animated segments, were shown to groups of children to gauge the effectiveness of the then-groundbreaking Sesame Street format. As cited by production notes included in the DVD release Sesame Street: Old School 1969–1974, the short that had the greatest impact with test audiences was one showing bald-headed Jones counting slowly to ten. This and other segments featuring Jones were eventually aired as part of the Sesame Street series itself when it debuted later in 1969 and Jones is often cited as the first celebrity guest on that series, although a segment with Carol Burnett was the first to actually be broadcast. He also appeared on the soap opera Guiding Light.
In 1973, Jones played Hickey on Broadway at the Circle in the Square Theater in a revival of Eugene O'Neill's The Iceman Cometh. Jones played Lennie on Broadway in the 1974 Brooks Atkinson Theatre production of the adaptation of John Steinbeck's novella, Of Mice and Men, with Kevin Conway as George and Pamela Blair as Curley's Wife.
In 1970, Jones reunited with Jane Alexander in the film adaptation of The Great White Hope. This would be Jones' first leading film role. Jones portrayed boxer Jack Johnson, a role he had previously originated on stage. His performance was acclaimed by critics and earned him an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor. He was the second African-American male performer after Sidney Poitier to be nominated for this award.
In 1974, Jones co-starred with Diahann Carroll in the film Claudine, the story of a woman who raises her six children alone after two failed and two "almost" marriages. The film is a romantic comedy and drama, focusing on systemic racial disparities black families face. It was one of the first major films to tackle themes such as welfare, economic inequality, and the typical marriage of men and women in the African American community during the 1970s. Jones, and Carroll received widespread critical acclaim and Golden Globe nominations for their performances. Carroll was also nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress.
In 1977, Jones made his debut in his iconic voiceover role as Darth Vader in the science fiction blockbuster film Star Wars: A New Hope, which he would later reprise for the sequels The Empire Strikes Back (1980) and Return of the Jedi (1983). Darth Vader was portrayed in costume by David Prowse in the film trilogy, with Jones dubbing Vader's dialogue in postproduction because Prowse's strong West Country accent was deemed unsuitable for the role by director George Lucas. At his own request, Jones was uncredited for the release of the first two Star Wars films, though he would be credited for the third film and eventually also for the first film's 1997 "Special Edition" re-release. As he explained in a 2008 interview:
When Linda Blair did the girl in The Exorcist, they hired Mercedes McCambridge to do the voice of the devil coming out of her. And there was controversy as to whether Mercedes should get credit. I was one who thought no, she was just special effects. So when it came to Darth Vader, I said, no, I'm just special effects. But it became so identified that by the third one, I thought, OK I'll let them put my name on it.
In the autumn of 1979, Jones appeared on the short-lived CBS police drama Paris, which was notable as the first program on which Steven Bochco served as executive producer. Jones also starred that year in the critically acclaimed TV mini-series sequel Roots: The Next Generations as the older version of author Alex Haley.
In 1987, Jones starred in August Wilson's play Fences as Troy Maxson, a middle aged working class father who struggles to provide for his family. The play, set in the 1950s, is part of Wilson's ten-part "Pittsburgh Cycle". The play explores the evolving African American experience and examines race relations, among other themes. Jones won widespread critical acclaim, earning himself his second Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play.
Besides the Star Wars sequels, Jones was featured in several other box office hits of the 1980s: the action/fantasy film Conan the Barbarian (1982), the Eddie Murphy comedy Coming to America (1988), and the sports drama/fantasy Field of Dreams (1989) which earned an Academy Award for Best Picture nomination. He also starred in the independent film Matewan (1987). The film dramatized the events of the Battle of Matewan, a coal miners' strike in 1920 in Matewan, a small town in the hills of West Virginia. He received an Independent Spirit Award nomination for his performance.
In 1985, Jones was the voice of Pharaoh in the first episode of Hanna-Barbera's The Greatest Adventure: Stories from the Bible. From 1989 to 1992, Jones served as the host of the children's TV series Long Ago and Far Away.
Jones appeared in several more successful films during the early-to-mid 1990s, including The Hunt for Red October (1990), Patriot Games (1992), The Sandlot (1993), Clear and Present Danger (1994), and Cry, the Beloved Country (1995). He also starred in another notable voice role as Mufasa in the 1994 Disney animated film The Lion King.
He has played lead characters on television in three series. The second show aired on ABC between 1990 and 1992, the first season being titled Gabriel's Fire and the second (after a format revision) Pros and Cons. In both formats of that show, Jones played a former policeman wrongly convicted of murder who, upon his release from prison, became a private eye. In 1995, Jones starred in Under One Roof as Neb Langston, a widowed African-American police officer sharing his home in Seattle with his daughter, his married son with his children, and Neb's newly adopted son. The show was a mid-season replacement and lasted only six weeks, but earned him another Emmy nomination. He also portrayed Thad Green on "Mathnet", a parody of Dragnet that appeared in the PBS program Square One Television. In 1998, Jones starred in the widely acclaimed syndicated program An American Moment (created by James R. Kirk and Ninth Wave Productions). Jones took over the role left by Charles Kuralt, upon Kuralt's death.
James has guest starred in many television shows over the years, including for NBC's Law & Order, Frasier, and Will & Grace, and ABC's Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman. In 1990, Jones performed voice work for The Simpsons first "Treehouse of Horror" Halloween special, in which he was the narrator for the Simpsons' version of Edgar Allan Poe's poem "The Raven". He also voiced the Emperor of the Night in Pinocchio and the Emperor of the Night and Ommadon in Flight of Dragons. Accompanied by the Morgan State University choir, Jones spoke the U.S. National Anthem before the 1993 Major League Baseball All-Star Game in Baltimore. In 1996, he recited the classic baseball poem "Casey at the Bat" with the Cincinnati Pops Orchestra, and in 2007 before a Philadelphia Phillies home game on June 1, 2007.
In 2002, Jones received Kennedy Center Honors at the John F. Kennedy Center in Washington D.C. Also at the ceremony included fellow honorees Paul Simon, Elizabeth Taylor, and Chita Rivera. President George W. Bush joked, "People say that the voice of the president is the most easily recognized voice in America. Well, I'm not going to make that claim in the presence of James Earl Jones." Those there to honor Jones included, Sidney Poitier, Kelsey Grammer, Charles S. Dutton, and Courtney B. Vance.
He also has done the CNN tagline, "This is CNN", as well as "This is CNN International", and the opening for CNN's morning show New Day. Jones was also a longtime spokesman for Bell Atlantic and later Verizon. He also lent his voice to the opening for NBC's coverage of the 2000 and 2004 Summer Olympics; "the Big PI in the Sky" (God) in the computer game Under a Killing Moon; a Claymation film, The Creation; and several other guest spots on The Simpsons. Jones narrated all 27 books of the New Testament in the audiobook James Earl Jones Reads the Bible.
Although uncredited, Jones's voice is possibly heard as Darth Vader at the conclusion of Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (2005). When specifically asked whether he had supplied the voice, possibly from a previous recording, Jones told Newsday: "You'd have to ask Lucas about that. I don't know." Jones would later officially reprise his voice role of Vader for the character's appearances in the animated TV series Star Wars Rebels and the live-action film Rogue One: A Star Wars Story (2016), as well as for a brief voice cameo in Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker (2019).
On April 7, 2005, Jones and Leslie Uggams headed the cast in an African-American Broadway revival version of On Golden Pond, directed by Leonard Foglia and produced by Jeffrey Finn. In February 2008, he starred on Broadway as Big Daddy in a limited-run, all-African-American production of Tennessee Williams' Pulitzer Prize-winning drama Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, directed by Debbie Allen and mounted at the Broadhurst Theatre. In November 2009, James reprised the role of Big Daddy in Cat On A Hot Tin Roof at the Novello Theatre in London's West End. This production also stars Sanaa Lathan as Maggie, Phylicia Rashad as Big Mamma, and Adrian Lester as Brick.
In November 2011, Jones starred in Driving Miss Daisy in London's West End, and on November 12 received an honorary Oscar in front of the audience at the Wyndham's Theatre, which was presented to him by Ben Kingsley.
In March 2012, Jones played the role of President Art Hockstader in Gore Vidal's The Best Man on Broadway at the Schoenfeld Theatre: he was nominated for a Tony for Best Performance in a Lead Role in a Revival. The play also starred Angela Lansbury, John Larroquette (as candidate William Russell), Candice Bergen, Eric McCormack (as candidate Senator Joseph Cantwell), Jefferson Mays, Michael McKean, and Kerry Butler, with direction by Michael Wilson.
In 2014, Jones starred alongside Annaleigh Ashford as Grandpa in the Broadway revival You Can't Take it With You at the Longacre Theatre, Broadway. Ashford received a Tony Award nomination for her performance.
On September 23, 2015, Jones opened in a new revival of The Gin Game opposite Cicely Tyson, in the John Golden Theater, where the play had originally premiered (with Hume Cronyn and Jessica Tandy). The play had a planned limited run of 16 weeks. It closed on January 10, 2016.
In 2013–2014, he appeared alongside Malcolm McDowell in a series of commercials for Sprint in which the two recited mundane phone and text-message conversations in a dramatic way. In 2015, Jones starred as the Chief Justice Caleb Thorne in the American drama series Agent X alongside actress Sharon Stone, Jeff Hephner, Jamey Sheridan, and others. The television series was aired by TNT from November 8 to December 27, 2015, running only one season and 10 episodes.
In 2019, he reprised his voice role of Mufasa for the CGI remake of The Lion King, directed by Jon Favreau, in which he was the only original voice cast member to do so. According to Favreau, Jones's lines remained mostly the same from the original film. Chiwetel Ejiofor, who voiced Mufasa's evil brother Scar in the remake, said that "the comfort of [Jones reprising his role] is going to be very rewarding in taking [the audience] on this journey again. It's a once-in-a-generation vocal quality."
Jones married American actress/singer Julienne Marie in 1968, whom he met while performing as Othello in 1964. They had no children, and divorced in 1972. In 1982, he married actress Cecilia Hart, with whom he had one child, son Flynn Earl Jones (born 1982). Hart died from ovarian cancer on October 16, 2016. In April 2016, Jones spoke publicly for the first time in nearly 20 years about his long-term health challenge with type 2 diabetes. He was diagnosed in the mid-1990s after his doctor noticed he had fallen asleep while exercising at a gym.
Awards and honors
While James Earl Jones is technically a recipient of the EGOT (Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, Tony), Jones has yet to win a competitive Oscar. In 2011, however, Jones received the Honorary Academy Award presented to him by Sir Ben Kingsley.
- 1985 Induction into the American Theater Hall of Fame
- 1987 First recipient of the National Association for Hearing and Speech Action's Annie Glenn Award
- 1991 Common Wealth Award for Outstanding Achievement in the Dramatic Arts
- 1992 National Medal of Arts
- 1996 Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars
- 1996 Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement presented by Awards Council member George Lucas.
- 2000 Daytime Emmy for Outstanding Performance in a Children's Special Summer's End
- 2002 Featured Martin Luther King Day speaker for Lauderhill, Florida.
- 2011 Eugene O'Neill Theater Center Monte Cristo Award Recipient
- 2012 Marian Anderson Award Recipient
- 2014 Voice Icon Award sponsored by Society of Voice Arts and Sciences at the Museum of Moving Image
- 2017 Honorary Doctor of Arts from Harvard University
- 2019 Honored as a Disney Legend
- "Black Celebrities with White Partners". May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
- Gelt, Jessica. "Cecilia Hart, wife of James Earl Jones, has died - Los Angeles Times". latimes.com. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- "Cecilia Hart, Actress and Wife of James Earl Jones, Dies at 68".
- Marx, Rebecca Flint. "James Earl Jones Biography". All Movie Guide. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- Sperling, Nicole; Susan King (November 12, 2011). "Oprah shines, Ratner controversy fades at honorary Oscars gala". LA Times.com. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
- Hornaday, Ann (September 25, 2014). "James Earl Jones: A voice for the ages, aging gracefully" – via washingtonpost.com.
- Moore, Caitlin (September 25, 2014). "James Earl Jones might have the most recognizable voice in film and television" – via washingtonpost.com.
- "About James Earl Jones". americantheatrewing.org. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
- "Obama Hosts White House Poetry Night". NPR. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
- "SAG to honor James Earl Jones". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
- "Harvard awards 10 honorary degrees". Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- "Tony Awards: James Earl Jones to Receive Lifetime Achievement Honor". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
- "James Earl Jones Biography (1931–)". FilmReference.com. Retrieved February 20, 2008.
- "James Earl Jones Biography (1931–)". Film Reference. Retrieved February 20, 2008.
- Bandler, Michael J. (March 2008). "This is James Earl Jones". NWA World Traveler. Northwest Airlines. Archived from the original on March 20, 2008. Retrieved April 3, 2008.
- Levesque, Carl (August 1, 2002). "Unconventional wisdom: James Earl Jones speaks out". Association Management. The Gale Group. Archived from the original on November 18, 2017. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
- Davis, Dorothy (February 2005). "Speaking with James Earl Jones". Education Update. Archived from the original on October 20, 2017. Retrieved February 20, 2008.
- "James Earl Jones Biography and Interview – Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
- Davies-Cole, Andrew (February 18, 2010). "The daddy of them all". Herald Scotland. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
- Ensian (Yearbook of the University of Michigan), p. 156 (1952).
- "Notable Alumni". University of Michigan. Archived from the original on February 26, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
- "Soldiers to Celebrities: James Earl Jones – U.S. Army". Hollywood Hired Guns. Hired Guns Productions. January 20, 2008. Archived from the original on December 27, 2008. Retrieved February 20, 2008.
- "James Earl Jones talks with Studs Terkel on WFMT; 1968/02". Studs Terkel Radio Archive. February 1, 1968. Archived from the original on September 25, 2020.
- "Ramsdell Theatre History". Ramsdell-theater.org. Archived from the original on January 4, 2009. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- "Theater Five - Single Episodes". Internet Archive.
- "The Great White Hope". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved July 10, 2009.
- "The Green force". BBC News. February 14, 2006. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- Lovece, Frank (March 12, 2008). "Fast Chat: James Earl Jones". Newsday. New York. Archived from the original on July 28, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- Sragow, Michael (February 6, 1997). "Isn't That Spacial? Back to the future with 'Star Wars: The Special Edition'". Phoenix New Times. Phoenix, Arizona. Archived from the original on January 31, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- James Earl Jones – Awards & Nominations, Television Academy.
- "James Earl Jones Recites National Anthem at the 1993 All Star game". You Tube. Major League Baseball. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Drayer, Shannon (June 3, 2013). "Audio treasure: Dave Niehaus reads 'Casey at the Bat'". KTTH / 710 ESPN Seattle. Archived from the original on September 20, 2014. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
James Earl Jones more than did the piece justice in a recording with the Cincinnati Pops in 1996...
- "Actor James Earl Jones smiles before reading..." Townhall.com. Reuters. Archived from the original on January 31, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- Schedeen, Jesse (January 31, 2014). "The Big Bang Theory: "The Convention Conundrum" Review". IGN. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
- Hughes, Jason (January 31, 2014). "James Earl Jones Is Hilarious On 'The Big Bang Theory'". HuffPost. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
- "KENNEDY CENTER TOASTS PAUL SIMON, LIZ TAYLOR, JAMES EARL JONES". Hartford Courant.com. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
- "James Earl Jones Reads The New Testament - Digital Edition". Archived from the original on June 27, 2014.
- "James Earl Jones to Voice Darth Vader in Star Wars: Rebels' Premiere on ABC!" Star Wars Episode VII News, October 9, 2014.
- "James Earl Jones confirmed as Darth Vader" Blastr, April 21, 2015.
- Skrebels, Joe (June 23, 2016). "Rogue One's Darth Vader Will Be Played by James Earl Jones and "A Variety of Large-Framed Performers"".
- "James Earl Jones Is The One & Only Darth Vader". Bustle. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
- "All Of The Cameos In Star Wars: Rise Of Skywalker". Cinemablend. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
- "James Earl Jones and Vanessa Redgrave to Star in Broadway's Driving Miss Daisy". Playbill. Archived from the original on August 3, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- "Actor James Earl Jones receives Oscar in London", BBC News. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
- "Gore Vidal's The Best Man" at IBDB.
- Gans, Andrew; Jones, Kenneth (May 17, 2012). "'The Best Man', Tony Nominee as Best Revival of a Play, Extends Booking a Second Time". Playbill. London, England: Playbill, Inc. Archived from the original on September 4, 2012.
- Trueman, Matt (December 4, 2012). "Vanessa Redgrave and James Earl Jones to reunite for Old Vic's Much Ado". The Guardian. London, England: Guardian Media Group.
- Gans, Andrew (July 31, 2012). "Driving Miss Daisy Will Ride Into Australia with James Earl Jones and Angela Lansbury". Playbill. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
- "The Gin Game at John Golden Theater". New York City Theater.
- Tim Nudd, "Inside James Earl Jones and Malcolm McDowell's Dramatic Readings for Sprint", AdWeek, December 16, 2013.
- "Sprint Commercial (2013 - 2014)". popisms.com.
- Couch, Aaron (February 17, 2017). "'Lion King' Remake Casts Donald Glover as Simba, James Earl Jones as Mufasa". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "The Lion King director recalls James Earl Jones' 'powerful' return as Mufasa". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
- "What To Expect From The Characters In The Upcoming 'The Lion King' Adaptation - Entertainment Weekly". Entertainment Weekly/YouTube. April 25, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
- Snetiker, Marc (April 26, 2019). "The Lion King director recalls James Earl Jones' 'powerful' return as Mufasa". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
- "James Earl Jones & Paul Bates Returning For 'Coming To America' Sequel, Rick Ross Also Joining". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
- "As He Readies For His Latest Broadway Return, We Celebrate Over 50 Years of James Earl Jones Onstage". Playbill. London, England: Playbill, Inc. June 8, 2020.
- Jones, James Earl. Encyclopedia of African American History: 5-Volume Set. Oxford University Press. 2009. pp. 53–54. ISBN 9780195167795.
- Marlowe, Sam (September 19, 2013). "James Earl Jones: I'll just keep going until I fall over". Metro News. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- "James Earl Jones Biography: Film Actor, Theater Actor, Television Actor (1931–)". Biography.com (FYI / A&E Networks). Archived from the original on April 2, 2016. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Barnes, Mike (October 22, 2016). "Cecilia Hart, Actress and Wife of James Earl Jones, Dies at 68". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on October 22, 2016. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
- Firman, Tehrene (January 4, 2018). "James Earl Jones Discusses His Diabetes for the First Time in Two Decades". Good Housekeeping. Retrieved June 8, 2020.
- "Why James Earl Jones' honorary Oscar doesn't get him an EGOT". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
- "Actor James Earl Jones receives Oscar in London". BBC. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
- "Broadway's Best". The New York Times. March 5, 1985. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- "Theater Hall of Fame members". Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- About: "Annie Glenn", John and Annie Glenn Museum.
- Palm Springs Walk of Stars by date dedicated
- "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
- "2004 Summit Highlights Photo". 2004.
Awards Council member and actor James Earl Jones presents the Academy’s Golden Plate Award to Congressman John Lewis during the introductory evening of the 2004 International Achievement Summit in Chicago, Illinois.
- "James Earl Jones vs. James Earl Ray Mix-Up".
- Adam Hetrick, "James Earl Jones Receives O'Neill Center's Monte Cristo Award May 9", Playbill, May 9, 2011. Retrieved January 20, 2011.
- Carrie Rickey, "Actor James Earl Jones wins Marian Anderson Award", Philly.com, June 5, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- "James Earl Jones to Receive Philadelphia's 2012 Marian Anderson Award", Broadway World, June 5, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- "Harvard awards 10 honorary degrees at 366th Commencement", Harvard Gazette, May 25, 2017. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- Abell, Bailee (May 16, 2019). "Robert Downey Jr. and James Earl Jones highlight the list of Disney Legends to be honored at D23 Expo 2019". Inside the Magic. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
- Anne Hornaday, "James Earl Jones: A Voice for the Ages, Aging Gracefully," Washington Post, September 27, 2014.
- Jones, James Earl, and Penelope Niven. James Earl Jones: Voices and Silences (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1993) ISBN 0-684-19513-5
- Lifetime Honors – National Medal of Arts
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to James Earl Jones.|