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BC, 242 BC, 246 BC, 247 BC, 249 BC, 250 BC, 251 BC, 253 BC, 254 BC, 255 BC, 256 BC, 257 BC, 258 BC, 259 BC, 260 BC, 261 BC, 263 BC, 264 BC, 269 BC, 26th Infantry Division Assietta, 26th Infantry Regiment (United States), 270 BC, 272 BC, 274 BC, 275 BC, 276 BC, 277 BC, 27th Fighter Squadron, 27th Special Operations Group, 288 BC, 289 BC, 28th Infantry Division Aosta, 298 BC, 29th Infantry Division Piemonte, 29th Weapons Squadron, 2d Fighter Training Squadron, 2nd Armored Division (United States), 2nd Battalion, 320th Field Artillery Regiment, 2nd Battalion, Parachute Regiment, 2nd Carabinieri Mobile Brigade, 2nd century BC, 2nd Chemical Battalion (United States), 303, 304 BC, 306, 307 BC, 307th Fighter Squadron, 308th Fighter Squadron, 309, 309th Fighter Squadron, 30th Infantry Division Sabauda, 310, 310th Space Wing, 312 BC, 313th Expeditionary Operations Group, 314th Fighter Squadron, 315th Fighter Squadron, 318th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 319th Fighter Interceptor Training Squadron, 319th Operations Group, 31st Operations Group, 32 BC, 321st Air Expeditionary Wing, 325th Operations Group, 338 BC, 33d Operations Group, 33rd Infantry Division Acqui, 340 BC, 340th Weapons Squadron, 341st Bombardment Squadron, 342d Bombardment Squadron, 343 BC, 343d Bomb Squadron, 344 BC, 344th Air Refueling Squadron, 345th Bomb Squadron, 346th Test Squadron, 347th Bombardment Squadron, 348th Reconnaissance Squadron, 357 BC, 35th (Royal Sussex) Regiment of Foot, 36 BC, 365 Crete earthquake, 36th Engineer Brigade (United States), 376th Expeditionary Operations Group, 379th Bombardment Squadron, 37th Airlift Squadron, 37th Flying Training Squadron, 37th parallel north, 380th Space Control Squadron, 381st Bombardment Squadron, 389th Strategic Missile Wing, 38th parallel north, 39 BC, 396 BC, 397 BC, 397th Bombardment Squadron, 398 BC, 39th (Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot, 3rd Battalion, 320th Field Artillery Regiment, 3rd Battalion, Parachute Regiment, 3rd century BC, 3rd Infantry Division (United States), 3rd Medical Command (Deployment Support), 3rd Ranger Battalion (United States), 40 Squadron SAAF, 403 BC, 406 BC, 407th Forward Support Battalion, 409 BC, 40th Division (United Kingdom), 411 BC, 414 BC, 414th Expeditionary Reconnaissance Squadron, 415 BC, 415th Flight Test Flight, 416, 416 BC, 416th Fighter Squadron, 416th Flight Test Squadron, 418 BC, 42 BC, 424 BC, 425 Tactical Fighter Squadron, 427 BC, 428th Bombardment Squadron, 429th Attack Squadron, 431 BC, 433 BC, 434th Bombardment Squadron, 439, 43rd G7 summit, 43rd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 440, 440 BC, 441, 442, 445th Air Expeditionary Squadron, 446 BC, 446th Missile Squadron, 447th Missile Squadron, 448th Missile Squadron, 44th Fighter Group, 450 BC, 454 BC, 456, 459 BC, 45th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (United States), 45th Infantry Division (United States), 460 BC, 461, 466 BC, 467 BC, 468, 474 BC, 476, 476 BC, 478 BC, 47th Airlift Flight, 47th Operations Group, 480 BC, 480th Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Wing, 481 BC, 486th Bombardment Squadron, 487th Bombardment Squadron, 488 BC, 488th Bombardment Squadron, 489th Attack Squadron, 48th Airlift Squadron, 48th Armored Medical Battalion, 48th Flying Training Squadron, 49th Troop Carrier Squadron, 4th Battalion, 320th Field Artillery Regiment, 4th Fighter Squadron, 4th Home Counties Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East, 4th Infantry Division Livorno, 504th Infantry Regiment (United States), 509th Infantry Regiment (United States), 513th Electronic Warfare Squadron, 514th Flight Test Squadron, 515th Bombardment Squadron, 51st state, 523d Fighter Squadron, 525th Fighter Squadron, 526, 52d Operations Group, 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot, 533, 535, 536, 53d Test and Evaluation Group, 542, 54th Infantry Division Napoli, 550, 550s BC, 550th Airborne Infantry Battalion (United States), 556th Test and Evaluation Squadron, 559th Flying Training Squadron, 560th Fighter-Day Squadron, 561st Fighter-Day Squadron, 564th Missile Squadron, 57th Operations Group, 582 BC, 58th (Rutlandshire) Regiment of Foot, 58th Fighter Squadron, 590s BC, 59th Test and Evaluation Squadron, 5th Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, 5th century BC, 5th Flying Training Squadron, 5th Medium Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery, 5th millennium BC, 5th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 60th Infantry Regiment (United States), 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot, 61st Air Base Group, 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot, 64th Aggressor Squadron, 64th Air Expeditionary Group, 6522 Aci, 65th Aggressor Squadron, 660, 663, 667, 668, 66th Missile Squadron, 66th Weapons Squadron, 67th Missile Squadron, 688 BC, 68th Missile Squadron, 6th century BC, 6th millennium BC, 705, 717, 730s BC, 733, 747, 750s BC, 752, 75th (Stirlingshire) Regiment of Foot, 77th Armor Regiment, 7th century BC in poetry, 7th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 808 Naval Air Squadron, 812, 814 Naval Air Squadron, 818 Naval Air Squadron, 81st Regiment of Foot (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers), 82 BC, 825 Naval Air Squadron, 826, 827, 830, 831, 848, 85th Flying Training Squadron, 85th Test and Evaluation Squadron, 86th Flying Training Squadron, 86th Operations Group, 870, 877, 8th century BC, 8th Paratroopers Engineers Regiment (Italy), 9 Parachute Squadron RE, 900, 91st Cavalry Regiment, 91st Tactical Fighter Squadron, 92d Cyberspace Operations Squadron, 93d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 94th Fighter Squadron, 96th Flying Training Squadron, 97 Battery (Lawson's Company) Royal Artillery, 97 BC, 97th Air Refueling Squadron, 99th Air Base Wing, 99th Flying Training Squadron, 9th century, 9th Infantry Division (United States), 9th Paratroopers Assault Regiment. 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"Pedro Arrupe" Political Training Institute (Arrupe Institute) researches and offers training for public administrators.
A Bell for Adano (1945) is a film directed by Henry King and starring John Hodiak and Gene Tierney.
A Bell for Adano is a 1944 novel by John Hersey, the winner of the 1945 Pulitzer Prize for the Novel.
A Bullet Through the Heart (French: Une balle au cœur, Greek: Μια σφαίρα στην καρδιά) is a 1966 Franco-Greek film directed by Jean-Daniel Pollet.
A Choice of Magic is a 1971 anthology of 32 fairy tales from around the world that have been collected and retold by Ruth Manning-Sanders.
A Fork in the Road is an Australian travel television series airing on SBS and hosted by Pria Viswalingam.
A Sicilian Romance is a gothic novel by Ann Radcliffe.
Associazioni Calcio Riunite Messina S.S.D. a r.l. is an Italian football club based in Messina, Sicily.
Associazione Calcio Riunite Dilettantistica Acicatena is an Italian association football club located in Aci Catena, Sicily.
Associazione Sportiva Dilenttantistica Castiglione was an Italian association football club located in Castiglione di Sicilia, Sicily.
A.S.D. Due Torri is a soccer club based in Piraino, Sicily, Italy.
Associazione Sportiva Dilettantistica Polisportiva Ribera 1954 was an Italian football club based in Ribera, Sicily.
Abacaenum (Ἀβάκαινον; Ἀβάκαινα) was an ancient city of Sicily, situated about 6.5 km from the north coast, between Tyndaris (modern Tindari) and Mylae (modern Milazzo), and 13 km from the former city.
Abaris the Hyperborean (Greek: Ἄβαρις Ὑπερβόρειος, Abaris Hyperboreios), son of Seuthes, was a legendary sage, healer, and priest of Apollo known to the Ancient Greeks.
Abbey of the Dormition is an abbey and the name of a Benedictine community in Jerusalem on Mt. Zion just outside the walls of the Old City near the Zion Gate.
The Abbey of Thelema is a small house which was used as a temple and spiritual centre founded by Aleister Crowley and Leah Hirsig in Cefalù (Sicily, Italy) in 1920.
Abbotsford is a city located in British Columbia, adjacent to Greater Vancouver along the Fraser River and Canada–United States border.
Abd al-Rahman ibn Habib al-Fihri (died 755) was an Arab noble of the Oqbid or Fihrid family, and ruler of Ifriqiya (North Africa) from 745 through 755 AD.
Abu Muḥammad ʿAlī / ʿAbd Allāh al-Mahdi Billah (873 – 4 March 934) (أبو محمد عبد الله المهدي بالله), was the founder of the Ismaili Fatimid Caliphate, the only major Shi'a caliphate in Islam, and established Fatimid rule throughout much of North Africa, Hejaz, Palestine and the Levant.
Abel Mathías Hernández Platero (born 8 August 1990) is a Uruguayan professional footballer who plays as a striker for Championship club Hull City and the Uruguay national team.
Abelard of Hauteville (1044 – 1081) was the eldest son of Humphrey, count of Apulia and Calabria (1051–1057), and his Lombard wife, Gaitelgrima of Salerno, also known as Altrude.
Abies alba, the European silver fir or silver fir, is a fir native to the mountains of Europe, from the Pyrenees north to Normandy, east to the Alps and the Carpathians, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and south to Italy, Bulgaria and northern Greece.
Abies nebrodensis, the Sicilian fir, is a fir native to the Nebrodi and Madonie mountains in northern Sicily.
Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia (אברהם בן שמואל אבולעפיה) was the founder of the school of "Prophetic Kabbalah".
Abraham Brueghel (baptised November 28, 1631 – c. 1690) was a Flemish painter from the famous Brueghel family of artists.
Abraham Kazen Jr., usually known as Chick Kazen (January 17, 1919 – November 29, 1987), was a U.S. Representative from Texas's 23rd congressional district, the first to serve in that particular position.
Abu'l-Qasim Ali ibn al-Hasan al-Kalbi (أبو القاسم علي بن الحسن الكلبي; Abū'l-Qāsim ʿAlī ibn al-Ḥasan al-Kalbī), known to the Byzantine Greeks as Bolkasimos, was the fourth Emir of Sicily.
In the myth and folklore of the Near East and Europe, Abyzou is the name of a female demon.
Acalyptris loranthella is a moth of the Nepticulidae family.
Acalyptris minimella is a moth of the Nepticulidae family.
The acanthus (ἄκανθος) is one of the most common plant forms to make foliage ornament and decoration.
Acate (Sicilian: Acati) is a small town and comune in the south of Sicily, Italy, part of the province of Ragusa.
The Accademia di Belle Arti di Catania is an academy of fine arts located in Catania, Sicily.
The Accademia di Belle Arti di Palermo ("Academy of Fine Arts of Palermo") is a public tertiary academy of art in Palermo, Sicily.
Accordion Crimes is a 1996 novel by American writer E. Annie Proulx.
Accursio Bentivegna (born 21 June 1996) is an Italian footballer who plays as a forward for Carrarese on loan from Palermo.
In Roman mythology, Acestes or Egestes (Greek Ἄκέστης) was the son of the Sicilian river-god Crinisus by a Dardanian or Trojan woman named Egesta or Segesta.
Acestorides (Greek Ακεστορίδης) is the name of several people from Classical history.
In Greek and Roman mythology, Achaemenides (Ἀχαιμενίδης Akhaimenides) was a son of Adamastos of Ithaka, and one of Odysseus's crew.
In Greek and Roman mythology, Achates (Ancient Greek: Ἀχάτης) may refer to the following personages.
Achille Castiglioni (16 February 1918 – 2 December 2002) was an Italian designer of furniture, lighting, radiograms and other objects.
The Achille Lauro hijacking happened on October 7, 1985, when the Italian MS ''Achille Lauro'' was hijacked by four men representing the Palestine Liberation Front off the coast of Egypt, as she was sailing from Alexandria to Ashdod, Israel.
Achille Occhetto (born 3 March 1936), is an Italian political figure.
Achille Starace (18 August 1889 – 29 April 1945) was a prominent leader of Fascist Italy before and during World War II.
Aci Bonaccorsi (Sicilian: Jaci Bonaccossi) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Catania in the Italian region Sicily, located about southeast of Palermo and about northeast of Catania.
Aci Castello (Sicilian: Jaci Casteḍḍu) is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Catania in Sicily, Italy.
Aci Catena (Sicilian: Jaci Catina) is a town and comune in Metropolitan City of Catania, Sicily, southern Italy.
Aci Sant'Antonio (Sicilian: Jaci Sant'Antoniu) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Catania in the Italian region of Sicily, located about southeast of Palermo and about northeast of Catania.
Aci Trezza is a town in Sicily, southern Italy, a frazione of the comune of Aci Castello, c. 10 km north of Catania, with a population of around 5,000 people.
Acireale (Sicilian: Jaciriali; locally shortened to Jaci or Aci) is a coastal city and comune in the north-east of the Metropolitan City of Catania, Sicily, southern Italy, at the foot of Mount Etna, on the coast facing the Ionian Sea.
Acireale Cathedral (Duomo di Acireale, Cattedrale Maria Santissima Annunziata) is a Roman Catholic cathedral dedicated to the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the city of Acireale in Sicily, province of Catania, Italy.
Acis autumnalis, known as the autumn snowflake, is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae.
Acitana is a red Italian wine grape variety that is grown in northeast Sicily where it is often blended with Nerello Cappuccio and Nerello Mascalese around the village of Messina though Acitana is officially not a permitted variety for wines labeled under the local Faro DOC.
Acquaviva Platani (Sicilian: Acquaviva Plàtani) is a hill town and comune in the province of Caltanissetta.
Acquedolci (Sicilian: Acquaduci) is an Italian town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Messina in Sicily.
The Acqui Motorized Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Italian Army, based in the centre of the Italian peninsula.
In Greek mythology, Acragas (or Akragas), was said to be a son of Zeus and the Oceanid Asterope, and the eponym of the town of Acragas (modern Agrigento) in Sicily.
Acragas is a genus of spiders in the family Salticidae (jumping spiders).
Acrobasis getuliella is a species of snout moth in the genus Acrobasis.
Acron (Ἄκρων), son of Xenon, was an eminent Greek physician born at Agrigentum (Gk. Acragas).
The Acropolium, also known as Saint Louis Cathedral (Cathédrale Saint-Louis de Carthage), is a Roman Catholic church located in Carthage, Tunisia.
The Action of 14 April 1655 took place at Porto Farina (now Ghar al Milh), northern Tunisia, when an English fleet under Robert Blake destroyed several Barbary vessels.
The Action of 24 June 1801 was a minor naval engagement during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Action of 26 June 1625 is the battle which took place on 26 June 1625 near Syracuse, Sicily, when 6 Bizertan vessels defeated 5 Maltese galleys.
The Action of 27 June 1798 was a minor naval engagement between British and French frigates in the Strait of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Action of 31 March 1800 was a naval engagement of the French Revolutionary Wars fought between a Royal Navy squadron and a French Navy ship of the line off Malta in the Mediterranean Sea.
This raid took place on the night of 23 or 25 May 1612 when a force of Sicilian and Neapolitan galleys attacked some Tunisian vessels at La Goulette, northern Tunisia.
An actuary is a business professional who deals with the measurement and management of risk and uncertainty.
AD 19 (XIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Ad Apostolicae Dignitatis Apicem was an apostolic letter issued against Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II by Pope Innocent IV (1243–54), during the Council of Lyon, 17 July 1245, the third year of his pontificate.
Ada Pometti (born 13 May 1955) is an Italian film, television and stage actress.
Adam of Kilconquhar (died 1271) was a Scottish noble from the 13th century.
Louise Marie Adélaïde Eugénie d'Orléans (Paris, 23 August 1777 – Paris, 31 December 1847) was a French princess, one of the twin daughters of Philippe d'Orléans, known as Philippe Égalité during the French Revolution, and Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon.
Addiopizzo ("Goodbye Pizzo") is a grassroots movement established in Sicily to build a community of businesses and consumers who refuse to pay "pizzo" – Mafia extortion money.
Adelaide del Vasto (Adelasia, Azalaïs) (– 16 April 1118) was countess of Sicily as the third spouse of Roger I of Sicily, and Queen consort of Jerusalem by marriage to Baldwin I of Jerusalem.
Adelard of Bath (Adelardus Bathensis; 1080 1152 AD) was a 12th-century English natural philosopher.
Adelina Patti (10 February 184327 September 1919) was an Italian-French 19th-century opera singer, earning huge fees at the height of her career in the music capitals of Europe and America.
Adelson e Salvini (Adelson and Salvini) is a three-act opera semi-seria composed by Vincenzo Bellini from a libretto by Andrea Leone Tottola.
Adenes le Roi (born in Brabant c. 1240, died c. 1300), was French minstrel or trouvère.
Adephagia (Ἀδηφαγία) in Greek mythology was the goddess and personification of gluttony.
Aditya Bhattacharya (born 1965) is an Indian film director and screenwriter, most known for his feature film, Raakh (1989), starring Aamir Khan and Pankaj Kapur, which garnered three National Film Awards.
The Glorious Revolution of 1688 rearranged the political map of Europe, and led to a series of wars with France that lasted well over a century.
Adolf Ausfeld (30 August 1855, Gotha – 16 August 1904, Heidelberg) was a German schoolteacher and classical philologist, known for his studies of "Alexander romance", defined as a collection of legends involving the mythical exploits of Alexander the Great.
Adolfo Celi (27 July 1922 – 19 February 1986) was an Italian film actor and director.
Adoptions in Italy numbered 4,130 in 2010.
The Adragna family is an Italian noble house.
Adrano (Adranu), ancient Adranon, is a town and comune in the province of Catania on the east coast of Sicily.
Adrano Calcio 1922 is an Italian association football club located in Adrano, Sicily.
Adranon (present day Adrano) is ancient polis and archaeological site on the southwestern slopes of Mount Etna, near Simeto River, known for the "simetite" variety of amber" northwest of Catania.
Adranus or Adranos (Greek: 'Αδρανός) was a fire god worshipped by the Sicels, an ancient population of the island of Sicily.
Adrian Jarvis (born 12 December 1983) is an English rugby union footballer who played as fly half for Bristol in the RFU Championship.
Adriana Faranda (born 7 August 1950) is an Italian former terrorist, who was a member of the Red Brigades during the kidnapping of Aldo Moro.
Adriano Sartorio Mezavilla (born 14 January 1983 in Maringá) is a Brazilian footballer who currently plays for Reggina.
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
Adrián Ricchiuti (born 30 June 1978) is an Argentine-Italian football midfielder, who plays for La Fiorita.
Adrien Frédéric Jules Dollfus (21 March 1858, Mulhouse-Dornach – 19 November 1921, Paris) was a French carcinologist known for his work with terrestrial isopods, including crustaceans and trilobites.
Adscita italica is a moth of the family Zygaenidae.
Adventures of Casanova is a 1948 American-Mexican historical adventure film directed by Roberto Gavaldón and starring Arturo de Córdova Lucille Bremer and Turhan Bey.
The gens Aebutia was a Roman family that was prominent during the early Republic.
Aedes albopictus (Stegomyia albopicta), from the mosquito (Culicidae) family, also known as (Asian) tiger mosquito or forest mosquito, is a mosquito native to the tropical and subtropical areas of Southeast Asia; however, in the past few decades, this species has spread to many countries through the transport of goods and international travel.
The Aegadian Islands (Isole Egadi; Sicilian: Ìsuli Ègadi, Aegates Insulae, Αιγάται Νήσοι, meaning "the islands of goats") are a group of five small mountainous islands in the Mediterranean Sea off the northwest coast of Sicily, Italy, near the cities of Trapani and Marsala, with a total area of.
Aegean civilization is a general term for the Bronze Age civilizations of Greece around the Aegean Sea.
Aegle semicana is a moth of the Noctuidae family.
Aelurillus is a genus of spiders in the family Salticidae (jumping spiders).
Aelurillus aeruginosus is a jumping spider that feeds on ants.
Aeluropus is a genus of Eurasian and African plants in the grass family, found primarily in desert regions.
In Greco-Roman mythology, Aeneas (Greek: Αἰνείας, Aineías, possibly derived from Greek αἰνή meaning "praised") was a Trojan hero, the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite (Venus).
The Aeneid (Aeneis) is a Latin epic poem, written by Virgil between 29 and 19 BC, that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who travelled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the Romans.
Aenesidemus (Aenesidemos or Enesidemus), the son of Pataecus of Gela in Sicily, was made tyrant of Leontini in 498 BC by Hippocrates of Gela after aiding the latter in his effort to conquer south-eastern Sicily.
The Aeolian Islands (Isole Eolie,, Ìsuli Eoli, Αιολίδες Νήσοι, Aiolides Nisoi) are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily, named after the demigod of the winds Aeolus.
The Aeolic order or Aeolian order was an early order of Classical architecture.
In Greek mythology, Aeolus (Αἴολος, Aiolos, Modern Greek: "quick-moving, nimble") was the keeper of the winds and king of the island of Aeolia, one of the abrupt rocky Lipara islands close to Sicily.
In Greek mythology, Aeolus (Αἴολος, Aíolos, Modern Greek: "quick-moving, nimble") was a son of Poseidon by Arne, daughter of Aeolus.
Aeronwy Bryn Thomas-Ellis (3 March 1943 – 27 July 2009) was a translator of Italian poetry and the second child and only daughter of the Welsh poet Dylan Thomas and his wife, Caitlin Macnamara.
Aeschylus (Αἰσχύλος Aiskhulos;; c. 525/524 – c. 456/455 BC) was an ancient Greek tragedian.
Aeshna affinis, the southern migrant hawker or blue-eyed hawker, is a dragonfly found in southern Europe and Asia.
The aetherie fritillary (Melitaea aetherie), is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
Aethes flagellana is a species of moth of the family Tortricidae.
Aethes kasyi is a species of moth of the Tortricidae family.
Aethes rubiginana is a species of moth of the family Tortricidae.
Aethes tornella is a species of moth of the family Tortricidae.
Aethes vicinana is a species of moth of the family Tortricidae.
In Greek mythology, Aethilla or Aethylla (Ancient Greek: Αἴθιλλα or Αἴθυλλα) was a daughter of Laomedon and sister of Priam, Astyoche, and Medesicaste.
Aetna (Ancient Greek: Αἴτνη, Aítnē), was an ancient city of Sicily, situated at the foot of the mountain of the same name, on its southern declivity.
Aetna (Greek: Αἴτνη, Aἴtnē) was in Greek and Roman mythology a Sicilian nymph, and according to Alcimus, a daughter of Uranus and Gaia, or of Briareus.
Africa is an epic poem in Latin hexameters by the 14th century Italian poet Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca).
Africa Proconsularis was a Roman province on the north African coast that was established in 146 BC following the defeat of Carthage in the Third Punic War.
African admixture in Europe refers to the presence of admixture events attributable to dispersal of populations inhabiting Africa in the genetic history of Europe.
The African wildcat (Felis lybica), also called Near Eastern wildcat is a wildcat species that lives in Northern Africa, the Near East and around the periphery of the Arabian Peninsula.
Agabus fuscipennis is a species of beetle native to the Palearctic (including Europe) and the Nearctic.
Agapanthia is a genus of flat-faced longhorn beetle belonging to the family Cerambycidae, subfamily Lamiinae.
Agapanthia suturalis is a species of beetle in the Lamiinae subfamily, that can be found in Sicily, Spain, the Near East, North Africa and Turkey.
Agate is a rock consisting primarily of cryptocrystalline silica, chiefly chalcedony, alternating with microgranular quartz.
Saint Agatha of Sicily (c. 231 – c. 251 AD) is a Christian saint and virgin martyr.
Agathocles (Ἀγαθοκλῆς, Agathoklḗs; 361–289 BC) was a Greek tyrant of Syracuse (317–289 BC) and king of Sicily (304–289 BC).
Agathyrnum or Agathyrna (Ancient Greek: Ἀγάθυρνα), was an ancient city on the north coast of Sicily between Tyndaris and Calacte.
Agdistis hartigi is a moth in the Pterophoridae family.
Agdistis melitensis is a moth of the Pterophoroidea family.
Agdistis paralia is a moth in the Pterophoridae family.
The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century) is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and was the beginning of globalization.
The Aghlabids (الأغالبة) were an Arab dynasty of emirs from Banu Tamim, who ruled Ifriqiya, nominally on behalf of the Abbasid Caliph, for about a century, until overthrown by the new power of the Fatimids.
Agip (Azienda Generale Italiana Petroli—General Italian Oil Company) is an Italian former automotive gasoline, diesel, LPG, lubricants, fuel oil, and bitumen retailer established in 1926.
Agira (Sicilian: Aggira) is a town and comune in the province of Enna, Sicily (southern Italy).
The Aglio Rosso di Nubia (Nubia Red Garlic), also known as Aglio di Paceco (Paceco Garlic) and Aglio di Trapani (Trapani Garlic), is a Sicilian variety of garlic, characterized by the intense purple color of the robes of its bulbils.
Agnes of Périgord (died 1345) was Duchess consort of Durazzo, through her marriage to John of Gravina, Duke of Durazzo, who was also the ruler of the Kingdom of Albania.
Agnes Steineger (21 January 1863 – 16 June 1965) was a Norwegian painter.
Agnone Bagni (Agnuni) is a southern Italian beach resort and hamlet (frazione) of Augusta, a municipality part of the Province of Syracuse, Sicily.
Agonopterix aspersella is a moth of the Depressariidae family.
Agonopterix chironiella is a moth of the Depressariidae family.
Agonopterix ferulae is a moth of the Depressariidae family.
Agonopterix irrorata is a moth of the Depressariidae family.
Agonopterix squamosa is a moth of the Depressariidae family.
Agonopterix thapsiella is a moth of the Depressariidae family.
Agonum muelleri is a species of ground beetle native to the Palearctic, the Nearctic and the Near East.
Agonum permoestum is a species of ground beetle in the Platyninae subfamily that can be found in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Ukraine, Germany, and Greece.
Agostino Depretis (31 January 181329 July 1887) was an Italian statesman and politician.
Agostino Lo Piano Pomar (Caltanissetta, August 24, 1871 – Caltanissetta, July 17, 1927) was a Sicilian lawyer, socialist and politician.
The Blessed Agostino Novello (1240 – 19 May 1309), also known as Augustine of Tarano, originally Matteo Di Termini, was an Italian religious figure.
Agostino Scilla (10 August 1629 – 31 May 1700) was an Italian painter, paleontologist, geologist, and pioneer in the study of fossils.
Agricantus (from the Latin: the singing of the corn field) is a Sicilian musical group of mixed genres.
Agrigento (Sicilian: Girgenti or Giurgenti) is a city on the southern coast of Sicily, Italy and capital of the province of Agrigento.
Agrigento Airfield was a military airfield in Sicily, just to the northwest of Agrigento; approximately 5 km northeast of Porto Empedocle.
Agrigento Cathedral (Duomo di Agrigento, Cattedrale Metropolitana di San Gerlando) is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Agrigento, Sicily, dedicated to Saint Gerland.
Agriphila argentistrigellus is a species of moth in the Crambidae family.
Agriphila cyrenaicellus is a species of moth in the Crambidae family.
Agriphila paleatellus is a species of moth in the Crambidae family described by Philipp Christoph Zeller in 1847.
Agriphila tolli is a species of moth in the Crambidae family.
Agriphila trabeatellus is a species of moth in the Crambidae family.
Agrippina of Mineo, also known as Saint Agrippina (flourished 3rd century, died 262) was venerated as a virgin martyr in the Catholic Church and Orthodox Christianity.
The Flounced Chestnut (Agrochola helvola) is a moth of the Noctuidae family.
Agrotis endogaea is a moth of the Noctuidae family.
Agrotis lata is a moth of the Noctuidae family.
Alberto and Vito Agueci, also known as the Agueci brothers, were Sicilian mafiosi who were involved with the "French Connection" in smuggling heroin from Canada into the United States during the late 1950s and early 60s with Hamilton, Ontario mobster Johnny Papalia.
Ahimaaz ben Paltiel (אחימעץ בן פלטיאל‎; 1017–1060) was an Graeco-Italian liturgical poet and author of a family chronicle.
Ahmed Youssif (born 15 April 1982 in Cairo, Egypt) is a Strength and Conditioning Coach, who has worked with multiple athletes globally for fencing, squash, football, actors and models.
Air Headquarters Malta (AHQ Malta or Air H.Q. Malta) was an overseas command of the Royal Air Force (RAF) established on 28 December 1941, by renaming RAF Mediterranean under Air Vice Marshal Hugh Lloyd.
Aidone (Gallo-Italic of Sicily: Aidungh or Dadungh; Aiduni) is a town and comune in the province of Enna, in region of Sicily in southern Italy.
The Airmobile Brigade "Friuli" is an airmobile brigade of the Italian Army, based mainly in the Emilia-Romagna region.
Airopsis is a genus of southern European and northern African plants in the grass family.
The Airspeed AS.51 Horsa was a British troop-carrying glider used during the Second World War.
Airtours is a British tour operator specialising in package holidays throughout Europe, as well as in parts of North America and the Caribbean.
Airwork Limited, also referred to during its history as Airwork Services Limited, is a wholly owned subsidiary company of VT Group plc.
Akrai was a Greek colony founded in Sicily by the Syracusans in 663 BC.
Akrillai (Ἄκριλλαι in Greek and Acrillae in Latin) was an ancient Greek colony located in the modern province of Ragusa where the Sicilian town of Chiaramonte Gulfi stands today.
Giacomo Costa (14 December 1919 – 22 January 2000) was an Italian Australian professional wrestler best known by his ring name, Al Costello. Costello was the first professional wrestler to be nicknamed "The Man of a Thousand Holds" because of his innovative and very technical style.
Al gran sole carico d'amore (In the Bright Sunshine Heavy with Love) is an opera (designated as an 'azione scenica') with music by Luigi Nono, based mainly on plays by Bertolt Brecht, but also incorporating texts of Fidel Castro, Che Guevara, Karl Marx, and Vladimir Lenin.
Alphonse "Sonny Red" Indelicato (February 25, 1931 - May 5, 1981) was a caporegime in New York City's Bonanno crime family who was murdered with two other capos in an infamous gangland slaying.
Al Khums or Khoms (الخمس) is a city, port and the de jure capital of the contested Murqub District on the Mediterranean coast of Libya with an estimated population of around 202,000.
Alfredo James Pacino (born April 25, 1940) is an American actor and filmmaker.
Al-Azhar Mosque (جامع الأزهر, الأزهر, "mosque of the most resplendent") is an Egyptian mosque in Islamic Cairo.
Abū ʿAlī Manṣūr (13 August 985 – 13 February 1021), better known by his regnal title al-Ḥākim bi-Amr Allāh (الحاكم بأمر الله; literally "Ruler by God's Command"), was the sixth Fatimid caliph and 16th Ismaili imam (996–1021).
Al-Ḥasan ibn al-ʿAbbās was an Aghlabid military commander who fought in Sicily against the Byzantine Empire.
Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abi al-Husayn al-Kalbi (ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﺑﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻦ الكلبي., al-Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī ibn Abī al-Ḥusayn al-Kalbī), known in Byzantine sources as Boulchasenes (Βουλχάσενης) and Aboulchare (Ἀβουλχαρέ), was the first Kalbid Emir of Sicily.
Amīn al-Dawla Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥasan ibn ʿAmmār, usually called simply Ibn Ammar in the Arabic sources, was an Arab commander and statesman for the Fatimid Caliphate.
Abu al-Abbas al-Maʾmūn ibn Hārūn al-Rashīd (أبو العباس المأمون; September 786 – 9 August 833) was the seventh Abbasid caliph, who reigned from 813 until his death in 833.
Abu Tahir Ismail al-Mansur Billah (913 – 19 March 953) was the third Caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate in Ifriqiya (r. 946-953).
Al-Mundhir ibn al-Ḥārith (المنذر بن الحارث), known in Greek sources as (Flavios) Alamoundaros (Φλάβιος Ἀλαμούνδαρος), was the king of the Ghassanid Arabs from 569 to circa 581.
Al-Mundhir IV ibn al-Mundhir (المنذر بن المنذر) was the king of the Lakhmid Arabs in 574–580.
Abū Tamīm Ma‘ad al-Mustanṣir bi-llāh (أبو تميم معد المستنصر بالله.‎; July 5, 1029 – January 10, 1094) was the eighth caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate from 1036 until 1094.
Abu’l-Faḍl Jaʿfar ibn Muḥammad al-Muʿtaṣim bi’llāh (جعفر بن محمد المعتصم بالله; March 822 – 11 December 861), better known by his regnal name al-Mutawakkil ʿAlā ’llāh (المتوكل على الله, "He who relies on God") was an Abbasid caliph who reigned in Samarra from 847 until 861.
Al-Nuʿmān ibn al-Mundhir (النعمان بن المنذر), known in Greek sources as Naamanes (Νααμάνης) was a king of the Ghassanids, a Christian Arab tribe allied to the Byzantine Empire.
Abu'l-Qasim Muhammad ibn al-Mahdi (أبو القاسم محمد بن المهدي القائم بأمر الله; April 893 – 17 May 946), better known by his regnal name al-Qa'im bi-Amr Allah or bi-Amri 'llah (القائم بأمر الله, "He who carries out God's orders"), was the second caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate in Ifriqiya and ruled from 934 to 946.
ar-Rastan (الرستن) is the third largest city in the Homs Governorate, located north of its administrative capital Homs and from Hama.
Alan Dale (July 9, 1925 – April 20, 2002) was an American singer of traditional popular and rock and roll music.
Alaric I (*Alareiks, "ruler of all"; Alaricus; 370 (or 375)410 AD) was the first King of the Visigoths from 395–410, son (or paternal grandson) of chieftain Rothestes.
Alì is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about east of Palermo and about southwest of Messina.
Alì Terme is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about east of Palermo and about southwest of Messina.
Albanello bianco (or just Albanello) is a white Italian wine grape variety grown primarily in Sicily where it has a long tradition producing sweet dessert-style wines from grapes that have been dried in the sun on mats for several days after harvest.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Albania was ruled by the Ottoman Empire in different periods from 1480 to 1912.
The Albanian language is composed of many dialects, divided into two major groups: Gheg and Tosk.
The Albanian diaspora (Mërgata Shqiptare or Diaspora Shqiptare) refers to the Albanians and their descendants living outside of Albania, including Kosovo and the minorities in Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.
Albanian (shqip, or gjuha shqipe) is a language of the Indo-European family, in which it occupies an independent branch.
The Albanians (Shqiptarët) are a European ethnic group that is predominantly native to Albania, Kosovo, western Macedonia, southern Serbia, southeastern Montenegro and northwestern Greece, who share a common ancestry, culture and language.
The Albani were an aristocratic Roman family, members of which attained the highest dignities in the Roman Catholic Church, one, Clement XI, having been Pope.
Albano Benjamín Bizzarri (born 9 November 1977) is an Argentine footballer who plays for Italian club Udinese Calcio as a goalkeeper.
Albaranzeuli bianco is a white Italian wine grape variety that is grown primarily in Sardinia.
An albarello (plural: albarelli) is a type of maiolica earthenware jar, originally a medicinal jar designed to hold apothecaries' ointments and dry drugs.
Albarola is a white Italian wine grape variety grown in the northwest Italy.
Albert Anastasia (born Umberto Anastasio, September 26, 1902 – October 25, 1957) was an Italian Cosa Nostra mobster, one of the most ruthless and feared organized crime figures in United States history.
Albert Anselmi, born Alberto Anselmi (July 15, 1883 in Marsala, Sicily – May 7, 1929 in Chicago) was an Italian-American mobster who became a hitman during the Prohibition era, and with partner John Scalise, was one of the Chicago Outfit's most successful hitmen in Prohibition-era Chicago.
Albert Busuttil (1891–1956) was a Maltese minor philosopher.
Albert Kesselring (30 November 1885 – 16 July 1960) was a German Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall during World War II.
Alberto D'Ascola (born 4 July 1977), better known by his stage name Alborosie, or the Italian Reggae Ambassador, and sometimes styled as AlBorosie, is an Italian reggae artist.
Albrecht Brandi (20 June 1914 – 6 January 1966) was a German U-boat commander in Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.
Alcamo (Sicilian: Àrcamu) is the fourth-largest town in the province of Trapani in Sicily, with a population of 45,307 inhabitants.
Alcamo Marina is a seaside resort in the north-western part of Sicily and in the town territory of Alcamo.
The Massacre of Alcamo Marina refers to a double murder that occurred on 27 January 1976 in a Carabinieri station at Alcamo Marina, situated in the province of Trapani in the Italian island of Sicily.
Alcamo Wine is produced in the DOC of Alcamo, Sicily.
The Alcantara (Alcàntara) is a river in Sicily, southern Italy.
Alcara li Fusi is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about east of Palermo and about west of Messina.
An alcázar is a type of Moorish castle or palace in Spain and Portugal built during Muslim rule, although some were founded by Christians and others were built on earlier Roman or Visigothic fortifications.
Alcibiades, son of Cleinias, from the deme of Scambonidae (Greek: Ἀλκιβιάδης Κλεινίου Σκαμβωνίδης, transliterated Alkibiádēs Kleiníou Skambōnídēs; c. 450–404 BC), was a prominent Athenian statesman, orator, and general.
The prominent Athenian statesman Alcibiades has been criticized by ancient comic writers and appears in several Socratic dialogues.
Alcimus (Ἄλκιμος) was a Greek rhetorician who flourished around 300 BC.
Aldo Marazza (1912 – 11 September 1938) was an Italian voiturette racing driver, regarded as the most promising at the time.
Aleatico is a red Italian wine grape variety.
Aleksander Tammert (born 2 February 1973 in Tartu) is an Estonian discus thrower.
Alexander Sergeevich Yashankin (Александр Сергеевич Яшанькин; born 5 June 1952) is a professional Russian bodybuilder and powerlifter.
Aleksandra Mir (born 1967) is a contemporary artist.
The Aleramici were a medieval Italian noble family of Frankish origin which ruled various northwestern counties and marches, in Piedmont and Liguria from the tenth to the 14th century.
Alessandria della Rocca (Sicilian: Lisciànnira di la Rocca) is a comune and small agricultural town located in west central Sicily in the northern part of the Province of Agrigento, in Italy.
Alessandro Umberto Cagno, Umberto Cagno, nicknamed Sandrin (2 May 1883 – 23 December 1971) was an Italian racing driver, aviation pioneer and powerboat racer.
Alessandro Di Sanzo (now Alessandra; born 26 August 1969) is an Italian actor best known for his portrayal of the teenaged transvestite prostitute Mario Libassi, nicknamed Mery in Marco Risi's dramatic film, Mery per sempre ("Forever Mary"), which was released in 1989 and where he made his acting debut.
Alessandro Fortis (16 September 1842 – 4 December 1909) was an Italian politician who served as the 18th Prime Minister of Italy from 1905 to 1906.
Alessandro "Sandro" Melli (born 11 December 1969 in Agrigento, Sicily) is an Italian retired footballer who played as a striker.
Alessandro Parisi (born 15 April 1977, Palermo, Sicily) is an Italian footballer who plays as a left-back.
Alessandro Safina is an Italian operatic pop tenor.
Alissandru Francesco "Alex" Caldiero is a poet, polyartist, sonosopher, and scholar of humanities and intermedia.
Was is a rugby union player for London Scottish, having formerly played for Bristol.
Alessandro Di Gregorio, commonly known as Alex Di Gregorio (born 20 June 1962), is an Italian editorial cartoonist and author best known for his commentary on Italian national domestic and foreign policy from a progressive perspective.
Alexander (Αλέξανδρος), known by the title comes (ο κόμης), was a Byzantine diplomat.
Colonel Alexander Abercromby, (4 March 1784 – 27 August 1853) was a senior British Army officer during the Napoleonic Wars.
Alexander Baron (–) was a British author and screenwriter.
Major General Sir Alexander Bryce, KCH (23 January 1766 – 4 October 1832) was a British soldier and colonel-commandant in the Royal Engineers.
Field Marshal Sir Alexander George Woodford, GCB, KCMG (15 June 1782 – 26 August 1870), was a British Army officer.
Alexander Henry Haliday (1806–1870, also known as Enrico Alessandro Haliday, Alexis Heinrich Haliday, or simply Haliday) was an Irish entomologist.
Sir Alexander Nelson Hood, 5th Duke of Bronté (28 June 1854 – 1 June 1937) was a British courtier.
Alexander Franz Clemens Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (15 March 1905 in Stuttgart – 27 January 1964 in Munich) was a German aristocrat and historian.
Alexander Smallens (January 1, 1889 – November 24, 1972) was a Russian-born American conductor and music director.
Alexander Stille (born 1 January 1957 in New York City) is an American author and journalist.
Alexandre Louis Lefebvre de Cérisy (14 November 1798, Paris – 2 December 1867, le Bouchevilliers, near Gisors) was a French entomologist.
The Alexandria expedition of 1807 or Fraser expedition (Arabic:حملة فريزر) was an operation by the Royal Navy and the British Army during the Anglo-Turkish War (1807–1809) of the Napoleonic Wars to capture Alexandria in Egypt with the purpose of securing a base of operations against the Ottoman Empire in the Mediterranean Sea.
Alexarchus or Alexarch (Greek: Ἀλέξαρχος) of Corinth was an ancient Greek general who, while the Lacedaemonians were fortifying Deceleia in Attica in 413 BC, and were sending an expedition to Sicily, was entrusted with the command of 600 hoplites, with whom he joined the Sicilian expedition.
Alexios Mosele (Ἀλέξιος Μωσηλέ) or Musele/Mousele (Μουσελέ) was a Byzantine aristocrat and general, chosen by Emperor Theophilos (r. 829–842) for a time as his heir, betrothed to his daughter Maria and raised to the supreme dignity of Caesar.
The Alfa Romeo 8C was originally a range of Alfa Romeo road, race and sports cars of the 1930s.
Alfeiós (Αλφειός, also romanized as Alpheus, Alpheios) is the longest river in the Peloponnese, in Greece.
Alfonso Bonafede (born 2 July 1976) is an Italian lawyer and politician who has served as the Italian Minister of Justice since 1 June 2018.
Alfonso Franco (1466 – 1524), was an Italian painter from Messina, Sicily, active during the Italian Renaissance.
Alfonso II (1180 – February 1209) was the second son of Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile.
Alfonso the Magnanimous KG (also Alphonso; Alfons; 1396 – 27 June 1458) was the King of Aragon (as Alfonso V), Valencia (as Alfonso III), Majorca, Sardinia and Corsica (as Alfonso II), Sicily (as Alfonso I) and Count of Barcelona (as Alfonso IV) from 1416, and King of Naples (as Alfonso I) from 1442 until his death.
Alfred Huet du Pavillon (January 1829 in Blain, Loire-Atlantique – 1907 in Frohsdorf) was a French botanist.
Alfred Malherbe (14 July 1804 – 14 August 1865) was a French magistrate and amateur naturalist born in Mauritius to Pierre Marie François Malherbe and Rosalie Le Meusnier Molineuf.
Alfred "The Owl" Polizzi (March 15, 1900 – May 26, 1975), known at birth as Alfonso Polizzi, was a Cleveland, Ohio mobster who helped establish criminal syndicate operations in Northeast Ohio.
Alfred Rittmann (23 March 1893 – 19 September 1980) was a leading volcanologist.
Alfred Carey Wollaston Rose (18849 April 1971) was the sixth Bishop of Dover in the modern era, from 1935 to 1956.
Alfredo Donnarumma (born 30 November 1990) is an Italian footballer who plays as a second striker or attacking midfielder for Empoli in Serie B.
Alfredo Guzzoni (12 April 1877 – 15 April 1965) was an Italian military officer who served in both World War I and World War II.
Algerian-Greek relations date back for more than 2000 years.
Ali ibn Tahir al-Sulami (died 1106) was a Damascene jurist and philologist who was the first to preach jihad against the crusaders in the aftermath of the First Crusade.
Alia is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Palermo, on the Italian island of Sicily.
Alicudi is the westernmost of the eight islands that make up the Aeolian archipelago, a volcanic island chain north of Sicily.
The gens Aliena or Alliena was a plebeian family of the Roman Republic.
Alimena is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Palermo in the Italian region of Sicily, located about southeast of Palermo.
Aliminusa is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Palermo in the Italian region Sicily, located about southeast of Palermo.
The Aljafería Palace (Palacio de la Aljafería; قصر الجعفرية, tr. Qasr al-Jaʿfariya) is a fortified medieval Islamic palace built during the second half of the 11th century in the Taifa of Zaragoza of Al-Andalus, present day Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain.
Vice Admiral Sir (George Francis) Allan Trewby KCB (8 July 1917 – August 2001) was a Royal Navy officer who ended his career as Chief of Fleet Support.
The allegory of Hispania is the national personification of Spain.
The Allied invasion of Italy was the Allied amphibious landing on mainland Italy that took place on 3 September 1943 during the early stages of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
The Allied Military Government for Occupied Territories (originally abbreviated AMGOT, later AMG) was the form of military rule administered by Allied forces during and after World War II within European territories they occupied.
Allium agrigentinum is a plant species in the Amaryllis family, endemic to the Italian Island of Sicily in the Mediterranean.
Allium amethystinum is a plant species native to Italy, Greece, Turkey, Sicily, Crete, Malta, Albania, Bulgaria, and the former Yugoslavia, and cultivated elsewhere as an ornamental.
Allium chamaemoly, called dwarf garlic, is a species of garlic native to the Mediterranean region and cultivated elsewhere for its pretty flowers and potently aromatic bulbs.
Allium hemisphaericum is a species of onion endemic to the Island of Sicily in the Mediterranean.
Allium lehmannii is a plant species endemic to southern Italy.
Allium nebrodense is a rare Italian species of wild onion.
Allium paniculatum, common name pale garlic or Mediterranean onion, is a Eurasian species of wild onion with a range extending from Portugal to Kazakhstan.
Allium pendulinum, called Italian garlic, is a plant species known only from Sardinia, Sicily, Corsica and mainland Italy.
Allium permixtum is an Italian species of wild onion native to Sicily and Abruzzo, though it is most likely extinct in Sicily.
Allium siculum, known as honey garlic, Sicilian honey lily, Sicilian honey garlic, or Mediterranean bells, is a European and Turkish species of plants genus Allium.
Allium sphaerocephalon is a plant species in the Amaryllis family known as round-headed leek and also round-headed garlic, ball-head onion, and other variations on these names.
Allium subvillosum, Spring Garlic, is a European and North African species of wild onion native to southern Spain, the Balearic Islands, southern Portugal, Sicily and northern Africa (Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, the Azores, and the Canary Islands).
Allium trifoliatum, commonly called pink garlic and Hirsute garlic, is a Mediterranean species of wild onion.
Alloclita recisella is a moth in the Cosmopterigidae family.
The Almohad Caliphate (British English:, U.S. English:; ⵉⵎⵡⴻⵃⵃⴷⴻⵏ (Imweḥḥden), from Arabic الموحدون, "the monotheists" or "the unifiers") was a Moroccan Berber Muslim movement and empire founded in the 12th century.
The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Mediterranean climate regions of the Middle East, from Syria and Turkey to India and Pakistan, although it has been introduced elsewhere.
Almond milk is a plant milk manufactured from almonds with a creamy texture and nutty flavor, although other types or brands are flavored in imitation of dairy milk.
Alnus cordata (Italian alder) is a tree or shrub species belonging to the family of Betulaceae and native to southern Apennine Mountains (Campania, Basilicata and Calabria, mainly on western mountain sides) and north-eastern mountains of Corsica.
Aloisio Galea (1851–1905) was a Maltese theologian and minor philosopher.
Luigi Aloisio Riccio was a Sicilian Bishop in the Roman Catholic Church.
Alonso García de Ramón (c. 1552 – August 5, 1610) was a Spanish soldier and twice Royal Governor of Chile: first temporarily from July 1600 to February 1601, and then from March 1605 to August 1610.
Alopekis is an ancient Greek breed of dog.
Alophia is a monotypic snout moth genus described by Émile Louis Ragonot in 1893.
Aloys Hirt (27 June 1759 – 29 June 1837) was a German art historian and archaeologist of Ancient Greek and Roman architecture.
Saints Alphius, Philadelphus and Cyrinus (S.S. Alfio, Filadelfo e Cirino), martyrs in the Byzantine traditions of southern Italy, were three brothers from Vaste, in the diocese of Otranto, who died with their mother, Benedicta, during the persecution of Decius, ca 251 AD.
Alphonse F. La Porta (born January 15, 1939) a Career Member of the Senior Foreign Service, served as U.S. Ambassador to Mongolia from December 1997 to November 2000.
Alfonso Sgroia also known as "The Butcher" (19 July 1886 – 10 May 1940) was a New York gang member who became a hitman for the Neapolitan Camorra gang.
Alpiq is a leading energy company in Switzerland and the largest energy service provider with focus on European markets.
In Nonnus' Dionysiaca (late fourth or early fifth century CE), Alpos is a Sicilian giant who terrorized Punta del Faro and he was killed by Dionysus with his thyrsus.
The Altar of Hieron (Ara di Ierone) or the Great Altar of Syracuse is a monumental grand altar in the ancient quarter of Neapolis in Syracuse, Sicily.
Altavilla Milicia is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Palermo in the Italian region Sicily, located about southeast of Palermo.
Altofonte (Sicilian: Parcu) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Palermo in the Italian region Sicily, located about southwest of Palermo.
Altolia is a frazione of the comune of Messina in the Province of Messina, Sicily, southern Italy.
Alucita acutata is a moth of the family Alucitidae.
Alucita iberica is a moth of the family Alucitidae.
Alucita major is a moth of the family Alucitidae.
Alucita tridentata is a moth of the family Alucitidae.
Alvise Loredan (1393 – 6 March 1466) was a Venetian nobleman of the Loredan family.
Amedeo Sebastiani (born 4 September 1962), best known as Amadeus, is an Italian television and radio presenter.
Amaro Averna is an Italian liqueur in the Amaro category produced in Caltanissetta, Sicily.
Amatori Catania is an Italian rugby union club who got relegated from the National Championship of Excellence.
Amélie Diéterle was a French actress and opera singer.
Américo Ruffino (Buenos Aires, 27 July 1905 – Buenos Aires, 4 July 1988) was an Argentine football player.
Amber is fossilized tree resin, which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic times.
Ambrosina is a genus in the family Araceae that consists of only one species, Ambrosina bassii, and the only genus in the tribe Ambrosineae.
Amedeo Amodio (born 1940) is an Italian choreographer and former ballet dancer.
Ameles africana is a species of praying mantis that inhabits Algeria, Morocco, Corsica, Dalmatia, Sardinia, Sicily, and Portugal.
Ameles picteti is a species of praying mantis found in Algeria, Sicily, and Spain.
The American Mafia (commonly referred to as the Mafia or the Mob, though "the Mob" can refer to other organized crime groups) or Italian-American Mafia, is the highly organized Italian-American criminal society.
There have been American Scouts overseas since almost the inception of the movement, often for similar reasons as the present day.
Ameselum (Greek: Ἀμήσελον) was an ancient town of Sicily, on the road between Centuripae (modern Centuripe) and Agyrium (modern Agira).
Amiche da morire (Friends to Die For) is a 2013 Italian black comedy film written and directed by Giorgia Farina.
Amici del Mondo World Friends Onlus is an independent Italian non-profit association of social utility for international cooperationWorld Friends is a Non-Governmental Organization recognized by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs by Law no.
Amilcare Cipriani (October 18, 1844 in Anzio – April 30, 1918 in Paris), Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 25 (1981) was an Italian socialist, anarchist and patriot.
The office of amir al-umara (أمير الأمراء, amīr al-umarāʾ), variously rendered in English as emir of emirs, chief emir,Zetterstéen (1960), p. 446 and commander of commanders,Kennedy (2004), p. 195 was a senior military title in the 10th-century Abbasid Caliphate, whose holders in the decade after 936 came to supersede the civilian bureaucracy under the vizier and become effective regents, relegating the caliphs to a purely ceremonial role.
ʿAmmar ibn ʿAlī ibn Abī al-Ḥusayn al-Kalbī was a member of the Kalbid family and a military commander for the Fatimid Caliphate in its wars with the Byzantine Empire in Sicily and southern Italy in the 950s.
Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula NH4Cl and a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water.
Ampelodesmos is a genus of Mediterranean plants in the grass family, which is known by the common names stramma, Mauritania grass, rope grass, and dis grass.
Amphimallon fuscum is a species of beetle in the Melolonthinae subfamily that can be found in Italy, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia, Switzerland, Voivodina, and on the island of Sicily.
Amphimallon javeti is a species of beetle in the Melolonthinae subfamily that is endemic to Sicily.
Amphimallon pseudomajale is a species of beetle in the Melolonthinae subfamily that can be found in Italy and on the island of Sicily.
Amphimallon vitalei is a species of beetle in the Melolonthinae subfamily that is endemic to Sicily.
Amphithrix is a genus of snout moths.
The AMX International AMX is a ground-attack aircraft jointly developed by Brazil and Italy.
Amy Lyn Acuff (born July 14, 1975) is a track and field athlete from the United States.
Anacamptis morio subsp.
Anaclet Wamba (born January 6, 1960 in Liranga, in the Likouala Department, the Republic of the Congo), was a professional boxer in the Cruiserweight (190lb) division.
Anacyclus clavata also known as Camomilla tomentosa, Pusteni targok, vit bertram, white anacyclus and white buttons is a member of the genus Anacyclus and the tribe Anthemideae and family Asteraceae.
Anahit Mekhitarian (also spelled Mkhitaryan or Mkhitarian) (Armenian: Մխիթարյան Անահիտ; Russian: Анаит Мхитарян) (born March 6, 1969) is an Armenian operatic soprano.
Analcime or analcite (from the Greek analkimos - "weak") is a white, gray, or colorless tectosilicate mineral.
The Anapo (Sicilian: Ànapu) is a river in Sicily whose ancient Greek name is similar to the word for "swallowed up" and at many points on its course it runs underground.
Anapos was a water god of eastern Sicily in Greek mythology.
This is a short history of anarchism in Monaco, primarily in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Anarpia incertalis is a species of moth in the Crambidae family.
Anasyrma (ἀνάσυρμα) composed of ἀνά ana "up, against, back", and σύρμα syrma "skirt"; plural: anasyrmata (ἀνασύρματα), also called anasyrmos (ἀνασυρμός), is the gesture of lifting the skirt or kilt.
Anatolius of Naples (date of birth unknown; died 638) was the third Duke of Naples, reigning from circa 625 until his death in 638.
Anaxilas or Anaxilaus (Ἀναξίλας, Ἀναξίλαος), son of Cretines, was a tyrant of Rhegium (modern Reggio Calabria).
In Greek mythology, Anchises (Ἀnkhísēs) was the son of Capys and Themiste (daughter of Ilus, who was son of Tros).
An anchovy is a small, common forage fish of the family Engraulidae.
Carthage (from Carthago; Punic:, Qart-ḥadašt, "New City") was the Phoenician state, including, during the 7th–3rd centuries BC, its wider sphere of influence, known as the Carthaginian Empire.
Corinth (Κόρινθος Kórinthos) was a city-state (polis) on the Isthmus of Corinth, the narrow stretch of land that joins the Peloponnese to the mainland of Greece, roughly halfway between Athens and Sparta.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
The influence of wine in ancient Greece helped Ancient Greece trade with neighboring countries and regions.
Ancient Greek art stands out among that of other ancient cultures for its development of naturalistic but idealized depictions of the human body, in which largely nude male figures were generally the focus of innovation.
Ancient Greek comedy was one of the final three principal dramatic forms in the theatre of classical Greece (the others being tragedy and the satyr play).
Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written in the Ancient Greek language from the earliest texts until the time of the Byzantine Empire.
Ancient Greek sculpture is the sculpture of ancient Greece.
Ancient Greek technology developed during the 5th century BC, continuing up to and including the Roman period, and beyond.
Greek temples (dwelling, semantically distinct from Latin templum, "temple") were structures built to house deity statues within Greek sanctuaries in ancient Greek religion.
Warfare occurred throughout the history of Ancient Greece, from the Greek Dark Ages onward.
Maritime history dates back thousands of years.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Ancient Rome played a pivotal role in the history of wine.
Ancient Semitic-speaking peoples were West Asian people who lived throughout the Ancient Near East, including the Levant, Mesopotamia, Arabian peninsula, and Horn of Africa from the third millennium BC until the end of antiquity.
Ancona ((elbow)) is a city and a seaport in the Marche region in central Italy, with a population of around 101,997.
Ancylosis imitella is a species of snout moth in the genus Ancylosis.
Andocides (Ἀνδοκίδης, Andokides; c. 440 – c. 390 BC) was a logographer (speech writer) in Ancient Greece.
André Baruch (August 20, 1908 - September 15, 1991) was a French-born American film narrator, radio announcer, news commentator, talk show host, disc jockey and sportscaster.
Andre de Chauvigny (or Andrew of Chauvigny) (1150–1202) was a Poitevin knight in the service of Richard I of England.
André Hallet (1890–1959) was a Belgian post-impressionist painter whose paintings have been exhibited at more than 60 museums worldwide, including the Louvre in Paris, France.
Andrés Reggio y Brachiforte (1692–1780) was an officer of the Spanish navy.
Andrea Barzagli, Ufficiale OMRI (born 8 May 1981) is an Italian professional footballer who plays as a centre-back for Italian club Juventus.
Andrea Bocelli, (born 22 September 1958) is an Italian singer, songwriter, and record producer.
Andrea Campagnolo (born 17 June 1978) is an Italian football goalkeeper.
Andrea Catellani (born May 26, 1988) is a former Italian football player, who played as a forward.
Andrea Crisanti (12 June 1936 in Rome – 7 May 2012) was an Italian production designer and art director.
Francesco Andrea D'Amico (born 17 May 1989) is an Italian football midfielder who currently plays for Sicula Leonzio in the Italian Serie C.
Andrea D'Antoni (1811 in Palermo, Sicily – 1868) was an Italian painter of the Neoclassical period.
Francesco Andrea Di Grazia (born 8 May 1996) is an Italian professional footballer who plays as a winger for Italian club Catania.
Andrea Dovizioso (born 23 March 1986) is a professional motorcycle racer who currently competes in the MotoGP world championship, for the factory Ducati Team.
Andrea Guerra (born 4 September 1972) is an Italian football coach, currently the technique coach of Foggia, and former footballer, who played as a left-back.
Andrea Lo Cicero Vaina (born Catania, 7 May 1976) is an Italian rugby union footballer, who retired from playing in 2013.
Andrea Magi (born 14 July 1966 in Pesaro, Pesaro e Urbino) is a former amateur boxer from Italy.
Andrea Manciaracina (born April 7, 1962) is a member of Sicilian Mafia.
Andrea Salsedo (21 September 1881 – 3 May 1920) was an Italian anarchist whose death caused controversy as it was caused by a fall from the Justice Department's Bureau of Investigation (BOI) offices on 15 Park Row in New York City.
Andrea Suppa (1628 in Messina, Sicily – 1671) was an Italian painter and architect.
Andrea Terzi (Monreale, Sicily), November 10, 1842 - Rome, 1918) was an Italian painter and engraver. Born to a poor family, as a boy, he briefly studied under Giuseppe Patania. After the age of 19 years, he studied painting with abbot Domenico Benedetto Gravina, and was called to work for two years in the Duomo of Monreale. He taught himself illustration, and in 1872, he helped illustrate a book on the Palatine Chapel of Palermo, Il Duomo di Monreale, written by professor Michele Amari, Monsignor Isidoro Carini, and Saverio Cavallaro. The book won an award at the 1873 Universal Exposition of Vienna, and in 1878, at the Exposizione Universale of Paris, and at other artistic and industrial expositions in Palermo. In 1877, the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce lobbied the King to name him a knight in the Order of the Crown of Italy, for his work at the Palatine Chapel. He also produced chromolithography tables for the Ministry of Education with depictions of the plants of Sicily, and the topography, and the archeological sites of Syracuse. His son, Amedeo John Engel Terzi, was best known for his detailed engravings of Diptera (flies).
Andrea Tidona (born 30 November 1951) is an Italian actor and voice actor.
Andreas Vogler (born January 15, 1964 in Basel) is a Swiss architect, designer and artist.
Andrena bicolor, Gwynne's mining bee, is a common and widespread Western Palearctic mining bee which is found over most of Europe as well as North Africa and the Middle East and which reaches eastwards into Siberia.
Saint Andrew (Andrea) Avellino (1521 – 10 November 1608) was an Italian priest.
General Sir Andrew Francis Barnard (1773 – 17 January 1855) was an Irish British Army officer.
Andrew Mark Cuomo (born December 6, 1957) is an American politician, author, and lawyer serving as the 56th and current Governor of New York, since 2011.
Andrew Leith Adams FRSE, FRS (21 March 1827 – 29 July 1882) was a Scottish physician, naturalist and geologist.
Andrew the Apostle (Ἀνδρέας; ⲁⲛⲇⲣⲉⲁⲥ, Andreas; from the early 1st century BC – mid to late 1st century AD), also known as Saint Andrew and referred to in the Orthodox tradition as the First-Called (Πρωτόκλητος, Prōtoklētos), was a Christian Apostle and the brother of Saint Peter.
Andrew Thomas DelGiorno, also known as "Tommy Del" (born 1940, South Philadelphia), is a former American mobster, captain in the Philadelphia crime family and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) informant.
Andromachus was the ruler of Tauromenium (modern Taormina) in Sicily in the middle of the 4th century BCE, and the father of the historian Timaeus.
Andy Long (born 2 September 1977) is a former English rugby union player who played at Hooker.
Andrew B. Parrino (born October 31, 1985) is an American professional baseball player who is currently a free agent.
Anerastia incarnata is a species of snout moth in the genus Anerastia.
Aneuxanthis locupletana is a species of moth of the Tortricidae family.
Angelino Alfano (born 31 October 1970) is an Italian politician served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 12 December 2016 to 1 June 2018.
Angelo Antonino Pipitone (born August 30, 1943 in Carini, Sicily) is a member of the Sicilian Mafia from Carini near Palermo.
Angelo Barrile (born 22 August 1976) is a Swiss politician of the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland.
Angelo Brocato's Italian Ice Cream Parlor (often called Brocato's) is a family-owned ice cream parlor located in the Mid-City neighborhood of New Orleans, Louisiana.
Angelo Bruno (born Angelo Annaloro; (May 21, 1910 – March 21, 1980) was a Sicilian-American mobster, notable for being boss of the Philadelphia crime family for two decades until his assassination. Bruno gained the epithets "the Gentle Don" or "the Docile Don" posthumously due to his preference for conciliation over violence in stark contrast to his successors.
Angelo Corrao is an Italian-American film and television editor.
Angelo d'Arrigo (April 3, 1961 – March 26, 2006) was an Italian aviator who held a number of world records in the field of flight, principally with microlights and hang gliders, with and without motors.
Angelo F. Coniglio (born August 21, 1936) is an American civil engineer, educator, genealogist and author.
Angelo "Bloody Angelo" Genna (February 3, 1898 – May 26, 1925) was a Chicago bootlegger and organized crime leader during the Prohibition era.
Angelo J. "The Hook" LaPietra (1920–1999) was a Chicago mobster and member of the Chicago Outfit, involved in extensive loansharking operations in the city's First Ward during the 1970s and 1980s.
Angelo La Barbera (July 3, 1924 – October 28, 1975) was a powerful member of the Sicilian Mafia.
Angelo Litrico (1927 – 13 March 1986) was an Italian fashion designer.
Angelo Massimino (Catania, 1927 — Scillato, March 4, 1996) was an Italian entrepreneur and football owner, who served as chairman of Calcio Catania for almost 25 years.
Angelo Musco (October 18, 1872 in Catania – October 6, 1937 in Milan) was an Italian actor in theater and film.
Angelo Russo (born 21 October 1961) is an Italian actor, known for playing police officer Agatino Catarella in Il commissario Montalbano mystery television series based on the characters and novels created by Andrea Camilleri.
Angelo Traina (January 22, 1889 - November 4, 1971), also known as A. B. Traina, was a Biblical scholar, best known for his emphasis on restoring "Semitic proper names to their Aramaic and Hebrew forms".
Angeline "Angie" Dickinson (née Brown; born September 30, 1931) is an American actress.
The Anguilla necropolis (necropolis Anguilla) is an archaeological site in the Italian comune of Ribera in the province of Agrigento in Sicily.
Angustalius malacellus is a moth of the Crambinae family.
Ankles Aweigh is a musical with a book by Guy Bolton and Eddie Davis, lyrics by Dan Shapiro, and music by Sammy Fain.
Anna Andreyevna Gorenkoa; Анна Андріївна Горенко, Anna Andriyivna Horenko (– 5 March 1966), better known by the pen name Anna Akhmatova (Анна Ахматова), was one of the most significant Russian poets of the 20th century.
Anna Perenna was an old Roman deity of the circle or "ring" of the year, as the name (per annum) clearly indicates.
Anna Valle (born 19 June 1975) is an Italian actress and beauty pageant titleholder.
Anne Boleyn (1501 – 19 May 1536) was Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII.
Annette Elise Brown is a retired rear admiral of the United States Navy.
The mineral anorthoclase ((Na,K)AlSi3O8) is a crystalline solid solution in the alkali feldspar series, in which the sodium-aluminium silicate member exists in larger proportion.
The Ansaldo A.300 was an Italian general-purpose biplane aircraft built by the Ansaldo company (now part of FIAT) of Turin from 1920 to 1929.
Ansonica or Inzolia is a white Italian wine grape planted primarily in western Sicily where it can be used to produce Marsala wine.
Antander (Ἄντανδρος - or Andro as he is called by the historian Orosius) was a man of Syracuse of the 3rd and 4th centuries BCE.
The radio transmitter system of Caltanissetta or Antenna RAI of Caltanissetta is a plant, now idle, for broadcast on long wave, medium and short; tipe guyed mast.
Anthemis arvensis, also known as corn chamomile, mayweed, scentless chamomile, or field chamomile is a species of the genus Anthemis and in the Asteraceae family.
Anthemis cotula, also known as stinking chamomile, is a flowering annual plant with a noticeable and strong odor.
Anthesphoria, in antiquity, was a flower-festival celebrated in Sicily, and to a lesser extent Peloponnesus, in honor of Proserpine (or Persephone in Greek mythology).
Anthony A. Alaimo (March 29, 1920 – December 30, 2009) was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Georgia.
Anthony Frederick Blunt (26 September 1907 – 26 March 1983), known as Sir Anthony Blunt, KCVO, from 1956 to 1979, was a leading British art historian who in 1964, after being offered immunity from prosecution, confessed to having been a Soviet spy.
Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations is an American travel and food show that airs on the Travel Channel; it also airs on the Discovery Travel & Living channel around the world.
Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown is an American travel and food show on CNN which premiered on April 14, 2013.
Anthony Buttitta (26 July 1907 in Monroe, Louisiana - 11 August 2004 in New York City), the son of poorly educated parents, recent immigrants from Sicily.
Anthony Vito "Tony" Corleone is a fictional character in The Godfather trilogy of films directed by Francis Ford Coppola.
Anthony D'Andrea (June 7, 1872 – May 12, 1921) was the Mafia boss of Chicago in the late 1910s to early 1920s.
Anthony (Antonio) de Francisci (July 13, 1887 – August 20, 1964) was an Italian-American sculptor who designed a number of United States coins and medals.
Anthony Martin Sinatra (born Saverio Antonino Martino Sinatra,; May 4, 1892 – January 24, 1969) was an Italian-American Hoboken city fireman, professional boxer, bar owner, and father of singer and actor Frank Sinatra.
Anthony Neyrot (in Antonio Neyrot) (1425 in Rivoli, Piedmont – 10 April 1460) was an Italian Dominican priest, apostate, reconvert, and martyr.
Anthony Vincent Rizzo (born August 8, 1989) is an American professional baseball first baseman for the Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball (MLB).
Sir Anthony van Dyck (many variant spellings; 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and the Southern Netherlands.
Anti-Italianism or Italophobia is a negative attitude regarding Italian people or people with Italian ancestry, often expressed through the use of prejudice or stereotypes.
Anti-racism includes beliefs, actions, movements, and policies adopted or developed to oppose racism.
The antidoron is ordinary leavened bread which is blessed but not consecrated and distributed in Eastern Orthodox Churches and Eastern Catholic Churches that use the Byzantine Rite.
Antigonus II Gonatas (Ἀντίγονος B΄ Γονατᾶς) (c. 319–239 BC) was a powerful ruler who solidified the position of the Antigonid dynasty in Macedon after a long period defined by anarchy and chaos and acquired fame for his victory over the Gauls who had invaded the Balkans.
Antillo (Sicilian: Antiddu) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about east of Palermo and about southwest of Messina.
The Antimafia Pool was a group of investigating magistrates at the Prosecuting Office of Palermo (Sicily) who closely worked together sharing information and developing new investigative and prosecutorial strategies against the Sicilian Mafia.
Antoine de Crisafy (died May 1709) was an officer in the colonial regular troops of New France.
Antoine Escalin des Aimars (1516 - 1578), also known as Captain Polin or Captain Paulin, later Baron de La Garde, was French ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1541 to 1547, and "Général des Galères" ("General of the galleys") from 1544.
Anton Blok (born 1935 in Amsterdam) is an anthropologist, famous for studying the Mafia in Sicily in 1960s.
Antonello da Messina, properly Antonello di Giovanni di Antonio, but also called Antonello degli Antoni and Anglicized as Anthony of Messina (1430February 1479), was an Italian painter from Messina, Sicily, active during the Italian Renaissance.
Antonello Gagini (1478–1536) was an Italian sculptor of the Renaissance, mainly active in Sicily and Calabria.
Antonin Gregory Scalia (March 11, 1936 – February 13, 2016) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1986 until his death in 2016.
Antonina (Ἀντωνίνα, c. 495 – after 565) was a Byzantine patrikia and wife of the general Belisarius.
Antonino Bonaccorsi also called il Chiaro (June 1826, in Acireale, Sicily – 1897) was an Italian painter.
Antonino Calderone (October 24, 1935January 10, 2013) was a Sicilian Mafioso who turned state witness (pentito) in 1987 after his arrest in 1986.
Antonino (or Antonius) de Bivona-Bernardi (1774 or 1778–1837) was a Sicilian botanist, bryologist and phycologist.
Antonino Diana (c. 1586 – July 20, 1663) was a Catholic moral theologian.
Antonino "Nino" Giuffrè (born July 21, 1945) is an Italian mafioso from Caccamo in the Province of Palermo, Sicily.
Antonino Grano (1660–1718) was an Italian painter and engraver, principally active in Sicily.
Antonino Paternò Castello, Marchese di San Giuliano (Catania, 9 December 1852 – Rome, 16 October 1914), was an Italian diplomat and Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Antonino Raspanti (Alcamo, 20 June 1959) is an Italian Bishop of Catholic Church; he has been the Bishop of Acireale since 26 July 2011.
Antonino or Antonio Rocchetti Torres (Palermo, Sicily, 1851 – 1934) was an Italian painter, depicting landscape and genre scenes.
Antonino Toscano (October 6, 1883 – December 13, 1941) was an Italian admiral during World War II.
Antonino Zichichi (born October 15, 1929) is an Italian physicist who has worked in the field of nuclear physics.
Antonio Albanese (born October 10, 1964 in Olginate) is an Italian comedian, actor, director and writer.
Antonio Amico (died 1641) was a Roman Catholic Canon of Palermo, and ecclesiastical historian of Syracuse and Messina.
Antonio Nino Salvo (July 14, 1929 – January 19, 1986) and his cousin Ignazio Salvo (1932 – September 17, 1992) were two wealthy businessmen from the town of Salemi in the province of Trapani.
Antonio Bardellino (San Cipriano d'Aversa, May 4, 1945 – Armação dos Búzios, May 26, 1988) was a powerful Neapolitan Camorrista and boss of the Casalesi clan, having a prominent role in the organized crime in the province of Caserta during the 1980s.
Antonio Barreca (born 18 March 1995) is an Italian professional footballer who plays as a full back for Torino.
Antonio Beccadelli (1394–1471), called Il Panormita (poetic form meaning "The Palermitan"), was an Italian poet, canon lawyer, scholar, diplomat, and chronicler.
Antonio Bova (1641- October 15, 1701) was an Italian painter, active mainly in Sicily.
Antonio Busca (Milan, 17 February 1767 – Milan, 19 May 1834) was an Italian nobleman and Lieutenant of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from 1821 to 1834.
Antonio Carrillo de Peralta y de Velasco, II Marquis of Falces, deceased in 1545, Marcilla, Navarra, Spain, was the son of Navarrese Conetable of the kingdom of Navarre Alonso Carrillo - Acuña y de Peralta, 1st Marquis of Falces, 2nd Count Consort of Santisteban de Lerín, Sieur Consort of Peralta, Falces, Carcer, and other Navarrese places, deceased and buried at Marcilla, Navarre, in 1534.
Antonio Catalano, also called Catalani or il Siciliano, (1560–1630) was an Italian painter of the late-Renaissance and early-Baroque periods.
Antonio Catania (born 22 February 1952) is an Italian actor.
Antonio Cottone (1904/1905 – August 22, 1956) was a member of the Sicilian Mafia in his hometown Villabate in the province of Palermo, Sicily.
Antonio del Duca or Lo Duca (Cefalù 1491 — Rome 1564) was the Sicilian friar whose persistent campaign for an official veneration of the "Seven Angelic Princes" was partly answered in the dedication of Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri, constructed to the orders of Pope Pius IV within the ruins of the Baths of Diocletian.
Antonio Fernández de Córdoba y Cardona, 5th Duke of Sessa (2 December 1550 – 6 January 1606), was a Spanish nobleman.
Antonio Ferramolino was a 16th-century Italian architect and military engineer.
Antonio Filippini (born 3 July 1973) is an Italian retired footballer who mainly plays as a defensive midfielder for AC Trento.
Antonio Folc de Cardona y Enriquez, Viceroy of Sardinia, 1534 - 1549, deceased 1555, was a cadet son of Joan Ramon Folc de Cardona, 1st Duke of Cardona, a.k.a. Joan Ramon Folc IV de Cardona, (1446 - Arbeca, 1513), title awarded in 1482 by Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabel I of Castile, Marquis of Pallars since 1491, title awarded by the same Royal Couple, 5th Count of Cardona till 1482 and "Aldonza Enriquez y Fernandez de Quiñones", Lady of Elche and Crevillente, born 1450, married 1467, 9th child from the second marriage of Fadrique Enriquez, 2nd hereditary Admiral of Castile, deceased 23 September 1473, with "Teresa Fernandez de Quiñones y de Luna", 4 males/5 females.
Antonio Francesco Gramsci (22 January 1891 – 27 April 1937) was an Italian Marxist philosopher and politician.
Antonio Il Verso (1565 – August 23, 1621) was an Italian composer.
Antonio Ingroia (born 31 March 1959) is an Italian lawyer, ex magistrate, politician and leader of Civil Revolution, with Luigi de Magistris, the mayor of Naples.
Antonio Latini (1642–1692) was a steward of Cardinal Antonio Barberini, cardinal-nephew of Pope Urban VIII in Rome and subsequently to Don Stefano Carillo Salcedo, first minister to the Spanish viceroy of Naples.
Antonio "Tony the Scourge" Lombardo (1892 – September 7, 1928) was an American mobster.
Antonio Marasco (born 19 February 1970) is a former Italian professional footballer.
Antonio Martino (born December 22, 1942) is an Italian politician, who was the minister of foreign affairs in 1994 and minister of defense from 2001 to 2006.
Antonio Mongitore (Palermo, 4 May 1663 – Palermo, 6 June 1743) was a Sicilian presbyter, historian and writer, known for his works about the history of Sicily.
Antonio Sabàto Jr. (born February 29, 1972) is an Italian-American model, actor, and aspiring politician.
Antonio Salamone (December 12, 1918 in San Giuseppe Jato – May 31, 1998 in São Paulo) was a member of the Sicilian Mafia and a member of the first Sicilian Mafia Commission.
Antonio Scaglione was a 16th-century provincial Sicilian architect, best known for his work in the Gothic style, which he continued to promote long after Renaissance architecture had superseded it in popularity.
Antonio Spadaro (born 6 July 1966) is an Italian Jesuit priest, journalist and writer.
Antony and Cleopatra is a tragedy by William Shakespeare.
Antony's Parthian War or the Roman–Parthian War of 40–33 BC was a major conflict between the Roman Republic, represented in the East by the triumvir Mark Antony, and the Parthians.
Anya Fernald (born 1975) is a sustainable food expert and the co-founder and CEO of Belcampo.
The Aosta Mechanized Brigade is a mechanized infantry brigade of the Italian Army, based on the island of Sicily.
Apaidia rufeola is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Apatema mediopallidum is a moth of the family Autostichidae.
The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.
Aphrodite is the ancient Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation.
Apochima flabellaria is a moth of the Geometridae family.
Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric: Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology.
Apollodorus of Gela (Ἀπολλόδωρος ὁ Γελῷος) in Sicily was a New Comedy playwright.
Apollodorus Pyragrus was a man of ancient Sicily who was one of the most influential citizens of the town of Agyrium (modern Agira).
Apollonia (Greek: Ἀπολλωνία) was an ancient city of Sicily, which, according to Stephanus of Byzantium, was situated in the neighborhood of Aluntium and Calacte.
Apollonius of Drepanum or Drepana (modern Trapani), son of Nicon, was a man of Sicily of the 1st century BCE.
Aporia crataegi, the black-veined white, is a large butterfly of the family Pieridae.
Aporophyla canescens is a moth of the Noctuidae family.
Aporophyla chioleuca is a moth of the Noctuidae family.
In Catholicism, an apostolic see is any episcopal see whose foundation is attributed to one or more of the apostles of Jesus.
The Apotheosis of Palermo is a fresco by Vito D'Anna in the Palazzo Isnello, Palermo, Italy, considered one of the most representative works of the Sicilian Baroque painting.
Appius Claudius Caudex (flourished 264 BC) was a patrician member of the Claudii.
The following events occurred in April 1943.
The gens Apronia was a plebeian family at Rome throughout the history of the Republic and into imperial times.
In architecture, an apse (plural apses; from Latin absis: "arch, vault" from Greek ἀψίς apsis "arch"; sometimes written apsis, plural apsides) is a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi-dome, also known as an Exedra.
Apulia (Puglia; Pùglia; Pulia; translit) is a region of Italy in Southern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto to the south.
Apulian vase painting was a regional style of South Italian vase painting from ancient Apulia.
Aquifex is a genus of bacteria, one of the few in the phylum Aquificae.
"Aquifex aeolicus" is a rod-shaped bacterium with a length of 2 to 6 micrometers and a diameter of around half a micrometer.
The gens Aquillia or Aquilia was a family at Rome with both patrician and plebeian branches.
The Arab raid against Rome took place in 846.
The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية) or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale is a series of nine religious and civic structures located on the northern coast of Sicily dating from the era of the Norman Kingdom of Sicily (1130-1194): two palaces, three churches, a cathedral, and a bridge in Palermo, as well as the cathedrals of Cefalù and Monreale.
The Arab–Byzantine wars were a series of wars between the mostly Arab Muslims and the East Roman or Byzantine Empire between the 7th and 11th centuries AD, started during the initial Muslim conquests under the expansionist Rashidun and Umayyad caliphs in the 7th century and continued by their successors until the mid-11th century.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Arabs in Europe are people of Arab descent living in Europe today and over the centuries.
Aragó is a family name that descended from the kings of the Aragonese Crown.
Aragona (Araùna or Raona) is a commune in the province of Agrigento, Sicily, southern Italy.
The Aragonese conquest of Sardinia took place between 1323 and 1326.
The Aragonese Corts (Cortes de Aragón, Cortz d'Aragón, Corts d'Aragó) is the regional parliament for the Spanish autonomous community of Aragon.
The Aragonese Crusade or Crusade of Aragon, a part of the larger War of the Sicilian Vespers, was declared by Pope Martin IV against the King of Aragon, Peter III the Great, in 1284 and 1285.
Arancini (Italian and Sicilian plural; in the singular, arancino, arancinu or arancina) are stuffed rice balls which are coated with bread crumbs and then deep fried.
Arba Sicula (Sicilian: Sicilian Dawn) is a not-for-profit international society whose main objective is the preservation and promotion of the Sicilian language and culture.
Arbëresh (also known as Arbërisht, Arbërishtja or T'arbrisht) is the variety of Albanian spoken by the Arbëreshë people in Italy.
The Arbëreshë (Arbëreshët e Italisë or Shqiptrarët e Italisë), also known as Albanians of Italy or Italo-Albanians, are an Albanian ethnic and linguistic group in Southern Italy, mostly concentrated in scattered villages in the region of Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Molise and Sicily.
Arcangelo Placenza da Calatafimi (Calatafimi, 1390 – Alcamo, 24 luglio 1460) was an Italian Franciscan religious, Friar and Preacher: today he is venerated as Blessed by the Catholic Church.
An arch is a vertical curved structure that spans an elevated space and may or may not support the weight above it, or in case of a horizontal arch like an arch dam, the hydrostatic pressure against it.
Archagathus (Ἀρχάγαθος) was an ancient well-attested local Greek name in Sicily and can refer to.
Archagathus (Ἀρχάγαθος, fl. 4th century BC) was a Syracusan Greek Prince.
Archagathus (Ἀρχάγαθος; fl. 4th century BC, died 307 BC) was a Syracusan Greek Prince.
Archagathus (Ἀρχάγαθος) was a Syracusan Greek prince and Ptolemaic official who lived around the late second half of the 4th century BC and first half of the 3rd century BC.
Archaic Greece was the period in Greek history lasting from the eighth century BC to the second Persian invasion of Greece in 480 BC, following the Greek Dark Ages and succeeded by the Classical period.
Archanara neurica, the white-mantled wainscot, is a nocturnal moth of the Noctuidae family described by Jacob Hübner in 1808.
Maria Amalia of Austria (26 February 1746 – 18 June 1804) was the Duchess of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla by marriage.
Archduke Ludwig Salvator of Austria, in Italian Luigi Salvatore Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Battista Dominico Raineri Ferdinando Carlo Zenobio Antonino, in German Ludwig Salvator Maria Joseph Johann Baptist Dominicus Rainerius Ferdinand Carl Zenobius Antonin (Florence, 4 August 1847 - Schloss Brandeis, Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav, Bohemia, 12 October 1915), is known as a champion for Majorca's wildlife, in an era when the term "conservation" meant nothing.
Archegetes (Ἀρχηγέτης) is a Greek word that meant, effectively, "leader" or "founder".
Archestratus (Ἀρχέστρατος Archestratos) was an ancient Greek poet of Gela or Syracuse, in Sicily, who wrote some time in the mid 4th century BCE, and was known as "the Daedalus of tasty dishes".
Archias, son of Anaxidotos (Ἀρχίας Ἀναξιδότου Πελλαῖος) was a quasi-mythological Corinthian citizen and founder (oekist) of the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
Archibald Arnott (18 April 1772 – 1855) was a British Army surgeon best remembered as Napoleon's doctor on St. Helena, and who was present at the Emperor's autopsy.
Archimede combined cycle power plant (also known as Centrale a ciclo combinato Archimede, once Centrale Enel Priolo Gargallo) is an integrated solar combined cycle (ISCC) power generation plant at Priolo Gargallo near Syracuse in Sicily, Italy.
Archimedes of Syracuse (Ἀρχιμήδης) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.
Archimedes Leonidas Attilio Patti (July 21, 1913 – April 23, 1998) was a lieutenant colonel in the United States Army and former Office of Strategic Services officer who headed OSS operations in Kunming and Hanoi in 1945.
Archipelago Films is a New York based film and television production company.
Architecture and Vision (AV) is an international and multidisciplinary partnership working in architecture, design and art.
The architecture of cathedrals, basilicas and abbey churches is characterised by the buildings' large scale and follows one of several branching traditions of form, function and style that all ultimately derive from the Early Christian architectural traditions established in the Constantinian period.
The architecture of the Republic of Ireland is one of the most visible features in the Irish countryside – with remains from all eras since the Stone Age abounding.
Italy has a very broad and diverse architectural style, which cannot be simply classified by period or region, due to Italy's division into several city-states until 1861.
Arduin the Lombard (or Arduin of Melfi) was a Greek-speaking Lombard nobleman who fought originally for the Byzantines on Sicily and later against them as the leader of a band of Norman mercenaries.
In Greek mythology, Arethusa (Ἀρέθουσα) was a nymph and daughter of Nereus (making her a Nereid), who fled from her home in Arcadia beneath the sea and came up as a fresh water fountain on the island of Ortygia in Syracuse, Sicily.
The Argaric culture, named from the type site El Argar near the town of Antas, in what is now the province of Almería in southeastern Spain, is an Early Bronze Age culture which flourished between c. 2200 BC and 1550 BC.
The Argentata dell'Etna is an indigenous breed of domestic goat from the area of Mount Etna in the province of Catania and the Monti Peloritani in the province of Messina, in the Mediterranean island of Sicily, in southern Italy.
European Argentines belong to several communities which trace their origins to various migrations from Europe, and which have contributed to the country's cultural and demographic variety.
One of the "megaliths" in the Argimusco plateau. The Argimusco is a high plateau situated just North of Mount Etna in Sicily, southern Italy, between the Nebrodi and Peloritani Mountains.
The Argo-class was a class of two coastal submarines built by Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico in Monfalcone for Portugal but operated by the Royal Italian Navy (Regia Marina) after Portugal was unable to pay construction costs.
The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland on 28 March 2006, from when it became a single battalion in the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
Argyrus (or Argyros; c. 1000–1068) was a Lombard nobleman and Byzantine general, son of the Lombard hero Melus.
Arianna Occhipinti is an Italian winemaker and winery owner based in Vittoria, Italy.
Arilla is a white Italian wine grape variety that is grown on the island of Ischia in the Tyrrhenian Sea near the Gulf of Naples.
Arion (Ἀρίων) was a kitharode in ancient Greece, a Dionysiac poet credited with inventing the dithyramb: "As a literary composition for chorus dithyramb was the creation of Arion of Corinth," The islanders of Lesbos claimed him as their native son, but Arion found a patron in Periander, tyrant of Corinth.
Aristaeomorpha foliacea, the giant red shrimp or giant gamba prawn, is a species of deep water benthopelagic decapod crustacean. It is found in all the world's oceans in the temperate and tropical zones. It is subject to some commercial fishing activity in the Mediterranean Sea.
Aristocles of Messene (Ἀριστοκλῆς ὁ Μεσσήνιος), in Sicily,Suda, Aristokles was a Peripatetic philosopher, who probably lived in the 1st century AD.
Aristotelia decoratella is a moth of the Gelechiidae family.
Aristotle with a Bust of Homer, also known as Aristotle Contemplating a Bust of Homer, is an oil-on-canvas painting by Rembrandt.
The Ark of Taste is an international catalogue of endangered heritage foods which is maintained by the global Slow Food movement.
Arlene Martel (born Arline Greta Sax, April 14, 1936 – August 12, 2014) was an American actress, writer, and acting coach.
Armand de Périgord (or Hermann de Pierre-Grosse) (1178–1247?) was a descendant of the Counts of Périgord and a Grand Master of the Knights Templar.
Armando Pantanelli (born 1 June 1971 in Turin) is an Italian former professional football goalkeeper.
The Armistice of Cassibile was an armistice signed on 3 September 1943 by Walter Bedell Smith and Giuseppe Castellano, and made public on 8 September, between the Kingdom of Italy and the Allies during World War II.
The Army Air Forces Antisubmarine Command was formed in the fall of 1942 to establish a single command to control antisubmarine warfare (ASW) activities of the Army Air Forces (AAF).
Arnaldus de Villa Nova (also called Arnau de Vilanova in Valencian, his language, Arnaldus Villanovanus, Arnaud de Ville-Neuve or Arnaldo de Villanueva, c. 1240–1311) was a physician and a religious reformer.
Arnia is a genus of moths of the Crambidae family.
Arnos Grove, originally known as Arnolds, is a grade II* listed house in Cannon Hill, London.
Aroga aristotelis is a moth of the family Gelechiidae.
Arrigo Della Rocca (Corsican: Arrigu) was a nobleman who dominated the political life of Corsica during the second half of the 14th century.
The art collection of Holkham Hall in Norfolk, England remains very largely that which the original owner intended the house to display; the house was designed around the art collection acquired (a few works were commissioned) by Thomas Coke 1st Earl of Leicester during his Grand Tour of Italy during 1712–18.
Artabanes (Ἀρταβάνης, Armenian: Արտաւան Artawan, from Parthian Artawân, fl. 538–554) was an East Roman (Byzantine) general of Armenian origin who served under Justinian I (r. 527–565).
Artemisia Gentileschi (July 8, 1593c. 1656) was an Italian Baroque painter, today considered one of the most accomplished painters in the generation following that of Caravaggio.
Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Fulbrook Gorham (January 11, 1915 – July 12, 1943) was a United States Army officer and paratrooper.
Arthur Louis Aaron VC, DFM (5 March 1922 – 13 August 1943) was a Royal Air Force pilot and an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Colonel Sir Arthur Edwin Young KPM (15 February 1907 – 20 January 1979) was a British police officer.
The globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus)Rottenberg, A., and D. Zohary, 1996: "The wild ancestry of the cultivated artichoke." Genet.
Article 1 – Democratic and Progressive Movement (Articolo 1 – Movimento Democratico e Progressista, MDP), most commonly known as Democrats and Progressives (Democratici e Progressisti), is a social-democratic political party in Italy, formed in February 2017 by a left-wing split from the Democratic Party (PD) and soon joined by a group of splinters from the Italian Left (SI).
Article Four (Articolo Quattro, A4) was a regional centrist Italian political party active in Sicily.
Arturo Di Modica (born January 26, 1941) is an Italian artist, born in Vittoria, Sicily who became a naturalized U.S. citizen.
Arturo Licata (2 May 1902 – 24 April 2014) was an Italian supercentenarian, who lived until the age of.
Arturo Vittori (Viterbo, Italy, born October 1, 1971), is an Italian artist, architect, and industrial designer.
Asa Mader (born February 20, 1975)De Haiden, Moritz (2003) Venice Biennale: Cinematographic Art - 60th International Exhibition, Mondadori Electa, is an American film director, screenwriter and visual artist.
Asad ibn al-Furat (أسد بن الفرات; 759-828) was a jurist and theologian in Ifriqiya, who began the Muslim conquest of Sicily.
Ascalenia vanella is a moth in the Cosmopterigidae family.
Asclettin or Aschettin (Latin: Asclettinus, Asclittinus, Aschetinus, Italianised as Asclettino, Asclittino, or Ascontino), Archdeacon of Catania (1145 – 1156) and chancellor of Sicily (March or April 1155 – before April 1156), was an Italo-Norman officer serving William I of Sicily.
Ashanti (also called Ashanti, Land of No Mercy) is a 1979 action adventure film, produced by Georges-Alain Vuille, and directed by Richard Fleischer.
The Ashmolean Museum (in full the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology) on Beaumont Street, Oxford, England, is the world's first university museum.
Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology is a history of science by Isaac Asimov, written as the biographies of over 1500 scientists.
Asinaro is a river in Sicily in the province of Syracuse.
Aspra (Aspira in Sicilian) is a town in the comune of Bagheria in the Province of Palermo in Sicily, Italy.
The Assemblies of God in Italy (Assemblee di Dio in Italia, ADI), whose full name is Evangelical Christian Churches Assemblies of God in Italy (Chiese Cristiane Evangeliche Assemblee di Dio in Italia), is a fellowship of evangelical and Pentecostal churches which functions as the Italian branch of the International Fellowship of Christian Assemblies, while being in communion with the World Assemblies of God Fellowship as well.
The Associazione Guide e Scouts Cattolici Italiani (translation: Association of Italian Catholic Guides and Scouts, AGESCI) is a Catholic Scouting and Guiding association in Italy.
Arci - Associazione Ricreativa Culturale Italiana is the biggest Italian non-profit association not linked with the Catholic Church.
Assoro (Àsaru, Assorus, Assoros) is a comune in the Province of Enna, Sicily, southern Italy.
Astaldi S.p.A. is an Italian multinational major construction company based in Rome, Italy.
Astarte (Ἀστάρτη, Astártē) is the Hellenized form of the Middle Eastern goddess Astoreth (Northwest Semitic), a form of Ishtar (East Semitic), worshipped from the Bronze Age through classical antiquity.
Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.
Astragalus siculus, the Sicilian Milkvetch, is a plant endemic to Sicily.
Astral Disaster is an album by Coil, which has been released in two distinct versions.
Astroides is a genus of stony cup corals in the family Dendrophylliidae.
In Greek mythology, Astyanax (Ἀστυάναξ Astyánax, "protector of the city") was the son of Hector, the crown prince of Troy, and his wife, Princess Andromache of Cilician Thebe.
Asymmetric federalism or asymmetrical federalism is found in a federation or confederation in which different constituent states possess different powers: one or more of the states has considerably more autonomy than the other substates, although they have the same constitutional status.
Atargatis or Ataratheh (italic or italic) was the chief goddess of northern Syria in Classical antiquity.
Athanasios Kanakaris (Αθανάσιος Κανακάρης; 1760 in Patras – 14 January 1823 in Ermioni) was a Greek politician.
Saint Athanasius I (c.832–872) was the bishop of Naples from 850 to his death.
Athenagoras of Syracuse (Ἀθηναγόρας) an elusive character who is only commented on in Thucydides (6.36–40).
The athletics at the 1997 Summer Universiade took place in the Stadio Cibali in Catania, Sicily (Italy) at the end of August 1997, shortly after the World Championships in Athens, Greece.
Athletics is one of the sports at the biennial Universiade competition.
The gens Atinia was a plebeian family at Rome.
Atlanta rosea is a species of sea snail, a holoplanktonic marine gastropod mollusk in the family Atlantidae.
Atlantic City is a resort city in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States, known for its casinos, boardwalk, and beaches.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
Atlantropa, also referred to as Panropa, was a gigantic engineering and colonisation idea devised by the German architect Herman Sörgel in the 1920s and promoted by him until his death in 1952.
The Attic calendar or Athenian calendar is the calendar that was in use in ancient Attica, the ancestral territory of the Athenian polis.
Attila (fl. circa 406–453), frequently called Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453.
Attius Tullius was a political and military leader of the Volsci in the early fifth century BC, who sheltered the exiled Roman hero Gaius Marcius Coriolanus, then incited a war with Rome, in which he and Coriolanus led the Volscian forces.
The gens Aufidia was a plebeian family at Rome, which is not known until the later times of the Republic.
The following events occurred in August 1925.
The following events occurred in August 1943.
August Enna (13 May 1859 – 3 August 1939) was a Danish composer, known mainly for his operas.
August Friedrich Schweigger (8 September 1783 – 28 June 1821) was a German naturalist born in Erlangen.
August Heat (orig. Italian La Vampa d'Agosto) is a 2006 novel by Andrea Camilleri, translated into English in 2009 by Stephen Sartarelli.
Karl August Georg Maximilian Graf von Platen-Hallermünde (24 October 17965 December 1835) was a German poet and dramatist.
The Augusta Bay is located on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, about 270 nm south-southeast of Naples.
Augusta (Sicilian: Austa, Greek and Latin: Megara Hyblaea, Medieval: Augusta and Agosta) is a town and comune in the province of Syracuse, located on the eastern coast of Sicily (Italy).
The petrochemical complex of Augusta-Priolo (called Polo petrolchimico siracusano in Italian) is a vast industrialized coastal area in eastern Sicily including the territory of the municipalities of Augusta, Priolo Gargallo and Melilli.
The Augustan History (Latin: Historia Augusta) is a late Roman collection of biographies, written in Latin, of the Roman Emperors, their junior colleagues, designated heirs and usurpers of the period 117 to 284.
Antoine-Auguste Laugel (20 January 1830 – 1914) was a French historian and engineer born in Strasbourg.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
Augustus Earle (c. 1793 – 1838) was a London-born travel artist.
Aulus Atilius Calatinus (d. by 216 BC) was a politician and general in Ancient Rome.
Aulus Claudius Charax was a Roman senator and historian of the second century AD, who held a number of offices in the emperor's service.
Aulus Licinius Archias (Ἀρχίας; fl. c. 120 – 61 BC) was a Greek poet.
Aulus Plautius may refer to.
Aulus Pompeius was the name of two Romans from the gens Pompeius, who were of plebs status.
Aunt Jane's Nieces Abroad is a young adult novel written by L. Frank Baum, famous as the creator of the Land of Oz.
The aurochs (or; pl. aurochs, or rarely aurochsen, aurochses), also known as urus or ure (Bos primigenius), is an extinct species of large wild cattle that inhabited Europe, Asia, and North Africa.
Ausias Despuig (born in Xàtiva in Spain, died 3 September 1483 in Rome) was a cardinal of the Catholic Church.
"Ausones", the original Greek form for the Latin "Aurunci," was a name applied by Greek writers to describe various Italic peoples inhabiting the southern and central regions of Italy.
Austin Kyle Nola (born December 28, 1989) is an American professional baseball shortstop and second baseman in the Miami Marlins organization.
The Austro-Daimler Sascha (also called Sascha or Sascha Porsche) is a car from 1922.
Auto racing (also known as car racing, motor racing, or automobile racing) is a motorsport involving the racing of automobiles for competition.
An auto-da-fé or auto-de-fé (from Portuguese auto da fé, meaning "act of faith") was the ritual of public penance of condemned heretics and apostates that took place when the Spanish Inquisition, Portuguese Inquisition or the Mexican Inquisition had decided their punishment, followed by the execution by the civil authorities of the sentences imposed.
An automaton (plural: automata or automatons) is a self-operating machine, or a machine or control mechanism designed to automatically follow a predetermined sequence of operations, or respond to predetermined instructions.
The Autostrada A18 is a motorway on the Ionian coast of Sicily that links Messina to Catania.
The Autostrada A19 is a motorway on the island of Sicily that links Palermo to Catania.
The Autostrada A20 is a toll motorway on the island of Sicily that links the city of Palermo to Messina.
The Autostrada A26 is a motorway in the northwestern Italian regions of Liguria and Piedmont.
The Autostrada A29 is a motorway on the island of Sicily that links Palermo to Mazara del Vallo.
The Autostrada A3 is a motorway in Southern Italy, which runs from Naples to Salerno, in the region Campania.
The Autostrada Catania-Siracusa is a motorway 25 km long in eastern Sicily that connects the cities of Catania and Syracuse.
The motorway RA15, also known as Tangenziale di Catania or Catania's By Pass (West), is a motorway to contour Catania in Sicily, running from north to south, west of the city.
Avalon (Insula Avallonis, Old French Avalon, Ynys Afallon, Ynys Afallach; literally meaning "the isle of fruit trees") is a legendary island featured in the Arthurian legend.
Avaria hyerana is a species of moth of the family Tortricidae.
Avenging Angelo is a 2002 American crime comedy film directed by Martyn Burke, and starring Sylvester Stallone, Madeleine Stowe and Anthony Quinn in his final film role.
Avery Brundage (September 28, 1887 – May 8, 1975) was the fifth President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), serving from 1952 to 1972.
Marcus Maecilius Flavius Eparchius Avitus c. 380/395 – after 17 October 456 or in 457) was Western Roman Emperor from 8 or 9 July 455 to 17 October 456. He was a senator and a high-ranking officer both in the civil and military administration, as well as Bishop of Piacenza. A Gallo-Roman aristocrat, he opposed the reduction of the Western Roman Empire to Italy alone, both politically and from an administrative point of view. For this reason, as Emperor he introduced several Gallic senators in the Imperial administration; this policy, however, was opposed by the Senatorial aristocracy and by the people of Rome, who had suffered from the sack of the city by the Vandals in 455. Avitus had a good relationship with the Visigoths, in particular with their king Theodoric II, who was a friend of his and who acclaimed Avitus Emperor. The possibility of a strong and useful alliance between the Visigoths and Romans faded, however, when Theodoric invaded Hispania at Avitus' behest, which rendered him unable to help Avitus against the rebel Roman generals who deposed him.
Avola (Sicilian: Àvula or Àula) is a city and comune in the province of Syracuse, Sicily (Italy).
The Axis order of battle for the invasion of Yugoslavia was made up of the various operational formations of the German Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS, Italian Armed Forces and Hungarian Armed Forces that participated in the invasion of Yugoslavia during World War II, commencing on 6 April 1941.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Azariea was a region along the southern coast of ancient Sicily visible across the straits from Africa due to its mountainous nature.
Álvaro de Bazán, 2nd Marquis of Santa Cruz, a.k.a. Álvaro de Bazán y Benavides, a.k.a. Alvaro II de Bazán, (12 September 1571 in Naples, Italy – 1646), was the son of Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz.
Édouard Jean Bague (18791911) was an early twentieth-century French aviator.
Édouard Pottier (6 July 1839 – 3 August 1903) was a French admiral.
François-Émile André (August 22, 1871 – March 10, 1933) was a French architect, artist, and furniture designer.
Charles Émile Blanchard (6 March 1819 – 11 February 1900) was a French zoologist and entomologist.
Éric Barone (born 4 November 1960 in Oyonnax, France) is a French sportsman.
Örvar-Oddr (Old Norse Örvar-Oddr, "Arrow-Odd" or "Arrow's Point") is a legendary hero about whom an anonymous Icelander wrote a fornaldarsaga in the latter part of the 13th century.
Vincent "Ċensu" Tabone (30 March 1913 – 14 March 2012) was the fourth President of Malta and a former Minister and Nationalist MP.
Ġebel ġol-Baħar is an alleged megalithic temple located underwater off the coast of St. Julian's, Malta.
Ħalfa Rock (Maltese: Il-Ġebla tal-Ħalfa or Il-Blata tal-Ħalfa) is a deserted small islet and limestone rock on the south-east coast of the island of Gozo in the Maltese archipelago.
Żejtun (Iż-Żejtun) is a city in the South Eastern Region of Malta, with a population of 11,508 in March 2014.
This is a list of United States Army Air Forces B-17 Flying Fortress units of the United States Army Air Forces including variants and other historical information.
This is a list of United States Army Air Forces B-24 Liberator combat units during World War II including variants and other historical information.
This is a list of United States Army Air Forces B-25 Mitchell medium bomber units.
The babaco (Vasconcellea × heilbornii; syn. Carica pentagona), is a hybrid cultivar in the genus Vasconcellea from Ecuador.
A baby hatch or baby box is a place where people (typically mothers) can bring babies, usually newborn, and abandon them anonymously in a safe place to be found and cared for.
Bactra bactrana is a species of moth of the Tortricidae family.
Badabum Cha Cha is an Italian song by Sicilian rapper Marracash.
Badia Nuova is a Catholic church located in Alcamo, in the province of Trapani, Sicily, southern Italy.
Bagheria (Sicilian: Baarìa) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Palermo in Sicily, Italy.
Bagnara Calabra (or simply Bagnara) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Reggio Calabria in Calabria, southern Italy.
The Bahá'í Faith in Italy dates from 1899 - the earliest known date for Bahá'ís in Italy.
The Bailey bridge is a type of portable, pre-fabricated, truss bridge.
The term baioulos (βαΐουλος) was used in the Byzantine Empire to refer to a preceptor or tutor of imperial princes.
Balbus, literally "stammerer", was a cognomen of several ancient Roman gentes.
Balcatta FC is an Australian semi-professional soccer club based in Balcatta, Perth, Western Australia.
Balcony of Sicily refers to the Sicilian town of Chiaramonte Gulfi in the province of Ragusa.
Baldassare Forestiere (July 8, 1879 – November 10, 1946) was a Sicilian immigrant who created the Forestiere Underground Gardens in Fresno, California, a subterranean villa built primarily by him with the partial assistance of his brother over a period of 40 years.
The Balearic Islands (Illes Balears,; Islas Baleares) are an archipelago of Spain in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula.
Balestrate (Sicilian: Sicciara) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Palermo in the Italian region Sicily, located about southwest of Palermo.
The Balinese Room was a famous nightclub in Galveston, Texas, United States built on a pier stretching 600 feet (183 m) from the Galveston Seawall over the waters of the Gulf of Mexico.
A balloon satellite (also occasionally referred to as a "satelloon", which is a trademarked name owned by Gilmore Schjeldahl's G.T. Schjeldahl Company) is a satellite that is inflated with gas after it has been put into orbit.
Banca Popolare di Vicenza (BPVi) was an Italian bank and currently a winding-down company.
Banda Ionica is an Italian folk group focused on the brass band traditions of Sicily.
A bandeau (pl. bandeaux, diminutive of bande meaning "strip") is a garment comprising, in appearance, a strip of cloth.
A banner of arms is a type of heraldic flag which has the same image as a coat of arms, i.e. the shield of a full heraldic achievement, rendered in a square or rectangular shape of the flag.
Barabbas is a 1961 religious epic film expanding on the career of Barabbas, from the Christian Passion narrative in the Gospel of Mark and other gospels.
Barbara Corrado Pope, professor emerita, (born 1941) is a novelist, historian, a former director of Clark Honors College at the University of Oregon, and the founding director of Women's and Gender Studies at Oregon.
Barbara Serra (born 19 August 1974) is an Italian-born British-based broadcast journalist and TV newsreader.
Barbara Tsakirgis (born 1954) is an American classical archaeologist with specialization in Greek and Roman archaeology, particularly of ancient Greek houses and households.
The Barbaresca or Barbaresca Siciliana is a breed of large fat-tailed sheep from the Mediterranean island of Sicily, in southern Italy.
The Barbary pirates, sometimes called Barbary corsairs or Ottoman corsairs, were Ottoman pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Salé, Rabat, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli.
A barber (from the Latin barba, "beard") is a person whose occupation is mainly to cut, dress, groom, style and shave men’s and boys' hair.
Barbera is a red Italian wine grape variety that, as of 2000, was the third most-planted red grape variety in Italy (after Sangiovese and Montepulciano).
The barbiton, or barbitos (Gr: βάρβιτον or βάρβιτος; Lat. barbitus), is an ancient stringed instrument known from Greek and Roman classics related to the lyre.
Barcellona Landing Ground is an abandoned World War II military airfield in Sicily, located in the southwestern suburbs of Milazzo, near Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto.
Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto (Sicilian: Baccialona Pizzaottu) is a town and comune of about 50,000 inhabitants in the north coast of Sicily, Italy, from Messina towards Palermo.
Bardanes, nicknamed Tourkos, "the Turk" (Βαρδάνης ὁ Τοῦρκος, fl. 795–803), was a Byzantine general of Armenian origin who launched an unsuccessful rebellion against Emperor Nikephoros I (r. 802–811) in 803.
Bari (Barese: Bare; Barium; translit) is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Bari and of the Apulia region, on the Adriatic Sea, in southern Italy.
Abū'l-Futūh Barjawān al-Ustādh (died March/April 1000) was a eunuch palace official who became the prime minister (wāsiṭa) and de facto regent of the Fatimid Caliphate in October 997, and held the position until his assassination.
The barn owl (Tyto alba) is the most widely distributed species of owl and one of the most widespread of all birds.
Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour, often hereditary.
Baron of Altavilla Salina (Barone della salina di Altavilla) is a title of Sicilian nobility held by the Adragna family.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.
Barrafranca (Latin: Convicinum, Calloniana) is a comune and city in Sicily, southern Italy in the Province of Enna.
A barrel vault, also known as a tunnel vault or a wagon vault, is an architectural element formed by the extrusion of a single curve (or pair of curves, in the case of a pointed barrel vault) along a given distance.
A barretina (plural: barretines, diminutive of barret "cap") is a traditional hat that was frequently worn by men in parts of the Christian cultures of the Mediterranean sea such as Catalonia, the Valencian Community, the Balearic Islands, Provence, Corsica, Sicily, Sardinia, part of Naples, part of the Balkans and parts of Portugal.
Bartholomew (translit; Bartholomew Israelite origin Bartholomaeus; ⲃⲁⲣⲑⲟⲗⲟⲙⲉⲟⲥ) was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus from ancient Jewish Israel.
Basicò is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Messina in the Italian region Sicily, located about east of Palermo and about southwest of Messina.
Basil I, called the Macedonian (Βασίλειος ὁ Μακεδών, Basíleios ō Makedṓn; 811 – August 29, 886) was a Byzantine Emperor who reigned from 867 to 886.
Basil II (Βασίλειος Β΄, Basileios II; 958 – 15 December 1025) was a Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty who reigned from 10 January 976 to 15 December 1025.
Basil Onomagoulos (Βασίλειος Ὀνομάγουλος) was a Byzantine official who was declared rival emperor in Sicily in 717, taking the regnal name Tiberius.
The Basilica della Collegiata (also known as Santa Maria dell'Elemosina) is a church in Catania, Sicily, southern Italy.
The Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore ('Basilica of Saint Mary Major', Basilica Sanctae Mariae Maioris), or church of Santa Maria Maggiore, is a Papal major basilica and the largest Catholic Marian church in Rome, Italy, from which size it receives the appellation "major".
The Basilica of Our Lady's Assumption (also called mother church) is a 14th-century basilica in Alcamo, province of Trapani, Sicily, southern Italy.
The Basilica of Saint Denis (Basilique royale de Saint-Denis, or simply Basilique Saint-Denis) is a large medieval abbey church in the city of Saint-Denis, now a northern suburb of Paris.
The Basilica of Superga is a church in the vicinity of Turin.
Basiliscus (Flavius Basiliscus Augustus; Βασιλίσκος; d. 476/477) was Eastern Roman or Byzantine Emperor from 475 to 476.
Basiluzzo is an islet (barely), and the smallest of eight islands in the Aeolian Islands, a volcanic island chain north of Sicily.
Basket Barcellona is an Italian professional basketball team based in Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto, Sicily.
A bastion fort, a type of trace Italienne (literally, Italian outline), is a fortification in a style that evolved during the early modern period of gunpowder when the cannon came to dominate the battlefield.
Batophila aerata is a species of Chrysomelidae family, that is common in South England, France, Corsica, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, Greece, Spain, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia.
A battering ram is a siege engine that originated in ancient times and designed to break open the masonry walls of fortifications or splinter their wooden gates.
The Battle of Adys (or Adis) was fought in 255 BC between Carthage and a Roman army led by Marcus Atilius Regulus.
The Battle of Agrigentum (Sicily, 262 BC) was the first pitched battle of the First Punic War and the first large-scale military confrontation between Carthage and the Roman Republic.
The Battle of Agrigentum was fought in 456 A.D. at Agrigentum, now Agrigento in modern-day Sicily.
The naval Battle of Alalia took place between 540 BC and 535 BC off the coast of Corsica between Greeks and the allied Etruscans and Carthaginians.
The Battle of Aljubarrota was a battle fought between the Kingdom of Portugal and the Crown of Castile on 14 August 1385.
The Battle of Andros was fought on 17–18 May 1790, during the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–1792, between Cape Kafireas and the island of Andros, between the ships of the Greek privateer in Russian service Lambros Katsonis and an Ottoman–Algerian fleet of 30–32 vessels.
The Battle of Aspromonte, also known as The Day of Aspromonte (in Italian: "La Giornata dell'Aspromonte"), was a battle that took place on 29 August 1862, and was an inconclusive episode of the Italian unification process.
The Battle of Épila was fought on July 21, 1348 near Zaragoza, in what is now Spain, between the supporters of the Union of Aragon and King Peter IV, led by Don Lope de Luna.
The Battle of Beneventum (275 BC) was the last battle of the Pyrrhic War.
Battle of Britain is a 1969 British Second World War film directed by Guy Hamilton, and produced by Harry Saltzman and S. Benjamin Fisz.
The Battle of Calabria, (known to the Italian Navy as the Battle of Punta Stilo) was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in the Second World War.
The Battle of Calatafimi was fought on May 15, 1860 between Giuseppe Garibaldi's volunteers and the troops of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies at Calatafimi, Sicily, as part of the Expedition of the Thousand (Italian: I Mille).
The Battle of Caltavuturo was fought in 881 or 882 between the Byzantine Empire and the Aghlabid emirate of Ifriqiya, during the Muslim conquest of Sicily.
The Battle of Canusium was a three-day engagement between the forces of Rome and Carthage.
The Battle of Cap Bon was an engagement during a joint military expedition of the Western and Eastern Roman Empires led by Basiliscus against the Vandal capital of Carthage in 468.
The battle of Cape Celidonia took place on 14 July 1616 during the Ottoman-Habsburg struggle for the control of the Mediterranean when a small Spanish fleet under the command of Francisco de Rivera y Medina cruising off Cyprus was attacked by an Ottoman fleet that vastly outnumbered it.
The Battle of Cape Ecnomus or Eknomos (Ἔκνομος) (256 BC) was a naval battle, fought off Cape Ecnomus (modern day Poggio di Sant'Angelo, Licata, Sicily), between the fleets of Carthage and the Roman Republic, during the First Punic War.
The naval Battle of Cape Orlando took place on 4 July 1299 at St Marco di Val Demone, north-western Sicily, when an Aragonese and Angevin galley fleet commanded by Roger of Lauria defeated a Sicilian galley fleet commanded by Conrad d'Oria.
The Battle of Cape Passero (1940), was a Second World War naval engagement between the British light cruiser and seven torpedo boats and destroyers of the Italian Regia Marina, southeast of Sicily, in the early hours of 12 October 1940.
The Battle of Carthage was fought in 698 between a Byzantine expeditionary force and the armies of the fifth Umayyad Caliphate.
The Battle of Catana took place in the summer of 397 BC.
The Battle of Centuripe was fought from 2 to 4 August 1943, as part of the Allied invasion of Sicily during World War II.
The Battle of Cephalonia was a naval battle fought between the Byzantine and Aghlabid fleets near Cephalonia, off the western coast of Greece.
The Battle of Cerami was fought in June 1063 and was one of the most significant battles in the Norman conquest of Sicily, 1060–1091.
The Battle of Civitate (also known as Battle of Civitella del Fortore) was fought on 18 June 1053 in southern Italy, between the Normans, led by the Count of Apulia Humphrey of Hauteville, and a Swabian-Italian-Lombard army, organised by Pope Leo IX and led on the battlefield by Gerard, Duke of Lorraine, and Rudolf, Prince of Benevento.
The Battle of Constantinople was fought in June 922 at the outskirts of the capital of the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople, between the forces of the First Bulgarian Empire and the Byzantines during the Byzantine–Bulgarian war of 913–927.
The naval Battle of Drepana (or Drepanum) took place in 249 BC during the First Punic War near modern Trapani, western Sicily between the fleets of Carthage under Adherbal and the Roman Republic under Publius Claudius Pulcher.
The Battle of Dyrrhachium (near present-day Durrës in Albania) took place on October 18, 1081 between the Byzantine Empire, led by the Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (r. 1081–1118), and the Normans of southern Italy under Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia and Calabria.
The Battle of Feldkirch (23 March 1799) saw a Republican French corps led by André Masséna attack a weaker Habsburg Austrian force under Franz Jellacic.
The Battle of Fontaine-Française occurred on 5 June 1595 between the French royal forces of King Henry IV of France and troops of Spain and the Catholic League commanded by Juan Fernández de Velasco and Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne during the eighth and final war (1585-1598) of the French Wars of Religion.
The Battle of Francavilla was fought on 20 June 1719 near the city of Francavilla di Sicilia in Sicily, Italy between Spain and Austria as part of the War of the Quadruple Alliance.
The Battle of Gallipoli occurred on 29 May 1416 between a squadron of the Venetian navy and the fleet of the Ottoman Empire off the Ottoman naval base of Gallipoli.
The Battle of Garigliano was fought in 915 between Christian forces and the Saracens.
The amphibious Battle of Gela was the opening engagement of the United States portion of the Allied Invasion of Sicily.
The Battle of Gela took place in the summer of 405 BC in Sicily.
The naval Battle of Giglio was a military clash between a fleet of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and a fleet of the Republic of Genoa in the Tyrrhenian Sea.
The Battle of Girolata was a naval action fought between Genoese, Spanish and Ottoman ships on 15 June 1540 in the Gulf of Girolata, on the west coast of the island of Corsica, amidst the war between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Suleiman the Magnificent. A Spanish squadron of 21 galleys led by the Genoese Gianettino Doria and the Spaniard Berenguer de Requesens surprised an Ottoman squadron of 11 galleys, anchored at Girolata, led by the Ottoman admiral Dragut, whom the commander of the Ottoman Navy, Hayreddin Barbarossa, had committed to raid the Italian coast after his victories in the Adriatic sea the year before. As the crews of the Ottoman warships were ashore, distributing the booty from recent raids, the Spanish-Genoese fleet easily overtook them, taking all 11 Ottoman galleys and making 1,200 prisoners, among them Dragut, who was carried to Genoa and put, together with his captains, to row in Andrea Doria's galleys.
The Battle of Heraclea took place in 280 BC between the Romans under the command of consul Publius Valerius Laevinus, and the combined forces of Greeks from Epirus, Tarentum, Thurii, Metapontum, and Heraclea under the command of Pyrrhus king of Epirus.
The Battle of Himera may refer to the following battles fought on Sicily.
The Battle of Himera (480 BC), supposedly fought on the same day as the more famous Battle of Salamis, or at the same time as the Battle of Thermopylae, saw the Greek forces of Gelon, King of Syracuse, and Theron, tyrant of Agrigentum, defeat the Carthaginian force of Hamilcar the Magonid, ending a Carthaginian bid to restore the deposed tyrant of Himera.
The Battle of Ilipa was an engagement considered by many as Scipio Africanus’s most brilliant victory in his military career during the Second Punic War in 206 BC.
The Battle of Kalavrye (also Kalavryai or Kalavryta) was fought in 1078 between the Byzantine imperial forces of general (and future emperor) Alexios Komnenos and the rebellious governor of Dyrrhachium, Nikephoros Bryennios the Elder.
The Battle of Kasserine Pass was a battle of the Tunisia Campaign of World War II that took place in February 1943.
For war between the navy of Rhodes and the navy of Macedon in 201 BC, see Battle of Lade (201 BC). The Battle of Lade (Ναυμαχία τῆς Λάδης, Naumachia tēs Ladēs) was a naval battle which occurred during the Ionian Revolt, in 494 BC.
The Battle of Larissa was a military engagement between the armies of the Byzantine Empire and the Italo-Norman County of Apulia and Calabria.
The Battle of Lepanto was a naval engagement that took place on 7 October 1571 when a fleet of the Holy League, of which the Venetian Empire and the Spanish Empire were the main powers, inflicted a major defeat on the fleet of the Ottoman Empire in the Gulf of Patras, where Ottoman forces sailing westward from their naval station in Lepanto (the Venetian name of ancient Naupactus Ναύπακτος, Ottoman İnebahtı) met the fleet of the Holy League sailing east from Messina, Sicily.
The Battle of Lilybaeum was the first naval clash between the navies of Carthage and Rome during the Second Punic War.
The Battle of Maida on 4 July 1806 was a battle between the British expeditionary force and a First French Empire division outside the town of Maida in Calabria, Italy during the Napoleonic Wars.
The Battle of Malta took place on 8 July 1283 in the entrance to the Grand Harbour, the principal harbour of Malta, as part of the War of the Sicilian Vespers.
The Battle of Mauropotamos (Μάχη τοῦ Μαυροποτάμου) was fought in 844, between the armies of the Byzantine Empire and the Abbasid Caliphate, at Mauropotamos (either in northern Bithynia or in Cappadocia).
The Battle of Messana in 265–264 BC was the first military clash between the Roman Republic and Carthage.
The Battle of Messene took place in 397 BC in Sicily.
Battle of Milazzo may refer to the following battles fought near the city of Milazzo in Sicily, southern Italy.
The Battle of Milazzo was fought on October 15, 1718 near the city of Milazzo in Sicily, Italy between Spain and Austria as part of the War of the Quadruple Alliance.
The Battle of Milazzo was fought on 17–24 July 1860 between Giuseppe Garibaldi's volunteers and the troops of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies at Milazzo, Sicily, then part of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies.
The Battle of Milazzo was a naval battle fought in 888 between the Byzantine and Aghlabid fleets off northeastern Sicily.
The Battle of Montemaggiore (or Monte Maggiore) was fought on 4 May 1041, on the river Ofanto near Cannae in Byzantine Italy, between Lombard-Norman rebel forces and the Byzantine Empire.
The Battle of Mylae took place in 260 BC during the First Punic War and was the first real naval battle between Carthage and the Roman Republic.
The naval Battle of Naulochus (Battaglia di Nauloco) was fought on 3 September 36 BC between the fleets of Sextus Pompeius and Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, off Naulochus, Sicily.
The Battle of Orbetello, also known as the Battle of Isola del Giglio, was a major naval engagement of the Franco-Spanish War of 1635.
The Battle of Ordal on 12 and 13 September 1813 saw a First French Empire corps led by Marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet make a night assault on a position held by Lieutenant General Lord William Bentinck's smaller Anglo-Allied and Spanish advance guard.
The naval Battle of Palermo took place on 2 June 1676 during the Franco-Dutch War, between a French force sent to support a revolt in the city of Messina against the Spanish rule in Sicily, and a Spanish force supported by a Dutch maritime expedition force.
The Battle of Panormus was fought in 251 BC between a Roman consular army led by Lucius Caecilius Metellus and Carthaginians led by Hasdrubal during the First Punic War.
The Battle of Pantelleria (1586) also known as the Fight at PantalareaHakluyt, Richard p. 499 was a naval engagement that took place during the Anglo–Spanish War off the island of Pantelleria on 13 July 1586.
The Battle of Paxos was a naval battle between a coalition of Illyrian tribes with their Acarnanian allies, against the allies of Corcyra (modern Corfu), the Achaean League and Aetolian League.
The naval Battle of Ponza took place on 14 June 1300 near the islands of Ponza and Zannone, in the Gulf of Gaeta (north-west of Naples), when a galley fleet commanded by Roger of Lauria defeated an Aragonese-Sicilian galley fleet commanded by Conrad d'Oria.
The Battle of Ponza (1552) was a naval battle that occurred near the Italian island of Ponza.
The naval Battle of Pylos took place in 425 BC during the Peloponnesian War at the peninsula of Pylos, on the present-day Bay of Navarino in Messenia, and was an Athenian victory over Sparta.
The Battle of Saticula, 343 BC,Livy, as was customary in Rome, dated the battle by noting which consuls held office that year, it was the year in which M. Valerius Corvus, for the third time, and A. Cornelius Cossus were consuls.
The Battle of Selinus, which took place early in 409 BC, is the opening battle of the so-called Second Sicilian War.
The Battle of Seminara, part of the First Italian War, was fought in Calabria on 28 June 1495 between a French garrison in recently conquered Southern Italy and the allied forces of Spain and Naples which were attempting to reconquer these territories.
The Battle of Sena Gallica, was a naval battle fought off the Italian Adriatic coast in the autumn of 551 between an East Roman (Byzantine) and an Ostrogoth fleet, during the Gothic War (535–554).
The Battle of Stelai was a naval battle fought in 880 between the Byzantine and Aghlabid fleets off the southern Italian peninsula.
The Battle of Stilo or Cape Colonna was fought on 13 or 14 July 982 near Crotone in Calabria between the forces of the Emperor Otto II and his Italo-Lombard allies and those of the Kalbid emir of Sicily, Abu'l-Qasim.
Battles of Syracuse may refer to.
The Battle of Syracuse was a naval engagement of the War of the Spanish Succession fought on 9 November 1710, outside the Sicilian port of Syracuse.
The Battle of Taranto took place on the night of 11–12 November 1940 during the Second World War between British naval forces, under Admiral Andrew Cunningham, and Italian naval forces, under Admiral Inigo Campioni.
The Battle of Tarentum of 212 BC was a battle in the Second Punic War.
The Battle of Telamon was fought between the Roman Republic and an alliance of Celtic tribes in 225 BC.
The Battle of the Aegates (Italian Battaglia delle Isole Egadi) was fought off the Aegadian Islands, off the western coast of the island of Sicily on 10 March 241 BC.
The Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) occurred on 24 August and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia.
The Battle of the Campobasso Convoy was a naval engagement between three British Royal Navy destroyers and an Italian Regia Marina torpedo boat which took place off Cape Bon in the Mediterranean sea on the night of 3/4 May 1943.
The Battle of the Cigno Convoy was a naval engagement between two British Royal Navy destroyers and two Italian Regia Marina torpedo boats which took place southeast of Marettimo island, on the early hours of 16 April 1943.
The Battle of the Col de Panissars was fought on 30 September and 1 October 1285 between the forces of Philip III of France and Peter III of Aragon.
The naval Battle of the Counts took place on 23 June 1287 at Naples, Italy, when an Aragonese-Sicilian galley fleet commanded by Roger of Lauria defeated a large combined Angevin (Apulian and Principatan) galley fleet commanded respectively by Reynald III Quarrel and Narjot de Toucy.