Cushitic languages

CushiticCushitic languageEast CushiticCushitic-speakingCushitic peoplesEastern CushiticCushiteCushite backgroundCushitesCushitic branch
The Cushitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family.wikipedia
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Afroasiatic languages

Afro-AsiaticAfroasiaticAfro-Asiatic languages
The Cushitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family.
The phylum has six branches: Berber, Chadic, Cushitic, Egyptian, Omotic and Semitic.

Eritrea

State of EritreaEritreanERI
They are spoken primarily in the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia), as well as the Nile Valley (Sudan and Egypt), and parts of the African Great Lakes region (Tanzania and Kenya) by Cushitic peoples.
Most residents speak languages from the Afroasiatic family, either of the Ethiopian Semitic languages or Cushitic branches.

Djibouti

Republic of DjiboutiDjiboutianDjibuti
They are spoken primarily in the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia), as well as the Nile Valley (Sudan and Egypt), and parts of the African Great Lakes region (Tanzania and Kenya) by Cushitic peoples.
Both speak the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages.

Ethiopia

EthiopianAbyssiniaFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
They are spoken primarily in the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia), as well as the Nile Valley (Sudan and Egypt), and parts of the African Great Lakes region (Tanzania and Kenya) by Cushitic peoples.
Most people in the country speak Afroasiatic languages of the Cushitic or Semitic branches.

Cushitic peoples

CushiticCushiteCushites
They are spoken primarily in the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia), as well as the Nile Valley (Sudan and Egypt), and parts of the African Great Lakes region (Tanzania and Kenya) by Cushitic peoples.
The Cushitic peoples (or Cushites) are a grouping of people who are primarily indigenous to Northeast Africa and speak or have historically spoken Cushitic languages or Ethiosemitic languages of the Afroasiatic language family.

Horn of Africa

HornSomali peninsulanortheastern Africa
They are spoken primarily in the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia), as well as the Nile Valley (Sudan and Egypt), and parts of the African Great Lakes region (Tanzania and Kenya) by Cushitic peoples.
The name of the dynasty comes from the Cushitic-speaking Agaw people of northern Ethiopia.

Somali language

SomalisomAf Soomaali
The Cushitic languages with the greatest number of total speakers are Oromo (25 million), Somali (16.2 million), Beja (3.2 million), Sidamo (3 million), and Afar (2 million).
Somali (Af-Soomaali ) is an Afroasiatic language belonging to the Cushitic branch.

Kenya

KenyanRepublic of KenyaKEN
They are spoken primarily in the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia), as well as the Nile Valley (Sudan and Egypt), and parts of the African Great Lakes region (Tanzania and Kenya) by Cushitic peoples.
These people were later replaced by agropastoralist Cushitic speakers from the Horn of Africa.

Beja language

BejaBedawiBedauye
The Cushitic languages with the greatest number of total speakers are Oromo (25 million), Somali (16.2 million), Beja (3.2 million), Sidamo (3 million), and Afar (2 million).
Beja (Bidhaawyeet) is an Afroasiatic language of the Cushitic branch spoken on the western coast of the Red Sea by the Beja people.

Oromo language

OromiffaOromoAfaan Oromo
The Cushitic languages with the greatest number of total speakers are Oromo (25 million), Somali (16.2 million), Beja (3.2 million), Sidamo (3 million), and Afar (2 million).
It is also the most widely spoken language of the Cushitic languages and the fourth most widely spoken language of Africa after Arabic, Hausa, and Swahili.

Afar language

AfaraarDanakil
The Cushitic languages with the greatest number of total speakers are Oromo (25 million), Somali (16.2 million), Beja (3.2 million), Sidamo (3 million), and Afar (2 million).
The Afar language (Qafaraf) (also known as ’Afar Af, Afaraf, Qafar af) is an Afroasiatic language belonging to the Cushitic branch.

Sidamo language

SidamoSidamalanguage
The Cushitic languages with the greatest number of total speakers are Oromo (25 million), Somali (16.2 million), Beja (3.2 million), Sidamo (3 million), and Afar (2 million).
Sidaama or Sidaamu Afoo is an Afro-Asiatic language, belonging to the Highland East Cushitic branch of the Cushitic family.

Saho language

Sahossy
Beja, Afar, Blin and Saho, the languages of the Cushitic branch of Afroasiatic that are spoken in Eritrea, are languages of instruction in the Eritrean elementary school curriculum.
It belongs to the family's Cushitic branch.

Savanna Pastoral Neolithic

Highland Savanna Pastoral Neolithic culturePastoral NeolithicSavannah Pastoral Neolithic
Historical linguistic analysis and archaeogenetics indicate the languages spoken in the Savanna Pastoral Neolithic culture of the Great Lakes region, likely belonged to the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic family.
Through a series of migrations from Horn of Africa, these early Cushitic-speaking pastoralists brought cattle and caprines southward from the Sudan and/or Ethiopia into northern Kenya, probably using donkeys for transportation.

Lowland East Cushitic languages

Lowland EastLowland East CushiticCushitic
Lowland East Cushitic is a group of roughly two dozen diverse languages of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic family.

Nubia

NubianChristian Nubiaancient Nubians
Some linguists believe that the languages spoken in the ancient Kerma culture, in the Nubia region of what is now Sudan, were Cushitic languages.
However, the linguistic identity of the ancient Kerma Culture of southern and central Nubia (also known as Upper Nubia), is uncertain, with some suggesting that it belonged to the Cushitic branch of Afroasiatic languages, and other more recent research indicating that the Kerma culture instead belonged to the Eastern Sudanic branch of Nilo-Saharan languages, with other peoples of northern (or Lower) Nubia (such as the C-group culture and the Blemmyes) having spoken Cushitic languages before the spread of Eastern Sudanic languages from southern (or Upper) Nubia.

Dahalo language

Dahalodal
There are also a few poorly-classified languages, including Yaaku, Dahalo, Aasax, Kw'adza, Boon, the Cushitic element of Mbugu (Ma'a) and Ongota.
Dahalo is an endangered Cushitic language spoken by at most 400 Dahalo people on the coast of Kenya, near the mouth of the Tana River.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
They are spoken primarily in the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia), as well as the Nile Valley (Sudan and Egypt), and parts of the African Great Lakes region (Tanzania and Kenya) by Cushitic peoples.
It is a member of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family, and its nearest relatives are the Oromo, Afar and Saho languages.

Dullay languages

DullayDullay language
The Dullay languages belong to the Cushitic subgroup of the Afro-Asiatic language family and are spoken in Ethiopia.

Saho–Afar languages

Saho-AfarSaho–Afar
These unique features are also attributed to the fact that the Beja language, along with the Saho-Afar dialect cluster, are the most conservative forms of Cushitic speech.
The Saho–Afar languages (also known as Afar–Saho) are a dialect-cluster belonging to the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic family.

Yaaku language

YaakuMUUYaakunte
There are also a few poorly-classified languages, including Yaaku, Dahalo, Aasax, Kw'adza, Boon, the Cushitic element of Mbugu (Ma'a) and Ongota.
It is Cushitic, but its position within that family is unclear.

Sudan

SudaneseRepublic of SudanRepublic of the Sudan
They are spoken primarily in the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia), as well as the Nile Valley (Sudan and Egypt), and parts of the African Great Lakes region (Tanzania and Kenya) by Cushitic peoples. Some linguists believe that the languages spoken in the ancient Kerma culture, in the Nubia region of what is now Sudan, were Cushitic languages.
It is the language from the Afroasiatic family's Cushitic branch that is today spoken in the territory.

Tanzania

TanzanianUnited Republic of TanzaniaRepublic of Tanzania
They are spoken primarily in the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia), as well as the Nile Valley (Sudan and Egypt), and parts of the African Great Lakes region (Tanzania and Kenya) by Cushitic peoples.
Among the languages spoken are all four of Africa's language families: Bantu, Cushitic, Nilotic, and Khoisan.

Semitic languages

SemiticSemitic languageArabian
Meanwhile, the Semitic languages that had arrived from southern Arabia in the 8th century BC were diversifying in Ethiopia and Eritrea, where, under heavy Cushitic influence, they split into a number of languages, including Amharic and Tigrinya.

Egyptian language

EgyptianAncient EgyptianMiddle Egyptian
In Handbook of Ancient Nubia, Claude Rilly (2019) states that Cushitic languages once dominated Lower Nubia along with the Ancient Egyptian language.
Early research had assumed that the opposition in stops was one of voicing, but it is now thought to be either one of tenuis and emphatic consonants, as in many Semitic languages, or one of aspirated and ejective consonants, as in many Cushitic languages.