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Title January 2022

Submission of Pakistan to international companies on Reco Dick project

By Ahmed Khan

The Reco Dick site in northwest Balochistan (District Chaghi) hosts a quality Copper-Gold Project

Reco Dick: Pakistan faces $3 billion fine for failing to comply with the  restraining order | Monthly Bolan Voice

developed by state authorities of provincial and federal an investment that is expected to generate substantial benefits for stakeholders. Still, native Balochs did not give any share in their resources. Balochistan is on the Tethyan belt, along a known prospective region for Copper-Gold deposits extending through the Himalayan region into Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea.

Reco Dick Project came into know when Zulfiqar Maqsi was Chief Minister in 1993. Initially, the project was signed with an American Company, Broken Hills Property Minerals – BHPM. The said company lacked experience. Hence it had a let-off project in the initial stage. The experts estimated Reco Dick reserves the US $500 billion, but Minister for finance Mr. Shaukat Tareen said those are above the US $1000 billion. And Reco Dick is one of the largest deposits of Gold and Copper amongst the seven largest reserves globally.

BHPM had sublet the project to Mincor, a sister company, for operating the task properly. Subsequently, Mincor sold its shares to the Australian company, the Tehteyan Copper Company – TCC. The Reco Dick project was appropriately, and further handed over to a Chilean company Antofagasta and Barak Gold, a Canadian company based on a joint venture. These companies’ consortiums, later on, bought shares from the Australian Tehteyan Copper Company – TCC. 

In Balochistan, in 2012, the Raisani government took the case to the High Court of Pakistan, and the exploration license was nullified of TCC by the court. Even the company agreed to raise the share of Balochistan from Antofagasta and Barak Gold companies, but this offer could not get consent from the Pakistani authorities.

Following this, Antofagasta and Barak Gold companies, under the auspice of TCC of Australia, took the case to the global forum of the International Center for Settlement Investment Disputes – ICSID. At that time, it was prognosticated win of international companies before the decision to come of ICSID. The article was published in the Bolan Voice magazine that theascendantbody will favor the companies because of ground realities and their bound affiliation and influence over this. 

In 2012, the Pakistani authorities were intended to transfer the Reco Dick, a massive deposit of costly minerals, to China. But the Western Bloc and its multinational companies are overpowered than China in current world political settings. The solid evidence of this is that these international companies have won the case on the international forum. The jurisdictional body also awarded a massive amount to Pakistan as a penalty to meet the companies’ fiscal losses that they invested during the exploration on the project of Reco Dick in Balochistan.

After defeat in the case of Reco Dick, the Pakistani authorities were not able to pay off the massive amount of $6.5 billion to the mentioned companies. So they started diplomacy and invited companies to reconcile the dispute. After a period, one of them agreed to retake the project of Reco Dick. Still, another is not deciding to return and is adamant about recovering the amount that equalizes around $3 billion. 

Following the decision of ICSID, the international companies of TCC resorted to international bodies for confiscation of Pakistanis overseas assets. All these were being done to get submissive to the authorities of the Pakistani state. And now, they have succeeded in this, too, somehow. The central authorities in Islamabad have consented to hand over the project to Barak Gold of Canadian Company because the second one, Antofagasta of Chilean, is resisted for compensations. 

On December 23, 2021, the federal authorities called an in-camera session of the Balochistan Assembly. They briefed the provincial assembly members on the Reco Dick project’s future. Commonly, it is known that Balochistan assembly members do not have the authority to halt the way of the center. Still, they are called this time to fulfill a formality because a tumult is witnessed in Balochistan province. 

Before PM, Imran Khan tweeted, “In line with my government’s vision for the uplift of smaller provinces. I have decided our federal government will bear all the financial burden for Reco Dick & its development on behalf of the government of Balochistan. That will help usher in an era of prosperity for the people & province of Balochistan.”

Though the briefing details have not been publicized, information has leaked in media in various ways. On occasion, an MPA, on the condition of anonymity, told the media that out of two TCC stakeholders, one was agreed to resume the project of Reco Dick. He did so by assessing the sensitivity of the in-camera session. 

He said that we had no option except this because we had been defeated in the case of Reco Dick on ICSID. The penalty of $6 billion is not a minor amount; out of this, around $3 billion, or more, will have to be paid the Balochistan. He said that we were not capable of payoff this massive amount. Consequently, the terms on the project may not be our desired 100%. He also noted that one stakeholder agreed conditionally to work on the Reco Dick project while another declined. 

The MPA informed that the penalty amount of $6 billion was divided between companies, and each had a share of $3 billion. At the same time, Antofagasta’s share amount payment responsibility is to take Barak Gold through a new accord on the project. In this regard, the Barak Gold showed confession to commitment, reciprocally wants exemption in taxes by the government of Pakistan related to the project. 

The anonymous MPA said that Balochistan would not give any tax exemption, but the federal government will provide concessions on its behalf to the venturing company of Barak Gold. He said based on 50% investment, 50% will go to the Barak Gold out of profit if the government of Balochistan agrees to a 50% investment so that it will be rightful for the 25% out of the profit. If Balochistan did not invest, the federal government would fill this gap of 25%. Otherwise, out of 50% profit, Balochistan will take 25% equally to the center. 

He said that besides the 25% out of the profit, Balochistan would levy a royalty of 5%. For rehabilitation of local community 3.5%, while Balochistan Revenue Authority – BRA also would collect 6% in miscellaneous charges for the province. He claimed that Balochistan’s share would be 39% of the project’s profit if managed.  

The MPAs said that agreements were signed with TCC only production of copper and gold in past contracts. The MPAs have given their prescriptions during the in-camera assembly session to explore other minerals besides those. In case of discovery of the metals are used for defensive purposes, the income of those Pakistan’s dividends would be the highest. 

Balochistan’s people would have the first right on created jobs through the project. Similarly, Balochistan people would be given representation among the board of directors in the project. 

The MPAs said that no agreement had been made with the company yet. If an accord is signed, so would be ratified by the Balochistan government. This demand also was proffered in the in-camera session by the MPAs of the Balochistan assembly.  

Some members demanded that refineries through the proposed project be established in the Chaghi district. If the company does not agree on this, then after five years, it will be made bounded for establishing. 

The realities hint authorities of Pakistan have submitted to the multinational companies, and now one of the mentioned companies will retake the project on their terms and conditions. It has been observed that the present Pakistani regime titled toward the West instead of China. The current reviews on CPEC testified the investment of the West or America had been increased during the PTI regime. In this context, it looks the Reco Dick also will be given to the Western companies. It is far better to be given the Chinese. In Both cases, the local and prime inheritor, the Baloch, totally is disappeared from the scenario. It is disfranchised about its land and resources, but others are taking decisions or selling them to international tycoons. Like Reco Dick, the Baloch also does not have authority over its coastal resources. The agreements have been signed with China over the Balochistan coast, but these conditions have not been publicized. 

The CM Balochistan Qudus Bizenjo indicatively admitted that federal authorities could deal with international companies on Reco Dick and other projects of Balochistan behind doors in Islamabad. Still, they have given an in-camera briefing this time, which elevates their value somewhat. In a broader view, the provincial members of the Balochistan assembly have no authority about decision-making. Still, now the center’s rulers are also submissive to international companies on the Reco Dick project and others.

Forged Domiciles; a tool to deprive Balochistan’s people of jobs

By Naseeb Ullah Achakzai

Balochistan’s resources have been looting since 1947. Its natural resources such as Gas and Coal have been depleted to an alarming level. In the meantime, the beneficiary of its Gold and Iron has been the federal government and the foreign companies.

The burglars have not even spared the rights of the inhabitants in federal and provincial jobs and scholarships. Through the prism of domicile law, Aliens have been sucking the blood of real dwellers of the province like parasites.

On June 26, 2020, the Deputy Commissioner of Mastung District canceled domiciles of 400 federal

Fake Balochistan domiciles used to get federal govt jobs'

employees who had gotten illicitly. While in the Sibi division, authorities could not verify 737 domicile certificates. In the Naseerabad division, 1151 domicile holders even did not appear for verification. In the Quetta district, 122 domiciles were canceled as being testified fake in July 2020. On November 21, the Deputy Commissioner of District Kohlu revoked six forged domicile certificates. Recently, at Faisalabad Univerisity, three unreal candidate students’ domiciles were canceled because of being fake who were applying for admission on Balochistan’s quota.

It is just the tip of the iceberg. Hundreds of thousands are not the bonafide citizens of the province who have been doing jobs and have gotten scholarships on the Balochistan quota.

NAB’s Chairman Justice Javed Iqbal, in November 2017, had also sought a report on the appointment illegally made in fake domiciles of Balochistan in different departments under the Aghaz Haqooq Balochistan package. But, all in vain.

On June 8, 2017, the Senate of Pakistan passed a resolution against this burglary. The explanation remains a resolution. In September 2015, the provincial government had asked the federal government to scrutinize the domicile holders’ employees on the Balochistan quota.

A petition concerning fake domiciles in Balochistan and the employees who had gotten jobs on these domiciles was filed by Sajid Tareen in the honorable high court of Balochistan. Sajid Tareen, the petitioners, told the court that thousands are getting jobs and scholarships on the Balochistan quota. The authorities said to Balochistan high court in January 2021 that the commissioners of four divisions could not verify 2745 domicile certificates. The court remarked that it had been a routine practice for the past four decades.

The honorable High court remarked that a domicile issued through the Pakistan citizens’ act 1951 under section 17 applies to entire Pakistan. The domicile holder is not specific to a particular district or province. The court further said that in the past, government officers who were appointed here issued domiciles for their children, who secured jobs that never came back to Balochistan.

The question is, what actions against those employees who have gotten fake domiciles have been taken? The answer is uncertain as the bureaucratic tactics of delaying have been an enormous obstacle.

Why have the politicians failed to do legislation and ban domicile? The Balochistan high court had already observed a difference between Permanent Residence Certificates PRC and domicile. A domicile holder cannot secure the job on provincial quota. For what the natural sons of the province are waiting?

Domiciles in Balochistan have been issued to children of those civil servants transferred to the province for three years. After getting a domicile certificate and securing jobs and scholarships, they fled to other country provinces. They never came again as the interests of the civil servants are somewhere else rather than in Balochistan. Did those officers of the Pakistan Administrative System (PAS) abuse their powers?

Pakistan citizenship act calls for complete investigation before issuing domicile. Authorities issued fake domicile certificates, and those who have benefited from these forged documents either have faced any retributory action for violation of cited acts? The answer is no action. Would we ever awaken from deep slumber? If Punjab has banned domicile, why should not we? Whether they are good or bad, all eyes are towards the province’s politicians who should follow up the issue as per the resolutions of national assembly, senate, provincial assembly, and importantly, as per the decision of the honorable court.

Capitalistic system’s flaws

By Comrade Sammo

We see that in the capitalist system, the maintenance of an object determines its status. For example,

Capitalism vs. Socialism: What's the Difference?

every penny is attached in a general store because it is capital. More will be, its demeanor and display of various items in large numbers are enough to justify the excesses of prices. The ownership of this owner gives one the status of superiority over the other and the quantities there.

It is fair compared to an ordinary person who has set up an average shop with great effort. The buyers who buy goods and equipment from the capitalistic shop have abused the average shopkeeper because the second one lacks capital. The maintenance of the shop is at a deficient level, and it gives the customers a chance to get the lowest price from the seller. The capitalist system has nurtured this psyche, and now development is impossible for the commoners.

The solution is not for a few successful people (from whom the bourgeoisie grows up) to become advanced by reading about people’s lives; It’s a must-have for any affiliate promoting any program. Instead, the solution is to eradicate the current system overall.

Karima Baloch mobilized Baloch women in politics: Quetta Seminar

Bolan Voice Report

A seminar was organized at the Press Club in Quetta, the capital of Balochistan, on the occasion of the

May be an image of 3 people

first martyrdom anniversary of Karima Baloch, former chairperson of BSO-Azad, under the auspices of the Baloch Women Forum. 

The seminar, held at the Quetta Press Club, was attended by people of different schools of thought, including Baloch and Pashtun leaders. 

Addressing the seminar, Baloch intellectual Dr. Din Muhammad Buzdar said that Balochistan had been subjugated and its resources and minerals had been plundered. This has never been admitted as a federation unit. 

He said that the occupier used force to suppress the voice against its looting and created an atmosphere of fear. The motivated Baloch politicians and Karima Baloch foiled these heinous designs by the struggle and resolution. Karima mobilized Baloch women in politics because success in politics is impossible to exclude a parallel part of the society. Karima Baloch’s parents deserve a salute who conferred a brave leader to the Baloch nation.

He said that Karima Baloch fulfilled the right of the land through struggle and sacrifice. Her mission and destination were to achieve national rights or access to justice. The rulers have not given rights to the Baloch homeland since the formation of this country in 1947. Balochistan covers half of Pakistan’s area, but the ruling class is not ready to give rights to this. The rulers by favoritism distributed positions in Balochistan, while the real Balochs were given power merely for three years. The rulers ever dealt Balochs in the contest of master and slave. 

He said that Baloch is more aware than other nations of the region, and in the new Great Game, this nation will undoubtedly protect its identity and land.

Addressing the seminar, student leader Dr. Mahrang Baloch said that when Baloch strayed in darkness, Karima Baloch guided the nation because she could glimpse the light from afar and kept struggling to attain it. Her entity got sunk in the Toronto River in the mentioned struggle, but Karima’s voice is loud from Toronto to Gwadar. She is not just a character, but her role is divided into different parts. She was a rebellious woman who fought for the land and national identity. The rulers think that they will eradicate the Baloch struggle through violence, but Karima gave her life for the persistence of the same movement.

She said that many organizations are working to promote women’s rights, and their manifesto is that without the struggle, women cannot survive. A woman writes her life story. Every person in the world, every nation wants to write their story. Karima became part of a struggle that most men in our current patrilineal society may not be a part of this.

She said that this nation saluted the struggle of Karima and gave her the status of its mother. Rebel mothers are not incompetent and ineligible, and they give birth to the rebel nations who create rebellious movements that never compromise. Karima is a fresh chapter in the Baloch struggle, and we are luckily part of Karima’s epoch. This war can never end because it is for identity. Shaheed Mehrab Khan fought a war of identity against the British, and Karima maintained its continuity; no word, no sentence, no poem can describe Karima’s glory, revolutionary people love life, this struggle is also for the same energy.

While paying homage to Karima Baloch, Prof. Dr. Rahim Mehr said that Banuk Karima Baloch was a political worker, political leader, novelist, and writer. She wrote lamentations of Baloch homeland in her fictions, described Baloch pain and sufferings, and reflected the missed daughters and sons. She will live forever in legends and literary works.

Waranga Luni, sister of martyred Prof. Arman Luni, leader of Pashtun Tehafuz Movement – PTM, said in her dissertation that Karima Baloch sacrificed for human rights and human identity. At the behest of my nation, I salute Karima Baloch’s sacrifices. Pashtun nation remembers the descendants’ sacrifices, commemorates the anniversary of martyrs, and pays homage to Banuk Karima Baloch’s sacrifices. People like Karima Baloch have sacrificed their lives for our identification’s subsist and national survival. The unity among the subjugated nations, including Pashtuns and Balochs, is essential for national interests. The exploitation series is on, and this string also relates to these two nations. Moses was born against every oppression, tyranny and Karima Baloch’s character is similar to that as she challenged Pharaohs of her age. Baloch and Pashtun struggle against oppression and barbarism is still going on. In such conditions, in our nations, Moses-like characters are taking birth in the shape of Karima Baloch.

“No matter how much we swear, these people will not recognize us as patriots, so we must continue our struggle on our strength. The only way to get rid of our misfortunes is nationalist politics. The rulers oppose to participate in national politics, but the last resort of our salvation is national politics.” she said. 

Central Sectary General of BSO, Mama Azeem Baloch, said that in a backward society, the birth of a political leader like Karima Baloch in the Baloch community is striking because our culture has ever been strong socially. 

“In colonial setup, all nations are kept subjugated under the dominant. Karima Baloch dared to face unconducive situations, and despite the harshest circumstances and accusations, she stood on her ground. She had all the abilities of leadership.” He said.

Addressing the seminar, NDP central leader Rashid Karim Baloch said we should prioritize national interests but negate political and sectarian differences. In the pursuance of collective claim and national cause, Karima had sacrificed her life. He said that political activists should not compromise our national interests and should not line up against each other. We should be united on national collectivism.

Relatives of Baloch Missing Persons staged rally and Sit-in at D-Chowk Islamabad

Bolan Voice Report

On December 9, 2021, by the International Human Rights Day December 10, a protest rally was organized

by the families of Baloch missing persons from the National Press Club to D-Chowk in Islamabad to recover their loved ones. 

It was attended by social and human rights activists, students, and humanitarians, including the families of the missing Baloch. 

Rally participants chanted slogans demanding the recovery of missing persons. 

The rally was attended by dozens of relatives of Baloch Missing Persons, including Sami Baloch, daughter of missing Dr. Din Mohammad Baloch, niece of missing Rashid Hussain Baloch, mother of missing Jahanzeb Baloch.

Addressing the sit-in at D-Chowk, speakers Emaan Mazari, Tahira Abdullah, Sami Baloch, Mahzeb Baloch, Agha Hassan Baloch, Senator Tahir Bizenjo, Ayub Malik, and others termed the enforced disappearances in Pakistan as a menace to the state. They declared the military establishment responsible for this crime, and they called on the United Nations to intervene immediately. 

Emaan Mazari, while sharply criticizing the military establishment, said that if any general, Bajwa or Faiz Hameed’s brother or father had been picked up, the entire army would have set the country on fire. The participants of this protest rally are peaceful and let them be nonviolent and recover their loved ones. Remember that this country was broken once before, do not provoke the people, and stop this heinous game of enforced disappearances.

Tahira Abdullah said, “Don’t use the word ‘missing persons’ for our loved ones who have been picked up and disappeared. That is an inconsistent word.” They should use illegal detention, forced detention, and involuntary detention-like terms. 

Sami Baloch said that this is such a pain, such a never-ending pain that is not taking the name of ending, for so many years, so many decades have passed, but this throbbing pain is still irritating. We are called traitors, but they are the ones who make people disappear illegally by violating the law in Balochistan. All we have to do is demand that our loved ones be brought before our courts and punished so that they do not go missing for years.

Sami Baloch said that if the Supreme Court is helpless on the issue of missing persons, then tell us blatantly. Further, stop giving us false consolations, stop giving us dates for court proceedings, and let us know this state, then don’t call us peaceful citizens or peaceful people. You can’t get us to renounce because if you can resort to terrorism, we can reciprocally go an indefinite extent for our loved ones.

Gwadar sit-in ends, the agreement reached between the government and Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman

Bolan Voice Report

The end of the sit-in was announced on December 16, 2021, after an agreement was reached to

Gwadar: Maulana Hidayat calls off protest after successful negotiations

recognize the Haq Do movement’s demands and implement them. The agreement was signed by the Balochistan Chief Minister Qudus Bizenjo and ‘Haq Do Tehreek’ leader Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman. 

The chief minister of Balochistan, along with some cabinet members and government officials, visited the sit-in at 5 pm on December 16, 2021, to sign the agreement.

On this occasion, the CM Qudus Bizenjo also addressed the sit-in participants where he acknowledged that all the demands of ‘Haq Do Tehreek’ were legitimate. These demands include providing clean drinking water and preventing illegal fishing, especially by huge trawlers from Sindh and the Chinese in Gwadar.

“We were working at the government level to solve the problems you had peacefully struggled in Gwadar,” he said. 

“We’ve both had success solving problems,” he said. 

On occasion, the Chief Minister of Balochistan appealed to end the sit-in and said, “As soon as you leave protesting venue, you should leave.” 

At his request, the leader of ‘Haq Do Tehreek,’ Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman, announced the end of the sit-in, which had been going on since November 15, 2021.

Although Maulana Hidayat has announced the end of the sit-in, he also said that his movement would continue till Balochistan becomes prosperous. 

He said his movement would be peaceful within the ambit of the constitution and law. 

According to the agreement reached between the government of Balochistan and the Balochistan Rights Movement, strict action will be taken against illegal fishing in the territorial waters of Balochistan, and the fisheries department and local fishermen will conduct joint patrols to curb it.

Assistant Director Fisheries has been transferred as per the points related to preventing illegal fishing. “If any trawler is found in Pasni, Ormara, and Lasbela areas, action will be taken against the concerned Assistant Director Fisheries,” he said.

Under the agreement, joint patrols will be conducted to prevent illegal fishing by trawlers, which will involve the administration and fishermen. And fishermen’s representatives will be given a desk at the regular Fisheries Department office. 

According to the terms of the agreement, a proposal to extend Balochistan’s maritime boundaries by 12 to 30 nautical miles will be sent to the relevant forum. Fishermen will have the freedom to go to the sea while VIP transport will not be restricted to unnecessary public transport. 

Orders will be issued to abolish the trade union and committee system by the terms of the border trade agreement. And border trade will be restored following the regulations laid down by the district administration.

The agreement states that the border trade will be handed over from the Frontier Corps to the district administration, and it will be given all the powers. Tokens, e-tag messages, and listings will be eliminated in connection with border trade. The terms of the border trade agreement will be implemented within a month.

Concerning the points of agreement regarding the elimination of unnecessary check posts, it has been said that a joint committee will be formed for the elimination of extra check posts in the Gwadar, Ketch, and Panjgur districts. 

Accordingly, the committee will conduct a survey, compile a report, and make recommendations to eliminate unnecessary check posts and checkpoints. 

The agreement states that the Chief Minister of Balochistan will announce a special package to help the fishermen of Gwadar district. In Gwadar, the expressway victims will be compensated soon after the re-survey.

According to the agreement, all cases against ‘Haq Do Tehreek’ workers will be dropped immediately. The name of Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman, the leader of ‘Haq Do Tehreek,’ will be removed from the Fourth Schedule immediately. 

On December 12, 2021, Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan had said that action would be taken on the most legitimate demands of Gwadar’s diligent fishermen. 

The agreement on assistance to the fishermen affected by the hurricane states that the action plan will be worked out by contacting the office of the Deputy Commissioner for their service. 

The government has promised in the agreement that federal and provincial departments will adhere to the disability quota for employment. While in the residential areas of the Makuran division, ‘chador and chaardiwari’ sanctity will be upheld.

According to the agreement, after the sit-in, no retaliatory action will be taken against any activist of the Balochistan Right Movement. While the Coast Guard and Customs have ceased boats, launches, and vehicles of the local people, the provincial government will “cooperate in every way” to get them back to the owners. 

At the end of the sit-in, the most active woman in the protest movement, Masi Zaini, was specially called on stage to pay tribute. 

When she came on stage, the people in the venue stood in her honor and applauded her. ‘Haq Do Tehreek’ leader put a chador on Masi Zaini’s head. 

Speakers on occasion paid tribute to her and said that Aunty Zaini fought hard for the rights of the people and mobilized women.

It may be recalled that during the 32-day sit-in of ‘Haq Do Tehreek,’ four significant rallies were held during the movement, including a separate women’s protest. 

Observers called the women’s rally the largest by females in Gwadar and Balochistan. 

Aunty Zaini is a well-known social activist of Gwadar, and she has been active in the ‘Haq Do movement.’ When a large contingent of police came to arrest Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman during the sit-in on the night of December 9, 2021, Aunty Zaini not only stayed on the sit-in with a large number of women but also brought her bed to the sit-in.

At the end of the sit-in, Chief Minister Qudus Bizenjo distributed money among the women through his traditional practice and proved underlying these people. Just by distributing money, the sit-in can be ended. The video of distributing money has gone viral on social media. In which the leader of the movement, Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman, stands and is silent on the process of distributing the cash of Qudus Bizenjo. 

In this regard, Baloch journalist Abid Mir wrote in a post on social media that I was writing a detailed analysis on this movement when a friend sent this video; it broke my heart. 

A young man constantly questions the Chief Minister about the university’s missing students. The Chief Minister was reluctant to reply but took money from his one aide and distributed it to the women participating in the sit-in.

Sadly, the emerging leader of our youth movement, Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman, is watching all this. This spectacle is happening in front of him.

Religious Fanaticism 

By Sangat Ajo

The rise of religious fanaticism has become a nightmare for the people. Someone wisely said that when

Will Sialkot Tragedy Change The State Policy Of Appeasing Religious Fanatics ?

you are making obsessive devices, later they will get stuck in your own throat, and today the same thing is happening, which was being feared. 

It is too early to say which society is heading today, but people are becoming savages. Their strings are no longer under anyone’s control. Just let someone provoke. It takes shape, and you all know what happens when there is religious fanaticism and people take the form of mobs?

A vivid example of this is the incident in Sialkot where a foreigner was dragged, beaten and when the mob’s anger did not subside, his body was reduced to ashes. 

What is happening and why?Why have those who stopped it become silent spectators? Will anyone now be handed over to the mob without any scrutiny? There is no court; there is no law, everyone will decide what punishment should be prescribed for the sinner, how to torture him, all the decision has to be made by the mob. Now everyone will hand over someone to death at any time with the slogan of Labeek?

Such incidents have happened before, and their effects have been compounded. No one is aware of this. Here people go to their homes doing their work and forget about this incident, but Muslims living in other countries. Has anyone thought about it? Has anyone ever tried to figure out how their life is indigestible? 

If there are people with religious fanaticism here, aren’t there people like that in foreign countries? Will they forget this incident and treat the Muslims with all their heart? Will the Muslims there be able to move anyone quickly thought about the dangers to their lives?

You just did your job, calmed your anger, got the certificate of being a lover of the Prophet, chose the most helpful way to go to heaven, but did not even think about what message would be sent to the world by such a step of ours and there how will the living Muslims be affected by your fate and how will they face difficulties in their daily life?

I do not understand why our rulers leave such people behind and do not take any action against them. Why are they given a waiver instead of being discouraged? In the past, the rebels invaded the Kaaba, the Muslims, instead of confirming the dogmatic proverb, took the form of mobs and shook the property of foreigners in the country and their country. I set fire to the existing embassy, and when I later found out that the Saudi government was attacked not by non-Muslims but by local rebels, there was no choice but to repent.

Humanity is being humiliated day by day, and there is no one left with a living conscience to condemn such an incident. If he says anything about people like him, then tomorrow he will be like the former minister who was shot dead by his bodyguard in broad daylight and declared a national hero.

The article was originally published in the TBP, translated by the Bolan Voice team, and republished with special thanks.

Irregularities of Rs. 14 Billion revealed in Balochistan during the fiscal year 2019-20

By Shehzad Baloch

In the fiscal year 2019-20 in Balochistan, Financial Irregularities of more than Rs. 14 Billion in revealed in

Balochistan's account deficit decreasing: CM tells PM

Balochistan.

The government could not spend more than 9%, i.e., Rs. 34 billion while only 20.2% of development works’ budget could be spent.

According to the details, Auditor General Pakistan reviewed 35% of transactions of the budget of the Government of Balochistan for the financial year 2019-20. During the budget audit for the year 2020-21, irregularities of Rs 14.41889 billion have been detected.

The audit report revealed that the government of Balochistan could not spend 9% of the budget during the budget of 2019-20, which did not result in the expenditure of Rs. 34.340 billion. Only 20.2% of the payment could be incurred.

The audit report has identified financial irregularities amounting to Rs 5.5 billion in 20 places, while an illegal expenditure of Rs 31.861 million was incurred in 4 areas.

According to the report, a total of over Rs 3.6 billion was disbursed by the national exchequer at various places. There was no record of expenditure exceeding Rs 3 billion during 2019-20.

The audit report has identified more than Rs 1.38 billion in 17 places, while it has also identified four sites where the government has lost more than Rs 1.65 billion. According to the report, there are 18 such examples. In which taxes and duties of Rs. 581.087 million have not been paid, while dubious payments of Rs. 39.815 million have been made twice.

According to the audit report, the PSDP of the Balochistan Government for the financial year 2019-20 was estimated at Rs. 108133.643 million, while the final budget grant was Rs. 89432.611 million. A total of Rs. 75028.760 has been spent in the budget on ongoing and newly launched schemes.

In the audit, the process of formation of PSDP of the government has been declared unsatisfactory.

The audit report described efforts to improve government spending as ineffective as stock accounts did not exist or were not adequately managed. The government failed to collect taxes and duties. However, the government suffered from a deficit due to the commission and mistakes.

The audit report also pointed out the non-implementation of pre-determined procedures in the development schemes. At the same time, the Audit General of Pakistan has recommended that the rules of B-Papera should be implemented. Civil works should be carried out only through the construction department to minimize development work. Government money should not be kept in private banks without permission, and action should be taken against those who do not provide records. Further recovery has also been recommended against such elements.

Video of Balochistan Chief Minister in Gwadar

Comments on the distribution of money, but what is the real issue? 

By Khadija Baloch

In Gwadar, after the video of distribution of money among a few people by the Chief Minister of

CM Balochistan distributing money in Gwadar given 'negative twist'

Balochistan, Mir Abdul Qudus Bizenjo, came to light, similar to the distribution of funds among the protestors, a religious party during the Faizabad sit-in in the past on social media. At the same time, the question is being raised as to whom and why this money is being given? 

It is to be noted that the sit-in in Gwadar, after lasting 33 days, ended on December 16, 2021. When a meeting was held between the sit-in leader Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman and Balochistan Chief Minister Mir Qudus Bizenjo, they reached an agreement that the government would implement the agreement’s objectives within one month.

But shortly after, a video went viral on social media. The Balochistan Chief Minister Mir Abdul Qadus Bizenjo was seen distributing Rs 5,000 among a few people, which drew much criticism. 

What’s going on in the money distribution video? 

In the viral video of Balochistan Chief Minister Mir Qudus Bizenjo, he can be seen sitting on an orange chair. In the video, besides government officials, Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman, the leader of ‘Gwadar Haq Do’ sit-in, is also seen is standing. 

In this video, some women are in front of the Chief Minister, with whom Mir Qudus Bizenjo is speaking in the Balochi language. In the video, a man draws attention to the Chief Minister and says, “Abdul Qudus Sahib, what about the students? The students of Balochistan University are missing.” It looks he deliberately is heedless from this point, as he has no word to reply to this. But the chief minister’s full attention is on the women. He says something to one of his aides, on which the aide of the chief minister takes out a few notes of five thousand rupees from his waistcoat’s pocket and gives them to him, who distributes them among the women in front of the CM Qudus Bizenjo. 

Some are given a note of five thousand rupees, while some are given two currency notes of five thousand rupees. Meanwhile, the Chief Minister also offers a currency note of Rs. 5,000 to a child in front of him. 

In the video, the chief minister can be heard saying that the money is from him for his sisters, for which one woman thanks him while another woman says that she did not come here and did protest for the money. 

A woman is heard saying that we see a Chief Minister sitting before us for the first time.

Another woman quoting Gwadar or Balochistan says that our country is ruined and requires okay again. She says we need justice and a system, but here are a few rupees. 

Reaction on social media:

‘Maulana, what is happening?’ 

After the video surfaced on social media, the incident was linked to distributing money among protesters by military officials during a sit-in by Tehreek-e-Labeek, a religious party in Faizabad. 

‘My Motherland’ user on tweeter wrote, ‘Faizabad sit-in part two. But the payer is not a uniformed person but a civilian. This time the uniformed ones are probably hiding. 

The video of the distribution of money in the Faizabad sit-in came to light when sit-in was called off. It was said that the money was given to the protestors by the government at the time. 

Most users on social media lamented the move.

Faisal Khoso says he is neither a guest nor a host. He has the post of Chief Minister. It is a pity to see that he buys people for five thousand rupees.

Another user Andalib Gichki wrote that it seems that you have become so accustomed to begging that you have forgotten the difference between the giver and the receiver, who is saying that there is no begging. He is taking it out of his pocket. 

However, a user named ‘Makuran Action Committee’ wrote that it is not begging but a gift from one’s pocket to children and elders. 

One user, Abid Mir, tagged the video of the note-sharing, raising only the question, “Maulana, what is going on?” 

“Sit-in and protest did not account for a few rupees from the government. Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman, the leader of ‘Give Gwadar Right,’ who directed the movement, rejected the notion in response to criticism that the sit-in protestors end their protest for money.

When the Chief Minister of Balochistan was leaving the sit-in, he saw some women and went to them, where a chair was brought for him. While talking to these women, the Chief Minister gave them money which was a coincidence and had nothing to do with the sit-in. 

According to Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman, “The sit-in and protest of the people were not for these few rupees.” He further added that the critics made an issue when they did not have a point to criticize the people’s victorious struggle. 

According to Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman, “Our struggle was for the basic rights and issues of the people, but some people are trying to make non-issues controversial by making them issues.” He said the government had asked for a month to comply with the demands of the sit-in protesters.

“If there is no progress on implementation for a month, then we will announce our strategy.”

It is noteworthy that provincial government officials also gave Balochistan University students words to release abducted students. The CM was evading to speak about missing students because he and his government officials could not uphold their terms. Either they will implement objectives of agreement with Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman on ‘Give Gwadar Rights.’ The analysts declared these swindling tactics of provincial government officials with the people of Balochistan.

By such acts, the protest can be deferred, but next, people’s outrage will be higher. They may not be cheated by the solaces and empty promises, including giving charity of a few thousand. Probably, the political assistant may not be able to quiescent the frantic people, as this time they did.

‘East Pakistan will be reddened’ who said and why? 

50 years since the founding of Bangladesh

By Aqeel Abbas Jafari, Researcher/Historian, Karachi 

Every year on 14th December, ‘Shaheed Buddhi Jebi Dabush’ is remembered in Bangladesh, translated

into English as ‘Day of Martyred Intellectuals.’ Who were these intellectuals, and who massacred them? Bengali and Pakistani historians have differing views on this point. 

According to Bengali historians, this was the period from 10th December to 14th December 1971, when wing Al-Badr, a civilian volunteer of the Pakistani army, allegedly arrested about 200 Bengali intellectuals from their homes. They were transferred to prisons at Mirpur, Muhammadpur, Nakhalpara, Rajgarh, and some other places, and then most of them did not know whether they were swallowed by the earth or eaten by the sky.

According to Bengali historians, most of these intellectuals were killed, and their bodies dumped on the hard edges of the rear bazaar. It is said that the motive behind the abduction and subsequent assassination of these intellectuals was that after the independence of Bangladesh, these intellectuals could not play their role in building and stabilizing this new country. 

These intellectuals included teachers, jurists, scientists, doctors, engineers, and journalists. Among them was Shaheedullah Qaiser, a famous Bengali language journalist and writer. 

After his release, he was also arrested during the 1952 language movement and joined journalism. He was also awarded the Adam Gee Literary Prize for his controversial novel ‘Sarang Bo.’ Another intellectual was Munir Chaudhry, also known for his communist views and was considered a supporter of the Awami League.

Ahmed Saleem has written several articles on the subject in his book Hamood-ur-Rehman commission report, General and Politician. One of them was written in 1971 by Maj. Gen. Rao Farman Ali, the civil affairs adviser to the Governor of East Pakistan. 

According to the article, when Sheikh Mujeeb-ur-Rehman became the Prime Minister of Bangladesh after the country’s independence, he alleged that he had found a diary of Major General Rao Farman Ali, a Pakistani army officer serving in the Governor’s House. There are names of most of these intellectuals. He also alleged that his diary contained “East Pakistan’s green will be reddened.”

After the fall of Dhaka, Major General Farman Ali was among the military officers who became prisoners of war. He was one of the 195 officers Bangladesh wanted to prosecute for war crimes, but Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s efforts did not make it possible. Major General Rao Farman Ali was among the last group of prisoners. 

The Pakistan Army had set up a special committee in the GHQ headed by Lieutenant General Aftab Ahmad Khan, comprising three senior officers of the Navy, Army and Air Force, Major General or his equivalent. 

The committee questioned all military prisoners returning from India. They were given a questionnaire to be filled out and given back. The committee also summoned Major General Rao Farman Ali and honorably acquitted him of all charges.

Rao Farman Ali then appeared before the Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission, which had already decided that he would be questioned on Lieutenant General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi’s return and other officers. 

Rao Farman Ali says that the matter was distorted and discussed as if the commission had found some of our military officers guilty. 

It is true that after our return, the commission was reactivated, and after hearing our statements, it prepared its final report and presented it to the government. 

According to Major General Rao Farman Ali, the interrogation lasted for about 13 hours in three days.

“Initially, I felt that the commission was an opposing court, but I did not discuss it with the commission, but as the trial progressed, the atmosphere changed in my favor,” he said. On the last day, Justice Hamood-ur-Rehman said, ‘General Farman! We have found you to be the most intelligent and upright of the officers before us. 

In the year 2000, the report of the Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission was made public. The report said the commission was explicitly asked to thoroughly investigate the allegations against Major General Rao Farman Ali. 

According to the report, when Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto visited Dhaka on an official visit to Bangladesh in 1974, his counterpart Sheikh Mujeeb-ur-Rehman showed him a diary in which he had written in red ink, “East Pakistan’s green will be reddened.”

Sheikh Mujeeb-ur-Rehman showed this diary to Bhutto, but he was showing it to the whole world and trying to prove that the Pakistani army had planned the genocide of the people of East Pakistan. He used to present the said sentence as evidence. In this sentence, he made it red to mean that East Pakistan would be bathed in blood. 

Major General Rao Farman Ali said that when the commission spoke to me about the allegation, I admitted that the writing was mine, but the words were not mine. According to him, the story behind it was as follows:

A National Awami Party (Bhashani Group) meeting was held in June 1970 at Paltan Maidan during the election campaign. As is the case in speeches, when the speaker sees a crowd of millions in front of him, he loses consciousness and utters words he never typically speaks. 

There was such an excellent rhetoric, namely Taha, about whom East Pakistan’s Martial Law Administrator General Yaqub telephoned me and said, Farman! Tell Taha not to make provocative speeches, or we will have to take action. 

“I found out what Taha had said, so I wrote down what the general told me on the diary lying on the table. The words were, “The green of East Pakistan will be reddened.”

I told Taha to come and meet me. He was a staunch communist and believed in scientific communism. There were many cases against him, so he was in hiding. After contacting eight people, I met him and assured him that no one would arrest him when he came to see me at the Governor’s House. 

He came; I read the written statement and asked why he said this. He said that this sentence was not in his speech, but Qazi Zafar said this sentence. He said that this meant making green (Islamic state) Pakistan red (communist). All over the world, communism is interpreted in red. I accepted his explanation and informed General Jacob. That’s how it ended.

After my statement, the commission asked the Bangladesh government to investigate the account from which the original diary was sent. The commission wrote a report that the examination of the document did not leave any doubt in our minds that it was in the form of a writing pad or table diary on which the generals used to enter various notes during their work. The general’s explanation seems to be correct. 

According to Ahmed Saleem’s book quoted above, Major General Rao Farman Ali also expressed his views on the massacre of 200 intellectuals a few days before independence. 

Rao Farman Ali wrote, “On 10th December, at sunset, Dhaka Commander General Jamshed asked me to come to his office in Dhan Mandi. When I approached his post, I saw many vehicles parked there. Major General Jamshed was leaving his front, and he told me to come in his car.

‘A few minutes later, I found out why so many cars are parked. Major Jamshed replied that we were going to General Niazi to talk about it. We were on our way when he told me that he had received orders to arrest many intellectuals and other prominent figures. 

“I said this is not the right time. You have to give an account of the people you arrested earlier. Please don’t make any more arrests.” They agreed. I suspect that the earlier order was not revoked, so some were arrested. To this day, I do not know where they were kept. Maybe they were kept in an area that Mujahideen were protecting. After surrendering to the corps or Dhaka garrison commander, he lost control and fled, fearing the Mukti Bahini.

The Mukti Bahini fighters were brutally massacring the detainees. The detainees may have been killed by the Mukti Bahini people or Indian soldiers to discredit the Pakistani army. The Indian army had already captured Dhaka. 

Rao Farman Ali further wrote that (after the fall of Dhaka) I was still in Dhaka when I was called by Major General Nagra of the Indian Army and (I) faced his charges. I asked him how I could get involved. How could I kill so many people alone? I had no command, no authority in civil office.

He agreed. This question arose again while we stayed in the POW Cape at Jabalpur and Brigadier Leslie of the Indian Army came to me for questioning. His first question was that you are accused of killing 200 intellectuals on the night between December 16 and 17. What do you say in this regard? 

I said that General Niazi was also present in the camp. Go and ask him if I opposed the arrest of these people on 10th December. If I was against their detention, how could I order them to be killed? 

He immediately got up and went to see Niazi. A few minutes later, he returned and raised his hand, saying he would not ask any more questions. Niazi confirmed what I had said to Leslie.

According to Major General Rao Farman Ali, the GHQ’s Aftab Committee and the Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission acquitted him of the charge. They appointed him Director-General of Military Training at the GHQ, indicating the decision. 

After he retired from the army, Rao Farman Ali was appointed head of the Military Foundation, where he set up a military fertilizer company. 

He also served as National Security Adviser to General Zia-ul-Haq and served as Minister of Petroleum and Natural Resources in Mohammad Khan Junejo’s cabinet. He died on 20th January 2004. His memoirs were published in 2017 under ‘How Pakistan Got Divided.’

In 1991, the Bangladeshi government decided to issue postage stamps in memory of the slain intellectuals. The first set of the series was released on 26th March 1991, including 30 logos. 

This trend continued for several years, and 152 stamps were issued. In 1993, it was decided to erect a memorial to the victims in Dhaka. 

Construction of the monument began in 1996 and was completed in 1999. The exact date of the intellectuals’ killing is unknown, but the government has assigned 14th December for the commemoration. This day is called Martyred Intellectuals Day or ‘Day of Martyred Intellectuals’ in English.

Around 2010, the Bangladeshi government set up a war crimes tribunal in Bangladesh and arrested some Jamaat-e-Islami leaders suspected by the tribunal of kidnapping and killing Bangladeshi intellectuals. Among the involved, one of them was Abdul Qadir Mullah, who was tried in this tribunal, and on 12th December 2013, he was hanged in Dhaka.

The article originally was published in BBC Urdu, translated by the Bolan Voice team, and is republished with special thanks.

Baloch Rights Struggle in Dera Ghazi Khan 

December 7, known as Patwari War

By Suleiman Baloch

This ‘Patwari War’ was the third-largest battlefield in the broader area of   Balochistan after the guerrilla

Jirga for including Rajanpur, DG Khan in Balochistan – by Hasnain Qaisrani  | Waseb

war of Prince Agha Karim in 1948 and Babu Nurouz in 1958. 

In 1967, the government decided to impose a tax on slight rain and black off landlords of Dera Ghazi Khan Koh-e-Suleman.

So the Baloch working class, the ascetics, and the shepherd declared war on the transparent black law while refusing to pay taxes. Siddique Baloch, a well-educated young man from the Chakrani tribe, and Master Waheed, who belongs to the Shahwani tribe, all rebellious fighters recognized these two young men as their commanders—fought in spit. All the youth, elders, women, and children of Taman Buzdar also raised the knowledge of truth and turned towards the high peaks and spit of Mount Suleman; this resistance continued for full six months. The chiefs obtained personal interests from the government and sent the children of the notables to the tribal force BC. M. Recruited in P for crushing this resistance. The state used the same power against the unarmed Baloch people like the British, the Baloch fighters turned to the mountains in thousands, and forces were defeated. 

Hypocrisy or friendship of the chiefs other Baloch chiefs disassociated themselves from the Buzdar chiefs’ warlike. The communication gap from other Baloch areas only the Buzdar tribe took part in this resistance war, arms, food, ammunition, and locally manufactured (desi) guns even Baloch shepherds with their axes, Shafank took a stand against those stronger than themselves.

Dost Mohammad, Mohammadan, Yar Mohammad, and Rahimo were martyred. M. Conscientious objectors of the PK rebelled against the government and joined the Baloch militants, in which the name of soldier Noor Mohammad was prominent. Gone, the government had heavy weapons, cannons, shells, and machine guns, while the Baloch militants had nothing but axes, a few indigenous guns, limited indigenous cartridges, and stones.

Finally, on December 7, 1967, Dost Mohammad and Yar Jan Buzdar were martyred. Due to a shortage of weapons and food, the Baloch insurgents dispersed. Hundreds were arrested, and thousands of people fled their homes, including women and children. Looting by the government began, standing crops were set on fire, some houses and huts were demolished, property Cattle huts were set on fire, and cattle were driven away. The state registered a case of mutiny against 1,200 men and arrested about 700 people. The country’s various prisons were filled with cowards. Patwari, our children fall asleep after eating chamat, and the patwari also asks us for food.

Even today, in Dera Ghazi Khan and Taunsa, Baloch students celebrate December 7 every year with enthusiasm and zeal in memory of the martyrs of The Suleman Mountain.

Most Pakistanis believe inflation highest in PTI regime: Transparency International survey

By Shehzad Baloch

According to a nationwide perceptions survey by Transparency International released on Wednesday,

Transparency Int'l survey suggests more than 90pc of Pakistanis believe  inflation highest in PTI

more than 90 percent of Pakistanis believe that inflation and price hikes are the highest in the PTI government’s tenure compared to the previous governments.

According to the results of the National Corruption Perception Survey 2021, 92.9pc of Pakistanis “consider inflation and price hike to be the highest in the current PTI government (2018-2021), compared to 4.6pc in the PML-N government (2013-2018) and 2.5pc in PPP government (2008-2013)”.

In addition, 85.9pc of the people surveyed said their income had shrunk during the last three years. When asked about the reasons behind inflation and unemployment, 50.6pc of them cited government incompetence, 23.3pc said corruption and 16.6pc said lack of policy implementation, and 9.6pc blamed undue interference of politicians in government affairs.

Most of the survey respondents — 85.9pc — believed the federal government’s self-accountability was unsatisfactory.

Moreover, 66.8pc of them perceived the government’s accountability drive to be partial.

Police perceived as most corrupt

According to the survey, Pakistanis perceived the police as the most corrupt sector (41.4pc), followed by the judiciary (17.4pc) and contracting or tendering (10.3pc), citing weak accountability, the greed influential people, and low salaries as the main reasons behind corruption in the country.

The list of public services for which people had to pay bribes, according to the corruption perception survey, was topped by contracts of roads (59.8pc), cleanliness and garbage collection (13.8pc), access to water (13.3pc), and drainage system (13.1pc).

When asked about measures that could reduce corruption, 41pc of Pakistanis called for harsher punishments, 34.6pc said accountability of public officers by expediting the National Accountability Bureau’s handling of corruption cases. In contrast, 25.3pc said a complete ban on those convicted in corruption from holding public office could reduce crime.

“A significant [part of the] population (81.4pc) has declined that they willingly pay a bribe and likewise it was a clear perception that bribes are rather extorted from the public through tactics such as inaction or delay in the provision of public services” the report highlighting the results stated.

Local governments

The survey also looked at people’s perceptions about local governments, especially in relaboutovid-19 pandemic and the Centre’s measures to combat it.

Around 47.8pc of Pakistanis surveyed said the government’s campaigns to create awareness about the pandemic could have been launched in an “effective” manner if elected representatives of local bodies were present.

A large segment of the respondents — 72.8pc — also perceived that corruption at the grassroots level had increased in the public sector due to the absence of local governments.

The report stated that 89.1pc of Pakistanis said that they did not pay any bribe to a government official during the federal government’s pandemic-related relief efforts.

According to Transparency International Pakistan, the survey sought responses from 1,600 people from four cities in every country’s province.

Pakistan ranked 124 out of 180 countries — dropping four spots over last year — in the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) by Transparency International released in January this year, an annual index that ranks countries based on perceptions of public sector corruption.

Human needs the sacrifice individualism for the everlasting of humankind

By Aziz Khan Barech

Even though man is a part of the exact nature, in the general sense, it is more than a nature that consists

Individualism - Thailand and Italy Comparison

of all other bodies and space except man, in which one has to peep inside character and understand the laws and conquer it. The power of great perfection is attached and adorned with the human, from the start of creation to the present day. It has stepped into the highest and most perfect category of his mind, the mysterious and reliable valley of intellect. The cosmos’s unconscious soul of god comes to bathe naked every day. The human will probably soon be able to create a universe under its supervision based on the laws made by itself, that is, a universe where human’s existence would be like a ‘The little God.’ 

Man is currently standing between immortality and destruction.

Now humans must either step forward or step on the threshold of immortality and be called the god of the universe, where it has established universal laws. Otherwise, the human is to sprinkle oil on the history of all its knowledge and perfection, civilization and greatness of to date and turn into ashes by burning and setting the fire and rising from the same great fire, with the terrible heat of the great flames, burn the faces of its greatness to ashes and put the entity to eternal sleep.

The strongest desire of a human being or a group of human beings to prevail over another human being or group of human beings is to solve the question of survival of the fittest rather than right. Because unfortunately, only those who have the same desire to overcome human beings. The world and human greatness are stuck in the palm at this time. Due to which even the slightest mistake and omission of the powerful human beings who wish to unsatisfied this instinct in this age of excellent knowledge can make this whole journey and line look like a wrong letter, which our forefathers took four and a half billion years to eradicate.

The desire or question to satisfy this critical instinct needs to be resolved as soon as possible. That is the last chance for the flower of actual human survival and greatness to blossom as more burials based on human folly are now buried in the entire chest of science. There is no room left to do it, and at any time, the science that is the most outstanding example or proof of our greatness and divinity is the sword of a man who has been poisoned by the folly of man, on the threshold of the dark altar of eternal destruction.

The only option left for humankind is to escape eternal death on the threshold of the dark altar of destruction. That is to surrender the consciousness of directionless individual interest to the dignified, humane, and all-around guarantor of collective interest that stands before you. Because of those who step on the threshold of immortality and greatness, only the most significant characteristic and identity prioritize collective well-being over individual well-being. So that under the freezing shadows of this sacred act, human beings possess a creative spirit with their true individuality and all its greatness. Be clear to elevate such excellence to the highest seat of the collective consciousness of humanity, and it is necessary to stop the loss of the wheel of this exchange relationship between man and push it backward, that is, in the right direction. The connection must be reversed to the point that it is the sole and only guarantor of the formation of human society or society. It is as easy and familiar for people to sacrifice individual interests more than their own. Today the desire for the false consolation of survival or the “desire for dominance” emerges every moment from the cradle of power.

Deliberate silence is ignorance

By Fareed Ahmed Fareed

Speaking and presenting commonly and straightforwardly is an art; if you can’t deliver the point, then

What is silence? - Quora

reconsider it and get more grip on it. Our friends think that people lack the capacity for understanding. Though those who explain simultaneously have no intention to clarify, what they are talking about is unclear, even if they complicate words. According to Ibn Hassan, words have become a means of hypocrisy instead of telling the truth.

I am not talking only about intellectuals included in the above list. Instantly, the liberals and many others also fall in the mentioned list. The liberals consider the root of the problem is religion; ordinary people are religious. Therefore they are ignorant while they create or themselves are problems. They are contemplating only a prime component of the plight. And what is evident to them, it can be a shape of knowledge’s vulgar or dud, unless they go to its essence, which resembles a pearl. 

Others think they do well by talking about ordinary people, which is a mechanism to get the fame of being intelligent. Yes, otherwise, it is a history of duty for the ideological, intellectual, and political minds because the dialectical connection of human development lies in the negation of the existing system. There is no stativity in the victory of innovation which is progressive thinking.

The man is the source of reversal of history and also the creator, not a single man but a whole human being. In such a case, we have to understand and explain, we also have to strive, and it is not for gratefulness that we have to do. We are not alone in this journey, but oppressed and trodden people are accompanied.

An overview of ‘Mir Chakar Khan Rind,’ a great ruler in Baloch history

Reviewed by Mutalib Mengal

The people of Balochistan have a great affection for their language, literature, culture, history, heritage,

and homeland. Some examples of this can be seen in the research and exploration of various ages. There is no more excellent proof of a nation’s love for its homeland than that it has come under multiple headings and different themes to keep its past and history alive in the journey of rapid development of the modern world. Books and articles are being published. Researchers and scholars are trying to attract people from one way or another to read and study in the Baloch region due to the lack of institutional resources and educational backwardness. Only these people will be known in the future as the guardians of their scientific, intellectual and ideological basis.

Unfortunately, those of us who have resources or are supposed to guide and lead the youth are drifting in the current stream of time under their vested interests, which is a misconception that these will be unforgettable eternally. Let us know the recent example that the daily “ASAAP” was launched to cover in the journalism, literature and political fields in Balochistan. A spacious office was built at the cost of millions of rupees. At the time, printing machines’ price was high for printing and a good look of the newspaper. The paper’s authorities remunerated the writers and columnists who contributed daily. Not only did the needy writers get the fruits of their labor, but innumerable new writers came forward who were encouraged and moved to Balochistan with the publication of their writings. I earned a name for myself, many of others who are journalists today and serving in journalism and other faculties of life. But the fact is that many obstacles were created in the way of this incredible goal, and not only was the newspaper’s publication stopped, but the offices got closed. At the same time, the machines brought at the cost of millions of rupees were disappeared. If, in the same way, we obstruct the efforts and actions of a cause, then the time is not far when we will have to face more backwardness and ignorance in the world, and when the time comes, we will only repent on such deeds.

Even in these turbulent times, some great people have always nurtured their intellectual feats and passionate exertions in this regard. There are books published by many literary institutes and sometimes their effort and dedication. The way is paved for the readers and future researchers. In this regard, the recently published book of Prof. Durdana Zahid is “Mir Chakar Khan Rind,” the Great Ruler of Baloch History. Gosha Adab Quetta, a leading publisher and sales company took the responsibility of publishing. That did this and brought the book with a charismatic four-color title into the market.

The author of the book, Professor Durdana Zahid, teaches history and is also a Ph.D. scholar. She is the spouse of renowned journalist, compere, and broadcaster Zahid Dashti is a professor at the University of Balochistan.

Due to a lack of knowledge, local people could not compile the history of Balochistan. While Balochistan, like all other regions of the world, has its history, which remains in the dark today. The main reason for this is the lack of authoritative material on Baloch history and society. Except for some ancient references that need to be used scientifically and carefully studied and analyzed to conclude. 

The administrative and political conditions of Mir Chakar Rind’s regime, the military system, war equipment, barracks, horses, justice provision system, crime prevention methods in that period, court language, relations with neighboring countries are discussed in the book. This period’s artistic and educational condition, the development and encouragement of poetry and literature, dance and music, their court poets, and these two romance love stories are critical. Bijjar and Mir Jaro are also mentioned, along with the economic condition of Mir Chakar Rind’s period and the livelihood of Balochistan people at that time. Of course, like the present times, the primary source of livelihood in that period was raising sheep and goats. Balochs of the Mir Chakar era also introduced agriculture and farming to live a prosperous life. Thirty years of civil war between the Lashar and Rind tribes resulted in their migration from Balochistan.

Commenting on the book Dr. Farooq Baloch, a senior researcher, writes with the title ‘If they open the windows of light,’ “Durdana Zahid’s book is a research effort and is a splendid work. The authority that wrote the history of Balochistan is an excellent addition to the existing book series. When I read the draft of this book, I realized that now writing has commenced on an acceptable path on different aspects of the history of Balochistan because Durdana Zahid has proved this by working in a research style about this great personality of Baloch history.” 

Now the author must be contended with the publication of this book and continue writing and compiling similar books with her efforts and dedication to make and feel her responsible—best wishes for her success onward.

Lasbela: Deforestation continues, rare trees are cut down

Bolan Voice Report

Sources informed that the District Forest Officer of Lasbela and Bella Range Forest Officer’s alleged

collusion with the timber mafia and illegal permits (transit) have been issued and in this regard, the collection of offerings has also been revealed.

It is said that landlords’ lands documents have the concerned officer DFO Lasbela, on the base of these, the officials are issuing permits for cutting down trees and transporting timber.

The departmental fee for the permit is stated to be Rs. 2500, and the concerned authorities receive Rs. 18000 as a win-over.

It is reported that RFO Bella Noor Jattak, who relocated to Bella after spending three years in Bella for the first five years, has a contract to cut down trees and Bella RC on the other hand. There are 21 sawmills on a few kilometers of D-Highway from where timber is being transported daily to Quetta, Kalat, Khuzdar, and other districts.

Public circles expressed concern over the alleged collusion of DFO Lasbela and RFO Bella with the timber mafia and receiving huge donations, saying that instead of issuing permits, heavy fines should be imposed on deforestation and delivery of timber.

The public circles have demanded a full investigation into the matter and action against the officials involved.

Student organizations announce protest against non-recovery of missing students

By Basheer Ahmed Ejbari

Speaking at a press conference at Quetta Press Club on December 16, 2021, Balochistan student

Missing students: Educational activities suspended again at Balochistan  University as protest resumes - Pakistan - DAWN.COM

organizations said that, as you know, two students, Sohail Baloch and Fasih Baloch, were forcibly disappeared from the premises of the University of Balochistan on November 1, 2021. The disappearance of two students from the university premises was a matter of great concern. In contrast, the students’ organizations closed the university as a protest and held a sit-in for about three weeks. Later talks were held with the government negotiating committee, but the negotiating committee has made no significant progress, which is highly worrying.

They said that the never-ending cycle of enforced disappearances in Balochistan has been going on for decades. In Balochistan, on the one hand, the education system is in a dire situation; on the other hand, an atmosphere of fear is fostered in educational institutions where students cannot do their academic and creative abilities. The number of security forces in educational institutions has been increased, and educational institutions look like dormitories and cantonments. While the management of educational institutions takes billions of rupees in the name of security, even the university administration cannot protect students in hostels.

They further said that the enforced disappearance of Sohail Baloch and Fasih Baloch from the premises of Balochistan University is not the first and unique case of the enforced disappearance of students from any educational institution. Still, hundreds of students forcibly disappeared from the universities across Balochistan. A clear example of this is the enforced disappearance of three students from the Gwadar University hostel last week. While the students of Balochistan have to cross hundreds of barriers to reach higher education, being a part of the teaching process in higher education institutions has become a nightmare for the students. The students do not feel safe on the premises of these institutions. The students’ insecurity in educational institutions and the constant disappearance of students from universities is nothing short of a tragedy.

They said that for the safe recovery of Sohail Baloch and Fasih Baloch, two students who were forcibly disappeared from the University of Balochistan on November 1, 2021, the students of the university and the student organizations of Balochistan staged protest rallies at the university. The students from the university appealed to the administration for playing a role in the recovery of students. Still, the university administration has not taken the enforced disappearance of students seriously. Seeing no seriousness by the university administration, the student organizations closed the University of Balochistan on November 9, 2021, for all kinds of activities. They staged a sit-in at the entrance of the university, which lasted for 18 days—postponed for days. The government representatives assured us that the government would rescue the missing students within 15 days and bring them to the scene as soon as possible. But now, for a certain period of 15 days, no progress is seen.

They said that after three weeks of protest sit-in in the severe cold for the recovery of Sohail Baloch and Fasih Baloch, the government had made no progress for the recovery of students. The assurances of the government negotiating committee have proved to be false. Students’ enforced disappearance lasted more than a month and a half now, and the missing students have not been brought to light yet. Given the government’s indifference, we are announcing our protest schedule through this press conference which is being started from Quetta. A protest will be held in front of Quetta Press Club on December 18, 2021, at 2 o’clock. After which, the demonstrations will be extended to other cities. 

They said that we appeal to the students and conscious people across Balochistan to be a part of our protests for the recovery of students.

Subsequently, on December 18, 2021, the students of different organizations gathered at the Quetta press club to release missing students from Balochistan University. They protested against the non-recovery of missing students Sohail Baloch and Fasihullah Baloch, who disappeared from the Balochistan University in the central city, Quetta.

The demonstrators took pictures of missed students, placards, and chanted slogans against their enforced disappearances. They demanded immediate and safe recovery of forcibly disappeared students from Balochistan University and withdrawal of forces from educational institutions.

The protestors announced an intensification of protests in case of non-recovery of missing fellow students from the university, withdrawal of forces from educational institutions, and non-provision of a peaceful educational environment in educational institutions. They said that an atmosphere of fear had been created in educational institutions.

While the attendants of the demonstration declared the enforced disappearance of their fellow students the worst violations of human rights, they demanded the suspension of disappearances in Balochistan. They also expressed remorse for the Balochistan government, helpless before the mighty forces that violate the country and human laws.

In the early month of December 2021, the students were on strike at Balochistan University to recover missed ones. At that time, the Balochistan government’s official Abdul Rehman Khehtran visited the protestors at Balochistan University and asked for protest suspension. He also said their government would trace out missing students within 15 days. Regrettably, after the span of a given timeframe, the provincial government failed to recover the missed students from Balochistan University, even existence of evidence and witnesses. 

Questions on Gwadar Movement!

By Zulfiqar Ali Zulfi 

Maulana Hidayat-Ur-Rehman is guiding a protest in Gwadar, and before broaching this, we should peep

PAKISTAN – CHINA Thousands block Gwadar port, the linchpin in China's belt  and road initiative

in the past. 

November 2006 against the Baloch leader Sardar Akhtar Mengal against the Pakistani policies had announced a long march ‘Lashkar-e-Balochistan’ from Gwadar to Quetta. Dozens of people were arrested, including Habib Jalib Baloch, the party’s central general secretary who went to organize the rally.

For the past decades, Mama Qadeer Baloch has been driving the campaign for the recovery of victims of enforced disappearances. They have the longest-march to this result, but hundreds more Balochs gone missed by the forces during the year turned out to be.

In March 2021, the Baloch session organized by moderators in Sindh Literature Festival was canceled for “unknown” reasons. This session was canceled due to pressure from Pakistani intelligence agencies, as far as I know. Pakistan’s military establishment did not want Karachi, as if there is a dialogue on the Baloch national question in a big city. They had earlier tried to stop Prof. Shaheed Saba Dashtiyari from speaking during a similar program at Karachi Press Club. However, Prof. Saba Dashtiyari persisted in speaking, and he was eventually killed for “crime.”

What did happen with Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti? He also demanded the rights of Balochistan but never asked for any extortion or a share from Lahore or Sialkot industries, but they “hit him in such way that he could not find a clue.” 

In Baloch politics, the Baloch National Movement used to be a dynamic party. Undoubtedly, it is still the largest non-parliamentary party. What happened to this party is a tragic chapter in our modern political history. Hundreds of its workers, including party leaders, were killed and abducted. The Baloch Students Organization Azad, the largest student organization, has been declared a terrorist organization and disbanded.

What is Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman asking for or doing what the personalities mentioned above and parties have not done? The attitude of the state, but this time looks different. Maulana has been sitting on a sit-in in Gwadar for the last month. During this time, he has also held public rallies. Altaf Baloch, a Baloch National Movement activist, was shot dead by the forces at a public rally in Turbat in 2009. Banuk Kareema Baloch was evacuated from condolence reference in reminiscences of Meeral Baloch in Tump was stormed by the troops. 

This does not mean I want an attack on the Gwadar sit-in or bloodshed. It is just a hanging question whether Pakistan’s Establishment has changed its policy or Maulana is so powerful that is the army reluctant to put hands on him? There are more questions, such as the Pakistani media’s sudden coverage of the Gwadar sit-in. The Pakistan Army’s most important ally, the Jamaat-e-Islami, intensified the Gwadar protests. With the Balochistan government’s blessings and the police in Gwadar instead of the FC deployment, the restless heart might not have been more anxious if it had stopped here. Still, the attitude of the army’s loyal Sardar Yar Mohammad Rind’s favor and the tweet of Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan has changed the atmosphere.

A theory can be drawn about the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) and the Balochistan Awami Party (BAP). Because, in Pakistan, as the clouds of political change are getting dense and “the heart has stopped beating,” these two parties will make anti-establishment statements for the next elections. Especially the PTI can do this. But what are the motives behind this soft policy of the army which considers Balochistan as its direct property? 

Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman, who belongs to the working class, may have good intentions and sincerely want a permanent solution to painful questions. Like, “where are you coming from, and where are you going to?” Maybe fishermen and other people are supporting his struggle due to economic genocide. However, when pro-establishment accounts on Twitter appear to be campaigning in support of the Gwadar protests, the question arises; declared Gwadar Pakistani protest Islamist movement is reinforced and quiet the opportunity to justify their stance on the system in the history of Pakistan.

Is it just a coincidence that nationalists currently facing enforced disappearances, deportations, and the worst massacres are being trampled? The Gwadar protest was portrayed as a “mixed leadership” and was interpreted as a failure of the nationalists. It is a separate entity with nothing to do with the Baloch national movement. In my misunderstanding, these are not mere coincidences. Conscious efforts are made to bring Baloch into the so-called “national mainstream.” And efforts are made to make the Gwadar movement a separate entity.

The passionate youths are indifferent to the calamities that befall the nationalists get angry at the question or voices, like Anwar Sajidi – although the question has been our goal – from Yusuf Aziz Magsi to Saba Dashtiari, we have been taught to raise questions. 

Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman-directed movement must be accompanied at each stage to support the public struggle. Aunty Zaini’s perseverance is our pride and vanity. The Baloch youth should support it unconditionally. One should always keep the eyes open. The Baloch National Movement has made immense sacrifices to reach this point. It cannot be sacrificed for any Al-Shamas or Al-Badar or military aspirations.

The article originally was published in Daily Sangar, translated by the Bolan Voice team, and is republished with special thanks.

Lawyers boycott courts across Balochistan over Reco Dick deal

Bolan Voice Report

Lawyers’ associations across Balochistan boycotted the courts on December 28, 2021, protesting Reco Dick’s proposed deal for keeping secret. The boycott was called by Vice Chairmen of Balochistan Bar Council Qasim Jalalzai, Rahab Baledi, Majeed Dumdar, Ayub Tareen Advocate, Zahoor Baloch Advocate while addressing a press conference at Quetta Press Club a day earlier. They asked why the government was not publishing the Reco Dick agreement with multinational companies. They said that excess information was denied to ordinary people of Balochistan regarding the deal on the Reco Dick project, which is not acceptable.

They said that the Chief Minister wanted to ask the people of Balochistan who had decided Reco Dick and where it was dealt. They rejected the move of a frivolous Chief Minister to sell the nation’s mineral resources. They said that the province was independent in the spirit of the 18th amendment. The people will lose confidence in the provincial government and the federal government. If the current Balochistan government makes any agreement without the support of the people, the consequences could be dangerous, they said. 

All the contracts the Supreme Court had declared null and void on January 7, 2013, that accords were signed on July 29, 1993. They demanded decision-making on Reco Dick by the Balochistan instead of federal rulers.

Broken verses

Reviewed by Parvez Ayub

With words commence you, I and the lord

Without, you, I, and the lord all lost

In dust in a haze

Without a word, no speech, without speech, no Deed

The words that become speech, and it’s the speech that turns into DEED

The book “Broken verses” was initially written by a renowned Balochi author Syed Hashmi and was translated by Fazal Baloch from Balochi into English. Syed was a great literary figure of his time, and he has numerously contributed to promoting the Balochi language and literature. He wrote the first-ever Balochi Novel, Nazuk, depicting the coastal life of Baloch. Despite being a linguist and literary figure, the author was a lexicographer too. He has compiled the first-ever Balochi dictionary, namely, Syed Ganj.

Syed was in love with Baloch and Balochi, and he would walk a mile to seek the Baloch linguist across Balochistan to help him develop the Balochi language. He dedicated his worldly wealth and health too to the promotion of Balochi. He has worked in the Balochi language much more than an institution.

Fazal Baloch is a Balochi writer and translator who has three anthologies of translations into his credits: Why Does the Moon looks So Beautiful, The blind man and the God, and The Broken Verses. His role in translating Balochi has much been appreciated among the contemporaries of Balochi. His strength lies in the use of figurative language. Be it English or Balochi, the target language, and he lacks no expertise.

This book revolves around the Baloch masses’ suppression, oppression, and marginalization. If one crawls through the book, one will become aware of the atrocities shown by the brute tyrants.

The yield of your fragrant earth

Sprouted on your kind lap

But I cry tears

they are red with your blood

Syed’s profound love for Baloch and Balochi itself speaks aloud. He is numerously emphasized his intense feelings and emotions in his verses. There goes not a single mention where he does not weep with blood. The most excellent tool in his poetry was the wisdom, the more profound thoughts yet with the simplest diction. He opted for familiar words, which are rarely spoken today in the Balochi language. As a lexicographer, his lap lacked no vocabulary.

Burns the wick

Sizzles the oil

Yet it’s the lamp

Everybody hails

Fazal, the translator, has done an incredible job here. His struggle for engaging an audience beyond the border deserves much appreciation. Throughout translating the book, he has provided full justice to the original author. The art of translations is not easy. When it comes to poetry, it becomes a task next to death. Fazal Baloch has considered all techniques and created such a brilliant piece. His strength lies in not compromising with meter, rhythm, and the musical effect where possible. Though he has opted for word-to-word translations in some places, his work made a huge difference. His work never lets the audience fall astray from the original author’s message.

A drug

That can’t soothe the pain

Never call it a drug

A pain

That owes much to a drug

Say it is not a pain

Whether you agree or not.

To sum up, overall, this book is a masterpiece narrating the Balochistan scenario. Suppose one sail through the book, and one will observe Balochistan and Baloch’s story one way or the other. The figurative language, symbols, metaphors, and exaggerations expose the actual miseries of Balochistan.

Lamps

Pouring out light

In the palaces

For

fire is alit in our hut

How is a nation crippled?

By Comrade Sammo

To cripple an animal, its legs are broken, and for crippling a nation, its people are hurt. Their willpower is

Arundhati Roy - Wikipedia

taken away from them. They have complete control over their destiny. It is made clear to them that we will decide who has to live, who has to die, who has to be happy, who has to be miserable. They are shown what we can do and how easily we can do it to show their potential.

How can we destroy the whole earth at the push of a button? How can we start a war and establish peace? How can one snatch its stream from one person and give it to another?

How to make a desert green or uproot a forest and grow it elsewhere? Disposal at your discretion; land, forest, water, air. But it can undermine the beliefs of large groups of people. What do they have left after that? Only us! They will come to us because they have nothing but us. They will love us even though they hate us. They will trust us even though they know ours sincerity well. They will vote for us even though we have extracted from their bodies till the last breath of life. They will have to drink whatever we give them. We will provide them with air like they have to breathe in it. They will have to stay where we put their belongings. What else can they do?

There is no higher court for them, and we are their parents. We are both judges and juries. We are the whole world. We are god they will come to us because they have nothing but us.

Power is not only strengthened by what it destroys. It also supports what is created, not only from what she takes but also from what she gives. Empathy is more profound than deprivation of someone and thanks to those who have benefited from it (or think they have helped).

The cold-blooded power seems to be sitting securely among the seemingly respectable clauses of democratic constitutions. Its users are people who seem to have been elected by independent citizens. But before that, in the history of human civilization, no king, no absolute ruler, no dictator had such weapons as they have.

We are subconsciously and constantly being broken by one day, one river, one forest, one mountain, one missile, one bomb.

(Excerpt from the article “Greater Collective Interest” by Arunadathi)

Taliban nudges TTP to end ceasefire

May rope-in TLP too for achieving ‘Sharia AF-Pak with nukes’ through (with PDM support) fresh elections in Pakistan 

By Hem Raj Jain

Pakistan was playing over-smart where it was extolling (as breaking the chains of slavery by Afghans) the

return of the Taliban in power in Afghanistan. Still, it did not recognize the Taliban by arguing that it would do so when other vital countries first identified it. Hence Taliban paid Pakistan back in kind by nudging the ‘Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan’ (TTP), which declined to extend the month-long ceasefire by accusing the government of Pakistan of failing to honor the agreement. It was achieved with the protection and support of the ruling Taliban. In this agreement, the TTP kept conditions, including enforcement of the Shariah regime in Pakistan, as reported at https://www.dawn. com/news/1662934. But this matter goes beyond Pakistan, and if the world community (especially the USA, China, Russia, India, Gulf countries of Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar, etc. having significant stakes in AF-Pak) do not wake up, then it will be too late and may even bring nuclear threat to the entire Indian subcontinent as explained below:-

(1)- In this 21st century, two developments have immensely impacted the Muslim world (i)- The US-led armed attack on Afghanistan & Iran post 9/11 (ii)- So-called ‘Arabs spring’ in NAME region. Both these developments have brought immense suffering to Muslims around the world. But the way the USA, after 20 years of stay, militarily left Afghanistan, has sent a message (rightly or wrongly) to Muslim Ummah that militant Jihad will ultimately be victorious.    

(2)- The world community has grossly underestimated Islam, especially the capacity of Muslims to suffer (offering ‘Qurbani’ the martyrdom) immensely for Islam mostly irrationally and unnecessarily because Islam is not getting updated due to lack of creativity on the part of religious leaders of Islam.  

(3)- Taliban now will not go for the minor objective of recognizing Afghanistan government by the world community or even by Pakistan because the Taliban is already under pressure from global militant Jihadis like ISIS – KP, Al Qaeda, etc. do something for the entire Muslim Ummah. Hence now the Taliban will not miss the opportunity to realize the Sharia regime in AF-Pak.

(4)- Taliban has two solid motives for Sharia AF-Pak. (i)-It will bring nukes of Pakistan under militant Jihadis of AF-Pak. It will be supported by the remaining Muslim world too. The Ummah believes that once nukes are with militant Jihadis, justice can be delivered to Palestinians suffering at the hands of Jews supported by the Christian West. (ii)- Afghanistan will get access to the sea through the major ports of Karachi and Gwadar, which will be highly beneficial to the economy of Afghanistan.

(5)- Whatever has happened in Pakistan since the Taliban came to power in Afghanistan on August 15, 2021. Followingly, ‘Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan’ (TLP) has shown its widespread support base in Pakistan, especially in its two most important provinces of Punjab and Sindh (where TLP also has the member of Legislative Assembly). It will be straightforward for the Taliban to achieve the Sharia regime in Pakistan with the help of TLP (of ‘Barelvi’ thought, having majority following of Muslims in Pakistan). The Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM) – having PML- N led by former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, JUI-F led by Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman, etc. The PDM has been on the road (on & off) for more than two years. It is demanding fresh elections in Pakistan because elections of 2018, which brought PM Imran to power, were (as per PDM) rigged and were manipulated by Pak Army.

(6)- During the fresh elections, the Islamist parties (TLP, Parties supported by TTP, JUI-F, etc.) are bound to come to power at the center if they fight elections on the issue of bringing Sharia regime in Pakistan. This will get the nukes of Pakistan under the control of militant Jihadis. Then Sharia AF-PAK (with the support of some global militant Jihadis) will threaten to take India the Muslim Kashmir, the popular perception among Muslim Ummah across the world and the Kashmiri Muslims have been suffering for decades at the hands of Hindus, especially the armed forces of India. This Kashmir issue can be used by Jihadi AF-Pak (with nukes) also to blackmail the world community. 

(7)- The developments since 2019 have fundamentally changed the ground situation in J&K against India. On August 5, 2019, India abolished Article 35-A, amended Article 370 of the Constitution, and reduced & bifurcated the J&K State into two Union Territories. These have alienated larger sections of Kashmiris. The Chinese hostilities against India have increased, especially after QUAD, which has resulted in Chinese aggression in Ladakh too, where China has not vacated Depsang, etc., which it occupied in 2020. 

(8)- Moreover, the role of the Pakistan army has already been relegated to a secondary status by PM Imran’s party (as revealed by an office-bearer of PTI during TV debate https://www.hindustantimes. com/world-news/taliban-with-us-to-free-kashmir-from-india- pak-govt-leader-on- tv-news-debate-101629818453064. html), which has recognized the role of militant Jihadis (led by Taliban) as primary for taking J&K militarily from India. Hence whether the world community likes, or not the only solution to this problem is to bring secular democracy to the mini-SAARC region (of India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, which does not accept the Durand Line) for which the following needs to be done by the world community. 

(9)- The world community should ensure (i)- Plebiscite in united J&K (mandated by IoA of J&K to India) and in Balochistan whose IoA was taken by Pakistan by military pressure despite a contrary resolution by its Parliament / Jirga) and (ii)- The ‘dual citizenship’ to about 160 million Hindus. Sikhs and Muslims (and their descendants) who were forcibly displaced from their motherland during partition (from India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh) communalized the Indian subcontinent. Moreover, the world community should ensure (militarily if necessary) if Pakistan and Bangladesh fail to provide good law & order to these Hindus and Sikhs who will go there with ‘dual citizenship.’

10) – The world community should ensure a ‘judicial commission’ to resolve the Indo-China border dispute (keeping rights of Tibetans in view). Unlike Indo-Pak border political problems, this’ Judicial Commission’ can quickly solve Indo-China border legal problems. Once the Indo-China border dispute is resolved, Pakistan will not be able to use China against India. 

(11)- In the interest of making India a genuinely secular country (de-facto- and not merely de-jure). The world community should ensure a petition in the Supreme Court of India (SCI) for complete justice under Article 142 of the Constitution for reviewing the final judgment in the Ayodhya dispute. Legally expected restoration of Status-quo-ante of Babri-masjid (which was demolished in 1992 in the presence of the Observer of SCI) before any final judgment in Ayodhya title suit. Because otherwise, it is lowering the authority of the court, which is criminal contempt even on the part of SCI under section 2 ( c) (i) read with section 16 of Contempt of Court Act.

(12)- The world community should also ensure that India repeals. (i)- All discriminatory (especially against Muslims) reservation laws that, in the name of backward castes, give reservations to those castes of Hindus that even recently ruled in India. (ii)- All the laws related to cow protection, beef-eating, etc., are causing lynching of Muslims and even of ‘Dalits’ in India. 

(13)- The world community should also ensure that all the four countries of mini-SAARC provide freedom of religion and even freedom of conversion from one religion to another because this is the best way of getting the mini-SAARC region free from communalism. 

The world community is hoped, especially the USA, China, Russia, India, Gulf countries of Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar, and others. Further, having significant stakes in AF-Pak, the discussed countries will realize the gravity of the fallout from ending the ceasefire by TTP. That is under the protection and influence of the Taliban because it has every potential of creating an explosive situation by bringing the entire Indian subcontinent to a nuclear flashpoint.

The appointment of chancellors and vice-chancellors of the universities of Balochistan is illegal: FAPUASA

Bolan Voice Report

Prof. Dr. Kaleemullah Barech, President of the FAPUASA Federation of All Pakistan Universities Academic Staff Association (FAPUASA) Balochistan Chapter and General Secretary Fareed Khan Achakzai, issued a joint statement. For the past one month, the Balochistan Governor office and the Chancellor of the University of Balochistan have been issuing three-year appointment orders of Vice-Chancellors of various universities of the province without advertisement and disregarding the merit. In this regard, they are also bypassing the guidelines given by the Higher Education Commission.

The statement said that the Supreme Court of Pakistan had given explicit orders that appointments to any government position should not be made without advertisement. Recently a bench headed by honorable Judge of Balochistan High Court Muhammad Hashim Kakar directed the work was made conditional on consultation with the provincial government in light of the recommendations of the advertising and search committee and the 18th Amendment to the constitution.

The statement clarified that the appointment of the Vice-Chancellor without advertisement and search committee is not only a violation of merit but also illegal. In this way, the recommended people use various means to ensure their appointment, depriving the universities’ senior and qualified teachers.

Through the statement, Governor cum Chancellor is strongly appealed to the universities of Balochistan to cancel the appointment of Vice-Chancellors of the universities without advertisement and excluding the recommendation of the Search Committee. Ensure by the guidelines of the Higher Education Commission.

It was announced in the statement that decisions in this regard would be taken soon in the meeting of the FAPUASA Balochistan Chapter, and announcements will be made in the joint press conference.

Protesting Behavior of Baloch Youths in Social Media

By Ali Jan Maqsood

Social media has become a prodigious platform for people from all walks of life – both in the oppressed

Dozen detained after protesting student, police clash in Quetta

and independent nations and states – which is used as a handy tool to supplant ‘biased’ and ‘censored’ media of most countries considering the globalizing world. People find it easier to highlight their grievances instead of relying on ‘controlled media.’ We usually see trends and hashtags on Twitter, a social media site, covering a foremost, or any other minor concern, of a people globally. With this, the problem circulates worldwide and, more or less, proves to be a culmination for the grieved person(s).

The youths, on the other hand, belonging to any society – developed or not, free or slave, rich or poor – are often witnessed using the social media sites for diverse protests, including educational queries, social disturbances, the rule of law, infliction of injustices, economic worries, governmental performances, and so forth. They also loud for their countrymen and leaders for achievements locally, nationally, and internationally. Nevertheless, youths utilize these sites to operate their fundamental human right to expression.

In Balochistan, the largest by area province of Pakistan, I live here; social media sites, be it Twitter, Facebook, Youtube, Instagram, WhatsApp etcetera, have become necessary channels to address local matters usually overlooked by the national media. Some call it a media blackout in Balochistan, while others consider Balochistan a ‘no-go’ area; in the middle, the province’s inhabitants suffer from constitutional and legal crises. The recent Gwadar sit-in, led by Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman, lasted for thirty-two days. The discussed protest is the most prominent example of how the trepidations of Gwadar, the city that is the lynchpin of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), has been continuously neglected by the provincial and federal governments and the state media. Instead, the city Gwadar of its paramount significance in international business vis-à-vis the country. Had it not been the social media and the sake of Pakistan’s biggest project CPEC, Gwadar’s demonstration, like the rest of the other protests in Balochistan, had gone unnoticed by national and international media, even though it lacked essential coverage.

On the other side of the picture is the Balochistan University students, who led a protesting sit-in inside the varsity campus against the disappearance of two of their fellow students for twenty consecutive days. They closed all the academic and non-academic activities and fell prey to ignorance until the matter was taken to social media. Sohail Baloch and Fassieh Baloch have whisked away within the university hostel on November 1, 2021. National media – majorly the print media – outlined the matter from thereof. Following the little coverage of the grave concern placed in national media, the provincial government set a committee to redress the issue of the students. Disappeared students are yet not produced before the competent court, but the matter has been uplifted to the highest forum through the youths’ protest in social media.

Several other demonstrations are happening in the province, i.e., the sit-in camp of medical students of Makuran Medical College Turbat, Jhalawan Medical College Khuzdar and Medical College Loralai outside the press club Quetta, demonstration of Young Doctors Association (YDA), and others for the flood and other reasons, but they (the home media) rarely, or I better say never, catch up the issues. The reasons may vary, taking into account their terms and policies towards Balochistan.

Amidst the increasing dilemmas of Balochistan and incessant inattention from the national media, the youths of the most ‘underrated’ province, from a long time until now, have relied more on the propagation of their concerns through social media. Other than they are waiting for a green signal from the national press, soon after, the predicaments make their way through national media, although in a lesser frequency, and sometimes to concrete measures as well. Had it not been for the influence of social media in the current era, we would have yet to wait for years for the productivities of our rise and voices.

The writer is a student of law and tweets at @Alijanmaqsood12

Past miscalculations should be rectified before signing the new agreement on Reco Dick: Akhtar Mengal 

Bolan Voice Report

Balochistan National Party head and member of National Assembly Sardar Akhtar Jan Mengal said that

Akhtar Mengal: A falling star - Herald

Balochistan has no idea how much gold, copper, and silver was extracted from Sendak. Only a sheet of 2% royalty is handed over to the province’s de-facto rulers. Similarly, there is no calculation of gas coming out of our Balochs region. Asking questions about resources falls under the category of treason. And we are helpless in the face of those who make things unsmooth and unpleasant. 

He was speaking at a press conference after a meeting of the BNP Central Committee at his residence in Quetta.

Sardar Akhtar Mengal said that BNP has always been accused of being anti-development. We are not against development but the exploitation of the people of Balochistan in the name of progress. Since 1952, gas has been extracted from Balochistan’s area Sui. But till now, the people of Balochistan are deprived of this gas, which violates Article 52 of the Constitution.

He said that royalty of Balochistan’s gas was also given to as a charity, but its payment was not made entirely according to the agreements. To this day, the people of Dera Bugti are provided gas, so they are compelled to burn firewood. They are deprived of gas. Balochistan’s resources were looted in the name of development. Minerals’ wealth of Balochistan was looted, and from Sendak, minerals have been looting, but instead of employment and prosperity, people’s conditions have become more miserable. Gwadar was advertised worldwide in the name of CPEC after 2013. Still, despite the investment of $65 billion, today, the people of Gwadar are deprived of water, electricity, employment, fishing, trawlers come and exploit the locals.

Where do fishing trawlers come from in Balochistan, and what do local fishermen mind?

By Riaz Sohail 

Gwadar, Trawler, Fisherman 

Imam Baloch has been fishing for the last 11-12 years. The work is the same during this period, but their

prey has changed; now, they catch crabs instead of fish. 

They say that the trawlers have destroyed the fish. Therefore, they are catching crabs. He said that he sells at Rs. 70 per crab and earns four to five hundred rupees a day. 

This complaint of shortage of fish is not only of this young man from Pasni area of   Balochistan but also of thousands of small fishermen of Sindh and Balochistan.

Rasool Bakhsh, 70, hails from Gwadar. He says that ten or fifteen years ago, up to 100 kg of fish could be easily found in a journey of four or five hours, but this is no longer the case. 

He has two small boats on which his sons go fishing, but the cost of diesel is also barely rising. They also blame the Gaju net trawlers, which has caused famine in the oceans, for the shortage of fish. 

“Two of our boys are involved in fishing. They are educated, but there is no other job. We exclaim because our position will remain well if there is the sea. 

What is trawling? 

Fishing trawlers are fishing vessels that use machinery to cast and pull nets. It is a special kind of large net, and these ships can travel long distances due to powerful engines.

These ships have a large fish storage capacity and can be frozen for several days. These ships can stay at sea for 15 to 20 days. 

Moazzam Khan, an aide to the World Wide Fund for Nature – WWF, an international organization working to protect the environment, says trawling equipment destroys the ocean floor. “When they move, they sweep the sea and dig the surface like a plow, which harms aquatic life.” 

“Everything that happens at the bottom of the ocean, whether its small fish, insects, aquatic plants, and corals, all fall into this trap.” 

Saeed Baloch, the Pakistan Fisher Folk Forum leader, says the trawlers use a gauze net that looks like a tail.

He said the trawler keeps moving, and the crew throws the net and pulls it. The holes in this net are tiny and become smaller with the weight. With fish and prawns in this net, they trap small fish, fish eggs, and even their nests, leading to fish genocide. 

Small Fishermen vs. Trawlers 

According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, most of the boats used in Pakistan are made of wood, with a registered number of 19,000. 

Of these, 1400 boats in Sindh, while 5000 are in Balochistan. The federal government has allowed 30 trawlers in Zone-III of the sea, known as the Exclusive Economic Zone. These trawlers fish 35 km away.

Saeed Baloch, leader of the Fisher Folk Forum, a fishermen’s organization in Pakistan, said that the sea of   Sindh was destroyed. These trawlers are invading Balochistan as most men hunt on a small scale. 

Many fishes have become rare. 

Fishermen of Sindh mention many species of fish that have become rare. 

According to Gwadar fisherman Rasool Bakhsh, many fish species are now becoming rare or have migrated from local waters to Iranian waters. Such as lionfish, catfish, cat, and Kagha fish are no longer visible. 

Fisherman Akbar says that the species of Paplats and prawns are almost extinct. 

What are the maritime boundaries of Pakistan?

Pakistan’s territorial waters stretched to 200 nautical miles; in the last few years, the United Nations Commission on Continental Shelf Boundaries had agreed to extend Pakistan’s outer borders to 350 nautical miles. 

Pakistan’s Ministry of Maritime Affairs has set up three fishing zones in the sea under which the provincial governments have maritime boundaries from coast to 12 nautical miles where fishing is done with the permission of the Sindh and Balochistan governments. 

In addition, 12 to 20 nautical miles are federal government boundaries where the federal government assists fishing while the federal government also administers 20 to 200 nautical miles.

In Balochistan, the sea border extends from Hub to the Iranian border, covering   770 km. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Balochistan has a mostly underwater mountainous region with Sonmiani, Ormara, Kalmat, Pasni, and Gwadar Bay. 

The coast of Sindh stretches from Hub River to the Indian border, which covers 348 km. The Indus Delta and Creek are 80 miles apart. Tamar forests are found here where prawns thrive. 

Foreign Trawlers

According to the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, in 2018, Pakistan exported about 200,000 tons of seafood, and since then, it has increased further. The fish and shrimp business is considered to be the most lucrative business.

Fishermen reacted strongly to the arrival of two Chinese trawlers in Gwadar two months ago. Still, Federal Minister for Ports and Shipping and Maritime Ali Haider Zaidi claimed that the ship had come to Gwadar for repair due to a malfunction in the boat. 

News arrival of Chinese trawlers at the port of Karachi also came to light, but the federal and Sindh governments have been expressing their dissatisfaction with them. 

Pakistan Fisher Folk leader Saeed Baloch says 10 trawlers came from China on which questions were raised as to who permitted them and who is responsible for it. 

He said that all the local fishermen, big and small, protested, to which the Federal Minister said that had nothing to do with it but questioned how they came into Pakistani waters if they did not belong. 

“Trawlers from China, Thailand, and Korea used to run here, against which fishermen have been protesting since 1999. After that, the work was reduced, but I think the protests did not make much difference to the rulers, but it became difficult to run these trawlers due to the increase in oil prices. Secondly, they had emptied the sea by fishing on a large scale, so now they could not afford it. 

According to Pakistan’s Deep Sea Policy 2021, no foreign individual or company will be licensed, while Federal Minister Ali Zaidi claims that there is no foreign trawler at present. 

WWF aide Moazzam Khan also agrees with Ali Zaidi’s position. He also said that the last foreign trawler in operation was November 2005. No foreign trawler was allowed.

Ali Khan Magsi, chairman of the National Assembly’s Standing Committee on Maritime Affairs, said that foreign trawlers came a lot. Still, now they have been stopped, and those that are coming now are outside the borders of Pakistan. 

“We have called for a report on why the foreign trawlers are coming here. These trawlers were interested here, so they come and stay.” 

Amir Ali Khan Magsi says Pakistan’s surveillance system is weak. 

“If anyone violates, they should be stopped and brought to the port and brought to justice. Legal action should be taken so that any result can come out, but the matters get in the way.” 

WWF aide Moazzam Khan says Pakistan Maritime Security Agency is a powerful organization.

Even a dead ship is worth $20 million, and if an agency ceases it, the investment sinks, while a new ship is worth over a million (dollars), so who would take such a significant risk?”

One of the demands of the participants of the ongoing sit-in in Gwadar is to stop trawlers. Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehmsit-in leader sit-in has said that trawlers come from Sindh illegally and do fishing in Balochistan. 

For trawling, Gwadar fisherman Akbar Raees says no such launch-boat in Gwadar, Pasni, and Jwani. 

“We are not doing anything that could ruin the sea. Even the largest boat here can carry up to 2,000 kilograms of prawns.” 

Another fisherman from Gwadar, Rasool Bakhsh, says that Sindh trawlers use the Gaju net, which is banned, and this net destroys the sea.

The sea of   Sindh was more fertile than the sea of   our s Balochistan. There were many fishes in Sindh’s sea, now is nothing left because of this Gaju net ow. We think that if it is not banned, then our sea’s fate will be the same as Sindh. 

Federal Minister Ali Zaidi said that it was the job of the Maritime Security Agency to monitor the trawlers in the territorial waters. Still, Sindh and Balochistan stopped them and said we would watch them ourselves. 

“Because the water in Balochistan is better, trawlers from Sindh go there, and Balochistan people consider them as outsiders, and they have had many scuffles.”

The article originally was published in BBC Urdu, translated by the Bolan Voice team, and is republished with special thanks.

A deal with TLP

By Comrade Faqeer Baloch

Tehreek-e-Labeek Pakistan has been active for a long time as a religious party in Pakistan, especially in

Govt mulls over implementing deal with TLP

Punjab. Governor Salman Taseer was assassinated by his government guard Mumtaz Qadri with an official gun. Mumtaz Qadri was declared a martyr, and a mausoleum was built on his grave. The judge, who awarded life sentence to Qadri, was exasperated and was propelled to go exile. The judge had to leave the country out of fear.

Who formed this party? Who is behind this party? The part Tehreek-e-Labeek came to the fore in 2017 when fielded against the PML-N government. The party then staged a sit-in in Islamabad at the end of the protest, distributing envelopes to sit-in participants. The same motive followers then put the party to the test of 2018 to gauge its popularity. They got good marks in the election results, which boosted their confidence and credibility, and covered the activities of this party in the media, which further increased its popularity.

At that time, Khadim Hussain Rizvi was the leader of this party. For some time, Tehreek-e-Labeek went behind the scenes. Successively, it launched a full-scale campaign against the French ambassador to expel them from the country. To attract public opinion, he started holding protest rallies in cities and towns and aroused the religious sentiments of the people. But at that time, the discussed authorities considered Khadim Rizvi as their asset and avoided blocking the way of this party; such policies encouraged the TLP.

The religious group TLP organizers realized that the state would not stand in their way. The party staged a sit-in at Faizabad in Islamabad, demanding cut-off diplomatic relations with the French government and deportation of the French ambassador from Pakistan. TLP protesters resorted to violence at the time. While shaking hands with the police, the government also held talks with Tehreek-e-Labeek. Eventually, the government was forced to sign a written agreement with the TLP. The government agreed to review relations with France and deport the French ambassador in the contract. According to the agreement, the TLP ended its sit-in, and the government had to implement the agreement within three months. But three months later, the deal was not kept its words. TLP, on this delay, the workers were outraged and demanded that the government implement the agreement.

Meanwhile, the mysterious death of Ameer Khadim Hussain Rizvi of Tehreek-e-Labeek took place. The government thinks the agreement was scrapped, but it did not happen. In the late post, his son Saad Rizvi was made the Ameer of the orthodox organization who insisted on fulfilling the agreement while advancing his father’s mission. He threatened to protest while police arrested him. Activists were enraged at his arrest and sat on a sit-in at Lahore Orphanage Chowk. The scope of the sit-in was widening. The police charged the protesters to disperse the procession, used tear gas, shelling, and chemical gas. Casualties were reported during the clashes with police, but the death toll was mentioned lower in the media.

Interestingly, during this affray, both sides raised the slogan of ‘Allah Akbar’ louder and louder. Police arrested hundreds of TLP workers. The government declared the TLP proscribed. The TLP called off the protest on the assurance that the issue of deportation of the French ambassador from Pakistan would be taken up in the National Assembly for approval. The government dropped the charges against the arrested organization’s activists and released them. But Saad Rizvi was not released. The deportation of the French ambassador was not easy for the government as doing so would have cut off Pakistan from European countries and left it isolated, which could damage the country’s economy.

Therefore, the government did dilly-daily regarding the matter. Not a single religious party in Pakistan sided with Tehreek-e-Labeek in this battle. Even Maulana Tariq Jameel remained silent. They gathered at Lahore’s Daata Darbar, and announced a long march to Islamabad. When the Long March left Lahore and entered other cities, attempts were made to stop the long marchers at various places. The Long March jammed the whole of Punjab’s function. It became difficult for the government to maintain law and order. Roads were closed, traffic-jammed was everywhere in the province. Citizens faced difficulties in getting around. Clashes between banned TLP workers and police continued. Several police officials were killed.

As the long march progressed, the government also increased the number of forces. The government put Punjab under the control of Rangers for two months.

Deployment of Rangers in Punjab was just a show because the use of paramilitary forces in Punjab (Lahore) was not as easy for the government as it is easy to use paramilitary forces in Karachi and Balochistan. Incidents of Indian agents and terrorism were leveled against Karachi and Balochistan’s people. And now, these allegations were leveled against the banned TLP leadership and its workers. Why discriminate against the people of Sindh, Balochistan, and KPK?

The roads were broken in some places, 12-foot-deep trenches were dug, and containers were set up at various locations to halt the way of the long marchers. It was like a war about to break out between two enemy nations. Roads leading to Islamabad were sealed. All roads leading to Faizabad in Islamabad City were closed.

The long march’s moving continued towards Islamabad. In the meantime, the government tried to stop the long marchers from advancing through various means. But the banned TLP members refused to stop the long march. TLP’s leadership said that the government repeatedly promises to implement our demands but then backtracks on its promise. Therefore, there is no trust in government words and promises. The government announced a ban on TLP, after which one-sided news continued to reach the people. People had to rely on social media to find out the facts.

The government first came under pressure from the banned TLP to enter into an illegal agreement and then told them it would be brought to parliament for approval. However, the government was aware that opposition parties would not support taking the matter to parliament, as the opposition had already declared the agreement illicit.

At such a juncture, the government got stuck in a dead-end. If the agreement had been tabled in the parliament, it would have been a big test for the opposition because 99% of the members of parliament greatly esteem Mohammad Mustafa (PBUH). The government was in a position to give up. Because on the one hand, it was a matter of honor of Mohammad Mustafa (PBUH). On the other hand, Pakistan’s diplomatic relations with half of the world had to end forever.

The Lahore High Court ordered the release of Saad Rizvi. But the government filed a petition in the Supreme Court against him. Convoy of the long march was on its way to the destination, and due to a traffic jam, its pace slowed down. Clashes between police and protesters continued from time to time, which held the state hostage for eleven days. A meeting of the National Security Committee was convened under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Imran Khan to take notice of the situation. Army Chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa, DG ISI General Faiz Hameed, Interior Minister Sheikh Rashid, and other senior officials met apart from Fawad Chaudhry. Where decided that no one would be allowed to challenge the state’s writ, and they denied the release of banned TLP leader Saad Rizvi and the expulsion of the French ambassador.

Interior Minister Sheikh Rashid said the government could not expel the French ambassador. It has been decided that negotiations will not occur until the TLP ends the protest. The government rejected the demands of the banned TLP and upheld the ban on this, further proclaiming it as a terrorist organization. Additionally, it was decided to take stern actions against this organization.

Federal Minister for Information Fawad Hussain Chaudhry alleged that India is behind the banned Tehreek-e-Labeek or Ya-Rasoolullah. Two Indian nationals are sitting in Delhi funding the banned TLP. At the same time, WhatsApp messages are sent from India, Africa, and Hong Kong to TLP’s people. The government put 400 workers, including Ameer Saad Rizvi of the banned TLP, on the Fourth Schedule on terrorism charges. But the long march did not stop. The government used the same old tactics that the Pakistani rulers have always used to control the Long March. Bring the experienced characters to the fore, which comes in handy for governments on such occasions.

Therefore, a 12-member committee of Ulema headed by Mufti Muneeb-ur-Rehman, former chairman of Ruwit-e-Halal, was formed to negotiate with the banned TLP leadership and persuade them to end the long march. Former chairman Mufti Muneeb-ur-Rehman and his team told the media about the deal’s details (which are not disclosed) and said that the government had removed the banned TLP from the list of terrorists it will not be in the status of proscribed. Four hundred workers have been removed from the Fourth Schedule, and all cases have been withdrawn, and the workers will be released. Ameer Saad Rizvi of TLP will be released later. The TLP will give up its demand for the expulsion of the French ambassador, and the organization will work under the country’s laws. It will end up the current long march and avoid the next time to convene. The TLP will be the next political party to participate in mainstream politics. On this occasion, Mufti Muneeb-ur-Rehman also said that Tehreek-e-Labeek had not demanded the expulsion of the French ambassador. The ministers are lying. However, earlier on November 4, 2021, Mufti Muneeb-ur-Rehman, while talking to a British broadcaster in response to a question, said that we have not given up the demand for expulsion of the French ambassador. The media is misinterpreting our words in this regard.

After the deal, Saad Rizvi was released and reached out to his workers. At the same time, in front of the media persons, Fawad Chaudhry, the government spokesman, acknowledged the state’s defeat against the orthodox. The state has to retreat. We are not threatened by the United States, Israel, Europe, or any foreign country. “Extremism is taught in schools, colleges, universities, and madrassas, so we face an internal threat,” he said. According to government claims, sit-ins and long marches have caused a loss of Rs 35 billion.

The all story emanates a lesson for moderate Pakistanis that rulers are intended to strengthen orthodoxy in Punjab to cut the vote-bank of PML-N. They are also desirous of warding off an uprising of the citizens against inflation and downgrading life-standard, injustices with people, and likewise in the country. By now, these religious but controlled elements will parade on roads on non-issues while quelling the significance of any actual movement, demands, and revolutionary upheaval.

Saudi Arabia: Why the Tablighi Jamaat is condemned in Friday sermons? 

Muhammad Zubair Khan, Journalist

Saudi Arabia’s country was running on the same party that some organizations came from outside, tried

Saudi Govt Misled, We Condemn Terrorism', Says Tablighi Jamaat In Response  To Ban

to divide the people from the ‘one party and one religion.’ So that, their (Saudi citizens) unity be torn one of the well-known groups is the Tablighi Jamaat which calls itself Ahbab in this country (Saudi Arabia). 

The origin of this party is in Indian (subcontinent). Jamaat-e-Tabligh opposes many ways of the Prophet of Islam, and this group goes out for an invitation to people without knowledge, which is against the way of Allah and the Prophet of Islam. This is the party from which terrorist groups were born. People who go with them also fall prey to ex-communication (takfiri) parties due to a lack of knowledge.

That is why the people of the terrorist groups who are imprisoned here (in Saudi Arabia) were interrogated and it was found out that they were members of the first Tablighi Jamaat. The verdict (fatwa) committee of this country (Saudi Arabia) has stated that it is not permissible to associate with this party (Tablighi Jamaat or Ahbab). 

We must not accept their invitation. This party and similar parties will tear our alliance apart. This is not permissible under any circumstances. 

The sermon was delivered at a large mosque in Saudi Arabia on Friday in December 2021. Similar sermons have been delivered in almost all mosques under the direction of the Saudi Ministry of Religious Affairs. 

Saudi Arabia’s Minister of Religious Affairs, Dr. Sheikh Abdul Latif bin Abdul Aziz Al-Sheikh, in a tweet called for the public to be informed about the Tablighi Jamaat in Saudi Arabia.

Leading leaders of the Tablighi Jamaat in Pakistan have been contacted for comment, but they have refused to comment. 

However, Darul Uloom Deoband India has issued a statement condemning the allegations leveled against the Tablighi Jamaat. 

A source close to Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Religious Affairs said the ban on the Tablighi Jamaat was nothing new, but that recent tweets and sermons were a repeat of the old ban. 

What is the issue of banning Tablighi Jamaat in Saudi Arabia? 

According to a longtime official in the Saudi Ministry of Religious Affairs, before understanding the issue of banning the Tablighi Jamaat, one has to understand the current system in Saudi Arabia, which is to say that political and religious parties in the country have to abide by the law. At length, there is no permission for religious and political parties to operate under the laws. 

Similarly, now if we look at the conditions of entry and work permit in Saudi Arabia, i.e., visa and residency, then it is clear that there is no entry in Saudi Arabia for invitation and preaching. There is no such visa or residence for such purposes at all. 

Now if a person enters Saudi Arabia on a doctor’s visa or residency, he will only work in the medical field where he has been allowed to work, i.e., in the hospital, etc. He will not be allowed for the invitation and preaching. Institutions and people are already appointed by the government for invitation and preaching.

Similarly, if a scholar or translator is granted a residence or visa from Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Africa, India or Pakistan, etc., he will remain a translator and scholar. He is not allowed to treat or cure anyone. It is a legal offense for him to do anything other than or deviate from the requirements of his residency or visa. 

The Tablighi Jamaat originated in India. All over the world, it is called by the name of Tablighi Jamaat but it is called by the name of Ahbab in Saudi Arabia because there is no permission to work in the name of Tablighi Jamaat in this country. 

The name of friends (Ahbab) is also probably used to hide from the eyes of the authorities as it is used a lot in common parlance.

Preachers from all over the world use different methods to enter Saudi Arabia. Usually, those groups that travel to different countries for one year each get a visa for Umrah, Hajj, or tourism. Based on this visa, they stay in different Saudi cities for two or three months or a few days to preach and they also get the support of some people from the Gulf States. 

A few years ago, the Saudi Interior Ministry and the Ministry of Religious Affairs cracked down on such reports, and law enforcement agencies were activated against them.

As a result, many people were caught preaching and were punished according to Saudi Arabian law. Similarly, when the global war on terror broke out, it was observed that many Saudis, most of whom had gone to Pakistan and Afghanistan, had gone under the guise of Tablighi Jamaat. 

The ban was also imposed on Saudi nationals and Pakistani diplomatic officials were asked not to issue visas to Saudi nationals for preaching, which still prevails. 

The people of Tablighi Jamaat have been contacted to discuss all these issues but they have refused to talk on any subject including this one.

Azmat Khan, a journalist from Karachi who has been reporting on religious parties for many years, said that whether the Tablighi Jamaat members were killed or their people were accused of being involved in an incident, the party does not talk about it and only the work continues. 

What does Tablighi Jamaat do? 

According to Azmat Khan, no work of Tablighi Jamaat is secret or hidden. These people are not involved in politics, their leaders are not activists or leaders of any religious or political party, and they do not have any political, economic, or social agenda and accept everyone in their ranks.

He said that he does not ask any of his entourage why he has joined their ranks, what are their goals, they just welcome anyone who comes with them. They seem to be talking about matters of Islam which include teaching people the acceptance of Islam (Kalma), prayers, supplications in Arabic, and the Qur’an. 

Azmat Khan said that the Tablighi Jamaat has become very popular in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, India, Africa, and even the United Kingdom and the United States in the last few years due to their seemingly loose discipline and it does not accept any responsibility towards the peoples’ attachment with this group.

That is why during the war on terror many incidents were reported in which it was said that some terrorists had taken refuge in their ranks, but the Tablighi Jamaat never accepted its responsibility. While in Pakistan, to some extent, neither the state nor the law enforcement agencies have found the Tablighi Jamaat guilty. 

Why the strong reaction from Saudi Arabia? 

According to Sabukh Syed, a journalist, who has been reporting on religious parties for a long time, there have been reports that in addition to the members of Al-Qaeda and the Muslim Brotherhood, have been declared terrorists in Saudi Arabia. The people from organizations involved in sectarianism have also been involved to continue their activities by joining the ranks of Tablighi Jamaat.

He said that it has always been the opinion that the Tablighi Jamaat of India is more involved in Saudi Arabia than the Tablighi Jamaat of Pakistan and other countries. The said Tablighi Jamaat was also banned in India in recent days. 

He said there were incidents in which Pakistani security forces had arrested people engaged in preaching with the Tablighi Jamaat, including some Saudi nationals and others, after which the Saudi citizens have not been issued visas for preaching for some time and this may be due to the Saudi government. 

According to Sabukh Syed, it seems that the Saudi government suspects that a large number of people in the ranks of the Tablighi Jamaat, known in their country as Ahbab, have strong feelings against the current Saudi monarch.

He said, they are also suspected that organizations banned by Saudi Arabia were carrying out activities in the name of the Tablighi Jamaat or Ahbab, which can pose a threat to Saudi Arabia.  

Sabukh Syed said that under the Saudi Arabian system, no party is allowed to do things like the interpretation of Islam, Islamic laws, an invitation to people toward religion Islam and preaching for religion, and issuing decrees (fatwas) in Islamic affairs. The government through its assigned organizations does itself all these. Even in this situation, no room creates for the work of Tablighi Jamaat or Ahbab in Saudi Arabia.

He said that the recent tweet from Saudi officials and the re-mention of Tablighi Jamaat in Friday’s sermons could mean issuing a warning to the Tablighi Jamaat or its members. In case of any activity, if it comes to the notice of the Saudi government, it could face severe action. 

According to Sabukh Syed, the activities of the Tablighi Jamaat could create a conservative atmosphere in the eyes of the government and the re-issuance of the warning could be aimed at abandoning the conservative traditions.

The article originally was published in BBC Urdu, translated by the Bolan Voice team, and is republished with special thanks.

Balochs are the prime heritor of Balochistan’s resources: Dr. Shah Mohammad Marri

Interview by Waheed Zaheer

That person ever quests for research and creation, seeks peace, shares love. Depressed over atrocities, he

shakes his head over good poetry, dislikes nonsense things. He knows the art of putting ointment on wounds, so he also cockers his friends. Far from backbiting and hypocrites, he is engaged in reading and writing. He is an especial person in the guise of an ordinary man. 

Yes, we are talking about Dr. Shah Mohammad Marri, an essential reference of Balochistan, politician, intellectual, writer, and well-known pathologist. In previous days, we had a detailed discussion with Dr. Sahib about his living conditions and the current situation in the province, presented here to the readers. 

Q: Tell us about your area, education, and training.

A: In my area, education up to the primary level started sixty years ago, but in a short span of only five years, that school was closed because of our great man’s children completed his education up to this school level. At that time, there were no roads, no electricity, and no water in the area. The school instructor would arrive from Sibi on horseback after staying overnight. Understand that life was incomprehensible. Don’t know why to regressive vaunt on leading such a life?

However, in my view, such a life is no less than a torment, where there is no difference between animals and humans. Life is tasteless without facilities. We used to take two or four cattle to the market of Sibbi and sell them for the sake of some necessities of life with the money we got. They used militia clothes to cover their heads, which lasted for years. My father, Haji Mohammad Murad, was a progressive thinker passionate about serving the people. 

He always wanted to make life easier for others. He wanted me to pursue higher education, which is why I went to Barkhan to get education up to middle school and intermediate, and then F.Sc. from high school, Dhaka. Later, I got admission to Bolan Medical College, Quetta, where I did MBBS. After working for one and a half years, I went to Lahore for post-graduation.

Q: Where did the political training take place? 

A: When I gained consciousness, at the time, Ayub Khan’s martial law era was in full swing. In the meantime, my uncle Bakhteyar Khan and Meero Khan were commanding the resistance against the oppression. They were commanding the force of oppressed peoples. So in these circumstances, is there any room for other training? Remember, even in 1918, and the British had burnt our village, our tribe fought five battles with the British. Who doesn’t love their land? Who doesn’t fight for its survival? And then we had to face the torment of martial law and even the worst tribal system. 

Q: Apart from educational activities, do political activities also continue in Lahore?

A: Yes, I started politics in Balochistan in the first year. However, during my stay in Lahore, I remained active in politics while adhering to Balochistan. Anti-Martial Law Imperialism is in my blood. Going against the chieftaincy system was a regional and democratic requirement, and I saw all these problems and difficulties in the ambit of socialism. That is why I became part of the Pakistan Socialist Party, headed by CR Aslam. The weekly “People’s Democracy” was a magazine of the same party, the study of which taught me a lot. 

Remember, Baloch youth do politics under duress; otherwise, they are thirsty for knowledge, seekers of knowledge. Balochistan was a federation during British rule consisting of four states, Kharan, Makuran, Lasbela, and Kalat, and these units had their own rules. These Nawabs, Khans, and Jam were anti-knowledge and against the development. They wanted to build no roads here, no electricity, and a gas supply to people was among their priorities. They even considered cycling a breach of tradition, which has been going on in Balochistan since Robert Sandeman. 

Q: What are the fundamental problems of Balochistan?

A: There are two fundamental problems of Balochistan. One is national sovereignty, and the other is feudalism. Autonomy is emphasized because it involves the third external force, which strongly opposes authority and patronizes the class system. Understand that my resources are just mine. 

It is raw, it is ripe, and whatever it is mine. No one from outside should interfere in it. My real problem is the internal situation of Balochistan. The first right on our resources belongs to the Baloch. My primary battle is with outdated class politics, feudalism, and capitalism, gaining momentum. 

Q: How do you see the role of media?

A: We all know that the media is in control. Why let the global movements be known when the capitalist invests money in the media to promote fascism that only shows sports, modeling, catwalks, and rioting? Guess from this that our children are being encouraged to plunder treasures and carry guns through cartoons. 

Children are taught to earn money and kill in any way. Simultaneously, no university, college is trying to promote healthy activities, a culture of debate. The two teachers are not ready to sit together, building their one-a-half-inch mosque. Universities should develop ideologies, there should be purposeful activities, but unfortunately, our educational institutions have fallen prey to prejudice. 

Q: Now, the books are coming to point out the past mistakes; maybe those will not be repeated in the future?

A: Of course, knowledge is a great wealth, but the books that are coming, the knowledge reaching the commoner, is not standard. Good books are banned. Rulers are consciously afraid of the people. That is why they keep them away from education. Rulers want to tell Aurangzeb stories to the people. And I say that knowledge should be free from the scope of degrees and certificates. 

Q: Do you need capital for everything, including politics? 

A: Capitalism is brutality. It empties the pockets of others, stifles creativity—trades on helplessness and disease. The capitalists and the feudal class cannot survive without exploiting human beings. There is hardly any other system as ruthless as the capitalist system. Its characteristic is that it keeps changing shape and color.

Socialism has the crux essence to benefit and promote the survival of man and humanity, and in this system, the referred things are discussed. In this system, everyone has the right to education, health, facilities. In this system, is no repetition of me and mine, while it is a matter of us and ours. Yes, human beings live together. In this regard, we should be thankful to Coronavirus that it wore the same mask to the whole world. America also found out that it too could die. 

Q: Is there a continuation of the “Latkhana”?

A: Movements arise from the roots of the earth. Latkhana itself is a continuum; for example, the Progressive Writers Association was founded in 1948. Similarly, “Baloch Waninda Gul” was formed for Balochi language and literature. The “Pashtun Group” was created in the same sequence for Pashto literature. Before, Anjuman-e-Ittihad-e-Balochan was formed in 1920. Since the establishment of Sangat Academy in 1997, there has been regular work promoting literature. The academy has elections, academic sessions in the name of “Poh Zant.” Abdullah Jan Jamaldini was the Patron-in-Chief of the monthly Sangat magazine; this is a democratic forum with people-friendly participants. Latkhana is the name of a movement in which intellectuals, writers have played their historical role. 

Q: Why is Sangat Academy emphasizing translation?

A: Knowledge is acquired in two ways; directly and indirectly. That is, experiment yourself or take advantage of the experiences and observations of others, and one thing is sure, 90% of knowledge is acquired directly. The academy includes films, poetry, novels, fiction, and classical literature. Indirect knowledge is limited. While observations, ages pass in the acquisition of experiences. Stop translating, then the journey of consciousness will stop. Maulana Rumi and Sheikh Saadi are the eyes of our knowledge and culture. Still, they did not write in Balochi, Pashto, and Brahui languages, so obviously, people will benefit from the translations of their words.

Whoever has not read Maulana Rumi, who has not read Sheikh Saadi, what kind of person will they be? Those, who have been deprived of Tolstoy, Tagore, Mast Tawakli, Shah Murid, how can we teach them the philosophy of loving human beings. The goal of our organization is to translate the world’s most popular books in Balochi, Brahui, and Pashto languages into fifty, fifty books. So far, 150 books have been published in this regard, including translations. 

Q: What are the responsibilities of the government and ours?

A: No matter the problem, it has to be solved by sitting together. When the Baloch do something together, it is called “usher.” Good, sensible leadership should come to Balochistan. Also, we have to stop interference in the affairs of others. Every nation has its problems, but the fundamental problems of the Baloch have not been solved so far. Elders occupy the schools here. In remote areas, animals and humans are still drinking water from the same pond. 

Hospitals lack facilities. It is essential to eradicate the idea of theft and shortcuts. Populations are growing, and resources are dwindling. After the 18th Amendment, we cannot blame the federal government for the province’s development is the provincial government’s responsibility. In addition, the poor performance of incompetent planners should be noted.

The interview original was published in “Jang News,” translated by the Bolan Voice team, and republished with special thanks.

Reporting in the ocean of men was no harassment and infringement

Gwadar Movement:

By Rameesha Ali, journalist

On December 9, 2021, I suddenly received a message to go Gwadar for reporting. I straightway agreed but didn’t know at the time that it would be not just a project but one of the best travel and reporting experiences of my life. 

We did not know then that the actual journey would begin at 4:00 am as soon as Amy (mother) heard that her young daughter would travel to Balochistan in the dark of night. After all, for Amy, the impression of Balochistan news on TV and WhatsApp has often been negative so that she would believe it. But Abu (father) reassured her and said, “My daughter is a brave journalist. Let her go. She will be fine.” But the worry was also on his face.

Before embarking on the journey, I got all the information about the protests and rallies of the ‘Haq Do

No one can deprive Gwadar people of their rights: Maulana Hidayat -  Pakistan - DAWN.COM

Balochistan movement,’ which started from November 15 in Gwadar, a coastal city of Balochistan and the center of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor – CPEC and also planned the coverage for the next two days. 

The protest sit-in organized by ‘Haq Do Gwadar’ started on November 15, 2021, lasting 32 days. On December 16, 2021, the sit-in was called off after demands were met. According to the locals, the historic rally was organized by the Baloch women of Gwadar. In this movement inclusion of women was unprecedented, an example of which is not found anywhere in the Baloch culture and civilization. 

It is essential to clarify that this was my first experience in Balochistan. In other words, my first experience living in a city of Balochistan and reporting from there. I had the excitement of first meeting, first trip, and first experience because I usually do journalistic works from Sindh.

But before that, I had heard in my journalistic circles that reporting in Balochistan is very difficult, especially for women. We will not go into the details of why this is so. Just understand that media and social platforms have a vital role in shaping our minds in this regard. 

So as soon as I started the journey from one coastal city Karachi to another seaside town Gwadar, I did my excitement a little on the side and did a risk assessment. So that in case of any untoward incident during reporting, I should be prepared in advance and take immediate action.

At exactly 4’O clock in the night, the car was outside my house in which my colleague and senior reporter Nemat Khan were also present. Nemat Khan is the correspondent of Sindh and Balochistan in Arab News. He has traveled to Balochistan many times and is well aware of the routes on which our vehicle was supposed to run. My parents and I were glad to have an experienced companion on the trip. 

The city of Gwadar is at a distance of 634 km from Karachi. The journey can be made on the Makuran Coastal Highway in about six to seven hours.

As soon as our car approached the Karachi border, I took off my sandals, folded my jacket, and put it under my head. My whole plan was to finish my sleep by the time the sun rises, but there is a chance that a gust of wind may come. Yes, there was a faint moment when my eyes blinked lightly, but when I looked out of the car’s window, my eyes were wide open. 

What a beautiful sky! Like someone was standing in front of a still sea. It seems darkness of night was coming from the bottom of the ocean to the surface of white glittering pearls saluting the moon. So clear sky, where can you see so many stars in Karachi? Karachi is the economic hub of our country, but unfortunately, it is also the hub of dust, smoke, and dirt. We are sunk in the artificial lights of Karachi that we never think this beautiful sky is hidden behind these deep clouds.

Just then, in a state of sleep and wakefulness, I stared at the sky with music in my ears, and soon the sun opened its arms and welcomed us in the vast land of Balochistan. 

Our car passed the Makuran Coastal Highway, with views on both sides. There is a different kind of attraction and mystery in the rugged mountains of Balochistan. These mountains are naturally shaped like the royal forts and palaces that existed here thousands of years ago and are now hidden within these mountains.

We finally stopped our car five hours later and watched sunrises from a viewing point in the Kund-Malir area of   Balochistan. The light of the sun was kissing the waves of the Arabian Sea, hitting the beautiful shores of Kund-Malir. I pulled out my cell phone and took pictures. The beach of Kund-Malir is spotless and transparent; the seawater from here looks blue and turquoise, which is the characteristic of this place. However, facilities like food and clean bathroom are not so much here.

We had breakfast immediately and started our journey again. For the next three hours, we were in Gwadar, Balochistan. There was a very long day ahead, for which I had only one hour to prepare. It was Friday, December 10, 2021, and a large rally of men was to take place after the congregational prayers. Meanwhile, local women had to sit for a few hours at a venue a short distance from the newly built stadium in Gwadar. 

With all the reporting and shooting equipment, I left the hotel. I drove straight to the venue, where I interviewed Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman, head of the ‘Haq Do Balochistan Movement’ and provincial secretary-general of Jamaat-e-Islami Balochistan. Only men were present in the venue and were preparing to move towards the rally spot by this time.

Immediately after the interview, the participants started moving towards this place, so we instantaneously got out of our car and reached this place to report when the rally started. 

So far, no one was to nudge me that I had not moved from my place, which is not strange. 

Within an hour, men from different parts of Gwadar gathered at the rally site and started strolling. We parked our car in a corner. I was also standing on the side, interviewing passersby and making videos. After about 15 to 20 minutes, the number of men did not decrease. They were going in large and small groups. As the length of my eyes-sight, I could see an ocean of people. Surprisingly, however, no one had touched me by mistake, nor I had to give ground, as is usually the case with such rallies. 

I decided that as soon as I had the chance, I would get out of here and drive to Marine Drive, and from there, I would go live on Facebook with a better and broader view.

It is important to note that I was the only woman. I was wearing a black suit and a scarf over my head. I had a bag on my shoulders and a coverlet, camera, and mic in my hands. 

I took a shortcut in the car and reached Marine Drive before the rally. There were some benches along the beach boundary wall. I went and stood on a bench to capture the best scenes of the rally coming from the front. The rally slowly started moving towards me. When I saw the sea of   men moving towards me, I was suddenly startled. That scene has been etched on my memory for a lifetime.

Suddenly, the Minar-e-Pakistan incident came to my mind. The thought of being insulted while reporting with me in the Independence March of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam in 2019 started frightening me. I was afraid I would not know if so many men harassed me, but I did not realize that not all men and societies are the same. 

I was standing on a bench, and only men were passing behind me, left and right. I continued my work, and no one said anything to me and did not insult me. 

Sadly, the standard of morality in our society has dropped so much that we are surprised when people behave like human beings.

I reported to the sea of   men, and my hair did not fall out. No one harassed me nor infringed out of thousands of men rally participants. I got off at the place, and the rally had stopped because Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman was standing on a truck and addressing the rally. Many participants turned their backs on the ground to hear the speech. I was standing by the rally doing my Facebook live and commentary. 

Some organizers heard my commentary and invited me to come to the truck. At first, I hesitated because there were only men in front of me, and there was no place to walk to that truck. 

Some were standing, and some were sitting on the ground. When I promised to come forward as if the protocol was given to a significant person, the men got up from the ground and stood on the side, and a particular way was made for me.

I got to the truck, did my reporting, and started walking back, so people made their way back to me to make room for me. My heart is so happy that it is indescribable. 

My mother was worried that I would report in a hazardous and politically unstable part of Balochistan and where I got such an honor that I will never forget. Of course, no opinion should be made about a place and its people unless you are with the people of that place and spend time with them.

The article originally was published in Independent Urdu, translated by the Bolan Voice team, and is republished with special thanks.

Historical deception of the Industrial Revolution

By Atta-ur-Rehman

In the West, when spirituality was rejected under the so-called Enlightenment project, it was claimed by

Industrial Revolution- An Introduction | Mr. Leverett's World History

the people that soon, man would be free from oppression, ignorance would end, and the age of Enlightenment would come, and equality would be achieved from injustice-systems. Material development was required for these claims.

For this, the Industrial Revolution took place, which was based on colonialism. In it, nations’ mental, physical and financial exploitation was considered proper that backwardness is evil and material progress is good. The purpose of the Industrial Revolution was to make machines how human beings needed less labor and more free time so that life could be enjoyed happily.

But in reality, the opposite happened. The means, the machine, became the goal, and the goal, that is, prosperity in leisure time, became the means, which is the primary point that makes the failure of the Enlightenment project clear.

Karima’s ordeal in Canada

By Mureed Baloch

“I am not a terrorist. You never believed it when I said I was right,” Karima finished with anger as she

Canadian police conclude investigation, term Karima Baloch's death  'non-criminal' - World - DAWN.COM

stood up before we walked out of the office. The Canadian Borders Service Agency officer, a lady who had walked in with a straight face at the beginning of the meeting, had now humbled down in understanding. She wrapped the signed paperwork, closing down an investigation against Karima for allegations of terrorism brought up against her by another country. After nearly two years of studies, Canadians found Karima innocent of all the charges Pakistan had accused her of previously.

Karima had made several appearances in front of the Canadian authorities, explaining why she spoke for her people—in her words, telling them why we are alive or why we all haven’t died yet.

The accusations were ridiculous and made no sense. Some were based on screenshots of old Urdu newspaper cuttings, blaming her for leading Balochistan protests and inciting the people against the state. Others were poor copies of police complaints of sedition against her. One accused her of personally carrying out a bomb blast in Sui. Karima found it the funniest: “How could I carry a bomb and walk from Tump to Sui? I wouldn’t even know where to go!”

She would laugh.

It all began when Chris Alexander announced to run his bid to lead Canada’s Conservative Party. A crowd of hundreds in suits gathered among part of Canada’s top political leadership. Generous as always, Chris took the stage and asked the public to join their hands and welcome Canada’s friends from Balochistan, waving to introduce us to the curious attendees.

As the event went on, Karima became the center of everybody’s attention. Diplomats, bureaucrats, wives, and supporters were curious to hear Karima’s story. They would come and introduce themselves before leaving in awe of her appearance and bravery. Others would just come to ask about her Balochi dress.

“I have seen people disappear. I have witnessed the pain and suffering of my people. I want you to ask your leaders to act to stop what is happening in Balochistan today,” she told an old woman.

A Pakistani woman dressed in the country’s national green came introduced to us by a former diplomat’s wife. She jealously scanned Karima from head to toe as if she was looking for something to pick on her. “Why do you want to break up Pakistan?” she fired.

Her heckling caught the attention of nearby people, and before Karima could respond, the woman quickly rephrased her question. “I mean, why don’t you try to work within the federation of Pakistan? We can sort out our problems. There is no need for this,” she said, faking a smile.

The events that followed that day made it more apparent Pakistan was now using all diplomatic power to make Karima’s life miserable in Canada.

But that was not the illegal part yet. An anonymous reporter had tipped off the Canadian intelligence about two sitting members of parliament in Ottawa using their leverage and position as MPs to secretly push Karima into legal troubles on behalf of a foreign government.

That was disturbing news. It meant Canada’s democratic system, hailed among the best globally, was being used by a foreign government to settle scores on Canadian soil. In simpler words, Pakistan had asked two Canadian MPs to use their power and office to create enough trouble for Karima so that she’s trapped and defending herself rather than speaking for her people.

But Canada sat on the news. Despite a high level of confidence in the claims, both the MPs remain sitting members of the Canadian parliament to date. One of them even bagged a Nishan-e-Imtiaz, the highest civilian medal in Pakistan, for her services to the country.

“We are victims of Pakistan’s crimes,” Karima once told an official, “Pakistani generals, war criminals in Bangladesh, and murderers in today’s Balochistan. They are living in your cities with millions in looted money. They have blood on their hands. You believe them more than you believe us.”

The Fallout

After her death, it felt like Karima reappeared to look after the funeral procedures and witness herself going back home. Until she was buried beneath her soil, she knew it wasn’t over yet.

Almost a month since she had died, the receptionist at the funeral house said since the body was going back to Pakistan, it would be going on the country’s national airline. But there was no way Karima’s body would go home on Pakistan’s international airline. She would never have agreed to it.

The flight was changed, but there was still one problem.

The funeral house would need to send documents to Pakistan’s High Commission before the flight’s departure. Knowing that Karima would never trust Pakistan’s embassy, the documents were reluctantly sent, hoping she would understand it was done out of official necessity. But it turned out Karima would’ve been right. The next day, Pakistan’s embassy in Ottawa leaked all the documents online, pointing out sensitive information and addressing potential threats.

It felt like Karima knew it was going to happen. She was dead, but her body remained a threat.

The breach was immediately reported to the police, and the lady on the phone was shocked how a foreign embassy could leak such sensitive information online. She assumed she was going to send a team to investigate.

When the police showed up, the officer waited inside the car for a good fifteen minutes. He rolled down the window to test the cold breeze and see if we were wearing masks before he stepped out of the vehicle.

“So, what happened today?” he asked.

The same officer had shown up during the first week of Karima’s death. This time he was furious why the people and media were so angry and questioning Toronto police about her death. The public and international outrage had shocked and angered the police.

“So you think Pakistan sent commandos to kill Karima?” he smirked.

From that point, every word that came out of his mouth was pointed directly to hurt us. As if he was already briefed and had no interest hear why the police were called in the first place. So absurd, he argued we might be just making things up to defame Pakistan for no reason.

“Call us when anything happens. Not if, but when.” The officer left.

At that moment, it felt like Karima reappeared and stood beside us in the cold. It was her natural spot. To stand by the helpless at a time when their plea was rather met with cruel rejections. It smelt like the death of modern-day democracy and justice. The war at home had finally caught up with us. The queen had died.

Courtesy to Balochistan Times 

2021: Pakistan Saw 56% Rise in Militant Attacks while Balochistan turned most volatile

After a consistent decline in militant attacks for six years, Pakistan has witnessed a 56 percent surge in

2021: Pakistan Saw 56% Rise in Militant Attacks | Pakistan Institute for  Conflict and Security Studies

militant attacks during 2021 despite a one-month ceasefire by TTP. The statistics released by an Islamabad-based think tank Pakistan Institute for Conflict and Security Studies (PICSS) show that the militants have carried out 294 attacks during the year. In which 395 people were killed, including 186 civilians and 192 security forces personnel, while 629 people were injured, including 400 civilians and 217 security forces personnel. Pakistani security forces also killed 188 militants and arrested at least 222 suspected militants during the year.

The year 2020 had witnessed 188 militant attacks in which 266 people were killed and 595 injured. Comparison of both years shows a 56% increase in the number of attacks, a 48% increase in the total number of deaths, and a 66% increase in the casualties of Pakistani security forces. In 2021, militant attacks number was the highest after 2017, while the number of deaths was the highest in any year after 2018.

The rise in militant attacks in Pakistan coincided with the Afghan Taliban’s military offensive started in May 2021 and reached the highest point in August 2021 when the Taliban took over Kabul. The highest number of militant attacks in a single month during 2021 was recorded during August, when PICSS recorded 45 attacks in which 64 people were killed and 136 injured, making it the deadliest month of the year. Despite a one-month ceasefire from November 10 to December 10, the overall number of militant attacks could not drop in both months. Instead, TTP stepped up its attacks after the ceasefire, and the last month of the year witnessed the third-highest number of militant attacks (28) in a single month. Although TTP alone has claimed 32 attacks in the previous 20 days of December, most of its claims could not be verified by PICSS through independent sources therefore not included in the database.

The average number of militant attacks per month in Pakistan rose from 16 in 2020 to 25 in 2021, the highest after 2017.

PICSS Militancy Database shows that Balochistan turned out to be the most turbulent province where the highest number of deaths (177) were recorded in 104 militant attacks. The highest number of injured were also reported from Balochistan, where more than fifty percent of the total injured (346) were recorded. The tribal districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (erstwhile FAT) were the second most affected region of the country, which, although witnessed 103 attacks causing 117 deaths and 103 injured. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (other than the tribal districts) was the third most affected region, which saw 58 militant attacks in which 62 people were killed and 58 injured. In Sindh, PICSS recorded 15 militant attacks in which 23 people were killed and 29 wounded. In Punjab, militants carried out 10 attacks in which 10 people were killed 87 injured. Federal Capital Islamabad witnessed three militant attacks in which 3 people were killed and three more injured while one person was killed in a single attack in Azad Jammu and Kashmir.

PICSS Militancy Database shows that militant attacks went up during 2021 in almost all the country’s administrative regions except Sindh and Gilgit-Baltistan. Balochistan saw 110%, erstwhile FATA (KPK tribal districts) 27%, and KPK witnessed a 111% rise in militant attacks in 2021.

In the wake of escalating terror threat, Pakistani security forces had also stepped up their operations against the militants. PICSS Database shows that a 40 percent increase in security forces actions was recorded in 2021 compared with 2020. The security forces conducted 207 reported activities/operations against the militants in which 188 militants were killed, and 222 were arrested. The highest number of security forces actions were reported from Sindh province, where 93 suspected militants were arrested, and five were killed in 58 steps. At least 99 militants were killed in the tribal districts of KPK (erstwhile FATA), and 14 were arrested in 49 actions. KPK (other than tribal districts) witnessed 38 security forces actions in which 24 militants were eliminated and 43 captured. The highest number of arrests after Sindh were reported from Punjab, from where Pakistani security forces have arrested 56 militants while killing seven in 32 actions. The highest number of militant deaths in security forces actions were reported from Balochistan, where 87 militants were killed and 13 arrested in 29 security forces actions.

In 2021, Pakistan witnessed 501 incidents of violence (militant attacks and security forces actions combined) in which 617 people were killed, including 224 security forces personnel, 205 militants, and 188 civilians, while 646 people were injured, including 400 civilians 233 security forces personnel, and 13 militants. The share of security forces personnel in fatalities was the highest while most of the wounded were civilians.

Published in PICSS.net

Do the poor pay the entire bills in the current state system?

By Atta-ur-Rehman

In the capitalist system, certain classes seize nature’s minerals and break the mountains of exploitation,

Power Division terms waiver of electricity, gas bills by Sindh govt  unconstitutional - Pakistan - Dunya News

oppression, and tyranny on the poor people. The taxes collected from the people usually go to the army and bureaucracy. It is spent on the judiciary’s expenses and luxuries; on the other hand, the people go through constant anxiety, sorrow, and grief in meeting their living needs.

When the influential classes of the state, on the one hand, seize minerals and impose taxes, it is nothing but bullying, terrorism, rudeness, disorder, and vulgarity. In this context, if a Moulvi gives a decree that even the poor should pay total tax, then by cursing the understanding of this Moulvi and his statehood, he should make it impossible to pay total tax in any way.

The minerals of nature are not the property of the father of this current state system in the world. This system is neither actual nor natural, nor is it for the poor, nor is it for the rights of the oppressed. Light of reason, the law and sanctity of the prevailing state system in the world are not worth a penny because the poor are now disgusted to the last.

The ‘War on Terror’ was joined for dollars, not for public interests: PM Imran Khan

‘Self-inflicted wound’:

By Muzamil Baloch, Islamabad

Prime Minister Imran Khan expressed regret on December 28, 2021, over the decision regarding

Imran Khan says situation could worsen if US doesn't recognise Taliban

Pakistan’s participation in America’s 20-year-long’ War on Terror’ in Afghanistan, saying it was made not in the public interest but “for dollars.”

Speaking to officers at the Foreign Office (FO) after it “successfully” organized the 17th extraordinary session of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation’s (OIC) Council of Foreign Ministers on December 26, 2021, to address a looming humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan. The premier said he was close to decision-makers back when it had to be decided whether Pakistan should join the ‘war on terror.’

“And so, I am well aware of what considerations there were behind the decision. Unfortunately, the people of Pakistan were not a consideration,” he added. “The considerations, instead, were the same as in the 1980s, when we participated in the Afghan jihad,” he said, referring to the Soviet-Afghan war.

Terming the war a “self-inflicted wound for Pakistan,” Prime Minister Imran went on to say, however, that “we cannot blame anyone else for this outcome of the decision.”

“We are responsible … as we let [others] use us, sacrificed the reputation of our country for aid and made a foreign policy that went against the public interest and was devised for money.”

‘Pakistan’s image has improved.’

At the outset of his speech, the premier congratulated and appreciated the FO for hosting the OIC session on Afghanistan last week in an admirable manner and said that the response to the summit showed that Pakistan’s image had improved globally.

Noting that the FO had organized a summit of such a scale after a long time, he commanded it. He said it resulted in “teamwork” with a significant contribution from law enforcement agencies.

Envoys from 57 Islamic nations and delegations had participated in last week’s summit.

“The attendance at the summit and the appreciation of Pakistan’s stance [at the moot] reflect that the country’s image had improved,” the premier said, adding that “we have achieved the objective behind hosting the conference.”

Prime Minister Imran said Muslim countries’ stance on the Afghan situation was now the “universal” stance.

“Look at statements by Europeans, they are standing with us, and the UN, too, has a clear stance.”

He also credited his government for the “improvement in Pakistan’s image.”

The premier said: “We faced the biggest financial crunch in Pakistan’s history. I don’t think any other government was handed down such wide fiscal and current account deficit, and then there was also the coronavirus pandemic. Yet, if you compare where Pakistan stands today [globally] to where it stood three years ago, if you conduct a survey, you will see that the country’s image has improved”.

‘Big atrocity on human level’

On the situation in Afghanistan, the premier said, “It is a big atrocity on the human level that a man-made crisis is being created” in the war-torn country.

“Even when it is known that unfreezing Afghanistan’s accounts and [infusing] liquidity [into the country’s banking system] will avert the crisis.”

The premier said addressing the situation in Afghanistan was important not just because it was Pakistan’s neighbor but “above all [because] the country was facing a humanitarian crisis.”

“We have been saying this from day one, from August 15 [when the Taliban seized Kabul], that whether you like the Taliban government on not, the lives of 40 million people are on the brink of destruction,” he said.

The prime minister added that Pakistan would continue to assist Afghanistan in these difficult times.

“Time,” he said, “is of the essence, and we must provide aid to Afghanistan expeditiously.”

China is the biggest captor of journalists, says report

A new report by Reporters Without Borders (RSF) says China is “the world’s biggest captor of journalists,” with at least 127 reporters currently detained.

It said China was conducting an “unprecedented campaign of repression”

China is biggest captor of journalists, says report

worldwide against journalism.

China has justified the arrests of reporters and citizen journalists by accusing them of provoking trouble.

RSF also noted that press restrictions had worsened with the pandemic.

At least ten journalists and online commentators have been detained for reporting about the Covid-19 crisis in Wuhan.

One of them, former lawyer Zhang Zhan, had initially traveled to Wuhan in February 2020 after reading an online post by a resident about life in the city during the outbreak.

Once there, she began documenting what she saw on the streets and hospitals in live streams and essays, despite threats by authorities, and her reports were widely shared on social media.

She was later found guilty of “picking quarrels and provoking trouble” – a charge commonly leveled against activists and whistleblowers seen as undermining the government’s efforts to control information in the country.

The advocacy group’s 42-page report also listed how Chinese authorities used the fight against terrorism as a pretext to detain Uyghur journalists reporting on Xinjiang.

China has been accused of committing crimes against humanity against what it sees as Islamists and separatists in the majority-Uyghur region.

The report said other methods used included: using its overseas diplomatic missions to attack journalists; media blockades; censorship of topics; forcing local journalists to study Communist Party ideology and download a propaganda application on their phones, and expelling or intimidating journalists.

The BBC’s John Sudworth left Beijing for Taipei in April following pressure and threats from the Chinese authorities to report China’s treatment of the Uyghurs.

In February, China also revoked the company’s license to broadcast within the country.

A member of Bloomberg News’ bureau in Beijing, Haze Fan, has also been detained since late 2020, with no information forthcoming in case.

She was last seen being escorted from her apartment building by plainclothes officials on what Chinese authorities allege were suspicion of national security law violations.

RSF ranks China 177th out of 180 in the 2021 World Press Freedom Index, just two places above North Korea.

Published in BBC News

James Webb Space Telescope lifts off on a historic mission

Jonathan Amos, Science correspondent for BBC

The $10bn James Webb telescope has left Earth on its mission to show the first stars to light up the Universe.

The observatory was lifted skyward by an Ariane rocket from the Kourou spaceport in French Guiana.

James Webb Space Telescope lifts off on historic mission - BBC News

Its flight to orbit lasted just under half an hour, with a signal confirming a successful outcome picked up by a ground antenna at Malindi in Kenya.

Webb, named after one of the architects of the Apollo Moon landings, is the successor to the Hubble telescope.

Engineers working with the US, European and Canadian space agencies have built the new observatory to be 100 times more powerful, however.

“Liftoff from a tropical rainforest to the edge of time itself, James Webb begins a voyage back to the birth of the Universe,” said American space agency (NASA) TV commentator Rob Navias at the moment the rocket left the Earth.

Lift-off was eagerly awaited but accompanied also by a good deal of anxiety. Thousands of people worldwide have worked on the project over the past 30 years, and even though the Ariane is a very dependable vehicle – there are no guarantees when it comes to rockets.

Webb’s launch is only the start of what will be a complex series of initial activities over the next six months.

The telescope is being put on a path to an observing station some 1.5 million km beyond the Earth.

In the course of traveling to this location, Webb will have to unpack itself from the folded configuration it adopted at launch – like a butterfly emerging from its chrysalis.

This won’t be easy, conceded NASA administrator Bill Nelson: “We have to realize there are still innumerable things that have to work and they have to work perfectly. But we know that in great reward, there is a great risk. And that’s what this business is all about. And that’s why we dare to explore.”

At the core of the new facility’s capabilities is its 6.5m-wide golden mirror. This is almost three times wider than the primary reflector on Hubble.

The enlarged optics, combined with four super-sensitive instruments, should enable astronomers to look deeper into space – and thus further back in time – than ever before.

A key target will be the epoch of the pioneer stars that ended the darkened theorized to have gripped the cosmos shortly after the Big Bang more than 13.5 billion years ago.

It was the nuclear reactions in these objects that would have forged the very first heavy atoms essential for life – carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and sulfur.

Another overarching goal for Webb will be to probe the atmospheres of distant planets. This will help researchers gauge whether these worlds are in any way habitable.

“We’re going to be entering a whole new regime of astrophysics, a new frontier; and that is what gets so many of us excited about the James Webb Space Telescope,” said Heidi Hammel, a planetary astronomer and an interdisciplinary scientist on the mission.

The unfurling process takes about two weeks. Webb’s big mirror then has to be focused. The 18 segments that form this reflector have little motors on the back that will adjust the curvature.

“And then the critical thing is that it all has to get very cold,” explained Mark Mark McCaughrean, a senior science adviser with the European Space Agency.

“This telescope actually will be at minus 233 degrees Celsius. Only then will it stop glowing at the infrared wavelengths beyond the visible where we want this telescope to work. And only then will it be able to take sensitive pictures of the distant Universe where the first galaxies were born, and of planets going around other stars. So there’s a long way to go.”

Published in BBC News

Balochistan; merely vociferation for education

By Muneeb Maqsood

Balochistan is the mineral-richest province of Pakistan. The ruling section merely vociferates eradicating

Challenges of education in Balochistan | Political Economy | thenews.com.pk

illiteracy, especially for promoting higher education, from Balochistan province. The area owns nine universities that cannot accommodate all students of a hundred and sixteen (116) inter and degree colleges in the newly introduced BS programs. Sadly, the annual budget also allocated fewer resources in the education sector, indicating how the federal and provincial governments offer less priority to education.

Recently, the Pakistani government announced to donate eleven billion rupees to Kabul (Afghanistan) to establish a university in the name of Allama Iqbal. Although a good gesture, it is to support Afghanistan in such crises with the fall of Kabul and the emergence of a new government. It is even more heartbreaking to see the most resource-generating province of the country getting the slightest bit of attention towards the primary need for development – a good education.

A significant flaw in our education system is a lack of required universities to place in the college graduates of the whole province. Some divisions [Rakhshan and Nasirabad] still need universities where students further continue their education. Makuran, a division sharing borders with Iran, consists of two universities (the University of Turbat established in 2012 and Gwadar University established at the end of 2021). Kalat has only two universities, Quetta has four, and Zhob has one. In contrast with solely nine universities of Balochistan, Punjab has sixty-eight (68) universities, Sindh has fifty-six (56), and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has forty-one (41) universities. Given a population of 12.34 million people and considering the province’s resources, nine universities cannot satisfy the need of the residents of Balochistan.

Consequently, we have observed specific numbers of protests, rallies, and sit-ins demanding the province’s rights. Maulana Hidayat-ur-Rehman’s thirty-two-day sit-in tops in the list considering his list of demands for the rights of Gwadar’s residents under the banner of “Gwadar Haq Do” (Give Rights Gwadar) movement at the end of the previous year. The demand for a comprehensive pledge university for Gwadar was one of their leading demands, including other reforms in the education system.

Unfortunately, Balochistan people are always compelled to derive on roads to ask for their basic amenities despite their resources. On the other hand, education is believed to be a valuable tool to change the fate of any nation. Still, Balochs are pushed into a dark ditch for whom education has only become an option and not a crucial tool. 

Ghost teachers, fragile teaching methods, lack of infrastructures, dysfunctional schools, and long distances of educational institutions (due to scarcity of educational institutions) further encourage the people to make it an end to their children’s education and look a job for them in an age when they are to have the pens and books. 

Resultantly, Balochistan’s 67 percent boys and 76 percent girls, according to a report of Alif Ailaan, are out of school.

Provincial and federal governments need to look for ways to establish higher education opportunities for the residents of Balochistan and take the province along the road to prosperity.

On the other end, the royalties for resources, as promised by the then federal government, should be increased and spent on development schemes. The China Pakistan Economic Corridor – CPEC must be a welcome initiative only if it can benefit Balochistan in one way or another. If the situation does not get timely attention from the concerned authorities, things may worsen in the coming time. Government has to think of long-lasting strategies for Balochistan.

The writer is a student based in Turbat and tweets at @Muneebmaqsood78

For the preservation of forest and wildlife organization, ‘Usher’ set up

By Obaidullah Mandokhel

Students set a record of planting 900 trees to protect forests and wildlife; in such a case, cutting down

trees is tantamount to destroying the whole of humanity. Our land is rapidly losing forests. According to researchers, deforestation could lead to an extraordinary human tragedy. 

In Balochistan, there are various types of trees in Zhob Valley and Sherani’s Shen Ghar, Koh-i-Suleman, Sange Ghar, Qamardin Karez, and other areas. Especially at the foot of Mount Suleman, areas like Shen Ghar, Tor Ghar, Obishta, Poonga Manda are rich with valuable pine nut forests (Chalgoza).

There are also many olive and other types of trees in these areas. However, the locals cut thousands of trees over the last 10 to 15 years, and the timber mafia has caused irreparable damage to these beautiful forests. Despite decades of devastation, Forest agencies do not seem to be making a serious effort to address the problem. 

But what about the youth who started a full-fledged campaign against deforestation from April this year and planted about 60,000 trees in different districts of the Zhob division, including Zhob, Sherani, Qila Saifullah, and Loralai as help by their own, and they proved to be environment-friendly.

The campaign, led by Salman Khpalwal, was called ‘Usher’ and involved dozens of young people. Let us tell you here that ‘Usher’ is the name of this collective aid or contribution that voluntarily helps people in Pashtun and Baloch society. It is not necessary for the people in ‘Usher’ to lend a helping hand to the individual and the everyday tasks and problems of the community. 

“Usher’ is an essential element of the Baloch and Pashtun way of life, through which, on the one hand, the work of weeks is handled in a few days by doing congregation of people. On the other hand, it becomes an excellent tool for building unity and harmony. 

Aimal Khan Mandokhel, a youth, participates in ‘Usher.’

Salman is an independent Zhob-based teacher and social worker who has won the hearts of locals by raising awareness against deforestation. Salman encouraged local youth to be part of the campaign because he needed a strong team in the tree-planting campaign. 

Salman says two of his comrades supported him wholeheartedly to gain the youth’s trust. He also entertained the locals with his jokes.

These efforts of the locals came to fruition. In a few days, a large number of youths gathered for the tree planting in the campaign titling ‘Usher.’ According to Salman, Usher’s hard-working team has not only planted more than 60,000 trees in various educational institutions in Zhob, Qila Saifullah, and Loralai districts of Zhob division but also made 900 students in a minute in Loralai as part of their struggle. He also set a record for planting. 

The students also set a record of planting 900 saplings. Says Aimal Khan Mandokhel 

Usher’s team also organized a tribal council (Jirga) on November 20, 2021, at Saliyaza in Zhob, which was attended by about 500 people from different walks of life. That was the first counseling (Jirga) of its kind in the history of Pashtun society, whose plan was to highlight a global issue such as the environment and to create public awareness in this regard.

In the event, Aimal Khan Mandokhel was the special guest. Ayaz Khan Mandokhel, Niaz Kakar, Amin Mengal, Dr. Bayazid Roshan of Pashtunkhwa Milli Awami Party, Mohammad Khan Kibzai of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam, Amanullah Harifal of Awami National Party, Qutb Khan Afaqi, and other guests participated. The audience expressed their views and pledged that they would not refrain from providing any assistance against deforestation and wildlife poaching.

The evolution process could not make us sensible! 

By Basheer Ejbari

In our political environment, the practice of dancing on drum beats is widespread. Revolutionary youth put aside all things and leave for the field on the voice of drum beat. The same can be seen about the ongoing “Haq Do Tehreek” in Gwadar. Are know that the positions of BNP, BNM, and BSO are different, and the stance of Jamaat-e-Islami is entirely different from them. Revolutionary youth are involved in ecstasy that cannot know differences in embers and gold. 

The ongoing sit-in in Gwadar is for rights. It is a local movement limited to economic rights and the right to free movement within the framework of the state, while BNM and BSO talk for nationality. The state’s reaction against these two positions has been quite different; a clear example is that as long as the BNP has been talking about rights (which it is still doing), they have been given space. Still, as soon as Lashkar-e-Balochistan, when the rally was announced, the crackdown was started against them.

Although the BNP also talks about rights such as the recovery of missing persons, control of coast and resources, provincial autonomy, and the Afghan refugees’ issue, the party also talks about rights and their demands, including illegal trawling, unnecessary check-posts. Including rollback of the CPEC, etc., but ignoring the differences within these demands, our revolutionary youth, while abusing each other. “Moses was born in the house of Pharaoh” when they do not have trust and rift of misgivings are broad. By bringing a deadline, they are skeptical and wonder how they were given space.

Perhaps they forget that this space is also occupied by the so-called socialists, who, on the one hand, carry the burden of being the authors of hundreds of books and, on the other hand, are lecturing on the Eighteenth Amendment publishing military tenders, and advertisements. And they have been taking grants of Rs 4.4 million from the provincial governments. But there, these revolutionary young men are found proving these actions with Lenin’s “two steps forward one step back.” 

In such a situation, we should have wondered what happened. Instead of standing on one ideology and observing the circumstances, these revolutionary intellectuals keep making ideological leaps, but they are amazed.

SFA has the target to enroll out-of-school children into schools

By: Munaj Gul Muhammad

Given that Pakistan is one of the most illiterate countries globally, education for people is inattentive.

Fahad Baloch marches extra miles to get a primary education from Turbat. He traveled to a far city like Quetta. He confronted a bulk of problems while chasing his dreams. Unlike Fahad, his brother also wanted to go to school but vainly. A large chunk of children is uneducated in his locality. But fortunately, this gap is being bridged by School for All Organization (SFA).

School for All Organization (SFA) is a non-profit organization that promotes education and reduces children’s dropouts from schools. It has enrolled out-of-school children into school in Turbat since its establishment. SFA was established on October 1, 2020. Since its inception, the organization has successfully enrolled many orphans and disabled children, and financially weak children into different private and government educational institutions. The organization is registered under Balochistan Charities Regulation Authority [BCRA], and it is designed to serve the cause of education in the province. The organization facilitates its enrolled students until they do matriculation. These children are provided with books, shoes, bags, uniforms, stationery and fees, and other basic amenities.

The organization has enrolled many out-of-school children into schools who are blissful to accomplish their future dreams. These children have been waiting for someone to come and take them to school, as their ambitions and goals are evident through their sparkling eyes.

SFA conducted awareness programs:

The prime ambition of SFA is to aid in elucidating the society where everyone acquires the opportunity to receive an education. Further, subsidize a colossal role for the community’s wellbeing, which is why the organization has successfully conducted three educational awareness programs in different areas of the region and received an affirmative response for the society to enroll the out-of-school children into schools. Subsequently, the core drive of conducting such programs was to impart an absolute sense or essence of education to the mind of the people in the region.

SFA enrolled 55 out-of-school children into school:

SFA successfully enrolls 21 out-of-school children into private schools and 34 in government institutions. These enrolled children are resisted through an agreement by SFA and the parents of the children. However, the organization takes these registered children’s responsibilities and provides them with the best possible facilities until they pass the secondary level.

SFA conducted Four Bookstalls in Turbat:

Kamran Gichki, [The Central Committee Member of SFA] says, “The organization has conducted four bookstalls in different areas of the region. The conduction of such bookstalls is generating new readers while studies elucidate to human minds.”

Indeed, developing a reading environment in society is the prime cause for every nation’s individual. The students get very kinds of books with the reasonable price in bookstalls. “The benefits received by the SFA from the bookstalls go to these needy people,” says Gichki. “Since the organization’s inception, we interacted with many people. Among them, some were officials from the concerned departments and shared our motives with them. We received affirmative and moral supports from these officers but got financial supports from the middle-class people of the region.”

Gichki further adds, “The Government is yet to support us financially and help out these innocent souls so that they get an education and elated future ahead. The established laws and the un-implementation of Article 25-A are the reasons that drove us to establish the organization as the orphans and financially weak students have no other support to bear the expenses of education.”

Secondly, the implementation of Article 25-A is invisible in Balochistan in general and Turbat city in particular. In addition, Turbat is one of the biggest cities of Pakistan, which is constantly spared by all levels of government and media. Bringing forth this issue is the need of the hour so that the government pays its attention to such organizations and works to promote education and reduce the out-of-school children in the region. These poor children’s future needs to be in good care and educated enough to face upcoming challenges.

Story of little Shah Meer Sowali:

The members of SFA saw the little Shah Meer Sowali was keeping a dog with him in the bazaar. He had the dog to sell and get a sum of money. Because he lives hands to mouth, his beloved and aged father is lame and dwells in a broken room.

Beholding the condition of little Shah Meer, the members of SFA walked toward Shah Meer’s family and took the responsibility of the little boy and his little sister as before they both were out-of-school. The family couldn’t enroll the little children because of poverty. So by now, the little Shah Meer is enrolled in Bolan School, and he proudly got 1st position in his class in the examination. 

These little children are the cream of society. Every individual needs to pay their roles in enrolling the out-of-school children into schools as the orphans and financially weak children have no other option except to work if they are ignored by the government or the member of the society.

Thus, School for All Organization [SFA] has always played a key role in children’s education because SFA is functioning for a better and greater future. Appreciation is required for such exertion, and all levels of government need to play their due roles to promote such organizations.