Christoph I, Margrave of Baden-Baden

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Christopher I
Margrave of Baden
Christoph I of baden 1515 munich.jpg
Christoph of Baden-Baden by Hans Baldung, 1515
Born(1453-11-13)13 November 1453
Died19 April 1527(1527-04-19) (aged 73)
Noble familyZähringen
Spouse(s)Ottilie of Katzenelnbogen
FatherCharles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
MotherCatherine of Austria

Christopher I of Baden (13 November 1453 – 19 April 1527) was the Margrave of Baden from 1475 to 1515.


Christoph was the eldest son of Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden and Catherine of Austria, a sister of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor.

He regained the territories that were lost by his father to the Palatinate and its allies. Christoph maneuvered to keep these territories united under his son and successor Philip I, but his efforts were thwarted by Louis XII of France. In 1479, the seat of the Margraviate of Baden was moved from Hohenbaden Castle to New Castle (Neues Schloss) of Baden-Baden which was built by him.

In 1489 Christoph became a member of the Swabian League. This was part of his efforts for peaceful coexistence with his neighbors (in particular with Württemberg and the cities of Weil and Strasbourg). Within the protection of this South West German pact, Christoph advanced the internal development of his dominion.

Christoph Markgraf von Baden's winegrowing law of 1495 was a major step in improving the quality of wine produced in Baden.[1] His wife Ottilie was from a famous wine-making family in the Kraichgau, the Counts of Katzenelnbogen.

By 1503, Christoph was responsible for uniting all the Badener lands when the Baden-Sausenberg died without male heirs. In 1515, before his death, he divided the Margraviate among his sons Philipp, Bernhard, and Ernst. However, Philipp who had succeeded him died childless, and his share was passed down to his brothers Bernhard and Ernst. Thus, Bernhard founded the so-called "Bernardine line" of Baden-Baden and Ernst founded the "Ernestine line" of Baden-Durlach.

Family and children[edit]

Detail of a painting showing Christoph I

Margrave Christoph married on 30 January 1469[2] Ottilie of Katzenelnbogen (ca. 1451 – 15 August 1517), a granddaughter of Philipp I, Count of Katzenelnbogen. They had the following children:

  1. Ottilie (6 June 1470 – 1490), Abbess in Pforzheim
  2. Jakob (6 June 1471 – 27 April 1511, Cologne), Archbishop of Trier
  3. Marie (2 July 1473 – 9 January 1519); Abbess in Lichtenthal
  4. Bernhard III, Margrave of Baden-Baden (7 April 1474 – 29 June 1536)
  5. Karl (21 June 1476 – 7 October 1510), canon in Strasbourg and Trier
  6. Christoph (21 July 1477 – 29 March 1508), canon in Strasbourg and Trier
  7. Philipp (10 December 1478 – 17 September 1533); Margrave of Baden-Sponheim
  8. Rudolf (16 June 1481 – 23 September 1532), canon in Mainz, Cologne, Strasbourg and Augsburg
  9. Ernst, Margrave of Baden-Durlach (7 October 1482 – 6 February 1553)
  10. Wolfgang (10 May 1484 – 24 June 1522)
  11. Sibylle (26 April 1485 – 10 July 1518), married on 24 January 1505 to Philipp III, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg
  12. Rosine (5 March 1487 – 29 October 1554), married:
    1. in 1503 to Count Franz Wolfgang of Hohenzollern;
    2. to Johann von Ow zu Wachendorf
  13. John (d. 19 June 1490)
  14. Beatrix (22 January 1492 – 4 April 1535), married in 1508 to Johann II, Count Palatine of Simmern
  15. George (1 July 1493 – 16 November 1493)



  1. ^ "... The House of Baden, which has held the title of margrave since 1112, is closely associated with the development of quality winegrowing in Baden. In 1495, the margraves enacted the first wine laws. In the 18th century, they adopted single-variety Riesling cultivation and introduced Chasselas grapes in the southern Baden district of Markgräflerland. Similarly, in 1923 the Müller-Thurgau grape variety was first cultivated at Lake Constance on the family’s estates. Schloss Salem on Lake Constance is the ancestral home of the House of Baden and the headquarters of its vineyard estate. The estate is owned personally by the margraves of Baden and its planted area of 135 hectares makes it one of the largest private winegrowing estates in Germany. It is also a member of the Association of German Prädikat Wine Estates (VDP)...." Press Release - CMS advises House of Baden and Rotkäppchen-Mumm on establishing a joint venture; 23 June 2017; Subject: Advising Markgräflich Badische Verwaltung GmbH & Co. KG and Rotkäppchen Mumm Sektkellereien GmbH; CMS Hasche Sigle Partnerschaft von Rechtsanwälten und Steuerberatern mbB, Public & Media Relations, Lennéstraße 7, 10785 Berlin;
  2. ^ Demandt, Karl E. (1955). "Die letzten Katzenelnbogener Grafen und der Kampf um ihr Erbe". Nassauer Annalen. Wiesbaden: Verein für Nassauische Altertumskunde und Geschichtsforschung. 66: 93–132. Retrieved 28 October 2011.

External links[edit]

Christoph I, Margrave of Baden-Baden
Born: 13 November 1453 Died: 19 March 1527
Preceded by
Karl I
Margrave of Baden
Succeeded by
Philipp I, Bernhard III and Ernst
Preceded by
Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg