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Upstream Proficiency C2 Student's Book

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cover upst PROF Ts_cover upst PROF Ts 29/01/2011 2:02 ΜΜ Page 1 Upstream Proficiency Teacher’s Book PROFICIENCY Upstream Proficiency is a modular secondary-level course for learners of the English language at Proficiency level. The series combines active English PROFICIENCY C2 learning with a variety of lively topics presented in themed units. Key Features ñ theme-based units from a wide variety of authentic sources in five modules ñ a variety of cross-cultural topics ñ systematic development of all four language skills through realistic challenging tasks which encourage the learner’s personal engagement ñ lexical exercises practising and activating all essential vocabulary including collocations, idioms, phrasal verbs, fixed phrases and word formation Virginia Evans - Jenny Dooley ñ a varied range of reading texts from authentic contemporary sources, with exercises which encourage learners to read extensively as well as intesively ñ stimulating reading and listening tasks ñ a wide range of speaking activities ñ writing analysis and practice on all types of writing with full models as well as systematic practice of summary writing skills ñ exam and study skills tips ñ Self-Assessment sections at the end of each module ñ practice in exam-style exercises for all five papers in the Proficiency exam ñ grammar sections covering all major grammatical areas and more advanced grammar points plus a Grammar Reference Section ñ a complete practice test Components Student's Book Teacher's Book Workbook (Student's) Workbook (Teacher's overprinted) Class audio CDs Test Booklet Virginia Evans - Jenny Dooley EXPRESS PUBLISHING ISBN 978-1-84325-535-2 UPSTR ts CPE_CONTENTS_UPSTR ts CPE_CONTENTS 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 1 UPSTR ts CPE_CONTENTS_UPSTR ts CPE_CONTENTS 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 2 Published by Express Publishing Liberty House, Greenham Business Park, Newbury, Berkshire RG19 6HW Tel.: (0044) 1635 817 363 Fax: (0044) 1635 817 463 e-mail: inquiries@expresspublishing.co.uk http: //www.expresspublishing.co.uk © Virginia Evans – Jenny Dooley 2002 Design and Illustration © Express Publishing, 2002 First published 2002 Third impression 2011 Made in EU All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers. This book is not meant to be changed in any way. ISBN 978-1-84325-535-2 UPSTR ts CPE_CONTENTS_UPSTR ts CPE_CONTENTS 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 3 Contents UNIT 1 Getting the Message Across ............................................................................................. p. 5 UNIT 2 The Happiest Days of your Life? ....................................................................................... p. 20 Self-Assessment Module 1 ....................................................................................................................... p. 32 UNIT 3 Extra! Extra! ...................................................................................................................... p. 33 UNIT 4 Planes, Trains and Automobiles! ...................................................................................... p. 44 Self-Assessment Module 2 ....................................................................................................................... p. 57 UNIT 5 The Science of Life ............................................................................................................ p. 58 UNIT 6 The Art of Entertainment ................................................................................................. p. 68 Self-Assessment Module 3 ....................................................................................................................... p. 80 UNIT 7 Born to Win! ..................................................................................................................... p. 81 UNIT 8 Respect! ............................................................................................................................ p. 91 Self-Assessment Module 4 ....................................................................................................................... p. 103 UNIT 9 Another Day, Another Dollar ............................................................................................ p. 105 UNIT 10 Our Planet, Our Home ....................................................................................................... p. 117 Self-Assessment Module 5 ....................................................................................................................... p. 130 Tapescripts ........................................................................................................................................... p. 137 Peer Assessment Checklist ....................................................................................................................... p. 184 3 UPSTR ts CPE_CONTENTS_UPSTR ts CPE_CONTENTS 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 4 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 5 Unit 1 3 Check that Ss understand prompts. Allow two or three Unit 1 – Getting the Message Across minutes for Ss to match the sentences to the photographs and complete sentences. Suggested Answer Key Objectives 1 E (see example) 2 A I think writing letters is the most personal form of Vocabulary: means of communication; facial expressions; communication because you can take as much time as ways of speaking; the Internet you need to express yourself. Reading: multiple choice; gapped text 3 A I believe letters can be very slow and they can take weeks Listening: listening for opinion, gist, detail, inference; to reach their destination. multiple matching; sentence completion; multiple choice 4 E I believe that mobile phones are a very efficient way of questions communicating because you can be reached wherever Speaking: telephone conversation; asking for and promising you are. discretion; introducing news; expressing surprise; speculating; 5 C I think e-mail can be the most versatile because you can evaluating; suggesting alternatives send sound or pictures. Grammar: modal verbs 6 B I think that faxes can be impersonal and you cannot Phrasal verbs: act; break always communicate meaningfully. Writing: expressing opinions in essays, letters and articles 7 A I believe writing letters can be artistic because you can use customised paper and handwriting makes the message more personal. 1 Direct Ss to the title of the unit. Discuss what the title 8 E I think mobile phones can be limited because you can means – to get a message across means to make someone only send brief messages. understand what you want to say. Elicit other phrases with a similar meaning e.g. get the gist of something/make yourself 4 a. Make sure Ss understand the meaning of charity and understood /let someone know / spell something out / convey a stranded. Allow them to work in pairs for three or four meaning. minutes to discuss the content of the reports. Monitor to check understanding of vocabulary and encourage Write the word communicating on the board. Briefly elicit speculation. Elicit speculations from Ss and write them from Ss what they consider makes someone a good on the board. Accept all suggestions at this stage, it communicator. Allow Ss two or three minutes to rank does not matter if the Ss’ answers are not correct, the elements of communication, then ask one or more pairs to purpose is to encourage speculation and build up present their ideas. Encourage general discussion if Ss are confidence in spoken expression. interested in the topic. Suggested Answer Key Suggested Answer Key 1 I suppose it’s about using the Internet to raise money for I think developing an interesting exchange of ideas is the best people whose houses were destroyed in an earthquake. example of good communication because that’s when you really 2 It must be something to do with people using the Internet get to know someone. You’ve got to be able to get your message to get into other people’s bank accounts ... across, of course, and it helps if you can do it quickly and efficiently; 3 It must be about something really old-fashioned that was that’s where using language correctly is important. If you can’t do useful to fishermen in a particular situation, such as their that, people won’t understand you, and you won’t be able to boat’s engine breaking down. express what you think and feel about something. I don’t think it’s 4 It’s probably about the results of a survey on whether so important to have time to think before you speak. It depends on people prefer to communicate over the phone or by e-mail. the situation and on the person – some people think more slowly than others. b. Explain that the news programmes cover the same stories as the headlines. Play the cassette and stop after 2 Ask Ss to identify means of communication shown in the each item. Ss check to see if their predictions were pictures at the top of the page. Write them on the board. correct. Play cassette for a second time for Ss to fill in Elicit the advantages and disadvantages of using these. gaps in sentences. Elicit Ss’ opinions of the usefulness of Allow Ss four or five minutes to make sentences about the different technologies in these situations. these ways of communicating. Ask individual Ss to read out their ideas. Answer Key Suggested Answer Key 1 public spirit 3 distress call 2 conducted online 4 personal element ñ I would use a fax if I needed to send some documents to someone or if I just needed to get a message to someone 5 Point out to Ss that both quotations use comparisons. Ask quickly and cheaply. the Ss what is compared to what, and what comparative ñ I would use e-mail if I wanted to order a product through the structure is used in each case. e.g. first quotation: means Internet. of communication compared to communicating the more ... ñ I would choose to speak to someone face-to-face if I wanted to the less discuss something personal. second quotation: good communication compared to ñ I would use a mobile phone if I wanted to help in an black coffee as ... as emergency, or to send messages to my friends. It is quick and Elicit ideas for paraphrase of first quotation from Ss and easy, but too expensive to use for long chats. build up paraphrase on the board. Allow Ss three to five minutes to write a paraphrase of the second one in pairs, monitor and correct, then ask two or three Ss to read out their paraphrases. 5 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 6 Unit 1 ñ Suggested paraphrases Allow five minutes for Ss to read the text and find the topics – Our highly developed methods of communication, rather of each paragraph. Monitor and help where necessary, but than helping to increase communication, actually make it again encourage Ss to read for gist only. Ask individual more limited and less expressive. students for topics and put them on the board. Ss discuss – Having an interesting conversation gives you so many whether they are appropriate or not, giving reasons for things to think about that your brain is too busy to let you their answers. rest, even after the conversation has finished. (Samuel Morse was born in 1791 and until the 1830’s was a successful portrait painter. He became interested in electricity and Elicit agreement and disagreement from Ss. Encourage Ss to the possibility of using it to send signals in 1832. The first justify their feelings. Try to feed in vocabulary to help them demonstration of Morse telegraphy took place in 1837. The express themselves. Write words on the board as original Morse telegraph was an electric circuit consisting of a appropriate. e.g. spoken/ written communication; transmit; battery, a key and an electromagnet connected by a wire. When make contact with; participate in; interact with; socialise; the key was depressed, the electrical circuit was completed and carry on a conversation/discussion; articulate; verbalise; put electricity travelled along the wire. A pencil was attached to the sth into words; express/air your views/opinions; voice an electromagnet and it made a mark on a paper tape whenever an opinion; exchange views; make sth known; break news. electric current passed through it. The marks were either long or As an extension Ss could make up their own short ‘quotes’ short, according to how long the key was held down for, which is on Communication using comparative structures. why Morse created the code of dots and dashes corresponding to letters of the alphabet, which we know as Morse code.) Suggested Answer Key Optional extra activity: Ss research another invention from Personally, I agree with both quotations. I think everyone would the last century which is either no longer used very much agree with the second one, we all know how much fun it can be to now, or is not used at all, and present it to the class in the be with friends and talk about something interesting. We’ve all got next lesson. different ideas and opinions, and someone else’s view on something can stimulate you, and start you thinking in a different Answer Key – paragraph topics: direction. I think the writer of the first quotation is making a good Paragraph 1: Modern technology backed up by older point, too. We have very advanced technology which allows us to technology. communicate easily with anyone we want to, but it also means Paragraph 2: What Morse code is. that we communicate in a very brief fashion. Most mobile phones Paragraph 3: Times when Morse can be essential. are used for sending short text messages to friends and e-mails are Paragraph 4: The use of Morse code at sea. often only a few lines and use an abbreviated form of language. Paragraph 5: Morse and the railways. We are not able to express our deeper attitudes and feelings in this Paragraph 6: Why the military services use Morse code. way. Paragraph 7: Amateur users. Paragraph 8: How unlikely it is that Morse will disappear. 6 a. Write ‘Morse telegraphy’ on the board. Remind Ss of the news report they heard on the cassette. Ask Ss how 8 Direct Ss to strategy box. Go through it with them. Follow much they know about Morse and how it works. Then the procedure for question 1 with the Ss. e.g. Ss find elicit how the words and phrases given could be used in relevant section of text: line 6 ‘The world could ... plan ...’ connection with Morse. Ss paraphrase to make sure meaning is clear to them, then Suggested Answer Key select correct answer. Go through the next two or three questions in this way. Ss complete remaining questions back-up plan – Morse code can be a back-up plan for alone. Give feedback to the whole class. Ss should be communicating in emergencies if modern technology fails. encouraged to justify their answers from the text. It is short and long tones – Morse code is made up of short and important, too, to discuss incorrect answers, making sure Ss long tones which represent letters. understand why they are wrong. tedious procedure – Sending Morse is probably a tedious procedure, because it might take a long time. Answer Key dying art – Using Morse is probably considered a dying art 1 A (lines 7-9) 5 C (lines 59-60) nowadays because it is hardly ever used now. 2 C (line 17-18) 6 D (lines 70-71) distress calls – Morse is probably only used to send emergency 3 D (lines 24-27) 7 D (lines 82-83) messages, such as distress calls. 4 B (lines 45-47) military services – The military services might still use Morse in some cases. 9 a. Point out to the Ss the importance of recording vocabulary. Allow Ss four or five minutes to read the b. Give Ss two or three minutes to think of questions. text again and underline words associated with Elicit, and write them on the board. communication. Elicit meanings. Ss work in pairs to Suggested Answer Key make sentences. T should monitor. Optional Extension: use the verbs as a basis for word Is it still used? formation – people/things and abstract ideas. How does it work? e.g. interpret – interpreter – interpretation. When was it first used? Answer Key 7 Give Ss two minutes to find the answers to their questions connect (line 2) in the text. Do not allow more time as it is important that Ss broke down (line 6) read for specific information only and do not become silent (line 7) involved in searching for vocabulary at this stage. language (line 10) 6 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 7 Unit 1 transmitted (line 15) ñ Nowadays, when everybody uses computers, a typewriter telegrapher (line 15) seems like a quaint anachronism. transmission (line 19) ñ The custom of building villages high on a hill away from receive (line 18) the sea is a legacy of the days when attacks from pirates telegraphy (line 22) were common. calls for help (line 26) ñ Mr Keele relays instructions to his staff through his radio operator (line 27) secretary. transmitter (line 39) ñ His natural prudence led him to avoid taking risks. telegraph (line 47) ñ The trick mirrors in amusement arcades distort your relay orders (line 52) reflection. communications systems (line 58) ñ Whether or not he is in the right, he always manages to broadcasting (line 60) come out on top in any argument. voice messages (line 61) ñ Judging by the clatter of sounds coming from the kitchen, interpreted (line 62) dinner must be on the way. get through (line 66) ñ Celebrities rarely manage to completely recede form get on the air (lines 73-74) public view. chat (line 74) conversation (line 81) Suggested synonyms wired (line 83) silent – noiseless tedious – boring, dull ñ The switchboard operator connected me to Mr Hyde’s office. skilled – expert ñ All communication between them has broken down. basic – fundamental ñ The message was transmitted using a two-way radio. went off – failed ñ I have received at least ten phone calls today. reliable – dependable ñ His behaviour could be interpreted as rudeness or as distinctive – clearly recognisable shyness. routinely – regularly, normally ñ I’ve been trying to get through to that number all shut down – closed morning, but it’s impossible. break down – collapse ñ Once he gets on the air he never stops talking, but in virtually – almost, practically everyday life he hardly says a word. take over – conquer ñ It’s good to meet old friends and chat over a cup of coffee. flexible – adaptable ñ Mike couldn’t get there, so wired his best wishes for Beth and Tom’s wedding. 10 Ask students to complete task in pairs. Check answers and elicit why one choice is better than the other. b. Ask Ss to explain the words in bold from context. Stress Answer Key the importance of learning to guess approximate meanings from the context in order to be able to read 1 groped around 3 dying art 5 call fast and accurately in the exam. Allow Ss to use their 2 tedious 4 adrift at 6 pecked dictionaries only after having tried to guess meaning from context. Ss write sentences in pairs. Ask different 11 Go through strategy points with Ss. Point out that they will pairs to read out their sentences, pointing out that a be required to answer questions like these in Paper 3 of the different context can alter the meaning of a word in Proficiency exam. Ask Ss to find and underline the sections some cases e.g. distorted sound and distorted opinion. of the text for each question. Do questions 1 and 2 with the Ss work in pairs to find synonyms for highlighted words. students. Elicit paraphrases of the quoted lines and write Write them on the board. the answers on the board. Remind Ss that they must use Extension activity: Divide Ss into two teams. Give them their own words. Allow Ss four to five minutes to complete five minutes to find antonyms for as many words as Questions 3 and 4 in pairs. Monitor their work. Ask two or they can. Each team then challenges the other to give three Ss to read out their answers. an antonym or near antonym for a particular word. If Answer Key the second team cannot find a suitable antonym, they 1 Even though in the last 150 years newer and more have the right to challenge the first team to give their sophisticated ways of doing things have been invented, Morse answer. The teacher is the judge. The team with the is still used. most correct answers wins. 2 Sending a message in Morse code. Answer Key 3 They value Morse as a means of communication for important quaint anachronism – an old fashioned thing that is matters. interesting in a charming way 4 Morse signals do not need as much energy to send as a spoken legacy – something affected by a past situation or action signal and unlike speech, even if the signal is not clear, Morse relay – send can still be understood. prudence – the quality of showing care and thought for the future. 12 Brainstorm with Ss. Ask them how we communicate our distorted – a transmission which has had its form or feelings when we are face to face with someone. Elicit body content changed by interference. language, voice and facial expression. Write these come out on top – prevail, win headings on the board and ask Ss to think of as many words clatter of sounds – continuous, rattling sounds and phrases as they can to go under the headings e.g. receded from public view – gradually seen or gesture, shrug, nod, snap, murmur, smile, glare etc. Go through discussed less. the words, eliciting meanings by example or demonstration. 7 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 8 Unit 1 Add the words used in the task. Ss work in pairs and match Paul didn’t like this one bit. “What you want to hear, Mr verbs to pictures. Check Ss’ answers. Allow sufficient time Clayton, is classified information,” he retorted angrily. “I have for Ss to make sentences. Monitor and check. been firmly instructed not to discuss it in this meeting.” Answer Key Clayton smiled diplomatically. “You’re right, Paul, you’re right. I apologise. Please continue.” Paul had a very strong feeling A glare C wince E frown that something was going on behind his back. Clayton knew B smirk D beam F grimace something he didn’t. Later that day, Clayton’s friends cheered enthusiastically when he entered the restaurant. “Well done, B The woman in photograph B is smirking. She may be playing a Clayton. You finally got rid of him.” joke on someone. In the meantime, Paul Smith was sitting at home with his wife. C The boy in photograph C is wincing. He’s probably listening to “Don’t worry. You’ll find another job soon,” she comforted him some music he thinks is terrible. gently. D The woman in photograph D is beaming. She may have had some really good news. 14 a. Check Ss understanding of base words. Allow Ss two to E The woman in photograph E is frowning. She could be having three minutes to complete task. Check meanings of problems with her computer. collocations. F The man in photograph F is grimacing. He may be in pain or feeling hot and uncomfortable. Answer Key a language e speech 13 a. Explain to Ss what a collocation is (a group of words b report f information that would naturally be placed together by a native c discussion g conversation speaker) and give some common examples e.g. deeply d words regret, heavy rain. Explain that awareness of collocation is very important at Proficiency level and will be tested in b. Ss complete task in pairs. the exam. Stress the importance of recording Answer Key vocabulary not just as single words, but including other 1 rousing speech information, such as: positive or negative connotation, 2 animated discussion usual context e.g. used for people but not for things, 3 intellectual conversation dependent preposition, other words with which it can 4 colloquial language collocate. Check that Ss understand meanings of verbs. 5 kind words Allow two to three minutes for Ss to match verbs to 6 damaging report adverbs. 7 confidential information Optional: Extend the task to verbs from ex. 12. Elicit possible adverbs to go with verbs. Ask Ss to make quick 15 A Ask Ss to look at title and elicit type of text – instructions sentences round the class. for installing a cordless phone (a portable phone with no wires Answer Key attached). Ask Ss if they have ever used a cordless phone retort angrily/abruptly or mobile and how they work. cheer enthusiastically Word field: elicit words to do with parts of a phone and smile diplomatically/gently using a phone e.g. receiver, keypad, display, dial, call, hang- instruct firmly/gently up, put through etc. Ss do exercise in pairs. Allow four to comfort gently five minutes. Check answers. shrug indifferently/angrily Answer Key The first text is about cordless telephones and you could read it b. Use either verb-adverb collocations from ex. 12 and 13, in a book of instructions for setting up the phone. The second or only from 13 depending on whether the optional text is about the unpleasant behaviour of someone’s boss and activity is done or not. Model the beginning of the story you could read it in a story. with Ss. e.g. S1: As example 1 B 3 C 5 C 7 B 9 B T: "Is anybody actually listening to me," he asked his 2 D 4 A 6 D 8 C 10 C audience. S2: At the back of the room some young executives B Ss look at title. Elicit that text is a description. Review shrugged indifferently. descriptive vocabulary taught previously. Ss read first Ss work in small groups to complete task. Monitor their line of text. Elicit whether positive or negative work and help where necessary. description (‘fear’ means it is negative). Elicit negative Suggested Answer Key descriptive vocabulary. Ss do exercise in pairs as Paul Smith had been briefing his colleagues for about five reinforcement. minutes, when he paused abruptly. Answer Key “Is anybody actually listening to me?” he asked his audience. 1 A 2 C 3 A 4 B 5 D At the back of the room, some young executives shrugged indifferently. “Is there any point in this? You all seem to be completely uninterested,” he said. George Clayton, sitting in the front row, stood up. “You’re not telling us what we want to hear, Paul.” 8 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 9 Unit 1 16 Remind Ss of collocation and that some words may be 4 The economy has been in recession for the last six months. appropriate in one context but not in another. Ss do the 5 He risked his life in the name of freedom and equality for exercise in pairs, using a dictionary. Check answers. all. Extension: Hand out set of words with related meanings 6 Janet is on leave this week – she’ll be back on Monday. and ask students to work in pairs to find the different ways 7 The remark was made in jest, so don’t take it too seriously. in which they can be used. 8 When the dustmen went on strike the army was called in e.g. diminish /decrease – response/answer – shout/howl – to collect the rubbish. moan/groan – pester/persuade – intervene/interfere – insist/persist etc 18 Explain to Ss that knowledge of idioms and fixed phrases is Answer Key important at Proficiency level and will be tested in Papers 1 and 3 of the exam. Explain that it is often possible to work out the 1 scream, shriek general meaning by looking at the parts of an idiom. Remind 2 subtleties, nuances Ss of the theme of the unit and point out that all these idioms 3 absorb, comprehend are connected with communicating. Direct Ss to the example: 4 straightforward, minimalist paint a pretty picture – paint and picture collocate. Elicit meaning 5 verbose, long-winded by asking what a picture does (= describe sth pleasant). Elicit 6 mumbled, muttered the meaning of mince (= cut into very small pieces). Ask Ss to 7 expression, tone find an appropriate match and elicit the meaning: cut your 8 clear, striking speech into small pieces i.e. be indirect (point out that it is usually used in the negative to mean ‘speak directly or 17 Set for homework and check in class. forcefully’, especially about something unpleasant). Ss continue a. Answer Key in this way. Check answers and elicit meanings. 1 about 5 about 9 about Answer Key 2 on 6 on 10 on ñ mince my words making small talk 3 about 7 on a man of few words hold my tongue 4 on 8 on by word of mouth the talk of the town Suggested Answer Key speak your mind talk is cheap 1 We spent half an hour arguing about the best way to solve let you in on a secret the problem. 2 Debbie is intent on getting into University. ñ 2 let you in on a secret 7 a man of few words 3 I hate people who boast about their achievements. 3 mince my words 8 making small talk 4 He was invited to Cork University last term to lecture on 4 talk is cheap 9 speak your mind politics. 5 hold my tongue 10 by word of mouth 5 Jane’s father lectured her about her bad manners. 6 the talk of the town 6 I acted on your advice and took out travel insurance. 7 They’ve been experimenting on the effects of certain drugs 19 a. Ss work in pairs and use dictionaries to complete on the nerves. exercise. Encourage them to write down other idioms 8 I insist on coming with you. they find using the key words from the exercise e.g. 9 Bill is really excited about going camping. take something as read, catch your breath, drop a hint etc. 10 Mr Brown has not commented on the decision. Discuss these with the class after checking answers. Answer Key b. Answer Key 1 read between the lines (find implied meanings in what 1 for 4 for 7 from someone says or writes) 2 for 5 from 8 for 2 catch up with her news (find out how she has been 3 from 6 for and what she’s been doing) Suggested Answer Key 3 drop me a line (send me a letter) 1 They spoke in whispers for fear of waking the baby. 4 on the tip of her tongue (be very close to 2 I’m only doing this for your sake. remembering a word/name) 3 I go to the theatre from time to time. 5 bad news travels fast (bad news circulates quickly) 4 John’s staying with his uncle for the time being. 5 Helen played the sonata from memory. b. Ss do exercise. Ask some Ss to read out their answers. 6 I take it for granted that you will be here tomorrow. Alternatively write all the idioms on sets of cards. Divide 7 From now on, we’ll be working in the annexe. the Ss into groups of four and give each group a set of 8 Peter will be late, for sure idiom cards placed face down. Ss take turns to pick up a card and make a sentence using the idiom on the card c. Answer Key within a fixed time (e.g one minute), after which the card is passed to the next S. The first group to finish wins. 1 on 4 in 7 in Or: Picture Idioms: Divide the class into two teams. 2 on 5 in 8 on Each team should write five idioms (using those learnt 3 on 6 on in the class) onto five separate pieces of paper. Make Suggested Answer Key sure that each team uses different idioms. Team A 1 There is a kitchen and rest area on the premises. should then give one piece of paper to one S from Team B. 2 My sister is a nurse and is often on duty at night. Without letting any of his/her team see what is written 3 She spent her summer holiday on a small island in the on the paper, and without speaking, he or she should Pacific. draw the idea on the board. His or her teammates have 9 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 10 Unit 1 two minutes to find the idiom. They can shout out Suggested Answer Key suggestions, but the student who is drawing can only ñ A: Stairhill Medical Centre – how may I help you? nod or shake his or her head. If they find the answer in B: Hello, I would like to speak to Dr Evans, please. two minutes, their team gets one point, if not, the A: I’m afraid he’s out on a call. He should be back any point goes to Team A. Team A is now given an idiom to minute now. draw, and so on. The teacher checks the time and B: OK. Can I make an appointment to see him this keeps the score. afternoon, then? Students’ own answers A: Right. What time would you like to see Dr Evans? B: Is around 3 o’clock possible? 20 Brainstorm phrasal verbs with break and act with Ss. Write A: Yes, that’s fine. And your name is? them on the board and elicit meanings. Ss do exercise. B: Jonathan Healy. Check answers and meanings. A: All right then, Mr Healy. That’s this afternoon, 3 Answer Key o’clock, Dr Evans. B: Thank you very much. 1 up 4 out 7 off 2 up 5 down 8 away ñ A: Peter Matthews here. 3 down 6 in, on 9 out B: Hullo, Mr Matthews, it’s John Anderson. A: Oh, hello, John. 21 Ss work in pairs and use dictionaries to complete exercise. B: Sorry I couldn’t talk earlier, Mr Matthews, but the new Check answers with whole class. Write the fixed phrases on parts for the machines downstairs had just arrived the board for students to record. (Brainstorm any other and I had to tell the men where to put them. What can related phrases e.g. take part in sth. Ss continue at home and I do for you? find other fixed phrases, using either the key word given or A: Well, I was wondering whether ... act and break, and present them to the class in the next lesson.) ñ A: Hi, Liz. It’s Sue. Answer Key B: Oh, hi. A: Look, I’m afraid I can’t make it for lunch tomorrow. 1 Mary told her brother to act his age. B: Oh, that’s a pity! 2 Her sister took her aside to break the news to her. A: Yeah, but what about making it Friday instead? 3 If you want to convince them you really are a tough B: Fine. Same time and place? businessman, you’ll have to act the part. 4 Although it is not yet making a profit, the company is breaking ñ A: Hi, Mary, this is Tom. Something has come up and I’ll even. have to stay at work a bit later, so don’t wait for me at 5 We were told not to break radio silence except in an home. I’ll meet you outside the cinema at 7. I’ll be at emergency. work for another couple of hours and after that you can reach me on my mobile. Sorry about this. Bye. 22 a. Elicit in what situations Ss would need to make a phone call. Write the situations quickly on the board and add 23 Explain the task and allow Ss time to read through the those from the exercise if not already mentioned. Play boxes. Use the plan to model the first dialogue with one S. the cassette, stopping after each dialogue. Ask Ss to Ss work in pairs to act out the second dialogue identify the situation and justify their choice e.g. he’s Suggested Answer Key returning a call because he said he was sorry he couldn’t talk earlier. ñ A: Hi, Jenny. B: Oh, hi, Bob. Listen, you’ll never guess who Susan's getting Answer Key married to! Call 1 – returning a call A: Okay, tell me more! Call 2 – cancelling an arrangement B: Well, Helen tells me that she's getting married to Fred Call 3 – taking a message Wilson! Call 4 – leaving a message A: Are you serious? Fred Wilson, the pop star? Call 5 – making a booking B: Oh yes. And there's more: they're going to have their wedding in Aruba! b. Play the cassette again. Ss complete task. Check answers. A: You're joking! Answer Key B: No! Isn't it great? ñ What can I do for you? – Call 1 A: It certainly is. Good for her! ñ I’m afraid I can’t make it. – Call 2 ñ I’ll be at work for another couple of hours. – Call 4 ñ A: Hi, Roger. ñ Sorry I couldn’t talk earlier. – Call 1 B: Hi, Nancy. How are you? ñ I’ll be with you in a moment. – Call 5 A: Fine. Have you heard the news? Terry Brighton is changing ñ That’s a pity. – Call 2 his career. ñ He should be coming in any minute now. – Call 3 B: Terry Brighton? Our classmate? I'm all ears. ñ I’ll pass that on for you. – Call 3 A: You’ll never believe this, but he's running for Parliament. ñ Give me a ring when you get a chance. – Call 4 B: You’re joking! ñ How may I help you? – Call 5 A: No, it's completely true. And he's got a pretty good chance c. Explain the task. Elicit information from Ss to build up of being elected. the first dialogue on the board. Ss act out the remaining B: Are you having me on? dialogues in pairs. Monitor their performance. A: No. Terry is really going to be a politician. 10 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 11 Unit 1 24 Go through the language boxes. Model a dialogue with one at an interview e.g. dress, qualifications, confidence etc. S. Ss work in pairs to act out the remaining dialogue. Play the cassette once and ask Ss to note down what Monitor Ss’ performance. Ask two or three pairs to act out the managers consider important. Discuss their their dialogues in front of the class. answers. Explain that now they are going to do a task Suggested Answer Key which appears in Part 4 of the Proficiency listening comprehension test. Explain the task and go through ñ A: Morning, Beth. the statements. Stress that this is not a true /false B: Hi, Suzy. Listen, can you keep a secret? exercise, all the statements are said, they must decide A: Of course. who says them. Play the cassette again. Ss record B: Well, you’ve got to keep it under your hat because he answers. Play the cassette for a third time if necessary, made me promise not to tell anyone, but ... stopping after each exchange to check answers. B: Go on ... A: Mr Stanford has been left over a million pounds by an old Answer Key uncle! 1 B 3 B 5 S B: Are you serious? Some people have all the luck! 2 S 4 S 6 H A: Let's keep this between ourselves, OK? B: My lips are sealed. c. Ss work in pairs to discuss appropriate dress. Monitor discussions and help the Ss with vocabulary if necessary. ñ A: Craig, can you keep a secret? Ask different pairs to present their ideas to the class. B: Sure. Develop a class discussion. A: I was standing outside the teachers' room, and I Students’ own answers overheard that Mr Atherton is retiring. B: You've got to be kidding! A: No. He's going abroad. Australia, I think. d. Divide the class into four groups of three or four. The B: You're joking! first group should prepare points in favour of the first A: Craig, mum's the word, OK? saying and the second group should prepare points B: OK, OK, I won't tell a soul. against, the third group points in favour of the second saying and the fourth group points against. Allow Ss ñ A: Hello, Mrs Warren. sufficient time to prepare, then ask one S from each B: Oh, hello, Francis. How are you? group to give a short talk presenting the group’s point A: I'm fine, thanks. And you? of view. B: Very well. And how's that ever so nice friend of yours, Suggested Answer Key Robert? ñ “Clothes don’t make the man.” This saying suggests that A: He's fine ... Can you keep a secret? you can’t judge someone’s character by their appearance, B: Of course. especially their clothes. A: Robert is getting married on Saturday, and he hasn't told ñ “First impressions last.” This saying suggests that external his parents. appearance is important because of the way people form B: Oh my goodness! Are you serious? ideas about our personality the first time they see us, and A: Let's keep this between ourselves, shall we? suggests that they don’t change these ideas. B: All right ... I won't breathe a word ... ñ A: Hi, Jonathan. 26 a. Elicit answers from Ss. Remind Ss of body language and B: Hi, Ian. Have you heard about Mr Crouch? elicit other ways of indicating feeling and attitudes non- A: No, what? verbally. B: He's been arrested for tax evasion. Suggested Answer Key A: Are you having me on? ñ When someone I’m talking to is leaning forward towards B: No, the police knocked on his door this morning. me I get the impression that they’re really interested in A: And then what? what I’m saying. B: Well, they asked him a few questions, and then they put ñ If someone is leaning away from me, I get the impression him into the police car and drove away. they’re feeling uncomfortable or threatened. A: You're joking! ñ If someone is staring at the ceiling, I get the impression B: Ian? Keep it under your hat, OK? they’re uninterested and bored. A: Right. We never had this conversation. b. Elicit actions from pictures. Ss complete sentences. Ask 25 a. Elicit from Ss what an executive assistant is (a personal some Ss to read out their sentences. assistant – PA - to a manager). Go through list and elicit meaning with photographs or other visual aids and/or Suggested Answer Key by pointing to items of clothing worn by Ss (if 1 When I’m feeling anxious, I touch my chin with my hand. appropriate). Ask Ss to justify choice of clothing around 2 On the rare occasions that I lose my temper, I have a wide- the class, as in the example. eyed expression on my face. Students’ own answers 3 When I’m confused by something, I frown. 4 Whenever I’m deep in thought, I tend to scratch my head. b. Explain that two managers are discussing the suitability of two candidates they have just interviewed for a job. Elicit from Ss what prospective employers usually notice 11 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 12 Unit 1 27 Explain to Ss that this type of task is Part 2 of the listening Answer Key comprehension test. Ask them to read the text and elicit 1C 2A 3C 4B 5C the best way of doing the task e.g. read and predict content of gap and type of word missing e.g. Ask Ss what 29 a. Explain to Ss that this task is similar to Part 2 of the type of word is missing from gap 1 (noun). Proficiency speaking test. Go through the language in Ask why? (because of ‘a’ before the gap). the box with the Ss. Brainstorm on the four pictures for Elicit what the word might be (method/system, because of the vocabulary and ideas. Then ask them to look at pictures explanation). A and D. Elicit how the people feel and why. Model Go through text with Ss and elicit predictions. Accept all exchange with one S. suggestions unless grammatically impossible, do not provide e.g T: Let’s start with picture D, shall we? the correct answers. Tell Ss that they will not need to write S: Yes they look really happy, don’t they? more than three words, but the words must be as they are T: I can’t say for certain but I believe they could have spoken on the cassette. Play the cassette once through and been told something very exciting. Perhaps they’re let Ss fill as many gaps as they can. Play the cassette for the going to be taken to the circus. second time to allow Ss to check their answers. Check the Ask two Ss to model a similar exchange. Ss continue in answers with the whole class, playing sections of the pairs. Monitor performance. cassette again if necessary. Explain to Ss that their spelling Suggested Answer Key must be correct. Ask Ss if they agree with the opinions on the cassette. Ask Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 1, Ex. 29d Sample Interview them to provide examples from their own experience when on p. 139 someone’s gestures and expressions passed the message across. b. Ss continue to work in pairs. Encourage them to extend the discussion to about 2-3 minutes. Monitor performance. Ask Answer Key two or three pairs to report back to the class. 1 reacting 6 leaning forward Suggested Answer Key 2 (fully) facing 7 respond 3 positive signals 8 be quiet Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 1, Ex. 29d Sample Interview 4 folded 9 test conditions on p. 139 5 attack c. Brainstorm possible other photographs. e.g. a heated 28 a. Allow the Ss sufficient time to read and discuss the discussion between two friends/parents and children talking / sentences . Help them if necessary by pointing out that two strangers chatting as they wait in a queue / customer and lingua means tongue or language. Ask Ss to explain shop assistant talking etc. Students select two of these underlined phrases. Remind them of the meanings of or find their own and do the task in pairs. the prefixes multi- and non. Suggested Answer Key (Lingua franca = Frankish language. It used to refer to the Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 1, Ex. 29d Sample Interview mixture of languages spoken around the Mediterranean ports but is now used to refer to a common language.) d. Play the conversation in sections. Ask Ss to take notes Answer Key on the points raised and compare them to their own. All the underlined phrases are connected with language. Point out the length of the conversation; one minute for the Speculating section and three minutes for ñ multi-lingual – speaking many different languages Evaluating and Suggesting Alternatives. ñ dead languages – languages which are no longer spoken Students’ own answers ñ constructed/planned language – a language which did not develop naturally 30 Explain to Ss that this type of reading task is Part 3 of Paper 1 ñ lingua franca – a common language for people who do of the Proficiency exam. Go through the strategy points not speak one another’s native language with the Ss. Stress the importance of text organization, ñ native speaker – someone speaking in his/her own coherence and cohesion at this level. Tell Ss they are going language to read an article about the Internet. Ask them what they ñ non-native speakers – people speaking in a language know about it, whether they use it, what makes it so other than their own popular. Write the title of the article on the board. Elicit answers to the questions. Ask Ss to read the text quickly to b. Go through strategy point with Ss. confirm their guesses. Draw a vertical line on the board. Remind them that Esperanto is a planned or constructed Elicit the date of the start of the Internet from the Ss language. Elicit what such a language might be like and (summer 1968) and write it at the top of the line. Write The why it might be necessary. Allow Ss time to read through Present at the bottom. Ask Ss to find all the other dates in the question stems and to underline the key words. Play the text and arrange them on the line. Elicit from them the cassette once for Ss to make initial choices. Play the what happened at these times. There should now be a cassette a second time for Ss to finalise answers. Check skeleton of the text on the board. Use this to show the Ss answers and play the relevant sections of the cassette what is meant by cohesion and coherence and explain that to justify correct answers. they must select paragraphs to fill the gaps so that the Optional extra: If the Ss have access to the Internet whole text makes sense. Ss look at first gap and read all they can research other constructed languages and/or three paragraphs. Elicit words and phrases which connect pidgin languages and report back to the class in the paragraph D to the preceding and succeeding paragraph. following lesson. Point out that the links can be to the paragraph before only, after only or to both. 12 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 13 Unit 1 Links: 1) meaning links: ‘problem to solve’ para. 1 31 Modal verbs are an important feature of written and ‘solution’ para. D spoken English so Ss need to be able to use them explanation of solution para. 3 accurately. Review modal verbs with Ss. Remind them that 2) lexical links: ‘a network’ para. 1 one of the features of modal verbs is that one verb can have ‘to tatters’ more than one meaning. Elicit meanings from Ss (possibility, ‘the network’ para. D probabalilty,logical assumption, ability, willingness, advice, habit, ‘in tatters’ offering, promising, necessity, permission, obligation) and write ‘the principles’ para. 3 these in one column on the board. Ask student to suggest ‘the network’ modal verbs to match the meanings. Write these in the Go through gaps 2 and 3 with the Ss in this way. Ss second column. Ss then do exercise in pairs. continue individually, then work with a partner to compare Answer Key answers and support (follow up question 1). Check answers 2 may/might/could 7 may not/cannot/ around the class. 3 could must not Ss work in pairs to complete follow up. Check answers 4 can/may/could 8 can’t around the class. 5 must 9 should (UCLA refers to University College, Los Angeles, USA. Science fiction 6 ought to/should 10 will is the genre of literature concerned with the imagined future, especially space travel. The Cold War refers to the period between Review past forms by asking Ss to rewrite the sentences in 1945 and 1991 when the USSR and the West had ideological the past. differences.) Extension: Divide class into small groups and give each 1 could group copies of a different text. Each group cuts up their 2 may have/might have/could have text and then groups exchange jumbled texts and try to 3 already past; was able to could be used if the action reconstruct them. Allow them sufficient time to complete actually occurred, at a specific time in the past. task, then give each group a copy of the original text to 4. only could or was allowed in the past (except in confirm their answers. reported speech) Suggested Answer Key 5 had to – no past modal form. The title probably refers to the development of the Internet into 6 ought to have / should have something important. 7 no past modal form – use: not allowed to / forbidden to I’m not sure. Perhaps it started as something small and 8 can’t have been experimental, and then, when more and more people got their 9 already past own computers, the Internet became more extensive as everybody 10 would have was able to use it to pass on and receive information. Refer Ss to grammar reference for more details. Answer Key 32 Explain to Ss that this exercise will occur in Paper 3 of the 1D 3A 5C 7F Proficiency exam. Go through rubric with Ss. Ask Ss to 2H 4E 6G underline key information (no change in meaning of original sentence and between 3 and 8 words used). Remind them B is the distractor. that they must not change the form of the key word. Point out that here the focus is on the structures taught in the Follow-up – Answer Key unit. Do first sentence with the Ss. Point out that the 1 2 H: ‘Each packet would begin ...’ (before gap 2) number of words controls the structures used e.g. not ‘The route that the packet took ...’ (H) ‘must fill in this form if you want to become’ (10 words), 3 A: ‘1971, ... by 1972, ...’ ‘share ... computer facilities’ (before but ‘must fill in this form to become – (8 words). Ss do the gap 3) exercise in pairs. Monitor and allow sufficient time for them ‘By the second year ...’ ‘computer-sharing network’ to complete it. ‘postal service’ (A) Answer Key ‘mailing list’ ... ‘message’ (after gap A) 4 E: TCP/IP mentioned in paragraph after gap 4. 1 ... must fill in this form to become ... Explained in E. 2 ... ought to have told us ... 5 C: Paragraph after gap 5 begins ‘In 1984 ...’ 3 ... only/best choice is to ... In C we read ‘As the 70s and 80s progressed ...’ ‘growing 4 ... is open to ... constellation of other linked machines’ (before gap 5) 5 ... have no alternative but/except/other than to spend ... ‘other entire networks ... ever-growing web of 6 ... couldn’t finish the run because he was ... computers’ (C) 7 ... hadn’t been for Mark’s help they would ... 6 G: ‘few people remembered it now.’ (before gap 6) 8 ... his ability to ... ‘for it had become a happy victim ...’ (G) 9 ... break-up was something I couldn’t ... 7 F: ‘millions of homes’ (before gap 7) 10 ... isn’t necessary (for you) to ... ‘Why did so many people ...’ (F) 33 Elicit quick descriptions of each person. Ask Ss to use modal 2 Completely destroy any system they could invent. verbs to suggest why each person may be looking like that. 3 Joined in. Ss write short descriptions and explanations in pairs. 4 Because it has no systematic or central organisation, but it Monitor, then ask three or four Ss to read out their works. descriptions. 5 It will be unlike anything we know or can imagine. 13 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 14 Unit 1 Suggested Answer Key - al - ic -ous A He must be attending an award-giving ceremony. financial problematic torturous He could be celebrating a success. critical dramatic religious He can’t be at work. surgical traumatic poisonous He might have just closed an important deal. liberal artistic adventurous B He can’t be enjoying himself. marginal systematic mischievous He must be very anxious. coastal dogmatic advantageous He may have missed the last train. diplomatic monstrous Something unexpected must have happened to him. C She may be waiting for someone. 36 Ss should be familiar with this task from lower levels. She must be thinking about something that has happened. Explain that it appears in Paper 3 of the Proficiency exam. She can’t be feeling happy. Point out that at this level they will probably be asked to She might be feeling lonely. make more than one change to the word. e.g. desire – desirable – undesirability Extension: Write up sentences on the board showing uses Ask Ss to look at the title. Elicit the meaning of ‘going of common modal expressions. strong’ (still popular after a long time) and ask Ss to predict e.g. a) The fireworks have finished and there’s nothing content of passage e.g. people are still using their ordinary else happening now so we may/ might as well go phones despite competition from mobile phones and e- home. mail. Ss read text to confirm predictions. Allow Ss sufficient b) The computer system may be expensive, but it’s time to complete exercise in pairs. Stress the importance of worth having. correct spelling. Check answers. c) You could/might let me see the letter too; it’s Answer Key addressed to both of us. 1 clearly 6 impersonal d) Nobody listens to me, I might as well be talking to 2 transformed 7 ability a brick wall! 3 threatened 8 relatives/relations e) You should know better than to expect him to 4 according 9 dramatically phone you! 5 domestically 10 reliable f) I might have known they would be late! g) A: Mark got all the answers right, of course! Ask Ss to set aside a section of their notebooks for word B: He would! formation tables. Elicit meanings: a) indifference, b) concession, c) annoyance, NOUN VERB ADJECTIVE ADVERB NEGATIVE d) frustration, e) criticism of others, f) self-criticism, g) negative reaction to an action typical of someone else. Ss make their own sentences using these structures. Extension: Ss find other forms of the words given and fill in the table. 34 Set for homework. Ss use their dictionaries to complete the task. Point out that there are no general rules for which 37 Ss will be familiar with this type of exercise. Before looking ending goes with which word, but these are common at strategy points, brainstorm ways of dealing with this adjective endings. task. Start by asking Ss what they think this task is designed Extension: ask Ss to make the negative form where possible, to test: 1) structure or 2) vocabulary. Stress that it tests choosing from: un, in, dis (undesirable, unresponsive, structures within a sentence and not individual words. undying, inconclusive, unavoidable, unsupportive, unassertive, Elicit approaches to the task: use the title to predict displeasing). content, read the whole text for gist, ignore gaps, read again, filling in gaps where possible etc. - able - ing -ive Go through strategy points with Ss. Elicit predictions from desirable relaxing responsive title (e.g. difficult to escape from a mobile phone call) and allow commendable cleansing invasive Ss time to complete task following the procedure outlined avoidable dying conclusive above. Check answers round the class. Give feedback on intriguing dismissive correct and incorrect answers (T should explain why a certain word is not possible in this context). striking supportive The two texts can also be used as a basis for discussion of electrifying assertive the advantages/disadvantages of home phones and mobile pleasing phones. Answer Key 35 Set for homework. Ss use their dictionaries to complete the task. Point out that there are no general rules for which 1 would/could 6 None 11 said ending goes with which word, but these are common 2 from 7 Think 12 ago adjective endings. 3 used 8 away 13 between Extension: ask Ss to make the negative form where 4 such 9 that/which 14 If possible, choosing from: un, ir, il, dis (undramatic, 5 answer 10 been 15 odd uncritical, irreligious, unadventurous, unsystematic, illiberal, undiplomatic, disadvantageous). 14 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 15 Unit 1 38 a. Explain that many common words in English have Homework – extra summary task: different meanings in different contexts. This is tested in In between 50 and 70 words, and using your own words as Paper 3 of the proficiency exam. Write up the choices far as possible, summarise what, according to the texts, has for number 1 on the board. Ask Ss to find as many caused concern about language in France and in England. different meanings as they can for each word as a noun. Ss should look for two points from each text. They can use dictionaries if necessary. Write the words Text I: Using e-mail means young people cannot write and the meanings on the board. letters. Decision – the act of deciding / the ability to decide It is difficult to understand official documents. Balance – ability to remain steady when standing up Text 2: Texts are often not clear. /situation in which all the different parts are equal / the People need to understand papers from amount of money you have in the bank. governmental and other organisations. Statement – formal giving of written or spoken In France there is concern because using e-mails has made young information / an expression of opinion / a paper from people unable to write letters, while all levels of society have the bank giving details of your account. difficulty understanding official documents. In England, the fact Ability – the fact that you can do something / a talent that people need to understand documents from governmental or skill which makes you good at something and other organisations, which are often written in a way which Discuss in which context each meaning would be makes them difficult to understand, has caused concern. appropriate. Then ask Ss to choose the word which will fit all the sentences in 1) (balance is the only word 40 Refer Ss to the guidelines. Explain any unclear points. Go where the meanings fits all three sentences.). Point out through rubric with Ss and elicit answers to questions. that the missing word is always the same part of speech in all sentences. Answer Key Do 2 ( adjectives ) and 3 (nouns) in the same way. Allow a an article Ss time to complete the task in pairs with dictionaries. b – a magazine Check answers and give feedback on why wrong – students of English answers are incorrect (e.g. wrong context). – semi-formal Answer Key c ‘Text messages and e-mails are more fun than letters’ is not relevant. 1B 2C 3D 4D 5A 41 a. Ask Ss to answer question posed by title. Ask them why b. Ss work in pairs to complete or set for homework. somebody might think this is true. Brainstorm with Ss Check and give feedback as above. and put points on the board in any order. Ask Ss to Answer Key organise the points into categories e.g. those to do with 1 conditions 4 rocked grammar or those to do with spelling. (It does not 2 service 5 corner matter if Ss have only a few points at this stage). Then 3 dealt students read the model and see how many of their own ideas are mentioned. It does not matter if their 39 Go through strategy point with Ss. Go through summary own ideas are completely different, the purpose here is question with Ss and ask them to underline the key points to focus their attention on the way the ideas in a text (50-70 words/own words/according to the texts/what is are organized. Check understanding of vocabulary (e.g. being done about the simplification of official forms in purists, abbreviations, flexibility). France and England). Allow Ss two or three minutes to fill in the gaps. Check Divide the class into two. Give each group one passage to answers. read. Tell them to decide which two points in their passage Answer Key are relevant to the summary question and why. Rearrange 1 First of all 5 particularly class into pairs of Ss who have each read a different 2 By this I mean 6 Finally passage. Ask Ss to explain what they have decided to their 3 for instance 7 To sum up partners. Ss then write the summary in class. Monitor their 4 Secondly work and allow sufficient time for them to finish.. Then build up the summary on the board with suggestions from b. Ss work in pairs to find alternative expressions. Elicit and Ss. write them on the board. Ss then work in pairs to use Suggested Answer Key them to give opinions, using the points written on the ñ In France, the government has set up an organization to board for a. make sure that official papers are easier to read. In addition, it Suggested Answer Key has said that almost two thousand documents must be In my view – The way I see it rewritten. In England the Plain English Campaign offers to To my mind – As far as I can tell teach people who write official documents to write simply, as In my opinion – From my point of view well as trying to make sure that public documents are clear As far as I’m concerned – To my way of thinking and easy to understand. c. Ss read text again and match points to boxes. ñ Parts 1, 4, 5 and 6 are not relevant to the summary question. Answer Key Introduction – C Paragraph 4 – D Paragraph 2 – E Conclusion – A Paragraph 3 – B 15 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 16 Unit 1 d. Ss will need more time for this task. Refer the Ss back to example: What will happen if, for example, they discover the box and go through the organisation section again. a link between mobile phones and cancer? Then ask them to underline the appropriate sections of explanation: If we wait till then, the damage will have paragraphs 2, 3 and 4. Monitor their work and help if been done and it will be too late to act. necessary. Check answers and elicit words and phrases which helped them decide. ñ Topic sentences – Suggested answers Topic sentences: General opinion – firstly / secondly / B No matter what the cost, we simply must equip our finally schools with computers. Explanations: By this I mean / This might be seen / To C Many students take their mobile phones with them to my mind it / Not every one has a perfect command…( school, which sometimes results in lessons being words in bold or whole phrase refer back to and explain disrupted. what has just been said). Examples: for instance / One example of this / for D Scientists cannot reach a conclusion regarding the example possible health risks involved in using mobile phones. Answer Key 43 Elicit explanations and examples for a). Complete the Topic sentences paragraph on the board. Ss complete the task in pairs. Paragraph 2: First of all, the increasing use of e-mails and text Monitor and ask two or three Ss to read out their answers. messages is changing the way we use grammar. Alternatively set the task for homework and check in the Paragraph 3: Secondly, it is fashionable nowadays to shorten next lesson. the spelling of words, particularly in text messages. Suggested Answer Key Paragraph 4: Finally, in my opinion, writing English correctly is a. ... it enables us to send e-mails to friends and business contacts not so important as getting the message across. all over the world. ... mobile phones have become so sophisticated that you no longer need to be near a computer Explanations to send and receive messages. Paragraph 2: By this I mean that certain words are dropped in order to keep messages short. b. ... they do not allow you a moment’s peace, whether you are In both cases the need to be brief often means that the on the train, at the theatre or trying to relax at home. ... there grammar is changed in some way. is still no proof that they are safe – for all we know, they could Paragraph 3: To purists or to people who are not used to such be seriously damaging for our health. abbreviations, this might be seen as a threat to the language. c. ... are often very brief and impersonal. ... to receive a chatty To my mind it simply shows that the language is changing in letter which you know someone has taken trouble over. much the same way as it has done for centuries. Paragraph 4: Not everyone has a perfect command of the 44 a. Quickly go through the phrases in the box with the language, but that should not stop them from being able to students to check understanding. Ask Ss to look at communicate. statements 1 – 6 and elicit agreement /disagreement. Ss work in pairs to make sentences using the phrases from Examples the box, according to how strongly they agree or Paragraph 2: In a text message, for instance, there is neither disagree. the time nor the space to write complete sentences. The same Suggested Answer Key applies to e-mails, which are supposed to be a shorter more 2 I completely disagree that children should be allowed to direct form of communication. take their mobile phones to school with them. Paragraph 3: One example of this is when people write ‘CU 3 To my mind, all schools should give basic training in later’ instead of ‘See you later’. writing e-mails. Paragraph 4: If, for example, you send someone an e-mail or 4 I strongly disapprove of the suggestion that you should a text message telling them to meet you in a specified place at judge people by the clothes they wear. a certain time, making yourself understood is much more 5 The way I see it, life would be far better if we did not have important than your grammar and spelling. telephones. 6 It seems to me that true communication involves the 42 Ask Ss to read A and underline words or phrases which ability to listen as well as speak. identify an explanation (Not only .. threat / but it will also.) or an example (such as). Discuss the answers with the b. Ss work in the same pairs. Ask Ss to read the example class. Then ask them to do the same with B, C and D. sentence. Then ask one S to read out his/her statement Then divide the class into three. Give each group one of opinion for 2.Write it on the board. Explain to Ss that paragraph and ask them to write the topic sentence. this must be supported with an explanation and an Monitor their work and help if necessary. Ask one Ss from example (if necessary). Elicit from Ss and write the each group to write their sentence on the board. complete paragraph on the board. Ss then work in pairs Answer Key to write 3–6. Allow sufficient time for them to complete ñ B explanation: After all many children today ... learning aid the task. Monitor their work. Ask the pairs to pin their C explanation: School is a place of learning ... (to end ...) paragraphs up around the class for the rest of the class to read. D explanation: In other words ... Even if we take all the precautions available today, we do not know what to expect in the future. 16 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 17 Unit 1 Suggested Answer Key d. Ss work in pairs to justify opinions orally, then write 2 I completely disagree that children should be allowed to justifications as in the example. Monitor their work and take their mobile phones to school with them. The phones help if necessary. Alternatively they can write these for are simply a source of distraction when students should homework, to be checked in the next lesson. be concentrating on the lesson, as children tend to play Students’ own answers with them or send messages. 3 To my mind, all schools should give basic training in 46 Draw Ss’ attention to techniques in the box. Go over any writing e-mails. The ability to use e-mail opens up many difficult points. new opportunities for communication and so broadens children’s horizons. a. Ss work in pairs to read and match beginnings and 4 I strongly disapprove of the suggestion that you should endings. Check and ask Ss to justify their answers. judge people by the clothes they wear. Many people have Answer Key no choice in what they wear since they may not be able to 1 mentioning background information afford anything else, and others may simply be following 2 stating the reason for writing fashion and wearing the same as thousands of other 3 rhetorical question people. In neither case do their clothes tell you anything 4 making a prediction for the future about their characters. 5 making a reference to further action/summarising 5 The way I see it, life would be far better if we did not have the main opinion telephones. That is to say that we would improve our 6 summarising the main opinion/making a prediction quality of life by not being constantly disturbed, wherever for the future we are, by people who want to speak to us. Furthermore, it would encourage us to write letters again instead of b. Ss work in pairs to write their own beginning and relying on brief phone conversations. ending. 6 It seems to me that true communication involves the ability to listen as well as speak. By this I mean that Suggested Answer Key communication is a two-way thing; if one person simply Beginning: talks all the time there cannot be any real I am writing to express my disagreement with the opinions communication. The other person must have a chance to raised by your columnist in last week’s Daily News. Not only do respond while the first person listens, and so on. I strongly believe that the telephone is a marvellous invention, but I am also totally against the idea that there is poor 45 a. Ask Ss to read the rubric carefully. Ss work in pairs to communication between people today. underline the key words. Elicit them from the class. Elicit Ending: from students the connection between the telephone, On the whole, it would seem that there are more examples of the fax, the Internet etc. good communication than bad communication nowadays. Answer Key Perhaps we can look forward to further advances in You have read the extract below as part of a newspaper article technology in the future, leading to even more improvement in this area. about modern communications. You decide to write a letter Extension: Ss work in pairs or small groups to build up responding to the points raised and expressing your own main body and complete letter. Groups exchange and views. compare letters. ‘The invention of the telephone, rather than being a great 47 Elicit from Ss in what circumstances it would be appropriate benefit to society, is responsible for a breakdown in to write formally or informally. Go through box on style communication. Because of the telephone, we have fax with Ss. Elicit what they understand by a) sophisticated vocabulary (avoiding phrasal verbs and using the single machines, the Internet, mobile phones and the death of letter word equivalent eg make up for – compensate / avoiding writing – all of the things which have led to the poor get e.g. get better – improve, get worse – deteriorate / communication which exists between people today.’ use of nouns and noun phrases instead of verbs e.g the deterioration in his condition instead of his condition b. Ss work in pairs to correct. Check round the class. deteriorated, under construction instead of being built. Answer Key b) Complex grammatical constructions (e.g. negative 2 the telephone is responsible for a breakdown in inversions : not only … but also, inverted conditionals: had communication we … we would have …, participles: having finished the 3 the telephone has indirectly brought about the poor work, he ...). Elicit the reason why the passive is used a lot communication which exists today in formal writing ( less personal, more objective). 4 the writer thinks they are bad inventions 5 both mobile phones and the death of letter-writing are a. Ss work in pairs to replace words. Check round the consequences of the telephone class. Elicit from Ss what the choices are examples of, 6 there is poor communication between people today e.g. furthermore = more sophisticated vocabulary. Extension: Ss work in pairs to find synonymous words c. Ask Ss whether they agree or disagree with the and phrases. statement. Ss fill in the box. furthermore – moreover Students’ own answers role – part after all – it must be said rather than – in preference to 17 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 18 Unit 1 such as – for example C You recently attended a lecture entitled ‘The role of is an invaluable aid – provides essential assistance communications in the modern world’. Now your tutor has particularly suitable – especially appropriate asked you to write an essay examining this issue and giving by this I mean – that is to say your own opinions. I have little doubt that – doubtless had it not been for – if it had not been for 1 essay Answer Key 2 tutor I have little doubt that the telephone played a major role in 3 formal the changes that took place in the last century. By this I mean 4 student’s own views that, had it not been for the telephone, we would never have 5 student’s own choice had other developments, such as faxes, mobiles or the 6 beginning: mentioning background information Internet. Furthermore, the telephone is an invaluable aid for ending: summarising the main opinion/making a businesses and particularly suitable for keeping in touch with prediction for the future friends. After all, most people prefer to pick up the phone rather than write a letter. 49 Ss work in the same groups and select one rubric. Make sure that all the rubrics have been selected and Ss do not all b. Remind Ss that abbreviations are a characteristic of choose the same topic. They then brainstorm together and informal writing. Ss complete task in pairs. Check round make notes as in the table shown. Ss exchange notes with the class. the other groups. Suggested Answer Key Suggested Answer Key (rubric for 48A) I have little doubt that instead of getting closer, we are Paragraph 2 moving further apart. By this I mean that communications do Topic Sentence not really help us understand each other, especially in areas Letters have been used for hundreds of years as the main means of such as politics. Furthermore, computers are not really communicating with people who live far away from us. suitable for doing one’s work. After all, human contact is very Child/live/study in another country/communicate with parents important too. Good because allow full expression/personal because of handwriting/people feel as if they are still in touch with the actual 48 Go through rubrics with Ss and elicit key information. Ss person/ need no special equipment. then underline it. Ss work in groups of three or four to answer questions. Monitor their work. Ask one group to Paragraph 3 report back for each rubric. Topic sentence Answer Key However, letters are slow in reaching their destination and if the A Your school/college magazine is running a competition to find postal service is not very efficient may get lost, so many people the best article on the subject, ‘Staying in Touch’. Write your prefer e-mails. Reasons: very fast/ contact people immediately and get reply at article for the magazine, giving your opinion on the best ways once so feel close to the person. of corresponding with friends and relatives. Example: daily contact between parents and children if far away Quick answers to questions 1 article Good because may need urgent information. 2 school/college students Paragraph 4 3 informal/semi-formal Topic sentence 4 student’s own views Finally there is the telephone or the mobile phone, which in my 5 student’s own choice view is probably the easiest way of communicating with another 6 beginning: addressing the reader directly person. ending: asking a rhetorical question Reasons: immediate/hear the other person’s voice/understand how they are feeling/more intimate/angry words easily forgotten or B You have read the extract below as part of a newspaper article taken back. on ways of communicating. You decide to write a letter Example: if write an angry letter words are there for ever/ not the responding to the points raised and expressing your own views. same with speech. ‘Sometimes I wonder how teenagers communicate. They seem 50 Ss write this for homework or do it as a group writing task to spend all their time on the Internet or on their mobiles but I in class. have no idea what they are doing. There are other things as Suggested Model Answers well, such as the language that they use when they speak to A Since time immemorial keeping in touch has been our each other. I mean, is this really communicating?’ reason for being. Simply existing is not really living, but communicating with friends and family and exchanging news 1 letter is the essence of life. In this respect, we are what we say, as 2 newspaper editor/readers language defines us. 3 formal The use of pen and ink, whether to share good tidings or 4 student’s own views to ask your parents for an extra injection of cash has been the 5 student’s own choice standard way of keeping in touch, at least for the literate, for 6 beginning: stating the reason for writing hundreds of years. Children living or studying in other ending: making reference to further action countries have communicated with their families in writing for 18 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 1 29/01/2011 2:04 ΜΜ Page 19 Unit 1 as long as recorded history. Indeed many letters constitute C Over the past millennia we have lived through many recorded history, as for instance in Egyptian papyrus and the ‘Ages’ –The Stone Age, The Age of Enlightenment, The Modern sacred scriptures. Age, The Post-Modern Age. The role in the course of social However, letters are slow in reaching their destinations development that each of these ages has played has become and if the postal service is not very efficient they may go astray, so familiar that we almost take them for granted. So what is so so many people nowadays prefer email. Email is a particularly important about communication that it should be assigned its suitable means of sending large texts over long distances and own historical period? provides instantaneous replies. It is an invaluable aid for In trying to understand the central role that people who need daily contact with distant locations. communication plays today we gain much insight from To my mind, one of the best ways of staying in touch is by remembering the fact that past ages were characterised by text messaging. It is cheap, fast and to the point. I have little division and disharmony, both the offspring of ignorance and doubt that, whatever its detractors may say, our lives are fear. Overcoming the fear of difference has been an ongoing enriched by its use to an enormous degree. And there is always process lasting many centuries, which involves the breaking the option of phoning the other party for a more intimate, down of barriers and the building of bridges. This holds true at though more costly, exchange of feelings or detailed an international, national, local, interpersonal and personal clarifications of arrangements.. level. Maybe one day we will no longer need fixed phones or The state of affairs that currently exists is that a stamps at all and will be able to communicate in written or compression of time and space has come about. This is not spoken language at any time over unlimited distances without science fiction – I can communicate information with the worrying about call charges. One thing is for sure and that is same ease and speed to someone in Japan as I can to my own that at no time has the need to stay in touch been greater than next-door neighbour. A revolution has taken place and it it is today. If people stop talking, something is very wrong seems that the idea of the global village is no longer a utopian ideal. B I am writing in response to the article on teenage However, I strongly believe that too much emphasis has communication that recently appeared in your publication. been placed on communication between individuals, and Firstly, I would like to express my strong disagreement with details of how countries and blocs of countries involving the writer’s attitude towards the youth of today and his or her hundreds of millions of people communicate tend to remain lack of empathy. The writer’s stance is a bit like ‘the pot calling hidden from public view. There are numerous recent examples the kettle black.’ It is fairly plain to see that if anyone is failing of political speeches causing offence, and misunderstandings to communicate, it is the writer of the article. I have little doubt arising in consequence. It is obviously not easy on an that there may be good reason for the writer’s seeming lack of international level to make sure that the message has been understanding. understood as intended. Teenagers, or anyone else for that matter, have not altered But, what of the future? Modernity matures into post- the way they communicate for as long as anyone can modernity and so too communication is changing into remember, it is simply the manner of communication that has something else. Perhaps a clue as to where things are going changed. In their bid to find identification with their peers, may be gained from developments in the Internet. We see that today’s young people develop a manner of speaking to each suddenly it is not lack of information that is the issue - it is an other that could be best described as a codified form of the information overload, which can cause just as many standard language, which can differ considerably in vocabulary problems. It may be that this will lead us to change yet again, from the language of the older generations. Over time, some this time instead of welcoming other people’s information of this modern jargon is absorbed by the standard form, thus with open arms, protecting ourselves from it. bringing about the gradual development that all languages undergo. To those uninitiated in the newest version of ‘code’, though, it may seem incomprehensible. As for the writer’s other point, in my view, teenagers seem to spend an incommensurate amount of time using the Internet and mobile phones because of the ease of use and the sheer communicative power and freedom that they offer. We live in the Information Age and a revolution is taking place in the way we communicate. This fact is at the heart of the writer’s inability to comprehend the rapidly changing communication scene. In conclusion, I would like to remind potential readers that we are all, like the writer of the article, guilty of blaming others for our own failings. We are all individually responsible for improving our understanding of other people and groups of people and we have a duty to respect divergence from our own norms. 19 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2 29/01/2011 2:05 ΜΜ Page 20 Unit 2 A: The development of a child's self-confidence should definitely Unit 2 – The Happiest Days of your Life? be encouraged, but I don't know how it can be taught. B: Perhaps it's not so much teaching self-confidence that is the issue, but praising children for their achievements and making Objectives sure that they understand and learn from their mistakes ... Vocabulary: education & learning; A: I've always thought team spirit is an admirable quality, so I Reading: multiple choice think it should definitely be developed at school. Listening: multiple matching; gap-filling; listening for B: Most schools do it anyway – don't they? – through team sports specific information; multiple choice and collaborative activities. Speaking: language for debate and discussion; monologue; discussing a topic 3 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in the Grammar: conditionals questionnaire, and allow Ss a minute or two to complete Phrasal verbs: call; come their responses. Writing: suggestions & recommendations in essays and letters Suggested Answer Key I attended St Catherine's Primary in Bath from 1985 to 1991. The school was located in the centre of the town, and numbered about Elicit/Explain the significance of the title (from the common 300 pupils. All my teachers had very good knowledge of their saying that ‘Schooldays are the happiest days of your life’). subject, but their ability to convey knowledge varied. When it wasn't As an optional activity, elicit discussion of how true Ss feel of the highest standard, however, they more than made up for it by the saying to be, what they enjoy(ed) most/least about their establishing great rapport with their pupils. Overall, I would say own schooldays, what could/should be done to make that my primary education prepared me quite well for going on to education a more pleasant experience. secondary education, as well as for facing the challenges of my teenage years. I remember it as a time of constant personal 1 a. Elicit which subject is shown in each photograph and development. present/explain the prompts. Elicit one or two suitable responses, similar to the example in the S’s book, then 4 Check that Ss understand the nature of the task, elicit/ Ss continue the task in pairs or small groups. explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary, then play Suggested Answer Key the cassette. Ss listen and match the speakers to the statements. Play the cassette a second time if necessary. A Arithmetic D Computer Studies Check Ss’ answers. B (Creative) Writing E Art/Painting (‘O’ levels were school exams which were taken at the age of 16. C Reading/Literacy F Physical Education (P.E.) They have been replaced by the GCSE exams. A BA is a university degree – ‘Bachelor of Arts’.) ... The same goes, of course, for subjects like reading, writing and computer studies. Painting (and generally all art subjects) Answer Key give a child the opportunity to express thoughts and emotions 1 C 2 M 3 J which are difficult to put into words, and this plays an important part in a person’s emotional development. Finally, 5 Elicit the implication(s) made in each quotation, then invite sport and physical education facilitate a child’s physical Ss to discuss whether or not they agree, and why. development, while at the same time encouraging the Suggested Answer Key development of team spirit and competitiveness. ñ The first quotation implies that the point of education is not to b. Check that Ss understand the items in the list, then replace ‘an empty mind’ with a ‘full’ one (ie stuff students’ elicit class discussion of when each subject is taught, heads full of facts), but rather to teach an open, tolerant how well it is taught, how useful Ss feel each subject is attitude to new ideas and opinions. I agree, but at the same (Civics teaches social institutions and awareness, Home time I don’t think that schools should neglect teaching facts, Economics gives a child understanding of how a home is run) figures and so on. ñ The second quotation suggests that schools must give learners Students’ own answers the opportunity to do things through ‘hands-on’ learning rather than simply to learn about them in theory. Again, I c. Point out that Ss need not restrict their answers to agree – provided this approach is not taken to extremes. subjects listed in the preceding part of the exercise. 6 a. Check that Ss understand the questions, then elicit a 2 Check that Ss understand the items in the list, then elicit variety of suitable responses. responses from one or two pairs; Ss then continue the task Suggested Answer Key in pairs. ñ poor relationships, frustration, aggression, depression, etc Suggested Answer Key ñ pent-up frustration can lead to lack of motivation to A: I think interpersonal skills should indeed be taught as early as study. possible, and I believe that it’s part of a school’s responsibility to develop these skills. b. Elicit/Explain that imperative + or ... is a type of conditional B: I agree. The sooner a child learns to work harmoniously with used for warnings/threats, and that ‘or else’ is often their peers, the better. used to imply the warning which is left unstated. Suggested Answer Key We/They/etc must teach boys emotional literacy, or there will be unpleasant/harmful consequences. 20 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2 29/01/2011 2:05 ΜΜ Page 21 Unit 2 c. Check that students understand the meaning of the that the conventions of when to use double or single words and phrases in the list, then elicit guesses marks are far from fixed; there are US-UK differences, concerning the possible context in which they might be variations from publisher to publisher). In UK English, the used in the text. (Assure Ss that the accuracy of their use of double quotation marks is usually restricted to predictions is unimportant, but that the act of direct speech. formulating expectations makes their reading of the Answer Key text more efficient.) Ss scan the text as quickly as “Come on in ..." – The writer uses double quotation marks possible to find the items listed, then read the relevant around all the words to show that these were the actual words sentences to check their predictions. Individual Ss used in direct speech. explain what each item actually refers to, and how this Luke is a ‘good kid’. – The writer uses inverted commas compares to their expectation. around a single phrase in the sentence to show that other The words are in fact used in the passage as follows: people might use this phrase to describe Luke. violent outburst (lines 14-15) refers to the incident where Luke slammed doors and kicked a hole in the wall. b. Present the theory box and help Ss to explain the use of emotional ignorance (line 36) and isolation (line 37) refer inverted commas and italics. (Again, it should be noted to the underlying problems common to troubled boys. that the conventions regarding the use of italics are not open up (line 40) refers to the emotional frankness fixed; underlining and inverted commas are often used psychologists ask of boys during counselling. instead.) emotionally healthy (line 47) refers to the desired goal it Answer Key is hoped boys will reach as adults. ‘mates’ – The writer is using the word Luke himself would use. destructive emotional training (line 80) refers to the fight-or-flight – The writer is using special terminology effect our cultural attitudes have on boys. 11 Allow Ss a few minutes to complete the task, then check Ss’ 7 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in answers; alternatively, complete the task with the class by the questions, but not in the text itself, then allow Ss 10 -15 eliciting suitable answers. (In either case, it would be useful minutes to read the text again and answer the questions. to elicit examples of how each of the distractors might be Check Ss’ answers, and elicit/explain why each distractor is used correctly.) Explain/Elicit the meaning of any vocabulary not the correct answer. which the Ss still do not understand. Answer Key Answer Key 1 C 3 C 5 B 7 A 1 visiting 6 referees 2 D 4 A 6 B 2 supervisor 7 head 3 marker 8 assessors 8 Help Ss to explain the meaning of the words in bold, 4 tutor 9 instructor encouraging them to deduce the meaning from context if 5 don 10 adviser possible, and to use dictionaries only as a last resort or to check that their deductions are correct. 12 Allow Ss a few minutes to complete the task, then check Ss’ Answer Key answers. Explain/Elicit the meaning of any vocabulary which popular clique – A close-knit group of friends who are admired by the Ss still do not understand, and elicit examples of how the other pupils. each of the distractors might be used correctly. sullen – bad-tempered Answer Key flew into a rage – suddenly became extremely angry 1 trainee 4 undergraduate steely expression – unfriendly/unemotional expression 2 houseman 5 nursery well up – come to the surface and form a pool 3 apprentice 6 applicant unversed in – unfamiliar with, not practised at amplified – made greater 13 a. Check that Ss understand the context of the task (eg foregone conclusion – (assumed to be) certain to happen in the younger Ss might not be familiar with the arrangement future of large libraries into sections spread over several floors), come to grips with a fact – understand sth, accept that it is a elicit the answers and explain/elicit the meaning of any fact and then deal with it unfamiliar vocabulary. Answer Key 9 Clarify the task, completing the first item with the class if necessary, then allow Ss a few minutes to find the 1 loan 5 facility 9 archives remaining synonyms. Check Ss’ answers, then elicit/explain 2 information 6 textbooks 10 finance the meaning of any other vocabulary in the text which Ss 3 returns 7 modern still do not understand. 4 magazines 8 criticism Answer Key b. Present the prompts and explain/elicit the meaning of shocked – stunned independence – autonomy any unfamiliar vocabulary. Elicit one or two dialogues snappy – curt introspective – reflective from Ss, then Ss complete the task in pairs. Suggested Answer Key 10 a. Point out that one sentence uses double quotation marks enclosing all of the words in the sentences, and 1 Where can I find Abraham Lincoln’s autobiography? the other uses single inverted commas around a part of You’ll find that in the History section on the fifth level. the sentence, then elicit why there is a difference. (Note 21 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2 29/01/2011 2:05 ΜΜ Page 22 Unit 2 2 Where would I find a textbook on magnetics? Ss form sentences, either orally or as a written exercise. I’m not sure, but you might find one in the Scientific Suggested Answer Key Textbooks section on level three. 3 I would like to renew my membership. 2 Will you leave university after you graduate, or stay on and do You’ll need to go to the Information and Registration a Master’s degree? section on the second level for that. 3 Many children find they get bored during the school holidays. 4 Can you tell me where I can find old newspapers? 4 He didn’t know anything about the subject when he started, Have a look in the newspaper archives on level five. but he took a two-week crash course and learnt a great deal. 5 Where can I get information about foreign stock markets? I think some things we have in the Finance section on the 5 Applicants for this post must hold a degree in Sociology. sixth level would be helpful. 6 It isn’t easy for a school leaver to find a job nowadays. 7 This class is too advanced for me – I’d better do the beginner’s 14 a. Check that Ss understand the context and the task, then course instead. explain/elicit the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in 8 A correspondence course allows you to study at home in your the sentences and invite brief discussion of approximately spare time. what Ss expect the missing words/phrases to be. Play the cassette, more than once if necessary. Ss listen and 16 Help Ss to form correct collocations and check that Ss complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. understand each of the terms. Ss complete the sentences (‘fresher’ is a term used at British University for first year students. Check Ss’ answers, and elicit/explain the meaning of any The Bursar of a college is in charge of finances.) vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. Answer Key Answer Key 1 Adviser of Studies 6 Students’ Union expel a student 2 Tuition fees 7 special rates drop out of school 3 booths 8 Arts play truant 4 Hall of Residence 9 main library attend a lesson 5 library 10 medical centre assess a student's progress b. Present the rubric and the example in the S’s book, then 1 expelled a student 4 play truant Ss complete the task in pairs. 2 attend a lesson 5 dropped out of school (The Local Education Authority is the government department 3 assess students' progress in each town responsible for the organisation and funding of all educational institutions.) 17 (Refer Ss to Appendix 1 if necessary.) Allow Ss about five Answer Key minutes to read the text and fill in the correct prepositions. 2 A: My Local Education Authority hasn’t sent me my Check Ss’ answers and elicit/explain the meaning of any cheque yet. Can I pay my tuition fees in instalments? vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. B: Yes, you can pay in four instalments over the course of Answer Key a term. 1 of 4 as 7 Over/In 10 by 3 A: Is there a quiet place to study when the library is 2 by/from 5 In 8 of closed? 3 out 6 of 9 in B: Yes. There are several study booths on campus for use outside normal library hours. 18 (Refer Ss to Appendix 1 if necessary.) Allow Ss two or three 4 A: What can I do if I don’t like my room? minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. B: Well, you can only change your room if you can find someone who’s willing to swap with you. Answer Key 5 A: How do I join the Students' Union? 1 to 4 with 7 to 10 to B: You automatically become a member when you 2 with 5 with 8 with 11 to register. 3 with 6 to 9 with 12 to 6 A: Are there any cheap places to eat in this town? B: There's a list of places with special rates for students on Ss form sentences, either orally or as a written exercise. notice board 6 in the main library. Suggested Answer Key 7 A: Is there a bus stop on campus?/Where's the campus bus stop? 1 Don't worry. You'll get accustomed to teaching large classes. B: Yes, it's on the road behind the School of Arts. 2 Are you acquainted with the latest teaching methods? 8 A: Where's the medical centre? 3 I know Mr Jones can be difficult, but you'll just have to bear B: It's the building near Geddes Court. with him till next semester. 4 It's a pity that the meeting coincides with the football on 15 Allow Ss two or three minutes to fill in the missing words. Check Ss’ answers and elicit/explain any vocabulary which Ss television. still do not understand. 5 I'm afraid I'll have to differ with you on the question of giving Answer Key students the day off. 1 school 4 course 7 course 6 Have you heard? Mary has got engaged to Charles. 2 degree 5 degree 8 course 7 We welcome letters from anyone who is friendly to the 3 school 6 school struggle against raising tuition fees. 22 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2 29/01/2011 2:05 ΜΜ Page 23 Unit 2 8 Young Michael is a bit slow, but please be patient with him. Answer Key 9 You'll have to plead with her if you want her to go to the opera 1 F 3 T 5 T with you. She doesn't like it much. 2 F 4 F 6 T 10 He tried everything to keep the class under control, and finally b. Explain/Elicit the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary. Ss resorted to threats of punishment. act out one or two dialogues in open pairs, then continue 11 James finally succumbed to peer pressure and joined the gang. the task in closed pairs. 12 Gillian found herself unequal to the task of completing her Suggested Answer Key assignment on time. ñ A: Let me say, first of all, that I don’t think it’s a good idea to impose a curfew on students. After all, we are 19 (Refer Ss to Appendix 1 if necessary.) Allow Ss a minute or supposed to be young adults, learning to take charge two to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. of our own affairs, while this rule would treat us like Answer Key children at boarding school. 1 by 3 by 5 at B: Quite right. And I would also like to add that a curfew 2 at 4 by 6 by ‘for security reasons’ wouldn’t make the campus any Ss form sentences, either orally or as a written exercise. safer. Students’ rooms aren’t full of expensive possessions, so we don’t need locked halls of Suggested Answer Key residence to discourage burglars; actually, criminal 1 The course is taught by means of seminars and hands-on attacks on campus would probably increase if experience. students were locked out and forced to spend the 2 Julian is sitting in on your class at my request. night outdoors. ñ A: I don’t feel I’m being unfair in saying that those 3 The Prime Minister has been invited, by popular request, to students who return books late deserve some sort of give the annual Society Lecture. punishment. Why should the rest of us wait weeks for 4 It was only by luck that John narrowly missed being caught by a book which some selfish person can’ t be bothered the headmaster. to return? 5 The school must avoid scandal at all costs. B: To tell you the truth, I have very strong reservations about such a fine being imposed. Late returns are 6 He is a lawyer, but he is often consulted on money issues by sometimes unavoidable, and although í5 may not virtue of having also studied economics. sound like much to most people here, it’s a lot of money to a student living on a shoestring. 20 Allow Ss a minute or two to complete the task, then check ñ A: I would like to point out that even a hard-working Ss’ answers; alternatively, elicit answers to complete the task student may be forced to miss two or three classes with the class. during a course. If this rule were introduced, a few Answer Key days in bed with the ‘flu could seriously damage a 1 A 3 A 5 B student’s undergraduate career. 2 A 4 A 6 B B: You have my support on this one. And I think I’m speaking for a lot of us when I say that the only really 21 (Refer Ss to Appendix 2 if necessary.) Allow Ss two or three effective way to encourage attendance is if lecturers minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers, and elicit ensure that students feel their classes are worth the meaning of each completed phrasal verb. (The meanings attending. are given in brackets in the key below.) Answer Key 24 Present the phrases and the agenda in the S’s book, and explain/elicit the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary. Ss use 1 forward (present themselves) 5 into (inherited) the phrases and agenda to act out exchanges in groups of 3-4. 2 about (happen) 6 for (required) (The Students’ Union is an organisation of students which is 3 in for (was subjected to) 7 off (cancelled) concerned with the welfare and social life of its members. 4 across (found by chance) GP [General Practitioner] is the doctor who provides general medical treatment.) 22 Allow Ss a few minutes to complete the task, then check Ss’ answers; alternatively, elicit answers to complete the task Suggested Answer Key with the class. A: I have to say I totally disagree with the idea of offering free Answer Key meals. I think it would be embarrassing for those students who were chosen – I know I wouldn’t want my family’s finances 1 ... examination results call into question the quality of today's ... made public. And something else which must be borne in 2 ... exam papers will come to light at the enquiry. mind is that, while this money is available this year, who is to 3 There is no call for sarcasm. say that next year they won’t ... 4 ... regulations will come into force next month. B: If I may just cut in here, I’d like to say that the trip to the States sounds like a good idea. We could hold a competition to see 5 The teacher told the class to call him by his first name. who gets to go – perhaps even set up an exchange programme to keep costs down and give more people the 23 a. Allow Ss a minute or two to read the statements, then chance to go. I don't know how the others feel about this ... play the cassette twice. Ss listen and complete the task. C: I think it’s a great idea. I, too, have reservations about the free Check Ss’ answers. food idea. And redecorating is not such a priority ... 23 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2 29/01/2011 2:05 ΜΜ Page 24 Unit 2 D: Sorry, but could I just say something here. I’m afraid I’m going c. Elicit a few responses from individual Ss; then Ss continue to have to differ with you. I think it is a priority to do something the discussion in pairs. with the restaurant. I think I’m speaking for a lot of students Suggested answer when I say that things have got pretty bad in there lately. I I would certainly prefer a conventional book to an e-book; first know a lot of us will only go in there because there’s no of all, e-books are impersonal and unattractive. Secondly, the alternative. Besides, I just don't see the logic behind the other weight of the book, the rustle of pages and the feel of the two suggestions. I mean ... paper are intrinsic parts of the pleasure of reading. Chair: Excuse me – if I may, I’d like to move on to the other item on today’s agenda, which is the matter of the medical centre. 27 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary Perhaps we could discuss that briefly before returning to a vote in the questions. Play the cassette twice. Ss listen and on both issues. Can I have your input on this? complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. B: I don't feel I’m being unfair in saying that ... Answer Key 25 a. Elicit suitable responses to the prompts in the S’s book. 1 A 2 B Suggested Answer Key b. Elicit a few responses from individual Ss; then Ss continue ñ It is when you do all your lessons at home, not at school – the discussion in pairs. perhaps being taught by your parents, or a private tutor, or by specially-designed computer programs. Suggested Answer Key ñ Advantages: personal attention, fewer distractions, tailor I think that periodic exams have a very important part to play your education to your needs, study at convenient hours in assessing students, although I would not say that they are Disadvantages: you are isolated, not so easy to make the best way of assessing their progress. I agree with the friends, miss extra-curricular school activities, etc speaker up to a point, especially when she says that exams are ñ Student’s own answers just like life. There is no doubting that, and I’m sure it is important for some employers to see how well people perform in stressful conditions. However, I don't think it is the best way b. Present the Strategy Point. Check that Ss understand the to evaluate students. They may not ever need this level of statements, elicit whether each statement seems to stress and, for some, ending up in hospital is a very real favour or oppose home schooling, and invite prediction of possibility. I think continuous assessment is a more humane which statements are most likely to be expressed by both approach. There’ll be plenty of opportunity to experience stress speakers. Play the cassette twice. Ss listen and complete when they finish their studies and get a job. the task. Check Ss’ answers. (DIY is an acronym for ‘Do-it-Yourself’.) 28 a. Check that Ss know all vocabulary in the questions. Play Answer Key the cassette twice. Ss listen and complete the task. 1 B 3 B 5 D Check Ss’ answers. 2 D 4 T 6 B Answer Key 1 C 2 C c. Elicit a few responses from individual Ss; then Ss continue the discussion in pairs. b. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. Suggested Answer Key Suggested Answer Key ñ It's true you don't get to meet so many people as at school, For me, the most important factor in deciding on a career but that's no reason not to have a social life. Also you don't would be how much I would enjoy it. I would obviously like to get the bad side of things, like teasing and bullying. make a lot of money, but my top priority would be job ñ I think the quality of education is better with home satisfaction. If you’re not happy with your job, it can have schooling, because you can concentrate on what is really serious repercussions on every other aspect of your life – like necessary and what interests you. There are fewer relationships, for example. As far as I’m concerned, if I’m going distractions and you can learn at your own speed. to dedicate forty hours a week – and possibly forty years of my ñ I think it brings parents and their children closer together, life – to a career, that’s a large part of my life and I want to and teaches patience and respect. enjoy it as much as possible. ñ Of course you have to buy your own books and get a computer, but then there are no school fees, uniforms or 29 a. Play the cassette twice. Ss listen and complete the task. travel expenses, so it probably works out much cheaper. Check Ss’ answers. 26 a. Elicit suitable responses to the prompts in the S’s book. Answer Key Answer Key 1 B 2 A An e-book is a book or text reproduced on the Net, which you b. Elicit a few responses from individual Ss; then Ss continue can download and read. the discussion in pairs or small groups. download, a portable reading device, a printout Suggested Answer Key b. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in ñ Listening to music is enjoyable, but I don't think it's very the questions. Play the cassette twice. Ss listen and creative. complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. ñ Learning something by heart may be good for the memory, Answer Key but you're not really expressing yourself, so I don't think it's at all creative. 1 A 2 A 3 B 4 D 5 B 24 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2 29/01/2011 2:05 ΜΜ Page 25 Unit 2 ñ Playing football, as with any sport, can be very creative, as e. Student B comments for up to 1 minute on what Student you have to think of ways to beat your opponent(s). A has said for up to 1 minute. ñ I think using a computer can be very creative. For instance, Suggested Answer Key you can put together interesting school projects with Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 2, Ex. 31f on p. 143 illustrations, or you could even start your own magazine. ñ Acting in a play means you have to study character in f. Play cassette, asking Ss to take notes on ideas and timing. order to become someone else, which is really using your Discuss Ss’ answers. Direct Ss’ attention to the length of imagination. Marco’s contribution. Students’ own answers 30 a. Play the cassette twice. Ss listen and complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. g. Refer Ss to questions and assessment criteria from h Answer Key and check Ss understanding of both. Play sample 1 C 2 C interview good model answers (questions 1 and 2). Ss listen to identify good qualities of the answers, b. Elicit a few responses from individual Ss; then Ss continue according to the criteria given in h. Elicit comments the discussion in pairs. from class and initiate discussion on what makes a good answer. Ss discuss remaining three questions in pairs. Suggested Answer Key Monitor and help. ñ There has to be a system of rules in the workplace, Suggested Answer Key otherwise nobody would do anything. At least if the rules are made clear from the start, you have a certain amount 1 Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 2, Ex. 31 Sample of choice over whether or not to accept them. If you don't Interview on p. 143 like a company’s attitude towards discipline, you can 2 Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 2, Ex. 31 Sample always look for a new job. Interview on p. 144 ñ It’s different in a family. You can’t change your family, the 3 A: I think often these days that the elderly are ignored by way you can change your job, so you have to negotiate. society, yet they have so much to offer the young in Parents always set rules for children to follow and children terms of wealth of experience and advice. always think that some of these rules are unreasonable. B: You’re right in as much as we say we always learn That’s the way life is. But I think discipline can be taken too from experience and the elderly have lived through far in the family. I don't agree with smacking, for example, times and events that the young are yet to face. They no matter what the child has done. If there’s good can be a source of knowledge for people seeking communication between parent and child, then rules and employment and can teach the young the skills they discipline can be kept to a minimum. acquired during their own careers. But I believe the ñ As far as school’s concerned, the same thing applies as with elderly can help the young more on an emotional work – there has to be a clear system of rules and discipline level as they have more time to devote to the welfare must be maintained. However, school differs in that you and personal problems of their younger relatives. You cannot change schools very easily if you don't like the rules. find that children frequently rely on their And some rules are just plain ridiculous. So rules are grandparents for comfort and help as their parents important, but some of them are badly in need of revising. may be busy with their careers and not have much time to concentrate on their offspring’s problems. 31 a. Refer Ss to rubric and prompt box. Brainstorm question to A: And also one of the main reasons for teenage generate ideas and vocabulary. Explain to Ss that they will unhappiness is the constant conflict they have with be expected to speak for 2 minutes on the question in this their parents. You know, the usual things like what stage. Ask one or two Ss to try to speak for 2 minutes on time to come home at night, what type of haircut is the question. The remainder keep time and listen. suitable for school and so on. Grandparents can view these disagreements in a more detached and Suggested Answer Key objective manner, acting as a kind of mediator Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 2, Ex. 31c on p. 143 between the two sides. They find solutions as they can discuss in a calmer and less emotive way. b. Elicit related comments from class. B: So we can say that the elderly can be supportive to Suggested Answer Key the young by giving advice based on their personal Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 2, Ex. 31c on p. 143 experiences and their time whenever emotional problems arise. c. Play cassette, asking Ss to take notes on ideas and timing. 4 A: Personally, I agree that young people’s lives are easier Discuss Ss’ answers. Direct Ss’ attention to the length of than they were in the past. Nowadays we enjoy Celeste’s contribution. material comforts our parents couldn’t even dream about. You can see teenagers driving to school in their Students’ own answers own cars and wearing designer labels without ever having worked a day in their lives. As society becomes d. Refer Ss to rubric and prompt box. Brainstorm question to more affluent, the parents pass on their new wealth to generate ideas and vocabulary. Remind Ss that they will be their children, sometimes as a form of compensation. expected to speak for 2 minutes on the question in this B: Actually, that could be considered as a negative point. stage. Ss work in pairs: Student A speaks while Student B Now that both parents usually work, they have less time listens and keeps time. to spend on family life and children often have to Suggested Answer Key become independent from an early age, looking after Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 2, Ex. 31f on p. 143 themselves, cooking, helping with the housework and so 25 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2 29/01/2011 2:05 ΜΜ Page 26 Unit 2 on. All the additional material benefits the young enjoy Answer Key do not make up for the destruction of traditional family Anna speaks well throughout; her contributions are accurate values, in my opinion. The young often miss out on and extended. Stefanos’ sentences are grammatically correct, being children and grow up far too quickly these days. his pronunciation of the sounds is clear enough to understand A: And also young people face more pressure in trying to and his use of words is correct. However, he does not have a very find a job than their parents did. Everyone has the wide range of vocabulary and is constantly searching for the opportunity to further education and vocational appropriate word to express what he means, e.g. try instead of training so competition for jobs is greater than ever make an effort/attempt or character, kind of person instead of before. Unemployment is high in many countries and personality. Since he cannot find the word he wants, he repeats the young face the possibility of not being able to a lot of the same vocabulary items e.g. people, groups, pursue their chosen career until their early thirties. Yet community and resorts to paraphrase e.g. people who are I still maintain that life is easier. Young people have grown up instead of adults; wide … getting to know new people the opportunity to travel abroad and gain instead of widening our circle (of friends). The result of his experiences denied to their parents. They can spend having to search for the appropriate word is that his speech is time and money on entertainment rather than very hesitant and is not very fluent. having to contribute to the family budget as young Weak points: fluency and range of vocabulary. people did in the past. B: I suppose we could say that what they gain financially Sample Interview: The sample interview for this unit in life they may lose out on in the emotional and contains a recorded model interview for two questions personal stakes. from the final stage of Part 3 of the interview (31g, A: You’re probably right. questions 1 and 2). 5 Anna: It’s not particularly easy to meet new people nowadays. I suppose in the past, when communites were 32 a. Elicit suitable responses from individual Ss, and/or ask Ss smaller and closer it was simpler. Then anyone new to discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. coming into the community was introduced to everyone (EU is the European Union, where countries in Europe co- else as a matter of course, but now, although we should in operate, making decisions together on social and economic theory be able to meet a lot of new people because we live matters.) in huge densely populated cities, people are either very Suggested Answer Key lonely or stay within a small group of friends and actively I don't agree with universities making students pay for their discourage outsiders from joining it. tuition. Of course it excludes highly intelligent students who Stefanos: Yes, I’ve come across that, people tend to may not come from particularly wealthy families. But it goes become very exclusive. What one has to do, of course, is to further than that: no one, regardless of their financial status, find groups that welcome newcomers; join some kind of should be denied access to further education. If they have club or association to do with a hobby or interest, because proved their ability to reach this level, then the government has then one can meet people in a more neutral situation. As an obligation to provide it for them free of charge. Universities you say, the community no longer functions as a means of are expensive to run, but we all know that the government gets putting people together, peole lead very busy lives and their money back in the form of higher taxes on graduates’ their free time is often taken up with coping with their salaries. So it should be looked upon as an investment. families and socialising with the friends they already have. The workplace is where you are most likely to meet people, b. Elicit suitable responses from individual Ss, and/or ask Ss actually and I would say that for the majority of people to discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. their social life revolves around their work. Rather as children make friends through school, adults make friends Suggested Answer Key through work. As I understand it, administrators are the people who work Anna: It’s quite noticeable how few social contacts people behind the scenes, making sure that office work gets done and who don’t work have, isn’t it? Although on second records are kept up to date. In a school or university, their job is thoughts, perhaps we’re exaggerating a bit. After all we to leave the teachers and lecturers free to get on with the do meet new people and not just through work or school. business of teaching, without having to give up their time for What about friends of friends, or people we might meet at routine or mundane work which would encroach on their parties or when we’re on holiday. What we’re really talking time. In general, as I mentioned, administrators and about I suppose is that it’s difficult to meet new people if secretaries work in the background. Their work is essential, but you’re on your own, if you’re not already part of a social they do not often get much recognition for it because it is not group of some kind. high-profile work. Stefanos: Mmm. Perhaps you’re right. It’s a matter of personality. We do make a lot of contacts, it’s more a c. Allow Ss about ten minutes to read the passages and question of whether we go on and see them again. After answer the questions. Check Ss’ answers, then invite all, just because we meet new people doesn’t mean to say individual Ss to explain how the ideas in the passages that we become close friends. Some people are more related to the ideas they expressed in the preceding interested in widening their circle of friends than others. discussion. Answer Key h. Refer Ss to rubric. Check understanding of criteria again. 1 D 2 C 3 D 4 A Point out that one of the Ss they hear on the cassette will perform badly in some of the areas listed. Play cassette. 33 Ss read the passages again quickly and prepare answers to Ss complete task. Elicit comments from class and the questions. Check Ss’ answers, then elicit/explain the encourage class discussion on performances. meaning of any vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. 26 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2 29/01/2011 2:05 ΜΜ Page 27 Unit 2 Answer Key 37 a. Complete the first item with the class as an example, 1 The phrase implies that some barriers actually do exist (eg. and elicit/explain why the sentence is mixed (ie the lack of money), whereas other barriers don’t exist, but people ‘condition’ clause refers to a present situation and is thus think they do (eg. you can't go to Oxford because of your not completed, while the ‘consequence’ clause refers to background). a past event). Allow Ss a couple of minutes to complete 2 'dizzying heights' the task, then check Ss’ answers. Answer Key 34 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in 1 d (types 2 and 3) 4 b (types 3 and 2) the titles and prompts, then elicit guesses concerning the 2 e (types 2 and 1) 5 c (types 2 and 1) text and possible context in which they might be used. 3 a (types 2 and 3) Assure Ss that the accuracy of their predictions is unimportant, but the act of formulating expectations b. Ss make sentences using mixed conditionals. Check Ss’ makes their reading of the text more efficient. answers. (The Normandy landings took place in June 1944 on the Suggested Answer Key beaches of northern France. Allied forces landed there and began to push back the Nazi troops to Germany. D-Day refers 1 If he hadn’t been so foolish, he wouldn’t be in debt now. to the first day of the landings on June 6th.) 2 If he is really ill, he wouldn’t have sounded so cheerful on the phone. Suggested Answer Key 3 I wouldn’t have given you the money if I didn’t trust you. ñ The terms ‘complicated language’, ‘communicative forms’ 4 If he discovered anything during his investigation, he’ll tell and ‘animal communication’ probably occur in the third us about it. passage, in the context of discussion about how language moves from primitive communicative forms, such as those 38 Complete the first item with the class as an example, and used by animals, to more complicated forms. remind Ss that sentences beginning ‘Only if/when’, ‘Not ñ The terms ‘Normandy landings ...’, ‘ignorant’ and ‘landmark until/before’, etc feature inversion in the second clause. events’ probably occur in the fourth passage, in the Allow Ss about five minutes to complete the task, then context of discussion about how British youth are check Ss’ answers. ignorant of important events such as the Normandy Suggested Answer Key landings. ñ The term ‘human history’ might occur in either passage, in 1 ... will you really succeed. (1st) the context of discussion about how language is linked to 2 ... how will she know how to get here? (mixed: 2nd and 1st) history, or about how British youth are ignorant of human 3 ... if he hadn't decided to go into politics. (3rd) history as a whole. 4 ... you're asking for trouble. (1st) 5 ... if he weren't so lazy. (2nd) b. Allow Ss about ten minutes to read the passages and 6 ... you'll have to repeat the semester. (1st) answer the questions. Check Ss’ answers, then invite Ss 7 ... if I hadn't been interrupted. (3rd) to explain how accurate their predictions were. 8 ... you'll be sent to the headmaster immediately. (1st) 9 ... I would have studied mechanics. (3rd) Answer Key 10 ... if I had wanted to go on to university. (3rd) 5 A 6 B 7 C 8 C 39 a. Elicit suitable responses from individual Ss to complete 35 Ss read the passages again quickly and prepare answers to the task. the questions. Check Ss’ answers, then elicit/explain the Suggested Answer Key meaning of any vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. If he hadn't been expelled, he would have got some Answer Key qualifications. 1 There are strong disagreements among experts about how If he had got some qualifications, he would have gone to language evolved. university. 2 That they don't seem to learn anything, despite long hours at If he had gone to university, he would have got a degree. school. If he had got a degree, he would have found a good job. 3 To get back to serious studying. If he had found a good job, he would not be working as a gardener. 36 Elicit conditional forms from Ss, including inverted and mixed forms. Elicit alternatives to ‘if’ to introduce the b. Ss write suitable prompts in pairs, exchange prompts ‘condition’ clause (e.g. unless, provided that, as long as, but with another pair and complete the task. Monitor Ss’ for, etc). Refer Ss to the Grammar Reference section, if performance. necessary, and complete the first item with the class as an Students’ own answers example. Allow Ss a couple of minutes to complete the task, then check Ss’ answers. 40 Allow Ss about five minutes to complete the task, then Answer Key check Ss’ answers. 1 If you (should) require further information ... Answer Key 2 If I was/were an artist ... 3 If I had more experience in teaching ... 1 ... my grades good enough, I could apply to ... 4 If he wasn’t/weren't so lazy ... 2 ... wouldn't skate so well if he had ... 5 If he hadn't been so stubborn ... 3 ... (will) become isolated if you are ... 4 ... I more time, I would ... 5 ... he weren't so rude, his colleagues would ... 27 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2 29/01/2011 2:05 ΜΜ Page 28 Unit 2 6 ... he had dressed warmly, he wouldn't have ... 45 Present the Strategy Point. Work through the first two 7 ... won't let you in/admit you unless you pay ... questions with Ss, encouraging them to find as many feasible words for each gap as possible, and then choose the 41 Present the first tip in the Strategy Point, allow Ss two or ONE word which fits all three sentences. Then allow Ss three minutes to read the whole text – without attempting to about five minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers, fill in any of the gaps – and elicit brief explanation of what then elicit/explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary. the text is about. Present the second tip, elicit the topic of the Answer Key first paragraph (ie poetry as punishment), then elicit the 1 beam 4 mark 7 shot answers to the first two items. Allow Ss five to ten minutes to 2 date 5 operation 8 treated complete the remainder of the task, then present the final tip 3 field 6 pool and allow Ss a further minute or two to check their answers. Check Ss’ answers, then elicit/explain the meaning of any 46 a. Emphasise that the rubric asks for specific information vocabulary in the text which Ss still do not understand. about ‘what apprentices gain from classwork’ (the (The Great War refers to the First World War [1914-18]. The Somme points underlined in the first passage) and not about all refers to a battle in the Great War. Keats, Shelley and Wordsworth the information in the text. Allow Ss several minutes to were all 19th century romantic poets. read both texts. W H Auden and e e cummings were both 20th century poets, (An apprentice is a person who learns a trade or skill by cummings being famous for never using capital letters.) working for and being guided by someone already Answer Key experienced in the trade. 1 as 6 such 11 These Turf Management refers to the occupation of looking after the 2 time 7 from 12 times grass on golf courses, tennis courts and football pitches and 3 who 8 us 13 this/that other sporting venues.) 4 during 9 were 14 That/This 5 to 10 was/I/we/etc 15 age b. Remind Ss that summary writing requires paraphrasing the information in the text, then help Ss to rephrase the 42 Remind Ss to identify the part of speech needed to complete underlined points using the prompts. each gap, and to be alert for plural and negative forms, which Suggested Answer Key may easily be overlooked. Allow Ss about ten minutes to 1 They can develop deeper understanding of the theory complete the task. Check Ss’ answers, then elicit/explain the related to the career they want to follow. meaning of any vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. 2 The academic side provides proof of their ability, in the Answer Key form of a certificate, which will improve their job 1 offenders 6 conclusion(s) prospects when applying for a new job. 2 inexperienced 7 findings 3 literacy 8 shortages c. Allow Ss a few minutes to underline the relevant points in 4 investment(s) 9 motivation the second passage. Check Ss’ answers, then help Ss to 5 transition 10 creative paraphrase the points. Answer Key 43 Elicit negative prefixes and write examples on board. Allow Ss a few minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers, ñ ‘exposure to other methods and ideas’ → knowledge of then elicit/explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary. different approaches and theories ñ ‘a chance to make some good friends ... industry’ → the Answer Key opportunity to get to know people with jobs related to theirs 1 inadmissible 10 infrequent 2 inconclusive 11 undetermined d. Suggested Answer Key 3 unappreciative 12 untrustworthy 4 inconspicuous 13 inaudible Firstly, in the classroom apprentices obtain theoretical 5 uncompromising 14 unclear knowledge that will be extremely helpful in their jobs, as well as 6 unapproachable 15 unwilling earning credits towards a diploma in their chosen profession. 7 uncontrollable 16 unreliable Secondly, classwork gives apprentices knowledge of different 8 uninteresting 17 indecisive approaches to the job. Moreover, it provides them with the 9 inappropriate 18 unsettling opportunity to get to know people with jobs related to theirs. 44 Allow Ss a few minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ 47 Present the Strategy Point. (To clarify the tip headed answers, then elicit/explain the meaning of any unfamiliar ‘Organisation’, the following plans can be presented on the vocabulary. board or given to Ss as photocopies.) Answer Key Plan 1 1 imbalanced 7 disreputable 13 immobile – Introduction (state problem, your opinion) 2 irrevocable 8 irresistible 14 disloyal – Analysis of 1st problem, solution & result 3 disconnected 9 irresolute 15 impolite – Analysis of 2nd problem, solution & result 4 disengaged 10 illiterate 16 immoral – Analysis of 3rd problem, solution & result 5 irreducible 11 dishonest 17 illegible – Analysis of 4th problem, solution & result 6 irregular 12 irrelevant 18 illogical – Conclusion 28 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2 29/01/2011 2:05 ΜΜ Page 29 Unit 2 Plan 2 Finally → Lastly – Introduction By this I mean that → In other words – Analysis of problem, causes/effects To sum up → In conclusion – 1st suggestion & expected result I believe → I feel – 2nd suggestion & expected result – 3rd suggestion & expected result 49 Ss read the model text again, more carefully, and extract the – Conclusion information to complete the plan. Check Ss’ answers. Answer Key Ss read the rubric, underline the key words and prepare Paragraph Two their answers to the questions. Check Ss’ answers. problem overcrowded classrooms Answer Key effect of problem difficult for students to follow Key words suggestion limit number of students problems in secondary education in your country - too many expected result students concentrate better/learn more students per class - lessons uninteresting - students are not sufficiently prepared for getting a job - your teacher - essay Paragraph Three analysing problems - suggesting solutions problem boring lessons explanation not everyone equally interested in all 1 An essay analysing problems and suggesting solutions subjects 2 Your teacher; semi-formal to formal suggestion allow students choice over lessons attended 3 ñ too many students per class expected result they would pay more attention ñ lessons uninteresting ñ students not prepared for getting job Paragraph Four 4 ✓ Limit the number of students per class problem students without qualifications for jobs ✓ Give students greater choice over the lessons they attend suggestion teach subjects of value to them ✓ Include more vocational training in the curriculum explanation place emphasis on useful skills (Elicit/Explain that these suggestions are practical and expected result they would pay more attention correspond to the three problems highlighted in the rubric.) 50 Allow Ss two or three minutes to complete the task. Check Other suggestions: Ss’ answers. ñ Operate schools on a shift system Answer Key ñ Invest more money in teacher training 2–a It would be a good idea if we were to increase the rate of ñ Organise regular careers meetings pay for teachers. 5 Limit the number of students per class → classroom 3–g Steps should be taken in order to reduce the level of conditions would improve truancy. Give students greater choice over the lessons they attend → 4–c Universities should be encouraged to accept applications students would pay more attention from people of all backgrounds. Include more vocational training in the curriculum → 5–f Government-subsidised university education would result students would be prepared to start a career in a better-educated population. 6 The problems could be analysed either in the first main body 6–e Were we to impose stricter school rules, fewer problems of paragraph, or in separate paragraphs together with each this kind would exist. suggestion. 7–d By working part time, students could help finance their studies. 48 a. Elicit answers to complete the phrases, then Ss read the text quickly and fill in the gaps. Check Ss’ answers and 51 a. Elicit which words should be underlined, and which elicit/explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary. problems need to be addressed. (It might be advisable to Answer Key write these points on the board.) 2 mean 4 steps 6 by Answer Key 3 lead 5 result Key words problems in schools – Your teacher – essay – suggests 1 By limiting student numbers solutions – examination results – decline in educational 2 This would mean standards – homework is not being done – truancy – violent 3 One solution to this problem incidents among school children 4 this would lead to 5 Steps should be taken to Problems to address: 6 As a result ñ decline in educational standards, shown in exam results ñ homework not being done b. Refer Ss to Appendix 3, then elicit suggestions of suitable ñ high truancy rate phrases. ñ violent incidents more common Suggested Answer Key However → Nevertheless b. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary. First of all → To begin with Elicit which result matches each suggestion, then help Ss Secondly → Furthermore to complete each point appropriately. Since → Due to the fact that 29 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2 29/01/2011 2:05 ΜΜ Page 30 Unit 2 Answer Key b. Check that Ss understand the task objective; if necessary, 2–d ... play truant, it would discourage students from help Ss to compose the opening sentence. Allow Ss missing school. about five minutes to complete the task, then check Ss 3–a ... would be to deter other students and remove answers by inviting several individual Ss to read their violent children from schools. answers aloud. 4–b ... children’s behaviour, they could/it would make sure Suggested Answer Key that children are prepared for school. 2 With regard to the shortage of college lecturers, the best solution might be for schools and colleges to advertise in c. Refer Ss to Appendix 3 again, if necessary, then elicit the national press. The result would be to attract new suggestions of suitable phrases. teaching staff to the area, which would mean that colleges Suggested Answer Key could run the full range of courses on the curriculum. 3 The problem of inadequate transport to and from local 1 This would mean that ... → This would lead to ... primary schools causes justified concern. The only way to 2 If teachers and social workers took ... → If teachers and ensure that children can get to school safely is to improve social workers were to take ... the bus service. This would also remove the pressure on 3 The effect of this would be ... → This would result in ... working parents, who currently have to drive their 4 If they exercised ... → By exercising ... children to school in the morning and find a way to leave work so that they can collect them in the afternoon. 52 a. Allow Ss a couple of minutes to read the paragraph and complete the task. Check Ss’ answers and elicit/explain 55 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in the meaning of any vocabulary which Ss still do not the rubric, and point out that the writing task requires understand. the writer to supply their own ideas. Allow Ss five to ten minutes to think of ideas in response to the questions, Answer Key then check Ss’ answers; alternatively, complete the task 1 high 3 could 5 ought to orally with the class. 2 face up to 4 solution Suggested Answer Key b. Elicit suitable answers from the class. ñ problems: buildings in need of renovation, staff shortages, inadequate equipment in labs, library Answer Key understocked, lack of sport facilities ñ Suggestion – Sentence 2 (One way to ... ) ñ causes: funding cuts, lack of incentives for new teachers ñ Expected result – Sentence 4 (The outcome/effect ... ) to come to the area, poor management ñ Outline of the problem – Sentence 1 (Unemployment is effects: classes cancelled, low morale among students a problem ... ) and staff, substandard quality of learning, need to travel ñ Explanation of the suggestion – Sentence 3 (This would/ to neighbouring towns for resources/sport facilities need/may not ... ) ñ suggestions: renovating buildings, hiring more staff, purchasing equipment, buing books for the library, 53 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in the creating a sports centre prompts, then allow Ss a few minutes to complete the task. ñ results: better quality lessons, a more positive learning Check Ss’ answers. experience for students, higher morale among teachers, Suggested Answer Key better examination results Bullying is a problem which is of utmost concern in many schools ñ Students’ own answers – either approach is today. One way to deal with the situation is by punishing offenders. acceptable (see notes for Ex 47 - Question 6) This would not be difficult if teachers and parents could be persuaded to provide the necessary support. The outcome of this b. Ask Ss to read the text quickly to see whether the model would be that bullies would learn the consequences of their contains any of the suggestions which they made in the actions and stop hurting other children. preceding exercise. Then, elicit the organisation of the text by helping Ss identify examples of problems, causes, 54 a. Present the ‘Brainstorming for Ideas’ theory box and effects, etc. Ask Ss to look briefly at the text in Ex 48, elicit/explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary. and elicit the basic organisational difference between Ask Ss to read the gapped paragraph quickly and identify the two models. Finally, elicit/explain the meaning of any the purpose of each sentence (as they did in Ex 52b); also vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. elicit the fact that some of the gaps may be filled with Answer Key words from the paragraph in Ex 52, while others require ñ Problems: library needs new books, filing system, linking words/phrases. Allow Ss two or three minutes to renovation work – gym roof needs repairing – no computer complete the task, then check Ss’ answers. lab (A further education college is an institution where those people ñ Causes: age of school – government cutbacks not in full-time education after the age of 16 can attend courses ñ Effects: rain enters the gym – the school is out-dated on a part time basis.) ñ Suggestions: modernise the library – repair the gym – Suggested Answer Key establish a computer lab 1 combat / deal with 4 effect / result ñ Results of suggestions: better access to material – fewer 2 Alternatively / In addition 5 Furthermore/Moreover books lost – no further damage – no gym classes cancelled 3 another / a better 6 thus / in this way – students could learn career skills – school would attract enrolments 30 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2 29/01/2011 2:05 ΜΜ Page 31 Unit 2 The main difference between the organisation of this model these; it might be advisable to allow Ss to ask for guidance/ and the one on p. 42 is that the problems are analysed in a clarification concerning vocabulary, set expressions, etc. separate paragraph (para 2), rather than presented one at a Suggested answers time with the respective suggestion. (Either plan would be suitable) Topic sentences for main body paragraphs (Plan A) 56 a. Present the ‘Beginnings and Endings’ theory box. Allow Paragraph 1: The most pressing problem which has led to the Ss two or three minutes to read the extracts and consideration of the school being closed is the lack complete the task, then check Ss’ answers and elicit/ of funds. explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary. Paragraph 2: The shortage of teachers is another problem the Answer Key school faces. Techniques used: Paragraph 3: The reputation of the school, once renowned for its 1 mentioning the problem excellent results in national examinations, has 2 stating the reason for writing been damaged by this situation, and this is the next 3 mentioning the problem problem that needs to be addressed. The least effective is 3, because it uses colloquial language and 59 When confident that Ss are capable of producing a idiomatic expressions – ie, the register is inappropriate for the reasonably polished piece of writing, assign the task as a target reader (school/college authorities). written exercise to be completed either at home or in class. Students’ own answers b. Allow Ss a couple of minutes to read the extracts and complete the task, then check Ss’ answers and elicit/ Suggested Model explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary. Dear Sirs, Answer Key I am writing as a representative of the student body at John Techniques used: Davies College, with regard to the recent confirmation of rumours A making reference to further action/summarising the that our college is threatened with closure. We, the students, are all expected result agreed that such a move would be disastrous for our own studies, B making reference to further action and would result in even more families being forced to leave the C summarising the expected result area. It is common knowledge that the college has long faced a number of problems; what we suggest is that, rather than closing The least effective is B, because the register is inappropriate the college, the college and local authorities should try to (too informal) for the target reader. overcome these problems, for the benefit of students and the community as a whole. c. Allow Ss a minute or two to complete the task, then The most pressing problem which has led to the consideration check Ss’ answers; alternatively, complete the task orally of the college being closed is the lack of funds, caused by the latest with the class. government cutbacks in spending. With no national assistance, Answer Key the obvious solution would be for the college and community to 1–C Essay cooperate in raising funds locally. If we were to ask for generous 2–A Letter contributions from members of the community, invite sponsorship 3–B Style and register inappropriate for both a letter and by local companies, rent out the college’s sports facilities after essay at this level hours and so on, we would not only raise the necessary funds but strengthen ties between the college and the local community. 57 Ss read the rubric and prepare answers to the questions. The shortage of teachers is another problem the college faces. Check Ss’ answers, eliciting a range of alternative suggestions. We would suggest that the college and local authorities could take the initiative and recruit staff by advertising in the national press. Answer Key This would not only bring the college staff back to full strength, but 1 A letter making suggestions would bring valuable new members into our local population. 2 The (local) authorities The third problem is that of the poor reputation the college has 3 Practical suggestions concerning keeping the school open acquired in recent years. In part this is due to the chronic lack of 4 Formal register, persuasive tone (written to the authorities, funds and suitable teaching staff; solving these problems, by the and the aim is for the letter to be taken very seriously) means outlined above, would go a long way towards improving 5 Problems could include: lack of money/students/teachers/ the college’s image. Furthermore, we feel that, if the local resources – government cutbacks – poor reputation of school, etc. authorities, the community and the students all make a real effort These could be mentioned in a separate paragraph (para 2), or to fight this threatened closure, the college will inevitably become one by one, together with each suggestion, in the main body. The a symbol of local pride rather than local shame. introduction could also contain a brief outline of the problem. In conclusion, it is plain to see that saving John Davies College 6 1c 2 b 3 a is in the best interests of everyone in the area, and we strongly (Some variation is possible, provided that Ss can justify believe that if our suggestions are acted upon, the college will not their answers.) only avoid closure, but will enjoy a future as bright as the finest 7 - seek sponsorship from local companies years of its past. - ask members of the community to contribute etc Yours faithfully, 58 Complete the task orally with the class, again eliciting a range Anthony Roberts of alternative suggestions. Ask Ss to consider not only the points they intend to make, but also how they will express 31 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 2 29/01/2011 2:05 ΜΜ Page 32 Self-Assessment Module 1 b. Suggested Answer Key Self-Assessment Module 1 A: I suppose a teacher training college would cover all levels of learning, wouldn’t it? So we could use the photographs to illustrate different levels or aspects of the teaching 1 1 C 3 C 5 B 7 D 9 B process. 2 A 4 A 6 D 8 B 10 D B: You mean primary and secondary education, do you? Yes, I suppose so. Obviously picture A would be a good 2 1 for 4 let 7 by 10 come illustration for the primary section, better than C, I think, 2 on 5 should 8 unless because a training college needs to show that it is up-to- 3 tip 6 with 9 all date and aware of the latest trends in teaching. A could be followed by a description of what the college offers in 3 1 living 4 for 7 with 10 time terms of teaching new techniques. 2 came 5 on 8 on A: Or it could be used to illustrate the practical training that 3 even 6 word 9 to teachers get. You know, they’re sent out to different schools to get teaching practice, this could be a picture showing one of the schools they go to. 4 1 might have been called off B: Actually, I think C would give more of an idea of that 2 come into force earlier the situation would because it shows a teacher in front of a class, putting into 3 for Mark’s diplomacy we would have come in practice all that he has learnt; things like how to deal with 4 have come across children, write on the board , keep the children’s interest. 5 not have held my He seems to be giving quite a lively lesson, so that would make a good picture to promote the college. 5 1 expression 3 head 5 course A: Alright. What about using B to illustrate a section on 2 striking 4 coach mature or part-time students. The college could be trying to attract older people into the teaching profession, so this 6 1 increasingly 6 enthusiastically could represent one of the more mature students, 2 inconvenienced 7 reservations someone who has a family and studies at the same time. 3 inaccessible 8 incomprehensible The brochure could be talking about the concessions that 4 accustomed 9 complexity are made for people who can’t study full-time, or who 5 seemingly 10 simplification have other commitments. More flexible timetables, a longer course, that sort of thing. 7 1 C 3 D 5 D 7 B B: Then what section could picture D be used for? It’s of a 2 A 4 B 6 A small girl learning to play the piano. I know, there would have to be a section on teaching different subjects, 8 1 B 2 B 3 H 4 T 5 H 6 H especially practical subjects like music or sports. So the brochure would have to emphasise that while there are 9 a. Suggested Answer Key general techniques applicable to all subjects, the college A: Picture A looks as if it was taken in a primary school. The also trains teachers to deal with the particular methods children seem to be making something. Perhaps drawing and techniques necessary in teaching the subject they or colouring, judging by the pictures on the wall in front of have chosen. You can’t teach Maths in the same way as them. Or, on the other hand, they could be collecting History, for example, or vice versa! materials, coloured pencils or paints for a task they have A: Too true, and obviously a subject like music needs to do together. individual tuition. B: It’s obviously a cooperative task of some kind, isn’t it? B: Right, so we’ve said picture A to illustrate the primary They’re going to work together on whatever it is. While in education section, picture B for the section that refers to picture C it’s a much more traditional environment. It’s mature students, picture C for the section on teaching difficult to be absolutely sure, but the children seem to be practice and picture D for individual subjects. fairly young here too, but they’re all sitting at desks facing A: Yes. Now which two should we choose to show two the teacher; the only other person they can work with is contrasting aspects of the college? We could choose C to the teacher himself. show teaching in a classroom environment ... A: Mm ... It’s really very different and in my view not nearly as B: … and then contrast it with D to show that the college effective, especially for young children, as the group also trains teachers to teach outside the classroom on a method we can see in picture A. Small children can’t sit one-to-one basis. still for very long and need to be involved in some form of A: I think so. activity, so they find it much easier if they are not restricted to the confines of the desk. 10 Suggested Answer Key B: Yes, making them sit in rows as they are in picture C is not Dear Sir/Madam, conducive to learning. They can’t concentrate for very I am writing in response to the letter published in your long and start to get restless, which is a problem for the newspaper last week. The writer of this letter expresses his teacher. A discipline problem may arise, even at primary approval of the fact that the Exeter News is now a weekly rather school. In the end very little gets done and nobody enjoys than a daily newspaper, and that the news section has been the lesson. It’s the kind of method that makes some drastically reduced. I am afraid I strongly disagree on both these children hate learning, whereas the method in the first counts. picture encourages the children to enjoy learning. It’s fun and effective, too. 32 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3 29/01/2011 2:06 ΜΜ Page 33 Unit 3 First of all, I would like to point out that a daily newspaper concerns a stock market crash.”) Elicit/Explain the meaning serves an important purpose in any community. By this I mean of any unfamiliar words/phrases in the list, then Ss that it is one of the few ways, perhaps the only way in which we complete the task in pairs. Check Ss’ answers. can find out what is going on in our town on a daily basis. We need Answer Key to know what has been happening in the town and what decisions 1 A 3 B 5 A 7 B the town council has made, for example. If we only find out about 2 B 4 B 6 A 8 A decisions a week after they have been taken, or proposals long after they have been suggested , those of us who have objections b. Initiate further class discussion of the events and elicit/ to them cannot make our feelings known in time. While I can explain the basic facts about each. understand that a small village may not need a daily newspaper, I would have thought that a large bustling city such as Exeter has Suggested Answer Key plenty of local news to fill its pages every day. A 1987 Stock Market Crash – second worst in history, after Secondly, there is the question of the disproportionate amount Great Crash of October 1929 – US stock market fell 22%, of the newspaper which is now devoted entirely to sports and and London’s FTSE index 11%, in one day – 35% of share entertainment. As I have already said, there is sufficient local news value wiped off – but had no great immediate effect on to justify the paper being published every day, therefore I cannot world economy and did not trigger economic recession understand on what grounds both local and national news are (unlike the Crash of ‘29, which resulted in the Great now relegated to a single page. Do the proprietors believe that no Depression) one in Exeter is interested in what goes on in the world, or that events outside our city, whether abroad or not, have no bearing on B Sinking of the Titanic – at that time, the largest ship in the our lives? The sports enthusiasts must of course be catered for and world – travelling from Southampton (UK) to New York on there must be coverage of local arts and entertainment events, but its maiden (ie first) voyage – the ship was supposed to be at the same time, the newspaper must provide for those who wish unsinkable, so there were not enough lifeboats – over to find out what is going on in the world. 1,500 lives lost – a fortune in gold and valuables went These views are shared by a large number of the people living down with the ship. (1997 film directed by James here. It is our considered opinion that the Exeter News should revert Cameron, starring Leonardo diCaprio and Kate Winslett, to being a daily newspaper and the proprietors be reminded that at that time the most expensive film ever made) they have a duty to the many different kinds of people who read their newspaper. I look forward to seeing these suggestions put 2 Help Ss to match the items in the two columns, then into effect in the near future. elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. Ss complete task in pairs. Yours faithfully, Answer Key unbiased – comment fairly on current events J. M. Stiles (Mr) hard-hitting – sensitise the public and the authorities incisive – examine news in depth revealing – satisfy the public’s right to know uncompromising – not bow to pressure well-researched – offer accurate information Unit 3 – Extra! Extra! Students’ own choice of 3 most important Suggested Answer Key Objectives A good newspaper article should be: - hard-hitting so as to sensitise the public and the authorities. Vocabulary: the news; journalism; the media; advertising; - incisive enough to examine news in depth. the Internet - revealing if it is to satisfy the public’s right to know. Reading: multiple choice; multiple matching (paragraphs) - uncompromising, because newspapers ought not to bow to Listening: listening for specific information; multiple pressure of any kind. choice; gap-filling - well-researched in order to offer accurate information. Speaking: speculating; evaluating; suggesting alternatives (negotiating a decision) 3 Check that Ss understand the vocabulary in the rubric and Grammar: passive voice; causative form questions. Play the cassette, twice if necessary. Ss listen and Phrasal verbs: do; drive match the opinions to the speakers. Check Ss’ answers. Writing: a letter to the editor; a balanced argument Answer Key 1 M 2 M 3 J 4 M 5 J Elicit/Explain the significance of the title. (In the past, exceptional news breaking shortly after the normal edition 4 a. Elicit brief discussion of market research, the purpose of of a newspaper had been printed might justify the printing questionnaires, whether any Ss have participated in a of an extra edition to report the event; newsboys selling the market survey, etc. Check that Ss understand the paper on the streets would cry “Extra! Extra!” to draw vocabulary and instructions, then Ss complete the task attention to the fact.) individually. Students’ own answers 1 a. Ss look at the newspaper headlines/photographs shown and speculate briefly about the topic of each report. b. Ss compare their responses with a partner. Encourage Ss (e.g. “The ‘Dow’ is a US stock market index, and the photo to justify their answers. shows a sharp downward trend – so the report probably 33 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3 29/01/2011 2:06 ΜΜ Page 34 Unit 3 Suggested Answer Key macho (line 24), in the programme editor’s opinion, refers to I read newspapers almost daily, but I only watch the news on Paxman’s manner on occasions. TV two or three times a week, and I hardly ever search for news confrontations (line 31) refers to Paxman’s aggressive on the Net. When I get the news, I want the source to be interviews with politicians. reliable and direct, and I don't think entertainment should be a viewers (line 56) refers to people who watch TV. concern in a news programme. I am mostly interested in evasive responses (line 32) refers to the replies of a coverage concerning politics and sports, although I do politician interviewed on Newsnight, who tried to avoid occasionally look at the weather forecast, especially when I'm giving straight answers. going to travel somewhere. I think journalists should always conscience (line 57) refers to the increasingly important role make sure that the public knows the truth about matters the programme has in getting at the truth. which are of some importance, but I don't agree with the vested interest (line 84) refers to people or groups who statement that nobody's privacy is more important than a have something to gain from a biased presentation, and piece of news reaching the public. There are cases when the who Paxman believes should not be allowed to influence a truth simply must come out; but I don't think paparazzi should journalist’s reporting of an issue. be allowed to spy on celebrities and publicise their private lives just to fill a gossip column. Finally, I like a news programme 8 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary that delivers news in a way that makes me think, and I'd go as in the questions – but not in the text itself – then allow far as to suggest that the media form an important part of the Ss 10 -15 minutes to read the text again and answer the democratic process and,the way in which they present the questions. Ss discuss answers in pairs. Check Ss’ news should make citizens want to be more involved with answers, then elicit/explain the meaning of any events that affect their lives. vocabulary in the text which Ss still do not understand. Answer Key 5 Elicit the implication(s) made in each quotation, and help Ss 1 B 3 B 5 C 7 D to relate these to statements made by the speakers in Ex. 3. 2 A 4 A 6 C (Joseph Pulitzer established awards in his name for achievements in American journalism and literature.) b. Students’ own answers Suggested Answer Key ñ ‘Newspapers should have no friends’ – newspapers should 9 Allow Ss a few minutes to prepare their answers in pairs, present an objective picture of the news, be independent and then complete the task orally with the class. uninfluenced by political pressure, should not be a Suggested Answer Key propaganda tool. (Matthew’s views – statements 1, 2 and 5) 1 Paxman’s criticisms of the establishment being moderated ñ ‘Journalism can never be silent: that is its greatest virtue and 2 ‘sneering interviews’ and ‘brutal confrontations’ its greatest fault.’ – Censorship robs the public of a basic 3 They like it and continue to watch it (‘loyal’) human right, so journalists must never keep quiet (Matthew, 4 The writer thinks it was a bad choice (‘ill-inspired’) statement 4) – even if this might have a bad effect on the 5 There are plans for a possible more serious interview public and weaken a country’s position in a conflict. There is programme for Paxman, and he is said to have planned who also the problem of the ‘yellow’ press, or sensationalist he might interview – but such plans would not affect journalism (Jane mentions this), which presents trivial matters Newsnight and items whose value is questionable. 10 Confirm that Ss understand the items in the list by asking 6 Present the rubric, and explain that the photograph on the them to explain/translate/etc. Allow Ss a few minutes to same page shows Jeremy Paxman, a famous journalist who complete the task. Check Ss’ answers, and elicit/explain the presents a BBC TV programme, Newsnight, where he meaning of any vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. interviews people who are involved in current news events. Ss discuss their answers to the questions, in pairs or as a Answer Key whole class. 1 tabloid, broadsheet 7 column Students’ own answers 2 supplement 8 obituaries 3 readership 9 editiorial 4 circulation 10 coverage 7 Check that students understand the meaning of the words 5 feature 11 censorship and phrases in the list, then elicit guesses concerning the 6 correspondent possible context in which they might be used in the text. (Assure Ss that the accuracy of their predictions is 11 Check Ss’ understanding of the terms for various sections unimportant, but that the act of formulating expectations of a newspaper, then Ss complete the task. Check Ss’ makes their reading of the text more efficient.) Ss scan the answers, then elicit/explain the meaning of vocabulary text as quickly as possible to find the items listed, then read and/or references which Ss still do not understand the relevant sentences to check their predictions. Individual (e.g. ‘Downing Street’: official residence of British Prime Minister Ss explain what each item actually refers to, and how this B: Wolverhampton is an industrial town in the English Midlands, compares to their expectations. near Birmingham. C: The Cabinet is the inner circle of ministers who occupy key posts in the government. Tory (Conservative) and The words are in fact used in the passage as follows: Labour are political parties. Backbenchers are Members of respect (lines 5, 8, 90, 91) refers to Paxman’s attitude (i.e. lack Parliament who do not hold official positions in their parties. of respect) to figures of authority. D: Wall Street refers to the New York Stock Exchange. FTSE 100 rubbish (line 16), in Paxman’s words, refers (possibly) to the refers to list of prices on the London Stock Exchange. E: Robbie PM’s platitudes – although the writer is not sure. 34 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3 29/01/2011 2:06 ΜΜ Page 35 Unit 3 Fowler is a football player. Leeds and Chelsea are English football 5 A fall behind with = progress too slowly, not keep up to a teams. The Worthington Cup is an important English football schedule tournament.) 6 A get the office fitted out = buy new equipment Answer Key 7 B follow things through = be persistent in completing all the stages necessary to achieve sth or get to the end of a task A classified ads – (Peugeot / in excellent condition / price negotiable) 16 Allow Ss two or three minutes to complete the task. Check B situations vacant – (is seeking / experienced Accounts Ss’ answers, and elicit suitable explanations of the phrases. Manager / to work / Branch) C politics – (Downing Street / Cabinet reshuffle / election / Tory Answer Key opposition / Labour backbenchers) 1 done for 6 done over D financial – (Wall Street / FTSE / consumer confidence figures / 2 done without 7 done away with equities) 3 drive away/drive off 8 driving at E sports – (Leeds / Chelsea / Worthington Cup / attack) 4 done ... out of 9 done out 5 done ... down 10 driven out of 12 Invite speculation about the possible meaning of each headline, providing prompts when necessary (e.g. explain that 17 Ss brainstorm in pairs to match the parts of each collocation. ‘Yard’ here means Scotland Yard, address of the London Check answers and elicit/explain the meaning of each term. Metropolitan Police Headquarters, PM stands for Prime Minister, Answer Key UK stands for United Kingdom and ‘Rovers’ are a football team). couch potato, prime time, TV listings, quality press, regular Suggested Answer Key columnist, commercial break, press officer, satellite dish A Scotland Yard (i.e. the police) are going to investigate mysterious circumstances concerning/involving a fire alarm – As consolidation, Ss select the appropriate collocation to perhaps one which failed to go off when a fire broke out. complete each sentence. B A girl called Sally is back home unharmed after a terrible Answer Key experience involving falling from a cliff. 2 TV listings 6 quality press C Doctors have gone on strike after a disagreement during/ 3 commercial break 7 prime time concerning negotiations about salaries. 4 regular columnist 8 press officer D The Prime Minister has promised to increase financial support 5 couch potato for schools. E Statistics just released concerning inflation in Britain have 18 Check that Ss understand the task, then allow them a few made people less willing to invest money. minutes to complete it in pairs. Check Ss’ answers and F Spectators completely filled the stadium when a (football) elicit/explain the context and meaning of other vocabulary team called (e.g. Bristol) Rovers won the game, thus items. progressing to the next round of the competition. Answer Key 13 a. Allow Ss a minute or two to complete the task. Check 1 B, D 3 B, C 5 A, C Ss’ answers. 2 A, C 4 B, D Answer Key 19 Refer Ss to the Appendix if necessary, and allow them two 2 weekly 5 quarterly or three minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers 3 fortnightly 6 biannual and elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary which Ss 4 monthly still do not understand. b. Students’ own answers Answer Key 1 in 3 in 5 in 7 in 9 in 14 Allow Ss a few minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ 2 at 4 at 6 in 8 in 10 at answers and elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary which Ss still do not understand, making sure Ss understand As an optional extension, Ss may then be asked to make the differences in the meanings and the use of the words. sentences of their own using some/all of the expressions Answer Key used in the task. 1 a – newsletter b – fanzine c – flyer 20 a. Explain/Elicit the meaning of any unfamiliar items in the 2 a – producer b – announcer c – newscaster list, then allow Ss two or three minutes to complete the 3 a – debate b – interview c – analysis task in pairs. Check Ss’ answers and elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary which Ss still do not 15 Allow Ss a few minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ understand. answers, and elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary Answer Key which Ss still do not understand. 1 looks ahead 7 analysts Answer Key 2 pundits 8 viewers 1 A die down = become less intense 3 action drama 9 award-winning 2 B drag on = proceed slowly, in a long and boring way 4 regional 10 mystery 3 A egg sb on = encourage sb to do sth foolish/dangerous 5 psychological 11 romantic 4 B sth to fall back on = sth in reserve, sth to rely on when all 6 affairs else fails 35 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3 29/01/2011 2:06 ΜΜ Page 36 Unit 3 b. Play the cassette once. Ss listen and mark each 22 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in statement as true or false. Check Ss’ answers. the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and Answer Key answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Check Ss’ answers, replaying appropriate sections if 1 T 2 F 3 F necessary. c. Ask Ss to tick those phrases which they remember Answer Key hearing; then, play the cassette a second time for Ss to 1 B 2 B listen again and amend their answers. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any words/expressions which Ss still do not b. Elicit one or two examples of misleading radio/TV understand. programmes; then Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small Answer Key groups. 1 ✓ 3 ... 5 ... 7 ... Suggested Answer Key 2 ✓ 4 ✓ 6 ✓ 8 ✓ A: I can't really think of an occasion when I was actually misled ... can you? d. Choose one or two pairs of Ss to act out dialogues as a B: Well, once I was listening to a radio programme, and they model for the remainder of the class; then Ss continue were interviewing this rock star about one of his the task in pairs. forthcoming concerts, and he was going on and on about Suggested Answer Key how spectacular the special effects would be ... A few days later I attended his concert, and there were no special ñ A: Anything interesting on TV? effects at all. It was rather disappointing, actually ... But I B: Well, how about watching ‘Have Your Say’ on NTV2? suppose it was the rock star himself who was being A: What’s that about? misleading, rather than the programme ... B: It’s a current affairs programme. A: News programmes sometimes give inaccurate A: Can’t we watch something else? I’m not really into information, though, don't they? I was listening to a that sort of thing. morning programme on the radio while driving to work the other day, and they were doing a traffic report. They ñ A: Guess what’s on ITV Plus – ‘Police’. said that traffic on Bartley Avenue was very heavy, but B: Is that the sit-com with Will Brown? there I was, on Bartley Avenue, and there were only three A: That’s right. Do you fancy watching it? or four other cars on it besides mine ... B: Sure – why not? What time is it on? 23 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in 21 a. Present the questions, and elicit suitable responses from the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and as many members of the class as possible. answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Suggested Answer Key Check Ss’ answers, replaying appropriate sections if 1 Personally, I have never thought of TV as ‘a window on the necessary. world’. There are some decent news programmes, I Answer Key suppose, but overall I think TV is a passive (and, frankly, 1 B 2 C rather dull) form of entertainment. 2 I do feel sometimes that there is too much advertising on b. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. television, and it is particularly annoying when it interrupts an interesting programme. On the other hand, I Suggested Answer Key realise that TV stations have to make a profit from I follow local news as closely as the national and international somewhere. news. After all, local events have a more immediate effect on 3 There is a lot of advertising on TV already, so a small my life, although of course it’s also necessary to be aware of increase would be a reasonable price to pay for more what’s going on in the world. choice in what we can watch. 24 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in b. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and answer the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Check Ss’ answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. answers, replaying appropriate sections if necessary. Check Ss’ answers, replaying appropriate sections if Answer Key necessary. 1 C 2 B Answer Key 1 B 2 C 3 C 4 A 5 B b. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. Suggested Answer Key c. Invite several individual Ss to answer the questions; In my opinion, the behaviour of the paparazzi is completely alternatively, Ss may complete the task in pairs or small wrong. They camp outside famous people's homes and spy on groups. them all day long. Celebrities are people, too; of course their Suggested Answer Key behaviour in public must be decent, since they should be Interactive television sounds like an interesting development setting an example for their fans (who are often young people) in home entertainment, but personally I would be worried that to follow; but to intrude on somebody's personal moments like subscription costs (and possible credit card bills) would make the paparazzi do is simply unacceptable. it quite costly. 36 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3 29/01/2011 2:06 ΜΜ Page 37 Unit 3 25 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in Optional extra: two students can be asked to perform the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and answer the discussion for the class. the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Check Ss’ Suggested Answer Key answers, replaying appropriate sections if necessary. Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 3, Ex. 27 Sample Interview B Answer Key on p. 148 1 B 2 B c. Explain/Elicit the meanings of the terms used for b. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. assessment and what would constitute an unsuccessful Suggested Answer Key performance in each of the areas listed. Explain that one of the Ss on the cassette will perform badly in some of A: I don't think I'd like it that much. these areas. Play cassette, Ss complete task. Encourage B: No? Why not? class discussion on performances. A: Well, if I had to travel all the time, I would have no time to see my family, or my friends ... Answer Key B: I think it would be exciting. And I would never get bored in Both students interact with each other and are grammatically a job like that. Changing scenery all the time would make accurate with Sophia displaying a greater range of vocabulary me more productive, I think. than Guido. However, Sophia clearly contributes more to the discussion with more varied ideas which she supports with 26 a. Elicit suitable comments from members of the class. reasons and justifications. Guido has ideas but doesn’t Alternatively, Ss may be asked to discuss the topic in develop them sufficiently. In part A he fails to respond to pairs or small groups. Sophia’s questioning of his choice of the most significant Suggested Answer Key difference between the two photographs and in part B he does contribute to the task, but many of his ideas and expressions ñ advantage is taken of the fact that people tend to believe are rather simplistic e.g. It’s got lots of colours. It’s nice. Towards whatever the media tell them the end of the conversation he starts to justify his choices and ñ a biased, one-side picture of events is often presented offer ideas but never to the standard required in the CPE ñ downright lies are sometimes presented as facts interview. ñ omissions and half-truths are used to mislead and manipulate people d. Photocopy and give out Peer Assessment Checklist (p. 184) and explain/elicit what the criteria mean (see b. Allow Ss a minute or two to read the sentences, then notes for Peer Assessment Checklist on p. 183). Refer Ss invite brief discussion of approximately what Ss expect to rubric and present expressions in Useful Language the missing words to be. Play the cassette twice. Ss box. Brainstorm quickly with whole class. Remind Ss listen and complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. that they should aim to speak for approximately one (Halloween: traditional celebration on 31st October) minute. Put Ss in groups of four. Pair A does the task Answer Key while pair B assesses them using the Peer Assessment 1 (leading) competition 6 novel-based Checklist. Ss discuss the results in groups. Monitor. 2 updating 7 authoritative Alternatively, elicit comments on individual pair 3 the scene 8 miscarriages performance from whole class. 4 special bulletin 9 the power of radio Optional extra: Pair B does task while Pair A assesses, 5 realistic or one pair is asked to perform in front of the class while the class assesses their performance. If the latter As an optional extension, elicit brief discussion of the option is chosen, be careful to select very confident famous incident (e.g. whether Orson Welles behaved students to perform. irresponsibly, if such a thing could occur nowadays, whether Suggested Answer Key listeners were foolish, etc). Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 3, Ex. 27 Sample Interview B on p. 148 27 a. Brainstorm on the four pictures with the whole class to generate vocabulary and ideas. Refer Ss to rubric for Sample Interview: For this unit the sample interview task and present the expressions in the Useful contains a recorded model interview for Part 2 of the Vocabulary Box. Explain to Ss that they will be expected speaking test: 27a, 27b and 27d (27b and 27d are to talk for about a minute in this stage. Students discuss integrated together as they would be in the actual CPE the differences and similarities between the two interview). photographs in pairs. Monitor and help. This can be played to the class as a whole interview Optional extra: two students can be asked to perform section after the speaking practice. Alternatively, stage the discussion for the class. A can be played immediately after Ss have practised 27a Suggested Answer Key and stage B after 27d. Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 3, Ex. 27 Sample Interview A Initiate class discussion on how Ss’ own performance on p. 148 can be improved. b. Refer Ss to rubric and present the expressions in the 28 a. Elicit what products are shown, how commonly such Useful Language Box. Explain that they will be expected products are advertised on TV, what other (types of) to talk for about two minutes in this stage (with d it will products are commonly advertised, and so on. Invite Ss be 3 minutes) and that they should try to come to an to give their opinion of TV advertising and its success; agreement if possible. Ss work in pairs to complete task. alternatively, Ss may discuss the topic in pairs or small Monitor and help. groups. 37 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3 29/01/2011 2:06 ΜΜ Page 38 Unit 3 Suggested Answer Key b. Complete the first item with the class, as an example, The pictures show food products and electrical equipment. then allow Ss a few minutes to complete the remainder Students’ opinions on TV advertising will vary – either an of the task. Check Ss’ answers, and elicit/explain the annoying intrusion during TV programmes, or entertaining, a meaning of any vocabulary in the text which Ss still do pleasant break between programmes, and informative. not understand. It may be considered partially successful in that it informs you Answer Key of available products to choose from, but not successful in 1 spurring [people] on – (para E) persuading you to buy things, as viewers make their own 2 innocuous – (para 3) choices. 3 inaugural – (para 1) 4 extolling its virtues – (para G) b. Check that Ss remember the task format and procedure; 5 giving an added gloss – (para A) if necessary, refer them to the Strategy Point box on 6 outlandish – (para 5) p. 17. Remind them that it is not necessary to understand 7 stilted – (para 2) every word in the text. Allow Ss fifteen to twenty minutes to complete the task working in pairs. Check Ss’ answers. 30 Ss complete the task in pairs or small groups. (‘Persil’ and ‘Daz’ are the names of soap powders. ‘Aspro’ is the brand name of a type of aspirin and the Adam Smith Institute Suggested Answer Key is an economic think tank. ‘C4’ stands for Channel 4. Bernard My favourite TV advertisement is one for athletic footwear Levin is a renowned journalist and political commentator. featuring several famous footballers playing against each other in (The ‘Manchester Guardian’ is a respected liberal newspaper. an unusual environment. They show off some spectacular moves ‘Oxo’ is the brand name of a beef stock cube.) and score amazing goals. I enjoy this advertisement because it Answer Key actually draws on the footballers' real skills to suggest that the particular football boots will improve your game, as well as being 1 D 3 G 5 E 7 H clever and very well-directed. 2 C 4 B 6 A 29 a. Elicit which phrases/sentences in the completed text 31 Refer Ss to the Grammar Reference section, if necessary, enable the reader to identify which paragraph fits the and complete the first item with the class as an example, first gap. Allow Ss several minutes to complete the rest pointing out that not every verb needs to be changed into of the task, then discuss Ss’ answers with the class. the passive, since this would be stilted and unnatural. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary, and Suggested Answer Key allow Ss a few minutes to complete the task, then check Ss’ Para 1: viewers ... proud of their BBC / less than enthusiastic answers. about ... advertising on their screens / Suggested Answer Key commentators gave the new ITV station little chance of success 1 When Steve made the local soccer team, he was spotted by a D: ITV’s detractors claimed / British public would not local talent scout, and before he knew it, he was asked by the want their programmes interrupted by adverts / owner of a major team to sign a contract. He is said to be the never be as good as the BBC best soccer player England has ever produced. Para 2: The early commercials C: The first commercial ... toothpaste / The first Persil 2 It is (widely) felt that more dustbins should be supplied by the adverts Council to alleviate the refuse situation. The paths in the local Para 3: The morning after the first commercial appeared / I park are covered with litter and rubbish overflows from the few have already forgotten the name of the toothpaste dustbins that have been provided by the Council. G: need for more effective advertising / the presenter 3 When Bess was promoted to CEO of the company, she was commercial ... format / popular ... format given the authority to hire or fire anybody she wanted to. She Para 4: Other formats followed / time spots and advertising replaced two of the lazier secretaries and it is said she will hire magazines / ITA regarded time spots as annoying an extra person for Saturdays. and abolished them in 1960 4 We regret to inform you that your luggage has been misplaced. B: The advertising magazine ran for a few more years It appears to have been put on a plane to Italy. You will be until 1963 when it too met its end / loose story contacted as soon as its exact whereabouts has been format / collection of products /The most famous was Jim’s Inn / discovered. Para 5: It first appeared / it relied on a believable story line / the landlord / products ... woven together each week 32 Allow Ss two or three minutes to complete the task. Check / After the demise of the ad mag format / the same Ss’ answers. Explain the difference between ‘with’ and ‘by’ actors / good advice after passive verbs (with: using – by: what or who performs the E: tell the viewer why they should use that product / action). adverts ... were noticeably different from what went Answer Key before 1 with, by 5 with Para 6: products advertised have changed over the years / 2 with 6 from car manufacturer ... in the 1970s 3 in 7 in A: The ‘70s also brought us new ads such as ... / 4 from Para 7: In the 1980s advertising changed again H: Interactive adverts started to appear in the late 1980s 33 Complete the first item with the class as an example, then Para 8: Television advertising has come a long way / Ss complete the remainder of the task. Check Ss’ answers. undreamt of forty years ago 38 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3 29/01/2011 2:06 ΜΜ Page 39 Unit 3 Answer Key Answer Key 1 I resent my efforts being laughed at. ñ recycled – b overheat – a 2 The editor’s advice should be listened to. overwhelmed – f underground – e 3 In the ‘50s, interactive TV hadn’t even been dreamt of. underpaid – d outwit – c 4 The details must be taken care of. ñ redo, recook, relive, redeveloped, reuse, reestimate, refund, 5 Is the radio going to be paid for? rerun, replay, redress, rewrite (all more or less meaning b) 34 Refer Ss to the Grammar Reference section, if necessary, ñ overdo, overcook, overdeveloped, overlook, overuse, pointing out that the causative has a passive meaning, overestimate, overrun, overplay, overdress (all more or less check that they understand the task, and elicit/explain the meaning a , except overrun = meaning f, and overlook = not meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary. Allow Ss a few notice or look out over) minutes to prepare their answers, then elicit a variety of ñ underdo, undercook, underclass, underdeveloped, underuse, suitable answers for each item. underestimate, underplay, underwrite, underline (all meaning Suggested Answer Key d, except underclass and underline = meaning e, and underwrite = agree to provide money needed to cover losses) 2 He’ll have to have it looked at/treated/etc by a specialist. 3 Why don’t you have it done by an accountant? ñ outdo, outlive, outclass, outlook, outrun, outplay, outline (all 4 So who did he have his work checked by? meaning c except outlook = attitude or forecast, and outline = 5 No wonder you had it stolen. general shape or general explanation, or show general shape 6 He has to have his ironing done for him. or give general explanation) 7 You’ll need to have the stains removed at the drycleaner’s. ñ Students’ own answers 8 You should have had it cut by a hairdresser. 39 Check that Ss understand the meaning of the words in the 35 Allow Ss several minutes to complete the task in pairs. list, then complete the first part of the task with the class. Check Ss’ answers. Finally, Ss form sentences, orally or in writing. Check Ss’ Answer Key answers. 1 ... order to avoid being recognised/recognition ... Answer Key 2 ... had her house broken into ... ñ presence, tolerance, complexity, courtship, persistence, 3 ... don’t allow fox hunting ... dependence, brevity, craftsmanship, sincerity, anxiety, fragility, 4 ... being confused with her twin (by people) ... resilience, leadership, resonance 5 ... having pressure put on me by ... 6 ... wasn’t taken in by her claim that ... ñ Students’ own answers 7 ... has it that Marilyn Monroe wore ... 8 ... is believed to be about to ... 40 Remind Ss of Strategy Point on p. 40. Elicit words for 1. Allow Ss five or six minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ 36 Check that Ss remember the task format and procedure; if answers and elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary necessary, refer them to the Strategy Point box on p. 17. which Ss still do not understand.. Allow Ss about ten minutes to complete the task in pairs. Answer Key Check Ss’ answers, then elicit/explain the meaning of any 1 absorb 4 dry vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. 2 apply 5 line Answer Key 3 branch 1 not 6 if 11 spend 2 every/each 7 that 12 could 41 a. Explain that each text is written by a journalist about the 3 average 8 other 13 to/in use of hidden recording devices to collect information 4 those/people 9 work 14 down for news stories. Read the rubric aloud and elicit what 5 chances 10 over 15 its is/is not relevant to the summary – ie when the use of such devices is justified, and not what type of devices are 37 Remind Ss to identify the part of speech needed to used, how they are set up, when their use is not ethical, complete each gap, and to be alert for opposites and etc. Ss read the texts and underline the relevant parts. adverbs, which may easily be overlooked. Allow Ss about Check Ss’ answers, then elicit/explain the meaning of ten minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers, then any unfamiliar vocabulary. elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary which Ss still do Answer Key not understand. A To counter recanting ... Answer Key We didn’t want ... lawsuits from players who came under 1 assassination 6 objectivity pressure to take back their testimony. 2 infancy 7 unexpected ... tapes would protect us by providing indisputable evidence 3 shocking 8 routinely of what had been said. 4 disbelieving/unbelieving 9 worryingly B ... using hidden cameras may be the only way to effectively tell 5 clarity 10 horrific/horrifying an important story about a significant issue. ... when we truly serve a greater principle, such as exposing a 38 Complete the first part of the task with the class, then elicit highly important and otherwise elusive truth ... words from each group. Finally, Ss form sentences, orally or It must be of vital public interest, such as preventing profound in writing. Check Ss’ answers. harm to individuals. 39 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3 29/01/2011 2:06 ΜΜ Page 40 Unit 3 b. Present the Strategy Point, then help Ss to apply the Answer Key guidelines to the summary in the S’s book (eg ‘The two 1 with reference to 7 challenge journalists who wrote these two texts’ = ‘These 2 totally disagree with 8 clearly journalists’; ‘hidden microphones or hidden cameras’ = 3 grossly inaccurate 9 tend ‘hidden recording devices’ etc). Ss then complete the 4 view 10 While task by editing the text so that it does not exceed 70 5 In fact 11 believe words. Elicit suitable suggestions from the class, and 6 moreover 12 To conclude write a model summary on the board. Answer Key b. Ss read the model again and prepare their answers to These journalists feel it is justified to use hidden recording the questions in pairs. devices in a few specific instances. They may be used to Suggested Answer Key provide proof of what someone previously testified, or when a 1 The letter is effective because the writer addresses all the newspaper has to defend itself against legal action. It may main points in a clear and organised fashion. also be appropriate if it is the best and only means of clearly 2 – the reason for writing (‘in response to the article’) presenting controversial news, and for news reports which – details of the article (‘in yesterday’s issue of your concern public safety. (65 words) newspaper’) – the writer’s opinion (‘strongly object to ... comments 42 Present the suggestions in the theory box preceding the made’, ‘I find the claim ... completely misinformed’) task, then Ss read the rubric and work in pairs to prepare 3 The first sentence in each main body paragraph clearly answers to the questions. Check Ss’ answers. states the subject of the paragraph. Answer Key 4 The writer disagrees with all of the points except the one 1 Television is little more than a waste of our time and energy about advertisements, which he/she partly agrees with. Television neither informs us nor entertains us. 5 Paragraph 2: It acts like a drug on society, keeping people at home watching The programmes produced for schools and colleges show programmes of poor quality. that this is a very effective way of teaching. People are bombarded with advertisements for products and Entertainment has proven to be popular among millions services which they think they need. of viewers worldwide. Life would be much better if we abolished television Paragraph 3: altogether. There are people who abuse television but its popularity is 2 A letter to the editor of the magazine that published the partly based on the relaxing effect it can have. extract. The writing should be semi-formal to formal. (Television is good quality) as the many prize-winning 3 Students’ own answers productions will bear out. Paragraph 3: (It is a good idea at this stage to encourage Ss to think Stricter limits should be applied in order to determine the about how they will organise their letters. Point out that quality and quantity of commercials. the first and last points could be covered in the introduction Advertisements have become extremely intrusive and and conclusion respectively, leaving three main body should be subjected to greater control. paragraphs to argue the other three points.) 6 The letter is concluded with a summary of the writer’s opinion, as well as a suggestion that it should be printed 43 Elicit suitable answers from several individual Ss; then Ss and his/her belief that other readers will agree. continue the task in pairs or small groups. As an optional 7 Students’ own answers extension, Ss may be asked to repeat the task as a written exercise. 45 Allow Ss a few minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ Suggested Answer Key answers, then elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary I entirely agree with your reporter that television neither informs us which Ss still do not understand. nor entertains us. Most of the programmes that are shown on TV Answer Key give us very little information. Furthermore, most of the supposedly 1 According to 4 offensive entertaining shows are merely old ideas in a recycled form. 2 implied 5 Although I am inclined to agree that television acts like a drug on society. 3 point 6 far Young people in particular can spend hours glued to the screen. The harmful effects of this cannot be in doubt, since research has shown 46 Allow Ss two or three minutes to skim the extracts and that television can have a very negative and harmful effect on complete the task. Check Ss’ answers, then elicit/explain young, impressionable minds, much in the same way that drugs do. the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary. It is untrue to say that life would be much better if we abolished Answer Key television altogether. Taking such an extreme line would be an A–2 to the local authorities infringement of our freedom of choice. Instead, we should focus B–3 to a newspaper/magazine editor our attention on ways in which we can improve the quality of what C–1 to a television programme controller is shown on our screens. 47 Ask Ss to underline key phrases/sentences in the rubric 44 a. Allow Ss about five minutes to read the model quickly which provide answers to the first 3 questions; check Ss’ and complete the task. Check Ss’ answers, then answers, then elicit suitable responses to the remaining elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary in the questions. model which Ss still do not understand. 40 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3 29/01/2011 2:06 ΜΜ Page 41 Unit 3 Answer Key Firstly, your writer is wrong to insist that ‘there is simply no 1 to the editor of the newspaper way’ to find objective reporting. Such reporting is perhaps difficult 2 responding to the points raised and expressing your views to find, but certainly not completely unavailable. Most quality 3 – no way ... we can get ... objective reporting anywhere papers, for example, take pride in their unbiased coverage of the – Current affairs programmes ... biased and uninformative news, and the same is true of many of the larger regional radio – Newspapers ... more interested in gossip than ... ‘news’ stations. – TV news ... more concerned with ... sensationalist details Similarly, the fact that there is undeniably a shortage of good than reporting the facts. current affairs programmes does not mean that there are none 4 Students’ own answers whatsoever. On the contrary, there are a number of excellent 5 Students’ own answers programmes which are neither ‘biased’ nor ‘uninformative’, as the 6 (Refer Ss to the Appendix at the back of the S’s Book.) writer of the article suggests. ñ To my mind, In my opinion/view, As far as I am concerned, Clearly, 50 Present the writing theory which precedes the task, and ñ I could not agree more that …, I entirely agree (with your point out the difference between an opinion essay, which reporter) that …, I fully agree with the opinion that …, I am may present only one side of an issue, and a balanced inclined to agree with/that… argument. Ss read the rubric, underline the key words and ñ I totally disagree with/that …, It is not true/correct/ fair to prepare answers to the questions. Check Ss’ answers. say that …, I (do not) agree (with the statement) that … Answer Key 7 Suggested Answers 1 essay – positive and negative aspects of television ñ I am writing in response to the article on news coverage 2 ‘your teacher’ – formal/semi-formal style which appeared in last Tuesday’s issue of your newspaper. 3 ‘blessing’ (ie positive aspects) Although your reporter made some interesting points, I ñ provides us with a wealth of entertainment found some of his comments to be greatly exaggerated. ñ is a rich source of information ñ In closing, I would like to say that I have also frequently had ‘curse’ (ie negative aspects) doubts about the intentions of some news producers. ñ is damaging for the individual However, I remain convinced that there are many people ñ is responsible for a number of society’s ills working in this field who are dedicated to telling the truth. I Are both sides right? am keen to see how your other readers feel on this subject. 51 Elicit/Explain the fact that Ss need to refer to points raised in 48 Refer Ss to the theory box on p. 68, if necessary, then elicit the quotation given in the rubric; however, an essay sets out suitable suggestions to complete the outline plan. Remind Ss to present the writer’s own ideas and style of expression, so that, although there might be wide divergence with regard wherever possible Ss should paraphrase the exact words of to opinions expressed, justification given, order of presenting the rubric. Help Ss to match each expression to its relevant points, etc, all such letters should adhere to the paraphrase, then elicit alternative ways of paraphrasing each principle of a separate paragraph for each point. expression. (Suggested alternatives are given in brackets in Suggested Answer Key the key below.) Para 1 (Introduction) mention reason for writing, state opinion Answer Key Para 2 Objective reporting is difficult to find, but not completely 1–f (to be a keenly-debated issue) unavailable (quality press, radio). 2–d (is potentially harmful for people) Para 3 There is a shortage of good current affairs programmes, 3–a (is the cause of a number of social problems) but there are a number of good ones. 4–e (a tremendous asset) Para 4 TV news is indeed becoming increasingly sensationalist – 5–c (keeps us informed of important facts) stricter controls needed 6–b (brings us a great deal of) Para 5 (Conclusion) Although situation not as grim as outlined in rubric, if unreversed it will make getting the news very 52 Ss read the model, insert the appropriate paraphrase for difficult each expression in bold, and prepare answers to the questions which follow the text. Check Ss’ answers and 49 As a reminder to Ss before they write, elicit the fact that the elicit/explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in letter should be written in formal register with a respectful the text. tone. Ask Ss to brainstorm the points they intend to make Answer Key and how they will express these; help Ss with guidance/ (Accept Ss’ own answers provided they are appropriate) clarification concerning vocabulary, set expressions and so 1 stirs up disagreement on. When confident that Ss are capable of producing a 2 a marvellous invention reasonably polished piece of writing, assign the task as a 3 has a lot to offer in the way of written exercise to be completed either at home or in class. 4 is very informative Suggested Answer Key 5 can actually harm the viewer Dear Sir, 6 has harmful influences on society I am writing in response to the article on media news coverage which appeared in last Tuesday’s edition of your newspaper. I feel Elicit suitable answers to the questions, and remind Ss how that, although there may be an element of truth in some of the each feature relates to the theory presented before Ex. 50. writer’s assertions, the article as a whole was excessively negative Suggested Answer Key and unfair to the many people in the media who strive to maintain 1 The introduction contains the main subject of the essay, with a high standards of news reporting. brief but clear presentation of both sides. (The writer has also used a rhetorical question, a common technique for beginning such a piece of writing.) 41 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3 29/01/2011 2:06 ΜΜ Page 42 Unit 3 2 The first two main body paragraphs present the arguments in 55 Allow Ss about five minutes to scan the text and correct the favour of television, while the second two present the mistakes. Check Ss’ answers, then elicit the fact that this is arguments against. (Each paragraph begins with a topic from a letter to the editor of a magazine/newspaper. sentence, which is supported by examples/justification.) Answer Key 3 The comment is thought-provoking because the suggestion (that we analyse the use of television, instead of the medium Dear Sir, itself) opens a completely new line of discussion. I write am writing in response to your coverage of the Prime Minister's visit to France. As an Englishman who has lived and 53 Complete the task with the class and build up plan on worked in Paris for a number of years, I would like to take issue to board. with the the suggestion that the French do not respect the British. The ‘animosity’ which your writer mentions exist exists only in Answer Key old-fashioned prejudice which, thankfully, is quickly becoming Introduction: extinct. Whenever Whatever differences there might be between according to some, television is a marvellous invention, but the international policies of the two countries (particularly in others think it is the cause of a number of serious problems. matters pertaining to the European Union), we must no not forget 1st point in favour of TV: that, in times of world crises, the French have been our good TV provides entertainment neighbours and trustworthy allies. This is most clear clearly explanation: variety of programmes → popular home reflected in the harmonious relationships formed whenever a activity Britton Briton finds himself in France, and vice versa. examples: quizzes / reality shows Nor do your writer's claims about ‘insurmountable cultural 2nd point in favour of TV: differences’ have any relevance to the true state of affair affairs. TV is a rich source of information The British have always admired French art and letters, not to explanation: money and dedicated professionals → mention their fondness for traditional French cuisine. The same quality programmes goes for the people of France; the vast majority of the young examples: documentaries and current affairs programmes / people here are speaking speak the English language fluently and news service are familiar with British history and traditional tradition, which 1st point against TV: forms an important part of their primary, secondry secondary and TV can be bad for you higher education. examples: negative effects on eyesight / health and fitness / mind 56 Ss read the first rubric, underline the key words and prepare 2nd point against TV: answers to the questions. Check Ss’ answers, then repeat TV can be bad for society the same procedure for the second rubric. examples: violence / bad language / propaganda Answer Key Conclusion: there are a number of convincing arguments both A Key words in favour of and against television. Is radio dead? – television has advanced – radio has been left The way we use television should come under closer far behind – time to throw our transistors in the rubbish – still scrutiny some life in the medium – what you think – letter analysing the good and bad points of radio – if you think it has a future 54 Ask Ss to read the rubric, then elicit brief discussion of what 1 letter to the editor of a magazine. (Point out to Ss that might constitute ‘what we want to hear’ and ‘things we don’t they need to present a form of balanced argument want to hear’. Then, elicit suitable responses to complete the before giving their opinions.) task with the class. (Some variation is possible in the skeleton 2 respectful tone; formal register (or semi-formal, because sentences. For the additional sentences, encourage Ss to keep magazine seems to be written in a friendly, informal style) their ideas related to the topic, either developing or 3 Readers of the magazine / people who are interested in reinforcing the ideas already expressed in each paragraph.) home entertainment / the editor of the magazine 4 (Elicit as many points as possible, then elicit how the Suggested Answer Key points could be arranged in a balanced, logical way.) a For example, if there is a war or natural disaster, the press have Good points of radio: a responsibility to keep the public informed. – still good for music In cases such as these, reliable information may be a matter of – useful when TV is inaccessible (eg while driving) life and death. Bad points of radio: b By this I mean that all events should be reported, regardless of – lacks the visual impact of TV the opinion of the editor. – old fashioned It should not be forgotten that newspapers exist to serve the 5 Is radio dead ... the death of radio → radio’s demise / public, and the only way they can do this is by providing the drop in popularity of the radio / radio is becoming unbiased information. obsolete / etc c In other words, opinions vary about what can be considered to Has advanced so rapidly → has become so popular be good taste. Radio has been left far behind → radio has been Photographs with graphic details of such things as traffic overtaken / radio has lost its appeal / etc accidents can cause offence. Some life in the medium → any hope for radio / a way Editors should always take the feelings of their readers into for radio to survive, etc consideration. Good and bad points → pros and cons / benefits and d For instance, a newspaper which is linked to a political party limitations / advantages and disadvantages / etc could unfairly criticise the opposition. Has a future → Is likely to survive / will remain popular / Unfortunately, in this day and age, this kind of thing is all too has a use / etc common. 42 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 3 29/01/2011 2:06 ΜΜ Page 43 Unit 3 6 (Ss can include any or all of the following.) Paragraph 3 Value for money; radio much cheaper than TV; Beginning: uses less power – Reason for writing Paragraph 4 Quality: TV programmes far too commercial, – Rhetorical question too much advertising. Quality programmes – Background of radio are much easier to find on radio (e.g. radio – Presentation of main points for and against plays, live music, interviews etc.) – Brief mention of writer’s opinion Conclusion Restate opinion Ending: – Summary of main points for and against B Introduction Introduce the issue and the two aspects – Writer’s opinion Paragraph 2 Negative aspects of advertising: interrupts – Thought-provoking comment programmes, drives certain people to spend – Mention of the views of other readers more than they can afford, can sometimes cause people to feel insecure about their B Key words appearance / social status / etc. Advertising in the media – your tutor – essay examining the Paragraph 3 Positive aspects of advertising: informs about positive and negative aspects of advertising new products, generates revenue for TV (All four points from the prompt should also be stations so that they can be freely available to underlined.) the viewers; is often entertaining 1 A balanced argument essay. Conclusion State opinion: advertising a good thing as long 2 Formal. as it is controlled. 3 Your tutor. 4 (Remind Ss they may also include their own ideas, 58 When confident that Ss are capable of producing a but they must cover the points in the prompt.) reasonably polished piece of writing, assign the task as a Positive aspects of advertising: written exercise, to be completed either at home or in class. – helps bring in money and provide greater choice Suggested Answer Key – informs us of availability of products A Dear Sir, Negative aspects of advertising: – is intrusive and needs more control I am writing in response to your request in last week's – creates demand, encourages consumerism edition of 'Home Entertainment' for readers’ opinions on the 5 positive and negative aspects → beneficial and topic 'Is Radio Dead?'. As someone who listens to the radio far harmful effects, valuable and detrimental sides, etc more than she watches television, I would like to share my finance → pay for opinions as to why I think radio, far from being dead, is not provides for more choice and better quality → only alive and kicking but can only get better and better. creates/gives us/etc alternatives higher standards First of all, I would like to deal with the negative aspects of is intrusive → interrupts programmes / is disruptive / etc radio as compared with television. I should in fact say aspect controlled more strictly → subjected to tighter controls in the singular, because I can only think of one drawback and informs consumers → lets viewers/customers/shoppers for me it is not a big problem. Television lovers will point to the know / etc obvious fact that radio does not have pictures, and that this availability of new products → what is on the market detracts from its entertainment value. This can be a creates artificial demand for products → persuades disadvantage at times, such as when somebody wants to people to buy goods they do not need follow a sporting event. However, I believe listening to the encourages excessive consumerism → makes us radio is less passive than watching television, and when you buy/spend far more than necessary listen to, for example, a radio play, you have to pay closer 6 (Ss can include any or all of the following.) attention and use your imagination to picture in your mind Beginning: facial expressions, gestures and so on. Yet, those who prefer – Rhetorical question television would probably consider this a disadvantage. – Background of radio Secondly, considering the positive aspects of radio, its – Presentation of main points for and against portability is a distinct advantage, allowing you to keep – Brief mention of writer’s opinion abreast of news, sporting events, the weather, and to listen to Ending: music or chat shows wherever you might be - in your car, for – Summary of main points for and against example, or on a picnic. There is, too, more specialisation on – Writer’s opinion radio, creating a wider choice of programmes and catering to – Thought-provoking comment minority tastes, especially where music is concerned. – Mention of the views of other readers Furthermore, I believe the news coverage and discussion programmes on the radio deal with topics in greater depth 57 Help Ss to complete the task in pairs. than their equivalent on television, and there are many stations which do not interrupt their programmes with Suggested Answer Key distracting commercials. A further point: in countries where A Introduction Reason for writing, statement of opinion: radio television is still new or in isolated parts of the world where it is is alive and well. unavailable, radio is often the only link with the outside world. Paragraph 2 Accessibility: radio can be enjoyed almost As to the future of radio, I see no reason why it should not anywhere (e.g. in car); ability to tune into continue to broaden its range of programmes and content, to foreign stations and listen to news from cater for more and more people. In this respect it is more 'alive' abroad – especially useful for people living in a and growing than television, which is constrained by the country other than their own. needs of advertising. 43 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 44 Unit 4 In conclusion, I believe the advantages of radio outweigh the disadvantages, and the time for throwing them in the Unit 4 – Planes, Trains and Automobiles rubbish bin is a very long way off indeed. Yours faithfully, Objectives K. Stimson (Mrs) Vocabulary: travel; transport; holidays Reading: multiple choice B Advertising is inescapable. It is everywhere, on street Listening: gap filling; multiple choice; matching opinions hoardings and billboards, in shop windows, on the sides of to speakers buildings and public transport and in stations, and has Speaking: expressing opinions; giving instructions and become a basic fact of everyday life. Then there is the media, advice; monologue; discussing a topic where you often get an uneasy mix of advertising with, say, Grammar: inversion; tenses and time phrases in important news or an informative documentary. A lot of narratives people find advertising intrusive, but it seems that neither we Phrasal verbs: get; fall nor the media can live without it. Writing: articles (descriptive, narrative, discursive) To begin with, the two most widespread and influential media, the press and television, need the revenue from advertising to keep producing and publishing and, possibly, to Draw attention to the title of the unit and four pictures increase their readership and audience ratings. They claim (train, boat, plane, car). Ask Ss if they have recent that the money from advertising gives them the opportunity experience of travelling by any or all four means of to improve the quality of their products and broaden the transport. Elicit brief personal accounts from Ss who range of choice for readers and viewers. If this is so, then of have. course it is to everyone's advantage. Furthermore, in a world where newer and improved products come on to the market 1 a. Elicit/Explain any unfamiliar words in the list, then Ss daily, we need to be aware of the choices available to us, if only match words to pictures. Check quickly and elicit other for financial reasons, and advertising is the obvious and most words that could be used to characterise the different effective means of doing this. means of transport. However, there are two sides to each coin. As the media Suggested Answer Key increasingly rely on advertising revenue, advertising is taking up more column inches and airtime than ever before, which is A train: safe, comfortable, affordable both intrusive and distracting. For example, you choose to B ship: romantic, affordable, tedious watch a film on a commercial channel, and for every ten C plane: pricey, versatile, tiring minutes shown of 'Star Wars' you are obliged to watch fifteen D car: versatile, stressful, dangerous, tiring minutes of advertising. Furthermore, while it is useful to be made aware of the range, quality and price of products other words: fast, exciting, relaxing, environmentally, friendly, available to us, far too many of the products advertised do not etc necessarily enhance our quality of life, but are seductively sold, creating a demand where there is no real need. This leads to b. Elicit sentences from individual Ss, or Ss make sentences many people overspending and putting themselves in debt. in pairs. Encourage Ss to expand their answers. In conclusion, I believe that advertising does have a Suggested Answer Key necessary and useful role to play, but there must be checks ñ Journeys by ship are usually affordable and many people against its taking over the media to the extent that the real find this form of transport romantic. However, long reasons we bought a newspaper or switched on the television journeys can often seem slow and tedious. become secondary or, worse still, irrelevant. ñ Plane travel is pricey, but extremely versatile in the sense that it has revolutionised world travel. Despite waiting times spent in airports, which can be tiring, air travel retains its reputation for being romantic, exciting and rather dangerous. ñ Cars may be versatile but many people find driving stressful and tiring. Statistically, it is also by far the most dangerous way to travel. 2 Ss look at notices. Elicit/explain any unfamiliar vocabulary, then Ss match the notices to the pictures. Check answers and elicit the meanings of the notices, and where exactly they might be found. Answer Key 1 C 3 A 5 C 2 B 4 D 6 A 1 Bags over 5 kgs to be stowed in the hold – bags which weigh more than 5 kgs must be put in the storage, rather than the passenger section of this aircraft. 2 To upper deck – follow the arrow if you wish to gain access to the upper deck of this ship. 44 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 45 Unit 4 3 Mind the gap – be aware that a potentially dangerous space b. Direct Ss to the title of the text. Elicit/Explain the usual exists between the train and the station platform. meaning of ‘conquer’, ‘raw deal’ and ‘predator’ and 4 Wait for green light before exiting car park – Do not leave encourage Ss to use the accompanying pictures to help the car park until you see the green light. them guess the meaning of the title in this context. 5 Fasten seatbelt while seated – for your personal safety, you Suggested Answer Key should use the seatbelts provided while you are sitting down in I think Raw Deal and Predator are the names of difficult desert this aircraft. or dirt trails that are used for recreational driving. Because they 6 This way to sleeping compartments – you should go in this present such a technical challenge, drivers who successfully direction if you wish to locate the carriages on this train which complete them can be said to have conquered them and provide sleeping accomodation. achieved a personal victory. 3 a. Ask students how they travel to school/college/work. c. Check that Ss understand the meaning of the words Direct Ss to the survey results and check they understand and phrases in the list, then elicit predictions concerning the meaning of the pictorial and written information in the context in which they might be used in this article. the chart, and the task. Play the cassette, once only. Ss All feasible predictions should be accepted if Ss can listen and fill in the gaps. Only play the cassette a second explain and justify them. time if Ss have not found answers. Check Ss’ answers. The words are in fact used as follows: Answer Key ñ four-wheel drive fanatics – specialized vehicle 1 33 4 5 enthusiasts who participate in the event 2 51 5 moderately ñ desert – an example of the kind of harsh environment 3 7 which is typically favoured by recreational drivers ñ mountainous terrain – part of the description of the b. Elicit sentences from individual Ss or ask Ss to produce environment where this activity takes place sentences in pairs, then check Ss’ answers. ñ adrenaline (flowing) – shows the excitement of this Suggested Answer Key activity ñ According to the survey, the least popular way of getting ñ obstacle – refers to the hazards and difficulties of driving to work for women is by bicycle and for men, by taxi. over these terrains ñ Buses are more frequently used to travel to work by men ñ punctured (tyres) – example of the hazards or damage to than by women. vehicles which are associated with extreme off-road ñ Bicycles are rarely used by either group to get to work. driving ñ Satisfaction levels amongst men are high with regard to rail transport. d. Ss scan the text as quickly as possible to find the items listed, then reread the relevant sentences to check their c. Elicit opinions from individual Ss. Encourage discussion predictions. Individual Ss explain what each item actually and expansion of answers. refers to, and how this compares to their predictions. Suggested Answer Key 6 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary ñ Travelling to work by bicycle would not be as popular in in the questions – but not in the text itself. Then allow my country as it is in the British survey. Ss 10 to 15 minutes to read the text and answer the ñ In my country, the percentage of men who travel to work by questions. Check Ss’ answers and the specific evidence taxi is probably around 10%. For women, the corresponding from the text for each one. Help Ss with unfamiliar figure would probably be in the region of 15%. vocabulary in the parts of text used as evidence. ñ The British survey indicates that men are moderately satisfied with the means of transport they use most Answer Key regularly. In my country, satisfaction levels would 1 D 3 B 5 B 7 A probably not be as high. 2 B 4 A 6 B 4 Elicit the implications of each quotation. Encourage Ss to b. Elicit answers from Ss. If they need help, point out that express their own ideas about reasons for travelling, which the text is written in the first person. may be more practical (e.g. work, visiting family, etc). Answer Key Suggested Answer Key I think the writer is a four-wheel enthusiast who has submitted ñ Quotation 1 suggests that some people travel to avoid/ escape his/her account of an off-road event to a specialist magazine the monotony and frustrations of everyday life. or other publication. ñ Ouotation 2 suggests that when people travel as opposed to just wander, they hope to satisfy something within themselves c. Elicit answers from Ss. – a sense of curiosity perhaps, or a thirst for knowledge and Suggested Answer Key experiences. This particular form of recreation doesn’t really appeal to me and I doubt I would go out of my way to try it. It smacks a little 5 a. Ask Ss to descibe the pictures and invite speculation too much of power-hungry individuals attributing personal about where they are from. triumph to themselves rather than to an expensive vehicle Suggested Answer Key with an extremely powerful engine. Each to their own, but in I think the pictures are taken from an article about an event or my opinion they’d achieve a better adrenaline rush, a greater rally involving a minority group of people who are passionately sense of achievement and have a lot more fun if they tried the interested in all-terrain vehicles. same thing on a good mountain bike. 45 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 46 Unit 4 7 Give Ss time to locate the words in the text and use the Answer Key context to choose the correct meaning. Check Ss’ answers. 1 moor 5 disembark 9 gangway (A Palo Verde tree is a type of tree found in dry parts of S.W US and 2 deck 6 steered 10 board in Mexico.) 3 drift 7 fleet Answer Key 4 crossing 8 ran aground 1 b 2 a 3 e 4 c 5 d 12 Ss complete the exercise in pairs, helping each other to find 8 Elicit meanings of the words from context, or allow Ss to two words that fit each sentence. Check answers, use their dictionaries. Make sure they find the dictionary eliciting/explaining meanings of unfamiliar words. definition which fits the context. Check Ss’ answers. Answer Key Answer Key 1 A, C 3 B, D 5 C, D 7 C, D the dead of winter – the middle of winter 2 A, D 4 A, D 6 B, C 8 A, D in bloom – flowering traverse – cross 13 Ask Ss to read the title for the first text and predict text meandering – winding content. Ss read the first text quickly to check predictions. rocky outcrops – a large mass of rocks sticking out of the ground Elicit the gist of the text. Elicit/Explain the meanings of hand-picked – carefully selected for a specific purpose unfamiliar words in the questions, then allow Ss about 5 tipping over – lose balance and turn over minutes to complete the exercise. Check Ss’ answers. nasty – dangerous / hazardous Repeat the procedure for the second text. kissed – scraped against / touched Answer Key 1 C 4 B 7 B 10 D ñ In the dead of winter nothing grows in the garden. 2 A 5 B 8 C 11 A ñ The garden looks lovely with the roses in bloom. 3 B 6 C 9 B 12 B ñ The path traverses a wide valley. ñ The path follows a meandering stream. 14 Help Ss to match the parts of each collocation, and ñ A rocky outcrop stood out on the horizon. elicit/explain the meaning of each term. As consolidation, Ss ñ Each member of the team is hand-picked from hundreds of select the appropriate collocation to complete each sentence. applicants. Answer Key ñ The lorry was in danger of tipping over as it rounded the corner. cabin pressure luggage handler ñ There’s a nasty bend ahead – slow down! passport control travel insurance ñ A cool breeze kissed his forehead. breathtaking view upper deck guided tour departure lounge 9 Ss work in pairs to give synonyms, using the context to ocean liner in-flight magazine help. Check Ss’ answers. 1 cabin pressure 6 upper deck Answer Key 2 departure lounge 7 travel insurance due to – because of / owing to 3 breathtaking view 8 in-flight magazine intriguing – fascinating 4 guided tour 9 luggage handler constant – continual / permanent 5 ocean liner 10 passport control opted for – chose / selected vulnerable – at risk / susceptible 15 Check that Ss understand the task, then allow them a few ruined – destroyed / damaged minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers, and elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary items which Ss 10 Explain that these questions are preparation for Use of do not understand, also giving examples of usage and likely English part 5, where short written answers to open contexts of the two wrong answers for each question. questions of a specific nature are required. Ss work in pairs Answer Key to produce short written answers (no more than 2 lines each) to the questions. Emphasise the importance of close 1 skidded 3 reverse 5 swerve study of the relevant parts of the text to produce accurate 2 fasten 4 adjust answers. Check Ss’ answers. Alternatively, work through questions one by one with class. 16 Elicit/explain the meaning of the title (Down Under is a popular way of referring to Australia) and if time elicit Answer Key background knowledge Ss have of Australia. Ss read text 1 The writer means that Raw Deal was more difficult than it quickly for gist. Elicit main information given by text. Then appeared. allow Ss time to complete the exercise. Refer Ss to the 2 Drivers may risk tipping over because the terrain is uneven. appendix if necessary. Check Ss’ answers. (Adelaide is the 3 The writer mentions paint marks to indicate that vehicles have largest city in South Australia. The Tour de France is an annual scraped against the canyon walls. bicycle race for professionals.) Answer Key 11 Check that Ss understand the meaning of the words/phrase in the list, all connected with travelling by sea. Then Ss 1 around 6 over/through 11 For complete the task. Check Ss’ answers, explaining any 2 for 7 at 12 with vocabulary in sentences Ss do not understand. 3 of 8 of 13 By 4 along 9 on 14 of 5 through 10 with 15 on 46 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 47 Unit 4 17 Allow Ss a few minutes to fill in the prepositions, then Answer Key check answers, eliciting/explaining the meaning of each 1 along 5 in 9 (up)on/to prepositional phrase. Ss work in pairs to produce example 2 on 6 round 10 into sentences. Invite individual Ss to read out sentences. 3 through 7 away Answer Key 4 about/around 8 apart 1 out of 5 out of 9 off 2 out of 6 out of 10 out of 1 get along – move/leave 3 off 7 off/out of 2 fall back on – rely on as an alternative / resort to 4 off 8 off 3 fall through – fail to happen 4 get around/about – travel/circulate 1 The road accident victim is now out of danger and is expected 5 fall in with – agree to make a full recovery. 6 get round to – eventually do something 2 My passport is out of date and due for renewal. 7 get away – escape/go on holiday 3 The athlete was having an off day and barely managed to 8 fall apart – disintegrate/decay finish the race. 9 fall (up)on/to – be the responsibility of 4 We’ll have to get off the road somewhere in order to look at 10 fall into – engage in the map. 5 The light switch was just out of reach from where Graham 20 Explain the exercise. Elicit answer to the first sentence. Ss was sitting. complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. 6 My financial burden is so great that I fear I’ll never get out of Answer Key debt. 1 The entire ship’s crew has fallen ill. 7 My husband has been off work with a back injury for two 2 I get the feeling (that) we are going to have a long delay in months. In the depression in the 1930s many people were out getting through customs. of work for years. 3 What category does this car fall into? 8 I would like to speak to you off the record about a personal 4 The national railway network had fallen into disrepair. matter. 5 How much do you think I would get for my old car? 9 I’m off duty until 9 o’ clock tomorrow morning. 10 My job is a little out of the ordinary. I’m a professional singer. 21 a. Make sure Ss understand the diagram and invite suggestions for the labels. Play the first part of the 18 Help Ss to match the parts of each idiomatic phrase, and listening once . Ss listen and complete the labelling of elicit/explain the meaning of each one. As consolidation, Ss the diagram. Check Ss’ answers. Play appropriate parts select the appropriate phrase to complete each sentence. of the cassette again if necessary. Remind Ss that in most sentences this will involve a change Answer Key of verb form, as in the example. Check Ss’ answers. 2 dual 7 slip road Answer Key 3 hard shoulder 8 reservation to take sb for a ride 4 middle 9 crash barrier to walk on air 5 outside 10 lay-by to go to great lengths 6 junction to swim against the tide to be in the same boat b. Ask Ss to read the sentences and suggest (but not write to let things ride in) information to complete them, based on their wheeling and dealing knowledge of driving. Then play part 2 of the listening to drive sb round the bend (twice); Ss listen and fill in the information they hear. to fly off the handle Check Ss’ answers. to rock the boat Answer Key 2 walking on air 1 overtake 6 limit 3 driving me round the bend 2 hazard 7 speeding 4 rock the boat 3 reduce 8 fines 5 are in the same boat 4 manoeuvres 9 way 6 go to great lengths 5 indicate / signal/flash 10 defensively 7 flew off the handle 8 let things ride c. Ss work in pairs to ask and answer questions using 9 wheeling and dealing information from the listening, taking it in turns to ask 10 swimming against the tide and answer. Suggested Answer Key 19 Invite Ss to give examples of phrasal verbs they already 2 How do I leave the motorway? know using the verbs ‘get’ and ‘fall’ – build up a list on Indicate your intentions well in advance and exit using the board. Then Ss help each other in pairs to complete the slip road. exercise. Refer Ss to the appendix if necessary. Check 3 How fast should I drive on the motorway? answers, adding the phrasal verbs used that were not The speed limit on British motorways is 70 mph. If you are elicited before the exercise to the list on the board, and caught exceeding the speed limit, the least you can expect elicit/explain their meaning. is a heavy fine. 47 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 48 Unit 4 4 When should I signal? Answer Key You must signal prior to any manoeuvre, and especially 1 S 3 B 5 M when you intend to change lanes or overtake another 2 M 4 B 6 S vehicle. 5 When should I use my hazard lights? 24 Ss answer the question by talking in pairs or small groups. Use hazard lights if you stop on the hard shoulder or in a Make sure Ss cover the three areas in the prompts, and lay-by. They should also be used to warn other drivers of encourage Ss to expand their answers using relevant details. any unusual condition, such as an accident or traffic jam, Suggested Answer Key on the road ahead. 6 Can you give me any general advice? In my capital city, the public transport system is presently being Certainly. Always try to be a careful, polite and considerate upgraded and few citizens would deny that this improvement is driver. Whenever possible, give way to others. Most long overdue. However, assuming (that) the government’s long importantly, never assume other drivers are as good or as term plan is to reduce the amount of traffic in the city centre, careful as you are. Expect the unexpected and drive passengers will require greater incentives than the occasional ‘Ride defensively. for free on Saturday’ initiative if the rail system is to succeed. Unfortunately, the current scheme in operation, whereby an odd or 22 Elicit any knowledge about Morocco that Ss have. Outline even last digit on car number plates allows vehicles to travel the situation in the rubric. Choose a pair of Ss to act out the around the city centre only on alternate days, is only partially beginning of a dialogue (covering one or two points only) as effective in terms of traffic and pollution control. Congestion and a model. Encourage them to expand their conversation with appalling air quality are an every day fact of life for city residents. In relevant details and explanations. Ss continue the task in addition to much tighter vehicle regulations, a long term pairs. education plan, backed by incentives, might make this city a much better place to live. Suggested Answer Key SA: I’m not sure about the things I need to do before I leave for 25 a. Address the questions to the whole class, and elicit Morocco. responses from several different Ss. Can you offer me any good advice? Suggested Answer Key SB: Well, it’s always a good idea to plan ahead. For example, if you require vaccinations, be sure to receive them well in advance ñ Given the opportunity, I wouldn’t hesitate to visit space. I of your leaving date. If I were you, I would also organise your think it would be a hugely exciting and fulfilling experience, accommodation before you leave. but I’m not sure I would choose to holiday there. SA: Right. What about tickets and visas … that sort of thing? ñ For me, the major attractions of such a holiday would be SB: Again, you should allow yourself plenty of time to book and the opportunity to view my planet from space and the pick up any tickets and visas. Check that your passport is valid chance to experience zero gravity. On the other hand, I and, of course, make certain (that) you have all the necessary would probably find the cramped conditions, restrictions documents with you before you leave home. and confinement imposed by today’s technology very SA: Okay. And when I get to Morocco? tedious after a while and yearn for an earthly tropical SB: In Morocco, it’s important to remember that you must never beach or jungle. Anyway, the vast majority of people on drink water from the tap. Only drink bottled water. Also, be earth can only dream about a holiday in space for the careful what you eat. Moroccan food is delicious, but avoid any time being since the costs would be entirely prohibitive. food (that) you think looks suspect / that doesn’t look fresh. SA: I see. How about getting around? There’s so much I want to b. Introduce and explain the task. Allow Ss about a minute see. to read the sentences, then invite brief discussion of SB: Of course, and you should try to visit as many interesting sites as what kind of information is needed to fill the gaps, and possible during your visit. It’s always a good idea to listen to the also what grammatical form the answers are likely to advice of a tour guide, or even hire one if necessary while you’re take. Play the cassette twice. Ss listen and complete the there. If you follow this advice, you should have a great time. task. Check Ss’ answers. SA: I hope so! Thanks, you’ve been a great help. Answer Key 1 (space) base 6 launch 23 a. Introduce the idea of carpooling, and address the 2 in operation 7 in orbit question to the whole class. Draw attention to the 3 closed down 8 capsules prompts and then elicit responses from several Ss. 4 Resistance 9 Space nausea Suggested Answer Key 5 space hotel Commuting in my country is far from easy / can be very frustrating if you work in, or near, the city centre. The road c. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. networks simply cannot accommodate the volume of traffic Suggested Answer Key which increases yearly. Congestion, especially during rush ñ No, I don’t find either of the two holidays remotely hours, is a serious problem. The new Metro system may help to attractive. I don’t enjoy organised holidays. alleviate the problem to an extent, but I think (that) carpooling ñ Yes, I’ve been on quite a few unusual holidays though is still a fairly unknown phenomenon in my country. none were organised and I travelled independently. In each case they were enlightening, thrilling, or just b. Explain the task, ask Ss to read the 6 statements. thoroughly enjoyable but usually a combination of all Explain any unfamiliar vocabulary items. Play the three. cassette twice. Ss listen and complete the task. Check answers eliciting evidence; if necessary replay relevant parts of the listening in order to justify answers. 48 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 49 Unit 4 ñ I think these holidays would attract people who have in a matter of hours or, at worst, a few days, whereas an illness limited free time available to them and are perhaps bored or injury can sometimes put you out of action and make you with run-of-the-mill beach locations and crowded resorts. feel miserable for weeks. The New Mexico holiday would probably appeal to romantic, adventurous outdoor types, while those with 28 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary nautical interests and a morbid sense of curiosity would in the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and certainly enjoy visiting the Titanic. answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Check Ss’ answers. 26 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary Answer Key in the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and 1 C 2 B answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Check Ss’ answers. b. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. (A charabanc is a large, old-fashioned coach usually used for short trips.) Suggested Answer Key Answer Key I have used my credit card to book flights on the internet, but I avoid using it for any other purpose other than in an 1 C 2 B emergency. I’ve met too many people who’ve become victims of fraud to feel confident about using my card extensively to b. Ss describe orally in pairs or small groups. buy over the net. My theory is, the less I need to use it, the less Suggested Answer Key likely I am to get ripped off. I can remember a day trip to Skegness with my grandmother, Sybil, when I was about thirteen years old. I hadn’t wanted to 29 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary go. The old seaside town of Skegness was, and still is, one of in the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and the least attractive coastal regions of England. However, I was answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. coerced into accepting Sybil’s invitation by my family who felt Check Ss’ answers. sure she would enjoy some company. Answer Key A little way into our coach journey, Sybil asked me if I would 1 B 2 B like a snack, whereupon she produced from the depths of her bag a very large raspberry jelly – most of which had returned b. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. to a liquid state in the heat. Intrigued, I was about to ask why Suggested Answer Key she hadn’t thought of bringing something sensible instead – like sandwiches – when the coach stopped suddenly to avoid I believe there are benefits and pitfalls in each of these three collision with another vehicle. The raspberry jelly flew out of its options and much depends on your country of choice. Overall, plastic container, landed on the floor and sped off towards the if you are prepared to abandon the notion that there’s no front of the coach like some pink, frenzied, subaquatic life- place like home and feel you can both adapt and positively form. It ricocheted off elderly ankles and defied several slippery contribute to your new environment and its society, I think attempts to capture it before it slid to a halt next to the moving to a new country can be a fascinating and rewarding astonished driver. experience. To my embarrassment, my grandmother hurriedly stuffed the empty container back into her bag, effectively denying any 30 a. Refer Ss to rubric and prompt box. Brainstorm question responsibility whatsoever for the event. Then she turned to to generate ideas and vocabulary. Remind Ss that they look at me and we both burst out laughing! In fact, we will be expected to speak for 2 minutes on the question couldn’t stop laughing about the jelly for the rest of the day, in this stage. Ss work in pairs: Student A speaks while which turned out very well indeed, after all. Student B listens and assesses using the Peer Assessment Checklist. 27 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary Suggested Answer Key in the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 4, Ex. 30c on p. 152 answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Check Ss’ answers. b. Student B comments for up to 1 minute on what Answer Key Student A has said. Then pairs discuss assessment 1 B 2 A together. Suggested Answer Key b. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 4, Ex. 30c on p. 152 Suggested Answer Key Accidents happen, but I think it’s usually a lack of awareness or c. Play cassette, asking Ss to take notes on ideas and a negative attitude that can spoil the enjoyment of travelling. timing. Discuss Ss’ answers and elicit comments on You have to keep your wits about you in an unfamiliar student performance so far. Direct Ss’ attention to the environment. Theft of money or important documents can length of Maria’s contribution. prove a major setback, yet this frequently occurs due to a Students’ own answers traveller’s own negligence. Of course, some situations are beyond our control such as flight delays, cancellations or bureaucratic irritations. I think the important thing is to stay as healthy and calm as possible. Most problems can be overcome 49 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 50 Unit 4 d. Refer Ss to rubric and prompt box. Brainstorm question 3 B: It depends how you like to travel and what sort of to generate ideas and vocabulary. Remind Ss that they person you are. If you are the type of traveller who will be expected to speak for 2 minutes on the question enjoys your independence, then it is unlikely that you in this stage. Ss work in pairs: Student B speaks while will want to have any company at all whether good Student A listens and assesses using the Peer or bad, but I think most people enjoy having at least Assessment Checklist. one or two companions, if not a whole group. In this Suggested Answer Key case, it is really important that you should be able to get along with them. After all you are likely to have to Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 4, Ex. 30f on p. 152 spend some days or weeks in their company and it can be very unpleasant if you are unable to find some e. Student B comments for up to 1 minute on what sort of common ground. I don’t mean to say that by Student A has said. Then pairs discuss assessment good company you should be surrounded by together. amusing, witty people , but simply people who are Suggested Answer Key congenial to you. Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 4, Ex. 30f on p. 152 A: Absolutely. I couldn’t agree more. It can be the ruin of an otherwise enjoyable trip if you find yourself f. Play cassette, asking Ss to take notes on ideas and travelling with someone whose attitude to life turns timing. Discuss Ss’ answers and elicit comments on out to be utterly opposed to your own. There are student performance so far. Direct Ss’ attention to the people, for example, who always look on the bad side length of Alex’s contribution. of things, who will be devastated by the slightest Students’ own answers misfortune, so you will find yourself either having to spend your time trying to raise their spirits, while feeling increasingly depressed yourself, or having to g. Refer Ss to questions and assessment criteria from h and listen to a litany of complaints about the trip, the check Ss understanding of both. Play sample interview accommodation, the service and so on. All this can good model answers (questions 1 and 5). Ss listen to mean that you find your own enthusiasm dimmed identify good qualities of the speech, according to the and all you want to do is get home. criteria given in h. Elicit comments from class and initiate B: Mmm… I’ve been through that a few times. It’s really discussion on what makes a good answer. Ss discuss essential to travel with like-minded people so you remaining three questions in pairs. Monitor and help. should always pick your travelling companions very Suggested Answer Key carefully. 1 Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 4, Ex. 30 Sample 4 Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 4, Ex. 30h on p. 153 Interview on p. 153 5 Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 4, Ex. 30 Sample 2 A: Travelling is much easier of course , but that’s not to Interview on p. 153 say that travelling was really very much more difficult fifty years ago. After all, it’s not as if fifty years ago the h. Refer Ss to rubric. Check understanding of criteria main means of transportation was the horse and again. Point out that one of the Ss they hear on the cart! Air transport existed and so did cars, buses and cassette will perform badly in some of the areas listed. trains, all the means of moving from place to place Play cassette. Ss complete task. Elicit comments from that we take so much for granted today. Only space class and encourage class discussion on performances. travel hadn’t yet developed, but that can hardly be Answer Key termed public transport at present in any case. The Both students accurately use a wide range of grammatical real difference lies in the speed of travel today, I structures ( the girl uses modals, a conditional, relative clauses, suppose. We can move very rapidly from one place to comparison and concession – the boy uses comparison and another, which makes travelling far less exhausting concession, modals, a time clause, a relative clause). now than it was. Both students use a good range of appropriate vocabulary. B: And not only that. Don’t forget that travel for fun has Both students communicate their ideas well and interact become accessible to millions of people whereas fifty successfully. and more years ago it was only for the rich. Travel has On pronunciation, however, the girl is much more successful become cheap and the mass tourist industry has than the boy. While the girl’s pronunciation is clear and developed, which means that there is no difficulty or acceptable, the boy’s pronunciation is poor. He fails to use stress- danger involved in having a holiday abroad. Travel timing, and instead stresses every single syllable. As a result, he agents will take care of all the details concerning the makes no use of key word stress and there is no reduction of trip and accommodation at your destination, while unstressed vowels to weak forms. He makes little or no the journey itself is likely to be smooth, fast and meaningful use of intonation, speaking in a monotone. These comfortable. I don’t think we should forget that in the features make his speech at times quite difficult to understand. past, prior to the advent of the package tour, there were fewer airports and those that did exist were Sample Interview: For this unit, the sample interview relatively small. It was considerably more difficult to contains a recorded model interview for two questions travel then. from the final stage of Part 3 of the Speaking Test (30g A: Yes, of course, it’s easy to forget that. Road systems questions 1 and 5). have become much more developed, too which makes travelling long distances by road quicker and more convenient than it used to be. 50 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 51 Unit 4 31 a. Ss discuss the topics in pairs or small groups. Exercises 34 – 37 could be set for homework, or done in Suggested Answer Key class as follows. 1 City authorities should implement long-term educational 34 Allow Ss 5 minutes to complete the exercise on their own. programmes aimed at changing public attitudes towards Check Ss’ answers. Remind Ss to be particularly careful with car usage. These should be supported by realistic sentences like 1, 3, 4, 7 and 9, where the inversion occurs in incentives and an effective and affordable public transport the main (second) clause. system. They could also introduce or encourage the idea of carpooling which has proved successful in other countries. Answer Key 2 I would limit the number of sites I visited in order to 1 Only after confirming your flight should you leave for the appreciate them fully rather than rush around trying to airport. see them all, which is both tiring and unrewarding. 2 Under no circumstances should you forget to carry a basic first 3 I recently visited Rome, and I enjoyed every second there. aid box with you. There are so many historic sites, the people are warm, 3 Not until you have taken out travel insurance should you go friendly and helpful, and I just adore Italian food. Rome is on holiday. a lively and exciting city 24 hours a day, and I can’t wait to 4 Only if you have a driving licence should you plan to hire a car. go again. 5 Never should you drive in a foreign country without knowing 4 None of these things scare me though I can see that they the national highway code. might worry other people. The only two things that do 6 At no time should you be without a phrase book. scare me about travelling are sharks and having to return 7 Only when you order traveller’s cheques early will you receive home. I can’t account for my totally irrational fear of the them on time. former, though it has never stopped me from diving and 8 On no account should you arrive at the airport later than the snorkelling. As for the other, departure is a misery I’ve check-in time since planes are often overbooked. learned to live with. 9 Not unless you have plenty of/unlimited time should you use ships, which are often late due to the weather. b. Draw Ss’ attention to the titles of the 4 extracts and the 10 On no condition should you drink tap water in some countries, pictures that accompany them. Encourage Ss to however thirsty you are. speculate on the possible content of each passage. Ask Ss to quickly skim the 4 extracts for gist, and then elicit 35 Ss work in pairs to complete the sentences. Check Ss’ ideas on content from individual Ss. Ss then read the answers. Some variation is possible in answers 1, 4 and 6. questions. Explain unfamiliar words in the questions, Point out that inversion sentences with ‘Scarcely’ are the not in the texts. Then allow Ss 10 to 15 minutes to read same as those with ‘Hardly’, using an inverted past perfect the extracts carefully and answer the questions. Check tense and taking ‘when’ to link the clauses. Ss’ answers, then explain any vocabulary items in the Suggested Answer Key extracts which Ss still do not understand. With weaker 1 Only by taking the train can you be sure you’ll get there on classes, each extract could be taken separately. time. Answer Key 2 Never in my life have I seen such an amazing sight. 1 B 3 A 5 C 7 A 3 Little did we know what would happen the next day. 2 D 4 A 6 A 8 B 4 Scarcely had Adam left the room when they all began discussing him. 32 Allow Ss about 5 minutes to find the words in the text and 5 I didn’t see Joan there and neither did Mike. work out the meaning in the context. Check Ss’ answers. 6 Hardly had I finished my conversation with Geoff when the Answer Key phone rang again. It was Mark this time. 1 A 2 B 3 A 4 B 5 A 36 Give Ss a few minutes to find the errors and correct them. Check Ss’ answers. Point out that sentence 1 as it stands 33 Use this exercise to present/revise inversion. Go through could be considered correct if ‘little’ is an adjective sentences one by one with the whole class, eliciting describing Brian. answers and the rules that govern inversion. Point out that sentence 2 does not need inversion. Inversion could only be Answer Key used (after ‘nor’) if the verb ‘go’ was repeated, but that 1 Little did Brian know that Tanya was already in Egypt, enjoying would make the sentence sound very unnatural. Then refer her holiday. Ss to Grammar Reference for more examples and 2 Never had I seen such a beautiful place, nor (had I) met such explanations. friendly people. Answer Key 3 On no condition should you take photographs inside the museum. 1 Only after dusting/having dusted the snow off the car did they 4 Scarcely had he started to eat when the waiter removed his set off on their journey. plate. 2 Pete neither went to the Colosseum nor to the Vatican. 5 No sooner had the train set off than she started feeling 3 So busy was the town that we returned to the hotel. homesick. 4 Such a lovely resort was it that I spent the whole two weeks there. 37 Allow Ss a few minutes to complete the sentences. Remind 5 Little did Sarah know that the museum tickets would be so Ss of the word limit in this exercise. Check Ss’ answers. expensive. 6 No sooner had the plane taken off than the little boy started to Answer Key cry. 1 ... hard did he work ... 2 ... if there’s a change ... 51 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 52 Unit 4 3 ... sooner had he entered the house than ... Answer Key 4 ... does Sam go out ... 1 ‘escaping the stresses’ and ‘everything is catered for.’ 5 ... neither went to the office, nor did he ... 2 ‘organised play groups.’ 6 ... no condition/account are you allowed to leave ... 3 ‘you don’t have to plan meals’ 7 ... badly does he treat everybody ... 8 ... sooner had he started down the hill than ... b. Allow Ss a few minutes to reread texts and underline/ highlight information relevant to the summary question. 38 Refer Ss to the title and initiate a brief discussion on Check underlined parts. Allow Ss about 5 minutes to overbooked flights (Why does it happen? Why is it a make very brief notes, working in pairs. Check notes problem? How do airlines solve it? Has anyone experienced and eliminate repetition of points, decide on order of this problem?). Tell Ss to quickly read through the passage points. Elicit/explain the style of writing required in a once for gist, without filling in any of the gaps. Elicit the summary (neutral, semi-formal) and emphasise that this main ideas in the passage (the system of ‘bumping’ and is different from the persuasive style of the texts. how to avoid it). Then focus on the gaps and allow Ss about Remind Ss that summary must be in their own words 10 minutes to read through the passage more carefully and and points should be linked. Allow Ss about 10 minutes fill in the gaps. For difficult gaps, instruct Ss to first identify to write their summaries. Alternatively the writing can what part of speech is required, before deciding on the be set for homework. Collect summaries for marking. answer. Check Ss’ answers. (NB the note-making stage is essential because of the Answer Key repetition of information in the two texts and the change 1 have 6 is 11 To of style required in this case from text to summary) 2 give 7 tend 12 ahead Answer Key 3 usually/either 8 on 13 plenty According to the texts a great family holiday should be stress- 4 on 9 within 14 because/as/since free and relaxing. This is possible when the whole family is 5 At 10 any/enough 15 at looked after, all meals are provided and activities arranged. Children need to be kept both occupied and safe, so they 39 Instruct Ss to read the title and suggest what the passage should be supervised doing a wide range of interesting might be about. Ss read passage (ignoring gaps) to check activities suitable for their age group. Organised resorts and predictions. Focus on gaps and elicit what part of speech is all-inclusive hotels are thus the ideal solution. required for each one. Check Ss understand the meaning of the words in capitals. Elicit answer to the first gap. Allow Ss 42 a. Ss read rubric and complete task. Check Ss’ answers. time to complete the task by themselves. Check Ss’ answers. Explain any vocabulary in the passage Ss still do Key words: Your local newspaper – articles – entitled, ‘How we not understand. came here’ – how you or your family came to live in your present area – your own thoughts about the neighbourhood Answer Key where you live – give reasons why you like or dislike the area 1 charitably 6 deterrents Answer Key 2 unforgettable 7 distraction 3 significance 8 turbulence 1 F 2 T 3 T 4 T 5 T 4 useless 9 barely 5 contentedly 10 salted b. Go through the sentences with the class, eliciting/ explaining features of style and whether suitable. 40 Ss read question 1. Explain any unfamiliar vocabulary. For Explain any vocabulary items Ss do not understand. each sentence, elicit as many words as possible that could Answer Key fit in the gap. Help Ss to choose the one word that fits in all 1 Narrative. Suitable. three sentences. Allow students about 5 minutes to 2 Narrative. Not suitable – relates to an incident not complete questions 2 – 6. Check Ss’ answers. Explain any required by the rubric. vocabulary that Ss still do not understand. 3 Descriptive. Suitable. Answer Key 4 Descriptive. Not suitable – probably taken from a 1 crack 3 establishment 5 force proposal to renovate the interior of a building. 2 cross 4 fast 6 ground 5 Discursive. Suitable. 6 Discursive. Not suitable – more like a report or an essay on 41 a. Introduce the topic of family holidays by eliciting Ss’ the demographics of a city. Could be from an article in a opinions of going on holiday with their families, and any serious newspaper or magazine. problems that parents may face. Allow Ss about 5 minutes to read both texts and ask them to find out 43 a. Allow Ss a few minutes to read extracts, identify style what similarities there are in the information presented and underline words and phrases. Check Ss’ answers. in the two texts. Elicit similarities. Refer Ss to the Answer Key Strategy point and then the three questions. Establish A discursive writing that despite different wording the questions are the B narrative writing same type. Help Ss find the answer to question 1, then C descriptive writing allow Ss a few minutes to answer questions 2 and 3. Check Ss’ answers. Explain any unfamiliar vocabulary in texts that Ss have still not understood. (A crèche is where young children are looked after usually whilst their parents are working.) 52 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 53 Unit 4 Words and phrases to underline 44 Help Ss match the parts of the collocations. Elicit/explain A Despite the overcrowding and the urban decay, the vast the meaning and elicit a likely descriptive context for each one. majority of the population still chooses to live in city centres. While it cannot be denied that there are certain Answer Key advantages to this, such as the close proximity of totally unjustified amenities, the situation is rapidly reaching crisis point. If in a badly neglected state steps are not taken soon to address the problems faced in deeply concerned our inner cities, then the situation will become absolutely enchanting of great historical interest unbearable. How long can we tolerate rising levels of are being gradually restored crime and poverty and still call ourselves civilised? provides a valuable insight one of the few remaining examples B It soon became clear that we were completely lost. Not to wander around only had we taken the wrong bus but we had also gone in to spend hours exploring completely the wrong direction. We jumped off the bus at the next stop, crossed the road and started looking for a 45 a. Allow Ss a few minutes to read the passage. Point out taxi. Hardly had we positioned ourselves at the side of the that the underlined items are too informal in this road when the awful realisation dawned on us that we context, as they do not fit in with the overall style of the didn’t have enough money. It was going to be a long passage, which is neutral/semi-formal. Ss complete the night. replacing task. Check Ss’ answers. Answer Key C The area around Thorsmork features some of the most The rail network is another option for visitors to the city. strikingly beautiful landscape I have ever seen. The However, there are a number of factors that should be constantly changing weather conditions mean that, in a remembered. Firstly, the stations are quite unattractive. They matter of minutes, it can turn from idyllic blue skies and tend to be unhygienic and they are poorly lit at night. This is brilliant sunshine to thick, impenetrable mist. But the unpleasant and it makes them somewhat unsafe because reflection of the sun pouring down on the frozen lake is there are certain undesirable characters who gather there. The something that has to be seen to be believed. trains themselves are reasonable but some of the carriages are in a neglected state. In addition, the service is infrequent and b. Remind Ss that the register as well as the content is the tickets are fairly expensive. determined by the type of publication. Pairs discuss question. Check Ss’ answers. Explain any vocabulary b. Point out that this passage presents the same problem as items Ss do not understand. the previous one. Ss read text and locate the parts which Suggested Answer Key are too informal. Check the selected parts. Ss work in A This extract is taken from a discursive article in a pairs to rewrite the passage. Ask several different Ss to newspaper or magazine. It will probably go on to talk read out their upgraded passage and elicit comments. about examples of urban decay and maybe a Suggested Answer Key recommendation for government action such as Ss’ answers will vary. Point out that the underlined decentralisation. The readership is likely to be educated, sections given here are colloquial in style and would be judging from the level of language used. unsuitable for most writing tasks at this level. B This is a personal account of a journey undertaken by the Sections to underline: writer. It could be taken from a travel magazine, where There are, of course, lots of buses. These are really great readers have been asked to send in written accounts of because you can go wherever you want on them. They also their own experiences of travelling. Equally, it could be from an article in a local newspaper about how one of the cost next to nothing and they’re really comfortable. The night readers got lost in the town. The use of the dramatic service doesn’t run very often in some areas but when the phrase, ‘It was going to be a long night’ suggests that the shops are open they are every ten minutes to and from the city article will go on to describe the other misfortunes that the centre. Visitors can buy a weekly pass, which is nice because it writer experienced. It also suggests that the style is more means you can use any bus you want and you don’t have to light-hearted, rather than serious, so the readers will pay each time. probably be people interested in the experiences of others. Suggested upgrade: C This extract is probably from an article in a travel Encourage Ss to use sophisticated vocabulary as well as magazine or Sunday supplement. It has a vivid style and is linking words/phrases. very personal. The people who would be interested in reading this would be potential visitors to the place who There is also a highly efficient bus service which enables are keen to get a more personal perspective, rather than visitors to travel extensively throughout the city. Fares are the advertising language of brochures. The article inexpensive and the buses themselves are comfortable. probably continues with similar description of other places Although the night service is infrequent in certain areas, there but is very likely to include narrative writing to convey the is a regular service during opening hours, with buses every ten rest of the journey. minutes on routes to and from the centre. Visitors can buy a weekly pass, which is convenient because it entitles them to unlimited travel within the city. 53 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 54 Unit 4 c. Ss discuss in pairs. Check Ss’ answers. The most commonly used tense is the simple past because Answer Key this is the basic tense used in narrating a story. The passages could be from an article giving information to b. Allow Ss about a minute to find time references. Check tourists. and elicit further example sentences using the time references. 46 Allow Ss a few minutes to complete the tense exercise. Check Ss’ answers. Refer Ss to Grammar reference if they Words and phrases which indicate the passing of time are unsure of a tense or were inaccurate in tense use. When we had first talked about travelling to Scotland, all Suggested Answer Key those months before, it had been with hitchhiking in mind. So, 1 was waiting, came over it was all the nicer now that we were sitting in a comfortable 2 realised, had not packed railway carriage without a care in the world. The weather 3 was gathering, was getting could not have been nicer for the journey, and the few clouds 4 had spoken, contacted that had been threatening rain for most of the morning had 5 turned, noticed, was coming entirely disappeared by noon. I suppose what really lifted our moods was the fact that we were free - no work, no studies and 47 Help Ss to match items and elicit what tenses would be no obligations except to have a good time. That afternoon, used in the continuation of the sentences. Then Ss work in even the industrial landscape looked romantic in the autumn pairs to write sentences using the time expressions. Check sunshine. Once the sun had set, we settled back in our seats as Ss’ answers. Ss’ answers will vary, but the tenses must be we chatted and told jokes until late in the evening. correct. Answer Key Sentences: Students’ own answers By the time I had ... Not until the bus arrived did I ... 49 Explain that the errors in the sentences are related to Hardly had I unpacked when ... tenses and time words and phrases. Elicit the error in the No sooner had I got there than ... first sentence with the whole class. Allow Ss about 5 Had I known, I would never have ... minutes to complete the task in pairs. Check Ss’ answers. While I was getting ready ... Answer Key Immediately afterwards, ... Wrong words Suggested sentences 1 hardly – only used as an adverb similar to ‘only just’ or ‘almost By the time I had finished filling in the forms, the office had closed. not’. Not until the bus arrived did I think to check whether I had my 2 being – ‘nobody had been there’ is correct; ‘had been being’ monthly pass on me. could only be used in a passive construction - ‘we discovered Hardly had I unpacked when there was a loud knock at the door. that we had been being watched for an hour’ - and is very rare. No sooner had I got there than it started to rain. 3 earlier – not necessary with ‘already’. Had I known, I would never have tried to persuade them. Already could be dropped instead for the same reason. While I was getting ready the phone must have rung at least five 4 afterwards – not necessary with ‘much later when’. times. 5 that – cannot be used with ‘and’ in this sentence. Immediately afterwards, we decided to visit the museum. ‘And’ could be dropped instead for the same reason. 6 once – the time reference is already given: ‘only then’. 48 a. Ss read the extract, then elicit the reason for use of the 7 it (second use of the word) – incorrect because ‘it’ refers to the first tense. Ss complete the task in pairs. Check Ss’ object of the verb ‘drawn’ (the map), and the object should not answers. be repeated. 8 earlier – ‘Prior to leaving’ is already stated. Answer Key 9 then – because this idea is covered by the phrase, ‘During the Reasons for tenses course of the meeting’. When we had first talked (reference to ‘months 10 longer – does not fit in fixed phrase, ‘I had no alternative but to’. before’) about travelling to Scotland, all those months before, it had been (as above) with hitchhiking in mind. So, it was 50 Read the rubric aloud. Then allow Ss a few minutes to (reference to ‘now’) all the nicer now that we were sitting discuss the questions in pairs. Check Ss’ answers. (setting the scene) in a comfortable railway carriage Answer Key without a care in the world. The weather could not have been 1 The rubric asks for a personal account, so it should be written (past tense hypothetical) nicer for the journey, and the few as a 1st person narrative. However, the rubric also asks you to clouds that had been threatening (reference to earlier ‘mention the likely causes’, for which some discursive writing conditions) rain for most of the morning had entirely will be needed. Descriptive writing will be used throughout to disappeared (earlier event - reference to ‘by noon’) by describe such things as the holiday, the journey, people’s noon. I suppose (writer reflecting from the present) what feelings, etc. really lifted our moods was the fact that we were (narrative 2 Extensive use should be made of the simple past tense because it events) free - no work, no studies and no obligations except to is a narrative article. Other past tenses should be used to add have a good time. That afternoon, even the industrial variety: e.g. past continuous for setting the scene/describing landscape looked (past state) romantic in the autumn duration; past perfect for events that had already happened, etc. sunshine. Once the sun had set, (previous event - reference 3 Students’ own answers to ‘once’) we settled back in our seats as we chatted and told (narrative events) jokes until late in the evening. 54 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 55 Unit 4 4 Students’ own answers Answer Key (Encourage Ss to try to base their articles on real 1 The article is introduced with information to set the scene – experiences because they will be easier to write about. when, where, who. The phrase ‘a decision I was later to regret’ However, it should be pointed out that there is no harm arouses the reader’s curiosity and is in keeping with the title. in making up some of the details if this can be done 2 Extensive use is made of the simple past tense because it is a convincingly.) narrative article. 5 Refer Ss to the time words and phrases in the appendix 3 past continuous for setting the scene/describing duration; at the back of the book. past perfect for events that had already happened, etc. simple present is used twice – ‘Incredible as it may seem’, ‘I 51 Explain that the introductions are for the rubric in Ex. 50. suppose’ to reflect the writer’s thoughts now. Remind Ss of the importance of a good introduction. Elicit 4 Refer Ss to the time words and phrases in bold, as well as the what makes a good introduction (should be relevant to the following: later, on the journey, suddenly, when, spent half a task, in an appropriate style, stimulate interest in the day, Having found, While, Eventually, but not before, The next reader). Then allow Ss a few minutes to read the three morning, in the evening, lasted another three days, before introductions and match them to the comments. finally. Alternatives can be found in the appendix at the back Answer Key of the book. ñ is likely to go off the topic C 5 The main body paragraphs are divided chronologically as ñ is too informal and general B follows: ñ is too formal C – The journey there ñ is suitable for the task A – The arrival and first day – The rest of the holiday 52 Explain that in the model answer, one out of each set of 6 The causes mentioned are: three phrases in bold is wrong. Ss read the first paragraph. Paragraph 2 – a disagreement over money Then elicit the incorrect phrase and why it is wrong. Allow – the car breaking down Ss time to complete the exercise. Check Ss’ answers, Paragraph 3 – tiredness eliciting reasons. – a sudden downpour making everything wet Phrases to cross out (Reasons given in brackets): – an argument over sleeping ñ Two years before (cannot be used alone as a time clause - arrangements before what?) – a leaking roof ñ had gone wrong (things have not gone wrong yet) Paragraph 4 – irritability from lack of sleep ñ After we left (because of the past perfect; ‘we had – a disagreement over what to do agreed’ is the first of two actions) Paragraph 5 – the fact that they did not know ñ hadn’t had to (because you cannot suddenly decide each other very well, complicated about a previous action) by lack of money ñ over an hour (does not exist alone as a time clause; also (Mention that the last paragraph contains discursive emphasises the length of time - ‘we waited for over an writing in the form of supposition and hypothetical hour’) constructions.) ñ When arriving (not used as a time clause) ñ in a moment (usually used in present/future tense - ‘I’ll be 53 This exercise serves to remind Ss of the difference between there in a moment’) the two types of articles that have been focused on in this ñ had been struggling (needs to be followed by another section – descriptive and narrative. previous event – ‘Unbeknown to me, while I had been struggling to get our things dry in front of a tiny gas heater, an a. Allow Ss time to read the extracts and complete the argument had been developing ...’) task as instructed. Check Ss’ answers, and point out ñ will (cannot be used in the past) that narrative texts like the first passage do contain ñ Up to that point means beforehand not afterwards (needs descriptive language. to be followed by past perfect, past continuous, or a state, rather than an action - 'Up to that point, we had Descriptive language to underline been getting on well’ ‘'Up to that point, things were/had been A humpback bridge, huge bank of clouds, distant hills, calm’) casting a gloomy shadow, gazing at, magnificent sight, ñ we would do (because would comes from will, which is old stone wall, mesmerised, picturesque village, off the used for spontaneous decisions; ‘we couldn’t agree’ shows beaten track that it was not a spontaneous decision. The question B picturesque village, attractive feature, spectacular they were debating was ‘What are we going to do?’ not countryside, wooded hills, winding country lanes, marvel ‘What will we do?’) at, lushness, rich variety, not a cloud in the sky ñ at the time (usually used alone - ‘At the time, I didn’t know what he meant, whereas now ...’ ) Verb tenses / time words & phrases to circle Allow Ss time to read and think about the questions which A had been told, decided, would be interesting to see, lay, No follow since they focus on elements of the model answer sooner had we got over the... than..., gathered, Just as we that Ss should notice and can use in their own writing. turned the corner, appeared, stood, As we sat, were, for Discuss the answers with the class. once, had broken, gone B gets, is, cannot, Expect, is shining, there’s 55 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 56 Unit 4 b. Elicit answers. 56 The writing task can be set for homework. Answer Key Suggested Answer Key 1 Passage A contains mostly past tenses A Our recent trip to Holidayworld in Malta was, by far, the 2 Passage A is more romantic in style best all-inclusive holiday I have ever taken. Not only is the 3 Passage B contains some practical advice hotel complex an architectural feat beyond comparison, but the service provided more than lives up to the reputation that c. Ss discuss the source and continuation in pairs for a few the travel company has built up over the years. minutes. Elicit answers from several Ss. In contrast to other all-inclusive trips that I’ve been on, Answer Key everything one could possibly require is to be found in the complex, from gymnasia and health clubs to shops where one Passage A is from a narrative article describing a walk through can buy all those little items that you feel sure you packed but beautiful countryside. It will probably continue with more are nowhere to be found, not even in that little pocket in your description of the walk and the events that happened on the suitcase. way. Personally, I always judge a hotel by the people who work there. Whether it be a supermarket or a filling station my first Passage B is from a descriptive article about a village, possibly and last impressions are influenced first and foremost by the for a guidebook. It will probably continue with more details staff. At Holidayworld I was given the feeling that I was special about the village/area and may include more practical advice. without getting that uncomfortable feeling that the staff were following some prearranged routine. Everyone I came across 54 Discuss the questions with reference to task A with the was so genuine in their wish for my comfort and well-being, whole class. Then Ss discuss the same questions in pairs that my stay there was a real boost to my self-esteem. with reference to task B. Check Ss’ answers, emphasising Holidayworld also acts as a real catalyst for intercultural the difference between the two tasks. communication. My introduction to the local cuisine came not Answer Key via a trip to a local restaurant in the town but in one of the A 1 Mainly descriptive. many restaurants within the complex, each with its individual 2 Your opinion of the location with particular emphasis on style and atmosphere. Indeed, the food was so varied and the aspects of the place which you liked the most. interesting that the local people frequented the complex by 3 The organisers of the holiday. night, which was a good way of getting to meet people. 4 Some time words and phrases may be used but they will The emphasis on group activities is another way that not be the main focus of the article. barriers are broken down. In the same way that you are made 5 A mixture of present tenses (because the resort still exists) to feel special at an individual level, so too are you made to feel and past tenses (to say what you ‘liked’). that you belong through taking part in all kinds of sporting 6 The article should be informal to semi-formal because it is activities and attending optional workshops on self- for a brochure. improvement and self-realisation. 7 The beginning should contain the main details of the Most holidays I have found to be, in the main, more resort, such as where it is, what it is called, when you went exhausting than working nine till five, but Holidayworld has there, etc. The ending could contain your final thoughts, a opened my eyes to what a real holiday should be. Although it recommendation, or perhaps an expression of your desire was an expensive holiday, compared to all the ‘bargain’ trips to go back there. I’ve been on, I consider Holidayworld good value for money. There will be no more flicking through brochures as far as I’m B 1 Mainly narrative. concerned: I booked up for next year as I checked out. 2 A description of different aspects of the holiday and perhaps a paragraph about why it was so memorable. B Article on Holiday Experience 3 Readers of the holiday magazine. The first indication that my wife and I were approaching 4 Time words and phrases will probably be used to present Fes was a pall of black smoke that gave away the position of the holiday in some sort of chronological order. this marvellously well preserved former capital of Morocco. 5 Mainly past tenses (to describe your own experiences). The origin of the smoke was to remain a mystery for the next 6 The article can be less formal because the target readers three days. are presumably other holidaymakers. After the fascinating although admittedly gruelling trek 7 The beginning would normally contain the main details across the surprisingly lush north of Morocco from the Atlantic such as where it was, who you went with, when you went seaboard, the ornate decoration and sumptuous appointment there, etc. The ending could contain your final thoughts, a of Hotel Tahgt was a sight I will never forget. Intricate mosaics recommendation, or a reiteration of why the holiday was and fine arabesque stucco adorned the main lobby, where we so memorable. recuperated for a while before registering with the reception. Here we had a little practice with our rather rusty French but we 55 Explain that there is nothing wrong with the paragraph incurred few real problems. plans given, but some individual variation is possible, as The ornately decorated bronze gates of the royal palace long as it is justified. Ss discuss the task in pairs. were an incredible feat of raised hammer work that had taken Students’ own answers literally years to complete. The strictly regimented square in front of the imposing structure provided little protection from the blistering heat that forced us to seek out the shade of the palms where we rested before continuing our tour. That evening we dined at the most exquisite restaurant. The excellent food that can be found in that region is subtly 56 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 57 Self-Assessment Module 2 prepared in a tangine, a culinary device peculiar to that part of that the national income is greatly increased, which frees money the world. The meal included entertainment by a troop of for the development of the country in areas like education and traditional dancers and a magician, the whole thing health and so on. However, there are those who say that the culminated in a mock marriage of one of our party in a Beber disadvantages brought by tourism far outweigh the advantages. ceremony in traditional costume. They are thinking of the fact that, far from looking for fresh On our last day in Fes we were to discover the source of the experiences, tourists usually feel completely at a loss in unknown pall of smoke that emanated from an area just outside the environments, and so local cultures tend to change to adapt to this medina, known as the Ceramic Quarter. The kilns used to fire attitude rather than vice versa. Tourists, for example, do not want the pottery and mosaic tiles utilise olive pits, which provide an to struggle to read shop signs in the foreign language, they want ecologically sound energy source for this region’s important them in their own language, so the shops that have foreign signs ceramic industry. do better than those with local signs, the same applies to food and Needless to say, our suitcases were crammed with daily habits, they change as locals try to adapt to the tourists’ souvenirs of our unforgettable visit to this wonderful land with demands. And since very often tourists have more money than the its subtle blend of cultures and flavours. Chicken Tangine is locals have, or at least are in a spending mood when they are on now a standard feature of our culinary repertoire that has holiday, prices of goods and services tend to rise too, making it been the trigger for many of our friends to seek out the difficult for locals, for example, to stay in a hotel for any length of fascinating cultural treasures of Morocco. time. The environment can also be badly affected since the construction of resorts and large hotels can cause massive damage to sensitive environments, particularly by the sea, and disturb the habitats of many wild creatures. Self-Assessment Module 2 Student B I’d just like to say that for poor and undeveloped countries there is 1 1 vested 5 outlandish 9 complementary really no choice but to accept tourism, but that travel companies 2 evasive 6 vulnerable 10 solid and the tourists themselves should be made more aware of the 3 stilted 7 intriguing effect that tourism can have on the environment, for instance, and 4 innocuous 8 drenched should try to adopt an approach which minimises damage rather than ignoring the problem altogether. 2 1 run 4 couch 7 fasten 10 control 2 dragging 5 deck 8 record Student B 3 Due 6 first 9 tour It’s difficult to be objective about it really. Space exploration is enormously expensive, and uses up a great deal of fuel, not to 3 1 out 4 back 7 lengths 10 without mention the amount of waste it distributes all over the world and 2 got 5 in 8 in in space from the discarded sections of rockets. At the same time, 3 short 6 fell 9 by there are problems on earth which are not being dealt with because of lack of money, such as poverty in the Third World, 4 1 ... inefficient was she that I flew off … serious diseases which require time and money to be spent on 2 ... being done away with ... research before a cure can be found or finding a viable alternative 3 ... had fallen behind with her work did I ... source of energy to meet our needs. After all, we are rapidly 4 ... his papers stolen while the investigation was in ... running out of the fuel needed to maintain our lifestyle here on 5 ... were rumoured to have been in ... Earth, yet we soon seem to be squandering these resources on launching rockets, which requires massive amounts of energy. 5 1 due 3 view 5 feature There doesn’t seem, at first sight, to be any real reason for doing 2 running 4 stretch this when we could put both money and fuel to better use. On balance, though, I think we are right to go ahead with space 6 1 outlive 6 columnists exploration if it is just that: investigation of our galaxy to see if 2 underestimated 7 independence there is , or was, life on other planets or to further scientific research 3 readership 8 censorship into the nature of the universe. I don’t feel that we can be certain 4 subscriptions 9 extremist that if space exploration were discontinued then the money would 5 coverage 10 criticism automatically be put into poverty relief or research. However, what I do feel is wrong is to explore space in order to find ways to exploit 7 1 D 3 A 5 B 7 B it for own ends; using up the natural resources of other planets, for 2 C 4 D 6 A example, when we run out of our own. That having almost destroyed our own planet, we would try to do the same to others, 8 1 less scenic 6 stone farmhouses seems to me indefensible. 2 public pathway 7 pencil drawings 3 challenge 8 indispensable Student A 4 sustained beauty 9 near sea level 5 shrouded in fog But I think that that is exactly what will happen. Whatever scientists may think, the governments which sponsor space 9 Suggested Answer Key exploration are really only looking for ways of increasing their own countries’ wealth and power. Student A Tourism is something that most countries are trying to build up, and generally speaking, it does benefit the countries concerned. One only has to look at the revenue derived from tourism to see 57 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 4 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 58 Unit 5 Students A & B 10 Suggested Answer Key 1 A: I don’t think that anything can really replace actually In the last few years a new phenomenon has hit our TV going to a place. I mean, you can look at pictures and screens: the reality show. What is characteristic of these shows is read the most amazing descriptions of places and hear that they involve no celebrities, the participants are ordinary about how other people felt when they went there, but people who are filmed while in a particular situation. nothing really beats going to a place yourself and Big Brother is probably the most well-known of all these experiencing it at first hand. shows. About eight people are selected by the TV company to live B: Yes, but to be honest, unless you’re a professional traveller together for eight weeks in a house, completely cut off from the you can’t go everywhere can you? You don’t have either outside world. They are not allowed to make contact with anyone the money or the time, so to a certain extent things like outside. Every part of the house has a camera in it so there is no travel films or books do satisfy you, especially if you know escape from surveillance and no privacy at all. At the end of each that it’s a place you are never likely to get to. week viewers vote on who will stay in the house and who will leave, A: Mmm, I suppose so ... so every week the number of people taking part is reduced by one, until only one person is left. This person is the winner by popular 2 A: Well, if you have a job where you have to travel a lot, you acclaim and receives a large cash prize. won’t be able to see much of your family and will miss out This is Big Brother, which is extremely popular and on a lot of family occasions. It’s probably quite difficult to consequently also influences peoples’ attitudes. The problem is: keep up with friends too, if you’re always travelling. why is it influential? Most people’s daily lives are extremely tedious B: On the other hand, you see a variety of different places and consist of a series of routine tasks and actions and Big Brother and meet people from different cultures and backgrounds. is no exception to this rule. It is very boring. Nothing happens. And if you’re a single person, without family ties, it must However, it is watched by millions of people; little by little the be rather exciting. After all sitting in an office all day with viewers become involved in the lives of the participants, perhaps the same people is neither interesting nor very because they feel as if they are watching themselves on TV. Those stimulating and travel can inject a bit of variety into life. who take part, of course, want to win, so they have a vested A: In the beginning ,yes, but after a while I should think it interest in amusing the audience and they try to behave in such a becomes equally as monotonous as sitting at a desk all way as to make sure that they can stay in the programme. A day. Too much of a good thing, really. further result of offering prize money, of course, is that many people want to go on the show as a way of obtaining a great deal 3 A: Well, I’m not a great one for preparing for foreign trips. I of money without having to do very much for it. like them to be spontaneous. I mean, I know where I want Consequently, the participants try to make events less ordinary to go and what I want to see, more or less, but I like to in order to keep people watching while the viewers think that what form my own impressions and not be influenced by what they are seeing is how everybody behaves. Which is what in the other people have said. And I like to be surprised. It adds end, everybody will be doing. We will all be participants in Big to the adventure when you find something unexpected. Brother. It’s probably recorded in a million guidebooks, but for you it’s new and it’s your discovery. B: I’m just the opposite, I’m afraid. I feel that if you’re going to go somewhere then you should try to make the most of Unit 5 – The Science of Life! the experience, so you should find out something about the place and its background. Delve into the history a bit and read up on the local places of interest you want to see. Objectives It makes visiting them much more interesting if you can associate them with what was going on at a particular Vocabulary: medicine; science and health point in time. Reading: multiple choice; speculating; gap-filling; reading A: Hmm. I’m yet to be convinced! for detail Listening: multiple choice; gap-filling; listening for 4 A: It entirely depends on you, your particular tastes and your specific information and tone pocket. There’s no objective way of judging one as better Speaking: comparing; evaluating; suggesting alternatives; or worse than the other. Personally, I’ve experienced both, making, arranging and cancelling appointments and I tend to prefer travelling alone, but that’s only Grammar: reported speech because I don’t like the inevitable regimentation and lack Phrasal verbs: hold; keep of autonomy involved in travelling in a group, which in Writing: a report many ways is much easier because everything is taken care of for you. B: Yes, tickets, hotel reservations, what you see and what you Ask Ss to list the most recent medical breakthrough(s) or don’t. It’s very relaxing because you don’t have any issues they know of and elicit any relevant background responsibility for anything . Should something go wrong, information. someone else will have to take the blame, not you. Travelling independently can be much more stressful, but 1 a. Help Ss to match the items in the two columns. Elicit/ at the same time is often more fun. There’s a sense of Explain any unknown vocabulary. adventure that you don’t get in a group, and this is Answer Key exhilarating, although you can run into difficulties in a 1 f 3 d 5 a foreign country where you don’t know the language. ... 2 e 4 b 6 c A: But that’s all part of the experience, isn’t it? 58 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 59 Unit 5 b. Check that Ss understand the task and elicit/explain they agree with, and why. Encourage (a brief) class any unknown vocabulary. discussion. Answer Key Suggested Answer Key Picture B → Ophthalmology ñ The first quotation is against animal testing. It implies that The principles of vision correction were discovered by Vincent although animals don't think logically, or speak, they still Lance in 1898. Nowadays, with laser surgery, 92% of all eye suffer. diseases are curable. ñ The second quotation is for animal testing. It implies that if we didn't use animals for research purposes, then there would be Picture C → Radiology no cure for the diseases which are the real killers. Computerised Axial Tomography was engineered by Godfrey Hounsfield in 1972. Nowadays, complete 3D imaging of the ñ Suggested Answer Key human body is possible. I agree with the first quotation because we know that animals Picture D → Genetics feel pain just as humans do, even though they can't express it. I Genetics was first researched in 1953 by Watson and Crick, don't agree with the second quote because it's not true that who won a Nobel Prize in 1962. Nowadays, a complete map of there are no other ways to test drugs since this can be done human DNA is possible. with, for instance, computer simulations. 2 Allow Ss time to complete the task using dictionaries, 5 Present the rubric and, if necessary, explain what a then elicit answers from individual Ss based on the stethoscope is. Refer Ss to the questions and elicit/ model. explain any unknown vocabulary. Ask Ss to discuss the Answer Key questions in pairs, then elicit suitable answers from each ñ The sole is the under part of the foot. pair. ñ The retina is the area at the back of the eye. Suggested Answer Key ñ The Adam’s apple is the lump that sticks out at the front of a 1 I think the title, A Symbol of Medicine, A Triumph of Simplicity man’s neck. refers to the stethoscope, firstly because it is always identified ñ The sternum is the central bone that connects the ribs. with doctors, who are often portrayed with a stethoscope ñ The abdomen is the lower part of the stomach. around their necks and it thus identifies their profession, and ñ The shoulder blade is one of the two large triangular bones in secondly, because the way in which the stethoscope works is the upper part of the back, below the shoulders. not complicated. ñ The calf is the thick part of the back of the leg, between ankle 2 ñ I think it probably comes from the biography of the person and knee. who invented the stethoscope. ñ The cheekbone is the bone in the face below the eye. ñ (Para 4) Tightly rolling up the passages of his notebook, ñ The tonsils are the two small soft lumps in the throat, at the he placed one end of the makeshift cylinder on his back of the mouth. patient’s chest and put the other to his ear: the heart ñ The knuckles are the joints in the fingers. sounds could be heard more distinctly. ñ The ribcage is the structure of ribs in the chest. 3 simple – in its application/ construction ñ The palms are the inside parts of the hand. fully-fledged symbol of medicine – completely represents the medical profession in people’s minds 3 a. Allow Ss time to read and speculate on the likelihood stiff unwieldy tube – the original form it took of statements 1-6, then elicit answers from as many precision-engineered instrument – the modern stethoscope Ss as possible. Students’ own answers 6 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in the questions – but not in the text itself – then allow Ss b. Play the cassette. Ss listen and check/compare their 10-15 minutes to read the text and answer the answers to the speaker’s. questions. Check Ss’ answers, then elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary in the text which Ss still do Answer Key not understand. 1 in about 20 years Answer Key 2 within the next 30 years 3 in about 100 years 1 A 3 A 5 A 7 D 4 By the end of the decade 2 B 4 C 6 B 5 in half a century/50 years 6 within the next 5 years 7 Answer Key 1 It describes the passing of an infectious disease from patient to c. Elicit/Explain any unknown vocabulary in the doctor. statements, then play the cassette. Play the cassette 2 It was a flexible, big and awkward to carry and use. a second time, if necessary and allow Ss to complete 3 He means it just followed the trends toward innovation of the the task, then check Ss’ answers. times. Answer Key 8 a. Answer Key 1 T 2 T 3 F 4 F fully-fledged – complete, or fully developed 4 Elicit the implication(s) made in each quotation and help dissection – (in medicine) cutting up/open a body for Ss relate these to statements made by the doctor in Ex. 3c. examination Then, invite individual Ss to say which of the statements proponent – person who supports a theory or method 59 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 60 Unit 5 principle – theory or philosophy Answer Key makeshift – used temporarily until something more 1 ache 9 concussion appropriate can be found 2 cramp 10 deficiency scourges – causes of trouble and suffering 3 irritation 11 infection ravaged – damaged, almost completely destroyed 4 clot 12 wound, inflammation solidified – changed from soft or liquid form to solid mass 5 sprain 13 discomfort egophony – describes a specific sound emanating from the 6 injury 14 disorder lungs (specialised medical term) 7 exhaustion 15 condition unwieldy – big and awkward 8 fractured 16 predisposition correlating – working out the connection between probing – examining with the hands 11 Allow Ss tiime to complete the task, then check Ss’ abdomen – the lower part of the stomach answers. wave – an increase in a particular activity or type of behaviour Answer Key b. Answer Key 1 prevent – because the others describe ways dealing with an illness or injury once it has occurred. 1 imprudent – incautious/irresponsible 2 toe – because the others are all parts of the hand 2 inevitably – unavoidably 3 faint – because the others describe various ways of breathing 3 distinctly – clearly/precisely 4 eyelash – because the others are internal 4 modestly – slightly/in a small way 5 stretcher – because the others are rooms 5 pursue – seek/work towards 6 powder – because the others are types of container 6 emitted – made by/issuing from (the chest) 7 elbow – because the others are parts of the leg 7 impact – effect/result 8 orderly – because the others are types of doctors 8 correlating – working out the connection between 9 tests – assessments/(procedures) 12 Help Ss to match the parts of each collocation, and elicit/explain the meaning of each term. Allow Ss time to c. Suggested Answer Key make sentences in pairs using the collocations, then Medical terms from Latin or Greek used in the passage: check as many answers as possible. stethoscope pneumonia Answer Key diagnose/diagnostic egophony lab tests respiratory infection symptoms diaphragm medical history vitamin intake anatomical mitral valve passive smoking strenuous activity thoracic prolapse allergic reaction organs abdomen tuberculosis echocardiography Suggested Answer Key autopsy ñ The patient’s medical history showed he was prone to nervous disorders 9 Present the rubric and elicit answers from individual Ss. ñ There are a number of non-smokers who have died from Suggested Answer Key passive smoking. ñ I think that it's possible for one person to have a brilliant idea ñ Being stung by a bee or wasp is not serious unless you have an or make a discovery on his or her own, however, I think in order allergic reaction. to develop their idea or invention they most certainly need the ñ The patient was prescribed antibiotics for a respiratory input of others and particularly financial support. infection. ñ Isaac Newton first thought of his system of gravity in 1665 ñ You can easily increase your vitamin intake by eating more when sitting alone in an orchard. As the ripe apples dropped fruit and vegetables. from the tree, it dawned on him that objects have a tendency ñ After a heart by-pass operation, patients should not undertake to fall down towards the earth. However, when he attempted any strenuous activity without consulting their doctor. to demonstrate his theory to other scientists, they ridiculed him and he was forced to continue his work alone. His ideas 13 Help Ss to match the parts of each collocation, and were published in 1684. elicit/explain the meaning of each term. Allow Ss time to ñ Interested by A.H. Becquerel’s discovery of radioactivity, Pierre work in pairs to make sentences using the collocations, Curie and his wife, Marie, worked together and discovered the then check as many answers as possible. elements polonium and radium, for which they shared the Answer Key 1903 Nobel Prize for physics with A.-H. Becquerel. Marie Curie 1 fatal, contagious disease received another Nobel Prize (for chemistry) in 1911 for her 2 congenital, chronic condition isolation of radium. She also studied radioactive decay and 3 serious, slight dizziness the applications of radioactivity to medicine, pioneered 4 holistic, conventional medicine mobile X-ray units, and headed the French Radiological 5 speedy, miraculous recovery Service during World War I. 6 multiple, internal injuries 7 superficial, flesh wound 10 Confirm that Ss understand the items in the list by 8 emergency, on-going treatment asking them to explain/translate etc. Allow Ss a few minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers, and elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. 60 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 61 Unit 5 Suggested Answer Key answers and elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary 2 Genetic testing can help prevent children being born with which Ss still do not understand. congenital conditions, such as cystic fibrosis. Answer Key 3 Recurring bouts of slight dizziness can be a symptom of low 1 of, to 5 in, between/of 9 to, to blood pressure. 2 for, about 6 to, in 10 in, of 4 Doctors are beginning to recognise the benefits of the all- 3 with, for 7 to, in round approach of holistic medicine. 4 from, of 8 in, with 5 Despite the severity of his injuries, he made a speedy/ miraculous recovery. 1 the amount – the quantity 6 He suffered from multiple/internal injuries as a result of the amounts to – equals (noun and verb have different high-speed car collision. prepositions) 7 Luckily the bullet did not pass through his body; he only 2 caring for – looking after sustained a flesh wound. care about – be concerned 8 Intensive physiotherapy is part of his on-going treatment. 3 charged with – responsible for charged for – asked to pay 14 a. Check that Ss understand the rubric, then allow 4 benefit from – be helped by something them a few minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ the benefit of – the help (noun and verb have different answers and elicit/explain the meaning of any prepositions) vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. 5 choice in – possibility to choose Answer Key choice of/between – options to choose from 1 stabbing, piercing 4 niggling, recurring 6 deaf to – ignoring sth 2 holistic, alternative 5 mild, slight deaf – not having the ability to hear. 3 undergo, have 6 allergic, adverse 7 declined to do sth – refused a decline in – a decrease b. Suggested Answer Key 8 in, with – the meaning is the same. Have difficulty in is followed by a gerund, have difficulty with is usually followed 2 The doctor will give you something for the pain if you ask by a noun him. 9 commit himself to – express certainty on a matter There will be some tenderness around the wound for a committed to – officially sent to an institution, e.g. a hospital time after the operation. or prison 3 I often feel dizzy if I stand up too quickly because I have 10 feature in – to appear in a publication or production low blood pressure. a feature of – an important part (noun and verb have different The extreme heat and the fact she hadn't eaten all day prepositions) made her feel faint. 4 After shouting for over an hour at the football match, his 16 Allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers and voice was hoarse. elicit/explain the idioms in bold. Elicit/Explain the meaning If you've got a temperature and a sore throat you've of any vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. probably got the ’flu. 5 The type of nausea that pregnant women suffer from is Answer Key often referred to as morning sickness. 1 foot to get one’s foot in the door: to secure a place in a Certain people cannot stand heights because they suffer group or with a person from vertigo. 2 heart to take sth to heart: to be greatly upset or affected 6 The doctor examined the patient thoroughly before by sth. making his diagnosis. 3 foot to put one’s foot down: to insist on or be firm The prescription stated that the medicine must be taken with/in sth after food. 4 eyes to have eyes in the back of one’s head: to be very 7 The doctor arranged a consultation with a skin specialist alert and watchful to determine the cause of his allergy. 5 eyes to only have eyes for each other: to be attracted Blood tests and x-rays are part of the routine medical to or interested in one person examination. 6 feet to be rushed off one’s feet: to be extremely busy or 8 He managed to finish the race but collapsed afterwards overworked from exhaustion. 7 hand hand over fist: getting a lot of sth (usually money) People with a heart condition should avoid any quickly unnecessary physical exertion. 8 knees to bring sb or sth to its knees: to almost ruin sb or sth 9 A midwife is qualified to deliver babies if no doctor is 9 heels to take to one’s heels: to disappear quickly by available. running off The matron made sure that all the nurses working in the 10 leg not to have a leg to stand on: not to have any hospital performed their duties according to her strict defence standards. 11 hand to keep one’s hand in: to keep in practice so as to 10 He's been advised to take a month off to recuperate after remain good at sth the operation. 12 hands to win sth hands down: to win easily It appears that the patient's condition is not improving. 13 stomach a strong stomach: to be able to bear sth, not necessarily food 15 Refer Ss to the Appendix, if necessary, and allow them 14 head to fall head over heels in love: to suddenly be two or three minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ completely in love with sb 61 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 62 Unit 5 17 Allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers A: I’m afraid we’re booked solid after two o’ clock. The and elicit/explain the meaing of the phrasal verbs in bold. earliest I can fit you in is tomorrow at 11.30. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any vocabulary which Ss still B: Ok, no problem. Tomorrow 11.30. Thanks very much. do not understand. A: Goodbye. Answer Key A: Hello? 1 keep down – control at a low level B: Hello, Professor Lewis. It’s Robert Davis here. I had asked to 2 hold back – to stop sth. from happening see you today about my assignment . 3 hold with – to subscribe to/agree with A: Yes, hello Robert, how can I help you? 4 hold down – to retain/keep B: Something’s come up at home and I can’t make it. Have 5 held up – to delay you got any time tomorrow? 6 holding out – to insist on A: Just hang on a moment. 7 keeps on at – to nag B: Certainly. 8 keep to – to follow A: Let me see ... No, I’m afraid not. How does Monday next 9 keep on – to continue to employ week at 10.30 suit you? 10 kept up – to sustain/maintain B: That’s fine. A: Ok then, Robert. Thanks for letting me know. 18 Allow Ss time to complete the task, then check Ss’ B: Thanks, Professor Lewis. Bye. answers. Answer Key A: Barlow’s Bank. 1 e 2 a 3 c 4 b 5 d B: Hello, my name is Jessica Royden. A: Yes, how may I help? Elicit/Explain the meaning of each sentence and any B: I’d like to make an appointment to see the manager about unfamiliar vocabulary. a loan. Has he got any time today? A: Just a moment. Let me check for you ... 19 a. Present the rubric, then play the cassette and allow B: Yes, of course. Ss time to complete the task. Play the cassette a A: Not today, I’m afraid. The earliest he can fit you in is on second time, if necessary, then check Ss’ answers. Friday at 9. Answer Key B: That’s fine. Friday at 9. Thank you. A: Goodbye. 1 suit you 6 fit you in 2 come up 7 booked solid 3 make it 8 make an appointment 20 a. Present the rubric and elicit/explain any unknown 4 shame 9 have an appointment vocabulary. 5 letting me know 10 move the appointment Suggested Answer Key witch doctor – psychic surgery might be compared to trying to b. Allow Ss time to complete the task, then check Ss’ cure people by using tricks and spells answers. Elicit/Explain the meaning of the phrases in exposed - the practice could be revealed or exposed as bold. fraudulent Answer Key sentenced - the person who was deceiving people like this 1 make an appointment 6 move the appointment could be sentenced to a term in prison 2 fit you in 7 suit you psychosomatic illnesses – this form of treatment might be 3 booked solid 8 I can’t make it considered appropriate in the case of psychosomatic 4 have an appointment 9 That’s a shame conditions 5 something’s come up 10 letting me know the myth still persists – it might tell us why belief in this kind of treatment continues squeeze me in – find some free time between other people/ activities to see me b. Allow Ss a minute or two to read the sentences, then there’s a slot – there’s a free space in the programme invite brief discussion of approximately what Ss expect the missing words/phrases to be. Play the c. Check that Ss understand the task by referring them cassette twice. Ss listen and complete the task. to the model. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any Check Ss’ answers. unfamiliar vocabulary and allow Ss time to practise Answer Key dialogues based on the two hypothetical situations. 1 ancient or prehistoric times Monitor results. 2 peace of mind Suggested Answer Key 3 don’t charge A: Lara’s Salon, how may I help you? 4 practice of medicine B: Hello, my name’s Louise Simpson and I’ve got an 5 blood appointment for this morning. 6 agencies A: Yes, hello Louise, how can I help you? 7 Psychosomatic illnesses B: Well, there’s been a mix-up at work. Can we move the 8 no underlying cause appointment to sometime this afternoon? 9 propagated A: Could you hold on a moment while I check? B: Yes, of course. 62 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 63 Unit 5 c. Suggested Answer Key progress involved here is bad in itself, but that there is very little A: I wouldn’t dispute the truth of the first statement. control. We need to go on finding out new things, but to take However, pain is pain, regardless of what causes it, and things more slowly and to think about the consequences the relief of pain, however this is accomplished, is surely before rushing ahead. what is important. For this reason, the second statement is probably closest to my opinion. 23 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar B: Statement 2 advocates fraud! Why should unqualified vocabulary in the questions, then play the cassette tricksters profit by the gullibility of people who, were they twice. Ss listen and answer the questions. Check Ss’ better informed, could seek the help of legally qualified answers. doctors in combating their illnesses, whether physiological Answer Key or psychosomatic in origin? 1 A 2 A A: But psychosomatic illnesses, by their very nature, may not respond to orthodox treatments. Should a person be b. Suggested Answer Key expected to suffer pain or distress indefinitely when their When learning, ‘hands-on’ learning, or practical experience is faith in an alternative treatment, alone, may bring about as important a part of the learning process as is the theoretical a cure? aspect. It provides people with the chance to practise what B: Of course not. Nevertheless, consider those in the legal they have learnt and makes learning both more memorable medical professions. It must be extremely frustrating to and more interesting. know that these so-called ‘miracle workers’ are reaping a tidy profit without having undertaken so much as a day of 24 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar real medical training. I have to agree with the first vocabulary in the questions, then play the cassette statement. twice. Ss listen and answer the questions. Check Ss’ answers. 21 a. Present the task and elicit suggestions. Answer Key Suggested Answer Key 1 A 2 C General practitioner, dentist, physiotherapist, surgeon, cardiologist, radiologist, pediatrician, chiropodist, b. Suggested Answer Key psychologist, psychiatrist, matron, staff nurse, care worker, I believe that parents should be involved in the educational midwife, heart specialist, optician, acupuncturist, process since their children are a part of this process. aromatherapist, chiropractor, dietician, herbalist, homeopath, Obviously, they should not be involved to the extent that they hypnotherapist, chemotherapist, iridologist, physiotherapist, try to dictate to the teacher how and what to teach, but they paramedic, ambulance driver, occupational therapist. can make sure that the child is learning and not being disruptive in the class, and they can work with the teacher if b. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar any problems should arise. vocabulary in the questions, then play the cassette twice. Ss listen and answer the questions. Check Ss’ 25 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar answers. vocabulary in the questions, then play the cassette Answer Key twice. Ss listen and answer the questions. Check Ss’ 1 A 2 C 3 B 4 A 5 D answers. Answer Key c. Suggested Answer Key 1 B 2 C Personally I feel that a career in the healthcare industry would be highly rewarding. Whether as a surgeon, a nurse or a b. Suggested Answer Key paramedic, I would feel that I was truly helping my fellow man I associate healthy eating with eating a lot of fresh food - fresh when they need it most. In the healthcare industry you aid sick fruit and salads and trying to avoid things like too much meat or injured people in overcoming physical problems as well as and fried food. I try to eat healthily, but I have to admit that I giving them the strength to maintain a healthy mental don’t always manage it. If you are constantly rushing, as most outlook. people are today, then it’s much easier to buy a sandwich or a hamburger when you’re hungry, than either to wait until you 22 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar get home or to eat a proper meal in a restaurant. vocabulary in the questions, then play the cassette twice. Ss listen and answer the questions. Check Ss’ 26 a. Brainstorm on the four pictures with the whole class answers. to generate vocabulary and ideas. Refer Ss to rubric Answer Key for task. Remind Ss that they will be expected to talk 1 C 2 C for about a minute in this stage. Put Ss in groups of four. Pair A does the task while pair B assesses them b. Suggested Answer Key using the Peer Assessment Checklist. Ss discuss the I believe that, generally speaking, knowledge is a good thing results in groups. Monitor or, alternatively, elicit and that people should be constantly trying to learn new comments on pair performance from whole class. things. However when it comes to tampering with nature I Optional extra: Pair B does task while Pair A think we have already seen the damage that scientific assesses, or one pair is asked to perform in front of progress has done us, with increased levels of pollution, and the class while the class assesses their performance. If food which may be dangerous to eat. It is not that the type of the latter option is chosen, be careful to select very confident students to perform. 63 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 64 Unit 5 Suggested Answer Key b. Ss should skim each passage for gist in order to Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 5, Ex. 26 Sample Interview on assess the accuracy of their predictions. Check p. 157 results. Students’ own answers b. Refer Ss to rubric and remind them that they will be expected to talk for about two minutes in this stage (3 28 Check that Ss understand the rubric and allow them minutes including task c). Ss work in pairs to complete time to complete the tasks. Check Ss’ answers. task. T monitors and helps. (2nd passage: dandelion and burdock are wild plants used to Optional extra: two students can be asked to perform make a soft drink popular with children. the discussion for the class. Lemon barley water and ginger beer are also non-alcoholic Suggested Answer Key drinks.) Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 5, Ex. 26 Sample Interview Answer Key on p. 157 1 A 5 A 9 B 13 C 17 C c. Refer Ss to rubric. Brainstorm quickly with whole class. 2 A 6 D 10 A 14 A 18 C Remind Ss that they should aim to speak for 3 C 7 B 11 B 15 A approximately one minute. Ss work in pairs to complete 4 C 8 C 12 B 16 B task. Monitor and help Ss, then elicit from the class some of the suggestions that they discussed. 29. Suggested Answer Key Suggested Answer Key 1 There was not a single mark on the animal’s body to suggest that it had been mistreated. Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 5, Ex. 26 Sample Interview 2 Enrolments for the new course have surpassed expectations. on p. 157 3 Business profits have dropped recently. d. Explain/Elicit the meaning s of the terms used for 4 It’s advisable to carry an antidote to snake bites with you if you assessment. Explain that one of the Ss on the cassette are going to spend time walking in the country. will perform badly in some of the areas listed. Play 5 By commencing a course of vigorous physical activity before cassette, Ss complete task. Encourage class discussion first warming up, you risk straining a muscle. on performances. 6 The final cost of the equipment includes the cost of the labour for installing it. Answer Key Claire’s points and clear and well-expressed. She has a good 30 a. Check that Ss understand the rubric. Elicit/Explain the range of vocabulary and she uses structures accurately (e.g. if meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in the statements it were to be, the ones whose health etc). On the other hand, and allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ Michel has a good range of vocabulary and contributes answers. enough to the interaction, but makes frequent grammatical Answer Key errors, both in basic and more complex structures (e.g. I had seen, too effectively, for whose, it would have had, rather her 1 extract 3 ‘Yet none of these are natural ...’ etc). While this doesn’t affect his ability to communicate, 2 extract 2 ‘... but they can be very powerful, so ...’ inaccurate speech would be penalised. 3 extract 1 ‘not much had changed’, ‘This was more than Weak point: grammatical accuracy could be said for ...’, ‘... a rudimentary electronic patient record ...’ Sample Interview: For this unit the sample interview 4 extract 2 ‘... for both culinary and therapeutic uses ’, contains a recorded model interview for Part 2 for the ‘... brewed for their health benefits’, ‘The closer speaking test, 26a, 26b and 26c (26b and c are the product is to the natural plant ...’ integrated together as they would be in the CPE interview). 5 extract 1 ‘On my recent visit to this hospital ...’, ‘Not This can be played to the class as a whole interview much had changed.’, ‘This was more than section after the speaking practice. Alternatively, the could be said for ...’ first stage can be played immediately after Ss have 6 extract 1 ‘... admission, ordering drugs ...’, ‘recording practiced 26a and stage 2 after 26c. some tests on a patient’s database’, ‘Although I Initiate class discussion on how Ss’ own performance did have suspicions that there was a can be improved. rudimentary electronic patient record somewhere ...’ 27 a. Ask Ss to work in pairs or small groups and predict 7 extract 2 ‘Children’s favourites, such as ...’ the content of each passage from the titles and 8 extract 2 ‘Herbs offer cheap and readily available ...’, photographs. ‘... organic fresh teas or tinctures from a health Suggested Answer Key food shop are better than ...’ Judging from the title and the photograph, the first extract or extract 3 ‘Exercise is a vital part of any ‘new you’ must be about an ordinary hospital, rather than a modern programme.’ clinic, and the way it works. The second extract has a 9 extract 1 (whole extract) photograph with it of what looks like garlic, ginger and other herbs and supplements that many people think are necessary b. Answer Key in our diet to keep us healthy. The title talks about plants 1 The writer is not sure if this is true. helping us, so it probably has something to do with eating 2 The writer implies that the hospital employees consider healthily. The last extract, judging from the photograph and that having a system of folders is something that deserves the title, is about taking exercise and probably talks about its praise or celebration and that they are still totally health benefits. unaware of the benefits of modern technology. 64 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 65 Unit 5 3 The implication is that it is absolutely impossible to do 34 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unknown vocabulary and without exercise if you want to successfully transform allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers by yourself into a fit and healthy individual. asking individual Ss to read a sentence of the revised passage. 31 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary and Answer Key allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. "I was passing the park entrance when I heard pleas for help. I Answer Key looked around for a police officer but when I realised that there 1 Martha accused Johnny of stealing her pen and explained wasn’t one in the immediate vicinity I took it upon myself to that she had seen him do it. investigate. The first thing I noticed on entering through the gate 2 Bill promised his mother that he would clean his room as soon was a large black shadow crouching over a prone figure that was as he got back from the concert. on the ground. On getting closer, I realised that a woman was 3 The spy revealed that the agent would be boarding a plane for being threatened by a large mongrel dog. I’m petrified of dogs and New York at five that afternoon. I couldn’t move for a moment. Then I acted on instinct and picked 4 His mother warned him/explained that if he didn’t wear his up the largest thing to hand, which turned out to be a fallen jacket, he would catch a cold and he would have to go to the branch. By the time I reached the woman, however, the dog had doctor. turned tail and disappeared into the undergrowth." 5 The weatherman forecast scattered showers on Sunday with temperatures reaching the mid 20s. 35 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unknown vocabulary and 6 The woman warned him that if he was not there at six sharp, allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. he would be dining alone. Answer Key 7 The nurse advised me to clean the wound thoroughly, to apply 1 still 6 this 11 only a salve and then to cover it with a sterilised bandage. 2 in 7 for 12 this 8 The headmistress forbade students to leave their rooms after 3 first 8 also/do 13 by lights out. 4 around 9 in 14 from 9 The accused denied being/having been anywhere near the 5 them 10 of 15 thus bank on the night of the robbery. 10 The woman informed the officer that the other driver had 36 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unknown vocabulary and been in the wrong lane, while she had been on her side of the allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. road. 11 The boy apologised for being late and explained that he had Answer Key got there as fast as he could. 1 relationships 6 ensure 12 The ranger warned them/emphasised that the currents in 2 decisions 7 establishment that part of the river were treacherous. 3 development 8 disquieting 4 respectful 9 underestimated 32 Answer Key 5 statisticians 10 alliance 1 enquired how long I had been experiencing 2 not to touch the instruments because they had 37 Encourage Ss to first attempt the task without the aid of a 3 said that I ought to cut down on/advised me to cut down on dictionary, then check their answers. If necessary, allow Ss 4 be a good idea if I gave up to use dictionaries to complete the table and identify the 5 assured the girl that it wouldn’t meaning of any unknown words. 6 cried out in 7 reminded the doctor that he had Person Noun Abstract Noun Verb Adjective 8 urged him to give serious consideration to/seriously consider ____ dissection dissect dissecting/ 9 insisted on my keeping dissected 10 informed him that it would soon be time surgeon surgery ____ surgical consultant consultation consult consultative/ 33 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary and consulting allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. specialist specialisation specialise special (The Chancellor [of the Exchequer] is the title of the British Minister practitioner practice practise practising/ of Finance.) practical Answer Key ____ screening screen screening A “I do not wish to comment at the moment but I promise to inform the press of any new developments.” 38 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unknown vocabulary and B “The truck driver was driving erratically for some time before allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. the accident.” Answer Key C “If the currency is devalued further, there will be an explosion in 1 addressed 3 figures 5 lay inflation.” 2 case 4 high 6 mean D “I have not embezzled company funds.” E “I doubt whether the defendant’s claims are true." 39 Check that Ss understand the strategy point (Identifying F "Is it possible that there will be/ Might there be further staff lay- arguments). Allow Ss time to complete the task. Elicit/ offs in the next few months?" Explain the meaning of any unknown words, or phrases they do not understand, then check Ss’ answers. 65 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 66 Unit 5 Answer Key Gaps in the model: 1 ‘People ... twice.’ (argument) 1 focuses on 5 in addition to Paraphrase: Taxes cover the cost of health care so any other 2 takes into account 6 take advantage of payment means people are paying for the same service again, 3 the vast majority 7 account for which is unacceptable. 4 take part in 8 on the whole 2 ‘With no ... individual.’ (argument) Paraphrase: There is no sound evidence to prove that using b. Elicit from Ss the changes that could be made. alternative medicines is a sensible medical choice. Answer Key 3 ‘In making ... herself.’ (argument) Plan A has been used. All the information form the rubric has Paraphrase: Cutting physical education classes will deprive been included. The report could have been written using Plan children of exercise and the chance to build their characters. B. 4 However, their decision ... months.’ (argument) Paraphrase: The increase in the game allowance is necessary 42 Allow Ss time to complete the task. Elicit/Explain the as there are too many deer and too little food for them. meaning of any unfamiliar words or phrases. Check Ss’ 5 ‘ Because ... construction of the dam.’ (argument) answers. Paraphrase: The building of a new dam will cost residents their livelihood as well as obliterating a large recreational Answer Key area. 2 With the exception of a small minority, all of the students are 6 ‘They should be ... premises.’ (argument) aware of the risks. Paraphrase: High street shop owners ought to be given shops 3 The needs of the handicapped are adequately catered for. in the new shopping center at low rentals and be refunded the 4 Needless to say, qualified medical staff tend to be discouraged cost of this move. by poor salaries. 5 In the light of the change in the law, our policy on this needs to 40 Refer Ss to the guidelines (Writing a Report) and, if be revised. necessary, demonstrate a basic structure using the whiteboard. 43 Check that Ss read and understand the points given. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unknown vocabulary in Students’ own answers the rubric and allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. Encourage Ss to think about the health care facilities in their Answer Key area and to write as many sentences as possible in order to a The writer’s role is as a member of the college welfare practise the vocabulary given. organisation. Suggested Answer Key b The target reader is the chief welfare officer. The writing needs Hospitals to be semi-formal because the informatin is important but the The vast majority of the hospital buildings are dilapidated and in situation is such that the target reader is probably a fellow need of repair. student. c The purpose of the report is to describe the most popular ways Medical staff that your fellow students use to keep fit. A recent survey revealed that over a third of the qualified doctors in d Other information to be included: the area consider the conditions in the hospital to be unsatisfactory. – whether these activities make use of the facilities on campus Public feeling – whether they take place outside the college Over half of the local residents who took part in the recent poll said – your thoughts on whether the college facilities are adequate that health care in the region is seriously under-funded and badly e Suggested answers in need of reform. ñ College facilities could be used for team sports, aerobics and gym classes. 44 a. Treat as a controlled class activity and brainstorm to ñ Students could use the facilities in the town or city where elicit additional vocabulary for each section. the college is located. Answer Key ñ The facilities on campus are perfectly/not at all/barely/ reasonably suited to students’ needs. Funding – loan, repay, cover the costs, budget, sponsor, profit f Encourage Ss to identify the links between the section Classes – punctuality, every Tuesday, fully trained instructors, headings in these two plans and the instructions given aerobics, less theory, for beginners in the rubric. Point out that in plan A, the suitability of Recommendations – loan, repay, fully trained instructors, the college facilities should be covered in the main body a greater choice of subjects, better prepared, advertising paragraphs and/or in the conclusion. Organisation –punctuality, more varied activities, flexible timetable, advertising Students’ own answers b. Encourage Ss to think about the brainstorming and 41 a. Answer Key structuring techniques covered previously in the 2 advantage 6 addition writing section. Allow pairs of Ss time to discuss the 3 into 7 for task, then use the whiteboard to record feedback. 4 on 8 whole Answer Key 5 vast 1 Sections could include: Funding, Organisation, Recommendations Additional sections: Sales, Staff 66 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 5 29/01/2011 2:07 ΜΜ Page 67 Unit 5 2 Sections could include: Classes, Recommendations 47 Present, and check that Ss understand, the notes given Additional sections: Gymnasium, Opening Hours, (Tenses). Swimming Pool Answer Key 3 Sections could include: Classes, Organisation, 1 is, held Recommendations 2 have been printed/are being printed, have been distributed Additional sections: Subjects Covered, Standard of 3 recorded Instruction, Facilities 4 are being examined, are expected For extra practice, ask Ss to write sentences using the 5 has risen vocabulary in Ex. 44a. 48 Check that Ss read and understand the guidelines 45 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unknown vocabulary in (Assessing People and Places). the word store. Allow Ss time to complete the task, Answer Key then check Ss’ answers. 1 Pe 6 B 11 Pl 16 Pe Answer Key 2 B 7 Pl 12 B 17 Pl Physical Activity 3 Pe 8 Pl 13 B With the exception of the youngest children (4-6 years), 4 Pe 9 B 14 Pl children in Britain are largely inactive. About 40% of boys 5 B 10 B 15 Pe and 60% of girls spend, on average, less than 1 hour a day in activities of moderate intensity and therefore fail to meet the 49 Suggested Answer Key Health Education Authority’s recommendation. For boys and A accessibility, population; cost of accommodation girls in the oldest age group (15-18 years) this proportion B personality; projects presently working on; recommendation increases to 56% and 69% respectively. Unless action is taken to improve physical activity in children, obesity will continue 50 a. Suggested Answer Key to rise. 1 Role is as student president at the college. b. Answer Key 2 The college authorities. 3 Mainly present tenses. Hypothetical constructions and Diet conditionals will be needed for the recommendations. The foods which are consumed the most are white bread, 4 ñ Begin by specifying (in the top left-hand corner) who snacks and chips. On average, children eat less than half of the report is for; by whom the report was written/ the recommended portions of fruit and vegetables every day. prepared; the subject of the report; the date. The main sources of fat are cereal products such as cakes and ñ Introductory paragraph – explain the purpose of the biscuits. Children from poorer families tend to have a poorer report and prepare the reader for the information diet than children from richer households. which will be covered in the main body. 5 Section headings might include: c. The report seems to be from a study of children’s health. ñ general considerations It could contain sections on Smoking, Illness, Psychological ñ stress and anxiety Problems, etc. ñ diet and student health The report could be for the local health authority, a college Point out that in this report, since solutions need to be study etc. found for two or three problems, it is better to put the Students’ own answers solutions in the ‘problem’ paragraphs, rather than leave them to the conclusion. Encourage Ss to discuss the situation in their own 6 Health worries students might have could include: country and practise the vocabulary. ñ inadequate/underfunded/substandard student health services 46 a. Check that Ss read and understand the guidelines possible solutions: (Beginnings and Endings). College authorities should identify and upgrade those Answer Key areas within the student health care services which are A The main body will probably analyse how effective the currently deficient. campaign has been and will include sections such as, ñ pre-examination/final year stress Poster Campaign, School/College Visits, TV/Radio Publicity, possible solutions: Events Held, Results, etc. – students should have access to information which suggests ways of dealing with stress and stress- B The main body will focus on the activities, one by one. The related problems. sections will be headed according to the activities described. – college authorities should provide a counselling C The main body will contain the responses of the staff, in service which can advise and support students sections headed Clothing Guidelines, Maximum Hours of through stressful periods. Work, Machinery, etc, depending on the issues that ñ poor diet/unhealthy lifestyle students come up with after brainstorming. possible solutions: – the college should ensure that healthy, tasty and b. Techniques used: affordable meals are available, on campus, to C–1 Summarises the points in the main body. students A–2 Offers a personal opinion / summarises the points in – college authorities should provide a confidential the main body. counselling service which can offer advice and B – 3 Makes a recommendation for future action / offers a support to students personal opinion. 67 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6 29/01/2011 2:08 ΜΜ Page 68 Unit 6 7 Suggested words and phrases ‘Following a survey of ...’, ‘...students expressed particular Unit 6 – The Art of Entertainment concern (about) ...’, ‘specifically ...’, ‘Based on these findings, I would suggest ...’, ‘Overall/To conclude, this report highlights the need for/suggests that ...’ Objectives 8 End the report by summarising the main points and Vocabulary: the arts; forms of entertainment; festivals highlighting the way(s) in which college authorities could and cultural events be of most help in alleviating problems. Reading: multiple choice; reading for gist and detail Listening: multiple choice; gap-filling; listening for gist, b. Suggested Model Answer inference, detail and specific information To: Dr. Sarah Cunningham, Senior Health Advisor Speaking: evaluating; making choices and From: Trevor Foxon, Student Union President recommendations, monologue; discussing a topic Subject: Student Health Issues Grammar: gerund; infinitive Date: 9th December 2003 Phrasal verbs: look; make Writing: a review Introduction The purpose of this report is to shed light on some of the health issues which concern both students at this college and Introduce the theme of the unit by asking Ss to identify the elsewhere. It is hoped that it may be instrumental in forms of entertainment which are traditionally associated contributing to a common policy on student health concerns with certain countries, e.g. Hollywood, USA – the film at College level and National level. industry; Italy – opera; Ireland – live music and song. Ask Ss to identify which form(s) of entertainment they General Considerations would associate with their country. Which venues and As young people in general are less prone to more serious events would they recommend to a foreign visitor wishing illnesses, there is a general assumption that they are not to experience the best of these kinds of entertainment? concerned about their health. Students form a group within Why? this broader group that have specific issues and it is plain to see that it is in all of our interests to understand and empathise 1 Help Ss identify the different forms of entertainment and with the concerns they have. I therefore hope to plan a offer help with any unknown vocabulary, if necessary. Write ‘Student Health Week’ in collaboration with the local hospital categories on board. to try to make members of the local community more aware of Suggested Answer Key student health issues. A dining out B cinema, videos Stress and Anxiety C live music/bands, pop/rock concerts The most common issue of concern to students at this D theatre, drama institution is stress. It is also felt that this is the commonest E classical music, concert, symphony cause of actual ill health within the College. The effects are more far-reaching than at first one might imagine. As a first 2 Elicit/Explain any unfamiliar vocabulary in the list. Refer Ss to step towards countering the effects of stress on students, I list on the board, then allow Ss time to complete the task. have plans to pilot a ‘Stress Workshop’ during the pre- Check Ss’ answers. examination period, which is thought to be the most appropriate time for such an event. Answer Key Words associated with restaurants/dining out Diet and Student Health ñ décor refers to the objects that are used to give the restaurant Today’s students are well aware of the link between bad health its atmosphere and bad diet. The main issue with the respect to diet is that ñ diners are the people who are eating at a restaurant much of what students eat is either from a fast food restaurant ñ the head waiter is the most experienced waiter who manages or a Hall of Residence refectory and individual students have and directs the rest of the waiting staff no control over and little choice in what they eat. To try to give ñ a tip is a small amount of money which diners pay over the more control over meals back to students I have normal price of their meal as a gift to the waiters commissioned a survey to find out what the students themselves would prefer and shall then form plans based Words associated with cinema/videos around the results of the survey. ñ premiere means the first screening of a film ñ silver screen is a figurative term for the cinema screen Conclusion ñ a blockbuster is a popular film that a lot of people go to see To conclude, this report highlights the need for greater ñ the soundtrack is the music especially written for a film awareness of student’s health concerns and it is hoped that ñ the director is the person who guides the actors and the rest of the combined actions of the student health awareness week, the film crew stress workshop pilot project and opinion poll-based meal ñ performance refers to an actor’s/actress's work in the film programme will be a meaningful contribution to addressing student health issues in this college. Words associated with live music/bands, pop/rock concerts ñ the stage is where the musicians perform ñ an amplifier is a device to which musical instruments are connected in order to increase the volume ñ vocalist is another name for a singer 68 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6 29/01/2011 2:08 ΜΜ Page 69 Unit 6 ñ backing singers is a name for singers who support the lead Answer Key singer "Entertainment is ..." – woman ñ the lead singer is the main vocalist " Art for art's sake ..." – man ñ live is an adverb or an adjective used to say that the singers/band ñ - Entertainment should provide escape from reality. are actually on stage (as opposed to a recorded performance) ñ - Art must not serve a purpose. ñ the lyrics are the words to a song ñ Suggested Answer Key ñ a spotlight is a very strong light which is focused on a I definitely agree with the first quote. As far as I'm concerned, performer entertainment should do exactly that, entertain us. It should be a way of escaping the harsh realities of life and give us a Words associated with theatre, drama break from our routine. ñ the opening night is the night of the first performance ñ scenery refers to the painted background which represents I don't agree with the second quote, I don't think just anything surroundings on the stage can be called art, I also think art should serve a purpose or ñ performance send a message. ñ stage ñ spotlights 6 a. Present the rubric and allow Ss a moment to look at the review, then elicit an answer to question a. Words associated with classical music Answer Key ñ the conductor is the person who directs the orchestra ñ a choir is a group of chorus singers The title suggests the reviewer considers the film 'Citizen Kane' ñ a soloist is a musician who plays a piece of music to be an exceptional film. unaccompanied ñ an orchestra is a group of musicians who play classical music b. Check that Ss understand the meaning of the words and phrases in the list, then elicit guesses concerning 3 a. Suggested Answer Key the possible context in which they might be used in the text. (Assure Ss that the accuracy of their predictions is ñ A: If I wanted to meet people I think I would go to a party unimportant, but that the act of formulating or some sort of gathering. expectations makes their reading of the text more B: Yes, I quite agree. If I already knew someone and efficient.) wanted to get to know them better, eating out would be another option, I suppose. Suggested Answer Key ñ A: I think a quiet evening means staying at home and controversy – surrounding the content of the movie watching a video, but if I wanted to go out I think a modest budget – low production costs classical concert could be quite relaxing. brainwashed – the public/audience's response to the film B: Or one could go to the cinema and catch one of the behind-the-scene anecdotes – gossip amongst the actors early showings. during filming ñ A: If I wanted to celebrate something I think I would pick a clash of super-egos – arguments between the leading actors a nice restaurant and invite my family and my close living legend – the leading actor or director of the film friends. B: Yes. Although I did go to a rock concert on my last The words are in fact used in the passage as follows: birthday. controversy – (line 23) issues which arose as a result of the ñ A: A business partner ... I don't know, since I'm not content of the film working yet ... However, I suppose a performance at modest budget – (line 24) low production costs one of the famous theatres or a festival event would brainwashed – (line 28) the public were indoctrinated; be the safest choice. persuaded to believe that the film was bad B: Yes, that's what we always do in my company. behind-the-scene anecdotes – (line 62) incidental tales of events which occurred during the making of the film b. Suggested Answer Key a clash of super-egos – (line 73) refers to the enmity between ñ surf the internet: make new friends; have interesting the powerful personalities of Orson Welles (who produced and conversations directed Citizen Kane) and William Hearst the newspaper ñ playing squash/tennis/basketball etc: good exercise; tycoon upon whom the fictional central character, Charles keeps me fit Kane, is based). ñ watch a film/video: find it relaxing; form of escapism living legend – (line 81) as a result of the film, and the ñ nightclub: enjoy dancing; meet new people controversy it caused, Welles became a living legend 4 Check that Ss understand the vocabulary in the questions. c. Do not ask Ss to read the text yet. This exercise, again, Play the cassette twice. Ss listen and match the opinions to requires Ss to predict (not produce accurate answers), the speakers. Check Ss’ answers. therefore allow Ss about 1 minute only to answer the Answer Key True/False questions. 1 W 2 M 3 M 4 W 5 M d. Now, ask Ss to read the passage quickly to see if their guesses were correct. Get feedback from individual Ss. 5 Elicit the implication(s) made in each quotation, and help Ss to relate these to statements made by the speakers in Ex. 4. Answer Key 1 F 2 T 3 T 4 F 5 F 69 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6 29/01/2011 2:08 ΜΜ Page 70 Unit 6 7 Encourage Ss to skim the paragraphs in the passage in order controversy – debate to complete this exercise fairly quickly. refines – improves on/cultivates Answer Key emphasizes – highlights embraces – includes Paragraph 1: An acclaimed classic re-released on video multitude – abundance Paragraph 2: Background to the film and who it was based on unabashed affection – unashamed fondness Paragraph 3: The film-making techniques used titans – giants Paragraph 4: Details of what the DVD package contains surmised – presumed Paragraph 5: The documentary made about the film Paragraph 6: Reactions to the film on its release 12 Ask one or two individual Ss the question. 8 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in Suggested Answer Key the questions – but not in the text itself – then allow Ss 10 I'd have to say ‘Titanic’, and I liked everything about it. The leading minutes to read the text again and answer the questions. actors were well-matched and convincing, the special effects were Check Ss’ answers, then elicit/explain the meaning of any superb and the soundtrack was brilliant. vocabulary in the text which Ss still do not understand. (MGM and RKD are the names of film production companies.) 13 Check that Ss understand the task, then allow them a few Answer Key minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers and elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary which Ss still do 1 A 3 D 5 C 7 A not understand. 2 D 4 B 6 C Answer Key 9 Ask individual Ss to answer the questions. 1 A, D 3 B, C 5 A, D 7 B, C Answer Key 2 A, D 4 B, D 6 C, D 8 B, D 1 Hearst attempted to prevent the distribution of Citizen Kane 14 a. Ask Ss to look at the two paintings and consider the because it was based on his life story and it did not portray him ways in which the words below them relate to each in a favourable light. picture. Check that Ss understand the rubric, then allow 2 Bogdanovich looked up to and admired Welles, who had them a few minutes to complete the task. helped and advised him in the past. 3 The term 'footnote' is a publishing term which means an Suggested Answer Key afterthought. The writer uses this term because it is Picture 1: use of warm colours, gentle brush strokes, sense of appropriate to Hearst's profession and describes his ultimate security, calming effect, feeling of tenderness (purity, nature, fate as someone almost forgotten by history. abundance, concentration) Picture 2: oppressive surroundings, gloomy lighting, dull 10 Present the rubric and give one example of a word group colours, heavy shadows (sombre, frightening, pessimistic, heading, e.g. Type of film. Explain to Ss that they can use the unsettling, symbolic) passage both as a source for their word lists and ideas for headings but that they are not limited to listing only words b. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary which appear in the passage. (The aim is to build on the in the questions, then play the cassette. Play it a second vocabulary presented in this reading section.) time if necessary. Ss answer questions 1 and 2. Answer Key Answer Key Type of Film: classic movie, documentary, newsreel, trailer, feature 1 The first painting is called Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose and film was painted by John Singer Sargent. Film Crew: film-maker, co-writer, producer, director, actor The second one is called The Lovers II and was painted by Components of a Film: picture, sound, photography, soundtrack, René Magritte. camera work, camera angles, special effects, screenplay, film 2 René Magritte is referred to as a surrealist. editing, scoring, sound recording, cuts, exposures, storyboard Events and Awards: movie premiere, Oscar nominations 15 Students’ own answers General: cinematography, cinematic, distribution, silver screen 16 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in Suggested Answer Key the exercise. Refer Ss to the model and elicit answers from Type of film: classic, film noir, thriller, epic, romantic comedy, individual Ss. action, horror etc Answer Key Characters: hero, heroine, villain ñ The supporting actor is the second most important character. Film Crew: director, lighting technician, make-up artist, ñ The extras are actors who do not have any lines. costume designer etc. ñ The lighting technician makes sure the set is not too bright or Events & Awards: the Oscar ceremony, the Cannes Film Festival, too dark. the Golden Lion (award for best film given at the Venice ñ The sound engineer is responsible for correcting the recording International Film Festival) of sound. ñ The casting director selects the actor to play each part. 11 Allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. ñ The video editor makes corrections on a final master copy. Suggested Answer Key ñ The screen writer writes the script based on a book or story. hit the screen – made its screen debut ñ The director guides the actors, the technicians and the editor. peripheral material – less important information ñ The costume designer is responsible for the cast's clothes. resemblance – similarity ñ The producer covers the cost of film-making. 70 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6 29/01/2011 2:08 ΜΜ Page 71 Unit 6 17 Help Ss to complete the collocation groups, then elicit/ 21 Remind Ss how frequently idiomatic expressions occur in explain the meaning of each. Allow Ss a few minutes to everyday English and refer them to the rubric. Allow Ss a complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. few minutes to complete the gap-filling task, then check Suggested Answer Key their answers. ñ modern, fine, performing, dramatic art(s) Answer Key ñ responsive, sizeable, demanding audience 1 face 6 waiting in ñ unexceptional, arresting, performance 2 walking 7 playing second 3 jumping on 8 bringing Answer Key 4 struck 9 put you in 2 sizeable 5 Fine 8 arresting 5 reading 10 to follow 3 responsive 6 modern 9 performing 4 dramatic 7 demanding 10 unexceptional Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary, then ask individual Ss to explain each idiom. 18 Help Ss to complete the collocations, then elicit/explain the Answer Key meaning of each. Allow Ss time to make sentences, then 1 face the music – to deal with an unpleasant situation/to meet check individual S’s answers. criticism Answer Key 2 walk a tightrope – to be involved in a difficult situation where oil painting; opera house; dressing rooms; method acting; art any mistake could put a successful outcome in jeopardy studio; feature film 3 jump on the bandwagon – to join in with what others are doing, to one’s own advantage Suggested Answer Key 4 strike the wrong note – to say or do sth unsuitable or displeasing ñ Several valuable oil paintings were stolen from the National 5 read between the lines – to infer sth from a situation or Art Gallery last night. statement rather than from what is said ñ Pavarotti is scheduled to sing at the Royal Opera House in 6 wait in the wings – to be ready to take an opportunity, June. especially to take over someone else’s job ñ The stars remained in their dressing rooms until the 7 play second fiddle – to be a supporter or follower in an perfomance was ready to begin. activity, rather than a leader ñ Method acting is a technique favoured by few actors 8 bring down the curtain – to end sth, e.g. a project/business nowadays. 9 put you in the picture – to provide all the necessary ñ The art studio in town is holding an exhibition of a local information about sth artist's work. 10 hard act to follow – someone or sth that sets such a high ñ Considering that it is the first feature film he has starred in, he standard that others will find it difficult or impossible to meet was very good. or beat 19 Refer Ss to the first part of the rubric. Allow Ss one or two 22 Refer Ss to the Appendix if necessary, and allow them two minutes to complete each sentence and check their or three minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. answers. Answer Key Answer Key 1 look to – rely on 1 portrait 3 theme 5 stage fright 2 made for – went towards 2 venue 4 front row 3 look on – regard 4 make of – think of Elicit/Explain the meaning of all three options in sentences 5 making out – seeing clearly 1 - 5 to clarify the differences, then refer Ss to the question 6 look after – take care of in the rubric and elicit suitable answers. 7 made (it) up to – compensated for Suggested Answer Key 8 Looking back – thinking about the past ñ A person showing guests around his home could be saying 9 made up of – consists of sentence 1. 10 makes himself up – puts on make-up ñ A museum guide could be saying sentence 3. ñ An announcer at an event (e.g. a rock concert) in an indoor 23 Check that Ss understand the task, then allow them two to sports venue could be saying sentence 4. three mintues to complete the exercise. Check Ss’ answers. Answer Key 20 Refer Ss to the Appendix, if necessary, and allow them two 1 The rival actors looked each other in the eye. or three minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers 2 I'm sorry but I won't be able to make it on Saturday. and elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary which Ss 3 I doubt he'll ever make it to managing director. still do not understand. 4 The leading lady looked down her nose at me. Answer Key 5 The director made a note of my number and said he would 1 in 5 into 9 by/with contact me. 2 during 6 on 10 from 3 for 7 from 24 a. Refer Ss to the prompt box and elicit/explain the 4 out 8 with meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in this exercise, then allow Ss time to complete part a of the task. Check Ss’ answers. 71 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6 29/01/2011 2:08 ΜΜ Page 72 Unit 6 Suggested Answer Key Suggested Answer Key Title: Star Wars A: As far as attracting a large audience is concerned, I think the Kind of film: Science fiction obvious choice is the rock concert. B: I'm not sure ... I think a Shakespeare play would also fill the Director: George Lucas theatre. Starring: Harrison Ford, Mark Hamill, Carrie Fisher, Alec C: What about a modern art exhibition? Don't forget that there's Guinness an Art College in town. What is the film about? B: That's true. A lot of art students would come. It's about a young man from another galaxy who sets out to A: But it wouldn't generate as much interest from the general avenge his family and find out who his real father is. In the public, would it? process he rescues a princess, falls in love with her and C: I suppose not. I like the idea of the stand-up comedy show, too. acquires a strange new power. B: Yeah, something original. If we advertise properly it will be What did you like about this film? successful, I think. I love this film mainly because of the brilliant special effects A: Sure, so would the jazz concert and the classical music and unusual settings. I also find all the characters concert, but I still think the rock concert is the safest option ... interesting and the two robots are hilarious. B: It doesn't quite promote the school's image as a place where art goes on, though, does it? What did you dislike about the film? I didn't like the fact that C: It doesn't, really. I'm beginning to think the Shakespeare play is it ended in a cliffhanger and that we had to wait for the more appropriate. sequel to find out what happened next. B: That's why I suggested it ... it combines certain revenue with an artistic image ... b. Refer Ss to part b of the task and present the example. A: Yes, okay, I suppose you're right. Ask Ss to talk in pairs or elicit answers from individual Ss. 27 a. Check that Ss understand the task and allow pairs of Ss Suggested Answer Key one or two minutes to prepare their three questions. A film I saw quite recently on video was Star Wars. In my Elicit questions from Ss. opinion it's one of the best science-fiction films ever made. Suggested Questions Even though it's quite an old film, I still think the special effects ñ How does it feel to be successful and receive such positive are breathtaking and the film certainly stands the test of time. remarks from critics? It's mainly about a young man's voyage of discovery and the ñ What made you become a jazz musician? adventures he encounters on the way to finding out who he ñ What advice have you got for young musicians? really is. Mark Hamill gives a convincing performance as the naive young Luke Skywalker and Carrie Fisher is perfect as the b. Allow Ss a minute or two to read the gapped text. lively young Princess Leia, Luke's love interest, although I think Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unknown vocabulary, Harrison Ford is rather wooden in the role that made him then play the cassette. Play the cassette a second time, famous as Han Solo, Luke's rival for Leia's affections. My only then check Ss’ answers. Elicit answers to Ss’ questions. problem with the film is that it is the first part of a trilogy and ends with a cliffhanger. You have to wait until the end of the Answer Key third film to find out what happens to the three leading 1 definition of music 6 compatibility characters. 2 musical concepts 7 his identity 3 commercial issues 8 live recordings 25 a. Elicit/Give the names of the musical instruments shown, 4 relate 9 committed to then refer Ss to rubric a and elicit suitable answers. 5 state of uncertainty Suggested Answer Key c. Invite individual Ss to say whether or not they agree C clarinet (classical/jazz/folk) with Redgrave’s statement, and why. A piano (classical/jazz) F electric guitar (pop/rock/reggae. Suggested Answer Key B saxophone (jazz) ñ Music plays a large part in social occasions in my country. D mouth organ (folk) Live music is very popular in restaurants and is often part E electric organ (synthesized) of the dining-out experience. We also play music a lot at home where we sing and dance to traditional songs. b. Elicit answers from individual Ss. ñ There is a song from an Italian opera that I like very much. Suggested Answer Key It's a love story and the song is about lost love. It's a very haunting tune and I find it very moving. house, techno, rap, country, heavy metal, grunge, garage, trance, soul, R & B, acid jazz 28 a. Give pairs of Ss time to prepare their lists, then ask for feedback. 26 Present the rubric and elicit/explain the meaning of any Suggested Answer Key unknown terms in the list of options. Refer Ss to the two points they should consider in making their choice, and to stage, actor, spotlight, curtain, foyer, lines, row, balcony, the example. Allow all Ss time to select an option based on performance, aside etc. the criteria given, then check each group’s answer. b. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Check Ss’ answers. 72 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6 29/01/2011 2:08 ΜΜ Page 73 Unit 6 Answer Key Answer Key 1 D 2 D 3 C 4 C 5 B 1 B 2 C c. Students’ own answers b. Suggested Answer Key We have a lot of street musicians in my country. Some of them d. Suggested Answer Key are actually quite good and deserve every penny they earn. We have a very famous beach resort called Copacabana However, we have others who are more beggars than buskers, which is well-known for it's beautiful beaches and exciting they don't make music, they just make noise, and whilst I feel night life. The coast is lined with rows and rows of bars and sorry for them, I mainly find them irritating. restaurants and designer boutiques and there are also a lot of water sports on offer, such as snorkelling, diving, and 33 a. Refer Ss to rubric and prompt box. Brainstorm question swimming. to generate ideas and vocabulary. Remind Ss that they will be expected to speak for 2 minutes on the question 29 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in this stage. Ss work in pairs: Student A speaks while in the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and Student B listens and assesses using Peer Assessment answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Checklist. Check Ss’ answers. Suggested Answer Key Answer Key Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 6, Ex. 33c on p. 160 1 B 2 A b. Student B comments for up to 1 minute on what b. Suggested Answer Key Student A has said. Then pairs discuss assessment I don't have a hobby exactly, but I'm quite sporty, so I enjoy hill together. walking and cycling. I'd quite like to try something more Suggested Answer Key adventurous though, like wind surfing or hang gliding, so no, Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 6, Ex. 33c on p. 160 none of those hobbies listed would interest me. I really can't understand why people collect things, I'd rather do something. c. Play cassette, asking Ss to take notes on ideas and timing. Discuss Ss’ answers and elicit comments on 30 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary student performance so far. Direct Ss’ attention to the in the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and length of both students’ contribution. answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Students’ own answers Check Ss’ answers. Answer Key d. Refer Ss to rubric and prompt box. Brainstorm question 1 B 2 A to generate ideas and vocabulary. Remind Ss that they will be expected to speak for 2 minutes on the question b. Suggested Answer Key in this stage. Ss work in pairs: Student B speaks while ñ I can't be sure, but it looks like the figure of a woman to me. Student A listens and assesses using Peer Assessment If I'm right, then I think that what the artist is trying to say is Checklist. that women are mysterious because the figure isn't clear, Suggested Answer Key it's seen through a sort of mist or haze. Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 6, Ex. 33f on p. 160 ñ Actually, I find it quite interesting, it makes me feel curious about what the artist was really trying to say. e. Student A comments for up to 1 minute on what Student B has said. Then pairs discuss assessment 31 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary together. in the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Suggested Answer Key Check Ss’ answers. Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 6, Ex. 33f on p. 161 Answer Key f. Play cassette, asking Ss to take notes on ideas and 1 A 2 C timing. Discuss Ss’ answers and elicit comments on student performance so far. Direct Ss’ attention to the b. Suggested Answer Key length of both students’ contribution. I can think of several instances where art and technology work Students’ own answers together; the most obvious one is the cinema, where the screenwriter and the director work alongside video editors g. Refer Ss to questions and assessment criteria from h who use sophisticated computers in order to shape the film. and check Ss understanding of both. Play samples of Technology is also very relevant in music, where the sound good model answers (questions 2 and 4). Ss listen to engineer makes use of high-tech sound consoles to get the identify good qualities of the speech, according to the sound exactly right. criteria given in h. Elicit comments from class and initiate discussion on what makes a good answer. Ss 32 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary discuss remaining three questions in pairs. Monitor and in the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and help. answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Check Ss’ answers. 73 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6 29/01/2011 2:08 ΜΜ Page 74 Unit 6 Suggested Answer Key I do think that two questions arise here: Art classes are 1 Chris: Well, I come from a big town which prides itself on a means of relaxation and also a way of opening up the contribution it makes to the arts - there is a very lively new interests and horizons. Some children do want to arts scene with a number of different things going on. take this career path and to be able to recognize their Then, every summer we have an important music festival talents they need to be exposed to some form of art to which people from all over the world come. What teaching. For others art is fun, provides a complete makes it particularly interesting is that it doesn’t just break from more academic work and can be a useful feature international music but, owing to our area being skill in later life. I think it should be of equal one of the richest sources of folk music in the country, it importance as other subjects. also has a strong local element. It could be said that none A: I don’t really agree I’m afraid. Perhaps at primary of these reflect the interests of the inhabitants, of course, school it should be, but after that I think only those yet, in fact, the majority of people in my city, whether they children who are really interested should spend much have an artistic background or not, are involved in the arts time on it. in some way or another. People are always putting on 4 Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 6, Ex. 33 Sample their own productions or forming clubs to promote some Interview on p. 161 aspect of the arts, for example, and events are always full, bookings have to be made well in advance. I don’t think I h. Refer Ss to rubric. Check understanding of criteria could imagine living in a place without this sort of artistic again. Remind Ss that one of the Ss they hear on the life. cassette will perform badly in some of the areas listed. Maria: Obviously you wouldn’t like living in my town, Play cassette. Ss complete task. Elicit comments from which is the complete reverse of what you’ve described. It’s class and encourage class discussion on performances. a small town, more of a village really, where the arts don’t Answer Key play a significant role because people are extremely busy Chris makes a good attempt at the task. He shows a good working in the fields and maintaining their farms. range of vocabulary and grammar and he pronounces words Consequently, there is very little time for any form of clearly enough to be easily understood. Maria’s pronunciation artistic development, let alone going to the theatre or the is good and she has an adequate range of vocabulary. cinema. I imagine we could call the agricultural festivals a However, her sentences are very short and simple, she does not kind of interest in the arts. Our community hosts an attempt to use anything other than basic structures, so shows annual two or three-day festival when work is abandoned a very limited grammatical range. Very few of her ideas are and the whole village celebrates the summer. A well- connected grammatically; she does not use relative clauses at known performer is usually invited and the show will all, and uses only very simple linking words such as and and usually also feature spots by any local people who are but. thought to be particularly talented. However, it has to be Weak points: grammatical range and cohesion said that while it’s all great fun, it is quite limited in that it is only musical, though sometimes you do get some very Sample Interview: For this unit, the sample interview good performances. I suppose you could say that it is contains a recorded model interview for two questions more of a community get-together than anything more from the final stage of Part 3 of the speaking test (33g generally considered artistic. Your town sounds much questions 2 and 4). more impressive in that respect. Chris: Yes, but if some other kind of event were to be 34 a. Present the rubric and elicit answers from individual Ss. initiated, I’m sure people would be interested! Answer Key 2 Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 6, Ex. 33 Sample Interview on p. 161 ñ ‘muddy and bedraggled’ probably comes from the fourth 3 A: That’s a difficult question to answer. Some schools text and refers to the state of the fans attending the place no emphasis whatsoever on teaching art and I concert in the rain. do think that should change. Art has to be part of the ñ ‘percussive frenzy’ probably comes from the fourth text school curriculum and a not unimportant part. and refers to the playing style of a particular band. However, there are plenty of schools who make sure ñ ‘recoup costs through ticket sales’ probably comes from that all children receive art tuition at least once or the third text and refers to the organizers' attempts to save twice a week and I’m not sure whether there is any the festival. point in increasing that proportion. After all we have ñ ‘had hoped for something a bit more dashing’ might to ask what we want schools to do ... in some sense come from the first or fourth text; in either case it expresses they have to fit children for life after school, which the disappointment of the people who are waiting for a means a heavy emphasis on subjects which are going visitor or the fans who attended the concert. to get them a qualification rather than subjects which ñ ‘enriching experience’ possibly comes from the second are interesting and fulfilling, but will not serve the text and it refers to visiting Edinburgh while it ‘hosts the immediate purpose ... except in the case of a few arts’. talented children. ñ ‘safety concerns’ possibly comes from the third text and is B: Well, it depends to what level it is going to be taught. I one of the reasons that the Glastonbury festival has been feel that some sort of general artistic training is good ‘scrapped’. for all children of all ages. I wouldn’t go so far as to say ñ ‘corporate sponsorship’ could come from the third text that all children should be taught complex analysis of and it might be discussed as being inadequate - and this paintings or art history in detail, or be expected to might be why the festival is being ‘scrapped’. produce perfect life drawings or any thing like that, ñ ‘was not consulted about the invitation’ most likely comes unless that is the direction that they want to take. But from the first text and might refer to a person of some importance who is not pleased with the prospective visit. 74 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6 29/01/2011 2:08 ΜΜ Page 75 Unit 6 b. Ask Ss to read the texts quickly to assess the accuracy of 5 ... to suggest ways of dealing with the problem. their predictions. 6 ... changing the venue. Answer Key 7 ... driving her to the airport. 8 ... denying it, I know you did it. muddy and bedraggled – (Text 4, line 20) refers to fans 9 ... to go abroad on his own. attending the concert 10 ... going to school. percussive frenzy – (Text 4, line 11) refers to the playing style of 11 ... to post the application form in time. a particular band 12 ... turning the fan on. recoup costs through ticket sales – (Text 2, lines 8 and 9) refers 13 ... doing her homework. to performers attending the Edinburgh festival who are not 14 ... to consult her lawyer. actually paid to perform 15 ... talking and to get on with their work. had hoped for something a bit more dashing – (Text 1, line 6) refers to the disappointed individuals who were anticipating a 37 Allow Ss time to complete the task, then check their more exciting/glamorous event answers. enriching experience – (Text 2, line 23) refers to a good reason for visting the Edinburgh Festival Fringe Answer Key safety concerns – (Text 3, line 6) refers to one of the reasons 1 ... is really looking forward to going ... why the Glastonbury festival was scrapped 2 ... didn't expect Martin to leave ... corporate sponsoship – (Text 3, line 18) refers to the difference 3 ... is being accused of stealing ... between the funding of Glastonbury Festival and other 4 ... is no need to clear ... festivals 5 ... is in the habit of going for ... was not consulted about the invitation – (Text 1, lines 20 and 6 ... isn’t showing any/is showing no sign of changing ... 21) refers to ‘Greg’ – who was not consulted about the 7 ... couldn't help laughing at ... invitation 8 ... have no intention of disobeying ... 9 ... is not likely to admit that she has .../... is unlikely to admit to c. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unknown vocabulary in having ... the questions. Ss do the task, then check answers. 10 ... the job will mean Cathy having to move ... Elicit/Explain the meaning of any vocabulary in the texts 11 ... have difficulty (in) understanding ... which Ss still do not understand. 12 ... it wasn't worth making ... 13 ... regret not having spoken to ... Wimbledon is a town just south of London which hosts a 14 ... not in favour of people leaving ... famous international tennis tournament every June. Henley is a town on the River Thames which holds a very 38 Put verbs on the board and elicit difference in meaning popular rowing regatta annually in the first week in July. when gerund or infinitive is used. Allow Ss time to complete Ascot is a town in Berkshire where a famous race meeting is the task, then check their answers. held every June. Glastonbury is a town in Somerset in S.W. England. Answer Key Finsbury Park is a North London suburb. 2 He tried to take some exercise despite the lack of sports Fleadh is a music festival held in Finsbury Park every year and facilities. featuring a wide range of popular music (blues/indie-pop retro/ He tried taking some exercise, but it did not help him lose folk-punk/techno-country etc). weight. Mojo refers to one of the two stages at the festival. 3 Can you remember to go to the bank at lunchtime today? Answer Key Can you remember going to that party at Jim's house last year? 1 B 3 B 5 D 7 D 4 I regret telling her anything about the house they bought. 2 A 4 A 6 C 8 B I regret to tell you your contract has now been terminated. 5 Henry stopped speaking when the director came into the 35 Elict suitable answers from individual Ss. room. Answer Key Henry stopped to speak to the doorman as he left the building. 1 As a librarian, Sue has often been required to put the author's 6 He’ll never forget calling the director a liar; the whole cast books on the shelves of the library. applauded him. 2 Drama companies. He’ll never forget to call his fiancée on her birthday again; she 3 The Glastonbury festival has become an intrinsic part of the was so angry when he didn’t remember last year. English summer period. 4 The atmosphere of the festival can be felt to its full in the tent 39 Encourage Ss to first attempt the task without the aid of a he is sheltering in. dictionary, then check their answers. If necessary, allow Ss to use dictionaries to complete the table and identify the 36 Refer Ss to Grammar Reference Section. Allow Ss time to meaning of any unknown words. complete the task, then check their answers. Explain problem areas. Suggested Answer Key 2 ... repairing/to be repaired. 3 ... living abroad. 4 ... speak to me like that. 75 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6 29/01/2011 2:08 ΜΜ Page 76 Unit 6 Answer Key 11 not based on fact. 12 ‘at his wits' end VERB PERSON ADJECTIVE ABSTRACT NOUN NOUN 44 Present the strategy point. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any patronise patron patronising patronage unknown vocabulary in the word bank and allow Ss time to envision visionary visible/ vision complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. visual Answer Key contribute contributor contributory contribution The Cinema producer, audience, special effects, setting, theme, _____ scholar scholarly/ scholarship talent, characters, directing, script, act (verb) scholastic portrayal, interval, cast, performance, popularise _____ popular popularity photography, box office, blockbuster, epic, directing, classic popularisation authenticate authenticator authentic authenticity The Theatre producer, stage, audience, atmosphere, rapport, explore explorer exploratory exploration style, setting, theme, talent, characters, play, express _____ expressive expression lines, sketch, directing, script, act (noun + verb), originate originator original origin/ portrayal, interval, cast, curtain, performance, originality standing ovation, applause, stalls, circle, classic Literature style, setting, theme, prose, chapter, characters, 40 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary, then portrayal, author, title, poetry, classic brainstorm words formed from the stem words. Allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. 45 Allow Ss time to complete the task, then check their Answer Key answers. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar 1 relationship 7 openly vocabulary. 2 religious 8 importance Answer Key 3 significance 9 height 1 exciting – usually used to describe action 4 consequently 10 emergence 2 twisted – not used to describe plot, although 'plot twist' and 5 criticism 11 arguably 'the twists and turns of the plot' could be used 6 assumptions 3 entertaining – scenery cannot be described as entertaining; deadened - not used to describe acting 41 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary, then 4 gripping – only used to describe the plot or story allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. 5 absorbing – not used with 'little' since it has a positive Answer Key connotation, 'totally absorbing' is the more common use, and 1 began 6 can/will 11 anything used to describe plot not script 2 was/being 7 not 12 at abused – does not collocate with 'phrases' 3 to 8 right 13 again 6 magnificently portrayed – stunts and special effects are 4 who 9 hard/difficult 14 than created, not portrayed 5 trying 10 clear 15 is 46 Allow Ss time to complete the task, then check their 42 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary, then answers. Explain any problem areas and elicit/explain the allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary. Answer Key Answer Key 1 account 3 column 5 heavy 1 is/was 8 to make 15 to buy 2 bug 4 pressed 6 mouth 2 begins 9 Opening 16 follows 3 wakes up 10 takes 17 sets 43 Present the strategy point (Explaining phrases and 4 is 11 stuffs 18 trying metaphors). Ask Ss to read each passage and elicit suitable 5 Sensing 12 putting 19 to recapture answers. 6 is passing 13 dumps Answer Key 7 decides 14 heads 1 The writer means that the boy was too dependent on his 47 Allow Ss time to complete the task, then check their mother. answers. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar 2 It tells us that the boy read a great deal. vocabulary. 3 It implies that the girl is poor and disadvantaged. 4 It tells us that she is determined to be successful despite the Answer Key assumptions other people have made about her. 2 The action really gets going when McCabe makes a rather 5 It tells us that the woman kept her opinions to herself. sinister discovery. 6 It means that family loyalites are more important than Only when McCabe makes a rather sinister discovery does the friendship and other relationships. action really get going. 7 ‘eke out a living’ and ’make ends meet’. 3 Once Simpkins discovers/has discovered the plan to kill 8 The writer means those people who have been lucky enough Redknapp he takes action. to be born wealthy. On having discovered/discovering the plan to kill Redknapp, 9 She means that Marie considered herself superior to others. Simpkins takes action. 10 It means to be very jealous. 76 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6 29/01/2011 2:08 ΜΜ Page 77 Unit 6 4 Graham has a fairly normal routine until one day there is a Photography: spectacular, stunning, knock at the door. Other: magnificent scenery, authentic costumes & make-up, Graham's normal routine is shattered when one day there is moving soundtrack a knock at the door. 5 The police interview all the witnesses before calling/they call 51 a. Answer Key Purkiss back in for questioning. A 2 B 1 C 4 D 5 E 3 Having interviewed all the witnesses, the police call Purkiss back in for questioning. b. Answer Key Introduction General information about the film 48 Use the whiteboard to brainstorm vocabulary which is Paragraph 2 Plot and storyline appropriate to this task and encourage Ss to think of Paragraph 3 Acting and directing additional vocabulary/synonyms they could use. Allow Ss Paragraph 4 Photography time to complete the task, then check their answers. Conclusion Recommendation Suggested Answer Key Name of film: Titanic 52 Refer Ss to box ‘Other Kinds of Reviews’. Allow Ss time to 1 One of the most striking things about this film is the way the complete the task, then check their answers. If necessary, set manages to recreate the effect of being aboard the real help Ss to brainstorm additional words and phrases. 'Titanic'. Suggested Answer Key 2 The film is both a tragedy and a love story. Show/Festival/Exhibition 3 No one watching this film can fail to sympathise with the ship's passengers. Acts/exhibits talented performers; beautifully presented; sleek 4 The acting is superb, especially that of the main characters. and stylish 5 The cast is made up of a mixture of both well-known and Organisation efficient; punctual; first-class unknown actors. 6 If I were to have one complaint about the film, it would be that Other interesting; entertaining; haphazard; modern the two central characters were mismatched. 7 I left the cinema feeling very sorry for the real victims of the Restaurant 'Titanic'. Food fresh ingredients; beautifully presented; first-class Service efficient; courteous; first-class Name of book: Gone with the wind 1 The writer manages to successfully combine the politics of the Other comfortable seating; sleek and stylish; modern time with a passionate love story. 2 After the first few pages, you feel completely absorbed in the Product heroine's predicament. Appearance sleek and stylish; beautifully presented; modern 3 The characters are well-rounded and believable. 4 The events in the plot take many twists and turns to Functions hand-operated; remote control maintain the reader's interest. Other efficient 5 The main theme of this book is the heroine's struggle to maintain control of the land that is her inheritance. 53 Allow Ss time to complete the first part of the task. Monitor 6 After reading this book you will be dying to read the sequel. pairs of Ss during the speaking task. 49 Present the rubric. Ask Ss to read the first passage, then Suggested Answer Key elicit suitable answers. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any ñ show/festival/exhibition unfamiliar words and phrases. Continue with passages B 1 rock festival / Barnard Castle / New Year’s Eve / and C. band -Skyclad Answer Key 2 well organised / bands were punctual 3 plenty of refreshments A Describes a book; in particular the writer's style. The style of the 4 the mud / got filthy / rained night before extract is descriptive and discursive. 5 Yes / it was fun / good value for money B Describes a film; in particular the cast and acting. The style is mainly descriptive. The last festival I went to was a rock festival at Barnard Castle, C Describes a film; in particular the plot. The style is mainly last New Year's Eve. The main attraction was a band called narrative. Skyclad, they were really good, the rest of the bands weren't bad either. The thing I liked most about it was that the whole 50 Answer Key event was really well-organised, the bands were punctual and 1 The style should be semi-formal because you are writing a there were plenty of refreshments for everybody. The only thing newsletter for members of a cinema society. I didn't like about it was that the ground was extremely muddy, 2 Students’ own answers so by the end of the night, everybody was filthy. It had been 3 Students’ own answers raining earlier in the day, so I suppose there really wasn't 4 Suggested Answer Key anything they could do about it. Despite that, I still had a really Plot: gripping but easy to follow good time and I'd certainly recommend going next year. Cast: star-studded, some newcomers to the screen Acting: convincing, sympathetic characters ñ restaurant Directing: well-executed, innovative style 1 local Italian restaurant / last night / convenient 2 good food, though basic / fresh ingredients 77 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6 29/01/2011 2:08 ΜΜ Page 78 Unit 6 3 slow service 3 Name of film/director/stars; when it was made, reasons 4 good atmosphere / traditional, colourful decor / live for choice music at weekends 4 Favourable 5 Yes / great if you like Italian food 5 The main aspects of the film: how watching films in English can help with the language I ate out last night as a matter of fact, at a local Italian 6 Summarise the main points; make a recommendation restaurant; we go there quite often because it's very convenient. We like the food too, of course; they only serve the B 1 An important local event basic Italian dishes, like pasta and pizza, but they always use 2 Readers of the local newspaper (semi-formal) fresh ingredients, so it's a lot like home-cooking. That's the 3 Name/date/venue of event secret of their success, I'd say. The service can be slow 4 Favourable sometimes, especially if they're busy, but we don't mind 5 Details of event, why you think people should attend because we like the atmosphere there; it's very traditional with the event a colourful decor. They have live Italian music at weekends too. 6 make a recommendation I'd certainly recommend it to anyone who loves Italian food. C 1 A restaurant where you have eaten ñ product 2 Magazine readers (semi-formal) 1 Discman / latest model 3 Name of the restaurant; location; state opinion of 2 metallic blue / sleek, stylish restaurant 3 fits easily into pocket 4 Either 4 not loud enough 5 Descriptions of food, service, decor, atmosphere; 5 recommend good quality one / reject cheap models / justification of opinion poor sound quality / break easily 6 A recommendation or warning I suppose I'd have to say my Discman is the electrical product I D 1 A product rely on the most. I've had one ever since they came out; I always 2 Staff at the Consumer Advice Centre; other customers; like to have the latest model, so the one I've got now is probably (semi-formal/formal) the fourth model I've had. I suppose it's appearance is important 3 The type/name of product; its function; reason for buying to me, otherwise I wouldn't keep changing it. The one I have at 4 Either the moment is metallic blue, I think it's really sleek and stylish and 5 Description of product; opinion of product; whether it's slim enough to fit easily into my coat pocket. The only bad product lives up to claims made in advertisements thing I could say about it is that its volume levels are quite low. If 6 A recommendation or warning you're going to buy one, I'd advise you to buy a good quality one; there are a lot of cheap models on the market, but they don't 56 Remind Ss of the strategy points and notes they have have very good sound quality and they break very easily. covered in this unit. Answer any queries Ss may have, then assign the writing tasks as homework. 54 Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary and (Joni Mitchell is an American folk singer who was at the height of allow Ss time to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. her popularity and fame in the late 1960’s and early 1970’s. Suggested Answer Key Nirvana was an American group popular in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s.) Organised by the National Gallery of Scotland on in collaboration with the Royal Academy of Arts, ‘Rembrandt's Suggested Answer Key Women’ was first been acclaimed by the critics at its opening this A About a Boy is based on the novel by Nick Hornby, which I summer in Edinburgh. Do not expect the emotional impact of his found both funny and serious, and very enjoyable. English is best-known masterpieces such like ‘The Nightwatch’ or ‘The not my first language, but when reading the book I could Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp’: rather, the exhibition is valued always make use of the dictionary or call on an English friend for bringing into the spotlight the fascinating intertwining of when I ran into any difficulties. However, watching a film is a private life and artistic matter in Rembrandt's portrayals of women. different matter and I wondered how I would manage. The exhibition is the first to focus in on the subject of Firstly, the film sticks closely to the book, so there were no Rembrandt's depiction of womankind, and features entirely a confusing changes. It is the story of a well-off but idle 38-year- total of 141 drawings, etchings and paintings, ranging from old bachelor, Will Lightman, played by Hugh Grant, who does mythological or biblical subjects up to intimate portrayals. At In very little except watch television and chase women, and his chronological order, we see the development of Rembrandt's relationship with a 13-year-old boy, Marcus, played by sensitive and perceptive depiction of women with it's its Nicholas Hoult, who shows a lot of promise as an actor. Will unparalleled blend of universal and personal elements. If, on the lacks direction in life, while Marcus does not fit in with his one hand, his realism, inspired by Caravaggio, shocked peers: for example, he likes the wrong music (Joni Mitchell contemporaries because of its rejection of classical standards of instead of Nirvana) and is often bullied by his classmates. I idealised beauty, in on the other hand the influences from Titian would not like to spoil the story for you by describing the series and Carracci's classicism are clear. of events that brings them together, but the viewer soon gets the point: Will is a man who has the tendencies of a boy, while 55 Ask Ss to work in pairs. Allow pairs time to complete the Marcus has the intellect of someone Will's age. Marcus does task and encourage them to brainstorm useful vocabulary not need a father figure so much as someone who can help for each rubric. Check Ss’ answers. him be a kid and not an adult, which is about the only Suggested Answer Key qualification Will possesses. The relationship works both ways, though, with Marcus becoming steeped in popular culture and A 1 An English language film fitting in at school, while in Will we see the beginnings of 2 Your school/college teachers/lecturers (semi-formal) responsibility and maturity. 78 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6 29/01/2011 2:08 ΜΜ Page 79 Unit 6 The film was well scripted and just as funny, if not funnier, pictures on the walls - landscapes, at a guess. I assume that the than the book. A good script is obviously necessary for a film to prevailing dark tones were intended to produce an be successful, but is an especial help to those whose first atmosphere of sophistication, but in fact, the result was merely language is not English. A coherent plot and an interesting gloomy. story help too, with believable characters in real situations. The food, however, was good, but was it good enough to There were no distracting special effects or spectacular make up for the excessive service that went with it? Any cityscapes, so I could concentrate on the dialogue and the connected conversation became difficult. As soon as one had nuances of English life. I do believe that watching films in the settled down, or become absorbed in conversation, along language you are learning is a great help, not only with the came another waiter to top up one’s glass (whether it needed language itself, but also gestures, attitudes, daily life and it or not), fiddle with something, or just hover. The answer to culture. the question, though, has to be affirmative. La Taillade claims All in all, the casting is excellent, the directing faultless, the that its cuisine is simple yet superb and this is largely true, story intriguing and the music fantastic. I would recommend though there must be some trick or magic to the subtlety of this very funny film to anybody and everybody, not just the sauces that came with both meat and fish. The best dish learners of English. for me was the oysters, in a sauce whose combination of flavours I gave up trying to analyse. The portions were more B If you haven’t yet been to the Arts and Crafts Exhibition at than ample, too. Brinsley Town Hall, I suggest you get there as soon as possible, The prices are very reasonable; the meal, including wine, because it is only open for three more days and, more to the cost 100 pounds for two. While the dullness of the point, you'll be pleasantly surprised. The exhibition covers a surroundings and the annoying formality of the service make very broad spectrum of arts and crafts, all by local artists, it unsuitable for a romantic evening, I would recommend it for including paintings, sculpture, pottery, glassware and a dinner with a good friend who enjoys excellent food. furniture. The exhibition has been organised by the local council with the aim of promoting and giving a showcase to * Victorian refers to the period when Queen Victoria was queen local talent, and not just established names like Myrna Thrip of Great Britain (1837 –1901) and Larry McLellan, but to anyone of any age who feels they have something to offer. It is heartening to see just how many D The latest addition to the arsenal of household electrical talented people there are living in our midst. appliances without which my life would simply cease to have The first big surprise is in the entrance hall. One's first meaning is the Smithson Nuturis air cleaner, which is designed impression is that the local council had allowed in a rowdy to filter out pollen, dust, smoke and other household bunch of hooligans with spray cans to 'redecorate'. It turns out pollutants from the air that we breath. that the strikingly coloured wall paintings are by a local lad The product was well designed and easy to use. On the named Gareth. I, for one, will not look at graffiti in the same aesthetic side of things, when viewed from the front the way again. Gareth is a very talented young man, though some general impression was quite acceptable but if the filter is may wish he would channel his talents in a different direction. placed in the middle of the room the rear view of the product is However, the surprises do not stop there. As I moved from rather unattractive and this is something that could have been room to room, there was something to delight at every turn. given more consideration at the design stage. Some wonderful abstract sculptures of the human figure by Smithson claim that the filter will clean a room of 100 Maddy Forth particularly caught my eye, and I hear she has cubic metres and that it incorporates activated charcoal and a been commissioned by the council to do a piece for the town special filter made from special fibres. Indeed it seems quite square. efficient and uses less electricity than an ordinary electric light I can honestly say that there is something for everybody bulb. It was modestly priced at 150 euros and thus far it has here, and most of the items are for sale at very reasonable proved to be reliable and has lived up to the manufacturer’s prices. I said at the beginning of this review that the exhibition claims in all respects apart from the fact that it makes a little was open to artists of all ages. I was astonished at the number more noise than usual when it is on full power. of gifted teenagers represented there, so if you are one of those It wasn’t until I went to buy some replacement air filters for who think the youth of today are idle good-for-nothings, come the seemingly reasonably priced appliance that I realised that and look and think again. There is a lot to see and all of it although the initial cost was easily within my budget, the worth seeing; all in all visiting the exhibition is an effort worth yearly cost of replacement filters would amount to about 500 making, and if you should need a rest while visiting, there are percent of the initial outlay. Thus, I’m left with the feeling that even two well-stocked canteens with plenty of seating. I’ve been duped into a situation of a rather questionable moral nature. I feel it as an obligation to warn future potential buyers C As a keen reader of Gourmet magazine, and one who of such products, to look into the cost of any replacement follows your advice on good places to eat around the country, I filters, dust bags, and so on before deciding to go ahead with welcome this opportunity to return the favour by telling you the purchase. and your readers about a restaurant, La Taillade, in Woketon, On balance, I would have said that if air quality is of which I visited last week. serious concern to the individual then the Naturis is a Despite the fact that the restaurant’s name was French, worthwhile investment in spite of the high cost of replacement the atmosphere and décor seemed much more English than filters. If, on the other hand, it is simply a case of an impulse French, nineteenth century English in fact. The building is itself buy, then I would advise the would-be purchaser to think is mid-Victorian* and quite attractive, but the lighting was twice. more sombre than discreet, which had a rather depressing effect; the tables were far enough apart for conversation not to be overheard, but the chairs were extremely uncomfortable. As for the décor it was difficult to tell in that light, but there were a variety of what appeared to be largely brown and green 79 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 6 29/01/2011 2:08 ΜΜ Page 80 Self-Assessment Module 3 A: They look as if they’re pleasant people too and they’re Self-Assessment Module 3 enjoying each other’s company. In fact, they’re probably gregarious, sociable types, while the man in picture A looks rather grumpy ... 1 1 C 3 D 5 D 7 D 9 A B: Mmm. Probably a bit solitary, a bit of a loner.. 2 A 4 C 6 B 8 C 10 B b. Suggested Answer Key 2 1 down 5 up 9 of A: Well, I think what we mentioned before is crucial to senior 2 put 6 from 10 look citizens getting the most from life. So many people spend 3 between 7 put their lives entirely wrapped up in their work and their 4 make 8 up family, so that when the children are grown up and have moved away, and they have retired from work, they lapse 3 1 feet 5 look 9 into into depression or are overtaken by a sense of uselessness, 2 with 6 with 10 keep instead of taking advantage of the fact that at long last 3 to 7 face they have some time to themselves, and can do whatever 4 down 8 take they feel like doing without having to consider anyone else. 4 1 ... that there had been a decline in ... B: Which means of course, as we’ve said, pursuing a hobby 2 ... of trying to hold them ... or interest, or taking up something entirely new. At the 3 ... that she would have difficulty in succeeding ... same time one mustn’t forget that old people are much 4 ... getting hold of ... more prone to illness than younger people, so they should 5 ... point in keeping to a diet unless ... be taking care of their health. Physical exercise is part of that, of course, but so is having a healthy diet with plenty 5 1 moving 3 dull 5 treat of fresh fruit and vegetables, which is what picture D 2 dry 4 condition shows. Unless they are fit they can’t use this precious time to the full. 6 1 revelation 6 continuously A: Yes, but I feel we should be careful not to overemphasise 2 childhood 7 revellers the fact that elderly people are more vulnerable as regards 3 misleading 8 sizeable health. There are far too many old people who spend most 4 surroundings 9 enlightening of their time going to the doctor with minor complaints, 5 discomfort 10 incomprehensible or even completely imaginary ones, and who simply accumulate pills. They have a pill for everything, when 7 1 C 3 D 5 C 7B what most healthy people need is simply a vitamin pill a 2 A 4 B 6 D day. B: And wholesome food! So which ones should we choose to 8 1 survival 6 social conditioning use on the cover of the brochure? I agree with you that we 2 measure 7 nerve endings shouldn’t place any emphasis on medication. No, I don’t 3, 4 fear, anger (any order) 8 traumatic think picture B would be suitable and we should look for 5 cultural background 9 signal images which present an optimistic view of life as one grows older. After all, nowadays there are so many 9 a. Suggested Answer Key activities which are aimed directly at retired people. They A: The first man looks very studious, he’s concentrating very represent a huge market and the leisure industry is only hard on whatever he’s doing. He’s obviously in a library beginning to exploit it. What about D? doing some research into something. A: No, I think it’s too general, it doesn’t relate specifically to B: Right. I’d say he’s probably someone who’s been working older people. As far as I’m concerned we should go back to hard all his life, perhaps never had the opportunity to A and C. They’re both striking pictures which show people study, but now he has the leisure to do what he wants to enjoying life. and has decided to enrol on a course of study. He could be B: And they show both what people can do to keep healthy, doing some research into something that has always that would be picture C, wouldn’t it? And what people can interested him, perhaps local history, that’s very popular do to get the most out of life, as in picture A. now, or research into his family history. It’s very admirable A: Right, so we’re agreed on those two. really, so many people spend their old age doing nothing but sitting in front of the TV. 10 Suggested Answer Key A: True enough. Let’s look at picture C shall we? These two It is difficult for a rock group to remain popular over a period of don’t look very studious, but neither would I expect to see twenty years but this is what Straight Heart have managed to do. them spending time in front of the TV. They’re like the man They are currently touring the world with a series of concerts in all in picture A in that they’ve decided to spend their the world’s capitals and it was one of those I attended last night. retirement doing something that interests them. I would The concert was not due to begin until 8 o’clock but the seats say they’re probably the type to go on walking holidays in started filling up about three hours before. A few people started to the mountains and they clearly enjoy being together. trickle in, then as the great moment approached, numbers swelled They’re obviously active, vigorous people, so they’re and people surged through the gates, until by7.30 the stadium was keeping themselves physically fit and healthy. packed, The crowd was in a remarkably good-humoured, holiday mood, people laughing and joking with each other, waiting for the concert to begin in an atmosphere of pleasant anticipation. 80 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7 29/01/2011 2:09 ΜΜ Page 81 Unit 7 At 8 o’clock sharp, the lights went out and a single spotlight c. Answer Key played across the huge stage at the far end of the stadium. Then Name: Sally Gunnell we heard the opening bars of one of their greatest hits and to a Sport: hurdles roar of appreciation from the crowd, the lights went up and the Personal best: 52.74 seconds group was on. The crowd went wild and the group launched into Year: 1993 their first number to the accompaniment of clapping hands and Competition: Stuttgart meeting stamping feet from the audience. Nobody was in a critical mood Greatest achievement: Olympic gold (medal) and everyone was enjoying the nostalgia brought on by hearing Year: 1992 songs they had first heard when they were teenagers, or dancing to the new hits which are soaring up the charts now, but what really Name: Jonathan Edwards made the show was not the music but the amazing high–tech Sport: triple jump effects which gave the show an extra dimension. There was the Personal best: 18.29 metres vast screen behind the group showing constantly shifting images, Year: 1995 then the group were lifted out over the audience on a small Competition: Olympic Games hanging platform, reminiscent of the old venues they used to play Greatest achievement: world record in, to perform one of their oldest and best loved numbers. At the Year: 1995 end of the concert they literally disappeared in a puff of smoke! Name: Michael Owen It was an evening of fun and laughter, nostalgia and music. A Sport: soccer really great evening’s entertainment, even though one suspects Personal best: hat trick that musically the performers are past their best. Year: 2001 Competition: World Cup Greatest Achievement: youngest player to play for England in the 20th century Year: 1997 Unit 7 – Born to Win d. Invite Ss to choose a personality and talk about him/her to the class. Alternatively Ss may discuss the personalities in pairs. Objectives Suggested Answer Key Vocabulary: sport; personalities, equipment Reading: multiple choice; four-option multiple choice Sally Gunnell competed in the women’s hurdles. In 1993, lexical cloze while competing in a Stuttgart athletics meeting, she achieved Listening: multiple matching; sentence completion; her personal best time and broke the world record with a time multiple choice questions of 52.74 seconds. Her greatest achievement was winning an Speaking: decisions, exchanging opinions, making Olympic gold medal in 1992. suggestions, evaluating Jonathan Edwards competes in the men’s triple jump. In Grammar: relative clauses 1995, while competing in the Olympic Games, he achieved his Phrasal verbs: put; run personal best of 18.29 metres. His greatest achievement in his Writing: proposals career so far was breaking the world record at these Olympics. Michael Owen plays soccer for England. In 2001, while playing against Germany in a crucial match, he scored a hat Elicit/Explain the significance of the title. Ss can discuss trick. His greatest achievement to date was being the youngest whether they feel that sporting ability is innate or can be player to play for England in the twentieth century. acquired through specialist training and hard work. e. In pairs Ss tell each other about their chosen sports 1 a. Elicit brief discussion on the Ss’ favourite sports and personalities. Select three or four Ss to talk to the sports personalities. Encourage Ss to discuss which class about their sports personalities. sports are popular in their own countries. Students’ own answers Students’ own answers 2 a. Check that Ss understand the vocabulary in the word b. The students may recognise Michael Owen who plays bank. Invite individual Ss to discuss their ideas using for Liverpool and England where he has been an vocabulary from the word bank. outstanding player and has acted as captain of the Suggested Answer Key team. A: I think they must have stamina, so that they can keep Jonathan Edwards is the current Olympic and World going until the end of the race or the game. Championship gold medal holder in the triple jump. B: I agree, and agility, too, because they need to make Sally Gunnell was one of the most popular female sudden quick movements. athletes of all time in Britain. She was the Olympic and A: Hmm. I think they need determination and strength World Champion in the 400 metres hurdles and also because those are what make an athlete win in the end. held the world record in the same event before retiring B: Yes. Being able to think quickly is important too, because in 1997. She is still in the public eye as a TV you have to be able to assess what your opponent’s next commentator for major athletics meetings. move will be. And tactical awareness. They have to plan Students’ own answers how much effort to use at the beginning and how much at the end. I’m not sure if sportsmanship helps them, though. 81 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7 29/01/2011 2:09 ΜΜ Page 82 Unit 7 A: Well, that isn’t as important as the other qualities in b ‘to keep one’s eye on the ball’ means that the tennis player helping them to win. But if they are in a team, they have to must always give his full attention to the game if he is to win. have team spirit and work as a group. They can’t put their The writer has used it in the title of the article as Agassi is own fame or ambitions before the good of the team. shown to be highly professional and determined in his approach to the sport. b. Check that Ss understand the vocabulary in the exercise. Invite individual students to present their ideas c ‘on the verge of quitting’ – on the point of retiring from tennis to the class using the vocabulary given. Alternatively Ss ‘a succession of injuries’ – a series of physical problems can discuss their responses in pairs. affecting his game Suggested Answer Key ‘questioning his purpose’ – sense of self-doubt as to why he is playing tennis ñ An athlete needs courage when, for example, he has to ‘intent on squandering his talents’ – determined to waste race against competitors much more able than himself. and misuse his natural abilities ñ An athlete has to have faith in his own abilities in order for him to continue competing when he never wins a race. 6 Elicit/explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary in ñ An athlete must know his own limits when, for instance, the questions but not in the text itself. Allow Ss 15-20 he risks causing permanent injury to himself should he minutes to read the text and answer the questions. Check continue to compete. Ss’ answers. 3 a. Initiate a brief discussion with the class and then ask Ss Answer Key to discuss their own ideas in pairs. 1 A 3 D 5 A 7 B Suggested Answer Key 2 D 4 B 6 D Some people take part in amateur sports in order to socialise and 7 Confirm that Ss understand the vocabulary in the rubric. to work as a member of a team. Others use sport as a means to Allow Ss five minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ keep fit and to test their physical and mental abilities. Striving for answers. a sense of achievement or facing a challenge may appeal to those who do not acquire these from their working lives. Answer Key b. Students’ own answers 1 Agassi adopts a serious attitude towards the sport and when he fails to concentrate on it, he sees this as a sign of disrespect 4 Elicit the implication(s) made in each quotation. Initiate a for the game. class discussion to determine the Ss’ own opinions on the 2 ‘such perfection’ refers to Agassi’s ability to play exemplary quotations. tennis and ‘this internal drama’ refers to the fact that although Suggested Answer Key tennis is so important to him, Agassi questions his reasons for playing the sport as he has known little else since he was a Quotation 1 child. Knowing your capabilities and limitations are essential characteristics of a successful athlete. 8 a. Confirm that Ss understand the items in the list by asking them to explain/translate/etc. Allow Ss a few Quotation 2 minutes to complete the task. Check Ss ‘ answers. Your true disposition and personal qualities come to the fore when you take part in sport rather than it being responsible for forming Answer Key your character. 1 impairing – debilitating 2 awed – amazed 5 Elicit what the Ss know about Andre Agassi. (He is one of 3 scrutiny – examination the most charismatic figures in tennis. He has had a 4 strung out – overly stressed checkered career ranging from periods when he had very little success to winning four Grand Slam titles in one year. b. Ss can use dictionaries to find meanings of unknown (A Grand Slam win means winning in all the big tournaments in words. Check Ss answers, then explain/elicit the one season.) When he started playing he was known for meaning of vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. wearing flamboyant clothes on court and having outlandish Suggested Answer Key hairstyles. He is now married to Steffi Graf, one of the most triumphant – successful successful female tennis players of all time.) preceded – came before Ask the Ss to look at each section and discuss their answers unprecedented – unique, unparalleled in pairs. Check Ss’ answers before reading the text. instinctive – natural, intuitive (A Grand Slam Win means winning one of the four big tennis extracts a toll – causes suffering tournaments in one season.) rawness – simplicity Suggested Answer Key exacerbated – aggravated, intensified a If a sportsman has a run of losing then this can affect his self- relentlessly – persistently confidence and ultimately his game. Also, when he faces compelling – convincing personal problems, he will find it difficult to concentrate on his archetypal – typical game or give it his full attention. As an athlete gets older he solipsistic – self-regarding becomes physically weaker and may lose some of the quibble – argue about something trivial determination to win he experienced when younger, both of squandering – wasting which would affect his form. fragile – delicate, frail, weak 82 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7 29/01/2011 2:09 ΜΜ Page 83 Unit 7 c. Ss read the text again and find idioms. Check Ss’ 7 Defeat is the odd one out as it does not refer to a way of answers. Write example sentences containing idioms on preparing for a game. the board to confirm that the meaning is clear. 8 Lineup is the odd one out as it refers to the grouping of a team Suggested Answer Key and not sports clothing. loss of form – not playing as well as in the past 13 Help Ss identify the correct collocation in sentence one to at odds – not in agreement check they understand the task. Allow Ss five minutes to on the verge of – at the point of complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. (As consolidation Ss could write sentences of their own containing the correct 9 Initiate discussion on how football is played (e.g. the collocations.) number of players, the purpose of the game, the roles of the players etc). Ss then match the people to the prompts Answer Key and write full sentences. Check Ss’ answers. 1 intensive 4 facilities 7 harsh Answer Key 2 strong 5 capacity 8 crowd 3 away 6 narrowly ñ A scout’s job is to search for talented players. ñ A manager’s job is to pick the team, arrange transfers and 14 Allow Ss five minutes to complete the task and check Ss supervise training. answers. Ask Ss to use the collocations in their own ñ A physiotherapist’s job is to be responsible for the player sentences. maintaining his level of fitness and help injured players rehabilitate. Answer Key ñ A midfielder’s role is to pass the ball to players in the scoring 1 mediocre/pedestrian/world-class performance position. 2 undisputed/reigning/world champion ñ A linesman’s job is to help the referee decide if the ball has 3 comfortable/well deserved/consecutive win crossed the line. ñ A groundsman’s job is to monitor the condition of the ground. Suggested Answer Key ñ A commentor’s job is to describe the progress of a match. 1 Liverpool were knocked out after a mediocre performance in ñ A substitute’s role is to replace an injured or out-of-form player. last Saturday’s match. ñ A striker’s role is to shoot and head the ball into the net and 2 Johnson’s two lap lead over the rest of the field gave him a score. comfortable win. ñ A defender’s role is to try to stop the opposition from scoring. 3 Our local gymnasts’ performances seemed pedestrian and ñ A sponsor’s role is to support the club financially in exchange dull in compairson with that of the international stars. for the advertising of their goods and services. 4 Taylor, the reigning world heavy weight boxing champion, will defend his title against Lucas on Friday. 10 Check that Ss understand the task, then allow them a few 5 Marina played magnificently and had a well-deserved win minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers and over Janice Hunt. elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary which Ss still do 6 This is Agassi’s seventh consecutive win in tennis tournaments; not understand. he never seems to lose. Answer Key 7 Although only a now-comer to the sport he gave a world class 1 B 3 D 5 B 7 D performance. 2 C 4 B 6 A 8 C 8 After winning in the all-nations tournament, Grantly became the new world champion. 11 Allow Ss ten minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers and elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary 15 Help Ss to match the parts of each collocation and which Ss still do not understand. elicit/explain the meaning of each term. Allow Ss five minutes to complete the task Check Ss’ answers. Answer Key Answer Key 1 supporters, hooligans 2 spectators, viewers motor racing injury prone 3 opponent, contestant, rivals qualifying round season ticket 4 fixture, contest, game, match title holder personal trainer 5 tournament, league, group 1 injury prone 4 title holder 12 Check that Ss understand the task, then allow them five 2 qualifying round 5 motor racing minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers and 3 season ticket 6 personal trainer elicit/explain any vocabulary which Ss still do not understand. 16 Ask Ss to look at the title of the text and predict what the passage is about. Ss read text quickly to check if their Answer Key predictions were correct and ask Ss for the gist of the text. 2 Hall is the odd one out as it is an indoor venue. (Aberdeen is one of the oldest and most respected 3 Suspend is the odd one out as it refers to a player not being universities in Scotland). Check Ss understand the meaning allowed to play in the game because of a misdemeanour. of the vocabulary in the questions. Allow Ss ten minutes to 4 Runner-up is the odd one out because it describes someone complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. who has come second and is not a winner. Answer Key 5 Examiner is the odd one out because it is not used for sports. 6 Feat is the odd one out because it is not something which 1 A 3 C 5 B 7 C 9 C stops you achieving your goal. 2 B 4 D 6 A 8 B 10 C 83 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7 29/01/2011 2:09 ΜΜ Page 84 Unit 7 17 Ask Ss to complete as many of the idioms as they can 4 Have you ever thought of putting in a 5-a-side soccer before using a dictionary. Check Ss’ answers and elicit/ pitch as it would attract more business? explain the meaning of any idiom which Ss still do not 5 There’s a lot to be said for having a grandstand seating understand. 2,000 people for the soccer pitch as then we could make Answer Key money from ticket sales. 6 Let’s look at something else. A health food restaurant 1 play ball (cooperate) would attract diners and so it would generate more 2 the ball rolling (start something happening) income. 3 jumped the gun (something is done before the right time) 7 We should consider a medical centre which employed 4 off his own bat (on his own initiative) part-time medical personnel as this would make the 5 bad sport (someone who doesn’t cope well with difficult clients feel safe and could be used to give first aid and to situations/doesn’t like to lose) treat any injuries that might occur. 6 ball’s in your court (it’s your responsibility) 8 I still think a swimming pool would be appropriate, as it 7 beat him at his own game (gain an advantage by using the would attract families to the centre, especially if we methods another person has used against them) offered swimming classes as well. 8 two can play at that game (I can use the same method) 9 playing (everyone has the same opportunities) b. Initiate a class discussion and encourage Ss to reach an 10 leads the field (is the biggest/most important) agreement as to the facilities which should be included in the sports centre. 18 Allow Ss time to complete as many phrasal verbs as they can before using a dictionary. Check Ss’ answers. As a Students’ own answers homework task, Ss could write their own sentences containing the phrasal verbs in Ex. 18. c. Ask Ss to listen to the dialogue and offer their opinions Answer Key on the conclusion reached on the tapescript. 1 put down to (attributed to) Students’ own answers 2 ran away with (won easily) 21 Ask Ss to read the task and elicit/explain any vocabulary 3 put in (spend time and effort) they do not understand. Elicit if Ss have/had any of these 4 run into (met/encountered) facilities at their own schools. After Ss finish the task, 5 put up (provide) discuss their decisions with all the class. (A level refers to the 6 run over/through (repeat and check) final year examinations British school students take in order to 7 run to (amount to) attend a university.) 8 put on (produce, present) Suggested Answer Key 19 Ask Ss if they can explain any of the phrases to the class. If A: My personal feeling is that we should use half the money to they do not know the phrases either explain them to the send the students studying A level history on a trip to the class or ask Ss to find the meanings from a dictionary. Ss archaeological sites in Turkey and Egypt. then connect the phrases to the appropriate sentences and B: But only a few people would benefit from that. In my view, complete them on their own. buying an extra 50 computers for the classrooms would mean all the school could profit from the money. That would leave Suggested Answer Key enough to build a cafeteria too, which is something most 1 The manager put the case for buying new players. students have been asking to have for years. 2 Minutes before the World Cup final, feelings/emotions were A: There’s a lot to be said for that idea but I still think the trip running high amongst the fans of the opposing teams. deserves careful consideration. 3 After six games in two weeks, the team began to tire and ran B: I don’t agree. There is another option. It would be a good idea out of steam. if we built a school theatre, which could be used for all kinds of 4 The fans are putting all their faith in the club’s new manager. functions, school dances, exhibitions, talks as well as by the 5 The organisers apologised for the fact that the events were drama group. That’s the most popular extracurricular activity running late. after school. And we could spend the rest on books for the library. 20 a. Elicit from Ss if they have sports centres in their areas A: What about planting grass on the football pitch instead? It is and ask them to describe the facilities they provide. in a terrible condition and it’s the most used of all the sports Check Ss understand the vocabulary in each suggested facilities here. facility in part a and ask them to form sentences giving B: It is so difficult to decide. Of course we could always write a their own opinions on the worth of each one. questionnaire and ask the students themselves to decide what Suggested Answer Key they would prefer. Possible structures A: Yes, I think that would be the best thing to do. Then no one can blame us for making the wrong choice! 1 I would argue that the synthetic aerobics flooring would make doing aerobics more comfortable and would reduce 22 a. Invite Ss to talk about footballers’ salaries in their own the risk of injury. countries. Ask Ss to predict what they think the answers 2 It’s obvious to me that installing soft drinks dispensers will be. Check Ss’ predictions. would generate revenue for the centre. 3 It would be a good idea if we had a digital telephone Students’ own answers switchboard then all departments would be more easily accessible. 84 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7 29/01/2011 2:09 ΜΜ Page 85 Unit 7 b. Check Ss understand the meaning of the words and b. Ss discuss the question in pairs. phrases in the list, then elicit predictions concerning the Suggested Answer Key possible context in which they might be used on the A physical disadvantage can become an advantage as you are tape. more determined to succeed and fight to overcome any Students’ own answers disability you face in order to be accepted by society. c. Check Ss understand the task and allow Ss a minute to 25 a. Ask Ss if they have large sports stadiums in their read the sentences. Play the cassette twice. Ss listen and hometowns. Elicit/explain any words Ss do not complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. understand. Play the cassette twice. Check Ss’ answers. Answer Key Answer Key 1 B 3 B 5 G 1 A 2 B 2 J 4 J 6 J b. Ss discuss the question in pairs. d. Students’ own answers Suggested Answer Key Sport is important for a civilised society as it is a way to teach e. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or as a class. young people to work together as a team and it helps to Suggested Answer Key promote better relations between countries. On the other "I believe that footballers deserve the high rates of pay as they hand, the way some fans behave when their team loses can are highly skilled and provide a form of entertainment to hardly be described as civilised. thousands of fans every week." "Footballers’ salaries are out of proportion. They may be the 26 a. Elicit from Ss if anyone has been/ or knows of anyone best at the sport in the country but how can you justify their who has been bungee jumping. Discuss what people huge payments when so many people in the world are must feel when they are doing this activity. Play the unemployed or go hungry every day?" cassette twice. Check Ss’ answers. Answer Key 23 a. Initiate brief conversation on what/how technology is 1 C 2 A used in sports reporting. Refer Ss to the task. Check Ss b. Ss discuss the question in pairs. understand the vocabulary in the rubric. Suggested Answer Key Suggested Answer Key Some people take up dangerous sports and activities to The Internet can now be used as a way of keeping records counterbalance a rather dull and undemanding lifestyle. of sporting achievements, which can be made available at the Extreme activities can fill a gap in their lives and give them the touch of a button. excitement they crave, which cannot be acquired from their Technology has enabled us to experience sporting events every day lives. live as interactive computer programs allow us to watch and follow the action as it happens and to have this facility at our 27 a. Ask Ss if they find it easy to discuss their problems with fingertips. We no longer have to rely on TV channels, who only their doctors. Check Ss understand the vocabulary in seem to broadcast the most popular and commercial events, the rubric. Play the cassette twice. Check Ss’ answers. and can enjoy a much wider range of sports whenever we want. Answer Key 1 B 2 A b. Allow Ss a minute to read the sentences, then ask Ss to identify which part of speech the missing words are. b. Ss discuss the question in pairs. Play the cassette twice. During the first play Ss listen Answer Key and fill in as many gaps as possible. The second play Sometimes we get impatient when learning how to drive or should be used to confirm/change the original choice trying to speak a foreign language and we expect to be and to complete all the gaps. Check Ss’ answers. (‘The proficient in these areas without practising enough. Big Apple’ is a term used to refer to New York city.) Answer Key 28 a. Brainstorm on the four pictures with the whole class to 1 record 6 updated generate vocabulary and ideas. Refer Ss to rubric for 2 source of information 7 peak task. Remind Ss that they will be expected to talk for 3 Athlete tracking features 8 hammered about a minute in this stage. Students discuss the two 4 detailed statistics 9 performance statistics pictures in pairs. Monitor and help. 5 timing system Optional extra: Two students can be asked to perform the discussion for the class. 24 a. Explain the term physically challenged is the politically Suggested Answer Key correct term for people who are disabled. Ask Ss which Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 7, Ex. 28 Sample Interview sports physically challenged athletes can take part in. on p. 165 Play the cassette twice and check Ss’ answers. Elicit/Explain any words Ss do not understand. b. Refer Ss to rubric and remind them that they will be Answer Key expected to talk for about two minutes in this stage. Ss 1 B 2 A work in pairs to complete task. Monitor and help. Optional extra: Two students can be asked to perform the discussion for the class. 85 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7 29/01/2011 2:09 ΜΜ Page 86 Unit 7 Suggested Answer Key Answer Key Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 7, Ex. 28 Sample Interview on Statement 1 – Cheerleading p. 165 Statement 2 – Sports Psychology Statement 3 – U.S. Cricket c. Refer Ss to rubric. Brainstorm quickly with whole class. Remind Ss that they should aim to speak for b. Elicit/Explain the meanings of the words in the approximately one minute. Put Ss in groups of four. Pair questions. Allow Ss 15 to 20 minutes to read the texts A does the task while pair B assesses them using the again and to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. Peer Assessment Checklist. Ss discuss the results in Explain any words Ss do not understand from the texts. groups. Monitor. Alternatively, elicit comments on pair Answer Key performance from whole class. 1 B 5 D 9 D 13 B 16 D Optional extra: Pair B does task while Pair A assesses, 2 D 6 A 10 C 14 C 17 C or one pair is asked to perform in front of the class 3 A 7 B 11 D 15 A 18 B while the class assesses their performance. If the latter 4 C 8 A 12 B option is chosen, be careful to select very confident students to perform 30 Suggested Anwer Key Suggested Answer Key 1 A sports psychologist could help by helping an athlete to Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 7, Ex. 28 Sample Interview on understand and overcome his own fears and worries or those p. 165 of his competitors. or Winning is a matter of hard training and a psychologist can’t d. Explain/Elicit the meaning of the term used for help there assessment (effective task completion/interaction).Play cassette, Ss complete task. Encourage class discussion 2 ñ Leadership and sportsmanship are good qualities and on performances. matter a great deal. Every team needs one player to lead Answer Key the group and when a team or an athlete loses, it’s The first dialogue is clearly the better example of a Part 2 important that they can accept that and not try to put the discussion. Both speakers interact with neither one dominating blame on their opponents. If you are in a team you have to the conversation. They both offer suggestions giving reasons work as part of a group. You can’t think just about why they would be appropriate to the task and both respond yourself, you have to consider other people too. politely to the other’s ideas even when disagreeing. or Leadership and sportsmanship are good qualities, but in the On the other hand, in dialogue two, Nick dominates the end winning is what counts, not how you win. Only in some conversation and is not sensitive to turn taking. He doesn’t give sports is team spirit important. In others, like sprinting, for a reason for the appropriacy of the photo of the football team instance, you only need to think about yourself. and responds rather aggressively to Cathy’s idea. He tends to ñ All these qualities are important in our daily lives, since we ramble and loses coherence in his lengthy turn, not always don’t live alone, but live as part of a society. So we have to following a logical train of thought. He doesn’t give Cathy time learn to win or lose, and accept that, and to manage to to reply to one of his questions, ‘Do you agree?’, and interrupts work as a group rather than as individuals. If we are not her answer. However, at the end of the dialogue he does give able to do this there will be no development. And, of her the chance to give her opinion but she fails to respond. course, sometimes we have to take the lead when a Cathy says very little and is reluctant or unable to give a decision has to be taken. reply to Nick’s questions. She disagrees with his first suggestion or It depends on how we live. Some people only think of but fails to provide a reason for this or back up her subsequent themselves and never act as if they need to think about point with her own rationale. Towards the end of the dialogue other people. They are often the most successful people, again she does not support her opinion with a reason. Her too as the more ruthless and self-centred you are, the responses are too short and she either has a lack of language more you seem to manage to achieve. to complete the task or feels overwhelmed by Nick’s more dominant manner, and thus dries up. The task is not 31 Ss will be familiar with the vocabulary from exercise 29. Ss adequately achieved. complete task. Check Ss’ answers. Answer Key Sample Interview: For this unit the sample interview 1 focuses 4 implicates contains a recorded model interview for Part 2 of the 2 deviation 5 comprised speaking test, 28a, 28b and 28c. 3 escalation This can be played to the class as a whole interview section after the speaking practice. Alternatively, the 32 Ask Ss to refer to the grammar reference on page 262 to first stage can be played immediately after Ss have remind themselves of the use of the comma in relative practised 28a and stage 2 after 28c. clauses. Ss complete task. Check Ss’ answers. (Ss may have Initiate class discussion on how Ss’ own performance different answers for number 6 depending on how they can be improved. interpret the situation.) Answer Key 29 a. Elicit from Ss what they know about sports psychology, U.S. cricket and cheerleading. (Cricket is a popular sport in 1 No commas countries once associated with the former British Empire and is 2 No commas not a well-known sport in the US.) Ss skim passages and 3 No commas give the gist of each text. Ss answer questions. Check 4 village, which has a population of about 2000, is Ss‘ answers. 5 No commas 86 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7 29/01/2011 2:09 ΜΜ Page 87 Unit 7 6 neighbour, who has just turned 90, is/neighbour who has just 5 irritates me is when people are turned 90 is (answer depends on how many neighbours there 6 tried to do was make her understand are) 7 no matter how hard 7 Mason, to whom this letter is addressed, seems 8 is the person they say/is who they say 8 No commas 9 only person from whom I need to keep 9 Fiona, whose behaviour so far has been impeccable. 10 smile is what makes me happy 10 No commas 37 Ss complete as much of the chart as possible and then refer 33 Ask Ss to refer to the grammar reference on page 262 to to their dictionaries to complete the task. Check Ss’ remind themselves when the relative pronoun can be answers. (Ss could select some of these words and use them omitted. Ss complete the task. Check Ss’ answers. in sentences of their own as a consolidation exercise.) Answer Key Verb Person Adjective Abstract 1 can be omitted 5 can be omitted Noun Noun 2 cannot be omitted 6 can be omitted 3 can be omitted 7 cannot be omitted train trainer trained training 4 can be omitted 8 cannot be omitted motivate motivator motivated motivation endure n/a enduring endurance 34 Ask Ss to identify the different sports in 8 of the 9 pictures lead leader leading lead (golf, swimming, football, skiing, snooker/pool/billiards, baseball, ice hockey, cricket). Elicit vocabulary from each picture. Ss 38 Ss look at title and predict the content of the passage. Ss discuss the task in pairs. Check Ss’ answers. skim the text to check their predictions and for the gist of Suggested Answer Key the passage. Check Ss understand the vocabulary in the 1 A golf club is the piece of equipment with which you play text and the given words. Ss identify the parts of speech of golf/A golf course is where competitions take place the missing words. Ss complete task. Check Ss’ answers. 2 A lane in a swimming pool is where serious swimmers practise. (The Commonwealth refers to an association of nations, including 3 A football referee is the person who controls the two teams in a the UK, which were part of the British Empire in the past. The match. Games are between member states and take place every four years.) 4 Special boots are necessary when you want to ski. Answer Key 5 The equipment (which) you need to play snooker is a selection 1 justification 6 unassailable of coloured balls and wooden cues. 2 inspection 7 versatility 6 A physiotherapist is the person who helps you when you suffer 3 ineligible 8 unprecedented a sports injury. 4 duly 9 competitions 7 A cap is the piece of clothing (which) you wear when you are 5 championship 10 leaver playing baseball. 8 A helmet, which helps to protect you, is worn in ice hockey 39 Ss look at the title and the photograph and try to predict 9 A bat and ball are needed when you play cricket. the content of the text. Ss skim the text to check their predictions and for the gist of the passage. (The Grand 35 Ask Ss to identify the missing word in number 1. Check National and the Cheltenham Gold Cup are two of the most answer 1. Ask Ss to complete task. (As Ss will have different important events in the English horse racing season.) Ss identify phrases in some of the sentences, it could be done as a parts of speech of missing words. Check answers. Ss written homework exercise which will be corrected by the complete the task. Check Ss’ answers and elicit/explain the teacher.) meaning of any vocabulary the Ss still do not understand. Answer Key Answer Key 1 Whenever I see 1 in 6 after/following 11 with 2 whatever they/however much they 2 more 7 have 12 again 3 Whoever gets there 3 previous 8 only 13 even/one 4 (from) wherever you 4 time 9 on 14 another 5 whether you like it 5 which 10 although 15 to 6 whatever you do 7 whenever I have an appointment with 40 Elicit/Explain any vocabulary Ss do not understand. Remind 8 wherever he Ss that the missing word in all three sentences must be the 9 whether you stay same part of speech. Ss complete task. (Ss could do this 10 whoever they exercise in pairs or as a homework exercise.) Check Ss’ 11 whichever form/ means of answers. Help Ss find different alternative words for each 12 however much you sentence which would also be acceptable. 36 Check Ss understand the vocabulary in the sentences. Ss Answer Key complete task. Check Ss’ answers. 1 advanced 4 expression Answer Key 2 beat 5 gathering 3 bound 6 key 1 with the exception of 2 intention of selling the house in March, whatever 41 a. Ss look at the two pictures and predict the subjects and 3 she goes she has her lucky charm content of the passages. (Formula One motor racing 4 doesn’t matter whether you book and tennis). Ask Ss what they know about the two 87 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7 29/01/2011 2:09 ΜΜ Page 88 Unit 7 sports and both past and present personalities in the 43 Ss read the rubric to understand the task. In pairs Ss discuss sports. Ss read the two texts and say if their predictions the kind of building which would make a suitable venue for were correct. Ss complete the task and check Ss’ the club. Ss then answer the questions in pairs. Check Ss’ answers. answers. (GP refers to Grand Prix. Answer Key Indy Car is a type of racing car for the Indy [Indianopolis] 500 ñ to recommend a replacement building for the Winchester race. Gymnastics Club Alain Prost was a Formula One world champion.) ñ Mark Stewart, General Secretary of the Winchester Gymnastics Answer Key Club Passage 1 ñ semi-formal style – even though you probably know Mark i. Mansell’s car broke down when he lost a wheel at Estoril Stewart this is not a personal matter and needs to be written and when he had electrical failure at the Canadian Grand impersonally Prix. ñ large rooms for training, storage facilities for equipment, ii. He left Team Williams during the 1992 campaign when he showers, changing rooms, high ceilings, light and airy learnt that they had signed Alain Prost as their driver for ñ a former warehouse, a former school, a former factory the following season. ñ you have to be able to convince the General Secretary that your proposed building would be the most suitable for the Passage 2 needs of the club rather than the suggestions of the other members i. McEnroe was known as ‘McBrat‘ after he shouted at an ñ Location, Facilities, Cost, Further Information umpire at the Wimbledon Tennis Tournament. ñ where the building is and the transport facilities in the area, ii. We learn that McEnroe was just as likely to have an how the building would meet the requirements of the training outburst of anger when he was winning as he was if he facilities of the club, how much rent would have to be paid, the were losing. length of the lease, the cost of the proposed renovation ñ sentences not needed – 1, 3, 5, 7. They are all written in an b. Check Ss understand the task. Ss read each text and impersonal style and contain irrelevant information. select relevant information. Check Ss’ notes. Ss use their notes to make a plan of the summary. Ss write first draft 44 a. Ss read model proposal for gist. Check Ss understand and edit. Rewrite if necessary. the vocabulary. Ss complete task and then check Ss’ Answer Key answers. According to Passage 1, Nigel Mansell was known for his Answer Key aggressive, reckless and impetuous style of driving and was 1 D 2 B 3 A 4 C single-minded in his determination to win. In Passage 2, John McEnroe is shown to have been a natural, instinctive tennis b. Ss work in pairs and discuss any differences in meaning player not needing to practise regularly or follow a prescribed they can find. Check Ss’ answers. diet. He was a perfectionist, prone to soul-searching and self- criticism and was renowned for his fiery outbursts against Answer Key tennis officials. (68 words) All the words or phrases are synonymous but one of the pair is slightly more formal. 42 a. Check Ss understand the headings and the vocabulary The more formal words are: currently, located, given, premises, in the three sections. Ss complete task. Check Ss’ vacant, forthcoming, apparatus, of interest, journey time, answers. acquire, imminent, attend, relocate, sufficient. Answer Key There are, however, some differences in meaning which the Ss may know. A 1 According 4 generate given/considering – often considering is used to mention a 2 outlined 5 acquired disadvantage 3 overall 6 exceed property/premises – both are concerned with the ownership B 1 capital 4 attained of land and buildings but premises refers to commercial 2 self-financing 5 outlets ownership 3 operation 6 donations forthcoming/future – forthcoming means something that is about to happen whereas future has a more general meaning, C 1 sum 4 venture referring to anytime from the present 2 cover 5 estimate equipment/apparatus – both are used to refer to tools 3 represents 6 rate necessary to complete a task but apparatus can be used for more scientific experiments and for tasks involving machinery b. Help Ss match the explanations to the extracts, then imminent/at short notice – imminent often refers to elicit/explain any vocabulary which Ss still do not something that is unpleasant. Also, it refers to something that understand. is happening soon whereas at short notice is something that Answer Key can be done within a short period of time. relocate/find new premises – relocate can also imply that extract A – a recommended course of action within a someone is being obliged to move to another area for a variety company of reasons extract B – a proposal to local authorities to build a sports adequate/sufficient – both mean enough for a particular complex purpose but adequate can also mean satisfactory extract C – a proposal in support of a business loan 88 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7 29/01/2011 2:09 ΜΜ Page 89 Unit 7 The writer has used similar words and phrases to avoid b. Initiate class discussion on which pair gave the most repetition of the same vocabulary to express the same ideas or convincing dialogue. points. Students’ own answers 45 Ss complete task. Check Ss’ answers. Check that Ss 48 a. Ss read each beginning. Check Ss understand the understand the differences in the meanings of the vocabulary. Ss predict what the main body of each text expressions. will contain. Ss then select section headings. Answer Key Answer Key Crossed out words A Location, Facilities of Club, Programme of Events, Staffing 1 monitoring – a passive past participle is needed in the correct Arrangements, Proposed Expenditure sentence B Reasons for Improvements, Suggested Improvements, 2 have been completing – needs future perfect simple to Duration of Work, Benefits to Members describe a finished action 3 predict – cannot be followed by an infinitive C Present Activities, Reasons for Adopting Baseball, Benefits 4 look forward to – wrong word, implies you are pleased about of Baseball, Costs a future event whereas the context is referring to a possible problem b. Help Ss match endings to the beginnings. Check Ss 5 potential – proposed is referring to an action which is likely to understand the vocabulary. take place, potential merely refers to a possibility Answer Key 6 forthcoming – likely refers to something that is a possibility A 3 B 2 C 1 whereas forthcoming is used when something will definitely take place 49 Check Ss understand the rubric and elicit/explain any 7 could – would goes with undoubtedly, could goes with a vocabulary Ss do not understand. Ss work in pairs and plan possibility their proposal. Ss can write their proposal for homework. 8 could – would goes with assure, could goes with uncertainty Students’ own answers 46 a. Elicit/Explain meanings of the expressions in the rubric. 50 Ss read the model proposal. Check Ss understand the Ss complete task. Check Ss’ answers. vocabulary. Initiate class discussion on the three questions. Answer Key Ss then compare their own proposals to this model. Ask Ss 1 reason for loan request to evaluate their own proposals and how they could be 2 our priority improved. 3 purchase new equipment Suggested Answer Key 4 finish the current project ñ the writer presents the Club in a favourable light which would 5 subsequently help to persuade the Organising Committee to view the 6 intend application positively 7 in the vicinity of ñ Students’ own answers 8 with the remainder of the loan ñ more details of the club’s funding in the second section 9 commission a team of image consultancy specialists prediction when the two injured key players will be fit in the 10 attract new customers third section Reason for loan request a persuasive comment suggesting that the club’s entry will Our priority is to purchase new equipment in order to finish the add to the quality and prestige of the tournament in the fifth current project. Subsequently, we intend to open a new branch section in the vicinity of London. With the remainder of the loan, we plan to commission a team of image consultancy specialists. 51 Check Ss understand the vocabulary and the instructions in This will make the firm more competitive and attract new the rubric. Ss work in pairs. One student answers the customers. questions for A and the other does the same for B. Ss then evaluate each others answers adding suggestions for b. Ss discuss questions in pairs. Check Ss’ answers. improvements. Ss then discuss suggestions as a class before Answer Key writing the proposal of their choice. The proposal is from an established firm to a bank. They are Suggested Answer Key asking for a business loan in order to finish a current project A ñ to persuade the college authorities to accept the sport you and to improve and expand the present company to gain have suggested more customers. ñ the college authorities – the writing should be formal/ Other sections could be written to give more details on the semi-formal current project which needs to be completed, the opening of ñ Introduction, the proposed sport the new branch, the reason for the commissioning of the e.g. Badminton, Equipment, Costs, Advantages (of sport), image consultancy specialists and the overall benefits that the Conclusion company would gain from these changes. ñ Students’ own answers ñ you need to be able to persuade the authorities you 47 a. Initiate class discussion on the benefits the new hotel accept your proposal rather than anyone else’s proposal and the additional sports facilities would bring to your ñ Students’ own answers area. Ss complete the task. Select two or three pairs to ñ Students’ own answers repeat the task for the class. Students’ own answers 89 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 7 29/01/2011 2:09 ΜΜ Page 90 Unit 7 B ñ to present your ideas on organising fitness classes in order having the opportunity of discussing the matter with you and to be considered for the post of organizer the rest of the Committee at our meeting in October. ñ the Principal – formal writing ñ Introduction, Proposed Activities, Costs and Equipment, B To: M.C. Mason, Principal Benefits to Students, Conclusion From: Patty Edmunds ñ Students’ own answers Subject: Assistant to Physical Education Officer ñ you need to be able to persuade the authorities to give Date: 21 June 2003 you the position rather than to another student ñ Students’ own answers Introduction With this proposal I would like to convey to you my interest in 52 Ss can write their proposals either as a homework exercise helping out in the organisation of the adult fitness or as a class timed essay. programme in this college. The work and hours are Suggested Model Answers compatible with my background and study programme and it is my intention to go on to study for an M.Sc. on the needs of A To: College Sports Procurement Officer adults in Physical Education when I finish my undergraduate From: Bjorn Stevensen studies here. Participation in such a programme would be Subject: Proposal for the Introduction of Archery into the invaluable experience in preparation for my advanced studies. Sports Curriculum Moreover, I enjoy the company of people from outside my own Date: 1st April 2004 peer group, and this would be an additional attraction of the job for me. Introduction Proposed Activities The present proposal is designed enrich the spectrum of sports Having had some experience with members of the adult played at college level and provide the individuals in positions members from my course, I have some insight into how the of responsibility with specialist information on aspects of the needs of adults differ from those of adolescents and how sport, to which they would otherwise not have access .Our exercises and movements need to be modified and applied to national performance in the sport of archery is mediocre but each individual. Additionally I have studied psychology to an there has been little interest shown in it in the UK and also intermediate level, which I feel is invaluable in such a role that there is a lack of amenities and organised clubs. Needless to has to do with motivating and encouraging individuals to say that introduction to the sport from an early age would be fulfil their full potential and protect their health at the same of paramount importance. time. Sport Philosophy and History Cost and Equipment Archery improves one’s senses of balance, powers of With the help of some people from my course, I have concentration and visual acuity. In fact it is one of the oldest of developed an innovative new approach for aerobic exercise human endeavours, dating back about 25,000 years and for those with arthritis and other problems. The cost in terms about 4,000 years as an organised sport. In all times and of equipment is minimal and it is hoped that an opportunity to places, ability with the bow has been held to be a virtue. pilot the programme may be provided by my participation in Competition archery is divided into various categories, such as the Adult programme. I would, of course, seek the permission target, field, and flight shooting of the Head of department beforehand. Cost and Equipment Benefits to Students Top-of-the-range bows can indeed be beyond the budget of It is hoped that the benefit received by students will be most individuals but there are reasonably priced models to be manifold, helping them on a physical, psychological and found in most sports outlets or they can be hired out so that no spiritual level. Thus, the Institution would step closer to the major outlay need be incurred. Targets can be improvised from principles of holistic learning and life-long education. bails of straw and the like with paper targets pinned to them so that the cost is negligible. There are individual and team Conclusion elements involved in the sport and the sport was reintroduced To conclude, I have taken the opportunity of approaching the at the 1972 Olympic games after being discontinued in the Head of Physical Education with a draft outline of the early 1900s programme that I intend to implement if I am successful in my application. Should you require further information, I would Safety Considerations be pleased to meet with you to discuss any points that you With proper instruction and supervision archery is no more may have regarding my proposal at the Council meeting next dangerous than many other activities that are engaged in on October. the college campus, although it is recognised that the perceived risk appears to be higher to the layman. In point of fact, driving to work in the morning is by far the more dangerous of the activities. Additionally, archery hands a higher degree of responsibility to the student in a vivid way. This has all kinds of spin-off advantages regarding responsibility more generally. Conclusion In view of the low initial outlay and maintenance, the sport of archery would be a valuable and viable addition to the choice of sporting activities on offer at the college. I look forward to 90 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 29/01/2011 2:11 ΜΜ Page 91 Unit 8 2 a. Check that Ss understand the vocabulary in the Unit 8 – Respect! sentences. Play the cassette twice. Ss listen and complete the sentences with words/phrases from the cassette. Check Ss’ answers. Objectives Answer Key Vocabulary: social issues; historical events; racism; politics; 1 the Great War human rights 2 (right to) vote Reading: multiple choice (reading for attitude, purpose, 3 stock market crash content, exemplification, implication) 4 atomic bomb Listening: listening for opinion, gist, detail, inference; 5 was the first man to fly/orbit Earth multiple matching; sentence completion; multiple choice 6 Nobel Peace Prize questions Speaking: expressing agreement/disagreement; discussing 2 b. Help Ss to match the sentences groups of words/ pros & cons; expressing hesitation; expressing an phrases. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any vocabulary alternative viewpoint; monologue, discussing a topic which Ss do not understand then Ss complete task. Grammar: future tenses Check Ss’ answers. Phrasal verbs: see; settle Answer Key Writing: discursive essays (developing an argument, 1 B 3 A 5 F balancing both sides, discussion clock) 2 E 4 D 6 C Suggested Answer Key Elicit the significance of the title (respecting other people regardless of the differences in their circumstances, age, A The stock market crash in America in 1929 had far- racial group etc). reaching social consequences in the US and abroad. The resulting economic crisis was called the Great Depression. 1 Ss look at the photographs shown and speculate about There had been depressions at other times in history but what has happened/is happening in the pictures. this one was unprecedented in its length. It caused Elicit/explain the meaning of any unfamiliar words/phrases in widespread poverty, unemployment and bankruptcies as the prompts, then Ss complete task. Check Ss’ answers. well as social dislocation for over a decade. B The First World War was the largest and the most Initiate further discussion of the events and elicit / explain gruesome the world had ever seen. Millions of soldiers were the basic facts about each. wounded or maimed for life and it also caused immense ñ American troops arrived in Vietnam in 1965 – strong suffering to the civilian population. It had been thought anti-war protest at home eventually contributed to that it would be the war to end all wars but this was not the America withdrawing from Vietnam in 1973. case. In fact, the peace treaties after the First World War are ñ In 1961 a fortified wall was built across Berlin, dividing known to have been partly responsible for the start of the East and West sectors, to stop people trying to pass Second World War. illegally into the West. It remained until 1989. C Dr Martin Luther King was a civil rights leader who fought ñ Nelson Mandela imprisoned for his civil rights activities in for equal political and legal status and full constitutional 1962 - spent over 27 years in prison – during this time he freedoms and rights for the African-American people. He became the symbol of resistance to the apartheid regime believed in passive resistance to racial segregation and – in 1994 elected President in the first fully democratic partly because of his campaign, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 elections to be held in South Africa.. was signed. Dr Martin Luther King was assassinated in Answer Key 1968. D The controversial dropping of the atomic bomb on ñ Picture A was taken in People’s Park, California, on 11th May Nagasaki led to the end of World War Two. The bombs 1969. It shows some street fighting between anti-war activists caused much devastation and the effects of the radiation and riot police. The protesters are trying to escape arrest by were felt for years. It was the first and last time an atomic running away. There has obviously been an explosion. The bomb was used. police are firing canisters of tear gas to try to disperse the E Women’s suffrage had been brought to the attention of the protesters. general public when Emmeline Pankhurst formed the ñ Picture B was taken in Berlin, Germany on November 9th 1989. suffragette movement. The suffragettes used high profile It shows some people crossing the Berlin Wall. The border has methods such as chaining themselves to railings to keep in opened between East and West Germany and the country has the public eye and they were often put into prison for been reunited. Both East and West Germans are joining in the inciting riots. celebrations for the reunification of their country. F Yuri Gagarin’s flight into space in the Vostok marked the ñ Picture C was taken in South Africa in February 1990. It shows beginning of the modern era of man in space and paved Nelson Mandela has been freed from prison and is greeting his the way for further space exploration. Only 8 years later supporters. The Apartheid regime in the country has ended. film footage could be seen of Neil Armstrong walking on The isolation from the rest of the world that South Africa the Moon and saying his famous phrase, ‘one small step experienced for many years is now over. for man, one giant leap for mankind’. 91 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 29/01/2011 2:11 ΜΜ Page 92 Unit 8 2 c. Check that Ss have understood the vocabulary in the ñ First quotation – many will agree, and much of international rubric. Invite individual Ss to present their ideas to the and social history supports this opinion (reference may be class. made to historical events from the listening, e.g. the civil rights Suggested Answer Key movement and the suffragettes); also people in positions of power enjoy their power and tend to be reluctant to give it up; ñ Emmeline Pankhurst paved the way for women to be but some students may feel that discussion and negotiations granted the vote in 1928 and since that date women have can achieve liberation, without the need for making demands been empowered to influence government policies, which or fighting. have helped to improve women’s rights both socially and Second quotation – many will agree about the inequality and in employment. unfairness of life (examples of unfairness include issues arising ñ Martin Luther King brought the attention of the world to from the listening such as war, sexism, poverty/wealth, the plight of the African-Americans in the 1960’s. Today, racism); but some may disagree that it is inevitable – they may although discrimination still exists, it is less evident than feel that accepting unfairness is equal to condoning it, and 40 years ago and many non-whites now hold high that it is worth making an effort to work towards equality, to positions in both business and government in the United try to make the world a better place. States. ñ The information gathered from space missions has helped 5 a. Present the rubric and elicit/explain the meaning of to develop technology and improve life in general. preconceptions. Ss discuss their answers to the questions Everyday items such as Teflon pans are the direct result of in pairs or as a whole class. the space exploration programme. (Christie Brinkley was a model in the 1980’s renowned for her ñ The stock market crash in 1929 resulted in widespread healthy, athlete figure and blonde hair.) poverty during the 1930s and showed the precarious nature of wealth. Even today the stock market fluctuates, Suggested Answer Key affecting the lives of both the poor and the wealthy, but 1 By automatically attributing specific characteristics to from the lessons learnt from the American crash the certain races, we do not recognise that people have their effects today can be more easily controlled and are less own individual personalities and behaviour. We tend to devastating. give negative rather than positive characteristics to particular races and this does not allow the individual the 3 Elicit a brief discussion of different groups in society, asking opportunity to be judged on his own merits either in Ss whether they have noticed people being discriminated employment or in his social life. against etc. Check that Ss understand the vocabulary and 2 Whilst many people are ‘purely white’ or ‘purely black’ the instructions, then Ss complete the task in pairs. number of people of mixed race is increasing as prejudices Suggested Answer Key towards mixed relationships are being broken down. 3 It depends on someone’s personal preferences and ñ age – young and old people may not be given jobs e.g. an individual tastes. older woman will not be employed as a newsreader on TV 4 Preconceptions about different racial groups can come ñ job – a low social status is attached to certain jobs e.g. window from the media, our peers, history, personal experience cleaner, hospital auxillary and these workers are often looked and other people’s experiences. down on by white collar workers ñ gender – women are often discriminated against when b. Check that Ss understand the meaning of the words competing with men for promotion and phrases given, then elicit guesses concerning the ñ appearance – if you are fat/skinny/ugly/very short/very tall possible context in which they might be used in the you are often the victim of verbal abuse text. (Remind Ss that it is not important at this stage ñ physical abilities – people often have preconceived ideas that whether their guess is correct or not.) disabled people are incapable of leading a ‘normal’ life and the disabled have to fight for the right to live like able-bodied Suggested Answer Key people and be employed in standard professions mixed people – could be people from more than one race. ñ financial status – people who have low incomes and do not classification – they might talk about grouping people have the trappings of an affluent lifestyle are not respected. according to their race or beliefs. The unemployed who do not have regular incomes are often bigoted – people might be bigoted and have strong considered to be lazy and a burden to society. prejudices. ñ illness – someone suffering from a disease such as AIDS can be purists – there could be people who want their groups to be ostracised by society and can be discriminated against when ‘pure’ or unchanged. applying for jobs or accommodation external characteristics – outward physical features, like skin colour, for example. 4 Elicit the implications of each quotation and whether Ss agree or not. c. Ss skim text then complete task in pairs. Check Ss’ Suggested Answer Key answers. Encourage Ss to justify their answers. ñ First quotation – Those who subjugate those weaker than Answer Key themselves never easily relinquish their power. People who are The sentence which best summarises the passage is b. deprived of their right to freedom have to fight for it. Second quotation – It is an inescapable fact that people are d. Elicit/explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary not equal, some people will always be privileged and others in the questions (not the text) and allow Ss 10–15 disadvantaged: that is the nature of life, so one should just minutes to read the text more carefully and answer the accept it and not try to fight to change things. questions. Check Ss’ answers. 92 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 29/01/2011 2:11 ΜΜ Page 93 Unit 8 Answer Key ñ My yoga teacher is always preaching about the benefits 1 B 3 C 5 C 7 B of exercise. ñ The collapse of one of the biggest political parties was 2 B 4 A 6 B followed by a period of political turmoil. ñ The imposition of extended working hours caused 6 Ss work in pairs. Ss should underline the quoted words and widespread discontent. phrases in the text, then look at their use in context before ñ What it all boils down to is learning to get on with people answering the question in their own words and as briefly as from different backgrounds. possible. Invite pairs to give their answers to the class. ñ The Prime Minister denounced the extremist political Suggested Answer Key doctrine of the opposition. 1 Because the author had said she was black, but she was fair- ñ His argument was rather dubious and didn’t convince me. skinned and looked white to the girl. ñ Men and women are now employed on an equal footing 2 It means psychological harm. in most societies. 3 It means old-fashioned and no longer relevant. ñ The girl was found in the sea, clinging to the wreckage of 4 The fact that most people are racially mixed. her yacht. ñ The inquiry into the collapse of the company apportioned 7 a. Elicit/Explain meanings of words from context. blame to the chairman of the board. Alternatively ask Ss to use their dictionaries. Make sure ñ Harry was sacked for submitting bogus expense claims. that Ss choose the dictionary definition that fits the ñ The sociology book I am reading puts forward the theory context. Ss make sentences. As an optional extension, that political society is a human construct. for homework, Ss may then be asked to make ñ It is a parent’s duty to try to instil a sense of right and sentences of their own using some/all of the words in wrong in their children. the task. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any other vocabulary in the b Answer Key text Ss do not understand. abundance – profusion, ample quantity Answer Key mischievous – naughty, playful remnants – remains, leftovers obtuse – stupid, without understanding advocates – supporters, promoters abounds – is very common blends – mixtures oblivious – unaware arbitrary – random, illogical endowed – having a particular feature intermingling – mixing floored – surprised bigoted – having strong, unreasonable beliefs 8 Ask individual Ss to present their ideas. perpetuate – cause to continue personal agendas – own aims, intentions Suggested Answer Key preaching – commenting on moral matters ñ if you come from a country which is considered underdeveloped turmoil – confusion educationally even though you have attended university, then imposition – forcing people to accept it may be difficult to be taken as a serious contender for an boils down to – it is a matter of executive post doctrine – belief/theory accepted by a particular group ñ if you come from a mixed race family then the relatives of each dubious – uncertain parent may show racial prejudice towards the family of the footing – basis other in-laws. Family occasions would thus tend to be for one clinging – holding onto side of the family rather than a larger affair with all the apportioned – given a share relatives being included bogus – false ñ certain races are not considered to be ‘cultured’ e.g. few artists constructs – ideas or classical musicians are non-white but we do expect jazz instils – puts an idea into someone’s mind musicians and athletes to be either African or Afro-American ñ many people are reluctant to travel in areas outside their own Suggested Answer Key religious or ethnic background ñ Of course she can understand if she wants to. She’s being deliberately obtuse. 9 Check that Ss understand the terms in the list by asking ñ Although people deny it, prejudice abounds in all them to explain/translate, etc. Allow Ss a few minutes to societies. complete the task. Check Ss’ answers and elicit explain the ñ Many characteristics are inherited, yet there is some meaning of any vocabulary Ss still do not understand. phenotypic variance within families. Answer Key ñ Sue carried on working, oblivious to the noise coming 1 cardboard box cities 8 poverty trap from the meeting in the next room. 2 inner-city unrest 9 minimum wage ñ Diana was endowed with Nordic good looks. 3 job seeker’s allowance 10 social exclusion ñ I was completely floored by his unreasonable reaction. 4 Asylum seekers 11 industrial action ñ My neighbour is so bigoted that he’s not open to anyone 5 class distinctions 12 police harassment else’s ideas. 6 people power 13 single-parent family ñ The association was set up to perpetuate traditional arts 7 grey power and crafts in rural areas. ñ He’s not working to help the group; he’s got his personal agenda. 93 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 29/01/2011 2:11 ΜΜ Page 94 Unit 8 10 Elicit meaning of ‘Meals On Wheels’. Ss read first text to Answer Key check. Elicit/Explain any vocabulary Ss do not understand in 1 in 6 in 11 in 16 for the questions, not in the text. Allow Ss 10 to 12 minutes to 2 in 7 in 12 for 17 in complete task. Check Ss’ answers and elicit/explain the 3 for 8 in 13 in 18 in meanings of any vocabulary Ss still do not understand. 4 in 9 in 14 for 19 in Repeat procedure for second text. 5 in 10 for 15 for 20 for Answer Key 1 B 4 C 7 D 10 C Suggested Answer Key 2 B 5 C 8 A 11 D 1 I agree in principle, but I don’t know if we will be able to 3 A 6 A 9 D 12 D actually do it. 2 ‘Everything in moderation’, as the old saying goes. 11 Check Ss understanding of the terms used for different 3 Normally, the local cinema gets all the new films, but in the areas of government (e.g. Prime Minister, Foreign Office, case of ‘Titanic’, we had to go to London. Department of Transport, local authority/ town council etc.) 4 The judge sentenced Thompson to prison for life. then Ss complete the task. Check Ss’ answers, then elicit/ 5 He’s leaving the country for good, and emigrating to Australia. explain the meaning of any vocabulary Ss still do not 6 They moved to a different area for the sake of a good understand. education for their children. Answer Key 1 e 4 a 7 b 10 g 15 Allow Ss a few minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ 2 h 5 c 8 i answers and elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary Ss 3 f 6 j 9 d still do not understand. As an optional extension Ss may then be asked to make sentences of their own using some/ 12 a. Help Ss to complete the collocation chart and elicit / all of the idioms in the task. explain the meaning of each term. Answer Key Answer Key 1 is dragging its feet – is not doing much/enough 2 a storm in a teacup – a big fuss about nothing/something ge trivial e e sion ssur llen ngl 3 a drop in the ocean – a very small amount tle et ss wra stre ups cha ten pre bat 4 are fighting a losing battle – are not managing to solve the problem racial ✓ ✓ 5 have bitten off more than they can chew – have been political ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ overambitious occupational ✓ ✓ 6 common knowledge – well known to everyone legal ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ 7 a law unto himself – someone who behaves independently, ignoring rules and conventions social ✓ ✓ ✓ 8 made a mountain out of a molehill – making something trivial seem more important than it is b. Suggested answers 9 had outstayed his welcome – stayed too long, and was no ñ Leading up to the Civil War there was a lot of racial longer wanted tension felt in schools and public places. 10 are driving/have driven a wedge between – are creating/ ñ Political pressure was put on the Prime Minister to resign. have created hostility between ñ Occupational stress is a common cause of health problems such as heart attacks. 16 Point out to Ss that all fixed phrases here contain the verbs ñ The environmental group made a legal challenge in the see or seek. Elicit /Explain phrases. Allow Ss 3 – 4 minutes to court to stop the factory being built near the beauty spot. complete task. Check Ss’ answers. ñ There is less social pressure these days for women to Answer Key marry and give up their careers. 1 We don’t see eye to eye on a number of issues. 13 Check that Ss understand the task, then allow them two or 2 You can seek help in caring for elderly people at home from three minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers and the local council. elicit / explain the meaning of any vocabulary Ss still do not 3 I see red whenever I hear about instances of social injustice. understand. 4 Many people are seeking compensation on grounds of racial discrimination. Answer Key 5 It remains to be seen what measures the government will take 1 A, E 5 A, B 9 A, E to counter poverty. 2 A, C 6 A, C 10 A, B 3 B, E 7 B, D 17 Refer Ss to Appendix 2 if necessary and allow them two or 4 C, E 8 C, D three minutes to complete task. Check Ss’ answers and explain the meaning of any vocabulary the Ss still do not 14 Refer Ss to Appendix 1 if necessary, and allow them two or understand. As an optional extension for homework, Ss three minutes to complete the task. Check Ss’ answers and may be asked to make their own sentences with the phrasal elicit/explain the meaning of any vocabulary Ss still do not verbs used in the task. understand. Ss then make sentences of their own. Answer Key 1 settle in – become used to being there and feel at home 2 see me off – take me to the airport and say goodbye 94 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 29/01/2011 2:11 ΜΜ Page 95 Unit 8 3 see through – realise the truth behind the lies ñ I refused the invitation to the party as I had to work. 4 settled for – chose to accept Besides, I didn’t feel in a sociable mood. 5 saw to – arranged, made sure 6 settled up – paid the bill 19 a. Choose one or two pairs of Ss to act out discussions 7 see things through – continue till completed aloud as a model for the remainder of the class; then Ss 8 see about – arrange continue the task in pairs. 9 settled down – started living a quiet life in one place, get Suggested Answer Key married and have children A: Of course, voting is a basic human right, so I suppose we 10 settle down – become calm should take advantage of it. B: That’s true up to a point, but then again, don’t you think 18 a. Explain/Elicit the meaning of any unfamiliar items in the we should have the freedom to choose whether or not to sentences. Play the cassette once. Ss listen and match vote? I mean if someone doesn’t want to vote, perhaps he issues to statements. Check Ss’ answers should be free not to. Answer Key A: Yes, but it must be said that voting for our leaders is part Taking care of the elderly in the community — Extract 2 of democracy, I mean elections are the foundation of Dealing with vandalism — Extract 3 democracy. And apart from anything else, it’s every Using surveillance cameras in city streets — Extract 1 person’s civic duty to vote. B: Well I suppose it is. But I’m not sure if our votes really b. Ss read lists. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any vocabulary make a difference. The thing is, more often than not, Ss do not understand, then play the cassette a second voting doesn’t change anything. The same system time for Ss to fill in the gaps. Elicit/Explain any vocabulary continues, whatever you vote. that Ss still do not understand. Emphasise the need for correct spelling in the answers. b. Present/Explain the statements and invite/ elicit suitable Answer Key responses from as many members of the class as possible. Alternatively Ss work in pairs first followed by Community care for the elderly class discussion. (+) (–) Suggested Answer Key ñ quality ñ accidents ñ residential ñ A: I’m not sure that people travelling internationally without a passport is such a good idea. I mean, how would we ever be able to control crime? Police records of youths with a history of vandalism B: Yes, but then again, think of the benefits to trade. It would certainly be encouraged. (+) (–) C: Well I suppose that is true. Not to be taken lightly ñ incentive ñ police though, is the fact that all kinds of people, I mean undesirable people, could get in and out of the country. D: Quite. And something worth mentioning is the fact Surveillance cameras in public places that some countries might quickly become flooded (+) (–) with immigrants. ñ safety ñ privacy E: More often than not though, it wouldn’t happen. They ñ offenders would only come if there was work for them! ñ deter F: True, and besides, perhaps it would help bring countries closer together. c. Suggested Answer Key E: Of course, that was the whole point in instigating the ñ Of course, that was the whole point of going to policy. Perhaps it’ll be a success in the long term. university, to get a better job. ñ Getting a good job gives you social status. I mean being a ñ A: In my opinion, professionals should be allowed to work doctor or a lawyer. in whatever country they want. ñ But then again job satisfaction is more important than B: Well yes, though isn’t that the case already? I mean, a having social status. doctor or a teacher can go and work abroad, can’t they. ñ So I suppose the ideal situation is to get a high salary for C: But the thing is do they want to? I mean, more often very little work. than not people prefer to work in their own country, ñ The thing is I can’t go out tonight as I have to study for my whatever the opportunities abroad. test. A: It must be said, however, that it’s not very easy to work ñ You’re going to the football match on Saturday, I suppose. abroad, because of all the documents and permits you ñ Perhaps there is a possibility that the government will need. And besides, you have to know the language of increase pensions in the next budget. the country. ñ Apart from anything else, I can’t afford to go on holiday C: There is also the matter of recognition of this year. qualifications. I’m not sure if Greek qualifications, for ñ More often than not the weather is poor at this time of year. example, are recognised abroad. ñ Of course it might be advisable to put some money aside B: Mmm. I suppose it could be made easier if there were for a rainy day. agreements between countries that cut out some of the ñ I’m not sure if the minister will be attending the meeting bureaucracy. or not. ñ Perhaps it’ll be a hot day tomorrow. 95 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 29/01/2011 2:11 ΜΜ Page 96 Unit 8 ñ A: I think studying abroad really benefits a student and b. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary should be compulsory, don’t you? in the opinions given; then play the cassette. Ss listen B: That’s true up to a point but only for certain subjects and match opinions to speakers. Play the cassette a like languages and economics. second time. Check Ss’ answers, encourage Ss to justify A: In a sense you’re right, however, a point in favour of their choices. Play relevant parts of the cassette again if studying abroad is that all students can learn about necessary. different cultures and methods of study no matter what Answer Key the subject being discussed. 1 B 3 C 5 P B: I suppose that’s correct but not to be taken lightly is the fact that studying abroad costs a lot of money and 2 P 4 P 6 B should only really be for those who would benefit academically. c. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. Suggested Answer Key 20 a. Help Ss to match words to definitions. Some students may feel that swift changes are necessary Answer Key when they are rectifying serious problems in society whereas traumatic – shocking, upsetting others might support slower amendments to less pressing stereotypes – preconceptions about groups of people problems so that the reforms can be more carefully and solidarity – togetherness, support effectively formulated. prevalent – common, widespread 22 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary b. Invite/Elicit responses from as many of the class as in the questions; then play the cassette. Ss listen and possible. answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Check Ss’ answers. Suggested Answer Key Answer Key ñ being the victim of prejudice can be traumatic ñ prejudice is prevalent in our society 1 B 2 A ñ solidarity with other people can help victims of prejudice to feel better b. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. ñ one of the causes of prejudice is the stereotypes of certain Suggested Answer Key groups of people that many people have in their minds ñ Computers can threaten individual freedom as personal information (financial/tax/professional/ family etc) can c. Allow Ss one or two minutes to read sentences and be stored on computer and then be accessed to check up elicit/explain any unfamiliar vocabulary. Invite Ss to on them. predict what the missing words might be. Play the ñ Culture involves customs and traditions so naturally cassette twice. Ss listen and complete the task. Check affects individual freedom in that a certain amount of Ss’ answers. Elicit/Explain any vocabulary Ss still do not conformity is expected. Also a dominant culture may understand. As an optional extension, elicit a brief threaten the freedom of a minority culture in some discussion on how effective workshops like this could be countries. in eliminating prejudice (e.g. whether telling other people ñ Rules and regulations by definition limit individual how you feel relieves those feelings, if the effects of the freedom, but they are often for the general good in order workshop will be lasting etc). to maintain a balance in society– without rules and Answer Key regulations an individual’s freedom may jeopardise that 1 easily erased 6 to focus of others and create anarchy. 2 cannot condone 7 verbal response 3 negative stereotypes 8 negative emotions 23 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary 4 object 9 turn inward in the questions; then play the cassette. Ss listen and 5 frightened or inadequate answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Check Ss’ answers. 21 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of the words from the Answer Key recording. Invite Ss to speculate on possible contexts. 1 C 2 A Suggested Answer Key ñ barriers – these might be put up against women trying b. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. either to be employed or seeking promotion Suggested Answer Key ñ childcare facilities – these are rarely provided for mothers Some may feel that change is achieved by protests, in companies and private childcare is costly, thus women demonstrations and petitions. Examples may be given of often cannot go back to work after giving birth general strikes, other union activity, campaigns by ñ flexible working hours – these would help mothers organisations like Amnesty International, Greenpeace, etc. returning to work as they could fit in the hours they had However, change isn’t usually achieved quickly, and often to work around the demands of the children these methods serve to raise public and governmental ñ organisational restructuring – companies could be awareness, which hopefully will eventually create a reorganised to take the needs of the working mother into favourable climate for change to occur. consideration Some may feel that petitions are less effective, as a piece of paper can easily be filed away and forgotten. Others may favour this less aggressive approach. 96 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 29/01/2011 2:11 ΜΜ Page 97 Unit 8 24 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary e. Student A comments for up to 1 minute on what in the questions; then play the cassette. Ss listen and Student B has said. answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. Suggested Answer Key Check Ss’ answers. Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 8, Ex. 26f on p. 170 Answer Key 1 C 2 A f. Play the cassette, asking Ss to take notes on ideas and timing. Discuss Ss’ answers and elicit comments on b. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. student performance so far. Direct Ss’ attention to the length of Omar’s contribution. Suggested Answer Key Students’ own answers In some countries (such as China and Japan) the elderly are treated respectfully and play a major role in decision making g. Refer Ss to questions and assessment criteria from h in both the family and their neighbourhood whilst in the West and check Ss understanding of both. Play sample they are often regarded as useless members of society and interview good model answers (questions 1 and 4). Ss have no active part to play in their societies. listen to identify good qualities of the speech, according to the criteria given in h. Elicit comments from class and 25 a. Elicit/Explain the meaning of any unfamiliar vocabulary initiate discussion on what makes a good answer. Ss in the questions, then play the cassette. Ss listen and discuss remaining three questions in pairs. Monitor and answer the questions. Play the cassette a second time. help. Check Ss’ answers. Suggested Answer Key Answer Key 1 Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 8, Sample Interview 1 B 2 A on p. 170 2 Etienne: We tend to take our civil liberties for granted but b. Ss discuss the topic in pairs or small groups. we shouldn’t let these rights be eroded. In my opinion, the Suggested Answer Key most important liberty is freedom of the press. So often There is a certain amount of vandalism in the form of graffiti governments or political parties abuse the press and use it on walls in most areas. Vandalism often arouses feelings of as a means to promote their own propaganda. We should anger and frustration in the general public. Some people turn endeavour to keep the press independent and then we to vandalism if they are unemployed or bored with their lives can form our own opinions on political matters. and can see very little to look forward to in their future. Zoë: Yes. With a free press we can defend our democratic rights. I also think the right to demonstrate and form 26 a. Refer Ss to rubric and prompt box. Brainstorm question associations must never be withdrawn. In some countries to generate ideas and vocabulary. Explain to Ss that the governments ban marches and large gatherings but they will be expected to speak for 2 minutes on the having this means to voice your opinion is essential in any question in this stage. Ss work in pairs: Student A democracy. speaks while Student B listens and assesses using the Etienne: The power of the police should also be controlled. Peer Assessment Checklist. In some police states people can be detained without a charge for months. Or certain minority groups are Suggested Answer Key victimised and are arrested without firm evidence against Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 8, Ex. 26c on p. 169 them. Zoë: That’s another good point. The rights of religious and b. Student B comments for up to 1 minute on what political minorities must always be respected even if they Student A has said. Then the pairs discuss the are at odds with the accepted ideas of the country. We assessment together. may not agree with them but everyone must retain the Suggested Answer Key privilege of being able to express his beliefs in a public Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 8, Ex. 26c on p. 169 forum. Etienne: As long as these groups are not acting against c. Play the cassette, asking Ss to take notes on ideas and the majority in the country then, of course, they must be timing. Discuss Ss’ answers and elicit comments on allowed to express their own beliefs. But we shouldn’t student performance so far. Direct Ss’ attention to the always believe that minority groups are the victims. length of Kristina’s contribution. Sometimes they are working to undermine the stability of the country and the rights of the majority. Students’ own answers Zoë: You have a point there, Etienne. 3 Philippe: The first thing we can do to help the physically d. Refer Ss to rubric and prompt box. Brainstorm question challenged is to recognise that they are entitled to the to generate ideas and vocabulary. Remind Ss that they same respect as everyone else. They may have to face will be expected to speak for 2 minutes on the question physical problems but that doesn’t mean they have to be in this stage. Ss work in pairs: Student B speaks while treated as if they were children or mentally deficient. Student A listens and assesses using the Peer Eleni: Right. We should do everything we can to make Assessment Checklist. their lives as ‘normal’ as possible. For example, the Suggested Answer Key disabled should be assured of access to buildings by the Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 8, Ex. 26f on p. 170 government making it the law to build ramps for wheelchairs outside all public buildings such as libraries. Then they can attend universities and have the same employment prospects as everyone else. But that’s 97 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 29/01/2011 2:11 ΜΜ Page 98 Unit 8 another issue. Employment. The government should also Costas: Yes, subsidised accommodation would help and if make discriminating against the physically challenged the ordinary citizen pressed for a fiscal policy which would illegal and also provide incentives to employers to give benefit the less comfortably off, then the workers would them jobs. This would give them a feeling of worth and have more disposable income to enhance their lifestyles. self-esteem. And more financial support for the less advantaged in Philippe: There is no reason why a physically challenged further education would enable them to acquire person can’t excel in his chosen field. Actually, I believe a qualifications which would boost their career prospects. government minister in Britain is blind and he has a guide Pia: So, have we reached a consensus of opinion? dog to help him move around. And that’s what the Improved housing for the poor, fewer punitive taxes and government could do. Make sure that any equipment that more educational support for asylum seekers. All these would help improve their quality of life is provided free or things would enrich the quality of life of the poor and so at a subsidised rate. Machines like electronic wheelchairs reduce social inequalities. or talking books for the blind, special phones for the deaf and so on. h. Refer Ss to rubric. Check understanding of criteria Eleni: I think the main thing is to ensure that they do not again. Point out that one of the Ss they hear on the feel as if they are outsiders and that they have the same cassette will perform badly in some of the areas listed. rights as everyone else. Play cassette. Ss complete task. Elicit comments from 4 Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 8, Sample Interview class and encourage class discussion on performances. on p. 170 (Citizens Advice Bureau [CAB] is an organisation giving free 5 Costas: Well, these days every society faces social advice to the public on civil matters.) inequalities and some of its citizens do not enjoy all of the Answer Key benefits it offers. Both students tackle the question practising the required Pia: Yes, but hasn’t that always been the case? There have language but Costas uses a more varied and advanced always been sections of society who have been denied vocabulary e.g. ‘unscrupulous’, ‘fiscal’ and a greater range of basic rights on account of their low standing in the class grammar including conditionals, passives and inversion. Pia ranks. tends to repeat many of the expressions used by Costas, e.g. Costas: I suppose we’ve always had a distinct social class ‘enhance the lifestyles’ and she has a smaller and more system but now we have more groups associated with the simplistic range of grammar, e.g. she uses ‘mightn’t’ and under classes such as refugees, asylum seekers and ‘wouldn’t’ frequently. Her vocabulary is more limited and uses women. informal expressions such as ‘rip off’ and ‘kids’. The students Pia: I don’t think women are considered as an did manage to deal adequately with the task in hand but underprivileged sector nowadays, but yes, refugees and Costas would have been given a higher mark in the grammar, asylum seekers most certainly are. So how can a solution vocabulary and discourse management bands as his be found to this predicament? proficiency in the language was more apparent. Costas: The government must ensure that all asylum seekers have regular language classes because if they are Sample Interview: For this unit the sample interview not proficient in the language of their adopted country contains a recorded model interview for two questions then they will face discrimination and exploitation in the from the final stage of Part 3 of the speaking test (26g workplace. They’d be taken advantage of by unscrupulous questions 1 and 4). employers willing to make a profit at their expense. Pia: Not only would they be mistreated by these 27 a. Elicit/Explain meanings of any unfamiliar words in the unprincipled managers but they could face obstacles in titles. Help Ss to match phrases to extracts. finding employment of any kind. And they probably Answer Key wouldn’t be able to find decent accommodation or they 1 extract 2 3 extract 4 might find themselves in the situation of being compelled 2 extract 1 4 extract 3 to pay unacceptably high rents to landlords trying to swindle them out of the few resources they have. Indeed, b. Ss read questions. Elicit/Explain any unfamiliar vocabulary they would not be in the position to do very much about in the questions; then allow Ss 10 to 15 minutes to read this as their command of the language would probably be the texts and answer the questions. Check Ss’ answers inadequate to even ask for assistance and support from and explain any vocabulary they still do not understand. agencies such as the Citizens Advice Bureau. (The Great Depression refers to the period of great economic Costas: Apart from the language, they should be given hardship from 1929 - 34.) equal opportunities to be educated and maybe even subsidised housing while they establish themselves. Not Answer Key until they are provided with decent housing will they be 1 A 3 A 5 D 7 D able to feel an established part of their adopted 2 B 4 C 6 B 8 A community. Pia: But what about trying to redress the inequalities by 28 Ss work in pairs or small groups to answer questions. educating the average citizen? The refugees would benefit Answer Key from a better-educated populace who would hopefully 1 The Save the Children text is probably an information leaflet question the fact that some members of the public were published by the charity. The second text is a narrative and not being afforded equal rights. Also, in order to improve perhaps is part of a novel. The third text could be from an lifestyles in general, we should endeavour to lower taxes economics journal and the fourth text may be from a for the poorer classes, abolish fees for teenagers attending newspaper or magazine article. university and construct houses with affordable rents. 98 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 03/02/2011 5:57 ΜΜ Page 99 Unit 8 2 The purpose of the first text is to inform the general public 31 Elicit/Explain any vocabulary in the headlines the Ss are about the aims and beliefs of the charity. unfamiliar with. Ss complete task in pairs. Check Ss’ 3 We learn that Coleman did not face the same problems of answers. prejudice experienced by his father due to his less apparent Answer Key negroid features and his excellence at school, both ñ The Prime Minister has stated that he has no intention of academically and in sports. agreeing to the railway workers’ demands for a pay rise. 4 The writer states that even within nations inequalities have ñ It is likely that the local fairground will close. been created by globalisation. Those who are educated or are ñ The Foreign Minister has said that the peace negotiations are skilled workers can benefit from it, whilst those who are bound to fail. illiterate or unskilled tend to have their positions worsened by ñ It is certain that 5000 workers in the steel industry will be made the trend towards greater openness. redundant. 5 The writer means that most subjects can be discussed openly today, but loneliness, which many people are reluctant to 32 Elicit/explain any words from the chart Ss are unfamiliar admit they feel, is such a sensitive subject that it is rarely talked with. Ss complete task, using dictionaries if necessary. about or acknowledged. Check Ss’ answers. 29 a. Refer Ss to Grammar Reference. Go through the points Answer Key with them. Elicit the future forms from the sentences. Verb Person Noun Adjective Abstract Noun Check Ss understand their use. represent representative representative/ representation Answer Key representational 1 will have finished – future perfect used to show future support supporter supportive/ support completion supporting/ 2 won’t be able – future simple used to express prediction supported She’ll be wearing – future continuous to describe a colonise coloniser/ colonial/ colonisation/ situation at a future point in time colonist/ colonised colonialism 3 will have been talking – future perfect continuous used to colonialist show future completion with emphasis on duration defend defender/ defensive/ defence 4 will ring – future simple to express a promise defendant defensible 5 will be landing – future continuous to express a future tyrannise tyrant tyrannical tyranny event that will happen as a matter of course antagonise antagonist antagonistic antagonism b. Allow Ss one or two minutes to complete answers. 33 Elicit content of text from title. Elicit/Explain meanings of Check Ss’ answers and review future tense uses if any unfamiliar words in capitals. Ss read text and predict the necessary. forms of the missing words. Ss complete task, using Answer Key dictionaries if necessary. Check Ss’ answers, making sure that spelling is correct, and explain any vocabulary they still 1 have loaded, will set off do not understand. 2 will have been working 3 get, will have started Answer Key 4 will still be sleeping 1 increasingly 6 repellent/repulsive 5 shall/will be lying 2 incompetence 7 endangered 3 Eastern 8 package 30 Explain to Ss that the future can also be expressed using 4 truancies 9 detention phrases such as due to, about to etc. Explain that the 5 recommendations 10 offenders following exercises practise these. Elicit/Explain phrases containing the key words. Allow Ss five or six minutes to 34 Elicit from students what ‘ageism’ might be (discrimination complete task in pairs. Check Ss’ answers. Review forms if against someone because of their age). Ss read whole text necessary. for general understanding. Elicit type of word missing from Answer Key each gap (noun, verb, preposition etc.). Allow Ss four to five minutes to complete task in pairs. 1 ... are due (to arrive) ... 2 ... changes are expected to be made/there are changes Answer Key expected in ... 1 else 6 Most 11 putting 3 ... was about to start when ... 2 but/though 7 myself 12 What 4 ... are not to be used ... 3 on 8 came 13 none 5 ... is not due (to arrive) ... 4 Until 9 As 14 which 6 ... every likelihood of there ... 5 so 10 be 15 little 7 ... we may/may not have finished ... 8 ... had every/the intention of coming ... 35 Elicit/Explain any vocabulary Ss do not know in questions 1 & 9 ... with a view to buying ... 2. Brainstorm with Ss for possible words to fill the gaps. Ss 10 ... I’m (just) about to ... select the word which fills all three gaps. Allow Ss four or 11 ... soon going to sign ... five minutes to complete the exercise. Check Ss’ answers 12 ... will take place ... and elicit/explain any vocabulary they still do not understand. 13 ... almost made up her mind to ... Answer Key 1 air 3 course 5 film 2 board 4 disorder 6 notice 99 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 29/01/2011 2:11 ΜΜ Page 100 Unit 8 36 Present/Explain strategy point to Ss. Elicit/Explain any Answer Key unfamiliar vocabulary in summary question and points for While – Although inclusion. Ss work in pairs to complete task. Check Ss’ a question of – a matter of answers. Encourage Ss to provide reasons why the points First of all – To begin with are irrelevant. say – for example Answer Key clearly – obviously 1 C, D 2 B, D 3 B, E It follows from this that – Consequently after all – when all is said and done 37 a. Check that Ss understand task and summary questions. In conclusion – To sum up Ss read texts. Elicit/Explain any unfamiliar vocabulary, then Ss highlight relevant information. Check Ss’ b. Ss work in pairs to answer questions. Check Ss’answers. answers and elicit/explain any vocabulary from the texts Answer Key Ss still do not understand. ñ the writer has addressed all points but ‘the writer is tired of Information to be highlighted being a victim’, sometimes supporting the point and A1 pay for a university education sometimes rejecting the idea stated A2 travelling to exotic places / opportunity to prove what you ñ Students’ own answers are really made of / men and women alike are given a ñ the writer has referred to the original article and the article warm welcome into our military family writer’s viewpoint ñ in the introduction the writer uses a question to begin the B1 basked in self-pity / how unfair it was / depression article. The subsequent paragraphs begin with First of all, B2 sadness and hopelessness / bitterness at one’s fate / It follows from this that, It is, therefore, In conclusion negative emotions / melancholic episodes ñ the topic sentences in the main body clearly state the subject of each paragraph b. Help Ss to paraphrase highlighted information. Allow Ss ñ In paragraph 1 the writer gives an example of why people about fifteen minutes to write summaries. Invite destroy property by saying it is more fun for them. This individual Ss to read out completed summaries. justifies the statement that something is wrong. In paragraph 2 the writer gives examples of the ‘needs of Suggested Answer Key young people‘ and supports this by saying what will happen A A career in the army or navy can offer someone the if they have no way of using their energy constructively. chance to travel and provides a personal challenge. The ñ the writer concludes the essay by summing up the main armed forces also give individuals of both sexes the feeling points and giving his personal opinion on the subject. of belonging, and may fund their higher education. ñ the writer has also offered solutions to the problem. These B Heart attack victims are likely to suffer harmful are mentioned in the third paragraph psychological effects, feeling miserable and generally sorry for themselves. They may even be so despondent 40 a. Refer Ss to Appendix 3 and check that Ss are familiar that they lose their desire to survive and might also feel with the use of the words and phrases given. Allow Ss resentful that life has treated them unfairly. about four minutes to complete task. Check Ss’answers. 38 Go through and explain strategy point to Ss. Suggested Answer Key a. Ss read rubric. Elicit answers to questions 1 and 2. Ss 1 In many cases, vandalism is a result of boredom. work in pairs to answer question 3. Check answers Nevertheless, some people who spray graffiti claim that it (encourage Ss to give justifications) and explain any is a form of artistic expression. vocabulary Ss still do not understand. 2 Ageism is a phenomenon that punishes old people Answer Key through no fault of their own. Yet it would be a mistake to 1 opinion overlook the fact that young people also suffer from this 2 college/school tutor – writing should be formal kind of prejudice. 3 Suggested answer – the main points which have to be 3 One of the main causes of prejudice is ignorance. The fact addressed are: ‘vandalism is a social problem’, ‘vandalism remains though that people’s experiences also have a part seems to be spreading’, ‘young people are responsible for to play. vandalism’, ‘we need to stop it happening’. We do not 4 Women have proved themselves capable of any job that need ‘the writer is tired of being a victim’ as this is can be done by a man. However, women are rarely given someone else’s opinion and is irrelevant to the student’s the chance to enter certain professions. essay. The other points can be addressed according to the 5 Crime in general is on the increase in large cities. What student’s personal opinions. makes matters worse is that an increasing proportion of crimes are committed using firearms. b. Elicit suitable responses from as many members of the class as possible. b. Elicit explanations/examples from Ss for each point. Students’ own answers Students’ own answers (See Suggested Answer Key 40c) 39 a. Ss read model. Elicit/Explain meanings of any vocabulary c. Ss write their paragraphs. Check Ss’ answers making Ss are not familiar with. Elicit/ explain the functions and sure that Ss are using appropriate linking words. refer Ss to Appendix 3 to help them match alternatives. 100 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 29/01/2011 2:11 ΜΜ Page 101 Unit 8 Suggested Answer Key ñ criminals should be re-educated to fit into society rather 1 In many cases, vandalism is a result of boredom. This may than merely being locked up and isolated be due to the fact that many young people are unemployed and have no direction in how to spend their free time. b. Discuss with Ss how well balanced the points are. Allow Nevertheless, some people who spray graffiti claim that it is Ss four or five minutes to complete task in the same a form of artistic expression. Those graffiti artists who paint pairs. Invite two or three pairs to read out their answers. on buildings in rundown areas justify their actions saying Suggested Answer Key their art beautifies the area and helps lift the moods of On the one hand prison can act as a deterrent. On the other those who have to live in such depressing places. hand, it is a very costly system to maintain and does not give 2 Ageism is a phenomenon that punishes old people anything back to the community. through no fault of their own. Employers are reluctant to Some people claim that criminals have to be isolated from take on new staff who are nearing retirement. That is to law-abiding citizens while others insist that instead they say, someone who is made redundant in their late 50’s should be re-educated to fit into society rather than merely stands very little chance of finding another job of the being seen to be punished. same status. Yet it would be a mistake to overlook the fact It is true that victims must see the perpetrators of the crime that young people also suffer from this kind of prejudice. being punished. However, it cannot be denied that some Often young graduates cannot get a foot on the career prisoners are not always rehabilitated and are influenced by ladder as their age, and thus their lack of working more hardened criminals whilst they are imprisoned. experience, is counted against them. 3 One of the main causes of prejudice is ignorance. Those c. Help Ss to arrange points into a logical order. Ss people who have never had any contact with people from complete task individually. Ask one or two Ss read out other countries often raise the most vociferous objections to their answers. allowing continued immigration. The fact remains though Suggested Answer Key that people’s experiences also have a part to play. If you have encountered immigrants in a negative light, such as It would be acceptable to have two paragraphs to deal with your being mugged or your house being burgled, then your the two aspects of the question. personal experiences will influence your attitudes towards encouraging other nationalities to come into your country. 42 Go through box on ‘Suggesting Solutions’ with Ss. Check Ss 4 Women have proved themselves capable of any job that understand rubrics and elicit/explain any vocabulary Ss are can be done by a man. In recent years they have even not familiar with. Ask Ss to underline key words and phrases been seen in the armed forces in the front line or being in the rubrics and prompts. Ss then work in pairs to fill in sent into space. Also, in some countries, including Third the tables. Invite as many pairs as possible to read out their World nations, they have achieved high governmental answers. positions even up to the post of Prime Minister. However, Suggested Answer Key women are rarely given the chance to enter certain professions. There are still jobs which are perceived as A Suggestion Explanation/ Expected result being male-oriented in which only a few women ever example achieve high ranks, such as head of the secret service or 1 legislation pass laws against more opportunities chairperson of a major bank. discriminating for people of all ages 5 Crime in general is on the increase in large cities. The crime because of age in employment rate has risen in all areas in most countries and many people feel afraid to venture out at night. What makes 2 alternate posts fixed term posts the young would matters worse is that an increasing proportion of crimes of responsibility would give not have to wait are committed using firearms. Even offenders committing chances to all ages until they were muggings or petty crimes now have access to advanced to hold higher middle-aged to weaponry such as automatic rifles. This adds to the positions be given a post citizen’s fear of decreasing security in their cities. of responsibility 3 get rid of use media to create a more open-minded 41 Go through box on ‘Balancing Both Sides’ with Ss. stereotyping non-stereotypical attitude to different a. Allow Ss four or five minutes to find points. Ask one or images of all age age groups two pairs to read out their points. groups Suggested Answer Key For ñ criminals have to be isolated from law-abiding citizens ñ prison can act as a deterrent ñ victims must see that the perpetrators of the crime are being punished Against ñ does not always rehabilitate – some prisoners are influenced by more hardened criminals ñ very costly to maintain the system and does not give anything back to the community 101 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 29/01/2011 2:11 ΜΜ Page 102 Unit 8 B Suggestion Explanation/ Expected result 8 introduction referring to the situation stated in task - the example conclusion summing up points from the essay and giving 1 conduct advertising campaign new businesses may your opinion advertising would bring the town move to area and campaign to the attention of generate B 1 an essay suggesting solutions to a social problem to show businesses in other employment 2 the magazine editor – semi-formal/neutral in style attractions parts of the country 3 to win first prize in the competition of town 4 choose a social problem and put forward solutions to it 5 find a minimum of three points and write a paragraph for 2 encourage give loans to local people would each possible solution new local unemployed to not have to move 6 students’ own answers businesses establish own away to find 7 by giving relevant examples to open businesses employment 8 introduction referring to the problem and giving a 3 seek move away from the establishment of historical background – the conclusion should sum up the government the traditional areas further education points you have made and give your personal opinion help to attract of business facilities would new types e.g. the government result in related C 1 a balanced essay of business could set up new businesses being 2 possibly your teacher/university tutor, formal universities in set up e.g. shops, 3 probably a university assignment depressed areas restaurants, 4 all the points mentioned in your notes accommodation 5 each group of notes will be dealt with in one paragraph services 6 students’ own answers 7 by giving relevant examples 43 Elicit meanings of any words from the discussion clock and 8 introduction must refer to the points stated in the task – gapped sentences Ss are unfamiliar with. Ss complete task. conclusion must sum up the points made in the essay and Check Ss’ answers. the writer’s opinion should be recorded Answer Key 46 Ss write their essay for homework, or alternatively it can be 1 moral 4 economic done in class as a group writing task. 2 social 5 personal Suggested Model Answers 3 educational A Literacy has been defined as being able to read, write and 44 a. Allow Ss three to four minutes to read the beginnings understand a short, simple statement. In a highly and endings and match them. Check answers then elicit technological society such as ours, being unable to read and which pair is from which type of essay. Encourage write is clearly a handicap, condemning people to a life of students to justify their answers from the paragraphs. unemployment, menial jobs or crime. Elicit/Explain any vocabulary that is still unfamiliar to the This need not necessarily be the case in other areas of the Ss. world, however. Illiteracy rates, particularly in societies that depend on agriculture, may be very high indeed with only Answer Key three out of ten adults being able to read or write. In these ñ an opinion essay — C2 cases, it is not illiteracy that is a root cause of poverty, as has ñ a balanced essay — A3 been suggested, but lack of resources. Clearly, in this type of ñ an essay suggesting solutions — B1 society, what is important is to be able to earn a living and there is no evidence that literacy improves the ability to b. Ss work in pairs to predict content of main body produce enough food to eat. paragraphs. Invite two or three pairs to present their It is therefore only natural that attention should be ideas to the class. focussed on the need to improve food production so that Students’ own answers people can be fed and housed. This means improved irrigation systems and better farming methods rather than an emphasis 45 Elicit/explain any vocabulary Ss are unfamiliar with. Elicit on learning how to read and write. In fact, in these societies, answers for questions 1–4 for each rubric. Ss work in pairs since literacy skills are not useful in helping to improve people’s to answer questions 5–8. Elicit answers from as many ability to earn their living, those with literacy skills tend to members of the class as possible. leave and migrate to areas where literacy skills are valued. Nowhere is this more apparent than in countries where the Answer Key majority of the population rely on subsistence farming for A 1 an opinion essay their living. Clearly, feeding the hungry is far more important 2 possibly your teacher/university tutor, formal than achieving high rates of literacy here, and without 3 a university assignment to show your views on poverty wishing to deny the importance of improving literacy, I feel it and literacy must take second place to this. 4 lack of literacy is one of the root causes of poverty, Thus, whether the eradication of illiteracy can be a teaching literacy will take second place to feeding the solution to the problem of poverty depends on what kind of hungry, eradicating illiteracy can make the difference society we are looking at. In our own culture, illiteracy has between temporary alleviation and a long-term solution. clear links to poor health, low income and unemployment. In 5 students’ own answers others it is not the primary cause of poverty and while it will be 6 students’ own answers a significant factor in improving quality of life in the future, for 7 by giving relevant examples the present other factors should take priority 102 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 29/01/2011 2:11 ΜΜ Page 103 Self-Assessment Module 4 B One of the most acute social problems of our times is the hooliganism. Additionally, studies have shown that a lack of gradual loss of a sense of community in people’s lives. In this organised activities in a group may often result in delinquent pluralist, diverse society there are few easy entry points into behaviour such as vandalism. the heart of any locality. What is urban freedom for many, an There is no clear-cut answer to the question of whether escape from gossip and interference, is also desolate isolation family or friends have the most influence on the behaviour of for others. young people. It has been shown, however, that teenagers Regarding the social perspective, community institutions who belong to groups with rules and structured activities are are in decline – unions, churches, and clubs, voting, even far less likely to get into trouble than those that do not. Parents eating out. Where there is community, there is less crime, can help by taking a genuine interest and encouraging their better school performance, more happiness. Belonging to one children to take part in activities that promote ‘team spirit’, community group delivers the same volume of happiness as such as sport. In this way, family, friends and teammates will doubling your income. Belonging is so good for you that it all contribute towards a positive influence on the behaviour of reduces the chances of ill health by 50 percent. young people. But where is this elusive community to be found? It is nostalgic to think of the scouts and choral societies or amateur dramatics groups. Times change and creating a new sense of community requires building on people’s lives as they Self-Assessment Module 4 are now, the things people want enough to need to band together. It should not be overlooked that community activity 1 1 C 3 B 5 A 7 B 9 D traditionally depended on women, but they have gone out to 2 B 4 A 6 B 8 D 10 D work instead. But seek out where strangers do still meet and it is largely parents – mainly mothers – outside school gates, 2 1 with 5 stood 9 sees playgroup, at the checkout or the baby clinic. Ask communities 2 law 6 settle 10 sport now what they need most locally and the answer is childcare. 3 ball 7 where Therefore if we really want to foster a community spirit, 4 down 8 ceiling start with children’s groups: attractive welcoming places, offering every service from pre-natal to after-school clubs. At a 3 1 ... is common knowledge that Beckham ... stroke it would bring together all parts of the community 2 ... expected that there will be trouble ... under one roof, in centres run by and for local parents, the only 3 ... do not see eye to eye ... way to unite all classes, each contributing according to 4 ... remains to be seen what ... income. These would be the missing social heartbeat in each 5 ... have bitten off more than she can chew ... area, nurturing a multitude of voluntary and self-help groups, clubs, classes and community action run by volunteers side by 4 1 disregarded 5 spatial 9 explanation side with professionals. 2 outweighs 6 decisions 10 rankings To sum up, around 10,000 such centres around the 3 disservice 7 dominant country would transform individual lives, binding together 4 historian 8 easily isolated families and socially divided communities everywhere. Getting back our community spirit requires less 5 1 fit 3 sporting 5 power government theorising and more government outlay. 2 ages 4 drove C There are a number of factors to consider when discussing 6 1 A 3 D 5 B 7 B the influences that affect the behaviour of young people. Lack 2 D 4 B 6 B of discipline, peer pressure, education and poverty can all play a part. One also has to consider parental attitudes and 7 1 B 2 C 3 B 4 D 5 A education, race, local crime rates in general, size of the family and lastly the neighbourhood where the teenagers live. No 8 a. Suggested Answer Key single factor can be blamed for fostering delinquent behaviour Student A but two influences are clearly very strong – that of peer Many women need to take time off work when their children pressure from friends, and the influence of family members. are young in order to look after them and this often means Initially, attitudes of parents and siblings toward such they lose their place on the career ladder. By the time they go issues as race or class may promote prejudice or a sense of back to work, they have missed promotion and they find they superiority in a pre-school age child. Lack of parental discipline cannot rise beyond a certain level. With the Internet however, would certainly lead to badly behaved children who may working from home on-line becomes a real solution, since a progress to acts of vandalism and other anti-social behaviour. woman can simply move her office to the home environment Some parents may have been delinquents themselves, set a and still stay in constant contact with what’s happening at poor example or decline to impose acceptable guidelines on work. Although working from home in this way requires a their children. Alternatively, over-strict parenting may not have great deal of discipline, it does mean that women can the desired effect but instead cause a sense of rebelliousness in continue to hold positions of responsibility without depriving the children, who carry this on to their teenage years. their children of their mother’s presence. Since women often Teenagers in general need to feel that they belong to a have very good communication skills, this is to their particular group. They may be tempted to take part in anti- advantage because they do not need to have the long face to social behaviour to impress their friends and gain acceptance face meetings that men often require to establish a good and credibility in the ‘gang’. This could result in a ‘crowd working relationship. It also means that, working from home mentality’ that may encourage acts of violence or on-line, women do not feel the need to ‘power dress’, in other 103 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 8 29/01/2011 2:11 ΜΜ Page 104 Self-Assessment Module 4 words to wear the kinds of formal clothes that will force men 2 A: I’m not sure really. I suppose in cultures where to take them seriously as colleagues. They can simply be participation in some form of sporting activity is seen as themselves and know that ‘lookism’ no longer applies. They character building, then the sport plays an important role. will be judged on the quality of their work alone and not on Sport is very important in British culture for example, their style of dress and whether or not it conforms to the male particularly team sports, because it is supposed to teach stereotype of female appearance. you how to get along with other people and how to play fair. Student B B: Whereas perhaps in other cultures it wasn’t something I’m not sure that the Internet always helps. I would tend to which was an important part of the educational system. think that however efficient the Internet is, you do miss out on For example, it was just something you did with your personal contact and that is important in a career. friends when you had nothing better to do. Perhaps kick a ball around anywhere you could find a bit of space, even Student B on the street. Consequently, sport wasn’t institutionalised in the sense that it was part of the culture. It was To a certain extent they do. Any international sporting event something extra. means that groups of people from different countries, who A: Yes, that’s a good point. Perhaps that’s why in sport in share a common interest get together and get to know each many cultures is seen as something for the experts and is other better. So, on an individual level, better relationships are competitive rather than recreational. promoted because athletes know that nationality is 3 A: To my mind, there’s nothing that can be done about any unimportant, what matters is to be good at what you do. social problem until the underlying causes are pinpointed. Differences between nations can be put aside and prejudices Otherwise there can be no long-term solution to revealed to be just stereotyped ideas with no basis in reality. something like hooliganism. You can catch some of the Consequently, in this respect, sporting events do promote troublemakers and put them in jail, but that is not going greater international understanding. Of course, events like the to stop others carrying on in the same way. Olympic games are so enormous that vast numbers of people B: I don’t see why not. After all most hooligans are not come into contact with each other, and because they take actually professional criminals, they’re mostly just rather place in different cities around the world, people watching TV wild young people, they don’t want to run the risk of going at home also come to share the athletes’ sense of respect for to jail. I feel that a real threat of prison would keep things achievement. The impact of the Games is trememdous and more under control. But I agree that the deeper reasons there is a very strong argument for saying that here at least for it have to be looked into. For a start it’s interesting that nations can meet in friendly rivalry. However, there is another hooliganism is almost entirely associated with football, side to the picture and that is hooliganism, which has isn’t it? increased lately. Certain countries have a reputation for A: Yes, very. It’s obviously got to do with the strong feelings tolerating hooliganism among fans and there have been which the different clubs encourage their supporters to some serious incidents involving groups of foreign hooligans have. The club you support defines you, and you are at international matches. In these cases sporting events have supposed to feel intense hostility towards supporters of a actually damaged relations between nations. rival team. I think the clubs are to blame in the end. So they have to be told to stop whipping up rivalry among Student A supporters. I’d go along with what you’ve said, although I do think that B: You’re probably right. the fact that big international events get so much media coverage could, in the end, increase national rivalries rather 4 A: It can help to a certain extent but it’s not a long-term than decrease them. solution. B: What do you mean? Don’t you think that if, for example, Students A & B every company has to hire a certain number of people 1 A: Well if ‘lookism’ means judging people by their external from a minority group, or every school is obliged to take appearance then I’d say we’re all guilty of that to some children from minority groups, that this will stop extent or another. I know I’ve made snap judgments about discrimination against minorities? people based purely on the way they’re dressed, and been A: Yes and no. My view is that positive discrimination works rather cool and unfriendly, then later found that they were against minorities in the end, because it generates a great people I had a lot in common with. deal of resentment among the majority groups, who then B: Yes, it’s something we’re all aware that we shouldn’t be feel that they have been excluded, not because of their doing, but nonetheless we continue to use appearance as abilities, but because of their beliefs or their race or a means of judging character. whatever. I don’t think it relieves tensions, I think it A: I suppose in some circumstances it’s appropriate, though. exacerbates them. Supposing you went to the doctor and were confronted by B: In the short term perhaps. But measures like these are not an untidily dressed, rather grubby individual, you’d surely expected to be in force for very long. They are essentially be right to suspect that his carelessness spilled over into bridging measures designed to get everyone used to each his job? other, so that different groups in society learn about each B: Perhaps, but that wouldn’t necessarily mean anything other and come to accept that it is not necessary for us all about his personality. Clothes are a uniform really, people to be exactly the same. No, I’m afraid I would argue that often don’t have much choice in what they wear. It’s positive discrimination is essential if we want to integrate determined by their profession. minority groups into our societies. 104 UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 9_UPSTR ts CPE_UNIT 9 29/01/2011 2:12 ΜΜ Page 105 Unit 9 5 A: As we said before, positive discrimination might help. What other measures could be taken? Unit 9 – Another Day, Another Dollar B: Well, there has to be legislation for equality. For example, if there are laws in place saying that everyone has an equal right to any kind of job, provided they have the skills, of Objectives course, then people who feel they have been discriminated against can have recourse to the law if Vocabulary: work/business; jobs/careers; personal skills/ necessary, and employers will be more careful about their qualities; money; dress actions. Reading: multiple choice; gapped text (missing paragraphs) A: Education helps too. If schools teach children that all of Listening: three-way matching; four-option multiple us, whatever our background, are equal, then little by little choice; three-option multiple choice the idea will become accepted. As these children grow up Speaking: speculating; evaluating; suggesting alternatives they will pass their ideas on to their children and schools (negotiating a decision) will support this. In a few generations, inequality will no Grammar: participles; participle constructions; passive longer be an issue. voice; B: We won’t even think about it any more you mean. That Phrasal verbs: take; tell would be one less problem to worry about and would Writing: formal letters; thanks; application; certainly make the world a better place! complaint; apology 9 Suggested Answer Key Elicit/Explain the meaning of the title. 'Another day, Another dollar' is a fairly common expression related to It is a very commonly held belief that if someone is homeless work, usually said with resignation: ie 'It may not be then that person is either in some way to blame for his or her much fun, but you've got to do it to earn a living.' situation, or that that is the way he or she has chosen to live. Similar expressions would be: 'No pain, no gain' and However, while this may be true of a minority of the homeless, it is 'Business be