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Libolo season, 2016–17 Cal State Bakersfield Roadrunners men's basketball team, 2016–17 Egypt Cup, 2016–17 Egyptian Premier League, 2016–17 Egyptian Second Division, 2016–17 Hartford Hawks men's basketball team, 2016–17 Jacksonville Dolphins men's basketball team, 2016–17 Romanian Liga I (women's football), 2016–17 Texas A&M–Corpus Christi Islanders men's basketball team, 2016–17 USM Alger season, 2016–17 VCU Rams men's basketball team, 2016–17 WKU Lady Toppers basketball team, 2016–17 Zamalek SC season, 2017 Africa Cup of Nations qualification Group G, 2017 Arab Club Championship, 2017 CAF Champions League Final, 2017 CAF Champions League group stage, 2017 CAF Champions League knockout stage, 2017 CAF Confederation Cup group stage, 2017 CAF Confederation Cup qualifying rounds, 2017 Egypt Cup Final, 2017 in Egypt, 2017 in Malaysia, 2017 Minya attack, 2017–18 Al Ahly S.C. season, 2017–18 Atlético Madrid season, 2017–18 Cal State Bakersfield Roadrunners men's basketball team, 2017–18 Egypt Cup, 2017–18 Egyptian Premier League, 2017–18 Egyptian Second Division, 2017–18 Hartford Hawks men's basketball team, 2017–18 Jacksonville Dolphins men's basketball team, 2017–18 TCU Horned Frogs men's basketball team, 2017–18 Texas A&M–Corpus Christi Islanders men's basketball team, 2017–18 VCU Rams men's basketball team, 2017–18 Western Kentucky Lady Toppers basketball team, 2018 African Nations Championship qualification, 2018 CAF Champions League group stage, 2018 Egypt Cup Final, 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification – CAF Second Round, 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification – CAF Third Round, 2018 in combat sports, 2018 Mediterranean Games, 2018–19 Al Ahly S.C. season, 2018–19 Egyptian Premier League, 2018–19 Oregon Ducks men's basketball team, 202 BC, 203, 20th Battalion, London Regiment (Blackheath and Woolwich), 215, 219 BC, 21st Battalion (New Zealand), 220s BC, 226 BC Rhodes earthquake, 229th Brigade (United Kingdom), 22nd Battalion (New Zealand), 230th Brigade (United Kingdom), 231st Brigade (United Kingdom), 23rd Battalion (Australia), 245, 246 BC, 249, 250 BC, 256, 258 BC, 265 BC, 269, 280, 281 BC, 283 BC, 285 BC, 292, 294, 29th Battalion (Australia), 2nd Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom), 2nd Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment, 2nd century BC, 2nd Composite Mounted Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division (South Africa), 2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 2nd Mounted Division, 2nd New Zealand Division, 2nd South Western Mounted Brigade, 2nd Special Squadron (Japanese Navy), 3 Maccabees, 30 BC, 305, 307 BC, 32 BC, 320 BC, 321, 323, 325 BC, 328, 332 BC, 339, 34 BC, 356, 357, 35th (Royal Sussex) Regiment of Foot, 361, 362, 365, 365 Crete earthquake, 366, 380, 385, 389, 391, 3rd century BC, 3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters), 3rd Manchester Rifles, 4 Maccabees, 4-6-2, 40 BC, 400, 41 BC, 432, 4354 Euclides, 44th (Howitzer) Brigade Royal Field Artillery, 47 BC, 48 BC, 48th Battalion (Australia), 4th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment, 4th Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom), 4th Battalion, Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey), 4th century BC in poetry, 4th century in poetry, 4th East Anglian Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 4th North Midland Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 51st (London) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 525, 52nd Battalion (Australia), 535, 538, 541, 551 Beirut earthquake, 566, 5th Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment, 609, 618, 619, 631, 641, 645, 646, 652, 6th Battalion, Essex Regiment, 6th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment, 6th Cavalry Regiment, 6th Division (Australia), 70th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 73rd Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 74th (Yeomanry) Division, 75th Division (United Kingdom), 770, 7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 7th Battalion (Australia), 7th Battalion, Essex Regiment, 7th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers, 7th Division (Australia), 7th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 80 BC, 828, 860, 88th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 89th (Cinque Ports) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot, 905, 910, 914, 91st (Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot, 936, 940, 978, 9th Division (Australia). 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"Free Albania" National Committee (Komiteti Kombëtar "Shqipëria e Lirë"), also known as "Free Albania" National-Democratic Committee, also National Committee for a Free Albania or NCFA, was a political organization of post-World War II Albanian emigre in the Western countries.
'Amr ibn al-'As (عمرو بن العاص; 6 January 664) was an Arab military commander who led the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 640.
The 'Urabi revolt, also known as the 'Urabi Revolution (الثورة العرابية), was a nationalist uprising in Egypt from 1879 to 1882.
A Battery (1st City of London Horse Artillery), Honourable Artillery Company was a horse artillery battery that was formed from Light Cavalry Squadron, HAC in 1891.
A Queen for Caesar (Una regina per Cesare, Cléopâtre une reine pour César) is a 1962 Italian-French historical drama film set in Egypt in 48 BC.
Sir Alan Patrick Herbert CH (24 September 1890 – 11 November 1971), usually known as A. P. Herbert or simply A. P. H., was an English humorist, novelist, playwright and law reform activist who served as an Independent Member of Parliament (MP) for Oxford University from the 1935 general election to the 1950 general election, when university constituencies were abolished.
Aaron Ben-zion ibn Alamani was an Egyptian Dayyan, or judge, and prominent Jew of Alexandria in the twelfth century.
Aëtius of Amida (Ἀέτιος Ἀμιδηνός; Latin: Aëtius Amidenus; fl. mid-5th century to mid-6th century) was a Byzantine Greek physician and medical writer, particularly distinguished by the extent of his erudition.
Aëtius of Antioch (Ἀέτιος ὁ Ἀντιοχεύς; Aëtius Antiochenus), surnamed "the Atheist" by his trinitarian enemies, founder of Anomoeanism, was a native of Coele-Syria.
Saint Abanoub or Abanoub Al-Nahisy, (Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ⲁⲡⲁⲛⲟⲩⲃ) is a 4th-century Christian saint and martyr from Egypt.
Abaskiron (Ἀπα Ἰσχυρίων) was a Byzantine topoteretes and/or tribune, active in the Diocese of Egypt during the 6th century.
Abāmūn of Tarnūt is a saint and was a martyr of the fourth-century Coptic Church.
Abū Ṭāhir al-Silafī (born Isfahan in 472 AH/1079 CE; died Alexandria in 576/1180), was a leading scholar and teacher in sixth/twelfth-century Egypt.
Abbas Halim (Egyptian Arabic: عباس حليم, October 9, 1897 – July 6, 1978), also known as Nabil Abbas Halim or Sherief Abbas Halim, was a prince of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty and a labor activist in Egypt.
Abbas Helmy I of Egypt (also known as Abbas Pasha, عباس الأول, I. 1 July 181213 July 1854) was the Wāli of Egypt and Sudan.
Abbas II Helmy Bey (also known as ‘Abbās Ḥilmī Pasha, عباس حلمي باشا) (14 July 1874 – 19 December 1944) was the last Khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt and Sudan, ruling from 8 January 1892 to 19 December 1914.
The Abbasid Caliphate (or ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّة) was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
An abbey is a complex of buildings used by members of a religious order under the governance of an abbot or abbess.
ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Marwān (عبد العزيز بن مروان; died 705) was the Umayyad governor and de facto viceroy of Egypt between 685 and his death.
Abdal-Hamid Kishk (March 10, 1933 – December 6, 1996) was an Egyptian preacher, scholar of Islam, activist, and author.
Abd al-Rahman al-Rafai (February 8, 1889 – December 3, 1966) (عبد الرحمن الرافعي) was an Egyptian historian.
'Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (عبدالرحمن صوفی (December 7, 903 in Rey, Iran – May 25, 986 in Shiraz, Iran) was a Persian astronomer also known as 'Abd ar-Rahman as-Sufi, 'Abd al-Rahman Abu al-Husayn, 'Abdul Rahman Sufi, or 'Abdurrahman Sufi and, historically, in the West as Azophi and Azophi Arabus. The lunar crater Azophi and the minor planet 12621 Alsufi are named after him. Al-Sufi published his famous Book of Fixed Stars in 964, describing much of his work, both in textual descriptions and pictures. Al-Biruni reports that his work on the ecliptic was carried out in Shiraz. He lived at the Buyid court in Isfahan.
Abdallah ibn Tahir (Persian: عبدالله طاهر, Arabic: عبد الله بن طاهر الخراساني) (ca. 798–844/5) was the Tahirid governor of Khurasan from 828 until his death.
Abdallah Mahmoud Said Bekhit (عبد الله السعيد; born 13 July 1985) is an Egyptian professional footballer who plays for Saudi Professional League side Al-Ahli, and the Egyptian national team as an attacking midfielder.
Abdaraxus was an ancient engineer mentioned in Laterculi Alexandrini as the one "who built the machines in Alexandria".
Abdülaziz (Ottoman Turkish: عبد العزيز / `Abdü’l-`Azīz, Abdülaziz; 8 February 18304 June 1876) was the 32nd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and reigned between 25 June 1861 and 30 May 1876.
Abdel Hadi Al Gazzar (1925-1966) (Arabic: عبد الهادي الجزار) was an Egyptian painter.
Abdel Moneim Amin (عبد المنعم أمين) (1912–1996) was an Egyptian military figure and politician.
Abdel Moneim El Shahat (Arabic: عبد المنعم الشحات) (born 1970 in Alexandria) is the official spokesman of the Egyptian Salafist group al-Da'wa al-Salafiya (“The Salafist Call”), religious preacher and TV Host.
Abdel Moneim El-Guindi (12 June 1936 – 17 March 2011) was an amateur Egyptian flyweight boxer.
Abdel Nader (born September 25, 1993) is an Egyptian-American basketball player for the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Abdel Sattar Sabry Abdelmajid Mahmoud (عبدالستار صبري; born 19 June 1974), known as Sabry, is a retired Egyptian professional footballer who played as an attacking midfielder.
Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil (عبد الواحد الوكيل, born 7 August 1943 in Cairo) is an Egyptian architect who designed over 15 mosques in Saudi Arabia and is considered by many as the foremost contemporary authority in Islamic architecture.
Abdelghani Ibrahim (1878–1962) was an Egyptian poet.
Abdellatief Abouheif (September 30, 1929, in Alexandria, Egypt – April 23, 2008, in Alexandria) was an Egyptian marathon swimming champion.
Abdou Cherif (also Abdou Chrif, Abdo Sheriff, Abdo Shrif, Abdo Sharif, or in Arabic: عبدو شريف) is a singer native of the Moroccan city of Casablanca.
Abdulrahman Mohamed El-Sayed (born October 31, 1984), known as Abdul El-Sayed, is a candidate for governor of Michigan, running as a Democrat.
Abdul Hamid II (عبد الحميد ثانی, `Abdü’l-Ḥamīd-i sânî; İkinci Abdülhamit; 21 September 184210 February 1918) was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the last Sultan to exert effective control over the fracturing state.
Mohammed Abdul Khalek Hassouna (محمد عبد الخالق حسونة) (October 28, 1898 – January 20, 1992) was an Egyptian diplomat who served as the second Secretary-General of the Arab League from 1952 to 1972.
Abdul Munim Riad (22 October 1919 – 9 March 1969) (عبد المنعم رياض) was a general and chief of staff of the Egyptian Armed Forces.
Abdullah El-Sawy (Arabic عبدالله الصاوي); born (October 26, 1971), is an Egyptian former football striker.
Abdülmecid I (Ottoman Turkish: عبد المجيد اول ‘Abdü’l-Mecīd-i evvel; 23/25 April 182325 June 1861), also known as Abdulmejid and similar spellings, was the 31st Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and succeeded his father Mahmud II on 2 July 1839.
Abdulmejid II (عبد المجید الثانی, Abd al-Madjeed al-Thâni – Halife İkinci Abdülmecit Efendi, 29 May 1868 – 23 August 1944) was the last Caliph of Islam, nominally the 37th Head of the Ottoman Imperial House from 1922 to 1924.
Abdulrahman Sewehli (عبد الرحمن السويحلي) is a Libyan politician and the leader of the Union for the Homeland party.
Abeer Abdelrahman Khalil Mahmoud (born 13 June 1992) is an Egyptian weightlifter.
Aberoh and Atom are martyrs of the Christian church.
Abias is a saint of the Coptic Church.
Nader Anwar Gaber (نادر أنور جابر) (born 1968) is an Egyptian singer who is popularly known by his stage name, Abou El Leef (ابو الليف, "Loofahs Person").
Abraxas (Gk. ΑΒΡΑΞΑΣ, variant form Abrasax, ΑΒΡΑΣΑΞ) is a word of mystic meaning in the system of the Gnostic Basilides, being there applied to the "Great Archon" (Gk., megas archōn), the princeps of the 365 spheres (Gk., ouranoi).
Absadah was a Christian priest and martyr.
Abtalion (אַבְטַלְיוֹן ʾAbhtalyôn) or Avtalyon (Modern Hebrew) was a rabbinic sage in the early pre-Mishnaic era who lived at the same time as Sh'maya.
Al-Mursi Abu'l-'Abbas (1219 in Murcia – 1287 CE) (المرسي أبو العباس) is a Sufi saint from Al-Andalus of the Moroccan Merinid dynasty who later in his life moved to Alexandria in Egypt.
The Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque (جامع أبو العباس المرسي) is an Egyptian mosque in the city of Alexandria.
Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Mufarraj bin Ani al-Khalil, better known as Abu al-Abbas al-Nabati, Ibn al-Rumiya or al-Ashshab, (أبو العباس النباتي, Abu’l-ʿAbbās al-Nabātī) (c. 1200) was an Andalusian scientist, botanist, pharmacist and theologian.
Abu Al-Izz Al-Hariri (2 June 1946 – 3 September 2014) was an Egyptian socialist politician.
Abū al‐Ṣalt Umayya ibn ʿAbd al‐ʿAzīz ibn Abī al‐Ṣalt al‐Dānī al‐Andalusī (October 23, 1134), known in Latin as Albuzale, was an Andalusian-Arab polymath whose works on astronomical instruments were read both in the Islamic world and Europe.
Abu Darda was one of the companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Umar ibn Hafs ibn Shuayb ibn Isa al-Balluti, surnamed al-Ghaliz ("the Fat") and later al-Iqritishi ("the Cretan"), and usually known as Abu Hafs (أبو حفص, in Greek sources Ἀπόχαψις, Apohapsis), was a Muwallad corsair who was primarily active between 816 and 827.
Mustafa Kamel Mustafa (مصطفى كامل مصطفى; born 15 April 1958), also known as Abu Hamza al-Masri (أبو حمزة المصري, – literally, the Egyptian father of Hamza), the Hook Hand or simply Abu Hamza, is an Egyptian cleric who was the imam of Finsbury Park Mosque in London, England, where he preached Islamic fundamentalism and militant Islamism.
Abū Ḥayyān al-Gharnāṭī ("Abū Ḥayyān from Granada", full name Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf bin ‘Alī ibn Yūsuf ibn Hayyān an-Nifzī al-Barbarī Athīr al-Dīn Abū Ḥayyān al-Jayyānī al-Gharnāṭī al-Andalūsī) was a commentator on the Quran.
Omar Shafik Hammami (عمر شفيق همّامي, ‘Umar Shafīq Hammāmī; 6 May 1984 – 12 September 2013), also known by the pseudonym Abu Mansoor Al-Amriki (أبو منصور الأمريكي, Abū Manṣūr al-Amrīkī), was an American citizen who was a member and leader in the Somali Islamist militant group al-Shabaab.
Abu Mena (also spelled Abu Mina; ابو مينا) was a town, monastery complex and Christian pilgrimage centre in Late Antique Egypt, about southwest of Alexandria.
Abu Mohammed Salih (also Silih) or Abu Mohammed Saleh ibn Yansaran Said ibn Gafiyan al-Doukkali al-Maguiri (sometimes spelled al-Majiri) (1153–1234) was a Sufi leader from Morocco and one of the successors of Abu Madyan.
Abu Qir (ابو قير, Abu Qīr, or), formerly also spelled Abukir or Aboukir, is a town on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, near the ruins of ancient Canopus and northeast of Alexandria by rail.
The Abū Qīr Bay (sometimes transliterated Abukir Bay or Aboukir Bay) (transliterated: Khalīj Abū Qīr) is a spacious bay on the Mediterranean Sea near Alexandria in Egypt, lying between the Rosetta mouth of the Nile and the town of Abu Qir.
Abu Qir Fertilizers and Chemicals Company (AFC) is one of the largest producers of nitrogen fertilizers in Egypt and the Middle East.
Abu Qair Semad is an Egyptian football club based in Alexandria, Egypt.
Abu al-Hasan ash-Shadhili (أبو الحسن الشاذلي) (full name: Abu al-Hasan ʿAli ibn ʿAbd Allaah ibn ʿAbd al-Jabbaar al-Hasanī wal-Husaynī ash-Shadhili) also known as Sheikh al-Shadhili is an influential Moroccan Islamic scholar and Sufi, founder of the Shadhili Sufi order.
Abune Paulos (3 November 1936 – 16 August 2012) was Patriarch of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (1992–2012).
Aboune Petros (Ge'ez: አቡነ ጴጥሮስ) or Abuna Petros (1892-1936) was an Ethiopian bishop and martyr, executed on 29 July 1936 by the Italian occupation forces in Ethiopia for publicly condemning colonialism, invasion and massacre.
Abusir (also spelled Abousir and Abu Seer, known in ancient times as Taposiris Magna) is a seaside town on the shore of Lake Mariout on the western extremity of Egypt's Nile delta.
Acacius (Ἀκάκιος) was a Byzantine military officer, active in Alexandria during the reign of Justinian I (r. 527–565).
Acacius (? – 26 November 489) was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 472 to 489.
Acharei Mot (also Aharei Mot, or Aharei Mos) (Hebrew for "after the death") is the 29th weekly Torah portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
Achernar is the name of the primary (or 'A') component of the binary system designated Alpha Eridani (α Eridani, abbreviated Alf Eri, α Eri), which is the brightest 'star' or point of light in, and lying at the southern tip of, the constellation of Eridanus, and the tenth-brightest in the night sky.
The Acheron class (officially re-designated as the I class in October 1913) was a class of twenty-three destroyers of the British Royal Navy, all built under the 1910-11 Programme and completed between 1911 and 1912, which served during World War I. A further six ships were built to the same design for the Royal Australian Navy as River-class destroyers.
Achillas (Ἀχιλλᾶς) was one of the guardians of the Egyptian king Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, and commander of the king's troops, when Pompey fled to Egypt in 48 BC.
The Achille Lauro hijacking happened on October 7, 1985, when the Italian MS ''Achille Lauro'' was hijacked by four men representing the Palestine Liberation Front off the coast of Egypt, as she was sailing from Alexandria to Ashdod, Israel.
The relationship between Achilles and Patroclus is a key element of the stories associated with the Trojan War.
Achilles Tatius (Greek: Ἀχιλλεὺς Τάτιος) of Alexandria was a Roman era Greek writer whose fame is attached to his only surviving work, the ancient Greek novel or romance The Adventures of Leucippe and Clitophon.
Achilleus (fl. 3rd century AD) assumed the title of Roman emperor under Diocletian and reigned over Egypt for some time.
The Acropole is the oldest existing hotel in Khartoum, that has been in service without interruption.
The Action of 15 July 1798 was a minor naval battle of the French Revolutionary Wars, fought off the Spanish Mediterranean coast by the Royal Navy ship of the line HMS ''Lion'' under Captain Manley Dixon and a squadron of four Spanish Navy frigates under Commodore Don Felix O'Neil.
The Action of 18 August 1798 was a minor naval engagement of the French Revolutionary Wars, fought between the British fourth rate ship HMS ''Leander'' and the French ship of the line ''Généreux''.
The Action of 19 February 1801 was a minor naval battle fought off Ceuta in Spanish North Africa in February 1801 between frigates of the French and Royal Navies during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Action of 24 June 1801 was a minor naval engagement during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Action of 27 June 1798 was a minor naval engagement between British and French frigates in the Strait of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Action of 28 September 1644 refers to a battle that took place on 28 September 1644 about from Rhodes, when six Maltese galleys under Boisbaudran attacked an Ottoman convoy of sailing ships.
The Action of 29 September 1662 took place between Kos and Kalimnos, Greece, when a Venetian fleet attacked and defeated the regular Turkish cargo fleet and its escort which were on their way to Alexandria.
The Action of 31 March 1800 was a naval engagement of the French Revolutionary Wars fought between a Royal Navy squadron and a French Navy ship of the line off Malta in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Action of Agagia (also Agagiya, Aqqaqia or Aqaqia) took place east of Sidi Barrani in Egypt on 26 February 1916, during the Senussi Campaign between German and Ottoman-instigated Senussi forces and the British army in Egypt.
Acts 18 is the eighteenth chapter of the Acts of the Apostles in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.
Acts 27 is the twenty-seventh chapter of the Acts of the Apostles in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.
Acts 28 is the twenty-eighth (and also the last) chapter of the Acts of the Apostles in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.
Acts of the Martyrs (Latin Acta Martyrum) are accounts of the suffering and death of a Christian martyr or group of martyrs.
The early 3rd-century text called Acts of Thomas is one of the New Testament apocrypha.
AD 38 (XXXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 39 (XXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 40 (XL) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 50 (L) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 54 (LIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 67 (LXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 69 (LXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 70 (LXX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 98 (XCVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Mohamed Diab Al-Attar, known as Ad-Diba, (محمد دياب العطار‎; 17 November 1927 – 30 December 2016), was a footballer who played for the Al Ittihad Alexandria Club and the Egypt national football team.
Ada Sari (29 June 1886 – 12 July 1968) was a Polish opera singer, actress, and educator.
Adam Henein one of the most prominent Egyptian sculptors, was born into a family of gold metalworkers in Cairo in 1929.
Adam Kadmon (Primordial Man; also Adam Ila'a, אדם עילאה "supreme man"; abbreviated as א"ק, A"K), in Kabbalah, is the first spiritual World that came into being after the contraction of God's infinite light.
Adama Diata (born August 14, 1988) is a male freestyle wrestler from Senegal.
Adamantius (Αδαμάντιος) was an ancient physician, bearing the title of Iatrosophista (ιατρικων λόγων σοφιστής; broadly, "professor of medicine").
Adamantius is the academic journal of the Italian Research Group on Origen and the Alexandrian Tradition (Gruppo Italiana di Ricerca su Origene e la Tradizione Alessandrina, GIROTA).
Adélaïde-Gillette Dufrénoy (née Billet) (1765–1825) was a French poet and painter from Brittany.
Adel Adham (عادل أدهم; March 8, 1928 – February 1, 1996) was one of Egypt's most famous actors.
Adel Alexander Darwish (عادل درويش) is a Westminster-based British political journalist, a veteran Fleet Street reporter, author, historian, broadcaster, and political commentator.
Adel Labib (عادل لبيب) is the former governor of Alexandria, and Beheira Governorate, and the current governor of Qena Governorate since 4 August 2011.
Adel Smith (March 9, 1960 – August 22, 2014), born as Emilio Smith in Alexandria, Egypt, was an Italian Muslim known for his radical stances and often accused of fundamentalism.
Adelphoi Zangaki (Brothers Zangaki) were two brothers of Greek origin, who were active as photographers in Egypt and Algeria, from the 1860s through to the 1890s and and who specialized in photographing ancient monuments and scenes of everyday life, producing prints for the tourist trade.
Adham Wanly (1908 in Alexandria, Egypt – 1959) was a painter who learnt in the atelier of the Italian Otorino Becchi 1932, then set up his own atelier with his brother Seif Wanly, and participated in many local and international exhibition specially Venice, São Paulo (Brasil), Alexandria Biennale.
Admiral Mann was a Danish vessel built in 1782 and came into British hands in 1799.
Adnan Khashoggi (عدنان خاشقجي; 25 July 1935 – 6 June 2017) was a Saudi Arabian billionaire international businessman, best known for his lavish business deals and lifestyle.
Théodore-Adolphe Barrot (14 October 1801 – 15 June 1870) was a French diplomat during the July Monarchy, the French Second Republic and the Second French Empire.
Captain Adrian James Boswell Tonks (10 May 1898 – 14 July 1919) was a British First World War flying ace.
The Adua-class submarine was the fourth sub-class of the 600 Series of coastal submarines built for the Royal Italian Navy (Regia Marina) during the 1930s.
Aeantides (Αἰαντίδης) is the name of several people in Classical antiquity.
Aedesia (Αἰδεσία) was a female philosopher of the Neoplatonic school who lived in Alexandria in the fifth century AD.
Saint Aedesius of Alexandria (also Edese or Edesius) (died 306) was an early Christian martyred under Galerius Maximianus.
Aegean Sea Naval Command (Ναυτική Διοίκηση Αιγαίου, ΝΔΑ), formerly the Southern Aegean Naval Command (Ναυτική Διοίκηση Νοτίου Αιγαίου, ΝΔΝΑ), is a regional command of the Hellenic Navy covering the eastern coasts of mainland Greece and most of the Aegean Sea and the Aegean islands.
Gaius Aelius Gallus was a Roman prefect of Egypt from 26 to 24 BC.
Aelius Herodianus (Αἴλιος Ἡρωδιανός) or Herodian (fl. 2nd century CE) was one of the most celebrated grammarians of Greco-Roman antiquity.
Aelius Promotus (Gr. Αίλιος Προμωτος) was an ancient physician of Alexandria, of whose personal history no particulars are known, and whose date is uncertain.
Aelius Theon (Αἴλιος Θέων, gen.: Θέωνος) was an Alexandrian sophist and author of a collection of preliminary exercises (progymnasmata) for the training of orators.
Aenesidemus (Αἰνησίδημος or Αἰνεσίδημος) was a Greek Pyrrhonist philosopher, born in Knossos on the island of Crete.
An aeolipile (or aeolipyle, or eolipile), also known as a Hero's engine, is a simple bladeless radial steam turbine which spins when the central water container is heated.
Aeschylus of Alexandria (Greek Αισχύλος ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς) was an epic poet who must have lived before the end of the 2nd century, and whom Athenaeus calls a well-informed man.
Aesopus (Gr. Αίσωπος) was a Greek historian who wrote a life of Alexander the Great.
Afaf Ibrahim Meleis is a Professor of Nursing and Sociology at the University of Pennsylvania, where she was the Margaret Bond Simon Dean of Nursing and Director of the School’s WHO Collaborating Center for Nursing and Midwifery Leadership from 2002 through 2014.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Africa–India relations refers to the historical, political, economic, and cultural connections between India and the African continent.
The African Games, formally known as the All-Africa Games or the Pan African Games, are a continental multi-sport event held every four years, organized by the African Union (AU) with the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA) and the Association of African Sports Confederations (AASC).
Association football is the most popular sport in nearly every African country, and 13 members of the Confederation of African Football (CAF) have competed at the sport's biggest event - the men's FIFA World Cup.
The African Orthodox Church is a primarily African-American denomination founded in the United States in 1921.
The African sacred ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus) is a species of ibis, a wading bird of the Threskiornithidae family.
The African Volleyball Championship U19 is a sport competition for national teams with players under 19 years, currently held biannually and organized by the African Volleyball Confederation, the Africa volleyball federation.
Below is list of Afrikaans exonyms.
The AfroBasket (alternatively known as the FIBA Africa Championship, FIBA African Championship, or FIBA AfroBasket) is the men's basketball continental championship of Africa, played biennially under the auspices of FIBA (International Basketball Federation), basketball's international governing body, and the FIBA African zone thereof.
Afterlife (also referred to as life after death or the hereafter) is the belief that an essential part of an individual's identity or the stream of consciousness continues to manifest after the death of the physical body.
Agami (العجمى, mostly shortened to عجمى) is a city in the Alexandria Governorate of Egypt.
Agapius (Gr. Ἀγάπιος) was an ancient physician of Alexandria, who taught and practiced medicine at Byzantium with great success and reputation, and acquired immense riches.
Reverend Agapius Honcharenko (Агапій Онуфрійович, Агапий Гончаренко; August 31, 1832 – May 5, 1916, real name Andrii Humnytsky (Андрій Гумницький), aka Ahapii or Ahapius) was a Russian and Ukrainian public figure and exiled Greek Orthodox priest.
Agatharchides or Agatharchus (Ἀγαθαρχίδης or Ἀγάθαρχος, Agatharchos) of Cnidus was a Greek historian and geographer (flourished 2nd century BC).
Agathias or Agathias Scholasticus (Ἀγαθίας σχολαστικός; Martindale, Jones & Morris (1992), pp. 23–25582/594), of Myrina (Mysia), an Aeolian city in western Asia Minor (now in Turkey), was a Greek poet and the principal historian of part of the reign of the Roman emperor Justinian I between 552 and 558.
Agathobulus (Ἀγαθόβουλος Agathoboulos; fl. 2nd century) of Alexandria, who lived c. 125 AD, was a Cynic philosopher and teacher of Demonax and Peregrinus Proteus.
Agathoclea (Ἀγαθόκλεια; c. 247 BC/mid-230s BC – 203/202) was the favourite mistress of the Egyptian Greek Pharaoh Ptolemy IV Philopator who reigned 221–205; sister of Ptolemy IV’s minister Agathocles and through her father was a distant relation of the Ptolemaic dynasty.
Agathocles (Ἀγαθοκλῆς; fl. 3rd century BC) was an Egyptian Greek nobleman related to the Ptolemaic dynasty on his mother's side.
Agathocles (Ἀγαθοκλῆς, flourished 3rd century BC, died 203/202 BC) was a Ptolemaic minister and together with his sister Agathoclea were very close to Egyptian Greek King Ptolemy IV Philopator who reigned 221 BC–205 BC.
Agathodaemon of Alexandria (Ἀγαθοδαίμων Ἀλεξανδρεὺς, Agathodaímōn Alexandreùs) was a Greek or Hellenized cartographer, presumably from Alexandria, Egypt, in late Antiquity, probably in the 2nd century A.D. Agathodaemon is mentioned in some of the earliest manuscripts of Ptolemy's ''Geography'': "From the eight books of geography of Claudius Ptolemaeus the whole habitable world Agathodaemon of Alexandria delineated." The line appears in the running text of the Geography and not as a caption on the maps themselves.
The Agence universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF) (Francophonie University Association) is a global network of French-speaking higher-education and research institutions.
The Agency for French Education Abroad, or Agency for French Teaching Abroad, (Agence pour l'enseignement français à l'étranger AEFE), is a national public agency under the administration of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of France that assures the quality of schools teaching the French national curriculum outside France.
Agenore Fabbri (20 May 1911 – 7 November 1998) was an Italian sculptor and painter.
Agent of Byzantium is a collection of short stories by Harry Turtledove, centred on the exploits of Basil Argyros, a Byzantine secret agent.
Aggeliki Tsiolakoudi (Greek: Αγγελική Τσιολακούδη,, born 10 May 1976 in Alexandria, Egypt) is a Greek javelin thrower.
Aghapy TV is a Coptic Christian TV station broadcasting in Arabic via satellite to Coptic Christians in Egypt and in North America via Spiritcastsatellite systems.
Aglaia Papa (Αγλαΐα Παπά, 1904–84) was a Greek painter.
Agnoetae (ἀγνοηταί agnoetai, from ἀγνοέω agnoeo, to be ignorant of) was a general name given to those heretical sects which in one form or another denied the divine omniscience either of the incarnate Christ or of God the Father.
Agri-Energy Roundtable (AER) is a nonprofit and non-governmental organization accredited by the United Nations and established in 1980 as a forum for encouraging dialogue on cooperative energy and agricultural development between industrialized and developing nations.
Ahmad ibn Kayghalagh (أحمد بن كيغلغ) was an Abbasid military officer of Turkic origin who served as governor in Syria and Egypt.
Ahmad ibn Tulun (translit; ca. 20 September 835 – 10 May 884) was the founder of the Tulunid dynasty that ruled Egypt and Syria between 868 and 905.
Ahmad al-Shukeiri (January 1, 1908 – February 26, 1980) (أحمد الشقيري) also transcribed al-Shuqayri, Shuqairi, Shuqeiri, Shukeiry, etc.), was the first Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, serving in 1964–67.
Ahmad Zaki Pasha (26 May 1867 – 5 July 1934) was an Egyptian philologist, sometimes called the Dean of Arabism, and longtime secretary of the Egyptian Cabinet.
The Ahmadiyya is an Islamic movement in Egypt with origins in the Indian subcontinent.
Air Vice-Marshal Ahmed Abd Ellatif (أحمد عبد اللطيف) of Alexandria, Egypt served as the Chairman of the Arab Scout Committee.
Ahmed Abdul Maqsoud (Arabic: أحمد عبد المقصود; born 23 March 1990) is a Qatari footballer of Egyptian descent who plays as a midfielder in Qatar for Al-Rayyan.
Ahmad Adel (أحمد عادل) (born January 7, 1984) is an Egyptian footballer.
Ahmad Ali Al-Mirghani (أحمد الميرغني; 16 August 1941 – 2 November 2008) was the Head of State of Sudan from May 6, 1986, to June 30, 1989, when the democratically elected government was toppled by a military coup led by the current President Omar al-Bashir.
Ahmed Asmat Abdel-Meguid (أحمد عصمت عبد المجيد‎; 22 March 1923 – 21 December 2013) was an Egyptian diplomat.
Colonel Ahmed ‘Urabi or Ourabi (أحمد عرابى, ˈæħmæd ʕouˈɾɑːbi in Egyptian Arabic; 31 March 1841 – 21 September 1911), widely known in English (and by himself) as Ahmad Ourabi, was an Egyptian nationalist, revolutionary and an officer of the Egyptian army.
Ahmed Bdawi Sayyid Ahmed (Arabic: أحمد بدوي سيد أحمد) was an Egyptian Field Marshal (Mushir) and The Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces.
Bey's Palace or Ahmad Bey Palace is a historic palace in Constantine, Algeria.
Ahmed Dowidar (أحمد دويدار) is an Egyptian footballer.
Ahmed Eid Abdel Malek (أحمد عيد عبد الملك; born May 15, 1980) is an Egyptian footballer who is playing for Tala'ea El Geish in the Egyptian Premier League.
Ahmed El Sheikh (أحمد الشيخ; born 11 September 1992) is an Egyptian professional footballer who plays as a winger for Egyptian club Al Ahly and the Egypt national team.
Ahmed El-Kass (Egyptian Arabic: أحمد الكاس; born 8 July 1965), is an Egyptian football manager and former football player.
Ahmed Gamal El Din (born 11 November 1952) is a retired police general and Egypt's former minister of interior.
Ahmed Hamoudi (أحمد حمودي; 30/7/1990, Alexandria), is an Egyptian footballer who plays as an Attacking Midfielder for Egyptian Premier League side Al Ahly.
Ahmed Hassan (أحمد حسن; born 2 May 1975 in Maghagha, Egypt) is a retired Egyptian footballer.
Ahmed Hassan Mahgoub Abdelmoneim (Arabic: أحمد حسن محجوب; born 5 March 1993), known as Kouka or Koka, is an Egyptian professional footballer who plays for Portuguese club S.C. Braga and the Egyptian national team as a striker.
Ahmed Hassan Mekky (born 20 April 1987) is an Egyptian footballer.
Ahmed Maher (أحمد ماهر; born 2 December 1980 in Alexandria, Egypt) is one of the co-founders of the April 6 Youth Movement, and a prominent participant in the anti-Mubarak demonstrations in Egypt in 2011.
Ahmed Morsi (born 1930, Alexandria) is an artist, art critic and poet with a career that spans seven decades of creative output.
Ahmed Nazif (أحمد نظيف,; born 8 July 1952) served as the Prime Minister of Egypt from 14 July 2004 to 29 January 2011, when his cabinet was dismissed by President Hosni Mubarak in light of a popular uprising that led to the Egyptian Revolution of 2011.
Ahmad Ramzy (أحمد رمزي; 23 March 1930 - 28 September 2012), was an Egyptian actor who played the leading roles in many Egyptian films in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s.
Ahmed Rashwan (احمد رشوان; born 1969) is an Egyptian film director, screenplay writer, and a film producer.
Ahmed Sabri (أحمد صبري), sometimes Ahmad Sabry (20 April 1889 – 8 March 1955) was an Egyptian painter born in Cairo governance.
Ahmed Salah Mohammed Hosny Hassan (born 11 July 1979) is a footballer from Egypt who played for VfB Stuttgart and the Egypt national football team.
Ahmed Samy (أحمد سامي, born 31 March 1992) is an Egyptian footballer who plays for Misr Lel Makkasa as a Centre-back.
Ahmed Sary (Arabic أحمد ساري); (born August 20, 1968), is an Egyptian former football striker.
Dr. Ahmed Zaki Abu Shadi (أحمد زكي أبو شادي) (February 9, 1892 – April 12, 1955), (also transliterated as Ahmed Zaky Abushady) was an Egyptian Romantic poet, publisher, medical doctor, bacteriologist and bee scientist.
Aileen Marson (1912–1939) was a British film actress.
Air Arabia (العربية للطيران) is a low-cost airline with its head office in the A1 Building Sharjah Freight Center, Sharjah International Airport, in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
Air Arabia Egypt (العربية للطيران مصر) is a low-cost carrier based in Egypt.
Air Arabia (PJSC), listed on the Dubai Financial Market and traded under ticker symbol: (DFM:AIRARABIA) is now a holding company worth over AED 9 billion.
Air Cairo is a low fare airline based in Cairo, Egypt.
Denmark issued ten definitive airmail stamps between 1925 and 1934 in two distinct series.
An airport rail link is a service providing passenger rail transport from an airport to a nearby city by mainline or commuter trains, rapid transit, people mover, or light rail.
Akadimia Platonos is a neighbourhood located west-northwest of the downtown part of the Greek capital of Athens.
Akanthou (Ακανθού; Tatlısu) is a village in Famagusta District, on the northern coast of Cyprus.
Tsehafi Taezaz ፀሐፌ ትዕዛዝ ("Minister of the Pen") Aklilu Habte-Wold (12 March 1912 – 23 November 1974) was an Ethiopian politician under Emperor Haile Selassie.
Pierluigi Conti (better known as Al Cliver) (born 16 July 1951) is an Italian actor who is perhaps best known for starring in horror and exploitation films, especially ones by directors Lucio Fulci and Jesús Franco.
Al Iskandariyah may refer to.
El Ittihad Alexandria (a.k.a. Al Ittihad Elsakandry) is a basketball club based in the city of Alexandria, Egypt that plays in the Egyptian Basketball Premier League.
Al Ittihad Alexandria Club (نادي الإتحاد السكندري), simply known as Al Ittihad, is an Egyptian football club that plays in the Egyptian Premier League.
Al Khums or Khoms (الخمس) is a city, port and the de jure capital of the contested Murqub District on the Mediterranean coast of Libya with an estimated population of around 202,000.
The Al Watany Bank of Egypt is an Egyptian bank, and a subsidiary of the National Bank of Kuwait.
Al-ʿAbbās ibn Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn was the eldest son of the founder of the Tulunid dynasty, Ahmad ibn Tulun, and heir-apparent until his failed attempt to usurp his father in 879.
Abu'l-Hasan Ali al-Adil ibn al-Sallar or al-Salar (Abu’l-Ḥasan ʿAlī al-ʿĀdil ibn al-Sallār; died 3 April 1154), usually known simply as Ibn al-Salar, was a Fatimid commander and official, who served as the vizier of Caliph al-Zafir from 1149 to 1153.
Al-Ahram (الأهرام; The Pyramids), founded on 5 August 1875, is the most widely circulating Egyptian daily newspaper, and the second oldest after al-Waqa'i`al-Masriya (The Egyptian Events, founded 1828).
Al-Ashraf Salāh ad-Dīn Khalil ibn Qalawūn (الملك الأشرف صلاح الدين خليل بن قلاوون; c. 1260s – 14 December 1293) was the eighth Mamluk sultan between November 1290 until his assassination in December 1293.
Al-Ashraf Qansuh Al-Ghuri (الأشرف قانصوه الغوري) was the second-to-last of the Mamluk Sultans.
al-‘Askar (العسكر) was the capital of Egypt from 750-868, when Egypt was a province of the Abbasid Caliphate.
Al-Azhar Mosque (جامع الأزهر, الأزهر, "mosque of the most resplendent") is an Egyptian mosque in Islamic Cairo.
Al-Dhahabi (Full name: Shams al-Dīn Abū ʿAbdallāh Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn ʿUthmān ibn Qāymāẓ ibn ʿAbdallāh al-Turkumānī al-Fāriqī al-Dimashqī al-Shāfiʿī, محمد بن احمد بن عثمان بن قيم ، أبو عبد الله شمس الدين الذهبي), known also as Ibn al-Dhahabī (5 October 1274 – 3 February 1348), a Shafi'i Muhaddith and historian of Islam.
Al-Farooq: The Life of Omar The Great is the biography of Umar (also spelled Omar) written by Islamic scholar Shibli Nomani.
Al-Fatah (الفتاة / ALA-LC: al-Fatāh, meaning "the young girl") was an Arabic women's magazine published in Alexandria, Egypt.
Al-Jamahir (in Arabic الجماهير meaning The Masses) was an Arabic language weekly newspaper and the official organ of The Democratic Movement for National Liberation (الحركة الديمقراطية للتحرر الوطنى, abbreviated حدتو, 'HADITU', Mouvement démocratique de libération nationale, abbreviated M.D.L.N) a communist organization in Egypt between 1947 and 1955.
The Arabic periodical al-Ǧāmiʿa (meaning “community" in English) was founded in 1899 and initially published in Alexandria by Faraḥ Anṭūn (1874–1922), an Egyptian intellectual.
Al-Kamil Sayf ad-Din Sha'ban ibn Muhammad ibn Qalawun, better known as al-Kamil Sha'ban, was the Mamluk sultan of Egypt between August 1345 and January 1346.
Abu al-Abbas al-Maʾmūn ibn Hārūn al-Rashīd (أبو العباس المأمون; September 786 – 9 August 833) was the seventh Abbasid caliph, who reigned from 813 until his death in 833.
The Al-Mansour Automotive Company (شركة المنصور للسيارات), part of the Mansour Group (مجموعة منصور), is an importer and car dealer located in Alexandria, Egypt.
Al-Maziri (1061 – 1141 CE) (453 AH – 536 AH), also known as Imam al-Maziri and Imam al-Mazari was an important Tunisian jurist in the Maliki school of Sunni Islamic Law.
Abū Muḥammad ʿAlī ibn Aḥmad (أبو محمد علي بن أحمد; 877/878 – 13 August 908), better known by his regnal name al-Muktafī bi-llāh (المكتفي بالله, "Content with God Alone"), was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 902 to 908.
Al-Muqawqis (المقوقس) is mentioned in Islamic history as a ruler of Egypt, who corresponded with the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Al-Musta'in Billah (1390 – February or March 1430) was the tenth Abbasid "shadow" caliph of Cairo, reigning under the tutelage of the Mamluk sultans from 1406 to 1414.
The al‑Nour Party (Ḥizb al-Nūr), or "Party of The Light", is one of the political parties created in Egypt after the 2011 Egyptian Revolution.
Al-Rahman al-Rahim Mosque is a mosque in Cairo, Egypt.
Alaa Abd El-Fattah (علاء أحمد سيف عبد الفتاح,; born 18 November 1981), also presented in English as Alaa Abdel Fattah, is an Egyptian blogger, software developer and a political activist.
Alaa Abdelnaby (علاء عبد النبي, born June 24, 1968) is a retired Egyptian American professional basketball player.
Alaa Ibrahim (Arabic:علاء إبراهيم.) (born 1 March 1975) is an Egyptian footballer.
Alaaeldin Mohamed El-Sayed Abouelkassem (Arabic: علاء الدين محمد السيد أبو القاسم; born 25 November 1990) is an Egyptian fencer who won a silver medal in the men's foil event at the 2012 Summer Olympics.
An alabarch was a traditionally Jewish official in Alexandria during the Hellenistic and Roman periods, seemingly responsible for taxation and especially customs at the harbor.
Alain de Botton, FRSL (born 20 December 1969) is a Swiss-born British philosopher and author.
Alain Mimoun (1 January 1921 – 27 June 2013) was an Algerian-born French long-distance runner who competed in track events, cross-country running and the marathon.
Vice Admiral Sir Alan Wedel Ramsay McNicoll, (3 April 1908 – 11 October 1987) was a senior officer in the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) and a diplomat.
Alan John Bayard Wace (13 July 1879 in Cambridge, England – 9 November 1957, in Athens, Greece) was an English archaeologist.
Admiral Sir Alban Thomas Buckley Curteis KCB CVO DSO (13 January 1887 – 27 November 1961) was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Senior British Naval Officer, Western Atlantic.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
Albanian literature stretches back to the Middle Ages and comprises those literary texts and works written in the Albanian language.
Albert Jacka, (10 January 1893 – 17 January 1932) was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for gallantry "in the face of the enemy" that can be awarded to members of the British and Commonwealth armed forces.
Alberto Hemsi (27 June 1898 – 8 October 1975) was a composer of the 20th Century Classical era.
Alcaeus of Mytilene (Ἀλκαῖος ὁ Μυτιληναῖος, Alkaios; c. 620 – 6th century BC) was a lyric poet from the Greek island of Lesbos who is credited with inventing the Alcaic stanza.
Alchemy is a philosophical and protoscientific tradition practiced throughout Europe, Africa, Brazil and Asia.
Alchemy and chemistry in Islam refers to the study of both traditional alchemy and early practical chemistry (the early chemical investigation of nature in general) by scholars in the medieval Islamic world.
Alcman (Ἀλκμάν Alkmán; fl.  7th century BC) was an Ancient Greek choral lyric poet from Sparta.
Aldfrith (Early Modern Irish: Flann Fína mac Ossu; Latin: Aldfrid, Aldfridus; died 14 December 704 or 705) was king of Northumbria from 685 until his death.
Aldo Deng is a former Sudanese politician and father of several professional basketball players.
Alejandría (Spanish for the name Alexandria) is a municipality in the Antioquia Department, Colombia.
Alekos Livaditis (Αλέκος Λειβαδίτης, 1914 – March 23, 1980) was a Greek actor in theatre and cinema.
Aleksandr Nikolaevich Bashirov (Александр Николаевич Баширов; born 24 September 1955 in Sogom) is a Russian film and theater actor, director and screenwriter.
Aleppo (ﺣﻠﺐ / ALA-LC) is a city in Syria, serving as the capital of the Aleppo Governorate, the most-populous Syrian governorate.
The Aleppo Codex (כֶּתֶר אֲרָם צוֹבָא Keter Aram Tzova or Crown of Aleppo) is a medieval bound manuscript of the Hebrew Bible.
ALETAR is a submarine telecommunications cable system in the Mediterranean Sea linking Egypt and Syria.
Alex Joffé (18 November 1918 – 18 August 1995) was a French film director and screenwriter, known for Les cracks (1968), Fortunat (1960) and La grosse caisse (1965).
Alexander Owumi (born May 4, 1984) is a Nigerian professional basketball player and author.
Alexander Proyas (born 23 September 1963) is an Australian film director, screenwriter, and producer.
Alexander is a 2004 epic historical drama film based on the life of the Macedonian general and king Alexander the Great.
Alexander (Ἀλέξανδρος; died 602) was a Byzantine rebel against emperor Maurice (r. 582-602) and leading supporter of emperor Phocas (r. 602-610).
Alexander Aetolus (Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Αἰτωλός, Ἀléxandros ὁ Aἰtōlós) was a Greek poet and grammarian, the only known representative of Aetolian poetry.
Major General Sir Alexander Bryce, KCH (23 January 1766 – 4 October 1832) was a British soldier and colonel-commandant in the Royal Engineers.
Sir Alexander Inglis Cochrane GCB RN (23 April 1758 – 26 January 1832, born Alexander Forrester Cochrane) was a senior Royal Navy commander during the Napoleonic Wars and achieved the rank of Admiral.
General Sir Alexander John Godley, (4 February 1867 – 6 March 1957) was a senior British Army officer.
Alexander Helios (Ἀλέξανδρος Ἥλιος; late 40 BC – unknown, but possibly between 29 and 25 BC) was a Ptolemaic prince and was the eldest son of the Macedonian queen Cleopatra VII of Ptolemaic Egypt by Roman triumvir Mark Antony.
Alexander Iolas or Alexandre Iolas (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Ιόλας; born Κωνσταντίνος Κουτσούδης Constantine Koutsoudis, 25 March 1907 – 8 June 1987) was a Greek gallerist and collector.
Alexander Mantashev (Aleksandr Mantashiants;, Aleksandr Ivanovich Mantashev; 3 March 1842 – 19 April 1911 and was buried on 30 April in the Armenian Pantheon of Tbilisi) was a prominent Armenian oil magnate, industrialist, financier, and a philanthropist.
Prof Alexander Murray Drennan FRSE FRCPE (4 January 1884 – 29 February 1984) was a Scottish pathologist.
Alexander Saroukhan (Ալեքսանդր Հակոբի Սարուխան, إسكندر صاروخان; October 1, 1898 in Russian Empire - 1977 Cairo, Egypt) was an Armenian-Egyptian cartoonist and caricaturist whose arine drawings have appeared in a number of Arabic and international newspapers and magazines.
Alexander the Alabarch (c. 10 BC – unknown AD) was an Alexandrian Jewish aristocrat.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
The story of Dhul-Qarnayn (in Arabic ذو القرنين, literally "The Two-Horned One", also transliterated as Zul-Qarnain or Zulqarnain), mentioned in the Quran, may be a reference to Alexander III of Macedon (356–323 BC), popularly known as Alexander the Great.
Alexander Welch Reynolds (April 1816 or August 1817 – May 26, 1876) was a career United States Army officer who served in the Mexican-American War and a Confederate Army brigadier general during the American Civil War, primarily fighting in the Western Theater.
Alexandria is a city in Egypt founded by Alexander the Great.
Alexandria is a 2009 historical mystery crime novel by Lindsey Davis and the 19th book in her Marcus Didius Falco series.
Alexandria Airlines is an Egyptian airline headquartered in Cairo.
Alexandria Aquarium is a small aquarium in Alexandria, Egypt.
Alexandria Bucephalous (also variously known as Alexandria Bucephalus, Alexandria Bucephala, Bucephala, or Bucephalia), was a city founded by Alexander the Great in memory of his beloved horse Bucephalus.
The Alexandria Center of Arts (مركز الاسكندرية للابداع, Alexandria Center for Creativity) is an arts center, community exhibitions space and cultural center in the city of Alexandria, Egypt, overseen by the Egyptian Ministry of Culture.
The Alexandria expedition of 1807 or Fraser expedition (Arabic:حملة فريزر) was an operation by the Royal Navy and the British Army during the Anglo-Turkish War (1807–1809) of the Napoleonic Wars to capture Alexandria in Egypt with the purpose of securing a base of operations against the Ottoman Empire in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Faculty of Dentistry (كلية طب الأسنان بالاسكندريه) was established in 1945 as The School of Dentistry as part of the Faculty of Medicine.
Alexandria Governorate (محافظة الإسكندرية) is one of the governorates of Egypt.
The Alexandria International is a women's squash tournament held in Alexandria, Egypt in June.
The Alexandria International 2015 is the women's edition of the 2015 Alexandria International, which is a tournament of the PSA World Tour event International (Prize money: 100 000 $).
Alexandria International Film Festival for Mediterranean Countries is a film festival in Egypt.
The Alexandria metropolitan area may refer to.
The Alexandria Museum of Fine Arts is a museum for Egyptian and Middle-Eastern fine art situated in the Moharam Bek neighborhood of Alexandria, Egypt.
The Alexandria National Museum (ANM) is a museum in Alexandria, Egypt.
The Alexandria Naval Unknown Soldier Memorial at the Manshaya district is dedicated to the unknown soldiers who lost their lives in the sea battles, it is present on the Corniche of Alexandria.
Alexandria Opera House or Sayyid Darwish Theatre was built in 1918 and opened in 1921 in the city of Alexandria, Egypt.
The Port of Alexandria is on the West Verge of the Nile Delta between the Mediterranean Sea and Mariut Lake in Alexandria, Egypt.
The Alexandria Protocol is an agreement signed on 7 October 1944, in Alexandria, by five Arab countries agreeing to the formation of a joint Arab Organization, which led to the formation of the League of Arab States in the following year.
Alexandria Real Estate Equities is a major United States real estate investment trust.
Alexandria Regional Center for Women's Health and Development (formerly called The Suzanne Mubarak Regional Centre for Women's Health and Development) is a non-profit training and research center in Alexandria, Egypt.
Extensive riots erupted in Alexandria, Roman Egypt, in 66 CE, in parallel with the outbreak of the First Jewish–Roman War in neighbouring Roman Judea.
Alexandria Sporting Club, also commonly known as Sporting Alexandria and Sporting between the locals, is an Egyptian sports club based in Alexandria, Egypt.
Alexandria Stadium (إستاد الأسكندرية) is a multi-purpose stadium in Alexandria, Egypt.
The Alexandria train collision occurred on 11 August 2017 near Khorshid station in the suburbs of the eastern edge of Alexandria, Egypt.
Alexandria University (جامعة الإسكندرية) is a public research university in Alexandria, Egypt.
The Alexandria Water Company (AWCO) is the water company of the city and the governorate (province) of Alexandria, Egypt.
The Alexandria Zoo is a zoo close to the Smouha neighborhood in Alexandria, Egypt.
Alexandria is a city and the county seat of Douglas County, Minnesota.
Alexandrian is either.
The brief Alexandrian Crusade, also called the sack of Alexandria, occurred in October 1365 and was led by Peter I of Cyprus against Alexandria in Egypt.
The Alexandrian Pleiad is the name given to a group of seven Alexandrian poets and tragedians in the 3rd century BC (Alexandria was at that time the literary center of the Mediterranean) working in the court of Ptolemy II Philadelphus.
The Alexandrian Rite is the liturgical rite used by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church and Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, as well as by the three corresponding Eastern Catholic Churches.
The Alexandrian school is a collective designation for certain tendencies in literature, philosophy, medicine, and the sciences that developed in the Hellenistic cultural center of Alexandria, Egypt during the Hellenistic and Roman periods.
The Alexandrian World Chronicle is an anonymous illustrated chronicle of the ancient Greek world of Alexandria, written in the 5th or 6th century AD.
Alexandros Papafingos (born 1901, date of death unknown) was a Greek sprinter.
Alexandros Pilatos Sakellariou (Αλέξανδρος Πιλάτος Σακελλαρίου; Mandra, 1 January 1887 – Athens, 7 July 1982) was a Greek admiral and politician, who led the Royal Hellenic Navy in World War II.
Alexis Lecaye (born 22 August 1951 in Alexandria, Egypt) is French author and script writer.
Alexis Michel Eenens (29 June 1805 – 9 January 1883) was a Belgian lieutenant-general, military historian, and politician.
Alfred Herbert Horsfall DSO (29 January 1871 – 26 November 1944) was an Australian military surgeon.
Alfred Markham Inglis (24 September 1856 – 17 June 1919) was an amateur cricketer who played for MCC and Kent County Cricket Club in the 1870s.
Alfred Rust (July 4, 1900 Hamburg - August 14, 1983 Ahrensburg) was a German prehistoric archaeologist.
Algebra (from Arabic "al-jabr", literally meaning "reunion of broken parts") is one of the broad parts of mathematics, together with number theory, geometry and analysis.
Algebraic number theory is a branch of number theory that uses the techniques of abstract algebra to study the integers, rational numbers, and their generalizations.
The Algeciras campaign (sometimes known as the Battle or Battles of Algeciras) was an attempt by a French naval squadron from Toulon under Contre-Admiral Charles Linois to join a French and Spanish fleet at Cadiz during June and July 1801 during the French Revolutionary War prior to a planned operation against either Egypt or Portugal.
The Algeria national basketball team are the men's basketball side that represent Algeria in international competition, administered by the Fédération Algérienne de Basket-Ball.
The Algeria women's national football team (منتخب الجزائر لكرة القدم للسيدات) represents Algeria in international women's football.
Algernon Ward, FRSL, FRGS, FSA Scot (1869-1947) was an Anglican priest and author.
Algirdas Julien Greimas (born Algirdas Julius Greimas; 9 March 1917 – 27 February 1992), was a French-Lithuanian literary scientist, known among other things for the Greimas Square (le carré sémiotique).
Alhurra (الحرة,The pronunciation differs depending on the variety of Arabic, for example,. "the Free One") is a United States-based public Arabic-language satellite TV channel that broadcasts news and current affairs programming to audiences in the Middle East and North Africa.
Ali Abdo (born October 2, 1984) is an Egyptian motorcyclist, adventurer, Guinness World Record holder and Founder of Around Egypt on a Motorcycle initiative.
Ali Hassanein (January 13, 1939 – August 12, 2015) was an Egyptian actor.
Ali Vâsib (13 October 1903 – 9 December 1983) was an Ottoman prince.
Alice Ayres (12 September 1859 – 1885) was an English nursemaid honoured for her bravery in rescuing the children in her care from a house fire.
Aline Gubbay (June 20, 1920 – October 21, 2005) was a photographer, art historian and writer.
Alkistis Protopsalti (Άλκηστις Πρωτοψάλτη), born as Alkistis Sevasti Attikuzel (Άλκηστις Σεβαστή Αττικιουζέλ), is a Greek singer.
All Mistakes Buried (formerly known as The Aftermath) is a 2015 film written/directed by Tim McCann, also written by Shaun Sanghani and Sam Trammell.
An All-Red Route was, originally, a steamship route used by Royal Mail Ships during the heyday of the British Empire.
The terms Allied Chinese Ships and Allied China Fleet refer to 32 vessels of the Hong Kong-based China Navigation Company requesitioned by the Royal Navy and the Royal Australian Navy during World War II.
An almanac (also spelled almanack and almanach) is an annual publication listing a set of events forthcoming in the next year.
Almaty (Алматы, Almaty; Алматы), formerly known as Alma-Ata (Алма-Ата) and Verny (Верный Vernyy), is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of 1,797,431 people, about 8% of the country's total population.
Almería is a city in Andalusia, Spain, located in the southeast of Spain on the Mediterranean Sea, and is the capital of the province of the same name.
The Almohad reforms were a series of changes to the existing religious climate in Islamic Spain over the course of seventy years.
Alpha Centauri (α Centauri, abbreviated Alf Cen or α Cen) is the star system closest to the Solar System, being from the Sun.
Pierre-Marie-Alphonse Favier-Duperron C.M.(Chinese: 樊國樑 Pinyin:Fan Guoliang Wade-Giles: Fan Kouo-Léang) (born 22 September 1837 at Marsannay-la-Côte, France; died 4 April 1905 in Beijing) was the controversial Roman Catholic (Chinese: 天主教; Pinyin: Tianzhu jiao; Lord of Heaven Religion) Lazarite Vicar Apostolic of Northern Chi-Li (直隸北境) (later Chihli; now Hebei), China (now incorporating the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Beijing) and titular bishop of Pentacomia from 13 April 1899 until his death in 1905.
Alphonse Lami (22 June 1822, Paris-17 July 1867, Alexandria) was a French sculptor and Egyptologist of Italian descent.
An altar poem is a pattern poem in which the lines are arranged to look like the form of an altar.
Alvise Cadamosto or Alvide da Ca' da Mosto (also known in Portuguese as Luís Cadamosto; c. 1432 – July 18, 1488) was an Venetian slave trader and explorer, who was hired by the Portuguese prince Henry the Navigator and undertook two known journeys to West Africa in 1455 and 1456, accompanied by the Genoese captain Antoniotto Usodimare.
Alypius of Alexandria (Ἀλύπιος) was a Greek writer on music who flourished around 360.
Amal Ramsis (أمل رمسيس) is an Egyptian filmmaker.
Amalric (Amalricus; Amaury; 113611 July 1174) was King of Jerusalem from 1163, and Count of Jaffa and Ascalon before his accession.
Amarantus of Alexandria (Ἀμάραντος) was an ancient Greek writer who wrote a commentary on one of the idylls attributed to Theocritus, possibly from the writings of Theon, and a work titled On the Stage (Περὶ σκηνῆς), which is now lost.
Louis Gaspard Amédée, baron Girod de l'Ain (18 October 1781 – 27 December 1847) was a French lawyer and politician who became Minister of Public Education and Religious Affairs in 1832.
The Ambassador MK III fast missile craft or Ezzat class is a small warship built by VT Halter Marine for the Egyptian Navy.
The Ambon of Henry II (German: Ambo Heinrichs II.), commonly known as Henry's Ambon (Heinrichsambo) or Henry's Pulpit (Heinrichskanzel) is an ambon in the shape of a pulpit built by Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor in the Palatine chapel in Aachen (now Aachen Cathedral) between 1002 and 1014.
Ambrose Agius, O.S.B., (September 17, 1856 – December 13, 1911) was a Maltese Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Church.
Ambrose of Alexandria (before 212 – c. 250) was a friend of the Christian theologian Origen.
Amerias (Greek: Ἀμερίας, 3rd century BC) was an ancient Macedonian lexicographer, known for his compilation of a glossary titled Glossai (Γλῶσσαι, terms or words).
The American Palestine Line was a steamship company, formed in 1924 in the U.S., for the purpose of providing direct passenger service from New York to Palestine.
An American Presence Post (APP) is a very small diplomatic facility of the United States government located abroad.
Amietophrynus vittatus, known as Degen's toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae.
Amir Sayoud (أمير سعيود) (born 31 August 1990) is an Algerian footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder for USM Alger in the Algerian Ligue Professionnelle 1.
Ammonius Grammaticus (Ἀμμώνιος Γραμματικός) was a 4th-century Egyptian priest who, after the destruction of the pagan temple at Alexandria (389), fled to Constantinople, where he became the tutor of the ecclesiastical historian Socrates.
Ammonius Hermiae (Ἀμμώνιος ὁ Ἑρμείου; AD) was a Greek philosopher, and the son of the Neoplatonist philosophers Hermias and Aedesia.
Ammonius of Alexandria (Ἀμμώνιος) was a Christian philosopher who lived in the 3rd century.
Ammonius Saccas (Ἀμμώνιος Σακκᾶς; fl. 3rd century AD) was a Greek philosopher from Alexandria who was often referred to as one of the founders of Neoplatonism.
Amr Mohamed Helmi Khaled (عمرو محمد حلمي خالد; born 5 September 1967) is an Egyptian Muslim activist and television preacher.
Amr Medhat Warda (عـمرو وردة; born 17 September 1993) is an Egyptian professional footballer, who plays for Greek club PAOK FC and the Egypt national team as an attacking midfielder.
Amreya (العامرية) is a neighborhood in Alexandria, Egypt.
Air Vice Marshal Amyas Eden Borton, (20 September 1886 – 15 August 1969) was a pilot and commander in the Royal Flying Corps during the First World War and a senior commander in the Royal Air Force during the 1920s.
An-Nasir Badr ad-Din Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn Qalawun (1334/35–17 March 1361), better known as an-Nasir Hasan, was the Mamluk sultan of Egypt, and the seventh son of an-Nasir Muhammad to hold office, reigning twice in 1347–1351 and 1354–1361.
Al-Malik an-Nasir Nasir ad-Din Muhammad ibn Qalawun (الملك الناصر ناصر الدين محمد بن قلاوون), commonly known as an-Nasir Muhammad (الناصر محمد), or by his kunya: Abu al-Ma'ali (أبو المعالى) or as Ibn Qalawun (1285–1341) was the ninth Turkic Mamluk sultan of Egypt who ruled for three reigns: December 1293–December 1294, 1299–1309, and 1310 until his death in 1341.
Anarchism in Egypt refers both to the historical Egyptian anarchist movement which emerged in the 1860s and lasted until the 1940s, and to the anarchist movement as it has re-emerged in the early 2000s.
Anastase Alfieri (March 23, 1892 Alexandria – 1971 Cairo) was an Italian entomologist who worked principally on Coleoptera but, also, with Hermann Preisner, on Heteroptera.
Saint Anastasia the Patrician (Anastasia Patricia; fl. 567) was a Byzantine courtier and Saint.
Anastasius Sinaïta (Anastasius of Sinai, died after 700), also called Anastasios of Sinai, was a prolific and important seventh century Greek ecclesiastical writer, priest, monk, and abbot of Saint Catherine's Monastery at Mount Sinai.
Anatol is a masculine given name, derived from the Greek name Ανατολιος Anatolius, meaning "sunrise." The Russian version of the name is Anatoly (also transliterated as Anatoliy and Anatoli).
Saint Anatolius (? – 3 July 458) was the first Patriarch of Constantinople (451 – 3 July 458).
Anatolius of Laodicea (early 3rd century – July 3, 283), also known as Anatolius of Alexandria, was Bishop of Laodicea on the Mediterranean coast of Roman Syria, and was one of the foremost scholars of his day in the physical sciences as well as in Aristotelean philosophy.
Anatoly (Anatólij, Anatólij) is a common Russian and Ukrainian male given name, derived from the Greek name Ανατολιος Anatolios, meaning "sunrise." Other common Russian transliterations are Anatoliy and Anatoli.
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
The Nile Mosaic of Palestrina. Egypt has had a legendary image in the Western world through the Greek and Hebrew traditions.
The ancient Egyptians had an elaborate set of funerary practices that they believed were necessary to ensure their immortality after death (the afterlife).
Ancient Egyptian technology describes devices and technologies invented or used in Ancient Egypt.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Ancient Greek art stands out among that of other ancient cultures for its development of naturalistic but idealized depictions of the human body, in which largely nude male figures were generally the focus of innovation.
Greek astronomy is astronomy written in the Greek language in classical antiquity.
Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written in the Ancient Greek language from the earliest texts until the time of the Byzantine Empire.
Ancient Greek medicine was a compilation of theories and practices that were constantly expanding through new ideologies and trials.
In Greek antiquity, athletic festivals under the name of "Olympic games", named in imitation of the original Olympic games at Olympia, were held in various places all over the Greek world.
Ancient Greek phonology is the description of the reconstructed phonology or pronunciation of Ancient Greek.
Ancient Greek sculpture is the sculpture of ancient Greece.
Ancient Greek technology developed during the 5th century BC, continuing up to and including the Roman period, and beyond.
Greek temples (dwelling, semantically distinct from Latin templum, "temple") were structures built to house deity statues within Greek sanctuaries in ancient Greek religion.
A variety of ancient higher-learning institutions were developed in many cultures to provide institutional frameworks for scholarly activities.
The ancient history of Cyprus shows a precocious sophistication in the neolithlic era visible in settlements such as at Choirokoitia dating from the 9th millennium BC, and at Kavalassos from about 7500 BC.
The Latin name Libya (from Greek Λιβύη, Libyē) referred to the region west of the Nile generally corresponding to the modern Maghreb.
The Macedonians (Μακεδόνες, Makedónes) were an ancient tribe that lived on the alluvial plain around the rivers Haliacmon and lower Axios in the northeastern part of mainland Greece.
Maritime history dates back thousands of years.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Ancient Rome played a pivotal role in the history of wine.
And the Devil is their third accomplice (Arabic: وثالثهم الشيطان, Transliterated W'al Shaytan Thalethahoma) is a 1978 psychological drama romance film directed by Sami Shalaby and based on a scenario of the same name written by Youssef Francis.
Andalusia (Andalucía) is an autonomous community in southern Spain.
Andon Zako Çajupi (27 March 1866 – 11 July 1930) was a leading Albanian rilindas, poet, and playwright writer that actively participated in the Albanian National Awakening.
André Aciman (born 2 January 1951) is an American writer.
André Azoulay (أندري أزولاي, born 17 April 1941) is a senior adviser to king Mohammed VI of Morocco.
André Nessim Hakim (December 5, 1915 in Alexandria, Egypt – October 19, 1980 in Los Angeles) was a film producer.
André Servier was an historian who lived in French Algeria at the beginning of the 20th century.
The Andrea Doria class (usually called Caio Duilio class in Italian sources) was a pair of dreadnought battleships built for the Royal Italian Navy (Regia Marina) during the early 1910s.
Tomb of Andrea Vendramin in Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice Andrea Vendramin (1393 – May 5, 1478, both Venice) served as Doge of Venice, 1476–78, at the height of Venetian power, the only member of the Vendramin family to do so.
Andreas Asimakopoulos (born 14 January 1889, date of death unknown) was a Greek swimmer.
Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope, (7 January 1883 – 12 June 1963) was a senior officer of the British Royal Navy during the Second World War.
Andron (Ἄνδρων) is the name of a number of different people in classical antiquity.
Androtomy ("dissection of a male" in Ancient Greek) is the dissection of the human body.
Anfoushi (الأنفوشي) is a neighborhood in Alexandria, Egypt.
Angélique Kpasseloko Hinto Hounsinou Kandjo Manta Zogbin Kidjo, known as Angélique Kidjo (born July 14, 1960), is a Grammy Award-winning Beninese singer-songwriter, actress and activist, noted for her diverse musical influences and creative music videos.
Angel Bakeries (מאפיות אנג'ל Ma'afiyot Anjel), also known as Angel's Bakery, is the largest commercial bakery in Israel, producing 275,000 loaves of bread and 275,000 rolls daily and controlling 30 percent of the country's bread market.
Angelic tongues are the languages supposedly used by angels.
Angeliki Panajiotatou (1875 or 1878 – 1954) was a Greek physician and microbiologist.
Angelo Iachino (or Jachino; April 24, 1889–December 3, 1976) was an Italian admiral during World War II.
Born in Milan in 1946.
Angham Mohamed Ali Suleiman (أنغام محمد علي سليمان) (born 19 January 1972) is an Egyptian singer, record producer and actress.
Angiolo Profeti (Castelfiorentino, 23 May 1918 – Ferrara, 1981), was an Italian shot putter and discus thrower.
The Anglican Communion Primates' Meetings are regular meetings of the primates in the Anglican Communion, i.e. the principal archbishops or bishops of each (often national) ecclesiastical province of the Anglican Communion.
The Anglican / Episcopal Diocese of Egypt with North Africa and the Horn of Africa is a diocese of the Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East.
The Anglo-Egyptian Bank was a British overseas bank established in 1864.
The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (السودان الإنجليزي المصري) was a condominium of the United Kingdom and Egypt in the eastern Sudan region of northern Africa between 1899 and 1956, but in practice the structure of the condominium ensured full British control over the Sudan.
The Anglo-Turkish War was a conflict took place during the Napoleonic Wars between 1807 and 1809.
The Angolan national basketball team is controlled by the Federação Angolana de Basquetebol.
Anis Al-Jalis (meaning the Sociable Companion in English) was a monthly women's magazine published in Alexandria from 1898 to 1907.
An anklet, also called ankle chain, ankle bracelet or ankle string, is an ornament worn around the ankle.
The Anna Lindh Euro-Mediterranean Foundation for the Dialogue Between Cultures is a network of civil society organisations dedicated to promoting intercultural dialogue in the Mediterranean region.
Anne Azza Aly (born Azza Mahmoud Fawzi Hosseini Ali el Serougi, 29 March 1967) is an Australian politician who has been a Labor member of the House of Representatives since the 2016 election, representing the electorate of Cowan in Western Australia.
Anne-Marie Alonzo, (December 13, 1951 – June 11, 2005) was a Canadian playwright, poet, novelist, critic and publisher.
Annianus of Alexandria (Annianos) was a monk who flourished in Alexandria during the bishopric of Theophilus of Alexandria around the beginning of the fifth century. He criticized the world history of his contemporary monk Panodorus of Alexandria for relying too much on secular sources rather than biblical sources for his dates. As a result, Annianus developed his own chronology which placed Creation on 25 March 5492 BC. This created the Alexandrian Era whose first day was the first day of the proleptic Alexandrian civil year in progress, 29 August 5493 BC. This year was eleven Paschal cycles of 532 years each before the Alexandrian year beginning 29 August 360, which itself was four 19-year cycles after the epoch of the Diocletian Era on 29 August 284. The former is known as the Era of Grace in the Coptic Church, whereas the latter is known as the Era of Martyrs. He was the first computist to recognize the 532-year cycle of Easters in the Julian calendar. This cycle is often attributed to Victorius of Aquitaine in 457, the first to recognize such a cycle in the West. None of Annianus's writings have survived. He is principally known from the discussion of his works by George Syncellus during the 9th century, though lesser fragments appear elsewhere. Elijah of Nisibis cites him in his 11th-century Chronography.
Annie Cohen Kopchovsky (1870–1947), known as Annie Londonderry, was a Latvian immigrant to the United States who in 1894–95 became the first woman to bicycle around the world.
The terms anno Domini (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
Anthemius (Latin: Procopius Anthemius Augustus) (c. 420 – 11 July 472) was Western Roman Emperor from 467 to 472.
Rear Admiral Sir Anthony Cecil Capel Miers, VC, KBE, CB, DSO & Bar (11 November 1906 – 30 June 1985) (known as "Crap Miers" and "Gamp") was a Royal Navy officer, who served in the submarine service during the Second World War.
Saint Anthony or Antony (Ἀντώνιος Antṓnios; Antonius); January 12, 251 – January 17, 356) was a Christian monk from Egypt, revered since his death as a saint. He is distinguished from other saints named Anthony such as, by various epithets of his own:,, and For his importance among the Desert Fathers and to all later Christian monasticism, he is also known as the. His feast day is celebrated on January 17 among the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches and on Tobi 22 in the Egyptian calendar used by the Coptic Church. The biography of Anthony's life by Athanasius of Alexandria helped to spread the concept of Christian monasticism, particularly in Western Europe via its Latin translations. He is often erroneously considered the first Christian monk, but as his biography and other sources make clear, there were many ascetics before him. Anthony was, however, the first to go into the wilderness (about 270), which seems to have contributed to his renown. Accounts of Anthony enduring supernatural temptation during his sojourn in the Eastern Desert of Egypt inspired the often-repeated subject of the temptation of St. Anthony in Western art and literature. Anthony is appealed to against infectious diseases, particularly skin diseases. In the past, many such afflictions, including ergotism, erysipelas, and shingles, were referred to as St. Anthony's fire.
The anti-paganism policy of Constantius II lasted from 337 till 361.
Antigone Costanda (أنتيجون كوستان) (Αντιγόνη Κωνσταντά, born c. 1934 in Alexandria) is an Egyptian designer, model and beauty queen who won Miss World 1954.
Antigone (Ἀντιγόνη, born before 317 BC-295 BC) was a Greek Macedonian noblewoman.
Antigonus (Ἀντίγονος) of Alexandria was a grammarian of ancient Greece who is referred to by Erotian in his Prooemium and his Prenira.
Antinous (also Antinoüs or Antinoös; Ἀντίνοος; 27 November, c. 111 – before 30 October 130) was a Bithynian Greek youth and a favourite, or lover, of the Roman emperor Hadrian.
Antioch on the Orontes (Antiókheia je epi Oróntou; also Syrian Antioch)Ἀντιόχεια ἡ ἐπὶ Ὀρόντου; or Ἀντιόχεια ἡ ἐπὶ Δάφνῃ, "Antioch on Daphne"; or Ἀντιόχεια ἡ Μεγάλη, "Antioch the Great"; Antiochia ad Orontem; Անտիոք Antiok; ܐܢܛܝܘܟܝܐ Anṭiokya; Hebrew: אנטיוכיה, Antiyokhya; Arabic: انطاكية, Anṭākiya; انطاکیه; Antakya.
Antiochus IV Epiphanes (Ἀντίοχος ὁ Ἐπιφανής, Antíochos ho Epiphanḗs, "God Manifest"; c. 215 BC – 164 BC) was a Hellenistic Greek king of the Seleucid Empire from 175 BC until his death in 164 BC.
Antiochus (Ἀντίοχος.) of Alexandria was a writer of ancient Greece who wrote a work on the Greek poets of the middle Attic comedy, called "On the Poets Satirized in Middle Comedy" (Περὶ τῶν ἐν τῇ μέσῃ κωμῳδίᾳ κωμῳδουμένον ποιητῶν).
Antiochus of Ascalon (Άντίοχος ὁ Ἀσκαλώνιος; c. 125 – c. 68 BC) was an Academic philosopher.
Antiochus X Eusebes Philopator (Ἀντίοχος Εὐσεβής Φιλοπάτωρ; –92 or 89 BC) was a Hellenistic Seleucid monarch who reigned as the King of Syria between 95 and 92 or 89BC.
Antipater Epigonos also known as Antipater (Αντίπατρος Επίγονος, flourished second half of 3rd century BC and first half of 2nd century BC) was a Greek Prince from Asia Minor.
An antipope (antipapa) is a person who, in opposition to the one who is generally seen as the legitimately elected Pope, makes a significantly accepted competing claim to be the Pope, the Bishop of Rome and leader of the Catholic Church.
Dioscorus (died 14 October 530) was a deacon of the Alexandrian and the Roman church from 506.
Antirhodos (sometimes Antirrhodos or Anti Rhodes) was an island in the eastern harbor of Alexandria, Egypt, on which a Ptolemaic palace was sited.
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.
Antisemitism in the Arab world increased greatly in the 20th century, for several reasons: the breakdown of the Ottoman Empire and traditional Islamic society; European influence, brought about by Western imperialism and Arab Christians; Nazi propaganda;Yadlin, Rifka.
Antoine Étienne de Tousard (9 December 1752 – 15 September 1813) was a French general and military engineer during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
Antoine-Charles-Louis, Comte de Lasalle (10 May 1775, Metz6 July 1809, Wagram) was a French cavalry general during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, often called "The Hussar General".
Not to be confused with Antonia Major and Antonia Minor, Antony's daughters by his marriage to Octavia the Younger. Antonia (50 BC – ?? ??) was a Roman noblewoman.
Antonia Tryphaena also known as Tryphaena of Thrace or Tryphaena (her name in Greek: η Άντωνία Τρύφαινα or Τρυφαίνη, 10 BC – 55) was a Princess of the Bosporan, Pontus, Cilicia, Cappadocia and a Roman Client Queen of Thrace.
Antonino Toscano (October 6, 1883 – December 13, 1941) was an Italian admiral during World War II.
Antoninus (Ἁντωνῖνος) was a Neoplatonist philosopher who lived in the 4th century.
Antonio Bey Figari (16 May 1804, in Genoa – 8 November 1870, in Genoa) was an Italian pharmacist and naturalist.
Antonio Mario Timoleone Savaresi (1773-1830) was a Neapolitan military physician.
Antonio Siddi (16 June 1923 – 21 January 1983) was an Italian athlete, who mainly competed in the 100 metres.
Antonios Kriezis (Αντώνιος Κριεζής, 1796–1865) was a Greek captain of the Hellenic navy during the Greek War of Independence and a Prime Minister of Greece from 1849 to 1854.
Antonios Papadakis (1810–1878) was a Greek merchant from Lassithi Plateau on the island of Crete.
Antonis Benakis (Greek: Αντώνης Μπενάκης) (1873–1954) was a Greek art collector and the founder of the Benaki Museum in Athens, Greece, the son of politician and magnate Emmanuel Benakis and the brother of author Penelope Delta.
Antonius was a neoplatonist philosopher from the 4th century AD.
Antony and Cleopatra is a tragedy by William Shakespeare.
Apelles was a mid-2nd century Gnostic Christian.
Saint Aphrodisius (Saint Aphrodise, Afrodise, Aphrodyse, Aphrodite) is a saint associated with the diocese of Béziers, in Languedoc, southern France.
Aphrodite is the ancient Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation.
Aphrodite: mœurs antiques ("Aphrodite: ancient morals") is an 1896 French-language novel by Pierre Louÿs.
Aphthonius (Ἀφθόνιος) of Alexandria is mentioned by church historian Philostorgius as a learned and eloquent bishop of the Manichaeans.
Apiarius of Sicca was an African priest convicted by the Bishops of Africa of numerous unspecified crimes in the early 5th century AD, and excommunicated by Bishop Urbanus of Sicca Veneria.
Apion (Ἀπίων; 30-20 BC – c. AD 45-48) was a Hellenized Egyptian grammarian, sophist, and commentator on Homer.
In ancient Egyptian religion, Apis or Hapis (ḥjpw, reconstructed as Old Egyptian with unknown final vowel > Middle Egyptian, ϩⲁⲡⲉ), alternatively spelled Hapi-ankh, was a sacred bull worshipped in the Memphis region, identified as the son of Hathor, a primary deity in the pantheon of Ancient Egypt.
An apocrisiarius, the Latinized form of apokrisiarios (ἀποκρισιάριος), sometimes Anglicized as apocrisiary, was a high diplomatic representative during Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages.
APOEL FC (ΑΠΟΕΛ; short for Αθλητικός Ποδοσφαιρικός Όμιλος Ελλήνων Λευκωσίας, Athletikos Podosferikos Omilos Ellinon Lefkosias, "Athletic Football Club of Greeks of Nicosia") is a professional football club based in Nicosia, Cyprus.
APOEL (ΑΠΟΕΛ; short for Αθλητικός Ποδοσφαιρικός Όμιλος Ελλήνων Λευκωσίας, Athletikos Podosferikos Omilos Ellinon Lefkosias, "Athletic Football Club of Greeks of Nicosia") is a major multi-sport club based in Nicosia, Cyprus.
Apollinarism or Apollinarianism was a view proposed by Apollinaris of Laodicea (died 390) that Jesus could not have had a human mind; rather, Jesus had a human body and lower soul (the seat of the emotions) but a divine mind.
Apollodorus of Athens (Ἀπολλόδωρος ὁ Ἀθηναῖος, Apollodōros ho Athēnaios; c. 180 BC – after 120 BC) son of Asclepiades, was a Greek scholar, historian and grammarian.
Apollodorus (Ἀπολλόδωρος) was a loyal follower of the Egyptian Queen Cleopatra VII.
Apollonios of Kition (or Apollonius of Citium; Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Κιτιεύς), was a physician (fl. c. 60 BC) belonging to the Empiric school of thought.
Apollonius Dyscolus (Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Δύσκολος; fl. 2nd century AD) is considered one of the greatest of the Greek grammarians.
Apollonius of Rhodes (Ἀπολλώνιος Ῥόδιος Apollṓnios Rhódios; Apollonius Rhodius; fl. first half of 3rd century BCE), was an ancient Greek author, best known for the Argonautica, an epic poem about Jason and the Argonauts and their quest for the Golden Fleece.
Apollonius the Sophist (Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Σοφιστής) was a famous grammarian, who probably lived towards the end of the 1st century AD and taught in Rome in the time of Tiberius.
Apollos (Ἀπολλώς) was a 1st century Alexandrian Jewish Christian mentioned several times in the New Testament.
Apologetics (from Greek ἀπολογία, "speaking in defense") is the religious discipline of defending religious doctrines through systematic argumentation and discourse.
The Apostles of Linnaeus were a group of students led by the world leading scientist Stacob Jana and his studies on amoebiasis.
The Apostolic Tradition (or Egyptian Church Order) is an early Christian treatise which belongs to genre of the Church Orders.
The Apostolic Vicariate of Alexandria of Egypt, or in full - of Alexandria of Egypt-Heliopolis-Port Said (Vicariatus Apostolicus Alexandrinus) is the Roman Catholic Apostolic vicariate (missionary ordinariate) in Egypt, named after its cathedral see in Alexandria, a port city and former Catholic patriarchate.
Appian of Alexandria (Ἀππιανὸς Ἀλεξανδρεύς Appianòs Alexandreús; Appianus Alexandrinus) was a Greek historian with Roman citizenship who flourished during the reigns of Emperors of Rome Trajan, Hadrian, and Antoninus Pius.
The following events occurred in April 1931.
The following events occurred in April 1932.
The April 6 Youth Movement (حركة شباب 6 أبريل) is an Egyptian activist group established in Spring 2008 to support the workers in El-Mahalla El-Kubra, an industrial town, who were planning to strike on April 6.
The April 6 Youth Movement Democratic Front (حركة شباب 6 أبريل الجبهة الديمقراطية) is an Egyptian activist group established in spring 2011 after the differences in the April 6 Youth Movement, led by Ahmed Maher.
The April 6 Youth Movement Democratic Front (حركة شباب 6 أبريل الجبهة الديمقراطية) is an Egyptian activist group established in spring 2011 after the differences in the April 6 Youth Movement, led by Ahmed Maher.
Apuleius (also called Lucius Apuleius Madaurensis; c. 124 – c. 170 AD) was a Latin-language prose writer, Platonist philosopher and rhetorician.
The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (C&O) used 11 navigable aqueducts to carry the canal over rivers and streams that were too wide for a culvert to contain.
Aquileia (Acuilee/Aquilee/Aquilea;bilingual name of Aquileja - Oglej in: Venetian: Aquiłeja/Aquiłegia; Aglar/Agley/Aquileja; Oglej) is an ancient Roman city in Italy, at the head of the Adriatic at the edge of the lagoons, about from the sea, on the river Natiso (modern Natisone), the course of which has changed somewhat since Roman times.
The Aquileian Rite was a particular liturgical tradition within the province of the ancient patriarchal see of Aquileia.
The Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport (الأكاديمية العربية للعلوم والتكنولوجيا والنقل البحري) is a regional university operated by the Arab League which runs programs in marine transportation, business, and engineering.
Arab cinema or Arabic cinema, refers to the cinema of the Arab world.
The Arab Club Championship is an annual basketball tournament for Arab teams.
The Arab Club Champions Cup (كأس العرب للأندية الأبطال) is an annual regional club football competition organised by the Union of Arab Football Associations (UAFA) and contested by elite clubs from the Arab world.
The Arab Handball Championship of Champions Club is an international club handball competition organized by the Arab Handball Federation, it concerne the club champion of countries of the Arab World.
Following the huge success of the first season of Arab Idol, MBC launched the second season on 8 March 2013.
The third season of Arab Idol premiered on 5 September 2014.
The Arab League (الجامعة العربية), formally the League of Arab States (جامعة الدول العربية), is a regional organization of Arab states in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.
The Arab Mashreq international Road Network is an international road network between the Arab countries of the Mashriq (Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, Kuwait, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE, Oman and Yemen).
Arab nationalism (القومية العربية al-Qawmiyya al-`arabiyya) is a nationalist ideology that asserts the Arabs are a nation and promotes the unity of Arab people, celebrating the glories of Arab civilization, the language and literature of the Arabs, calling for rejuvenation and political union in the Arab world.
The Arab Scout Region of the World Organization of the Scout Movement has run or sponsored region-wide Arab Scout Jamborees in its member countries.
The Arab Scout Region (الإقليم الكشفي العربي) also known as the Arab Scout Organization (المنظمة الكشفية العربية) is the divisional office of the World Scout Bureau of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, headquartered in Cairo, Egypt.
Category:Table tennis competitions Category:Recurring sporting events established in 1989.
The Arab Women's Championship (البطولة العربية لكرة القدم النسائية) is a women's football competition which is among the Arab world.
The Arab Women's Club Championship is an annual basketball tournament for Arab teams for women.
The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية) or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
The Arab Youth Volleyball Championship is a sport competition for national teams with players under 19 years, currently held biannually and organized by the Arab Volleyball Association.
The Arab's Gulf, also known as the Arab Gulf or Arab Bay (all translating the Arabic name Khalij el-Arab, خليج العرب), is a large bay to the west of Alexandria in Egypt.
During the course of the Arab–Byzantine wars, exchanges of prisoners of war became a regular feature of the relations between the Byzantine Empire and the Abbasid Caliphate.
The Arab–Byzantine wars were a series of wars between the mostly Arab Muslims and the East Roman or Byzantine Empire between the 7th and 11th centuries AD, started during the initial Muslim conquests under the expansionist Rashidun and Umayyad caliphs in the 7th century and continued by their successors until the mid-11th century.
The Arabesk trilogy is a sequence of alternate history novels by the British author Jon Courtenay Grimwood.
Arabi is a census-designated place (CDP) in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana, United States.
The Roman presence in the Arabian Peninsula had its foundations in the expansion of the empire under Augustus, and continued until the Arab conquests of Eastern Roman territory from the 7th century onward.
The Arabian Sea, also known as Sea of Oman, is a region of the northern Indian Ocean bounded on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by the Gulf of Aden, Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Peninsula, and on the east by India.
The Arabic Oud House is an oud school.
The Arabic Wikipedia () is the Arabic language version of Wikipedia.
Arabization or Arabisation (تعريب) describes either the conquest and/or colonization of a non-Arab area and growing Arab influence on non-Arab populations, causing a language shift by their gradual adoption of the Arabic language and/or their incorporation of Arab culture, Arab identity.
Archaeoastronomy (also spelled archeoastronomy) is the study of how people in the past "have understood the phenomena in the sky, how they used these phenomena and what role the sky played in their cultures".
Archagathus (Ἀρχάγαθος) was a Syracusan Greek prince and Ptolemaic official who lived around the late second half of the 4th century BC and first half of the 3rd century BC.
Archelaus (Ἀρχέλαος; fl. 1st century BC, died January/February 55 BC) was a high priest of the temple-state of Comana, Cappadocia.
Archias of Alexandria (Ἀρχίας ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς) was a man of ancient Egypt who worked as a grammarian.
Archibius (Ἀρχίβιος) of Alexandria was a grammarian of ancient Egypt.
Archimedes of Syracuse (Ἀρχιμήδης) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.
The architecture of Israel has been influenced by the different styles of architecture brought in by those who have occupied the country over time, sometimes modified to suit the local climate and landscape.
Arculf (later 7th century) was a Frankish Bishop who toured the Levant in around 680.
Ardern George Hulme Beaman (1857-1929) was a British adventurer, author, diplomat and war correspondent.
Areius or Areius Didymus or Arius (Ἄρειος) was an Alexandrian philosopher of the Pythagorean or Stoic schools who lived in the 1st century BCE.
The Arethusa class was a class of four light cruisers built for the Royal Navy between 1933 and 1937 and that served in World War II.
The Argentina national field hockey team, (Selección masculina de hockey sobre césped de Argentina) represents Argentina in field hockey and is governed by the Argentine Hockey Confederation (CAH).
The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland on 28 March 2006, from when it became a single battalion in the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
The Arian controversy was a series of Christian theological disputes that arose between Arius and Athanasius of Alexandria, two Christian theologians from Alexandria, Egypt.
Arian Creeds are the creeds of Arian Christians, developed mostly in the fourth century when Arianism was one of the main varieties of Christianity.
Arianism is a nontrinitarian Christological doctrine which asserts the belief that Jesus Christ is the Son of God who was begotten by God the Father at a point in time, a creature distinct from the Father and is therefore subordinate to him, but the Son is also God (i.e. God the Son).
Ariogaesus (flourished in 2nd century AD) was a ruler of the Quadi, a Germanic tribe, during the Marcomannic War.
Aristaenetus (Ἀρισταίνητος) was an ancient Greek epistolographer who flourished in the 5th or 6th century.
Aristander of Telmessos (Αρίστανδρος ο Τελμησσεύς; born ca. 380 BCE, fl. 2nd half of 4th century BCE), a Greek from Caria, was Alexander the Great's favorite seer.
Aristarchus of Samos (Ἀρίσταρχος ὁ Σάμιος, Aristarkhos ho Samios; c. 310 – c. 230 BC) was an ancient Greek astronomer and mathematician who presented the first known model that placed the Sun at the center of the known universe with the Earth revolving around it (see Solar system).
Aristarchus of Samothrace (Ἀρίσταρχος ὁ Σαμόθραξ; c. 220 – c. 143 BC) was a grammarian noted as the most influential of all scholars of Homeric poetry.
Aristeas (Ἀριστέας) was an Alexandrian Jew who lived in the era of the later Ptolemies, approximately the second or third century BC.
Aristo (or Ariston) of Alexandria (Ἀρίστων ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς) was a Peripatetic philosopher and a contemporary of Strabo in the 1st century.
Aristobulus of Alexandria (Ἀριστόβουλος) also called Aristobulus the Peripatetic (fl. 181–124 B.C.E.) and once believed to be Aristobulus of Paneas, was a Hellenistic Jewish philosopher of the Peripatetic school, though he also used Platonic and Pythagorean concepts.
Aristonicus of Alexandria (Greek Ἀριστόνικος ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, Aristonikos ho Alexandreus) was a distinguished Greek grammarian who lived during the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius, contemporary with Strabo.
Aristophanes of Byzantium (Ἀριστοφάνης ὁ Βυζάντιος; BC) was a Hellenistic Greek scholar, critic and grammarian, particularly renowned for his work in Homeric scholarship, but also for work on other classical authors such as Pindar and Hesiod.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Aristotle's biology is the theory of biology, grounded in systematic observation and collection of data, mainly zoological, embodied in Aristotle's books on the science.
Arius (Ἄρειος, 250 or 256–336) was a Christian presbyter and ascetic of Berber origin, and priest in Baucalis in Alexandria, Egypt.
Arius Didymus (Ἄρειος Δίδυμος Areios Didymos; fl. 1st century BC) of Alexandria, was a Stoic philosopher and teacher of Augustus.
The Arkadi Monastery (in Greek: / Moní Arkadhíou) is an Eastern Orthodox monastery, situated on a fertile plateau 23 km (14 mi) to the southeast of Rethymnon on the island of Crete in Greece.
Armenak Arzrouni (Արմենակ Արծրունի; 1901–1963), who worked under the mononym Armand, was an Armenian photographer based in Egypt.
Armando Filiput (19 December 1923 – 30 March 1982) was an Italian hurdler, European Champion in 1950.
An armed boarding steamer (or "armed boarding ship", or "armed boarding vessel") was a merchantman that during World War I the British Royal Navy converted to a warship.
Armenak Alachachian (alternate spelling: Armenak Alatchatchan) (Արմենակ Միսակի Ալաջաջյան, December 25, 1930 – December 4, 2017) was an Armenian basketball player and coach.
Armenian-Egyptian relations are foreign relations between Armenia and Egypt.
The Armenian Catholic Eparchy of Alexandria (or Iskanderiya) is a suffragan eparchy (Eastern Catholicdiocese) of the Armenian Catholic Church sui iuris (Armenian Rite in Armenian language), in the Patriarch's own 'ecclesiastical province of Cilicia' (actually based in Beirut, Lebanon), covering Egypt and Sudan.
The Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU, Հայկական Բարեգործական Ընդհանուր Միություն, ՀԲԸՄ, Haykakan Baregortsakan Endhanur Miutyun) is a non-profit Armenian organization established in Cairo, Egypt, in 1906.
Armenian literature begins around AD 400 with the invention of the Armenian alphabet by Mesrop Mashtots.
After the invention of the mechanical printing press by Johannes Gutenberg in Germany (circa 1439), Armenians from throughout the diaspora began to publish Armenian-language books.
Armenians in Egypt are a community with a long history.
The Armenians in the Middle East are mostly concentrated in Iran, Lebanon, Cyprus, Syria, Jordan, and Palestine, although well-established communities exist in Iraq, Egypt, Turkey, and other countries of the area.
Arnold Bouka Moutou (born 28 November 1988) is a French-born Congolese footballer who plays as a midfielder for Dijon FCO in Ligue 1.
The Arsacid dynasty, known natively as the Arshakuni dynasty (Արշակունի Aršakuni), ruled the Kingdom of Armenia from 54 to 428.
Saint Arsenius the Deacon, sometimes known as Arsenius of Scetis and Turah, Arsenius the Roman or Arsenius the Great, was a Roman imperial tutor who became an anchorite in Egypt, one of the most highly regarded of the Desert Fathers, whose teachings were greatly influential on the development of asceticism and the contemplative life.
Arsinoë II (Ἀρσινόη, 316 BC – unknown date between July 270 and 260 BC) was a Ptolemaic Queen and co-regent of Ancient Egypt.
Arsinoë IV (Ἀρσινόη; between 68 and 59 BC – 41 BC) was the fourth of six children and the youngest daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes, and queen and co-ruler of Egypt with her brother Ptolemy XIII from 48 BC – 47 BC, making her one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of ancient Egypt.
Ancient Egyptian art is the painting, sculpture, architecture and other arts produced by the civilization of ancient Egypt in the lower Nile Valley from about 3000 BC to 30 AD.
Artapanus of Alexandria (Gk. Ἀρτάπανος ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς) was a historian, of Jewish origin, who is believed to have lived in Alexandria, during the later half of the 3rd or 2nd century BCE.
Artavasdes II (ΒΑΣΙΛΕΟΣ ΑΡΤΑΥΑΖΔΟΥ Basileos Artavazdou, Արտավազդ Երկրորդ Artavazd Yerkrord) was a King of the Kingdom of Armenia from 54 BC until 34 BC and a member of the Artaxiad Dynasty.
Artaxias II, also known as Artaxes II and Artashes (Արտաշես Երկրորդ., birth 60s BC – murdered 20 BC) was a Prince of the Kingdom of Armenia and member of the Artaxiad Dynasty who served as a Roman Client King of Armenia from 33 BC until 20 BC.
Artemidorus of Ephesus (Ἀρτεμίδωρος ὁ Ἐφέσιος; Artemidorus Ephesius) was a Greek geographer, who flourished around 100 BC.
Artemius (d. in Antioch, 362), known as Challita in the Maronite tradition, was a general of the Roman Empire, dux Aegypti (imperial prefect of Roman Egypt).
Admiral Sir Arthur Cumming KCB (6 May 1817 – 17 February 1893) was an officer of the Royal Navy.
Lieutenant-General Arthur Ernest Percival, (26 December 1887 – 31 January 1966) was a senior British Army officer.
Arthur-Ali Rhoné (14 March 1836 – 7 June 1910) was a wealthy amateur French Arabist and Egyptologist.
Arthur Webb-Jones (1875 - 1917) was an eminent British gynaecologist who served extensively as a surgeon with the British Army in Egypt.
The gens Artoria was a minor plebeian family at ancient Rome.
Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian conductor.
Asafra (العصافرة) is a neighborhood in Alexandria, Egypt.
Asclepiodotus (Άσκληπιόδοτος) of Alexandria was a Neoplatonic philosopher who lived in the second half of the 5th century.
Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or simply Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכְּנַזִּים, Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation:, singular:, Modern Hebrew:; also), are a Jewish diaspora population who coalesced in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium.
Ashraf Ahmad Al-Hajuj (also spelled Ashraf Jumaa El Hagoug) (Ашраф Ахмад ал-Хаджудж) (born 25 October 1969 in Alexandria, Egypt) is a Palestinian-Bulgarian medic who was the principal defendant on the HIV trial in Libya.
Ashraf Barhom (أشرف برهوم, אשרף ברהום; born January 8, 1979) an Israeli-Arab actor from Tarshiha, in Galilee, Israel.
ASIFA-Egypt (آسيفا مصر) is the regional African and Arabian chapter of The International Association of Animation Filmmakers ASIFA based in Alexandria.
Asmex Digital is a Sydney-based technology services company and one of Australia’s SMB technology providers, which specialized on e-commerce consultation.
Assassin's Creed Origins is an action-adventure video game developed by Ubisoft Montreal and published by Ubisoft.
The Assemblée des francophones fonctionnaires des organisations internationales (AFFOI), French for the Assembly of French speaking international civil servants, is a global network of French-speaking international civil servants.
Assyrian continuity is the claim by modern Assyrians and supporting academics that they are at root the direct descendants of the Semitic inhabitants who spoke originally Akkadian and later Imperial Aramaic of ancient Assyria and its immediate surrounds.
Asterix and Cleopatra is the sixth book in the Asterix comic book series by René Goscinny and Albert Uderzo.
Asterix and Cleopatra (Astérix et Cléopâtre) is a Belgian/French animated film released in 1968; it is the second Asterix adventure to be made into a feature film.
An astrological age is a time period in astrologic theology which astrologers claim parallels major changes in the development of Earth's inhabitants, particularly relating to culture, society, and politics.
Astrology is the study of the movements and relative positions of celestial objects as a means for divining information about human affairs and terrestrial events.
Aswan (أسوان; ⲥⲟⲩⲁⲛ) is a city in the south of Egypt, the capital of the Aswan Governorate.
'Abu Bakr Muhammad at-Turtushi (1059 – 1126 CE; 451 AH – 520 AH), better known as At-Turtushi was one of the most prominent Andalusian political philosophers of the twelfth century.
Ateya Ahmed El-Belqasi (عطية أحمد البلقاسي) (born January 22, 1984 in Alexandria, Egypt) is an Egyptian footballer.
Athanasius was a Byzantine monk and a grandson of Theodora, wife of Justinian I. The main sources about him are John of Ephesus, Michael the Syrian and Bar-Hebraeus.
Athanasius I Gammolo was the Patriarch of Antioch, and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch from 595 until his death in 631.
Athanasius of Alexandria (Ἀθανάσιος Ἀλεξανδρείας; ⲡⲓⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲑⲁⲛⲁⲥⲓⲟⲩ ⲡⲓⲁⲡⲟⲥⲧⲟⲗⲓⲕⲟⲥ or Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲑⲁⲛⲁⲥⲓⲟⲩ ⲁ̅; c. 296–298 – 2 May 373), also called Athanasius the Great, Athanasius the Confessor or, primarily in the Coptic Orthodox Church, Athanasius the Apostolic, was the 20th bishop of Alexandria (as Athanasius I).
The Athletic Union of Greek Alexandria (AEEA) is a Greek sports club based in Alexandria of Egypt.
Athletics at the 1951 Mediterranean Games were held in Alexandria, Egypt.
Athletics is one of the sports at the quadrennial Mediterranean Games competition.
Athletics is one of the sports at the quadrennial Pan Arab Games competition.
The Atiq Mosque (also called the Great Mosque, or al-Kabir mosque) (عتیق مسجد) is a mosque in the oasis village of Awjila, in the Sahara desert of the Cyrenaica region of eastern Libya.
The Attack on Convoy AN 14 was a naval engagement during World War II between a British naval force defending a convoy of merchant ships, which had departed from Port Said and Alexandria to Piraeus and two Italian torpedo boats who intercepted them north of Crete on 31 January 1941.
The Attack on Mers-el-Kébir (3 July 1940) also known as the Battle of Mers-el-Kébir, was part of Operation Catapult.
The Attarine Mosque also known as the Mosque of St.
Attic Greek is the Greek dialect of ancient Attica, including the city of Athens.
The ten Attic orators were considered the greatest orators and logographers of the classical era (5th–4th century BC).
Atticism (meaning "favouring Attica", the region that includes Athens in Greece) was a rhetorical movement that began in the first quarter of the 1st century BC; it may also refer to the wordings and phrasings typical of this movement, in contrast with various contemporary forms of Koine Greek (both literary and vulgar), which continued to evolve in directions guided by the common usages of Hellenistic Greek.
The Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment was a mounted infantry regiment from New Zealand raised, in August 1914, for service during the First World War.
The following events occurred in August 1914.
The following events occurred in August 1917.
August Chandron (born 15 August 1866, date of death unknown) was a United States Navy sailor and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor.
The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas; 19 October 1862 – 10 April 1954) and Louis Jean; 5 October 1864 – 7 June 1948), were among the first filmmakers in history. They patented an improved cinematograph, which in contrast to Thomas Edison's "peepshow" kinetoscope allowed simultaneous viewing by multiple parties.
Auguste Perret (12 February 1874 – 25 February 1954) was a French architect and a pioneer of the architectural use of reinforced concrete.
Augusto Midana (born 20 May 1984 in Sucuto-Nhacra) is a freestyle wrestler from Guinea-Bissau who competes in the men's middleweight (-74 kg) category.
Augustos Zerlendis sometimes spelled Avgoustos Zerlentis (Greek: Αύγουστος Ζερλέντης; 5 November 1886 – 1954) was a Greek tennis player who competed at the 1920 Olympic Games in Antwerp.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
Aulus Avilius Flaccus was the Egyptian prefect appointed by Tiberius in 32 CE.
Aulus Gabinius (?-48 or 47 BC) was a Roman statesman, general and supporter of Pompey.
Aurora Flight Sciences is an American aviation, aeronautics research company which primarily specializes in the design and construction of special-purpose Unmanned aerial vehicles.
Austorc d'Aorlhac or Aurilhac (fl. 1250) was an Auvergnat troubadour from whom only one sirvente survives.
The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) was a First World War army corps of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
The Australian Army was the largest service in the Australian military during World War II.
The authorship of the Johannine works—the Gospel of John, Epistles of John, and the Book of Revelation—has been debated by scholars since at least the 2nd century AD.
The Pauline epistles are the fourteen books in the New Testament traditionally attributed to Paul the Apostle, although many dispute the anonymous Epistle to the Hebrews as being a Pauline epistle.
The authorship of the Petrine epistles (First and Second Peter) is an important question in biblical criticism, parallel to that of the authorship of the Pauline epistles, since scholars have long sought to determine who were the exact authors of the New Testament letters.
An autopsy (post-mortem examination, obduction, necropsy, or autopsia cadaverum) is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse by dissection to determine the cause and manner of death or to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present for research or educational purposes.
Aviano Air Base (Base aerea di Aviano) is a NATO base in northeastern Italy, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region.
The Aviation Martyrs' Monument (Hava Şehitleri Anıtı or formerly Tayyare Şehitleri Abidesi), located in Fatih district of Istanbul, Turkey, is a memorial dedicated to the first soldiers of the Ottoman Airforce to be killed in flight accidents.
The gens Avidia was a Roman family during the early centuries of the Empire.
Gaius Avidius Cassius (130 – July 175 AD) was a Roman general and usurper.
Avienus was a Latin writer of the 4th century AD.
Avraham Chaim Naeh (1890–1954) was a Lubavitcher chassid and major posek (halachic authority) active during the first half of twentieth century.
Awjila (Berber: Awilan, Awjila, Awgila; أوجلة; Latin: Augila) is an oasis town in the Al Wahat District in the Cyrenaica region of northeastern Libya.
In mathematics, an axiomatic system is any set of axioms from which some or all axioms can be used in conjunction to logically derive theorems.
Axum or Aksum (ኣኽሱም, አክሱም) is a city in the northern part of Ethiopia.
Aya Mohamed Majdi (born 1 August 1994) is an Egyptian born Qatari table tennis player.
Aya Medany (آیة مدني; born November 20, 1988) is an Egyptian modern pentathlete.
Aya Tarek (آية طارق) is an Egyptian artist from the city of Alexandria.
Izz al-Din AybakThe name Aybeg or Aibak or Aybak is a combination of two Turkic words, "Ay".
The Ayrshire Royal Horse Artillery was a Territorial Force Royal Horse Artillery battery that was formed in Ayrshire in 1908.
Ayten Amer (أيتن عامر) (born Samar Ahmed Abd El Ghaffar, 22 November 1990, Alexandria, Egypt) is an Egyptian actress Amer moved to Cairo when she was 4.
Ayten Amin is an Egyptian film director.
The Ayyubid dynasty (الأيوبيون; خانەدانی ئەیووبیان) was a Sunni Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin founded by Saladin and centred in Egypt.
Azariah ben Moses dei Rossi (Hebrew: עזריה מן האדומים) was an Italian-Jewish physician and scholar.
Azarita (الأزاريطة) is a neighborhood in Alexandria, Egypt.
Azer Bestavros is William Fairfield Warren Distinguished Professor of Computer Science and Founding Director of The at Boston University.
Aziza Abdel-Halim AM is an Egyptian-Australian academic, teacher, and founder of the Muslim Women's National Network Australia (MWNNA).
Azouz Synagogue is a synagogue in Alexandria, Egypt.
Ángela Peralta (6 July 1845 – Mexico City – 30 August 1883, Mazatlán) (baptised María de los Ángeles Manuela Tranquilina Cirila Efrena Peralta Castera) was an operatic soprano of international fame and a leading figure in the operatic life of 19th-century Mexico.
Émile Henry Muselier (Marseilles, 17 April 1882 – Toulon, 2 September 1965) was a French admiral who led the Free French Naval Forces (Forces navales françaises libres, or FNFL) during World War II.
Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (15 April 1772 – 19 June 1844) was a French naturalist who established the principle of "unity of composition".
Óc Eo (French, from អូរកែវ,: if the Khmer appears too small, kindly download better fonts--> O Keo, "Glass Canal") is an archaeological site in Thoại Sơn District in southern An Giang Province, Vietnam, in the Mekong River Delta.
"Öküz" Mehmed Pasha ("Mehmed Pasha the Ox"; died 23 December 1619), also known as Kara Mehmed Pasha ("the Black") or "Kul Kıran" Mehmed Pasha ("the Slavebreaker"), was an Ottoman statesman and military commander of the early 17th century who held the office of Grand Vizier twice, the first time from 17 October 1614 to 17 November 1616 (during the reign of Ahmed I) and the second time from 18 January 1619 to 23 December 1619 (during the reign of Osman II the Young).
Şehzade Ömer Abdülmecid Osmanoğlu (born 4 June 1941) is the only child of Mahmud Namık, and his wife Şaharazade Hanım.
Österreichischer Lloyd (Lloyd Austriaco, Austrian Lloyd) was the largest Austro-Hungarian shipping company.
İskenderun (الإسكندرونة, Αλεξανδρέττα "Little Alexandria"), historically known as Alexandretta and Scanderoon, is a city and the largest district in Hatay Province on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey.
İsmet Atlı (1931 – 4 April 2014) was a Turkish Olympic medalist sports wrestler in the Light heavyweight class and a trainer.
Şehzade Ömer Hilmi (2 March 1886 – 6 April 1935) was the third son of Mehmed V, by his third wife Mihrengiz Kadın.
Şehzade Mehmed Ziyaeddin (26 August 1873 – 30 January 1938) was an Ottoman prince, son of Sultan Mehmed V and Empress Kamures Kadın.
Şehzade Yusuf Izzeddin (شہزادہ یوسف عزالدین; 29 September 1857 – 1 February 1916) was an Ottoman prince, the son of Sultan Abdülaziz and his wife Dürrünev Kadın.
B Battery (2nd City of London Horse Artillery), Honourable Artillery Company was a horse artillery battery that was formed from the Field Artillery, HAC in 1899.
B'nai Israel Traditional Synagogue is a Jewish synagogue located in Alexandria, Louisiana.
Baalbek, properly Baʿalbek (بعلبك) and also known as Balbec, Baalbec or Baalbeck, is a city in the Anti-Lebanon foothills east of the Litani River in Lebanon's Beqaa Valley, about northeast of Beirut and about north of Damascus.
Babelmed is a non profit organisation established in Rome in April 2001.
Bacchylides (Βακχυλίδης, Bakkhylídēs; c. 518 – c. 451 BC) was a Greek lyric poet.
Bachi Karkaria is an Indian-Parsi journalist and columnist.
Badawi Abdel Fattah (بدوي عبدالفتاح) (born 24 May 1935 – 6 December 2007) is an Egyptian former footballer who played as a midfielder for the Egyptian national team.
Bahary (بحري) is a neighborhood in Alexandria, Egypt.
The Bahá'í Faith in Egypt has existed for over 100 years.
The Bahá'í Faith in England started with the earliest mentions of the predecessor of the Bahá'í Faith, the Báb, in The Times on 1 November 1845, only a little over a year after the Báb first stated his mission.
The Bahá'í Faith in Italy dates from 1899 - the earliest known date for Bahá'ís in Italy.
Bahiga Hafez (بهيجة حافظ, 1901-1983) was an Egyptian screenwriter, composer, director, editor, producer and actress.
Bahrain Air (طيران البحرين) was an airline of the Kingdom of Bahrain, headquartered in the Mohamed Centre in Muharraq.
The Bahri dynasty or Bahriyya Mamluks (translit) was a Mamluk dynasty of mostly Cuman-Kipchak Turkic origin that ruled the Egyptian Mamluk Sultanate from 1250 to 1382.
Bakos (باكوس), also known as Bacus, is a neighborhood in Alexandria, Egypt.
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
Admiral Sir Baldwin Wake Walker, 1st Baronet KCB CMG (6 January 1802 – 12 February 1876) was Surveyor of the Navy from 1848 to 1861.
Maharani Bamba Duleep Singh (born Bamba Müller; 6 July 1848 – 18 September 1887) was the wife of Maharaja Duleep Singh.
Banca Commerciale Italiana (COMIT), founded in 1894, was once one of the largest banks in Italy.
Banco Safra is a Brazilian local bank, ranking tenth among the country’s largest sector financial institutions in terms of total assets.
Bani Ammar (Arabic: بني عمار) is a village located near Tahta-Sohag; south-western between Banhau (Arabic: بنهو) and El-Sawamaa Gharb (Arabic: الصوامعه غرب) to the east and Enibis (Arabic: عنيبس) to west.
Over time, two Greek banks have been named the Bank of Athens.
Bank of British West Africa (BBWA) was a British Overseas bank that was important in introducing modern banking into the countries that emerged from the UK's West African colonies.
The baptism of Jesus is described in the gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke.
Barsisa, (“the man of priestly regalia”, from Aramaic bar, "son", and ṣīṣa, "gold plate", referring specifically to the high priest’s breastplate) in Islamic mythology, is an ascetic who succumbed to the devil’s temptations and denied God.
Barbara, also referred to as Barbaria, referred to an ancient region in littoral Horn of Africa.
Barbara Romaine (born 1959) is an academic and translator of Arabic literature.
The Barberini ivory is a Byzantine ivory leaf from an imperial diptych dating from Late Antiquity, now in the Louvre in Paris.
Barnabas (Greek: Βαρνάβας), born Joseph, was an early Christian, one of the prominent Christian disciples in Jerusalem.
Barry Weeks, is a record producer, songwriter and mixer.
Basbousa (بسبوسة), is a traditional Middle Eastern sweet cake.
Basem Abdullah Eltahhan (born 17 August 1982 in Alexandria, Egypt) is an Egyptian professional snooker player.
Bassem Morsi Elkotb Abdalla (باسم مرسي القطب عبد الله) (born 1 January 1992) is an Egyptian footballer who plays for Egyptian Premier League side Zamalek and the Egypt national team as a striker.
Brigadier Basil John Andrew (1894 – 28 April 1941) was an officer in the Australian Army during both the First and Second World Wars.
Basil Gogos (March 12, 1929 – September 13, 2017) was an American illustrator best known for his portraits of movie monsters which appeared on the covers of Famous Monsters of Filmland magazine in the 1960s and 1970s.
Basil of Caesarea, also called Saint Basil the Great (Ἅγιος Βασίλειος ὁ Μέγας, Ágios Basíleios o Mégas, Ⲡⲓⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ Ⲃⲁⲥⲓⲗⲓⲟⲥ; 329 or 330 – January 1 or 2, 379), was the bishop of Caesarea Mazaca in Cappadocia, Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey).
Alfred Herbert Ernest Osborne, formerly known as Basil Osborne (born 12 April 1938), is a former Orthodox Christian bishop.
A basilica is a type of building, usually a church, that is typically rectangular with a central nave and aisles, usually with a slightly raised platform and an apse at one or both ends.
The Basilica of Junius Bassus (basilica Iunii Bassi) was a civil basilica on the Esquiline Hill in Rome, on a site now occupied by the Seminario Pontificio di Studi Orientali, in via Napoleone III, 3.
The Basilidians or Basilideans were a Gnostic sect founded by Basilides of Alexandria in the 2nd century.
Basilides (Greek: Βασιλείδης) was an early Christian Gnostic religious teacher in Alexandria, Egypt who taught from 117 to 138 AD, notes that to prove that the heretical sects were "later than the catholic Church," Clement of Alexandria assigns Christ's own teaching to the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius; that of the apostles, of St.
Basilides and Potamiaena were Christian martyrs now venerated as saints.
Basilides of Tyre was a mathematician, mentioned by Hypsicles in his prefatory letter of Euclid's Elements, Book XIV.
The basketball tournament at the 1951 Mediterranean Games was held in Alexandria, Egypt.
The men's qualification for the 2004 Olympic basketball tournament occurred from 2002–2003; all five FIBA (International Basketball Federation) zones sent in teams.
Basketball has been played consistently at the Mediterranean Games since the year 1951 for men and since the year 1987 for women.
Basketball has been an Pan Arab Games event since the first edition in 1953 in Alexandria, Egypt.
The following is a list of Basque exonyms, that is to say names for towns and cities that do not speak Basque that have been adapted to Basque standard spelling rules, or are simply native names from ancient times.
Bassianus was the Bishop of Ephesus (444–448).
Brutea (Brutea, Βαθονεία in Greek) is the so-called name of a long-lost ancient Greek city that was located on the European shore of the sea of Marmara, 20 km west from Istanbul in Turkey.
Bathyllus was a dancer/performer of pantomimus in Rome during the period of Augustus.
Batoul Arafa (Arabic: بتول عرفة) (born November 16, 1981) is an Egyptian film director.
The Battle of Actium was the decisive confrontation of the Final War of the Roman Republic, a naval engagement between Octavian and the combined forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra on 2 September 31 BC, on the Ionian Sea near the promontory of Actium, in the Roman province of Epirus Vetus in Greece.
The Battle of Alexandria or Battle of Canope, fought on 21 March 1801 between the French army under General Menou and the British expeditionary corps under Sir Ralph Abercrombie, took place near the ruins of Nicopolis, on the narrow spit of land between the sea and Lake Abukir, along which the British troops had advanced towards Alexandria after the actions of Abukir on 8 March and Mandora on 13 March.
The Battle of Alexandria was fought on July 31, 30 BC between the forces of Octavian and Mark Antony during the Final War of the Roman Republic.
The Battle of Antioch took place in 613 outside Antioch, Syria between a Byzantine army led by Heraclius and a Persian Sassanid army under Shahin and Shahrbaraz as part of the Byzantine–Sassanid War of 602–628.
The Battle of Baltim (also Battle of Damietta, Battle of Baltim–Damietta, Battle of Damietta–Baltim or Battle of Damietta – El Burelos) was fought between the Israeli Navy and the Egyptian Navy on October 8–9, 1973, during the Yom Kippur War.
The Battle of Calabria, (known to the Italian Navy as the Battle of Punta Stilo) was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in the Second World War.
The naval Battle of Cape Bon took place on December 13, 1941 during the Second World War, between two Italian light cruisers and an Allied destroyer flotilla off Cape Bon, Tunisia.
The Battle of Cape Matapan (Ναυμαχία του Ταινάρου) was a Second World War naval engagement between British and Axis forces, fought from 27–29 March 1941.
The Battle of Cape Passero (1940), was a Second World War naval engagement between the British light cruiser and seven torpedo boats and destroyers of the Italian Regia Marina, southeast of Sicily, in the early hours of 12 October 1940.
The Battle of Cape Spartivento, known as the Battle of Cape Teulada in Italy, was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in the Second World War, fought between naval forces of the British Royal Navy and the Italian Regia Marina on 27 November 1940.
The Battle of Crete (Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta, also Unternehmen Merkur, "Operation Mercury," Μάχη της Κρήτης) was fought during the Second World War on the Greek island of Crete.
The Battle of Derna at Derna, Cyrenaica was the decisive victory in April–May 1805 of a mercenary army recruited and led by United States Marines under the command of U.S. Army Lieutenant William Eaton, (1764-1811), diplomatic Consul to Tripoli and U.S. Marine Corps First Lieutenant Presley Neville O’Bannon (1776-1850).
The Battle of Diu was a naval battle fought on 3 February 1509 in the Arabian Sea, in the port of Diu, India, between the Portuguese Empire and a joint fleet of the Sultan of Gujarat, the Mamlûk Burji Sultanate of Egypt, the Zamorin of Calicut with support of the Republic of Venice.
The Battle of El Agheila was a brief engagement of the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
The Battle of Emesa was fought in 272 between the Roman armies led by their emperor Aurelian and the Palmyrene forces led by their queen, Zenobia and general Zabdas.
The Battle of Heliopolis or Ayn Shams was a decisive battle between Arab Muslim armies and Byzantine forces for the control of Egypt.
The Battle of Kafr El Dawwar was a conflict during the Anglo-Egyptian War near Kafr El Dawwar, Egypt.
The Battle of Keramaia was a major Byzantine naval victory over the Egyptian fleet of the Umayyad Caliphate at Cyprus in 746.
The Battle of Lepanto was a naval engagement that took place on 7 October 1571 when a fleet of the Holy League, of which the Venetian Empire and the Spanish Empire were the main powers, inflicted a major defeat on the fleet of the Ottoman Empire in the Gulf of Patras, where Ottoman forces sailing westward from their naval station in Lepanto (the Venetian name of ancient Naupactus Ναύπακτος, Ottoman İnebahtı) met the fleet of the Holy League sailing east from Messina, Sicily.
This is the order of battle during the Battle of Lepanto on 7 October 1571 in which the Holy League deployed 6 galleasses and 206 galleys, while the Ottoman forces numbered 216 galleys and 56 galliots.
The Battle of Leros was the central event of the Dodecanese campaign of the Second World War, and is widely used as an alternate name for the whole campaign.
The Battle of Mandora was fought on 13 March 1801 between the French Armée d'Orient and the British expeditionary corps, during the French campaign in Egypt and Syria.
The Battle of Mons Seleucus was fought in 353 between the forces of the legitimate Roman emperor Constantius II and the forces of the usurper Magnentius.
The Battle of Navarino was a naval battle fought on 20 October 1827, during the Greek War of Independence (1821–32), in Navarino Bay (modern Pylos), on the west coast of the Peloponnese peninsula, in the Ionian Sea.
The Battle of Nikiou was a battle between Arab Muslim troops under General Amr ibn al-A'as and the Byzantine Empire in Egypt in May of 646.
The Battle of Pandosia was fought in 331 BC between a Greek force led by Alexander I of Epirus against the Lucanians and Bruttians, two southern Italic tribes.
The Battle of Pantelleria (1586) also known as the Fight at PantalareaHakluyt, Richard p. 499 was a naval engagement that took place during the Anglo–Spanish War off the island of Pantelleria on 13 July 1586.
The Battle of Sellasia took place during the summer of 222 BC between Macedon and the Achaean League, led by Antigonus III Doson, and Sparta under the command of King Cleomenes III.
The Battle of Sidi Barrani 1940) was the opening battle of Operation Compass, the first big British attack of the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
The Battle of Taranto took place on the night of 11–12 November 1940 during the Second World War between British naval forces, under Admiral Andrew Cunningham, and Italian naval forces, under Admiral Inigo Campioni.
The Battle of Tel El Kebir was fought between the Egyptian army led by Ahmed Urabi and the British military near Tell El Kebir.
The Battle of the Malta Convoy was a naval engagement of the French Revolutionary Wars fought on 18 February 1800 during the Siege of Malta.
The Battle of the Masts (Arabic: معركة ذات الصواري, romanized Ma‘rakat Dhāt al-Ṣawārī) or Battle of Phoenix was a crucial naval battle fought in 654 (A.H. 34) between the Muslim Arabs, led by Abu'l-Awar and the Byzantine fleet under the personal command of Emperor Constans II.
The Battle of the Mediterranean was the name given to the naval campaign fought in the Mediterranean Sea during World War II, from 10 June 1940 to 2 May 1945.
The Battle of the Nile (also known as the Battle of Aboukir Bay; Bataille d'Aboukir) was a major naval battle fought between the British Royal Navy and the Navy of the French Republic at Aboukir Bay on the Mediterranean coast off the Nile Delta of Egypt from 1 to 3 August 1798.
The Battle of the Pyramids, also known as the Battle of Embabeh, was a major engagement fought on July 21, 1798 during the French Invasion of Egypt.
The First Battle of the Strait of Gibraltar was a naval engagement that took place on 24 April 1590 during the Anglo-Spanish War.
The Battle of Thermopylae of 480 BCE has long been the topic of cultural motivation, as it is perhaps the most famous military last stand of all time.
The Battle of Tyana occurred in 272 AD.
The Battles of Fort Budapest (מעוז בודפשט) refer to two attempts by the Egyptian Army to capture Fort Budapest, part of the Bar Lev Line during the Yom Kippur War.
World War II saw the end of the battleship as the dominant force in the world's navies.
Baucalis (or Boukolou, Baukalis) is a section in Alexandria, Egypt where St. Mark was reported to have been martyred, along with the historic location of his martyrium.
The Bauscat rabbit is an Egyptian breed bred to cope with the Egyptian climate.
Bayda, or Elbeida (or; البيضاء) (also spelt az-Zāwiyat al-Bayḑā’, Zāwiyat al-Bayḑā’, Beida and El Beida; known as Beda Littoria under Italian colonial rule), is a commercial and industrial city in eastern Libya.
Bayram al-Tunisi (بيرم التونسي) (born in 1893 in Alexandria, Egypt as Maḥmūd Muḥammad Muṣṭafā Bayram (محمود محمد مصطفى بيرم) - died 1961), was an Egyptian poet with Tunisian roots.
The Bünting Clover Leaf Map, also known as The World in a Cloverleaf, (German title: "Die ganze Welt in einem Kleberblat/Welches ist der Stadt Hannover meines lieben Vaterlandes Wapen") is an historic mappa mundi drawn by the German Protestant pastor, theologist, and cartographer Heinrich Bünting.
Bechukotai, Bechukosai, or B'hukkothai (— Hebrew for "by my decrees," the second word, and the first distinctive word, in the parashah) is the 33rd weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the 10th and last in the Book of Leviticus.
Beer in Egypt has long held a significant role, and its presence in the country is thought to date back to the Predynastic period.
Behaalotecha, Beha'alotecha, Beha'alothekha, or Behaaloscha (— Hebrew for "when you step up," the 11th word, and the first distinctive word, in the parashah) is the 36th weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the third in the Book of Numbers.
The Beheading of Saint John the Baptist, also known as the Decollation of Saint John the Baptist or the Beheading of the Forerunner, is a holy day observed by various Christian churches that follow liturgical traditions.
Beheira Governorate (محافظة البحيرة,, "the Lake") is a coastal governorate in Egypt.
Beit Aghion (בית אגיון), also known as Beit Rosh HaMemshala (lit. House of the Prime Minister) is the official residence of the Prime Minister of Israel.
Belal Fadl (born 1974) is a screenplay writer, ex-journalist and a column writer at Almasry Alyoum born and raised in Cairo, Egypt.
The Belosselsky-Belozersky princely and Rurikid family is an aristocratic Russian family that descends in a direct male line from the Earliest Kievan Rus rulers and later of the medieval sovereigns of the Principality of Beloozero.
Bemidbar, BeMidbar, or B'midbar (— Hebrew for "in the desert of", the fifth overall and first distinctive word in the parashah), often called Bamidbar or Bamidbor (— Hebrew for "in the desert"), is the 34th weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the first in the Book of Numbers.
Ben oil is pressed from the seeds of the Moringa oleifera, known variously as the horseradish tree, ben oil tree, or drumstick tree.
Ben Sira, or Ben Sirach, also known as Shimon ben Yeshua ben Eliezer ben Sira or Jesus Ben Sirach, (fl. 2nd century BCE) was a Hellenistic Jewish scribe, sage, and allegorist from Jerusalem.
The Benaki Museum, established and endowed in 1930 by Antonis Benakis in memory of his father Emmanuel Benakis, is housed in the Benakis family mansion in downtown Athens, Greece.
Benghazi (بنغازي) is the second-most populous city in Libya and the largest in Cyrenaica.
Benha /'benhæ/ (بنها), also spelled Banha , is the capital of the Qalyubia Governorate in north-eastern Egypt.
Benoît Jules Mure (May 15, 1809, Lyon — March 4, 1858, Cairo) was a French homeopath, naturalist, and anarcho-communist.
Berenice of Cilicia, also known as Julia Berenice and sometimes spelled Bernice (28 AD – after 81), was a Jewish client queen of the Roman Empire during the second half of the 1st century.
Berenice was the daughter of Mariamne, daughter of Herod Agrippa I, and Julius Archelaus, son of Chelcias (maybe Hilkiya in Hebrew who was a friend and an officer at the court).
Berenice IV Epiphaneia (Βερενίκη; 77–55 BC, born and died in Alexandria, Egypt) was a Greek Princess and Queen of the Ptolemaic dynasty.
Berenice (Berenike) or Berenice Troglodytica (Greek: Βερενίκη), also known as Baranis, is an ancient seaport of Egypt on the west coast of the Red Sea.
Bereshit, Bereishit, Bereishis, B'reshith, Beresheet, or Bereishees (– Hebrew for "in the beginning," the first word in the parashah) is the first weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
Berge Missakian (born 1933) is a Canadian artist.
The Berkshire Royal Horse Artillery was a Territorial Force Royal Horse Artillery battery that was formed in Berkshire in 1908.
The Berkshire Yeomanry was a regiment of the British Army formed in 1794 to counter the threat of invasion during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Bernard Dacorogna is a Swiss mathematician, born 15 October 1953, in Alexandria, Egypt.
Bertrando de Mignanelli or Beltramo Mignanelli di Siena (1370 – 1455 or 1460) was an adventurous and multilingual Italian merchant who lived in Damascus at the beginning of the 15th century and wrote the only Latin language primary source about Tamerlane's conquest of Damascus.
Berwick-upon-Tweed (Sooth Berwick, Bearaig a Deas) is a town in the county of Northumberland.
Bettany Hughes (born 14 May 1967) is an English historian, author and broadcaster.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
The Bible has been translated into many languages from the biblical languages of Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek.
Bible translations in the Middle Ages discussions are rare in contrast to Late Antiquity, when the Bibles available to most Christians were in the local vernacular.
The biblical Magi (or; singular: magus), also referred to as the (Three) Wise Men or (Three) Kings, were, in the Gospel of Matthew and Christian tradition, a group of distinguished foreigners who visited Jesus after his birth, bearing gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.
The Bibliotheca Alexandrina (Library of Alexandria; مكتبة الإسكندرية) is a major library and cultural center located on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea in the Egyptian city of Alexandria.
National Olympic Committees select from within their national territory cities to put forward bids to host an Olympic Games.
Five cities made the shortlist with their bids to host the 2004 Summer Olympics (formally known as Games of the XXVIII Olympiad), which were awarded to Athens, on September 5, 1997.
Bilistiche (Greek: Βιλιστίχη) or Belistiche was a Hellenistic courtesan of uncertain origin.
Fr Bishoy Kamel also spelled Fr Bishoi Kamel (1931–1979), was a priest of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1346 to 1353.
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn.
Black Sunday, 1937 refers to a series of acts undertaken by Jewish militants of the Irgun faction against Arab civilians on 14 November 1937.
Blair Anderson Wark, (27 July 1894 – 13 June 1941) was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for gallantry "in the face of the enemy" that can be awarded to members of the British and other Commonwealth armed forces.
Blanche of Anjou (1280 – 14 October 1310) was Queen of Aragon as the second spouse of King James II.
The Blockade of Germany (1939–1945), also known as the Economic War, was carried out during World War II by the United Kingdom and France in order to restrict the supplies of minerals, metals, food and textiles needed by Nazi Germany - and later Fascist Italy - in order to sustain their war efforts.
The blockade of the Gaza Strip is the ongoing land, air, and sea blockade of the Gaza Strip imposed by Israel and Egypt since 2007.
A blog (a truncation of the expression "weblog") is a discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web consisting of discrete, often informal diary-style text entries ("posts").
Blood and Guts in High School is a novel by Kathy Acker.
Blue Bloods is a series of vampire novels by Melissa de la Cruz.
The Blue Nile is a river originating at Lake Tana in Ethiopia.
Bo (— in Hebrew, the command form of "go," or "come," and the first significant word in the parashah, in) is the fifteenth weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the third in the Book of Exodus.
Robert James Crisp DSO MC (28 May 1911 – 3 March 1994) was a South African cricketer who played in nine Tests from 1935 to 1936 before living for a while in England.
Robert "Bob Rob" Medina is an American artist, author, musician and educator hailing from Denver, Colorado and currently residing in Alexandria, Egypt.
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boëthius, commonly called Boethius (also Boetius; 477–524 AD), was a Roman senator, consul, magister officiorum, and philosopher of the early 6th century.
The Boethusians were a Jewish sect closely related to, if not a development of, the Sadducees.
Bolkly (بولكلي) is a neighbourhood in Alexandria, Egypt.
Bomb Alley is a 1983 computer war game covering the Mediterranean Theatre of World War II.
The Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt by the British Mediterranean Fleet took place on 11–13 July 1882.
Bonakis (died 609) was a Byzantine military commander, active in Cyrenaica (Libya) and Egypt.
Bonner Frank Fellers (February 7, 1896 – October 7, 1973) was a U.S. Army officer who served during World War II as military attaché and psychological warfare director.
Book burning is the ritual destruction by fire of books or other written materials, usually carried out in a public context.
The Wisdom of Solomon or Book of Wisdom is a Jewish work, written in Greek, composed in Alexandria (Egypt).
Borg El Arab (برج العرب) is an industrial city in the governorate of Alexandria, Egypt.
Borg El Arab International Airport (Arabic:مطار برج العرب الدولي) is an airport serving Alexandria, Egypt.
The Borg Elarab Stadium officially Stad El Geish is a stadium commissioned in 2006 in the Mediterranean Sea resort of Borg elarab; 25 km west of Alexandria, Egypt.
Mainly a decoration piece, the Borgia map is a world map made sometime in the early 15th century, and engraved on a metal plate.
Boshra Salem is a professor, founder and the Chair of the Department of Environmental Sciences at Alexandria University in Alexandria, Egypt.
Boumedfaa (بومدفع) a town in northern Algeria.
The boxing tournament at the 1951 Mediterranean Games was held in Alexandria, Egypt.
Boxing is one of the sports at the quadrennial Mediterranean Games competition.
Boxing is one of the sports at the quadrennial Mediterranean Games competition.
Boy, James Hanley's second novel, first published in 1931 by Boriswood, is a grim story of the brief life and early death of a thirteen year old stowaway from Liverpool.
Bratislava (Preßburg or Pressburg, Pozsony) is the capital of Slovakia.
The Brazil national under-17 football team, also known as Brazil Under-17s or Seleção Sub-17, represents Brazil in association football, at an under-17 age level and is controlled by the Brazilian Football Confederation, the governing body for football in Brazil.
The Bretagne-class battleships were the first "super-dreadnoughts" built for the French Navy during the First World War.
General Brian Hubert Robertson, 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge, (22 July 1896 – 29 April 1974) was a senior British Army officer during the Second World War, who played an important role in the East African, North African and Italian Campaigns.
Britain First is a British fascist political organisation formed in 2011 by former members of the British National Party (BNP).
The British Army during the Napoleonic Wars experienced a time of rapid change.
The Commandos formed during the Second World War, following an order from the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in June 1940 for a force that could carry out raids against German occupied Europe.
British European Airways (BEA), formally British European Airways Corporation, was a British airline which existed from 1946 until 1974.
The Department of Ancient Egypt and Sudan is a department forming an historic part of the British Museum, housing the world's largest and most comprehensive collection of Egyptian antiquities (with over 100,000 pieces) outside the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) was the British state-owned airline created in 1940 by the merger of Imperial Airways and British Airways Ltd.
British Railways operated a number of ships from its formation in 1948 on a variety of routes.
The Royal Navy's T class (or Triton class) of diesel-electric submarines was designed in the 1930s to replace the O, P, and R classes.
The Browne-Clayton Monument is a Corinthian column on a square pedestal base at on Carrigadaggan Hill, Carrigbyrne, Co. Wexford, just off the N25 national route between the Irish towns of Wexford and New Ross.
Bruno Brivonesi (July 16, 1886 – 1970) was an Italian admiral during World War II.
Carlo Pedersoli (31 October 1929 – 27 June 2016), known professionally as Bud Spencer, was an Italian actor, professional swimmer and water polo player.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Although analogies have been drawn between Buddhism and Christianity, there are differences between the two religions beginning with monotheism's place at the core of Christianity, and Buddhism's orientation towards non-theism (the lack of relevancy of the existence of a creator deity) which runs counter to teachings about God in Christianity; and extending to the importance of grace in Christianity against the rejection of interference with karma in Theravada Buddhism, etc.
Several instances of interaction between Buddhism and the Roman world are documented by Classical and early Christian writers.
Some scholars believe that there exist significant Buddhist influences on Christianity reaching back to Christianity's earliest days.
Buikwe District is a district in the Central Region of Uganda.
The Bulgarian Orthodox Church (Българска православна църква, Balgarska pravoslavna tsarkva) is an autocephalous Orthodox Church.
Bulla Regia is an archaeological site in north-western Tunisia, a former Roman city near modern Jendouba called officially Colonia Aelia Hadriana Augusta Bulla Regia.
Buraq Air (El-Buraq Air Transport Inc) is an airline with its headquarters on the grounds of Mitiga International Airport in Tripoli, Libya.
The burning of the Jaffna Public Library (யாழ் பொது நூலகம் எரிப்பு, Yāḻ potu nūlakam erippu) was an important event in the Sri Lankan civil war.
The Bust of Cleopatra VII is a granite bust currently on display in the Gallery of Ancient Egypt at the Royal Ontario Museum (ROM).
Buto (Βουτώ, بوتو, Butu), Butus (Βοῦτος, Boutos), or Butosus, now Tell El Fara'in ("Hill of the Pharaohs"), near the villages of Ibtu (or Abtu) and Kom Butu and the city of Desouk (دسوق), was an ancient city located 95 km east of Alexandria in the Nile Delta of Egypt.
Byzantine art is the name for the artistic products of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire, as well as the nations and states that inherited culturally from the empire.
The Byzantine Empire was ruled by emperors of the dynasty of Heraclius between 610 and 711.
The history of Byzantine Greece mainly coincides with the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire.
The Byzantine Greeks (or Byzantines) were the Greek or Hellenized people of the Byzantine Empire (or Eastern Roman Empire) during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages who spoke medieval Greek and were Orthodox Christians.
Byzantine literature is the Greek literature of the Middle Ages, whether written in the territory of the Byzantine Empire or outside its borders.
The East Roman or Byzantine Empire established and operated several mints throughout its history (330–1453).
Byzantine music is the music of the Byzantine Empire.
The Byzantine navy was the naval force of the East Roman or Byzantine Empire.
Byzantine science played an important role in the transmission of classical knowledge to the Islamic world and to Renaissance Italy, and also in the transmission of Islamic science to Renaissance Italy.
Byzantine university refers to higher education during the Byzantine empire.
The Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628 was the final and most devastating of the series of wars fought between the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire and the Sasanian Empire of Iran.
Byzantium or Byzantion (Ancient Greek: Βυζάντιον, Byzántion) was an ancient Greek colony in early antiquity that later became Constantinople, and later Istanbul.
Lieutenant Charles Esme Thornton Warren MBE (1912-1988) was a bestselling British author, a Second World War Royal Navy submariner, and one of the first Allied 'human torpedo charioteers', practising methods of clandestine attack upon enemy harbours and ships.
This article aims at providing details on the participation and performance of Clube Desportivo Primeiro de Agosto at the various competitions organized by the Confederation of African Football, namely the CAF Champions League, the CAF Confederation Cup and the former CAF Cup and CAF Winner's Cup.
The Middlebury C.V. Starr Schools Abroad, operated by Middlebury College in 17 countries across 5 continents, offer overseas academic programs for undergraduates from various U.S. institutions, as well as graduate-level programs for students from the Middlebury Language Schools and the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey.
The gens Caecilia was a plebeian family at Rome.
Caesar and Cleopatra is a 1945 British Technicolor film directed by Gabriel Pascal and starring Claude Rains and Vivien Leigh.
Caesar and Cleopatra is a play written in 1898 by George Bernard Shaw that depicts a fictionalized account of the relationship between Julius Caesar and Cleopatra.
Caesar IV is a city-building game set in ancient Rome, developed by Tilted Mill Entertainment.
The Great Roman Civil War (49–45 BC), also known as Caesar's Civil War, was one of the last politico-military conflicts in the Roman Republic before the establishment of the Roman Empire.
Caesarean text-type is the term proposed by certain scholars to denote a consistent pattern of variant readings that is claimed to be apparent in certain Greek manuscripts of the four Gospels, but which is not found in any of the other commonly recognized New Testament text-types; the Byzantine text-type, the Western text-type and the Alexandrian text-type.
The Caesareum of Alexandria is an ancient temple in Alexandria, Egypt.
Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar (Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλομήτωρ Καῖσαρ, Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr Philomḗtōr Kaĩsar "Ptolemy, Beloved of his Father, Beloved of his Mother, Caesar"; June 23, 47 BC – August 23, 30 BC), better known by the nicknames Caesarion (Καισαρίων, Kaisaríōn ≈ Little Caesar; Caesariō) and Ptolemy Caesar (Πτολεμαῖος Καῖσαρ, Ptolemaios Kaisar; Ptolemaeus Caesar), was the last Pharaoh of Egypt.
"Caesarion" is the eighth episode of the first season of the television series ''Rome''.
Caesarius of Nazianzus (also spelled Cæsarius and Caesarios) (c. 331 – 368) was a prominent physician and politician.
A cage cup, also vas diatretum, plural diatreta, or "reticulated cup" is a type of luxury Late Roman glass vessel, found from roughly the 4th century, and "the pinnacle of Roman achievements in glass-making".
Established after the 2011 Egyptian Revolution, Cairo Center for the Culture of Democracy (CCCD) aims at the maintenance and promotion of the January 25 Revolution spirit; Democracy, Freedom and Social Justice.
Cairo Time is a 2009 film by Canadian director Ruba Nadda.
Cairo–Alexandria desert road, also known as the Cairo–Alexandria freeway and the Cairo–Alexandria highway, is the main highway that connects Cairo to Alexandria, the two largest cities in Egypt.
Caleb Gattegno (1911–1988) was one of the most influential and prolific mathematics educators of the twentieth century.
The calendar of saints and commemorations in the Church of the Province of Melanesia (the Anglican Church in the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu) is a continually developing list.
Callimachus (Καλλίμαχος, Kallimakhos; 310/305–240 BC) was a native of the Greek colony of Cyrene, Libya.
For other people with this name, see Callinicus Callinicus, surnamed or nicknamed Sutorius or Suetorius, sometimes known as Kallinikos of Petra or Callinicus of Petra (Callinicus in Greek: ο Καλλίνικος) was an Ancient Greek Historian, Orator, Rhetorician and Sophist who flourished in the 3rd century.
Callistratus, Alexandrian grammarian, flourished at the beginning of the 2nd century BC.
Calonymus of Alexandria (Καλώνυμος 'Αλεξανδρεύς) was a Byzantine naval commander, known for leading the fleet in the Vandalic War (533–534).
The Cambridge Latin Course (CLC) is a series of textbooks published by Cambridge University Press, used to teach Latin to secondary school students.
The Cameron Run Watershed (CRW) is a highly urbanized, 44 square-mile watershed located in Northern Virginia.
The Cameroonian national basketball team is a basketball team that represents Cameroon in international competitions.
Camp Chezar (كامب شيزار; also spelled Camp Shezar) is a neighborhood in Alexandria, Egypt.
1798 was a relatively quiet period in the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Cangelari family (in Greek: Καγγελάρη or Καγκελάρη) is one of Cephalonia, Greece's most ancient aristocratic families.
The Canon of Kings was a dated list of kings used by ancient astronomers as a convenient means to date astronomical phenomena, such as eclipses.
Canopus, also known as Canobus, was an Ancient Egyptian coastal town, located in the Nile Delta.
The Canterbury Mounted Rifles Regiment was a mounted infantry regiment from New Zealand, raised for service during the First World War.
The Cape to Cairo Railway is an uncompleted project to cross Africa from south to north by rail.
The Cape Verde national basketball team represents Cape Verde in international basketball matches and is administered by the Federação Cabo-verdiana de Basquetebol.
The Capitoline Wolf (Italian: Lupa Capitolina) is a bronze sculpture of the mythical she-wolf suckling the twins, Romulus and Remus, from the legend of the founding of Rome.
The Capitulation of Alexandria in August 1801 brought to an end the French expedition to Egypt.
Caracalla (Latin: Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus; 4 April 188 – 8 April 217), formally known as Antoninus, was Roman emperor from 198 to 217 AD.
Cardamom production employs plants of the genera Elettaria and Amomum in the ginger family Zingiberaceae.
Carl Wilhelm von Gerber (15 May 1883 – 19 August 1959) was a Swedish diplomat and businessman living and working in Egypt.
Carlo Pollonera (Alexandria, Egypt, March 27, 1849 - Turin, June 17, 1923) was an Italian painter, particularly of landscapes, and also an important malacologist.
Carlo Giuseppe Suarès (1892–1976) was a French writer, painter and Kabbalah author.
Carmel Winery (יקבי כרמל) is a vineyard and winery in Israel.
The Carnatic region is the region of peninsular South India lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats, in the modern Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and southern Andhra Pradesh.
Carpocrates of Alexandria was the founder of an early Gnostic sect from the first half of the 2nd century.
Carrefour S.A. is a French multinational retailer headquartered in Boulogne Billancourt, France, in the Hauts-de-Seine Department near Paris.
Carsten Niebuhr or Karsten Niebuhr (17 March 1733 Lüdingworth – 26 April 1815 Meldorf, Dithmarschen), a German mathematician, cartographer, and explorer in the service of Denmark, is renowned for his participation in the Royal Danish Arabia Expedition (1761-1767).
Cartas de Inglaterra ("Letters from England") is a collection of journalism by the 19th-century Portuguese novelist Eça de Queiroz.
The cartography of India begins with early charts for navigation and constructional plans for buildings.
Casablanca (ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; anfa; local informal name: Kaẓa), located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the Atlantic Ocean, is the largest city in Morocco.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Caspar John GCB (22 March 1903 – 11 July 1984) was a senior Royal Navy officer who served as First Sea Lord from 1960 to 1963.
Cassis (Occitan: Cassís) is a commune situated east of Marseille in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France.
Cassius Longinus (Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος; c. 213 – 273 AD) was a rhetorician and philosophical critic.
Castelseprio or Castel Seprio was the site of a Roman fort in antiquity, and a significant Lombard town in the early Middle Ages, before being destroyed and abandoned in 1287.
Castro Synagogue is a synagogue in Alexandria, Egypt.
Catacombs are human-made subterranean passageways for religious practice.
The catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa (meaning "Mound of Shards") is a historical archaeological site located in Alexandria, Egypt and is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages.
The following is a list of Catalan exonyms, that is to say, names for countries, regions, cities, towns, rivers, etc.
Catasterismi (Greek Καταστερισμοί Katasterismoi, "placings among the stars") is an Alexandrian prose retelling of the mythic origins of stars and constellations, as they were interpreted in Hellenistic culture.
The Catechetical School of Alexandria was a school of Christian theologians and priests in Alexandria.
Caterina Tarongi i Tarongi (1646, Palma, May 6, 1691, ibid.) was a Jewish woman burned alive by the Spanish Inquisition.
The Holy Cathedral Church of the Annunciation of the Theotokos (translit) is a trilateral basilica which was founded in the middle of the 19th century in Alexandria, Egypt.
Saint Catherine of Alexandria, or Saint Catharine of Alexandria, also known as Saint Catherine of the Wheel and The Great Martyr Saint Catherine (Ϯⲁⲅⲓⲁ Ⲕⲁⲧⲧⲣⲓⲛ, ἡ Ἁγία Αἰκατερίνη ἡ Μεγαλομάρτυς – translation: Holy Catherine the Great Martyr) is, according to tradition, a Christian saint and virgin, who was martyred in the early 4th century at the hands of the pagan emperor Maxentius.
Dame Catherine Leslie Wingate DBE (née Rundle; 26 October 1858 – 10 June 1946) was a British humanitarian.
The term Catholic Patriarchate of Alexandria may refer to.
Caulerpa prolifera is a species of green alga, a seaweed in the family Caulerpaceae.
The Cave, later Cave-Browne, later Cave-Browne-Cave Baronetcy, of Stanford in the County of Northampton, is a title in the Baronetage of England.
Line 900 is one of CFR's main lines in Romania having a total length of about 533 km.
The four-star Steigenberger Cecil Hotel in Alexandria, Egypt, was built as the Cecil Hotel in 1929 by the French-Egyptian Jewish Metzger family as a romantic hotel, at Saad Zaghloul square where Cleopatra's needles had been, in front of the Corniche.
Celine Axelos (née Tasso; 1902–1992) was an Egyptian poet, public speaker, and woman of letters.
Cenobitic (or coenobitic) monasticism is a monastic tradition that stresses community life.
Censorius Datianus (fl. 337-365) was a politician of the Roman Empire, very influential under the rule of Emperor Constantius II (337-361).
Centered in the Universe is a fulldome presentation that premiered the evening of October 29, 2006 at the "Galactic Gala" which marked the reopening of the renovated Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles.
The Central African Republic national basketball team are the men's basketball side that represents the Central African Republic in international competitions, administered by the Fédération Centrafricaine de Basketball.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Central Park is an urban park in Manhattan, New York City.
The 450,000 strong General Security and Central Security Forces (قوات الأمن العام و الأمن المركزي Quwwāt al-Amn al- Amm wa Quwwāt al-Amn al-Markazī, often shortened to الأمن المركزي Al-Amn al-Markazī) CSF organisation is an Egyptian paramilitary force which is responsible for assisting the Egyptian National Police (ENP) for the security of governmental fixed sites, foreign embassies & missions, riots & crowds control, publicly crowded events, high risk arrests, disaster response and SWAT operations.
A cephalophore (from the Greek for "head-carrier") is a saint who is generally depicted carrying his or her own head.
Cesare Biseo (April 18, 1843 – January 25, 1909) was an Italian painter known mainly for his orientalist themes.
The Chaldean Oracles are a set of spiritual and philosophical texts widely used by Neoplatonist philosophers around the 4th century C.E. While the original texts have been lost, they have survived in the form of fragments consisting mainly of quotes and commentary by late Platonist writers.
Channing Moore Williams (17 July 1829 – 2 December 1910) was an Episcopal Church missionary, later bishop, in China and Japan.
Chantal Chamandy (born about 1966) is a Canadian singer and entertainer based in Montreal, Quebec.
Charbel Dagher, (in Arabic شربل داغر) a professor at the University of Balamand, Koura, Lebanon, has been an active and prominent voice on the Arab cultural scene, mainly in the fields of poetry, Arabic language, and Arab and Islamic arts.
Chariot racing (harmatodromia, ludi circenses) was one of the most popular ancient Greek, Roman, and Byzantine sports.
Brigadier Charles Stanley Barber, (6 July 1888 – 4 October 1965) was an Australian Army officer.
Charles Chaillé-Long (1842–1917) was an American soldier, lawyer, explorer, diplomat, and author from Princess Anne, Maryland.
Charles Louis de Saulces de Freycinet (14 November 1828 – 14 May 1923) was a French statesman and four times Prime Minister during the Third Republic.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Morton Forbes (22 November 1880 – 28 August 1960) was a Royal Navy officer.
Charles Frederic Moberly Bell (2 April 1847 in Alexandria – 5 April 1911 in London) was a prominent British journalist and newspaper editor during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Joseph Arnaud Charles Gaillardot (20 September 1814, in Lunéville – August 1883, in Bhamdoun) was a French physician and naturalist.
Charles Issawi (1916 – December 8, 2000) was a prominent academic economist and historian of the Middle East at Columbia University and Princeton University in the United States.
Charles M. Goodman (November 26, 1906 – October 29, 1992) was an American architect who made a name for his modern designs in suburban Washington, D.C. after World War II.
Charles Thomas Worsfold Mayo, born at Victoria, British Columbia, Canada on 5 February 1903 and died near Alexandria, Egypt on 10 April 1943, was a cricketer who played six first-class matches for Somerset in 1928.
Sir Charles Augustus Murray (22 November 1806 – 3 June 1895) was a British author and diplomat.
Admiral Sir Charles John Napier KCB GOTE RN (6 March 1786 – 6 November 1860) was a British naval officer whose sixty years in the Royal Navy included service in the War of 1812 (with the United States), the Napoleonic Wars, Syrian War and the Crimean War (with the Russians), and a period commanding the Portuguese navy in the Liberal Wars.
Charles Webster Leadbeater (16 February 1854 – 1 March 1934) was a member of the Theosophical Society, author on occult subjects and co-initiator with J. I. Wedgwood of the Liberal Catholic Church.
Charles Woodruff Yost (November 6, 1907 – May 21, 1981) was a career U.S. diplomat who was assigned as his country's representative to the United Nations from 1969 to 1971.
Charles Edward Dolling (4 September 1886 – 11 June 1936) was an Australian doctor, cricketer and cricket administrator.
Charlotte Wassef (شارلوت واصف;; 15 July 1912 - 17 January 1988) was born in Alexandria, Egypt to Egyptian Coptic parents.
Charmadas (Χαρμάδας; also Charmides (Χαρμίδης); 168/7 – 103/91 BC) was an Academic philosopher and a disciple of Carneades at the Academy in Athens.
Chasing Mummies: The Amazing Adventures of Zahi Hawass is a reality television series that aired on The History Channel in the United States.
In a scientific sense, a chemical process is a method or means of somehow changing one or more chemicals or chemical compounds.
Cherchell (older Cherchel, شرشال) is a seaport town in the Province of Tipaza, Algeria, 55 miles west of Algiers.
The Chian diaspora was the dispersal of most of the remaining population of the Aegean island of Chios, after the Chios Massacre of 1822.
The Chile national under-17 football team is the representative of Chile within FIFA and participates in international football competitions such as FIFA U-17 World Cup and South American Under-17 Football Championship.
When a foreign place name, or toponym, occurs in Chinese text, the problem arises of spelling it in Chinese characters, given the limited phonetics and restrictive phonology of Mandarin Chinese, and the possible meaning of those characters when treated as Chinese words.
Chinese people in Egypt form one of the smaller groups of overseas Chinese; however, they are a very diverse community with a history reaching back for over a century.
Chloé is a French luxury fashion house founded in 1952 by Gaby Aghion.
Chorizontes ("separators") was the name given to the ancient Alexandrian critics who believed the Iliad and Odyssey were by different poets.
Chris Kuzneski (born 1969) is a New York Times bestselling American author.
Christian Beginnings from Nazareth to Nicea, AD 30-325 is a 2012 book by the historian Geza Vermes, Professor of Jewish Studies at the University of Oxford, which traces the development of the figure of Jesus from charismatic Jewish prophet to being considered equal with God by the fourth century Council of Nicea.
"Christian Church" is an ecclesiological term generally used by Protestants to refer to the whole group of people belonging to Christianity throughout the history of Christianity.
The existence of a Christian community in Najran is attested by several historical sources of the Arabian peninsula, where it recorded as having been created in the 5th century CE or perhaps a century earlier.
Christian culture is the cultural practices common to Christianity.
A Christian denomination is a distinct religious body within Christianity, identified by traits such as a name, organisation, leadership and doctrine.
Christian Theological libraries have their origins in the Jewish religion whose practice and transmission depended on the keeping and duplication of sacred texts.
Eastern Christian monasticism developed for around a century and a half as a spontaneous religious movement, up to the time of the Council of Chalcedon, which took place in 451.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christianity in Africa began in Egypt in the middle of the 1st century.
Christianity in Asia has its roots in the very inception of Christianity, which originated from the life and teachings of Jesus in 1st century Roman Palestine.
Christianity is second biggest religion in Egypt.
Christianity in Ethiopia dates to the ancient Kingdom of Aksum, when the King Ezana first adopted the faith.
Christianity is India's third most followed religion according to the census of 2011, with approximately 28 million followers, constituting 2.3 percent of India's population. It is traditionally believed that Christianity was introduced to India by Thomas the Apostle, who supposedly landed in Kerala in 52 AD. There is a general scholarly consensus that Christianity was definitely established in India by the 6th century AD. including some communities who used Syriac liturgies, and it is possible that the religion's existence extends as far back as the purported time of St.Thomas's arrival. Christians are found all across India and in all walks of life, with major populations in parts of South India and the south shore, the Konkan Coast, and Northeast India. Indian Christians have contributed significantly to and are well represented in various spheres of national life. They include former and current chief ministers, governors and chief election commissioners. Indian Christians have the highest ratio of women to men among the various religious communities in India. Christians are the second most educated religious group in India after Jains. Christianity in India has different denominations. The state of Kerala is home to the Saint Thomas Christian community, an ancient body of Christians, who are now divided into several different churches and traditions. They are East Syriac Saint Thomas Christian churches: the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church and the Chaldean Syrian Church. The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, Malankara Jacobite Syrian Church, Mar Thoma Syrian Church, Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, and the Malabar Independent Syrian Church are West Syriac Saint Thomas Christian Churches. Since the 19th century Protestant churches have also been present; major denominations include the Baptists, Church of South India (CSI), Evangelical Church of India (ECI), St. Thomas Evangelical Church of India, Believers Eastern Church, the Church of North India (CNI), the Presbyterian Church of India, Pentecostal Church, Apostolics, Lutherans, Traditional Anglicans and other evangelical groups. The Christian Church runs thousands of educational institutions and hospitals which have contributed significantly to the development of the nation. Roman Catholicism was first introduced to India by Portuguese, Italian and Irish Jesuits in the 16th century to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ among Indians. Most Christian schools, hospitals, primary care centres originated through the Roman Catholic missions brought by the trade of these countries. Evangelical Protestantism was later spread to India by the efforts of British, American, German, Scottish missionaries. These Protestant missions were also responsible for introducing English education in India for the first time and were also accountable in the first early translations of the Holy Bible in various Indian languages (including Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, Hindi, Urdu and others). Even though Christians are a significant minority, they form a major religious group in three states of India - Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland with plural majority in Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh and other states with significant Christian population include Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Christianity is widespread across India and is present in all states with major populations in South India.
Christianity in the 14th century consisted of an end to the Crusades and a precursor to Protestantism.
Christianity in the 2nd century was largely the time of the Apostolic Fathers who were the students of the apostles of Jesus, though there is some overlap as John the Apostle may have survived into the 2nd century and Clement of Rome is said to have died at the end of the 1st century.
Christianity in the 3rd century was largely the time of the Ante-Nicene Fathers who wrote after the Apostolic Fathers of the 1st and 2nd centuries but before the First Council of Nicaea in 325 (ante-nicene meaning before Nicaea).
Christianity, which originated in the Middle East in the 1st century AD, is a significant minority religion of the region. Christianity in the Middle East is characterized by the diversity of its beliefs and traditions, compared to other parts of the Old World. Christians now make up approximately 5% of the Middle Eastern population, down from 20% in the early 20th century. Cyprus is the only Christian Majority country in the Middle East, with the Christian percentage ranging between 76% and 78% of mainly Eastern Orthodox Christianity (i.e. most of the Greek population). Proportionally, Lebanon has the 2nd highest rate of Christians in the Middle East, with a percentage ranging between 39% and 41% of mainly Maronite Christians, followed by Egypt where Christians (especially Coptic Christians) and others account for about 11%. The largest Christian group in the Middle East is the previously Coptic speaking but today mostly Arabic-speaking Egyptian Copts, who number 15–20 million people, "estimates ranged from 6 to 11 million; 6% (official estimate) to 20% (Church estimate)" although Coptic sources claim the figure is closer to 12–16 million. "In 2008, Pope Shenouda III and Bishop Morkos, bishop of Shubra, declared that the number of Copts in Egypt is more than 12 million." (Arabic) "In 2008, father Morkos Aziz the prominent priest in Cairo declared that the number of Copts (inside Egypt) exceeds 16 million." Copts reside mainly in Egypt, but also in Sudan and Libya, with tiny communities in Israel, Cyprus, Jordan, Lebanon, and Tunisia. The Eastern Aramaic speaking indigenous Assyrians of Iraq, southeastern Turkey, northwestern Iran and northeastern Syria, who number 2–3 million, have suffered both ethnic and religious persecution for many centuries, such as the Assyrian Genocide conducted by the Ottoman Turks and their allies, leading to many fleeing and congregating in areas in the north of Iraq and northeast of Syria. The great majority of Assyrians are followers of the Assyrian Church of the East, Chaldean Catholic Church, Syriac Orthodox Church, Ancient Church of the East, Assyrian Pentecostal Church and Assyrian Evangelical Church. In Iraq, the numbers of Assyrians has declined to between 300,000 and 500,000 (from 0.8 to 1.4 million before 2003 US invasion). Assyrian Christians were between 800,000 and 1.2 million before 2003. In 2014, the Assyrian population of the Nineveh Plains In Northern Iraq largely collapsed due to an Invasion by ISIS. But after the fall of ISIS the Assyrian population of the Nineveh Plainsis rreturning home. The next largest Christian group in the Middle East is the once Aramaic speaking but now Arabic-speaking Maronites who are Catholics and number some 1.1–1.2 million across the Middle East, mainly concentrated within Lebanon. Many Lebanese Christians avoid an Arabic ethnic identity in favour of a pre-Arab Phoenician-Canaanite heritage, to which most of the general Lebanese population originates from. In Israel, Israeli Maronites (Palestinians) together with smaller Aramaic-speaking Christian populations of Syriac Orthodox and Greek Catholic adherence are legally classified ethnically as either Arameans or Arabs per their choice. The Arab Christians mostly descended from Arab Christian tribes, from Arabized Greeks or are recent converts to Protestantism, and number about 5 million in the region. Most Arab Christians are adherents of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Roman Catholics of the Latin Rite are small in numbers and Protestants altogether number about 400,000. Most Arab Christian Catholics are originally non-Arab, with Melkites and Rum Christians descending from Arabized Greek-speaking Byzantine populations. They are members of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church, a Eastern Catholic Church. They number over 1 million in the Middle East. They came into existence as a result of a schism within the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch due to the election of a Patriarch in 1724. The Armenians number around 1 million in the Middle East, with their largest community in Iran with 200,000 members. The number of Armenians in Turkey is disputed having a wide range of estimations. More Armenian communities reside in Lebanon, Jordan and to lesser degree in other Middle Eastern countries such as Iraq, Israel and Egypt. The Armenian Genocide during and after World War I drastically reduced the once sizeable Armenian population. The Greeks who had once inhabited large parts of the western Middle East and Asia Minor, declined after of the Arab conquests, then the later Turkish conquests, and all but vanished from Turkey as a result of the Greek Genocide and expulsions which followed World War I. Today the biggest Middle Eastern Greek community resides in Cyprus and numbers around 793,000 (2008). Cypriot Greeks constitute the only Christian majority state in the Middle East, although Lebanon was founded with a Christian majority in the first half of the 20th century. In addition, some of the modern Arab Christians (especially Melkites) constitute Arabized Greco-Roman communities rather than ethnic Arabs. Smaller Christian groups include: Arameans, Georgians, Ossetians and Russians. There are currently several million Christian foreign workers in the Gulf area, mostly from the Philippines, India, Sri Lanka and Indonesia. In the Persian Gulf states, Bahrain has 1,000 Christian citizens and Kuwait has 400 native Christian citizens, in addition to 450,000 Christian foreign residents in Kuwait. Although the vast majority of Middle Eastern populations descend from Pre-Arab and Non-Arab peoples extant long before the 7th century AD Arab Islamic conquest, a 2015 study estimates there are also 483,500 Christian believers from a previously Muslim background in the Middle East, most of them being adherents of various Protestant churches. Converts to Christianity from other religions such as Islam, Yezidism, Mandeanism, Yarsan, Zoroastrianism, Bahaism, Druze, and Judaism exist in relatively small numbers amongst the Kurdish, Turks, Turcoman, Iranian, Azeri, Circassian, Israelis, Kawliya, Yezidis, Mandeans and Shabaks. Middle Eastern Christians are relatively wealthy, well educated, and politically moderate, as they have today an active role in social, economic, sporting and political spheres in their societies in the Middle East.
Christianity.com is a site owned and operated by Salem Web Network and headquartered in Richmond, Virginia.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
Christodoulos Sozos (Χριστόδουλος Σώζος; 10 March 1872 in Limassol 6 December 1912 in Manoliasa, Epirus) was a Greek Cypriot politician and lawyer.
Christopher Columbus (before 31 October 145120 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer.
Christopher James Hampton, CBE, FRSL (born 26 January 1946) is a British playwright, screenwriter, translator and film director.
Lieutenant-Colonel C A Henn-Collins, CEng, FIEE, FIERE served in the Second World War, notably, in the Polish Campaign under General Carton de Wiart.
Christopher Katongo (born 31 August 1982) is a Zambian international footballer and plays professionally for Zambia Premier Soccer League club Green Buffaloes F.C. as a striker.
Christopher Maher (born 1955) is an American film and television actor as well as a chef.
A list of 4th century Christian Theologians.
A list of 1st-century saints.
A list of 3rd-century saints.
This is a chronology of the early European exploration of Asia.
Chronological summary of the expedition of Alexander the Great into Asia against the Persian Empire of king Darius III, with indication of the countries/places visited or simply crossed, including the most important battles/sieges and the cities founded (Alexandrias).
Saints Chrysanthus and Daria (3rd century – c. 283) are saints of the Early Christian period.
The Church Fathers, Early Church Fathers, Christian Fathers, or Fathers of the Church are ancient and influential Christian theologians and writers.
The Church of Alexandria in Egypt is the Christian Church headed by the Patriarch of Alexandria.
The Church of Saint John the Baptist in the Muristan area of the Christian Quarter of Jerusalem is a small Greek Orthodox church.
The Church of Sinai is a Greek Orthodox autonomous Church whose territory consists of St. Catherine's Monastery at the foot of Mount Sinai in Egypt, along with several dependencies.
Chushiel ben Elchanan (also Ḥushiel) was president of the bet ha-midrash at Kairouan (alt: Kairwan), Tunisia toward the end of the 10th century.
The Cicurels were a prominent Sephardic Jewish family in Egypt throughout the first half of the 20th century, best known for the elite department store chain bearing their family name.
Cilician pirates dominated the Mediterranean Sea from the 2nd century BC until their speedy suppression by Pompey in 67-66 BC.
The cinema of Egypt refers to the flourishing film industry based in Cairo, the capital of Egypt.
The Circassians in Egypt refers to people of present-day Egypt who descended from Circassians, the European ethnic group native to Northwest Caucasus (today Russia).
The Roman circus (from Latin, "circle") was a large open-air venue used for public events in the ancient Roman Empire.
The Citadel of Qaitbay (or the Fort of Qaitbay) (قلعة قايتباي) is a 15th-century defensive fortress located on the Mediterranean sea coast, in Alexandria, Egypt.
City Centre Alexandria is located in Alexandria, Egypt, where it opened in January 2003.
City Centre Deira (ديرة سيتي سنتر.) is located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is the original flagship mall in the Majid Al Futtaim Properties portfolio.
The City of Edinburgh (Fortress) Royal Engineers was a volunteer unit of the British Army under various titles from 1886 until 1999.
The City of London Yeomanry (Rough Riders) was a yeomanry regiment of the British Territorial Army, formed in 1901.
The Clan Line was a passenger and cargo shipping company that operated in one incarnation or another from the late nineteenth century and into the twentieth century.
Anatolia, also known by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is considered to be the westernmost extent of Asia.
Classical demography refers to the study of human demography in the Classical period.
Claudia Capitolina (η Κλαuδία Καπιτωλίνα; died after 92) was an Egyptian Greek woman who lived in the Roman Empire, in the 1st century and possibly in the 2nd century.
Claudius Claudianus, usually known in English as Claudian (c. 370 – c. 404 AD), was a Latin poet associated with the court of the emperor Honorius at Mediolanum (Milan), and particularly with the general Stilicho.
Claudius James Rich (28 March 1787 – 5 October 1820) was a British business agent, traveller and antiquarian scholar.
Claudius Tiberianus was a second-century Roman legionary soldier in Egypt, the recipient of a number of papyrus letters which were rediscovered in the twentieth century.
Clea Badaro (1913–1968) was a painter who lived most of her adult life in Alexandria, Egypt.
Titus Flavius Clemens, also known as Clement of Alexandria (Κλήμης ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς; c. 150 – c. 215), was a Christian theologian who taught at the Catechetical School of Alexandria.
Clementine literature (also called Clementina, Pseudo-Clementine Writings, Kerygmata Petrou, Clementine Romance) is the name given to the religious romance which purports to contain a record made by one Clement (whom the narrative identifies as both Pope Clement I, and Domitian's cousin Titus Flavius Clemens) of discourses involving the Apostle Peter, together with an account of the circumstances under which Clement came to be Peter's travelling companion, and of other details of Clement's family history.
The Cleomenean WarPolybius.
Cleomenes III was one of the two kings of Sparta from 235 to 222 BC.
Cleomenes (Greek: Kλεoμένης Kleoménes; died 322 BC), a Greek of Naucratis in Ptolemaic Egypt, was appointed by Alexander III of Macedon as nomarch of the Arabian district (νoμoς) of Egypt and receiver of the tributes from all the nomes (districts) of ancient Egypt and the neighbouring part of Africa (331 BC).
Cleopatra VII Philopator (Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ Cleopatra Philopator; 69 – August 10 or 12, 30 BC)Theodore Cressy Skeat, in, uses historical data to calculate the death of Cleopatra as having occurred on 12 August 30 BC.
Cleopatra was a "cylinder ship" constructed to convey Cleopatra's Needle from Alexandria to London in 1877.
Cleopatra is a 1999 miniseries adaptation of Margaret George's 1997 historical fiction novel The Memoirs of Cleopatra.
Cleopatra (كليوباترا) is a neighborhood in Alexandria, Egypt.
Cleopatra I Syra (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σύρα; c. 204 – 176 BC) was a princess of the Seleucid Empire, Queen of Ptolemaic Egypt by marriage to Ptolemy V of Egypt, and regent of Egypt during the minority of their son, Ptolemy VI, from her husband’s death in 180 BC until her own death in 176 BC.
Cleopatra II (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα; c. 185 BC – 116/115 BC) was a queen of Ptolemaic Egypt who ruled from 175 to 116 BC with two successive brother-husbands and her daughter—often in rivalry with her brother Ptolemy VIII.
Cleopatra Selene II (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη; late 40 BC – c. 6 BC; the numeration is modern), also known as Cleopatra VIII of Egypt or Cleopatra VIII, was a Ptolemaic Princess and was the only daughter to Greek Ptolemaic queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman triumvir Mark Antony.
Cleopatra Selene (Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη; – 69 BC) was the monarch of Syria as Cleopatra II Selene (82–69 BC).
Cleopatra the Alchemist who likely lived during the 3rd century, was a Greek Egyptian alchemist, author, and philosopher.
Cleopatra's Needle in New York City is one of three similar named Egyptian obelisks and was erected in Central Park (at, west of the Metropolitan Museum of Art) on 22 February 1881.
Cleopatra's Needle in London is one of three similarly named Egyptian obelisks and is located in the City of Westminster, on the Victoria Embankment near the Golden Jubilee Bridges.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
The climate of Ancient Rome varied throughout the existence of that civilization.
Egypt essentially has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh).
Clive Blackmore Barda OBE, FRSA (born 14 January 1945) is a British freelance photographer best known for capturing the performances of classical musicians and artists of the stage (opera, ballet and theatre).
Coastal Forces was a division of the Royal Navy initially established during World War I, and then again in World War II under the command of Rear-Admiral, Coastal Forces.
Coded postal obliterators are a type of postmarks that had an obliterator encoded with a number, letter or letters, or a combination of these, to identify the post office of origin.
The Codex Alexandrinus (London, British Library, MS Royal 1. D. V-VIII; Gregory-Aland no. A or 02, Soden δ 4) is a fifth-century manuscript of the Greek Bible,The Greek Bible in this context refers to the Bible used by Greek-speaking Christians who lived in Egypt and elsewhere during the early history of Christianity.
A coffeehouse, coffee shop or café (sometimes spelt cafe) is an establishment which primarily serves hot coffee, related coffee beverages (café latte, cappuccino, espresso), tea, and other hot beverages.
Cointha, also known as Quinta or "Cynthia", suffered martyrdom during the persecutions of Emperor Trajanus Decius.
Colchicum ritchii, or the Egyptian autumn crocus, is a plant species native to the southeastern Mediterranean east to the Arabian Peninsula.
Able Seaman Colin Grazier, GC was posthumously awarded the George Cross for the "outstanding bravery and steadfast devotion to duty in the face of danger" which he displayed on 30 October 1942 in action in the eastern Mediterranean when capturing codebooks vital for the breaking of the German naval "Shark" Enigma cipher from the sinking.
Major General Colin Hall Simpson, (13 April 1894 – 23 August 1964) was an Australian Army officer who rose to the rank of major general as Signal Officer in Chief during the Second World War.
Collège-des-Frères (Bab al-Louq), (The Brothers' College (Bab al-Louq) (مدرسة الفرير, باب اللوق), or simply Frères Bab el-Louk is a French school in Bab al-Louq (or Bab el-Louk), a neighborhood in downtown Cairo, and is one of six Lasallian schools in Egypt of which four are located in Cairo and two in Alexandria.
Collège Saint Marc is an all-male French Roman Catholic school in Alexandria, Egypt.
The Colluthians were a Christian sect of the fourth century.
The history of external colonisation of Africa can be divided into two stages: Classical antiquity and European colonialism.
The colossal red granite statue of Amenhotep III is a granite head of the 18th Dynasty Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep III.
The Columbia Lions men's squash team is the intercollegiate men's squash team for Columbia University located in New York City, New York.
Communications in Gibraltar comprise a wide range of telephony systems (both fixed-line and mobile), Internet access, broadcasting (radio and television) and satellite control.
Comparative medicine is a distinct discipline of experimental medicine that uses animal models of human and animal disease in translational and biomedical research.
Each "article" in this category is in fact a collection of entries about several stamp issuers, presented in alphabetical order.
Concrete, pattern, or shape poetry is an arrangement of linguistic elements in which the typographical effect is more important in conveying meaning than verbal significance.
A conflagration is a large and destructive fire that threatens human life, animal life, health, and/or property.
The Congo national football team, nicknamed the Diables Rouges (red devils), is the national team of the Republic of the Congo and is run by the Fédération Congolaise de Football.
Congregation Gemiluth Chassodim known locally as "The Jewish Temple" is an historic Jewish synagogue located in Alexandria, Louisiana.
Conon of Samos (Κόνων ὁ Σάμιος, Konōn ho Samios; c. 280 – c. 220 BCE) was a Greek astronomer and mathematician.
Constance Collier (22 January 1878 – 25 April 1955) was an English stage and film actress and acting coach.
Constanța (Κωνστάντζα or Κωνστάντια, Konstantia, Кюстенджа or Констанца, Köstence), historically known as Tomis (Τόμις), is the oldest continuously inhabited city in Romania.
Constans II (Κώνστας Β', Kōnstas II; Heraclius Constantinus Augustus or Flavius Constantinus Augustus; 7 November 630 – 15 September 668), also called Constantine the Bearded (Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Πωγωνάτος Kōnstantinos ho Pogonatos), was emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 641 to 668.
Constantine II (Flavius Claudius Constantinus Augustus;Jones, pg. 223 January/February 316 – 340) was Roman Emperor from 337 to 340.
Constantine Peter Cavafy (also known as Konstantin or Konstantinos Petrou Kavafis; Κωνσταντίνος Π. Καβάφης; April 29 (April 17, OS), 1863 – April 29, 1933) was an Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant.
The constitutional reforms of Julius Caesar were a series of laws pertaining to the Constitution of the Roman Republic enacted between 49 and 44 BC, during Caesar's dictatorship.
The Conte di Cavour–class battleships were a group of three dreadnoughts built for the Royal Italian Navy (Regia Marina) in the 1910s.
Contemporary architecture is the architecture of the 21st century.
Contemporary art in Egypt is a term used to visual art including installations, videos, paintings, sculptures developed in the Egyptian art scene.
Control engineering or control systems engineering is an engineering discipline that applies automatic control theory to design systems with desired behaviors in control environments.
The Convention of London of 1840 was a treaty with the title of Convention for the Pacification of the Levant, signed on 15 July 1840 between the Great Powers of United Kingdom, Austria, Prussia, Russia on one hand and the Ottoman Empire on the other.
Convoy OG 69 was a trade convoy of merchant ships during the second World War.
Convoys SL 138/MKS 28 were two Allied convoys which ran during the Battle of the Atlantic in World War II.
Cook Door is a chain of fast food restaurants based in Cairo, Egypt.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Coptic Cairo is a part of Old Cairo which encompasses the Babylon Fortress, the Coptic Museum, the Hanging Church, the Greek Church of St. George and many other Coptic churches and historical sites.
The Coptic Catholic Patriarchate of Alexandria is the Patriarchal and only Metropolitan see of the head of the Eastern sui iuris Coptic Catholic Church, a particular Church in the Catholic Church in full communion with the Holy See, which follows the Alexandrian Rite in its own Coptic language.
Coptic history is part of history of Egypt that begins with the introduction of Christianity in Egypt in the 1st century AD during the Roman period, and covers the history of the Copts to the present day.
This article, dealing with the Coptic Orthodox Church in Africa, is about the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria in African countries other than Egypt.
The Coptic Orthodox Church in Wales has two churches in Wales.
The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Coptic: Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ, ti.eklyseya en.remenkimi en.orthodoxos, literally: the Egyptian Orthodox Church) is an Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, Northeast Africa and the Middle East.
There have been many Coptic versions of the Bible, including some of the earliest translations into any language.
The Copts (ⲚⲓⲢⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ̀ⲛ̀Ⲭⲣⲏⲥⲧⲓ̀ⲁⲛⲟⲥ,; أقباط) are an ethnoreligious group indigenous to North Africa who primarily inhabit the area of modern Egypt, where they are the largest Christian denomination in the country.
Copts in Egypt refers to Coptic people born in or residing in Egypt.
The Cornaro Atlas (Egerton MS 73) is an extensive Venetian collection (c. 1489) of nautical charts and tracts, currently held by the British Library.
Gaius Cornelius Gallus (c. 70 BC – 26 BC) was a Roman poet, orator and politician.
The Corniche (الكرنيش) is a waterfront promenade corniche in Alexandria, Egypt, running along the Eastern Harbour.
The Alexandria Confectionary & Chocolate Company (شركة الإسكندرية للحلويات والشوكولاتة, known as Corona) was established in 1919 by Tomy Khresto, to become the first confectionery and chocolate company in the Egyptian market.
Cosmas I or Kosmas I (Κοσμάς Α′) served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria between ca.
Cosmas Indicopleustes (Greek Κοσμᾶς Ἰνδικοπλεύστης, literally "Cosmas who sailed to India"; also known as Cosmas the Monk) was a Greek merchant and later hermit from Alexandria of Egypt.
The Cotton Genesis (London, British Library, MS Cotton Otho B VI) is a 4th- or 5th-century Greek Illuminated manuscript copy of the Book of Genesis.
Cotys III, also known in dynastic terms as Cotys VIII (Ancient Greek: Κότυς, flourished second half of 1st century BC & first half of 1st century, died 19) was the Sapaean Roman client king of eastern Thrace from 12 to 19.