Liga 1 (Indonesia)

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Liga 1
Logo of BRI Liga 1 starting 2021.png
Organising bodyPT Liga Indonesia Baru
Founded2008; 13 years ago (2008) (as Indonesia Super League)
2017; 4 years ago (2017) (as Liga 1)
First season2008–09
CountryIndonesia
ConfederationAFC
Number of teams18
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toLiga 2
Domestic cup(s)Piala Indonesia
International cup(s)AFC Cup
ASEAN Club Championship
Current championsBali United (1st title)
(2019)
Most championshipsPersipura (3 titles)
TV partners
List of broadcasters
Terrestrial only
Indosiar and O Channel
Pay TV
Nex Parabola
IndiHome
K-Vision
MNC Vision
MNC Play
Streaming
Vidio Free (FTA, worldwide)
Vidio Premier (pay, Indonesia only)

UseeTV
Maxstream
Telkomsel customers only
Vision+
MNC Vision-Play and K-Vision customers only
WebsiteOfficial website
Current: 2021–22 Liga 1

Liga 1 (English: League One, BRI Liga 1 for sponsorship reasons with Bank Rakyat Indonesia)[1] is the men's top professional football division of the Indonesian football league system. Administered by the PT Liga Indonesia Baru (English: New Indonesian League, LLC), Liga 1 is contested by 18 clubs and operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Liga 2.

Top-flight professional league started in Indonesia from the 2008–09 season onwards. Prior to the 2008 reforms, the national competitions used a tournament format. Liga 1, which started in 2017, is the latest rebranding of the league.

Thirty-six teams have competed in the top-tier league of Indonesian professional football, which has gone through multiple rebranding. Eight teams have been crowned champions, with Persipura Jayapura holding the record for winning the national title three times (2009, 2011, 2013). Persipura in 2009 also topped the inaugural version of the league, known as the Indonesian Super League until 2015.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

In 1994, PSSI merged teams from Perserikatan, which was a popular league for amateur clubs representing regional football associations, and Galatama, which was a less popular league made up of semi-professional teams, to form Liga Indonesia, integrating the fanaticism in the Perserikatan and the professionalism of Galatama with the aim of improving the quality of Indonesian football. This effort ushered in a tiered system in the Indonesian competitive football scene.[2] The group stage format, which was used in Perserikatan, was combined with a full competition system followed by semifinal and final rounds like Galatama.[3]

Foundation[edit]

The modern competition era started in 2008 with the 2008-09 Indonesia Super League. The first season began with 18 clubs. The first Indonesia Super League goal was scored by Ernest Jeremiah of Persipura in a 2–2 draw against Sriwijaya F.C..[4] The 18 inaugural members of the new Indonesia Super League were Persipura, Persiwa, Persib, Persik, Sriwijaya, Persela, Persija, PSM, Pelita Jaya, Arema, Persijap, Persiba, PKT Bontang, Persitara, PSMS, Deltras, Persita, and PSIS. Originally, Persiter and Persmin were qualified to register but they failed the verification requirements to be inaugural members of the Indonesia Super League.[5]

Dualism[edit]

As the football scene in Indonesia is heavily politicized with rival factions upending each other, conflict was the norm prior to 2017. The worst conflict occurred in 2011. After the inauguration of the new PSSI board in 2011, a member of PSSI's Executive Committee and chairman of its Competition Committee, Sihar Sitorus, appointed PT Liga Prima Indonesia Sportindo as the new league operator replacing PT Liga Indonesia because the latter failed to provide an accountability report to the PSSI. Sitorus, one of many politicians in the PSSI, announced the Indonesia Premier League as the new top-level competition in Indonesia. Upon the emergence of Liga Primer Indonesia (LPI), PSSI did not recognize the validity of ISL. ISL regulars PSM, Persema, and Persibo, which had boycotted the ISL operators due to referee and management decisions, gladly defected to join LPI along with splinters of existing ISL teams. However, the 2011 LPI season was stopped mid-season, due to continued schism within PSSI; a new league, Indonesian Premier League (Liga Prima Indonesia, IPL) replaced it in late 2011 for the 2011-12 season. [6]

Before the schism of PSSI, Sitorus triggered more controversy when he said the new competition would be divided into two regions and there would be an addition of six clubs in the top division, which angered many association members. Thus, 14 teams that supposed to be Indonesia Premier League contestants chose to support the Indonesia Super League that continued to roll under the support of the pro-IPL faction, despite being labeled as an illegal competition. The official PSSI, supported by FIFA and AFC, did not recognize the ISL for two seasons. In the meantime, the Indonesian Premier League became the top-tier league from 2011 to 2013 with only 11 teams.[6]

In a PSSI extraordinary meeting on 17 March 2013, association members slammed Sitorus and decided that the Indonesia Super League would once again emerge as the top-level competition, following the disbandment of the Indonesian Premier League. Sihar and five other PSSI board members were suspended from the sport for their roles in the split (locally referred as dualisme, "dualism" in English) that disrupted Indonesian football.

The new PSSI board also decided that the best seven teams of the 2013 Indonesian Premier League, following verification, would join the unified league. Semen Padang, Persiba Bantul, Persijap, and PSM passed verification, while Perseman, Persepar, and Pro Duta did not, meaning the 2014 season was contested with 22 teams.[7]

Government intervention and FIFA suspension[edit]

The impact of split haunted Indonesian football years after the reconsolidation. On 18 April 2015, Minister of Youth and Sports Affairs Imam Nahrawi officially banned the activities of PSSI after PSSI refused to recognize the recommendations from the Indonesian Professional Sports Agency (BOPI), an agency under the ministry, that Arema Cronus and Persebaya should not pass ISL verification because there were still other clubs using the same name. Previously, Nachrawi had sent three letters of reprimand. However, PSSI refused to answer his call until a predetermined deadline.[8] As a result, PSSI officially stopped all competitions in 2015 season after PSSI's Executive Committee meeting on 2 May 2015 called the government intervention as a force majeure.[9]

The government intervention also led FIFA to punish Indonesia with a one-year suspension of all association football activities as the world body considers overbearing state involvement in footballing matters as a violation against its member PSSI.[10] During the suspension, some tournaments were made to fill the vacuum, starting with the 2015 Indonesia President's Cup, in which Persib came out as champions, until the Bhayangkara Cup closed the series of unrecognized tournaments.

On 13 May 2016, FIFA officially ended the suspension, following the revocation of the Indonesian ministerial decision on 10 May 2016.[11] A long-term tournament with full competition format, Indonesia Soccer Championship, emerged shortly thereafter. The 2016 season saw Persipura taking the title.[12]

Current name[edit]

In 2017, the top-flight football competition was rebranded under a new official name, Liga 1. The name changes also applied to Premier Division (became Liga 2) and Liga Nusantara (became Liga 3).[2] The operator of the competition was also changed from PT Liga Indonesia (LI) to PT Liga Indonesia Baru (LIB).[13] Bhayangkara is the first champion of the competition under the new name. True to the controversial nature of Indonesian football, the crowning triggered flak from fans. Bhayangkara, a team managed by the Indonesian Police that had no fanbase, won due to head-to-head advantage against Bali United, a team with rapidly growing support due to its modern professional management, after both teams had the same points at the end of the season. Bali United finally won the title in 2019. [14]

Competition format[edit]

Competition[edit]

There are 18 clubs in Liga 1. During the course of a season each club plays the others twice (a double round-robin system), once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents', for 34 games. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then head-to-head records, then goal difference, and then goals scored. If still equal, a drawing held to determine which clubs is above the other.[15] The three lowest placed teams are relegated into Liga 2, and the top two teams from Liga 2, together with the winner of third place play-off involving the loser of Liga 2 semifinals, are promoted in their place.

Promotion and relegation[edit]

A system of promotion and relegation exists between Liga 1 and Liga 2. The three lowest placed teams in Liga 1 are relegated to Liga 2, and the top two teams from Liga 2 promoted to the Liga 1, with an additional team promoted after a third-place play-off involving the losers of Liga 2 semifinals. The Indonesian Super League had 22 teams in 2014, its last season before the FIFA suspension, due to the merging of the two professional leagues in Indonesia.

Clubs[edit]

Thirty-six clubs have played in top-flight Indonesian football competitions from the start of the modern era in 2008 as Indonesia Super League, up to and including the 2020 season.

Champions[edit]

Season Champions Runners-up
2008–09 Persipura Persiwa
2009–10 Arema Persipura
2010–11 Persipura Arema
2011–12 Sriwijaya Persipura
2013 Persipura Arema
2014 Persib Persipura
2015 Did not finish
2017 Bhayangkara Bali United
2018 Persija PSM
2019 Bali United Persebaya
2020 Did not finish

Most successful clubs[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning seasons Runner-up seasons
Persipura 3 3 2008–09, 2010–11, 2013 2009–10, 2011–12, 2014
Arema 1 2 2009–10 2010–11, 2013
Bali United 1 1 2019 2017
Sriwijaya 1 0 2011–12
Persib 1 0 2014
Bhayangkara 1 0 2017
Persija 1 0 2018
Persebaya 0 1 2019
Persiwa 0 1 2008–09
PSM 0 1 2018

2021 season[edit]

The following 18 clubs will be compete in the Liga 1 during the 2021 season.

Club Position
in 2019
First season in
top division
First season in
Liga 1
Seasons
in top
division
Seasons
in Liga 1
First season of
current spell in
top division
Top
division
titles
Last top
division title
Aremaa, b 9th 1994–95 2008–09 23 11 2008–09 1 2009–10
Bali Unitedb 1st 1994–95 2009–10 17 10 2009–10 1 2019
Barito Puterab 13th 1994–95 2013 16 7 2013 0 N/A
Bhayangkarab 4th 2014 2014 6 6 2014 1 2017
Borneob 7th 2015 2015 5 5 2015 0 N/A
Madura Uniteda, b 5th 1994–95 2008–09 23 11 2008–09 0 N/A
Persebaya 2nd 1994–95 2009–10 15 4 2018 2 2004
Perselaa, b 11th 2004 2008–09 15 11 2008–09 0 N/A
Persiba, b 6th 1994–95 2008–09 24 11 2008–09 2 2014
Persijaa, b 10th 1994–95 2008–09 24 11 2008–09 2 2018
Persika 1st in the Liga 2 2003 2008–09 9 4 2020 2 2006
Persikabo 1973b 15th 2011–12 2011–12 8 8 2011–12 0 N/A
Persipuraa, b 3rd 1994–95 2008–09 24 11 2008–09 4 2013
Persirajab 3rd in the Liga 2 1994–95 2020 9 1 2020 0 N/A
Persitaa 2nd in the Liga 2 1994–95 2008–09 16 4 2020 0 N/A
PSISa 14th 1994–95 2008–09 16 4 2018 1 1998–99
PSMa 12th 1994–95 2008–09 21 9 2014 1 1999–2000
PSSb 8th 2001 2019 9 2 2019 0 N/A

a: Founding member of the Liga 1
b: Never been relegated from Liga 1

Maps[edit]

Other clubs[edit]

The following clubs are not competing in the Liga 1 during the 2021 season, but competed in the Liga 1 for at least one season.

Club Current
league
Position
in 2019
First season in
top division
First season in
Liga 1
Most recent
season in
Liga 1
Seasons
in top
division
Seasons
in Liga 1
Top
division
titles
Last top
division title
Badak Lampung Liga 2 16th in the Liga 1 2014 2014 2019 5 5 0 N/A
Bontanga Liga 3 Did not enter 1994–95 2008–09 2010–11 16 3 0 N/A
Deltrasa Liga 3 Eliminated in qualifying round
(Province round)
1994–95 2008–09 2011–12 16 3 0 N/A
Kalteng Putra Liga 2 18th in the Liga 1 2019 2019 2019 1 1 0 N/A
Mitra Kukar Liga 2 Eliminated in second round 1994–95 2011–12 2018 10 6 0 N/A
Gresik United Liga 3 Eliminated in qualifying round
(Pre-national route)
1994–95 2011–12 2017 15 5 1 2002
Persema Liga 3 Eliminated in qualifying round
(Province round)
1994–95 2009–10 2009–10 12 1 0 N/A
Persepam Liga 3 Banned 2013 2013 2014 2 2 0 N/A
Persibaa Liga 2 Eliminated in first round 1994–95 2008–09 2017 16 8 0 N/A
Persiba Bantul Liga 3 Eliminated in national round
(First round)
2014 2014 2014 1 1 0 N/A
Persidafon Liga 3 Eliminated in qualifying round
(Province round)
2011–12 2011–12 2013 2 2 0 N/A
Persijapa Liga 3 TBD 2005 2008–09 2014 7 4 0 N/A
Persitaraa Liga 3 Eliminated in qualifying round
(Province round)
2006 2008–09 2009–10 4 2 0 N/A
Persiwaa Liga 3 Disqualified 2006 2008–09 2013 7 5 0 N/A
PSAP Liga 3 Eliminated in qualifying round
(Province round)
2011–12 2011–12 2011–12 1 1 0 N/A
PSMSa Liga 2 Eliminated in second round 1994–95 2008–09 2018 15 3 0 N/A
PSPS Riau Liga 2 Eliminated in first round 2001 2009–10 2013 9 4 0 N/A
Semen Padang Liga 2 17th in the Liga 1 1994–95 2010–11 2019 18 5 0 N/A
Sriwijayaa Liga 2 4th 1994–95 2008–09 2018 19 9 2 2011–12

a: Founding member of the Liga 1

All-time Liga 1 table[edit]

The All-time Liga 1 table is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Liga 1 since its inception in 2008. The table is accurate as of the end of the 2019 season. Because the 2014 season used a two-region format, as per statistical convention in football, matches decided in extra time are counted as wins and losses, while matches decided by penalty shoot-outs are counted as draws. This all-time table also include the abandoned 2015 season.

Pos Team S Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
1 Persipura 10 296 165 80 51 562 279 +283 575 3 3 1
2 Arema[a] 10 295 140 65 90 488 348 +140 482[i] 1 2 1
3 Persib 10 296 134 76 86 477 357 +120 478 1 1 3
4 Persija 10 288 125 78 85 428 315 +113 453 1 1 1
5 Madura United[b] 10 295 111 74 110 416 395 +21 404[ii] 1
6 Sriwijaya 9 255 112 55 88 404 359 +45 391 1
7 Persela 10 294 106 71 117 414 415 −1 389 1
8 Bali United[c] 9 254 109 54 91 380 329 +51 381 1 1
9 PSM 7 192 82 47 63 276 249 +27 293 1 1
10 Persiba 8 219 75 52 92 289 314 −25 277 1
11 Persiwa 5 164 74 23 67 250 242 +8 245 1 1
12 Mitra Kukar 6 164 70 26 68 255 262 −7 236 1
13 Persikabo 1973[d] 7 192 61 50 81 249 296 −47 233
14 Bhayangkara[e] 5 130 66 31 33 209 145 +63 226[iii] 1 1 1
15 Barito Putera 6 159 60 42 57 225 223 +2 222
16 Semen Padang 5 124 42 38 44 149 151 –2 164 1
17 Borneo[f] 4 104 41 29 34 157 133 +24 152
18 Persebaya 3 102 38 26 38 159 149 +10 140 1
19 Badak Lampung[g] 5 124 36 31 57 128 182 −54 139
20 PSPS Riau 4 130 39 20 71 147 245 −98 134[iv]
21 Persijap 4 116 34 26 56 121 190 −69 128
22 Gresik United 5 125 32 27 66 129 253 −124 120[v]
23 Persik 3 88 32 19 37 123 137 −14 115 1
24 PSIS 3 102 29 23 50 92 145 −53 110
25 PSMS 3 102 26 26 50 134 186 −52 104
26 Bontang[h] 3 96 24 24 48 129 185 −56 96
27 Deltras 3 96 25 18 53 98 155 −57 93
28 Persita 3 88 19 21 48 81 152 −71 78
29 Persidafon 2 68 21 13 34 96 126 −30 76
30 Persepam 2 54 18 12 24 70 86 −16 66
31 Persitara 2 68 16 16 36 77 107 −30 64
32 PSS 1 34 12 12 10 45 42 +3 48
33 Persema 1 34 13 6 15 43 52 −9 45
34 Kalteng Putra 1 34 8 7 19 33 54 −21 31
35 PSAP 1 34 6 9 19 33 66 −33 27
36 Persiba Bantul 1 20 2 3 15 17 53 −36 9
37 Persiraja 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Notes:

  1. ^ Include stats as Arema Indonesia and Arema Cronus.
  2. ^ Include stats as Pelita Jaya, Pelita Bandung Raya, and Persipasi Bandung Raya.
  3. ^ Include stats as Persisam, Persisam Putra Samarinda, and Putra Samarinda.
  4. ^ Include stats as Persiram, PS TNI, PS TIRA, and TIRA-Persikabo.
  5. ^ Include stats as Persebaya ISL.
  6. ^ Include stats as Pusamania Borneo.
  7. ^ Include stats as Perseru.
  8. ^ Include stats as PKT Bontang.

Point deductions:

  1. ^ Arema were deducted 3 points in 2013 season.
  2. ^ Madura United were deducted 3 points in 2017 season.
  3. ^ Bhayangkara were deducted 3 points in 2014 season.
  4. ^ PSPS Riau were deducted 3 points in 2010−11 season.
  5. ^ Gresik United were deducted 3 points in 2017 season.

League or status at 2020:

2020 Liga 1 teams
2020 Liga 2 teams
2020 Liga 3 teams
Defunct teams

Players[edit]

Foreign players[edit]

Foreign players policy has changed multiple times since the league inception.

  • 2008–2013: 5 foreign players including 2 Asian quota.[16]
  • 2014: 4 foreign players including 1 Asian quota and only 3 can be on the field at a time.[17]
  • 2015: 3 foreign players. All 3 players can be on the field.[18]
  • 2017: 4 foreign players including 1 Asian quota and 1 marquee player quota. All 4 players can be on the field.[19]
  • 2018–present: 4 foreign players including 1 Asian quota. All 4 players can be on the field.[20]

Awards[edit]

Top scorers[edit]

Season Player Nationality Club Goals Games Rate
2008–09 Boaz Solossa  Indonesia Persipura 28 31 0.90
Cristian Gonzáles[a]  Uruguay Persik/Persib 28 1.00
2009–10 Aldo Barreto  Paraguay Bontang 19 32 0.59
2010–11 Boaz Solossa  Indonesia Persipura 22 27 0.81
2011–12 Alberto Gonçalves[a]  Brazil Persipura 25 34 0.74
2013 Boaz Solossa  Indonesia Persipura 25 32 0.78
2014 Emmanuel Kenmogne  Cameroon Persebaya ISL 25 25 1.00
2017 Sylvano Comvalius  Netherlands Bali United 37 34 1.09
2018 Aleksandar Rakić  Serbia PS TIRA 21 34 0.62
2019 Marko Šimić  Croatia Persija 28 32 0.88

Notes:

  1. ^ a b Had not been naturalized as an Indonesian citizen that time.

Best players[edit]

Season Player Position Nationality Club
2008–09 Boaz Solossa Forward  Indonesia Persipura
2009–10 Kurnia Meiga Goalkeeper  Indonesia Arema
2010–11 Boaz Solossa Forward  Indonesia Persipura
2011–12 Keith Gumbs Forward  Saint Kitts and Nevis Sriwijaya
2013 Boaz Solossa Forward  Indonesia Persipura
2014 Ferdinand Sinaga Forward  Indonesia Persib
2017 Paulo Sérgio Midfielder  Portugal Bhayangkara
2018 Rohit Chand Midfielder    Nepal Persija
2019 Renan Silva Midfielder  Brazil Borneo

Best coaches[edit]

Season Coach Nationality Club
2013 Jacksen F. Tiago  Brazil Persipura
2018 Stefano Cugurra  Brazil Persija
2019 Stefano Cugurra  Brazil Bali United

Best goals[edit]

Season Player Nationality Club Match Date
2017 Septian David  Indonesia Mitra Kukar vs Persiba 10 November 2017
2019 David da Silva  Brazil Persebaya vs Arema 12 December 2019

Sponsorship[edit]

Period Sponsor(s) Name
2008–2012 Djarum Djarum Indonesia Super League[21]
2013–2014 No sponsor Indonesia Super League
2015 QNB Group QNB League[22]
2017 Go-Jek and Traveloka Go-Jek Traveloka Liga 1[23]
2018 Go-Jek Go-Jek Liga 1[24]
2019–2020 Shopee Shopee Liga 1[25][26]
2021– Bank Rakyat Indonesia BRI Liga 1[1]

Media coverage[edit]

Current[edit]

Broadcaster Coverage Year Summary
Indonesia MNC Media
Indonesia Kompas Gramedia Group (KG Media)
Pay TV 2014 and 2015, returned again 2020–present All 306 matches live on MNC Sports and other in-house MNC Channels in 2020.[27] In 2014 and 2015, only shows selected repeat matches on MNC Sports (MNC Media), as well as live matches on Bola Indonesia (KG Media).
Free-to-air (FTA)
  • In 2014 and 2015, Kompas TV (exclude second round and knockout stage in 2014 and all 2015 season matches), iNews (repeat), RCTI, MNCTV, and GTV covering selected matches.
  • In 2020, Kompas TV (KG Media) and four televisions from MNC Media only show highlights due to pay TV from MNC Vision Networks (K-Vision (also from KG Media), MNC Vision, and MNC Play) shows the live matches.
Indonesia Emtek 2018–present Up to five matches per week live on Indosiar. Most big matches only available via analogue/digital terrestrial antenna.[28]
Up to three matches per week, live on O Channel.
Streaming Live on Vidio Premier (pay) and Free (FTA). Up to five live matches per week (including big matches) must require a subscription (live coverage only available for Indonesia viewers) and non-Vidio Premier live matches (excluding big matches) available for free, with free highlights and free full coverage of 306 matches available for Indonesia and other countries via on demand (through all three Indosiar, O Channel, and Liga 1 official Vidio channels).
Indonesia Telkom Indonesia All 306 matches live, available for IndiHOME and Telkomsel viewers.[29]
Pay TV

Former[edit]

Year Broadcaster
Free-to-air (FTA) Pay TV Streaming
2008–2013[30] Indonesia ANTV N/A N/A
2014 N/A Indonesia First Media and Big TV Indonesia Domikado (second round to final in 2014)
2015[31][32] Indonesia NET.
2017[33][34][35][36] Indonesia tvOne Indonesia Orange TV Malaysia iflix and SportsFlix
2018
Indonesia Nex Parabola
2019 N/A N/A

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "BRI Diperkenalkan sebagai Sponsor Utama Baru Liga 1 pada 12 Agustus 2021". bola.com (in Indonesian). 5 August 2021. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Go-Jek Traveloka Liga 1". PSSI – Football Association of Indonesia (in Indonesian).
  3. ^ "Sejarah Kompetisi Sepakbola di Indonesia: Dari Masa Pra-Kemerdekaan Hingga (Menuju) Liga Profesional". FourFourTwo (in Indonesian). 29 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Mengejutkan, Boaz Selalu Cetak Gol Pertama Kompetisi Sejak Era ISL". superball.bolasport.com (in Indonesian).
  5. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (10 July 2008). "ISL, Premier League Rasa Indonesia – Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com.
  6. ^ a b "IPL, ISL dan Dampak Dualisme Sepakbola Nasional oleh Mugiwara Anamisme – Kompasiana.com". www.kompasiana.com (in Indonesian).
  7. ^ "ISL dan IPL Akhirnya Bersatu" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 7 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  8. ^ Kardi, Dika Dania. "Kronologi Keputusan Final Pembekuan PSSI". olahraga.
  9. ^ "Force Majeur, PSSI Hentikan Semua Kompetisi". PSSI – Football Association of Indonesia (in Indonesian).
  10. ^ Salusi, Novitasari Dewi. "PSSI Disanksi FIFA". sepakbola.
  11. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (13 May 2016). "FIFA Resmi Cabut Sanksi terhadap Indonesia – Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com.
  12. ^ "PT Liga Indonesia & Klub Sepakat Lepas Nama Indonesia Super League | Goal.com". www.goal.com (in Indonesian).
  13. ^ "PSSI Tunjuk PT Liga Indonesia Baru Jadi Operator Kompetisi 2017". bola.com.
  14. ^ "Akhir Drama Liga 1, Bhayangkara FC Juara". liputan6.com (in Indonesian).
  15. ^ "Situs Web Resmi Liga Gojek 2018 – Ofisial dari PT Liga Indonesia Baru" (pdf). liga-indonesia.id.
  16. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (8 November 2013). "Resmi, Kuota Pemain Asing di ISL Berkurang – Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com.
  17. ^ "Klub LSI maksimal turunkan tiga pemain asing". bolanews.com. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  18. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (3 November 2014). "Musim Depan, Klub ISL Hanya Boleh Pakai 3 Pemain Asing". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian).
  19. ^ "PT LIB Pastikan Klub Hanya Boleh Pakai Satu Marquee Player" (in Indonesian). bola.net. 5 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  20. ^ Feb 2018, Ario Yosia15; Wib, Ario Yosia15. "Ini Regulasi Pemain Asing Liga 1 2018". liputan6.com.
  21. ^ "ISL 2014 Kemungkinan Tanpa Sponsor Rokok" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  22. ^ "Liga & BVSport Gandeng QNB Group" (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 5 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  23. ^ "Jadi Sponsor Liga 1, Gojek-Traveloka Sumbang Rp 180 Miliar". liputan6.com.
  24. ^ "Ini Penyebab Berubahnya Titel Sponsor Liga 1 2018". liga-indonesia.id. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  25. ^ "Ini Logo Dan Sponsor Utama Liga 1 2019 | Goal.com". www.goal.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  26. ^ "Emtek Kembali Jadi Official Broadcaster Liga 1 2020". liputan6.com (in Indonesian). 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  27. ^ "PSSI Apresiasi MNC Group Majukan Sepak Bola Indonesia". PSSI – Football Association of Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  28. ^ Wirawan, Randy. "Resmi! Ini Stasiun TV Pemegang Hak Siar Liga 1 Indonesia 2019". Bolalob – Situsnya Anak Futsal!. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  29. ^ "IndiHome Interactive TV on Instagram: "Kabar gembira untuk kita semua! Akhirnya yang ditunggu-tunggu datang! ⁣. ⁣Liga 1 2020 sekarang sudah dapat disaksikan di UseeSports dan…"". Instagram (in Indonesian). Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  30. ^ "PT. LI (ISL)" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  31. ^ "Inilah Saluran Yang Menyiarkan Langsung ISL 2015" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  32. ^ "MNC Group dan NET TV Pegang Hak Siar ISL 2015" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  33. ^ "PSSI Resmi Tunjuk Pemegang Hak Siar Liga 1". Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  34. ^ "IFLIX LAUNCHES LIVE FOOTBALL STREAMING IN INDONESIA WITH TVONE" (PDF).
  35. ^ "Live di Tiga Stasiun TV, Ini Pemegang Hak Siar Liga 1 2018". Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  36. ^ "RESMI! SportsFix TV Kembali Siarkan Liga 1 Indonesia". Football Tribe Indonesia. 21 March 2018. Retrieved 19 May 2019.

External links[edit]