List of wars involving Saudi Arabia - Wikipedia

List of wars involving Saudi Arabia

This is a list of wars involving the Saudi Arabia and includes conflicts involving the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and its predecessor states.

Emirate of Diriyah (1744–1818)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Battle of Riyadh
(1746)
  Diriyah   Emirate of Riyadh Victory
Muhammad bin Saud
~1700
Battle of Al-Hayer
(1764)
  Diriyah   Bani Khalid Emirate Defeat
  • Saudi Defeat
Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad
~500
Battle of Ghrimeel
(1789)
  Diriyah   Bani Khalid Emirate Victory
?
Saudi–Mamluk War
(1790–1811)
  Diriyah   Mamluk Iraq
  Al-Muntafiq Emirate
Supported by:
  Sheikhdom of Kuwait
  Ottoman Empire
  Bani Khalid Emirate
Victory
1000
Al-Ahsa Rebellion
(1792)
  Diriyah   Bani Khalid Emirate Defeat
?
Saudi Invasion of Al-Ahsa
(1793)
  Diriyah   Bani Khalid Emirate Victory
?
Ibn Ufaisan's Invasion of Kuwait
(1793)
  Diriyah   Sheikhdom of Kuwait
  Great Britain
Defeat
?
Saudi Invasion of Qatar
(1798-1793)
  Diriyah   Qatar
  Bahrain
  Oman
  Ottoman Empire
Victory
  • Incorporation of Qatar into First Saudi State
?
Invasion of Karbala
(1802)
  Diriyah   Ottoman Iraq
  Ottoman Empire
Victory
  • Saudi Takeover of Karbala
None
Invasion of Basra
(1803)
  Diriyah  Al-Muntafiq Emirate Victory
?
Battle of Khakeekera [ar]
(1811)
  Diriyah   Bahrain
  Kuwait
Defeat
  • Invasion of Bahrain repelled
Saud bin Abdul-Aziz
~300
Battle of Al-Safra

(1812)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Victory
  • Ottoman retreat to the port of Yanbu
~600
Battle of Medina

(1812)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Defeat
  • Ottoman control of Median
~4000
Battle of Jeddah

(1813)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Defeat
?
The First Battle of Hanakiyah

(1813)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Victory
  • The Capture of 300 Ottomans
?
The First Battle of Turubah

(1813)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Victory
?
The Battle of Taif

(1813)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Defeat
  • the capture of the Saudi General Bin Abdul Rahman Al-Adwani
50
The Second Battle of Turubah

(1814)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Victory
?
The First Battle of Al Qunfudhah

(1814)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Victory
  • the Ottomans Fail to Take the Town
?
The Second Battle of Al Qunfudhah

(1814)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Victory
  • the Ottomans Fail to Take the Town
Abdullah bin Saud
?
The Battle of Bsl

(1815)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Defeat
~5000
The Battle of Bisha

(1815)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Defeat
100
The Battle of Asir

(1815)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Defeat
?
Battle Qasr of Al-Baajaa

(1815)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Victory
  • The Death of 110 Ottomans
?
The Second Battle of Hanakiyah

(1817)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Defeat
200
Siege of the Rass

(1817)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Defeat
  • Treaty after Huge Ottoman Losses
70
Siege of the Unayzah

(1817)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Defeat
  • Ottoman control of Unayzah and Rass
?
Siege of the Dhurma

(1817)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Defeat
  • Ottomans commit war crimes and mass deportation of Women and Children to Diriyah
~2000
Siege of Diriyah

(1818)

  Diriyah   Egypt Eyalet
  Ottoman Empire
Defeat
~1300

Emirate of Nejd (1824–1891)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Nejd Rebellion
(1821–1824)
  Nejd   Egypt Eyalet Victory
Turki bin Abdullah bin Muhammad
?
First Saudi Civil War
(1834)
  Supporters of Faisal   Supporters of Mishari Victory to Faisal's forces
Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah Al Saud
?
Egyptian invasion of Nejd
(1838–1843)
  Nejd   Egypt Eyalet Victory
  • Egyptian retreat, Khalid ibn Saud toppled
?
Second Saudi Civil War
(1865–1875)
  Supporters of Rahman   Supporters of Saud Victory to Saud's forces
  • Exile of Rahman, Saud becomes Emir
Saud bin Faisal bin Turki
?
Al-Hasa Expedition[1][2]
(1870-1871)
  Nejd   Ottoman Empire
  Kuwait
Defeat
?
Battle of Arwa
(1883)
  Nejd   Jabal Shammar Defeat
  • Saudi defeat
?
Battle of Mulayda
(1891)
  Nejd   Jabal Shammar Defeat
Abdul Rahman bin Faisal
~1000

Emirate of Riyadh (1902–1913)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Battle of Riyadh
(1902)
  Riyadh   Jabal Shammar Victory
Ibn Saud
1,200 dead[4]
Battle of Dilam
(1903)
  Riyadh   Jabal Shammar Victory
  • Saudi takeover of southern Nejd
160
First Saudi–Rashidi War
(1903–1907)
  Riyadh   Jabal Shammar
  Ottoman Empire
Victory
  • Saudi takeover of central and northern Arabia
2,600+
Battle of Hadia [ar]
(1910)
  Riyadh
  Sheikhdom of Kuwait
  Al-Muntafiq Emirate Victory
  • Defeat of the Al Muntafiq Tribe
?
Conquest of al-Hasa
(1913)
  Riyadh   Ottoman Empire Victory
  • Incorporation of al-Hasa into Saudi Arabia
?

Emirate of Nejd and Hasa (1913–1921)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Battle of Jarrab
(1915)
Nejd and Hasa   Jabal Shammar Defeat
Ibn Saud
?
Battle of Kinzaan
(1915)
Nejd and Hasa   Ajman Tribe Victory
?
Al-Khurma Dispute
(1918–1919)
Nejd and Hasa   Hejaz Victory
  • Hashemite land cessions
+7,000 soldiers and +1,392 civilians killed[6]
Kuwait–Najd War
(1919–1920)
Nejd and Hasa   Sheikhdom of Kuwait Defeat
  • Ikhwan retreat from Kuwait
?
Conquest of Ha'il
(1921)
Nejd and Hasa   Jabal Shammar Victory
?

Sultanate of Nejd (1921–1926)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Ikhwan raids on Transjordan
(1922–1924)
  Nejd   Transjordan Defeat
  • Ikhwan defeat
Ibn Saud
500+[7]
Saudi Conquest of Hejaz
(1924–1925)
  Nejd   Hejaz Victory
  • Incorporation of Hejaz.
?

Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd (1926–1932)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Ikhwan Revolt
(1927–1930)
   Hejaz & Nejd
  Kuwait
  United Kingdom
  Ikhwan Victory
  • Ikhwan defeat.
Ibn Saud
At least 700
Saudi–Yemeni Border Skirmish

(1931)

   Hejaz & Nejd   Yemen Unclear
?
Najran conflict
(1931–1932)
   Hejaz & Nejd   Yemen Victory
?
Idrisid Emirate Rebellion [ar]
(1931–1933)
Before 1932:

   Hejaz & Nejd

After 1932:

  Saudi Arabia

  Emirate of Asir
Supported by:
  Yemen
Victory
?

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (1932–present)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Saudi–Yemeni War
(1934)
  Saudi Arabia   Yemen Victory
Ibn Saud
?
First Arab–Israeli War
(1948–1949)
  Egypt
  Iraq
  Transjordan
  Syria
  Lebanon
  Saudi Arabia
  Yemen
  HWA
  ALA
  Israel Defeat
?
Buraimi Dispute
(1949–1955)
  Saudi Arabia   British Empire
  Trucial States
  Sultanate of Muscat and Oman
Defeat
?
Jebel Akhdar War
(1945–1959)
  Imamate of Oman
  Saudi Arabia
  Sultanate of Muscat and Oman
  United Kingdom
  Ibriyin Tribe
Defeat
?
North Yemen Civil War
(1962–1965)
  Kingdom of Yemen
  Saudi Arabia
  Yemen Arab Republic

  United Arab Republic

Defeat
Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
~1,000 soldiers
and civilians
Al-Wadiah War
(1969)
  Saudi Arabia   South Yemen Victory
  • al-Wadiah reoccupied by Saudi forces
Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
?
Ramadan War
(1973)
  Egypt
  Syria
  Iraq
  Jordan
  Algeria
  Morocco
  Saudi Arabia
  Cuba
  Israel Defeat[8]
?
Lebanese Civil War
(1976–1979)
  ADF   LF
  FLA
Victory[10]
  • ADF mission goals achieved[10]
  • ADF becomes an all-Syrian force in 1979
Khalid bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
?
Grand Mosque seizure
(1979)
  Saudi Arabia   Ikhwan Victory
127 soldiers[11]
11 civilians
Qatif Uprising
(1979)
  Saudi Arabia   OIR Victory
  • Uprising Suppressed
?
Saudi-Iranian Air Engagement

(1984)

  Saudi Arabia   Iran Victory
  • Two Iranian planes shot down.
  • Iranian Failure to attack Saudi oil tankers.
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
None
Mecca Incident

(1987)

  Saudi Arabia   Iranian Pilgrims Victory
85 Security Guards
Gulf War
(1990–1991)
  Kuwait
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Saudi Arabia
  France
  Canada
  Egypt
  Syria
  Oman
  United Arab Emirates
  Qatar
  Italy
  Australia
  Iraq Victory
24 soldiers
1 civilian
Iraqi No-Fly Zone Enforcement Operations
(1991–2003)
  United States
  United Kingdom
  France
  Australia
  Belgium
  Netherlands
  Saudi Arabia
  Turkey
  Italy
  Iraq Victory
  • Various bombings of Iraqi forces both arial and naval
  • Mass numbers of Iraqi targets killed or destroyed
  • Reduction in Iraqi air defense
  • Beginning of the Iraq War
None
First Intervention in the Somali Civil War
(1992–1995)
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Spain
  Saudi Arabia
  Malaysia
  Pakistan
  Italy
  India
  Greece
  Germany
  France
  Canada
  Botswana
  Belgium
  Australia
  New Zealand
  Somali National Alliance Defeat
None
Operation Ocean Shield
(2009–2016)
  NATO
  Malaysia
  South Korea
  India
  Saudi Arabia
  Somali pirates Victory
  • Number of pirate attacks have decreased dramatically since the start of such operations, however attacks still occur near the coast waters of Oman, Yemen, Kenya, and Somalia
  • Piracy drops 90%[12]
Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
None
Sixth Sa'dah War
(2009–2010)
  Yemen
  Saudi Arabia
  Jordan
  Morocco
  Houthis Stalemate[13]
  • Houthis consolidate control over Sa'dah
133 soldiers
4 civilians
Saudi-led intervention in Bahrain
(2011)
  Bahrain
  Peninsula Shield Force
Bahraini opposition Victory
  • Suppression of Bahraini opposition
1 soldiers[14]
War on ISIS
(2014–)
  Iraq
  Iraqi Kurdistan
  Free Syrian Army
  Rojava
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Jordan
  Turkey
  Saudi Arabia
  Bahrain
  Qatar
  United Arab Emirates
  Morocco
  Australia
  Belgium
  Canada
  France
  Germany
  Denmark
  Norway
  Islamic State
  al-Nusra Front
  Khorasan
Ongoing
  • Multinational intervention against Syrian Islamists
3 soldiers
Saudi-led intervention in Yemen
(2015–)
  Hadi government
  Saudi Arabia
  United Arab Emirates
  Senegal
  Sudan
  Qatar
  Bahrain
  Kuwait
  Jordan
  Morocco
  Egypt
  France
  Houthi government
  Ansar al-Sharia
  Islamic State
Ongoing
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
1,000 + soldiers[15]
~500 civilians[16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ar:عبد الله الثاني الصباح#cite note-2
  2. ^ Abu-Hakima, Ahmad Mustafa. "The Expedition Route, Midhat Pasha in Al-Hasa, Kuwait's Role in the Ottoman Expedition 1871-1873, Abd Allah's Direct Role in the War." The Modern History of Kuwait, 1750-1965. London: Luzac &, 1983. 85-89. Print.
  3. ^ Gábor Ágoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009-01-01). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. pp. 320–321. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Archived from the original on 2014-06-29. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
  4. ^ Aburish, Said K. (1995). The Rise, Corruption and the Coming Fall of the House of Saud. New York: St. Martin’s Press. p. 14.
  5. ^ "King Abdulaziz' Noble Character" (PDF). Islam House. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  6. ^ Political Science. Middle East/North Africa/Persian Gulf Region. University of Central Arkansas. Retrieved 2011. [1] Archived 2017-10-26 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Noel Joseph Guckian. British Relations with Trans-Jordan, 1920–1930. University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. Ph.D Thesis: pp.217-218. May 1985.
  8. ^ References:
    • Herzog, The War of Atonement, Little, Brown and Company, 1975. Forward
    • Insight Team of the London Sunday Times, Yom Kippur War, Double Day and Company, Inc, 1974, page 450
    • Luttwak and Horowitz, The Israeli Army. Cambridge, MA, Abt Books, 1983
    • Rabinovich, The Yom Kippur War, Schocken Books, 2004. Page 498
    • Revisiting The Yom Kippur War, P.R. Kumaraswamy, pages 1–2 ISBN 0-313-31302-4
    • Johnson and Tierney, Failing To Win, Perception of Victory and Defeat in International Politics. Page 177
    • Charles Liebman, The Myth of Defeat: The Memory of the Yom Kippur war in Israeli Society[permanent dead link] Middle Eastern Studies, Vol 29, No. 3, July 1993. Published by Frank Cass, London. Page 411.
  9. ^ Loyola, Mario (7 October 2013). "How We Used to Do It — American diplomacy in the". National Review. p. 1. Archived from the original on 5 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  10. ^ a b SM Saseen, The Taif Accord and Lebanon's Struggle to Regain its Sovereignty, p. 63.
  11. ^ "Pierre Tristam, "1979 Seizure of the Grand Mosque in Mecca", About.com". Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
  12. ^ "Somali piracy is down 90 per cent from last year". The Journal. 15 December 2013. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
  13. ^ Zimmerman, Katherine L. Yemen's Pivotal Moment. Critical Threats Project of the American Enterprise Institute, 2014.
  14. ^ "Bahrain king declares martial law over protests". NBC News. Archived from the original on 1 February 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-07-14. Retrieved 2019-10-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Yemen's guerrilla war tests military ambitions of big-spending Saudis". Archived from the original on 2017-07-04. Retrieved 2017-07-02.

Further informationEdit

External linksEdit