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Rupert I of Legnica

Rupert I of Legnica was a Duke of Legnica since 1364 until his death, regent over half of the Duchy of Głogów-Żagań during 1397–1401. He was the eldest son of Wenceslaus I, Duke of Legnica, by his wife Anna, daughter of Casimir I, Duke of Cieszyn, he was born after eight years of childless marriage. Rupert's father died in 1364, leaving him and his four siblings under the guardianship of his uncle Louis I the Fair. One year with his cousin Henry VIII with a Scar -Louis's son-, Rupert joined to the Emperor Charles IV's trip to be crowned King of Arles. Rupert visited another French cities, including Avignon, where he obtained from the Pope Urban V the annulment of the excommunication over his late father. In 1370 he participated in the Sejm Reich in Nuremberg, where for the first time, Rupert manifest his political views; the regency of Louis I the Fair was longer: only in 1373 Rupert began his personal rule over Legnica. Despite the inclusion of his brother Wenceslaus II as a co-rule, Rupert maintain the full government over the Duchy, but always with the close cooperation of his uncle.

Thanks to the pressure of Louis, Rupert signed an agreement with his younger brothers on 2 December 1372, under which they accepted not divided the Duchy of Legnica between them for the next ten years. The agreement was extended in subsequent years, allowed Rupert to exercise full control over Legnica at expense of his younger brothers, although they are co-rulers, none of them had any real power. In years, Rupert was involved in the dynastic struggles over the Silesian inheritance. On 21 May 1379 was concluded a treaty between Rupert and King Wenceslaus IV, who stipulated that after Rupert's homage to Wenceslaus as his vassal, the King guaranteed his total possession over the inheritance of all the descendants of Bolesław III the Generous. On 6 January 1383, Rupert had to give up his claims over the Duchies of Wroclaw and Jawor. After the death of Henry VIII the Sparrow, Duke of Głogów-Żagań on 14 March 1397, Rupert took the regency on behalf of his minor sons, until 1401; the successive deaths of Louis I the Fair and his son Henry VIII left Rupert as the Head of the Silesian Legnica-Brieg branch, who allowed him to act as a mediator in the disputes of his Silesian relatives.

In the internal politics, the two main problems of Rupert was to pay the debts of both father and grandfather and avoid problems with the Church. Like his uncle Louis I, Rupert was a generous protector of the arts. One of the artist supported by him was the Brieg canon Piotr Byczyny, who write the "Chronicles of Polish Dukes". Rupert was buried in the Church of God of Legnica. By 10 February 1372, Rupert married with Hedwig, daughter of Henry V of Iron, Duke of Żagań and widow of King Casimir III the Great of Poland, they had two daughters: Barbara, married on 6 March 1396 to Rudolph III, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg and Elector of Saxony. Through this union, Rupert was a direct ancestor of the Kings of Denmark and the House of Gonzaga, rulers of Mantua and Montferrato. Agnes, a nun in Wroclaw. Cawley, Silesia, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, Miroslav. "Complete Genealogy of the House of Piast". Genealogy. EU. Rupert I legnicki This article was translated from the Polish Wikipedia

N. S. Palanisamy

N. S. Palanisamy aka NSP was an Indian politician and former Member of the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu, he was elected to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly as an Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam candidate from Kinathukadavu constituency in, 1991. N S Palanisamy was born to Sami Samathal, he is the only son for his parents and his sister is Rukmani. N S Palanisamy is married to Rathinam and they have two sons and one daughter, his younger son Vetri is a well known cinematographer in south India who works in Tamil and Telugu Film Industry. N S Palanisamy was and worked as English lecture in Coimbatore college, but he quit his job and took up agriculture, he was an active politician and always work for the welfare of the farmers. He was Member of the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu Assembly in 1991 from Kinathukadavu constituency, part of Pollachi, he was elected as an Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam candidate. N S Palanisamy was the president of Non-political Farmers’ Association of Tamil Nadu.

He died on 18 May 2016 aged 73 from health issues related to kidney failure

12th Ohio Battery

12th Ohio Independent Battery was an artillery battery that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The battery was created from Company G, 25th Ohio Infantry and permanently detached on March 17, 1862, under Captain Aaron C. Johnson; the battery was attached to Milroy's Independent Brigade, Department of the Mountains, to June 1862. Milroy's Independent Brigade, I Corps, Army of Virginia, to September 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, XI Corps, Army of the Potomac, to January 1863. Provost Guard, Army of the Potomac, to May 1863. Unattached, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to June 1863. Camp Barry, Defenses of Washington, D. C. XXII Corps, to September 1863. Artillery Brigade, XI Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to December 1863. 2nd Division, Artillery Reserve, Department of the Cumberland, to April 1864. Garrison Artillery, Tennessee, Department of the Cumberland, to July 1864. 1st Brigade, Defenses Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, Department of the Cumberland, to July 1865. The 12th Ohio Battery mustered out of service on July 12, 1865.

Prior to being detached as artillery the company was ordered to western Virginia July 29, 1861, attached to 1st Brigade, Army of Occupation West Virginia, to November 1861 attached to Milroy's Cheat Mountain District, West Virginia, to March, 1862. It performed duty along the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from Grafton to the Ohio River until August 21, 1861. Moved to Cheat Mountain Summit August 21. Action at Cheat Mountain September 12–17. Cheat Mountain Pass September 14–15. Greenbrier October 3–4. Moved to Huttonsville November 25, duty there until February 27, 1862. Expedition to Camp Baldwin December 11–13, 1861. Buffalo Mountain December 12–13. Raid to Huntersville December 31-January 5, 1862. At Elkwater until March. After being detached as artillery, the battery participated in the expedition on the Seneca April 1–12. At Staunton to May 7. Battle of McDowell May 8. Franklin May 10–12. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Pope's Campaign in northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21–23.

Freeman's Ford and Hazel Run August 22. Battle of Groveton August 29. Second Battle of Bull Run August 30. Duty in the defenses of Washington, D. C. until December. Moved to Fredericksburg, Va. December 12–16. "Mud March" January 20–24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Duty in the defenses of Washington, D. C. until September. Moved to Bridgeport, Ala. September 25-October 6. Garrison duty at Nashville, Tenn. until April 1864, at Murfreesboro, Tenn. until July 1865. Defenses of Murfreesboro December 5–12, 1864. Wilkinson's Pike December 7; the battery lost. Captain Aaron C. Johnson List of Ohio Civil War units Ohio in the Civil War Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, 1908. Ohio Roster Commission. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War on the Rebellion, 1861–1865, Compiled Under the Direction of the Roster Commission, 1886-1895. Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Her Generals, Soldiers, 1868. ISBN 9781154801965Attribution This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H..

A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co. Ohio in the Civil War: 12th Ohio Battery by Larry Stevens


Paranja or paranji is a traditional Central Asian robe for women and girls that covers the head and body. It is known as the "burqa" in other languages, it is similar in basic style and function to other regional styles such as the Afghan chadari. The chasmband and paranja were used by women to cover themselves in cities in Central Asia. In sedentary Central Asian Muslim areas, women wore veils; these were called paranja or faranji. The traditional veil in Central Asia worn before modern times was the faranji; the part that covered the face, known as the chachvan, was heavy in weight and made from horsehair. It was prevalent among urban Uzbeks and Tajiks; the paranja was worn in Khorezm. It was worn during the Shaybanids' rule. In the 1800s, women of the Tajiks and Uzbek Muslims were obliged to wear paranja when outside the home. Paranji and chachvon were by 1917 common among urban Uzbek women of the southern river basins; this was less worn in the rural areas, scarcely at all on the nomadic steppe.

One historical account of the paranja is from Lord Curzon, who travelled to Bukhara in 1886. During his time there he never saw a woman between the ages of 10 and 50, for they were all concealed; the heavy black horsehair veils were "too bad and coarse for a seive", the women walking in loosely wrapped blue gowns with the empty sleeves pinned could have been "mistaken for clothes wandering about", big leather boots covered their feet. Curzon noted that "Ladies of rank and good character never venture to show themselves in any public place or bazaar." He condemned this as a kind of tyranny, an exaggerated and erroneous notion of morality found everywhere in the East, but nowhere so striking as in Bukhara. Russia's October Revolution, which brought about state atheism, sought to discourage or ban the veil and the paranja; the unveiling by the Soviets was called the "hujum" in the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. As the Soviet Communists secured their control of Central Asia and paranjas were banned.

The paranjas were burned on orders of the Communists, who upheld the doctrine of Marxist-Leninist atheism. In the 1920s, the government "brought gangs of militant young atheists to Central Asia who physically assaulted women tearing the veil from their faces in the streets of Tashkent and other cities." However, some veil-wearing Muslim women responded by killing the women who were sent to take their veils off. Some Uzbeks violently opposed the anti-paranja, anti-child marriage and anti-polygamy campaign, started by the Soviet Union. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Tajikistan President Emomali has claimed that veils were not part of Tajik culture; the veil was attacked by the government of Kyrgyz President Almazbek Atambayev. They are worn now in Central Asia. Niqāb and burqa related regulations Types of hijab For analysis of and discussion of the function of the robes, for photos of such robes, see:

Brooweena, Queensland

Brooweena is a rural town and locality in the Fraser Coast Region, Australia. In the 2016 census, Brooweena had a population of 104 people; the town is located in the Wide Bay–Burnett area and is 266 kilometres north of the state capital, Brisbane. It is on the Maryborough-Biggenden Road; the north-west of the locality includes a large portion of the Wongi National Park and the Wongi State Forest. The name Brooweena is believed to be an Aboriginal word meaning crab; the town was established following the arrival of the Mungar Junction to Monto Branch Railway in 1889. Brooweena Post Office opened on 23 December 1889. Braemar Provisional School opened on 21 January 1901 and closed on 1 July 1935, it closed in 1922 due to low attendances. It reopened in 1924 and closed on 1 Jul 1935 and the students were transferred to the newly opened Woocoo State School. Braemar is the name of a pastoral property south of Brooweena. Brooweena Provisional School opened on 21 March 1904, it was upgraded to a State School in 1909.

Ballugan Provisional School opened on 12 November 1907. On 1 January 1909 it became Ballugan State School, it closed in December 1909 but reopened in August 1910. It closed permanently on 30 June 1911. In 1915, the chambers of the newly established Shire of Woocoo were constructed in the town; this small building survives to this day as part of the Early Settlers Museum operated by the Woocoo Historical Society. In 1922 the residents of the Woocoo Shire erected a war memorial outside St Mary's Church of England on the Maryborough-Biggenden Road at Teebar. In 1992 the memorial was relocated to the Woocoo Historical Museum in Brooweena due to concerns about vandalism, it is now known as the Brooweena War Memorial. A timber mill was established in 1924. Idalia Provisional School opened on 20 July 1931 and closed on 16 April 1939. New council chambers were opened in Brooweena on 14 April 1962 by Jack Pizzey, the Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for Isis; the town set an unofficial record in 2009 when 134 people played the lagerphone.

In the 2011 census, Brooweena had a population of 263 people. In the 2016 census, Brooweena had a population of 104 people. Brooweena has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Brooweena-Woolooga Road: War Memorial Bridge Smith Crescent: Brooweena War Memorial Brooweena State School is a government primary school for boys and girls at Lahey Street. In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 12 students with 4 non-teaching staff. There is no secondary school in Brooweena. Gould, Gail. Queensland Places. University of Queensland. "Town map of Brooweena". Queensland Government. 1977. "Broowena St Mary's Anglican cemetery"