Wikipedia:Reference desk/Archives/Miscellaneous/December 2005

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1 December 2005[edit]

Hassocks' Camp[edit]

A Canadian reader sent the following message to the Help Desk mailing list.

I have a photo (postcard) with the printed date of 1911 and also imprinted with "Hassock's Camp". I believe it was in Sussex, England but would like more details if possible. Some of the men in the photo are in army uniform. One of the men is my grandfather who was age 22 that summer.

I advised her that it may be related to the town of Hassocks near Brighton. However, if you are able to provide more information, it would be greatly appreciated. Capitalistroadster 00:31, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Social Studies[edit]

how are coral reefs formed?

Look at Coral reef -- Dalbury(Talk) 02:34, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Soda Can[edit]

Why is the standard Soda/Beer can 12 fluid ounces?

No special reason; that's just what it happens to be now, but these things often change over time. You may remember that the next larger size (in the US) of soft drinks was a 16 fl.oz. bottle until it changed to 20 fl.oz. in the 1990s. A company will change the size of their product whenever they think they can make more money that way. They might introduce a 20-ounce bottle at the old 16-ounce price, then when everyone has gotten used to drinking 25% more, raise the price a few cents (most of the price is for the container and handling, not the drink) and come out ahead. That's the way it seems to have gone with soft drinks in recent decades -- with many other products they prefer to keep reducing the size while leaving the price the same.
As to why competing companies will often settle on a single standard size, like the 12-ounce can, that's because the can makers and the vending machine makers can give them a better price if they do that.
--Anonymous, 06:00 UTC, December 1, 2005
Depends on which fluid ounce you mean. Apparently it has been redefined to coincide with 30 ml. That's for 1 fluid ounce, not 12. Is there a mistake in the article? By the way, in Europe it's also 30 ml. Maybe the one is inspired by the other. 30 ml is also the standard beer bottle volume in Europe, and, what's more, all bottles are the same shape, so bottles can be used interchangeably between companies (or how do you say that?). I suppose cans have just followed that. DirkvdM 08:09, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]
It's been a wee while since I bought a can of fizzy juice but they were always 330ml in the UK, as far as I know they still are. AllanHainey 13:22, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]
The fluid ounce (at least in the US) has not been redefined, though 30 ml is a close approximation. My 12 fl oz can of Coke is 355 ml, for 29.6 ml / fl oz. Similarly, a handy 20 fl oz bottle lists 591 ml, for 29.6 ml / fl oz again. — Lomn | Talk / RfC 14:50, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I based the fluid ounce thing on the article - point three says 1 fluid ounce is exactly 30 ml. Bottles used to be 330 ml in the Netherlands too, but I thought all of Europe had changed to the standard bottles. Is only the UK an exception? DirkvdM 09:55, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
In the UK, soft drink cans are 330ml and bottles are 500ml almost without exception. You sometimes get very small cans (150ml?) for pick'n'mix selections, but the ones in the fridges are almost invariably 330ml.
Soft drink cans are 33cl in Sweden too, and if I remember correctly, Germany aswell. 50cl cans are reserved for beer in Sweden, though. TERdON 22:55, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
A UK pint is 20 floz, but a UK floz is 28.41ml, smaller than a US one, so that makes 20 UK floz = 568ml not 591ml. Since we have 20, not 16, floz to a pint, this 568ml measure is what is still called a pint for glass milk bottles and also for beer/cider in pubs. Cans of beer/cider are usually 330ml, 440ml or 500ml. Loganberry (Talk) 13:35, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Boxing, non title bout.[edit]

As a kid,I was told that my uncle Eddy Trujillo beat Henry Armstrong in a non title bout, it happened in the thirtys,also,Eddy Trujillos picture was on the cover of ring magazine that same year. All I know is that it happend in the thritys.s Please find out if this infromation was recorded in ring magazine history.Thank you very much for your time and efforts, it is appreciated. T J Trujillo from Seattle

This website has a profile of Henry Armstrong which lists that he fought Eddy (spelt Eddie on the site) Trujillo on August 30, 1932 in Los Angeles, and that Trujillo won in four rounds. --Canley 06:42, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

thank you.

I need to find information on "Responsible Government arrives in Nova Scotia" and im not very good at using keywords to come up with good searches. Help!? Thanks a lot[edit]

You might want to read our articles on Nova Scotia and Responsible government, and a Google search for +"responsible government" +"nova scotia" will produce many relevant hits. Among the very first ones are a timeline, a speech by Joseph Howe, and "How our government works" ("our" meaning Canadian here). Now that wasn't difficult, was it? If you are looking for more specific information, you'd have to tell us what exactly you want to know for us to be able to help you. Lupo 07:46, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

bansod communty in maharashtra[edit]

i belong to north india. my sister is getting marrried in bansod communty in maharashtra.but we do not know much about it.only thing we know is that they call themseles maharashtrian thakur.we r also also thakur but we call ourself rajput which they dnt. it would be very kind of u to give details of it. thanks a lot best regards sanya guleria

You might start with the Maharashtra article, especially the demographics section, although that does not convey much about the people. You might also try the external links and references at the bottom. Alas, Wikipedia has an article on Rajput, but not on Thakur (or Thakore - you might also try that term for a Google search). I'm curious. I don't know much (if anything) about marriages in those parts of India. I'd say that the guy she's marrying matters most. Or is there something in particular you need to know about Maharashtran culture beforehand? Or, inspired by the Rajput article, is it a caste thing? DirkvdM 08:25, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Richard Rahls Mother[edit]

Does she have a name? From the Sword of Truth series by Terry Goodkind

  • Of course she does. Everyone has a name. Whether it's published or whether Goodkind even knows himself is not known to me. - Mgm|(talk) 09:43, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Indian cricket[edit]

Respected sir,

I want to know the detail facts about indian cricket History specifically about BCCI's inception

and by whom the indian cricket is governed, i,e. by central government or by any other private body? and BCCI is governed by Indian government or by any private body?

And Indian team represents Country or any othet board or Private body?

Please put some light on these Issues.

If You can mail me at (email removed)

Regards and Thanks.

Vinay M Bakale

You might find what you're looking for in the cricket in India article. I've removed your e-mail address to prevent spam. –Mysid 10:26, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Jewish Biblical Jubilee Year[edit]

When is the next Jewish Biblical Jubilee Year.

Mike Poindexter Centerville, TX

If I recall correctly, they happen every 50 years, but because we have no idea what year the first occured (if it did at all) on our current calendar, your question is impossible to answer. Sorry. Superm401 | Talk 15:34, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]
According to this site [1], the Jewish year 5765, which ended in October, might have been a Jubilee year. If that's truee, the next one will be in 5815, or 2054-55. But no one knows for sure. -- Mwalcoff 23:57, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

‘12M’ symbol on personal-care products[edit]

I have seen a symbol on several personal-care products (from Kingfisher, Palmolive, The Body Shop, etc.) that looks like a small cylindrical container posed sideways, with the cap ajar. On the main body of the container, it is written ‘12M’. Does anyone know what this means? – Kaihsu 13:09, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Ah, finally found the answer: ‘The PAO [period after opening] symbol, an open cosmetic cream jar, looks as follows: [...] The lifespan is designated in months (M) and appears as follows: for example: [12M] or [24M]. The number of months (M) indicated may appear either inside or outside the symbol of the open cosmetic cream jar.’ [2] I did do some research before asking the question, but now finally found the answer! – Kaihsu 13:12, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Now also in Wikipedia: PAO symbol. Markus Kuhn 17:19, 13 June 2006 (UTC)[]

Lost item[edit]

Can anyone tell me where I put my house keys? - Ta bu shi da yu 14:15, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Right there. Flag of Europe.svgFlag of Austria.svg ナイトスタリオン 14:18, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Or perhaps here?. Thryduulf 14:35, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Try the pockets of the trousers you wore last time you went out. Also check your laundry basket in case they fell out of said pockets when you put your trousers there.-gadfium 21:49, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Does your cat have a favorite hiding place? - Nunh-huh 23:04, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

They're in the last place you'd think of looking for them. So all you have to do is identify where the last place you would look is, and look there. Perfectly simple. -- AJR | Talk 02:35, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Remember, the best search engine known to man is a woman. Ask your mom or your wife (whichever is applicable). alteripse 03:12, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

I did ask my girlfriend! She told me it was in the last place I put it. Go figure. - Ta bu shi da yu 06:37, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • So AJR was correct, she does know where they are. :) = Mgm|(talk) 09:42, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
When I lose my keys, I look for the nearest magnet. It sucks living nextdoor to an electromagnet shop. I can't wear a belt, jewellery, or invite my multiple-times-pierced metalhead friends over anymore, and have to use plastic knives to carve the turkey. --Expurgator 13:40, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

List all the countries of the world[edit]

List of countries. Thryduulf 14:37, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Help with Russian wikipedia and Donetsk, Ukraine hospitals[edit]

I am in need of finding the phone numbers for each significant hospital in Donetsk, Ukraine. However, I don't speak Russian. I've been attempting to use to stumble through websites in Russian, but the most promising site ( could not be translated by babelfish. I'm running out of options on how to proceed. I thought I might place a question on this at the reference desk of the Russian wikipedia, but I don't have the knowledge to know what page that is. So I need answers to:

  1. What is the URL for the reference desk page for miscellaneous questions like this page?
  2. Does anyone here know enough Russian to work their way through to see if it can provide a list of significant hospitals in Donetsk (and would you do so please)?

Any help would be greatly appreciated. A close friend of our family is reported to be in a hospital in Donetsk, but we lack any other information at this point. We are trying to find out what has happened to her. Thanks in advance, --Durin 15:23, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

The best place for this sort of question would be Wikipedia:Reference desk/Language; there's generally someone there who can help you translate the page. smurrayinchester(User), (Ho Ho Ho!) 16:01, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]
You might want to call your Embassy in the Ukraine. They may be able and willing to render assistance. - Nunh-huh 00:50, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

First, the language of Ukraine is Ukrainian. People there might get upset if you think they speak Russian (although I guess many of them would speak that as well).

  • You do not want to go to the Russian Wikipedia accidentally! DO YOU REALIZE WHAT RUSSIAN WIKIS CAN DO TO A PERSON?! If not, ask yourself why the KGB doesn’t want you to know. When you go to the Russian Wikipedia Main Page next, look closely. Notice the radical layout differences. Notice all the question marks in the window title, signifying your browser’s inability to understand the wiki. Notice all the Bs, Ds and 0s in the URL. It adds up to only one logical conclusion. You see, in America, anyone can edit Wikipedia, so in Russia, Wikipedia edits you!

As to getting the number, one possibility would be to just call your long-distance telephone operator and ask if you can get directory assistance for Donetsk, Ukraine, then explain what you want. You might end up reaching a human who lives there and knows the major hospitals, and speaks English. If you can get through to any one hospital in the city, perhaps the person you speak to there will be able to give you the phone numbers of some others.

As to the web site, Europeans often use a British flag symbol to indicate English language, and this site does that: you're supposed to click on the little flag for English. However, the English version of the site may not have everything there is on it. I don't see a list of hospitals on their English pages (and I don't speak Ukrainian either), but they do have numbers for the Ministry of Public Health, so maybe someone there could help you. I may as well copy them out:

  • [Phone] +380 (44) 253-52-71; 253-61-65
  • [Fax] +380 (44) 253-69-75
  • [Address] 7 Hrushevsky st., 01021, Kyiv - 21, Ukraine
  • [Email] (Email removed)

I'm guessing they don't work on weekends, so if you're trying that route, you'll want to call before Friday afternoon eastern European time.

Hope one of these things helps.

--Anonymous, 03:42 UTC, December 2, 2005

Frome the above comment: First, the language of Ukraine is Ukrainian. People there might get upset if you think they speak Russian (although I guess many of them would speak that as well).
This is actually funny. In Donetsk they will get upset if you speak Ukrainian. So don't, speak Russian. In Eastern Ukraine, especially Donetsk, Ukrainian is only used by government officials and sometimes not even by them. --Ornil 19:55, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

What you want is this list: --Ornil 19:55, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Scientific style guides?[edit]

How do I format a sentific research paper?

See the article Academic publishing. There are some links and tips at the bottom. --Canley 05:39, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

what is the distance between israel and the us[edit]

That would depend on what cities you're measuring between. The distance according to this site between Washington D.C. and Jerusalem is 5903 miles or 9497 km. Dismas|(talk) 19:25, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

name of israel prime minister[edit]

This info is clearly stated in the article for Israel. Dismas|(talk) 19:00, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

what is a calligram[edit]

The article on calligrams explains this quite well. Dismas|(talk) 19:52, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Is Wikipedia a publicly traded company? If so, what is It's symbol?[edit]

Is Wikipedia a publicly traded company? If so, what is It's symbol?

No, Wikipedia is a charity, run by volunteers. See our Wikipedia article for details. -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 21:41, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Thank goodness it is not - else rich shareholders, not the users, would control the content, and subvert Wikipedia. -- Natalinasmpf 21:42, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Quite. Subverting Wikipedia is our job :) -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 21:45, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Wikipedia would be a poor investment anyway. It makes no profit, can be used for free and all income is from voluntary donations. Not to mention the fact that its value changes almost constantly as information is added, changed and vandalised. You certainly wouldn't get good returns! smurrayinchester(User), (Ho Ho Ho!) 12:50, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Most importantly, revenue (besides voluntary donations) could never be made. If they ever started charging or placed ads, people would instantly fork, thanks to the GFDL. Superm401 | Talk 22:28, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]


What is the recommended number of steps per day to stay fit. (or get there)?

10,000 Nelson Ricardo 04:58, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
If that's the steps on a stairway that should certainly keep you fit :) . But seriously, how on Earth can you quantify 'staying fit' (what ever that means) in the number of steps (whatever that means)? Walking doens't seem like an efficient way to stay fit. Unless you mean walking in stead of taking a car - that would eliminate the need for doing sports, and would therefore be more efficient. But still it's a bit of a silly question. Depends on the kind of steps you take - putting your back into everyday things seems like the best way to stay fit. DirkvdM 10:00, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Only a medical doctor can tell you the recommended number of steps per day to stay fit, becuase it's particular to your health and lifestyle. The recommended number of steps per day to get there depends on where you're going. I recommend Florida. It's lovely this time of year. Mareino 20:23, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • The 10,000 steps thing is from some public campaign to get people to do some minimum level of exercise. I guess they figured it as some baseline number, that if you did 10,000 steps in some form or another during a day, then at least you would avoid the most common negative effects of lack of exercise. To get or stay fit, would likely require either more, or a certain amount of exercise at greater intensity, and measuring only by number of steps would likely miss a lot of factors important in being fit, such as strength, cardiovascular capacity, etc. In any case it varies depending on one's fitness level at the start and it's always recommended to see a doctor to determine if there are underlying problems that make a fitness program unsafe. - Taxman Talk 15:23, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]


When a U.S. Submarine wants to go to 100feet. IS that 100 feet from the bottom, middle, or top of the sub?

If my Tom Clancy has taught me anything, I would assume that it was from the bottom for a dive and top for an ascent. It would measure absolute difference. User:Articuno1

  • I would assume it's the lowest point. Note that it's possible to have extreme circumstances where measuring from different parts of the boat can have odd effects - when the Russian submarine K-141 Kursk sank a few years ago, she was lying at a depth of 108 metres - but had she been stood on end, she'd have towered forty metres out of the water... Shimgray | talk | 15:22, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

what does vocals mean?[edit]

Context would be helpful, but in a list of credits (on, say, a recording) it's probably equivalent to "singing". - Nunh-huh 23:02, 1 December 2005 (UTC)[]

December 2[edit]


Can you tell me the Bibliography on taste buds?

Do you mean who wrote the article taste buds? You might want to see Citing Wikipedia, but a list of the specific authors of that article can be found by clicking History at the top of the page. IMO, the major authors of the article are Tristanb and jnothman talk 00:48, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
If you mean the sources used by the authors, a (possibly incomplete) list is at the bottom of the page. If you want to know how to cite the article in your bibliography, try clicking "cite this article" on the left navigation bar when you're on the page. Superm401 | Talk 22:32, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Asian politician who disappeared in Sydney early 1960s[edit]

In the early-mid 1960s, there was a minor crisis when an Asian politician (? head of government) who was visiting Australia vanished for some days. He eventually turned up and said something about needing some time off from stressful duties, but the only way he could achieve this would be to disappear for a while. This happened while he was staying in Sydney. Who was the politician, what country was he from, when did this happen, and what happened afterwards? JackofOz 02:08, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

This is probably not that helpful but I seem to recall an English politician do something very similar in the 1960s. A Conservative (whose name I forget) who was considered by some to be leadership material who disappeared one day and thought to have died until he was found in Sydney some time later, saying something very similar to what you have the Asian politician saying. He then tried to return to politics but his behaviour seemed to work against him. I don't know if this rings any bells and if so, perhaps an English wikipedian can help further. --Roisterer 03:28, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Thanks, that sounds a bit like John Stonehouse who faked his death by drowning while surfing in Miami, Florida in 1974, then later turned up in Australia. The guy I'm after was definitely South-East Asian, possibly from Singapore or Malaysia, and a senior political figure in his country, possibly even Prime Minister. He was on some official trip to Australia, conducted his business, then just vanished before he was due to return. He was missing for three or four days, less than a week, then finally turned up and fessed up. This would have been around 1965, very roughly (I'm relying on my ever diminishing memory here). It was a major story at the time. JackofOz 13:54, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Hmmm. The Australian politics guru on Wikipedia is User:Adam Carr. He might be able to help if you ask him really nicely. I must say that, while the Stonehouse story is familiar, a similar Asian leader's jaunt doesn't ring a bell. Failing that, you could try posing the question at the Monday message board at John Quiggin's website; the contributors there are a bit more, well, senior. --Robert Merkel 04:03, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Reverse page numbering. World first?[edit]

I have recently helped an author publish his book ('Z' by Jonar Nader) and because of the story we decided to make the page numbers run in reverse (ie. from 400 down to 1). I would like to know if this is a 'world first'. If the question cannot be answered here could someone please put me in the right direction to find the answer. 04:00, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

  • It's a novel idea, but I think it has already been done by Chuck Palahniuk (author of Fight Club) in his book Survivor. --Canley 05:34, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Punch strength[edit]

Is there any way to measure the strength or force of a person's punch? It would be interesting to know how certain boxers match up in this area, and finding out the current world record.

  • Surely this would be a rather simple thing to do, by just putting an accelerometer on a punching bag. I would be really surprised if such a device didn't already exist, though I've never heard of one.--Pharos 07:00, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
    • Haven't you seen Rocky IV? Drago punches just such a machine to measure the force. Not sure if it has a specific name, or if it is common or not. - Taxman Talk 15:04, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
      • O yea, they have these machines in boxing clubs and in bars/pubs/amusement parks all the time. Usually you pay a quarter or a dollar or something and punch it and it tells you how many pounds force you produced. As for how dif. boxers match up, I have no idea... -User:Lommer | talk 23:15, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

how to reopen an closed vindow?[edit]

Use the handle that is generally attached to the window frame (unless you're in prison and the window is barred, in which case you'll probably have to ask a prison guard to open the window for you). Ferkelparade π 08:24, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
...Or if you mean the browser window kind it depends on the browser. In Opera you can just use Edit -> Undo (or Ctrl + Z) open pages pages you have closed in the current session (or retrieve it from the closed window "trashcan"). You can also use the Tools -> History menu to see a list of recently visisted sites. In most other browses you are limited to using the history approach. Internet Explorer have a "log" button on it's main toolbar, wichs opens it's history. In Mozilla Firefox you use the Go menu and pick "History" for the same functionality. --Sherool (talk) 09:52, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Hard using Wikipedia as a user?[edit]

I do not totaly see how I find all the different thing on Wikipedia. Like mail system.

why do the screen got to change when I logg on. I think that is very irritating. and much harder to use.

Do please mail the answear to me. Or I will never find it =)

  • I'm not really sure what you're asking. - Mgm|(talk) 09:49, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • If the screen layout changes significantly for you when you log in, then you may have a skin other than the default selected in your preferences. The default skin in "monobook", and everyone who is not logged in gets this. It's less likely, but also possible, that you have customised your monobook.js in the past and then forgotten about it.-gadfium 18:19, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
There's no mail system on Wikipedia. 19:50, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Yes, there is. See Special:Emailuser/Superm401. Equivalent links are found on the left navigation bar when you're on other users' talk pages(or just replace Superm401 with their user name in the URL of the above link) Superm401 | Talk 22:35, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Another Wikipedia user question...-[edit]

How to make my own profile? —Preceding unsigned comment added by Brandt (talkcontribs)

In your case go to User:Brandt. If you use the default skin there is a little menu in the upper right corner of every page, your username should be up there, along with links to your talk page, your preferences, watchlist, contribution list and a log out button, so click on your username and you will open your userpage. Once there just write away. Avoid copyrighted images on your userpage, but other than that (nearly) anyting goes there. --Sherool (talk) 09:40, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

confederate flags[edit]

Can someone give me a description of the colours of the following: Battle Flag

blue-------navy blue

Rebel Flag


any help would be greatly appreciated

thank you, cookie 18 —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talkcontribs) . (Mgm|(talk) reformatted above question)

We have an article on the Flags of the Confederate States of America, although this doesn't actually answer your question perhaps one of the external links will be able to help you. Thryduulf 12:31, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Amazing question?[edit]

What is the greatest question ever asked in wp:rd? --Expurgator 13:42, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

What is the greatest question ever asked in wp:rd? --Expurgator 13:42, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Perhaps this one? –Mysid 14:29, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Or, perhaps the one just asked by Mysid? --hydnjo talk 20:16, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I have a lot of respect for Garrett Albright, and he's claimed the banana peel one as the best. However, if you ask me it comes down the the answers. In that case, this marsupial philosphical answer is best in my opinion.--Commander Keane 11:14, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]

What is the PMS equivalent of Honolulu Blue?[edit]

  • I can tell you two things. One, it's the color that the Detroit Lions wear. Two, this link will give you the color that Benjamin Moore sells as their Honolulu Blue paint. I don't have any imaging programs on this computer, but you can download the picture of the paint swatch and figure it out yourself, I'm guessing. Mareino 20:31, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Which would be #96D1E7, like this. Ojw 12:57, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
My copy of Photoshop gives the closest PMS color swatch as PANTONE 636 CV. --Canley 02:10, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Pink Floyd[edit]

How did the name Pink Floyd come about? Who thought of it? What does it mean?


See our fine Pink Floyd article, it's explained in the history section -- Ferkelparade π 16:30, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Internet Book Sources[edit]

How do I find web sites that search for a specific book from mutiple internet book stores?

Try Google's search thingy, Froogle. 19:52, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Try User:Zoe|(talk) 04:08, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Rare Smoking Disease[edit]

I have smoked for 30 years and have tried to quit many times with no success. Twelve or thirteen years ago my hands started falling asleep. A Neurologist had a test ran that I was told was very painfull. A needle was put into the wrist to measure to oxygen content. I felt no pain nor the needle. I was told at that time that I had a very rare disease that was caused by smoking and was irreversable and would only progress.Four years ago my feet now go partially numb and my legs are in constant pain. My G.P. states this is imaginary pain and there is no reason for my feet to go numb. What is this disease called? Who do I go to to have this pain stopped? All over the counter pain relievers do nothing for the pain.

Thank you for your help

Still Smoking in California

I checked Google and found these two:

The second one sounds more like your description. (I'm not a doctor, though.) 19:57, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

  • Dude, get a new G.P. If your G.P. is right and it's imaginary, he/she should at least have referred you to a psychiatrist. If your G.P. is wrong, that's one hell of a misdiagnosis.Mareino 20:35, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • It isn't quite that simple. Doctors rarely say or believe, "you are imagining your pain." What they may say that is often interpreted that way is, "I can't find a treatable cause and by every measure I have checked your body seems to be in working order" but this is often an unsatisfactory answer and is interpreted by many patients as "you must be imagining or making this up." It is one of the most frustrating types of problems in patient care from the doctor's end of it and it is even worse from the patient's end of it. You might be right that it's time for referral for new ideas or more pain expertise, but that is not what psychiatrists do. The best next step might be a specialist in peripheral vascular diseases if the pain is arising from that, but if she has already tried that, then most big cities and most big medical centers (at least in North America) have "pain clinics" and "pain specialists" who address that specific problem. alteripse 13:10, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]
    • Somehow I suspect that you were told to stop smoking. If you indeed have thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) the only treatment is to stop smoking. There is no substitute, and you need to consult someone who will help you with stopping smoking by any means necessary (nicotine patchs are probably not the best way for Buerger's patients). Nearly half the patients with Buerger's disease who continue smoking require at least one amputation within 8 years. - Nunh-huh 14:42, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]


Name four fish or seafood low in albumin and four high in albumin.

It's going to be tough finding out "albumin" specifically. Here's a source [3] for protein content of various fishes (there's not much variation). It wouldn't be too wrong to say that the highter the protein is, the highter you'd expect the albumin to be. But "low in albumin" and "high in albumin" sounds rather subjective. Maybe others have better sources of information., or look in your text to see how it defines "high" and "low". - Nunh-huh 14:48, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Kevin Mitchel[edit]

Kevin Mitchel - Age 12; the youngest prisoner in California history (Incarcerated 2003)

I came across the name Kevin Mitchel in an artical about Stanley "Tookie" Williams. He was listed as the youngest inmate in San Quentin at the age of 12. I can not find any other information about him. Why he was there at such a young age or anything. This may sound kinda lame but I would really like to know what a 12 year old could do to be put in one of Californias roughest prisons. Could anyone asist me?


  • If this is indeed true, I would expect it was for murder. The US legal system is thougher on minors than most European courts, but I doubt he'd put in such a prison for a mere theft or robbery. - Mgm|(talk) 22:19, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • One really has to wonder if it is true; most of the places you will find this factoid are mirrors of Wikipedia. - Nunh-huh 14:52, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]

There's an interesting article from Human Rights Watch on the subject "Life without Parole for Child Offenders in the United States" which might answer your question.

Personally, I was quite surprised at some of the things happening in the US legal systems mentioned in that report, particularly how easy it is to be charged with murder without actually killing anyone (e.g. one child who drove his brother away from a murder scene, was charged with murder, and imprisoned for life) Ojw 12:49, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]


I am interested to know if there is a demon named DAMIAN? If so what is his significance?

Answers are not emailed. As for Damian, he's bottlenose dolphin significant for being the subject of many homework questions. (kidding, but do your own homework) Superm401 | Talk 22:41, 2 December 2005 (UTC)[]

December 3[edit]

Music in Nissan Murano Commercial.[edit]

Can anyone identify the music in the Nissan Murano Commercial? The one with the birds(animation). Thanks

There is a Nissan Murano Commercial available to download at this site. I can't seem to get the visual to work, but is that the one you are talking about? The sound does work for me, but, unfortunately I don't know the song/music. - Akamad 07:12, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I couldn't get the visual to work either, but that is the song!! I looked all over but i still can't find a name for it.
Have you tried sending an email to the contact address listed at the referenced website? -- Rick Block (talk) 17:36, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Good idea!

First person shooter games[edit]

I am trying to learn how to play first person shooter games "properly". May I request a spontaneous list of simple tips beginners like me can use? Thanks very much!! --HappyCamper 03:42, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]

My advice is to memorise the keys for the game. For example, which number on the keyboard corresponds to which gun, because it's pretty bad when you have to cycle through the weapons trying to find the one you want while you are getting shot. - Akamad 06:54, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]
No matter how tempting it is, don't run a long distance to hide while being shot at. Life can drain fast while you are heading for the hiding place, and often you die before you get there. Also, grenade-type weapons work well. smurrayinchester(User), (Ho Ho Ho!) 21:51, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Get familar with everyones weapons and skills/abilities. This way you will always know what you can do and what you opponent can do. Also, learn to do the one thing the other guy(s) never expect, like running through a minefield. Used cautiously, this can give you an element of suprise. I remeber catching a pair of snipers off guard during an online round of Renegade when I went through a tiberium field (something no one does because it damage's ones health). TomStar81 04:01, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Do I need to buy a super duper computer with all the neat upgrades and stuff to play well? Also, this mouse thing. I found out the other day that there's "acceleration" and there's "no acceleration". Which one is better? (Not that I ever noticed, but a friend noticed that I tend to overshoot and not aim properly because I'm apparently overcompensating). Thanks again! --HappyCamper 01:27, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I have never heard of the acceleration thing on the mouse so I don't know about that, but it seems to be a personal preference kind of thing. Another handy hint is to learn about the maps, you don't want to get lost in a map whilst playing capture the flag for example. - Akamad 07:37, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Anarchist cookbook limited editon[edit]

HEy. The anachist cookbook has been banned, but a limited/special edition has been released. Where can I download the book for free?????

Aside: What are ararchists eating these days?--Commander Keane 11:00, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Spiders? Or wasn't that a deliberate typo? DirkvdM 09:26, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Name for piece of wood?[edit]

Hello, I am trying to find the name for the piece of wood that a gavel hits. Like that in a court room. I have asked a number of people but they are unable to give me an answer. Any assistance would be greatly appreciated. Thank you. Geoff

It's a block or a sound block. alteripse 12:28, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]

If you want proof, check here [4] --Tachs 11:25, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]

purpose of this page?[edit]

is this reference desk supposed to be a free competitor to google answers? why does it exist? —Preceding unsigned comment added by Zzzzz (talkcontribs)

It is serveral things at once.
  • It is a place where readers can point out things they had hoped to find on Wikipedia, but were unable to. We can then try to fix those ommissions.
  • It is also a place where editors can directly help people, which supposedly gives one a warm feeling.
  • And here, editors can (have allowed themselves to) relax a little.
  • Finally, its where really uninventive vandals and illiterate people come to mess things up. In fact, hardly anyone bothers ot read the rules. -- Ec5618 16:40, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I think of it as being like Straight Dope, only run by the Teeming Millions. =P —Keenan Pepper 19:14, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]
You could also ask this question the other way around. Note that, judging by the oldest archive, this reference desk started in November 2001 and Google Answers strarted in March 2002. But other than that, this is of general importance for the value of open source. Have any of you guys 'been over to Gary's'? :) Does the paid-for variety give better results? DirkvdM 09:42, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Google Answers isn't the only site that provides a service like this, and I doubt they were the first to offer it too. - Mgm|(talk) 09:56, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

the circumstances of one of Augusto Pinochet's photos[edit]


I came across this a while back, and I was wondering what Pinochet was trying to portray here. It was certainly different other photos, and well, the pose is...interesting. Was this a candid shot, or purposely posed this way? I mean, for someone who would rely on propaganda, assuming such a pose could be counter-productive to assuming power. -- Natalinasmpf 18:37, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]

  • "Counterproductive for assuming power!" I love that. All the proscecutor at his trial has to do is show this picture and keep his mouth shut. It says it all. alteripse 14:03, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • It's certainly a great photo. I see you've already asked a similar question on the discussion page. Presumably Pinochet's intention is to display his determination and power. As for being counter-productive, it's important to note that the photo was taken soon after Pinochet and the other generals overthrew an elected government - they weren't trying to be popular. Lisiate 22:46, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Interstate Miles in Indianapolis[edit]

I need to know how many miles of interstate there are in Indianapolis total?

If you can't find an answer straight away, first thing to determine is all the interstates that are located within, or pass through, Indianapolis. Then use something like Mapquest or Google Maps to determine the length of the bit between the city limits. --Robert Merkel 03:57, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Home Conswtruction in Italy[edit]

What type of construction is the basic home built witrh in Italy-- 20:51, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Xbox 360[edit]

Is it possible to pre-program and redord TV shows (like a DVD recorder with hard drive) to the Xbox 360 hard drive using only the Xbox 360 Premium (not Windows Media Center ect)? 22:33, 3 December 2005 (UTC)[]

No. the Xbox 360 cannont act as a DVR. (Digital Video recorder, a.k.a. Tivo.)

December 4[edit]

Inferior/Normal/Complementary Goods[edit]

Hi. Please help me understand why companies, economically speaking, should focus on inferior, normal, and complementary goods. Thank you for your help. -- 04:43, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Please see normal good, complementary good, and inferior good. Superm401 | Talk 09:54, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Changing sound...[edit]

When we fill a water bottle (or any small and a tall container) when the water level rises,the sound of the falling water changes. Can someone tell me why?

Jayant,17 years, India.

The bottle works like a flute, in some respects. The tone is determined by the length of the bottle, which will contain half a wavelength of the sound. As the bottle fills, it is effectively less deep, so that the maximum wavelength decreases, which causes the pitch to become higher.
The exact dynamics are a little complicated, I'm afraid. -- Ec5618 10:28, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Chatting on wikipedia[edit]

Dont you think it would be better if we had a place to chat with one of the guys (or all of them) who answer the questions on this page?? like instead of waiting for a long time.. we could get the answers to some easy questions quickly..we could chat with the other users too... its just a thought...

Jayant,17 years, India

No, this is a part of the Wikipedia project. Thus, it will stay in the wiki format. However, you'll find we answer most questions pretty quickly. If you just want to chat with Wikipedia users, though, try the IRC channel. Superm401 | Talk 10:15, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Also, getting the answer right may take some time. I've never chatted (in this sense), but I can imagine that it creates some (mild) pressure to come up with an answer faster, which might result in less accurate or badly formulated answers. DirkvdM 10:08, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Thank You... Jayant..

Hamster names[edit]

I'm getting a hamster on Tuesday, but I can't think of any names. I'll probably get a male Syrian. Any help would be appreciated. Thanks. Kid Apathy 12:02, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Cat Toy. Dismas|(talk) 12:49, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
But I don't have a cat. Kid Apathy 12:56, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Perhaps our List of Syrians will give you some inspiration? Thryduulf 15:38, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Nah, I've decided on Toffee, or possibly Fudge. Or Caramel if it's a girl. I'll decide when I get it. Thanks though. Kid Apathy 15:55, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Or Hobbes, after my recently deceased Mongolian gerbil...he in turn was named after Hobbes the tiger from Calvin and Hobbes, who in turn was named after the philosopher Thomas Hobbes (my gerbil's full name was Thomas Descartes Hobbes). Or Calvin, after his earlier-deceased friend. Just an idea, but go with Toffee or Fudge if you want. But whatever you do, not Cat Toy, a bad omen. Yeltensic42.618 22:29, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Actually, I called him Finnegan. Kid Apathy 10:41, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]


is god real- unsigned

No. Kid Apathy 12:16, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]

It depends on what you mean by god, real, and is. This is not a smartass answer. The answer will change according to your definition of each of those slippery words. If the answer were as simple as "no" you would not continue to get so many differences of opinion over the last several thousand years. alteripse 14:00, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Who was it that said shorter words are always trickier than long words? Like, everyone can agree what a "rhododendron" is but no one can agree what "God" is. Anyway I can't believe no one's linked to the Existence of God article yet, it's surprisingly good considering the controversial subject. —Keenan Pepper 15:56, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
This probably has to do with Zipf's law and word complexity. Terms for common ideas are likely to have few syllables and long lifespans, and appear in a wide variety of contexts. ᓛᖁ♀ 16:15, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I've come to the conclusion that god or God is real for those—and only those—who wish to believe. –Mysid 12:03, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]
No, god is a signed real. We need to provide for possible negative deities too. — JIP | Talk 13:31, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Atheist-existentialist counterargument[edit]

How does the atheist-existentialist argument disprove the possibility of a perfect sentient being? ᓛᖁ♀ 16:35, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]

By assuming a set of mutually incompatible meanings for the components of the phrase "perfect sentient being". alteripse 12:40, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Artistic counter-counterargument[edit]

"God is a concept by which we measure our pain." ('God', John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band) Mareino 19:05, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Don the Beachcomber[edit]

Recently, while cleaning out my father's house attic, I ran across a menu for "Don the Beachcomber" restaurant located at 101 East Walton Place, Chicago, Illinois (copyright 1941). It is in good condition and perfectly readable. Is there any organization or person interested in this menu? I would rather it find a good home than add to our ever increasing landfills. Does it have any value? Does anybody know what is currently located at 101 East Walton Place, Chicago, Illinois?

  • Why dont you try ebay? There are currently two of these menus up for sale [[5]] one of which is from 1941 (I'm assuming its not yours) but they dont seem to going for much at the moment though --Goshawk 16:55, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • It looks like it's an upscale shopping mall and office building. Using A9's mapping website: [6]
  • The Chicago Historical Society [7] might like it, if they don't have one already. I'm not sure how much (if anything) they would pay you for it, though.--Pharos 00:32, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Preferential emoticons[edit]

Why is there a preference to use a particular direction of smiley faces on the internet? For example, I see :-) instead of (-: more often. Why is that? Also, is there software to translate these into meaningful sounds for visually impaired who use the internet? --HappyCamper 16:49, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Probably this is somewhat due to the orientation of "D".  :-D expresses amusement, but D-: looks like an expression of horror. ᓛᖁ♀ 17:32, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I don't know about anyone else, but since most things are left-right, up-down, having the smileys with the ":-)" orientation makes them easier to read.--Commander Keane 19:04, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
That's interesting. I never thought about the chirality of the letters themselves. --HappyCamper 22:53, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Perhaps because the first smiley happened to be turned 90° counterclockwise. –Mysid 12:07, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Lightsaber information[edit]

Greetings Wikipedia,

Hi my name is Mark Himes. I was recently researching about lightsaber information and now I have questions for you. These questions came upon me after reading your page. Hopefully you can answer these questions. I came up with these questions from my curiosity on this subject and the reading that you provided me with. Please be specific as you can, Thanks!!! You can E-mail me back at (email removed).


1. Does the recharge socket on a lightsaber last almost forever?

2. Does the recharge socket charge the power cell in a lightsaber when the lightsaber is deactivated?

3. Why do some lightsabers sound different than others? Is it because of the focusing crystals? (What I mean here is when a lightsaber is turned on, off, etc)

4. WARNING!- THIS QUESTION IS DIFFICULT! How come Darth Mauls lightsaber in Episode I was still on after Obi-Wan Kenobi sliced it in half? Did it loose any power? Was it losing power after it was sliced? PLEASE BE SPECIFIC!

I removed the email address, if someone wishes to email this user, it's available in this edit. - Akamad 19:26, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
...which nullifies the effect of removing his email address. –Mysid 12:01, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I not know all the answers, but # 3 is probably because in making later movies, the special effects people get more creative than they were in making earlier movies. AlMac|[[User talk:AlMac|<sup>(talk)</sup>]] 03:15, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

DIN re. car stereo[edit]

What does DIN mean when trying to buy a car radio/CD player to make sure it fits your car correctly? Is it the depth the radio goes into the dashboard? Or is it the height that is visible when the unit is installed? Or what?

It's the height. I don't know what DIN actually stands for but a single DIN is the shorter one while a double DIN is about twice as tall. Dismas|(talk) 22:16, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
DIN stands for Deutsches Institut für Normung - the German Institute for Standardisation. Thryduulf 00:30, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

SWOT or Dashboard Templates[edit]

When reporting or communicating to management a company's sales accounts and the "health" of the client, we were asked to fill out a SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunity and threat) or Dashboard analysis for each. I was told the data you collect gets put into a "standard" template. I have found more than enough information around the type of information to collect - but can't find a sample template or layout anywhere. I just want to be able to view one to get a complete picture of this process.

Anyone that may be able to help - thank you in advance for taking the time to respond. 19:51, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Mens Pant Sizes[edit]

Why are Mens Pant sizes in Even numbers except size 29?

We do have an article on Metric clothes sizes (which redirects to EN 13402), but I think you are asking about some non-metric standard. You still might find some interest in that article.-gadfium 22:55, 4 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I think the question refers to american clothing sizes, approximately the inseam length of men's pants in inches. I'm not sure its true though because I have purchased pants in a 31 length. alteripse 00:34, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]
After a certain point, supply and demand makes it unreasonable to have, say, pants in a waist size or length of 36, 37, and 38 inches. Also, at these larger sizes, a difference of 1 inch is less than 3% of the total size. So as the sizes increase, they are only found at even numbers. Additionally, most manufacturers have the capacity to accept special orders (for a price!). ESkog | Talk 01:36, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]
As Alteripse wrote, in America pant sizes refer to waist and inseam (leg length) in inches. It's harder to find the odd numbers, but plenty of places carry them, as a trip to an upscale shopping mall will reveal.Mareino 19:16, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

How to use the V-Mem for psone[edit]

I can't figure out how to use my V-Mem for the psone. I got into it once and tried to switch the memory cards around, but now they don't show up at all... I never got the instructions with it, mine came second hand and I can't contact the person... Can anyone help me?

welcome to my world man. i can't get it either. if anyone knows this, please post.

December 5, 2005[edit]

Spanish speaking country wants to become Rhodes Scholarships member[edit]

We have an article on the Rhodes Scholarships, but it doesn't appear to contain anything about Spanish speaking countries. If you know something that ought to be in the article, then please add it - click the edit this page link at the top of the page. Remember though to cite your sources. Thryduulf 00:27, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

  • Currently none of the countries whose citizens are eligible for the Rhodes Scholarship are Spanish-speaking countries. However, the trustees of the Rhodes Trust can add countries to the list on a temporary or permanent basis, and have done so from time to time. For example, there were European Community Rhodes Scholarships in the mid-1990s, for which students from Spain were eligible. If you want to provide the Rhodes Trust with the funds to offer Rhodes Scholarships to a particular country, see the Rhodes Trust web site for contact information. --Metropolitan90 09:57, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Audio problem with .mpg file.[edit]

Hello, I have a .mpg video file, but when I try to play it, there is no sound, I checked the properties in Windows Media Player, there was a video codec, but no audio codec, is there anyway I can find what codec I need to hear the sound?

You could try another media player. VLC media player works well for me, and its free.--Commander Keane 01:51, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]
The K-Lite Codec pack comes with a program called "GSpot" which will tell you the codec required for a given video file.... but once you have the K-Lite codecs, you probably won't need it. TheMadBaron 14:26, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Mirage os[edit]

On my graphing calculator I dowloaded games onto my Mirage os and sometimes when i select a game tp play and click enter it shows a blank screen then goes back to the menu I was just on, how can I fix this problem so I can play the games? Also I accedintally hide 2 of my games and dont know how I can put them back on my Mirageos so that I can play them how could I fix this problem?

It may help if you gave us more information. What specific model of calculator are you using? What version of Mirage OS? What games are involved?
Without knowing these, I would say that one probable fix would be to wipe all of it off your calculator and reinstall Mirage, then whatever games you want. ESkog | Talk 04:25, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]
She/he is probably using a Texas Instruments TI-83 Plus graphing calculator. Mirage OS is an add-on shell. Unfortunately I don't know the answer to his question. --AMorris (talk)(contribs) 11:50, 7 December 2005 (UTC) fixed wikilink — flamingspinach | (talk) 07:39, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Adult Swim Question[edit]

Does anyone know the name of the song usually played on Adult Swim they show their weekday/weekend lineup?

  • It doesn't look like it's listed in their MP3 section[8]. I'd try emailing them; you know they love getting emails.Mareino 19:25, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Are you talking about the song that's playing when it says, "All times and music Eastern"? If so, please tell me if you find out what it is, I'm interested. —Keenan Pepper 00:17, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Coincidentally, this was recently asked and answered at AskMetafilter. I won't try to summarize here because I can't do any better than the linked thread did. Chuck 02:52, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Yes!! This is the song! Thanks a bunch! I have been trying to find the name of that song for what seemed like forever!

Status of Cape Fear River[edit]

Brittney, a Wikipedia reader, has sent an e-mail to the Help Desk mailing list as follows.

Do you know if the Cape Fear River is a mature,rejuvinated,old, or youthful river?

I would be grateful for any assistance you could give her. Capitalistroadster 05:17, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

It depends on which stretch of river she is interested in. Near its source it will be a youthful river, gradually becomming mature and then old near its mouth. It the gradient significantly increases part way through its course it might become a rejuvinated river. Our River article explains this very well in the topography section. Thryduulf 11:44, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Japanese Translation for a Gundam Fanmech[edit]

This is a picture of an original Gundam design from Kaneko Tsukasa, the same person who designed the popular Gundam Thrones fan mech. I was wondering if someone could briefly translate explain the text it that picture, especially the pits relaing to weapons, the L.O.W. System, and the strange silver box in the lower left corner. Even a botched attempt would be better than anything I could come up with, as I know nothing of Japanese. Thank you.

Do you happen to know what universe (ie Universal Century, After Colony, Cosmic Era) that this gundam resides in? TomStar81 10:30, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I really couldn't tell you, it's a fanmech. I believe it's from an original non-cannon universe.

What the hell is this?[edit]

and what article could it go in?-- --(U | T | C) 06:01, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Internet sock puppet? Armoured sock puppets, the next generation.--Commander Keane 09:24, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]
That's called a "carranca" (literally, "ugly face"). It's a type of wooden sculpture typical from the central Brazil region. It could probably be used in the Culture of Brazil article ☢ Ҡieff 13:23, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

single family homes in America[edit]

I need to know how many single family homes were in America between 1950 to 2005.

By America do you mean the continent (aka Americas) or the USA? (I suppose you don't mean any of the other meanings.) DirkvdM 10:18, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]
[9] should have what you need online & free. Mareino 19:27, 5 December 2005 (UTC) fixed link — flamingspinach | (talk) 07:35, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Old Questions[edit]

What happens to all the old questions asked? Are they filed somewhere or if they are not answered within a week are they deleted? Thanks

Old questions can be found in the Wikipedia:Reference desk archive. Dismas|(talk) 11:43, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Airport terminal size[edit]

I am trying to find the ranking (in size), largest to smallest (1-10) of the Terminal size (not by passengers,or cargo, or land mass etc.) of the United States airports. I have looked everywhere, and gotten everything but the size of the largest TERMINAL. Thanks for your help.

R McCarver

By largest I'm guessing you mean by area (it's good to deifne that precisely for a ranking like this). I have no idea of a top ten, but I'll throw a couple of big ones your way:
  • Denver terminal complex - 420 300 m2 terminal complex - reported 1998 (journal, I'll get the the full ref. if you like)
  • Kansai is meant to be big, can't find an area though, just that it's 1.6 km long
If you have "gotten everything", share the info you do have, it might make it easier for us to get a solution.--Commander Keane 16:50, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Nuclear Weapons[edit]

The most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated was, I believe a 50 megaton thermo-nuclear device detonated by the Soviet Union. What was the device's designation, and does wikipedia have an article on it?

Prodegotalk 17:32, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

It was Tsar Bomba. –Mysid 17:48, 5 December 2005 (UTC)[]

What is the average speed of New Haven Line trains over the Northeast Corridor?[edit]

What is the average speed of New Haven Line trains over the Northeast Corridor? (

December 6[edit]


Is there a set list of Sitcom ideas somewhere? It seems like a lot of different shows have the same situations and issues.

You might be interested in perusing the TV Tropes Wiki, which deals with this sort of thing. Chuck 02:36, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

This doesn't tell me anything...I mean i see many sitcoms that use a lot of the same Story lines. Are they going off of a list or something.

No, I don't believe there's a single list. But all writers are influenced to some extent by what they've seen before, and may be borrowing--either consciously or unconsciously--from similar plotlines from other shows. The site I linked to above catalogs some common themes in TV (although it's not restricted exclusively to sitcoms), but I'm not aware of any evidence that there's some master list all sitcom writers are using. Chuck 06:03, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

what is healthy?[edit]

I was wondering if it was healthier to excersise before eating? Or is it healthier to eat then excersise?

Thank you

Digesting food costs energy, so when you exercise after eating your body has a problem. That's the 'scientific' approach. You could also listen to your body. How does it feel to exercise on a full stomach? What is your body telling you? DirkvdM 11:03, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Dirk's right. You need to give your body to digest food before excersizing. That said, you need energy to excersize, so you need the energy content of the food you eat. So I would say, excersize after eating, but leave some time for digestion. - Mgm|(talk) 11:28, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
This same logic applies to swimming after eating. The digestive tract requires energy, but the body needs to keep itself warm and active as well. The digestive system doesn't get what it needs, and you get pain. -- Ec5618 22:39, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

obi-wan kenobi[edit]

could somesome please tell me why he is also called ben? i remember in the 1970's movies hearing the name once. is this a name he was born with then changed when he went to the temple to train as a jedi? could someone let me know i would greatly appreciate it..thank you...cheryl

If you don't get an answer here, you might also try posting it at the talk page for the article on Obi-Wan Kenobi, where people who contributed to that article are more likely to see your question. Chuck 02:47, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
After the Great Jedi Purge, only a few Jedi remained. The only two that are of particular note in the films were Yoda and Obi-Wan. Yoda went to the Dagobah system to hide out. Obi-Wan went to Tatooine. The reason why Obi-Wan went to Tatooine was to watch over Luke Skywalker since he was Darth Vader's son. Luke and his sister Leia were put into hiding so that they might grow up and overthrow Vader and the emperor. Or so was the hope of Yoda and Obi-Wan. To be able to blend in with the people on Tatooine, Obi-Wan took the name "Ben Kenobi". There's more to the story of course since it's a total of 6 films but that's the basics. Dismas|(talk) 03:36, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I've always thought there should be a new entry in the 100 Things I'd do if I Became and Evil Overlord for this - "If I have a son I can't find who might be a danger to me, try looking on my home planet, for someone who shares my last name. And if I find someone who shares the last name of my arch-nemesis there too, take appropriate action." DJ Clayworth 18:48, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
For all Vader knew though, the kids were dead. And his home world was a speck in the back woods of the galaxy so why search there? Also, Tatooine most likely didn't have any sort of phone book or census so how would Vader have known that there was a "Kenobi" on that world? Thinking about this too much, I am. Dismas|(talk) 23:13, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Folding a handkerchief for the coat pocket[edit]

I am looking for the correct technique for folding a white handkerchief for the coat pocket of my tuxedo. I prefer the more classic looks but I have had trouble in the past with getting the handkerchief to fit properly and to stay in place. Anyone have recommendations?

From searching Google for "handkerchief fold", see Seems like this really should be in wikipedia's handkerchief article. -- Rick Block (talk) 04:09, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

The department store, Nordstroms, at one time gave out liturature showing different handkerchief folding styles. You might also check out your local haberdashery. MRLee216.239.160.71 16:59, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

cash budget[edit]

How does a cash budget differ from a budget

  • In what context? ESkog | Talk 04:40, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

  • A cash budget is an economic budget and a budget is, um.. Another kind of budget? (ie. food budget etc - thinking out loud here) --Yardan

Asian characters on Wikipedia articles[edit]

In many places where I presume there should be Asian characters, my Mozilla Firefox instead displays a long string of ????????. What do I need to download/change in order to see these? ESkog | Talk 05:13, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

  • You need to download and install a font that allows for viewing of such characters. - Mgm|(talk) 11:29, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • And depending on the language, you may need to Enable complex text support. Besides Indic languages, you need that for Thai, Arabic, and I suppose Hebrew. That article also has links to getting the fonts. - Taxman Talk 14:23, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]


I am trying to make a website for my school. A place to host study guides, notes, etc.. However, I need to find out how to make usernames and passwords. I need to find software like most websites use, software that says "Hello <username>" at the top of every page. Im not advanced enough to make the software myself, but im sure there are many open source projects like this. I just dont knw where to find them. Please help. Any help would be nice. Thank you.


I've found that school systems administrators using a Microsoft Windows-based setup often like to use Windows SharePoint Services and/or the Microsoft Office SharePoint Portal Server for something like this. This works pretty well for something like what you described - if your school is using Microsoft products left and right (such as Microsoft Office). These however are far from open-source, and I'm not suggesting you install them yourself, but perhaps suggest them to your systems administrator to use. Otherwise, I highly recommend plone. PHP-Nuke, noted above, is also known to be a good system. — flamingspinach | (talk) 07:19, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

my cherokee heritage[edit]

where can i go and search the rolls for my ancesters

  • Quick hint: Google for cherokee heritage. You should find something there. --Yardan 09:45, 6 December 2005 (UTC) \ Talk[]

What are GPA Scores?[edit]

(modified this a bit to seperate from the above question Brian Schlosser42 18:24, 6 December 2005 (UTC)) How are they taken and what do they show? Max possible achievable score?etc... Please,details needed. Thanx in advance.[]

In my experience in American schools, both secondary and post secondary, the Grade Point Average scale is: A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1 and F-0. Add up the totals for your grades, divide by the number of classes taken, and voila, your GPA. Of course, there are also higher points given in some schools for AP and ID classes, so your GPA could exceed 4.0. Brian Schlosser42 18:24, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
See our article on Grade (education). It differs from country to country. In particular, it's pretty meaningless in an international context to give a GPA score without saying what the maximum is.-gadfium 19:57, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Ettiquette question[edit]

Is it a breach of ettiquette to fart out loud when you're standing at the urinal in the men's room? I say no, that's the perfect place to fart. My wife says yes.

I'd say it depends on where you are. At a football stadium or a stock car race, I'm sure it would be fine. At a fancy hotel or restaraunt, not so much. Of course, there's no authority that decides such matters, so it comes down to would you offend anyone in the situation. - Taxman Talk 20:53, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
It wouldn't bother me unless the farter and I were at adjacent urinals. In that case I would think it was kind of rude/nasty. ike9898 22:38, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Umm.........we are talking about bodily functions in the restroom, are we not? If one can not fart in the restroom, at the urinal or not, where can one fart acceptably? I fart, you fart, we all fart. Better in the loo than at the table. MRLee216.239.160.71 16:36, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

I fart when I want, where I want, and don't give a damn what you think of it.

GPA Scores[edit]

I'd like to know what GPA Scores are and when they are taken. What do they show? How are they calculated? What is the max achievable score and what is the average score in the US? Please,details needed. Thanx in advance.

16:12, 6 December 2005 (UTC)16:12, 6 December 2005 (UTC)Hasanclk

A confused guy.

  • In the United States, grades in classes are given on a range including A (the best), B, C, D, and F (failing). A student's GPA is a numerical measure of these grades. An A is worth 4, B = 3, C = 2, D = 1, F = 0, and all grades are averaged in the simplest schemes, making the maximum possible score a 4.0. Many colleges weight these averages based upon the number of credit hours a class was worth. Often in high schools, some advanced classes are "weighted" courses where it is possible to achieve greater than a 4.0. This can be done in two very common ways: 1) increase the value of an A to 5 (and other letter grades are usually adjusted accordingly) or 2) add a raw value, like 0.1, to the final calculated GPA. I am unsure what the average score is in the United States, but grade inflation is a constant problem. ESkog | Talk 17:39, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Do the letters stand for Average, Bland, Crap, Dismal and Failure? Or is there a reason why E has been omitted? — JIP | Talk 18:05, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
The Grade (education) wikilink above claims that "E" is omitted because:
  • an F can be turned into an E by drawing a small line at the bottom of the letter
  • E traditionally stood for Excellent
I thought it was due to the piecewise nature of the grading. For example, while B>60%, C>50%, D>40%, F can vary from 0-40%. The alphabetical jump representing this difference. Could this be right, or am I deluded.--Commander Keane 22:17, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Actually, the typical scheme in the U.S. is 90-100%=A, 80-89=B, 70-79=C, 60-69=D and 0-59=F. In Canada, for some reason, you only need 80 for an A, 70 for a B and so on.
If you get 85% of the answers correct on all of your math assignments, you would theoretically get a B. In practice, some assignments (such as a final exam) are worth more than others. In an English class, the teacher might give you a numerical score on all of your essays and average them together at the end of the semseter for a final grade.
In some schools, the letter grades are subdivided into pluses and minuses. A score of 87-89 might be a B+ and worth 3.33 points, while a score of 80-83 might be a B- and be worth 2.67 points.
Compiling a national average GPA would be meaningless, since an A in one school might be easier to get than an A in another. That's why schools use SAT scores and class rank in addition to GPA.
Now if only I could understand the British education system! -- Mwalcoff 00:25, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Just for completeness, we should mention that GPA means "Grade Point Average". - Nunh-huh 04:07, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
My only query is why you skip the E on the grading scale. The other stuff was interesting though. In Australian universities (the ones I know of at least), my one uses High Distinction, Distinction, Credit, Pass, Fail instead of A,B,C,D,F. Another uses GPA, but with 1 being the best and 7 the worst. I say bring on ISO.--Commander Keane 05:28, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I've heard of some schools that use A, B, C, D, E, but I always thought most schools went with "F" because "F" means "fail." If you get an "F," you don't get credit for the course and might have to take it again the next year. In some classes, only two grades are possible: "Pass" or "Fail." -- Mwalcoff 01:17, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Looking for two letter country abbreviations[edit]

I am looking for the two letter country abbreviations for:

  • The Canary Islands
  • Madeira
  • Dubai
  • Scotland
  • Wales

I've looked every where, but can find nothing.

Thank you for your help in advance.

Look at ISO3166. IC is reserved for Canary Islands, but not assigned. I believe Scotland and Wales are part of UK. There do not appear to be listings for the other two.--agr 18:19, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Madeira is an autonomous region of Portugal (PT), and Dubai is in the United Arab Emirates (AE). Natgoo 22:35, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
This website may be of some interest.--Commander Keane 23:48, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
As noted, Scotland and Wales are part of the UK and do not have their own ISO 3166 codes. It should be noted that the ISO 3166 code for the UK is GB, not UK. This is the only case where a country's 2-letter Internet top-level domain name is different from its ISO 3166 code; in Internet domains, the UK is UK. --Anonymous, 02:50 UTC, December 7, 2005
Im my high school, E is a passing grade for minimum skill/maximum effort. Basically, you're performing like you get an F, but you pass. I've never seen it used, and believe it would only be used if a Special Ed student was taking a normal level class.

Lampard & Redknap[edit]

I read that southampton's manager Harry Redknap is uncle of Chelsea's midfilder Frank Lampard. Is Redknap the brother of Lampard's father or Lamapard's mother?

No, Harry and Frank Snr married two sisters (well, one each, I mean) Jameswilson 03:12, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]


How is satin constructed?

The Satin article has a basic description, did you want more specific information?--Commander Keane 21:57, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

The Sims 2 Nightlife Grilled Cheese Aspiration[edit]

For the Grilled Cheese Aspiration in The Sims 2: Nightlife, what is the second Lifetime Want (after "eat 200 grilled cheese sandwiches" has been satisfied)? Also, does anyone know what inspired the GCA's creation?

The Sims is a very random game. However, in earlier expansions, I have found Sims seem to cook too much Grilled Cheese, and I'd imagine that it grew as a joke out of that, like the gnome and llama references. Reading the article though, it sounds like the best aspiration of all! smurrayinchester(User), (Ho Ho Ho!) 16:39, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]


can you balance a egg on your foot?? Maoririder 20:54, 6 December 2005 (UTC) not a trick question.[]

I just tried it and I could do it easily. —Keenan Pepper 21:55, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
While it's very easy the balance the egg on its side, it is more difficult (ie still possible, but it fell off my foot and cracked) to balance it on its end. --Commander Keane 22:04, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]
What kind of egg? A chicken's egg, a ducks egg or an ostrich egg? CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 22:28, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Wow, you people actualy tried it? That's some dedication for an RD question. Broken S 03:24, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

We should start a club of all the "hard core" RD researchers. We won't rest until your questions are answered! We'll even balance eggs on our feet! =P —Keenan Pepper 05:09, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
You're on BJAODN now. ^_^
ᓛᖁ♀ 05:31, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

OK. Using large chickens eggs. It seemed easier with a hard boiled egg than a raw one but that could be just down to the fact that you worry less about dropping it. It's easier with bare feet than with shoes on and almost impossible with winter boots. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 05:44, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

That would depend on what type of shoes, would it not? For instance, with deck shoes with the stitching around the outside on the top of the shoe, it would stay there rather easily as compared to a rounded leather work boot with a steel toe. Dismas|(talk) 00:51, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

OK I'll bite. If it's not a trick question why did you need to know? CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 07:41, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

SNES RF output doesn't shown on TV[edit]

I recently bought an SNES console from eBay, PAL version, with a British power supply, with four games. I replaced the British power supply with a Finnish one I had bought earlier. When I hook the console up to my TV, it powers up, but no matter which frequency I choose on my TV, no picture shows up. The best I can manage is an entirely black picture, which changes to static if I turn the SNES off or unplug the RF cable. Do I have a too old TV or have I bought a faulty SNES? How can I tell? And why is it that a normal NES has RCA output (the double cables with separate audio and video output) but an SNES doesn't? — JIP | Talk 20:55, 6 December 2005 (UTC)[]

hi. it sounds like your SNES could be faulty - have you tried each of the games? same results? i've had to reset a bunch of times to get rid of the black screen (chrono trigger, looking at you) with older, more often-used games, especially. the best thing to do is to try out the games you have on someone else's functional Super Nintendo to see if they work.

i had an SNES whose power supply died and i got black-screened as well, so i can't rationally eliminate the power supply as the source of your problem.

finally, and i'm not sure on this one(as my only experience with the SNES came in NTSC form), the TV should be set to either channel three or four, which should be selectable on the RF switch itself.

really-finally, is the SNES new-model or old-model? both of them are top-feeding, but the older version should have this flat thing in the middle you push to eject the cartridge. i imagine the older model would be less likely to remain functional.

hope that helps, peace

prisoners educational oppertunities[edit]

Help I am doing an essay on educational opportunities for incarcerated individuals and I can not find the actuall budget for Iowas prisons! Every page I go to will not open up. Any idea what the budget is for Iowa-or its budget for education? Thanks --Amy

Try here-
--P.MacUidhir (t) (c) 01:44, 14 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Cyclones in Africa[edit]

What African Country was by a tropical cyclone in 1999? Thanks

Unknown manga or anime[edit]

A while ago i barrowed some movie's and i was hoping someone could help me tracking them down i will give as much information possible so here goes:

i thought but am not sure that the title was 'the legend of the 4 dragon kings' its a story about 4 brothers in the story as the time passes they r getting powers to do things impossible for normal humans at first they do not know why nor how but in time they begin to realise that the are a sort of reincarnation of dragons but some people in the {i think} army have realized the same and whant to use the power for own purpose {as always}. the youngest brother is not in control of his power and it happens that he explodes from time to time sadly this is about all i know about these series i have seen about 16 episodes on 4 video's so if the one reading this can help me please send me an email on Email Removed

thanks for reading and way thanks if u know how it is called and where to find info about it or where to purchase it

greeting from holland Bas/Neoxtao

I believe you may be referring to Sohryuden: Legend of the Dragon Kings. It is distributed here. — flamingspinach | (talk) 07:07, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

7 December 2005[edit]

Tower in Niagara Falls[edit]

Reader Connie has contacted the Wikipedia Help Desk with a question about the date that a tower built next to the bridge in Niagara Falls was built. She thinks that it is on the American side in Niagara Falls, New York and that it was used in a Marilyn Monroe movie.

I will advise her that the appearance in a Marilyn Monroe movie could help date it. However, I would be grateful for any assistance you can give her. Capitalistroadster 00:07, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

This would be the Prospect Point Observation Tower, which opened in 1961 after 2½ years construction according to this web site. Prospect Point itself was a rock formation in the same area that collapsed in 1954, according to Pierre Berton's book about Niagara; presumably the tower was built to replace it as a viewpoint.
The tower could not, therefore, have appeared in Niagara (1953 movie). The location near the falls where Marilyn Monroe did appear in the movie was a viewpoint near the base of the falls on the Canadian side. According to this web page, this was built in 1951 (or starting in 1951, anyway) as an addition to the Scenic Tunnels, an attraction that allows people to view the falls from behind and was eventually (in 1994 according to this page) renamed "Journey Behind the Falls".
--Anonymous, 02:20 UTC, December 7, 2005
The tower in "Niagara" is the Rainbow Bridge Bell tower. It was built around 1941, from what I've seen. It is on the Canadian side, part of the Customs complex at that end of the bridge.]Brian Schlosser42 15:45, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Ah, good point. I forgot that scene in the movie. Of course, if Connie is right about the tower being on the US side and wrong about it being in the movie, rather than vice versa, then the Prospect Point tower would be the one. --Anon, 6:45 UTC, December 9

Awful puns[edit]

Why are there so many awful puns in contemporary Australian telejournalism? (Maybe foreign TV news shows as well, I don't know). i.e, just last night Sandra Sully introduces a story about a new eye treatment that might let people do away with eyeglasses, and throws in a bunch of phrases like "left in the dark". And then that ice bar opening in Sydney, "the coolest bar in town..." I mean, I havent' given that many examples because I can't remember them, but there are lots. It's riddled with them. Jesus, WHY? This isn't journalism, it's gimmickry!

I entirely agree. And it's not just TV. The worst offenders are the magazines in the weekend papers. No matter how serious the subject matter may be, the title of the article is virtually always some pun or other. How crass! But worse, how predictable! JackofOz 01:08, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I don't have a source to cite or anything but at a guess, I would say that it's to give people the feeling that they're being entertained therefore they would want to tune in again to the same station. Also, if the newscasters put forth a bit of humor then people may grow to like them even though they don't actually personally know them. And if you like someone, you're more likely to want to hear the news from them. It's basically brand loyalty. But like I said, I'm no expert. Dismas|(talk) 01:40, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
My theory: Once one has devised a pun (which must be one of bad, awful, or "oh god, that's so painful I must now kill you" - there is no such thing as a good pun) the punner feels an irresistable urge to share the pun. This is because the punner has already experienced the pain of the pun (and it must cause pain, since it belongs in one of the catgeories I mentioned above) and the punner therefore feels a need to share their pain with others. (N.B.: this is a theory I have just made up, and may bear little or no relation to reality...) -- AJR | Talk 02:35, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
It's probably because you're watching Channel Ten and Sandra Sully. If you want better journalism, switch to ABC or SBS. Dysprosia 02:47, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I was about to say: It is advertised as the Ten Entertainment Network. jnothman talk 02:55, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Pretty much all news organizations everywhere do this to some degree. It shows how "clever" they are, I guess. (Some are horrible, others worthy of admiration. The New York Post's "Headless Body Found in Topless Bar" comes to mind... ) - Nunh-huh 04:00, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
If you really don't like them doing it but you still want to watch that channel then get everybody you know to phone/email the station every time they do it. I can put up with the puns it's the fact that in North America every scandal is refered to as "something-gate" see Watergate. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 06:03, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
We acutally have an article on this - List of scandals with "-gate" suffix. Thryduulf 12:44, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
It's not just in North America, in the UK they append gate to 'scandals' too, very annoying & utterly nonsensical. The bad puns aren't too much of a problem here though. AllanHainey 08:26, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
See List of scandals with "-gate" suffix.-gadfium 20:05, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
No idea. Do you read the Herald Sun? (Victorian newspaper). On just about every single page, at least one article will have a headline with a pun. It's horrible. I guess it's true that it keeps you interested in a way, since I read it at work during breaks, and often tell my co-workers about the horrible puns as well as the usual dumb stories. Arilakon 10:56, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

It is my belief that puns are used to attract your attention. Annoying in the media? Yes. Functional? Yes. Otherwise we would not be discussing this. True? MRLee216.239.160.71 17:29, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

belguim a part of france[edit]

is belguim a part of france.

No, see Belgium. Although French is one of Belgium's official languages. Dismas|(talk) 00:39, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Yes. It was once... Trekphiler 18:49, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

religious works influcenced by secular works[edit]

has there ever been a religious work that has been influenced by a secular work.

Well, yes. But you must have something specific in mind? What do you mean by "a religious work" and "a secular work"? The differences are not always so clear. (Is Leonard Bernstein's Mass a religious work? Are "folk masses" celebrated in the Catholic Church religious works? Both are clearly influenced by secular music.) We can probably help more if you specify what you're looking for. - Nunh-huh 04:05, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Any one of thousands of hymns that use popular tunes for the music? (Including the currently seasonally-appropriate "What Child is This" which uses the tune from Greensleeves.) As Nuhn-huh mentions, you need to narrow this question down. Crypticfirefly 06:06, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Queen of England[edit]

I am trying to find out why the Queen of England has two birthdays? I thought it was due to the weather? many thanks===

Well, first off, there is no Queen of England<g>. The person you're thinking of is Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Her actual birthday 21 April probably can be accepted without further explanation. The monarch's actual birthday and the "official" birthday - the day it is celebrated - were identical until King Edward VII, born 9 November, decided that he'd like to celebrate in the summer instead. The "official" birthday is simply a matter of scheduling and can change from year to year. When Elizabeth II first came to the throne, her "official" birthday was the second Thursday of June. After seven years of this, it was switched to Saturday as a matter of convenience. It's now the 1st Saturday of June. It's in the summer at least partially to encourage tourism. She also has other birthdays in other realms... Canada is 18 May, Western Australia 28 September, the rest of Australia 8 June, New Zealand the first Monday in June. (Some of these may have changed, and she probably has other "birthdays" elsewhere.) The "second" birthday is just a designated national holiday. - Nunh-huh 03:58, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
In Canada it's the Monday preceding the 25 May and it's called Victoria Day except in Quebec where it's called fête des patriotes (Commemoration of the Lower Canada Rebellion). From Holidays in Canada. Also see Queen's Birthday. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 05:57, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

many thanks for your help....


I have noticed on the bottom of a cd drive there are a number of markings. One is the CE standard marking, another is the CSA Standard mark. There is a third, which I have seen on a number of devices. It looks like a backward R joined to a U or L. I could not find what it is. Any ideas? Oliverdl 05:01, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Check here Underwriters Laboratories Inc. Marks (3/4 way down) and the home page is UL. It's the mark they use in Canada and the US. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 05:50, 7 December 2005 (UTC) fixed link — flamingspinach | (talk) 06:52, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Weight Loss[edit]

I have lost 100 Pounds in 4 months (on purpose). Is that normal?

I'm not a doctor, and the Wikipedia doesn't give medical advice. If you are concerned about your health and your weight loss program, consult your doctor.
That said, your weight loss sounds *very* fast, to be honest, though it obviously depends on how overweight you were in the first place (if you've lost 100 pounds, you must have had quite a lot to lose). See dieting for some of the issues relating to weight loss, specifically yo-yo dieting and the risks of very low calorie diets and fasting). Also, have you determined what your ideal weight is? Being too underweight can be as bad for your health as being overweight. --Robert Merkel 07:25, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Of course it's not normal. Whether it is good for you or bad for you depends on a lot more info than you provide, as I am sure you realize. Am I being too suspicious in thinking this the come-on line for either trolling or spamming? alteripse 10:33, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]



Hartstein Upper Silesia[edit]

David, a Wikipedia reader, has sent the following question to the Wikipedia help desk.

"Hi, I am inquiring about a place called Hartstein in Upper Silesia. can you point me in the right direction?"

The only thing I could come up with was this page see [11] Any assistance you could give would be gratefully appreciated.

Capitalistroadster 10:01, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

From here, Silesia is a little south of east, so yes I can point in the right direction! (Sorry, couldn't resist). -- Arwel (talk) 18:14, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

what is the meaning of "quality of mercy is not strained"? 13:11, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[edit]

Try The Merchant of Venice and CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 13:41, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

I remember getting a detention in school (very many years ago), where I was given that very phrase - 'What is the meaning of "quality of mercy is not strained"?' as an essay title.
I remember the story of a parched traveller arriving in the Australian outback town of Mercy, who goes to the bar and orders a drink. He's offered a nice cup of tea, which he accepts. When he starts drinking it he spits out a lot of fur which was in the tea. On complaining, the barman tells him "I'm sorry mate, the koala tea of Mercy is not strained!". -- Arwel (talk) 18:23, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I think you are look for a job. They are available here. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 18:35, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]


Why did people stop wearing hats? I spotted a book ther other day that suggests it's got something to do with JFK. Or was it something to do with people growing their hair longer? Jooler 14:06, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

I seriously doubt its got anything to do with JFK - what reason did the book give?
If you look in old photos of the 30's or even 40's in the UK almost everyone (men at least) wore a hat. In the 50's I think it was a lot less prevalent & since then or the 60's less & less people have worn hats. Nowadays it seems most men don't (or at least don't all wear a hat as a matter of course everytime they go out). I would assume it was just changing tastes & fashions though I can't say for sure. AllanHainey 15:52, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I seem to recall something similar in one of the Imponderables books but I thought it was talking about one of the Kings of the UK. In other words fashion. People copy their "betters". CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 16:26, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Well, the JFK story is discussed over at snopes: --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 17:37, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
    • Ooh. Searching for an answer to this question led me to Hatless Jack: The President, the Fedora, and the History of American Style (ISBN 0452285232) -- sounds like fun, I bet it has some good answers, or at least speculation. --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 17:41, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Yep that's the book I saw. I had only read the blurb on the back. After looking on Amazon just now, it turns out that the author acknowledges that the JFK story is a myth, but he uses the allusion to the story i nthe books title and cover to sell a book about what would otherwise seem like a very dull subject (well to most people anyway). Apparently there had been a steady decline in the wearing of hats from about the 1890s. But what I want to know is, why is it that at the beginning of the 60s most men (and often ladies) AFAIK wore hats as a matter of course, but by the end of the decade men didn't. Was it the preponderance of long hair? Was it better tonsorial hygeine? Or was it just a cultural shift towards more casual dressing? (A parallel withj the decline of the three-piece suit) Will formal hats (not the dreaded baseball cap) ever make a comeback on occasions other than weddings and Royal Ascot? Jooler 19:06, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • a genetically chrome-domed everyday hat wearer, I can offer some speculation. Hats are a pain in the ass these days. Where do you put them when you dine, for example? Other than at fine restaurants, you're expected to hang your jacket (should you have one) on the back of your chair, and do exactly what with your hat? Under the table? On another chair (and hope someone doesn't squish it?) And that's simple. How about on airplanes? Let's see, should I put my fine perfectly blocked fedora in the overhead bin? Yeah, sure (scrunch). Et cetera. Also, hats with any sort of brim are a nuisance when driving (the rear brim often has an unpleasant interaction with the head rests). But I do suspect that the main reason is simply shifts in style. Baseball-style caps have their place, of course. But I prefer a panama or a fedora -- in part because they're not quite in style! --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 19:23, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Here's JFK wearing a hat Snope. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk)

Can't read, I posted the wrong bit. This is what I ment to post. UK Hat museum maybe someone could vist and report back?

Just speculation, but it seems possible part of the effect is due to selective memory. Did people really wear hats all the time, or was it just part of formal dress, which in the past would have been more likely to have been cought on camera. Camera's and film were likely more expensive then and reserved for special occasions to a greater degree than today. Add that to simply changing fashions and you might have your answer. - Taxman Talk 23:29, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Er.. haven't you ever seen old films and photos of streetscenes from the 1930s etc. Usually nearly everyone has a hat on! We're not just talking about putting a hat on to pose for a photo. Jooler 23:52, 7 December 2005 (UTC) - e.g. Jooler 23:54, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Might there not be several, converging reasons? My beliefs, NOT my knowns, are that before the industrial revolution, hats were important for protection against the weather. The world was agriculturally based. Then as industry sprung up, hats became less important for protection, but people still did as their daddy did, and as was socially/fashionably accepable, continued to wear hats, though smaller in brim size. Along comes WWII. Fashion goes military. Smaller hats. After the war we are now industrialized. formal hatwear for men is Fedora (my personal favorite). But now tract housing, suburbia, and backyard BBQ's are all the rage. Leisure. No need for formal attire or protection from the sun and rain. Baseball style caps (BBSC) become the default hat of choice in the late 20th century. Why? Convienience, leisure, lack of style, comfort, utility. BBCS's work. Easy, cheap, adjustable, colorful, etc. Has anyone noticed that, no matter the sport, baseball style caps are the norm. I would love a return to formal men's clothing (suits, overcoats, hats, etc.) but our penchant for sun and warmth and Hawaiian print shirts, with T-shirts as stand-by are going to continue the hatless style. I think Darwin was right, evolution. Even with hats.

MRLee216.239.160.71 16:02, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Car Windows[edit]

Why exactly does my cars windows frost up on cold mornings, but not others?

I assume you mean not on your house windows. It's because they are too warm. See Frost and Dew Point. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 16:34, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

By others...I meant other days...not other windows. Some days my Cars windows frost up and some days they don't

When the temperature dew point is above freezing dew will form but below freezing frost will form. At cooler temperatures the amount of water vapour required to saturate the air is less. See Dew point and relative humidity. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 17:15, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
At warmer temperatures the air can hold more water vapour than at cooler ones. So as the temperature drops, (and the air is able to hold less water) it's easier, (for the air) to become saturated (the humidity increases). As the air temperature and the dew point get to within 2°C of each other things like fog and dew will form. If the dew point is below 0°C then you will get frost. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 17:54, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]


What is the root meaning of the name Rainbolt? -- 16:10, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

If it's English-language in origin, then it means lightning bolt. But it's really important to know the language of origin in order to be certain about the meaning of your ancestor's name. Mareino 22:38, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

the name Rainbolt is not English in origin. It is german ! the german name was Reinbold. Reinbold only became french after german ! . you must break it down like this Rein and bold. Rein means pure .

World War 1[edit]

When did World War 1 start?

A little bit after Gavrilo Princip assassinated Crown Prince Ferdinand. Have a look at the World War I article. — JIP | Talk 16:57, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

What are Kilkenny cats?[edit]

Try A word a day, World Wide Words and Nursery Rhymes. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 16:30, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Politics-related questions[edit]

  • I don't understand the differences between a democracy and a republic, other than the latter not being under the reign of a king. Please can someone explain?
  • I have read the article on conservatism, but don't really see where a conservative stands in today's world. For example, could someone tell me in which way the United Kingdom's Conservative Party's policy is conservative?

Thank you,

--anon, 16:49, 7 December 2005 (UTC).

You might be confused by a weird but consistent trope by some on the right (I don't know the origin of it) whose refrain is "America is a republic, not a democracy"; their definition of democracy seems to be one where you can do *anything* provided you get a simple majority of votes. here is an example of such an argument. Nobody else defines democracy in that manner. By most standards the USA is a federal democratic republic.
The way most political scientists use the terms, the words "republic" and "democracy" refer to two totally different areas.
A republic is any country that has a president or like official instead of a monarch. When we say that "India became a republic in 1950," we mean India disassociated itself from the king of the UK and elected a president.
A democracy is harder to define, but basically, a democracy is a country where "the people rule." In most people's definition, this means that people get to choose who runs the state through free and fair elections.
A republic doesn't have to be a democracy, and a democracy doesn't have to be a republic. Canada is generally considered to be a democracy, but it is not a republic. (It is a monarchy under Queen Elizabeth II, just like the UK.) Cuba is a republic, but most people outside of the far left would not consider it to be a democracy. Most people would consider, say, the Czech Republic to be both a republic and a democracy, while Saudi Arabia is neither.
There is a second set of meanings for the pair of words, in which "republic" means government through elected officials and "democracy" means direct democracy through referenda and public meetings. While I have seen these meanings used by a respectable source, the fact remains that most of the time, "democracy" need not mean direct democracy. -- Mwalcoff 01:35, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
As to the British conservatives, their policies in the Thatcher era were conservative in one sense, but radical in another in that they were radically different to the policies that had dominated British politics since the end of World War II. --Robert Merkel 21:34, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Nowadays, the only countries that aren't Democratic Republics are the ones that say they are. --Mareino 22:37, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
The last time I heard the phrase "America is a republic, not a democracy" was on The West Wing. The implication behind the statement was 'in a democracy the people get to make policy; in a republic they get to choose the people who make policy'. The specific context was the (pretend) President deciding on a course of action which he believed was right, but which opinion polls show was unpopular. I don't think his definition of democracy would be a widely held one. DJ Clayworth 00:09, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
With regard to the Conservative Party, its current policies are in a state of flux as it has just changed leaders. The party adopted its name in the 1830s when it was identified with opposition to reform of the electoral system, although it had reversed that policy by the late 1860s. In a sense, therefore, the party doesn't really have to be 'conservative' and the name is just abstract. However, it does seem to fit in that the general situation in western democracies post the Second World War is that ideologies of the centre and centre-left propose more areas in which the public sector should be involved, while ideologies of the centre-right resist them. It is also still the case, in general, that members of the Conservative Party are less likely to support legal changes which are called for on the grounds of British society having changed; this latter aspect is decreasing in significance. David | Talk 17:02, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Database Administrator Controls[edit]

I am looking for help on DBA Controls. How do you watch or control what the DBA is doing?

I suggest you locate documentation on the Operating System where this is important. In some [[OS}}, there is no need for a human to manage or administer Databases because everything done by a human Database Administrator for one OS, such as for Unix for example, is automated by the computer system on othr OS such as IBM's AS/400 OS/400 recently name changed to iSeries i5/OS for example.
I suspect that a DBA is like a System Administrator or Security Officer, where only another such person can see what that person has done, or is doing. Check out system logs. They usually have links to audit trails of significant changes to how the system's rules are setup, such as triggers, and file reorganizations other than at an application level.

AlMac|[[User talk:AlMac|<sup>(talk)</sup>]] 03:33, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Icecream Manufacturers in the Southern US[edit]

Reader George has asked the following question.

"I am looking to install 1000 soft serve machines. I need to research the equipment and ingredient manufacturers. Can you help me find whose who in the business. I am also located in the south of Texas, so a supplier in the south. I am not interested in working with brokers. I am looking for the manufactures to buy from directly."

I have suggested that if he wants a complete list of manufacturers, he might want to go to Google answers. However, I will ask on this board to see if anyone has useful suggestions.

Capitalistroadster 23:58, 7 December 2005 (UTC)[]

You might look for associations of manufacturers and their membership. I suspect the manufacturers of the hardware, and the suppliers of the food inside might be two different sets of companies. AlMac|[[User talk:AlMac|<sup>(talk)</sup>]] 03:35, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

December 8, 2005[edit]

Which Witch is Which?[edit]

User Diane has sent the following question to the Wikimedia help desk.

Do you know anything about the above mentioned game and if it is possible to get this board game. I don’t know who it was made by, but I do know it was made in the 1960’s or early ‘70s. Please let me know if you have any information on this.

Thank you for any assistance you can give her. Capitalistroadster 00:57, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Try [http: // Which Witch Game] CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 01:06, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

This is the [http: // Information] page for the same company. Other than that it seems that you can only find parts for the game rather than the whole game. I assume that she has tried eBay? CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 01:11, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

IATA vs ICAO[edit]

What is the difference ,in terms of competences, between IATA and ICAO ? Brgds / Liem TS ,Indonesia

Well the International Air Transport Association is a trade organization formed by the air carriers and the International Civil Aviation Organization is a United Nations body. The ICAO would have more say than IATA as to rules and regulations while the IATA members can consult and maybe set travel prices. IATA would be more interested in making money for it's members than the ICAO. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 05:32, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

'Tiffany network"[edit]

Why is CBS often called the "Tifany network"? I always been curious.

see here - Nunh-huh 05:55, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Csantaver in old Hungary[edit]

A reader Thomas has sent the following e-mail to the Wikimedia Help Desk:

"I would like trace back my family tree, how would I go about it? If you could let me know, please. I could trace it back to 1832 Csantaver, Old Hungary. I would like to find out what part of the map it is??? I would appreciate some suggestions please as to how to find out more."

I have suggested he look at our Genealogy article and the Hungarian resource linked to in the reference section. If you can help him, it would be greatly appreciated. Capitalistroadster 07:53, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Using the Shtetl Seeker, the most likely candidate seems to be Čantavir or Csantaver (45°55' 19°46'), now in Serbia, 83.5 miles NNW of Beograd. Various maps at MapQuest, Multimap, and Expedia.- Nunh-huh 08:25, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Yes, it's Čantavir in Serbo-Croatian, Csantavér in Hungarian in the North Backa District of Vojvodina. To find out more, you're probably going to need to dig up old church records. For that, you'll probably need to go there, although there may very well be copies at the National Archives in Budapest. [12] -- 23:09, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

grams of protein[edit]

greetings ! :D how many avarage grams of protein does an averege size chiken egg contain ? thank you for your support ... Randy age 9

According to the Egg Nutrition Center, one large egg contains about 6 grams of protein - that's 3.6 grams in the egg white, and 2.7 grams in the egg yolk. (Obviously this is a rough estimate, and a lot depends on the size of the egg!) - Nunh-huh 08:28, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Also, according to an article in a recent issue of Mother Earth News, it would vary as to whether the chicken were raised on a poultry farm that keeps their chickens caged up as opposed to one that lets them roam free like a small backyard flock at someone's home. Dismas|(talk) 11:27, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

indian companies[edit]

please, show me list of prominent india based compnies --

List of Indian companies and Category:Companies of India should give you what you need. Thryduulf 11:34, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]


which is the most prominent engineering college of USA? --

There are many prominent engineering colleges in the United States. The most famous is probably the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), but there are a lot of other very fine schools. --Robert Merkel 13:31, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
True, MIT's good, but let's give big ups to Georgia Tech, Caltech, Carnegie Mellon, Cooper Union, and Cornell. US News publishes rankings, but you have to pay for the full list and explanations. [13]. Mareino 22:44, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Song by Stellastarr....[edit]

Theres a song by a band called Stellastarr..i saw the video on vh1 last week....But i cant recall the name of the song....i've tried to listen to every song on their latest album but i can't find it.... I only remember a bit of the lyrics and they go something like this....

I can't remember your ....(something) Its too bad for that (or something like that i guess) I cant remember your ....(something) Thank God for that..

And then The Chorus comes... (but i can't remember it though)..

The whole thing just keeps repeating... And on the video the band plays behind glass panels...

I know the details are sketchy..but i will really appreciate it if someone could tell me the name of the song...

Jayant,17 years, India.

  • A bit of google searching reveals that the only Stellastarr* track currently on a VH1 playlist is "Sweet Troubled Soul". this post by "Shawn" (apprently a band member?) on their offcial message board gives the lyrics. Although the lyrics are not veyr close to what you posted, they are possible - particularly as the post linked comes with a spoiler warning "For those of you interested in deciphering the words yourselves, or have a clear idea of what you imagine I am saying and wouldn’t want to ever find out". I've never heard of them or their music before reading this post though, so I wouldn't want to comment on how easy they are to understand! Thryduulf 16:09, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

  • Well, the "Sweet Troubled Soul" video is stop-motion animation with dolls. I haven't seen the video for "My Coco", but that's their best song, and virtually every line of the song is designed to sound like another line of the song, so it's hard to understand. For example, "I need some help from a little love / I need some help from a little above / And you were there when I was feeling low / I won’t forget you my Co-coco!" -- Mareino 22:51, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Blue sunglasses..[edit]

Why is it not advisable to wear sunglasses with blue coloured glasses?

Jayant,17 years, India.

Who is advising you not to wear them?

-Well..i went for a trekking expedition last year and they told us to get sunglasses to wear in the snow but not blue coloured glasses....And i also read it some where that it is not advisable to wear blue coloured glasses...

Just a guess but perhaps blue does not cut the glare of the sun off the snow and thus Snow blindness would result. This is not sometthing you want to experience. You might also want to read Rayleigh scattering. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 16:36, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

I remember being told that different coloured ski goggles were better for different conditions; one colour for bright sun, one for falling snow, one for fog. I don't remember which colours or why. DJ Clayworth 00:04, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

hmmm....but i already heard those songs.... anyways thanks a lot for the help.....

A small note: I've been wearing blue-tinted glasses full time for about two and a half years. I've yet to notice any ill effects. (I wear them when it is snowing as well.) Trngl999 05:17, 12 December 2005 (UTC)[]

  • Sunglasses have two jobs: one is to protect your eyes from harmful UV rays, and the other is to help you see well in bright light. Almost all sunglasses sold today will protect your eyes from UV rays. But because "glare" from snow or water contains a lot of blue light, blue sunglasses don't do a very good job of cutting that glare. Blue lenses won't actually damage your eyes, but because they don't work as well, you should avoid wearing them when driving or doing something that requires sharp vision. Orange-tinted lenses (sometimes called "blue-blockers") are very good at absorbing this blue glare. That's why most ski goggles have orange-tinted lenses. TheSPY 17:46, 12 December 2005 (UTC)TheSPY[]

What is the population of ND?[edit]

  • See North Dakota. Shimgray | talk | 17:30, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Or New Delhi. Aren't you glad we didn't just give you a number? -gadfium 21:50, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Or maybe you were enquiring about North Devon? Thryduulf 00:46, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • In other words, please be specific and tell us which country you are referring to when asking a city or country related question. - 08:54, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • And tommorrow it will be different too... ever heard of Birth? It does happen every once in a while you know. -- 21:49, 16 December 2005 (UTC)[]

pakistani company[edit]

which are the prominent pakistan based company? -- Shahinarashid 17:58, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Wikipedia has a list at List of Pakistani companies. -- Rick Block (talk) 19:55, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

i am trying to decide whether to debt finance or equity finance a lease, which one is better?? thanks...[edit]

  • What made you think asking complete strangers about financial advise was a good idea? - 08:57, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Also, please read the instructions at the top of this page. Please make a separate header and question, and tell is what you are trying to finance, what country you live in and what you already tried to answer this question and what your personal idea about it is. The more detailed your question, the higher your chance of a useful answer. - 08:59, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

portfolio optimization[edit]

What is portfolio optimization?

technical & medical colleges of pakistan[edit]

please, show me the list of technical & medical colleges of pakistan ? Shahinarashid 18:56, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Wikipedia has a list at List of universities in Pakistan. -- Rick Block (talk) 19:54, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]


Can you tell RBD that I said "!Hola!"?

No. —Keenan Pepper 05:57, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I told them, but they said "إلى اللقاء" - Taxman Talk 15:40, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

ipod vs. washing machine - it works, but the battery is shot[edit]

I ran my 40 gb 4th generation ipod through the washing machine, it dried out and will work when plugged in to power, but only when plugged in. I think the battery is shot. Can you recomend the best and preferably cheapest way of getting this taken care of? It is still under warranty, but I think that this wouldn't be covered by it. Also, are there longer lasting batteries out there? (Posted by

  • Well, the cheapest way is to go to an IPod store and swear up and down that you never ever got your IPod wet and you have no idea how it broke. That would be horribly dishonest, though. You might think about getting a Creative Labs Zen or some other MP3 player that has a removable battery. --Mareino 22:55, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Nah, ipods really are that much better, and besides, it's better to support the innovator than the follower. :) Anyway it's possible you didn't kill the actual battery, but instead the charging circuitry. In that case it just needs to be serviced. Besides, apple's battery replacement service is $60. - Taxman Talk 15:33, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
    • This method works quite good with rain etc... but if you had it in the washing machine they will clearly see the that the cause is water by locking at the pcb. helohe (talk) 15:35, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

As a point of interest, a Game Boy Advance cartridge of ours was lost for months before we found it in a trouser pocket. That thing probably went though a thousand washes, and the thing worked at still does, perfectly (it's Yoshi's Island by the way). However, I once sat on another cartridge just after swimming in the sea and still wet. It was in a pool of salt water under my bottom. The internal clock broke, although the game was Pokemon Ruby so that may not have been to do with that. Kid Apathy 15:15, 14 December 2005 (UTC)[]


How does the following link work: [14]. I have already gathered a few ideas: it changes the symbols each time so it must make you pick the same one every time. Does anyone know a proper solution???--XenoNeon 20:26, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

  • Most of the numbers and symbols are red herrings. Here's the trick: Pick a two digit number. OK, so, now you have 10X + Y, where X and Y are the first and second digit respectively. Now add the digits (X + Y) and subtract from the original: 10X + Y - (X + Y) = 9X. Ah ha. Now look at those numbers and symbols. Every multiple of 9 has the same symbol. All the rest are noise to confuse you. --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 20:42, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
When you add the digits of a number together, the resulting sum is the same, modulo 9, as the original number. So when you subtract the sum of the two digits from the original number the answer must be 0 modulo 9, which is another way of saying that the answer is always a multiple of 9. Also note that the largest answer you can get, when you start with a two-digit number is 81. Knowing this, it's easy to see how they do it: each time you do it, the same symbol is associated with each multiple of 9 up to 81. These are the only numbers you can get from the subtraction, and it's that symbol which appears. Chuck 20:46, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Ack, too late. You guys beat me to it! :| ☢ Ҡieff 20:50, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Just look at it mathematically. Consider the number 23. It's the same as 2*10 + 3. So any 2 digit number can be written as 10a+b. What it proposes is that you sum both algarisms (a+b) and subtrac this from the original number, what mathematically gives: 10a+b - (a+b) = 10a-a + b-b = 9a. So in 23 case, you'll have 9*2 = 18. In another words, whichever number you pick, from 99 to 00, the proposed calculations will return a multiple of 9. Now look at the table and take a look at all multiples of nine. They're all the same symbol, and they change every time. But notice, too that the highest number you could pick, 99, leads to 81. That's why all 9 multiples over 81 (90 and 99) are different symbols. ☢ Ҡieff 20:48, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Travel by horse in ancient britain[edit]

How long would it take to go from Tintagel to Edinburgh on a horse if you could only take roman roads or oldr roads? 20:34, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

There are some factors to decide on determining length of time of long-distance horse travel. The main one is how many horses are available. The limiting factor is not how fast the horse is, but how long it can go without getting tired and needing to eat. That's why enormous distances could be quickly covered by an organisation that kept horses available at different places, and had the rider switch from one horse to another, or pass whatever they were carrying to a new rider. One rider on a single horse would be much slower. DJ Clayworth 23:59, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Partial answer 4.425 hours. This is based on a horse running at a constant top speed of 40 mph over a straight line distance of about 177 miles. This is a rotten answer as the horse would not be able to keep the speed up for that length of time, nor is the distance a flat straight line. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 00:00, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Note that Microsoft Autoroute 2002 gives an estimated journey time by car of 8 hours 13 minutes over a driving distance of 508.6 miles. gives the quickest journey time by train from Bodmin Parkway (the nearest railhead these days) as 8 hours 52 mintues. Thryduulf 00:35, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

If you're doing this for a story (I'm assuming that's what it is, since you asked about Roman and earlier roads), then try this -

  • First, you need the distance in miles.
  • Figure out what kind of horse they're riding, including age, then figure out the weight the horse is carrying.
  • Find out the horse's normal speed is under the above conditions.
  • Calculate how quickly the horse would get there with the above speed.
  • Add in time for weather problems, carts, and/or children.

You'll need to measure the Roman roads - if your map has no scale, just trace it out onto one that has a scale and add it up. DuctapeDaredevil 03:20, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Not forgetting of course that the Roman road system would stop well short of Edinburgh as you'd leave the Empire when you passed Hadrians Wall. -- Arwel (talk) 03:42, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
There might have been some form of road up to Cramond? There was certainly a smallish military settlement there, though offhand I can't think of anything leading to it. Shimgray | talk | 12:17, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
This map gives a known road through the middle of the Borders, running up past Galashiels, and then suggests it extended to Edinburgh though the specific route isn't known. Shimgray | talk | 12:20, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Then do you know what kind of horse they would have used? 17:31, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Probably a cross between an Arabian and a Welsh Mountain Pony. Google is your friend, in this case. MorganLeFay 02:48, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]


what are the elevations of following cities in greece-mykonos,hydra,napflion, delphi,athens?thank you -- 20:35, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Do you mean at their highest point, lowest point, at their centre or on average? --Canley 06:55, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

company bios[edit]

assuming that it is bad form (or perhaps even discouraged) to place company bios on wikipedia, can someone tell me if there is a wikipedia-like site that does encourage this sort of thing? thank you kindly, ttocsmij-- 20:39, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Articles on major companies are certainly appropriate. You might want to review the page about Notability, although it doesn't really give much direction there. The page on Importance might also be useful. I'm just one Wikipedian, but my opinion would be that any publicly traded company would be notable enough to have an article. Some, but not all non-publicly traded companies would be notable: a large, well-known one is; a very small company may not be.
Also, you probably wouldn't want to just cut and paste a company's own biography from the company's website into an article. First, that would probably be a copyright violation. Second, we strive for a neutral point of view at Wikipedia, and a company's own description of its history is likely to emphasize positive points while minimizing or ignoring any negative issues. Chuck 21:00, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
P.S. However, a link to a company's history on the company's own website would be very appropriate for the "External Links" section of an article on the company. Chuck 21:21, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Check out WP:CORP for guidelines on corporate entities. — Lomn | Talk / RfC 22:23, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Classic toaster guy on the Upper West Side?[edit]

There is this guy who sells classic vintage restored toasters on the Upper West Side. I can't remember the name of him, his store or website! Help!

Upper West Side of what? Dismas|(talk) 22:09, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
New York City. Do you know of another place called the "Upper West Side"? - Nunh-huh 22:27, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Let me get this straight... Everyone, everywhere is supposed to know that A) New York City has an area called the "Upper West Side" and B)this is the only "Upper West Side" on the planet? That's rather geo-centric of them. Dismas|(talk) 23:22, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I said nothing remotely like that. I asked you if you knew of another place, and indicated that the reference was clearly to Manhattan's Upper West Side. - Nunh-huh 01:50, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • The reference may be clear for people who know about it, but which Upper West Side was my first response too. Just like in articles, you can't assume the answerer knows the same you do. The instructions clearly say you need to be specific (especially when asking geographical questions). 09:05, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
So which other Upper West Side did you think it might be? - Nunh-huh 09:31, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Previous to this question being asked I didn't have any knowledge of any "Upper West Side" so I couldn't even try a few google searches or anything to even attempt to help the person out. Unfortunately though, even with the clue from you that they were talking about NYC, I still haven't been able to find anything of any use. I just found a link to Toaster Central which is apparently run by a guy who "During the week he is located near 76th Street and York Avenue on the east side of Manhattan". Not the "Upper West Side" I'm guessing since it says "east side" but they may be able to help out the original poster. User:Dismas|(talk) 13:38, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Just a further note, and that's who wants classic vintage restored toasters anyway? I mean honestly, how do you expect anyone to remember this guy, if you, the person interested can't. Google is your friend, for something like that. I agree with Dismas on the Upper West Side thing. I mean, Chicago has a "South Side" but so does NYC, I'd imagine -- 21:54, 16 December 2005 (UTC)[]
    • Presumably the "toaster guy" is a local "character". No, New York City doesn't have a "South Side", and no one has yet named any "Upper West Side" that isn't in Manhattan. - Nunh-huh 21:58, 16 December 2005 (UTC)[] question[edit]

i have a question about what was the name of the woman who did the original commercial,what is her name,why isn`t she still doing the commercials,what is the name of the current women who is doing the commercials how old is the women who did the original commercials

looks like dido to me - (unsigned comment by someone who disputes the above answer)

Valley Mississippi[edit]

My grandmother's birth certificate states that she was born November 5,1923 in Valley,Mississippi. That said, I have searched the internet and ask m any people but I cannot find Valley,Mississippi. Can anyone help guide me in the right direction? Thanks. Ray Smith

Just a thought but is it possible the birth certificate should read Mississippi Valley and just got written up backwards? It's possible if she was born outside of a community. The other thought is, could the community name have got dropped off? As an example, Bigbee Valley is in Mississippi. If the certificate is the original then a mistake is less likely but if it's a later reproduction an error could have crept in. I would try and find old maps of Mississippi and see if there is anything on them. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 01:17, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Do you know the county of Mississippi she was born in? That might help narrow it down. And it's possible to request another copy of her birth certificate to see if the first was a transcription error. You can print out the order form here and order it; it's possible the long form certificate may be more informative than the short form. - Nunh-huh 02:04, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Slovak Name Origin[edit]

What is the origin of the Slovak surname "Bensko" or "Bencko"? Yeltensic42.618 23:47, 8 December 2005 (UTC)[]

December 9[edit]

Enfield Jungle Carbine Authentication[edit]

Reader Tom has sent the following question to the Wikimedia Help Desk.

"I own an Enfield No 5 Mk. 1 Jungle Carbine. I am looking for a source to authenticate the markings on the rifle. Can you help in this."

Any information you can give hime would be gratefully appreciated.

Capitalistroadster 01:08, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Try [15] and [16]. The second one may be able to help with the markings. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 01:22, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]


Hello. I have a tool that I need help identifying. It look like a long, thin pair of tongs. The whole thing is about 16 inches long. The "tong" part is a metal rod about 3/8 inches in diameter. One end looks like it is meant to grip something round which is about 3/8 - 3/4 of an inch in diameter. On this end, both sides of the "tongs" are the same. On the other end, the sides are different. On one side, the end is round with a nearly elliptical hole about 2.5 inches by 1 inch. The other side does not have a hole. On the other side, the "tong" part stays the same diameter until the end, when it comes to a little knob-like end about 1/4 - 3/8 inches in diameter, the face of which is perpendicular to the plane of the elliptical hole. This end aligns with the middle of the hole on the other side. I have looked on the internet and could not find anything. Any help is appreciated. --Think Fast 01:20, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Do you have a picture that you could put on your user page? CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 01:24, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
No. I really wish I did, but I don't. Sorry. --Think Fast 01:39, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Could you draw a simple diagram in MS paint and upload that? It's hard to visualise from the description. --Bob Mellish 17:08, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Great idea. Here it is. File:Tool Diagram for Wikipedia Reference Desk.gif --Think Fast 23:58, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
The inward facing teeth remind me of a chip extractor, a tool used to remove computer chips from their holders in a controlled manner (that doesn't bend the little pins while doing so). Here's a picture of one. But that's only a few inches long; I can't imagine what kind of chip would need a 16 inch extractor. SO it's probably not for extracting chips, but perhaps for extracting something else. -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 01:05, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
The link appears dead. I get nothing. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 01:27, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
The closest thing i can think of is a pair of fire wood tongs. Try this site for a picture, you'll see what i mean, this tool is slighly different.[17]--Ali K 01:46, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
It reminds me of something used to handle hot coals. The charchoal should rest snuggly in the ring, while the other end can press against it when you close the other side. --HappyCamper 02:50, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I just did a Google image search for tongs, and then looked through hundreds of pictures of tongs (for which the God of Inventors has an inordinate fondness) and found none even remotely like this. Does it show any wear patterns to indicate where it's held? --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 03:08, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I could not see much wear, but it seems highly probable that the tool is held at the end with the circle and the little "knob." The other end looks like it is meant for holding something round. (And thanks for looking through so many pictures.) --Think Fast 15:41, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Yeah, I've used this tool several times. It is used to expand the leather of tight fitting shoes in specific spots. You place the 'nippled' end inside of your shoe/boot that is hurting your foot and the outer ring is outside and opposite. You press the inner part of the shoe outwards to releive the leather. I do not know the proper name of the tool, but we at work called it the boot stretcher. MRLee216.239.160.71 16:10, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Is that what it really is?! If so, I think this question was asked a while ago, and it should be somewhere in the reference desk archives! --HappyCamper 17:26, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

I can not say for sure, but that is what it looks like to me. Pert near identical. I did not ever figure out the function of the handle crimping/grooved function. MRLee216.239.160.71 18:10, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

I have been watching this topic with interest. I posted an answer to a similar question on 29 May 2005 (#132 What is it?) here. In that case, the tool in question was a "bunion stretcher" or "spot stretcher" for shoes (see a picture here). However, I do not believe that this is the same kind of tool. For one thing, every bunion stretcher I've seen has a round hole about 1" in diameter (not an elliptical hole 2.5" by 1") and a "knob" that's almost as big as the hole (not much smaller as described here). Also, I have never seen a bunion stretcher with the other end being anything other than just regular handles (not tongs, crimpers, grippers, extractors, or anything of that sort). Nor have I ever seen a bunion stretcher with "straight" rods for the arms. I am certainly no tool expert; I'm just saying that if this mystery tool is a bunion stretcher, then it's much different than any one I've ever seen. I do wonder though, if the ball and ring end might be used in a similar way. --DannyZ 20:38, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Houses in Louisiana[edit]

Someone I work with mentioned that people in Louisiana used to be taxed on how much road frontage their house had. The wider the house, the more the tax. Therefore people built houses that were extremely long where all the rooms were basically in a row along one long hallway. Has anyone ever heard of this? Is there any truth to this? User:Dismas|(talk) 01:37, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Such a tax was considered by the Cabildo in 1794, but wasn't passed at that time because it was judged to be regressive. I don't know if such a tax has been instituted since (though I can't find it in any obvious Internet place), but "shotgun houses" exist in many places without such taxes. - Nunh-huh 01:55, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Thanks for the info! User:Dismas|(talk) 15:38, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Commercial areas where there is a premium for having a frontage on a street and land behind is comparatively cheap encourages this type of development. Having long narrow buildings maximises space available for the cost and allows more people a frontage on the street. It is very common in the UK from at least the medieval period, and it is still a common factor in the design of modern shopping malls, etc. Thryduulf 16:42, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

What is acute care[edit]

A google search yields these. Definitions are directly from the listed sources.

  • Treatment for a short-term or episodic illness or health problem.
  • Medically necessary skilled care provided by medical and nursing personnel in order to restore a person to good health.
  • Medical care administered, frequently in a hospital or by nursing professionals, for the treatment of a serious injury or illness or during recovery from surgery. Medical conditions requiring acute care are typically periodic or temporary in nature, rather than chronic. top
  • care received in an inpatient hospital setting.
  • Care that is generally provided for a short period of time to treat a certain illness or condition. It can include short-term hospital stays, doctor's visits, surgery, and X-rays.

Tv Language[edit]

When did the word Bitc* become acceptable on regular Broadcast TV?

Which country's regular broadcast TV are you interested in? Thryduulf 09:46, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Usually when someone fails to mention a country, it's best to assume Merka. — JIP | Talk 09:55, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I've never heard Bitc* on TV. Perhaps you meant bitch? --Nelson Ricardo 12:00, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

I meant U.S. and the word is bitch (please excuse my language)

I realy dont care if they say that words on tv and here in switzerland they do and nothing gets censored. helohe (talk) 15:27, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Good question. The It Hits the Fan episode of South Park is generally credited as the watershed event for the S-word, which was allowed only sparingly before then. The V-chip law technically means that networks can get away with ANYthing short of X-rated shows, so long as they file the proper warnings. No network does that, though, because of the public relations fallout. Mareino 16:47, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
    • Broadcast television is still subject to "indecency" laws. The seven dirty words, which do not include bitch, are still illegal before 10 p.m. But you're still unlikely to hear them late at night due to the probable negative reaction of advertisers and the potential that Congress would enact more-stringent legislation. -- Mwalcoff 17:28, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • This brings to mind an episode of The Simpsons, where Bart told Marge that Santa's Little Helper was seeing a bitch. Marge told Bart to stop cursing, but Bart said "But Mom, that's what she is!" and showed her the dictionary entry. — JIP | Talk 22:39, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Bart: So, any idea where this bastard lives?
Homer: Bart!
Bart: His parents aren't married are they?
It's the correct word, isn't it?
Homer: I guess he's got us there.
Marge: Mmm...
Bart: [singing]
Bastard, bastard, bastard, bastard, bastard, bastard, bastard bastard!
    • The Fox Network censor asked the producers to "remove seven bastards," according to the DVD.

Mwalcoff 17:28, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

      • Wouldn't that mean sacking most of the board of the Fox Network?

Type of flower.[edit]

Can anyone identify any of the flowers in this photo?

The one at the front looks like a Tiger Lilly. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 05:24, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

The white ones look like roses and the rest look like unopened tiger lillies. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 05:31, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

The lilies are specifically "Stargazer lilies" (and they have a wonderful fragrance that is very strong! - and their pollen has a tendency to stain things). The unopened ones are stargazer lilies waiting to happen. I think "tiger lilies" is usually used for orange colored lilies; I'm not sure how they are botanically related, but I think tiger lilies are a wild type species, while stargazers are hybrids. - Nunh-huh 05:38, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Male/female dogs[edit]

I have a 5 yr old male dog, and I'm about to buy a new puppy. Should I get a male or a female? If both are desexed, they won't attempt t mate, will they? Are two male dogs more aggressive than one?

My neutered dog will still occaisionally get "excited" around a female, but he's never tried to mate. I've never heard of two males being particularly aggressive together, especially neutered ones. In fact, male dogs are much more cuddly with humans than females in my experience having had both. — Laura Scudder 05:54, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • It has a lot to do with when your 5-year-old was neutered. Generally, if he was neutered after puberty, he'll try. Talk to your veterinarian, though, since she can give you more detailed advice on what sort of puppy would get along with your 5-year-old dog's personality. Mareino 16:51, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

"Associated Foreign Press"[edit]

Is there, or was there ever, a news agency called Associated Foreign Press? If so, who are they? If not, where did the name come from? I have seen it cited as a news source several times on the web, and had previously assumed that it was what AFP stood for, but now find out that it isn't.

A Google search shows 496 hits - seemingly too few for a real agency, but too many to be a mistake. If the Associated Foreign Press Home Page is in there, it's nowhere near the top. Surely zdnet, NASA and 'Liberia's Most Trusted News Source' aren't all citing a ficticious agency, but a real agency that doesn't have a web site or a Wikipedia article is quite an enigma. I'm mystified. Does anyone have any ideas? Thanks.

My first theory was that "Associated Foreign Press" would be one of the not-really-an-agency things you get these days; a small organisation putting out paid-for news stories and so on. However, looking at the links, it seems to be people doing exactly what you did - assuming AFP stands for Associated Foreign Press not Agence France-Presse, and expanding the name wrongly.
For example, this quotes Associated Foreign Press. However, this has the same story credited to AFP. Shimgray | talk | 12:12, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Why would any organization self-identify as "Foreign"? I would guess that "Associated Foreign Press" is just a mistaken expansion of 'AFP' by someone who has never heard of Agence France-Presse.--Pharos 12:13, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Thanks guys, it would seem misidentification of AFP is the most likely, but I'm still curious to know how the same wrong name could have been used by so many people - AFP could stand for anything, after all. Did some notable source spread the error? If it spontaneously arrose all over the world, it's quite a strange phenomenon. --Linton 10:10, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

The Golden Globe Awards are run by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Could that be what you're thinking of? User:Zoe|(talk) 05:26, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Kannada text problem[edit]

Why is Mozilla Firefox not printing Kannada text properly. Its prints square box is showing the text properly. How can I solve this problem?
Thanks in advance,

(Mgm|(talk) formatted the above question) - Mgm|(talk) 14:02, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

(In the original version of this post (before formatting), the poster told Firefox shows them correctly. –Mysid 15:53, 9 December 2005 (UTC))[]
  • It probably means that the typeface used for the font is only a screen font and not a printer font. How to fix this depends 1. on the type of computer you are using and 2. the type of printer you are using. One approach is to try and change the font assigned to it to something which is known to be a Postscript font, which generally work on all printers, and away from something which is just a TrueType font, which I have found to be difficult in situations like this. It may also involve installing language-specific printer drivers; one think you might try is downloading Adobe Postscript drivers in the language you need and trying to use those. --Fastfission 17:14, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

thnaks for replay. the firefox browser showing kannada font currectly and i can read it but the problem is printing it prints squre boxs and i checked adobe Postscript drivers for kannada but i did't find and one more thing the konqueror browser prints correctly and shows correctly but i need to print from mozilla firefox browser

thanks daya

country info website[edit]

I am very much eager to know about China , India & Pakistan .Can anyone refer such a websites for each above mentioned countries where i can find every thing about that country i.e its government,culture, cities maps,economy, education status,millatry power, cities info etc. I want sepapate website for each above mentioned countries .Please may anyone help me in search of it. Shahinarashid 12:45, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

See our sites for China, India, and Pakistan. --Think Fast 12:58, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
There's also the CIA World Factbook. Just pull down the menu and choose the country for which you'd like some information. And best of all, the info is in the public domain since it's a work of the U.S. government. User:Dismas|(talk) 13:46, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Via search engines you can locate the official web sites for each nation which include whatever info their gov wants people to know. C-Span (sorry I not remember precise url link) has connections to US Gov branches ... web sites of Administration, Legislative, Judicial branches ... but also links to similar in other nations, such as THEIR legislature web sites. There you can find what's doing that those nations consider important.
Several newspapers, such as The Washington Post in USA, and The Economist in UK, have directories of info that compete with the CIA Fact Book, such as links to the English language newspapers of those nations.
Via search engines you can also locate directories of newspapers and other publications websites organized by nation ... so for example, you can find news coverage from Iran in English, and see what they are saying about isues that are currently important to them.

User:AlMac|(talk) 17:56, 16 December 2005 (UTC)[]

shannon capacity limit[edit]

kindly looking for your great help.

what are the possibility of transmitting information when the signal is lower then noise?

Shannon capacity redirects to Shannon–Hartley theorem, so you probably want to read that article. Signal-to-noise ratio might also be of help. Thryduulf 16:35, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]


What Type of thing do witches do? This is for a report at school.

Have you already tried the Wikipedia article on witchcraft? –Mysid 15:38, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Are you referring to real witches who if memory serves me correct believe in Wicca and/or Paganism or are you referring ot witches in fiction? - Mgm|(talk) 12:56, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Unfortunately, what 'things witches do' cannot really be defined in a short space. :) If you find someone who says 'witches do <insert random nonsense here>', more than likely the next 99 people you meet will disagree. As for them being folk who "believe in Wicca and/or Paganism"... that is not necessarily true. It is more common for witches in the present time to not be pagans, wiccans, or anything else of that sort. Witchcraft can be said to be a generic term for a set of talents and skills, usually incorporating herbalism, ritual magic, and other trades- but it is not a religious preference (again, only speaking for the present).
P.MacUidhir (t) (c) 01:59, 14 December 2005 (UTC)[]

This topic is one where your answers may need to be Politically Correct, with respect to the belief system or ignorance of school administrators for you to get a passing grade. User:AlMac|(talk) 21:36, 15 December 2005 (UTC)[]

steve martin irish[edit]

is steve martin irish.

According to Steve Martin, his family "was of English, Irish, Scottish and Welsh descent". He himself, however, appears to have been born in Texas. Shimgray | talk | 16:01, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]


what is the climate like in belize year round please

See Geography of Belize#Climate. Thryduulf 16:30, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Atlantic records[edit]

I'd like to know the names of officers and key management at Atlantic Records...can you please help me find this out? (email removed as per policy, see top of page)

Atlantic Records is a part of Warner Music Group, having been bought by Warner Bros.-Seven Arts in 1967. According to Warner's website, the chairman and CEO of Atlantic is Craig Kallman, and Atlantic's president is Julie Greenwald.[18] -- AJR | Talk 00:54, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

frog?[edit] what kind?Maoririder 17:16, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Where was this picture taken? There are a lot of species of frogs in the world. Slicing 16:26, 12 December 2005 (UTC)[]

does anyone know??

wheres the rest of oliver cromwell[edit]

i just finished reading sommething called a loop on who2 according to it his body was exhumed hung and beheaded what happened to the rest of him.

From "The Trial of Charles I" by J.G. Muddiman (Hodge, 1928):
"At the suggestion of Colonel Titus, the House of Commons ordered the bodies of these four (John Bradshaw, Oliver Cromwell, Henry Ireton and Thomas Pride) to be exhumed and hung on the gallows at Tyburn upon 30th January, 1661. The body of Pride was presumably not in a fit condition to be removed, for those of the first three only were exhibited on the gallows on that day. At sunset the heads of the three were struck off and afterwards displayed on poles on the top of Westminster Hall, their bodies being cast into a deep hole under the gallows."
He adds a footnote:
"Periodically, a dried-up head, asserted to be embalmed and to be that of Cromwell, is described in the newspapers. It has no claim to be genuine, for the remains of Cromwell's head were thrown down from Westminster Hall when the pinnacle to which it was fixed was rebuilt in 1681. See "Heraclitus Ridens" for 12th July, 1681. After twenty years' exposure to the weather and the onslaughts of kites and crows, little would have been left of the head by 1681. The process of embalming, in any case, would have been no protection against these onslaughts. Moreover, the whole claviculum of the dried-up head has been sawn asunder in the roughtest possible manner, and this certainly would not have been done had it been embalmed."
Hope this helps. David | Talk 22:06, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
If you njoyed this, you might find posthumous execution amusing. - Nunh-huh 05:41, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

the White Stripes and hieroglyphic writing.[edit]

On after the apple, rock imagery, caesar and stuff, then the top loads links to photos/bandinfo/etc..., Do we know what the symbols/hiero's stand for? If anything? Thanks. --Jake

They're Alchemical symbols, not hieroglyphs. --BluePlatypus 19:53, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • I haven't read them saying this in interviews, but they probably got the idea from Zoso. Mareino 02:51, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Forms of contemporty cooperation[edit]

What are the contemporary forms of business cooperation?

DYOH - please Do Your Own Homework (see top of this page). — QuantumEleven | (talk) 22:22, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Origin of two phrases[edit]

Where are these phrases from?

  • "Reaching out into other worlds" (this one always show up as a sound taken from the original source. It appears on the "American Money" song from Cowboy Bebop — the opening theme from the reward show thingy)
  • "Oh, the humanity!" (often quoted by several movies, it's been hard to track it down)

Ҡieff 22:58, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

I think "Oh the humanity" uttered by an on-the-spot radio newscaster distraught at the burning of the dirigible Hindenburg in NJ in the late 1930s. It has been turned into a joke in recent years by being applied to trivia, but few people even know where the phrase came from. alteripse 23:03, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Absolutely. It was Herb Morrison who was the radio reporter (he was covering the arrival of the Hindenburg). It was recorded as-it-happened (the explosion can be heard on the recording), but wasn't broadcast until the next day. - Nunh-huh 23:09, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I've heard the recording but didn't realize that it was the original usage of the phrase. Interesting! — flamingspinach | (talk) 06:16, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
This site has a streaming video of the crash with the reporting by Herb Morrison. - Akamad 23:14, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Excellent! Thanks for the answer! Now for the other one... ☢ Ҡieff 14:28, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Back in the day someone asked a similar question (see Wikipedia:Reference desk archive/September 2004 I#What this dude says?). I gave a link that suggested one of the other phrases in "American Money" ("Deep Thrust Telescopic Probe") came from Lost in Space [19], it's possible that all the snippets came from that source. - Lee (talk) 14:44, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Did you notice that this "someone" was in fact Kieff, who asked this question as well? :) — flamingspinach | (talk) 19:38, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Heh. No, no I didn't. Makes you wonder who should have been paying more attention. ;) - Lee (talk) 19:46, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

"Flying Saucer" / "Disco Volador" cooking utensil[edit]

I'm looking for a cooking utensil that was popular in Miami during the 1950s and 1960s called the "disco volador" or "flying saucer". It consisted of two slightly concave disks, attached to each other at the edges by a hinge, and having two handles projecting from the opposite edges. Bread would be placed in the concave dishes, and then covered with various fillings. Then, the handles would be brought together, clamping the dishes together, and the whole thing would be heated over a stove until cooked (various items sticking out would be trimmed off). When the handles were opened, a completely enclosed delicious grilled sandwich would be inside. They do not seem to be available anywhere that I can find locally, nor can I find information about them (they are not panino). Please tell me if there is anywhere I can buy this cooking ware. Many thanks. — flamingspinach | (talk) 23:20, 9 December 2005 (UTC)[]

December 10[edit]


In what year did the Philadelphia Eagles cap have the E A G L E S logo with a yellow eagle bird over the letter A?

The cap is green - the letters are outlined - the cap visor is black.

According to The Helmet Project, the Eagles have had the same basic helmet design since the 50s. It's doubtful they had any helmet design before that. Are you sure you're not looking at the helmet of one of the many college or high school teams that uses the Eagles nickname? -- 15:23, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
The question is concerning the caps that are worn on the sidelines, not the helmets. Unfortunately, I can't answer the question. User:Zoe|(talk) 19:21, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • If it's an unauthorized cap, it could literally be any year. If it is authorized, though, then someone at the Eagles front office (the phone number is on their website) will be able to tell you. Usually those people are nice, b/c they make their money by being nice to fans. --Mareino 02:46, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

X-mas gift dilemma[edit]

What should I get my Uncle? The only thing I know about him is that he likes history and trains. MorganLeFay 02:43, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

My Dad, who is into trains, has large collections of Great Railway Journeys, Swiss Railway Journeys, etc., all on videotape. Lots of trains chugging around scenic places, with endless descriptions of switching yards, locomotives, stations, and jockular tales of railway antics. Normal people would rather die than watch a whole episode, but it's meat and drink to railroad nuts. In addition to online vendors, they're often sold in shops that also sell model railway stuff. -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 02:52, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

If he has a computer then I would suggest [Microsoft Train Simulator. I have a copy and can recommend it. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 03:12, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

There are also some other computer games for Railroad enthusiasts, such as Microprose Railroad Tycoon. User:AlMac|(talk) 21:39, 15 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Many thanks and a happy Chrismahaunakwanzakastice to the both of you! MorganLeFay 04:09, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

How about a calendar with pictures of old trains? Gift certificate to a local hobby store? MRLee216.239.160.71 17:20, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

There are various history magazines ... you can sample them at the magazine section of many major book stores ... you can arrange a GIFT subscription ... at the start of the subscription, they send out a greeting card identifying you as having made the gift, then with every issue, your uncle remembers that you got this great gift. User:AlMac|(talk) 21:41, 15 December 2005 (UTC)[]

how to convert .propj files to .ppj files?[edit]

I'm using Adobe Premier Pro,btw. 03:56, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Places to visit in Russia[edit]

Reader Harrish wrote to the Wikipedia Help mail list asking for good places to visit in Russia on his trip there. I suggested Moscow and Leningrad as well as seeing his travel agent and reading a guidebook. I also referred him to the Russia portal. Does anyone have any suggestions of places to visit while in Russia? Thanks for any help you can give. Capitalistroadster 04:29, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

  • Leningrad has been called St. Petersberg since the end of the Cold War. But yes, Petersberg and Moscow are usually the two major places listed for visiting, and both have immense cultural resources as their pages explain. These two cities, along with Kiev (now in Ukraine), were the three major cities for most of Russia's history. --Fastfission 05:00, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Surely WikiTravel's guide to Russia can help Harrish out here? - Mgm|(talk) 13:00, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • What to see very much depends on your comfort levels in speaking and understanding Russian. Generally, any country that was not colonized or administered by the British has the highest concentration of English-speakers in its largest cities, and small towns that are not known for their tourist attractions may have few or even none. Mareino 02:44, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]


Why does Washington D.C use NW as in front of the zip code? --Member 04:45, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

It doesn't. DC Zip Codes are 20001 through 20599 (although all numbers have not yet been assigned). These Zip codes are numerical without any alpha prefix. --hydnjo talk 04:59, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Well, an NW is always after the adress (oops!). --Member 05:15, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

The "NW" is part of the address. Washington, D.C. is laid out as a series of avenues crossed by numbered and lettered streets. The U.S. Capitol is the center of the city, which is divided into northwest, northeast, southeast, and southwest quadrants. Some addresses appear in all four quadrants! Therefore it is essential to include NE, NW, SE, or SW in the address. - Nunh-huh 05:23, 10 December 2005 (UTC) - We've hidden this information at Geography of Washington, D.C..[]

Also, it should be noted that the NW is part of the street, not the ZIP code. So an address might look like
John Bayes
101 Wisconsin Av, NW
Washington, DC 20008
QuantumEleven | (talk) 22:27, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
  • Nunh-huh is right. Also, the Capitol is not in the geographic center of DC, so each quadrant is a different size. NW is the largest and SW is very, very small. Also, the east side of DC has very few government buildings (mainly b/c the mall is on the west side) and very few affluent neighborhoods (just random historical growth patterns), so you are much more likely to see a NW address than an address from another quadrant. Writing the "NW" on your letters is still important, though, because some addresses (say, 300 D St) really do occur four times, differentiated only by quadrant and zip code. Mareino 02:40, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Men vs Women[edit]

Does someone know the ratio of male wikipedians to female wikipedians? Any help would be appreciated!--Ali K 07:36, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

I have investigated it and it is probably something like 30:1. Every 1 in 30 user pages I randomly picked initially stated they were women on their user page.--XenoNeon 12:21, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

We do need more female contributors!!! User:Zoe|(talk) 19:24, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Out of curiosity, how many fail to reveal gender? alteripse 14:20, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
So anyone not revealing their gender is automatically male? — JIP | Talk 14:35, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Wow, you really do your homework! Thank you so much! I guess us women are a bit out numbered. Did you happen to know what the most common age for Wikipedians is?--Ali K 13:43, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Its averaged at about 18. Most people on Wikipedia are students. The youngest Wikipedian is JordanHatch at around 11 and the oldest is a retired computer programmer that is 54 but I don't know his name. And, in response to the thing about not revealing genders, very many Wikipedia users have put something like 'This space has been left blank intentionally'. Most people who Have user pages tell you their genders. I only came across two people who didn't reveal their gender--XenoNeon 15:00, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

From the help desk archives (here)...
From here (a self-included list) the oldest would be CoppBob, born in 1921 and the youngest would be Isabel Santiago, born in 1998.
--Commander Keane 17:28, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

It's possible though that some users are misrepresenting their sex. User:Kate of Kate's Tool is in fact a male. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 17:34, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

So basically, there's no way to know, even approximately. —Keenan Pepper 18:05, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Having met Kate at a London wikimeet a few months ago I can verify that he is definitely male, but I don't think he's 'misrepresenting his sex' so much as using a name which most people associate with the female. But there are others who are deliberately vague. The only way to know for sure would be a random survey - perhaps this would be an interesting project. I find the median age is probably mid to late 20s. David | Talk 18:53, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

I was going of what I knew. I was somewhat inaccurate as someone else told me those facts.--XenoNeon 18:14, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

  • According to the New York Times article this past week, lots of the low-profile people on Wiki are librarians. Since (in the USA at least) that profession is maybe 80% women, I think that the numbers may be more balanced than the user pages would indicate. --Mareino 02:34, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I can verify that, at least in a small way- five of my colleagues (that I know of, anyway) edit at Wikipedia and Wikisource. All five have user accounts, but none of them have anything on their account userpages. Three of the five are females, all in their 30s.
P.MacUidhir (t) (c) 02:52, 14 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Ancient huge oak tree in DAX, France[edit]

I am looking for information, document, picture, photo etc... about an ancient huge oak tree, known as the "chêne de QUILLACQ", supposedely one of the oldest on earth, located around or in the city of DAX, France. This tree was cut down sometuime last century. Yhanks for your help.

From what I can gather, it was a tree planted by the Moors more than 2000 years ago and mysteriously cut down in the 1920s:
"The Oak of Quillacq was one of the woodland specimens most remarkable of our area. Located in a wood on right bank of Adour, one allotted, with this monument nature, two millenia. With breast height, his circumference was 9 meters and the pad of its roots extended on a perimeter of 25 Mr. Objet of worship and of piety, one had baptized it "Tree of the Fairies". A source to which one allotted to cure the evils of the eyes ran in its fork. Its disappearance goes back to 1920. A pilgrimage took place in the night from the 23 to June 24, celebrates of Jean-baptiste Saint." (translated version of the tourisme landes site).
La France pittoresque also had an article in their 4th quarter 2004 issue, and I found a pic of an etching of the tree about halfway down this page. Hope this helps - you've piqued my interest now! Natgoo 12:01, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
The Moors could not have planted it 2000 years ago. They came to France briefly many centuries later. alteripse 14:18, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Hey, you're right. It must have had significance to the Moors for some reason. Natgoo 14:35, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]


The Wrestling performed on WWE is fake. But what is fake and what isn't? Is the drama fake, the injuries, etc.It doesn't say in the WWE article.--XenoNeon 08:52, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

It's fake in the sense that it is scripted, the bouts are choreographed, the outcomes are pre-determined and some of the hits are fake. The injuries, however, are generally real. A surprisingly good book on the topic is Mick Foley's autobiography Have A Nice Day, and the doco Beyond the Mat is also quite good. Natgoo 12:43, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Why do tickets to wrestling matches cost hundreds of dollar per piece and are hugely popular if the outcomes are pre-determined? Does the audience treat it like theatre instead of sport? — JIP | Talk 14:35, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Well, yes. It's known as Sports entertainment, and has been described as the equivalent of soap operas for men, providing the same sort of plots, allegiances and drama for a predominantly male audience. I've just found the Professional wrestling article, which has lots more info. Natgoo 14:41, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Thank you very much; do you not think that we should have a world wrestling organization that conducts proper wrestling and not just demonstrate it in the Olympics and other major spotring events???

what exactly do you mean with that? i assume there are real wrestling organisations in america. and i don't think that the wwe and such are suddenly gonna reform into that kind of wrestling, it's just not interesting enough to watch. Boneyard 14:17, 12 December 2005 (UTC)[]

European military bases in the US?[edit]

The US have many military bases in Europe (how many, by the way, and how many secret ones might there be?) and I assume this is a part of NATO agreements. But I've never heard of European military bases in the US (or Canada). Do any exist? DirkvdM 10:39, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

CFB Goose Bay probably the closest thing. The US bases in Europe are generally a legacy of the Second World War, and then later Europe's position on the front line of the Cold War, so I wuoldn't expect it to work the other way around. Morwen - Talk 14:50, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

The Royal Navy had naval units based in Canada & Newfoundland for some time post-war, which may count. There's also the British Army Training Unit Suffield in Alberta, on CFB Suffield; it's nominally a locally-controlled base, as with most US airbases in the UK, but it's a permanent garrison. There's also odds and ends of NATO training detatchments around in the US, but not operating whole bases. Shimgray | talk | 16:58, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Hmm, for a presence today a legacy of WWII is a bit lame and I don't see how Europe was more on the frontline of the cold war than the US. Ideologically it was even less at 'war' than the US and that might actually be the reason for the discrepancy. Imagine a European country or the EU putting up a military basis in Florida to guard against the 'threat' of Cuba :) . And anyway, the one in the Ukraine (which is what made me wonder) is more recent.
When I said 'Canada' I didn't think of the UK. There's a still warm historical connection between those two countries, which would explain Suffield. And training detachments going abroad is normal routine I believe and not quite the same as a permanent basis.
When I Google 'europe "military base" usa' all I get is about US military bases outside the US (and one built by Columbus in Tahiti :) ). Doesn't Europe have any military bases outside Europe? If so, why do the US have so many? DirkvdM 20:41, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
(not an expert on this, but I'll give it a shot anyway) As Morwen pointed out the reason for US bases in Europe is historical - a relic of the Cold War. Operating a military base (especially ouside your country) is expensive, so you don't build unless you need it, and there is nothing that a European military base in the US could accomplish which one at 'home' couldn't, so none were built. As for why the US has so many overseas bases, that's partly due to US foreign policy, which often calls for military intervention (or at least 'presence') in many different parts of the world. Many of these date back to the Cold War, at which point the US armed strength was vastly greater than that of any European power, so they were building most of the bases. European foreign policy since WW2 has relied much less on military intervention (and/or they never had a standing army comparable with the US), so there was no real need for overseas bases. — QuantumEleven | (talk) 22:36, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Going from memory, the United Kingdom has military bases in Cyprus, a semi-permanent base in Brunei and sovereignty over the base at Diego Garcia, as well as a garrison on the Falkland Islands. France has a major base in Djibouti and a smaller one at N'Djamena in Chad (and a large force in the Cote d'Ivoire, even when that country is not in a state of near civil war). In other words, nothing like the outreach of the United States, but not zero. Physchim62 (talk) 17:49, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]
In regards to the UK, you're looking at East of Suez as the critical political concept. Also note the semi-permanent Army base in Belize. Besides what you've already mentioned, the RAF has small detatchments based at Ascension Island (to support the Falklands), and there's a few other deployments of varying levels of permanence - in the Gulf, for example, since 1990 - plus RN "fixed patrols" which may or may not be based out of somewhere besides the UK, I don't know. And, of course, there was Hong Kong until recently.
But think of it this way: the biggest military powers, by expenditure at least, are the US, the UK, France, China, Japan, Russia and Germany (in no particular order); of those, Japan and Germany have no overseas deployments for historic reasons, and Russia and China have not actively tried to get overseas basing rights. So that only leaves three, and the US has had a much more forward deployment than the others... Shimgray | talk | 19:26, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]
European Countries may not have bases in the United States, but they have stationed troops in the United States for various reasons. I know that Holloman Air Force Base in Almagordo, New Mexico, usually has a number of German fighter pilots present, mostly to train with U.S. Forces. I would imagine that there are other bases in the U.S. where this sort of thing is common. TomStar81 03:12, 13 December 2005 (UTC)[]
As Europe gets built up, they are losing wide open spaces that air force pilots can train over, but the USA still has a goodly bit of under developed land, such as the national parks, deserts, etc. So long as foreign military may use US bases for such training, they have no need for their own base on US soil. User:AlMac|(talk) 21:46, 15 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Air bases in Wales[edit]

Coincidentally, I need to ask whether there are any American air bases in Wales. --Shantavira 11:58, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

In preparation for your imminent question on Scotland, I'll put a link to RAF Machrihanish here... (To defend the off-topicity, it does show that some US bases have "RAF" in their name). There are also some US locations at ECHELON that might be relevant (depending on how you define air base) Category:United States Air Force bases doesn't help much yet. Ojw 12:36, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
There are no USAF bases in Wales at present. The USAF used to operate out of RAF Sealand in the 1950s but has long since given it up. The main US air bases in Britain need long runways for logistic transport or long-range bombers, which few of the Welsh airfields have. David | Talk 13:36, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

As I suspected. Many thanks. --Shantavira 13:58, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]


I understand that you can buy fake gerberas, for use as decoration. I live in Perth, Western Australia and i was wondering where i could buy them. If you're from Perth, please help! Any suggestions are welcome.--Ali K 13:41, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

I'm sorry: I don't live in Perth, I live in a town in Lancashire, UK but I should think you can buy fake gerberas in florist; a rather big one or a home interior decorator shop. I cannot give you a more specific answer, i'm afraid.--XenoNeon 15:14, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Thanks for your help, but i was really after a specific store or chain of stores, hence asking for help by fellow West Australians.--Ali K 12:25, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

working capital[edit]

what is working capital? what are its determinants?

  • Start at our article Working capital. Then follow the links off that for more information. Hope this helps. ➨ REDVERS 15:26, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

countries that have never had a female leader[edit]

besides the united states can you name for me three countries that have never had a female leader.

Why three countries? Is this your homework? Well, East Timor comes to mind. — JIP | Talk 16:37, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
You need to define what you mean by leader. As an example Australia's head of state is Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom who is female. But the head of government is the Prime Minister and they have never had a female prime minister. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 17:03, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Australia has had a few female Premier's though --Ali K 04:59, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Any three Arab countries. -- Mwalcoff 17:15, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Any three North American countries, except Canada for about six months. --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 21:55, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Well, Canada's governor general and official head of state are both women. Both Panama and Nicaragua (if we consider those countries to be in North America) have had female presidents. -- Mwalcoff 02:13, 12 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Obviously, a much shorter list would be countries that have had a female leader. JackofOz 22:15, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]
But unless you define "female leader" that list would be just as hard to come up with. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 02:20, 12 December 2005 (UTC)[]

chart number ones for the usa from 1950 to present day[edit]

Ive typed in various different ways to try and find this myself but i cant seem to find what im looking for can you help me please.

As the subject heading says im trying to find all the number ones for the USA from 1950 to present day..list form would be good :)

I look forward to seeing if anyone can help me .

Thanks very much :)

(p.s. ive never used this site before )

Assuming you're talking about music singles, please see List of number-one hits (United States). -- Rick Block (talk) 18:13, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
And also welcome to Wikipedia! - Akamad 22:20, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

latin name for marijuana[edit]

Cannabis. —Keenan Pepper 18:01, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
There are between one and three species - Cannabis sativa and possibly Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis - Guettarda 19:46, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Ruderalis is not quite potent enough to classify as marijuana. Although some might actually prefer that. Many have started to hate the potency of nederwiet (hey, no article on that? well, Dutch sinsemilla then), saying it's no fun anymore. DirkvdM 20:46, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]

martin sheen in gods and generals[edit]

i saw a martin sheen in the major motion picture gettysburg and i was surprised to find out that he wasn`t in the sequel why wasn`t he.

Because Gods and Generals doesn't appear to be a sequel to Gettysburg. They both have the same subject matter and the same director (and, according to IMDb, the same release year) but that's as far as it goes. There are also many reasons why an actor doesn't appear in a sequel - contractual; other commitments; a personal dislike of some aspect of the previous production; money. You might have better luck by trying a Martin Sheen fan site like this one. ➨ REDVERS 19:22, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
Both movies were made from books written by Jeff Shaara as well as having same subject matter and the same director. They did not come out in the same year. Gettysburg 1993, Gods and Generals 2003 Rmhermen 20:22, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

Looking for other Wiccans in Michigan[edit]

I was wondering if there were any Wiccans in the area i just moved to. Ludington michigan. has a page of links for Wiccans in Michigan generally. I'd advise following those links (or nearby links) and seeing if you can find organisations near to Ludington. The page is here. Hope this helps. ➨ REDVERS 19:42, 10 December 2005 (UTC)[]
It's probably worth pointing out that the "Wiki" in Wikipedia comes from the Hawaiian word for "quick", and has no connection with "Wicca"! -- Arwel (talk) 23:22, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]
There happens to be a Wiccapedia, though it seems to be an almost totally useless web portal. [20] Is Wikipedia trademarked? ᓛᖁ♀ 01:16, 12 December 2005 (UTC)[]
I believe so, by the Foundation. Shimgray | talk | 11:23, 12 December 2005 (UTC)[]
It should also be noted that Wikipedia is not a meetup site, and this is not a precedent-making posting for others who want to meet people of similar persuasions, religions, interests, etc., anywhere else. User:Zoe|(talk) 00:12, 12 December 2005 (UTC)[]

A "New Deal Coalition" was dominant from around 1932-1968. Is a coherent new Republican coalition, consisting of what in Kansas are called "Mods" and "Cons," emerging?[edit]

Please DYOH - Do Your Own Homework. — QuantumEleven | (talk) 09:25, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

December 11[edit]


I wondered why some feeds, when aggregated to Bloglines, are horribly outdated (for instance, the latest item for "MediaWiki Project News" RSS feed in, in Bloglines, is "MediaWiki 1.4beta1 released", released August 2005)? Thanks. 00:58, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[]

coin collecting[edit]

what is the meaning of spcimen set?

If you look here it will tell you what a specimen is and here is an example of a set. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 05:19, 11 December 2005 (UTC)[