- Hi, is there anyone in this group that could give me information on ...the form St. Georges Hospital in Hornchurch. My twin sister and I (known as the Polley twins) were put into care around 1948/50 as babies. I understand it was changed into some sort of kindergarten. Are there any authority records I could search online? Any information would be much appreciated.
UPMINSTER TITHE BARN
LAST OPENING DAY OF THE YEAR
10am to 4...
Lots of interesting displays, knowledgeable volunteers, come and have a nose
The Upminster Tithe Barn will be open on Saturday 21st August 2021, 10.30am to 4pm
It's been about 18 months since the last open day, and the volunteers have been working hard for months to get organised....
There are new displays, and things have been moved about for you to see them better, so it's well worth going for a look round.
It's free entry, but there is a donation box which helps with expenses, if you can spare a coin or two
Thanks for reading
"The Angel of Auschwitz"
At age 16, Gisella Perl had graduated first in her secondary-school class, the only woman and the only Jew. She asked her father to sen...d her to medical school, but he refused at first, fearing that she might forget her faith. But Perl was determined, assuring her father she would remain observant. Her father relented, and Perl went on to gain her degree in medicine and establish a practice in Berlin.
When the nazi party rose to power in 1933, Jewish doctors were stripped of their positions and purged from universities and government. Perl and her husband, Ephraim Krauss, and their two children returned to their native Hungary, where she became a beloved doctor. Life was peaceful, for a while. Perl remembered evenings listening to her son play violin, in their home near the Carpathian Mountains. That halcyon time ended when Germany invaded in March, 1944.
Dr. Perl and most of her family were rounded up and sent to the Sighet Ghetto. A few months later they, along with 400,000 Hungarian Jews, were deported to Auschwitz. This deportation was described by Elie Wiesel in Night: “And then, one day all the foreign Jews were expelled from Sighet...Crammed into cattle cars by the Hungarian Police, they cried silently. Standing on the station platform, we too were crying. The train disappeared over the horizon; all that was left was thick, dirty smoke…”
Dr. Perl vividly recalled her first sight of the sprawling death camp: billowing black clouds of smoke from the crematorium, tinged crimson by “sharp red tongues of flame (that) licked the sky”. As they embraced for the last time, she and her husband made a promise to each other: “We will meet someday in Jerusalem.” Dr. Perl never saw her husband again.
Dr. Perl was one of five doctors assigned to set up a camp hospital. Informed that she would be the camp gynaecologist, Perl nevertheless had her medical bag and all of her instruments taken away by another German doctor, who informed her that she would not be needing them. She reported directly to the head doctor, joseph mengele, (יִמַּח שְׁמוֹ) who forced her to assist him with his "research". The next several months would be a time of unspeakable horror for Perl and the women prisoners whom she had to treat.
Dr. Perl went to extraordinary lengths to protect and heal her fellow prisoners. Aware that anyone found to have a contagious disease would be killed, Perl submitted vials of her own blood when prisoners were ordered to provide samples. She treated severe wounds with paper bandages, and did the best she could to conceal pregnancies. Pregnant women would be executed or worse, experimented upon. Survivors of the camp praised her for her help. She became known as "The Angel of Auschwitz". Having no medical tools to work with, she treated patients with her voice, "...telling them beautiful stories, telling them that one day we would have birthdays again, that one day we would sing again.”
Dr. Perl was able to save countless lives, but not those of her husband and son. Upon learning of their fate, she fell into despair, at one point attempting suicide. Instead, she came to the U.S. to tell of the horrors she had seen. It was then that she accepted a lunch invitation from First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, who encouraged her to “Stop torturing yourself; become a doctor again.”
Granted U.S. citizenship, Dr. Perl moved to New York City and began a career working at Mount Sinai hospital, specializing in infertility. She eventually opened her own practice, delivering over 3,000 babies. Dr. Perl wrote a book about her experience, titled I Was a Doctor in Auschwitz. Dr. Gisella Perl passed away on December 16, 1988, at the age of 81.
Update to this story: Many have asked about the fate of her daughter. Unbeknownst to Dr. Perl, her daughter was taken in by a non-Jewish family and survived the war. Dr. Perl did not learn of this until many years later, while on a lecture tour. She and her daughter were reunited in 1978.
#neverforget #lchaim #wwii #Holocaust #holocaustmemorial
On 20 June 1939, the Finke family was notified that their oldest son, Heinz Wolfgang Finke, was to be included on a list of children to be sent on a Kindertrans...port, leaving Germany towards England. Within one week, 15-year-old Heinz packed all his belongings into two suitcases.
Once a month, he would receive a letter from his parents through the Red Cross until the middle of 1942, when his grandmother wrote to say that his parents and brother had “left”.
He never heard from his family again.
Learn more about the Finke family, and their fate during the Holocaust, on our online exhibition "Bearing Witness - Stories Behind the Artifacts in the Yad Vashem Museum Collection" https://bit.ly/2YgunWW
Heinz Wolfgang Finke is pictured below with one of the suitcases he packed his life into, in June of 1939.
There is a lot of work going on at the barn, tidying and sorting, and the volunteers are discussing if they can open this year.
Keep a watch on the barn website, and hopefully I'll get a post up on here with information
I don't know if some of you may be interested in a new group, RAINHAM (Essex) Local History Group. There were some really interesting stories on the Rainham page and I thought it may be a good idea to start a proper history group in Rainham with a view to having meetings eventually.
If you live in Rainham ( only covers this area) you might be interested in joining
Alec William Campbell - the last ANZAC.
Alexander William Campbell (26 February 1899 – 16 May 2002) was the final surviving Australian participant of the Gallip...oli campaign during WW1. He was born in Launceston, Tasmania.
Not having his father's permission, he lied about his age, claiming to be two years older to enlist in the army without parental consent. One of his cousins had died already at Gallipoli, and the idea of Alec's deployment terrified his parents.
He joined the 15th Battalion of the Australian Imperial Force in July 1915. Not even being old enough to shave, he gained the nickname 'The Kid' during his training in Hobart.
His unit embarked from Melbourne aboard HMAT Kyarra on the 21st of August 1915, and he landed at Anzac Cove in early November 1915. He assisted in carrying ammunition, stores and water to the trenches. He received a minor wound in the fighting at Gallipoli.
When evacuated with the rest of the Australian forces in 1916, he became ill with a fever, and was subsequently invalided home and was formally discharged on the 22nd of August 1916 - a Gallipoli veteran at only 17.
He only fought in the war for two months, and he later explained, "I joined for adventure. There was not a great feeling of defending the Empire. I lived through it, somehow. I enjoyed some of it. I am not a philosopher. Gallipoli was Gallipoli.”
It was confirmed that Alec was not simply the last Australian but most likely the last man standing from any country that had fought at Gallipoli. As the sole survivor of an estimated one million soldiers who participated in the campaign on all sides, he had become a ‘man in a million’.
Upon his return from Gallipoli, he worked in a large number of roles, was twice married, and had nine children.
Alec Campbell died of pneumonia on the 16th of May 2002. A State Funeral was held in his honour, at which the then Governor-General described Alec’s passing as “an occasion for Australians to pause and reflect on the passing of the generation that gave us our identity and character as a nation.”
New Zealand’s last ANZAC - Alfred Douglas Dibley, died in 1997, aged 101. Private Dibley returned from the war and became a farmer, married, and had 11 children.
Lest We Forget.
Information came from Wikipedia.
On a Day Like Today ~ April 21, 1926. HRH Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary of York, currently known as HM Queen Elizabeth II, was born
Princess Elizabeth was ...born in London as the first child and daughter of HRH Prince Albert, The Duke of York, later HM King George VI and his wife HRH Elizabeth, The Duchess of York, later HM Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Consort & HM Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother. She was delivered by Caesarean section at her maternal grandfather's London house: 17 Bruton Street, Mayfair during the reign of her paternal grandfather HM King George V.
Interestingly enough, as she was never expected to accede to the British Throne her birth brought no fanfare, no official Buckingham Palace announcement (no easel) and only had a slight mention in the newspapers. She was, and still is, called "Lilibet" by her close family which is what she called herself as a child apparently unable to fully pronounce Elizabeth. She was baptized by the Archbishop of York in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace in May 1926. She was named Elizabeth after her mother; Alexandra after her paternal great grandmother; and Mary after her paternal grandmother.
It is said that she was cherished by her grandfather George V, whom she called "Grandpa England", and during his serious illness in 1929 her regular visits were credited in the popular press and by later biographers with raising his spirits and aiding his recovery. Is has also been reported that in 1935 HM King George V said "I pray to God my eldest son will never marry and have children, and that nothing will come between Bertie and Lilibet and the throne."
The young Princess was educated at home under the supervision of her mother and her governess, Marion Crawford. She also received private tutelage in constitutional history from Henry Marten, Vice-Provost of Eton College. Marion Crawford's book, entitled The Little Princesses, describe the young Princess as loving horses, dogs and orderliness and having an attitude of responsibility. Winston Churchill described Elizabeth when she was two as "a character. She has an air of authority and reflectiveness astonishing in an infant." Her cousin Margaret Rhodes described her as "a jolly little girl, but fundamentally sensible and well-behaved".
Upon the death of her grandfather in 1936 her uncle succeeded to the throne as HM King Edward VIII and she became second in line to the throne, after her father. Later that year Edward VIII abdicated and her father acceded to the throne as HM King George VI thus the young Princess Elizabeth became heir presumptive.
She married HRH Sir Philip Mountbatten, previously known as HRH Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, in November 1947. Her new husband was granted the Title of Duke of Edinburgh upon the marriage thus she became known as HRH Princess Elizabeth, The Duchess of Edinburgh. The marriage produced 4 children, HRH Charles, The Prince of Wales, HRH Anne, The Princess Royal, HRH Prince Andrew, The Duke of York and HRH Prince Edward, The Earl of Wessex. Sadly, HM widowed in April 2021 after 73 years of marriage.
Upon the death of her father in February 1952 she acceded to the British Throne as HM Queen Elizabeth II and was crowned at Westminster Abbey in June 1953. She has reigned as a constitutional monarch through major political changes, such as devolution in the United Kingdom, Canadian patriation, and the decolonization of Africa. Between 1956 and 1992, the number of her realms varied as territories gained independence, and as realms, including South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon (renamed Sri Lanka), became republics. Her many historic visits and meetings include a state visit to the Republic of Ireland and visits to or from five popes.
HM Queen Elizabeth II became the first British monarch to reach a Sapphire Jubilee. She is the longest-lived and longest-reigning British monarch. She is the longest-serving female head of state in world history, and the world's oldest living monarch, longest-reigning current monarch, and oldest and longest-serving current head of state.
HAPPY BIRTHDAY YOUR MAJESTY!
Long Live The Queen!
Shared from History & Lives of the British Royals
Not my words, but the words of a British soldier from Ulster in regard to HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
The litany of abuse and inhumanity I have seen a...imed at a man who devoted his life to public service of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth has irked me beyond belief.
He's a racist, you say? At 18-months old, as a young Greek baby of Danish parentage, he was removed from his home and as a refugee was taken to Paris where he was brought up by two alcoholic parents. His mother was sectioned when he was five years old, whilst his father left him to pursue his own love life.
As a young boy he was sent to Germany, then England and finally Scotland for his education, where he was taught by the Jewish refugee, Kurt Hahn. This inspired the young Philip to join the Royal Navy in order to fight Nazism; something his three elder siblings had embraced - all of them married officers of the Third Reich.
A misogynist? In 1952 he renounced all of his own Royal titles and patronage in order to be subservient to the one true love of his life; a woman whom he would be with for 74 years. A man with more royal blood than the woman he married, who chose to give up his name for hers and follow two steps behind her for the remainder of his years. A chap who raised his children whilst his wife worked at at time when that was deemed emasculating.
No compassion? His Uncle, Lord Louis Mountbatten - the fellow who raised him during his teenage years and mentored him beyond, indeed the only 'father figure' he knew - was murdered by the IRA in the Republic of Ireland in 1979. In 2012, he stood and watched as his wife shook hands with the man who masterminded his beloved Uncle's murder - and did so in order to ensure a more peaceful life for the souls of the children of Northern Ireland that they did not suffer the childhood he endured.
He was the patron of 800+ charities, founded the Duke of Edinburgh awards that over 3 million British children have benefited from, and was an architect of the World Wildlife Fund for nature. Abrasive and 'of his time' maybe but by God he was a brilliant, clever, witty man who left an indelible mark on all those he met. He attended over 22,000 public engagements in his working life, all to ensure the embetterment of others.
Requiesce in peace Philip Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg; you truly are one of the finest foreign, refugee imports the country has had the pleasure to home, and one of its greatest Britons though not a drop of her blood ran through your veins.
You leave a wealthy legacy of humanitarinism that those who choose to mock could never equal.
It is with deep sorrow that Her Majesty The Queen has announced the death of her beloved husband, His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
His R...oyal Highness passed away peacefully this morning at Windsor Castle.
The Royal Family join with people around the world in mourning his loss.
Further announcements will be made in due course. Visit www.royal.uk to read the announcement in full.
Simone Segouin, mostly known by her codename, Nicole Minet, was only 18-years-old when the Germans invaded. Her first act of rebellion was to steal... a bicycle from a German military administration, and to slice the tires of all of the other bikes and motorcycles so they couldn't pursue her. She found a pocket of the Resistance and joined the fight, using the stolen bike to deliver messages between Resistance groups.
She was an extremely fast learner and quickly became an expert at tactics and explosives. She led teams of Resistance fighters to capture German troops, set traps, and sabotage German equipment. As the war dragged on, her deeds escalated to derailing German trains, blocking roads, blowing up bridges and helping to create a German-free path to help the Allied forces retake France from the inside. She was never caught.
Segouin was present at the liberation of Chartres on August 23, 1944, and then the liberation of Paris two days later. She was promoted to lieutenant and awarded several medals, including the Croix de Guerre. After the war, she studied medicine and became a pediatric nurse. She is still going strong, and this October (2021) she will turn 96.
Happy International Women's Day!