FAMILIA #URDANETA Y SUS PARIENTES #GENEALOGIA #GENEALOGY: mayo 2019

jueves, 30 de mayo de 2019

Alfonso XI the Just, King of Castile ★ |•••► #España #Genealogia #Genealogy ♛

Alfonso XI the Just, King of Castile and León is your 16th great grandfather.
You → Carlos Juan Felipe Antonio Vicente De La Cruz Urdaneta Alamo 
   →  Enrique Jorge Urdaneta Lecuna
your father →  Elena Cecilia Lecuna Escobar
his mother →  María Elena de la Concepción Escobar Llamosas
her mother → Cecilia Cayetana de la Merced Llamosas Vaamonde de Escobar
her mother →  Cipriano Fernando de Las Llamosas y García
her father → José Lorenzo de las Llamozas Silva
his father →  Joseph Julián Llamozas Ranero
his father →  Manuel Llamosas y Requecens
his father →  Isabel de Requesens
his mother →  Luis de Requeséns y Zúñiga, Virrey de Holanda
her father →  Juan de Zúñiga Avellaneda y Velasco
his father → Pedro de Zúñiga y Avellaneda, II conde de Miranda del Castañar
his father →  Aldonza Ochoa de Avellaneda, X Señora de Avellaneda
his mother → Constanza Ramirez De Arellano
her mother →  Constanza de Sarmiento Enríquez de Castilla
her mother →  Leonor de Castilla
her mother → Fadrique Alfonso, I señor de Haro
her father →  Alfonso XI the Just, King of Castile and León
his father
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Alfonso XI the Just, King of Castile and León is your 14th great uncle's second great grandfather.
You→ Carlos Juan Felipe Antonio Vicente De La Cruz Urdaneta Alamo→   Enrique Jorge Urdaneta Lecuna
your father →  Carlos Urdaneta Carrillo
his father →  Enrique Urdaneta Maya, Dr.
his father → Josefa Alcira Maya de la Torre y Rodríguez
his mother →  Vicenta Rodríguez Uzcátegui
her mother →  María Celsa Uzcátegui Rincón
her mother → Sancho Antonio de Uzcátegui Briceño
her father →  Jacobo de Uzcátegui Bohorques
his father →  Luisa Jimeno de Bohorques Dávila
his mother → Juan Jimeno de Bohórques y Velasco
her father →  Luisa Velásquez de Velasco y Monsalve
his mother → Juan Velásquez de Velasco y Montalvo, Gobernador de La Grita
her father →  Ortún Velázquez de Velasco
his father →  María Enríquez de Acuña
his mother → Inés Enríquez y Quiñones
her mother →  Fadrique Enríquez de Mendoza, 2º Almirante Mayor de Castilla, Conde de Melgar y Rueda
her father → Reina de Aragon Juana Enríquez, Reina consorte de Navarra y Aragón
his daughter →  Juan II el Grande, rey de Aragón
her husband → Fernando I el Justo, rey de Aragón
his father →  John I of Castile
his father →  Enrique II él de las Mercedes, rey de Castilla
his father → Alfonso XI the Just, King of Castile and León
his father
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Alfonso XI de Castilla 
 Algeciras 1325 1319
Alfonso XI de Castilla
Rey de Castilla[a]​
Alfonso XI en una miniatura medieval de las Crónicas de Jean Froissart (c. 1410.)
Información personal
Reinado 7 de septiembre de 1312-26 de marzo de 1350
Coronación 1331
Nacimiento 13 de agosto de 1311
Salamanca, Corona de Castilla
Fallecimiento 26 de marzo de 1350 (38 años)
Gibraltar, Sultanato Benimerín
Entierro Real Colegiata de San Hipólito
Predecesor Fernando IV
Sucesor Pedro I
Familia
Casa real Casa de Borgoña
Padre Fernando IV de Castilla
Madre Constanza de Portugal
Consorte Constanza Manuel
María de Portugal
Regente
Pedro de Castilla y Juan de Castilla (1313-1319)
María de Molina (1319-1325)
Felipe de Castilla (1321-1325)
Descendencia véase Descendencia
Firma

Escudo de Alfonso XI de Castilla

Alfonso XI de Castilla, llamado «el Justiciero» (Salamanca, 13 de agosto de 1311 - Gibraltar, 26 de marzo de 1350), fue rey de Castilla,[a]​ bisnieto de Alfonso X «el Sabio».

Muerto su padre, Fernando IV, en 1312, se desarrollaron multitud de disputas entre varios aspirantes a ostentar la regencia, resueltas en 1313. Los infantes Juan, tío abuelo del rey, y Pedro, tío del rey, formaron regencia, y la tutela la asumió su madre Constanza y tras su muerte el 18 de noviembre de 1313, la asumió su abuela María de Molina. En 1319, como consecuencia de una campaña militar contra Granada, mueren los mencionados tutores don Juan y don Pedro, quedando María de Molina como única regente hasta su fallecimiento el 1 de julio de 1321. A partir del fallecimiento de los mencionados tutores en 1319, el infante Felipe —hijo de Sancho IV de Castilla y de María de Molina y hermano por tanto del fallecido infante Pedro— don Juan Manuel —tío segundo del rey por ser nieto de Fernando III— y Juan de Haro «el Tuerto» —hijo del fallecido tutor Juan y tío segundo del rey— dividieron el reino con motivo de sus aspiraciones a la regencia, mientras era saqueado por los moros y nobles levantiscos. Alfonso, una vez declarado mayor de edad en 1325, asumió el trono, consiguiendo durante su reinado el fortalecimiento del poder real, la resolución de los problemas del estrecho de Gibraltar y la conquista de Algeciras.

Biografía
Estatua de Alfonso XI en Algeciras.
Estatua de Alfonso XI en Algeciras.
Hijo de Fernando IV de Castilla y de Constanza de Portugal y nieto de María de Molina, quien ejerció la regencia durante la minoría de edad de Alfonso. Este subió al trono de Castilla y de León cuando tenía un año de edad. La mayoría de edad la alcanzó con 15 años, en 1327.

Nada más asumir el poder regio comenzó un trabajo laborioso en pro del fortalecimiento del poder real dividiendo a sus enemigos. Mostró así, desde la tierna infancia sus magníficas dotes de gobernante, no dudando en ejecutar a posibles opositores (Juan de Haro «el Tuerto» (1326), etc).

Durante su reinado consiguió llevar los límites cristianos hasta el Estrecho de Gibraltar tras la importante victoria en la batalla del Salado contra los Benimerines, en 1340 y la conquista del Reino de Algeciras en 1344. Una vez resuelto dicho conflicto puso todos sus esfuerzos de Reconquista luchando contra el rey moro de Granada.

En 1331, Alfonso de la Cerda rindió un homenaje a Alfonso para dejar zanjadas sus pretensiones al trono castellano y leonés. En 1332 supo sofocar, con la ayuda de sus súbditos, la revuelta que contra él hicieron Juan Manuel y Alfonso IV de Portugal. Dichos acontecimientos le hicieron descuidar la Reconquista, perdiendo Gibraltar.

Tanto Alfonso, como Abul-Hasán mandaron un importante contingente naval al estrecho, ya que sabían perfectamente la importancia de dicho punto geográfico en sus pretensiones de conquista. Alfonso obtuvo la ayuda de los aragoneses, y el musulmán, de los genoveses. Tras la derrota de la escuadra castellana, al mando de Alonso Jofre Tenorio en 1340 obtuvieron una serie de victorias: primero en la Batalla del Salado el mismo año. A finales de ese año cercó Alcalá la Real, que consiguió tomar el 15 de agosto de 1341, sin que Yusuf I, ni su visir Ridwan consiguieran aprovisionarla ni romper el cerco. El general de los «defensores de la fe» africanos, Ozmín, intentó llevar a las tropas cristianas a una trampa, pero el maestre de Santiago no cayó en ella y el 15 de agosto de 1341 Alcalá tuvo que rendirse. Días después lo harían Priego, Carcabuey, Rute y la torre Matrera. Los expulsados de Alcalá fueron asentados en Moclín para que mantuviesen su deseo de revancha. Luego vino la batalla del río Palmones y finalmente la toma de Algeciras en 1344 tras un largo sitio.

Al comienzo de la Guerra de los Cien años, Alfonso se alió con Francia y consiguió firmar una tregua con los musulmanes de Granada. Una vez terminada dicha tregua, puso sitio a Gibraltar.

Se le apodó el Justiciero por la energía que tuvo que ejercer para mantener controlada a la nobleza ya desde que se hizo cargo del poder, no importándole en muchos casos para conseguir ese sometimiento recurrir al ajusticiamiento de los nobles o incluso a los asesinatos y emboscadas, como ocurrió con don Juan de Haro el Tuerto, en la ciudad de Toro.

También se sabe que entre sus aficiones se encontraba la caza, teniendo como lugar habitual para ir de caza el pueblo de Valporquero en León, junto a sus cuevas. Durante su reinado se escribió el llamado Libro de la Montería de Alfonso XI, pues su autoría es debatida.

A Alfonso XI se le atribuye una cantiga de amor dirigida a Leonor de Guzmán.

Alfonso XI y sus nobles. Libro de la Coronación de los Reyes de Castilla.
Alfonso XI y sus nobles. Libro de la Coronación de los Reyes de Castilla.
Muerte y sepultura
Falleció en el sitio de Gibraltar víctima de la peste negra, en la noche de 25 al 26 de marzo, jueves y viernes de la Semana Santa de 1350,[1]​ siendo el único rey de la Europa de aquel entonces en morir así. Su cuerpo fue posteriormente llevado a Sevilla y en 1371 trasladado a la Capilla Real de la Catedral de Córdoba, donde permaneció durante más de trescientos años, en compañía de su padre Fernando IV, también sepultado allí.

En 1736 fueron trasladados los restos de Fernando IV y Alfonso XI a la Real Colegiata de San Hipólito de dicha ciudad, fundada por Alfonso XI en 1343 en conmemoración de la Batalla del Salado. Los restos mortales de ambos monarcas reposan en sarcófagos de mármol rojo, construidos en 1846.

Descendencia
Tras un primer matrimonio no consumado, y posteriormente anulado, con Constanza Manuel, hija de Don Juan Manuel, contrajo matrimonio el 24 de junio de 1328 en Alfaiates (Portugal) con su prima hermana María de Portugal, hija de Alfonso IV de Portugal, de la que tuvo dos hijos:

Genealogías de los reyes de Castilla, Pedro I el Cruel y Enrique II de Trastámara
Genealogías de los reyes de Castilla, Pedro I el Cruel y Enrique II de Trastámara
Fernando (1332-1332/1333), muerto antes de cumplir un año de edad.
Pedro I de Castilla (1334–1369), apodado el Cruel, muerto por su hermanastro Enrique II, conde de Trastámara.
A partir del año 1331/1332 tuvo diez hijos con Leonor de Guzmán:

Pedro de Aguilar (1331/1332–1338), I señor de Aguilar de Campoo, Liébana y La Pernía y de las villas de Orduña, Paredes de Nava, Baena, Luque y Zuheros y canciller mayor de Castilla.
Sancho Alfonso de Castilla (1332/1333–1342), llamado «el Mudo», I señor de Ledesma, Béjar, Granadilla, Montemayor, Galisteo, Salvatierra y otros lugares, durante un corto periodo de tiempo, señor de Cabrera y Ribera, y alférez del rey.
Enrique II de Castilla (1333/1334–1379), gemelo del siguiente, señor del condado de Noreña, conde de Trastámara, señor de Lemos y Sarria, en Galicia, y las villas de Cabrera y Ribera, fundador de la Casa de Trastámara.
Fadrique Alfonso de Castilla (1333/1334–1358), gemelo del anterior, maestre de la Orden de Santiago, señor de Haro, adelantado mayor de la frontera de Andalucía y camarero mayor del rey; de quien descienden los almirantes de Castilla-duques de Medina de Rioseco (Casa de Enríquez), fue el primero de los hermanos que fue asesinado por orden de Pedro;
Fernando Alfonso de Castilla (1334–1350), I señor de Ledesma, Haro, Béjar, Granadilla, Montemayor, Galisteo, Salvatierra y de otros lugares.
Tello de Castilla (1337–1370), I señor de Aguilar de Campoo, Castañeda, Berlanga, Monteagudo y señor consorte de Lara y de Vizcaya, y de quien descienden los marqueses de Aguilar de Campoo;
Juan Alfonso de Castilla (1340–1359), I señor de Jerez de los Caballeros y posteriormente de Ledesma, Salvatierra, Montemayor, Miranda, Galisteo y Granadilla, lo mandó matar su hermano Pedro;
Juana Alfonso de Castilla (1342-después de 1376), I señora de Medina de Rioseco, Tordehumos, Paredes de Nava y otros lugares, casada en primeras nupcias con Fernán Ruiz de Castro y en segundas con Felipe de Castro;
Sancho de Castilla (1342–1374), I conde de Alburquerque y I señor de Ledesma, Haro, Briones, Belorado, Cerezo, Alba de Liste, Medellín, Tiedra y Montalbán. Sucedió a su hermano Tello como alférez mayor del rey Enrique II de Castilla, que era su hermano, en 1371;
Pedro Alfonso de Castilla (1345–1359), lo mandó matar su hermano Pedro.


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Linea Genetica N°1 FAMILIA |•••► ALFONSO
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1.- 1311 ALFONSO XI THE JUST, KING OF CASTILE |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Fernando Iv El Emplazado, Rey De Castilla Y León
MADRE: Constance of Portugal


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2.- 1285 FERNANDO IV EL EMPLAZADO, REY DE CASTILLA Y LEÓN |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Sancho Iv El Bravo, Rey De Castilla Y León
MADRE: María La Grande Alfonsa De Molina, Reina Consorte De Castilla


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3.- 1258 SANCHO IV EL BRAVO, REY DE CASTILLA Y LEÓN |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Alfonso X El Sabio, Rey De Castilla Y León
MADRE: Violante de Aragón, reina consorte de Castilla


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4.- 1221 ALFONSO X EL SABIO, REY DE CASTILLA Y LEÓN |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Ferdinand (The Saint), King Of Castile And León
MADRE: Elizabeth of Swabia


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5.- 1199 FERDINAND (THE SAINT), KING OF CASTILE AND LEÓN |•••► Pais:España
PADRE:  Alfonso IX of Leon
MADRE: Berenguela I La Grande, Reina De Castilla


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6.- 1171  ALFONSO IX OF LEON |•••► Pais:ESPAÑA
PADRE: Fernando Ii, Rey De León
MADRE: Urraca de Portugal, reina consorte de León


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7.- 1137 FERNANDO II, REY DE LEÓN |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Alfonso VII the Emperor, King of Castile and Leon
MADRE: Berenguela De Barcelona, Reina Consorte De León Y Castilla


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8.- 1105 ALFONSO VII THE EMPEROR, KING OF CASTILE AND LEON |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Raymond of Burgundy, Count of Galicia
MADRE: Urraca I, reina de Castilla y León


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9.- 1070 RAYMOND OF BURGUNDY, COUNT OF GALICIA |•••► Pais:
PADRE: William the Great, Count of Burgundy
MADRE: Stephanie de Borgoña Ivrea


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10.- 1020 WILLIAM THE GREAT, COUNT OF BURGUNDY |•••► Pais:France
PADRE: Reginald I Comte De Bourgogne Ivrea, Count Palatine Of Burgundy
MADRE: Adeliza (Alice) of Normandy, Countess Of Burgundy


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11.- 0986 REGINALD I COMTE DE BOURGOGNE IVREA, COUNT PALATINE OF BURGUNDY |•••► Pais:France
PADRE: Otto Guillaume I, comte de Bourgogne et de Mâcon
MADRE: Ermentrude de Roucy


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12.- 0960 OTTO GUILLAUME I, COMTE DE BOURGOGNE ET DE MÂCON |•••► Pais:Italia
PADRE: Adalbert II, king of Italy
MADRE: Gerberga, Countess of Macon


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13.- 0932 ADALBERT II, KING OF ITALY |•••► Pais:Italia
PADRE: Berengar II of Ivrea, king of Italy
MADRE: Willa


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14.- 0900 BERENGAR II OF IVREA, KING OF ITALY |•••► Pais:italia
PADRE: Adelbert I, Margrave of Ivrea
MADRE: Gisla del Friuli


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15.- 0880 ADELBERT I, MARGRAVE OF IVREA |•••► Pais:Italy
PADRE: Anscar I, count of Oscheret in Burgundy, 1st marquis of Ivrea
MADRE:


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16.- 0850 ANSCAR I, COUNT OF OSCHERET IN BURGUNDY, 1ST MARQUIS OF IVREA  |•••► Pais:France
PADRE: Amadeus, count of Oscheret
MADRE:


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17.- 0790 AMADEUS, COUNT OF OSCHERET  |•••► Pais:
PADRE: Unruoch - Hertug Von Friuli
MADRE: Engeltrude - Grevinde Von Paris


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18.- 0760 UNRUOCH - HERTUG VON FRIULI |•••► Pais:
PADRE: Berenger di Fruili, Greve Af Paris
MADRE: Alpais Caroling Princess HR Empire


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19.-  BERENGER DI FRUILI, GREVE AF PARIS |•••► Pais:
PADRE: Gérard I, Greve Af Paris

MADRE: Rotrou Prinsesse Af Austrasie


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20.- 0745 GÉRARD I, GREVE AF PARIS
 |•••► Pais:
PADRE:
MADRE:


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Linea Genetica N°2 FAMILIA |•••► CONSTANCE
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1.- 1290 CONSTANCE OF PORTUGAL |•••► Pais:Portugal
PADRE: Dinis I o Justo, rei de Portugal
MADRE: Saint Elizabeth Of Barcelona, Queen Consort Of Portugal


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2.- 1261 DINIS I O JUSTO, REI DE PORTUGAL |•••► Pais:Portugal
PADRE: Alfonso III of Portugal
MADRE: Beatriz De Castela, Rainha Consorte De Portugal


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Linea Genetica N°3 FAMILIA |•••► MARÍA
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1.- 1264 MARÍA LA GRANDE ALFONSA DE MOLINA, REINA CONSORTE DE CASTILLA  |•••► Pais:Spain
PADRE: Alfonso De León, Señor De Molina Y Mesa
MADRE: Mayor Alfonso De Meneses, Señora De Meneses Y Villanueva


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2.- 1202 ALFONSO DE LEÓN, SEÑOR DE MOLINA Y MESA |•••► Pais:Spain
PADRE: Alfonso IX of Leon
MADRE: Berenguela I La Grande, Reina De Castilla


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3.- 1171  ALFONSO IX OF LEON |•••► Pais:ESPAÑA
PADRE: Fernando Ii, Rey De León
MADRE: Urraca de Portugal, reina consorte de León


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4.- 1137 FERNANDO II, REY DE LEÓN |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Alfonso VII the Emperor, King of Castile and Leon
MADRE: Berenguela De Barcelona, Reina Consorte De León Y Castilla


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5.- 1105 ALFONSO VII THE EMPEROR, KING OF CASTILE AND LEON |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Raymond of Burgundy, Count of Galicia
MADRE: Urraca I, reina de Castilla y León


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6.- 1070 RAYMOND OF BURGUNDY, COUNT OF GALICIA |•••► Pais:
PADRE: William the Great, Count of Burgundy
MADRE: Stephanie de Borgoña Ivrea


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7.- 1020 WILLIAM THE GREAT, COUNT OF BURGUNDY |•••► Pais:France
PADRE: Reginald I Comte De Bourgogne Ivrea, Count Palatine Of Burgundy
MADRE: Adeliza (Alice) of Normandy, Countess Of Burgundy


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8.- 0986 REGINALD I COMTE DE BOURGOGNE IVREA, COUNT PALATINE OF BURGUNDY |•••► Pais:France
PADRE: Otto Guillaume I, comte de Bourgogne et de Mâcon
MADRE: Ermentrude de Roucy


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9.- 0960 OTTO GUILLAUME I, COMTE DE BOURGOGNE ET DE MÂCON |•••► Pais:Italia
PADRE: Adalbert II, king of Italy
MADRE: Gerberga, Countess of Macon


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10.- 0932 ADALBERT II, KING OF ITALY |•••► Pais:Italia
PADRE: Berengar II of Ivrea, king of Italy
MADRE: Willa


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11.- 0900 BERENGAR II OF IVREA, KING OF ITALY |•••► Pais:italia
PADRE: Adelbert I, Margrave of Ivrea
MADRE: Gisla del Friuli


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12.- 0880 ADELBERT I, MARGRAVE OF IVREA |•••► Pais:Italy
PADRE: Anscar I, count of Oscheret in Burgundy, 1st marquis of Ivrea
MADRE:


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13.- 0850 ANSCAR I, COUNT OF OSCHERET IN BURGUNDY, 1ST MARQUIS OF IVREA  |•••► Pais:France
PADRE: Amadeus, count of Oscheret
MADRE:


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14.- 0790 AMADEUS, COUNT OF OSCHERET  |•••► Pais:
PADRE: Unruoch - Hertug Von Friuli
MADRE: Engeltrude - Grevinde Von Paris


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15.- 0760 UNRUOCH - HERTUG VON FRIULI |•••► Pais:
PADRE: Berenger di Fruili, Greve Af Paris
MADRE: Alpais Caroling Princess HR Empire


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16.-  BERENGER DI FRUILI, GREVE AF PARIS |•••► Pais:
PADRE: Gérard I, Greve Af Paris

MADRE: Rotrou Prinsesse Af Austrasie


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17.- 0745 GÉRARD I, GREVE AF PARIS
 |•••► Pais:
PADRE:
MADRE:


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Linea Genetica N°4 FAMILIA |•••► SAINT
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1.- 1271 SAINT ELIZABETH OF BARCELONA, QUEEN CONSORT OF PORTUGAL |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Pedro (el Grande) de Aragón, III
MADRE: Constanza Ii De Sicilia, Reina Consorte De Aragón


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2.- 1239 PEDRO (EL GRANDE) DE ARAGÓN, III |•••► Pais:Spain
PADRE: James I the Conqueror, King of Aragon
MADRE: Violante De Hungría, Reina Consorte De Aragón


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3.- 1208 JAMES I THE CONQUEROR, KING OF ARAGON |•••► Pais:FRANCIA
PADRE: Pedro Ii El Católico, Rey De Aragón
MADRE: María De Montpellier, Reina De Aragón


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4.- 1178 PEDRO II EL CATÓLICO, REY DE ARAGÓN |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Alfonso Ii El Casto Rey De Aragón
MADRE: Sancha of Castile


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5.- 1157 ALFONSO II EL CASTO REY DE ARAGÓN |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Ramon Berenguer IV the Saint, Count of Barcelona Ref: 182717
MADRE: Petronila Ramírez, Reina De Aragón


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6.- 1113 RAMON BERENGUER IV THE SAINT, COUNT OF BARCELONA REF: 182717 |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Ramon Berenguer Iii El Gran, Comte De Barcelona Ref: 181110
MADRE: Douce I De Gévaudan, Comtesse De Provence


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7.- 1082 RAMON BERENGUER III EL GRAN, COMTE DE BARCELONA REF: 181110 |•••► Pais:FRANCIA
PADRE: Ramón Berenguer II de Barcelona Ref: 181111
MADRE: Mathilde Hauteville, of Apulia


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domingo, 26 de mayo de 2019

Alfonso Ii El Casto Rey De Aragón ★ |•••► #España #Genealogia #Genealogy ♛

Alfonso II el Casto, rey de Aragón is your 22nd great grandfather.
You → Carlos Juan Felipe Antonio Vicente De La Cruz Urdaneta Alamo
   →  Enrique Jorge Urdaneta Lecuna
your father →  Elena Cecilia Lecuna Escobar
his mother →  María Elena de la Concepción Escobar Llamosas
her mother → Cecilia Cayetana de la Merced Llamosas Vaamonde de Escobar
her mother →  Cipriano Fernando de Las Llamosas y García
her father → José Lorenzo de las Llamozas Silva
his father →  Joseph Julián Llamozas Ranero
his father →  Manuel Llamosas y Requecens
his father →  Isabel de Requesens
his mother →  Luis de Requeséns y Zúñiga, Virrey de Holanda
her father →  Juan de Zúñiga Avellaneda y Velasco
his father → Pedro de Zúñiga y Avellaneda, II conde de Miranda del Castañar
his father →  Aldonza Ochoa de Avellaneda, X Señora de Avellaneda
his mother → Constanza Ramirez De Arellano
her mother →  Constanza de Sarmiento Enríquez de Castilla
her mother →  Leonor de Castilla
her mother → Fadrique Alfonso, I señor de Haro
her father →  Alfonso XI the Just, King of Castile and León
his father →  Constance of Portugal
his mother → Saint Elizabeth of Portugal
her mother →  Pedro III el Grande, rey de Aragón
her father →  James I the Conqueror, King of Aragon
his father → Pedro II el Católico, rey de Aragón
his father →  Alfonso II el Casto, rey de Aragón
his father
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_II_of_Aragon

http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00007662&tree=LEO

http://www.friesian.com/lorraine.htm#provence

Infante don RAMÓN de Aragón (Villamayor del Valle, Huesca 1/25 Mar 1157-Perpignan 25 Apr 1195, bur Poblet, monastery of Nuestra Señora). The "Corónicas" Navarras name (in order) "don Pedro…el rey don Alfonso, que ovo nombre Remón Belenguer et el conte don Pedro de Provença et el conte don Sancho et a la muller del rey don Sancho de Portugal" as the children of the "conte de Barçalona…en esta su muller [dona Peyronela]", stating that the first named Pedro died in Huesca[170]. The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ names "Ildefonsum primogenitum" as son of "Berengarius comes Barchinonæ et Provinciæ, maritus Petronillæ"[171]. He succeeded his father in 1162 as RAMÓN Conde de Barcelona, Girona, Osona, Besalú, Cerdagne/Cerdaña and Roussillon. He founded Teruel 1169-72. He secured the vassalage of Marie Ctss de Béarn 1170. Comte de Roussillon (including the see of Elne) in 1172 on the death of Guinard II Comte de Roussillon without heirs. He succeeded his mother in 1174 as ALFONSO II “el Casto” King of Aragon.

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Alfonso II of Aragon

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Contents

[hide]

* 1 Reign
* 2 Literary patronage and poetry
* 3 Marriage and descendants
* 4 External links
* 5 References
Alfonso II of Aragon

From the Liber feudorum maior

Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (Huesca, 1157[1] – Perpignan, 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, with little following, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.[2]

[edit] Reign

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer), he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Aragonese influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith, a natural tendency given the affinity between the Occitan and Catalan dominions of the Crown of Aragon. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Aragonese trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Aragonese influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

[edit] Literary patronage and poetry

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commended Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha of Castile rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

[edit] Marriage and descendants

Wife, Sancha of Castile, daughter of king Alfonso VII of Castile, b. 1155 or 1157, d. 1208

* Constance, married Emeric of Hungary and later Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
* Eleanor, married Raymond VI of Toulouse
* Peter the Catholic, successor
* Douce (Dolça), nun
* Alfonso, Count of Provence
* Ferdinand, Abbot of Montearagon, d. after 1227
* Ramon Berenguer, d. in the 1190s
[edit] External links

* Miroslav Marek, genealogy.euweb.cz
[edit] References

1. ^ "Alfonso II el Casto, hijo de Petronila y Ramón Berenguer IV, nació en Huesca en 1157;". Cfr. Josefina Mateu Ibars, María Dolores Mateu Ibars, Colectánea paleográfica de la Corona de Aragon: Siglo IX-XVIII, Universitat Barcelona, 1980, p. 546. ISBN 8475286941, ISBN 9788475286945.
2. ^ T. N. Bisson, "The Rise of Catalonia: Identity, Power, and Ideology in a Twelfth-Century Society," Annales: Economies, Sociétés, Civilisations, xxxix (1984), translated in Medieval France and her Pyrenean Neighbours: Studies in Early Institutional History (London: Hambledon, 1989), pp. 179.
Preceded by

Petronila King of Aragon

1162-1196 Succeeded by

Peter II

Preceded by

Ramon Berenguer IV Count of Barcelona

1162-1196

Preceded by

Douce II of Provence Count of Provence

1167-1171 Succeeded by

Ramon Berenguer III

Categories: Roman Catholic monarchs | House of Aragon | Aragonese monarchs | Counts of Barcelona | Counts of Provence | Catalan-language poets | Troubadours | Medieval child rulers | 1157 births | 1196 deaths

Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (Huesca, 1157[1] – Perpignan, 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, with little following, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.[2]

[edit] Reign

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer), he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla between the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of the rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Aragonese influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith, a natural tendency given the affinity between the Occitan and Catalan dominions of the Crown of Aragon. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Aragonese trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Aragonese influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

[edit] Literary patronage and poetry

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commended Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha of Castile rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (1152 – 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, with little following, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite all the Occitan-Catalan speaking lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.

Reign

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer), he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Catalonian influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Catalonian trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Catalan influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

Literary patronage and poetry

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commented on Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha of Castile rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

Marriage and descendants

Wife, Sancha of Castile, daughter of king Alfonso VII of Castile, b. 1155 or 1157, d. 1208

Constance, married Emeric of Hungary and later Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Eleanor, married Raymond VI of Toulouse

Peter the Catholic, successor

Douce (Dolça), nun

Alfonso, Count of Provence

Ferdinand, Abbot of Montearagon, d. after 1227

Ramon Berenguer, d. in the 1190s

Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (Huesca, 1157[1] – Perpignan, 25 April 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, which he acquired from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.[2]

[edit] Reign

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer), he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla between the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of the rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Aragonese influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith, a natural tendency given the affinity between the Occitan and Catalan dominions of the Crown of Aragon. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Aragonese trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Aragonese influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

[edit] Literary patronage and poetry

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commended Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

[edit] Marriage and descendants

Alfonso and Sancho, surrounded by the women of court. From the Liber feudorum maior.Wife, Sancha of Castile, daughter of king Alfonso VII of Castile, b. 1155 or 1157, d. 1208

Constance, married Emeric of Hungary and later Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Eleanor, married Raymond VI of Toulouse

Peter the Catholic, successor

Douce (Dolça), nun

Alfonso, Count of Provence

Ferdinand, Abbot of Montearagon, d. after 1227

Ramon Berenguer, d. in the 1190s

Sancha of Aragon, married Raymond VII, in March 1211. They had one daughter, Joan, and were divorced in 1241.

[edit] External links

Miroslav Marek, genealogy.euweb.cz

[edit] References

1.^ "Alfonso II el Casto, hijo de Petronila y Ramón Berenguer IV, nació en Huesca en 1157;". Cfr. Josefina Mateu Ibars, María Dolores Mateu Ibars, Colectánea paleográfica de la Corona de Aragon: Siglo IX-XVIII, Universitat Barcelona, 1980, p. 546. ISBN 8475286941, ISBN 9788475286945.

2.^ T. N. Bisson, "The Rise of Catalonia: Identity, Power, and Ideology in a Twelfth-Century Society," Annales: Economies, Sociétés, Civilisations, xxxix (1984), translated in Medieval France and her Pyrenean Neighbours: Studies in Early Institutional History (London: Hambledon, 1989), pp. 179.

Preceded by

Petronila King of Aragon

1162-1196 Succeeded by

Peter II

Preceded by

Ramon Berenguer IV Count of Barcelona

1162-1196

Preceded by

Douce II of Provence Count of Provence

1167-1171 Succeeded by

Ramon Berenguer III

[show]v • d • eInfantes of Aragon

Alfonso II of Aragon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (1152 – 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king." He was also Count of Provence from 1167 when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce to 1173 when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer.

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer), he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Catalonian influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Catalonian trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Catalan influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

King Alfonso died in 1196.

[edit]Works and poetry

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commented on Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha of Castile rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

[edit]Marriage and descendants

Wife, Sancha of Castile, daughter of king Alfonso VII of Castile, b. 1155 or 1157, d. 1208

Constance, married Emeric of Hungary and later Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Eleanor, married Raymond VI of Toulouse

Peter the Catholic, successor

Douce (Dolça), nun

Alfonso, Count of Provence

Ferdinand, Abbot of Montearagon, d. after 1227

Ramon Berenguer, d. in the 1190s

Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (1152 – 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, with little following, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite all the Occitan-Catalan speaking lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.

Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona; 1157[1] – 25 April 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, which he acquired from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.[2]

Contents [hide]

1 Reign

2 Literary patronage and poetry

3 Marriage and descendants

4 External links

5 References

[edit] Reign

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer) at Huesca, he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla between the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of the rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Aragonese influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith, a natural tendency given the affinity between the Occitan and Catalan dominions of the Crown of Aragon. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Aragonese trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Aragonese influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

He died at Perpignan in 1196.

[edit] Literary patronage and poetry

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commended Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

[edit] Marriage and descendants

Alfonso and Sancho, surrounded by the women of court. From the Liber feudorum maior.Wife, Sancha of Castile, daughter of king Alfonso VII of Castile, b. 1155 or 1157, d. 1208

Constance, married Emeric of Hungary and later Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Eleanor, married Raymond VI of Toulouse

Peter the Catholic, successor

Douce (Dolça), nun

Alfonso, Count of Provence

Ferdinand, Abbot of Montearagon, d. after 1227

Ramon Berenguer, d. in the 1190s

Sancha of Aragon, married Raymond VII, in March 1211. They had one daughter, Joan, and were divorced in 1241.

[edit] External links

Miroslav Marek, genealogy.euweb.cz

[edit] References

1.^ "Alfonso II el Casto, hijo de Petronila y Ramón Berenguer IV, nació en Huesca en 1157;". Cfr. Josefina Mateu Ibars, María Dolores Mateu Ibars, Colectánea paleográfica de la Corona de Aragon: Siglo IX-XVIII, Universitat Barcelona, 1980, p. 546. ISBN 8475286941, ISBN 9788475286945.

2.^ T. N. Bisson, "The Rise of Catalonia: Identity, Power, and Ideology in a Twelfth-Century Society," Annales: Economies, Sociétés, Civilisations, xxxix (1984), translated in Medieval France and her Pyrenean Neighbours: Studies in Early Institutional History (London: Hambledon, 1989), pp. 179.

Preceded by

Petronila King of Aragon

1162-1196 Succeeded by

Peter II

Preceded by

Ramon Berenguer IV Count of Barcelona

1162-1196

Preceded by

Douce II of Provence Count of Provence

1167-1171 Succeeded by

Ramon Berenguer III

[show]v • d • eInfantes of Aragon

1st Generation Sancho I · Infante García

2nd Generation Peter I · Alfonso I · Ramiro II

3rd Generation Crown Prince Peter

4th Generation Infante Peter · Alfonso II · Peter, Count of Cerdanya · Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Provence · Sancho, Count of Provence · Infante Ramon

5th Generation Peter II · Alfonso II, Count of Provence · Infante Sancho · Infante Ferdinand · Infante Ramon Berenguer

6th Generation James I

7th Generation Crown Prince Alfonso · Peter III · James II of Majorca · Infante Ferdinand · Infante Sancho · James, Lord of Jérica · Peter, Lord of Ayerbe

8th Generation Alfonso III · James II · Frederick III of Sicily · Infante Pedro · Infante James* · Sancho of Majorca* · Infante Philip* · Ferdinand, Viscount of Aumelas* · James, Lord of Jérica · Peter, Lord of Ayerbe

9th Generation Crown Prince James · Alfonso IV · Infante John · Peter, Count of Ribagorza · Ramon Berenguer, Count of Ampurias · Peter II of Sicily** · Infante Roger** · Manfred, Duke of Athens and Neopatria** · William II, Duke of Athens and Neopatria** · John, Duke of Randazzo** · James III of Majorca* · Ferdinand, Viscount of Aumelas* · James, Lord of Jérica · Peter, Lord of Jérica · Alfonso, Lord of Cocentaina

10th Generation Crown Prince Alfonso · Peter IV · James I, Count of Urgell · Infante Fadrique · Infante Sancho · Ferdinand, Marquis of Tortosa · John, Lord of Elche · Alfonso, Count of Ribagorza · John, Count of Prades · Infante Jaime · John, Count of Ampurias · Peter, Count of Ampurias · Louis of Sicily** · Frederick IV of Sicily** · Frederick I, Duke of Athens and Neopatria** · James IV of Majorca*

11th Generation Infante Peter · John I · Martin · Infante Alfonso · Alonso, Count of Morella · Infante Peter · Peter II, Count of Urgell · Infante John of Ribagorza · James, Baron of Arenós · Alfonso, Count of Ribagorza · Peter, Marquis of Villena · Peter, Count of Prades · James, Count of Prades · Infante Louis of Prades

12th Generation Infante James · Infante John · Infante Alfonso · James, Duke of Gerona · Infante Fernando · Pedro, Duke of Gerona · Martin I of Sicily · Infante James · Infante John · Infante Antonio of Urgell · James II, Count of Urgell · Infante Peter of Urgell · John, Baron of Etenza

13th Generation Martin, Crown Prince of Sicily*

14th Generation Alfonso V · John II · Henry, Duke of Villena · Peter, Count of Alburquerque · Infante Sancho

15th Generation Charles, Prince of Viana · Ferdinand II

16th Generation Juan, Prince of Asturias · John, Prince of Gerona

17th Generation Charles I of Spain · Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

also a prince of Majorca
also a prince of Sicily
Categories: Roman Catholic monarchs | House of Aragon | Aragonese monarchs | Counts of Barcelona | Counts of Provence | Catalan-language poets | Troubadours | Medieval child rulers | 1157 births | 1196 deaths

Wikipedia:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfons_II_of_Aragon#Marriage_and_descendants

Alfonso II of Aragon

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Alfonso II of AragonFrom the Liber feudorum maior

Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona; 1157[1] – 25 April 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, which he acquired from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.[2]

Contents

[show]

* 1 Reign
* 2 Literary patronage and poetry
* 3 Marriage and descendants
* 4 External links
* 5 References
[edit] Reign

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer) at Huesca, he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla between the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of the rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Aragonese influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith, a natural tendency given the affinity between the Occitan and Catalan dominions of the Crown of Aragon. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Aragonese trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Aragonese influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

He died at Perpignan in 1196.

[edit] Literary patronage and poetry

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commended Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

[edit] Marriage and descendants

Alfonso and Sancho, surrounded by the women of court. From the Liber feudorum maior.

Wife, Sancha of Castile, daughter of king Alfonso VII of Castile, b. 1155 or 1157, d. 1208

* Constance, married Emeric of Hungary and later Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
* Eleanor, married Raymond VI of Toulouse
* Peter the Catholic, successor
* Douce (Dolça), nun
* Alfonso, Count of Provence
* Ferdinand, Abbot of Montearagon, d. after 1227
* Ramon Berenguer, d. in the 1190s
* Sancha of Aragon, married Raymond VII, in March 1211. They had one daughter, Joan, and were divorced in 1241.
[edit] External links

* Miroslav Marek, genealogy.euweb.cz
[edit] References

1. ^ "Alfonso II el Casto, hijo de Petronila y Ramón Berenguer IV, nació en Huesca en 1157;". Cfr. Josefina Mateu Ibars, María Dolores Mateu Ibars, Colectánea paleográfica de la Corona de Aragon: Siglo IX-XVIII, Universitat Barcelona, 1980, p. 546. ISBN 8475286941, ISBN 9788475286945.
2. ^ T. N. Bisson, "The Rise of Catalonia: Identity, Power, and Ideology in a Twelfth-Century Society," Annales: Economies, Sociétés, Civilisations, xxxix (1984), translated in Medieval France and her Pyrenean Neighbours: Studies in Early Institutional History (London: Hambledon, 1989), pp. 179.
Preceded by

Petronila King of Aragon

1162-1196 Succeeded by

Peter II

Preceded by

Ramon Berenguer IV Count of Barcelona

1162-1196

Preceded by

Douce II of Provence Count of Provence

1167-1171 Succeeded by

Ramon Berenguer III

[show]

v • d • e

Infantes of Aragon

BIOGRAPHY: b. 1152, Barcelona

d. 1196, Perpignan, Roussillon

count of Barcelona from 1162 and king of Aragon from 1164.

The son of Ramón Berenguer IV, Alfonso succeeded his father as count of Barcelona and his mother as ruler of Aragon, thus associating the two countries under the house of Barcelona--a union that was destined to be permanent. Aragonese involvement in France became steadily greater during Alfonso's reign. Nevertheless, the conquest of Teruel (1171) opened the way for the conquest of Valencia; and, in 1179, the pact of Cazorla with his ally, Alfonso VIII of Castile, fixed the future zones of reconquest for the two countries. In his will Alfonso followed the Spanish custom of dividing his kingdom; Provence was thus lost to the Aragonese crown.

Copyright © 1994-2001 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

History: Aragon, history of

After the Romans defeated the Carthaginians during the Punic Wars, Aragón became part of the Roman province of Hispania Tarraconensis. The Visigoths conquered the region late in the 5th century, the Moors in the 8th century. Subsequently the region was incorporated with the kingdom of Navarre. In 1035 Ramiro I , a son of the Navarrese ruler Sancho III , established Aragón as an independent kingdom. Navarre was annexed in 1076, and during the next 100 years additional territory was added by successful wars against the Moors. In 1137 Aragón was united with Catalonia and Barcelona. Aragón grew into a leading Mediterranean naval power around the port of Barcelona. The kings of Aragón gained possession of the Balearic Islands, Sicily, Sardinia, and Naples during the next two centuries. In 1238 the important city of Valencia was captured by Aragón from the Moors. The marriage of Ferdinand II of Aragón (later Ferdinand V of Castile) to Isabella I of Castile united those two regions. Formal merger of the two kingdoms took place on the accession of Charles I in 1516, but Aragón retained its own administration and representative institutions until the end of the 17th century. Area, 47,669 sq km (18,405 sq mi).

Alfonso II Raimond, Rey de Aragón also went by the nick-name of Alfonso 'the Chaste' (?).3 He succeeded to the title of Conde de Barcelona in 1162.4 He gained the title of Rey Alfonso II de Aragón in 1162.2 He succeeded to the title of Comte de Provence in 1166.5

Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (1152 – 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, with little following, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite all the Occitan-Catalan speaking lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.

Alfonso II (in Aragon) or Alfons I (in Provence and Barcelona), called "the Chaste," or "the Troubadour," was the King of Aragón and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was also Count of Provence from 1167, when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer.

Alfonso's reign has been characterized by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, with little following, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer), he ascended the united throne of Aragón and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honor King Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with King Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

During his reign Aragonese influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith, a natural tendency given the affinity between the Occitan and Catalan dominions of the Crown of Aragón. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc proved highly beneficial, strengthening Aragonese trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragón.

Alfonso was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonored by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commended Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha of Castile rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_II_of_Aragon#cite_ref-0 for more information.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_II_of_Aragon

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_II_of_Aragon
En mi nuevo libro LA SORPRENDENTE GENEALOGÍA DE MIS TATARABUELOS, encontrarán a este y muchos otros de sus ancestros con un resumen biográfico de cada uno. El libro está disponible en: amazon.com barnesandnoble.com palibrio.com. Les será de mucha utilidad y diversión. Ramón Rionda
In my new book LA SORPRENDENTE GENEALOGÍA DE MIS TATARABUELOS, you will find this and many other of your ancestors, with a biography summary of each of them. The book is now available at: amazon.com barnesandnoble.com palibrio.com. Check it up, it’s worth it. Ramón Rionda

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Also Known As: English (default): el Casto, the Chaste, the Troubadour, King of Aragon, Alfons I, Count of Barcelona
Occupation: Rey de Aragón (1162-1196), conde de Barcelona (1162-1196), comte de Provence (1166-1196), comte de Roussillon (1172)
Ethnicity: Spanish
Religion: Roman Catholic
Languages: Español
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Linea Genetica N°1 FAMILIA |•••► ALFONSO
_________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.- 1157 ALFONSO II EL CASTO REY DE ARAGÓN |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Ramon Berenguer IV the Saint, Count of Barcelona Ref: 182717
MADRE: Petronila Ramírez, Reina De Aragón


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
2.- 1113 RAMON BERENGUER IV THE SAINT, COUNT OF BARCELONA REF: 182717 |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Ramon Berenguer Iii El Gran, Comte De Barcelona Ref: 181110
MADRE: Douce I De Gévaudan, Comtesse De Provence


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
3.- 1082 RAMON BERENGUER III EL GRAN, COMTE DE BARCELONA REF: 181110 |•••► Pais:FRANCIA
PADRE: Ramón Berenguer II de Barcelona Ref: 181111
MADRE: Mathilde Hauteville, of Apulia


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
Linea Genetica N°2 FAMILIA |•••► PETRONILA
_________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.- 1136 PETRONILA RAMÍREZ, REINA DE ARAGÓN  |•••► Pais:españa
PADRE: Ramiro Ii El Monje, Rey De Aragón
MADRE: Inés De Poitou, Reina Consorte De Aragón


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
2.-  RAMIRO II EL MONJE, REY DE ARAGÓN |•••► Pais:
PADRE: Sancho Ii Ramírez, Rey De Aragón
MADRE: Felícia de Roucy, reina consorte de Aragón


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
Linea Genetica N°3 FAMILIA |•••► DOUCE
_________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.- 1056 DOUCE I DE GÉVAUDAN, COMTESSE DE PROVENCE  |•••► Pais:españa
PADRE: Gilbert I, Vicomte De Millau Et Gévaudan
MADRE: Gerberge, Comtesse De Provence


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
Linea Genetica N°4 FAMILIA |•••► INÉS
_________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.- 1100 INÉS DE POITOU, REINA CONSORTE DE ARAGÓN  |•••► Pais:France
PADRE: Guillaume Ix Le Troubadour, Duc D'aquitaine
MADRE: Philippa De Toulouse, Comtesse De Poitiers


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
2.-  GUILLAUME IX LE TROUBADOUR, DUC D'AQUITAINE |•••► Pais:
PADRE:
MADRE:


_________________________________________________________________________________________________

Pedro Ii El Católico, Rey De Aragón ★ |•••► #España #Genealogia #Genealogy ♛

Pedro II el Católico, rey de Aragón is your 21st great grandfather.
You → Carlos Juan Felipe Antonio Vicente De La Cruz Urdaneta Alamo
   →  Enrique Jorge Urdaneta Lecuna
your father →  Elena Cecilia Lecuna Escobar
his mother →  María Elena de la Concepción Escobar Llamosas
her mother → Cecilia Cayetana de la Merced Llamosas Vaamonde de Escobar
her mother →  Cipriano Fernando de Las Llamosas y García
her father → José Lorenzo de las Llamozas Silva
his father →  Joseph Julián Llamozas Ranero
his father →  Manuel Llamosas y Requecens
his father →  Isabel de Requesens
his mother →  Luis de Requeséns y Zúñiga, Virrey de Holanda
her father →  Juan de Zúñiga Avellaneda y Velasco
his father → Pedro de Zúñiga y Avellaneda, II conde de Miranda del Castañar
his father →  Aldonza Ochoa de Avellaneda, X Señora de Avellaneda
his mother → Constanza Ramirez De Arellano
her mother →  Constanza de Sarmiento Enríquez de Castilla
her mother →  Leonor de Castilla
her mother → Fadrique Alfonso, I señor de Haro
her father →  Alfonso XI the Just, King of Castile and León
his father →  Constance of Portugal
his mother → Saint Elizabeth of Portugal
her mother →  Pedro III el Grande, rey de Aragón
her father →  James I the Conqueror, King of Aragon
his father → Pedro II el Católico, rey de Aragón
his father
<---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------->
Pedro II de Aragón, el Católico, rey de Aragón y conde de Barcelona entre los años 1196 y 1213, hijo del Rey Alfonso II "el Casto" de Aragón.

Renovó la infeudación de Aragón a San Pedro (que habían hecho años antes Sancho Ramírez y Pedro I), tras su coronación por el papa Inocencio III en la basílica de San Pancracio de Roma el día 4 de febrero de 1204.

Presenta el hecho resaltable de ser el primer monarca del reino que es coronado. A partir de él y por concesión de la Santa Sede por bula dictada el día 6 de junio de 1205, los monarcas aragoneses podrán coronarse, debiendo hacerlo en la Seo de Zaragoza, de manos del arzobispo de Tarragona y después de haber solicitado la corona al papa. La concesión se hizo extensiva a las reinas.

El gobierno de Pedro II es un periodo que podemos calificar de triste. Absorbido por su política internacional, tan sólo lograría recuperar alguna posición avanzada: Mora de Rubielos (1198), Manzanera (1202), Rubielos de Mora (1203), Camarena (1205), Castielfabib y Ademuz (1210). Participó en la decisiva batalla de Las Navas de Tolosa 1212 junto a castellanos y navarros.

Casado en 1204 con María de Montpellier (matrimonio forzado por intereses en el Mediodía francés), su vida familiar estuvo a punto de crear una situación de crisis sucesoria, que sin duda hubiera provocado la separación de Aragón y el condado catalán. La reina María dio un heredero, Jaime I que al menos sirvió para que la dinastía continuara en ambos territorios.

Murió el día 12 de septiembre de 1213 en Muret.

Pedro II y los albigenses [editar]

Territorios vasallos de Pedro II el Católico y aliados tolosanos por los juramentos del 27 de enero de 1213, en vísperas de la Batalla de Muret

Territorios vasallos de Pedro II el Católico y aliados tolosanos por los juramentos del 27 de enero de 1213, en vísperas de la Batalla de Muret

Los intereses de Pedro el Católico se extendían por alianzas de familia a lo que más tarde se llamaría Occitania, en el Mediodía de Francia: había casado con María, heredera del conde de Montpellier, y su hermana Leonor se había unido en matrimonio con el conde Ramón VI de Tolosa. Los territorios vasallos se extendían a Ramón-Roger Trencavel, vizconde de Beziers y Carcasona.

A finales del siglo XIII la influencia del catarismo, una religión proveniente de Europa del Este y cuyos seguidores, los “cátaros”, se conocieron con la denominación de “albigenses” en razón de su profusión en la ciudad de Albi, en los territorios del condado de Toulouse y vecinos se había afianzado en las élites y clases acomodadas, amenazando la hegemonía de la Iglesia romana y despertando al mismo tiempo, por la prosperidad de aquellas, la ambición de las baronías de Isla de Francia y aliados de la corona francesa, dispuestos a servirse de cualquier excusa para intervenir en los territorios de la Langue d'oc.

El papa Inocencio III por su parte, se mostró siempre complaciente y predispuesto hacia las empresas del rey francés con quien habría de aliarse militarmente en Bouwines y a quien encomendaría la acción de castigo contra Inglaterra; por supuesto, él mismo albergaba su propio deseo de atajar la "herejía" y reducir a sus prosélitos a la obediencia a Roma. De esta comunión de intereses surgió la cruzada contra los albigenses que el papa predicó en toda la cristiandad, especialmente en Isla de Francia, y que legitimó al monarca francés para enviar contra los territorios considerados desviacionistas por Roma, un poderoso ejército mandado por Simón de Montfort. El resultado de la guerra "relámpago" llegó tras la brutal toma de Beziers, cuya matanza se hizo célebre por la frase atribuída según las crónicas, pero luego objeto de controversia entre los especialistas, a Montfort, y el sitio de Carcasona en el verano de 1209, quedando sometidas las tierras de la familia Trencavel.

El Santo Padre, otorgó el señorío de los feudos de la familia Trencavel, que lo eran del reino aragonés, a Simón, mientras éste avanzaba hacia las posesiones del conde de Toulouse.

Más tarde, por el Concilio de Letrán (1214), el papa desposeyó a Raimundo de Tolosa y a sus herederos de sus posesiones tolosanas que entregó a Simón de Montfort, quien a su vez, puso todos los territorios conseguidos al amparo del rey de Francia. Sin embargo, Raimundo hizo valer el pacto secreto acordado con Pedro II el 27 de enero de 1213 y este, tras algunas dudas, reunió finalmente un ejército con el que se presentó ante Simón de Montfort a proximidad de Muret.

Pedro II de Aragón resultó muerto al ser rápidamente alcanzado y aislado por los caballeros franceses, causando el desorden entre las fuerzas tolosanoaragonesas. La derrota de Muret supuso el abandono de las pretensiones de la corona de Aragón sobre los territorios ultrapirenáicos y de acuerdo al historiador, Michel Roquebert, el final de la posible formación de un poderoso reino aragonés-occitano que hubiera cambiado el curso de la historia de España[1

Peter II the Catholic (Huesca, 1178[1] – 12 September 1213) was the King of Aragon (as Pedro II) and Count of Barcelona (as Pere I) from 1196 to 1213.

He was the son of Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile. In 1205 he acknowledged the feudal supremacy of the Papacy and was crowned in Rome by Pope Innocent III, swearing to defend the Catholic faith (hence his surname, "the Catholic"). He was the first king of Aragon to be crowned by the Pope.

In the first decade of the thirteenth century he commissioned the Liber feudorum Ceritaniae, an illustrated codex cartulary for the counties of Cerdagne, Conflent, and Roussillon.

On June 15, 1204 he married (as her third husband) Marie of Montpellier, daughter and heiress of William VIII of Montpellier by Eudocia Comnena. She gave him a son, James, but Peter soon discarded her. Marie was popularly venerated as a saint for her piety and marital suffering, but was never canonized; she died in Rome in 1213.

He participated in the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212 that marked the turning point of Arab domination on the Iberian peninsula.

Peter returned from Las Navas in autumn 1212 to find that Simon de Montfort had conquered Toulouse, exiling Count Raymond VI of Toulouse, who was Peter's brother-in-law and vassal. Peter crossed the Pyrenees and arrived at Muret in September 1213 to confront Montfort's army. He was accompanied by Raymond of Toulouse, who tried to persuade Peter to avoid battle and instead starve out Montfort's forces. This suggestion was rejected.

The Battle of Muret began on September 12, 1213. The Aragonese forces were disorganized and disintegrated under the assault of Montfort's squadrons. Peter himself was caught in the thick of fighting, and died as a result of a foolhardy act of bravado. He was thrown to the ground and killed. The Aragonese forces broke in panic when their king was slain and the crusaders of Montfort won the day.

Upon Peter's death the kingdom passed to his only son by Marie of Montpellier, the future James the Conqueror.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_II_of_Aragon

Peter II the Catholic (1174 – 12 September 1213) was the King of Aragon (as Pedro II) and Count of Barcelona (as Pere I) from 1196 to 1213.

He was the son of Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile. In 1205 he acknowledged the feudal supremacy of the Papacy and was crowned in Rome by Pope Innocent III, swearing to defend the Catholic faith (hence his surname, "the Catholic"). He was the first king of Aragon to be crowned by the Pope.

In the first decade of the thirteenth century he commissioned the Liber feudorum Ceritaniae, an illustrated codex cartulary for the counties of Cerdagne, Conflent, and Roussillon.

On June 15, 1204 he married (as her third husband) Marie of Montpellier, daughter and heiress of William VIII of Montpellier by Eudocia Comnena. She gave him a son, James, but Peter soon discarded her. Marie was popularly venerated as a saint for her piety and marital suffering, but was never canonized; she died in Rome in 1213.

He participated in the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212 that marked the turning point of Arab domination on the Iberian peninsula.

Peter returned from Las Navas in autumn 1212 to find that Simon de Montfort had conquered Toulouse, exiling Count Raymond VI of Toulouse, who was Peter's brother-in-law and vassal. Peter crossed the Pyrenees and arrived at Muret in September 1213 to confront Montfort's army. He was accompanied by Raymond of Toulouse, who tried to persuade Peter to avoid battle and instead starve out Montfort's forces. This suggestion was rejected.

The Battle of Muret began on September 12, 1213. The Aragonese forces were disorganized and disintegrated under the assault of Montfort's squadrons. Peter himself was caught in the thick of fighting, and died as a result of a foolhardy act of bravado. He was thrown to the ground and killed. The Aragonese forces broke in panic when their king was slain and the crusaders of Montfort won the day.

Upon Peter's death the kingdom passed to his only son by Marie of Montpellier, the future James the Conqueror.

Peter II of Aragon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Peter II of Aragon (1174 – September 12, 1213), surnamed the Catholic, was the king of Aragon (as Pedro II) and count of Barcelona (as Pere I) from 1196 to 1213.

He was the son of Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile. In 1205 he acknowledged the feudal supremacy of the Papacy and was crowned in Rome by Pope Innocent III, swearing to defend the Catholic faith (hence his surname, "the Catholic"). He was the first king of Aragon to be crowned by the Pope.

On June 15, 1204 he married (as her third husband) Marie of Montpellier, daughter and heiress of William VIII of Montpellier by Eudocia Comnena. She gave him a son, James, but Peter soon discarded her. Marie was popularly venerated as a saint for her piety and marital suffering, but was never canonized; she died in Rome in 1213.

He led the Christian forces to defeat the Moors at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212.

Peter returned from Las Navas in autumn 1212 to find that Simon de Montfort had conquered Toulouse, exiling Count Raymond VI of Toulouse, who was Peter's brother-in-law and vassal. Peter crossed the Pyrenees and arrived at Muret in September 1213 to confront Montfort's army. He was accompanied by Raymond of Toulouse, who tried to persuade Peter to avoid battle and instead starve out Montfort's forces. This suggestion was rejected.

The Battle of Muret began on September 12, 1213. The Aragonese forces were disorganized and disintegrated under the assault of Montfort's squadrons. Peter himself was caught in the thick of fighting, and died as a result of a foolhardy act of bravado. He was thrown to the ground and killed. The Aragonese forces broke in panic when their king was slain and the crusaders of Montfort won the day.

Upon Peter's death the kingdom passed to his only son by Marie of Montpellier, the future James the Conqueror.

Peter II of Aragon (1174 – September 12, 1213), surnamed the Catholic, was the king of Aragon (as Pedro II) and count of Barcelona (as Pere I) from 1196 to 1213.

He was the son of Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile. In 1205 he acknowledged the feudal supremacy of the Papacy and was crowned in Rome by Pope Innocent III, swearing to defend the Catholic faith (hence his surname, "the Catholic"). He was the first king of Aragon to be crowned by the Pope.

On June 15, 1204 he married (as her third husband) Marie of Montpellier, daughter and heiress of William VIII of Montpellier by Eudocia Comnena. She gave him a son, James, but Peter soon discarded her. Marie was popularly venerated as a saint for her piety and marital suffering, but was never canonized; she died in Rome in 1213.

He led the Christian forces to defeat the Moors at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212.

Peter returned from Las Navas in autumn 1212 to find that Simon de Montfort had conquered Toulouse, exiling Count Raymond VI of Toulouse, who was Peter's brother-in-law and vassal. Peter crossed the Pyrenees and arrived at Muret in September 1213 to confront Montfort's army. He was accompanied by Raymond of Toulouse, who tried to persuade Peter to avoid battle and instead starve out Montfort's forces. This suggestion was rejected.

The Battle of Muret began on September 12, 1213. The Aragonese forces were disorganized and disintegrated under the assault of Montfort's squadrons. Peter himself was caught in the thick of fighting, and died as a result of a foolhardy act of bravado. He was thrown to the ground and killed. The Aragonese forces broke in panic when their king was slain and the crusaders of Montfort won the day.

Upon Peter's death the kingdom passed to his only son by Marie of Montpellier, the future James the Conqueror.

Peter II the Catholic (Huesca, 1178[1] – 12 September 1213) was the King of Aragon (as Pedro II) and Count of Barcelona (as Pere I) from 1196 to 1213.

He was the son of Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile. In 1205 he acknowledged the feudal supremacy of the Papacy and was crowned in Rome by Pope Innocent III, swearing to defend the Catholic faith (hence his surname, "the Catholic"). He was the first king of Aragon to be crowned by the Pope.

In the first decade of the thirteenth century he commissioned the Liber feudorum Ceritaniae, an illustrated codex cartulary for the counties of Cerdagne, Conflent, and Roussillon.

On June 15, 1204 he married (as her third husband) Marie of Montpellier, daughter and heiress of William VIII of Montpellier by Eudocia Comnena. She gave him a son, James, but Peter soon discarded her. Marie was popularly venerated as a saint for her piety and marital suffering, but was never canonized; she died in Rome in 1213.

He participated in the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212 that marked the turning point of Arab domination on the Iberian peninsula.

Peter returned from Las Navas in autumn 1212 to find that Simon de Montfort had conquered Toulouse, exiling Count Raymond VI of Toulouse, who was Peter's brother-in-law and vassal. Peter crossed the Pyrenees and arrived at Muret in September 1213 to confront Montfort's army. He was accompanied by Raymond of Toulouse, who tried to persuade Peter to avoid battle and instead starve out Montfort's forces. This suggestion was rejected.

The Battle of Muret began on September 12, 1213. The Aragonese forces were disorganized and disintegrated under the assault of Montfort's squadrons. Peter himself was caught in the thick of fighting, and died as a result of a foolhardy act of bravado. He was thrown to the ground and killed. The Aragonese forces broke in panic when their king was slain and the crusaders of Montfort won the day.

Upon Peter's death the kingdom passed to his only son by Marie of Montpellier, the future James the Conqueror.

[edit] Ancestors

Peter's ancestors in three generations Peter II of Aragon Father:

Alfonso II of Aragon Paternal Grandfather:

Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona Paternal Great-grandfather:

Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona

Paternal Great-grandmother:

Douce I of Provence

Paternal Grandmother:

Petronila of Aragon Paternal Great-grandfather:

Ramiro II of Aragon

Paternal Great-grandmother:

Agnes of Aquitaine

Mother:

Sancha of Castile Maternal Grandfather:

Alfonso VII of León and Castile Maternal Great-grandfather:

Raymond of Burgundy

Maternal Great-grandmother:

Urraca of León and Castile

Maternal Grandmother:

Richeza of Poland Maternal Great-grandfather:

Władysław II the Exile

Maternal Great-grandmother:

Agnes of Babenberg

[edit] References

^ Antonio Ubieto Arteta, Creación y desarrollo de la Corona de Aragón, Zaragoza, Anubar (Historia de Aragón), 1987, págs. 187-188. ISBN 84-7013-227-X.

[edit] Sources

Sumption, Jonathan. The Albigensian Crusade. 2000.

Preceded by

Alfonso II King of Aragon,

Count of Barcelona

1196–1213 Succeeded by

James I

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_II_of_Aragon"

Wikipedia:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_II_of_Aragon

Peter II the Catholic (Huesca, 1178[1] – 12 September 1213) was the King of Aragon (as Pedro II) and Count of Barcelona (as Pere I) from 1196 to 1213.

He was the son of Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile. In 1205 he acknowledged the feudal supremacy of the Papacy and was crowned in Rome by Pope Innocent III, swearing to defend the Catholic faith (hence his surname, "the Catholic"). He was the first king of Aragon to be crowned by the Pope.

In the first decade of the thirteenth century he commissioned the Liber feudorum Ceritaniae, an illustrated codex cartulary for the counties of Cerdagne, Conflent, and Roussillon.

On June 15, 1204 he married (as her third husband) Marie of Montpellier, daughter and heiress of William VIII of Montpellier by Eudocia Comnena. She gave him a son, James, but Peter soon discarded her. Marie was popularly venerated as a saint for her piety and marital suffering, but was never canonized; she died in Rome in 1213.

He participated in the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212 that marked the turning point of Arab domination on the Iberian peninsula.

Peter returned from Las Navas in autumn 1212 to find that Simon de Montfort had conquered Toulouse, exiling Count Raymond VI of Toulouse, who was Peter's brother-in-law and vassal.[expand] Peter crossed the Pyrenees and arrived at Muret in September 1213 to confront Montfort's army. He was accompanied by Raymond of Toulouse, who tried to persuade Peter to avoid battle and instead starve out Montfort's forces. This suggestion was rejected.

The Battle of Muret began on September 12, 1213. The Aragonese forces were disorganized and disintegrated under the assault of Montfort's squadrons. Peter himself was caught in the thick of fighting, and died as a result of a foolhardy act of bravado. He was thrown to the ground and killed. The Aragonese forces broke in panic when their king was slain and the crusaders of Montfort won the day.

Upon Peter's death the kingdom passed to his only son by Marie of Montpellier, the future James the Conqueror.

[edit] Ancestry

[show]

v • d • e

Ancestors of Peter II of Aragon

16. Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona

8. Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona

17. Maud of Apulia

4. Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona

18. Gilbert I, Count of Gévaudan

9. Douce I, Countess of Provence

19. Gerberga, Countess of Provence

2. Alfonso II of Aragon

20. Sancho V of Aragon and Navarre

10. Ramiro II of Aragon

21. Felicia of Roucy

5. Petronila of Aragon

22. William IX, Duke of Aquitaine

11. Agnes of Aquitaine

23. Philippa, Countess of Toulouse

1. Peter II of Aragon

24. William I, Count of Burgundy

12. Raymond of Burgundy

25. Etiennete

6. Alfonso VII of León and Castile

26. Alfonso VI of León and Castile

13. Urraca of León and Castile

27. Constance of Burgundy

3. Sancha of Castile

28. Bolesław III Wrymouth

14. Władysław II the Exile

29. Zbyslava of Kiev

7. Richeza of Castile

30. Leopold III, Margrave of Austria

15. Agnes of Babenberg

31. Agnes of Germany

[edit] References

1. ^ Antonio Ubieto Arteta, Creación y desarrollo de la Corona de Aragón, Zaragoza, Anubar (Historia de Aragón), 1987, págs. 187-188. ISBN 84-7013-227-X.
[edit] Sources

* Sumption, Jonathan. The Albigensian Crusade. 2000.
Preceded by

Alfonso II King of Aragon,

Count of Barcelona

1196–1213 Succeeded by

James I

[show]

v • d • e

Infantes of Aragon

Peter II of Aragon (1174 – September 12, 1213), surnamed the Catholic, was the king of Aragon (as Pedro II) and count of Barcelona (as Pere I) from 1196 to 1213.

He was the son of Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile. In 1205 he acknowledged the feudal supremacy of the Papacy and was crowned in Rome by Pope Innocent III, swearing to defend the Catholic faith (hence his surname, "the Catholic"). He was the first king of Aragon to be crowned by the Pope.

On June 15, 1204 he married (as her third husband) Marie of Montpellier, daughter and heiress of William VIII of Montpellier by Eudocia Comnena. She gave him a son, James, but Peter soon discarded her. Marie was popularly venerated as a saint for her piety and marital suffering, but was never canonized; she died in Rome in 1213.

He led the Christian forces to defeat the Moors at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212.

Peter returned from Las Navas in autumn 1212 to find that Simon de Montfort had conquered Toulouse, exiling Count Raymond VI of Toulouse, who was Peter's brother-in-law and vassal. Peter crossed the Pyrenees and arrived at Muret in September 1213 to confront Montfort's army. He was accompanied by Raymond of Toulouse, who tried to persuade Peter to avoid battle and instead starve out Montfort's forces. This suggestion was rejected.

The Battle of Muret began on September 12, 1213. The Aragonese forces were disorganized and disintegrated under the assault of Montfort's squadrons. Peter himself was caught in the thick of fighting, and died as a result of a foolhardy act of bravado. He was thrown to the ground and killed. The Aragonese forces broke in panic when their king was slain and the crusaders of Montfort won the day.

Upon Peter's death the kingdom passed to his only son by Marie of Montpellier, the future James the Conqueror.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_II_of_Aragon

Afonso II de Aragão repartira em testamento os seus domínios pelos seus dois filhos Pedro e Afonso. O primeiro herdou a Coroa de Aragão (Aragão, Catalunha e territórios dependentes), e a Provença foi herdada por Afonso II da Provença.
Afresco do século XIII representando o papa Inocêncio IIIO acto por que Pedro II é mais famoso é a renovação da vassalagem de Aragão ao trono de S. Pedro, tal como antes o tinham feito Sancho Ramires e Pedro I. De facto, foi o primeiro monarca deste reino a ser coroado pelo papado, na igreja de S. Pancrácio em Roma a 4 de Fevereiro de 1204.

A partir do seu reinado, e por bula papal de 6 de Junho de 1205, os monarcas aragoneses passaram a poder ser coroados pela Santa Sé, devendo fazê-lo na sé de Saragoça pelo arcebispo de Tarragona, depois de solicitar a coroa ao papa. Esta concessão foi extensiva a rainhas. Por este renovar de relações com a Igreja, foi cognominado de o Católico.

En mi nuevo libro LA SORPRENDENTE GENEALOGÍA DE MIS TATARABUELOS, encontrarán a este y muchos otros de sus ancestros con un resumen biográfico de cada uno. El libro está disponible en: amazon.com barnesandnoble.com palibrio.com. Les será de mucha utilidad y diversión. Ramón Rionda

In my new book LA SORPRENDENTE GENEALOGÍA DE MIS TATARABUELOS, you will find this and many other of your ancestors, with a biography summary of each of them. The book is now available at: amazon.com barnesandnoble.com palibrio.com. Check it up, it’s worth it. Ramón Rionda

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 ______________________________________________________________________-

Linea Genetica N°1 FAMILIA |•••► PEDRO
_________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.- 1178 PEDRO II EL CATÓLICO, REY DE ARAGÓN |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Alfonso Ii El Casto Rey De Aragón
MADRE: Sancha of Castile


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
2.- 1157 ALFONSO II EL CASTO REY DE ARAGÓN |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Ramon Berenguer IV the Saint, Count of Barcelona Ref: 182717
MADRE: Petronila Ramírez, Reina De Aragón


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
3.- 1113 RAMON BERENGUER IV THE SAINT, COUNT OF BARCELONA REF: 182717 |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Ramon Berenguer Iii El Gran, Comte De Barcelona Ref: 181110
MADRE: Douce I De Gévaudan, Comtesse De Provence


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
4.- 1082 RAMON BERENGUER III EL GRAN, COMTE DE BARCELONA REF: 181110 |•••► Pais:FRANCIA
PADRE: Ramón Berenguer II de Barcelona Ref: 181111
MADRE: Mathilde Hauteville, of Apulia


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
Linea Genetica N°2 FAMILIA |•••► SANCHA
_________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.- 1154 SANCHA OF CASTILE  |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Alfonso VII the Emperor, King of Castile and Leon
MADRE: Richeza of Poland, Queen of Castile and León


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
2.- 1105 ALFONSO VII THE EMPEROR, KING OF CASTILE AND LEON |•••► Pais:España
PADRE: Raymond of Burgundy, Count of Galicia
MADRE: Urraca I, reina de Castilla y León


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
3.- 1070 RAYMOND OF BURGUNDY, COUNT OF GALICIA |•••► Pais:
PADRE: William the Great, Count of Burgundy
MADRE: Stephanie de Borgoña Ivrea


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
4.- 1020 WILLIAM THE GREAT, COUNT OF BURGUNDY |•••► Pais:France
PADRE: Reginald I Comte De Bourgogne Ivrea, Count Palatine Of Burgundy
MADRE: Adeliza (Alice) of Normandy, Countess Of Burgundy


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
5.- 0986 REGINALD I COMTE DE BOURGOGNE IVREA, COUNT PALATINE OF BURGUNDY |•••► Pais:France
PADRE: Otto Guillaume I, comte de Bourgogne et de Mâcon
MADRE: Ermentrude de Roucy


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
6.- 0960 OTTO GUILLAUME I, COMTE DE BOURGOGNE ET DE MÂCON |•••► Pais:Italia
PADRE: Adalbert II, king of Italy
MADRE: Gerberga, Countess of Macon


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
7.- 0932 ADALBERT II, KING OF ITALY |•••► Pais:Italia
PADRE: Berengar II of Ivrea, king of Italy
MADRE: Willa


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
8.- 0900 BERENGAR II OF IVREA, KING OF ITALY |•••► Pais:italia
PADRE: Adelbert I, Margrave of Ivrea
MADRE: Gisla del Friuli


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
9.- 0880 ADELBERT I, MARGRAVE OF IVREA |•••► Pais:Italy
PADRE: Anscar I, count of Oscheret in Burgundy, 1st marquis of Ivrea
MADRE:


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
10.- 0850 ANSCAR I, COUNT OF OSCHERET IN BURGUNDY, 1ST MARQUIS OF IVREA  |•••► Pais:France
PADRE: Amadeus, count of Oscheret
MADRE:


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
11.- 0790 AMADEUS, COUNT OF OSCHERET  |•••► Pais:
PADRE: Unruoch - Hertug Von Friuli
MADRE: Engeltrude - Grevinde Von Paris


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
12.- 0760 UNRUOCH - HERTUG VON FRIULI |•••► Pais:
PADRE: Berenger di Fruili, Greve Af Paris
MADRE: Alpais Caroling Princess HR Empire


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
13.-  BERENGER DI FRUILI, GREVE AF PARIS |•••► Pais:
PADRE: Gérard I, Greve Af Paris

MADRE: Rotrou Prinsesse Af Austrasie


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
14.- 0745 GÉRARD I, GREVE AF PARIS
 |•••► Pais:
PADRE:
MADRE:


_________________________________________________________________________________________________