69 relations: Abecedarium, Alphabet, Alphabets of Asia Minor, Anatolia, Archaic Greek alphabets, Ś, Bolzano, Boustrophedon, Canton of Ticino, Celtic languages, Cumae, Digamma, Egyptian hieroglyphs, Etruria, Etruscan language, Euboea, Faliscan language, Germanic languages, Glozel, Greece, Greek alphabet, Grosseto, Gulf of Naples, Indo-European languages, Ischia, Italian Peninsula, Italic languages, Italy, Koppa (letter), Latin alphabet, Lepontic language, Lugano, Lydian language, Marsiliana, Messapian language, Negau helmet, Nocera Superiore, North Picene language, Occlusive, Old Italic script, Old Latin, Omega, Orvieto, Oscan language, Osci, Osco-Umbrian languages, Phi, Phoenician alphabet, Proto-Sinaitic script, Psi (letter), ..., Rhaetian language, Rock Drawings in Valcamonica, Runes, San (letter), Sanzeno, Schio, Semi-syllabary, Sorrento, South Picene language, Stop consonant, Theta, Umbrian language, Unicode, Upsilon, Val Camonica, Venetic language, Vico Equense, Voice (phonetics), Xi (letter). Expand index (19 more) » « Shrink index
An abecedarium (or abecedary) is an inscription consisting of the letters of an alphabet, almost always listed in order.
An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that is used to write one or more languages based upon the general principle that the letters represent phonemes (basic significant sounds) of the spoken language.
Various alphabetic writing systems were in use in Iron Age Anatolia to record Anatolian languages and Phrygian.
Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.
Many local variants of the Greek alphabet were employed in ancient Greece during the archaic and early classical periods, until they were replaced by the classical 24-letter alphabet that is the standard today, around 400 BC.
Ś (minuscule: ś) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, formed from S with the addition of an acute accent.
Bolzano (or; German: Bozen (formerly Botzen),; Balsan or Bulsan; Bauzanum) is the capital city of the province of South Tyrol in northern Italy.
Boustrophedon (βουστροφηδόν, "ox-turning" from βοῦς,, "ox", στροφή,, "turn" and the adverbial suffix -δόν, "like, in the manner of"; that is, turning like oxen in ploughing) is a kind of bi-directional text, mostly seen in ancient manuscripts and other inscriptions.
The canton of Ticino, formally the Republic and Canton of Ticino (Repubblica e Cantone Ticino; Canton Tesin; Kanton Tessin; canton du Tessin, chantun dal Tessin) is the southernmost canton of Switzerland.
The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.
Cumae ((Kumē) or Κύμαι or Κύμα; Cuma) was an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Digamma, waw, or wau (uppercase: Ϝ, lowercase: ϝ, numeral: ϛ) is an archaic letter of the Greek alphabet.
Egyptian hieroglyphs were the formal writing system used in Ancient Egypt.
Etruria (usually referred to in Greek and Latin source texts as Tyrrhenia Τυρρηνία) was a region of Central Italy, located in an area that covered part of what are now Tuscany, Lazio, and Umbria.
The Etruscan language was the spoken and written language of the Etruscan civilization, in Italy, in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Umbria and northern Latium) and in parts of Corsica, Campania, Veneto, Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna.
Euboea or Evia; Εύβοια, Evvoia,; Εὔβοια, Eúboia) is the second-largest Greek island in area and population, after Crete. The narrow Euripus Strait separates it from Boeotia in mainland Greece. In general outline it is a long and narrow island; it is about long, and varies in breadth from to. Its geographic orientation is from northwest to southeast, and it is traversed throughout its length by a mountain range, which forms part of the chain that bounds Thessaly on the east, and is continued south of Euboea in the lofty islands of Andros, Tinos and Mykonos. It forms most of the regional unit of Euboea, which also includes Skyros and a small area of the Greek mainland.
The Faliscan language is the extinct Italic language of the ancient Falisci.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
Glozel is a hamlet in central France, part of the commune of Ferrières-sur-Sichon, Le Mayet-de-Montagne, Allier, some 17 km from Vichy.
The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BC.
Grosseto is a city and comune in the central Italian region of Tuscany, the capital of the Province of Grosseto.
The Gulf of Naples, also called the Bay of Naples, is a roughly 15-kilometer-wide (9.3 mi) gulf located along the south-western coast of Italy (province of Naples, Campania region).
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
Ischia is a volcanic island in the Tyrrhenian Sea.
The Italian Peninsula or Apennine Peninsula (Penisola italiana, Penisola appenninica) extends from the Po Valley in the north to the central Mediterranean Sea in the south.
The Italic languages are a subfamily of the Indo-European language family, originally spoken by Italic peoples.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Koppa or qoppa (Ϙ, ϙ; as a modern numeral sign) is a letter that was used in early forms of the Greek alphabet, derived from Phoenician qoph.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
Lepontic is an ancient Alpine Celtic language that was spoken in parts of Rhaetia and Cisalpine Gaul (what is now Northern Italy) between 550 and 100 BC.
Lugano is a city in southern Switzerland in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino bordering Italy.
Lydian is an extinct Indo-European language spoken in the region of Lydia, in western Anatolia (now in Turkey).
Marsiliana, known also as Marsiliana d'Albegna, is a village in Tuscany, central Italy, administratively a frazione of the comune of Manciano, province of Grosseto.
Messapian (also known as Messapic) is an extinct Indo-European language of southeastern Italy, once spoken in the region of Apulia.
Negau helmet refers to one of 26 bronze helmets (23 of which are preserved) dating to c. 450 BC–350 BC, found in 1812 in a cache in Ženjak, near Negau, Duchy of Styria (now Negova, Slovenia).
Nocera Superiore (Nucere) is a town and comune in the province of Salerno in the Campania region of south-western Italy.
North Picene, also known as North Picenian or Northern Picene is an ancient language, believed to have been spoken in part of central-eastern Italy.
In phonetics, an occlusive, sometimes known as a stop, is a consonant sound produced by blocking (occluding) airflow in the vocal tract, but not necessarily in the nasal tract.
Old Italic is one of several now extinct alphabet systems used on the Italian Peninsula in ancient times for various Indo-European languages (predominantly Italic) and non-Indo-European (e.g. Etruscan) languages.
Old Latin, also known as Early Latin or Archaic Latin, refers to the Latin language in the period before 75 BC: before the age of Classical Latin.
Omega (capital: Ω, lowercase: ω; Greek ὦ, later ὦ μέγα, Modern Greek ωμέγα) is the 24th and last letter of the Greek alphabet.
Orvieto is a city and comune in the Province of Terni, southwestern Umbria, Italy situated on the flat summit of a large butte of volcanic tuff.
Oscan is an extinct Indo-European language of southern Italy.
The Osci (also called Opici, Opsci, Obsci, Opicans, Ὀπικοί, Ὀσκοί), were an Italic people of Campania and Latium adiectum during Roman times.
The Osco-Umbrian, Sabellic or Sabellian languages are a group of Italic languages, the Indo-European languages that were spoken in Central and Southern Italy by the Osco-Umbrians before Latin replaced them, as the power of Ancient Rome expanded.
Phi (uppercase Φ, lowercase φ or ϕ; ϕεῖ pheî; φι fi) is the 21st letter of the Greek alphabet.
The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet.
Proto-Sinaitic, also referred to as Sinaitic, Proto-Canaanite, Old Canaanite, or Canaanite, is a term for both a Middle Bronze Age (Middle Kingdom) script attested in a small corpus of inscriptions found at Serabit el-Khadim in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, and the reconstructed common ancestor of the Paleo-Hebrew, Phoenician and South Arabian scripts (and, by extension, of most historical and modern alphabets).
Psi (uppercase Ψ, lowercase ψ; psi) is the 23rd letter of the Greek alphabet and has a numeric value of 700.
Rhaetian or Rhaetic (Raetic) was a language spoken in the ancient region of Rhaetia in the Eastern Alps in pre-Roman and Roman times.
The stone carvings of Val Camonica (Camonica Valley) are located in the Province of Brescia, Italy, and constitute the largest collections of prehistoric petroglyphs in the world.
Runes are the letters in a set of related alphabets known as runic alphabets, which were used to write various Germanic languages before the adoption of the Latin alphabet and for specialised purposes thereafter.
San (Ϻ) was an archaic letter of the Greek alphabet.
Sanzeno (Sanzinnen am Nonsberg, Ladin: Sanzen) is a comune (municipality) in Trentino in the northern Italian region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, located about north of Trento.
Schio is a town and comune in the province of Vicenza (region of Veneto, northern Italy) situated north of Vicenza and east of the Lake Garda.
A semi-syllabary is a writing system that behaves partly as an alphabet and partly as a syllabary.
Sorrento (Surriento) is a town overlooking the Bay of Naples in Southern Italy.
South Picene is an extinct Italic language, belonging to the Sabellic subfamily.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
Theta (uppercase Θ or ϴ, lowercase θ (which resembles digit 0 with horizontal line) or ϑ; θῆτα thē̂ta; Modern: θήτα| thī́ta) is the eighth letter of the Greek alphabet, derived from the Phoenician letter Teth.
Umbrian is an extinct Italic language formerly spoken by the Umbri in the ancient Italian region of Umbria.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
Upsilon (or; uppercase Υ, lowercase υ; ύψιλον ýpsilon) or ypsilon is the 20th letter of the Greek alphabet.
Val Camonica (also Valcamonica or Camonica Valley, local dialect: Al Camònega) is one of the largest valleys of the central Alps, in eastern Lombardy, Italy.
Venetic is an extinct Indo-European language, usually classified into the Italic subgroup, that was spoken by the Veneti people in ancient times in the North East of Italy (Veneto) and part of modern Slovenia, between the Po River delta and the southern fringe of the Alps.
Vico Equense is a coastal town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples, in southern Italy.
Voice is a term used in phonetics and phonology to characterize speech sounds (usually consonants).
Xi (uppercase Ξ, lowercase ξ; ξι) is the 14th letter of the Greek alphabet.
Alphabet of Bolzano, Alphabet of Lugano, Estruscan alphabet, Etruscan alphabet, ISO 15924:Ital, Ital (script), Italic alphabet, Italic scripts, Lepontic alphabet, Lugano alphabet, Lugano script, Northern Italic alphabet, Old Italic (script), Old Italic alphabet, Old Italic alphabets, Old Italic scripts, Old italic alphabet, Oscan alphabet, Raetic alphabet, Venetic alphabet, 𐌀, 𐌁, 𐌂, 𐌃, 𐌄, 𐌅, 𐌆, 𐌇, 𐌈, 𐌉, 𐌊, 𐌋, 𐌌, 𐌍, 𐌎, 𐌏, 𐌐, 𐌑, 𐌒, 𐌓, 𐌔, 𐌕, 𐌖, 𐌗, 𐌘, 𐌙, 𐌚, 𐌛, 𐌜, 𐌝, 𐌞, 𐌟, 𐌠, 𐌡, 𐌢, 𐌣.