view shows Lyon
, a river port and the third-largest city in France
. The capital of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region and the seat of the prefecture of the Rhône department is situated in central east of France
at the confluence of the Saône and the Rhône river, about 300 km (186 mi) north of Marseille
, 460 km (286 mi) southeast of Paris
and 150 km (93 mi) southwest of Geneva
. The Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region lies in a transition zone between the northern temperate oceanic climates and the subtropical Mediterranean climates to the south.
Saint-Paul district and the Basilica "Notre-Dame de Fourvière" in the 'Vieux-Lyon' district; Part of the UNESCO World Heritage site.
Like several other places in Western Europe
was founded as a Roman colony in 43 B.C., by order of Augustus, the first emperor of the Roman Empire and the successor of Julius Caesar.
The colonial town was named Lugdunum; it became a key city of Roman Gaul due to its strategic location, between northern Europe
and the Mediterranean Sea
In the mid 15th century King Louis XI of France
decided to develop a national silk industry in Lyon
, and in the 16th century, the city became the capital of the European silk trade.
Printing arrived in France
in the late 15th century; printing houses opened in Paris in 1470, and two years later also in Lyon
. Both locations together covered 80 % of France
’s book production. In its heyday Lyon
had about fifty printing houses.
is a major center of business and trade and best known as the capital of gastronomy.
The city has a population of about 500,000 residents (in 2014), more than 2.2 million people live in its metropolitan area, it is the second largest urban area (aire urbaine) in France
is also a university city, a center for higher education and research, three universities and 16 institutions constitute the University of Lyon
(Université de Lyon
The old center of Lyon
, a Renaissance building complex, is known as 'Vieux-Lyon
,' it is one of the largest old town quarters in France
. The 'Historic Site of Lyons
is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, described as: 'Lyon
bears exceptional testimony to the continuity of urban settlement over more than two millennia on a site of great commercial and strategic significance...'
Lyon points of interest:
Musée des Confluences in Lyon; the science center and anthropology museum opened on 20 December 2014.
is the Renaissance district of Lyon
is a hill and the site of the original Roman town of Lugdunum.
is a large public square with an equestrian statue of King Louis XIV.
Palais de la Bourse
is a 19th-century building which houses Lyon
's Chamber of Commerce.
Musée des Beaux Arts de Lyon
) is Lyon
's Museum of Fine Arts, located at the Place des Terreaux.
Musée d'art contemporain de Lyon
) MAC Lyon
is a large contemporary art museum in the Cité Internationale, the former location of the Fair of Lyon
along the Rhone River.
) more contemporary art housed in a former sugar warehouse on the banks of the Saône River, one of the city's famous buildings.
Musée des Confluences
) is a science center and anthropology museum, collections of natural science and anthropology are on display.
Musée gallo-romain de Fourvière
), the Gallo-Roman Museum of Lyon
-Fourvière is an underground museum dealing with the city's Roman history.
Musée de l'Imprimerie
), the Museum of Printing and Graphic Communication pictures the city's printing history.
The ancient Theatre of Fourvière, the Roman theater in Lyon has a diameter of 90 m with seats for 10,000 people; it was built around 15 BC.
Théâtre des Célestins
) houses the municipal theater; the Théâtre des Célestins is one of France
's few theaters with continuous usage of over 200 years.
Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière
is a basilica built on the Fourvière hill between 1872 and 1884.
is a Gothic cathedral built between 1180 and 1480.
, the church on the Place des Cordeliers was completed in 1327.
is a Gothic
church from late 16th-century.
, cafés, restaurants, luxury shops, department stores, and banks; everything you need for a neat shopping spree.
is part of the fort belt of Lyon
, as is Fort de Loyasse
; the fortresses were intended to protect the city from invaders.
Parc de la Tête d'Or
is an expansive 19th-century urban park with a lake and a human right place (Espace droits de l'homme.)
Jardin botanique de Lyon
is a botanical garden within the Parc de la Tête d'Or.
In 2016, Lyon
was one of the host cities for the UEFA Euro 2016
football games, venue of the event was the Parc Olympique Lyonnais
, a stadium with almost 60,000 seats; the newly built football arena replaced the old 'Stade de Gerland' in January 2016.
shows a city map
with expressways, main roads, and streets; just zoom in to see Vieux Lyon
, the historic center of the city; zoom out to see the location of Lyon–Saint-Exupéry Airport
: LYS) located about 34 km by road (via A43 or A42) east of the city.
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